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Aching symptoms: Body aches: Causes and treatments


Body aches: Causes and treatments

Body aches can result from tiredness or exercise and commonly occur with infections such as the flu. But, they can also be a symptom of an underlying condition, such as fibromylagia, arthritis, or lupus.

While body aches are usually harmless, it is helpful to understand what causes them and when to seek medical attention.

Body aches can vary in intensity and frequency. A person may describe them as sharp, intermittent pains or a dull but persistent ache.

People can often identify and treat body aches without seeing a doctor. Sometimes, however, they may need medical help.

Share on PinterestBody aches can occur alongside pain, fatigue, and weakness.

If body aches are due to a medical condition, a person may experience other symptoms as well. Recognizing other signs can help a person identify the cause and decide whether they should see a doctor.

Some common symptoms that occur alongside body aches are:

  • pain in a specific part of the body
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • shivers or changes in body temperature
  • cold and flu-like symptoms

Body aches may occur for many different reasons. Most are easily treatable and relatively harmless, but sometimes body aches can be due to more serious medical conditions.

Possible causes of body aches include:


Pain, fatigue, and muscle stiffness are all symptoms of fibromyalgia, a long-term condition that causes aches and pains throughout the body.

Fibromyalgia may result from the way the central nervous system processes pain messages when they occur in the body.

Infections and viruses

The flu, the common cold, and other viral or bacterial infections can cause body aches.

When such infections occur, the immune system sends white blood cells to fight off the infection.

This can result in inflammation, which can leave the muscles in the body feeling achy and stiff.


Some medicines and drugs, such as statins and blood pressure medications, have side effects that make the body feel sore, stiff, and achy.

Withdrawal symptoms from alcohol and certain drugs, including cocaine and opiates, can also have a similar effect.

Fluid retention

When the body retains fluid, swelling and inflammation may develop, resulting in general muscular aches and pains. A person may also experience sharp, localized pains and cramps.

Conditions that can lead to fluid retention include:

  • thyroid problems, especially an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
  • congestive heart failure
  • cirrhosis of the liver
  • severe malnutrition
  • chronic kidney disease and nephrotic syndrome
  • venous insufficiency
  • problems with lymphatic drainage

Each of these conditions needs specific treatment, but some home remedies can reduce the impact of water retention.

Learn more here about fluid retention, why it happens, and how to manage it.


Hypokalemia is when a person has low potassium in their bloodstream.

Low potassium affects the way nerves and muscles function, which can result in body aches, weakness, fatigue, and muscle cramps.


Stress can cause tension in the body and can also weaken the immune system. This may make the muscles feel stiff, as well as affect the body’s response to inflammation and infection.


Staying hydrated is essential to keep a person’s body functioning well. Dehydration can sometimes cause a person to feel tired and sore.

Lack of sleep

Share on PinterestA lack of sleep can result in aches and pains.

Scientists think there might be a two-way link between sleep and pain.

People who experience chronic pain often find it hard to sleep. At the same time, research has found that people with insomnia often experience chronic pain.

Over time, not getting enough sleep can lead to exhaustion. This may make the body feel achy, sluggish, and heavy.

Lack of sleep also affects the body’s ability to repair tissues and cells. When the body does not have sufficient time to repair and recuperate, a person may experience aches and pains more frequently.


Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be very dangerous without treatment. Pneumonia may result in an inability to get enough oxygen into the body.

Without enough oxygen, red blood cells and tissues in the body are not able to function properly, which may cause aches and pains.

Find out more here about pneumonia.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

In a similar way to a person who does not get enough sleep, someone with CFS may experience muscular aches in addition to insomnia, exhaustion, and weakness.


Arthritis occurs when a person’s joints become inflamed. Arthritis can result from wear and tear on the body or may be a result of an autoimmune condition that causes the immune system to attack the healthy tissues that line the joints.

Pain and achiness are common symptoms of arthritis.

Autoimmune disorders

Various autoimmune disorders can cause body aches. These include:

Lupus: This occurs when a person’s immune system begins to attack healthy tissues, causing inflammation.

Myositis: This is an inflammation of the muscles. Other symptoms of myositis include fatigue and a general feeling of being unwell.

Multiple sclerosis (MS): This is an autoimmune condition that affects the central nervous system. People with MS feel body aches and pains because the tissue surrounding their nerve cells has broken down due to persistent inflammation.

Share on PinterestHome treatment includes drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.

A doctor will prescribe treatment for any underlying condition that causes body aches and pains, but a person can also try the following remedies to help alleviate the discomfort:

Resting: This allows the body time to repair and recuperate.

Drinking plenty of fluids: Staying hydrated can help ease achiness caused by dehydration.

Taking over-the-counter medications (OTC): Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which can reduce pain and inflammation.

Having a warm bath: The heat can help relax muscles and ease tension in the body.

Regulating temperature: This may include reducing a fever, keeping warm, or staying cool to alleviate shivering and prevent the muscles from seizing up.

A person should see a doctor if they experience:

  • persistent pain that does not improve with home remedies
  • severe pain, especially if there is no apparent cause
  • any body aches or pains that occur with a rash
  • body aches and pains after a tick bite
  • body aches or muscular pain accompanied by severe redness or swelling
  • body aches caused by a particular medication
  • a persistent fever

Other symptoms that can accompany body aches may require emergency medical attention. These include:

  • severe water retention
  • difficulty swallowing, eating, or drinking
  • shortness of breath
  • vomiting, particularly with a high temperature or fever
  • a stiff neck
  • changes in vision
  • extreme exhaustion that does not go away
  • sensitivity to light
  • weak muscles or inability to move part of the body
  • fainting or loss of consciousness
  • a seizure

The doctor can help diagnose the cause of body aches and determine if treatment is necessary.

If a person experiences body aches for more than 2 weeks, and they do not know what is causing them, they should see a doctor regardless of whether any other symptoms occur.

Mild body aches that improve over time and ease with rest, rehydration, and OTC treatment are usually no cause for concern.

However, body aches can also be a sign of a more serious underlying condition.

If a person experiences frequent or persistent body aches or aches that occur alongside other, more severe symptoms, they should speak with a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Body Aches: 17 Possible Causes

Body aches occur with many health conditions, including arthritis and the flu. If the pain lasts more than a few days, is severe, or occurs with other symptoms, you may need medical attention.

Often, rest and home treatment can relieve body aches. However, persistent or severe pain may have an underlying cause that needs medical attention.

A doctor can help you work out a treatment plan to relieve your aches and other associated symptoms.

Keep reading to learn more about 17 causes for body aches and pains and other symptoms of each, to help you work out what’s happening.

We often think of stress as a mental health condition, but it can also impact the body on a cellular level.

In times of stress, the body can become more susceptible to infection and inflammation, and it may lead to aches and pains.

Other symptoms of stress and anxiety include:

  • an increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • sweating
  • hyperventilating
  • trembling
  • headache

Get some tips for relieving stress here.

Water is an essential ingredient for the body’s normal and healthy functioning. Without it, you can become dehydrated, which can lead to muscle cramps.

Other symptoms of dehydration include:

  • dark urine
  • dizziness or disorientation
  • exhaustion
  • extreme thirst

What’s the best way to rehydrate?

Adults aged 18 and over need to sleep at least 7 hours in every 24 hours.

Having too little sleep can make you more sensitive to pain. It can also worsen existing pain symptoms.

Around 25% of your sleep should be the deepest sleep. During this time, the body repairs itself and releases essential hormones, among other functions.

Not getting enough quality sleep also increase the risk of various chronic conditions, such as:

  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease
  • obesity
  • depression

How much deep, light, and REM sleep do we need, and how can we get enough good quality sleep?

A cold, the flu, COVID-19, and other infections can cause inflammation as your immune system works to remove them. This can cause aches and pains.

Here are some common symptoms of these conditions.

A coldThe fluCOVID-19
stuffy nose
sore throat
slight aches
fever and chills
chest discomfort
fever or chills
muscle or body aches
cough and possibly breathing difficulty
new loss of taste or sense of smell
congestion or runny nose

Cold symptoms are usually milder than those of flu. The severity and types of COVID-19 symptoms vary widely, but they can become life threatening if a person finds it hard to breathe.

What’s the difference between cold and flu symptoms?

Anemia happens when your body doesn’t have enough properly functioning red blood cells, so your body tissues can’t get enough oxygen.

Some people who live with chronic conditions have anemia of inflammation. Experts believe this may result when a chronic condition affects how the body works, including how it uses iron.

Possible symptoms include:

  • body pain
  • a rapid heart rate
  • dizziness or light-headedness
  • weakness and fatigue
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath

What are some signs of iron deficiency anemia?

Hypocalcemia, or a low blood calcium level, can happen when you don’t have enough calcium in your diet and vitamin D (calciferol) in your body from sunshine or your diet.

Your bones and muscles need calcium and vitamin D to stay healthy.

Low vitamin D levels can lead to:

  • bone pain and unusual bone shape in children and teens
  • muscle pain and weakness
  • muscle cramps

How can I get more vitamin D?

Mononucleosis, mono, or “kissing disease” is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

It’s very contagious, and symptoms include head and body aches.

Other symptoms are:

  • fatigue
  • fever
  • a sore throat
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • an enlarged liver, spleen, or both
  • a rash

What treatments can you use for mono?

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can affect your whole body.

It can cause chest and muscle pain, as well as:

  • a cough, which may be dry or produce green, yellow, or blood-tinged mucus
  • headache
  • fever and chills
  • breathing difficulty
  • fatigue
  • low appetite
  • confusion
  • nausea and vomiting, especially in children

Can home remedies support medical treatment for pneumonia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition where your entire body feels exhausted, achy, and sensitive.

Why is happens is unclear, but older age and having lupus or rheumatoid arthritis seem to increase the risk.

Symptoms include:

  • pain and stiffness throughout the body
  • fatigue
  • depression and anxiety
  • sleep problems
  • difficulty thinking, focusing, and remembering
  • headaches and migraine

Fibromyalgia diet: Can it help?

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also called myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), can cause you to feel exhausted and weak, no matter how much rest or sleep you get.

Possible causes include previous infection with the EBV or other viruses, genetic factors, and changes in the immune system.

Symptoms of CFS include:

  • aches in the muscles and joints throughout your body
  • fatigue that does not improve with rest
  • a general feeling of being unwell
  • headaches
  • sleep disturbances and daytime drowsiness
  • difficulty thinking and remembering

Get some diet hacks to reduce chronic fatigue

Arthritis happens when your joints become inflamed. There are different types of arthritis, and symptoms can vary, but they all include joint pain.

Examples include:

  • osteoarthritis, which happens when the cartilage around your joints breaks down
  • autoimmune conditions that wear away the lining around your joints, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • gout, when a buildup of uric acid crystals causes pain, swelling, and inflammation
  • psoriatic arthritis, which can occur with psoriasis and often involves swelling in the fingers

Other symptoms of arthritis include:

  • stiffness in your joints
  • swelling, warmth, or redness around the joint
  • not being able to move a joint all the way

Can Ayurvedic treatment help with arthritis?

Lupus, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), happens when your immune system attacks the tissues around your body, including blood vessels, organs, and joints.

The damage and inflammation that can lead to pain in the joints due to arthritis.

Other symptoms include:

  • skin lesions and rashes
  • anemia
  • headache
  • heart, lung, and kidney problems
  • ear and eye problems

What are some diet tips for lupus?

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that spreads through tick bites.

Symptoms develop in stages and include:

  • a rash
  • muscle pain
  • eye pain
  • joint pain, especially in the knee, ankle, and wrist joints
  • facial palsy, or weakness in the facial muscles

Without treatment, Lyme disease can lead to neuromuscular and joint conditions, such as arthritis and facial paralysis. It can also cause heart problems.

What is the Lyme disease antibody test?

Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by airborne spores from the soil or the droppings of bats or birds, especially in river valleys.

Possible symptoms include:

  • flu-like symptoms
  • chills and fever
  • chest pain
  • joint pain, in some cases
  • headaches
  • coughing

How can histoplasmosis affect the eyes?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition that affects the nervous system. It causes the myelin coverings around nerves to break down because of constant inflammation. As a result, the nerves cannot transmit messages effectively.

As a result, a person with MS will experience body aches and pain.

They may also experience:

  • vision changes
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • tingling
  • trouble walking or staying balanced
  • trouble remembering or thinking

What are the treatments for MS?

Sepsis is an extreme response to an infection. It happens when an infection in the lungs, skin, or elsewhere triggers an immune reaction throughout the body. It is a life-threatening emergency.

The symptoms of sepsis include:

  • severe pain
  • a rapid heart rate or weak pulse
  • confusion
  • fever or chills
  • difficulty breathing
  • clammy skin

Anyone with these symptoms needs urgent medical treatment, especially if they have a weakened immune system or already have an infection. It can quickly lead to septic shock, which can be fatal.

Cancer can cause general body pain if it spreads throughout the body or if a person has bone cancer. As late-stage cancer progresses, the pain will increase, and the person will need strong pain relief medication.

Depending on where cancer has spread, other late-stage symptoms may include:

  • bone pain and fractures if cancer is in the bones
  • shortness of breath, if cancer is in the lungs
  • headaches and dizziness if cancer has reached the brain
  • abdominal swelling and jaundice, which give a yellow tinge to the eyes, if cancer has spread to the liver

Some cancer treatments can also cause bone pain.

Anyone with cancer or a previous diagnosis of cancer should speak with a doctor if they notice an onset of general pain or bone pain.

What are the stages of cancer?

Why do I have joint pain in the morning?

Joint pain and stiffness that is present when you wake up and lasts 30 minutes or longer may be a sign of RA. RA usually affects more than one joint, and it occurs in corresponding joints on both sides of the body, for instance, both knees.

What does it mean when you have body aches but no fever?

Body aches often happen with an infection, and you may also have a fever and chills. However, they also can occur without a fever, for instance, if you have been exercising more than usual, if you are not sleeping well, or if you are lacking nutrients, such as vitamin D or calcium.

How do you stop body aches?

This will depend on the cause. If it is due to exercise, you will have to wait until they resolve. Some underlying conditions, such as a cold or the flu, respond to rest and home treatment. Other causes will need medical attention. In the case of sepsis, the person will need immediate help.

Seek emergency medication attention if you have body pain with the following symptoms:

  • trouble breathing
  • trouble eating or drinking
  • a high fever
  • confusion
  • seizures
  • extreme fatigue or exhaustion
  • a bad cough that doesn’t go away after a few days

If other, milder symptoms last for more than 2 weeks, see your doctor. They can examine you for a possible underlying condition. They will then work with you on a treatment plan to reduce the pain and treat the cause.

If you don’t already have a primary care doctor, you can browse doctors in your area through the Healthline FindCare tool.

Body aches and pains can happen for many reasons, ranging from stress to sepsis. Many of these causes are not serious and will resolve without treatment, but some may need urgent medical treatment.

If so, a doctor will consider the aches and pains along with other symptoms and carry out various tests before making a diagnosis.

Read this article in Spanish.

Painful menstruation – causes, diseases, diagnosis and treatment

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  • Symptoms
  • Painful menses







05 July

Painful menstruation – the causes of occurrence, in which diseases occur, diagnosis and methods of treatment.

Almost half of girls and women experience painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea). For many of them, pain and discomfort lead to disability within 1-3 days. Clinicians do not attribute this condition to an independent disease, but associate it with a menstrual cycle disorder, which is manifested by cramping or pulling pains in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region during menstrual bleeding. Pain can be aggravated by other unpleasant symptoms: headache, nausea, fainting. The cause of pain is spastic uterine contractions, during which the endometrium is rejected.

Dysmenorrhea can be based on neurogenic, metabolic and psychological disorders, which must be taken into account in the diagnosis.


Dysmenorrhea can be primary (not associated with pathology of the pelvic organs) or secondary (against the background of pathologies of the pelvic organs, due to urogenital diseases and inflammatory processes). Depending on the stage of the disease, there are compensated (the intensity of pain is constant for a long time) and decompensated (symptoms become more pronounced every year) forms.

What diseases cause dysmenorrhea

Adolescent girls are characterized by primary dysmenorrhea, the cause of which is difficult to identify. The basis of primary dysmenorrhea is the accumulation of prostaglandins – physiologically active substances – in the endometrium of the uterus, which cause its spastic contractions.

Excess production of prostaglandins is the result of hormonal changes during puberty.

The occurrence of menstrual pain can provoke the hormone vasopressin. An increase in its level in the blood leads to stagnation of blood in the tissues of the small pelvis.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by various gynecological and infectious diseases.

Sometimes inflammatory processes and adhesions in the pelvic organs lead to dysmenorrhea.

Diagnostics and examination

When diagnosing dysmenorrhea, the woman’s age, concomitant or past diseases, data from a general examination, and ultrasound are taken into account. If the age of the patient does not exceed 25-30 years and the examination did not reveal other diseases, the diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea is most likely. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a series of tests and tests. It is necessary to assess the hormonal background, first of all, the determination of estradiol levels

Estradiol (E2, Estradiol)

Synonyms: Blood test for estradiol. 17-beta-estradiol.
Brief description of the analyte Estradiol
Estradiol is a steroid hormone with maximum estrogen…

Up to 1 business day

Available with house call

715 RUB

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and progesterone.


Synonyms: Progestin; Gestagen. P4; Pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione.

Brief description of the analyte Progesterone

Progesterone is produced in the ovaries and in a small…

Up to 1 business day

Available with house call

705 RUB

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If pain during menstruation appeared in a woman 30 years of age or older, this may indicate the development of endometriosis or the growth of a myomatous node.

Endometriosis is the growth of endometrial cells (the inner layer of the uterine cavity) on its surface and / or in the tissues of nearby organs.

The disease can occur both in women who have given birth, who have undergone abortions or diagnostic curettage, and in nulliparous women suffering from infertility.

If the cause of dysmenorrhea is inflammatory diseases, then the pain is characterized by a different temporary appearance. They increase before the onset of menstruation, and after the first day their intensity decreases. In addition, pulling and aching pains also occur in the pelvic area. In this case, the study of the smear and the identification of the pathogen in the discharge of the cervical canal and vagina confirms the diagnosis.

Ultrasound of the pelvic organs is also prescribed to clarify the diagnosis,

Ultrasound of the soft tissues

Examination of soft tissues to detect pathological changes and diagnose neoplasms.

RUB 1,790

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Hysterosalpingography (Hysterosalpingography)

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a method of radiographic examination of the state of the uterine cavity and patency of the fallopian tubes using a contrast agent …

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When diagnosing the causes of dysmenorrhea, one should not exclude such a pathological process as genital tuberculosis, the prevalence of which has increased significantly in recent years. Sometimes the first sign of the disease is infertility. Concomitant symptoms may include lack of appetite, unreasonable weight loss, night sweats, constant body temperature in the range of 37.1-38.0 ° C.

Dysmenorrhea can be caused not only by hormonal imbalance and diseases of the pelvic organs. Intrauterine devices (IUD)

sometimes set without taking into account contraindications and additional examinations.

If the spiral is chosen incorrectly, this can lead to menstrual irregularities and dysmenorrhea.

Which doctors to contact

With the exception of dysmenorrhea caused by genital tuberculosis, women with complaints of painful menstruation are treated by a gynecologist. If a neurogenic and psychosomatic component of dysmenorrhea is detected, a psychotherapist can be involved in the treatment.

What to do

Many women think that painful periods are normal and limit themselves to taking painkillers for a long time. Without establishing a correct diagnosis, these measures often lead to a gradual increase in pain. Even if it is possible to stop pain with the help of anti-inflammatory drugs, it is necessary to find out its cause, which is especially important in secondary dysmenorrhea.


In primary dysmenorrhea, treatment is aimed at restoring the hormonal background and stopping the pain syndrome.

The first task is solved by the use of hormonal drugs, the choice of which is determined by the severity of dysmenorrhea.

The doctor can individually select combined oral contraceptives (COCs). The results of studies show that after a year of using COCs, the menstrual cycle normalizes, and the effect persists even after stopping these drugs.

Physiotherapeutic procedures serve as an additional method of treatment: magnetotherapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, ultrasonic waves, ultraviolet rays, laser radiation, acupuncture, gynecological massage, etc. Local impulse effect on the pelvic organs leads to an acceleration of recovery and compensatory processes in the body. Positive results are obtained by non-drug methods of treatment: physiotherapy exercises (exercise therapy), proper nutrition with the mandatory inclusion of products containing vitamins B1, B6 and E.

A number of studies have noted the importance of introducing magnesium preparations into the therapeutic course, since it is involved in the regulation of muscle contractions. If the analysis reveals a lack of magnesium in the blood,

Serum magnesium (Magnesium, Serum; Mg)

Synonyms: Blood test for magnesium; total magnesium; Magnesium ions. Serum Magnesium Test; Magnesium test; Magnesium, blood; serum magnesium.

Brief description of the analyzed analyte Magnesium

Up to 1 business day

Available with house call

420 RUB

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Your doctor may recommend taking a combination of magnesium and vitamin B6 to normalize your menstrual cycle.

Pregnancy and childbirth in most cases lead to the weakening or disappearance of primary dysmenorrhea.

Treatment for secondary dysmenorrhea depends on the cause of the pain.

Endometriosis, as the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea, requires complex and long-term treatment. Removal of the endometrium does not eliminate the recurrence of the disease after a few years. Based on the results of clinical trials, doctors recommend long-term drug therapy after surgery. As a rule, in mild forms of endometriosis, combined oral contraceptives, progestogen preparations are prescribed. The clinical efficacy of dienogest in endometrioid lesions has been proven. This drug well relieves pain associated with endometriosis and pain in the pelvic organs.

Cervical stenosis (narrowing of the cervical canal) is treated by dilating the cervix. A stable result is given by pregnancy and vaginal delivery.

Treatment of adhesions, which may be due to diseases such as cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix) and pelvic inflammatory disease, includes a range of measures from symptomatic therapy (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) to surgical excision of adhesions. In some cases, antiprostaglandin drugs are effective.


  1. Clinical guidelines “Endometriosis”. Developed by: Russian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. – 2020.
  2. Clinical guidelines “Hyperplasia of the endometrium”. Developed by: Russian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. – 2021. Tags: dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, infertility


The information in this section should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, only the attending physician should prescribe diagnostic tests. For diagnosis and proper treatment, you should contact your doctor.
For a correct assessment of the results of your analyzes in dynamics, it is preferable to do studies in the same laboratory, since different laboratories may use different research methods and units of measurement to perform the same analyzes.


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Painful periods in women: causes, symptoms and treatment


  • 1 Painful periods: causes and ways to reduce pain
    • monthly?
    • 1. 1.2 Causes of painful periods
    • 1.1.3 Symptoms of painful periods
  • 1.2 Causes of painful periods
    • 1.2.1 Hormonal imbalance
    • 1.2.2 Inflammation and infection
    • 1.2.3 Uterine structure disorders
    • 1.2.4 Heredity and nutritional disorders
  • 1.3 Symptoms
  • 1.4 Diagnosis of the causes of painful periods
    • 1.4.1 General information
    • 1.4.2 History and complaints
    • 1.4.3 Physical examination
    • 1.4.4 Conclusion 900 06
  • 1.5 How to deal with painful periods?
    • 1.5.1 1. Application of heat
    • 1.5.2 2. Nutrition
    • 1.5.3 3. Regular exercise
    • 1.5.4 4. Relaxation
    • 1.5.5 5. Consultation with a doctor 9000 6
  • 1.6 Folk remedies to relieve painful periods
    • 1.6.1 Herbal teas
    • 1.6.2 Application of heat
    • 1.6.3 Vegetable oils
    • 1.6.4 Proper nutrition
  • 1. 7 Treatment of painful periods with drugs
  • 1.8 Alternative ways to reduce pain during menstruation
    • 1.8.1 Effectiveness of natural remedies for painful periods
    • 1.8.2 Benefits of aromatherapy for period pain
  • 1.9 Complications of painful periods
    • 1.9.1 Disorders of psychoem mental state
    • 1.9.2 Anemia and dehydration
    • 1.9.3 Difficult conception of the child
    • 1.9.4 Development of gynecological diseases
    • 1.9.5 Deterioration of quality of life
  • 1.10 Related videos:
  • 1.11 Q&A:
      • How can I tell if my period is painful?
      • What causes painful periods?
      • Is it possible to get rid of painful periods?
      • What foods help with painful periods?
      • Are there any medications that can increase painful periods?
      • What physical exercises can help with painful periods?
  • 1. 12 How can I prevent painful periods?
  • 1.13 When should I see a doctor for painful periods?
    • 1.13.1 Severe pain and prolonged bleeding
    • 1.13.2 Smell and discoloration of blood
    • 1.13.3 Cycle disorder and other symptoms

Disease Late periods can cause discomfort and pain for many women. In the article we will analyze the causes and symptoms of this phenomenon, as well as give advice on improving well-being during this period. Read the details on our website.

Many women experience a painful menstrual syndrome that can severely limit their daily life. This phenomenon is known as dysmenorrhea or painful periods. Despite the fact that this is a common occurrence, many women do not know the causes of pain and how it can be prevented.

Painful periods are the result of uterine contractions, which help remove dead tissue and blood. If these contractions become stronger than usual, then pain occurs. Other causes may be neuroendocrine disorders, hormonal problems, or impaired blood supply. Some women may also suffer from migraines, vomiting, and diarrhea during their period.

Women with painful periods may be at increased risk of psychological problems as they become more prone to anxiety and depression. However, there are many ways to slow down or reduce period pain, such as lifestyle changes, medication, and relaxation techniques.

Painful periods: causes and symptoms

What is painful periods?

Painful periods is a disorder in the menstrual cycle when a woman experiences severe pain in the lower abdomen, back and legs during menstruation.

Usually, in girls and women, the first menstrual bleeding begins at the age of 11-14 years, and for several years their cycle may be irregular. However, if painful periods do not go away over time, this may indicate a medical problem.



Causes of painful periods

  • Endometrosis is a condition where endometrial-like tissue grows outside the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids is a benign tumor that occurs in the muscular layers of the uterus.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease – may result from infection.
  • Hormonal imbalance – can be caused by the use of hormonal contraceptives, changes in the level of hormones in the body and other factors.

Symptoms of painful periods

  • Severe pain in the lower abdomen, back and legs.
  • Bloody discharge which may be severe and prolonged.
  • Dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
  • Irritability, depression and anxiety.

If you have the above symptoms, be sure to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of painful periods

Hormonal imbalance

One of the main factors causing painful periods is hormonal imbalance. When the hormones responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle are out of balance, this can lead to pain during critical days.

Inflammation and infection

Painful periods can also be associated with a woman’s health problems. Inflammatory processes and infections in the organs of the reproductive system can cause pain during menstruation.

Structural disorders of the uterus

Structural disorders of the uterus can also be one of the causes of painful periods. If a woman has fibroids, polyps, or other abnormalities in the structure of the uterus, this can lead to pain and bleeding during menstruation.

Genetics and nutritional disorders

Some women may be predisposed to painful periods due to heredity. Also, malnutrition can contribute to the appearance of pain during critical days.

  • It is important to remember that painful periods can be a symptom of a serious illness. It is necessary to consult a doctor if you experience pronounced pain or an unpleasant smell of emissions.

Symptoms of painful periods

Painful periods is a disorder of the menstrual cycle that can cause discomfort and pain in women during menstruation. Some of the more common symptoms of painful periods include:

  • Redness of the skin and swelling of the breasts . Before menstruation, women may experience swelling in the breasts, which can lead to soreness and discomfort. The skin on the chest may also become embarrassed and more sensitive.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen . The pain may be severe and experienced as cramps in the lower abdomen. It can appear a few days before the onset of menstruation and continue in the early days.
  • Psychological symptoms . Women may experience a variety of psychological symptoms, including irritability, fatigue, insomnia, and depression.
  • Nervousness and headache . Some women may experience nervousness and headache during their period.

While some women may simply ignore painful periods, others experience significant discomfort and life disruption. If you have symptoms of painful periods, seek help from your doctor to determine possible causes and treatments.

Diagnosing the causes of painful periods

General information

Painful periods are normal and can occur in women. But if the pain is too strong, soreness lasts for several days and is accompanied by other symptoms, then you need to contact a gynecologist.

Diagnosing the causes of painful periods can be complex and involves a variety of methods and tests.

History and complaints

When visiting a gynecologist, a woman should describe the nature and severity of the pain, its duration, the presence of other symptoms (such as nausea or headache), as well as the regularity and length of the menstrual cycle.

This data will help the doctor assess the situation and prescribe additional tests.

Physical examination

  • Examination at the gynecologist’s chair. The doctor can assess the condition of the external genitalia, vagina and cervix.
  • Finger inspection. The doctor examines the vagina and cervix to check for possible changes, such as tumors or infections.
  • Ultrasound. Ultrasound examination allows you to assess the condition of the uterus and ovaries.
  • Laboratory tests. Your doctor may order tests to check for infections and hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.


Depending on various factors, the doctor may prescribe additional tests to clarify the causes of painful periods. Diagnosis can take time, but will help prevent possible complications and prescribe the right treatment.

How to deal with painful periods?

1. Application of heat

Heat treatments can greatly relieve painful periods. In this case, you can use a hot bath, a heating pad, or a warm water bottle. Heat improves blood circulation, relieves tension and reduces pain.

2. Nutrition

Particular attention should be paid to nutrition during menstruation. It is recommended to eat foods rich in magnesium, calcium and iron. Make sure your diet contains vegetables, fruits, whole grains and protein.

3. Regular exercise

Engaging in a light exercise regimen can help reduce the symptoms of painful periods. Yoga, dancing, or aerobics classes can help improve overall health.

4. Relaxation

Stress can make symptoms of painful periods worse. It is necessary to distract from negative thoughts and tune in a positive way. Meditation, aromatherapy, or massage can help relieve nervous tension and reduce stress levels.

5. Consult a physician

If symptoms of painful periods do not improve after the above methods, a physician should be consulted. You may need to prescribe medication.

Folk remedies to relieve painful periods

Many women experience menstrual pain every month. Doctors recommend various methods to reduce pain, but there are also folk remedies that can help relieve pain.

Herbal teas

Some herbs can reduce pain during menstruation. Brew tea from lemon balm, nettle or ginger, which will relieve pain and strengthen the immune system.

Applying heat

Using heat is one of the easiest ways to relieve menstrual pain. Apply a heating pad to your abdomen or simply apply regular hot water as a compress to the desired area.

Herbal oils

Apply oil to the extreme point of pain to help reduce pain. Popular oils include lavender and rosemary.

Proper nutrition

A healthy diet will help reduce pain during menstruation. Try to avoid fatty and spicy foods, consume more water and foods rich in vitamins and minerals.

It is worth remembering that folk remedies can help reduce pain during menstruation, but do not replace professional advice from a doctor to eliminate the problem at the root.

Treatment of painful periods with medicines

Painful periods are a problem faced by many women. If you regularly experience discomfort, then you should consult a doctor so that a diagnostic examination is carried out and treatment is prescribed. One of the most common treatments is drugs.

Ibuprofen is one of the most effective medicines for managing pain and reducing inflammation. Aspirin can also be effective for mild pain, but is not recommended for heavy bleeding.

When choosing medicines, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the organism of each woman. It is not uncommon for doctors to prescribe hormonal medications, such as birth control pills, to help manage menstrual problems.

  • It is important to remember that medicines should only be taken as directed by your doctor and do not exceed the dosage.
  • It is also not recommended to take medication during pregnancy.
  • Do not forget that the most important thing in the treatment of painful periods is the right lifestyle. The inclusion of moderate physical activity, a healthy diet and adequate rest help to cope with unpleasant symptoms during menstruation.

Alternative Ways to Reduce Period Pain

Effectiveness of Natural Remedies for Relieving Painful Periods

Many women experience discomfort during their monthly cycles, such as pain, discomfort and various symptoms. But, there are natural ways that can help reduce these symptoms and lead to relief:

  • Heat: Applying warm compresses to the abdomen or applying warm water to the abdomen can relax the muscles and reduce abdominal pain.
  • Herbs: Many herbs, such as ginger, rosemary, and turmeric, have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with painful periods. However, before using any medicinal plants, you should consult your doctor.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise, such as yoga or Pilates, can help manage stress and painful periods. They strengthen muscles, increase flexibility and improve blood circulation.

Benefits of aromatherapy for period pain

Aromatherapy is a treatment that uses essential oils to improve physical and emotional health. Some essential oils can help relieve period pain:

  1. Ginger: Ginger tea can help relieve painful periods and reduce inflammation.
  2. Lavender: Lavender oil can help relieve stomach pain and cramps. In addition, it has a calming effect on the nervous system and helps to cope with stress.
  3. Chamomile: Chamomile tea can help relieve period pain and have a calming effect on the body.

But, it should be remembered that aromatherapy is not a substitute for medicines and any treatment methods should be discussed with a doctor.

Complications of painful periods

Psycho-emotional disorders

Psycho-emotional disorders often occur during painful periods. Women may experience irritability, fatigue, nervousness, apathy, and depression. This condition is associated with hormonal disruptions and forced withdrawal from work and study.

Anemia and dehydration

Continuous blood loss during menstruation can lead to anemia and dehydration. A woman can lose up to 50 ml of blood in one cycle, which in turn reduces the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood. Dehydration can lead to decreased vitality and exercise tolerance.

Difficult conception of the child

Painful menstruation can lead to difficulty in conception of the child. Constant pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse can negatively affect a woman’s desire to have a child. Also, painful periods can be the result of various diseases that can become an obstacle to conception.

The development of gynecological diseases

Constant stress on the pelvic organs and hormonal imbalance can lead to the development of gynecological diseases such as endometriosis, fibroids, polyps, etc. Painful periods can be the first symptom of these diseases and require a visit to a doctor.

Impaired quality of life

Painful periods can seriously affect a woman’s quality of life. Malaise, pain, and disruption of the monthly cycle can interfere with daily activities and activities. Not only the physical but also the mental health of a woman suffers, which can lead to social isolation and deterioration of relations in the family and society as a whole.

Related videos:


How can I tell if my period is painful?

If you have severe pain during your period, you most likely have painful periods. There may also be nausea, headache, and feeling tired.

What causes painful periods?

There are various causes of painful periods: hormonal imbalance, thyroid problems, internal abnormalities of the uterus or ovaries, conditions caused by infection, inflammation or tumors.

Is it possible to get rid of painful periods?

In most cases, painful periods can be controlled by changing the diet and increasing the level of physical activity, as well as the use of various drugs, such as analgesics or contraceptives.

What foods help with painful periods?

Foods rich in vitamins B and E, magnesium and calcium can help with painful periods. These include: dark chocolate, fish, nuts, legumes, leafy greens, fruits and vegetables.

Are there any medications that can increase painful periods?

Yes, some medicines, such as medicines containing aspirin, can increase the symptoms of painful periods. It is necessary to consult a doctor in advance and avoid such drugs during menstruation.

What physical exercises can help with painful periods?

Various physical exercises such as yoga, Pilates, jogging or walking in the open air improve blood circulation and reduce pain during menstruation. It is important to choose exercises that are right for you and not overdo it.

How can I prevent painful periods?

Painful periods are common for many women, but there are several ways to help reduce pain and other side effects.

One of the main tips is proper nutrition. Women should consume iron-rich foods such as red meat, leafy greens, eggs, lentils, etc., as well as vitamin D, which is found in dairy products, vegetables, and fish.

The next step is regular exercise. Physical activity can help you reduce the symptoms of painful periods. Even simple exercises such as walking, yoga, swimming can improve your health and reduce pain and tension in your body.

Another point is the reduction of stressful situations. Stress can make you feel worse during your monthly cycle. Try meditating, taking a warm bath, reading a book, or watching your favorite show to relax.

Lastly, make sure you get enough hours of sleep each night. Your body needs sleep to cope with stress, illness, and other physical conditions. Restful and sound sleep can reduce pain.

  • Follow these tips to avoid or reduce the symptoms of painful periods.

When should I see a doctor for painful periods?

Severe pain and prolonged bleeding

If you have very severe pain in your lower abdomen and lower back that does not go away even after taking painkillers, or if you have prolonged and heavy bleeding that does not decrease within a few days, this may be a sign of serious illness.