Achy lymph nodes under arms: The request could not be satisfied
Why Does My Armpit Hurt? 3 Possible Causes of Armpit Pain
Whether it’s throbbing, aching, or sharp, everyone has been in pain. The uncomfortable sensation is a red flag. Pain in your armpit could mean that you’ve simply strained a muscle, which is eased with ice and rest. It could also be a sign of more serious conditions, like an infection or breast cancer.
Your armpits and the surrounding chest and arm area are made up of blood vessels, nerves, and muscles. Like other muscles in your body, you can strain armpit muscles by overdoing things, like lifting something heavy.
Symptoms of a muscle strain depend on how serious the strain is. They can include:
- Pain or tenderness, especially after movement that stretches the muscle
- Redness or bruising
- Muscle twitching or spasm
For mild strains, doctors suggest that you rest the muscle by taking a break from the activity that caused the pain. You can also put ice on the area and take over-the-counter medicine to ease pain and swelling. Call a doctor if your symptoms get worse or the strain doesn’t heal within a few weeks.
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Lymph nodes are found in many areas of your body, including your neck, groin, and armpits. If they’re swollen and painful, it’s usually a sign that your body is fighting a viral infection such as:
When your lymph nodes swell, you may also have a runny nose, sore throat, fever, and night sweats.
Pain due to infection goes away when the condition causing it gets better. In the meantime, to feel better:
- Place a warm, wet washcloth under your armpit.
- Take over-the-counter pain medicine.
- Get plenty of rest.
There are other, less common but more serious causes of swollen lymph nodes, including a malignancy or lymphoma. See your doctor if yours:
- Appear for no reason
- Continue to grow
- Don’t get better after 2 weeks
- Feel hard or rubbery, or don’t move when you press them
- Come with a fever, night sweats, or weight loss that you can’t explain
Breast cancer happens when cells in your breast grow uncontrollably. They usually form a tumor.
A common symptom of breast cancer is pain and swelling around your armpit. It may come from:
- The spread of breast cancer to your lymph nodes
- Lymph nodes
The swelling and pain may come before you feel a lump in your breast, so if things don’t feel right, be sure to see a doctor.
There are several treatments for breast cancer that has spread to your lymph nodes. The one you and your medical team will choose depends on the stage and type of cancer:
Surgery. During breast-conserving surgery (called a lumpectomy), doctors will remove the cancer and leave as much normal breast as possible. They’ll also take out some lymph nodes and healthy tissue. When this type of surgery isn’t an option, doctors will remove your entire breast (mastectomy).
Radiation therapy. Doctors use high-energy rays or particles to destroy cancer cells, lower the chance of the cancer coming back, and help you live longer.
Chemotherapy and other drugs. Hormone therapy is used after surgery to lower the chance of your breast cancer coming back. For larger tumors, tumors that grow fast, or ones with certain features, your doctor may recommend anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy).
Distinguishing Between A Lump And A Swollen Lymph Node
What is the purpose of lymph nodes under the arm? What’s the reason that they puff up? Here is the best way to determine if the swelling is just that — or potentially something worse.
The Reason Lymph Nodes Swell
If the body identifies a substance that’s foreign, it distributes white blood cells to combat the ‘threat’. White blood cells are made with your lymph nodes. If the body is handling an infection, the nodes produce blood cells in such abundance that they swell up. That’s when you can feel the swelling. You’ll also notice that they’re painful and sore. You will usually feel swollen and painful nodes in your groin, neck or underneath the arm.
The Lymphatic System
The body’s lymphatic system is made from an arrangement of little vessels. It moves a transparent liquid — lymph — from your tissues to your heart. Lymph mixes with blood in the heart and gets pumped by arteries to your tissues. This effective arrangement promotes the drainage of extra liquid out of tissues and moves white blood cells to fight infections when required.
If a Lump Under Your Arm is a Lymph Node
Lumps under your arm that pop up suddenly and seem quite big (marble-sized), particularly when you’ve been feeling sick, is plausibly a sign of swollen lymph nodes. The difference between lymph nodes and lumps is that the lumps are typically movable, soft and feel sore and/or painful. You might even observe some skin reddening where the lumps originate.
Swollen lymph nodes appear very fast, but breast cancer lumps grow a lot slower. You might believe you felt something and then it disappears. Several weeks (or months) subsequent, you feel it’s come back and it seems bigger. It has a hard texture and is not moving. It could perhaps be sore, but maybe not that much.
If You Should See a Doctor Right Away
When the lump under your armpit is red, sore or has suddenly come up — generally overnight — that is likely a swollen lymph node. It’s okay to go ahead and wait some time to check if the swelling and pain self-correct. Although it could remain swelled for several weeks, a swollen lymph node typically grows less and less painful in as much as several days.
Another difference between lymph nodes and lumps is that when the feeling of the lump is not sore or somewhat sore and it stays for numerous weeks, it would be smart to give us a call. This is the best way to prevent breast cancer from arising.
Breast Cancer in Armpit
The tissue of your breasts actually reaches past the normally defined edges of what’s considered as breasts. The underarms can also be composed of breast tissue, so a cancerous tumor could grow on the tissue underneath your arm.
It’s crucial not to neglect a lump under your arm as “just a swelled lymph node” or “not significant”. When you don’t take an underarm lump earnestly – taking a look into its characteristics and figuring out if and when to visit your doctor — it can have potentially fatal consequences.
Is it normal to have pain in my armpit or breast after the COVID-19 vaccine? — Dear Pandemic
A: Very possible and normal, specifically on the side you received the vaccination.
Throughout your body, hundreds of lymph nodes work to filter your lymphatic fluid. When your body is mounting an immune response, after an infection or a vaccine, lymph nodes can swell with fluid. Lymph nodes are located all over our bodies, with clusters present in our armpits. Axillary (fancy word for armpit) lymph nodes filter lymphatic fluid from your arm and your chest. Lymph nodes closer to immune system action are more likely to swell. For example, when you have an infection that affects your throat, you often feel swollen lymph nodes in your neck. Swollen lymph nodes can be uncomfortable.
In clinical trials, 11-16% of participants aged 18 to 64 who received the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine reported axillary swelling and tenderness. The rate was lower, 6-8%, for people over the age of 65. This symptom was not specifically reported in the Pfizer trials, but remains a possibility given the similar mechanism of action in the two vaccines.
* So what do I do?
Monitor, manage pain, modify screening plans, and make a call to your health provider if you are worried.
Monitor – Most symptoms are mild and will resolve on their own. The revving of your immune system lasts well beyond your injection, so it is reasonable to have some discomfort for days to a few weeks after your vaccination. Symptoms that become severe or persists after 2-4 weeks should be further investigated.
Manage pain – In trials, most who reported axillary discomfort described it as mild pain. Pain may be exacerbated by certain movements or pressure. So, avoid the uncomfortable movements when possible and avoid pressure from restrictive clothing, like underwire bras. You can use a warm compress to the area to ease discomfort as well. For more significant pain, you can use Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen for temporary pain relief as compatible with your other conditions. When in doubt, call your doctor.
Modify screening plans – Even if your armpit doesn’t hurt, your lymph nodes may be swollen. This is a normal and expected response to the vaccine on the side of the injection. If you are scheduled to have a screening mammogram in close proximity to your vaccine, it’s possible the test will detect vaccine-related axillary lymph node swelling. A swollen lymph node on imaging can create further uncertainty, fear, and further testing. If you are scheduled for a screening mammogram and recently had a COVID-19 vaccine, let your provider know. They may recommend delaying the screening test up to 6 weeks based on guidance from the Society of Breast Imaging. This only applies to people who are having preventative screening mammograms and not individuals undergoing active work up (diagnostic) imaging for a specific concern or diagnosis.
Make a call to you provider – When in doubt, make a call to your provider. A brief phone call to discuss your symptoms can provide piece of mind and initiate necessary care as needed.
Explainer in SELF magazine
Axillary (Armpit) Tenderness Symptoms in COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials
Covid-19 vaccination and mammograms
Image Credit: Cleveland Clinic
Link to original FB post
Swollen Lymph Node… or Cancer? – Symptoms
What do underarm lymph nodes do? Why do they swell up? And how do you know if the swelling is simply an infection – or might be cancer?
You’re taking a shower, soaping up. And suddenly, underneath your arm, your fingers detect a painful, tender lump – one that wasn’t there yesterday. Your mind starts to race: “Do I need to worry about this? Could it be an infected lymph node, even though I haven’t felt sick? Could it be… cancer?”
What is the lymphatic system?
Your body’s lymphatic system, made up of a series of small vessels, carries a clear liquid – lymph – from your body tissues to the heart. In the heart, lymph joins blood and is pumped via arteries back to the tissues. This efficient system helps drain excess liquid from tissues, and transports infection-fighting white blood cells to where they’re needed.
What are lymph nodes?
Scattered along these small lymphatic vessels are up to 700 lymph nodes. These small (think bean-sized) bundles of tissue produce and store lymphocytes: immune cells whose job it is to trap and kill foreign substances, including harmful bacteria and viruses.
Why do lymph nodes become swollen?
When your body detects a foreign substance, it sends white blood cells to destroy that substance. White blood cells are manufactured in the lymph nodes, and sometimes when your body is dealing with an infection, these nodes manufacture so many cells that they become swollen, and you can feel them. They also become sore and painful. Most often, you’ll feel painful, swollen lymph nodes in your neck, groin, or under your arm.
So an underarm lump is a swollen lymph node?
Probably – but not always. And that’s why it’s important to take underarm lumps seriously, and not dismiss them as simply a side effect of being ill.
An underarm lump that appears suddenly and feels rather large (think marble-sized), especially if you’ve been feeling ill, is most likely to be a swollen lymph node. This lump will usually be soft and moveable, and feel sore or painful. You may even notice some reddening of the skin around the lump.
Unlike a swollen lymph node, which appears rather suddenly, a breast cancer lump grows much more slowly. At first you think you feel something, then maybe not. A few weeks (or months) later, you notice it again; it seems larger. It feels hard, seems fixed in place, and may be a bit sore, but really not too much.
Should I see a doctor right away?
If the lump you feel in your armpit is sore, perhaps red, and has appeared suddenly – usually overnight – it’s probably a swollen lymph node. It’s safe to wait awhile, to see if the pain and swelling go down on their own. A swollen lymph node, while it may remain enlarged for several weeks, usually becomes less painful within several days.
If the lump you feel isn’t sore, or barely sore; and it lingers for several weeks, then it’s wise to see a doctor, in order to eliminate the possibility of breast cancer.
How can breast cancer develop in your armpit?
Your breast tissue actually extends beyond the boundaries of what you’d consider to be your breasts. Your underarms include breast tissue, and thus a cancerous tumor can develop in breast tissue under your arm – just as it would in your actual breasts.
Underarm lumps can also be cysts; or fibroadenomas, harmless tumors that result from hormonal fluctuations. So invasive cancer and swollen lymph nodes aren’t the only causes of underarm lumps.
But it’s important not to dismiss an underarm lump as “probably just a swollen lymph node” or “nothing important.” Because not taking that underarm lump seriously – making an assessment of its characteristics, and determining whether and when to see a doctor – could potentially be fatal.
Breast cancer survivor and award-winning author PJ Hamel, a long-time contributor to the HealthCentral community, counsels women with breast cancer through the volunteer program at her local hospital. She founded and manages a large and active online survivor support network.
Meet Our Writer
PJ Hamel is senior digital content editor and food writer at King Arthur Flour, and a James Beard award-winning author. A 16-year breast cancer survivor, her passion is helping women through this devastating disease. She manages a large and active online survivor support network based at her local hospital and shares her wisdom and experience with the greater community via HealthCentral.com.
Lymph Nodes and Cancer
What is the lymph system?
The lymph (or lymphatic) system is a part of your body’s immune system. It includes a network of lymph vessels and lymph nodes. Lymph vessels are a lot like the veins that collect and carry blood through the body. But instead of carrying blood, these vessels carry the clear watery fluid called lymph. Lymph fluid also contains white blood cells, which help fight infections.
Lymph fluid would build up and cause swelling if it were not drained in some way. Lymph vessels draw up the lymph fluid from around the cells to send it towards the chest. There, lymph fluid collects into a large vessel that drains into a blood vessel near the heart.
Lymph nodes and what they do
Lymph vessels send lymph fluid through nodes throughout the body. Lymph nodes are small structures that work as filters for foreign substances, such as cancer cells and infections. They contain immune cells that can help fight infection by attacking and destroying germs that are carried in through the lymph fluid. Lymph nodes are located in many parts of the body, including the neck, armpit, chest, abdomen (belly), and groin. They contain immune cells that can help fight infection by attacking and destroying germs that are carried in through the lymph fluid.
There are hundreds of lymph nodes throughout the body. Each lymph node filters the fluid and substances picked up by the vessels that lead to it. Lymph fluid from the fingers, for instance, works its way toward the chest, joining fluid from the arm. This fluid may filter through lymph nodes at the elbow, or those under the arm. Fluid from the head, scalp, and face flows down through lymph nodes in the neck. Some lymph nodes are deep inside the body, such as between the lungs or around the bowel, to filter fluid in those areas.
Swollen lymph nodes
When there’s a problem, such as infection, injury, or cancer, lymph nodes in that area may swell or enlarge as they work to filter out the “bad” cells. Swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) tell you that something is not right, but other symptoms help pinpoint the problem. For instance, ear pain, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes near your ear are clues that you may have an ear infection or cold.
Some areas where lymph nodes commonly swell are in the neck, groin, and underarms. In most cases, only one area of nodes swells at a time. When more than one area of lymph nodes is swollen it’s called generalized lymphadenopathy. Some infections (such as strep throat and chicken pox), certain medicines, immune system diseases, and cancers like lymphoma and leukemia can cause this kind of swelling. Your health care provider will look for more information to figure out the cause of the swelling. Lymph node swelling is often caused by something other than cancer.
Cancer in the lymph nodes
Cancer can appear in the lymph nodes in 2 ways: it can either start there or it can spread there from somewhere else.
Cancer that starts in the lymph nodes is called lymphoma. You can read more about lymphoma in Hodgkin Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.
More often, cancer starts somewhere else and then spreads to lymph nodes. That is the focus of this section.
How does cancer spread to lymph nodes?
Cancer can spread from where it started (the primary site) to other parts of the body.
When cancer cells break away from a tumor, they can travel to other areas through either the bloodstream or the lymph system. If they travel through the lymph system, the cancer cells may end up in lymph nodes. Most of the escaped cancer cells die or are killed before they can start growing somewhere else. But one or two might settle in a new area, begin to grow, and form new tumors. This spread of cancer to a new part of the body is called metastasis.
In order for cancer cells to spread to new parts of the body, they have to go through several changes. They must become able to break away from the original tumor and attach to the outside wall of a lymph or blood vessel. Then they must move through the vessel wall to flow with the blood or lymph to a new organ or lymph node.
When cancer does spread to lymph nodes, it usually spreads to nodes near the tumor itself. These are the nodes that have been doing most of the work to filter out or kill the cancer cells.
How is cancer in lymph nodes found?
Normal lymph nodes are tiny and can be hard to find, but when there’s infection, inflammation, or cancer, the nodes can get larger. Those near the body’s surface often get big enough to feel with your fingers, and some can even be seen. But if there are only a few cancer cells in a lymph node, it may look and feel normal. Lymph nodes deep in the body cannot be felt or seen. So doctors may use scans or other imaging tests to look for enlarged nodes that are deep in the body. Often, enlarged lymph nodes near a cancer are assumed to contain cancer.
The only way to know whether there is cancer in a lymph node is to do a biopsy. Doctors may remove lymph nodes or take samples of one or more nodes using needles. The tissue that’s removed is looked at under the microscope by a pathologist (a doctor who diagnoses illness using tissue samples) to find out if there are cancer cells in it. The pathologist prepares a report, which details what was found. If a node has cancer in it, the report describes what it looks like and how much was seen.
When a surgeon operates to remove a primary cancer, they may remove one or more of the nearby (regional) lymph nodes as well. Removal of one lymph node is considered a biopsy, but when many lymph nodes are removed, it’s called lymph node dissection. When cancer has spread to lymph nodes, there’s a higher risk that the cancer might come back after surgery. This information helps the doctor decide whether more treatment, like chemo, immunotherapy, targeted therapy or radiation, might be needed after surgery.
What does it mean if there’s cancer in my lymph node?
If cancer is found in one or more lymph nodes, it could mean that more tests are needed to know how far the cancer has spread. This information is used to determine the stage of your cancer and the best treatment options.
For more information on staging, see Cancer Staging, or find your cancer type for more detailed information.
Effects of removing lymph nodes
When lymph nodes are removed, it can leave the affected area without a way to drain off the lymph fluid. Many of the lymph vessels now run into a dead end where the node used to be, and fluid can back up. This is called lymphedema, which can become a life-long problem. The more lymph nodes that are removed, the more likely it is to occur. To learn more about what to look for, ways reduce your risk, and how to manage this side effect, see Lymphedema.
Removing lymph nodes during cancer surgery is highly unlikely to weaken a person’s immune system, since the immune system is large and complex and is located throughout the body.
Painful Armpit Swelling After COVID Vaccine: Next Steps?
Andrew M. Kaunitz, MD
Andrew M. Kaunitz, MD: Several weeks ago, I saw a new patient, a woman in her early 50s who reported “swelling in my armpit.” In the past week, she had noted that tissue in the upper outer quadrant of her left breast and axilla seemed puffy, a bit tender, and more prominent than on her right side. She had no recent fever.
She had no personal or family history of breast cancer. Two previous screening mammograms had been read as normal. She underwent placement of breast implants when she was in her late 20s.
Examination of the patient, both seated and supine, revealed symmetric breasts with implants, no skin changes, and no palpable axillary lymph nodes. The patient pointed to what she considered the area of concern — the somewhat tender and swollen upper outer quadrant of her left breast and the underlying pectoralis major muscle.
Our University of Florida breast imaging center is next door to the ambulatory obstetrics/gynecology suite, so I walked over to talk with my colleague Dr Pamela Hatch, a radiologist with fellowship training in breast imaging. Dr Hatch returned with me, where she spoke with and examined the patient.
Parlyn D. Hatch, MD
Pamela D. Hatch, MD: I examined the patient and agreed that some axillary tail fullness was present, but no distinct masses. The exam also revealed that the patient’s discomfort extended into the left axilla.
This brought to mind a discussion I’d had recently with my colleague Dr Haley Letter. Dr Letter had seen online discussions among members of the Society of Breast Imaging (SBI), who were talking about patients presenting with swollen lymph nodes on the side they received the COVID vaccine injection.
Breast imagers have long been aware that vaccinations administered in the deltoid area can result in transient unilateral axillary lymphadenopathy. Both Mehta and colleagues and Edmonds and colleagues have written that the occurrence of axillary lymphadenopathy was particularly frequent after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination.
Upon inquiry, the patient revealed that she had indeed received the first dose of COVID-19 vaccine 12 days earlier, in her left arm. Because her most recent screening mammogram had been done more than 6 months earlier, and the symptoms involved both the axillary tail and the axilla, I recommended that Dr Kaunitz order a diagnostic mammogram and sonogram of the left breast and a left breast sonogram.
Enlarged lymph nodes are often visible on mammography (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Mammogram showing enlarged axillary lymph nodes.
Mammographic images (Figure 2) in our patient did not show enlarged axillary lymph nodes. The patient has a breast implant in place, but no mammographic abnormalities were seen.
Figure 2. Mammographic images of the left breast, with palpable and pain markers indicated.
Ultrasound can often reveal deeper nodes not seen on mammography or felt on exam. As suspected, the left breast/left axillary ultrasound demonstrated lymphadenopathy, confirmed by thickening of the lymph node cortex to greater than 3 mm (Figures 3 and 4).
Figure 4a. Lymph node with thickened cortex in the patient’s left axilla. 4b. Cortex of a normal lymph node in the pain-free right axilla.
Evaluation and Follow-up
Hatch: Because unilateral lymphadenopathy can be an indication of breast cancer, the SBI has issued guidance to prevent unnecessary evaluation and foster appropriate follow-up of patients who have unilateral lymphadenopathy on routine screening mammograms after COVID vaccination. The guidance includes the following:
Consider obtaining the following information on patient intake forms: COVID-19 vaccination status; timing and side (left vs right arm) of vaccination. To minimize patient anxiety, consider including this introductory statement: Vaccines of all types can result in temporary swelling of the lymph nodes, which may be a sign that the body is making antibodies in response to the vaccine, as intended.
Unilateral axillary adenopathy on screening exams warrants a BI-RADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System) category 0 assessment to allow further evaluation of the ipsilateral breast and documentation of medical history, including COVID-19 vaccination.
After appropriate diagnostic work-up for unilateral axillary adenopathy in women who received a COVID-19 vaccination in the ipsilateral upper extremity within the preceding 4 weeks, consider a short-term follow-up exam in 4-12 weeks (BI-RADS category 3) after the second vaccine dose.
If axillary adenopathy persists after short-term follow up, consider lymph node sampling to exclude breast and nonbreast cancer.
The SBI also recommends that, if possible and when it does not unduly delay care, clinicians consider scheduling screening exams before the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccination or 4-6 weeks after the second dose of a COVID-19 vaccination. The SBI further advises clinicians to remain alert for additional information regarding assessment and follow up of these patients.
This patient’s imaging findings have been assessed as BI-RADS category 3, with the recommendation that Dr Kaunitz order follow-up imaging 3 months after the patient’s second vaccination dose.
Kaunitz: One of the attributes I appreciate about the setting I practice in is that it facilitates collaboration with colleagues in other specialties. Our use of a common electronic health record makes it easy and quick to contact and hear back from colleagues regarding evaluation and management of patients. I hope all the women’s health clinicians reading this have radiology colleagues like Dr Hatch who, through collaboration, can improve the quality of our patients’ care.
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Some women have lymph node swelling under arm after covid vaccine
Lea Anne Ochs was dismayed when she received a call from UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital about a follow-up ultrasound from a mammogram.
“My mammograms had always been normal,” said the 48-year-old from Economy Borough, Beaver County. “It was my routine mammogram. And there was no family history of breast cancer.”
The cause for concern came from images showing abnormalities of lymph node enlargements under both arms. Her doctor suspected it was because Ochs had received covid-19 vaccines in both arms — the right on Jan. 2 and the left on Jan. 23.
About 10% of women who have received the covid-19 vaccine have reported swelling in lymph nodes of the same arm where they received the shot, according to makers Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech. In Moderna’s study, 11.6% of patients reported swollen lymph nodes after the first dose, and 16% after the second dose. Pfizer reported 0.3% of patients with similar swelling.
Ochs, who had the Pfizer vaccine, scheduled a mammogram for eight weeks after the second shot at UPMC in Wexford. Then got the call about more images because a radiologist detected swelling in her lymph nodes from the mammogram.
“I freaked out a little bit,” Ochs said. “I had to have a friend talk to me to calm me down. Everything is good now. They say that vaccines can cause lymph nodes to become active which is what you want. You also want it to settle down in a few days too. But it can take longer.”
She said UPMC is being proactive by ordering more scans.
”We take for granted when we get the flu shot that nothing is going to happen, but this is a different type of vaccine,” Ochs said.
This swelling isn’t just happening in women. Men, too, can notice swelling under their arms, according to experts.
Women undergo screening mammography, which men generally do not, so that explains why doctors are observing this more in women.
“Also, women get breast cancer much more frequently than men – another reason why this question impacts the female population more,” said Dr. Jessica W. T. Leung, president, Society of Breast Imaging and professor of diagnostic radiology & deputy chair of breast imaging at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas. . “But there is no medical/immunological reason why the phenomenon should be limited to women.”Any vaccine can cause inflammation, because vaccines activate the immune system. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system, said Dr. Margarita Zuley, chief of the division of breast imaging at UPMC Magee.
“We don’t want to scare people,” Zuley said. “We still want them to come and get their screening exam. We also know the importance of getting the vaccine, so we don’t want them to skip that either.”
UPMC is sending information to women who need to schedule their annual mammogram or have mammograms already scheduled.
If a woman hasn’t scheduled a mammogram she should try to make the appointment before her first vaccine dose or at least four weeks after the second dose.
That can reduce the chance that swollen lymph nodes from the vaccine will appear on a mammogram, according to UPMC.
Courtesy of Dr. Jessica W. T. Leung
Dr. Jessica W. T. Leung is Professor of Diagnostic Radiology and Deputy Chair of Department of Breast Imaging at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
“If you feel fine and there aren’t any lumps and your mammogram is negative then the swelling is probably because of the vaccine,” said Leung. “Radiologists around the country are seeing swelling. And it should go away. Don’t be anxious. It is best to wait a little bit and see if that swelling goes away.”
She suggests waiting four weeks to 12 weeks for the swelling to go down.
“Vaccines are the single best way to end a pandemic,” Zuley said. “And annual mammograms are the most effective way to reduce mortality rates from breast cancer. Both are important.”
Dr. Anton Becker and Dr. Rocio Perez-Johnston, of the department of radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, were part of a report published on the Radiological Society of North America’s website. Their department observed an increasing number of enlarged lymph nodes. Becker said via email that the next step is “to collect data and study this phenomenon.”
Becker said the vaccination should take priority over the screening examination.
“This is a normal reaction of the body producing antibodies in response to the vaccine, and should resolve on its own within days, but can take up to four to six weeks,” Becker said. “In patients with cancer, it may be helpful to consult a doctor to assess the risk of the swelling being due to the cancer.”
JoAnne Klimovich Harrop is a Tribune-Review staff writer. You can contact JoAnne at 724-853-5062, [email protected] or via Twitter .
How to treat lymph nodes under the armpits
The lymphatic system is responsible for stable immunity and fights infectious diseases.
The lymphatic system is one of the most important in the body. She is responsible for stable immunity and fights infectious diseases. Nodules become inflamed due to hypothermia, injury, poor hygiene, infections and more serious causes. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor based on the results of tests, and treatment already depends on this.
Why are the lymph nodes under the armpits inflamed?
Inflammation of the lymph nodes is called lymphadentitis. Most often, lymph nodes become inflamed due to staphylococci, streptococci and Escherichia coli. If too many bacteria accumulate in the body, and the lymphatic system can no longer cope with them, its nodes accumulate pathogens and become inflamed.
Axillary lymph nodes become inflamed due to a variety of reasons. For example, with a disease of the mammary glands, during a cold, infectious or oncological diseases.Factors can also be furunculosis, increased work of sweat glands, colds and respiratory diseases, allergies, intoxication.
Sometimes one lymph node becomes inflamed, sometimes lymph nodes all over the body become inflamed. Sometimes they grow so much that they become sensitive and painful. Those that manifest in the armpits ache, redden and swell. Inflammation can be accompanied by weakness in the body, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and headache.
How to treat inflamed lymph nodes?
In order to relieve inflammation of the lymph nodes, you need to find out why they changed their size and cure this cause. For example, a cold or an infectious disease.
Treatment for lymphadentitis includes compresses with ichthyol ointment and Dimexide, physiotherapy procedures, antibacterial drugs. The patient is prescribed bed rest and any activity is prohibited.
If the lymph nodes are periodically inflamed in the armpits, you need to improve immunity. This can be done using traditional medicine. A popular life hack is to drink Echinacea tincture . It is taken before meals with a little water.
Tincture or fresh aloe juice will do. Ninety milliliters of juice should be mixed with three tablespoons of liquid honey and three tablespoons of red wine. Mix thoroughly and place in a dry, dark place for two days. The resulting tincture can be taken every morning for one teaspoon.
Inflamed lymph nodes are treated with calendula tincture . It is necessary to grind dry flowers, pour boiling water over them and let it brew for about ten to fifteen minutes. The resulting infusion is taken up to five times a day before meals.The course lasts ten days.
In the treatment of lymphadenitis, garlic is used. Pour two crushed heads with one liter of boiling water and leave for six to eight hours. Take a teaspoon before meals up to four times a day for five days.
With inflamed lymph nodes it is advised to drink beet juice – 100-120 ml on an empty stomach for a week. If you do not like its taste, you can dilute the juice with carrot juice.
In order for the lymph nodes to take on a normal shape, you will need a mixture of herbs – St. John’s wort, mistletoe, yarrow and walnut leaves.They need to be poured with hot water and allowed to brew, then cooled and refrigerated. Every evening, moisten the cloth in the broth and apply to the inflamed areas.
City Clinical Hospital №31 – Help for patients. Hematological diseases. Introduction. Part I. Lymphomas (page 24)
Page 24 of 33
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma belongs to the aggressive class of T-cell lymphomas, in which the lymph nodes are mainly enlarged. The name shows that the tumor consists of T cells, and T cells (T lymphocytes) are the most formidable fighters of the immune system, since it is they who destroy foreign bacteria and the body’s own diseased cells. Like an apple on a tree, the entire period of transformation (maturation) of a young cell into a mature T-lymphocyte goes through several stages. At each stage, a malfunction and the formation of a diseased tumor group of cells is possible. In anaplastic lymphoma, tumor cells change so much that they completely lose all signs of maturation and look like young cells.This is indicated by the word “anaplasia”. Lymph nodes in this disease are enlarged in groups in the neck, armpits, groin and other places. The patient may be disturbed by such signs of the disease, which are called “B-symptoms”: he has a fever, he quickly loses weight and sweats a lot in the evening and at night. Autoimmune complications are also possible , i.e. an erroneous reaction of the immune system to organs and tissues of its own body, when the defense system begins to work against healthy cells.
To make a correct diagnosis, it is necessary to take a piece of a tumor or an enlarged lymph node for morphological and immunohistochemical studies. This is very important for the prognosis and choice of treatment. Only such a complex, comprehensive analysis allows for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
To find out exactly whether there are enlarged lymph nodes and how many of them are in those parts of the body that cannot be seen during external examination, it is necessary to do a computed tomography.The stage of the disease is set according to the system “Ann-Arbor” , which reflects which organs and lymph nodes are affected.
Treatment for anaplastic large cell lymphoma depends on the presence or absence of an enzyme called “ALK” in the tumor. It is detected during immunohistochemical examination of the lymph node. If the ALK enzyme is present, the lymphoma is called ALK-positive. These lymphomas are successfully treated in 70% of cases. If softer, relatively small doses of drugs fail to cure the patient, then high-dose chemotherapy with support of its own cells is carried out.If the ALK enzyme is not present, then the lymphoma is called ALK negative. Treatment outcomes for ALK-negative lymphomas are somewhat poorer, but new drugs are constantly emerging to help improve treatment for these patients.
90,000 Swelling of the lymph nodes under the arm. An enlarged lymph node under the arm of a woman is the cause. What examinations will have to be done with an increase in the lymph node under the armpits
Lymph nodes are important organs of the human immune system. This is a kind of filter, a barrier for harmful viruses and bacteria, they do not participate in the formation of cells.In the normal state, the location of such nodes is barely noticeable. A person may not even know that they exist. But if the lymph node under the arm suddenly becomes inflamed, this may indicate the presence of a disease in nearby organs. With sudden movements and pressure, a person will experience acute pain. This means it’s time to see a doctor.
What does a lump under the arm mean
A lump or ball under the armpit is a hard lump that usually always gives an unpleasant painful sensation.An increase in lymph nodes under the armpits is caused by wearing tight, uncomfortable underwear, non-compliance with hygiene rules, and a razor cut. In addition, the lump under the arm hurts as a result of weakened immunity after a severe infectious disease. Axillary lymph nodes can still enlarge due to inflammation of the mammary glands or due to profuse sweating.
Symptoms in women and men
Pain under the armpit may be severe. In this case, inflammation of the lymph nodes often develops slowly.At first, a person develops a small seal the size of a pea, and pain appears on palpation. The skin becomes red and hot. If measures are not taken in a timely manner, then the patient’s lymph nodes may swell greatly, the temperature will rise sharply. As a rule, women and men have the same symptoms if the inflammation is caused by lymphadenitis:
Inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm does not always accompany pain. The appearance of this symptom depends on the internal cause that provoked the induration: if the lymph nodes under the arm become inflamed in a patient with tuberculosis, syphilis, then there will be no strong burning sensations. Discomfort will not be felt by a person whose lymph nodes have increased as a result of cancer (cancer, sarcoma).
Swollen lymph nodes
In a healthy state, the lymph nodes under the armpit are not disturbed.If they begin to become inflamed, become large, pain is felt, there is swelling, it means that the process of infection in the body has begun. You cannot ignore these signs and self-medicate. You need to see a doctor, get advice. A thickening in the armpit in women often results from certain diseases, such as:
- adenoviral infections.
Lymph node pain and armpit pain
A common cause of armpit pain is sprain.Discomfort can still arise as a result of problems with the mammary glands, undergoing breast surgery. The cyclical nature of pain occurs due to mastalgia, which appears before menstruation. An allergy to deodorant, as well as the appearance of a pimple or boil, contributes to the occurrence of unpleasant sensations in the armpits. Such an abscess can break through at any time. After it, an ugly scar may remain.
The red spot under the armpit appears in the form of a rounded shape, and not immediately of a bright shade, at first a brick color is observed. For comparison, you can see a photo of such spots. They are not always smooth to the touch – sometimes you can see small scales. As a rule, red spots disappear after a person begins to perform a set of hygiene procedures. The reasons for this appearance of spots under the armpits:
Common causes of armpit induration:
- abuse of deodorants, which are intended to get rid of perspiration;
- coarse shave;
- for a child – due to wearing uncomfortable, tight clothes;
- physical activity, increased sweating, inaccessibility of taking a bath leads to the growth of microorganisms that cause inflammation;
- inflammation of the sweat glands and inflammation of the follicles are manifested by acute pain: complications such as fever and the formation of an abscess can occur;
- Allergic reaction to certain medications.
90,093 skin damage;
What to do with a tumor under the arm
To get rid of a swollen lump under the armpit, you need to understand the root cause of its appearance. If it arose as a result of unsuccessful epilation, you just need to apply treatment with antiseptics. You can use the old folk method – to make an iodine mesh on the armpit area. If the seal appears after using an antiperspirant, you need to discard it, and the skin should be treated with alcohol. You can also use special antibiotic ointments.Echinacea tincture on alcohol is effective in the fight against such neoplasms.
How to get rid of enlarged lymph nodes in the armpits? How serious is this disease, is it possible to cure it with folk remedies, or not to do without the intervention of a specialist – all these questions deserve close attention.
Signs of inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes
Unpleasant sensations in the armpit, radiating to the arm and chest, are often the first signs of inflammation of the lymph nodes localized in the armpit.Enlarged and sensitive lymph nodes usually do not cause acute pain even on palpation, but at the same time they cause pulling pain, which is the cause of constant discomfort and can serve as a symptom of a serious illness that only a doctor can tell about.
Skin redness, fever, chills, headache, weakness and aches in the body, similar to a cold and intense pain can indicate suppuration of the lymph nodes – purulent lymphadenitis. In this state, an immediate appeal to a qualified specialist is inevitable, and delay is very dangerous.
Pain in the armpit area can be quite dangerous
What can you do in such a situation – immediately run to the clinic or try to find out the nature of the “behavior” of the lymphatic system on your own? First of all, you need to understand how it works and as a result of which the nodes turn into painful formations.
On the guard of health
Lymph nodes are a kind of biological filters located throughout the body, either singly or in clusters.Lymph, better known in the common people as an ichor, absorbs harmful infections and microbes throughout the body and brings them to the nodes that are an obstacle to the vital organs.
Nature has disposed very wisely, placing its “defenders” throughout the body, which allows us to consider them one of the most important organs of the human immune system. Thus, inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpits should be taken rather as a good sign, because it, in fact, indicates health problems that a person might not even have suspected of.
Why are the lymph nodes in the armpits inflamed?
There are a number of causes of swollen lymph nodes. Diseases include immune, infectious and oncological diseases.
Systemic lupus erythematosus – damage to capillaries and connective tissues.
Angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy – a disease of the lungs.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease of the joints.
Dermatomyositis is a serious disease of the connective tissues.
Serum sickness – immune response to foreign proteins.
Reaction to certain medicinal products.
Each lymph node serves a specific part of the body. The lymph nodes in the armpit are mainly designed to protect the fingers and hands of a person, preventing the infection present here from moving further through the body.
- Purulent processes arising from inflammation of wounds provide a fertile ground for the multiplication of millions of microbes that enter the lymph and can cause acute lymphadenitis.How does this happen? For example: a cut, bite, or even a banal scratch on a finger or hand was not treated in a timely manner, as a result of which the inflammatory process began. Redness and inflammation form around the wound, which, without the use of drugs, begins to rise up the arm and pose a direct threat to human life and health.
At this moment, the protection in the form of lymph nodes begins to work – first the elbow, and then the axillary. But even such a powerful barrier has weaknesses, and without proper treatment, the nodes themselves turn into a focus of the disease.In such advanced cases, the resulting cavity filled with pus is opened in order to prevent rupture, the consequences of which can lead to severe complications in the form of phlegmon – an acute diffuse purulent inflammation of the cellular space, which can not only spread to neighboring organs, but also lead to blood poisoning.
Cat scratch disease (fever) is a common cause of armpit lymph node inflammation, especially in children.The name of this acute infectious disease is directly related to the four-legged friends of the feline family, as it occurs as a result of scratches and cat bites, and most often the hands and fingers of a person suffer from them.
The child’s body, like litmus paper, presents inflamed lymph nodes to parents in various infectious diseases, trying to draw attention to the baby’s health problems as early as possible.
Lymph nodes on a child’s body can indicate a disease
Even a banal acute respiratory viral infection can cause an increase in several groups of nodes, including axillary ones.But you should not relax – such a reaction of the body can serve as a signal of very serious illnesses, such as tuberculosis, which can be triggered by immunodeficiency caused by HIV infection.
- Long-term enlargement of axillary and other lymph node groups is a serious cause for concern. Perhaps this is due to especially dangerous diseases such as mononucleosis, brucellosis, listeriosis, and even HIV infection.
Unfortunately, inflamed axillary lymph nodes may indicate the presence of tumor diseases, namely:
Malignant granuloma (Hodgkin’s disease) – damage to the lymph nodes.Seeing a doctor at an early stage contributes to an almost complete cure, while neglected forms are extremely life-threatening.
Lymphosarcoma is a malignant tumor that occurs directly in the lymph node. Requires an immediate visit to the clinic.
The insidiousness of tumor diseases lies in the fact that lymph nodes enlarged to 3-4 centimeters do not cause pain, and a person may simply not pay attention to them, thinking that he is dealing with a wen or other benign lump.
Do not neglect even the slightest swelling in the armpit area
Personal hygiene products
An amazing fact – the cause of enlarged lymph nodes can be the most common roll-on, solid or gel deodorant. Few know about this, but surgeons, who almost daily observe patients with tumors in the armpit, can tell a lot to lovers of such antiperspirants. Why is this happening?
It’s simple: firstly, because of the constant clogging of the pores, which can lead to inflammation and even suppuration of the armpit, and secondly, because of the accumulation of bacteria on the deodorant applicator, regularly penetrating the wounds that form after shaving.
So, summing up. No matter how insignificant the inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpit is, a visit to the doctor will be very useful – only a specialist can identify and eliminate the cause.
Methods for the treatment of inflammatory processes in the axillary lymph nodes
Fortunately and joyfully most patients who see a doctor due to swollen lymph nodes in the armpits, most often the source of inflammation is minor infections or colds, amenable to simple outpatient treatment.
Which specialist should I contact with such a problem? The simplest thing is to go to the local therapist, who will write out a referral for passing the necessary tests to detect inflammation or infection. Having studied the results obtained, he will either prescribe treatment on his own, or refer him to other doctors specializing in this profile.
Having identified the cause, the doctor decides on the appropriateness of using certain drugs, most often antibiotics, immunostimulating drugs and vitamin complexes.Be that as it may, it is strictly forbidden to self-medicate inflammation of the lymph nodes – each person requires an individual approach. It is not uncommon for completely different drugs to help different patients with the same diseases.
Folk remedies can be used only after a medical examination
Folk remedies can also be used, but only as an auxiliary course. There are many recipes for reducing intoxication of the body and increasing immunity.Here are some simple and effective ways:
Grind and mix equal parts of hawthorn, capsicum, green and peppermint. Pour 250 ml of boiling water over one tablespoon of the mixture and hold it in a water bath for several minutes. Cool, strain and use 70 ml twice a day.
Pour a handful of oats into 1 liter of milk (natural, not powdered) and put on fire using a divider. After boiling, reduce heat to low and leave for 40 minutes.Add half a teaspoon of honey to one glass of cooled broth and take one glass three times a day 30 minutes before meals. Children under the age of seven years should be given a quarter of a glass, adolescents – half a glass.
Grind one hundred pieces of pine tops, add 2 liters of water and boil over low heat for two hours. Strain. Dilute the infusion with another 1 liter of water, add 200 g of sugar and leave to boil for another two hours over low heat. The resulting syrup should be consumed daily in 1 tablespoon.
Lotions from peppermint leaves, steamed roots of roadside cornflower and cloth dipped in sunflower oil are very useful.
Take care of yourself and be healthy!
Lymph nodes perform the function of cleansing the lymph fluid that circulates through the body. Any bacteria or viruses that infect the organs of the upper torso can cause inflammation in the axillary lymph nodes. Depending on the causes, the disease can be accompanied by symptoms of varying intensity.
Inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpit can be caused by many causes. Most often this occurs in response to chronic inflammation of internal organs, since a constant source of bacterial infection appears in the body, which must be constantly neutralized.
The most common causes of inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpit are:
- Viral infectious diseases. For example, lymphadenitis can be caused by influenza virus, chickenpox or shingles.
- Bacterial infectious diseases. Furuncle, curbuncle, panaceria can cause a local reaction of the immune system. Also, the cause of axillary lymphodenitis can be cuts when shaving, overly active work of the sebaceous glands with subsequent inflammation of the hair follicles. These processes increase the risk of entry of staphylococci, streptococci and other bacteria into the body.
- Fungal infections can lead to inflammation of the lymph nodes, especially if the lesions are on the arms and upper torso.This is ringworm, which manifests itself on skin without hair, pityriasis and other types of lichen.
- Specific diseases – AIDS, tuberculosis, syphilis, plague, mononucleosis – also cause inflammation and soreness in the armpits.
Most often, lymphadenitis in adults occurs with chronic and acute inflammation of internal organs. The child’s body can react with enlarged lymph nodes to frequent viral infections and colds.
Symptoms indicating the process of inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpits depend on the causes and on the patient’s state of health.Lymphadenitis can develop rapidly, in an acute form, or be mild or chronic.
- increase in their size;
- pain on pressure;
- soreness when moving the arm;
90,093 temperature rise;
90 093 swelling and redness on the skin over the affected nodes;
90,093 violations in the hand: edema, loss of sensitivity.
Acute development of lymphodenitis can be divided into several stages.
1. Signs of the first stage are enlargement of nodes and pain on palpation. One or more hard lumps may be felt under the armpits, which grow in size and become more than one centimeter in diameter.
2. The second stage is manifested by the following symptoms:
- a sharp increase in body temperature;
- significant enlargement, induration of the lymph nodes;
- chills, sleep disorders, apathy;
3. At the third stage of inflammation of the lymph nodes, suppuration processes begin in the lymph nodes. They are accompanied by throbbing pain in the affected area and extremely high body temperature.
If an increase and soreness in the lymph nodes is observed for a long time, this is a good reason to consult a specialist. If the high temperature rises suddenly, the general health has deteriorated sharply, then in this case, an ambulance is required.
First of all, in case of inflammation of the lymph nodes, it is necessary to be examined by a therapist.After the diagnosis, you can be referred to a specialized specialist (ENT, dentist, mammologist, phthisiatrician, etc.), depending on the causes of the disease.
After an internal examination by a therapist, a laboratory blood test is performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Additionally may be required:
In some cases, it is necessary to conduct a biopsy of lymph nodes:
- if treatment does not give results for a long time;
- if lymphadenitis processes indicate tumor or cancerous processes.
Identifying the correct causes that led to the inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes is a prerequisite for effective treatment. If a long course of medication does not bring recovery, it is necessary to undergo additional examination and adjust the treatment.
Treatment of lymphadenitis is very individual and depends on the underlying problem that causes inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpit. For different types of infections, appropriate medications are used.
- For bacterial infections, a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
- If lymphadenitis is caused by viruses, then anti-inflammatory and antiviral agents are used. Immunomodulators are sometimes used to boost the activity of the immune system.
- Fungal infections are treated with antifungal drugs (tablets, ointments and sprays). Often it is necessary to prescribe a course of antihistamines (antiallergic) medications.
In most cases, inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpit does not need additional treatment, as the symptoms quickly disappear when the general condition of the body improves.But, with an acute form and with obvious processes of suppuration, drug treatment is mandatory.
The main remedy used in the second stage of the disease is anti-inflammatory drugs. Physiotherapy is also used, when a special physiotherapeutic effect is directed at an enlarged node. This makes it possible to improve blood circulation and regeneration processes under the armpits.
Effective physiotherapeutic agents include:
- electrophoresis is the use of weak electric currents for better penetration of drugs into cells;
- ultrasound therapy – influence on the affected lymph node with ultrasound waves;
- UHF therapy – uses an ultra-high frequency electric field.
If the last stage of the disease is observed, and pus is detected in the nodes, then the treatment is performed surgically. The affected lymph nodes are cleared of purulent masses and drainage is done. A course of rehabilitation therapy is also prescribed.
Complications of lymphadenitis occur if you ignore the signs of the last stage of the disease, when pus accumulates in the lymph nodes. It is suppuration that is the main danger. First, the increase in the size of the lymph nodes due to suppuration complicates the work of the body’s lymphatic and circulatory systems.Secondly, the spread of pus from the lymph node into the arm or chest will lead to a serious condition of the patient.
The main consequences of purulent lymphodenitis:
- periadenitis – inflammation of nearby body tissues;
- adenophlegmon – the skin over the affected lymph node swells greatly, reddens, severe pain appears;
- thrombophlebitis – an enlarged lymph node compresses adjacent veins, disrupting blood circulation in the hands;
- general infection is a process that occurs after the breakthrough of pus from the affected node.
The development of purulent lymphadenitis is unpredictable and can lead to very serious consequences. It is worth treating the disease in a comprehensive manner even at the first stages of its development.
The female body often reacts to problems with the mammary glands with enlarged lymph nodes. There are several pathological processes in which lymphadenitis develops in women.
- Mastitis. If a nursing mother has a blockage of the milk ducts, which develops into mastitis, then a high body temperature, chills, and deterioration of the general condition appear.
- Benign breast tumors: cyst, fibroadenoma. The formation of a tumor in the breast can be unnoticed. The only mild symptom is sometimes constantly enlarged lymph nodes under the arm. If the inflammation persists for a long time, see your doctor.
- Malignant tumors. It is important to determine oncological processes in the breast in the early stages. As in previous cases, a slight increase in the nodes near the mammary glands may be the only symptom of a similar problem.
If women have inflammation of the axillary lymph nodes without significant reasons for more than six months, it is necessary to do a biopsy of the lymphatic tissue. This test will determine the presence or absence of tumor and cancer cells. Depending on this, a strategy for further treatment is being built.
Before treating inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpit with folk remedies, it is necessary to consult a doctor and identify the underlying cause of the disease. The use of traditional medicine recipes must be carried out in conjunction with drug treatment of the underlying disease.
Consider the most effective traditional medicine recipes. With lymphadenitis, both compresses and infusions are used, which are taken orally. A good result of such treatment depends on the stage of development of the disease: with advanced inflammation, the effectiveness of folk remedies decreases.
Ginseng tincture. Ginseng has anti-inflammatory and tonic properties. The tincture must be taken in 10-15 drops, diluted in a small amount of water. Take the product before meals 2 times a day.Ginseng will not only help get rid of the manifestations of the disease, but also strengthen the immune system.
Aloe juice. Freshly squeezed aloe juice will also help reduce inflammation in the body. To do this, take a teaspoon or dessert spoon of juice 2 times a day. To prepare it, take a leaf of a plant, finely chop it and squeeze out the juice. It is best to do the medicine just before use.
Baked onions. This remedy is very effective, as it activates blood circulation and relieves inflammation of the lymph nodes.It is important to remember that baked onion compresses are effective only in the initial stages of the disease. Bake an onion and make a gruel out of it. Use it to compress the affected areas. From above, you can use polyethylene, bandage. It is better to leave the compress overnight.
There are recipes when it is necessary to warm up the inflamed lymph nodes. But by performing this procedure without the approval of a doctor, you are putting yourself in danger, since lymphatic inflammation when exposed to heat can be aggravated by suppuration.
Prevention of lymphadenitis is health promotion. If the immune system quickly and efficiently reacts to infections, then the body will not suffer from prolonged inflammation.
In order to strengthen the immune system and the body’s defenses, it is necessary:
- lead a healthy lifestyle;
- get rid of bad habits;
- eat healthy food;
- to play sports to improve the functioning of the circulatory and lymphatic systems;
- take a course of vitamins in the off-season;
- to treat inflammatory processes in the body on time;
- to be examined regularly if there are chronic diseases.
Prevention means, first of all, maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It is important to consult a doctor in time for acute symptoms of the disease, as well as if an enlarged axillary lymph node has been observed for more than 6 months. Since the lymphatic system is very sensitive to all negative processes in the body, these symptoms can be signals of incipient cancer problems or other serious diseases.
A large number of diseases manifest themselves as widespread or local enlargement of the lymph nodes.Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit can be a symptom of a bacterial or viral infection, autoimmune and oncological processes.
is one of the important components of the lymphatic system. Collecting from organs and tissues, lymph passes through the vessels through the lymph nodes, bringing in them immune cells, bacteria and viruses that have entered the body, or cancer cells formed as a result of cellular disorders. In the lymph nodes, infectious agents are neutralized and malignant cells are destroyed.
Thus, we can say that they are biological filters in the human body. In the axillary lymph nodes there is an outflow of lymph from the upper extremities, organs of the chest and mammary gland, therefore, an increase in lymph nodes in the armpit speaks most often about pathology in these areas.
Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit must be distinguished from the following diseases, which are also manifested by rounded formations in the axillary region
Due to the fact that lymph from several areas of the body passes through the axillary lymph nodes, lymphadenopathy in this area is quite frequent.
Causes of axillary lymph node enlargement
Lymphadenopathy is a condition characterized by swollen lymph nodes and is only a preliminary diagnosis. This means that the real cause of the changes in the lymph nodes remains to be seen. Usually the number of lymph nodes in the axillary (axillary) region ranges from 15 to 45 pcs. Their sizes are normally from 5 mm to 1 cm. Healthy lymph nodes should be painless, mobile and not soldered to each other and the skin. Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit can be a symptom of a wide variety of diseases, both inflammatory-infectious and non-inflammatory.
The causes of armpit lymph node enlargement can be divided into two main groups.
- General viral infection
During or after a viral illness, a widespread enlargement of the lymph nodes, including the axillary ones, occurs. As a rule, the increase is insignificant, the nodes are not painful and are not welded together. No special treatment is required; a viral infection must be treated. With recovery, the enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes will pass.Often in children and adolescents it is infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus.
- Infection in the tissues of the upper limb
… Infected hand wounds, felon, cat scratch disease. In this case, the axillary lymph nodes act as a barrier that prevents the infection from entering the systemic circulation. In this case, accordingly, the lymph node is enlarged on one side, in the area of the focus of infection. In addition to inflammation of the lymph nodes, there can be inflammation of the lymphatic vessels leading from the focus of infection to the node – lymphangitis.It is necessary to carry out treatment aimed at cleansing the affected tissues of the hand from infection. For this, surgical cleaning of the wound and dressing are used. Antibiotic therapy will be a mandatory component of treatment.
- Pulmonary tuberculosis and lymph node tuberculosis
… A relatively rare form of tuberculosis. The lymph nodes are dense, enlarged and painless. …
- HIV infection
… As a rule, several groups of lymph nodes above the lower back are affected.
- Boil or carbuncle in the armpit
…These are inflammatory processes in the hair follicle. Axillary lymph nodes, as biological filters, are the first to take on bacteria from the focus of inflammation. Opening of the purulent focus and sanitation is required.
… A focus of purulent inflammation in the mammary gland, often characterized by unilateral enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes.
Systemic disease with multiple organ damage, most often affecting the lymph nodes, spleen, lungs and liver, rarely the skin and eyes.Lymphadenopathy in this case is common, accompanied by weakness, chest pain and dry cough. Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit in combination with a cough give a picture similar to pulmonary tuberculosis. It is necessary to carry out additional diagnostic measures to establish the correct diagnosis.
… Approximately 10% of women diagnosed with mastopathy experience an increase in axillary lymph nodes. The lymph nodes are enlarged, not adhered to the skin and to each other, slightly painful.
…This is a large group of malignant diseases, which are characterized by damage to the lymph nodes and internal organs, due to the uncontrolled growth and reproduction of degenerated lymphocytes. Conditionally divided into lymphogranulomatosis (Hodgkin’s lymphoma) and.
- Breast cancer
… Since the axillary nodes collect lymph from the mammary gland, in the oncological process, the lesion on the side of the same name occurs quite quickly.
is an inflammation of the lymph node caused by a nonspecific infectious agent.The most common cause of lymphadenitis are streptococci and staphylococci. Bacteria with lymph flow enter the lymph node, where an immune response takes place.
If there are a lot of bacteria, then the lymph node cannot cope and inflammation begins in it, often purulent. Most often, lymphadenitis occurs in the inguinal lymph nodes.
The clinical picture of acute nonspecific lymphadenitis consists of symptoms of general intoxication and signs of local inflammation.
Symptoms of local inflammation include: pain on palpation, redness of the skin over the lymph node, enlargement of the node, pain when moving the arm in the shoulder joint.
Treatment of acute lymphadenitis is aimed at fighting the infection, usually broad-spectrum antibiotics, immunomodulators, physiotherapy are prescribed. In the presence of purulent inflammation in the node, an opening (incision) and drainage of the purulent cavity (removal of the contents) are performed.
The prognosis for recovery is favorable.
Specific lymphadenitis is caused by the causative agents of syphilis, tuberculosis, plague. Axillary lymph nodes are affected more often with tuberculosis infection. As a rule, in this case, the lymph node in the armpit is enlarged and does not hurt.Requires long-term treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs.
Cat scratch disease
Cat scratch fever occurs when a cat bites or scratches. The disease is caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae, and cats are a natural reservoir of these microorganisms. After a bite or scratch, bacteria enter the blood and lymph. The clinical picture is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Papular rash at the site of scratches or bites.
- Regional lymphadenitis
- Symptoms of general intoxication, such as headache, fatigue, fever, weakness.
Most often children and adolescents who play with cats on the street get sick. The incubation period lasts from 3 days to 1.5 months. Then, at the site of the entrance gate for infection, papular rashes appear, which heal without scarring. With such a long incubation period, it may sometimes not be clear why the lymph node is enlarged in the armpit in a child.
However, a careful history taking, fever, and the presence of lymphangitis towards an enlarged lymph node may indicate this disease. The lymph node is usually enlarged, tight, and painful.
How to treat
antibiotic therapy is carried out, most often Erythromycin is prescribed 500 mg 4 times a day, ciprofloxacin 500 mg 2 times a day. The course of treatment is approximately 10-14 days. In the process, the lymph node becomes soft, it is punctured or a small incision is made to remove pus.
After healing, strong immunity is formed.
Axillary lymphadenopathy in mastopathy and breast cancer
Breast cancer is currently in the first place in terms of prevalence and mortality from cancer among women in the Russian Federation.
Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit are one of the first signs of breast cancer, they should alert a woman.
Self-examination of the breast plays an important role in the early diagnosis of cancer.An examination of the axillary lymph nodes will also be a mandatory component. In the oncological process, the enlarged lymph nodes are dense, welded together into conglomerates, moderately painful on palpation. The self-examination method provides for self-examination and palpation of the mammary glands.
Also among women over 35 years old is the most common disease of the mammary glands. Therefore, if the lymph nodes in the armpit of a woman are enlarged, especially on the one hand, this is a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor.Even if the lymph node is slightly enlarged and does not hurt, you should still see a doctor.
Move your hand slightly (about 30 degrees) to the side. If the investigated axillary region is on the right, then with the left hand with straight fingers it is necessary to enter the axillary fossa to the full depth, and then carry out a gentle sliding movement, as if raking the lymph nodes from the armpit. Normally, they are either not palpable at all, or are small, about 5 mm (in rare cases up to 1.0 cm), mobile, rounded formations, palpation of which is completely painless.
Do not allow self-medication, let alone warming up the nodes. If this lymphadenopathy is caused by a malignant process, then improper treatment and heat can cause rapid growth and greater spread in the body.
In conclusion, we can say that the enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes is often not an independent pathology, but a sign of much more serious diseases. If an enlarged lymph node suddenly appears, and it doesn’t matter if it is painful or not, this is a good reason to see a doctor.Timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment of any, especially oncological diseases.
Any infection lurking in your body can cause inflammation of the lymph node under the arm. Another option is more serious violations occurring in the work of internal organs.
We will talk about the reasons a little later, but I would like to note one important detail that can answer the question of why you should immediately see a doctor. An inflamed lymph node under the armpit, the photos of which we can observe in the article below, in women can speak of a very unpleasant and serious disease.In this case, we can talk about breast cancer, which, unfortunately, is extremely common. Therefore, do not hesitate to visit a specialist. He will conduct an examination, take the necessary tests that will help identify the causes of such a phenomenon, and prescribe competent therapy.
Before we go directly to the lymph nodes under the armpit, we suggest you get acquainted with the entire human lymphatic system. What is it? Not everyone knows that along with the venous, arterial and other systems, the lymphatic system also works smoothly.How? There are a lot of lymph nodes in the human body, which ensure good functioning of the immune system. Of course, such a system performs its functions almost imperceptibly, not like others.
We said that there are a lot of lymph nodes in the body. But how many are there? About 460, which are located in different parts of the human body. These groups do not stop their work for a minute, but they are located near the veins and arteries. Why does a person have exactly this number of nodes? It is quite simple to explain – that is how much is needed to maintain immunity.In other words, it is with this amount that the human body feels healthy.
A liquid – lymph is constantly circulating through the lymphatic vessels. It got this name due to the high concentration of leukocytes, which have one important feature – the absorption of harmful microorganisms. That is, the lymph moves through the lymphatic vessels, neutralizes all disease-causing bacteria and removes them from the body.
How much of this colorless liquid does an adult need? The system constantly circulates about two liters of lymph.The pressure of this biological fluid is relatively low, therefore, it moves slowly. The direction of movement is from the bottom (toes) upward (chest lymphatic flow). Only with such a movement is it possible to neutralize and remove toxins (poisons).
Axillary lymph nodes
Lymph nodes under the armpit in a healthy and calm state should not be felt in any way. That is, there is no pain or discomfort. It is worth sounding the alarm if they have increased in size, painful signals have appeared.With inflamed lymph nodes under the arm (the photo can be seen in this section), swelling, inflammation and induration sometimes occur. If you find such symptoms, you should immediately go to the hospital for advice from an experienced doctor.
Let’s make a reservation right away, you shouldn’t self-medicate or live in anticipation of a miracle. It won’t work by itself. In addition, over time, the situation may also worsen. Now let’s figure out why the lymph nodes swell and hurt. The thing is that connective tissues are part of the lymph nodes, in which viruses and bacteria are delayed.The lymph node becomes inflamed if enough microorganisms have accumulated. Pay attention to the fact that the lymphatic system at this moment intensifies its work. It is because of this that inflammation occurs. When you press on such lymph nodes, pain occurs.
Why are the lymph nodes in the armpit inflamed? The reasons can be numerous. As mentioned earlier, a similar process arises as a result of the more active work of the entire system.It increases the production of lymphocytes, which are trying to cope with pathogens in our body. The initiators are often:
- ARVI. The abbreviation stands for acute respiratory viral infection.
- Many other infections that have entered our body.
- The presence of a tumor that is located near the inflamed lymph node. It is important to note here that an inflamed lymph node under the armpit in women may indicate the presence of breast cancer.
- Trophic ulcers.
- Inflamed gums and so on.
It is quite easy to understand that the lymph node is inflamed. Try to feel it under your arm. Small balls with inflammation significantly increase in size on palpation, painful with the progression of a viral infection.
A very common cause of this phenomenon is angina.The thing is that the body needs a very large number of lymphocytes to fight harmful bacteria. Please note that in this case there is no need to treat the lymph node itself directly. After recovery, he himself will return to normal. Its inflammation is a signal from the body about health problems.
If inflammation of the hair follicle is the initiator of such a pathological process, then this can be seen by its characteristic features:
- strong pain; 90 094
- joint pain; 90 094
Women need to be more attentive. If, together with inflammation of the lymph node, you notice that the mammary glands have become denser, then urgently seek advice from a mammologist. What for? Make sure you don’t have breast cancer.
In addition to the above, there are other reasons:
Now, very briefly about the symptoms of enlarged lymph nodes under the armpit. These include:
- enlargement of the lymph node in size;
- pain during palpation;
- redness of the skin;
- increased body temperature;
- general weakness.
The development of axillary lymphadenitis is very slow. But if no therapeutic measures are taken, then a person can feel how the lymph node under the arm is throbbing. At the same time, the body temperature rises significantly.
What to do if the inflamed lymph node hurts?
What to do if under the arm? First, contact a specialist immediately. With the help of certain analyzes, he will be able to establish many significant parameters. These include:
- symptoms of inflammation; 90 094 90 093 character;
Based on this data, the doctor will be able to prescribe the correct treatment.
If the lymph node under the arm hurts, then after consultation, you can use several recipes of traditional medicine.
- Echinacea alcohol tincture is diluted 10 drops with water and taken 4 times a day before meals.
- Unrefined sunflower oil: In the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening before going to bed, take one tablespoon of oil in your mouth and dissolve it like candy for fifteen minutes, then spit it out.This method helps to clear the lymph and relieve pain.
If the lymph node under the armpit is inflamed, then the doctor needs to find out the cause of this pathology. To do this, he prescribes a general blood test. What does he need to see there? Of course, the level of leukocytes. If it is elevated, then the body is fighting the infection, and then it is necessary to figure out which one.
If tuberculosis is suspected, then it is necessary to do a fluorography, donate phlegm from the throat, and also see the Mantoux reaction.
The lymph node in the armpit has become inflamed, what should I do? Of course, go to the hospital, where they can help you not only identify the source of the problem, but also prescribe treatment.
There are 2 solutions in total:
If the lymph node under the armpit is inflamed, then it is necessary to take into account that now you need rest (no physical exertion). In addition, it is necessary to help the body fight the infection.
After several tests and ultrasound examinations, the doctor will advise you to take a course of antibiotics (“Amoxiclav”, “Amoxicillin” and so on).In addition, in this case, Troxevasin or Heparin ointment will be a good helper.
The doctor may advise you:
- physical therapy procedures;
- compresses with Dimexidum;
- chloroethyl blockade.
If inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm has reached a purulent stage, then surgical intervention is necessary. The doctor will be sure to cleanse the wound and put in drainage. It is necessary for the outflow of pus. After a week, the drainage is removed, and the wound gradually heals.This takes place under the supervision of the attending physician.
After the operation, appoint:
If the patient has a serious condition, then a blood transfusion is performed.
With inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm, you can, in consultation with your doctor, use several folk recipes. You will learn about them in this section.
For the treatment of inflammation of the lymph node in the armpit, the following folk recipes are used:
There is an increase in the lymph nodes in the armpit for many reasons.To prevent such a problem, it is worth increasing your immunity. This will help not to overextend the body’s lymphatic system.
- correct power supply;
- light sports;
- attentiveness to wounds;
- disinfection of cuts and abrasions.
These simple rules will help you forget about this problem for a long time.
90,000 Axillary lymphadenitis – signs, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention
In order to establish a correct diagnosis, it is necessary to take into account the history and all clinical indications.Diagnosis is usually carried out using a puncture biopsy of the lymph nodes, if necessary, excision of the lymph node can be performed, followed by histological analysis.
Diagnosis of the disease involves a set of studies:
- computed tomography;
- X-ray contrast lymphography.
If there is a need for this, doctors of another specialization are involved, for example, infectious disease specialists, venereologists.
Preliminary recognition of the disease involves an external examination with palpation of those zones where the nodes are located. Upon detection of the primary signs of this ailment, the patient is assigned an ultrasound examination.
Therapy for acute nonspecific lymphadenitis depends entirely on the stage of the disease. Conservative treatment is used for the initial stages: UHF therapy, rest for the affected area, sanitation of the focus of infection (opening of abscesses, leaks, phlegmon, drainage of the abscess), antibiotic therapy, taking into account the sensitivity of the microbial flora in the main focus.Surgical intervention is necessary for purulent lymphadenitis: adenophlegmon, abscesses are opened, pus is removed, and the wound is drained. Further therapy follows the principles of conventional wound care.
The choice of therapeutic tactics for specific lymphadenitis is determined by the volume of damage to the lymph nodes and the severity of tuberculous changes. The treatment is quite long (from 8 to 15 months). If a pronounced purulent process is observed, the patient may be prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Preventive measures consist in the prevention of injuries and microtraumas, as well as in the rational therapy of purulent-inflammatory and infectious processes in the wound.
Literature and sources
Video on the topic:
90,000 Nachalova’s secret disease: how lymphoma destroyed her from the inside
A colleague of the deceased singer Yulia Nachalova said that shortly before her death, she defeated lymphoma. What kind of disease it is and how dangerous it is, Gazeta.Ru understood.
TV presenter Yegor Ivaschenko, with whom Yulia Nachalova worked on the TV project “One to One”, told about another illness of the singer.According to him, the star suffered from cancer, which she managed to defeat shortly before her death.
He said that shortly before the filming of the show, Nachalova defeated lymphoma diagnosed in the early stages. Thanks to a timely visit to a medical facility, the singer quickly coped with cancer.
“Perhaps the immune system was also weakened by chemotherapy. I’m not sure that she underwent this procedure, and I do not know in what ways she fought this disease. I only know that there was such a problem.She told me about this personally, adding that she feels good, but still worries about her life, ”said the artist.
Lymphoma – a group of hematological diseases of the lymphatic tissue, which are characterized by an increase in lymph nodes and damage to various internal organs, in which there is an uncontrolled accumulation of “tumor” lymphocytes.
The first symptoms of lymphomas are an increase in the size of the lymph nodes of different groups (cervical, axillary or inguinal).
Lymphomas are characterized by the presence of a primary tumor focus. However, lymphomas are capable of not only metastasizing, but also spreading throughout the body simultaneously with the formation of a condition resembling lymphoid leukemia.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma (lymphogranulomatosis) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas are distinguished.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is characterized by the presence of giant Reed-Berezovsky-Sternberg cells, which are detected by microscopic examination of the affected lymph nodes.
The causes of the disease are not completely clear, but it is known that it is associated with the Epstein-Barr virus – the virus gene is found during special studies in 20-60% of biopsies. Hodgkin’s lymphoma can occur at any age, but most often it occurs between 15-29 years old and after 55 years.
The disease usually begins with swollen lymph nodes against the background of complete health.
In 70-75% of cases, these are cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes, in 15-20% axillary and mediastinal lymph nodes and in 10% – inguinal nodes, abdominal nodes, etc.e. Enlarged lymph nodes are painless and elastic.
At stages 1-2 of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, radiation therapy can achieve up to 85% of long-term remissions. However, as the disease progresses, the prognosis worsens significantly.
Every year in Russia alone, about 3.2 thousand people fall ill with Hodgkin’s lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma annually. Half of them are young people in their prime, aged 15 to 39.
Despite the fact that lymphoma is treated, from the very beginning 5% of patients do not respond to chemotherapy at all, and 25-35% have relapses and almost always die.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas include a group of malignant neoplasms of the lymphatic system that do not have the characteristics of Hodgkin’s disease.
The occurrence of lymphomas is associated with impaired development (differentiation) of lymphatic cells. Cells that have stopped developing begin to actively divide, which leads to the formation and growth of various types of lymphomas. Such diseases are much more common in women than in men.
The exact cause of the disease has not been established.Risk factors include autoimmune diseases, chronic viral hepatitis B and C, infectious diseases (Epstein-Barr virus, Campilobacter bacteria, Helicobacter pylori), exposure to certain chemicals (benzene and aromatic hydrocarbons, insecticides and pesticides), exposure to chemotherapy and radiation, obesity , elderly age.
Also in 2017, American doctors associated breast implants with the risk of developing anaplastic large cell lymphoma, a rare and highly aggressive disease of the body’s lymphatic system.
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma affects the cells of the immune system. First, the lymph nodes are enlarged, then the disease can affect the internal organs and bones.
When chemotherapy is started on time, the five-year survival rate of patients, depending on the subtype of the disease, ranges from 33-49% to 70-80%.
By 2019, the FDA had identified over 450 cases of this cancer that were associated with textured breast implants.Their surface is rough, porous, which allows connective tissue cells to fill the voids and fix the implant.
As a rule, the first sign of the disease is an increase in peripheral lymph nodes. Initially, they slightly change size, remain mobile and not welded to the skin. As the disease progresses, the lymph nodes merge and form conglomerates.
Depending on the localization, the growth of lymph nodes interferes with the normal functioning of organs, causing complications from breathing difficulties to intestinal obstruction.
As with most other cancers, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas have persistent fever, sweating, decreased appetite and weight loss, and asthenia.
The treatment regimen may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery.
Surgery can be prescribed for isolated damage to any organ; with a generalized process and spread of metastases, surgical treatment is not carried out.
The prognosis for non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas is different.Depends on the form of the disease and the stage of development of the pathological process, the timeliness of diagnosis and treatment, the age and state of health of the patient.
According to statistics, with local forms of cancer, long-term survival is about 50-60%, with generalized – no higher than 10-15%.
90,000 reasons for the formation of nodes under the arm and the symptoms are different
reasons for the formation of nodes under the arm and the symptoms of the disease are different for them only a specialist can assess this disease
Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the armpit
Hello dear readers and subscribers, with you Nicbelkov , as always with an interesting topic.Today it is also important for our health.
You have swollen lymph nodes under your armpits, what to do. pharmacy, medicines available
How serious is this disease, can it be cured with folk remedies.
Perhaps you need a specialist without whose intervention you can not do. All questions of such a disease deserve close attention.
Usually, inflammation in the axillary lymph nodes, axillary lymphadenitis, is secondary, that is, it develops against the background of some already existing infectious and inflammatory process in nearby or distant tissues.
Very often the cause of axillary lymphadenitis, inflammation of the mammary gland, mastitis is formed. All this requires medical treatment. beauty, health, baby products
In this case, reactive proliferation and swelling of the tissue first begins in the lymph node, which indicates a normal immune response to the inflammatory process. At the same time, the axillary lymph nodes are enlarged, painful and not adhered to the surrounding tissues.
Such a reactive inflammatory process ends either with the suppression of the infectious-inflammatory process in nearby tissues, or with the involvement of the tissue of the lymph node itself in this process.
Reasons for the appearance of a lump under the arm
Hydradenitis – inflammation of the sebaceous glands, usually purulent. When the ducts of the sweat glands become clogged, it can provide dry underarm areas, such as with frequent use of deodorants.
Under the armpits there is always a different kind of infection and when the sebaceous gland is blocked, they are activated, which is very dangerous. Drug treatment is required. medicines at affordable prices
The enlargement and suppuration of the sebaceous glands under the armpit occurs as a result of the activity of staphylococcus bacteria.Through the flow channels of the sebaceous glands, bacteria enter the glands and begin to grow.
With inflammation of the lymph nodes, there is an increase and soreness of the lymph nodes, headache, weakness, fever.
The appearance of intense pain, redness of the skin at the site of the lymph node indicates that the nodes themselves are suppuration.
If the general condition worsens, the temperature rises, chills and severe weakness appear, then purulent lymphadenitis develops.
What to do if the armpit node is enlarged
If the lymph node under the armpit is swollen, self-treatment is unacceptable. It is imperative to go to a medical center and see a doctor. After all, the reasons for the increase in axillary lymph nodes and their consequences can be different.
It is one thing if a patient has acute reactive lymphadenitis accompanying a boil on his arm, and quite another if there is tuberculosis or an even more formidable disease. This is especially true for women who have any symptoms of mastopathy.
If the lymph node is swollen, a visit to the doctor is required. He knows how the lymph nodes look in different pathologies, he knows the symptoms of diseases that may be accompanied by their increase.
If necessary, the doctor will prescribe studies that will help clarify the diagnosis and correct treatment.
What folk medicine says
Slightly inflamed lymph nodes in the groin or armpits are treated with folk remedies. Take an alcoholic tincture of echinacea (drink 10 drops of liquid 4 times a day).
Syrup can be made from echinacea: boil 300 ml of water, add half a glass of dry echinacea root (you can use fresh root).
The resulting mixture is boiled over low heat for 20 minutes, then removed from the heat, add half a glass of fresh peppermint, and let it brew for about 5 minutes, you can add honey to improve the taste.
This syrup can be taken by both adults and children, 1 tablespoon three times a day. The syrup is taken until complete recovery.
Children under 10 years old take 1 teaspoon, also 3 times a day. If, after taking such a syrup, pain in the stomach area appears, the treatment must be discontinued.
Enlarged lymph nodes under the armpit are absorbed when using a decoction of yellow root, which should be consumed ten small spoons a day.
The use of chlorhexidine, which lubricates the tumor 4 times a day. Baneocin ointment also helps against boils. Levomikol ointment against purulent wounds.
If the tumor still grows, you need to see a doctor. Here is such an article for you, and on this I will finish With you was NicBelkov , Until we meet again, bye, bye.
Savior of the world
Once I heard about a story that from time to time pops up in my memory, as if pointing to some strange and hidden secret of fate, but I could not remember what this secret was.
Vladimir Aronovich Khavkin
This story, as experienced people told me, happened a long time ago, in the century before last.In one seaside city, a storm unprecedented even in these parts was approaching. All ships in the roadstead tried to go out to the open sea as quickly as possible so that the waves would not throw them ashore. The problem was that the sandy bottom in these places was very mobile and the passages (the so-called fiords) changed rapidly, becoming winding, especially during a storm. Many ships ran aground, and only a very few pilots managed to take ships out to the open sea. One young man especially stood out among the pilots – he seemed to feel the moving bottom and he always managed to save people.But this time the storm and wind were seemingly insurmountable, and almost all the ships had already capsized. The entire crew and passengers of the ship, where this young man was the pilot, had already put on clean linen, as if they were preparing to meet God. The ship was thrown on the waves like a splinter, but the young pilot still managed to bring the ship to safety. Everyone began to hug him and say how lucky and happy he is and how God loves him. The young pilot lifted the vest, and everyone saw a large swelling on his chest.The young man sadly said: “God gave me happiness to save others by sacrificing myself.”
What is a coincidence? Sacrifice? Mystic?
I was lucky to meet such “God” personalities who help others, but can no longer help themselves. They do not want to be seen and do not require rewards. And the people saved by them may not know or want to know about their saviors …
Still Omar Khayyam noted with sadness:
You will give a trifle to someone,
Will remember forever …
You will give life to someone,
And he will not understand.
People take when they are given and leave without knowing the price of the gift. As they say in Russia: “Give – take, beat – run.” And who remembers these givers ?! Even if they did great things …
How many of these “saviors of the world” have been in history! They went into oblivion – the River of eternity – and disappeared from the memory of those who remained. They, like precious stones, came from somewhere from the depths and returned to where they came from …
It just so happened that the story of one of these “saviors of the world” is very relevant today and not only for me, but for all of us who live thanks to him ….
When, after being isolated for almost two years, we finally gathered in a friendly circle, the conversation was no longer about politics – everyone took the surrounding moral absurdity and political idiocy for granted. Now only the topic of coronavirus has become worried. And, as always, what worries people divides people into irreconcilable camps. The topic of Covid divided what was left of society into fanatics with overwhelming emotions, ready to tear each other to pieces in arguments for and against wearing masks, for and against vaccination … And people cannot understand and accept the simple fact that what went into emotions, cannot be changed by the logic of evidence …
– They were also furiously ready to destroy Vladimir Khavkin for his vaccines against plague and cholera 100 years ago … – said Leon, an engineer, inventor and businessman, leaning towards me.
– And what do you know, doctor, about Khavkin, except that he invented vaccines?
I didn’t know much. A Jew from Odessa with a strange name Waldemar Wolf and an awkward surname Khavkin, wandering around the world, like many Jews, invented vaccines against cholera and plague and tested them on myself, I read about him from the wonderful Mark Popovsky. By the way, thanks to Popovsky’s book The Fate of Doctor Khavkin, which I read in my youth, I wanted to become a doctor.
– What kind of person was Khavkin? How was a small-town Jew from Berdyansk able to do what even his teachers, the great Louis Pasteur and Ilya Mechnikov, had not done before him? Why do we know so little about him? Engineer Leon knew more about the amazing biologist who saved the world than I, a doctor from Russia, about my compatriot.
The more I read about Vladimir Khavkin, the more I understood the significance of this man, who was born in the era of deadly epidemics and world cataclysms, who overcame thousands of social barriers. He not only invented vaccines against cholera and plague, but also developed unique recipes for their practical preparation in the terrible conditions of the then unsanitary conditions and personally vaccinated 24 thousand people
In the books written about Khavkin and in his own articles, I was looking not for medical facts already known to doctors, but for the secrets of his unusual life.It turned out that it was very difficult to penetrate into the inner world of this recluse. What is the secret of the personality of this strange in all respects man who did the impossible in the era of “walking death”?
What character traits and what coincidences had to happen so that he could escape from the Russian prison of peoples, survive in France indifferent to emigrants, get into the Pasteur Institute science center, invent vaccines and convince the snobbish medical and secular public of their effectiveness ?? And one more “trifle” – how, in incomprehensible unsanitary conditions, to calculate and make a vaccine of such purity, which, after the departure of Khavkin, could not be repeated for the next hundred years?
Who and how do they come to discoveries? How many books have been written about each great discoverer, but we still do not know all the inner springs that allow us to overcome the impossible.Israeli writer David Markish wrote the most detailed book about Khavkin – “Mahatma. Free fantasies from the life of the most unknown person. ” This book touches on the deep religious and philosophical aspects of Khavkin’s life, but the strangeness of his personality remained in the shadows. It is very possible that we will never fully and will not know the depth of this person’s experiences, which he, perhaps, wanted. And yet … What is the mystery of the personality of this genius, this savior of the world?
Vladimir (Waldemar, Markus-Wolf) Aronovich Khavkin was born on March 3 (15), 1860.in Odessa in a traditional Jewish family of teachers. This is where his “tradition” ended. That in the old days, that in our times, teachers do not become rich and the family from need moved from Odessa to the provincial Berdyansk. Thanks to the slightly opened freedom, Vladimir managed to enter the Novorossiysk University, where Ilya Mechnikov taught, with whom, despite the dissimilarity of characters, the young and talented Vladimir immediately became close. I read the biography and looked at the photographs of the young Khavkin, trying to find the secrets of his personality.
The riddles began immediately, with his character and appearance – unusually withdrawn, immersed in studies and books about physics and mathematics, lanky and thin with asymmetrical features, deep-set eyes and thin hands with large palms. Add to this a sharp look, taciturnity, “adulthood” in communication and the need to write diaries on a daily basis. As a doctor, I could not help feeling that this person has autistic traits specific to the so-called Asperger’s syndrome.They can rightly argue that no one pointed to this, but this syndrome, described by the doctor Asperger, could explain a lot in the character of our hero – from daily detailed notes in even handwriting, lack of external emotionality, internal vulnerability with “withdrawal” to incredible purposefulness. The word Asperger is now, unfortunately, considered abusive in politically correct and unprincipled American psychiatry, and many individuals who fit into the former category of “Aspergers” are, for the most part, talented and even brilliant people who completely devote themselves to some cause or idea.They are especially strong in the exact sciences such as mathematics and physics. They tend to build global concepts. David Markish notes semi-ironically that the all-consuming idea of improving the world by sacrificing oneself is a national trait of Jews, therefore they are always at the forefront of any revolution. Khavkin also thought – to improve the world through terror and science. The slogan of the People’s Will – “The lone hero saves the world by killing the king! Land and Freedom to the People! ” Therefore, the quiet student actively joined the terrorist group “Narodnaya Volya”, picking up a bomb.When Volodymyr witnessed the murder of Kiev prosecutor General Strelnikov, saw his body torn apart by a bomb and his young fellow traveler’s legs torn off, he realized that the fashionable idea of ”regetsid” – “regicide” did not lead to anything. The tsar was “kind”, he tried to calm the people, but the secret police got into the taste of cruelty and Strelnikov was an example. It belongs to him the phrase: “Better to capture nine innocents than to miss one guilty.” Someone joked: “Our generation is interesting: the King is ridiculous, the royal jester is terrible.”
As always, the most active were women – fanatics, among them – 17-year-old Asya Robiner. She was not interested in terror, but admired the young giant, who loftily spoke about the fact that the world is ruled by invisible beings – “microbes” that cause terrible diseases, and he, Vladimir Khavkin, must defeat them, but for this he must go to Paris to to his teacher Ilya Mechnikov. He believed in his destiny to bring happiness to the world through science.
Fate, if you believe in it, has an important property – “Fate will show the way to the one walking!” Vladimir Khavkin was shown this path by Ilya Mechnikov, professor of zoology, another genius Jew, but of a completely different type – a rebel in science and life, emotionally exalted, with burning eyes, who twice attempted his own life because of love.At his lectures, Mechnikov talked about immunity – the extraordinary properties of the body’s own defense with the help of invisible cells – “phagocytes” that eat harmful microbes.
Microbes will destroy or save the world, – Mechnikov said and showed materials from the forthcoming book “Studies of Optimism”. It was impossible not to be carried away by the strange new science “microbiology”. As the game goes to the hunter, fate gives a talented student a talented teacher!
Mechnikov, a revolutionary in science, recruited the most obsessed associate to save humanity from the beasts of the invisible world, and promised him support.Mechnikov was lucky to elude the secret police – at the invitation of Pasteur, he left for Paris, heading the Pasteur Institute, which had been opened a year earlier. Khavkin was denied leave. “Otkaznik” – this concept appeared in those days.
On March 1, 1881, an explosion thundered in St. Petersburg that killed Tsar Alexander II. The Narodnaya Volya members fulfilled their long-standing promise: they executed the Tsar, who ironically bore the name of the Liberator. The government responded to the assassination of the tsar with mass terror. Every day in Petropavlovka they shot and hanged Narodnaya Volya members.There was a rumor that the murder of the king was the work of the Jews. A wave of pogroms swept across Russia. On Sunday morning, May 3, this wave reached Odessa. The thugs walked the streets with crowbars and axes, robbed and destroyed homes, raped and killed Jews. Then the slogan “Beat the Jews, save Russia!” The watching crowd, half of which were decently dressed people, laughed as they contemplated what was happening. How many times will this scene be repeated in the future!
Run! At any cost. Everyone discourages, but Vladimir is adamant.Here is the death of him both as a scientist and as a person. The idea of a rope around the neck is too strong. But how? All his acquaintances from Narodnaya Volya were arrested. He himself had already come to the attention of the secret police and was summoned for interrogations several times. But, being non-standard, he took a non-standard path. Run across the border! It looked like suicide, because if caught, he would never have been released from prison. And he is a Jew, a scientist, associates with criminals. A Greek smuggler agreed to ship it across the sea border to Switzerland.
But where to get the money? And here one more feature of this unique person helped. Women loved him. Why do women love? Ugly brute, silent and brooding, arrogant and aloof. But – smart and unusual! Little, fragile, like an unblown flower, Asya fell in love. As the Chinese wisdom says: “The flower is beautiful until touched.” Vladimir promised himself not to touch the girl, because he will leave, and she, romantic and naive, will remain pregnant here, and he honestly tells her that he should be alone.He is a fighter of the invisible front and invisible enemies. Asya’s father, a wealthy Odessa pharmacist, always had a gloomy attitude towards his daughter’s revolutionary meetings, and then this strange rascal carried away his daughter with some kind of invisible devilry and, thank God, wants to leave. Let him go until he seduced his daughter. Father gave money for the trip – let him roll. Asya still achieved his closeness on their last night. Even Aspergers can’t resist at 22 …
Emigration – check for survivability. As life experience shows, emigrants are divided into two large groups: those who left for a good life, and even having received it, still remain depressed, constantly comparing the new with the old, and always dissatisfied with everything and everyone.And the second group is those who left because they could not stay “there”. They left ALL the past, and any bad future seemed better than the good old. These latter were active, optimistic and did not look back. Vladimir (now Valdemar) was among them, but it was necessary to somehow earn a living.
Wandering through the squares in search of an overnight stay, he met three old acquaintances from the Odessa company of Narodnaya Volya, who had also escaped from Russia. They worked in a butcher shop. Seeing the strange bigot, the owner of the shop realized that he could carry heavy meat carcasses and hired him.Now he has meat and … back pain. The hostess hoped to tame the Russian taciturn to herself, but considered him crazy when he began to bring mice and give them some terrible injections. In the end, she asked him to get out. What would you do in his place? And again he did something that defies logic. He went to the circus on the announcement of freestyle wrestling. This was his second visit to the circus in his life. To the bewildered question of the director of the circus, he answered – if I win, pay, and if I am beaten, give me housing.Vladimir was beaten. But in the end, he won often enough to save up money for mice.
Four years later, he was informed that Mechnikov had finally secured a place for him at the Pasteur Institute, but only as an assistant librarian with a small room near the laboratory. No wonder they say – no place paints a person…. Knowledge of languages and work in the library introduced him to the modern level of the science of microbes or, as they say now, “bacteriology”
One of Pasteur’s students, Alexander Yersen, discovered a bacterium – the causative agent of the plague, and Vladimir Khavkin invented a vaccine against it.
Both Pasteur and even his mentor, Ilya Mechnikov, believed that a vaccine against deadly cholera was even theoretically impossible. One night Pasteur and Mechnikov decided to go down from the third floor to the basement to see what their librarian was doing. There they began to look at multi-page calculations and diaries of experiments, written in neat, even handwriting, although they were written at night. The last mouse in his experiments was Vladimir himself – he introduced the vaccine he had created to himself. The most difficult thing remained – to convince the medical community.The calculated article was published in a minor magazine, but caused a sarcastic uproar. The Medical Society of Paris was convened.
The eminent were in thought – on the one hand, they ought not to go to the presentation so as not to spoil their reputation. On the other hand, what if this Russian librarian really made a discovery, then they would be fools. Let’s go and criticize. Vladimir knew that it was impossible to demonstrate the vaccine on himself – they would say: we know, he cheated, reduced his dose of toxin.Old Odessa friends helped out – all three agreed to take the vaccine – if it was not possible to make a revolution, then their life would be useful for a brighter future at least for something – we will die for science! A miracle happened – the Russians did not get sick and they believed Vladimir.
But that was just the beginning. After the lecture, a man approached him, introduced himself as a scientific adviser to the British War Office and offered to go to the wild country of India to vaccinate the subjects of the British Crown. Adventurer and fanatic, the newly minted “British” bacteriologist Waldemar Haffkin agreed.
For three weeks of pitching on the ship “British Doctor” Khavkin did not communicate with anyone, causing passengers to gossip about this upstart. He exchanged only a few phrases with one Indian, a professor from Calcutta, who learned about the purpose of this pink-faced Russian’s trip to India. In Calcutta, the professor was met by his family – his wife and daughter Anis, who completed nursing courses and decided to take part in the noble goal of saving her homeland, and then get rid of the English crown and give the National Assembly “the right of the people’s will.”
Imagine India at the end of the 18th century – deep backwardness. Dust and dirt, clouds of mosquitoes. Below are snakes, above are poisonous spiders. Cholera and plague are caused by bacteria: cholera vibrio Vibrio cholerae in the first case and the plague bacillus Yersinia pestis in the second. Once in the human body, they produce toxic substances (toxins) with a sad outcome for humans. Cholera causes intense diarrhea, which in a matter of days leads to complete exhaustion and death. Vibrio cholerae is most commonly spread through drinking contaminated water.In this situation, practically from scratch, Khavkin had to make a sterile vaccine for hundreds of people at once. A 1% error in solution and – death is almost guaranteed. And, most importantly, how to convince people for whom he is a stranger, an enemy, a white British killer. He wants to inoculate them with an unprecedented injection of a terrible disease – “kuru” – in which, as they believed, the penis in men and the uterus in women disappear so that they do not give birth. Stones and poisoned arrows are flying from the bushes. The people did not hear about vaccines, and traditionally pinned their hope for recovery on higher powers.Faithful Anis tries to calm down the excited ones. Suddenly this white man rises from the circle, takes off his shirt and inserts the needle into his hand. The crowd falls silent. The white doctor is not English, but Russian, talking to Anis in a dialect they can understand about vaccination – the only means of salvation from cholera. One hundred sixteen of the two hundred villagers agreed to the life-saving injection. Subsequently, none of those vaccinated with cholera contracted, although cholera came to the village nine more times.
Once, after a day of work in the heat under a heavy awning, Khavkin felt bad.Darkness fell quickly and he fell asleep under the awning. At night there were severe convulsions and, in a rage, he threw off the tent. The next morning the local shaman explained to him that the rampage had saved him. The ill-wishers agreed to poison him and moistened the tent with poisonous herbs. The recovery was difficult. But he had no options – he must continue what he was created for! That night, a note appeared in his diary in neat handwriting:
“Am I bothering you? Is my death for good? So I will take it and not die! .. “.
The work of his group continued.A month later, the main assistant and friend, Anis, died. A palm branch fell on her and she did not feel the bite of the tarantula sitting on the branch. Vladimir became even more isolated. Aspergers respond to stress with even more fanatical work and by becoming more withdrawn.
Two years after Khavkin’s arrival in India, the death rate from cholera dropped fourfold. He personally vaccinated about twenty-four thousand people. In total, his group vaccinated 42 thousand. Checked! Then there was an honorary meeting in London, Queen Victoria personally thanked Vladimir, and the laboratory in India was solemnly renamed the Khavkin Institute.
Honor and rest! He is invited to dinners and high society meetings, but this outsider refuses. An arrogant snob who hates us! Too much honor to this rootless. Denunciations are rushing to London – he seduced a daughter from an upper-class family, maybe from this she died …
Who knows how it would have ended, but the world was attacked by an even more terrible misfortune – the plague epidemic! The world needed Khavkin again.
Plague (bubo, abscess) is of different types. In any case, the central nervous system is affected, high fever and fever, which, if untreated, lead to death.The main form is bubonic, which in the Middle Ages was most often carried by fleas and lice. It causes inflammation of the lymphatic system, reddish bumps (buboes) appear on the skin. Further – pneumonia, sepsis, death. It did not occur to the doctors that the disease was caused by a pathogen. Although bubonic plague is not transmitted from person to person by airborne droplets, it occurs as a result of the bite of an infected flea or close contact with the body of an infected one, but at the time, bad air was considered the cause of infection.It is because of this that doctors began to wear masks with a long beak. Today it is one of the famous Venetian masks. Doctors put aromatic herbs and rags moistened with essential oils in their beaks: in this way they tried to protect themselves from the infected and stinking plague air.
In unsanitary conditions, doctors opened buboes – purulent and swollen lymph nodes, bled the sick, bathed them in urine, and in rich families of the sick were forced to eat crushed emeralds and pearls. Especially religious practiced self-flagellation.Others held lavish and cheerful feasts, as they believed that despondency and despair made the body weak and susceptible to disease. They were called hedonists and because of them the expression “a feast in the time of the plague” came into being.
The people were looking for the guilty – they killed Jews, Muslims, burned lepers and executed witches … The only effective method of fighting the plague was quarantine: all ships coming to ports had to stay at the coast for 40 days. After that, the ship was given a special pass with information where it came from, called a “passport” (passport).It took Khavkin only three months to create an anti-plague vaccine – Khavkin’s Lymph. It’s easy to say – took it and created it! You need to come up outside the box. But as? After all, even Pasteur tried, but failed. Where is the secret? The standard route – killing bacteria and diluting the solution with water – was unsuccessful. In one of the attacks of malaria with terrible dreams, he “saw” a solution – the thin “sticks” of plague bacteria must first be “fed”.
There were wide flasks with meat broth in the basement of his laboratory.It was the “food” for the plague sticks. The bacteria floated to the surface and gained strength. To have something to swim on, Khavkin dripped coconut oil or mutton fat onto the surface of the broth. The oily film was the basis for the colonies of plague bacteria. The big child rejoiced when “stalactites” appeared in the flask: ropes of bacteria that multiplied and gradually descended to the bottom of the flask (they probably wanted to get to the most delicious one). The flasks had to be shaken several times in order to destroy the overgrown “stalactites” and grow more plague sticks.After that, the flasks were heated to 55 degrees and so left for 30 minutes. The error in steaming temperature or dilution percentage, not to mention sterility, was fatal. Khavkin had to be sure that not a single living bacteria would remain after this procedure. Then the vaccine can be stable, safe and ready to use. Khavkin developed a vaccine against cholera in 1892, and against the plague at the end of 1896. Both times he first administered it to himself. But not everyone believed in the effectiveness of Khavkin’s method, and not at once.”Khavkin’s lymph”, which saved thousands of lives, was not accepted at first – but where and when were “strangers” taken immediately? A person with great authority and influence was needed. And such a leader was found. It turned out to be an 18-year-old imam of Muslims – Prince Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III, who, on his own initiative, began to help Khavkin. The prince received a versatile education, he considered Arabic and Farsi as his native languages, and also spoke English, French, Hindi and Urdu. The young imam tried to help find a way to save people from the plague.
The population was afraid of vaccination, and many doctors considered vaccination dangerous. Then Prince Aga Khan invited the leaders of his community and in their presence asked Professor Khavkin to vaccinate him. After that, he called on all Ismailis to follow his example. Prince Aga Khan provided the Russian scientist with his mansion and everything necessary for his scientific research. The Imam helped the learned Jew save thousands of lives. (Why aren’t they talking about this example of cooperation ?! Maybe another outbreak of the plague is needed?).
The prince’s deed played a role – thousands of Muslims were grafted. After that, the remaining thousands of Indians from other faiths began to trust Khavkin, and the anti-plague vaccine from Bombay was distributed throughout the world.
From the lessons of history – leaders die at the hands of those for whom they lived. His own against his savior, and he is one against all. Once, after another batch of vaccinations, 12 people died in terrible convulsions. The White Doctor was charged with premeditated murder. A wild scandal arose and Vladimir was forced to leave for London.Prison for many years was the immediate reality.
Who among us would have survived such a moment without a heart attack? Khavkin was not a superman – he also survived the offense, not without pain in his heart, and even in the midst of severe attacks of malaria. He was ultimately acquitted when it was revealed that the assistant had dropped the needle into the dust, and people became infected and died from tetanus, not the vaccine. The Indian government apologized, but … the train left …. The people of India called Khavkin “Mahatma” (“great soul”).
It would seem that now Khavkin can rest, but he was requested again.
Germany was preparing the most terrible weapon at that time – poisonous gas attacks, from which there is no escape. Whole countries could be destroyed. This could only be prevented by the threat of an even more powerful weapon. We turned to a Jew – Dr. Khavkin. A couple of months later, blueprints for a new surprise from the British – a bacteriological bomb – a weapon against the Germans, “accidentally” came to Germany. They got the hint. The gas war was canceled. Germany asked for peace.
The Jew again saved humanity.The Moor did his job, and Khavkin, in the end, retired on an honorable pension. In retirement, in addition to medical articles, he wrote a monumental work about Schopenhauer, the difficulties of income tax, notes on the works of Balzac, learned Sanskrit, Arabic, Hebrew and Dutch.
The Savior of the world died unknown. October 28, 1930 in the park at
Lausanne (Switzerland), a group of retirees played pocketed heavy balls. One of them, the tallest one, decided to throw the ball with his left hand, but felt severe pain in his left shoulder and fell unconscious.They only knew his name – Vladi, although they had been playing together for six months. One of the players saw the Star of David on Vladi’s neck, and exclaimed – Look, it turns out he is a Jew! We need to go to the synagogue, maybe they will help to find out who he is.
The synagogue recognized the most generous philanthropist, who gave all his savings to the synagogues of Eastern Europe – for the religious and secular education of Jewish children. Khavkin is 70 years old. The patron was buried modestly at the expense of the local synagogue. The local rabbi and the players in throwing heavy balls into the pocket saw Vladi off on his last journey.
Currently, plague is successfully prevented by the Khavkin vaccine and is treated with antibiotics. 2010 to 2015 there have been 3,248 cases of plague worldwide, rescued by Khavkin’s Lymph.
Much has been written about Vladimir Khavkin today, but the secret of his lonely fate remains unclear. God gave him the happiness of saving others.