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How to Identify Fire Coral Stings And Treat Coral Burn

In this article, we’ll go through the ways to identify fire coral, what to do in the case of fire coral stings, and how to treat the fire coral burn.

Swimming in the open waters is fun, scuba diving or any other form of diving in the open waters is thrilling and the memories you’ll create this way are those that will last a lifetime. But, there are some sea creatures you’d wish to skip the meeting because it could end up being quite painful and unpleasant, among other scuba diving dangers and risks.

One of those sea creatures is a so-called fire coral.

What Is A Fire Coral?

This sea creature is also called Millepora dichotoma, or simply Millepora, is not a soft coral, nor a hard coral, actually it is not a coral but a member of a hydrocoral family. It is a marine organism similar to jellyfish and anemones that forms colonies.

Most often spread in tropical and subtropical waters, it disguises into a regular coral, but there are ways to learn how to identify and avoid it. The reason why you should learn it is the stings it can inflict when touched.

How To Identify Fire Coral?

The simplest way to identify the fire coral is by its color which resembles fire with a mix of brown and orange or brown and green. Most often the tips are white. Be careful, it may easily fool you to think it’s a seaweed because the fire coral can take various shapes and forms – like a blade, box, encrusting form, or a form similar to a branch. They are also fixed to something and cannot move. So, if you see anything that looks similar to a fire, treat it the same way you’d treat the fire – don’t come near it.

In case you do come near it, you’d probably spot the stingers. They look like hair, and they stick out of the fire coral. Also, they are transparent so it is basically impossible to spot them from a distance. This also means that you won’t have to come nearer than a few millimeters for it to sting you.

How To Avoid Fire Coral Stings

This is quite simple – to avoid getting stung by a fire coral don’t come near it. But there is a catch – most reefs around the world have fire coral, even those that look clean at first. That is why it is recommended to give it a thorough inspection before you decide it is safe.

Also, the other way is to wear a wetsuit. It will protect your skin and prevent the fire coral stings from reaching it, so even if you end up brushing it, you’d most likely end up without any problem.

How To Identify A Fire Coral Sting?

Accidents happen, and sometimes, no matter how careful, you’ll end up feeling some unexpected and strong pain. Don’t worry; though unpleasant and quite painful, it shouldn’t cause any bigger problems. The level of toxicity in their stings is minimal.

So, what are the symptoms and how to identify a fire coral sting?

First, somewhere between five and 30 minutes after the contact, there will be a burning sensation or/with stinging local pain. Soon after that, a red rash with raised wheals or vesicles fills follow, along with the itching sensation.

And that should be it. In more serious situations, lymph gland swelling could happen, and in the case of a stronger allergic reaction, there could be nausea and vomiting, but those cases are a rarity.

Before you start any treatment, it is recommended to visit a doctor familiar with the sea life, to confirm it is indeed a fire coral sting. Don’t forget, it doesn’t show instantly, and you may have rubbed against the fire coral without even spotting it, so it may be a bit hard to identify at first.

How To Treat Fire Coral Burn?

Besides visiting a doctor, there are some other things you could do to help ease the pain. This method is used worldwide and it is regarded as one of the best for this type of injury:

  • Rinse the area with seawater. It is not recommended to use freshwater because it could increase the pain.
  • Apply topical acetic acid or vinegar, or isopropyl alcohol.
  • Carefully inspect the painful area. Use the tweezers to remove the tentacles if there are any. It is also possible to do it with tape.
  • Immobilize the extremity to reduce the movement and prevent the venom from spreading.
  • Optional – use hydrocortisone if needed to reduce itching, but remove it instantly if there are signs of infection.
  • Most often, there won’t be any signs of an allergic reaction, so it is recommended to use pain meds like ibuprofen to relieve it a bit.
  • If there is shortness of breath, tongue swelling or any other form of swelling, or any other sign that could mean an allergic reaction, don’t wait, and head to the nearest medical center.

It shouldn’t last longer than a few days. If the itching doesn’t pass or the pain level doesn’t decrease during the time, don’t wait, visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Globo Surf Overview

Even when doing all you can to be careful, sometimes you’ll end up making a mistake like touching a fire coral. This article should help you learn how to identify fire corals, how to identify fire coral stings, and what to do with fire coral burns, so you could go back to your regular swimming, diving, and other water-related activities as soon as possible.

More Scuba Reviews:

The unpleasant truths about fire coral

It had been a great dive on the USS Spiegel Grove, a large intentionally sunken ship off Key Largo, which is now a popular destination for advanced level scuba divers and all manner of sea critters.

One woman diver probably didn’t think the dive was so great. She ended up sitting near the front of the dive boat madly rubbing ointment on a red rash that covered the upper parts of both her legs.

When diving on the Spiegel Grove, most divers enter the water, pull themselves along a line attached from the boat to the mooring ball line and then descend the mooring ball line — very handy to use when there are currents and for safety stops to vent off nitrogen during ascents.

The downside of this is that some of the mooring lines attached to the Spiegel Grove have picked up a few passengers such as fish hooks and certain types of small fire coral and other stinging critters that can make a diver’s day very unpleasant if grabbed or bumped into by an unprotected arm or leg.

That is what happened to the woman diver. The current pushed her bare legs into the line during a safety stop. Ouch!

Fire corals have nematocysts (barbed, threadlike tubes that deliver a toxic sting) and some have sharp edges that cause lacerations or abrasions.

Over their diving careers many folks, including me, have experienced a sting or burning sensation from accidently touching or bumping into a fire coral. Most of these encounters are unpleasant but the sensation and embarrassment soon subsides.

A person’s reaction to fire coral depends on the amount of exposure to the toxins, extent of the abrasion for a hard coral and any pre-existing sensitivity — like some folks have for bee stings.

In some cases the accidental contact, besides symptoms of immediate stinging and burning, causes more pronounced skin reactions including red welts, blisters, and considerable itching.

The Divers Alert Network — a non-profit organization that provides dive safety information, emergency services, and insurance for the dive community — says it gets about 12,000 to 13,000 information calls each year. The good news is that it only gets approximately a call a week pertaining to someone who has had a run-in with a coral.

Fire corals are hydrozoans, rather than true corals, and are cousins to other hydrozoans such as the Portuguese man-o’-war.

Fire corals, which get their common name from the painful stings they inflict on divers, include colonies composed of tree-like branches, solid colonies that are typically dome-shaped, and colonies that grow on the substrate (surface or material on or from which an organism lives).

Fire corals live at depths up to 120 feet in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans and the Caribbean Sea.

According to reef experts Paul Humann and Ned Deloach the three types of fire coral in the Caribbean are branching, blade and box. Another type of coral, lace coral, lacks the “batteries of stingers” of fire coral. Lace corals can irritate sensitive skin but are not considered toxic to divers. The Florida Museum of National History says the branching and blade varieties are found in Florida’s waters.

Fire corals have different appearances. Some grow in small, bubble like patches on other corals. Some look like seaweed. Others grow in thin branches and may have small or large bubble shapes at the end of each branch. Certain fire corals appear like large, stiff leaves.

Reef-building fire corals may appear green, cream, yellow or orange. Species with branches have hollow cores that can be easily broken. Other types of fire coral form thick colonies capable of withstanding the movement of waves.

The stinging cells of fire corals are used to capture prey, which are then engulfed by the corals’ specialized feeding polyps.

Like other coral, fire coral also gets nutrients because of its special relationship with certain types of algae that live on it. The coral gets oxygen and food. The algae get a secure place to live and compounds for photosynthesis (the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water).

Reproduction is more complex in fire corals than other corals. The polyps reproduce asexually (without the union of male and female eggs and sperm) producing jellyfish-like medusa.

The medusa contains the reproductive organs that release eggs and sperm into the water. Fertilized eggs develop into free-swimming larvae that eventually settle on the substrate and form new colonies. Fire corals can also reproduce asexually by fragmentation. (http://www.arkive.org/fire-corals/millepora-spp/)

Fire corals face the same threats as other corals reefs including: poor land management practices that cause the release of sediment, nutrients and pollutants into the oceans; overfishing resulting in the increase of macro-algae; destructive fishing techniques that damage the coral; and, bleaching.

Many types of fire coral are brittle and can be broken by storms and unintentionally by scuba divers. But, sometimes the damage is intentional.

In Brazil, fire coral colonies are extensively damaged when yellowtail damselfish are captured for the aquarium trade. “They are often deliberately smashed and fishes hiding amongst the branches are ‘shaken out’ into plastic bags.” (See earlier site at arkive.org.)

Because fire corals are important to the health of the world’s reefs they are protected in many locations. “All species of stony corals (scientific order Scleractinia), including fire corals (Genus Millepora), as well as sea fans of the species Gorgonia flabellum and Gorgonia ventalina, are protected from take, attempted take, destruction, sale, attempted sale or possession under Florida Administrative Code Rule 68B-4216.” (http://www.dep.state.fl.us/coastal/programs/coral/threats.htm)

All new divers are taught the importance of good buoyancy control to avoid placing their hands or other body parts where they may harm them, ocean creatures or the fragile reef.

But, as occurred to the lady diver at the start of this column, accidents do happen. It is a good idea, even in warm water, to wear a thin protective wetsuit and gloves if holding onto a mooring line is necessary. That said, some dive locations prohibit gloves to discourage touching or holding onto the reef.

There are some first aid treatments if you do happen to get stung by a fire coral.

▪  Rinse the affected area with vinegar or use a paste of baking soda.

▪  Remove any fragments taking care to avoid direct contact with bare fingers or hands – wear gloves or use tweezers if available.

▪  Hot water, heat packs, cold packs or ice may give some pain relief – do not place ice or unheated freshwater directly on affected skin. Rinse again with vinegar.

▪  Certain over the counter cortisone creams may be helpful but, if uncertain, check with a knowledgeable physician or pharmacist before applying the cream

▪  Notify a physician if you have a serious allergic reaction or develop a fever.

▪  Proper cleansing is very important. The most frequent complications from non-stinging coral scrapes are inflammation, which leads to poor healing and possibly a secondary infection.

The Divers Alert Network provides information on first aid for marine life injuries. The organization’s website is: http://www.diversalertnetwork.org/

A quick reference for “The Dos and Don’ts for Treating Aquatic Stings” is: https://www.tdisdi.com/dos-and-donts-of-aquatic-stings/

An on-line source of information on fire corals can be seen at: http://www.arkive.org/fire-corals/millepora-spp/.

*Reef Coral Identification, authored by Paul Humann and Ned Deloach, founders of Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF), is available from REEF through the organizations website (http://www.reef.org/) or its Key Largo Store, 98300 Overseas Hwy | Key Largo, FL 33037

Open Burning Open Burning

In Broward County, open burning is regulated under Broward County Code of Ordinances Chapter 27, Article IX and the Florida Administrative Code. The Environmental Protection and Growth Management Department (EPGMD), Environmental Engineering and Permitting Division (EEPD) requires notification prior to conducting approved open burning for specific activities. EPGMD notification requirements do not relieve any person from obtaining additional authorizations to conduct open burning from the Florida Division of Forestry, local fire authorities or other applicable regulatory agencies. EPGMD requirements may not be construed to allow open burning which violates other laws, rules, regulations or ordinances.

Allowed and Prohibited Open Burning

The following open burning activities are allowed:

  • Municipal, industrial, commercial or essential research project burning
  • An emergency requiring immediate action to protect human health and safety
  • Instruction and/or training of organized fire fighters
  • A camp fire, bonfire, or other fire used solely for recreational purposes, for ceremonial occasions, or for outdoor noncommercial preparation of food as long as excessive smoke and a nuisance is not created. Approval must be obtained from the appropriate fire authority
  • Open Burning of Hurricane Debris or vegetative debris generated by a natural disaster

The following open burning activities are prohibited:

  • Burning of yard trash and/or household paper products generated on occupied residential premises.
  • Burning of tires, rubber material, bunker C residual oil, asphalt, roofing material, tar, railroad, cross ties, creosoted lumber, plastics, or garbage.
  • Burning of waste pesticide containers.
  • Burning of waste and/or asbestos-containing material generated by demolition of a structure.
  • Land clearing vegetative debris burning.
  • Animal carcass burning.
  • Pile burning.

Open Burning General Requirements

  • No open burning will be allowed less than 300 feet from any occupied building and/or business unless a waiver is obtained from all occupants residing in the building (see below for waiver form).
  • No open burning will be allowed less than 150 feet from any public highway.
  • Distance requirements do not apply to the instruction/training of firefighters.
  • For air curtain incinerator(s), burning must meet a setback distance of 1000 feet or more from any occupied building. An exception to allow a setback distance of not less than 300 feet shall be granted if the owner or operator obtains a waiver from all affected residents or building occupants.
  • Allowed open burning is restricted to the site where the material to be burned was generated and may not be transported to another property to be burned, with the exception of vegetative debris generated by a natural disaster, or for recreational camp fires or bonfires.

Anyone wishing to conduct open burning activities closer than 300 feet from an occupied building and/or business is required to submit a “Statement Waiving Rights To Object To An Open Burn Activity” (see below) from all building occupants, or business owners, as applicable, waiving their right to object to the open burn activity.

Open Burning Notification Requirements

Only the following allowed open burning activities require submittal of an open burn notification form:

  1. Municipal, industrial, commercial, and research open burning
  2. Operation of air curtain incinerator(s)
  3. Fire fighter instruction/training that involves burning of a structure not at a certified fire training center

Forms, Documents and Other Information

For questions regarding open burning activities or other information not addressed here, please contact the Broward County Environmental Engineering and Permitting Division – Air Monitoring and Outreach Section at 954-519-1483. ​​

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Now, Devan and his coterie of trainers conduct indoor boot camps throughout North Carolina, using exercises that Devan himself used to get into shape during his days as a professional athlete. The team supplements those regimens with loads of body-weight-resistance training and heart-pounding cardio drills that include sprinting short distances or boxing defibrillators.

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Burn Boot Camp Coral Gables, FL

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How does climate change affect coral reefs?

Climate change is the greatest global threat to coral reef ecosystems. Scientific evidence now clearly indicates that the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean are warming, and that these changes are primarily due to greenhouse gases derived from human activities.

As temperatures rise, mass coral bleaching events and infectious disease outbreaks are becoming more frequent. Additionally, carbon dioxide absorbed into the ocean from the atmosphere has already begun to reduce calcification rates in reef-building and reef-associated organisms by altering seawater chemistry through decreases in pH. This process is called ocean acidification.

Climate change will affect coral reef ecosystems, through sea level rise, changes to the frequency and intensity of tropical storms, and altered ocean circulation patterns. When combined, all of these impacts dramatically alter ecosystem function, as well as the goods and services coral reef ecosystems provide to people around the globe.

Infographic Text

Threats to coral reefs: climate change

Increased greenhouse gases from human activities result in climate change and ocean acidification. Climate change = ocean change. The world’s ocean is a massive sink that absorbs carbon dioxide (CO2). Although this has slowed global warming, it is also changing ocean chemistry.

Climate change dramatically affects coral reef ecosystems

Contributing factors that increase greenhouse gases in the atmosphere include burning fossil fuels for heat and energy, producing some industrial products, raising livestock, fertilizing crops, and deforestation. Climate change leads to:

  • A warming ocean: causes thermal stress that contributes to coral bleaching and infectious disease.
  • Sea level rise: may lead to increases in sedimentation for reefs located near land-based sources of sediment. Sedimentation runoff can lead to the smothering of coral.
  • Changes in storm patterns: leads to stronger and more frequent storms that can cause the destruction of coral reefs.
  • Changes in precipitation: increased runoff of freshwater, sediment, and land-based pollutants contribute to algal blooms and cause murky water conditions that reduce light.
  • Altered ocean currents: leads to changes in connectivity and temperature regimes that contribute to lack of food for corals and hampers dispersal of coral larvae.
  • Ocean acidification (a result of increased CO2): causes a reduction in pH levels which decreases coral growth and structural integrity.

How you can help

Shrink your carbon footprint to reduce greenhouse gases.

  • Drive less.
  • Reduce, reuse, or recycle.
  • Purchase energy-efficient appliances and lightbulbs.
  • Print less. Download more. Use less water.

Do your part to help improve overall coral reef condition.

  • Reduce the use of lawn and garden chemicals.
  • DO NOT dump household chemicals in storm drains.
  • Choose sustainable seafood. Visit FishWatch.gov.
  • Learn about good reef etiquette and practice it when in the water.
  • Volunteer for beach and waterway clean ups.

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Single Family Homes in Cape Coral, FL

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Wildfires and the Demise of Guam’s Coral Reefs

  Wildfires are a significant problem on Guam because the native ecosystems are poorly adapted to burning. Fires are not a natural occurrence on the island, and the vast majority of all wildfires are the result of human activity, mainly arson. Local hunters intentionally set fires to facilitate hunting pigs and deer, and in the process burn off vegetation, leaving the land bare and the soils exposed. Heavy seasonal rains wash the soils into Guam’s nearshore marine environment and onto the coral reefs.

Fire statistics from the past ten years show that, on average, over 700 fires are set a year, burning as much as 15,000 acres of land. While this acreage is small compared to mainland US standards, 15,000 acres is equal to about 20% of the total area of the island. If a fire of similar magnitude was to occur on the mainland USA, the entire states of California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming would be in flames, while about a third of states would burn in an average fire season. The repeated burning of the land from year to year has created a chronic erosion problem, particular on the southern half of the island where most of the burning takes place.

Within the park, it has been estimated that as much as 20% of the park’s land is burned every year. While this value may be on the high end, wildfires in the park are not uncommon. Between June-November 2003, two large fires occurred in the park, and that was during the island’s wet season! Five to ten fires a year are not uncommon in the park, most occurring between March and June, during Guam’s dry season. How much of this dirt winds up on the park’s coral reef is uncertain, but the biologists at War in the Pacific are conducting research to measure spatial and temporal patterns of sedimentation on the reef and determining the origin of those sediments so that the park can develop a strategy to reduce the effects of this impact.

Dwayne Minton

 

Treatment and prevention of creeping burns

A victim of jellyfish or a siphonophore must first be taken out of the water and placed on a horizontal surface. Then, the presence of breathing and pulse is checked, since a burn often causes painful shock and loss of consciousness, followed by respiratory distress, heart failure and paralysis. In addition, in water, any of the listed phenomena can lead to drowning. Therefore, you need to be prepared for first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (artificial ventilation and chest compressions).

After you have rescued the victim from drowning and restored vital functions to him, you should deal with burns and block the action of nematocysts on the damaged area of ​​the skin. In different countries, food vinegar, soap, vegetable juices, papaya oil, ammonium solution, soda, and so on are used for this purpose. Old textbooks also recommend methyl or ethyl alcohol, but recent studies have shown that they only stimulate the active firing of non-discharged stinging cells.It is best to sprinkle food vinegar on the burns generously to prevent the activation of the “unexploded” nematocysts. After that, the wound is bandaged. If there is no vinegar or baking soda nearby, the stuck tentacles should be carefully removed with algae, a towel, or any piece of cloth to protect yourself. In no case should the tentacles be washed off with fresh water or the tentacles adhered to the skin should not be damaged, since the most powerful shooting of the filaments occurs as a result of the ingress of fresh water and rough mechanical impact.

The treated burned area is smeared with something emollient and greasy: sunblock, oil, or even ice cream. Further symptomatic treatment is carried out by qualified specialists who must be called immediately upon the fact of an accident. Treatment focuses on four main goals: 1) pain relief; 2) neutralization of the neurotoxic effect of the poison; 3) control of the state of shock; 4) elimination of individual symptoms of poisoning. When a sea wasp is damaged, a special antidote is injected into the blood, the dose of which is determined by qualified medical personnel.

The safest way to avoid burns of stinging poisonous animals is not to swim or bathe, but if you do get into the water, stay away from the stinging creatures. Unfortunately, this is sometimes impossible even with the strongest desire. Long thin tentacles of jellyfish, fluffed up in water, easily adhere with invisible threads to unprotected parts of the body. To avoid this, even in very warm water, it is recommended to wear protective clothing such as a thin lycra protective dive skin.It is better to swim among the stinging corals with gloves and boots or socks.

However, protective clothing does not guarantee complete safety. Nematocysts are weakly fixed in the surface cell layer of the body of cnidarians and easily fall out of it. Therefore, after contact of any part of the diver’s body with the tentacles, many of the fallen “unexploded” nematocysts remain in the neoprene of the suit and gloves. While changing clothes, stinging threads shoot out and cause burns on the hands, as in contact with the animal itself.Therefore, scuba divers who touched corals with their gloved hands under water, and then adjust the mask or mouthpiece, there is a burning sensation on the lips and face.

Recently, they began to produce special anti-jellyfish serums that effectively reduce the destructive effect of sea wasp and sea nettle toxins.

The overwhelming majority of human contacts with creepers occurs in tropical and subtropical waters. From the tentacles of the Portuguese ship, people suffer in the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean and the Florida coral islands.Lethal encounters with box jellyfish occur on the northern coast of Australia, on the islands of Polynesia, Melanesia and Malaysia. If you are going to rest in one of the listed places, read the book “Dangerous Marine Animals” , and while under water, try not to touch the coral colonies, and even more so stay away from jellyfish.

What fire coral burns with – Eilat-style fish fish

The most dangerous coral that a bather or aquarist can suffer from is fiery, aka millepora, and not coral at all.More precisely, a coral, but not a real one, but a very distant coral relative. They have in common only belonging to the type of primitive animals Escaping ( Cnidaria ). But the classes in this type are different: real corals belong to the class Anthozoa , which is called coral polyps in Russian. And fire corals belong to the class Hydrozoa , which are called hydroids, or polypomedusa, less often – hydrocorals.

We will remember about jellyfish, but for now we will find out why hydroids of the genus Millepora ( Millepora ) are called corals.Because they are similar from a distance. And close to the naked eye, the difference is difficult to grasp. Millepores, like real corals, form colonies: massive, lamellar and branched. Colonies are firm to the touch, with a strong mineral skeleton of lime-impregnated fibers and tubes.

But the differences are visible only with a careful examination of the skeletons. In true corals, polyps sit in their cups, which are more or less pronounced in different species (top figure). In fire corals, the surface of the colony’s body is smooth, but penetrated with pores (lower figure).Millepora is translated into Russian as multiporous. Polyps sit in these pores.

Functionally, polyps are divided into two groups.

The protection of the colony is provided by dactylozoids: thin long polyps armed with a different number of irregularly located tentacles thickened at the ends, but lacking a mouth. Dactylozoids sit in dactylopores scattered throughout the body of the colony, sometimes in an orderly, and sometimes completely chaotic. On the tentacles of dactylozoids, stinging cells are located, which serve for defense, and it is with them that fire coral burns, as, indeed, other creepers.

The food of the colony is provided by gastrozoids (feeding polyps) sitting in the gastropores. These are short and thick polyps. For food, they have a mouth and a corolla of 4-6 tentacles, so short that they are called tubercles of nematocytes. The task of these polyps is to hunt and digest prey. All gastrozoids of one colony open with their lower ends into the vasculature that permeates the skeleton. This network allows individual polyps to exchange nutrients.

Some sources indicate that only dactylozoids hunt plankton animals, after which they transfer the prey to gastrozoids for digestion.5-9 dactylozoids are grouped around each gastrozoid.

Polyps are completely drawn into the pores of the skeleton and are poorly visible from the outside. The maximum that can be seen on living coral is the white down of tentacles covering its surface. The tentacles are spread out day and night in search of prey, but in case of danger they can quickly be pulled inside.

In addition to the food obtained by gastrozoids, the colony also feeds on the symbiotic alga zooxanthella .

As I already wrote about many other groups of creepers, experts do not have a consensus on the number of species of this genus.In the latest summary on the taxonomy of the creeping species, the number of species was reduced to 7, although earlier there were almost 50.

Fire corals come in cream, brown, yellow, and even purple, but their typical color is mustard. The shape of fire corals can be quite bizarre, as they overgrow not only inanimate objects, but also sessile invertebrates, especially soft gorgonian corals.

Millipores are widespread in tropical and subtropical waters of the World Ocean on coral reefs and in shallow waters with strong currents.For reasons unknown to biologists, they are not present on the reefs of the Hawaiian Islands. Fire corals are important reef builders along with real corals.

Reproduction of millipore is sexual and asexual. During sexual reproduction, small jellyfish with 4-5 tubercles of nematocytes emerge from the colony. The life of jellyfish does not last long, only a few hours, but during this time they manage to form germ cells and sweep them into the water. After fertilization, a free-living planktonic planula larva is obtained, which soon settles from plankton onto the substrate and forms a new colony.

There is also a jellyfish-free version of sexual reproduction. More precisely, semi-jellyfish. In Millepora murrayi , the eggs develop directly in the body of the colony and are released into the plankton directly from the colony, while sperm develop in jellyfish

During asexual reproduction from the colony, for one reason or another, fragments are broken off, which, under favorable circumstances, attach to the substrate and give rise to a new colony.

In recent years, millipores have become fashionable inhabitants of marine aquariums.

Despite the stinging tentacles, many lodgers live in fire corals, mainly fish and shrimp. You can often observe kudreper fish , which has set up an observation point for itself on the top of the coral.

For humans, contact with fire coral can be very painful. The palm or finger may be too thick to burn, but the more sensitive areas of the skin will hurt. Pain or burning may begin 5-30 minutes after contact with the coral.The burn itself is not dangerous, but in rare cases, an allergic reaction may develop (the toxin is of a protein nature). As a rule, it all ends with nausea and a runny nose, which pass after a couple of hours. Edema, blisters, swelling of the lymph nodes may develop, passing in a day, and in unlucky ones – in two weeks. In addition to being burned by stinging cells, fire coral can simply cut the skin with its sharp edges.

What to do if you still burn yourself (recommendations from the website e medicine health ).

  • Rinse the affected area with seawater. It is not necessary to wash with fresh water, it will only increase the pain.
  • (here it was about the treatment with vinegar, but now they do not recommend it, it is better to remove the remnants of the jellyfish from the skin with a strong stream of fresh water)
  • Use tweezers to remove visible tentacles from your skin.
  • If an arm or leg is involved, secure the limb as movement can spread the venom.
  • If the burn is very itchy, apply hydrocortisone ointment 2-3 times a day.Stop applying this ointment immediately if there is even the slightest suspicion of infection.
  • If shortness of breath develops after exposure to coral fire; swelling of the tongue, face, or throat – treat allergies. If there are no signs of an allergic reaction, pain can be relieved with 1-2 acetaminophen (Tylenol) tablets every 4 hours and / or 1-2 ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) tablets every 6-8 hours.

But it is better not to self-medicate, but to see a doctor.

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90,000 Red Sea Underwater Safety Rules

To come on vacation to Egypt and never put on a mask – this can only be afforded by a person who does not know how to swim. But immediately don’t put on a mask and rush headlong into the sea is also not worth it. This is fraught with both minor injuries and serious risks to health or even life. The sea is not as dangerous as you might think from this statement.All of these hazards are easy to avoid if you follow the safety rules. But it is necessary to know about them: forewarned means forearmed!

Oddly enough, our code of underwater safety rules begins on land and ends on land, too, even at a decent distance from the sea.

1. Do not walk on the waterfront without shoes

When low tide comes, the coastal shelf, the so-called littoral, becomes dry land. You can safely walk along it, looking at the reefs and small animals hidden in the puddles.It is very important to walk there only in shoes and only on the sand, without stepping on the reefs. In the cracks of reef buildings and even just under the coral stones, sea urchins will sit. There are two types of them – with thick red needles and thin black ones. These second ones are also dangerous – their needles, having pierced your leg, break off easily, and then it will be difficult to get them.

And the coral structures themselves are very hard and sharp – you can easily rip your foot open by stepping on them with bare feet. And, please, do not break off pieces of coral as a souvenir and do not collect other “seafood” in the low tide zone! Why – I’ll tell you in the fourth rule.

2. Stay away from reefs while sailing

When you are already swimming at the reef wall, keep your distance. To begin with, I recommend staying two or three meters away from the corals, then you will figure it out for yourself. And if you are swimming not near the reef wall, but over the reef field, then make sure that there is always at least a meter from your body to the nearest coral. If you can reach from the surface with your hand to the upper process of the coral – that’s it, the limit has been reached.

Why can’t you approach them? You already know the first reason: the coral reef is very hard and sharp thing.The second reason is the waves that can hit you on the reef so that you have to take advantage of your health insurance. In Hurghada and in the resorts of the Gulf of Aqaba, there are no large waves due to the fact that northern and western winds are constantly blowing here, but in the southern Red Sea resorts, especially in Marsa Alam, it is already very dangerous. Sometimes it is even difficult to climb the pontoon there, and remember that there are almost no floating plastic pontoons in Marsa Alam – they are stationary, so a strong wave can hurt you not only on the reef, but also on the pontoon.

Well, and perhaps the most important reason why you need to stay away from the reefs – on these reefs there are sometimes completely invisible creatures that can seriously injure you and even kill you! Let’s talk about them in more detail.

3. Avoid getting too close to dangerous marine life

There are practically no aggressive fish and other marine life that can attack you on the beaches of Egyptian resorts (with one exception, which I will talk about at the end).Sharks are extremely rare and usually non-aggressive. The rest of the large fish are either generally harmless, or harmless if left untouched.

But the self-defense of many inhabitants of the reefs of the Red Sea is developed so that it does not seem a little. They do not attack anyone, but woe to the one who attacks them. Consider this hit parade of the Red Sea dangers, and let’s start with the opposite.

Harmless creatures that seem dangerous

Some fish look intimidating, but they won’t do you any harm.A classic example is Napoleon, a huge fish almost the size of a cow. Napoleon is sociable and harmless. He will not attack, bite, hit or sting.

The second frightening, but harmless creature is the crocodile fish. These meter-long fish occasionally come across under the walls of the reefs and even on the reefs themselves, and they always sit quietly and do nothing. The fact is that crocodiles are nocturnal fish, and during the day they sleep, so it is very convenient to photograph them.

The only problem for a photographer is that a crocodile is rarely caught at shallow depths.

Parrot fish, of which there are a great many in the Red Sea, are absolutely safe. The parrot bites off pieces of coral with its powerful jaws, so biting off your finger is an elementary task for him. But he will never do that. Although parrots are very solid in size (up to a meter long), it does not pose any danger to you.

Large predators such as caraxes and barracudas, which usually stay away from reefs, are also harmless.They only eat fish. There are sometimes terrible legends about barracudas, but our pike corresponds to the way of life of a barracuda. How many stories have you heard of a pike biting swimming people? That’s right, not a single one, although there are as many pikes and bathers in our rivers as you like.

Creatures that you better not touch

Tridacna

The blue, blue and purple robes of tridacnus — large bivalve molluscs — will be everywhere.These molluscs are completely harmless if you do not touch them. They are motionless and not poisonous. What is the danger, you ask? And the danger is that if you stick your hand or leg into the open shell of the tridacna, this shell will start to close. This happens slowly but inexorably, and the trailing muscle of the large tridacnids is so strong that you cannot pull your arm out or tear off the entire shell – it is firmly attached to the reef. The scuba diver risks less – he can wait for the tridacna to relax.But if you don’t have scuba gear, then know that this bivalve slow-witted can relax in ten to fifteen minutes, when your lungs have already been filled with water for a long time …

Fire Coral

Fire coral does not pose a danger to life, but it can spoil rest. If you accidentally lean against fire coral, it will feel as if you fell naked into a thicket of nettles. These blisters pass for several days, and you will have a very unpresentable view of the beach.

What sensations await you – you can guess for yourself. From time to time, while swimming, even on the beach, you will feel as if you have been bitten by a horsefly. Do not be alarmed and do not look for the culprit – you will not see him anyway. You have been stung by a free-swimming fire coral larva. The unpleasant sensations will subside in a few minutes. But it was one larva. Now think: what will happen if you are simultaneously stung by thousands of polyps, and not larvae, but adults? That’s right, there will be a big burn.Therefore, this coral is called fiery.

Moray eel

While swimming along the reef, you will definitely see disgusting faces of moray eels sticking out of coral buildings. They look the most frightening, and most likely, a normal person will never have the desire to stroke them. This is really dangerous – moray eels are not poisonous, they just bite. And they bite so that the fighting dogs nervously smoke on the sidelines. Therefore, never touch them.

Sometimes moray eels can be active themselves and crawl out of their coral holes to meet you.Do not panic. Firstly, it will not come out entirely anyway, and secondly, such behavior is a common manifestation of moray curiosity. Moray eels will not attack you. She just, like a granny at the entrance, is very interested, who is this one who sailed there?

Zebra lionfish

Lionfish are very poisonous, and they are well aware of this. These fish are never afraid of anyone, swimming wherever they please and very reluctantly avoiding them. They do not attack a person on their own initiative, but lionfish are rather clumsy and may not have time to dodge if you want to grab them.

Never do this! The innumerable long spines on the fins of lionfish contain strong venom. The injection is incredibly painful, and if it is not fatal for a person who does not have a hypersensitivity to this poison, then the rest will be hopelessly ruined. You will have to wallow in the hospital with a fever instead of lying on the beach smiling.

Scorpenops

Scorpenops belongs to the same family as the zebra lionfish, but it leads a more secretive lifestyle and mostly sits in coral burrows or simply on a reef.This fish has an excellent patronizing color, and on the reef it is poorly visible, and its poison is stronger than that of a lionfish.

This is one of the reasons why it is recommended not to touch the reefs at all. The second reason is even more significant, it is not just a danger, but a mortal danger. And this …

Wart or stonefish

This fish is completely invisible on the reef and is not aggressive. But its poison can kill you – this is the most poisonous fish in the world.

There are not very many wart in Egyptian resorts, besides, the hotel staff exterminate them as much as possible – I myself saw one of the tourists tell the guards that he saw a stonefish on the reef, and a punitive expedition was immediately sent there. And yet, it is impossible to exclude meetings with them, and this is the main reason why you cannot grab onto the reefs even if you may be overturned by a wave. Just stay away from the reefs, that’s all the trick.

3.Creatures you shouldn’t even approach

Textile cone

This is a very beautiful shell that you want to take with you. Never dive behind a sink! Even if the shell is empty and there is no clam inside, it will be problematic to take it with you (see rule four). And if the owner sits inside the shell, touching it is generally deadly. The textile cone has a very potent nerve agent, and if it considers it necessary to defend itself against you, then you will remain there, at the bottom …

Stingray Skates

There are two species of stalkers in the Red Sea, and they are not too dangerous.These are bottom fish that very rarely rise from the bottom. It is not worth disturbing and disturbing them – the poison contained in the thorns, which are in the area of ​​the base of the tail of the stingrays, is capable of inflicting considerable torment on its victim.

There have been tragic incidents, the most famous of which is the death of Discovery Channel host Steve Irwin. A stingray hit him with a thorn, and Steve died from it. No, it was not some particularly venomous stingray. It’s just that he hit Irwin with his thorn in the very heart …

Large triggerfish

These fish are harmless almost all year round.They swim slowly, arrogantly pucker their thick lips at you and wiggle their fins. But during the spawning period (in spring) it is better to bypass them by the tenth road.

No, triggerfish are not poisonous and do not even bite. Their males are just very jealous of guarding the eggs and ramming anyone who comes close to it at least five meters. A fish that decided to profit from triggerfish caviar, he is not in a position to cause much harm, he will drive it away and that’s all. The person may suffer more. The weight in titanium triggerfish is fifteen kilograms, in pseudo-ballistae – ten, and they gain very high speed.So imagine what will happen if such a “guard” crashes into you with acceleration. Several broken ribs or a ruptured spleen, for example, are almost guaranteed.

Therefore, if in the spring you see a triggerfish spinning in one place on the sand, stay away from it.

Do not bring marine souvenirs with you

And the very last danger of the Red Sea lies in wait for you at the border, at the airport of departure. According to Egyptian law, the export of corals and other seafood from the country is strictly prohibited.If such a law did not exist, then instead of luxurious reefs you would see only fragments. You will not be executed or imprisoned, but the fine will be comparable to the amount of a week’s stay in Egypt.

It is strongly discouraged to buy souvenirs from corals and even shells at bazaars, although they are sold there. It is unlikely that someone in the bazaar will give you a document confirming the fact of purchase, and even if it does, there is no guarantee that a wording will be written there that will suit the customs inspector.

So it’s best not to risk it. Bring your impressions and memories. It’s duty free.

* * *

Please do not take this material as a warning against travel to Egypt. In fact, the risk of meeting dangerous Red Sea creatures is very small, and guides in hotels will definitely give you instructions. But so that nothing could overshadow your wonderful holiday on the gentle Red Sea, just in case, keep this material close at hand.

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Diving in Hurghada | Read | Dangerous inhabitants of the Red Sea

The Milleporidae family or fire (stinging) corals are very dangerous to humans.More than 1,500 people worldwide suffer from stinging coral burns every year.

Danger:

The basis of the coral is made up of polyps – marine invertebrates 1-1.5 mm in size or slightly larger (depending on the species). As soon as it is born, the polyp begins to build a house-cell, in which it spends its entire life. Microdomes of polyps are grouped into colonies, the very “trees”, “shrubs”, “mushrooms” … When hungry, the polyp sticks out tentacles with many stinging cells from the “house”.The smallest animals that make up plankton bump into the tentacles of the polyp, which paralyzes the victim and sends it into the mouth opening. Despite their microscopic size, the stinging cells of polyps are very complex in structure. Inside the cell is a capsule filled with poison. The outer end of the capsule is concave and looks like a thin spiral-wound tube called stinging filament. This tube, covered with tiny spines directed backward, resembles a miniature harpoon.When touched, the stinging thread straightens, the “harpoon” pierces the victim’s body, and the poison passing through it paralyzes the prey. Poisoned “harpoons” of corals can also injure humans.

Short description:

Two main species – Millepora dichotoma – usually yellow-brown with white tops, branched, and Millepora platyphylla – wavy upright with white upper tips.

RETAINED MILLEPORA (Millepora dichotoma).
Fans up to 60 cm, can form elevations up to several meters.Mustard to olive yellow, colony branching in the same plane. On open upper slopes, 0-15m. Abundant on most of the Red Sea reefs.

PLATE MILLEPORA (Millepora platyphylla).
Separate plates up to 60 cm, forms elevations up to several meters high. Mustard to olive yellow, lumpy plates. Inhabits reef slopes, in lagoons and on reef shallows, from 0 to 15 m. It is found in less open places than reticulated millepora, it does not flock so strongly.

Caution:

They settle near the coast, and this is already unsafe for those who like to dive. Corals are so beautiful that many cannot resist the temptation to tear off a piece as a souvenir, and after that they have to regret it for a long time. You can probably imagine how painful it can be after touching a red-hot iron. Here are about the same sensations from a burn with this coral. Often, after burns, long-lasting ulcers form on the skin.

Cases of death from coral poison were not recorded, but it is still possible to die. After all, the pain happens so strong that you can easily fall into a state of shock or lose consciousness. But, being at a depth, it is deadly. If there is no one around to help you, you may not float to the surface.

Since fire corals are motionless, it goes without saying that they do not attack a person. In every case, when people suffer, only the person himself is to blame. Remember once and for all – do not touch what is unfamiliar to you.Otherwise, you can stumble upon stinging corals – it seems that this is a cute plant, you try to touch it and you get a severe burn.

Oddly enough, despite the name, fire corals are not corals at all. They live among real corals, but they themselves are false. They are colonies of polyps that look like huge, branched lime trees.

There are 2 types of polyps in the colony. Inside are those that are responsible for the reproduction and digestion of food.But outside – the most dangerous, with stinging cells, contain a strong poison: they catch prey and guard the entire coral, stinging anyone who dares to touch. The wounds received from contact with this coral are painful, usually shallow, but they heal for a long time and may even turn into trophic ulcers. After a severe burn, an eczema-like swelling is noticeable even after two months. Allergy sufferers can go into shock.

Go to the photo album “Dangerous inhabitants of the Red Sea”

Go to the photo album “Corals of the Red Sea”

90,000 Tropical vacations and poisoning.Fire coral (Milleporidae) Tropical recreation and poisoning. Why corals and reefs are dangerous

The Milleporidae family or fire (stinging) corals are very dangerous to humans. More than 1,500 people worldwide suffer from stinging coral burns every year.

Danger:

The basis of the coral is made up of polyps – marine invertebrates 1-1.5 mm in size or slightly larger (depending on the species).As soon as it is born, the polyp begins to build a house-cell, in which it spends its entire life. Microdomes of polyps are grouped into colonies, the very “trees”, “shrubs”, “mushrooms” … When hungry, the polyp sticks out tentacles with many stinging cells from the “house”. The smallest animals that make up plankton bump into the tentacles of the polyp, which paralyzes the victim and sends it into the mouth opening. Despite their microscopic size, the stinging cells of polyps are very complex in structure.Inside the cell is a capsule filled with poison. The outer end of the capsule is concave and looks like a thin spiral-wound tube called stinging filament. This tube, covered with tiny spines directed backward, resembles a miniature harpoon. When touched, the stinging thread straightens, the “harpoon” pierces the victim’s body, and the poison passing through it paralyzes the prey. Poisoned “harpoons” of corals can also injure humans.

Short description:

Two main species – Millepora dichotoma – usually yellow-brown with white tops, branched, and Millepora platyphylla – wavy upright with white upper tips.

RETAINED MILLEPORA (Millepora dichotoma).
Fans up to 60 cm, can form elevations up to several meters. Mustard to olive yellow, colony branching in the same plane. On open upper slopes, 0-15m. Abundant on most of the Red Sea reefs.

PLATE MILLEPORA (Millepora platyphylla).
Separate plates up to 60 cm, forms elevations up to several meters high. Mustard to olive yellow, lumpy plates. Inhabits reef slopes, lagoons and reef shallows, from 0 to 15 m.It is found in less open places than the reticulated millepora, it doesn’t flock so much.

Caution:

They settle near the coast, and this is already unsafe for those who like to dive. Corals are so beautiful that many cannot resist the temptation to tear off a piece as a souvenir, and after that they have to regret it for a long time. You can probably imagine how painful it can be after touching a red-hot iron. Here are about the same sensations from a burn with this coral.Often, after burns, long-lasting ulcers form on the skin.

Cases of death from coral poison were not recorded, but it is still possible to die. After all, the pain happens so strong that you can easily fall into a state of shock or lose consciousness. But, being at a depth, it is deadly. If there is no one around to help you, you may not float to the surface.

Since fire corals are motionless, it goes without saying that they do not attack a person. In every case, when people suffer, only the person himself is to blame.Remember once and for all – do not touch what is unfamiliar to you. Otherwise, you can stumble upon stinging corals – it seems that this is a cute plant, you try to touch it and you get a severe burn.

Oddly enough, despite the name, fire corals are not corals at all. They live among real corals, but they themselves are false. They are colonies of polyps that look like huge, branched lime trees.

There are 2 types of polyps in the colony. Inside are those that are responsible for the reproduction and digestion of food.But outside – the most dangerous, with stinging cells, contain a strong poison: they catch prey and guard the entire coral, stinging anyone who dares to touch. The wounds received from contact with this coral are painful, usually shallow, but they heal for a long time and may even turn into trophic ulcers. After a severe burn, an eczema-like swelling is noticeable even after two months. Allergy sufferers can go into shock.

Red Sea
– transparent, crystal clear – the element.The sea, calm and deep, joyfully calling and whispering quietly, tells old oriental tales. The sea, I am in a transparent depth of emerald color, the sun refracts its rays on the foamy spray, the sea is in me and I am inside the sea. An endless surface of water, and down there in the depths of the amazingly beautiful underwater world, living its own unsolved life, attracting millions of people who seek to learn what is not known. Among them there are harmless and aggressive, fearful and poisonous. So who are they – these dangerous inhabitants of the Red Sea? Let’s talk about them today.Let’s start with the most harmless ones:

10. Corals
are bright colors and you just want to touch them, but there is a special reticulated fire coral (Millepora dichotoma), which, although it looks like coral, is not. Fire corals are a hydroid species or polymidusa that form large colonies on reefs in tropical waters with strong currents and plenty of light. They grow very quickly and look like flat bushes with short twigs. Millepores look very picturesque.Bright yellow or brown colors, nice roundness at the end of the twig. I just want to break off a piece for memory, but it is there that stinging cells (nematocytes) are located, with which the fire coral burns. The place of the burn does not heal for a long time and brings a lot of inconveniences to its owner. It swells, a blister appears and the lymph nodes are greatly enlarged. It is better to immediately rinse such a wound with seawater, removing all the remnants of the coral and treat with vinegar or alcohol, and if necessary, consult a doctor.You should also pay attention to sea sponges. Sponges
– these multicellular creatures, although primitive, but some species, such as Red-Beard and Fire Sponges, can cause allergic reactions in humans in the form of a rash. The treatment is the same as for a coral burn.

9. Starfish
, colorful and so harmless always arouse the interest of divers. Among these species, indeed only one species, the Crown of Thorns (Acanthaster planci), can harm humans.The color range of these not small creatures (their length is from 25 to 35 cm, although there are especially large specimens up to 50 cm in diameter) can be very different from gray-blue to brown, from bright orange to poisonous yellow. Usually “Crown of Thorns” has 12 – 19 rays and with age their number can increase to 23. The whole body of the star is covered with long poisonous needles up to 3 cm long. The injection can be quite painful and can cause swelling, rash, nausea, and bleeding. The first thing to do is to immerse the limb in hot water and apply a bandage to prevent further spread of the poison, then see a doctor.

8 Sea urchins
. They look like spiky balls that pierce any neoprene. If you bump into a sea urchin, there is burning pain, shortness of breath and a rapid heartbeat at the injection site. First aid, as with a starfish injection: remove the needles, disinfect, keep them in hot water and apply a tourniquet, eat to the doctor.

7. Clearfin Lionfish
belongs to the Scorpaenidae family – a majestic and slow-moving fish.There are many varieties of this family, often found underwater fish – the zebra (Common Lionfish) and Russell’s lionfish (Russells Lionfish). These are night hunters who drive small fish like a pack of wolves. And they love to swim on the edge of light and shadow. Their bodies are painted with bright stripes, and sharp poisonous thorns are hidden in luxurious fins. The injections of these insidious creatures cause severe pain, up to anaphylactic shock. A person may experience cramps and heart palpitations, nausea, vomiting, numbness, dizziness, diarrhea, and heavy sweating.Some experts argue that the lionfish venom is not inferior to the cobra venom, although not a single death has been recorded from this creature in official medicine! In any case, it is better to stay away from all representatives of the scorpion family and look carefully at their feet.

6. Sea snakes
– one name is already chilling the soul, and although the poison of sea reptiles is 10 times stronger than its land relative – the cobra, it acts on the human body very slowly.Do not think that sea snakes rush at people at the first opportunity. In fact, they rarely attack them and in most cases try to swim away from pesky divers. However, if you are a fan of diving in dense underwater thickets, then there the snake may simply not be noticed. Only a few hours after the bite can muscle spasms and drooping of the eyelids begin. We apply a tourniquet above the bite site and see a doctor as soon as possible.

5.
Gray Reef Shark
(did you think we forgot about it?) – The most common type of reef shark in the Red Sea.Usually, the gray reef shark lives at depths of up to 270-280 meters. She loves clean water with strong currents. Often lives on the leeward side of the reef. The gray reef shark has an average size of 1.5 to 2.5 meters. The gray reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) is a very curious creature, but if not provoked, it most likely will not attack. It is easy to piss off a shark during the mating season when it may think of you as a competitor. Also, sharks do not like camera flashes. The shark expresses its aggression quite clearly, it arches its back, raises its muzzle and lowers its pectoral fins.In this case, you should not hesitate, it is better not to fuss to leave its territory, swimming away facing the shark. If it continues to swim towards you, try to dodge to the side when approaching. And although a person is big enough for her prey, she can cause serious wounds.

It is necessary to provide first aid to the victim not slowly, to clean the wound, but be careful, the person may have a painful shock and your actions will cause an even stronger reaction of the victim. The wound can bleed a lot, so it is necessary to stop the bleeding before a doctor appears.For this, the direct pressure method must be used. A pressure bandage or tourniquet is best. An equally effective method will be if you simply wrap the limbs in a circular tug. Of course, in an emergency, there may not be a tourniquet at hand, and this happens in 99% of cases, you can use any available material. It can be a rubber tube, scarf, belt, rope, etc.

After you have tried to stop the bleeding, the wound needs to be cleaned.It should be a solution of iodine, potassium permanganate, alcohol, vodka, cologne. If you have a cotton swab or gauze, moisten them with one of the solutions and treat the edges of the wound from the outside.

It is not necessary to fill the wound itself with anything. Not only will this aggravate the already severe pain, but it will also damage the tissue, slowing down the healing process. If the wound was in the stomach, then you can not eat or drink anything. After treatment, a bandage is applied to the abdomen.

4. Moray eels
– belong to the eel-like ray-finned fish and are always shrouded in secrets and legends.Either the eerie appearance of moray eels or their secrecy prompts our creative minds to hang all sorts of evil labels on them. In fact, moray eels are shy and hide in the crevices of the reefs. There are many species of moray eels in the Red Sea, for example: Giant moray, Yellowheaded morey, Yellowmouth morey, Undulate morey, Dragon morey, Zebra moray (Zebra morey), White-eyed morey, Peppered morey, Honeycomb morey, Yellow-edged morey, etc.Unfortunately, in recent years, cases have become more frequent when, in order to lure customers, local diving clubs offer divers to feed moray eels from their hands. Everyone who cares about their hands, remember that moray eels don’t see well, but they feel the meat perfectly and they don’t care if it’s a piece of food or a diver’s fingers. A hundred people will feed her and everything will be fine, but 101 will pay for everyone. This is not a pet. Moray eels are smart predators and if something gets into their mouth, they practically do not open their jaws, digging into their prey with a bulldog’s grip.If they help you to get rid of her grip, we will urgently disinfect the wound and see a doctor, treat the wound and head.

We have come to the top three. Let’s find out more about them!

3. Rays
belong to the class of chordates – Elasmobranchii – Cartilaginous fish.

Electric rays (Torpediniformes) range in size from small – 12-15 cm long, to large – up to 2 m long and weighing up to 100 kg. Unlike other rays, electric rays are often brightly colored. On the sides of the head are paired electrical organs formed by modified muscle tissue.Animal electricity is condensed in electrical organs. The discharge is carried out voluntarily under the influence of brain impulses. A single discharge lasts 0.003-0.05 s, but usually a ramp produces a series of rapidly successive 20-30 discharges. The discharge voltage can reach from 60 to 300 volts with a current strength of up to 5 amperes. Such a shake causes paralytic shock, severe pain, edema, muscle cramps. The victim of the shock of the electric ray must be pulled out of the water, put in the shade and create peace for him.Another representative of this species dangerous to humans is the stingray (Dasyatidae) has a wide disc, a powerful tail at the base and thinning at the end. In the middle of the tail, these creatures have dagger-like spines that can grow up to 37 cm long. The tail strike is similar to the attack of a scorpion – the tail bends forward and the stingray delivers a powerful blow with a whip-like motion. The poison, penetrating into the wound, causes sharp pains, a drop in blood pressure, tachycardia, vomiting, and paralysis. A thorn in the wound must be removed only by surgery, because.because it often breaks off in the wound and can cause a secondary fungal, bacterial or mixed infection. After the injection, the wound must be cleaned, disinfected, the damaged part of the body must be held in very hot water (at least 50 C), and then a pressure bandage must be applied and an urgent medical visit.

2. Cones.
The cone clams from the shells that we listen to the sound of the sea and savor the holiday memories may not be all that safe. The marine gastropod mollusk hides in its beautiful mother-of-pearl shell and, in case of danger, releases its thorn forward, located at the edge of the shell.Their habitat is quite large, including the western part of the Indo-Pacific region, which includes the Red Sea. All cones are predators and feed on snails, sea worms and even fish. These latter are the most dangerous for people. Despite poor eyesight, the olfactory organs are very well developed at the cone. Buried in the sand, he waits for the victim, sensing the approach of prey, plunges his proboscis into it, in which there are many small teeth – harpoons. Instantly injects toxic poison and paralyzes its victim.The cones have a special poison that includes 50 different types of toxins and has no antidote. The most dangerous of them is the Geographic Cone (Conus geographus), which is nocturnal. According to statistics, for 10 cases of bite, three are fatal. The bite causes severe, increasing pain, convulsions, profuse salivation, difficulty swallowing, upset gastrointestinal tract, difficulty speaking. The victim must be urgently hospitalized, and before that, examine the wound, the remains of the thorn were removed, treated with alcohol and immobilized the affected part of the body, apply a pressure bandage.

1.
The leader of our TOP 10 “Most dangerous inhabitants of the Red Sea”,
is …

Stonefish or wartfish
(Red Sea Walkman – “Red Sea pedestrian”) – master of disguise. Buried in the sand, it can lie motionless for hours on the bottom. It merges so much with the environment that it is almost impossible to notice it, and it is this disguise that makes it the winner of our rating “The Most Dangerous Inhabitants of the Red Sea.”Its back can be fatal to humans, since it has a series of spines that release poison. The pain from the injection is so strong that the person wants to cut off his wounded limbs. If the poison enters the vessel, then without medical assistance, death occurs within 2-3 hours. The main symptoms are pain, shock and death of the limbs, depending on the depth of penetration. Injured people can experience unpleasant symptoms for a long time. By the way, the English name for wart is “pedestrian”.When she gets tired of lying on the bottom, she uses the rays of the pectoral fins to “walk” on the seabed, and often there are noticeable grooves in the sand behind her. When any representatives of scorpionfish are injected, the wound must be washed, disinfected, to neutralize the poison, hold the damaged part of the body in very hot water for half an hour and apply a pressure bandage. After first aid, see a doctor immediately.

He who is forewarned is forearmed! Your safety is in your hands:

1.Wear special shoes. Neoprene slippers have an affordable price, but they can give you nothing more – the safety of your feet. But even in them, you should not walk in the shallow water from the outside of the reef. The needles of some sea creatures are very long and can accidentally hit an unprotected part of the body.

2. Do not splash in puddles at low tide, some species of fish, for example, stingrays, may bury themselves in wet sand and wait for the tide.

3. Divers are not allowed to swim alone, but some daredevils still break the rules.Do not feed fish or draw their attention with fresh blood during the dive. If you’ve cut yourself somewhere or have wounds that may be bleeding, it’s best not to take risks and swim in the water. If the fish behaves aggressively in the event of an attack, hit it on the head or snout – these are the most vulnerable places, feeling a rebuff, it can swim away by itself.

4. Remove any needle spikes from wounds very carefully so that they do not break and further crumble. Take a soft rag or tissue of some sort and carefully pull out the foreign object.Even if you could not remove everything, limestone needles or thorns eventually dissolve in our body and leave it without consequences. The main thing in such cases is to disinfect the wound well so that infection does not begin.

5. It would be nice to be able to do artificial respiration and know the basics of first aid for bites, cuts, etc.

6. Be sure to take a first-aid kit with you, which should contain such ointments as tetracycline, erythromycin, as well as iodine, brilliant green. In Arab countries, the names of drugs are written in Arabic and it is not a fact that the pharmacy speaks English.

7. Fans of snorkelling should not swim into unfamiliar areas, it is better to wear difficult swimming trunks, and a special thin neoprene T-shirt (1 – 1.5 mm will be enough) to protect from sunlight and accidental contact with the poisonous inhabitants of the Red Sea, choose reefs for swimming so that the depth is at least 2 meters, do not feed, do not stroke the fish, do not kiss for a selfie with fish, do not break, do not twist, do not even touch the corals and if all the same unforeseen troubles happened to you keep calm and seek help.

Underwater world Red Sea
is beautiful and everything in nature is harmonious. A person discovers the water element for himself in order to contemplate, enjoy and study the unknown. Do not kiss moray eels or feed sharks – these are not pets. We are just guests in this world, and we will be polite and prudent, and then we will not be afraid of any poisonous creatures. Even dives for all.

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The most dangerous coral that a bather or aquarist can suffer from is the fire coral, aka millepora, and not coral at all.More precisely, a coral, but not a real one, but a very distant coral relative. They have in common only belonging to the type of primitive animals ( Cnidaria

). But the classes in this type are different for them: they belong to the class Anthozoa

, which in Russian is called coral polyps. And fire corals are classified as Hydrozoa.

, which are called hydroids, or polypomedusa, less often hydrocorals.

We will remember about jellyfish, but for now we will find out why the hydroids of the genus Millepora ( Millepora

) are called corals.Because they are similar from a distance. And close to the naked eye, the difference is difficult to grasp. Millepores, like real corals, form colonies: massive, lamellar and branched. Colonies are firm to the touch, with a strong mineral skeleton of lime-impregnated fibers and tubes.

But the differences are visible only with a careful examination of the skeletons. In true corals, polyps sit in their cups, which are more or less pronounced in different species (top figure). In fire corals, the surface of the colony’s body is smooth, but penetrated with pores (lower figure).Millepora is translated into Russian as multiporous. Polyps sit in these pores.

Functionally, polyps are divided into two groups.

The colony is protected by dactylozoids: thin long polyps armed with a different number of irregularly located tentacles thickened at the ends, but lacking a mouth. Dactylozoids sit in dactylopores scattered throughout the body of the colony, sometimes in an orderly, and sometimes completely chaotic. On the tentacles of dactylozoids, stinging cells are located – nematocytes, they are also cnidocytes.Nematocytes serve for defense, it is with them that fire coral burns, as, indeed, other creepers.

Nematocysts carry fighting intracellular structures – nematocysts (cnidocysts). On the outside of the nematocyte there is a special bristle – cnidocyle, when irritated, a shot occurs. After receiving a signal from the cnidocyst, the nematocyst literally turns inside out, shooting out a stinging thread. The end of the thread pierces the victim’s body and poison is poured out of the thread.

Nutrition of the colony is provided by gastrozoids (feeding polyps) sitting in the gastropores. These are short and thick polyps. For food, they have a mouth and a corolla of 4-6 tentacles, so short that they are called tubercles of nematocytes. The task of these polyps is to hunt and digest prey. All gastrozoids of one colony open with their lower ends into the vasculature that permeates the skeleton. This network allows individual polyps to exchange nutrients.

Some sources indicate that only dactylozoids hunt plankton animals, after which they transfer the prey to gastrozoids for digestion.5-9 dactylozoids are grouped around each gastrozoid.

Polyps are completely retracted into the pores of the skeleton and are poorly visible from the outside. The maximum that can be seen on living coral is the white down of tentacles covering its surface. The tentacles are spread out day and night in search of prey, but in case of danger they can quickly be pulled inside.

In addition to food obtained by gastrozoids, the colony also feeds on symbiotic algae.

As I already wrote about many other groups of creepers, experts do not have a consensus on the number of species of this genus.In the last summary on the taxonomy of the creeping species, the number of species was reduced to 7, although earlier they were numbered almost 50.

Fire corals are cream, brown, yellow and even purple, but their typical color is mustard. The shape of fire corals can be quite bizarre, as they overgrow not only inanimate objects, but also sessile invertebrates, especially soft gorgonian corals.

Millipores are widespread in tropical and subtropical waters of the World Ocean on coral reefs and in shallow waters with strong currents.For reasons unknown to biologists, they are not present on the reefs of the Hawaiian Islands. Fire corals are important reef builders along with real corals.

Reproduction of the millipore is sexual and asexual. During sexual reproduction, small jellyfish with 4-5 tubercles of nematocytes emerge from the colony. The life of jellyfish does not last long, only a few hours, but during this time they manage to form germ cells and sweep them into the water. After fertilization, a free-living planktonic planula larva is obtained, which soon settles from plankton onto the substrate and forms a new colony.

There is also a jellyfish-free version of sexual reproduction. More precisely, semi-jellyfish. U Millepora murrayi

eggs develop directly in the body of the colony and enter plankton directly from the colony, while sperm develop in jellyfish

During asexual reproduction from the colony, for one reason or another, fragments are broken off, which, under favorable circumstances, attach to the substrate and give rise to a new colony

In recent years, millipores have become fashionable inhabitants of marine aquariums.

Despite the stinging tentacles, many lodgers live in fire corals, mainly fish and shrimps. It is often possible to observe setting up a vantage point for itself at the top of the coral.

For humans, contact with fire coral can be very painful. The palm or finger may be too thick to burn, but the more sensitive areas of the skin will hurt. Pain or burning may begin 5-30 minutes after contact with the coral. The burn itself is not dangerous, but in rare cases, an allergic reaction may develop (the toxin is of a protein nature).As a rule, it all ends with nausea and a runny nose, which pass after a couple of hours. Edema, blisters, swelling of the lymph nodes may develop, passing in a day, and in unlucky ones – in two weeks. In addition to being burned by stinging cells, fire coral can simply cut the skin with its sharp edges.

  • Flush affected area with seawater. It is not necessary to wash with fresh water, it will only increase the pain.
  • Attach a tampon with vinegar or isopropyl alcohol to the wound (I don’t know why isopropyl alcohol and where to get it on the beach, try any strong alcohol).
  • Use tweezers to remove visible tentacles from the skin.
  • If an arm or leg is involved, support the limb as movement can spread the venom.
  • If the burn is very itchy, apply hydrocortisone ointment 2-3 times a day. Stop applying this ointment immediately if there is even the slightest suspicion of infection.
  • If shortness of breath develops after exposure to coral fire; swelling of the tongue, face, or throat – treat allergies. If there are no signs of an allergic reaction, pain can be relieved with 1-2 acetaminophen (Tylenol) tablets every 4 hours and / or 1-2 ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) tablets every 6-8 hours.

But it is better not to self-medicate, but to see a doctor.

Living Coral or food for emotions. This is exactly what the 2019 fashion verdict from the Pantone Institute sounds like. Quite often, when Pantone announces the “ruling ball” color, women take their heads with tearful lamentations: “The color is, of course, beautiful … In the pictures. And in real life, how to wear it? What to combine with ?! ”. And they voluntarily abandon the trend, in favor of the good old familiar.

Fortunately, Living Coral is far more loyal than we all thought.the site has compiled a convenient navigator for the most fashionable color of the year: where, how, when and with what to wear coral.

We derive energy from nature, just as a coral reef provides food and shelter for marine life. Bright but soft PANTONE 16-1546 Living Coral, takes us into its warm and caring embrace.
Laurie Pressman, Vice President of the Pantone Color Institute

Indeed, if we try to describe Living Coral with adjectives – which ones come to your mind? To us: warm, affectionate, light, cozy.It refreshes. And it inspires. And even a little inspires!

Make up

If it seems to you that the coral is not yours, you just have the wrong shade. In one form or another, coral suits absolutely everyone, just burning brunettes need a warm color, and “angelic” blue-eyed blondes need a cold white undertone. For fiery red lionesses, this is generally an outlet: experiment – I don’t want to.
Coral lipstick, blush and even a little shadow at the moment refresh the face.In fact, this is the same peach, only it sounds more pretentious.
Just remember
: Play with shades – like a trendy Minesweeper. Step left and you are detonated with a trend bomb. Therefore, be sure to swatch cosmetic products on your hand before buying. Try every lipstick in the store, but damn your perfect coral!

Dress on

Do you know that color is a powerful psychological tool? And dressing in boring gray every day is fraught with depression.! Our clients should be the most beautiful and happy! Therefore, we call on the power of the Living Coral to color your everyday work: take into account the bright eco-coats, pleated skirts, Chanel-style tweed suits, shawls and, of course, handbags. It’s so cute and feminine!

There is no need to completely renew your wardrobe at the behest of a fashion verdict, just add a few coral touches to it for the eye to enjoy the delicate color palette.
Secret to the whole world: Coral is a real magnet of interested men’s looks! 😉

What to combine with? With deep blue, light blue, cornflower blue, emerald, khaki, lemon and beige.

Jewelry

Finally we got to our favorite heading! What can add more color to an image than jewelry ?! And what could be more relevant in the year of the Living Coral than coral jewelry? Indeed, among sea gifts, coral is on the list of the most valuable.
Who, if not Ukrainian beauties, love and wear coral beads, bracelets, earrings and rings! After all, this is an obligatory attribute of our national, ethnic costume. Let’s remember only these luxurious coral threads on the necks of our great-grandmothers…

Delicate coral can be on the strap of a watch, precious interspersed, sparkling crystal or enamel pattern. Rose gold is another variation.
Accessories make the weather of our hearts – don’t skimp on your mental well-being!

The last argument in favor of Living Coral

One shouldn’t think that the color-leader of the year is chosen according to the principle “with a finger to the sky”. The Pantone Institute is the premier color authority. The key shade draws on cultural events, fashion trends, technology, interior design, sports and other important social aspects.Therefore, the “sociable and friendly” Coral is designed to give new, lively emotions to our world, mired in virtual communication.!

The dragon lived on the top of a dark mountain. He found himself a deep and spacious cave, arranged it to his liking, and healed peacefully. He loved to listen to the singing of the storm, protected the forests from fires, and on hot days he drove the cold air from the mountain to the valley with his wings, so that animals, plants and people would enjoy the coolness.

Nobody knows how long he lived on a lonely mountain.It seemed to people that he had always been. But dragons don’t count the days. What’s the point of counting? Does it matter how many times he flew around his domain? After all, every day is different. And every day the dragon was surprised again at the beauty that surrounded him. Each time the water seemed to him in a new way, sweet, and the rain beat, then stroked his thick skin. No, the dragon did not keep track of the shifts of day and night. The dragon rejoiced every time that the sun had risen, and that it was drowned in the waves of the sea.

Sea ….. The dragon loved to fly over the sea at night, scratching the waves with its tail. When the water and the sky became one, the daughter of the sea king came out to the dragon and sang to him in a silver voice. The dragon closed his eyes and listened, listened, listened …

One night at sea he saw a lonely boat. And then next to her in the moonlight appeared the head of a young diver. The dragon lay down on the cloud and watched the youth dive into the depths over and over again and return sadly to the boat. The last time he was gone for a very long time.And then someone’s slender hands pushed the young man out of the water to the surface.

He lay at the bottom of the boat and did not breathe, his skin seemed transparent in the moonlight. And then the dragon heard crying instead of the usual singing. His mermaid was crying bitterly, sitting next to the unlucky diver.

Dragons don’t cry. They see too much in their long dragon life, so that if the dragons wept, the whole earth would drown in their salty tears.

Dragons see hearts. When true love flares up in a human heart, it turns into the heart of a dragon.

The dragon sighed. He took in more air and swept over the waves of the sea, spewing fire from his mouth.

The flame was drowned in the black depths of the ocean. And right there, on the dark day, the fiery gardens burst into flames. The mermaid dived and returned with a sprig of fire coral. She put it on the youth’s chest and … a huge dragon soared from the boat into the sky …

While the flame blossomed into gardens on the seabed, the old dragon flew to his cave and wearily lay down on the stones. Nothing can make the human heart beat again.Whether it’s a dragon’s business … Let it be in the chest of a man.

When the dragon dies, it leaves a sprig of fire coral. The frozen flame of a hot dragon heart. They say that in clear weather, when the surface of the water is smooth as glass, the magnificent gardens and the palace of the king of the sea can be seen from the shore. And on a moonlit night, you can see the dragon listening to the magical songs of the mermaid, and on the lonely mountain the frozen flame of the great dragon burns with a bright flame.

90,000 From autumn to summer. Why tourists love the Egyptian Sharm El Sheikh

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From autumn to summer. Why tourists love the Egyptian Sharm El Sheikh

From autumn to summer. Why tourists love the Egyptian Sharm el-Sheikh – Russia News Agency, 10/18/2021

From autumn to summer. Why tourists love the Egyptian Sharm El Sheikh

Unusual corals, colorful fish, the water is so salty that it keeps on the surface, and even delicious seafood and a bright oriental flavor – that’s what … RIA Novosti, 10/18/2021

2021 -10-18T08: 00

2021-10-18T08: 00

2021-10-18T08: 06

tourism

attractions

egypt

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MOSCOW, October 18 – RIA Novosti. Unusual corals, colorful fish, the water is so salty that it keeps it on the surface, as well as delicious seafood and a bright oriental flavor – this is what makes a trip to the resorts of Egypt memorable. All charter restrictions will be lifted from November 9th. In addition, the authorities of the Country of Pyramids have recognized “Sputnik V” – the vaccinated PCR test is not needed. Where to eat and drink, walk and observe marine life, and also what not to do in Sharm el-Sheikh – in the material of RIA Novosti.Geography of the resort “When the plane, approaching from the Red Sea, goes to land, hotels on the coast are visible from the window. Most are like palaces from an oriental tale: surrounded by pools, oases, and immediately behind them are reddish desert sands and gray mountains”, – Marina Rodionova, a tourist from Moscow, shares her first impressions of the resort. Sharm el-Sheikh is translated from Arabic as “Sheikh’s Bay”. The city stretches for 30 kilometers along the Gulf of Aqaba in the south of the Sinai Peninsula, on the one hand it is bounded by the Ras Mohammed National Park, on the other – by the Nabq Nature Reserve.The areas of the resort are concentrated around the bays. Naama Bay is the most famous tourist destination, the unofficial center of Sharm El Sheikh. The pedestrian zone is three kilometers along with cozy restaurants, bars and shops. The active life here begins in the evening, when the signs of discos and night clubs light up. Tables and chairs line the entire boardwalk. Previously, hookah was smoked almost everywhere, but in a pandemic it is prohibited. Masks are required when visiting shops and government offices, but they are not worn on the street. Sharm el-Maya is one of the most ancient areas.There is a port with a marina and an oriental bazaar, which is called the Old Market. “Here you have to bargain. The price can be brought down three times,” – advises the owner of the excursion agency Sergei Aslamazov. In the area of ​​Sharks Bay, Soho Square is located – another point of attraction for guests of the city. There are noisy restaurants with open terraces, bars, shops. And there is also a singing fountain with color lighting. Every evening the jets of water rise to a height of 15 meters to the beat of the music. A trip to the underwater world Ras Mohammed National Park is the pride of Egypt, it is considered one of the most picturesque places in the Red Sea.The southern part is one of the ten best diving beaches in the world, with over 150 species of coral and over a thousand species of fish. It’s not bad on land either: gazelles, foxes, reptiles, and birds nest in mangrove forests and crabs crawl. The Gate of Allah, located not far from the main entrance to the national park, is a construction of boulders and the pride of the reserve, and also the main place for selfies. Tourists also visit the Salt Lake, the water in which is similar in composition to that in the Dead Sea, as well as the Lake of Desires.Tiran Island is part of the Ras Mohammed Nature Reserve, which resembles a rocky mountain with an area of ​​80 square kilometers. There is a military base on the west bank, therefore it is forbidden to land on land. But tourist yachts float there so that vacationers can snorkel, dive and see the beauty of the underwater world. The coral reefs between Sinai and the island are like sheer walls, one of the most beautiful in the world. There are four of them: Jackson, Gordon, Woodhouse and Thomas. Named after the British officers who described the area.Do not touch the corals, do not feed the fishTo avoid unnecessary adventures, when swimming in the Red Sea, you must follow several rules: The water is very salty, therefore it is better not to open your eyes when diving: it burns. Usually swim in a snorkel mask, which can be bought in any store, special closed slippers are a must-have for tourists in Sharm El Sheikh. They will save their feet from cuts on the corals and from the needles of the sea urchin, which is easy to step on: there are a lot of them on the bottom. The fish swim quite close to the swimmers.You cannot touch the marine life, some of them are poisonous, for example, the most beautiful red and white lionfish. The substance it produces is more dangerous than a snakebite. It is forbidden to feed the fish. “Bread and eggs, which tourists usually throw into the water, are not included in the diet of marine life. Such an attraction destroys both fish and the reef,” explains the guide Elena Gromova. In addition, feeding is subject to a fine, and if the violation is repeated – deportation and a ban on visiting the country. Corals are not plants, but animals belonging to the class of invertebrates.You cannot touch, break, step on them, as well as on algae. “Many species leave burns on the skin,” warns Elena Gromova. It is forbidden to swim in the Red Sea at night: predators go out hunting, many of them are poisonous, and you will not notice them at night. Market, museum, and temple. – the main thing for which tourists fly to the Sinai Peninsula. But Sharm El Sheikh itself has a lot to do. Shopping in the Old Market is fun. A whole theatrical performance: sellers name the price, wring their hands and shout when bargaining: “This is a robbery!” But as soon as the buyer pretends that he is going to leave, he is stopped and the discussion of the price continues – often with tea and praise of the product.At the bazaar, tourists buy souvenirs, clothes (for example, traditional arafats) and fruits: mango, guava, strawberries, small sweet melons. And also – spices, tea and aromatic oils, says Sergey Aslamazov. The easiest way to get to the market is by regular blue buses, a ticket costs five Egyptian pounds, and for connoisseurs of culture. At the end of 2020, the State Historical Museum opened at the resort, where three periods of the country are presented: Pharaonic, Greco-Roman and Islamic. “There are statuettes, household items of the ancient Egyptians and pharaohs, crocodile mummies, large boats, as well as exhibits telling about the Bedouin culture: their clothes, bracelets, and a tent.Also – jewelry of the Mohammed Ali dynasty, Greek baths and statues, “Elena Gromova lists. Signatures to the exhibits are in English. The Tutankhamun Museum has been operating in the city since 2014. Glory to this pharaoh, who died at the age of 18, came only in 1922, when archaeologists discovered his tomb and fifteen hundred items that are now kept in the Cairo Museum. The resort displays copies of artifacts found a hundred years ago – sculptures, jewelry, sarcophagus, a golden mask. The El Mustafa Mosque is the largest in Sharm – al-Sheikh.The gray marble building is adjoined by two 26-meter minarets. In the evening, in the rays of illumination, it looks like a white building. Around – a green garden with benches. The Coptic Church is located next to the Old Market and combines the features of Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant churches. “There are biblical stories on the walls,” says Elena Gromova. “The church is Orthodox, but there are no icons in it, but there are benches, Bibles are everywhere, and beautiful paintings are on the walls.” There is a Russian-speaking guide in the temple. Cafe on the beach and a full moon party In their free time from snorkeling, tourists try local cuisine and seafood.”In the Old Town, go to the El Masrien restaurant, they cook excellent meat there,” Sergey Aslamazov recommends. Good steaks and seafood can be found at Mahony in Naama Bay. Elena Gromova recommends visiting Farsha Café in Hadaba, an open-air museum. The interior features Bedouin household items: dishes, lamps, carpets. “During the day – a gorgeous view of the sea and the cliff. In the evening, the cafe becomes a fabulous place in the rays of illumination,” the guide adds. Downstairs there are several paid beaches, in the same area there are cafes and El Fanar beach.The entrance to the sea is by a pontoon, the reef is excellent. It is also one of the most romantic establishments in the city: you can watch a beautiful sunset from here. The best views of the bay, the Old City, minarets are from the observation deck in the Hadaba area. On the shores of Shark’s Bay, take a look at the Basata Café. “There is a special atmosphere: quiet music, dim light of small lanterns, soothing the sound of the sea,” Elena lists. The most famous nightclub in Hadab is Taj Mahal, in Naama Bay – Pasha, Little Buddha and Hard Rock cafe (there is a second one in Nabq area).”I recommend the Terrazina beach for a spiritual end to the day: there are parties on Thursdays,” says Gromova. “Every full moon on the Full moon beach – dancing, music, a gorgeous moonlit path in the sea. And here is one of the best seafood restaurants in town.” excursions – for the most persistent Trips to the ancient pyramids in Cairo are a test for the most persistent. “Travel time by bus is from seven and a half hours one way,” warns Sergei Aslamazov. “It’s better to fly by plane.” Most often, tourists visit the pyramids of Cheops, Khafren and Mikerin.Nearby is the famous Sphinx. Three hours by bus from Sharm el-Sheikh – Mount Sinai, also known as Mount Moses, 2285 meters high. The Bible says that this is where the prophet received the Ten Commandments. Tourists climb to the top at night by 3750 steps (part of the way can be overcome by camel). It is believed that the one who met the dawn at the top will be cleansed of all sins. At the foot of the mountain is the monastery of St. Catherine. It contains the Burning Bush – a fireless bush of thorns, from the flame of which, according to Old Testament tradition, a divine vision appeared to Moses.The road to another attraction – the Colored Canyon – takes two and a half hours. The height of the rocks in the five-kilometer gorge reaches 30 meters. They are composed of sandstone interspersed with copper, granite, cobalt and ancient coral. Hence the variety of shades – red, pink, purple, gray, yellow. Hiking is usually preceded by a jeep ride through the desert and a visit to a Bedouin village. In Egypt, you really shouldn’t sit on the territory of the hotel: there are so many interesting things around that it seems that a vacation will not be enough.

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sights, egypt, sharm- al-sheikh, the sinai peninsula, tourism, tutankhamun, the red sea, where to go, what to see, russia, where to go, where to fly, routes – tourism, impressions – tourism

MOSCOW, October 18 – RIA Novosti, Maria Selivanova. Unusual corals, colorful fish, the water is so salty that it keeps it on the surface, and even delicious seafood and a bright oriental flavor – this is what the trip to the resorts of Egypt is remembered for. All charter restrictions will be lifted from November 9th. In addition, the authorities of the Country of Pyramids have recognized “Sputnik V” – the vaccinated PCR test is not needed. Where to eat and drink, walk and observe marine life, and also what not to do in Sharm el-Sheikh – in the material of RIA Novosti.

Geography of the resort

“When the plane, approaching from the side of the Red Sea, goes to land, hotels on the coast are visible from the window.Most are like palaces from an oriental fairy tale: surrounded by pools, oases, and immediately behind them are reddish sands of the desert and gray mountains “, – a tourist from Moscow Marina Rodionova shares her first impressions of the resort.

Translated from Arabic Sharm El Sheikh – “Sheikh’s Bay.” The city stretches for 30 kilometers along the Gulf of Aqaba in the south of the Sinai Peninsula, on the one hand it is bounded by the Ras Mohammed National Park, on the other – by the Nabq Nature Reserve

The resort areas are concentrated around the bays.Naama Bay is the most famous tourist destination, the unofficial center of Sharm El Sheikh. The pedestrian zone is three kilometers along with cozy restaurants, bars and shops. The active life here begins in the evening, when the signs of discos and night clubs light up.

Tables and chairs line the entire boardwalk. Previously, hookah was smoked almost everywhere, but in a pandemic it is prohibited. Masks are required when visiting shops and government offices, but they are not worn on the street.

Sharm El Maya is one of the most ancient regions.There is a port with a marina and an oriental bazaar, which is called the Old Market. “Here you have to bargain. The price can be brought down three times,” – advises the owner of the excursion agency Sergei Aslamazov.

In the area of ​​Sharks Bay, Soho Square is located – another point of attraction for visitors to the city. There are noisy restaurants with open terraces, bars, shops. And there is also a singing fountain with color lighting. Every evening the jets of water rise to a height of 15 meters to the beat of the music.

Journey to the underwater world

Ras Mohammed National Park is the pride of Egypt, it is considered one of the most picturesque places in the Red Sea.The southern part is one of the ten best diving beaches in the world, with over 150 species of coral and over a thousand species of fish. On land, too, is not bad: gazelles, foxes, reptiles, and birds nest in mangrove forests and crabs crawl.

The Gates of Allah, located not far from the main entrance to the national park, is a construction of boulders and the pride of the reserve, and also the main place for selfies. Tourists also visit the Salt Lake, the water in which is similar in composition to that in the Dead Sea, as well as the Lake of Desires.

Tiran Island is part of the Ras Mohammed Nature Reserve, which resembles a rocky mountain with an area of ​​80 square kilometers. There is a military base on the west bank, therefore it is forbidden to land on land. But tourist yachts sail there so that vacationers can snorkel, dive and see the beauty of the underwater world.

The coral reefs between Sinai and the island are like sheer walls, one of the most beautiful in the world. There are four of them: Jackson, Gordon, Woodhouse and Thomas. Named after the British officers who described the area.

Do not touch corals, do not feed fish

To avoid unnecessary adventures, several rules must be observed when swimming in the Red Sea.

The water is very salty, so it is better not to open your eyes when diving: it burns. Usually swim in a snorkel mask, which can be bought at any store.

Special indoor slippers are a must-have for a tourist in Sharm El Sheikh. They will save your feet from cuts on corals and from the needles of a sea urchin, which is easy to step on: there are a lot of them at the bottom.

Fish swim quite close to the swimmers. You cannot touch the marine life, some of them are poisonous, for example, the most beautiful red and white lionfish. The substance released by it is more dangerous than with a snakebite.

Feeding fish is prohibited. “Bread and eggs, which tourists usually throw into the water, are not included in the diet of marine life. Such an attraction destroys both fish and the reef,” explains the guide Elena Gromova.

In addition, feeding is subject to a fine, and in case of repeated violation – deportation and a ban on visiting the country.

Corals are not plants, but animals belonging to the class of invertebrates. You cannot touch, break, step on them, as well as on algae. “Many species leave burns on the skin,” warns Elena Gromova.

It is forbidden to swim in the Red Sea in the dark: predators go hunting, many of them are poisonous, they cannot be noticed at night.

And the market, and the museum, and the temple

Acquaintance with the underwater world is the main thing for which tourists fly to the Sinai Peninsula.But Sharm El Sheikh itself has a lot to do.

Shopping in the Old Market is exciting. A whole theatrical performance: sellers name the price, wring their hands and shout when bargaining: “This is a robbery!” But as soon as the buyer pretends that he is going to leave, he is stopped and the discussion of the price continues – often with tea and praise of the product.

At the bazaar, tourists buy souvenirs, clothes (for example, traditional arafats) and fruits: mango, guava, strawberries, small sweet melons.And also – spices, tea and aromatic oils, says Sergey Aslamazov. The easiest way to get to the market is by regular blue buses, a ticket costs five Egyptian pounds.

And for culture lovers. At the end of 2020, the State Historical Museum opened at the resort, where three periods of the country are presented: Pharaonic, Greco-Roman and Islamic. “There are statuettes, household items of the ancient Egyptians and pharaohs, crocodile mummies, large boats, as well as exhibits telling about the Bedouin culture: their clothes, bracelets, and a tent.Also – jewelry of the dynasty of Mohammed Ali, Greek baths and statues “, – Elena Gromova lists. Signatures to the exhibits are in English.

The Museum of Tutankhamun has been operating in the city since 2014. Glory to this pharaoh, who died at the age of 18, came only in 1922, when archaeologists discovered his tomb and one and a half thousand items that are now kept in the Cairo Museum.The resort displays copies of artifacts found a hundred years ago – sculptures, jewelry, sarcophagus, a golden mask. big in Sharm El Sheikh.The gray marble building is adjoined by two 26-meter minarets. In the evening, in the rays of illumination, it looks like a white building. Around – a green garden with benches.

The Coptic Church is located next to the Old Market and combines features of Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant churches. “There are biblical stories on the walls,” says Elena Gromova. “The church is Orthodox, but there are no icons in it, but there are benches, Bibles are everywhere, and beautiful paintings are on the walls.” A Russian-speaking guide works in the temple.

Beach cafe and full moon party

During their free time from snorkeling, tourists try local cuisine and seafood.

“In the Old Town, go to the El Masrien restaurant, they cook excellent meat there,” Sergey Aslamazov recommends. Good steaks and seafood at Mahony in Naama Bay.

Elena Gromova advises you to visit the Farsha cafe in the Hadaba area – this is an open-air museum. The interior features Bedouin household items: dishes, lamps, carpets.”During the day – a gorgeous view of the sea and the cliff. In the evening, the cafe becomes a fabulous place in the rays of illumination,” the guide adds. Below there are several paid beaches.

In the same area there is a cafe and El Fanar beach. The entrance to the sea is by a pontoon, the reef is excellent. It is also one of the most romantic places in the city: you can watch a beautiful sunset from here.

The best view of the bay, the Old City, minarets – from the observation deck in the Hadaba area.

On the shores of Shark’s Bay, stop by the Basata Café. “There is a special atmosphere: quiet music, dim light of small lanterns, soothing sound of the sea,” Elena lists.

The most famous nightclub in Hadaba is Taj Mahal, in Naama Bay – Pasha, Little Buddha and Hard Rock cafe (the second is in the Nabq area).

“I recommend the Terrazina beach for a spiritual end to the day: there are parties on Thursdays,” says Gromova. “Every full moon on the Full moon beach – dancing, music, a gorgeous moonlit path in the sea. And here is one of the best seafood restaurants in town.” …

Long-distance excursions – for the most persistent

Trips to the ancient pyramids in Cairo are a test for the most persistent.“Travel time by bus is from seven and a half hours one way,” warns Sergei Aslamazov. “It’s better to fly by plane.” Most often, tourists visit the pyramids of Cheops, Khafren and Mikerin. Nearby is the famous Sphinx.

Three hours by bus from Sharm el-Sheikh – Mount Sinai, also known as Mount Moses, 2285 meters high. The Bible says that this is where the prophet received the Ten Commandments. Tourists climb to the top at night by 3750 steps (part of the way can be overcome by camel).

It is believed that the one who met the dawn above will be cleansed of all sins.At the foot of the mountain is the monastery of St. Catherine. It contains the Burning Bush – a fireless bush of thorns, from the flame of which, according to Old Testament tradition, a divine vision appeared to Moses.

The road to another attraction – the Colored Canyon – takes two and a half hours. The height of the rocks in the five-kilometer gorge reaches 30 meters. They are composed of sandstone interspersed with copper, granite, cobalt and ancient coral. Hence the variety of shades – red, pink, purple, gray, yellow.

Hiking is usually preceded by a jeep ride through the desert and a visit to a Bedouin village.

In Egypt, you really shouldn’t sit on the territory of a hotel: there are so many interesting things around that it seems that a vacation will not be enough.

September 20, 08:00 Tourism New flights to Egypt: when the tours to the Red Sea will finally get cheaper 90,000 Coral peeling ROSE DE MAR

Coral peeling is one of the types of mechanical exfoliation and skin cleansing.It is a worthy alternative to harsh chemical peels.
Combines the properties of mechanical skin cleansing and the benefits of chemical peeling. The coral peeling procedure is suitable for people with different skin types. All-season treatment for all ages.

Peeling Rose de Mer proceeds without scalding the skin, excludes protein coagulation, but causes painful sensations of varying strength, which are manifested individually.
Coral peeling removes the upper stratum corneum of the epidermis, which allows you to solve cosmetological problems associated with acne, acne, pigmentation, premature aging.

Israeli cosmetologists have proven that it is the combination of the properties of all the constituent components of the peeling that gives an excellent result even with the resorption of subcutaneous hemorrhages and in the strengthening of the capillary walls, which helps to eliminate blood stagnation, improving the complexion.
During the procedure, the epidermis is saturated with microelements, which are part of the gifts of the Dead and Red Sea, and plant acids contribute to the energetic work of the subcutaneous structures of the skin.

There are two types of peeling Rose de Mer

  • Light – a light peeling containing a large amount of extracts and plant extracts, which is used for shallow penetration. It has the ability to stimulate healing by enhancing the skin’s immunity. Improves complexion and relieves inflammation. Suitable for a weekend treatment. Diluted 1 to 1, applied to the entire face for 5 minutes, not rubbed in. Gives good results when combined with mechanical and ultrasonic face cleansing.
  • Deep – cleaning with deeper penetration and active peeling. This is a classic peeling that is an alternative to chemical peels.

A feature of the peeling procedure using Rose de Mer preparations is that one product with different methods of application makes it possible to flexibly approach the elimination of cosmetic imperfections (due to rubbing).

Coral classic peeling can be performed in 2 versions:

  • EPi 1 – exfoliation, only the stratum corneum is affected, exposure time 2 minutes;
  • EPi 2 – Penetration to the granular layer, exposure time from 5 to 10 minutes, depending on the thickness of the skin.

Indications and contraindications for peeling Rose de Mer

Indication

  • Treatment of active acne of any severity, and different localization.
  • POSTAKNE prevention, or treatment of complications: infiltrates, scars, stagnant spots, etc.
  • getting rid of stretch marks, cicatricial formations, including after pregnancy
  • reduction of enlarged pores
  • removal of hyperpigmentation of any etiology: hormonal, post-peeling (laser, phenol, ANA, TCA), etc.
  • fight against solar skin lesions: keratosis, excessive dryness, loss of elasticity>
  • rejuvenation of the face, neck, hands, décolleté, etc.

The use of coral peeling helps with premature aging of the skin, the appearance of fine wrinkles, flabbiness, loss of turgor, tone. This type of cleaning can be carried out both on sensitive skin with rosacea, and on problematic oily skin. Peeling Rose De Mer is indicated for the treatment of the most advanced acne.

Contraindications

  • External damage and violation of the integrity of the skin
  • Acute stages of viral and infectious diseases
  • Taking vitamin A derivatives.
  • Individual intolerance to the components of the peeling composition
  • Herpes in the acute stage
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding
  • Increased body temperature, etc.

Coral peeling is one of the safest types of deep cleaning.

Unlike exfoliation with fruit acids, the Rose de Mer method is a medium peel. The procedure is a worthy alternative to more traumatic treatments such as deep chemical peels. Coral peeling is recommended in case of intolerance to chemical peeling, with contraindications to other methods of cleaning or dermabrasion, due to the herbal anti-allergenic composition.

The advantage of coral peeling is a gentle mechanical cleaning of the skin with a simultaneous stimulating, softening, antibacterial effect, which makes it possible to use it even on sensitive skin.But coral cleaning is also not completely atraumatic, because it actively affects the surface and middle layers of the skin.

A distinctive feature of Rose de mer peeling from other types of peeling is the ability to control the depth of penetration of the active substance, which allows superficial or deep cleaning, depending on the indications and the patient’s desire.

Many types of peels are contraindicated for persons with manifestations of rosacea and other vascular changes.Peeling with coral chips is allowed in case of such cosmetic defects.

Positive biostimulation, cells do not die immediately, as with chemical peels, but within 2 days, giving a signal to the basement membrane. Consequently, the cell renewal mechanism is triggered.

The result and depth of exposure does not depend on PH, as in chemical peels, but depends on the time of rubbing in the peeling composition.
After the procedure, the texture and complexion noticeably improve, but Rose de Mer still cannot cope with deep wrinkles.
During the procedure, painful sensations arise, sometimes very strong.
Several procedures are required to achieve a visible effect.

Peeling Rose de Mer – before and after photos

How the procedure is carried out

At the first stage, a composition is prepared, which includes powder from old and young corals and a special activator from an extract of algae, sea salt, minerals in a 1: 2 ratio. The resulting mixture is applied in a uniform layer to the treated area, excluding the area around the eyes.With the help of massage movements, the effect on the skin is carried out for 2-4 minutes for the surface treatment and 5-10 minutes for the middle peeling.

After that, make sure to make a wet compress to prevent the mixture from drying out, and leave it for 10-15 minutes. At this time, an active process occurs, accompanied by tingling, tingling, burning.

Then the composition of a dirty green color is washed off with cold water using gauze or damp sponges.
At the last stage, a protective gel is applied to consolidate the result and a protective cream that helps to cope with the redness of the skin, softening and providing antimicrobial effect.

It is possible to process only one zone in one procedure, the next zone is started after 1 week.

The coral peeling procedure in the beauty parlor is over, but the active process will last for another 4-5 days. On the first day, the skin becomes reddish-brown, tightness appears, in many cases soreness when touched (burning sensation).

After 2-3 days, a film forms, the top layer of the skin begins to crack and peel off.Scales of different, sometimes rather large, sizes fall off on their own for 4-5 days, they cannot be separated on their own. According to individual indications, it is recommended that patients undergo a procedure for exfoliation and skin regeneration on the 5th day after coral peeling.

A slight shift in time is possible, because the skin has a different degree of fat content, the thickness of the epidermis, due to which it reacts differently to the procedure.

Skin care after peeling Rose De Mer

After the cleaning and exfoliation process with coral chips, there are some guidelines to follow for skin care:

  • do not scratch the skin when peeling
  • with large-scale exfoliation, do not remove scales yourself, you can carefully cut off with nail scissors
  • Always use moisturizing sunscreens with UV filters and protection of at least 30
  • At least 1 week is not recommended to visit the sauna, steam bath, avoid exposure to steam, do not expose the treatment area to high temperatures
  • for about 1.5-2 weeks, it is advisable to avoid being under active ultraviolet rays: both in the open sun and in a solarium
  • do not use products with alpha hydroxy acids and retin-A during the entire peeling time

As home care on the first day after the peel, it is recommended to wash with boiled water with antiseptic soap, rinse with acidified water, thermal water is also good.After gentle drying, you can apply a serum or cream with hyaluronic acid, which will preserve the natural moisture of the skin.

It is better to start using moisturizers and nourishing creams on the 3rd or 3rd day, when peeling begins. To speed up this process, you can make a warm, wet compress with mild soap, and then massage with a special cream or petroleum jelly and gently rinse everything off.

It is best to purchase the special Rose de Mer Post-Peel Kit from Christina.The products from the kit should be used within 3-4 days after peeling.

Possible complications

During the coral peeling, the skin heats up and reddens, while the patient may experience quite strong painful sensations: from a slight tingling sensation to severe cuts. The degree of discomfort depends on the sensitivity of the skin and the depth of exposure, and unpleasant sensations when touched can last for several hours after peeling.

There are no complications after the Rose de Mer procedure.The changes that occur with the skin in the first 4-5 days disappear, and you get a rejuvenated, refreshed skin. Complications that may nevertheless occur are typical for all types of peels: allergies, hyperemia, edema, painful sensations, increased skin sensitivity, infection.

Service name

Coral peeling

Excellent treatment for acne, scars and pigmentation

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