105 56 blood pressure: Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Chart, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Is it safe to go to sleep when blood pressure is low?
Yes, it is safe. Lying down can help since it makes it easier for the heart to push blood to the brain and the main organs.
A decrease in blood pressure is usually not dangerous and those suffering from low blood pressure have a tendency to live longer since their blood vessels are under less stress than those with high blood pressure. However a drop in pressure can still cause symptoms that are rather unpleasant: low endurance, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, a need for more sleep, sweating during exercise, cold extremities, and increased sensitivity to temperature changes. When blood pressure drops there can also be episodes of vision loss, pronounced dizziness and palpitations. Low pressure occurs if the systolic pressure is below 105 for men and 100 for women.
Doctors often consider low blood pressure hereditary and slender women are more likely to have it. It is usually the result of a lack of tonus in blood vessels because they do not respond well to nerve stimulation. This is usually associated with exhausted adrenals that no longer produce enough stress hormones. A low blood sugar level, physical or mental stress, a standing stationary position (especially in the heat), anemia due to blood loss and dehydration can all trigger a drop of blood pressure in susceptible people. Hypothyroidism, poorly controlled diabetes, heart problems, kidney diseases and a prolonged severe disease can also cause a drop in blood pressure.
It is important to eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and legumes (beans, peas, lentils …) to have enough B vitamins (especially B5) and vitamin C, important factors for the adrenals. A poor assimilation and an important lack of nutrients can also act on blood pressure. To help counter this, Bio-Strath is a good solution since it contains 61 nutrients and is particularly rich in B vitamins. It also improves the assimilation of these same elements in food and other supplements.
In cases of low blood pressure it is very important to drinking plenty of water (a minimum of 2 liters per day) to counteract dehydration. We need that much water a day for all the metabolic process in the body and to eliminate the toxins produced every day. Take a little salt every day because this can help to retain more fluid in circulation but beware do not exaggerate since it can be harmful for the heart in the long run.
Heart Care from A.Vogel contains hawthorn, a plant that has a regulatory effect on blood pressure. It helps regulate the pressure, whether high or low. This is not a product that works very quickly, but when taking it every day, the pressure eventually stabilizes. Once under control, it is possible to adjust the dosage of the product in a way to maintain the effect with a minimal dosage. This plant also has a regulatory effect on the heart rate and reduces plaque build-up on arteries. These are very interesting benefits for heart health.
It is recommended to consult your doctor to check for any other health issues that could cause a drop in your blood pressure.
See the following text for further information on Low blood pressure or hypotension.
3 Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is the attention-grabbing diva in medical checkups, but it turns out that low blood pressure—known as hypotension—can cause its own reality-show-level damage, too.
Typically, your blood pressure should be around 120/80, though there’s variation, and those numbers (which represent, respectively, the pressure in your arteries when your heart is pumping and when it’s between beats) might be a little higher or lower for you on a normal day. When BP is less than 90/60, it’s considered low.
Though low blood pressure tends to develop later in life, many of the young women that Erika Schwartz, M.D., a physician and author of patient advocacy guide, Don’t Let Your Doctor Kill You, sees in her practice have it. A lot of them don’t realize it, but then fret that it’s unhealthy when they find out.
“Low blood pressure by itself is not a cause for concern, particularly in young women,” says Schwartz*. * “But when symptoms start occurring, then that’s when you should look at ways to counteract it.”
There are three main signs that you might be battling some low blood pressure ills:
1. Dizziness or lightheadedness, especially when standing up suddenly
You’re looking at the bottom row of books and you pop up to continue your search, and suddenly: whoa, head rush. This is the most common symptom of low blood pressure, and if it happens only occasionally, then it’s no big. Schwartz notes that this one can often get corrected by making sure you’re not dehydrated.
2. Brain fog, complete with crappy memory about things that just happened
Multitasking sucks for everyone (seriously, everyone), but if you’re usually on top of your to-do list and you suddenly start feeling foggy, it could be hypotension. You’ll feel disconnected or spaced out, and then your short-term memory gets glitchy. Fun!
3. Feeling super low energy, even when you’ve had enough sleep
You got your 8 hours, and your butt is still dragging. Even combatting it with venti-sized, multi-shot beverages only works temporarily. Low blood pressure can cause fatigue, and some experts have suggested that Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and low blood pressure may be linked.
Less-common symptoms of low blood pressure might be blurred vision, general weakness, and nausea. Sometimes it can cause fainting, and rapid, shallow breathing, and has even been linked to depression, according to the American Heart Association.
The best treatment for low blood pressure is in your lifestyle—and on your kitchen counter.
Although high blood pressure is often addressed with medication, physicians are very reluctant to go that route with hypotension, Schwartz says. That’s because making some tweaks to your everyday habits can yield much better results than popping meds.
What works? The tried-and-true efforts that you may be doing anyway: trouncing stress with activities like yoga, getting enough sleep, ditching the smokes, staying hydrated, and maintaining a moderate-to-kickass level of fitness.
Also, stop being so stingy with the salt.
“Culturally, we have the mentality that salt isn’t good for you,” says Schwartz. “But we need it to maintain normal blood pressure and to support the adrenal system. Women, particularly, require salt because it helps address physical changes during their periods.”
Playing around with good-for-you habits will likely vanquish all those annoying low blood pressure symptoms. But if they persist for more than a few days, then check with your doc, because some conditions can cause low blood pressure, like heart issues, endocrine problems, and pregnancy, especially during the first 24 weeks. So, make an appointment, and maybe have a salt-crusted pretzel on the way.
Headache Causes | How Blood Pressure can Cause Headaches
How Blood Pressure Can Cause Headaches
Blood pressure is one of the three primary vital signs taken every time you visit your doctor. The blood pressure test measures how much pressure is put on your arterial walls when the heart beats (systolic pressure) and when it is at rest (diastolic pressure). The blood pressure value is depicted with the systolic pressure in the numerator and the diastolic in the denominator of a fraction.
Normal blood pressure is different for everybody, but typically falls into an acceptable range of numbers. Both high blood pressure, hypertension, and low blood pressure, hypotension, can lead to headaches.
Your blood pressure may be higher or lower that what is considered normal but still be normal for you. The only way to establish your normal blood pressure is to monitor it frequently over time. Blood pressure that is far outside acceptable norms should be treated right away.
High blood pressure may be the result of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a special type of TMJ disorder known to cause high blood pressure and other medical problems.
Visit the leading online authority for alternative sleep apnea treatment, IHateCPAP.com, for more information about the dangers of sleep apnea.
Many people with hypertension are virtually asymptomatic and only by going to the doctor and having their blood pressure checked do they discover their condition. Headache is just one sign or symptom of underlying hypertension. Unfortunately, it is a symptom of several other medical conditions as well. If you are unsure of your headache’s etiology, you should seek medical attention.
Associated signs and symptoms include:
- Pain surrounds the head in a band
- Pain is worse in the morning, but diminishes as the day goes on
- Heart palpitation
If your headache is new, or feels unusual in any way, that is, different from other headaches you may experience, it is a good idea to see a doctor and at least check your blood pressure.
The opposite of high blood pressure, is low blood pressure, or hypotension. This means your blood pressure is lower than what is considered normal, but it may be normal for you.
These types of headaches are also called orthostatic and occur when changes in the blood pressure of your head occur dramatically. If you bend over and suddenly move upright you may experience a painful headache. Once triggered, it presents itself just like most other headaches.
It is important to diagnose the underlying cause of your hypotension, with testing your doctor may discover one of the following underlying causes:
- Spontaneous intracranial hypotension
- Post-dural puncture (resulting from spinal tap or spinal anesthesia)
- Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) fistula
Other symptoms of intracranial hypotension include:
- Diplopia or double vision
- Blurred vision
Treating your secondary headache due to hypertension or hypotension is simply by treating the underlying cause. Once you get your blood pressure under control, your headaches should disappear. If you suspect your headache is due to either hypertension or hypotension, do not hesitate to seek medical help, even emergency medical help if you think it is necessary.
Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG) Blocks are frequently used for treating Headaches, Migraines and Cluster Headaches. SPG Blocks have been shown to treat and/or eliminate Essential Hypertension in one third of patients. Dr Shapira teaches patient to Self-Administer SPG Blocks with cotton-tipped Nasal Catheters and Lidocaine..
Think Better Life is another possible solution. Our experienced TMJ and sleep apnea dentist, Dr. Ira L. Shapira, has decades of experience helping patients attain relief from chronic headaches. Call 1-847-533-8313 or contact us online to schedule your comprehensive evaluation.
MAP Calculator (Mean Arterial Pressure)
This MAP calculator (Mean Arterial Pressure calculator) finds the average arterial blood pressure during a single cardiac cycle. Its value is derived from a patient’s systolic and diastolic blood pressures. In this article, we provide you with a definition of MAP, the normal mean arterial pressure level, teach you how to calculate the mean arterial pressure, and present you a handy MAP equation that you can use for manual calculations, including pulse pressure calculation. You will also find out how to measure blood pressure, and, finally, what are the risks of hypertension – a too high blood pressure.
Please note that Omni Calculator is not a doctor. If you’re concerned about the results of your blood tests, consult a physician.
If you are interested in cardiology, you should visit our QTc calculator. There you will find lots of information about ECG interpretation, QT prolongation, and dangerous arrhythmias.
What is mean arterial pressure?
The mean arterial pressure (MAP) is defined as an approximation of the time-weighted average for blood pressure in large system arteries during the cardiac cycle. It is directly related to the cardiac output. If you would like to learn more about pressure itself, understand its definition, and see the pressure formula, visit our pressure calculator.
To calculate the MAP, you need two values – you systolic and diastolic blood pressure. They are usually given in the form XX/YY, where XX is the systolic pressure, and YY – the diastolic. For example, a person with blood pressure 120/80 has SBP = 120 mmHg, and DBP = 80 mmHg. In the next paragraph, we will teach you how to measure blood pressure.
What exactly are the systole and diastole? To put it simply, systole is the contraction phase in the human heart, when blood is pumped from the heart to the circulation. During the diastole phase, also called a relaxation phase, the ventricles are filled with blood. Blood pressure is much higher during the systole than during the diastole.
Take a look at the illustration above. The diastole phase corresponds to two-thirds of the cardiac cycle, while the systole phase occupies only one-third. This is why MAP is not calculated as an arithmetic average, but rather as a weighted average.
Have you ever wondered how much blood your heart pumps in one minute, one month or one year? What order of magnitude can it be? Now, you can calculate it with a help of our cardiac output calculator!
How to measure blood pressure?
There are a few ways to measure blood pressure. In this paragraph, we will cover only non-invasive methods of measuring blood pressure.
The fastest method to assess blood pressure is by palpation – detecting a pulse over patient’s arteries. Although not very accurate, it is especially useful in emergencies: saving victims of car accidents, patients undergoing cardiac arrest, etc. It is assumed that when the systolic blood pressure of a patient is over 70 mmHg, the pulse should be palpable over carotid (on the neck), femoral (in the groin area) and radial (near the wrist) arteries. When the systolic blood pressure drops to > 50 mmHg, we can feel the pulse only over carotid and femoral arteries and with a pulse between 40-50 mmHg, just over carotid artery.
The most predominant method of measuring a patient’s pulse by a doctor in a hospital setting, is by using a stethoscope and sphygmomanometer. The doctor puts a cuff of the sphygmomanometer around the patient’s arm and places the stethoscope over the brachial artery at elbow level. He inflates the cuff and then starts slowly releasing the air carefully observing the value of pressure inside the cuff indicated by the sphygmomanometer. When he begins to hear a characteristic whooshing-like sound, he writes down the currently reported pressure – this is the systolic blood pressure of the patient. The doctor continues to deflate the cuff until he stops to hear the pounding. At this moment sphygmomanometer indicates the diastolic blood pressure of the patient. The healthcare specialist is now ready to calculate the mean arterial pressure!
There is a medical phenomenon known as “white coat syndrome” (or white coat hypertension). Many patients fears being examined by a doctor and, during measurement, their blood pressure raises as a response to the stress they are feeling. This causes falsely high results of blood pressure test and can lead to unnecessary treatment. Below the final method of how to measure blood pressure eliminates this problem.
We are talking about oscillometry. You may have encountered when you visited your grandma. She put a cuff from a strange looking device around her arm, pushed some buttons and then waited stationary for a moment while the device buzzed. The device was a blood pressure monitor. In this method, blood pressure is estimated by detecting and analyzing the oscillation of the blood flow (the pulse) inside the brachial artery. The whole process is performed automatically. All you need to do is to remember to calibrate the device once in a while so it’s functioning appropriately and able to obtain the correct results.
Normal blood pressure
The normal blood pressure for a healthy adult should measure between 90 mmHg and 119 mmHg for systolic blood pressure and between 60 mmHg and 79 for diastolic blood pressure. We diagnose prehypertension when a patient has a systolic blood pressure between 120 mmHg and 139 mmHg. Lower than normal blood pressure is called hypotension, while higher than normal blood pressure – hypertension. We will talk about the risks of hypertension in the last paragraph of this article.
MAP equation – how to calculate mean arterial pressure?
You can use the following mean arterial pressure formula:
MAP = 1/3 * SBP + 2/3 * DBP
- MAP is the mean arterial pressure,
- SBP is the systolic blood pressure, and
- DBP is the diastolic blood pressure.
That’s it! Now you know how to calculate mean arterial pressure!
The formula accounts for the duration of the diastolic portion of the cardiac cycle – note the factor before the SBP and DBP. At a normal resting heart rate, the systolic phase is twice as short – it means that the ventricles need twice as much time to fill with blood than to pump it out.
This relation can be different in patients with bradycardia or tachycardia. Such patients cardiac cycle is slightly different (the shape of the arterial pressure pulse becomes “narrower”), and the MAP is closer to the arithmetic mean of SBP and DBP. In these cases electronic circuitry or digital techniques are typically required to find the MAP.
Normal mean arterial pressure
It is generally believed that MAP levels should not fall below 60 mmHg to maintain adequate tissue perfusion. Patients with severe sepsis or septic shock should have their MAP levels kept at about 65 mmHg at all times.
The normal mean arterial pressure in healthy patients should be between 70 and 100 mmHg. The values should never exceed 160; such a result reflects excess cerebral blood flow and may result in raised intracranial pressures.
What is pulse pressure? – pulse pressure calculation
Pulse pressure is the difference between systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The pulse pressure correlates to the volume of blood ejected during a contraction of the left ventricle of the heart to the aorta and other arteries. We call this amount of blood the stroke volume. The bigger the stroke volume is, the higher the value the pulse pressure reaches. Stroke volume increases for a number of reason, but the most common is exercise. The compliance of the aorta is, in turn, a factor that has a negative impact on pulse pressure. We define compliance as the ability to stretch in response to the pressure inside a vessel-like organ of our body. Let’s give an example. Suppose that you are trying to inflate a balloon for your friend’s birthday party. A balloon with high compliance would be easier to inflate (you wouldn’t have to blow into it with as much force), than a balloon with low compliance.
Physiologically, the aorta is somewhat elastic, meaning it has high compliance. Because of that, our pulse pressure remains at a healthy level of around 40 mm Hg. In some conditions, like atherosclerosis (narrowing and hardening of blood vessels due to formation of plaque), aortic dissection (a state in which blood gets between layers of aortic wall), the aorta may become stiff. This increases the value of pulse pressure.
Other pathologies associated with an increased pulse pressure include:
- aortic regurgitation – a leak in the aortic valve, causing an inversion of blood flow in the aorta during diastole;
- anemia – a low level of hemoglobin (an oxygen-transporting protein present in the red cells). You can find more information on hemoglobin and hematocrit relationship by visiting our hematocrit to hemoglobin ratio calculator;
- increased intracranial pressure – with symptoms of Cushing’s triad: high blood pressure, slow heartbeat (bradycardia), and irregular breathing;
- endocarditis – an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart wall;
- hyperthyroidism – excessive production of the thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
You can use the mean arterial pressure calculator to perform the pulse pressure calculation PP. Simply subtract the diastolic pressure from the systolic one:
PP = SBP - DBP
How to calculate MAP and PP using the mean arterial pressure formula
Let’s calculate the MAP of a person with a blood pressure of 120/80.
- Determine the SBP (systolic blood pressure). It is the first number – in this case, 120 mmHg.
- Find the DBP (Diastolic blood pressure). It is the second number – here equal to 80 mmHg.
- Input these numbers to the MAP equation:
MAP = 120 * 1/3 + 80 * 2/3
MAP = 40 + 53.33
MAP = 93.33 mmHg
- You can also perform the pulse pressure calculation by subtracting the DBP from the SBP:
PP = SBP - DBP = 120 - 80 = 40 mmHg.
When should you monitor MAP?
Mean arterial pressure is considered to be a better indicator of a tissue perfusion than SBP, precisely because it accounts for the difference between the duration of the diastole and systole parts of the cardiac cycle. Hence, it is typically monitored in cases of organs perfusion. Some of these cases include:
- Septic shock – a state of insufficiently low blood pressure caused by a substantial inflammatory response due to an infection. Damaged organs, our immune response, and bacterial cytokines (signal molecules) all cause blood vessels to dilatation (broadening) resulting in low blood pressure.
- Cardiac patients on vasodilator infusion, for example, nitroglycerine (GTN – glyceryl trinitrate) – one of the most used medicines for the treatment of angina (pain in the chest caused by a too low oxygen supply for the heart), heart failure, and high blood pressure. Nitroglycerine is reduced in our body to a form of nitric oxide (NO), which is a strong vasodilator. Although helpful in many situations, glyceryl trinitrate has some side effects. It causes headaches and hypotension – too low blood pressure. To avoid the occurrence of such unpleasant or dangerous events, nitroglycerine and every other drug has to be dosed very carefully. You can use our dosage calculator to make sure that you are treating your patient (or maybe yourself!) correctly.
- Head injuries – damage to a specific region of a human brain – rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), located in the brain stem, may cause pathologies of blood pressure. RVLM, through neural fibers of the autonomic nervous system, controls the speed of the heart rate, the force of its contraction and the level of contraction or dilation of arteries and veins. Even an increased intracranial pressure may manifest as the already mentioned Cushing’s triad: slow heartbeat, high mean arterial pressure and irregular breathing pattern. You can determine your patient’s heart rate by merely looking at the results of his ECG test. Check our ECG heart rate calculator to find a tool that will do all the math for you! You will also learn some tips and tricks to quickly evaluate someones heartbeat all by yourself.
- Dissecting abdominal aneurysm – a surgery procedure in which a doctor cuts out a weaker segment of the abdominal aorta, thus preventing it from bursting. This can save the patient from bleeding to death!
Comparing two blood pressure scenarios with the MAP calculator
Let’s assume you have two patients, one with the blood pressure measurement 110/40 and the second with a pressure 90/65. Which blood pressure is better?
Intuitively, we concentrate on the first number – the systolic blood pressure. If it was the only indicator, we would say that the first patient has a better blood pressure. But what happens if we calculate MAP?
MAP1 = 110/3 + 40 * 2/3 = 63.33 mmHg
MAP2 = 90/3 + 65 * 2/3 = 73.33 mmHg
The mean arterial pressure of the first patient is much lower and hence worse. This example shows that diastolic pressure plays a vital role in determining the health condition of the patient.
Hypertension – the high blood pressure
Although we monitor the mean arterial pressure mainly for fear of it dropping too much, the majority of people should worry instead about having a too high blood pressure – hypertension. As we have already mentioned, blood pressure is considered high when the systolic blood pressure is equal to or above 140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure is equal to or above 90 mm Hg.
Chronic hypertension leads to:
- heart attack;
- heart failure – when the heart is no longer able to pump blood against such high pressure in the arteries;
- vessel damage – high blood pressure may create aneurysms, an outward balloon-like bulging in walls of arteries. This can lead to a bursting of artery and internal bleeding;
- stroke – remember always to check your patient’s consciousness status!
- kidney failure;
- cognitive impairment.
About 20% of adults worldwide suffer from hypertension. According to WHO (World Health Organization), high blood pressure accounts for 9.4 million deaths every year. As you can see the danger is real. We should do whatever we can to save ourselves from developing a hypertension. We will give you several pieces of advice which will help you keep your blood pressure low.
You should routinely check your blood pressure, and, if it is high, consult a healthcare specialist. Luckily, there are also many ways, available for you right here and now, which can prevent and even treat hypertension:
- maintaining a healthy diet: reducing salt and saturated fats intake, eating many fruits and vegetables. Our BMI calculator will verify your weight and tell you whether you need to change it, while the calorie calculator may help you cut down the number of calories you are eating with your meals;
- avoiding alcohol and tobacco – our smoking recovery calculator will keep you motivated in dealing with addiction;
- exercising and practicing sports – at least 30 minutes a day, measure the effects with our burned calories calculator!
- remaining calm and avoiding stress;
We wish you a healthy and high blood pressure free life with Omni Calculator!
Why is mean arterial blood pressure important?
Many physicians consider mean arterial pressure to be a better measure of the effectiveness of blood reaching the organs than systolic blood pressure. This makes it quite helpful in diagnosis, as it can quickly rule out or in many pathologies.
Does high blood pressure mean you have clogged arteries?
Not necessarily, as there are many causes of increased blood pressure, but clogged arteries cannot be ruled out. If you are experiencing a constant high blood pressure, please consult a doctor as soon as possible.
What is mean arterial pressure used for?
Mean arterial pressure is used to assess the average pressure in someone’s arteries over one cardiac cycle and is a measure of how much blood is reaching the major organs. It is used extensively when treating patients with head injury, stroke, or sepsis.
How do you increase mean arterial pressure?
The two most common ways of increasing mean arterial pressure are to increase the total volume of blood, or to administer a drug that tightens the blood vessels, such as norepinephrine.
How do I lower mean arterial pressure?
Mean arterial pressure is usually lowered by increasing the radius of the blood vessels, usually with a drug. There are several different types of drugs, each working in a different way. If you have sustained high mean arterial pressure, please consult a doctor.
What happens to mean arterial pressure during exercise?
Mean arterial pressure increases slightly during exercise. While total cardiac output increases, raising pressure, the total resistance of the system decreases, reducing it. The result of these to cancelling effects is only a slight increase.
Are arterial blood pressure and mean arterial pressure different?
Yes, arterial blood pressure and mean arterial pressure are different. While arterial blood pressure can be either systolic or diastolic, referring to the phases of a heartbeat, the mean arterial pressure is the weighted average of these two measurements over a single beat.
Can mean arterial pressure equal ICP?
Mean arterial pressure can equal InterCranial Pressure (ICP), but this is a life threatening condition. This would mean that blood can no longer pass into the brain, starving the brain of blood, and potentially killing the patient.
How do I calculate mean pulmonary artery pressure?
- Measure the diastolic pulmonary artery pressure and systolic pulmonary artery pressure.
- Divide the systolic pulmonary artery pressure by 3.
- Multiply the diastolic pulmonary artery pressure by 2/3.
- Add the two results together, this is the mean pulmonary artery pressure.
Why is mean arterial pressure divided by 3?
Mean arterial pressure is not divided by 3, but the systolic and diastolic artery pressure are (although the diastolic is doubled first). This is because we want to average the pressure over both phases, and the diastolic phase is twice as long as the systolic phase.
Abnormal Heart Rhythms & Arrhythmia
Each year millions of people experience abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), which are common as we age. For most, a normal resting heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm). For athletic individuals, a normal resting heart rate may be as low as 40 to 60 bpm. Abnormal heart rhythms can be described as a heart beating too fast (above 100 bpm) or slow (below 60 bpm), a fluttering sensation in the chest area or the skipping of a heart beat. When electrical impulses in the heart become too fast, too slow, or irregular they cause the heart to beat irregularly.
Abnormal heart rhythms may cause the heart to pump blood inefficiently causing poor blood circulation in the body. As a result, less oxygen reaches other parts of the body and can cause organ damage. In most cases, abnormal heart rhythms are harmless, however, some cases may cause uncomfortable symptoms like dizziness, palpitations, pounding in the chest, fainting, shortness of breath, weakness, or fatigue. If some types of abnormal heart rhythms are left untreated, they may even cause sudden cardiac death.
Main types of arrhythmia include:
Bradycardia – The heart beats too slow, below 60 bpm. For athletic individuals, a normal resting heart rate can be below 60 bpm, and not cause problems. Bradycardia is caused by a disruption of the electrical impulses conducted by the heart. Aging, hypothermia, damage from a heart attack or heart disease, and other factors can contribute to the disruption of impulses.
Tachycardia – The heart beats too fast, above 100 bpm. Tachycardia is caused by a disruption of the electrical impulses conducted by the heart. Damage from a heart attack or heart disease, congenital heart disease, high blood pressure, smoking and other factors can contribute the disruption of impulses.
- Atrial or Supraventricular Tachycardias – Occurs either in the upper chambers (atria) or the middle region.
- Sinus Tachycardia – A correctly functioning heart with a faster heart rate.
- Ventricular Tachycardias – Occurs in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles), can be life-threatening.
Fibrillation – The heart quivers.
- Atrial Fibrillation – A manageable condition, a common abnormal heart rhythm.
- Ventricular Fibrillation – A life-threatening condition.
Premature Contraction – early heart beat.
- Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs) – Occurs in the upper chambers of the heart (atria).
- Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs) – Occurs in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles).
Abnormal heart rhythms can cause a wide-range of symptoms. Symptoms may include:
- Rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Sudden cardiac arrest, in severe cases
Follow Up Care
- If you smoke, quit.
- Limit alcohol and caffeine use.
We offer classes and support groups that focus on the how to care for your heart and vascular system.
Antiarrhythmic drugs can help correct an irregular or abnormal heartbeat. There are a wide variety of medications available for treatment. Our cardiologists have extensive experience in the use of drug therapy in the treatment of abnormal heart rhythms and can prescribe an appropriate medication. In many cases, abnormal heart rhythms cannot be cured with medication, but can be controlled. Your cardiologist and primary care physician play an important role in the regulation of this medication.
Follow Up Care
MemorialCare’s experienced staff provides follow-up care for abnormal heart rhythms. Follow up care may include:
Knowing your numbers – Oxford Kidney Unit
Blood Pressure (BP)
Monitor your blood pressure.
Some patients find monitoring their blood pressure at home helpful. If you would like some help with this, please ask.
Blood Pressure is given as two figures, for example 130/80 mmHg.
The first figure is the ‘systolic’, measuring the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart pumps.
The second figure is the ‘diastolic’ measuring the pressure in between heart beats.
- Good 130 – 140
- High 140 – 160
- Very high more than 160
- Good 70 – 90
- High 90 – 100
- Very high more than 100
This is a fat in your blood which can raise yourrisk of a heart attack. The lower your cholesterol level the better.
- Good 2 – 4
- OK 4 – 5
- High more than 5
If you have diabetes you blood sugar level will be measured using a test called HbA1c. This
shows how well controlled your blood sugar levels have been for the past 2-3 months.
- Good 6.5 – 7.5 percent
48 – 59 mmol/mol
- High 7.5 – 8.0 percent
59 – 64 mmol/mol
- Very high more than 8 percent
Kidney blood results
As well as eGFR there are other blood tests which give an idea of how well your kidneys are filtering waste products. It is important to understand how the results relate to your symptoms and your future planned care.
Please discuss any concerns with your team.
Potassium is a natural chemical or electrolyte which occurs in many foods. Very high levels can cause irregular heart rhythms and even cardiac arrest (stop your heart).
The dietitian will be able to advise you if you need to restrict foods containing potassium.
- Normal 3.5 – 5.0
- OK 5.1 – 6.0
- High 6.1 – 6.9
- Very high greater than 7
Creatinine is a breakdown product of normal muscle and meat in the diet. It is removed by the kidneys. This also shows the level of kidney function. The results can be affected by age and other factors.
- Normal less than 100
- Continuous monitoring 101 – 499
- High greater than 500
Phosphate is a mineral in food that can build up in the body. High levels can cause itching, and sore red eyes.
Long-term, high phosphate levels can cause brittle weak bones, muscle and joint pain, and may cause serious heart problems. Diet and medications can help.
- Normal less than 1.2
- OK 1.2 – 1.5
- High greater than 1.5
90,000 Low blood pressure is not as harmless as it seems
If your colleague or relative flares up like a match for any trifle, do not try to fight his obnoxious nature. Perhaps the person is pestered by hypotension, or low blood pressure.
Bringing hypotension out of balance is a piece of cake, because usually this is an excitable and irritable person. But someone will not even notice that his blood pressure is below normal, but for another it turns into sheer torment: lethargy, weakness, fatigue, insomnia and headache are pestering. Sometimes it sways when walking, it happens that there is not enough air or for no reason the heart begins to pound, the pulse quickens, and with a sharp change in the position of the body, it suddenly darkens in the eyes.
Hypotension can be a symptom of a wide variety of diseases – from pathology of the adrenal glands, gastrointestinal tract organs to diseases of the thyroid gland and osteochondrosis. There is evidence that up to 20% of the population of developed countries suffers from low blood pressure (BP).
Hypotension is quite often noted with a lack of vitamins E, C, B, B5.In addition, this condition may accompany some types of arrhythmias, allergic reactions, and poisoning. Often, hypotension, which is dangerous for the patient, occurs when certain types of pain relievers are used during abdominal operations.
What pressure is considered low? BP is below 90/60 in people under the age of 25-30 and below 105/65 for those who are already over 30. If you constantly have such pressure, then you have arterial hypotension. However, if you feel well, if there is no weakness and loss of strength, there is no need to take action, says Irena Karpova, a leading researcher at the Laboratory of Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease and Heart Failure of the Republican Scientific and Practical Center “Cardiology”, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor.
When all the “charms” of hypotension are present, you will have to try to cheer up. In the morning, and this is the most difficult time for hypotonic patients, a cup of strong coffee will not hurt.
But do not get carried away with this drink, drinking cup after cup. Coffee causes tachycardia, and sometimes interruptions in the work of the heart, warns Tatyana Nechesova, head of the arterial hypertension laboratory at the Republican Scientific and Practical Center “Cardiology”.
In addition, not only coffee can increase blood pressure, salty and fatty foods, in particular cheese, contribute to this. As a snack during the day, you can eat salted nuts. But not every day, but only occasionally, for example, on the way: salty food is insidious – its excess provokes the emergence of many diseases.
Dark chocolate, lemongrass, hot red tea can also raise blood pressure (cold hibiscus, on the contrary, lowers blood pressure).
Hypotonic patients often suffer from headaches. If this is due to the low tone of the cerebral arteries, then the person is plagued by aching pain in the temporoparietal region.If the tone of the venous vessels is lowered, usually in the morning there is a bursting pain in the occiput. Sometimes I even feel sick and dizzy. But as soon as the hypotonia begins to move, all these unpleasant symptoms and sensations disappear somewhere, and in the afternoon, the state of health improves significantly.
Primary arterial hypotension – the scourge of girls and women 20-40 years old, engaged in mental work. But it happens that hypotension occurs in children and adolescents. As a rule, its causes should be sought in heredity, recently transferred infectious diseases, violations of the regime of study and rest, conflict situations in the family and school.By the way, duodenitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, biliary dyskinesia in children can also be accompanied by hypotension. In addition, adolescent girls are undergoing hormonal changes, which can be accompanied by low blood pressure.
But if the doctor says that the child is absolutely healthy, besides, he has no dizziness or headaches, no medication efforts will have to be made to correct the condition. And if such symptoms are present, then at the time of feeling unwell, the pressure should be measured.Was it too low? Then brew strong green tea or herbs that regulate the tone of blood vessels for your son or daughter, offer to drink the juice of blueberries, blueberries, black currants. Vitamins that contain a small amount of Eleutherococcus are also useful. Check with your doctor, maybe your teenager should take a course of drugs to relieve dizziness.
Although hypotensive patients feel bad all year round, in summer it is especially hard for them. In our country at this time, hot weather is usually combined with high humidity, which creates a hypoxic effect of the atmosphere, and even a healthy person feels a lack of oxygen, explains Tatyana Nechesova.Elderly and meteosensitive people react most sharply to this (they are quite often hypotonic). Therefore, it is worth taking glycine on such days. You should always have this drug on hand, especially if you have to travel in a stuffy train or city transport. It is necessary to dissolve 2 tablets 3-4 times during the day. Glycine does not affect blood pressure levels, but it helps to better tolerate atmospheric changes. This medicine is especially effective before a thunderstorm and should be taken the day before and throughout the day.
But what to do on the other days? To stop nodding off, start by training the vessels – they are the reason for feeling unwell. Take a contrast shower in the morning with smooth transitions from warm to cold, do wipes and douches with water. Always end water treatments by rubbing the whole body with a hard towel.
If there are no contraindications, it is possible to train the vessels in the bath. Just do not abuse the steam room – more than 10 minutes can be dangerous for a person with low blood pressure.
Pressing on the acupuncture point, located at a distance of 2/3 of the upper lip to the nose, also helps to fight against low pressure. This restores balance and energizes. Press on this point with the tip of the thumb, directing the pressure upward.
Physio- and balneotherapy, which gives a sedative effect and regulates vascular tone, noticeably relieves hypotonia: a fan and circular shower, chloride baths, oxygen cocktails, electrophoresis on the collar zone, etc.And drugs are prescribed only when non-drug treatments for hypotension have been exhausted.
Many have noticed more than once that hypotonic people love to sleep very much, therefore they are often called sleepyheads. If a healthy person needs at least 7 hours to get enough sleep, then the hypotonia is 9-12, then he feels much better. But here, too, there are laws. Waking up, a person with low pressure should lie down for a while, wave his arms and legs, and then slowly sit on the bed. After a while, get up just as slowly to avoid dizziness and morning fainting.
Morning exercises, walking for short distances, cycling, swimming, sports games that do not require excessive physical effort are useful for hypotonic patients. However, when doing morning exercises, avoid sudden movements and turns of the head.
Over the years, some hypotensive patients become hypertensive. Hypertension, which has passed from hypotension, has the most severe course and is the least responsive to conventional antihypertensive therapy. But there is good news as well. There is clinical experimental evidence that chronic hypotension inhibits the development of atherosclerosis.
90,000 “What does blood pressure mean 100 to 60 mm Hg? and what if it fell? ” – Yandex.Qu
Every second experienced a decrease in blood pressure. More often, a similar phenomenon occurs in adolescents and during pregnancy, but there are exceptions. Do I need to panic if the pressure is 100 to 60 – what does this mean and in what cases should I see a doctor?
Qualified doctors will help you answer these questions.
Blood pressure: concept, norm
One of the most important indicators is blood pressure.But in modern medicine, only one type of it is most often measured – blood pressure, or blood pressure. According to its indicators, one can judge the state of the vessels and the general health of the patient.
To determine blood pressure, doctors record 2 types of it:
- systolic – the upper value showing the level of pressure during the contraction of the heart muscle;
- diastolic – the lower indicator indicating the state of the vessels during relaxation of the heart.
There are no strict guidelines for blood pressure.However, 120/80 indicators are recognized as the benchmark for people over 17 years old. But this is just a convention. So, many doctors consider a pressure of 100 to 60 acceptable, provided that the subject feels normal, vigorous and active. Such indicators can also be a symptom of serious pathologies that require immediate medical attention.
Read about the variety of blood pressure and pulse monitors here.
What does it mean if blood pressure dropped to 100 by 60 mm Hg.Art.?
A decrease in indicators to such a level in most cases is considered a variant of the norm. After all, the pulse pressure is within acceptable limits. But for some patients, these numbers are abnormal. Therefore, if suddenly there was a decrease in values and a pressure of 100 to 60, what should be done to ask the doctor. In this case, it is worth considering the presence of dangerous factors that can provoke hypotension:
- inflammation of internal organs;
- various ailments of the cardiovascular profile;
- previous head injury;
- serious allergic reaction;
90,061 blood diseases;
90,061 violations of vascular elasticity;
Be careful: lowering blood pressure during pregnancy is especially dangerous! Therefore, if the expectant mother has a pressure of 100 to 60, what does this mean – the doctor must find out! After all, such indicators indicate a deterioration in blood circulation, which can lead to hypoxia and miscarriage.
In some situations, a decrease in indicators was provoked by relatively safe reasons:
- lack of a balanced work and rest regime;
- active sports.
90,061 stressful situations;
90,061 alcohol consumption;
90,061 taking certain medications (antidepressants, diuretics, drugs for hypertension, etc.)etc.)
If the pressure is 100 to 60, it is better to focus on the accompanying symptoms. Hypotension is often accompanied by weakness, nausea (up to vomiting), headache, fainting. Such signs require the attention of doctors, especially if you have previously been injured.
Note: if the pressure is 100 to 60 – what is it – will help to understand the pulse. After all, heart rate (HR) is considered an important diagnostic sign for hypotension.
If the pulse is normal
Lack of compensation for low blood pressure by increased work of the heart usually occurs during the period of active growth in adolescents, during acclimatization, or in persons for whom hypotension is a natural state. But there are also exceptions.
The normal pulse in an adult fluctuates between 60–90 beats per minute. A decrease or increase in performance can both indicate the presence of problems, and be the result of stress, overwork, etc.Therefore, if the pressure is 100 to 60 at a pulse of 60, what does this mean is a moot point. In most cases, such indicators are the norm. But if you do not feel well, you should see a doctor.
Many people mistakenly believe that tachycardia with a decrease in blood pressure is a pathology. But it is not always the case. In most cases, an increase in heart rate is normal. For example, during pregnancy, an accelerated heartbeat is a consequence of an increase in blood volume, etc.But if the pressure is 100 to 60, the pulse is 100, what does this mean – the accompanying symptoms will help to understand:
- nausea and vomiting – typical for heat strokes, overheating;
- fever is a sign of an inflammatory process;
- severe headache – may indicate hemorrhage;
- weakness, fainting – profuse blood loss, shock.
If during pregnancy the pressure is 100 to 60, the pulse is 100, only a qualified doctor can determine what to do.It is possible to determine the severity of the condition of the expectant mother by the intensity of signs of toxicosis. If his symptoms worsen (severe vomiting, the appearance of edema in the upper parts of the body, photopsia, etc.), you should undergo additional examination!
Do not focus only on blood pressure and heart rate indicators: it is important to take into account additional symptoms. If your health has noticeably deteriorated, and low blood pressure is not the norm, it is better to consult a doctor.
Is this condition dangerous?
If the blood pressure is 100 to 60, what this means should be found out, taking into account the person’s well-being.Modern doctors recognize that such indicators are not critical and in most cases are considered the norm.
But to assess the patient’s status, it is important to take into account not only the current values, but also such moments:
- Results of previous surveys. If earlier blood pressure was 120 to 80, and then suddenly dropped, it is worth conducting additional research.
- The presence of concomitant symptoms. If the patient complains of nausea, fever, frequent fainting, dizziness, migraine or feeling unwell, you should make sure that there are no serious health problems.
- A detailed analysis of the circumstances of the drop in indicators: the presence of injuries, taking medications, stressful situations, travel – everything is important for the diagnosis.
If you feel unwell and your blood pressure suddenly drops to 100 to 60, what to do will be determined by the doctor. After all, abrupt deviations from the norm are a dangerous sign that requires the attention of professionals.
What to do, how to raise?
If the decrease in blood pressure occurred sharply, provoked by trauma, or is accompanied by such severe symptoms as severe migraine, loss of consciousness, impaired coordination of movements, pain in the heart, you should immediately consult a doctor.When signs of malaise are insignificant or absent altogether, it is worth taking the following measures:
- drink a cup of green tea or coffee;
- eat bread with honey, lightly sprinkled with cinnamon;
- take a contrast shower;
- perform breathing exercises;
- in the cold season, it is permissible to dissolve a pinch of salt;
- in the heat it is worth drinking clean water, since a decrease in indicators may be caused by dehydration;
- take specialized medications (Strofantin, Norepinephrine, etc.)but only if approved by your doctor.
Be careful: do not take pharmacy drugs without permission.
Interesting information about self-massage with hypotension can be found in the following video:
- When the pressure is 100 to 60, how to raise – the doctor will determine!
- If a decrease in blood pressure is not accompanied by dangerous symptoms and causes only mild discomfort, then you can use the means at hand.
- If an attack was preceded by an injury or your health has deteriorated sharply – contact your doctor. After all, such symptoms may indicate dangerous pathologies that require urgent medical attention.
Arterial hypertension – Murmansk city children’s polyclinic №1
The material was developed by the Russian Medical Society for Arterial Hypertension (RMOAG)
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION: HOW TO RECOGNIZE IT?
Arterial hypertension is a widespread disease in the world.In Russia, over 40% of men and women suffer from arterial hypertension. Mortality from complications of arterial hypertension is increasing. Thus, in Russia, morbidity and mortality from such a formidable complication of arterial hypertension as cerebral stroke remain one of the highest in the world. At the same time, the awareness of our patients about the symptoms and complications of this disease is insufficient for its early detection.
Insufficient awareness of arterial hypertension leads to an underestimation of the severity of this disease, to low referral to doctors at an early stage of the disease, when serious complications can still be avoided.All this together, unfortunately, leads to insufficiently effective treatment: it is possible to normalize the level of blood pressure only in 17% of women suffering from this disease, and in men this figure is even lower – less than 6%!
Therefore, in order to defeat a disease, it is necessary to have knowledge about the causes of its occurrence, manifestations and ways of dealing with it.
Increased blood pressure is the main manifestation of arterial hypertension. A single increase in blood pressure after emotional stress, hard physical work and some other influences does not mean that arterial hypertension has developed.Only with a steady and prolonged increase in blood pressure, doctors talk about the disease of arterial hypertension. Arterial hypertension is a chronic disease.
Blood pressure is characterized by two indicators: upper – systolic pressure is determined by the effort with which, when the heart contracts, the blood presses on the walls of large arteries. Lower – diastolic blood pressure corresponds to the relaxation of the heart when the pressure of blood inside the arteries decreases.
The presence of arterial hypertension is evidenced by the level of arterial pressure over 140/90 mm Hg. These limits apply to adults of both sexes.
In the majority of patients (90-95%), arterial hypertension is a primary disease, which is called “essential hypertension” in our country, and is called “essential hypertension” abroad. In hypertension, an increase in blood pressure is not associated with primary damage to any organs.An important role in the development of hypertension is assigned to the overstrain of the main nervous processes. Hypertension is a chronic disease. A prolonged increase in blood pressure as a result of complex changes in the body leads to a dysregulation of the heart and an increase in the thickness of the smooth muscles of blood vessels, their spasm, which in turn leads to malnutrition of such important organs as the brain, heart and kidneys.
According to the level of blood pressure (BP), 3 degrees of hypertension are distinguished:
- 1 degree (mild hypertension) – BP 140-159 / 90-99 mm.rt. Art.
- 2nd degree (moderate) – AD 160-179 / 100-109 mm. rt. Art.
- Grade 3 (heavy) – AP equal to or exceeding 180/110 mm. rt. Art.
1 degree of hypertension, also called “mild” form, is by no means harmless. This form of the disease is the most common: about 70% of patients suffer from it, and it is in such patients that the risk of developing cerebral strokes increases 2-4 times compared to the risk in people with normal blood pressure.
Therefore, the attitude towards 1 and 2 degrees of hypertension should be vigilant and no less serious than about 3 degrees.
Often, at 1 and 2 degrees of hypertension, patients underestimate the severity of the disease, do not know what subjective sensations should be paid attention to. The disease gradually progresses. At first, there is only a tendency to increase blood pressure, its increase may be unstable, but over time, if the disease is not treated, blood pressure becomes very stable and causes severe disturbances in the state of internal organs.
As already mentioned, the most common cause of arterial hypertension is hypertension. However, in some patients, arterial hypertension is a consequence of a disease of a number of organs, i.e. an increase in blood pressure is a secondary manifestation against the background of the initial damage to the kidneys (for example, with their inflammation), arteries that supply the kidneys (with their narrowing), as well as with dysfunction of some endocrine organs (adrenal glands, thyroid gland).
This form of arterial hypertension is called symptomatic or secondary.Identification of the true cause of the disease and proper treatment in such cases can lead to complete recovery and normalization of blood pressure.
For the timely detection of arterial hypertension, it is necessary to know what its manifestations are, or, as doctors say, the symptoms.
The manifestations of the central nervous system and heart are most characteristic of high blood pressure.
Frequent neurotic symptoms are headache, fatigue, nervousness, irritability, and poor sleep.
With a prolonged course of the disease, changes occur in the heart, which are manifested by attacks of pain in the region of the heart, palpitations, disturbances in the rhythm of the heart, shortness of breath. Heart failure develops.
It should also be remembered that with an increase in blood pressure, nosebleeds may occur, therefore, if they recur, it is imperative to measure blood pressure and consult a doctor.
Headache, usually in the occipital region, often accompanies high blood pressure.In some cases, the severity of the headache increases with the increase in blood pressure. However, it also happens that patients, even with high blood pressure, do not feel a headache and feel well, which makes it difficult to identify the disease. It depends on the characteristics of the psychological makeup of the person and on the gradual adaptation to the disease.
Therefore, you should be attentive to your feelings, but you cannot rely only on them: regular visits to a doctor and blood pressure control will allow you to detect arterial hypertension in time.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION: WHAT PROVIDES ITS DEVELOPMENT?
At present, numerous circumstances and influences are known that, to one degree or another, determine the level of human health, the state of his cardiovascular system.
Doctors often talk about “risk factors” when talking to patients. These are the features of the body, life and behavior of a person that can contribute to the development of arterial hypertension or other cardiovascular diseases.
Everyone should be aware of the most serious risk factors, as he can influence some of them on his own or with the help of a doctor and thereby reduce the risk of arterial hypertension and its complications.
Let’s discuss some of the most important risk factors for the development of arterial hypertension.
Heredity, i.e. the presence of arterial hypertension in parents can contribute to the development of arterial hypertension in children, therefore, it is always necessary to inform the attending physician about the disease in the family.At the same time, if parents suffer from arterial hypertension, this does not mean that their children will also develop arterial hypertension without fail. Hereditary predisposition can manifest itself under the influence of other environmental factors.
If the family suffers from cardiovascular diseases, it is important to pay attention to the age when they manifested themselves: adversely (as risk factors) these diseases are affected at the age of 65 years in women and up to 55 years in men.
A person’s reaction to psychoemotional stress, his lifestyle also affect the development of arterial hypertension.
Thus, long-term chronic stress (overstrain of the nervous system), negative emotions associated with troubles at work or at home – all this can contribute to the development of arterial hypertension. It is especially unfavorable if the stressful situation is repeated frequently and for a long time. In people predisposed to the development of arterial hypertension, repeated stressful increases in blood pressure (BP) can turn into a chronic disease – hypertension.
An overweight person contributes to an increase in blood pressure: there is a direct relationship between the patient’s weight and the level of blood pressure. The risk of developing arterial hypertension increases 2-6 times in obese people! Weight gain by 10 kg leads to an increase in blood pressure by 2 – 3 mm Hg!
In obese people, high cholesterol levels are often detected in the blood. It is necessary for the normal functioning of the body, but when the level of total cholesterol rises above 5 mmol / liter, its excess can be deposited in the walls of blood vessels, and the content in the blood of more than 6.5 mmol / liter leads to adverse consequences.
People leading a sedentary, sedentary lifestyle are 20-50% more likely to develop arterial hypertension than active people involved in physical training.
Smoking is a serious risk factor. Smoking is the most widespread bad habit in Russia among men, among whom 63% smoke. Among young women, one in four smokes. The cause of death of every third smoker is heart and vascular diseases!
Gustatory habits should also be taken into account.
Numerous scientific studies have found that excessive consumption of table salt leads to an increase in blood pressure. Thus, Academician V.V. Parin cited the dependence of the height of blood pressure on the salt consumed by the indigenous inhabitants of Greenland and Japan: among Greenlanders who consumed up to 4 g of salt per day, blood pressure was within the normal range, and among the Japanese, whose diet included up to 15 g of salt BP was 170/100 mm Hg. Art.
These compelling observations make you think and draw conclusions!
An increase in blood pressure or its significant fluctuations equally affect the state of human organs, causing serious changes in them.The most vulnerable organs (target organs) in patients with arterial hypertension are the heart, brain, kidneys and blood vessels. The vulnerability of these organs in different patients is not the same: in some, cerebral circulation suffers to a greater extent, in others – the vessels of the heart.
The severity of the course of arterial hypertension depends on the defeat of these organs. If you do not control the blood pressure level, do not pay attention to its increased indicators and do not follow the doctor’s recommendations for lowering blood pressure, serious complications from the heart, brain, blood vessels of the eyes and kidneys may occur.
Heart: overstrain of the heart muscle against the background of arterial hypertension can lead to an increase in its mass – hypertrophy, which increases the risk of cardiac arrhythmias. The blood supply to the heart muscle deteriorates, cholesterol plaques are deposited in the heart (coronary) vessels, their lumen becomes narrower, ischemic heart disease develops, which is manifested by attacks of angina pectoris, myocardial infarction may develop. Weakening of the heart muscle leads to the development of heart failure.
Brain: high arterial hypertension (BP 189/105 mm Hg and above) or hypertensive crises can lead to acute disorders of cerebral circulation – cerebral hemorrhage.
Eyes: fundus haemorrhages can also occur, which can lead to loss of vision.
Kidneys: with prolonged course of arterial hypertension, renal function decreases, renal failure develops.
This is just a short list of the main complications of arterial hypertension, which strikes the vital organs.
This prospect is daunting. That is why the patient must know how insidious arterial hypertension is, must realize its consequences, and armed with knowledge can and must fight it, and doctors will help to minimize those formidable complications that we talked about.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION: HOW TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE LEVEL CORRECTLY?
You have already familiarized yourself with the causes of arterial hypertension and know what the main symptoms of this disease are.
It should be borne in mind that each patient’s arterial hypertension can proceed differently. So, in some cases, the so-called white coat hypertension is observed, that is, increased blood pressure figures are detected only when blood pressure (BP) is measured by medical workers, and at home, the blood pressure level does not exceed normal values. It is impossible to ignore such fluctuations in blood pressure, since in the future they can contribute to the development of complications.
In the majority of patients, blood pressure remains steadily elevated – “stable” (persistent) hypertension develops.
Some patients may experience hypertensive crises – a sharp increase in blood pressure, which may be accompanied by increased headache, nausea, sometimes dizziness, palpitations. In such cases, emergency care and medical supervision are required.
It is very important for all patients suffering from arterial hypertension to control their blood pressure level, to contact medical professionals in a timely manner or learn how to measure it on their own.
Monitoring of blood pressure is necessary for the timely detection of arterial hypertension, fluctuations in blood pressure, hypertensive crises, as well as to monitor the correctness of treatment.
Reliable results when measuring blood pressure can be obtained by observing the basic rules regarding not only the device for measuring blood pressure, but also the patient himself and his environment.
Before starting blood pressure measurement, the patient must sit for at least 5 minutes. in a relaxed state in a comfortable chair with support on its back, legs should be relaxed and not crossed. The patient should not wear tight, pressing clothing. It is not recommended to talk while measuring blood pressure.Blood pressure should be measured successively 2-3 times at intervals of 1-2 minutes after the cuff has completely bled. The average of two or three measurements taken on one arm reflects blood pressure more accurately than a single measurement.
The arm with the cuff on the shoulder should be bare and motionless, and should be placed on the table next to the chair. The middle of the arm cuff should be at the same level as the patient’s heart. Deviation from this position can lead to a false measurement of blood pressure (overestimation of blood pressure when the cuff is below the level of the heart and an underestimation of blood pressure – above the level of the heart).It is advisable to measure blood pressure 2 times a day at the same time (morning and evening) at least after 30 minutes. after physical exertion, smoking, eating, drinking tea or coffee.
It is advisable to record the results of measuring blood pressure in a personal diary (for this you can use an ordinary notebook) in order to coordinate the treatment with your doctor later.
The patient’s environment should be calm and quiet when measuring blood pressure. The room should be warm (about 21 C), i.e.because low air temperature can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Patients suffering from arterial hypertension, it is advisable to purchase an apparatus for measuring blood pressure (tonometer) and be able to independently control its level. When measuring blood pressure at home, you can estimate its value on different days in everyday life. Blood pressure can be controlled by devices with a “manual” method of measurement. It is based on the method of listening to tones on the ulnar vessels (this method was proposed by N.S. Korotkov and is the most accurate).At home, semi-automatic or automatic blood pressure monitors are convenient. An important factor affecting the quality of self-monitoring of blood pressure is the use of instruments that meet accuracy standards. You should not purchase tonometers without documents confirming their compliance with accepted standards.
At present, automatic devices for daily registration of blood pressure during periods of wakefulness and sleep are widely used in cardiological clinics and dispensaries. 24-hour blood pressure monitoring data more accurately reflect the relationship between blood pressure and changes in vital organs in comparison with single blood pressure measurements.
The use of this method allows at home to identify the aforementioned white coat hypertension, as well as to record drops and fluctuations in blood pressure not only during the day, but also at night. Daily monitoring of blood pressure helps doctors to assess the effectiveness of treatment for arterial hypertension with particular accuracy.
A patient suffering from arterial hypertension must be aware of how this disease proceeds in him, must be able to correctly control the blood pressure level and, if necessary, consult a doctor in a timely manner.
METHODS FOR PREVENTION OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION.
It is very important for patients with arterial hypertension to consult a doctor in a timely manner to decide on the correct choice of a drug. However, it should be remembered that the success of treatment depends not only on the doctor. Patients often ask the question whether there are methods for the prevention of arterial hypertension, can the patient himself actively participate in the treatment process?
In the prevention of arterial hypertension, an important role in some cases is assigned to ways of overcoming arterial hypertension without the use of drugs, that is, non-drug methods of treatment.
In the first place, such approaches are recommended for the prevention of an increase in blood pressure, especially in those cases when, when measuring, the blood pressure level is just beginning to exceed the threshold of normal values (130/85 mm Hg), that is, when the hypertension is not yet fully manifested. If, in case of accidental measurement or overwork after a busy working day, blood pressure reaches 130-139 / 85-89 mm Hg. Art is a good reason to draw attention to yourself and think about what features of the established lifestyle and ingrained habits can lead to the development of hypertension in the future.
The use of non-pharmacological approaches is especially important for individuals with existing concomitant risk factors for cardiovascular complications. This, as we already well know, is the age and gender of patients: men over 55 years old and women over 65 years old, high blood cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle.
In addition, it should be remembered that non-drug methods can and should be used not only for the prevention of the development of arterial hypertension: they are recommended for all patients, regardless of the severity of arterial hypertension and concomitant drug treatment, since they are aimed not only at preventing the development of arterial hypertension. hypertension, but also to enhance the effect of drugs already taken, to reduce the amount of drugs taken.
The answer to the question of what range of measures cover non-drug ways of overcoming arterial hypertension lies in the concept of a person’s “lifestyle”, which includes a lifestyle, and attitude towards oneself and others, established habits and addictions.
Compliance with the recommendations for a healthy lifestyle requires the patient to reconsider and overcome the usual daily routine, to show willpower. First of all, this is a change in the quality of life: you need to force yourself to give up a sedentary lifestyle and bad habits.Patients with high blood pressure are not recommended to work on the night shift, noisy environment, work associated with frequent business trips, psychoemotional overload. The correct daily routine provides for a reduction in the time of working with a computer, refusal to watch TV programs for a long time, and a full night’s sleep.
Increased physical activity plays an important role. Regular exercise is beneficial for both preventing high blood pressure and treating hypertension. In untrained persons with normal blood pressure, leading a sedentary lifestyle, the risk of developing arterial hypertension is 20-50% higher than in those who lead a more active lifestyle.Meanwhile, exercise, even if it is moderate, can lower blood pressure by 5-10 mm Hg. Art. Low-intensity aerobic exercise helps lower blood pressure. Such soft loads as brisk walking, swimming for 30-45 minutes. 3-5 times a week, more physiological than intense forms of exercise, such as running. So-called static isometric loads, such as barbell exercises, are not recommended. It is important to know that carrying and lifting weights can increase blood pressure.
You should be aware that the appearance of shortness of breath during physical training, pain in the chest, in the region of the heart, interruptions in the work of the heart requires an immediate cessation of exertion and a visit to a doctor. The method of physical activity and the increase in physical activity must be agreed with the doctor and the physical therapy methodologist.
In addition to physical activity, dietary nutrition also plays an important role in improving lifestyle. A prerequisite for proper nutrition is a regular meal, at least 4 times a day.Do not gorge on before bed. Dinner should be no later than 2 hours before bedtime. A late dinner activates the digestive glands, blood moves to the abdominal organs, which can disrupt a full night’s rest and lead to respiratory failure, heavy dreams, and an excess of unused calories leads to obesity. As a rule, overweight people are more likely to suffer from arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis of the vessels of the heart and brain, they can develop diabetes mellitus early enough, the spine, joints of the arms and legs suffer.
The deposition of fat in the abdomen is especially unfavorable for the body (the human figure resembles an apple): this type of obesity is itself a risk factor. Weight loss contributes to a decrease in blood pressure in most patients with hypertension, whose body weight is more than 10% more than normal. Persons with arterial hypertension who are overweight are recommended to consume a sufficient amount of vegetables (500-600 g per day) and fruits – 300 g per day (with the exception of bananas, grapes, figs), the inclusion of low-fat cottage cheese, lean meats and fishes.With high blood pressure and with a tendency to edema, try to limit fluid intake (water, tea, soup, fruit juices) to 1-1.2 liters per day. It is recommended to drink only those fruit juices and waters that are produced without added sugar.
Eliminate premium flour products from your diet. Significantly limit sweets (candies, cakes, ice cream) – these foods are converted into fats in the body. Limit animal fats, cook food in vegetable oil. It is advisable to replace fatty beef and pork in the diet with poultry meat (chicken, turkey), removing fat and skin during processing (they contain a lot of cholesterol).Include seafood more often in your diet, increase the consumption of fish, especially seafood.
Particular attention should be paid to dietary restrictions on table salt. It was found that a decrease in salt (sodium chloride) intake from 10 to 4.5 g / day (teaspoon without top) leads to a decrease in systolic (upper) blood pressure by 4-5 mm Hg. Overweight patients and the elderly are especially sensitive to a decrease in salt intake: limiting salt to 2 g / day leads to a significant decrease in the number of pills that lower blood pressure, which these patients have taken earlier.In order to limit salt, it is recommended to cook food without salt (2-3 grams is found in food), and the finished dish can be slightly salted. You can also use reduced sodium salt, which is available in pharmacies and health stores.
When setting a goal to modify your diet, you should adhere to the following important principle: try to eat more fruits and vegetables rich in potassium (dried fruits are rich in them) and magnesium (bran, buckwheat and oatmeal, nuts, beans).
It should be remembered that the change in the nature of the diet must become permanent: short-term dietary measures will not lead to the desired result.
Combining diet with regular exercise is an effective way to prevent arterial hypertension, an important part of the treatment of patients with hypertension, especially in the initial stages of the disease.
Improvement in lifestyle is also associated with the abandonment of certain habits, called “bad”.
First of all, this is smoking, it 2-3 times increases the risk of coronary heart disease and cerebral stroke in persons with arterial hypertension. Quitting smoking is one of the most effective ways to reduce the risk in hypertensive patients, an integral part of measures to prevent cardiovascular complications.
Regular excessive alcohol consumption leads to an increase in blood pressure, especially in people for whom this bad habit is the norm. However, in recent years, scientists have found that moderate alcohol consumption, especially in combination with reducing excess weight, reduces the risk of cardiovascular complications.It has been shown that countries that traditionally consume natural wine (for example, France) have a low mortality rate from diseases of the heart and blood vessels. According to scientists, it is permissible to consume alcohol in an amount of up to 20-30 g of pure ethanol per day for men (which corresponds to 50-60 ml of vodka, 200-250 ml of dry wine, 500-600 ml of beer), and for women – half of this dose … In healthy people, these doses prevent the development of atherosclerosis and help normalize blood pressure. But it should be borne in mind that the tolerance of even moderate amounts of alcohol is individual and these recommendations are not acceptable for everyone.It is important to remember that exceeding the indicated amounts is fraught with serious consequences, especially for those who suffer from hypertension and associated complications. Those who are being treated for hypertension should also remember that alcohol and many drugs that lower blood pressure are incompatible.
For those who are seriously thinking about their lifestyle and want to change it, it is important to know that when you combine measures such as weight loss, regular exercise, limiting salt and alcohol consumption, their effectiveness increases and the chances of not getting hypertension increase and avoid its formidable complications.
However, when starting a complex of non-drug methods of prevention and treatment of arterial hypertension, you must clearly understand that your efforts should not be short-term measures. The effect can only be achieved with regular and long-term implementation of these methods.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION: WHEN AND WHOM SHOULD THE MEDICINE COME TO HELP?
Treatment of patients with high blood pressure is aimed at lowering it and maintaining it at a level less than 140/90 mm Hg.Art., to improve well-being and improve performance, and most importantly, to reduce the likelihood of developing serious complications: cerebral stroke and myocardial infarction.
The development of serious complications in patients with high blood pressure depends not only on its level, but also on the presence of risk factors, damage to target organs (we talked about this earlier), as well as on some concomitant diseases: cerebral vessels, heart disease (angina , heart failure), kidney (especially kidney damage in diabetes), from the severity of damage to blood vessels supplying the eyes (fundus), as well as leg arteries.
It is important to understand that only a doctor can correctly assess when and to whom the prescription of drugs is indicated in order to avoid cardiovascular complications in the future. The doctor relies not only on his own experience, but also on recommendations developed by experts, which take into account the results of treatment and long-term follow-up of hundreds and even thousands of patients with arterial hypertension. According to these recommendations, not only the level of blood pressure is taken into account, but also the above-mentioned concomitant diseases, which together makes it possible to judge the level of risk of stroke or myocardial infarction in the next 10 years.The risk level can be low, medium, or high.
However, the threat of complications can be prevented. The joint efforts of the patient and the doctor in the fight against this ailment are not in vain and not hopeless, as evidenced by numerous international studies on measures to prevent the possible risk of complications in arterial hypertension.
Modern medicines come to the rescue.
The decision on the tactics of treatment, that is, on the use of only non-drug measures (about changing the lifestyle) or the need to add drugs and, most importantly, the choice of the drug itself is a serious decision that only a doctor can make.
At a high risk of vascular complications, drugs that lower blood pressure are immediately prescribed. If necessary, medications are prescribed for concomitant diseases, on which the prognosis also depends. It is especially important to prescribe drugs that reduce high blood sugar, excess fat in the blood (in cases where these indicators are increased), some patients are prescribed drugs to normalize blood clotting and avoid thrombosis.
For patients with a low risk of complications, the doctor recommends observation (from 3 to 12 months) before deciding on the need for drug therapy.
As you can see, the approach to each patient is individual and only the experience and knowledge of the doctor allows you to make the right decision.
It should be remembered that taking medications should not lead to a rapid and sharp decrease in blood pressure. In patients who suffer from arterial hypertension for a long time, a sharp decrease in blood pressure (by 25-30% or more from the initial level) with concomitant atherosclerosis of the cerebral vessels, which is detected in 1/3 of patients with arterial hypertension, can impair the blood supply to this vital organ, which is serious will affect the well-being and condition of the patient.It is especially important to take this into account in patients who have suffered a stroke or myocardial infarction.
When starting treatment with a drug that is new for a given patient, doctors recommend using low doses of these drugs in order to reduce some of the adverse effects. Only under the condition of good tolerance and insufficient decrease in blood pressure, the doctor may increase the dose of the drug.
The question often arises: should I take one drug at the maximum dose or add a second drug? To date, it has been established that a combination of low or medium doses of two (and, if necessary, three) drugs with different mechanisms of action is more effective.This approach leads to a greater decrease in blood pressure and to better tolerability of drugs, since taking lower doses of each drug can reduce some of its unwanted manifestations.
For many years, for the treatment of hypertension, patients were prescribed drugs that had to be taken 3-4 times a day, since the duration of their action usually did not exceed four hours. When the effect of the drug expired, blood pressure could rise again if the patient forgot to take the next dose of the drug.It is important to know that short-acting drugs (for example, clonidine), which lower blood pressure after 10-15 minutes, but do not retain the achieved effect for a long time, are good as an emergency aid for hypertensive crisis, but are not suitable for long-term therapy.
In recent years, new long-acting drugs have been developed that provide a proper decrease in blood pressure within 24 hours with a single daily intake. Such drugs allow you to avoid a drop in blood pressure during the day due to a mild and long-lasting effect, and for forgetful and busy patients, they simplify adherence to the medication regimen.
On the packaging of long-acting drugs there are usually ER, SR, LP signs, and such capsules, dragees or coated tablets cannot be broken (in the absence of a special notch) and chewed, but should be swallowed whole, otherwise the effectiveness of the drug is impaired. It is recommended to take them at the same time: in the morning or in the evening, the time of admission is determined by the doctor.
90,000 Pressure: norm by age, table
Blood pressure: Pixabay
Blood pressure, the rate of which everyone knows from school, is an important indicator of health.It is necessary to monitor indicators not only in old age: alarm bells can occur in the prime of life. Study the norm and deviations from it to always be fully armed.
Pressure: the norm, what is it
First of all, let’s figure out what is hidden behind the name blood pressure (BP), how dangerous is its increase or decrease. Many of my patients know that it is important to control blood pressure. I advise you to pay attention to its indicators and in case of deviation from the norm, contact a medical institution for qualified help.
So, blood pressure (or arterial) is the effect of a red liquid on its system. In simple terms, this is the force with which the blood presses on the capillaries, arteries and veins of the whole body. The unit of measurement of pressure has been known since school, from physics lessons. These are millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
The norm of hemoglobin in children and adults
Pressure on the vascular wall: Lyubimova Z.V., Marinova K.V. Biology. Man and his health. 8th grade. – M.: Vlados, 2012 .– 255 p.
The pressure of a person, the rate of which is familiar to many, is determined in all vessels. However, it can be measured only in the arteries and with the help of a special device – a tonometer.
Normal human pressure is an imprecise concept. It can be measured only in a state of complete rest. Also, the pressure should be measured on both hands at short intervals (5-10 minutes). My colleagues are talking about this in the article.
Pressure measurement: Kolosov D.V., Mash R.D., Belyaev I.N. Biology. Human. 8th grade. – M .: Bustard, 2003 .– 157 p.
HELL is indicated in two indicators – upper and lower. The first parameter shows how hard the heart delivers blood to the arteries when the muscle contracts. It is influenced by several factors, including the volume of the ventricle, the elongation of the aortic walls, and the heart rate.
Lower pressure is the parameter at which the heart muscle is relaxed. The number is always less than the top one. The indicator is influenced by the frequency of heart contraction, patency of arteries, elasticity of blood vessels.This is what WebMD specialists are talking about as well.
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From time immemorial it was believed that normal pressure is a parameter of 120/80. The ranges have now expanded slightly. So, the pressure rate depends on many components.
In a healthy person, blood pressure remains within the normal range. There are some changes, but they are insignificant, they practically do not affect well-being and health. Sometimes the pressure rises sharply. Based on practical experience, I note that this often happens in situations such as:
- stress, emotional stress;
- alcohol intoxication;
- physical overvoltage;
- change in weather conditions.
Also, blood pressure, the rate of which is determined individually, is influenced by certain diseases and other factors.
Pressure: norm by age, table, symptoms of abnormalities
You already know what pressure is normal (120/80). However, minor deviations are also considered acceptable. For example, pressure 110 to 70 and 130 to 90 are also included in the concept of normal. In my practice, there have often been cases when patients felt great with low or high blood pressure.We are all individuals.
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Medical workers have determined what the pressure should be. The pressure table looks like this:
Pressure rates: Nur.kz
To understand the pressure rates for you, it is important to study blood pressure in the morning and in the evening for several days. Confirmation of my words can be found in the article of colleagues.
Tonometer: Lyubimova Z.V., Marinova K.V. Biology. Man and his health. 8th grade.- M .: Vlados, 2012 .– 255 p.
Human pressure depends not only on the specifics of the organism, but also on gender, age. Let me give you an example. The pressure in children under 7 years old in most cases reaches 90/55 mm. If the upper indicator is increased, this may indicate the presence or predisposition to hypertension.
After 7 years, the indicators start to rise slowly. The average human pressure increases every year. By the age of 16, the indicators are equated to the norms of an adult. It becomes clear that normal blood pressure at the age of 17 and older is 110/70–130/90.
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What is the rate of pressure by age? The blood pressure table will help you figure it out:
Pressure norm by age: Nur.kz
People often have high blood pressure. The norm or deviations are determined using a tonometer. However, there are some signs that can help you understand that something is wrong with the pressure. In my practice, the following symptoms have happened:
- With low blood pressure, one usually feels weakness, a feeling of fatigue, dizziness, headache in the occipital region.
- With increased blood pressure, usually the head hurts or is dizzy, the face turns red, there is nausea, numbness in the limbs.
If you feel symptoms, measure your blood pressure. Knowing what pressure is considered high, immediately determine the degree of deviation. Please note that I strongly discourage self-medication. If you are faced with excessively high or low blood pressure, be sure to visit a doctor.
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If you have been diagnosed with hypertension, it is important to lead a certain lifestyle and monitor indicators daily.Information on this can be found on the WebMD portal.
You have learned what blood pressure, rate and deviations are. Monitor the indicators and if you have any doubts, contact your doctor. Be healthy!
Attention! The material is for informational purposes only. You should not resort to the treatments described in it without first consulting your doctor.
- Gerashchenko M.S., Gerashchenko S.I., Gerashchenko S.M. Estimation of the error of the hydro-cuff tonometer // Measurement.Monitoring. Control. Control. – 2015. – No. 1. – P. 49–51. – Access mode: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/otsenka-pogreshnosti-gidromanzhetnogo-tonometra
- Manvelov L., Kadykov A. Blood pressure and its measurement technique // Russian medical journal. – 2016. – No. 4 (18). – S. 106-111. – Access mode: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/arterialnoe-davlenie-i-tehnika-ego-izmereniya
- Daily Living With PAH. Review // WebMD. – 2019. – 01 February. – Access mode: https: // www.webmd.com/lung/pah-help-16/slideshow-living-with-pah
- Suzanne R. Steinbaum. What is the definition of diastolic pressure? // WebMD. – 2017 .– October 29. – Access mode: https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/heart-failure/qa/what-is-the-definition-of-diastolic-pressure
The degree of maturity of the placenta, depending on gestational age
Author: Candidate of Medical Sciences Anna Ivanovna Tikhomirova
Reviewer: Candidate of Medical Sciences, Professor Ivan Georgievich Maksakov
Original article: https: // www.nur.kz/family/beauty/1740939-arterialnoe-davlenie-norma-po-vozrastu/
90,000 Low blood pressure: causes of hypotension and what to do
Cardiologist Eteri Kolesnik named the reasons for the decrease in blood pressure and what to do if it decreases.
See also: How to measure blood pressure correctly: Suprun’s advice
Pathological hypotension is accompanied by deterioration of well-being :
- Weakness, lethargy and drowsiness.
- Headache and dizziness (up to loss of consciousness).
- Chills, freezing of hands.
- Irregular, infrequent or rapid heartbeat.
The condition worsens after lack of sleep, overwork, stress, acute or exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Due to which the pressure decreases
- adrenal insufficiency
- heart defects
- while taking drugs to lower blood pressure, diuretics, antidepressants, muscle relaxants
- dehydration, diarrhea, vomiting
- heat or sunstroke
If a person with normal blood pressure suddenly drops (acute hypotension), then an urgent need to consult a doctor.This may be a symptom of:
- myocardial infarction
- pulmonary embolism
- hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus
) and after eating (postprandial hypotension) more often in adulthood and old age.
For many people, especially young girls and thin people, low blood pressure is “habitual”, it is associated with dysfunction of the nervous system.
How to improve the well-being of hypotonic people
- Regularly engage in physical aerobic activity with a gradual increase in load (swimming, running, walking, skiing)
- Drink enough liquid
- Or do not limit salt intake
- Give up bad habits
- Get adequate sleep and rest
- Wear compression underwear (knee-highs, stockings)
- If necessary, visit a psychotherapist
If hypotension is a symptom of the disease, the cause must be treated!
What to do if the pressure is low
1.First of all, ventilate the room or turn on air conditioner .
2. Unbutton or remove clothing .
3. Wash your face with cool water , wet your ears as well (they have a rich network of blood vessels).
4. Lie on your back with pillows under your feet. This will increase the blood flow to the head.
5. Place a towel soaked in cold water on your forehead .
6. Drink strong sweet tea or coffee.Possible with a candy or a piece of dark chocolate.
7. Take a walk in the fresh air if there is no dizziness. Physical activity increases blood pressure.
8. If this does not help, then you can dissolve tablet with the active ingredient caffeine-sodium benzoate or caffeine simply.
9. If you have chronic hypotension, then it is worth to drink medications prescribed by your doctor , which act on vascular tone or a steroid hormone.The medicine is prescribed only by a physician.
If, against the background of the usual normal or high pressure figures, the pressure suddenly drops, there is pain in the chest or abdomen, shortness of breath or cough appears, then immediately call an ambulance .
For more news regarding treatment, medicine, nutrition, healthy lifestyle and much more, see section Health .
Pulse and pressure. What do you need to know about these indicators at different ages?
Doctors always check the pulse and blood pressure first.These indicators, important for a person, provide information on how one of the most important systems of the body – the cardiovascular system – works. However, people themselves start to think about their health, sometimes too late. At any age, a person needs to understand what blood pressure and pulse rates mean. Read in the article “Vologda.RF” when they are increased or decreased, and what is the threat?
Pressure: the difference is not more than 40
The values of this parameter depend on age, gender, physical activity and psycho-emotional environment.When measuring blood pressure, they talk about two numbers: upper (systolic) and lower (diastolic) values. The first shows with what force the blood presses on the walls of blood vessels during the maximum contraction of the heart, and the second, on the contrary, in a situation of rest. The difference between them is called pressure.
On average, this difference should exceed 40 mm Hg. Art. Low blood pressure leads to tachycardia, and high blood pressure is an indicator of atherosclerosis, heart failure, anemia, etc.
For athletes it often happens that the average for them is an underestimated value, about 100/60, and at the same time they feel great.
The value increases with age. A newly born child has a normal 80/50 mm Hg. Art., and by the year of life it reaches 96/66 mm Hg. Art. Until the age of five, there is no distinction between the sexes. At the age of 18-20 in men, 120/80 mm Hg becomes satisfactory. Art., and for girls 115/70 mm Hg. Art. By the age of seventy, the indicators increase to 145 / 80-85 in the stronger sex and 155/85 mm Hg.Art. from representatives of the beautiful half of humanity.
There is a concept as “working pressure”, at which the values may differ from the average, but the body feels good. Therefore, you must always monitor your constant indicators. A tonometer will help with this.
Pulse: 65 to 75
He, like pressure, has an extremely fickle value. The heart beats stronger and faster after physical exertion, and at rest, on the contrary, it is even.Therefore, a trained person involved in sports has a lower heart rate. This is due to the fact that for each beat, the heart pumps more blood. In children, the heart beats at a much faster rate than in adults. Therefore, there is no ideal value for which everyone should strive.
On average, a reading of 65-75 beats per minute is considered the norm. If this value falls or rises by more than 20, it is already considered a deviation required for prevention or treatment.For a healthy person, the rhythm of the heartbeat is also important.