A picture of aheart: Ilustration Picture of Anatomical Structures – Heart
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The history of a picture that changed the world
Zbigniew Religa after a 23 hour heart transplant, watching his patient’s vital signs. Image via National Geographic.
National Geographic chose this as the best picture of 1987, and for good reason. Here, we see Dr. Zbigniew Religa keeping watch on the vital signs of a patient after a 23 hour heart surgery he conducted. In the lower right corner, you can see one of his colleagues who helped him with the surgery fallen asleep. Dr. Religa was a pioneer of heart transplantation in Poland, and even though the surgery was considered borderline impossible at the time, he took the chance, and the operation was entirely successful. Today, even though Dr. Religa’s heart has stopped beating, the one of his patient is still running.
Zbigniew Religa conducted the first successful heart transplantation in the country, and in June 1995 he was the first surgeon to graft an artificial valve created from materials taken from human corpses. In parallel to being a surgeon he also had a successful political carreer, though outside Poland he is still chiefly known for his medical achievements. In 1993, he became a member of the Polish senate and was re-elected in 2001. He was a promising candidate in the 2005 Polish presidential elections; even as he backed out of the presidential race with only 6% of the votes, he earned significant respect from the Polish population.
In 1987, the proposed heart transplant procedure received the green light, and Religa didn’t waste a single moment. The surgery was extremely demanding, lasting 23 hours, at the end of which Religa was photographed looking at his patient’s vital signs. The angst and fatigue really transcend the image, and the more you look at it, the more you see – everything adds a new dimension. The surgeon sleeping in the corner, the bloody mess, the myriad of cables… I just don’t get tired of looking at it. But when James Stansfield took this picture, he didn’t just tell a story of a surgery – in a way, he changed the world.
Tadeusz Zitkevits, the patient who received the heart transplant, 25 years after the surgery. Image via National Geographic.
He showed a different side of modern medicine – he showed that it’s possible to achieve the impossible. It’s a hard, it takes a long time and it’s exhausting, but you can transplant a man’s heart and make him healthy again. The fact that his patient, Tadeusz Zitkevits, outlived Religa is only a testament of the surgery’s success.
This video is in Polish, but it’s well worth it; it captures some moments of celebration after the surgery and bits of footage from the actual surgery.
Today, heart transplants save many lives which would otherwise be doomed. While it’s not technically a cure for heart or coronary disease, heart transplants typically have very good survival rates. It’s thanks to very talented and caring doctors like Zbigniew Religa that this is possible today; and it’s thanks to photographers like James Stansfield that we can truly admire their work.
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The Bachelor’s Monique Morley is a picture of health – after claiming she had a ‘heart attack’
The Bachelor star Monique Morley has made a remarkable recovery weeks after claiming she suffered a ‘heart attack’ as a side effect of receiving her first Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine.
Despite her recent health woes, the 29-year-old was a picture of vitality as she stepped out in Sydney on Monday in a revealing sundress and high heels.
The glamour model had a spring in her step as she made her way down the footpath, smiling and laughing as she caught sight of photographers.
What a remarkable recovery! Bachelor star Monique Morley, 29, was a picture of health as she stepped out Sydney on Wednesday – weeks after claiming she had a ‘heart attack’ from the Pfizer vaccine
Leaving little to the imagination, the reality star sported a midi length dress with racy cut-outs and a plunging neckline, matched with a pair of white heeled sandals.
She completed her ensemble with gold hoop earrings and a dramatic makeup look.
The sighting came less than a month after Monique publicly claimed she’d suffered a ‘heart attack’ after her first Pfizer jab – saying she’d been hospitalised and diagnosed with pericarditis, or inflammation of the sac-like tissue that surrounds the heart.
All smiles: Despite her recent health woes, the glamour model had a spring in her step as she emerged in a revealing sundress and high heels
Daring to bare: Leaving little to the imagination, the reality star sported a midi length dress with racy cut-outs and a plunging neckline, matched with a pair of white heeled sandals
Monique shared her experience in a lengthy Instagram post, which was accompanied by a photo of herself lying in a hospital bed ‘shortly after getting her first Pfizer shot’.
She contrasted this with another photo, taken a week before she received the vaccine, of herself posing in a swimsuit.
‘I’m sharing my story hoping to help others not feel so alone, to bring awareness that this is real. It does happen. It’s not rare anymore,’ the lingerie designer said.
Dressed to impress: She completed her ensemble with gold hoop earrings and a dramatic makeup look
Health claims: The sighting came less than a month after Monique publicly claimed she’d suffered a ‘heart attack’ after her first Pfizer jab
She claims that 15 minutes after getting her vaccine she began to ‘fit uncontrollably’ for 45 minutes, but her doctor said her symptoms weren’t caused by the jab.
Ms Morley, who says she has no history of seizures, agreed to ‘go home and rest’.
She had another fit the next day, and called an ambulance after experiencing symptoms including lockjaw, clammy hands, heart palpitations and blurred vision.
Ms Morley said the ambulance workers who arrived at her home once again told her the symptoms were unrelated to the Pfizer vaccine, and that she continued to experience chest pain and shortness of breath.
Claims: Ms Morley accompanied the post (above) with a photo of herself lying in a hospital bed ‘shortly after getting her first Pfizer shot’. She contrasted this with another photo, taken a week before she received the vaccine, of herself posing in a swimsuit
Post: The lingerie designer claims that 15 minutes after getting her vaccine she began to ‘fit uncontrollably’ for 45 minutes, but her doctor said her symptoms weren’t caused by the jab
She then allegedly woke up the next day at 4.30am having ‘a heart attack’.
She was rushed to hospital and diagnosed with pericarditis, an inflammation of the sac-like tissue that surrounds the heart, which holds it in place and helps it function.
What is pericarditis?
Pericarditis is swelling and irritation of the thin, saclike tissue surrounding your heart (pericardium).
This condition often causes sharp chest pain and sometimes other symptoms. The chest pain occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other.
Pericarditis is usually mild and goes away without treatment. Treatment for more-severe cases may include medications and, rarely, surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment may help reduce the risk of long-term complications from pericarditis.
After her diagnosis, doctors supposedly told Ms Morley there was nothing she could do except ‘rest and take Panadol’.
‘It’s just so defeating having everyone tell you that it’s not related [to the vaccine] when really it is,’ she added, describing the experience as ‘traumatic’.
Ms Morley, who has reported her symptoms to the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), said she hopes her story inspires people to have an open mind when it comes to vaccine side effects.
One of her Instagram followers asked if she had any preexisting health conditions that could have caused the pericarditis.
She replied: ‘Absolutely nothing. Don’t smoke. Don’t drink. Don’t take drugs. Don’t even have caffeine.’
Ms Morley accompanied the post with a photo of herself lying in a hospital bed ‘shortly after getting her first Pfizer shot’.
She contrasted this with another photo, taken a week before she received the vaccine, of herself posing in a swimsuit.
In other recent social media posts, she claims she is recovering thanks to naturopathic care and IV vitamin drips.
These aren’t medically recommended treatments for pericarditis.
Within 24 hours, Ms Morley’s account of her suspected side effect a flashpoint for anti-vaxxers, who grossly exaggerate the number of adverse reactions to the vaccine.
Account: Ms Morley, who says she has no history of seizures, agreed to ‘go home and rest’. She claims she had another fit the next day, and decided to call an ambulance after experiencing symptoms including lockjaw, clammy hands, heart palpitations and blurred vision
Pericarditis – inflammation of the outer lining of the heart – and myocarditis – inflammation of the heart muscle – have been observed in an extremely small number of people after receiving mRNA vaccines, of which Pfizer is one.
The cases were disproportionately teenagers and men under the age of 30 after their second dose of the jab.
British data released in August found the rate of pericarditis was 3.8 cases per one million doses of the Pfizer shot – a rate of one in 263,157.
By July 8, the TGA was notified of 50 cases of pericarditis in Australia as a result of 3.2 million Pfizer doses.
The risk of suffering a heart condition as a result of Covid-19 is much higher.
Unrelated: Ms Morley (pictured on The Bachelor in 2019) said the ambulance workers who arrived at her home once again told her the symptoms were unrelated to the Pfizer vaccine, and that she continued to experience chest pain and shortness of breath
Response: One of her Instagram followers asked if she had any preexisting health conditions that could have caused the pericarditis. She replied: ‘Absolutely nothing. Don’t smoke. Don’t drink. Don’t take drugs. Don’t even have caffeine’
Ms Morley previously spoke about her pericarditis diagnosis on October 8, but did not share specific details about her symptoms until later.
In her earlier Instagram post, she made it clear she was ‘not anti-vax or pro-vax’ and insisted she was ‘open-minded’ and ‘pro personal choice, whatever that may be’.
‘I’m pro being kind and considerate, and not trolling and bullying on those who… just don’t agree with you,’ she wrote at the time.
Views: Ms Morley previously spoke about her pericarditis diagnosis on October 8. In her earlier Instagram post (pictured), she made it clear she was ‘not anti-vax or pro-vax’ and insisted she was ‘open-minded’ and ‘pro personal choice, whatever that may be’
Experience: In a follow-up post, Ms Morley thanked fans for their concern and said the adverse reactions she experienced ‘do not happen to the majority’
The former reality star also said she wasn’t looking for sympathy.
In a follow-up post, Ms Morley thanked fans for their concern and said the adverse reactions she experienced ‘do not happen to the majority’.
She said she hopes her story doesn’t frighten people into not getting vaccinated, but instead raises awareness so they can make an informed decision for themselves.
Awareness: She said she hopes her story doesn’t frighten people into not getting vaccinated, but instead raises awareness so they can make an informed decision for themselves
Ms Morley isn’t the only public figure to get pericarditis following their first dose of the Pfizer vaccine.
Seven News reporter Denham Hitchcock suffered from the heart condition after getting jabbed back in August.
Lee Henderson, the ex-husband of radio personality Jackie ‘O’ Henderson, was also hospitalised with the rare side effect after his second Pfizer jab.
Professor Jason Kovacic, the Executive Director of the Victor Change Cardiac Research Institute, told Daily Mail Australia at the time that pericarditis can happen after Covid vaccines but only in ‘very, very rare’ cases.
Fame: Ms Morley (right) rose to fame on The Bachelor in 2019, vying for the heart of astrophysicist Matt Agnew (left). Pictured centre: fellow contestant Abbie Chatfield
‘Covid-19 vaccines can cause specific heart problems such as myocarditis and pericarditis, and particularly in males less than 30 years of age – but only very, very rarely,’ Professor Kovacic said.
‘About 60 people per one million can get myocarditis with the mRNA vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) and it is generally a mild, short-lived illness. These complications cause inflammation of the heart muscle or inflammation of the lining around the heart muscle.
‘These complications have been reported in just a handful of people around the world and to the best of our knowledge most of them have recovered.’
Professor Kovacic said the risks of getting heart conditions as a result of Covid are much higher, and that the vaccine is the best safeguard to preventing these illnesses.
‘In contrast, the risk of having some form of heart complications if you contract Covid-19 is about 1000 times higher at ~5-10%,’ he said.
‘A very recent observational study has shown that young males infected with the virus are up to six times more likely to develop myocarditis as opposed to those who received the vaccine.
‘Covid-19 vaccines are incredibly safe and incredibly effective at preventing people from getting seriously unwell with Covid-19 infection.
‘The benefits for being vaccinated far outweigh any risk to the heart, especially given the highly infectious nature of the Delta variant which is now affecting an increasing number of young people.’
Rare: Professor Jason Kovacic, the Executive Director of the Victor Change Cardiac Research Institute, said pericarditis can happen after Covid vaccines but only in ‘very, very rare’ cases
18 Heart-Melting Photos That Could Illustrate Love in a Picture Dictionary / Bright Side
The heroes of our article know this simple truth: love is a boomerang that comes right back to you once thrown. The thankful eyes of a dog that you’ve just adopted, a cat that comes to kiss you the moment you wake up, or a precious “gift” from your neighbor’s dog who knows you need support. Love comes in all shapes, and be sure, you’ll notice it around you if your heart is open.
We had an urge to hug our loved ones the moment we saw these pics here at Bright Side, and we hope they’ll touch your hearts too!
1. Find someone who hugs you like this doggo hugs his human.
2. “My neighbor fostered a pregnant kitty… Here’s momma protecting her kittens who were born last night.”
3. “Here’s my dog wondering what to do with the new kitty who suddenly decided to love him.”
4. “A few weeks ago I adopted a 12-year-old cat. She buries her face in my hand when she wants more love.”
5. “Our girl Lucy had 12 puppies today. Enjoy this proud mama and her pile of youngins.”
6. “My cat learned that the alarm sound means I wake up, and she snuggles on my chest right afterward.”
7. “Jasper is my neighbor’s dog. I can’t leave the house much due to health issues, so anytime he sees me he RUNS back inside his house to bring me back out one of his favorite toys.
8. “My cat loves to sleep like this and it’s undeniably the cutest thing I’ve ever experienced.”
9. “A really wholesome moment caught on camera”
10. “This sleepy girl turned 13 last week. I took her to her favorite beach to celebrate.”
11. “Brought this baby girl home from the shelter today and she hasn’t left my side since.”
12. They never stop being our little puppies, no matter how big they are.
13. “I’m on the ride home from adopting this guy.”
14. “As I was saying goodbye, my dog did this…”
15. “This looks like their engagement photo.”
16. Hugs that warm better than a blanket on a windy night
17. “He wasn’t feeling well and everyone wanted to help!”
18. All we need is LOVE.
Which of these pictures made you want to go hug your loved ones? Do you have a cute picture of love and kindness to share with us in the comments?
11 Picture Books That Live In My Heart
Like play, children use pictures books to make sense of the world around them. To give voice to the feelings and experiences they cannot yet articulate. At 43, I still use picture books this way. Here are some of my all time favorites. I return to these again and again, in my classroom and in my reading chair at home.
Tea with Milk by Allen Say
That one human being can write and paint so beautifully, with such nuanced emotion, just astounds me. I could make a “Top Ten” list of just Say books.
The Story of Ferdinand by Munro Leaf
Oh, sweet Ferdinand. Leaf’s writing is a beautiful example of the economy of language. Not a misplaced word in the (only) 800 that make up this classic.
Where The Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak
1964 Caldecott Medal
Sendak was a master*. I could recite this book by heart from the age of five. I so related to Max and still appreciate Sendak’s respect for rebellion.
The Man Who Walked Between The Towers by Mordicai Gersten
2004 Caldecott Medal
I spent 23 years of my early life a New Yorker. Published three years after 9/11, this book helped memories of something other than pain resurface. A beautiful reminder of the magic of my ever-changing home city.
Miss Rumphius by Barbara Cooney
An aspirational story for us all. I knew nothing of this book until I became a teacher. It quickly became a favorite. I love the dimensionality of the Miss Rumphius character. I kind of want to be her.
Tar Beach by Faith Ringgold
1992 Caldecott Medal; 1992 Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award
Another dynamo author/illustrator, Ringgold is a genius at depicting the small moment. Tar Beach is full of imagination, realness and love.
The Day The Crayons Quit by Drew Daywalt
This book flat out cracks me up. So many authors these days are working the “let’s appeal to the grown-ups” angle. Call me cynical, but that irritates me. This book succeeds in entertaining me and the kids.
When I Was Young In The Mountains by Cynthia Rylant
1983 Caldecott Medal
A book of memories of simpler times. Quiet and sweet.
Grandfather’s Journey by Allen Say
1994 Caldecott Medal
More gorgeous artwork and words from Allen Say. This one touches me in a new way each time I read it. The mark of an excellent book.
Radiant Child: The Story of Young Artist Jean-Michel Basquiat by Javaka Steptoe
2017 Caldecott Medal
2017 Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award
Radiant Child is a new favorite. I’m not an artist. Never have been. But, for some reason, I adore picture books about artists. Reading about their lives and inspirations makes me feel connected to the humanity of creativity in a way that making art never did.
A Chair For My Mother by Vera B. Williams
1983 Caldecott Medal
One of my favorite books for exploring empathy with children. A Chair For My Mother reminds me of all the hard working moms I’ve known in my life.
*If you have 19 minutes, this interview with Maurice Sendak is beyond worth your time.
90,000 Why is the HEART painted like that? – Masterok.zhzh.rf – LiveJournal
The symbol of the heart has been firmly rooted in the minds of every person since childhood: as a symbol of love, especially widely used in the celebration of Valentine’s Day, which entails countless gifts of Valentine cards, chocolate and various heart-shaped souvenirs. We are already accustomed to using this symbol everywhere, without bothering ourselves with thoughts about its origin
Didn’t you have a question: “Why does the designation of a heart have nothing to do with the appearance of a real heart?”Look at the pictures: nothing in common … So who and when invented to draw a heart this way?
Let’s figure it out. There are two hypotheses for the origin of this sign.
The symbol of the heart is an absolute cosmopolitan who has no homeland in any particular country, culture or religion. Despite the amazing simplicity of its outlines, this symbol has always been and to this day remains one of the most powerful positive emblems in the world.
The symbol of the heart has been known since very ancient times – one might say, from antiquity.The adherents of the first compare the sign of the heart with an ivy leaf. This plant is known for the fact that additional roots emerging from the stems twine around objects that are next to it. Among the ancient Romans and Greeks, ivy personified deep affection, therefore, the image of this plant was often decorated with tombstones. Apparently, over time, the meaning of the symbol has transformed from affection into a sign of love.
But there is another version of the origin of the “heart”. It was expressed by Galdino Prantzarone, a professor of psychology at the University of Roanoke in Virginia.He studied the history and symbolism of Valentine’s Day for a long time and concluded that this sign personifies nothing more than the image of a woman’s ass.
The scientist notes that the ancient Greeks worshiped the goddess of love Aphrodite, admiring the ideal shape of her thighs. In Syracuse, Aphrodite Callipyga was revered, which literally translates as “Aphrodite the Beautiful Ass,” and a temple was even built in her honor. And after a while, this pagan symbol, according to the professor, came to Europe, although there it was given a slightly different meaning and slightly changed its shape.
You can and still remember one theory of what the heart is like:
A pair of swans swimming towards each other, at the moment of touching, form a heart shape. Swans are a symbol of love, loyalty and devotion, as a formed couple stays together for life  , which is extremely rare in the animal kingdom.
Here is some more information on the topic:
The heart symbol is based on a square (set at an angle so that a rhombus is obtained, on the two upper edges of which are the halves of a circle, or, alternatively, the two upper lines are continued, intersect with a cross and bend to the corners of the square, hugging it).From time immemorial, this figure was an ancient sign of earth and fertility, associated exclusively with the feminine principle and the birth of a new life. The two semicircles above are symbols of light, or it can be interpreted as a sign of “acceptance under divine protection.” Perhaps people of the past tried to express the formula of life in this symbol: the sacred meaning of the cross must be understood as “I am,” next to it is a house, woman, land and the protection of the family by higher powers. By the way, during archaeological work in France, just such an image was found, where the geometric foundations of the figure were visible – that is, the modern look of the “heart” can be a simplified version with a partial loss of the deep meaning of guarantees of protection: a person presenting a heart symbol to a woman, thereby hinted at the mercy of heaven, and promised personal care for the safety of offspring and a common home.It must be admitted that this is a more thorough understanding of love than is accepted in modern times … however, it is also not devoid of its advantages.
The mystics perceived the heart as the container of the spirit. Alchemists considered the heart to be the personification of the sun within a person, like gold, personifying the image of the sun on earth. Philosophers of later times saw in the heart the engine of the progress of thought, the source of passion and the focus of life. Astrologers view the heartbeat as a reflection of cosmic vibrations, complementary processes of expansion and contraction, evolution and degradation.
For the ancient Egyptians, the heart was the seat of the soul, and it was the key to the afterlife at the Judgment of the ruler of the underworld, Osiris, which is described in detail in the Book of the Dead, so the heart of the deceased was embalmed and buried in special vessels. One of the versions of the Egyptian representation of the cosmos also says that the god Ptah embodied the creation of the living in his heart, which is the receptacle of thought (which corresponds to the results of modern research, which recognized the organ-heart as the “fifth spiritual brain”).In the Bible, we can easily find a similar statement: “I, the Lord, penetrate the heart” (man’s intentions) (Jer. 17), “From the heart come evil thoughts” (Matt. 15).
The spiritual aspect of the creation of the world supports the interpretation of the heart as the image of the center of the world. In the vertical of the human body, the central position is occupied by the heart, in which all qualities and forces are concentrated. Love symbolism is associated with the heart because this feeling is a fundamental spiritual value that uplifts a person and expands his own physical nature.In all likelihood, the scarlet symbol eventually became a female amulet precisely because of its connection with tender and romantic feelings.
The heart symbol with various additions is also widely popular. The heart pierced by an arrow is one of the most widely known allegories of love that enjoyed great popularity in the Renaissance (pink-cheeked cupids shooting arrows were favorites of art!) But this image may have a different meaning: an arrow that overcomes space, personifies the human spirit – that is, a person has grasped the essence (center or core) of things.In iconography, the heart was depicted in the form of a cup or vase – this is how the association with the Holy Grail, which is a spiritual first principle, arose. The shamrock inscribed in the heart is a symbol of the spiritual immortality of the early medieval world. Oddly enough, but the symbol of the heart can also be found in nature, as if it were inscribed by someone from above.
So I personally think that a real heart is so similar to its graphic representation, and yet its legs grow from a real heart.
What do you think? What versions have I missed?
Let’s remember more Do hedgehogs eat apples with mushrooms? and Why is there a tsar in Russia and a king in Europe? I’m not sure if you know Why a chameleon changes color and How the concept of “masochism” came into being. You will be surprised to learn What is earwax and How did the expression “drive a bum” come about?
The original article is on the website InfoGlaz.rf Link to the article from which this copy was made – http://infoglaz.ru/?p=79733 90,000 200 Khabarovsk residents were able to check their hearts for free in one of the city’s clinics – News – Events
Social action “For the sake of health.Check your heart! “Took place in the regional capital. In one of the city’s polyclinics, doctors installed ultrasound equipment and made screenings for everyone. In four days, 200 patients were able to check their health for free. Each of them received a cardiologist’s consultation and recommendations for treatment.
– 80% of the participants in the action are men. In 86% of cases, pathologies were identified in the examined patients. The most common diagnoses were cardiovascular pathology, hypertension.The doctors also came across cases after surgery for congenital heart disease and stenting. According to the ECG, changes were detected in 50% of people, – the department shared the results.
Now 30% of patients out of the total number of patients examined are recommended to follow a cardiologist at the place of residence. Due to the risk of acute disorders of cerebral circulation, examination by a neurologist is recommended for 18%. 48% received referrals to endocrinologist
– Every fourth person today, before the age of 40, has this or that pathology.Moreover, in 10% of cases, immediate surgical intervention is required. Therefore, it is very important to pass comprehensive examinations in a timely manner and not bring the situation to a critical one, – said the acting director. Minister of Health of the Khabarovsk Territory Yuri Boychenko.
During the action, three expert-class ultrasound systems were installed in the city clinical hospital No. 3 at once. In addition to echocardiography and EKGs, the campaigners also checked the neck vessels for ultrasounds. According to the results of the examination, the patients were received on the spot by experienced doctors.
Note that diseases of the cardiovascular system are the main cause of death not only in the Khabarovsk Territory, but throughout Russia. In 10 months of 2019, 7,218 people died from cardiovascular diseases in the region. For the same period in 2020 – 7220.
Press service of the governor and the government of the Khabarovsk Territory
When using the materials, a link to the site www.khabkrai.ru is obligatory
residents of the region have chosen a memorial place for the image on the stamp “City of Labor Valor”
To vote for the image, which will become the symbol of the city of labor valor on the postage stamp of the same name, 4 iconic objects of the regional capital were proposed.
The voting list included a monument “To Chauffeurs and Cars. As an example to descendants “, the famous Il-2 attack aircraft, the Sail fountain dedicated to the Solovetsky cabin boys, and” Soldier of Victory “in the Metallurgists’ park.
“An interesting idea – the issue of postage stamps of the series“ Cities of Labor Valor ”. It is such projects that work to preserve historical memory. ” The popular vote for the objects that will appear on them made us, the residents of Samara-Kuibyshev, take a new look at these already familiar monuments, learn more about the history of their creation, ”the activists of the“ Historical Memory ”party project note.
The Monument to Chauffeurs and Cars has already become an iconic object of the city. On the occasion of the 67th anniversary of the Great Victory, by order of the Samara branch of the Russian Post, an envelope with the image of this Samara monument was made. The ZIS-5 car appeared in 1985 at the initiative of the former director of the Metallist plant.
A year later, the Parus fountain appeared on the Leningrad descent – another of the bright recognizable symbols of the city, which was installed for the 400th anniversary of Samara. 620 water jets symbolize the number of cabin boys who died during the Great Patriotic War.The fountain is located next to the Solovetsky Yungs Alley.
In 1995, in the park of Metallurgists, a monument “Soldier of Victory” was erected in memory of the residents of the Kirovsky region who died in the Great Patriotic War. The initiator of the appearance of such a memorial sign was the director of the metallurgical plant Maxim Ovodenko, whose father died at Stalingrad.
The Il-2 attack aircraft became the undisputed leader of the voting. Recall that veterans of the aircraft plant initiated the search for the Il-2 in order to erect a monument in the form of a combat aircraft at the plant’s entrance.In the fall of 1970, an aircraft shot down in March 1943 was discovered in the swamps of the Murmansk region. The plane was delivered to Kuibyshev at the aviation plant, where workers from memory assembled and repaired the hull, weapons and other parts.
It is the IL-2 that more than 80% of the region’s residents consider to be a real symbol of the “spare capital”. In their opinion, it is he who evokes a clear association with the years of the war, reminds of the Great Victory and the no less great labor feat of the Kuibyshevites.
Voting took place from 20 to 26 May, production of stamps will begin in July, and a presentation of stamps from the City of Labor Valor series will take place in early autumn.
As a reminder, in 2020 United Russia unanimously supported the initiative of President Vladimir Putin to establish the title of “City of Labor Valor” in the country. Samara was among them, more than 714 thousand people voted for conferring the honorary title “City of Labor Valor” to the regional capital.
90,000 Papyrus depicting the scene of the weighing of the heart in the afterlife. Egypt, approx. 1050 BC – News – School of Oriental Studies – National Research University Higher School of Economics
Why is it important to have not only clean hands, but also a clean heart? Because otherwise you will not be able to continue life in the afterlife.Margarita Andreeva presents another facet of purity as part of the Purity exhibition – she examines a papyrus depicting a scene of weighing the heart of a woman named Nani. The photograph can be seen in building B on Staraya Basmannaya (3rd floor corridor, building B).
The weighing scene from the Book of the Dead for the ritual singer Amon-Ra Nani
Purity of thoughts and deeds.
A fragment of the papyrus “Book of the Dead”, found in the tomb of Nani in Thebes, dates back to 1050 BC.NS. and describes the scene of the weighing of the heart at the judgment of Osiris. Nani was the ritual singer of the god Amun-Ra. According to the views of the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt, the trial of the deceased was carried out in order to find out what the earthly life of a person was and whether the deceased met the requirements of Maat, the goddess of justice and truth.
This fragment of the Book of the Dead papyrus depicts a scene of the weighing of Nani’s heart. Nani stands in the courtroom, near the scales, holding her eyes and mouth in her hand. On one bowl lies her heart, and on the other – a statuette of Maat.On the right sits Osiris – the main god passing judgment, in the center, between the shoulders of the scales – Anubis, the god with the head of a jackal in charge of funeral rituals, monitors the process of weighing the heart. The god of wisdom and writing Thoth documents the results. Next to Nani is the wife of Osiris, Isis.
According to the most common descriptions of the weighing scene, in the hall of the Two Truths, the heart of the deceased was placed on one pan of the scales, and the feather of Maat on the other (in this fragment, instead of a feather, a figurine of the goddess herself is represented).The person had to prove that he led a righteous life on earth and did not commit sins. To confirm this, he gave a speech to Maat and other gods, preserved in chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead:
“I did not harm people.
I did not harm the livestock.
I have not committed a sin in the place of Truth …
I am clean, I am clean, I am clean, I am clean! ”
(hereinafter translated from ancient Egyptian by M.A.Korostovtseva)
Then the deceased turned to each of the 42 gods-judges, proving that his body and soul are pure:
“O Usekh-nemtut, who appears in Heliopolis, I did no harm!
Oh Hepet-Sedozhet, who is in Her-aha, I did not steal!
O Denji, being in Hermopolis, I did not envy!
O Akshut, who is in Kerert, I did not rob! ”
Watching the scales, Anubis, seeing that they are balanced, says to Osiris: “Her heart is an exact witness.”Osiris replies: “Give her her eyes and her mouth, for her heart is an exact witness.”
If the heart was pure, not filled with anger, greed and envy, then its weight was either equal or lighter than the feather of Maat, and a person received the right to enter the afterlife and continue his existence in eternity.
Margarita Andreeva, BVV196-2019
1. Rogers Fund, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994.
2. E. A. Wallis Budge. The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Penguin Classics, 2008.
3. Poetry and prose of the Ancient East. Ed. I. Braginsky. Moscow: Fiction, 1973.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1930. New York.
STIC program – obtaining a 4D image of the fetal heart • MEDISON.RU
STIC ™ (spatio-temporal image correlation) – 4D technology for obtaining a volumetric image of the fetal heart, taking into account the spatio-temporal image correlation.This is a new approach to the clinical examination of the fetal heart, which allows you to “extract” and store data about the fetal heart with subsequent viewing as a dynamic sequence of both 2D and 3D images (4D cinema loop).
Color STIC ™ is a color Doppler imaging STIC ™ that provides visibility into intracardiac hemodynamics and aids in the assessment of a variety of fetal heart defects.
“Volume extraction” of fetal heart data occurs in two stages: first, two-dimensional ultrasound images are “collected” using a special 3D sensor in one automatic pass, then the system analyzes the data according to their space-time domain and calculates a dynamic three-dimensional sequence of heart images fetus during one cycle of contractions. The obtained data can be displayed on the monitor of an ultrasound scanner or workstation in the form of dynamic – “live” images in three planes and / or in the form of a three-dimensional reconstruction of the heart (in superficial, minimal, inverse and other modes – Fig.12). This “volume” can be easily manipulated to create new slices in all standard and non-standard planes that are required for a comprehensive prenatal diagnosis of cardiac pathology.
Fig. 1. Multi-plane image of the fetal heart and three-dimensional surface reconstruction at the level of atrioventricular valves.
Fig. 2. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the fetal heart in the “minimal” mode.
Benefits of STIC ™ Technology in Fetal Cardiac Examination
- The temporal resolution of the dynamic image (cine-loops) is comparable to that of the B-mode.
- The number of images (slices) of the fetal heart is not limited.
- Visual comparison is possible between images in planes that are perpendicular to the scan reference plane.
- Decreases the time spent on research in case of suspected complex heart defects.
- You can create 3D images of the heart that have depth, volume, and therefore additional information not available in thin slices.
- All information obtained can be saved and revised again or sent for consultation by an expert, and also used to train specialists in prenatal diagnostics .
Standard conditions for obtaining quality “volume” with STIC ™ are fetal spine positions for 5-7 h of imaging, 7.5 s acquisition time, 30 ° acquisition angle, and a four-chamber heart slice as the starting plane.The STIC ™ clinical trial, in which general practitioners only “collected volume”, and the actual analysis of the data obtained was performed later offline by a specialist in prenatal echocardiography, showed the possibility of a full examination of the fetal heart in more than 94% of cases .
Failure to “extract volume” adequate for subsequent analysis is due to the “uncomfortable” position of the fetus, when its heart is in the acoustic shadow from the ribs or spine, as well as too small or too large heart sizes, respectively, in the early or late stages of pregnancy [3 ].
“Volumes” obtained in the transverse plane of the scan are used to obtain and analyze two-dimensional images of the chambers of the heart, atrial and interventricular septa, atrioventricular valves, pulmonary veins and outflow tracts. The best visualization of the aortic arch and aortic duct is achieved with “volume extraction” in the sagittal plane. Rotating the “volume” relative to the reference point in the dynamic multiplan reconstruction mode, the intracardial structures are sequentially evaluated in three orthogonal planes simultaneously.By changing the size of the region of interest, a three-dimensional surface reconstruction of the atrioventricular valves and other parts of the heart can be obtained. Moreover, STIC ™ technology makes it possible to obtain non-standard sections in almost any plane in order, for example, to see the defect of the interventricular septum in the sagittal plane throughout .
According to S. Yagel et al. , virtual planes – interventricular, interatrial and coronary atrioventricular through the atrioventricular rings distal to the semilunar valves – were obtained using STIC ™ in 96.3% of normal fetuses.In cases of anomalies of the interventricular septum, oval window and the location of the main vessels, the use of virtual planes significantly improved the diagnosis.
Significantly simplify and speed up the analysis of volumetric 3D echocardiograms with technologies like Multi-Slice View (3D XI ™) (Fig. 3). The standard transverse planes, widely used for cardiac assessment, were automatically displayed as sequential slices in most fetuses that were examined with STIC ™.The quality of such images is comparable to the quality of images obtained with routine 2D echography [6, 7]. A consistent and complete analysis of dynamic three-dimensional echocardiograms was possible in all cases, and the recommended distance between the slices displayed on the screen was 2.7 ± 0.3 mm at 19-23 weeks of gestation and 4.0 ± 0.4 mm at 30- 33 weeks .
Fig.3. Multi-Slice View (3D XI ™) fetal heart image.
The VOCAL function allows you to measure with a high degree of reproducibility (up to 96%) systolic and diastolic volumes of the fetal ventricles and calculate the stroke volume and ejection fraction, respectively. This procedure is simple, it consists in the fact that the contours of each ventricle are manually outlined on the display of the workstation, and the volume itself is calculated by rotating the resulting image 12-30 ° along an axis passing through the apex of the heart and the center of the atrioventricular valve (Fig.4) . The procedure is even more simplified when using the inverse 3D mode . Clinical trials have shown that the time taken by the physician to measure the stroke volume with the 4D STIC ™ was significantly less compared to standard 2D Doppler (3.1 min versus 7.9 min) .
Fig. 4. Fetal ventricular volume measurement using VOCAL ™.
Thus, based on numerous publications, it can be assumed that with the accumulation of clinical experience and standardization of the application, STIC ™ technology will allow each interested doctor to bring the quality and reliability of the ultrasound examination of the fetal heart closer to the expert level.
- DeVore G.R., Falkensammer P., Sklansky M.S., Platt L.D. Spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): new technology for evaluation of the fetal heart // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2003 Oct. V. 22 (4). P. 380-387.
- Vinals F., Poblete P., Giuliano A. Spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): a new tool for the prenatal screening of congenital heart defects // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2003 Oct. V. 22 (4) / P. 388-394.
- Chaoui R., Hoffmann J., Heling K.S. Threedimensional (3D) and 4D color Doppler fetal echocardiography using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2004 Jun. V. 23 (6). P. 535-545.
- Goncalves L. F., Lee W. et al. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart with spatiotemporal image correlation // Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 2003. Dec. V. 189 (6). P. 1792-1802.
- Yagel S., Benachi A. et al. Rendering in fetal cardiac scanning: the intracardiac septa and the coronal atrioventricular valve planes // Ultrasound Obstet.Gynecol., 2006. Sep. V. 28 (3). P. 266-274.
- Goncalves L. F., Espinoza J. et al. Four-dimensional ultrasonography of the fetal heart using a novel Tomographic Ultrasound Imaging display // J. Perinat. Med. 2006. V. 34 (1). P. 39-55.
- Wu Y., Liu T., Xiong Y., Zang L. [Application of spatio-temporal image correlation in normal fetal heart ultrasonography] // Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 2008. Feb. V. 30 (1). P. 75-79.
- Paladini D., Vassallo M. et al. The role of spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) with tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) in the sequential analysis of fetal congenital heart disease // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2006. May. V. 27 (5). P. 555-561.
- Messing B., Cohen S.M. et al. Fetal cardiac ventricle volumetry in the second half of gestation assessed by 4D ultrasound using STIC combined with inversion mode // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2007. Aug. V. 30 (2). P. 142-151.
- Molina F.S., Faro C. et al. Heart stroke volume and cardiac output by four-dimensional ultrasound in normal fetuses // Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol., 2008. Aug. V. 32 (2). P. 181-187.
- Rizzo G., Capponi A. et al. Fetal cardiac stroke volume determination by four-dimensional ultrasound with spatio-temporal image correlation compared with two-dimensional and Doppler ultrasonography // Prenat. Diagn. 2007. Dec. V. 27 (12). P. 1147-1150.
Segmentation of images of the anatomical structure of the heart
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Segmentation of images of the anatomical structure of the heart|
|Authors:||Krasnousova, Maria Igorevna|
|metadata.dc.contributor.advisor:||Gerget, Olga Mikhailovna|
|Keywords:||preprocessing; segmentation; medical images; filtration; algorithm; preprocessing; segmentation; medical images; filtration; algorithm|
|Citation:||Krasnousova M. I. Segmentation of images of the anatomical structure of the heart: master’s thesis / M. I. Krasnousova; National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU), School of Engineering of Information Technologies and Robotics (ISHITR), Department of Information Technologies (OIT); scientific.hands. O. M. Gerget. – Tomsk, 2020.|
|Abstract:|| The study of methods of segmentation of medical images, the formation of a sequence of algorithms for preprocessing medical images, which allows, based on the implementation of the proposed segmentation methods, to increase the accuracy of image processing, and statistical analysis to check the reliability of the results. |
Studying the medical images segmentation methods, the formation of algorithms sequence for the medical images preprocessing, which allows to increase the accuracy of image processing based on the implementation of the proposed segmentation methods, and statistical analysis to verify the reliability of the results.
|Appears in Collections:||Master’s theses|
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