101 fever for 3 days: Fevers 101: How to treat them, and when to get help
Fevers 101: How to treat them, and when to get help
A fever is your immune system’s way of changing the battleground to help itself fight. When your body recognizes an invader (like bacteria or a virus), your immune system raises your body temperature as a defense. Your immune system works much better in hotter temperatures, while invaders do worse. Fevers may feel terrible to you, but they help your body destroy invaders and get back to its healthy self.
Normal body temperatures sit between 97 to 99° F. A fever is a temperature of 100.4° F or higher. There are low-grade fevers and more serious fevers, depending on the sick person’s age.
A serious fever is hotter than:
• 100.4° F in infants younger than one month – go to the ER if this happens
• 102° F in infants older than one month on up to children
• 103° F in adults
For infants one month and younger, a temperature of 100.4° F or higher requires immediate medical attention. From one month of age and older, most fevers – even serious fevers – do not require immediate medical attention. If your feverish child is making eye contact, responding to your voice, drinking fluids and voiding normally, there’s no need to worry.
When to get medical attention
Most fevers don’t require medical attention. However, any of these symptoms in children or adults, along with a fever, means it’s time to see a doctor. Download the new Nebraska Medicine mobile app to make an appointment, or call 800.922.000.
|Inconsolably irritable||Stiff neck|
|Stops drinking||Sensitivity to light|
|Stops voiding||Mental confusion|
|Persistent vomiting||Persistent vomiting|
|Has a fever lasting longer than 3 days||Difficulty breathing|
|Chest pain or shortness of breath|
|Pain when urinating|
In general, fevers don’t cause harm. Even febrile seizures – convulsion in a child caused by a spike in body temperature – rarely cause any lasting damage. However, the infection triggering the fever certainly can cause long-lasting damage. For example, meningitis can cause very sudden high fevers. Meningitis can cause brain injuries or even death. That’s why it’s important to monitor the symptoms associated with the fever to see if you need medical help.
Which thermometer reading is best
- Mouth: The best choice for home use. Oral readings are accurate and easy to take. Placing an oral thermometer in the armpit is less accurate (and will be about 1 degree lower than a mouth reading)
- Rectal: Highly accurate, but there’s a risk of injury, especially with infants. Best to leave rectal thermometers to health care professionals
- Forehead: Used for their convenience and speed, no-touch forehead thermometers are the least accurate
Home treatments for fevers
You don’t have to treat a fever, especially if it’s lower than the more serious fevers (listed above in Fevers defined).
A fever is part of your normal immune response. Lowering your body temperature with medication can limit your immune system’s fighting power. However, if you or your child’s symptoms are intolerable, these medications effectively treat a fever:
- Children one to six months old: acetaminophen
- Children six months or older: acetaminophen or ibuprofen
- Adults: acetaminophen, ibuprofen and any other over-the-counter NSAID medications
Other at-home remedies can make you feel more comfortable and help with accompanying symptoms:
- Decreasing ambient room temperature
- Using a fan
- Fewer blankets on bed
- Soothing honey or lemon teas
- Cold beverages for sore throat
- Humidifier for cough
Above all, stay hydrated and get plenty of rest. A fever is one of the symptoms of COVID-19. Be sure to get tested for COVID-19 before returning to work or other public places.
Why do I need a primary care doctor
There are many benefits to having a primary care doctor. Learn more about the role of a primary care doctor and why you should have one.
7 steps to identify risky COVID-19 situations
We have received many questions about the risk levels associated with various activities. To help you decide, we put together an infographic ranking the risk level of common activities, and outlined some steps you can take to recognize if you’re in a risky COVID-19 situation.
What to do and when to worry
Cold & Flu
Pallavi Mukkamala, MD
Having a fever can leave you feeling miserable, hot and sweaty — and worried. How high is too high? When is it time to call the doctor? What do these numbers even mean?
We tend to fear fevers. However, a fever generally means your immune system is doing its job by fighting off infection. A fever is a stimulation of the immune system and is the immune system’s attempt to gain advantage over bacteria or a virus.
What qualifies as a fever?
Normal body temperature for adults is about 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit but given that body temperature varies, the normal range is broad. It is very normal for body temperature to range between 98.6-99.9 and these temperatures (even if they are high for you) are less likely to be a true sign of illness.
Regular body temperatures generally do not exceed 99.9 degrees Fahrenheit. Therefore, a true fever is when body temperature reaches 100.4 F (38 deg C).
Parents, it’s easy to panic when your young child spikes a fever but first, take a deep breath. Keep in mind that kids usually spike fevers faster than adults and the temperatures tend to be higher as well; this is because children have an inexperienced immune system.
At-home fever remedies
Fortunately, for low-grade fevers, there are a few steps you can take to make yourself more comfortable at home.
Your body needs lots of rest to give your immune system a chance to recover. Keep your body cool by sleeping with light clothing.
Fluids are essential since fevers can cause fluid loss and dehydration. For children younger than 1 year old, use oral rehydration products.
Fever treatment for adults usually depends on the temperature. If the temperature is below 102 degrees and there is minimal discomfort, simple over the counter ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen or aspirin should be adequate.
OTC medications should be used for children based on age and weight. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce aches and pains, but parents should follow the directions and dose very carefully. Talk to your pediatrician about any medication questions.
When to call your doctor
If your fever reaches higher than 104 degrees Fahrenheit, come in to see your doctor. Also see your doctor if you have additional symptoms such as:
- Loss of consciousness
- Stiff neck
- Trouble breathing
- Severe pain
- Swelling or inflammation in the body
- Pain with urination
- Any malodorous vaginal discharge
If your child is less than 3 months old and has a fever, seek care immediately. For children older than 3 months old, seek medical care if their fever reaches 102 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
Fever with any of the following symptoms can also be a cause for concern in children:
- Non-blanching dark rashes
- Extreme irritability or lethargy
- Severe pain
- Difficulty moving a part of the body (most importantly the neck)
- Trouble breathing or quick/forceful breathing
- Poor appetite or fluid intake with decreased urine output
If ever in doubt, please reach out to your primary care physician. We can help you evaluate your symptoms and guide you in the right direction so you or your child can get the care you need.
Worried about a fever? Find a doctor near you or schedule a virtual visit today.
Memo on the prevention of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a serious infectious disease that occurs with fever, general intoxication, damage to the kidneys, blood vessels and some other organs.
In 2016, 169 cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome were registered in the Perm Territory, including 9 in adolescents aged 15-17 years. For 5 months of 2017, 14 cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome were registered in the Perm Regional Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital.
Perm Region has been endemic for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome for many years. Cases of HFRS are observed throughout the year, but the largest number is recorded in summer and autumn.
The source of infection are small rodents (bank voles, field mice, gray and black rats, different types of gray voles) – their excretions. Human diseases can occur at any time of the year, but are most often recorded in summer and autumn.
Transmission of infection to humans occurs in a variety of ways. The virus is excreted from rodents with saliva, excrement. In winter, when the resistance of the virus in the external environment increases significantly, the main route of infection transmission is airborne. Especially often such infections occur indoors, as well as during the transportation of hay and straw; during logging, collection of brushwood, dry leaves, demolition of old wooden buildings, where mouse holes are noted. In the warm period of the year, the main ways of infection are through contaminated food, contaminated water, and through contact of the skin and mucous membranes with contaminated objects, less often through animal bites.
The latent period (from infection to illness) lasts from 10 to 35 days, more often 2 to 3 weeks. The initial signs of the disease are fever, headache, muscle pain, weakness, intense thirst, sometimes sore throat, nausea, vomiting, there may be loose stools, a rash on the body. After a few days, pain in the lower back and in the abdomen joins, changes in the urine may appear and its amount will decrease. When the first signs of the disease appear, you should immediately consult a doctor, since a patient with HFRS at the onset of the disease needs strict bed rest and constant medical supervision.
A sick person is not contagious to others. People who have been ill develop immunity to a new infection.
- when working with a lot of dust (demolition of old buildings, loading of hay, straw, grass, dismantling of stacks of boards, logs, piles of brushwood, cleaning rooms, etc.) it is necessary to use gloves and a respirator or cotton-gauze bandage;
- cleaning of premises should be carried out only with a wet method;
- strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene;
- Products must be inaccessible to rodents, stored in metal, tightly closed containers. Food products damaged by rodents cannot be used for food without heat treatment;
- do not drink water from open reservoirs;
- Never touch live or dead rodents without gloves or rubber gloves.
Citizens with summer cottages and garden plots in spring and autumn must:
- provide inaccessibility for rodents in country houses, structures in order to exclude conditions for the penetration and habitation of rodents;
- carry out permanent extermination of rodents. To carry out deratization (extermination) work, you should contact the services of a specialized organization that professionally deals with the extermination of rodents. Twice, in spring and autumn, carry out barrier and continuous deratization on the territory of the entire garden and dacha cooperative, partnership.
Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute – branch of the Volgograd State Medical University
According to the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation No. 434 dated April 28, 2012, on October 1, 2012, the reorganization of the state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation and the state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education was completed “Pyatigorsk State Pharmaceutical Academy” of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation in the form of joining the second institution to the first one with subsequent formation of a separate subdivision (branch) on the basis of the affiliated institution.
It was determined that the full name of the branch of the university (the former Pyatigorsk State Pharmaceutical Academy), taking into account the division of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation into two ministries, is as follows:
Pyatigorsk branch of the state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Abbreviated name: “Pyatigorsk branch of GBOU VPO VolgGMU of the Ministry of Health of Russia” .
According to the Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation No. 51 dated February 04, 2013, changes are indicated that are being made to the charter of the state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.
In clause 1.10 paragraphs three and four shall be stated as follows:
“full name: Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute – branch of the state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation “,
“ Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute – branch of GBOU VPO VolgGMU of the Ministry of Health of Russia “.
Renaming was made from 14.03.2013.
In accordance with the order of the University dated July 15, 2016 No. 1029-KM “On the introduction of a new edition of the Charter and changing the name of the University” from 07/13/2016 in connection with the renaming of the University count:
– with the full name of the University: federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation;
– abbreviated name of the University: FSBEI HE VolgGMU of the Ministry of Health of Russia;
– with the full name of the branch of the University: Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute – branch of the federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Volgograd State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation;
– abbreviated name of the branch of the University: Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute – branch of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education VolgGMU of the Ministry of Health of Russia.