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What does pepto do: Pepto-Bismol – medicine to treat heartburn and indigestion

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Uses, types, side effects, and safety

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pepto Bismol is a common over-the-counter (OTC) drug that may help control occasional symptoms of simple digestive issues, such as indigestion, heartburn, and diarrhea.

Pepto Bismol is an antacid. It is available in a variety of forms, including capsules and liquids, and comes in a range of strengths. Some people may experience specific side effects, such as very dark or black stool, after taking Pepto Bismol. However, these side effects are generally temporary and harmless.

The drug may also interact with other medications, such as anticoagulants, or blood thinners. A person should only use Pepto Bismol or similar products for a short period to treat occasional symptoms. Anyone dealing with chronic digestive symptoms should speak with their doctor.

This article provides an overview of Pepto Bismol, including its uses, risks, and instructions.

Share on PinterestA person can take Pepto Bismol to treat heartburn, nausea, and indigestion.

Bismuth subsalicylate is the main active ingredient in Pepto Bismol. It is an antacid medication that also works to lower inflammation in the digestive system.

As a study published in the journal Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology notes, bismuth has antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties in the body.

These combined efforts may help with digestive symptoms such as:

In some cases, and always under a doctor’s guidance, people may use Pepto Bismol and other drugs to help treat infections caused by the bacteria H. pylori and symptoms that arise from them. Sometimes, a doctor may recommend it to treat symptoms of chronic digestive disorders.

Some people also find the antibacterial effects of Pepto Bismol useful when traveling to unfamiliar areas where the local bacteria may infect their digestive system and cause traveler’s diarrhea.

No one should self-diagnose an underlying issue and use Pepto Bismol to treat it. Anyone whose symptoms get worse or last more than 2 days should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

Pepto Bismol comes in various forms, including:

  • oral liquid
  • oral liquid capsules
  • oral tablets
  • chewable tablets

Each option contains various strengths and dosages of bismuth subsalicylate designed for specific symptoms and how fast a person needs relief.

A chewable tablet for symptoms in children is also available. However, the active ingredient in this product is calcium carbonate, not bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone taking Pepto Bismol to treat occasional digestive symptoms should follow the instructions on the label.

The original liquid Pepto Bismol includes a 30 milliliter (ml) cup, which is one dose, delivering 525 milligrams (mg) of bismuth subsalicylate. The Pepto Bismol website recommends taking:

  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes as needed for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion
  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes or two doses every hour for diarrhea or traveler’s diarrhea

It also warns not to take more than eight doses in 24 hours.

When using the original chewable tablets, one dose is two tablets. The recommended dose is:

  • Two tablets every 30 minutes or four tablets every hour for diarrhea
  • Two tablets every 30 minutes for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion

Similarly, do not take more than eight doses (16 tablets) in 24 hours.

Pepto Bismol Extra Strength is a more concentrated liquid but delivers the same amount of active ingredient per recommended dose — 525 mg of bismuth subsalicylate in 15 ml of liquid.

For children under the age of 12, use children’s versions of similar medications or talk to a doctor before using Pepto Bismol.

Do not take more Pepto Bismol than directed, even if symptoms do not clear up.

Anyone using Pepto Bismol or similar drugs to treat more serious issues, such as infection, must follow the specific instructions from their doctor.

Side effects from using bismuth subsalicylate are not common. The most common side effects are a very dark or black stool, and darkening on the tongue. This is a reaction to the bismuth and is temporary. The discoloration should go away when the person stops taking the product.

Most people do not experience any serious side effects. However, people who are allergic to salicylate, which is a chemical found in aspirin, may experience more severe side effects. Anyone who is allergic to these ingredients can talk to their doctor about alternatives to using Pepto Bismol.

In rare cases, a person may experience ringing in their ears or hearing loss. If this occurs, the person should stop taking the product immediately and contact a doctor.

An extreme reaction might result in internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Anyone experiencing symptoms such as severe cramps, bloody or dark, sticky stool, or vomit that looks similar to coffee grounds, should stop taking the drug and contact a doctor immediately.

Children or teens who are recovering from chickenpox or the flu should not take Pepto Bismol. Taking Pepto Bismol in these situations could cause Reye’s syndrome. Symptoms of Reye’s syndrome include changes in behavior, nausea, vomiting, and seizures. This is a rare reaction, but it can be a medical emergency.

There is little evidence that Pepto Bismol causes harmful side effects during pregnancy, though there is little research to say that it is safe either.

Similarly, it is unclear if bismuth subsalicylate passes through the breastmilk.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women should always consult a doctor before using Pepto Bismol or any medicine that contains bismuth subsalicylate.

Read more about Pepto Bismol during pregnancy and Pepto Bismol while breastfeeding.

There are several possible interactions when taking Pepto Bismol.

Most notably, Pepto Bismol may interact with blood-thinning medications. Anyone taking anticoagulant medication should contact their doctor or pharmacist before using Pepto Bismol.

The medication may act similarly to aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and so may compound their effect. Anyone taking aspirin and NSAIDs should talk to their doctor. It is also possible for the drug to interact with other medicines that people take to treat chronic conditions, such as gout or diabetes.

Anyone considering using Pepto Bismol for symptoms should tell their doctor or pharmacist about any medications they are taking before choosing Pepto Bismol.

Share on PinterestA person should talk to their doctor before taking Pepto Bismol if they have a history of bleeding disorders.

Anyone who has an active ulcer or bleeding problem should not use bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone who is allergic to aspirin or other salicylates should talk to their doctor before using Pepto Bismol. Likewise, anyone who reacts to NSAIDs should also contact their doctor first.

People with a history of bleeding disorders should only use Pepto Bismol under the guidance of a doctor.

Anyone who has gout or diabetes should also contact their doctor before using the drug.

People may also have reactions to other inactive ingredients in the medication and should check all ingredients before using the product.

Pepto Bismol is generally safe when a person uses it correctly, but it is still possible to overdose. Signs of an overdose include:

  • extreme dizziness
  • ringing in ears
  • partial deafness
  • changes in breathing
  • mental fog or confusion
  • seizures

Anyone experiencing these symptoms should contact medical services or Poison Control on 1-800-222-1222. Anyone experiencing severe symptoms should contact emergency services.

Pepto Bismol is a name brand for a popular OTC drug, bismuth subsalicylate.

Pepto Bismol is just one type of antacid. There are many other types for people to choose between, which are available at drug stores and online.

Antacids are generally effective for treating mild forms of digestive upset and symptoms related to indigestion. Some people may experience a harmless reaction to the drug that causes their stool or tongue to become darker or turn black. This should go away as the person stops using the drug.

Pepto Bismol is only for temporary relief from symptoms. Anyone experiencing symptoms that get worse or last more than a couple of days should stop taking Pepto Bismol and see a doctor.

Uses, types, side effects, and safety

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pepto Bismol is a common over-the-counter (OTC) drug that may help control occasional symptoms of simple digestive issues, such as indigestion, heartburn, and diarrhea.

Pepto Bismol is an antacid. It is available in a variety of forms, including capsules and liquids, and comes in a range of strengths. Some people may experience specific side effects, such as very dark or black stool, after taking Pepto Bismol. However, these side effects are generally temporary and harmless.

The drug may also interact with other medications, such as anticoagulants, or blood thinners. A person should only use Pepto Bismol or similar products for a short period to treat occasional symptoms. Anyone dealing with chronic digestive symptoms should speak with their doctor.

This article provides an overview of Pepto Bismol, including its uses, risks, and instructions.

Share on PinterestA person can take Pepto Bismol to treat heartburn, nausea, and indigestion.

Bismuth subsalicylate is the main active ingredient in Pepto Bismol. It is an antacid medication that also works to lower inflammation in the digestive system.

As a study published in the journal Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology notes, bismuth has antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties in the body.

These combined efforts may help with digestive symptoms such as:

In some cases, and always under a doctor’s guidance, people may use Pepto Bismol and other drugs to help treat infections caused by the bacteria H. pylori and symptoms that arise from them. Sometimes, a doctor may recommend it to treat symptoms of chronic digestive disorders.

Some people also find the antibacterial effects of Pepto Bismol useful when traveling to unfamiliar areas where the local bacteria may infect their digestive system and cause traveler’s diarrhea.

No one should self-diagnose an underlying issue and use Pepto Bismol to treat it. Anyone whose symptoms get worse or last more than 2 days should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

Pepto Bismol comes in various forms, including:

  • oral liquid
  • oral liquid capsules
  • oral tablets
  • chewable tablets

Each option contains various strengths and dosages of bismuth subsalicylate designed for specific symptoms and how fast a person needs relief.

A chewable tablet for symptoms in children is also available. However, the active ingredient in this product is calcium carbonate, not bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone taking Pepto Bismol to treat occasional digestive symptoms should follow the instructions on the label.

The original liquid Pepto Bismol includes a 30 milliliter (ml) cup, which is one dose, delivering 525 milligrams (mg) of bismuth subsalicylate. The Pepto Bismol website recommends taking:

  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes as needed for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion
  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes or two doses every hour for diarrhea or traveler’s diarrhea

It also warns not to take more than eight doses in 24 hours.

When using the original chewable tablets, one dose is two tablets. The recommended dose is:

  • Two tablets every 30 minutes or four tablets every hour for diarrhea
  • Two tablets every 30 minutes for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion

Similarly, do not take more than eight doses (16 tablets) in 24 hours.

Pepto Bismol Extra Strength is a more concentrated liquid but delivers the same amount of active ingredient per recommended dose — 525 mg of bismuth subsalicylate in 15 ml of liquid.

For children under the age of 12, use children’s versions of similar medications or talk to a doctor before using Pepto Bismol.

Do not take more Pepto Bismol than directed, even if symptoms do not clear up.

Anyone using Pepto Bismol or similar drugs to treat more serious issues, such as infection, must follow the specific instructions from their doctor.

Side effects from using bismuth subsalicylate are not common. The most common side effects are a very dark or black stool, and darkening on the tongue. This is a reaction to the bismuth and is temporary. The discoloration should go away when the person stops taking the product.

Most people do not experience any serious side effects. However, people who are allergic to salicylate, which is a chemical found in aspirin, may experience more severe side effects. Anyone who is allergic to these ingredients can talk to their doctor about alternatives to using Pepto Bismol.

In rare cases, a person may experience ringing in their ears or hearing loss. If this occurs, the person should stop taking the product immediately and contact a doctor.

An extreme reaction might result in internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Anyone experiencing symptoms such as severe cramps, bloody or dark, sticky stool, or vomit that looks similar to coffee grounds, should stop taking the drug and contact a doctor immediately.

Children or teens who are recovering from chickenpox or the flu should not take Pepto Bismol. Taking Pepto Bismol in these situations could cause Reye’s syndrome. Symptoms of Reye’s syndrome include changes in behavior, nausea, vomiting, and seizures. This is a rare reaction, but it can be a medical emergency.

There is little evidence that Pepto Bismol causes harmful side effects during pregnancy, though there is little research to say that it is safe either.

Similarly, it is unclear if bismuth subsalicylate passes through the breastmilk.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women should always consult a doctor before using Pepto Bismol or any medicine that contains bismuth subsalicylate.

Read more about Pepto Bismol during pregnancy and Pepto Bismol while breastfeeding.

There are several possible interactions when taking Pepto Bismol.

Most notably, Pepto Bismol may interact with blood-thinning medications. Anyone taking anticoagulant medication should contact their doctor or pharmacist before using Pepto Bismol.

The medication may act similarly to aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and so may compound their effect. Anyone taking aspirin and NSAIDs should talk to their doctor. It is also possible for the drug to interact with other medicines that people take to treat chronic conditions, such as gout or diabetes.

Anyone considering using Pepto Bismol for symptoms should tell their doctor or pharmacist about any medications they are taking before choosing Pepto Bismol.

Share on PinterestA person should talk to their doctor before taking Pepto Bismol if they have a history of bleeding disorders.

Anyone who has an active ulcer or bleeding problem should not use bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone who is allergic to aspirin or other salicylates should talk to their doctor before using Pepto Bismol. Likewise, anyone who reacts to NSAIDs should also contact their doctor first.

People with a history of bleeding disorders should only use Pepto Bismol under the guidance of a doctor.

Anyone who has gout or diabetes should also contact their doctor before using the drug.

People may also have reactions to other inactive ingredients in the medication and should check all ingredients before using the product.

Pepto Bismol is generally safe when a person uses it correctly, but it is still possible to overdose. Signs of an overdose include:

  • extreme dizziness
  • ringing in ears
  • partial deafness
  • changes in breathing
  • mental fog or confusion
  • seizures

Anyone experiencing these symptoms should contact medical services or Poison Control on 1-800-222-1222. Anyone experiencing severe symptoms should contact emergency services.

Pepto Bismol is a name brand for a popular OTC drug, bismuth subsalicylate.

Pepto Bismol is just one type of antacid. There are many other types for people to choose between, which are available at drug stores and online.

Antacids are generally effective for treating mild forms of digestive upset and symptoms related to indigestion. Some people may experience a harmless reaction to the drug that causes their stool or tongue to become darker or turn black. This should go away as the person stops using the drug.

Pepto Bismol is only for temporary relief from symptoms. Anyone experiencing symptoms that get worse or last more than a couple of days should stop taking Pepto Bismol and see a doctor.

Uses, types, side effects, and safety

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pepto Bismol is a common over-the-counter (OTC) drug that may help control occasional symptoms of simple digestive issues, such as indigestion, heartburn, and diarrhea.

Pepto Bismol is an antacid. It is available in a variety of forms, including capsules and liquids, and comes in a range of strengths. Some people may experience specific side effects, such as very dark or black stool, after taking Pepto Bismol. However, these side effects are generally temporary and harmless.

The drug may also interact with other medications, such as anticoagulants, or blood thinners. A person should only use Pepto Bismol or similar products for a short period to treat occasional symptoms. Anyone dealing with chronic digestive symptoms should speak with their doctor.

This article provides an overview of Pepto Bismol, including its uses, risks, and instructions.

Share on PinterestA person can take Pepto Bismol to treat heartburn, nausea, and indigestion.

Bismuth subsalicylate is the main active ingredient in Pepto Bismol. It is an antacid medication that also works to lower inflammation in the digestive system.

As a study published in the journal Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology notes, bismuth has antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties in the body.

These combined efforts may help with digestive symptoms such as:

In some cases, and always under a doctor’s guidance, people may use Pepto Bismol and other drugs to help treat infections caused by the bacteria H. pylori and symptoms that arise from them. Sometimes, a doctor may recommend it to treat symptoms of chronic digestive disorders.

Some people also find the antibacterial effects of Pepto Bismol useful when traveling to unfamiliar areas where the local bacteria may infect their digestive system and cause traveler’s diarrhea.

No one should self-diagnose an underlying issue and use Pepto Bismol to treat it. Anyone whose symptoms get worse or last more than 2 days should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

Pepto Bismol comes in various forms, including:

  • oral liquid
  • oral liquid capsules
  • oral tablets
  • chewable tablets

Each option contains various strengths and dosages of bismuth subsalicylate designed for specific symptoms and how fast a person needs relief.

A chewable tablet for symptoms in children is also available. However, the active ingredient in this product is calcium carbonate, not bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone taking Pepto Bismol to treat occasional digestive symptoms should follow the instructions on the label.

The original liquid Pepto Bismol includes a 30 milliliter (ml) cup, which is one dose, delivering 525 milligrams (mg) of bismuth subsalicylate. The Pepto Bismol website recommends taking:

  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes as needed for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion
  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes or two doses every hour for diarrhea or traveler’s diarrhea

It also warns not to take more than eight doses in 24 hours.

When using the original chewable tablets, one dose is two tablets. The recommended dose is:

  • Two tablets every 30 minutes or four tablets every hour for diarrhea
  • Two tablets every 30 minutes for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion

Similarly, do not take more than eight doses (16 tablets) in 24 hours.

Pepto Bismol Extra Strength is a more concentrated liquid but delivers the same amount of active ingredient per recommended dose — 525 mg of bismuth subsalicylate in 15 ml of liquid.

For children under the age of 12, use children’s versions of similar medications or talk to a doctor before using Pepto Bismol.

Do not take more Pepto Bismol than directed, even if symptoms do not clear up.

Anyone using Pepto Bismol or similar drugs to treat more serious issues, such as infection, must follow the specific instructions from their doctor.

Side effects from using bismuth subsalicylate are not common. The most common side effects are a very dark or black stool, and darkening on the tongue. This is a reaction to the bismuth and is temporary. The discoloration should go away when the person stops taking the product.

Most people do not experience any serious side effects. However, people who are allergic to salicylate, which is a chemical found in aspirin, may experience more severe side effects. Anyone who is allergic to these ingredients can talk to their doctor about alternatives to using Pepto Bismol.

In rare cases, a person may experience ringing in their ears or hearing loss. If this occurs, the person should stop taking the product immediately and contact a doctor.

An extreme reaction might result in internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Anyone experiencing symptoms such as severe cramps, bloody or dark, sticky stool, or vomit that looks similar to coffee grounds, should stop taking the drug and contact a doctor immediately.

Children or teens who are recovering from chickenpox or the flu should not take Pepto Bismol. Taking Pepto Bismol in these situations could cause Reye’s syndrome. Symptoms of Reye’s syndrome include changes in behavior, nausea, vomiting, and seizures. This is a rare reaction, but it can be a medical emergency.

There is little evidence that Pepto Bismol causes harmful side effects during pregnancy, though there is little research to say that it is safe either.

Similarly, it is unclear if bismuth subsalicylate passes through the breastmilk.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women should always consult a doctor before using Pepto Bismol or any medicine that contains bismuth subsalicylate.

Read more about Pepto Bismol during pregnancy and Pepto Bismol while breastfeeding.

There are several possible interactions when taking Pepto Bismol.

Most notably, Pepto Bismol may interact with blood-thinning medications. Anyone taking anticoagulant medication should contact their doctor or pharmacist before using Pepto Bismol.

The medication may act similarly to aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and so may compound their effect. Anyone taking aspirin and NSAIDs should talk to their doctor. It is also possible for the drug to interact with other medicines that people take to treat chronic conditions, such as gout or diabetes.

Anyone considering using Pepto Bismol for symptoms should tell their doctor or pharmacist about any medications they are taking before choosing Pepto Bismol.

Share on PinterestA person should talk to their doctor before taking Pepto Bismol if they have a history of bleeding disorders.

Anyone who has an active ulcer or bleeding problem should not use bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone who is allergic to aspirin or other salicylates should talk to their doctor before using Pepto Bismol. Likewise, anyone who reacts to NSAIDs should also contact their doctor first.

People with a history of bleeding disorders should only use Pepto Bismol under the guidance of a doctor.

Anyone who has gout or diabetes should also contact their doctor before using the drug.

People may also have reactions to other inactive ingredients in the medication and should check all ingredients before using the product.

Pepto Bismol is generally safe when a person uses it correctly, but it is still possible to overdose. Signs of an overdose include:

  • extreme dizziness
  • ringing in ears
  • partial deafness
  • changes in breathing
  • mental fog or confusion
  • seizures

Anyone experiencing these symptoms should contact medical services or Poison Control on 1-800-222-1222. Anyone experiencing severe symptoms should contact emergency services.

Pepto Bismol is a name brand for a popular OTC drug, bismuth subsalicylate.

Pepto Bismol is just one type of antacid. There are many other types for people to choose between, which are available at drug stores and online.

Antacids are generally effective for treating mild forms of digestive upset and symptoms related to indigestion. Some people may experience a harmless reaction to the drug that causes their stool or tongue to become darker or turn black. This should go away as the person stops using the drug.

Pepto Bismol is only for temporary relief from symptoms. Anyone experiencing symptoms that get worse or last more than a couple of days should stop taking Pepto Bismol and see a doctor.

Uses, types, side effects, and safety

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pepto Bismol is a common over-the-counter (OTC) drug that may help control occasional symptoms of simple digestive issues, such as indigestion, heartburn, and diarrhea.

Pepto Bismol is an antacid. It is available in a variety of forms, including capsules and liquids, and comes in a range of strengths. Some people may experience specific side effects, such as very dark or black stool, after taking Pepto Bismol. However, these side effects are generally temporary and harmless.

The drug may also interact with other medications, such as anticoagulants, or blood thinners. A person should only use Pepto Bismol or similar products for a short period to treat occasional symptoms. Anyone dealing with chronic digestive symptoms should speak with their doctor.

This article provides an overview of Pepto Bismol, including its uses, risks, and instructions.

Share on PinterestA person can take Pepto Bismol to treat heartburn, nausea, and indigestion.

Bismuth subsalicylate is the main active ingredient in Pepto Bismol. It is an antacid medication that also works to lower inflammation in the digestive system.

As a study published in the journal Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology notes, bismuth has antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties in the body.

These combined efforts may help with digestive symptoms such as:

In some cases, and always under a doctor’s guidance, people may use Pepto Bismol and other drugs to help treat infections caused by the bacteria H. pylori and symptoms that arise from them. Sometimes, a doctor may recommend it to treat symptoms of chronic digestive disorders.

Some people also find the antibacterial effects of Pepto Bismol useful when traveling to unfamiliar areas where the local bacteria may infect their digestive system and cause traveler’s diarrhea.

No one should self-diagnose an underlying issue and use Pepto Bismol to treat it. Anyone whose symptoms get worse or last more than 2 days should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

Pepto Bismol comes in various forms, including:

  • oral liquid
  • oral liquid capsules
  • oral tablets
  • chewable tablets

Each option contains various strengths and dosages of bismuth subsalicylate designed for specific symptoms and how fast a person needs relief.

A chewable tablet for symptoms in children is also available. However, the active ingredient in this product is calcium carbonate, not bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone taking Pepto Bismol to treat occasional digestive symptoms should follow the instructions on the label.

The original liquid Pepto Bismol includes a 30 milliliter (ml) cup, which is one dose, delivering 525 milligrams (mg) of bismuth subsalicylate. The Pepto Bismol website recommends taking:

  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes as needed for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion
  • One 30 ml dose every 30 minutes or two doses every hour for diarrhea or traveler’s diarrhea

It also warns not to take more than eight doses in 24 hours.

When using the original chewable tablets, one dose is two tablets. The recommended dose is:

  • Two tablets every 30 minutes or four tablets every hour for diarrhea
  • Two tablets every 30 minutes for stomach upset, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion

Similarly, do not take more than eight doses (16 tablets) in 24 hours.

Pepto Bismol Extra Strength is a more concentrated liquid but delivers the same amount of active ingredient per recommended dose — 525 mg of bismuth subsalicylate in 15 ml of liquid.

For children under the age of 12, use children’s versions of similar medications or talk to a doctor before using Pepto Bismol.

Do not take more Pepto Bismol than directed, even if symptoms do not clear up.

Anyone using Pepto Bismol or similar drugs to treat more serious issues, such as infection, must follow the specific instructions from their doctor.

Side effects from using bismuth subsalicylate are not common. The most common side effects are a very dark or black stool, and darkening on the tongue. This is a reaction to the bismuth and is temporary. The discoloration should go away when the person stops taking the product.

Most people do not experience any serious side effects. However, people who are allergic to salicylate, which is a chemical found in aspirin, may experience more severe side effects. Anyone who is allergic to these ingredients can talk to their doctor about alternatives to using Pepto Bismol.

In rare cases, a person may experience ringing in their ears or hearing loss. If this occurs, the person should stop taking the product immediately and contact a doctor.

An extreme reaction might result in internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Anyone experiencing symptoms such as severe cramps, bloody or dark, sticky stool, or vomit that looks similar to coffee grounds, should stop taking the drug and contact a doctor immediately.

Children or teens who are recovering from chickenpox or the flu should not take Pepto Bismol. Taking Pepto Bismol in these situations could cause Reye’s syndrome. Symptoms of Reye’s syndrome include changes in behavior, nausea, vomiting, and seizures. This is a rare reaction, but it can be a medical emergency.

There is little evidence that Pepto Bismol causes harmful side effects during pregnancy, though there is little research to say that it is safe either.

Similarly, it is unclear if bismuth subsalicylate passes through the breastmilk.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women should always consult a doctor before using Pepto Bismol or any medicine that contains bismuth subsalicylate.

Read more about Pepto Bismol during pregnancy and Pepto Bismol while breastfeeding.

There are several possible interactions when taking Pepto Bismol.

Most notably, Pepto Bismol may interact with blood-thinning medications. Anyone taking anticoagulant medication should contact their doctor or pharmacist before using Pepto Bismol.

The medication may act similarly to aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and so may compound their effect. Anyone taking aspirin and NSAIDs should talk to their doctor. It is also possible for the drug to interact with other medicines that people take to treat chronic conditions, such as gout or diabetes.

Anyone considering using Pepto Bismol for symptoms should tell their doctor or pharmacist about any medications they are taking before choosing Pepto Bismol.

Share on PinterestA person should talk to their doctor before taking Pepto Bismol if they have a history of bleeding disorders.

Anyone who has an active ulcer or bleeding problem should not use bismuth subsalicylate.

Anyone who is allergic to aspirin or other salicylates should talk to their doctor before using Pepto Bismol. Likewise, anyone who reacts to NSAIDs should also contact their doctor first.

People with a history of bleeding disorders should only use Pepto Bismol under the guidance of a doctor.

Anyone who has gout or diabetes should also contact their doctor before using the drug.

People may also have reactions to other inactive ingredients in the medication and should check all ingredients before using the product.

Pepto Bismol is generally safe when a person uses it correctly, but it is still possible to overdose. Signs of an overdose include:

  • extreme dizziness
  • ringing in ears
  • partial deafness
  • changes in breathing
  • mental fog or confusion
  • seizures

Anyone experiencing these symptoms should contact medical services or Poison Control on 1-800-222-1222. Anyone experiencing severe symptoms should contact emergency services.

Pepto Bismol is a name brand for a popular OTC drug, bismuth subsalicylate.

Pepto Bismol is just one type of antacid. There are many other types for people to choose between, which are available at drug stores and online.

Antacids are generally effective for treating mild forms of digestive upset and symptoms related to indigestion. Some people may experience a harmless reaction to the drug that causes their stool or tongue to become darker or turn black. This should go away as the person stops using the drug.

Pepto Bismol is only for temporary relief from symptoms. Anyone experiencing symptoms that get worse or last more than a couple of days should stop taking Pepto Bismol and see a doctor.

Safety and Side Effects of Using Pepto-Bismol

Many people turn to Pepto Bismol (or Kaopectate) when they have an upset stomach or diarrhea. These problems may occur more frequently if you have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and you might use Pepto Bismol to alleviate IBS symptoms. It is good to learn about its safety and potential side effects.

Verywell / Brianna Gilmartin

Uses

Pepto Bismol is primarily used for the short-term treatment of the following digestive symptoms in adults and children aged 12 and older:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Stomach upset
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Excessive intestinal gas
  • Excessive burping
  • A feeling of fullness caused by eating too much
  • Discomfort from drinking too much alcohol

Interestingly, researchers have found that when Pepto Bismol is combined with antibiotics it can be quite effective in treating Helicobacter pylori, an infection that has been linked to peptic ulcers and gastritis.

How Pepto Bismol Works

The scientific name for the active ingredient in Pepto Bismol is bismuth subsalicylate. Bismuth is a mineral that has antibacterial, antacid, and antidiarrheal effects. Subsalicylate is a medication from the same class as aspirin.

The active ingredients of Pepto Bismol are thought to have the following actions within the body:

  • Increasing the amount of fluid that is absorbed in the intestines, therefore firming up stool
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Calming intestinal spasms
  • Reducing the population of disease-causing bacteria and/or viruses
  • Reducing excess levels of stomach acid

Before Taking

Pepto Bismol is only recommended for use for a two-day period. That, therefore, makes it a poor choice as a treatment for people who experience chronic diarrhea, common in those with IBS. It also makes it a poor choice for people who experience chronic heartburn or acid reflux from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Before taking Pepto Bismol it is essential that you clear it with your doctor, as the medication may interact with other medications that you are taking, particularly some medications for diabetes or gout, blood thinners, and certain antibiotics.

Precautions and Contraindications

Pepto Bismol should not be taken by anyone who:

  • Is younger than 12 years of age
  • Has the flu
  • Has a fever and signs of blood in the stool
  • Has chickenpox or has received the chickenpox vaccination within the past six weeks
  • Is pregnant
  • Is breastfeeding
  • Is allergic to aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

How to Take Pepto Bismol

Pepto Bismol is an oral medication that comes in liquid, tablet, or chewable form. Follow the directions and dosing recommendations on the product packaging carefully.

You do not need to take the medication with food. Do not take Pepto Bismol for more than two days. Be sure to drink plenty of water while taking Pepto Bismol to replace fluid lost from diarrhea episodes.

Side Effects

Pepto Bismol is considered to be quite safe for short-term use by adults and children who are age 12 or over. When used properly, the only side effect may be a temporary and harmless blackening of the tongue or of the stool. In some cases, the medication may work too well, with constipation as a result.

Serious side effects of Pepto Bismol are rare, but not unheard of. For the elderly, any resulting constipation may lead to a bowel blockage.

For children and teenagers, as Pepto Bismol is in the aspirin family, the biggest risk associated with the medicine is the development of Reye’s syndrome, a potentially life-threatening illness. This risk is particularly high for those who have chickenpox, influenza (the flu), or any other type of viral infection.​

However, there is a product for children called Pepto Kids. It does not contain bismuth subsalicylate and thus does not carry the same risk as Pepto Bismol. Pepto Kids is designed to treat heartburn and upset stomach in children.

When to Call a Doctor

You should contact your doctor immediately and stop taking Pepto Bismol if you experience:

  • Ringing in the ears
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than two days
  • Severe vomiting
  • High fever
  • Any signs of an allergic reaction

If you think you have taken an overdose or are experiencing any severe symptoms, seek immediate attention by calling an ambulance.

A Word From Verywell

Although it may be tempting to take Pepto Bismol to address IBS symptoms, remember that it is only recommended for a maximum of two days. Thus, it is best only for short-term symptoms, and long-term use may enhance side effects. When you’re experiencing chronic symptoms, work with your doctor to find a better solution.

Differences, similarities, and which is better for you

Drug overview & main differences | Conditions treated | Efficacy | Insurance coverage and cost comparison | Side effects | Drug interactions | Warnings | FAQ

Whether you’ve experienced mild indigestion or occasional heartburn, you’ve probably come across Pepto-Bismol and Tums at some point. These drugs are two of the most common over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for heartburn.

Both Pepto-Bismol and Tums have antacid effects, which help neutralize stomach acid. Too much stomach acid after eating spicy foods or large meals can sometimes cause a burning sensation or discomfort in the chest and upper abdominal region. Antacids can help relieve these symptoms.

What are the main differences between Pepto-Bismol and Tums?

Pepto-Bismol is the brand name for bismuth subsalicylate. Bismuth has antimicrobial effects against certain diarrhea-causing bacteria while subsalicylate has antisecretory effects against fluid and electrolyte loss. Bismuth subsalicylate also has anti-inflammatory actions on the stomach and intestinal lining. For these reasons, Pepto-Bismol can be used as an antacid or antidiarrheal agent.

Pepto-Bismol is notably found as an oral liquid. However, it also comes in regular tablets and chewable tablets. It’s important to note that, while most forms of Pepto-Bismol contain bismuth subsalicylate, Children’s Pepto-Bismol often contains calcium carbonate.

Tums is a brand name for calcium carbonate. It’s considered a potent antacid that directly neutralizes stomach acid. Calcium carbonate reacts with stomach acid to form calcium chloride, carbon dioxide, and water. Because of excess carbon dioxide production in the stomach, belching and gas (flatulence) are common side effects of Tums.

Unlike Pepto-Bismol, Tums is mainly found as a chewable tablet in regular-strength and extra-strength forms. Tums is typically used by those older than 12 years old, but children’s versions of Tums are also available. Some versions of Children’s Tums contains simethicone to help relieve gas.

RELATED: Pepto-Bismol details | Children’s Pepto-Bismol details | Tums details

Main differences between Pepto-Bismol and Tums
Drug class Antacid
Antidiarrheal agent
Antacid
Brand/generic status Brand and generic versions available Brand and generic versions available
What is the generic name? Bismuth subsalicylate Calcium carbonate
What form(s) does the drug come in? Oral suspension liquid
Oral tablet
Oral chewable tablet
Oral chewable tablet
What is the standard dosage? 2 tablespoons of liquid or 2 tablets containing 262 mg (for a total of 524 mg per dose) every 30 to 60 minutes as needed. Maximum of 8 doses per day. 2 to 4 chewable 750 mg tablets as needed for symptoms. Maximum of 10 tablets in a day.
How long is the typical treatment? For occasional short-term use. Self-treatment should last no longer than 14 days of consistent use. For occasional short-term use. Self-treatment should last no longer than 14 days of consistent use.
Who typically uses the medication? Adults and children 12 years and older Adults and children 12 years and older

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Conditions treated by Pepto-Bismol and Tums

Pepto-Bismol is FDA approved to treat heartburn, a digestive problem that can also be a symptom of acid reflux and GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). Pepto-Bismol can treat acid indigestion, which includes symptoms like abdominal discomfort, bloating, and nausea. In addition, Pepto-Bismol can treat traveler’s diarrhea and occasional diarrhea, as well as peptic ulcer disease caused by Helicobacter pylori. When used for H. pylori, bismuth subsalicylate is taken with other antibiotics to treat the infection.

Tums is labeled to treat heartburn and indigestion. It helps neutralize and decrease the amount of acid in the stomach to relieve symptoms such as bloating and abdominal discomfort. Calcium carbonate is sometimes combined with simethicone to relieve symptoms of gas and flatulence associated with indigestion.

Because Pepto-Bismol can sometimes contain calcium carbonate—the same ingredient in Tums—it’s important to check the package labeling and ask your healthcare provider to make sure you’re taking the right product.

Heartburn Yes Yes
Indigestion Yes Yes
Diarrhea Yes No

Is Pepto-Bismol or Tums more effective?

Currently, there are no comprehensive reviews directly comparing Pepto-Bismol and Tums. Studies have shown that bismuth subsalicylate and calcium carbonate are commonly used to treat indigestion because of their acid-reducing effects.

Compared with h3 blockers like Pepcid (famotidine) and Zantac (ranitidine), Tums works faster and relieves symptoms for a shorter period of time. Compared with other antacids like Alka-Seltzer (sodium bicarbonate) and Maalox (aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide), Tums has a slightly slower onset of action, but its effects may last longer.

Pepto-Bismol is more effective for other uses such as treating diarrhea and H. pylori infections. Bismuth subsalicylate has been shown to help heal peptic ulcers while fighting bacteria, especially when combined with antibiotics like metronidazole and clarithromycin.

Consult a healthcare provider for the best treatment option for occasional heartburn and indigestion. More serious cases of heartburn, such as acid reflux disease or GERD, may require other medications like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Drugs labeled as PPIs include Prevacid (lansoprazole) and Prilosec (omeprazole).

RELATED: Alka-Seltzer details

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Coverage and cost comparison of Pepto-Bismol vs. Tums

Medicare and insurance plans rarely cover over-the-counter (OTC) medications like Pepto-Bismol and Tums. In cases where a prescription version of an OTC drug is available, insurance plans may decide to cover it.

Get the SingleCare coupon card

The average costs of Pepto-Bismol and Tums vary depending on which pharmacy you go to. However, these drugs are relatively inexpensive. Still, you may be able to save more with a SingleCare Pepto-Bismol coupon or SingleCare Tums coupon if prescribed by a doctor.

Typically covered by insurance? No No
Typically covered by Medicare? No No
Standard dosage 2 262 mg tablets every 30 to 60 minutes as needed 2 to 4 500 mg or 750 mg tablets as needed
Typical Medicare copay N/A N/A
SingleCare cost $5+ $4+

Common side effects of Pepto-Bismol vs. Tums

Pepto-Bismol can often cause a darkened color of the stool or tongue. This is because bismuth subsalicylate can react with small amounts of sulfur to create bismuth sulfide, a black substance. While darkened stool may be confused with bloody stool (a serious condition), this side effect is temporary and harmless. Some people also report mild constipation after taking Pepto-Bismol.

Side effects of Tums include belching and gas (flatulence). Tums may also cause constipation and dry mouth.

Rare but serious effects of Pepto-Bismol may include tinnitus or a constant ringing in the ear that could indicate hearing problems. Other serious side effects of Tums include symptoms of high calcium levels (hypercalcemia), such as weakness, bone pain, and fatigue.

Side effect Applicable? Frequency Applicable? Frequency
Black or darkened stool Yes * No *
Black or darkened tongue Yes * No *
Belching and flatulence No * Yes *
Constipation Yes * Yes *
Dry mouth No * Yes *

*not reported

This may not be a complete list of adverse effects that can occur. Please refer to your doctor or healthcare provider to learn more.

Source: NIH (Pepto-Bismol), NIH (Tums)

Drug interactions of Pepto-Bismol vs. Tums

Pepto-Bismol can interact with many of the same medications that aspirin interacts with. Bismuth subsalicylate can interact with warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding. When taken with anti-gout agents like probenecid, bismuth subsalicylate can decrease anti-gout effects. Pepto-Bismol can also decrease the absorption and effectiveness of tetracycline and quinolone antibiotics.

Tums can decrease the effects of tetracycline and quinolone antibiotics. Calcium cations can also bind with antifungals, like itraconazole, and decrease their absorption and effectiveness. Certain antibiotics, antifungal agents, and iron supplements should be avoided at least two hours before or after taking calcium carbonate.

 

Consult a healthcare professional for other possible drug interactions.

Warnings of Pepto-Bismol and Tums

Those who are sensitive to aspirin products should avoid taking Pepto-Bismol and other salicylate drugs. Otherwise, hypersensitivity reactions, such as rashes, are a potential adverse effect.

Pepto-Bismol should be avoided in children younger than 12 years old. Children who are recovering from chickenpox or influenza are at an increased risk of Reye’s syndrome after taking bismuth subsalicylate. In very rare cases, Pepto-Bismol can lead to neurotoxicity, especially in those with AIDS. Signs and symptoms of neurotoxicity may include tremors, confusion, or seizures.

Since Tums contains calcium carbonate, it should be avoided or monitored with other calcium-containing products. In severe cases, too much calcium can damage the kidneys, weaken bones, and affect the functions of the brain and heart.

Consult your healthcare provider for other precautions to be aware of while taking Pepto-Bismol or Tums.

Frequently asked questions about Pepto-Bismol vs. Tums

What is Pepto-Bismol?

Pepto-Bismol is an over-the-counter drug that contains bismuth subsalicylate. It’s used to treat mild, infrequent heartburn, indigestion, and diarrhea. Bismuth subsalicylate is also approved to treat H. pylori infections when used along with other antibiotics. Pepto-Bismol is available in an oral suspension, oral tablet, and oral chewable tablet.

What is Tums?

Tums is the brand for calcium carbonate. It is used to treat occasional heartburn and indigestion. Tums is available in regular-strength and extra-strength chewable tablets.

Are Pepto-Bismol and Tums the same?

Pepto-Bismol and Tums are not the same. They contain different active ingredients and come in different formulations. However, some versions of Pepto-Bismol may contain calcium carbonate, the same active ingredient in Tums. Check the label of the drug before purchasing to make sure it contains the ingredients you’re looking for.

Is Pepto-Bismol or Tums better?

Pepto-Bismol and Tums are both effective drugs for treating occasional symptoms of heartburn or indigestion. They both work relatively quickly and work for a short duration. One may be preferred over the other depending on sugar contents and inactive ingredients, as well as whether it comes in a liquid or chewable tablet. Cost may also play a role in determining the best option.

Can I use Pepto-Bismol or Tums while pregnant?

Pepto-Bismol is not generally recommended for pregnant women due to a possible increased risk of bleeding. Tums may be taken occasionally for indigestion in recommended doses. However, it’s important for pregnant women to be aware of calcium intake since they may be taking other prenatal vitamins or supplements. Get medical advice from your healthcare provider if you’re experiencing heartburn or indigestion while pregnant.

Can I use Pepto-Bismol or Tums with alcohol?

Alcohol should be avoided while taking Pepto-Bismol or Tums. Alcohol may irritate the lining of the stomach or intestines and alter the overall effectiveness of antacids and antidiarrheal agents.

Is Tums good for an upset stomach?

Tums is an affordable, effective option for treating an upset stomach. Chewable Tums tablets start working within five minutes and can be taken as needed. Tums should only be used for mild, occasional heartburn and indigestion. If you’re needing to use Tums consistently for more than 14 days, consult a healthcare provider.

Is Pepto Bismol an antacid?

Pepto-Bismol has mild antacid effects to help relieve symptoms of heartburn and indigestion. It also works as an antidiarrheal agent that is commonly used to treat traveler’s diarrhea. Pepto-Bismol works by coating the lining of the digestive tract while preventing fluid and electrolyte loss.

Pepto-Bismol – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Antimicrobial Agents

The primary mode of action of BSS, the active ingredient of Pepto-Bismol, is as an antimicrobial agent. BSS disassociates in gastric acid to form bismuth salts, such as bismuth oxychloride. In addition to antimicrobial properties BSS has antisecretory properties and a potential for toxin adsorption. Salicylic acid is released as a byproduct of the reaction and is nearly completely absorbed. Chewing a total of eight Pepto-Bismol tablets/day is equivalent to taking three to four adult aspirin tablets. Although salicylic acid does not have the same anticoagulant properties as acetylsalicylic acid, travelers taking warfarin or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents should avoid BSS.

BSS is an effective and safe agent for the prevention and treatment of TD.25 Protection ranges from 40% to 65%, according to the amount and frequency of the dose. For best protection it should be taken as two tablets chewed four times a day.6,14 The formation of black bismuth salts can discolor the tongue and the resultant blackened stools can mimic melena. Travelers should be advised to rinse their mouth thoroughly after each dose, and especially after the bedtime dose. Gently brushing the tongue at bedtime is recommended to help avoid the otherwise purely esthetic problem of black tongue. Theoretically, the absorbed salicylate may cause tinnitus, but in studies this occurred no more frequently in BSS-treated patients than in placebo-treated patients. Care should be exercised when using BSS in patients with impaired renal function. BSS can contribute to salicylate intoxication, so it should not be taken with aspirin. Encephalopathy has been anecdotally reported, but the bismuth in BSS is essentially not absorbed compared to other bismuth compounds, so such reports are exceedingly rare. If doxycycline is used for malaria prevention, travelers should be cautioned not to use concurrent BSS. The bivalent cations in BSS preparations can lower the bioavailability of doxycycline.

Much of the early work on TD prevention focused on the use of prophylactic antimicrobials. Table 19.4 shows currently recommended6 antimicrobials with the suggested dosing regimens. Although antimicrobials have demonstrated clear efficacy in the prevention of TD, concerns include side effects, promoting resistance development, and the use of antimicrobial agents for chemoprophylaxis of a self-limiting syndrome when those agents have more critical other uses. Concerns about the effect of antimicrobial agents on the microbiota and subsequent colonization by multiple resistant organisms after treatment of TD with antibiotics must be considered in the decision to use antibiotics for chemoprophylaxis of this condition. Fluoroquinolones appear to be especially capable of disturbing the microbiota.13

Classic studies by Ben Kean25a noted the utility of the antibiotic neomycin in the prevention of TD. Then studies with doxycycline dosed at 100 mg/day showed it to be a highly protective agent. Increasing resistance to tetracyclines in developing regions of the world has rendered the use of tetracyclines obsolete.

Trimethoprim and the combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) were historically the next generation of antimicrobials studied for prevention of diarrhea. These agents provided 71%–95% protection in areas where resistance was low; however, rising resistance around the world has compromised the usefulness of these antimicrobials as well. Furthermore, TMP/SMX is ineffective against Campylobacter jejuni, an important cause of TD, particularly in Southeast Asia, where use of TMP/SMX cannot be recommended for prophylaxis or treatment. While TMP/SMX is relatively inexpensive, easy to administer, and can be used in children, its major disadvantages include rashes, hypersensitivity reactions (including Stevens-Johnson syndrome), bone marrow depression, and GI disturbances. Serious side effects are rare but need to be considered when prescribing this drug for purposes of prophylaxis.

In the past, fluoroquinolones were among the drugs of choice as effective and relatively safe agents for the prevention of TD. A study reported in 1994 showed 84% protection.26 Unfortunately, fluoroquinolone resistance, particularly among C. jejuni, is increasingly being reported. In Southeast Asia, fluoroquinolones can no longer be recommended for prevention of TD. Adverse reactions to fluoroquinolones include tendonitis (black box warning) rash, GI intolerance, and central nervous system stimulation manifested as insomnia, nervousness, or dizziness. Fluoroquinolones should not be used in pregnant women. For this class of drugs, the development of resistance in the community is important since their broad spectrum of activity, including respiratory tract pathogens, has given them a wide range of clinical applications. Because of the side effects of fluoroquinolones and their effect on microbiota, at a recent consensus development conference sponsored by the International Society of Travel Medicine the decision was made to no longer recommend fluoroquinolones as preventative agents.13

Azithromycin is an antibiotic with efficacy in the treatment of TD.27 This agent is attractive for its broad spectrum of activity against enteropathogens, including C. jejuni, and its availability for use in children and pregnant women. In Southeast Asia, azithromycin is the current drug of choice for treatment of TD; and following the black box warnings about the use of fluoroquinolones for the treatment of TD, azithromycin is considered by most experts to be the drug of choice worldwide. Although azithromycin should work in prophylaxis, there are no data to guide dosing amounts or frequency of administration.

An ideal antimicrobial agent for the prevention of TD would be one that has excellent activity against enteric pathogens, is not absorbed (helping to guarantee an excellent safety profile), is safe, has little potential for promoting antibiotic resistance, and has no other uses than in enteric diseases.1,34 Rifaximin is such an agent and is approved for treatment of TD when invasive pathogens are not suspected.28–30 It has exclusively intraluminal action with <0.4% gastrointestinal absorption, documented low potential for generating cross-resistance, and a profile of clinical use that is limited to GI syndromes and preventing hepatic encephalopathy. Rifaximin has been shown to be effective in prevention of TD and affords 60%–70% protection with a single daily 200-mg dose.31 Fecal levels are about 8000 µg/g of stool after 3 days of therapy, which far exceeds the average minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (32–50 µg/mL) of most enteric pathogens.28 The availability of such an agent permits consideration of a change in paradigm. The objections of the NIH consensus development conference appear to be largely moot with the availability of rifaximin, although disagreement in general with the concept of chemoprophylaxis continues to exist among experts.32 Arguably, chemoprophylaxis with an agent such as rifaximin might now be safely offered to more short-term travelers than only those with special risks.

Biorevitalization of facial skin | Reviews, photo of the effect of the procedure and prices

Facial biorevitalization – the secret of eternal youth

“Own Clinic” invites you to biorevitalization procedures in St. Petersburg at affordable prices.

The name “biorevitalization” comes from several Greek words and in translation means “return to life.” This is how the result of the procedure can be characterized, and the photos before and after biorevitalization confirm this.

Video about the procedure

See how our cosmetologist Natalya Nikolaevna Reutova talks about all the intricacies of such a popular and demanded procedure as biorevitalization.

What is biorevitalization?

Biorevitalization is an injection cosmetic procedure performed to saturate the epidermis with hyaluronic acid . Hyaluronic acid is present in human skin, however, with age, its amount decreases, which causes wrinkles, dryness, and elasticity to appear. The lack of hyaluronic acid, which is a polysaccharide capable of retaining water molecules, also affects the state of internal organs.

Hyaluronic acid is actively used in creams, lotions, serums. However, due to its high molecular weight, it cannot penetrate the epidermal layer and remains on the skin surface. Therefore, biorevitalization is considered the most effective and simple way to transport hyaluronic acid into the deep layers of the dermis, where it stimulates the synthesis of collagen and elastin – fibrillar proteins responsible for skin elasticity and youth.

Biorevitalization of the facial skin helps to restore beauty and youth.It launches the processes of rejuvenation, making the skin elastic, radiant, removing wrinkles, signs of fatigue and other imperfections.

Photo before and after

Prices for biorevitalization

Service description Price, rub
Biorevitalization with Beautelle 40+ 7900
Biorevitalization with Beautelle 30+ 6900
Biorevitalization with Beautelle Age 8900
Biorevitalization with a new generation drug Juvederm Volite (1 ml) 16900
Biorevitalization with Juvederm Hydrate (1 ml) 12900
Biorevitalization with Professional Derma JALUPRO 6900
Biorevitalization with Professional JALUPRO HMW 11900
Biorevitalization with Meso-Eye 18200
Biorevitalization with VICINO PEPTO Eyes (1ml) 2500
Biorevitalization with FILORGA 135 (3ml) 7900
Biorevitalization with FILORGA NCTF 135 HA + (3ml) 9900
Biorevitalization with Viscoderm 1.6% (1 ml) 7900
Biorevitalization with Restylane Vital injector (2ml) 20900
Exoprotector NOVACUTAN SBio (2ml) 15900
Exoprotector NOVACUTAN YBio (2ml) 15900

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for all cosmetology

Our specialists

Virabyan Violetta Vardanovna

Cosmetologist-dermatologist, physiotherapist

Work experience 15 years

more details

Chernysheva Yulia Borisovna

Cosmetologist-dermatologist, dermatologist-oncologist

Work experience 10 years

more details

Reviews about biorevitalization

24.10.2016

Anastasia
39 years old

I am very lucky. On my way I met a wonderful cosmetologist Virabyan Violetta Vardanovna. Previously, injection care was a pain for me, but now I go to procedures almost like a holiday :)) But Juviderm’s biorevitalization exceeded all my expectations: the skin of my face shines, all signs of aging have disappeared, I feel 10 years younger and happy. Violetta Vardanovna really has golden hands, a gift from God and the highest professionalism.

24.09.2016

Catherine
36 years old

I wanted to say thank you to the cosmetologist and Doctor Virabyan Violetta Vardanovna. I did the course with Rafaello. I liked the effect very much. First, the doctor gave the injections very quickly. I did not experience any torment.)))) (Although I previously injected myself with a lot of drugs). Further, small redness in the area of ​​the injections, which disappear after an hour. A slight burning sensation is also present, but it is somehow pleasant, as if something warm is spreading over the skin.But what happens then, wow. My skin seemed to glow from the inside. The next day, I did not recognize myself in the mirror. (although again, I’m not new to injections). I did two procedures of this miracle of the drug Rafaello and secured it with a pilling of Caravaggio. I thought that the effect would be only when I did the procedures. But I can’t believe that after two weeks, the result is the same, I really like my skin without any foundation and powders. This is so important, especially in the summer. Thank you, Doctor. I also wanted to say a separate thank you to the girls at the reception.They are very pleasant to talk to. I liked the clinic.

15.06.2017

Julia
47 years

Many thanks to Violetta Vardanovna for her skill and professionalism! Biorevitalization was done, after which fine wrinkles disappeared, the face became fresh, rested. Five days later on 12.06, the Aptos threads were installed. Provided that almost 2 packages were installed, there was practically no edema, no bruises.The next day I calmly went to work, without additional cosmetics. No visible traces! Immediately after the procedure, the nasolabial folds disappeared and flew! Both procedures in the complex gave an amazing result, which I was afraid to even dream of! Rejuvenated incredibly. The oval of the face is wonderful. I feel like a beauty! Thanks to the master with golden hands!

31.07.2017

Client

Many thanks to Dr. Karina Abdulaevna for her “golden hands”.We performed such procedures as: biorevitalization, botox and contouring. I’m happy with the result, it’s nice to look at myself. I hope to visit this doctor in the future.

17.08.2017

Client

I express my deepest gratitude to the best doctor in the world, Natalya Nikolaevna Reutova. They did biorevitalization of the face and hands, and also added volume to the lips. The procedures were absolutely painless and all were done without a single bruise.Natalya Nikolaevna’s hands are golden! A very competent and tactful specialist. She is also very friendly and pleasant to talk to. Now I will “make beauty” only for her! Dear clinic administration, do not lose and appreciate such a specialist!

Peptide bioreparants in anti-age therapy MesoSet pepto-REVITASET 1.8

PEPTIDE BIOPROPARATIONS IN ANTI-AGE THERAPY

The procedures for correcting the symptom complex of skin aging are today among the most demanded methods of aesthetic medicine.The classical approach to anti-aging therapy involves stimulating metabolic processes and eliminating the external symptoms of chrono-aging. In recent years, the range of available techniques has expanded due to the discovery of biomimetic peptides – low molecular weight compounds that selectively bind to cell receptors and make it possible to control biochemical processes leading to the development of age-related changes.

The Spanish brand MesoSet , the exclusive distributor of which is Astarta LLC, has developed a mesotherapy series MS-Pepto ; the preparations contain biomimetic peptides, including a standardized complex of signal and regulatory peptides capable of affecting multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MMSC).

From the moment of its discovery to the present time, MMSCs are of particular interest to gerontologists and specialists in regenerative medicine due to their ability to migrate from the red bone marrow to various tissues of the body. Outside the bone marrow, the largest amount of MMSC is concentrated at the border of the dermis, where they are located until activation and subsequent differentiation into various types of cells. This pool of MMSCs is detected in patients of all age groups.

Normally, when fibroblasts die, intracellular factors are released, which activate MMSCs and create conditions for their migration and differentiation, which ensures the replacement of dead cells.However, as chrono-aging develops, the diffusion of substances in the dermis is disrupted, the action of cellular factors and regulatory compounds weakens. As a result, the renewal of the cell population slows down, the relative number of mature fibroblasts increases and their synthetic function decreases, which manifests itself in thinning of the dermis. The chrono-aging process takes on a progressive character.

Means of the MS-Pepto line allow you to restore the regenerative capacity of the skin. The signal peptides contained in the products activate MMSC, and the regulatory peptides create conditions for their differentiation into fibroblasts.The line includes 5 drugs that allow you to achieve the renewal of the cell population in patients of any age.

The most interesting preparation in the series is the bioreparant Repto-RevitaSet 1.8 , which is based on high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (2000 kDa) at a concentration of 1.8%. Its recipe includes the best ingredients used in the field of modern cosmetology:

  • polynucleotides;
  • vitamin complex;
  • a complex of four signaling and regulatory peptides;
  • oligopeptide-72 – aquapeptide, blocks the synthesis of hyaluronidase, protecting hyaluronic acid from premature destruction;
  • acetyldecapeptide-3 – enhances the proliferation and synthetic activity of dermal cells, and also stimulates angiogenesis, improving blood circulation in the skin and reducing the manifestations of rosacea.
  • Chondroitin sulfate is a natural reinforcing agent that stabilizes hyaluronic acid, protects elastin from premature destruction.

The most modern way of enriching hyaluronic acid makes the preparation incredibly flexible and easy to use. Experts have completely managed to exclude such a frequent drawback of this group of drugs as high viscosity, which previously created difficulties in administration.

Thanks to the innovative composition Pepto-RevitaSet 1.8 allows you to achieve not only a quick symptomatic effect, but also a stable, pronounced rejuvenation. The indication for the use of the product is the presence of symptoms of skin aging with a visible decrease in its hydration, firmness and elasticity. Along with the traditional areas of application, the product gives good results in the area of ​​the hands and areas of excess skin flap.

Bioreparants are a modern group of injectables that quickly gained popularity among professionals, creating a new era of biorevitalizants.More and more specialists are using bioreparants for the correction of nasolabial folds and the area of ​​the lips, for preparation for contour plastics. The funds allow to achieve smoothing of deep wrinkles, increase skin hydration.

When used in the lip area, they provide a gentle increase in volume and improve the aesthetic appearance, and prevent the development of cheilitis. When injected before setting, fillers protect hyaluronic acid from destruction, significantly prolonging the results of treatment.Such a wide range of effects makes bioreparants a promising tool for correcting age-related skin changes.

Official website: www.mesoset.ru

Exclusive representative of the brand – “ASTARTA” LLC

Moscow: st. Bol. Semenovskaya, 40, tel: +7 495 259-01-08

St. Petersburg: Moscow prospect, 103, building 3, tel .: +7 812 718-4-80

www.astarte.ru

Treatment of gastritis

Treatment of gastritis depends on its cause, but almost always involves changes in lifestyle, diet, drug therapy and, in some rare cases, even surgery to eliminate the disease or disorder that caused gastritis.

Medicines for neutralizing stomach acid

Stomach acid irritates the inflamed stomach lining, which causes painful sensations and aggravates the inflammation.For this reason, in the treatment of most cases of gastritis, drugs are used to neutralize or reduce stomach acid, including:

Antacids (anti-acid) agents . Over-the-counter antacids (maalox, milanta, and others), in liquid or pill form, are the most common cure for mild gastritis. Antacids neutralize stomach acid and quickly relieve pain.

Acid blockers. If antacids cannot provide the relief you want, your doctor prescribes medications such as cimetidine (tagamet), ranitidine (zantac), nizatidine (axid), or famotidine (pepsid) to help reduce gastric acid secretion.

Proton pump inhibitors. Stopping the acidic “pumps” of stomach acid in the acid-secreting cells in the stomach is an even more effective way to stop pain. Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid production by blocking these microscopic pumps. This class of drugs includes omeprazole (prilosec), lansoprazole (prevacid), rabeprazole (acifex), and esomeprazole (nexium). Proton pump inhibitors also inhibit the growth and development of Helicobacter pilori bacteria.

Cytoprotectors. These medicines are intended to protect the tissues of the inner lining of the stomach and small intestine. These include sucralfate (carafat) and misoprostol (cytotec). If you regularly take NSAIDs, your doctor may prescribe one of the cytoprotectants to protect your stomach. Bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol) is another popular cytoprotectant. Preparations based on bismuth not only protect the inner mucous membrane of the stomach, but also stop the activity of Helicobacter pilori bacteria.

Medicines for the destruction of bacteria Helicobacter pilori

Several regimens of therapy are prescribed for the treatment of Helicobacter pilori infection. In most cases, a combination of two antibiotics is used in combination with a proton pump inhibitor. Sometimes a bismuth preparation (pepto-bismol) is also added to this combination. An antibiotic helps kill bacteria, an acid blocker or proton pump inhibitor relieves pain and nausea, relieves mucosal irritation, and increases the effectiveness of antibiotics.

Treatment of Helicobacter pilori is not always effective – the degree of eradication depends on the chosen treatment regimen – however, a combination of three drugs gives a better result than a therapy using only two drugs. Increasing the duration of the treatment – two weeks instead of the traditional ten days – also increases its effectiveness.

To make sure that Helicobacter pilori infection has been eradicated, examinations and tests are often prescribed after a course of treatment. Best of all, the residual presence of Helicobacter pilori helps to identify the analysis of exhaled air and feces.A blood test can show the presence of bacteria for several months after Helicobacter pilori is killed.

Prevention of gastritis

Although it is not always possible to prevent infection with Helicobacter pilori, these recommendations will help reduce the likelihood of developing gastritis:

Stick to a balanced diet. If you often suffer from indigestion, try to eat more often, in smaller portions, to reduce the secretion of stomach acid.Also, avoid any foods that are difficult to digest, such as spicy, sour, fried, or fatty foods.

Limit or eliminate alcohol consumption. Alcohol abuse can irritate and destroy the lining of the stomach, leading to inflammation and bleeding.

Stop smoking. Smoking damages the protective lining of the stomach, making it more vulnerable and susceptible to the development of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.In addition, smoking increases the secretion of stomach acid, slows down the healing process, and increases the risk of stomach cancer. However, quitting smoking is not easy, especially for heavy smokers. The doctor will help you choose the most effective way to quit this bad habit.

Take other pain relievers . If possible, avoid taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. These medicines can irritate the stomach lining or make it worse.Better to replace them with pain relievers containing acetaminophen.

Follow your doctor’s advice. To prevent recurrence of gastritis, the gastroenterologist may prescribe an antacid (anti-acid) agent or an acid blocker.

Self Help

Digestive disorders and diseases, from common indigestion to stomach cancer, arise for a variety of reasons, some of which are quite within your control. In general, doctors recommend the following to maintain a healthy digestive system:

Practice healthy eating .The manner in which you eat is as important as the food itself. Try to eat more often, but in small portions. Eat regularly and relax with your meals.

Maintain a healthy weight. Digestive problems occur in people regardless of weight. However, overweight people are more likely to suffer from heartburn, shortness of breath and diarrhea. Maintaining a healthy weight can often help prevent gastritis or reduce its symptoms.

Exercise fitness. Aerobic exercise, which speeds up your breathing and heart rate, also stimulates the muscles in your stomach and intestines, allowing digested food to pass through the intestines more quickly.A daily 30-minute aerobic workout helps reduce the likelihood of gastritis.

Manage stress. Stress increases the risk of heart attack and stroke, weakens the immune system and can trigger or exacerbate skin conditions . In addition, stress increases the secretion of stomach acid and slows down the digestion of food. Unfortunately, stress cannot be avoided, so you need to learn how to manage it. Eating a healthy diet, restorative rest, regular fitness and relaxation facilitates this task.If you find it difficult to relax, try meditating or doing yoga and other meditation practices. It helps to focus, calm down and relieve physical stress. Therapeutic massage also relaxes tense muscles and soothes irritated nerves.

VPLab PEPTO WHEY protein 625 g
– Veselības Pasaule

Expiry date: 25.04.2021

  • Promotes the recovery and health of muscles, bones, cartilage
  • Improves the well-being and condition of skin, hair, nails
  • Increases energy levels and endurance

Pepto Whey is a peptide-rich blend proteins with high bioavailability.The product contains two of the most valuable protein sources – whey protein isolate and hydrolyzate. Both protein sources are rich in peptides, ensuring complete assimilation of protein in the body.

Pepto Whey can be used as a dietary supplement or as a supplement to a healthy diet, thereby increasing your intake of quality proteins. This is especially important for people who require enhanced recovery of the body (for example, athletes or patients after surgery).The product can be used in many ways because it dissolves easily in any liquid or food without altering its taste or texture. Pepto Whey can also be used in a variety of recipes to fortify meals with protein (such as pancakes, porridge, pastries), it does not contain artificial colors, sweeteners, preservatives, flavors, added sugar, gluten or lactose.

Pepto Whey is suitable for people of all ages, for improving health and wellness, for recovering from physical activity, as well as for people with lactose intolerance and vegetarians.

Mix 25 g of powder (2 scoops) with 200 ml of water.

Nutritional value 100 g 1 serving
Energy value 1548.08 kJ / 370 kcal 387.02 kJ / 118 kcal
Fats 0.9 g 0.2 g
– of which saturated fatty acids 0.3 g <0.1 g
Carbohydrates 2 g 0.6 g
– of which sugars 0.9 g 0.2 g
Fiber 0 g 0 g
Proteins 88 g 22 g
Sodium 0.6 g 0.1 g
Amino Acid Profile per 100 g protein
Alanine 4.7 g
Arginine 2.1 g
Aspartic acid 11.4 g
Cysteine ​​ 2.6 g
Glutamic acid 17.5 g
Glycine 1.8 g
Histidine 1.7 g
Isoleucine * 6.8 g
Leucine * 10.7 g
Lysine 10.4 g
Methionine 2.3 g
Phenylalanine 3 g
Proline 5.9 g
Serine 4.4 g
Threonine 7 g
Tryptophan 2.1 g
Tyrosine 3 g
Valine * 5.4 g

1 serving = 25 g powder + 200 ml water

Ingredients: Protein Blend (Hydrolyzed Whey Protein Isolate, Whey Protein Isolate (PROVON® Brand), Emulsifier (Soy Lecithin)), L-Leucine.
PROVON is a registered trademark of GLANBIA NUTRITIONALS.

* BCAA amino acids

Protein, Pepto Whey Protein VP laboratory with delivery at the best price

The purest source of bioavailable whey protein of the highest quality

The leading manufacturer of high-quality sports nutrition products VP laboratory presents to its fans, as well as to all adherents of an active and healthy lifestyle, the Pepto Whey Protein complex, which contains the classic forms of the most popular whey protein.

With the help of this product you can make up for the lack of protein in your diet, significantly improve the recovery and growth of muscles, as well as reduce muscle catabolism.

The basis of the presented protein complex is made up of whey protein isolate and hydrolyzate. These proteins are widely regarded as the most effective in promoting muscle growth and recovery.

Whey protein has a broad amino acid profile, including BCAAs, glutamine, arginine and other nonessential and essential amino acids.Moreover, this product is distinguished by exceptional purity, does not contain sugar, artificial flavors, sweeteners, flavor enhancers, fats, carbohydrates, which means it is suitable for absolutely any diet.

So, among the positive effects of taking this protein mixture, it is worth highlighting:

• supports active muscle protein synthesis;

• accelerates the growth of lean muscle mass;

• improves the processes of regeneration of damaged muscle structures;

• quickly suppresses muscle catabolism at peak times, for example, in the morning after waking up, immediately after training or between meals;

• stimulates the growth of the athlete’s physical indicators, such as strength and endurance;

• strengthens the immune system;

• is able to increase the overall energy potential of the athlete, especially during a low-carb diet.

Maximum purity and high bioavailability make this product ideal for more than just muscle gain. This protein complex can be successfully taken by athletes who want to get rid of excess body fat, while maintaining high rigidity, density, relief and volume of muscles.

In addition, whey protein can also be used by people who are not at all involved in sports, for example, for quick recovery from injuries, operations, etc.

The presented protein mixture can be taken as a cocktail or added to various dishes, for example, baked goods, desserts, bars, pancakes, etc.

The product is excellently combined with other types of sports and healthy nutrition, such as creatine, amino acid complexes, vitamins and minerals, herbal extracts, pre-workout, fat burners.

If you strive to build a strong, contoured and athletic body that everyone dreams of in the shortest possible time, then VP laboratory Pepto Whey Protein will be an excellent assistant for you!

PEPTO-BISMOL AND BLACK CHAIR: A COMMON SIDE EFFECT? – HEALTH

Pepto Bismol is an over-the-counter medicine used to treat diarrhea and indigestion symptoms such as bloating and gas.Known for its bright pink color, it is sometimes referred to as

Contents:

Pepto Bismol is an over-the-counter medicine used to treat diarrhea and indigestion symptoms such as bloating and gas.

Known for its bright pink color, it is sometimes called pink bismuth or “substance pink”.A number of generic versions of this drug are also available.

One of the possible side effects of Pepto Bismol is that it can make your stools black or grayish black in color.

In this article we will explain why this happens and what other side effects can occur with this type of medication.

What is the connection between Pepto Bismol and black stool?

Pepto Bismol and its analogs contain bismuth subsalicylate as an active ingredient.

Bismuth is a type of metal. It is safe for humans in small doses and has been used for centuries to treat diarrhea and other conditions.

Bismuth subsalicylate acts on the gastrointestinal tract and treats the following symptoms:

  • diarrhea
  • heartburn
  • indigestion
  • nausea
  • gas and bloating

subsalicylate is what makes bismuth serum black. This occurs through contact with small amounts of sulfur, which may be present in your saliva or gastrointestinal tract.When they meet, they create bismuth sulfide.

Black bismuth sulphide. Passing through the digestive system, it mixes with food waste and also stains it black.

It can have similar effects in the mouth, temporarily staining the tongue black. Dead skin cells can also build up on the tongue, making it look hairy.

One dose of Pepto Bismol contains enough bismuth for these effects to occur. Fortunately, these side effects are harmless and temporary.

Apart from stopping the medication, these side effects cannot be prevented.

However, once you stop taking the medication, your stools and tongue should return to their normal color within a few days.

How does Pepto Bismol help with diarrhea?

It is not entirely clear how this medication relieves diarrhea and its associated symptoms. But it appears to have several effects on the digestive system.

First, it is believed to increase electrolyte transport and intestinal water absorption.Both of these actions make it harder for diarrhea to develop.

Inside the body, salicylate is converted to salicylic acid. It is the same active ingredient as aspirin. Salicylic acid prevents the formation of prostaglandin, a hormone-like compound. Prostaglandins are associated with increased intestinal inflammation and motility.

Second, it also helps neutralize stomach acid associated with heartburn, nausea and indigestion.

Finally, bismuth subsalicylate has mild antimicrobial properties that can help fight the bacteria that cause diarrhea. Research work has shown that it prevents the release of toxins produced by the bacteria E. coli .

Are there any other side effects?

Besides dark stools and black tongue, constipation is another possible side effect of Pepto Bismol.

Be sure to stop taking Pepto Bismol and seek medical attention if you experience:

  • nausea and vomiting
  • ringing in the ears or hearing loss
  • diarrhea that lasts more than 2 days
  • stomach symptoms that worsen

Pepto Bismol is not intended for long-term use.Make an appointment with your doctor if you need to use it more than three times a month.

Do I need to know any security measures?

Pepto Bismol is safe for most adults and children 12 years and older.

You should consult your doctor before taking Pepto Bismol if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or have any of the following conditions:

  • allergy to salicylate or any other medications
  • fever or flu symptoms
  • stomach ulcer
  • condition bleeding, such as hemophilia
  • chickenpox
  • mucus in stools
  • black or bloody stools not caused by Pepto Bismol
  • kidney disease
  • dysentery

Pepto Bismol may also interact with other prescription and over-the-counter medications such as:

  • tetracycline antibiotics
  • blood thinners
  • aspirin or other pain relievers or salicylate medications
  • diabetes medications
  • gout medications
  • arthritis medications

be sure that Pepto Bismol does not interfere with other medicines you may be taking.

What else can cause stool discoloration?

Healthy stools can be brown to green in color. Stool color may vary slightly due to changes in diet and fluctuations in enzyme levels such as bile.

Other dietary causes of black or dark stools may include iron supplements and black or purple foods such as black licorice.

In other cases, black or dark stools may indicate:

  • Gastrointestinal bleeding caused by ulcers or other types of irritation
  • Conditions affecting circulation such as ischemic colitis, vascular malformations and varicose veins

Pale , yellow or red stools can also signal gastrointestinal problems, for example:

  • malabsorption
  • bile duct obstruction
  • infection
  • bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract

consult your doctor to make the correct diagnosis.

Essence

Pepto Bismol is used to treat diarrhea and symptoms associated with indigestion. Its active ingredient, bismuth subsalicylate, can make your stools black or gray.

This side effect is harmless and temporary. Stool color should return to normal within a few days after you stop taking Pepto Bismol.

If your stool still looks black or grayish a few days after you stop taking Pepto Bismol, it is recommended that you make an appointment with your doctor to find out what is causing the change.

90,000 Metal magic turns carbon dioxide into useful things

08 June 2018

An almost magical property of metal has been discovered that can become a panacea for the Earth. A multi-colored metal known as bismuth can help reduce carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, making it possible to turn it into a clean fuel source.

This is bismuth.UD researchers have identified a metal’s unique ability called “catalytic ductility” that can be used to convert carbon dioxide into liquid fuels and industrial chemicals.

A piece of metal lying on a table in Joel Rosenthal’s office at the University of Delaware looks like it should belong to a wizard’s pocket. Shiny silver with pink streaks and gold splashes … The metal is called bismuth and is currently used in many products ranging from shotgun bullets to cosmetics and antacids, including Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate).

But Professor Rosenthal’s research broadens the repertoire of bismuth — he found in this metal that it could help reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and provide fuel for the population. Rosenthal and his team at the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Delaware discovered that bismuth has an unusual property that can be used to help the environment – as a chemical “spark” or catalyst for the conversion of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), a greenhouse gas , into liquid fuels and industrial chemicals.The results are presented in ACS Catalysis, a journal published by the American Chemical Society. Rosenthal’s team also filed a patent for this work. Rosenthal refers to the specific ability of bismuth as “catalytic plasticity.” When an electric current is applied to a bismuth film in a brine bath containing imidazole ions and amidinium ions, he and his team can “turn on” a chemical reaction that converts carbon dioxide into a liquid fuel such as gasoline.Or formic acid, a valuable chemical used in many industrial processes, from the canning of human food and animal feed to the production of rubber and leather, artificial flavors and perfumery.

Traditionally, chemists needed to create a new catalyst to drive every chemical reaction they studied, from stage A to B, from B to C, and so on, says Rosenthal, which makes this approach – using a single catalyst that can be adapted or tune into the effective promotion of several types of reactions – especially innovative.“We are working to expand the scope of this idea,” said Rosenthal. “Our new results are important from a technological point of view – we believe that this platform will provide a renewable energy source, such as solar energy and wind, obtained from direct production of liquid fuels. But more importantly, we believe that this concept of ‘catalytic plasticity’ signals a possible revolutionary paradigm shift in the field, a new way of thinking about renewable energy transformation, fuel production and catalysis in general. “
Rosenthal and his team have previously shown that bismuth films can be used in combination with certain liquid salts as inexpensive catalysts to convert carbon dioxide and renewable energy into gaseous fuels such as carbon monoxide. In a current study, they found that they can use the same materials in the presence of different salts to convert carbon dioxide directly into liquid fuel. “I have been fascinated by the field of catalysis for a long time.Thinking about the possibility of turning something cheap and abundant into something much more useful and valuable without wasting any extra energy has always captured my imagination.