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Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk: Causes & Treatment

Being a new mommy can be an intimidating experience for most women as every day may bring new parenting challenges for them. There are many issues that may become a cause of concern and one of them could be your baby spitting curdled milk! Well, it is very common for babies to spit up, however, if you wish to know why it happens, what you can do to reduce it and many other associated aspects of the topic, well all this and more are discussed in the following blog!

What Does Curdled Spit-up Look Like?

Your baby’s spit up milk looks just like the breastmilk or formula that your baby feeds. However, the spit up milk may appear less or more curdled based on the time it stays inside your baby’s tummy. This means that if milk comes out or the baby spits up soon as after his feed, the spit up milk may appear just like milk only, however, the milk that stays longer inside the tummy may appear more curdled because it gets mixed up with the stomach acids and appears chunky or curdled. Also, if the baby is only on breastmilk or formula, the curdled spit is likely of whitish hue. However, red spit up could indicate the presence of blood, and green or yellow spit up could indicate the presence of bile or phlegm, and if any such abnormal coloured spitting up is noticed, it should be reported to the doctor!

How Is It Different From Normal Spitting?

If your breastfed baby is spitting up curdled milk, it does not mean that you should hit the panic button at once! You need to know that most babies may spit up curdled milk at least once before they turn three months old. However, you may want to know what is considered a normal scenario in this case and also when should you become concerned! Well, if your baby appears content, does not experience any breathing difficulty, is comfortable, is not losing weight and basically, if your baby feels and looks fine, then you can term your baby as a ‘happy spitter’. However, if your baby is spitting up the entire contents of his stomach on regular basis and as a result is cranky, not gaining weight, and exhibiting other such symptoms, then it could be a cause of concern and usually not considered normal. It will be a good idea to visit your doctor to know about the underlying causes of the same.

What Are the Causes of Spitting up Curdled Milk?

Here are some reasons for babies or infants spitting up curdled milk:

1. Because of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is known to be a painful condition in which acid from the stomach travels up the throat. This condition is very common and can lead a baby to throw up curdled milk. This condition can be prevented by feeding the baby in an upright position, keeping a tab on how much to feed in one go, by avoiding certain foods while breastfeeding (citrus foods, carbonated drinks, spicy foods, etc.).

2. Because of Immature Digestive Systems

One of the most common reasons for curdled milk in a baby’s mouth is because of an immature digestive system. However, as babies grow up, their digestion gets better and they stop spitting up. In some cases, babies may spit up because of digestion issues such as lactose intolerance, allergic reaction to formula or cow’s milk, milk protein allergies. You can establish such allergies or intolerance by keeping a tab on symptoms such as diarrhoea. If any such symptoms are registered, you must visit a doctor.

3. Because of Pyloric Stenosis

This is one of the rare conditions that can affect young babies in which the stomach is narrow and it becomes difficult for the food to travel to the intestines. This condition can be one of the reasons for your baby’s unexplained weight loss, spitting up curdled or non-curdled milk, constipation, etc. The treatment of this condition usually requires surgical intervention.

Curdled Spitting-up Vs Curdled Vomiting

You can easily distinguish between curdled spitting up from a baby vomiting curdled milk. Where spitting up is more subtle and is usually followed by a burp. You can usually see it as liquid coming out from the side of your baby’s mouth. However, in comparison to spitting up, vomiting is not only forceful but your baby will throw up several inches away from him.

How to Stop Baby From Spitting Curdled Milk

Though spitting up curdled milk is a common phenomenon in babies, however, here are some tips that can prevent or stop your baby from spitting curdled milk:

  • Make sure you feed your baby in an upright position as feeding in a curled or slouched position can make your baby throw up.
  • If your breasts are too full, make sure you express some milk to manage the milk flow. If the baby is bottle-fed, you should check the nipple hole to make sure the milk flow is proper and not too much for the baby to handle.
  • Refrain from overfeeding your baby, if your baby refuses to feed then do not insist on feeding him. Focus on feeding frequently rather than feeding in one go.
  • Check for any extra pressure on your baby’s stomach, which can happen due to tight clothing, tight diapers, babies lying on their tummies for long, etc. to avoid any spitting up accidents.
  • Try and burp your baby to let go of any trapped air that the baby may have ingested during feeds. If possible, burp your baby in between the feeding sessions too.
  • Make sure that you keep the feeding sessions calmer and quieter for your baby as when babies get distracted, they may ingest more air, which can make them spit up more.

When to Call a Doctor

As your baby’s digestive system matures up, the spitting up stops gradually and this may happen anywhere from six to 12 months of age. However, if you notice any of the following things, you should get in touch with your doctor:

  • If your baby isn’t feeding properly.
  • If your baby experiences difficulty in breathing.
  • If your baby isn’t gaining weight.
  • If there are traces of blood in your baby’s poop.
  • If your baby’s spit contains green or yellow fluid.
  • If spit-ups are more like vomiting than regular spit-ups.
  • If your baby has fewer wet diapers in a day than expected.
  • If your baby’s or newborns’ curdled spit up has traces of blood.
  • If you notice your baby crying or being in an irritable state more than usual.
  • If your baby is spitting up curdled formula or breastmilk at a later stage, which is 6 months or older.

There are umpteen reasons that can make your baby spit up curdled milk. Though it is a very normal occurrence in newborns and younger babies, however, if you are concerned about this issue, you should meet your doctor and get your concerns addressed. Your doctor is the best person to help you explain the reason for the same and also offer you the best solution.

Also Read:

Is Drooling Common in Infants?
Infant Spitting up Through the Nose
Is It Normal for Baby to Vomit Mucus?

8 Tips Stop My Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk and Crying

Every parent knows that there’s a learning curve to raising a kid. But the reality of seeing your baby spitting up curdled milk and crying is a little bit more jarring than parenting books describe. That colicky heave their little body does while spitting up curdled milk can unnerve even experienced parents.

Before you freak out, try to remember that babies are born with a blank slate and need to learn EVERYTHING. Including feeding. For the first few months, when their organs are getting a hang of living outside mommy, their digestive system tends to misbehave. The conventional wisdom is to pat your infant on the back until they let out a loud burp.

But if the sheer number of burpees used per week suggests anything, it’s that baby’s spit. A lot. Even after they’ve been burped. Is it a cause for concern? In most cases, no – it’s just one of those things that babies do. Understanding what to expect is a good way to know when everything’s A-OK and when you need to see a doctor.

If you want to learn about the difference between Enfamil formula for newborn and infant, check this post on Enfamil newborn vs infant.

What is Considered Normal?

A baby spitting up curdled milk is practically a rite of passage. It’s estimated that at least 50% of babies would have done so before clocking 3 months. It’ll be more abnormal for a baby to be raised without ever spitting up curdled milk than otherwise. Appreciate all those burpees you get at baby showers, because you’ll be dealing with your fair share of baby spit-ups.

What’s considered normal? If a baby’s relatively content, comfortable, has no trouble breathing after a spitting session and isn’t rejecting food or losing weight, they’re doing alright. In fact babies like this are termed “happy spitters”. Unhappy spitters tend to react the opposite way. Reflux tends to cause heart burn, so the baby will be uncomfortable and can have trouble breathing. Sometimes, because of how undeveloped their bodies are, the food goes through the wrong tube and ends up in the lungs. If not noticed and treated, it can trigger a host of health concerns including pneumonia.

If it looks like your baby’s spitting out the entire content of their stomach, observe how frequently it occurs, what the content of the spit-up is and if they’re losing any weight as a result. If they’re happy to get back to feeding, don’t call the hospital just yet. As frustrating as it can be, try not to panic by remembering that spitting up doesn’t always mean there’s an underlying medical issue.

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Spitting Up Vs. Vomiting

With a spit up, the content of your baby’s stomach flows easily through the mouth. Possibly followed by a burp. You’ll notice curdled milk dribbling from the sides of your baby’s mouth. However, with a vomit, the flow’s more forceful – with the projectile shooting several inches out of the mouth. Now onto what the content of a spit up should look like.

What’s Does Normal Spit Up Look Like?

Curdled milk usually comes out “chunky” looking, with bits of saliva mixed in. If your baby spits the milk out immediately after feeding, it can still look like normal baby formula. As long as there’s no color in the regurgitated spit up, then you shouldn’t be too worried. If the content of your baby’s spit up contains bile (it’ll look greenish and yellowish) or blood (it may look brownish), you shouldn’t even be reading this but be on a call to your pediatrician. There are many reasons why babies spit up curdled milk, let’s take a look at each one.

Causes: Why is My Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk?


The human digestive system is made up of a very coordinated gastrointestinal tract. You eat, food passes through the esophagus, down to the stomach. Before food passes down the esophagus, a tissue flap located above the windpipe, called the epiglottis, directs its flow to the esophagus. It essentially blocks entry of food and liquids to the windpipe and lungs. In infants, these organs are poorly coordinated, so the tissue flap might not close in time. Hence breast milk or formula can end up entering the wrong pipe into the lungs – which triggers coughing and spitting. This rarely happens.

What’s more common is the underdevelopment of the valve/muscles that allows food to go up or down. A ring-like valve (pylorus) located at the bottom of the esophagus relaxes to let food pass, and contracts to prevent that food from going back up. In infants, this muscles aren’t fully functional, so can’t prevent food from going back up. This is one of the most common reasons babies spit up. Even though there are some things you can do to manage spitting resulting from underdevelopment, there’s nothing you can do to speed up said development, so don’t torture yourself. By the 5th month, most babies would have better digestive systems so this won’t be a problem.


Babies consume a lot of nutrients compared to their size, those that get aggressive during mealtimes become overfilled fast and thus overflow. Most parenting books/blogs tell you you’re supposed to nurse your baby for about 15 minutes because that’s when the good “boob juice” begins to flow. So your job is to coax your baby to nurse moderately until the 15 minute mark. Some babies don’t get this and will literally try to chug down the milk like you’d chug beer at a frat party. Forcefully chugging milk can trigger milk ejection reflex, so they’d have to spit some of it out.

Often times, it’s not the baby’s fault, you might just have an overflow of milk. If your baby’s breastfeeding directly from the source and not from expressed milk in a bottle, they’re at the mercy of the milk flow. When the flow’s forceful, your baby will be taking in a lot of milk very quickly and might not even last 5 minutes before getting full and choking on the excess. A baby’s stomach is as small as a golf ball, so filling it really won’t take much. If the ejected food contains stomach acid, i.e. acid reflux, it might cause heart burn in the baby, in which case, you’ll need a doctor.

Food Sensitivity/Allergy

There’s a reason mothers are encouraged to feed their babies breast milk EXCLUSIVELY for the first 6 to 12 months. Since a baby spends the first 9 months in its mommy’s belly, he/she is already familiar with her flora and eating habits. There’ll be no surprises in the breast milk. However, feeding your baby with formula immediately after birth – even when it can’t be helped – can trigger allergic reactions. If your baby’s being introduced to solids, monitor how they react to what they eat very carefully.

Aside from introducing new foods to your baby, you, as the mother also has to watch your diet. Suddenly changing your diet can reflect in your breast milk and cause food sensitivity in your baby. You’d need to eat a lot more of the new diet for there to be any significant change in your breast milk. If you introduce any new vitamins or medication to your or your baby’s diet, observe your babies reaction. In some cases, the baby will reject the food.

Pyloric Stenosis

This condition is so rare your baby is more likely to develop all other symptoms simultaneously than have it. With pyloric stenosis, the pylorus muscular valve responsible for relaxing and letting food into the small intestine and contrasting to hold food in, thickens and blocks the passage way. It usually occurs within the first 3 to 5 weeks of birth, and is noticed more often in white boys, who might have inherited it, than any other race.

A baby with pyloric stenosis seems hungry all the time since whatever they’re fed never stays put. Because of the blockage, ingested food gets vomited. You might notice some stomach contractions as the body tries to squeeze what little food it can through the blocked passage. It’ll usually be unsuccessful, which is when the body ejects it. This condition is very chronic as babies can become severely dehydrated and lose weight. The only way to resolve this blockage is through surgery. If your baby’s older than 6 months, and is still fussy, you can rule this out, as pyloric stenosis is even rarer amongst babies older than 3 months.

Swallowing Air

When babies hit a growth spurt, they tend to guzzle a lot more enthusiastically – swallowing extra air. Curious or crying babies tend to take multiple breaks while feeding to look around before returning to their meal. In doing so, they then to swallow up more air wit their milk. When air gets trapped in with fluids, it has to come out one way or another. Sometimes it comes out through the mouth as a burp, along with some of the ingested breast milk, other times it comes out through your baby’s nose.

Feeding Position

Infants spend a good amount of time on their backs, sometimes parents forget that they’re not meant to be in that position while they feed. Lying your baby immediately after feeding can cause him/her to throw up their meals. Remember babies aren’t adults who can couch potato all day without immediate consequences.

Tight Clothes

Baby clothing/diaper sizes are there for a reason. A too tight diaper or elastic band can put excessive pressure on the abdomen and cause your baby to spill out the content of his belly.

Related Post: Pampers VS Huggies: Which Is Best Diaper Brand

Preventive Measures: How Do I Get My Baby To Stop Spitting Up?

8 Tips for my

baby spitting up curdled milk

1.Don’t Overfeed

Respect that your baby has a tiny tummy. Opt to feed your baby often, but in small quantities – preferably every 3 to 4 hours. It’s estimated that the size of a baby’s stomach is the same as their fist. So if you’re giving your baby a bottle, place it near their fist and compare the quantity in the bottle to their fist. The more even it is, the less likely you are to overfeed. Try not to wait too long in between meals because hungry babies are angry babies.

2.Manage Milk Flow

If your breast milk flows fast, express it into a bottle, so your baby can feed at a slower pace. Make sure you pick the right nipple hole; one that’s not too big that your baby gulps and gags on too much milk, and one that’s not so small it frustrates your baby into guzzling plus air.

3.Feed in an Upright Position

Feeding your baby while he’s slouched or curled up in your arms won’t do him any favors. Experiment with the most comfortable position for you both that offers a straight path to the belly. Keep the baby’s head tilted upwards, and the lower body down. You want gravity to do some of the work that your baby’s underdeveloped system can’t yet do.

4.Keep Feeding Sessions Quiet and Calm

Babies can get distracted by noise while feeding. This can cause them to take frequent breaks that cause them to swallow air in between sips. After feeding, most doctors suggest you keep your baby horizontal for at least 30 minutes before they can start playing. It’s a lot harder than it seems, but try keeping them stable for at least 15 minutes. No jostling, no bouncing, no infant swings. Just no sudden movements of any kind.

5.Keep Pressure off Their Stomach

Not only will lying your baby on the back lower the probability of sudden infant death (SID), it also keeps extra pressure from the stomach. In the same vein, ensure your baby’s wearing the right clothing and diaper size, so their abdomen isn’t pressured to spill its content.

6.Burp Your Baby

Sometimes air is unavoidable while a baby’s feeding. In fact, whenever your baby pauses in between sips, take the time to burp him. This way, what all the gas will be let out before even more milk is consumed. If your baby doesn’t burp several minutes after they’ve been patted down, they probably don’t need to just yet.

7.Monitor Diet

Nature probably didn’t intend for inter-specie breast feeding, but humans have gone along with it. Formula made with cow milk is often the biggest culprit when you find babies spitting excessively. Try changing it. If you’re breastfeeding, ask the pediatrician what meals you can take to guarantee a healthy breast milk supply.


In extreme cases, e.g. when your baby’s fussy from an acid reflux, your doctor may prescribe some medication to help with the heart burn, and to prevent the acid from causing damage to sensitive linings. In other cases, the drugs prescribed may be to help move things from the stomach to the small intestines to prevent it from coming back up.

Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk FAQ

Note that most of these questions have been answered within the article – in more depth. If a response doesn’t sufficiently answer your question, refer to the main article.

When should I be Concerned About Baby Spit Up?

Spit ups are very normal in infants. But if your baby starts showing signs of dehydration – seen from a decrease in the amount of urine contained in diapers, a sunken soft spot on the head, or a lack of tears while crying, call a pediatrician. Normal spit ups shouldn’t result in weight loss, and the curdled milk that spit shouldn’t be colored – just white. Unlike adults, babies can’t afford to lose nutrients, so contact your health care professional if you notice any of these.

How do I Know if my Baby is Spitting or Vomiting?

Spitting is technically a mild form of vomiting. In most cases, the projection and force with which the meal is regurgitated, will determine the exact condition. Spit ups rarely cause discomfort to babies.

Should I Feed my Baby After Spitting Up?

While the spit up may seem like the entire content of your baby’s belly, it’s usually no more than a table spoon, so you don’t need to top off. Because overfeeding can make a baby spit up, your kid might just be emptying out the excess. Just wait for some minutes until your baby starts fussing for more.

At What Age Will my Baby Stop Spitting Up?

As your baby grows, their gastrointestinal tract should be able to relax and contract when they’re supposed to, keeping the content of stomach where they belong. Babies generally stop spitting up around the ages of 6 and 7 months – just when they start sitting without help. A few babies will keep spitting into their 12th month.

Will Gripe Water Help with Spitting Up?

The herbs in gripe water aid with digestion, so technically it may help relieve spitting – but only for a few symptoms. For example, if your baby has gas and won’t burp, gripe water might help. But there are numerous reasons why your baby could be spitting up, so don’t just throw gripe water at your baby.

How do I Stop My Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk?

Burp your baby after every meal, so they pass out gas. Space out feeding every 3 to 4 hours, and ensure your baby’s not gulping and gagging but feeding slowly. Keep the baby in an upright position for 15 to 30 minutes after feeding before lying him on the bed (on his back). Monitor you and your baby’s diet.

Why is My Baby Spitting Up Curdled Milk and Crying?

Pyloric Stenosis (for Parents) – Nemours KidsHealth

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What to Do if Your Toddler Drinks Spoiled Milk (Don’t panic!)

I seriously can not tell you how many close calls I’ve had.

In the baby days, parents are HYPER diligent about perfectly tracking, mixing (if using formula), and sterilizing bottles used for milk.

Once the toddler years come and milk is sort of an optional, ‘whenever the kid feels like it’ endeavor, you tend to end up with a lot of half-finished sippy cups of milk lying around the house.

(And in between couch cushions and rolling around on the floor of your car. Just admit it, we’ve all been there.)

So it’s a common problem and a common question: What happens if your child or toddler drinks some old, spoiled milk?

The most likely scenario is that nothing too serious happens.

It’s possible to get food poisoning from spoiled milk, which would result in an upset stomach, vomiting, and/or diarrhea, but it’s unlikely you’d need to seek medical treatment for anything more serious.

But let’s dive a little deeper.

What happens to milk as it spoils

There are multiple ways milk can spoil, turn, or “go bad.”

Old milk left in the refrigerator

You’re probably familiar with the idea that bad, old, or sour milk can be used to make lots of different dairy products, like yogurt and cheese.

This is a pretty heavily controlled process, but you can see parts of it on display in your fridge if you let some milk turn.

When your standard, store-bought pasteurized milk starts to go bad, a bacteria present in the milk called Streptococci starts to eat away at the lactose, raising the pH of the milk to highly acidic levels. Another bacteria called Lactobacilli soon takes over doing the same thing. At this point, the milk is incredibly sour to the smell and taste.

Lactobacilli is actually a pretty integral part of the cheesemaking process, so you know it’s not the worst thing in the world.

To this point, the milk may be pretty gross, but is probably not harmful.

Left any longer than this, and other kinds of yeast, mold, and a sometimes harmful bacteria called Bacillus start to get involved and transform the milk into something you probably want absolutely no part of.

It’s hard to say exactly when that will happen, but you’ll probably know with a quick eyeball or sniff test. (If your milk has visible mold on it, EJECT! EJECT!)

In general, don’t keep milk much longer than about 5 days after the Sell By date.

(Pro tip: Store your milk near the bottom, or coldest part, of your fridge to make it last longer and stay fresher.)

Milk left out in room temperature

The cool temperature of the refrigerator helps keep a lot of different bacterias in check. Out in the open for long periods of time, the results of spoilage are a little more unpredictable.

In short, anything goes outside of the fridge.

The general rule of thumb is that the safety timeline of milk shortens as the temperature rises.

Milk left on the kitchen counter with the AC blasting will be OK for longer than a sippy cup trapped wedged in the carseat on a 90 degree summer day.

A lot of the same processes will start to happen as mentioned above; the milk’s natural bacteria will start to feast on its various components and sour the milk. Out in the open, other bacteria can get involved, though today’s modern pasteurized milk has very little bacteria present in it.

That is to say, it’s likely that milk left out for a while isn’t so much dangerous as it is disgusting.

In general, the FDA recommends not leaving milk (or any refrigerated food) out for more than 2 hours.

UHT (ultra high temperature) milk

Sometimes, at the grocery store, you’ll see milk or milk products packaged in cardboard sitting on room temperature shelving.

This kind of milk is really common in many European countries.

Does that mean UHT milk is immune from spoilage?

Not quite.

It’s ultra pasteurized, i.e., it’s been extremely heated to kill almost all bacteria in it. That’s why it can sit out the way it does.

Once you open it, though, and contaminate it via open air, a lot of the same rules apply:

Store it in the fridge for a week, tops, and don’t leave it sitting out for more than 2 hours.

The Verdict

There are a LOT of factors that go into how worried you should be about your toddler drinking spoiled milk.

What kind of milk is it? Has it been in the fridge? Has it been in your hot car for a month?

(It sounds horrifying, but I wouldn’t put it past a toddler to take a swig of near-solid, moldy, curdled milk.)

In most cases, probably the worst thing that will happen to your kid is a case of food poisoning.

The more likely thing is that nothing at all will happen.

In all likelihood, the milk won’t be that dangerous, and they won’t drink enough of it to get seriously ill. (I don’t think even a toddler could stomach multiple glugs of milk that had been sitting out for days or weeks.)

(Important note: I’m not a doctor and don’t claim to be. You know your own child… if you think something is wrong, or your parent-alarm is going off, by all means take them to a doctor or medical professional. I’ve just done the best job I can here compiling available resources and information.)

How to spot food poisoning from bad milk

If your kid has a little bit of questionable milk, there’s probably no need to rush them to the hospital.

Monitor them carefully for signs of food poisoning, which include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach cramps
  • Fever
  • Excessive gas
  • Fatigue
  • Achey muscles

The best thing for most cases of food poisoning is lots of rest and fluids. It will pass on its own as the body flushes the bad bacteria away.

If the diarrhea lasts for more than 2 days, or if the fever keeps climbing, you may want to call a doctor. In fact, your best bet would be to read the whole WebMD page on food poisoning just to be safe.

How to spot botulism

It’s not likely, but it’s possible (especially with raw or unpasteurized milk) that if it goes really, really bad it could contain E. coli or other more harmful bacteria.

These can cause botulism, or an extreme form of food poisoning.

Along with the symptoms above, absolutely call a doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • Slurred speech or blurred vision
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hard time swallowing
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle paralysis from the head down through the body

Again, this is pretty unlikely in the case of a toddler taking a sip of some spoiled milk, but you’re here to be prepared for any scenario, so there it is!

The best defense

The best way to avoid any of this uncertainty — and possibly, a nasty case of food poisoning — is to scoop up all of those milk sippy cups as soon as possible and dump them down the sink.

Believe me, I am as guilty as anyone!

My daughter likes to carry her milk around the house, take it in the car, throw it on occasion. Who knows where these things are likely to end up.

But the safest thing and the best way to avoid this entire scenario is to be super diligent about disposing of milk as soon as your toddler is done drinking it.

It’s a throwback to the newborn days, but it’s probably the best way to ensure your kid doesn’t end up drinking sour, curdled milk.

Wrapping Up

All of that being said, probably the worst thing about old milk is that it’s disgusting.

It looks disgusting. It smells disgusting. It probably tastes disgusting.

And for that reason, if milk is really in the danger zone, and is super old, and MOLDY, and ripe with harmful bacteria, I truly can’t imagine a toddler drinking more than an accidental sip of it.

Again, I’m not a doctor, but from everything I’ve found, the probable worst thing that’s likely to happen is a brief, self-curing case of food poisoning.

But even more likely than that is you and your kid both learn a valuable lesson about disposing of old milk.

Even if they throw up or have a few runny poos, it doesn’t mean they’re “ill” from drinking the milk. Food poisoning is common and passes on its own with proper rest and hydration.

It also doesn’t mean you’re a bad parent!

It’s almost impossible to keep track of everything you need to as a parent. A stray sippy cup of milk that sat out too long is par for the course.

In summation: Just breathe. Everything is probably fine. If your kid got a hold of some bad milk, just watch them carefully for signs that anything is amiss.

I hope this has helped ease your mind! If you found it helpful, scroll down to find out how you can get even more of my best research, hacks, and stress-saving tips.

And good luck with your next parenting puzzle.

Food Poisoning (Infant/Toddler)

Food poisoning is illness that is passed along in food. It usually occurs 1 to 24 hours after eating food that has spoiled. It is often caused by toxins from bacteria in food that has not been cooked or refrigerated properly. Symptoms may include vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. These symptoms usually last 1 to 2 days. Antibiotics are usually not needed but may be used for some food poisoning caused by bacteria.

The main danger from this illness is dehydration. This is the loss of too much water and minerals from the body. When this occurs, your child’s body fluids must be replaced. This can be done with oral rehydration solution. You can get oral rehydration solution at pharmacies and most grocery stores.

Home care

Follow all instructions given by your child’s healthcare provider.

If giving medicines to your child:

  • Don’t give over-the-counter diarrhea medicines unless your child’s healthcare provider tells you to. These can make the illness last longer.

  • You can use acetaminophen or ibuprofen to control pain and fever. Or, you can use other medicine as prescribed.

  • Don’t give aspirin to anyone under 18 years of age who has a fever. This may cause liver damage and a life-threatening condition called Reye syndrome.

To prevent the spread of illness:

  • Remember that washing with soap and water or using alcohol-based sanitizer is the best way to prevent the spread of infection.

  • Wash your hands before and after caring for your sick child.

  • Clean the toilet or the diaper change area after each use. Dispose of soiled diapers in a sealed container.

  • Keep your child out of day care until your child’s healthcare provider says it’s OK.

  • Teach your child to wash his or her hands after using the toilet and before meals. This is very important if your child is in day care.

  • Wash your hands before and after preparing food. Keep in mind that people with diarrhea or vomiting should not prepare food for others.

  • Wash your hands and utensils after using cutting boards, countertops and knives that have been in contact with raw foods.

  • Wash and then peel fruits and vegetables.

  • Keep uncooked meats away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods.

  • Use a food thermometer when cooking. Cook poultry to at least 165°F (74°C). Cook ground meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb) to at least 160°F (71°C). Cook fresh beef, veal, lamb, and pork to at least 145°F (63°C).

  • Don’t serve raw or undercooked eggs (poached or sunny side up), poultry, meat, or unpasteurized milk or juices to your child.

Giving liquids and feeding

The main goal while treating vomiting or diarrhea is to prevent dehydration. This is done by giving your child small amounts of liquids often.

If your baby is breastfed:

  • For diarrhea: Keep breastfeeding. Feed your child more often than usual. If diarrhea is severe, give oral rehydration solution between feedings. As diarrhea decreases, stop giving oral rehydration solution and resume your normal breastfeeding schedule.

  • For vomiting: After 2 hours with no vomiting, restart breastfeeding. Spend half the usual feeding time on each breast every 1 to 2 hours. If your child vomits again, reduce feeding time to 5 minutes on one breast only, every 30 to 60 minutes. Switch to the other breast with each feeding. Some milk will be absorbed even when your child vomits. As vomiting stops, resume your regular breastfeeding schedule.

If your baby is bottle-fed:

  • Give small amounts of fluid at a time, especially if your child is vomiting. An ounce or two (30 to 60 mL) every 30 minutes may improve symptoms. Start with 1 teaspoon (5 mL) every 5 minutes and increase gradually as tolerated.

  • For diarrhea: Give full-strength formula or milk. If diarrhea is severe, give oral rehydration solution between feedings. If giving milk and the diarrhea is not getting better, stop giving milk. In some cases, milk can make diarrhea worse. Try soy or rice formula. Do not give apple juice, soda, or other sweetened drinks. Drinks with sugar can make diarrhea worse. If your child starts doing worse with food, go back to clear liquids.

  • For vomiting: After 2 hours with no vomiting, try giving regular formula or milk. If at any time the child begins to vomit again, go back to small amounts of clear liquids. Begin with small amounts and increase the amount as tolerated.

  • If your child is doing well after 24 hours, resume a regular diet and feeding schedule.

If your child is on solid food:

  • Keep in mind that liquids are more important than food right now. Give small amounts of liquids at a time, especially if the child is having stomach cramps or vomiting.

  • For diarrhea: If you are giving milk to your child and the diarrhea is not going away, stop the milk. In some cases, milk can make diarrhea worse. If that happens, use oral rehydration solution instead. If diarrhea is severe, give oral rehydration solution between feedings. Sports drinks are not equivalent to oral rehydration solutions. They contain too much sugar and too few electrolytes.

  • For vomiting: Begin with oral rehydration solution at room temperature. Give 1 teaspoon (5 ml) every 5 minutes. Even if your child vomits, continue to give oral rehydration solution. Much of the liquid will be absorbed, despite the vomiting. After 2 hours with no vomiting, begin with small amounts of milk or formula and other fluids. Increase the amount as tolerated. Do not give your child plain water, milk, formula, or other liquids until vomiting stops. As vomiting decreases, try giving larger amounts of oral rehydration solution. Space this out with more time in between. Continue this until your child is making urine and is no longer thirsty (has no interest in drinking). After 4 hours with no vomiting, restart solid foods. After 24 hours with no vomiting, resume a normal diet.

  • You can resume your child’s normal diet over time as he or she feels better. Don’t force your child to eat, especially if he or she is having stomach pain or cramping. Don’t feed your child large amounts at a time, even if he or she is hungry. This can make your child feel worse. You can give your child more food over time if he or she can tolerate it. For a baby over 4 months, you can give cereal, mashed potatoes, applesauce, mashed bananas, or strained carrots during this time. For children age 1 or older, you can add crackers, white bread, rice, crackers, and other complex starches, lean meats, yogurt, fruits, and vegetables. Low-fat diets are easier to digest than high-fat diets.

  • If the symptoms come back, go back to a simple diet or clear liquids.

Follow-up care

Follow up with your child’s healthcare provider, or as advised. If a stool sample was taken or cultures were done, call the healthcare provider for the results as instructed.



Call 911 if your child has any of these symptoms:

When to seek medical advice

Call your child’s healthcare provider right away if any of these occur:

  • Abdominal pain that gets worse

  • Constant lower right abdominal pain

  • Repeated vomiting after the first 2 hours on liquids

  • Occasional vomiting for more than 24 hours

  • More than 8 diarrhea stools within 8 hours

  • Continued severe diarrhea for more than 24 hours

  • Blood or black material in vomit or stool

  • Reduced oral intake

  • Dark urine or no urine for 4 to 6  hours, no tears when crying, sunken eyes, or dry mouth

  • Fussiness or crying that cannot be soothed

  • Unusual drowsiness

  • New rash

  • Diarrhea lasting more than 1 week

  • Fever (see Fever and children, below)

Fever and children

Always use a digital thermometer to check your child’s temperature. Never use a mercury thermometer.

For infants and toddlers, be sure to use a rectal thermometer correctly. A rectal thermometer may accidentally poke a hole in (perforate) the rectum. It may also pass on germs from the stool. Always follow the product maker’s directions for proper use. If you don’t feel comfortable taking a rectal temperature, use another method. When you talk to your child’s healthcare provider, tell him or her which method you used to take your child’s temperature.

Here are guidelines for fever temperature. Ear temperatures aren’t accurate before 6 months of age. Don’t take an oral temperature until your child is at least 4 years old.

Infant under 3 months old:

  • Ask your child’s healthcare provider how you should take the temperature.

  • Rectal or forehead (temporal artery) temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by the provider

  • Armpit temperature of 99°F (37.2°C) or higher, or as directed by the provider

Child age 3 to 36 months:

  • Rectal, forehead (temporal artery), or ear temperature of 102°F (38.9°C) or higher, or as directed by the provider

  • Armpit temperature of 101°F (38.3°C) or higher, or as directed by the provider

Child of any age:

  • Repeated temperature of 104°F (40°C) or higher, or as directed by the provider

  • Fever that lasts more than 24 hours in a child under 2 years old. Or a fever that lasts for 3 days in a child 2 years or older.

Why is my baby spitting up so much breast milk?

My baby is frequently spitting up – it seems like it’s all of my breast milk! I never thought breastfed babies spit up this much. This can’t be normal, can it? Is there something wrong with my baby?

Don’t worry – we get these questions often. Caring for a baby who spits up can be stressful for parents, creating worries about the baby’s health and proper growth. Spitting up is a very common occurrence in healthy babies, and usually won’t cause any issues in regards to the baby’s growth or development. This often happens because the baby’s digestive system is so immature, making it easier for their stomach contents to flow back up into the esophagus.

Several different factors can contribute to babies spitting up, including:

  • Babies regularly spit up when they drink too much milk, too quickly. This can happen when the baby feeds very fast, or when mom’s breasts are overfull. The amount of spit up can appear to be much more than it really is.
  • Food sensitivities can cause excessive spitting up in babies. Products with cow milk in the mom or baby’s diet can be a common food sensitivity.
  • Some babies can become distracted when feeding at the breast, pulling off to look around. This can cause babies to swallow air and spit up more often.
  • Breastmilk oversupply or forceful let-down (milk ejection reflex) can cause reflux-like symptoms in babies.

If your baby seems comfortable, is eating well, gaining weight and developing normally, there’s typically little cause for concern. “Happy spitters” will grow and thrive, despite spitting up frequently. As babies grow and get older, they usually spit up less. Most will stop spitting up by 12 months of age.

Consider these tips:

  • Keep your baby upright. Try feeding your baby this way and keep them upright for about 30 minutes after feedings.
  • Avoid engaging in immediate active play for at least 30 minutes after feedings. Active play includes use of a bouncy seat, vibrating seat, infant swing or bouncing the baby while walking/holding.
  • Frequent burps during and after each feeding can keep air from building up in your baby’s stomach.
  • Avoid overfeeding. Feeding your baby smaller amounts more frequently might help decrease spitting up.
  • Put your baby to sleep on his or her back. Placing a baby to sleep on its tummy to prevent spitting up is not recommended.
  • Monitor your diet closely if you’re breastfeeding. If you feel there are certain foods that might be upsetting your baby’s stomach, try avoiding them for a while.
  • If you notice weight loss, forceful spit up, fussiness or other symptoms, talk to your child’s pediatrician about your concerns.

Lactation Support Services at Texas Children’s Hospital offers a variety of services to mothers with questions and concerns regarding breastfeeding, pumping, medications and more. Click here to learn more.

Should Breastfed Babies Be Spitting Up White Chunky Milk?

Breastfeeding provides your baby with natural nutrition in the most convenient way. Your milk is easy to digest and has antibodies to help keep your baby’s digestive system healthy.

Breastfeeding also minimizes air swallowing and too-rapid feedings that can make spitting up worse in bottle-fed babies.

However, even breastfed babies often spit up after a feeding. The appearance of the spit-up varies, but, most of the time, white chunks in the milk are normal.

Appearance and Smell

The appearance of your baby’s spit-up varies depending on when he spits up.

If he spits up immediately after breastfeeding, the spit-up looks like fresh milk.

If the milk has had time to mix with stomach acids, it typically has white chunks and a curdled appearance, similar to the sour milk you get by adding vinegar to milk.

Curdled and lumpy spit-up also may have a sour smell, similar to vomit. This chunky appearance and bad smell are normal, according to Pediatrician Jennifer Shu on HealthyChildren.org.

Causes of Spitting Up

My Newborn Will Not Settle After Feeding

Some babies are greedy feeders and take in more than their stomachs can handle. Even a breastfed baby spits up when she’s had more to eat than she can hold in her stomach.

Burping or drooling can also trigger spitting up, as can jostling the baby or putting her down quickly. The immaturity of an infant’s digestive tract makes spitting up more common in the early months, but some illnesses can cause spitting up or vomiting.

Baby Reflux

Approximately half of all babies experience spitting up due to infant reflux, a type of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, according to the Mayo Clinic website. Reflux occurs during the early months until the valve between the stomach and the esophagus develops fully, but it usually resolves as the baby matures. Although the amount of spit-up is often small, overfeeding can increase it. Infant reflux usually doesn’t cause the baby to feel distress or cry.

Vomiting and Illnesss

My Breast-Feeding Baby Spits Up After Eating Every Time

Vomiting is different from reflux or simple spitting up because it typically produces a large volume and can be a sign of illness.

For example, a baby may lose most or all of the feeding by vomiting. If your baby vomits several times in a day or every day, or if he vomits bright green matter, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends consulting a pediatrician. Vomiting during the first month of life, looking or acting sick, forceful vomiting, diarrhea with vomiting, failure to gain weight and refusing feedings are other signs you should consult a physician immediately.

Minimizing Spit-Up

If your breastfed baby spits up a lot and your doctor has ruled out medical issues, you can reduce the problem by taking a relaxed and unhurried approach. If your physician recommends it, try feeding the baby smaller amounts more often. Burp him after he takes each breast rather than at the end of the entire feeding.

Keep him upright or sitting for 30 minutes after the feeding, Mayo Clinic recommends. When you lay him down, put him gently on his back to avoid bringing up milk.

90,000 Food poisoning. Milk poisoning

Despite the fact that many believe in the health benefits of dairy products, a disease such as dairy product poisoning can occur.

Contents of the article:

Food poisoning

Every person has suffered from food poisoning at least once in his life. Food poisoning is an acute gastrointestinal illness. Milk poisoning can disrupt important bodily functions and can be life-threatening.Urgent medical attention required. With milk poisoning, there is an aversion to dairy products, nausea, vomiting, general weakness, itching. The kidneys may be affected.

In the treatment of milk poisoning, a diet is used that excludes absorbing alkalis and milk from food. And everyone knows that the quality and especially the freshness of the products used must be monitored very, very carefully. The problem of food poisoning becomes especially relevant in the summer, when food can go bad in just a few hours in the heat.If the animal giving milk gets sick, then the physicochemical composition of the milk changes.

Poisoning with milk and other dairy products (curdled milk, kefir, yoghurts and so on), despite the seeming “harmlessness” of this product, occurs quite often. It ranks third in poisoning after poisoning with meat and fish. And the main reason for this is not only that milk spoils very quickly, especially in the heat, but also that it is impossible to recognize the spoiled product by its taste and appearance.Manufacturing and storing dairy products under conditions inappropriate for storage can dramatically lead to the development of microbes. Due to the vital activity of microbes, toxins appear, which, when a person uses dairy products, cause disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract. If the food is briefly exposed to air or in a warm room, then this dairy food can become infected with microbes. Such food takes on an unpleasant odor, the color may change, and small bubbles appear in the milk.

Symptoms of milk and dairy product poisoning

Milk poisoning has the same symptoms as most other food poisoning. After drinking low-quality milk, literally in a couple of hours, nausea begins, vomiting and abdominal pain occur. However, it is worth noting that the temperature with such food poisoning rarely rises. In the case of severe poisoning, much more serious symptoms appear, up to a drop in cardio activity and muscle cramps in the limbs.

Most often, in case of milk poisoning, we try to fight this ailment on our own. But it happens that medical help is needed.

Severe poisoning occurs with the following symptoms:

  • Diarrhea with blood. Feces contain an admixture of greenery and mucus
  • Difficulty speaking, breathing, swallowing
  • Dry mouth, constantly thirsty
  • Severe, persistent vomiting
  • Constant dull pain in the lower abdomen
  • High temperature over 38 degrees lasts a long time
  • Diarrhea more than 1-2 days

In case of milk poisoning in the victim, even before the doctor arrives, it is necessary to induce vomiting (but only if he is conscious, otherwise the vomit may end up in the respiratory tract) by giving a few glasses of warm water to drink.Apply an enema. Then the patient should drink a solution of saline laxative (magnesium sulfate), or coal, smecta, polysorb, etc. Antibiotics, antiemetic, antidiarrheal drugs are not treated with milk poisoning.

You can learn about poisoning and symptoms from the following video:

Drinking regimen and diet for poisoning with milk and dairy products

You need to properly organize a drinking regimen in order to replenish the loss of fluid in the body.You should use weak tea, rosehip infusion, water-salt solutions, rice decoction.

In case of poisoning, there must be proper nutrition. For 4-6 hours, you can refuse food, but do not forget about drinking. Food should be gentle. It should be liquid, semi-liquid and wiped. Food is consumed in small portions up to 8 times a day. In order not to provoke fermentation processes in the intestines, you should refuse sweet, fresh bread, whole milk. Food should not be greasy. Until recovery, you need to eat porridge in water, or in milk diluted with milk, pureed vegetable soups, crackers, boiled meat.It should be remembered that fresh kefir weakens, while yesterday’s, on the contrary, strengthens. After recovery, 2-3 weeks should be eating steam food, you need to exclude fried and fatty foods, spices and black bread from the diet, eat fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as freshly squeezed juices.

If there is no danger of developing diabetes, then you should not give up the use of dairy products. Milk and dairy and fermented milk products are a source of calcium for the body. Without the use of dairy products, it is not possible to provide the body with the necessary amount of calcium and vitamin B2.Treatment of poisoning with milk or dairy products for one day can be taken over. But if after these manipulations the victim’s condition has improved significantly, you should not neglect the examination of a specialist.

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Poisoning in children

Around the world, the number of acute poisoning is growing steadily, this situation is called a “creeping disaster.”Due to the wide distribution in the environment of various chemical and pharmacological preparations, more and more children are admitted to toxicological departments with a diagnosis of acute exogenous poisoning.

Another, even more serious, reason is the frivolous attitude of the mother to the health of her own child, her inattention and reliance on the Russian “maybe”.

The one-year-old baby woke up early and got out of the crib. Mom put him on and let him go to “free pasture”, and she herself went to bed.

You will say: this cannot be? Unfortunately, it can, like all other cases from personal medical practice.

The kid, left unattended, happily hosted the kitchen, scattered cereals, spilled butter, and then climbed into a chair and took out grandmother’s clonidine from the shelf. An hour later, when his mother woke up, the baby was already asleep, holding a bottle of pills in his fist.

A friend came to visit my mother, whom she had not seen for a long time.So much news has accumulated that requires immediate discussion over a cup of coffee and a cigarette. But secondhand smoke is bad for a child. Therefore, he was left in the room, and they themselves retired to the kitchen. How long the smoke break lasted is unknown. Mom claims that it will not last long. But the baby had enough time to get the contraceptive pills from the guest’s bag and eat them.

A two-year-old girl was playing on the floor with toys and suddenly fell asleep on the floor. Mom took her to the crib, and went about her household chores, glad that the child did not interfere.After some time, the mother noticed that the girl’s sleep was restless, she was crying without waking up, making irregular movements of her limbs, as if fighting off someone.

An ambulance doctor suspected drug poisoning, and a vial of amitriptyline (used for depression) was found on the floor among the toys. The child’s restless behavior was attributed to the occurrence of hallucinations.

Mom poured Antinakipin into the kettle and left it overnight to dissolve all the sediment.When the baby demanded a legitimate bottle early in the morning, the half-asleep mother diluted the milk mixture with water from the ill-fated teapot and gave it to the child. She caught herself only noticing that the mixture in the bottle curdled into flakes. And during this time, the baby has already managed to sip a hefty dose.

There are thousands of such examples.

But there are other cases when the mother, with her own hand, exceeds the dose of the medicine or by mistake gives the child another remedy.

Every family has a first-aid kit with a set of the most necessary and seemingly harmless medicines.But are they so harmless?

Back in the XYI century, the physician and naturalist Paracelsus said: “Poison differs from medicine only by the dose.”

Did you know that Calpol, Panadol, Tylenol and other drugs based on paracetamol, widely advertised and loved by parents, have a toxic effect on the liver in a dose only twice as high as a single dose, and a tenfold excess of a single dose causes kidney failure? Is it too heavy a retribution for the uncontrolled use of “strawberry-flavored syrup”?

Familiar drugs diphenhydramine, suprastin, pipolfen, in addition to allergic, have a sedative and hypnotic effect, which makes them very popular with some parents.

Wanting the child to sleep longer on a weekend or a holiday, the mother gives the baby diphenhydramine in an increased dose.

Contrary to the expected result, the child does not fall asleep, and receives another pill. After that, the child not only does not calm down, but on the contrary, becomes agitated, does not find a place for himself in the crib, fights off someone invisible with his hands, wriggles, cries. His skin is reddened and dry, his pupils dilated, his heart beats faster.And the fault was an overdose of diphenhydramine.

The baby has a runny nose. He cannot suckle and sleeps poorly. The doctor prescribed vasoconstrictor nasal drops to the baby: naphthyzin, galazolin or sanorin. After the first procedure, the baby breathed freely through his nose, ate well and fell asleep calmly. A satisfied mother began to bury drops for him before each feeding, and then even before going to bed. By the evening, the child seemed to be replaced: he became lethargic, sleepy, refused to eat and asked to go to bed.The skin became pale, cold, sweating increased. Having measured the temperature, the mother was horrified: 34.7 C. So intensive treatment of the common cold led to the poisoning of the baby.

Increasingly, vasoconstrictor drops are available in plastic bottles equipped with a dropper spout. This is done for the convenience of consumers: I removed the cap, pressed down on the pliable walls, dropped the medicine into the nose, and no fiddling with a pipette. For small children, this method is not suitable, since, by applying force, you can let the medicine in with a stream, significantly exceeding the dose.Use a regular dropper to draw as many drops as your doctor has ordered.

The child has repeated vomiting, and the mother, instead of inviting a doctor, gives him cerucal for two days in a row (“I know that he stops vomiting”). And she has no idea about the side effects of this drug, as well as about the undesirability of its use in children under 14 years of age. Therefore, when, on the 3rd day, the child developed violent movements in the limbs and neck muscles (hyperextension of the arms, involuntary turns of the head to the side) and convulsive twitching (grimaces) of the facial muscles, my mother was very surprised and called an ambulance.Barely glancing at the boy, the ambulance doctor asked: “Have you given Cerucal?”, And, having received an affirmative answer, proceeded to wash the stomach through a tube.

Unfortunately, poisoning in children is not limited to drugs. In everyday life, we are surrounded by chemicals designed to improve and make our life easier. How many troubles and misfortunes the vinegar essence used in every family for home canning has brought and will bring to children! No other country in the world produces acetic acid of such a concentration for domestic purposes, but here – please, drink – I don’t want to.

Neither a pedantic German woman, nor a frivolous Frenchwoman, nor a disciplined American woman would ever think of pouring a poisonous substance into a bottle of Pepsi or Fanta, and in our country, the reason for poisoning babies is often neglect of the elementary rules for storing detergents and disinfectants and household chemicals.

“How did it happen? – my mother laments, – after all, I wrote on the bottle that there is gasoline. ”

But the kid does not know how to read, but he remembers well that yesterday, during a walk, dad poured him delicious water from such a bottle.

In children under one year old, physical activity and field of activity are limited by a crib or playpen. They cannot independently get and swallow drugs or toxic substances. Therefore, the cause of poisoning in babies of the first year of life is the carelessness and carelessness of parents, when, having mixed up the dishes, they give the child alcohol or other toxic substances instead of water; instead of nasal drops, eye drops with clonidine are instilled; fulfilling the doctor’s prescriptions, they exceed the dose of drugs, and often they treat the child on their own, without consulting a doctor, relying on their own knowledge or the advice of friends.

The baby’s ability to move independently increases the risk of accidents, including poisoning. The inaccessible places for the child are becoming less and less, and there are more and more objects and substances with an attractive appearance. Is it possible to pass by a bubble with such beautiful multi-colored pills? We must immediately get them and try. Oh, yes, they are also in a sweet shell, real candies!

Always remember that the child “learns the world through the mouth.”This circumstance explains the greatest number of poisonings in the group of children of the 2nd and 3rd years of life.

Add to this the slovenliness of the mother in everyday life, the negligence of adults in the storage of drugs and chemicals, and the picture is complete.

The fate of a child with acute poisoning often depends on the correct behavior of the mother or others. What should the mother do if the child takes a drug or chemical?

If the fact of taking a poisonous substance is established, immediately call an ambulance, and before the arrival of the brigade, free the child’s oral cavity from the tablets that he did not have time to swallow, try to rinse his mouth and give him a large amount of water (up to 200 ml) with two crushed tablets of activated charcoal or other an adsorbent, for example, polyphepan (1-2 teaspoons).

Do not give milk to your baby, as some poisons are fat-soluble and the fat in milk will speed up the absorption of the poison.

Try to collect and count the remaining pills, estimate how many pills the baby has swallowed. It is clear to everyone that the higher the dose, the more severe the poisoning, the more serious the prognosis.

But do not be complacent if “just one” pill is missing. Some medications are so strong and fast that even one tablet can lead to severe impairment of vital functions.These drugs include nitroglycerin, chlorpromazine, digoxin, gemiton, clonidine, amitriptyline.

Never induce vomiting in a child if poisoning has occurred with concentrated acid or caustic alkali, which cause burns to the oral cavity, pharynx and esophagus. A corrosive substance, when passing in the opposite direction, will inevitably increase the area and depth of the burn, and can also enter the respiratory tract. Try to give the child 1.5 to 2 cups of water to reduce the concentration of caustic substances in the stomach.

The popular opinion that in case of acid poisoning it is necessary to drink alkaline drinks, and in case of alkali poisoning – weakly acidic solutions, is incorrect, since the carbon dioxide formed as a result of such a reaction is the cause of overstretching of the stomach and deterioration of the child’s condition.

If the poisoning has occurred with gas or vapors of a toxic substance, the child should be urgently taken out of the gas-polluted room, freed from embarrassing clothing, and the respiratory tract should be cleared of mucus and vomit.

If a poisonous substance gets into the eyes, it is necessary to rinse the eyes with a stream of warm water using a syringe (without a needle) or a rubber bulb for 5 minutes.

If a toxic substance gets on the skin, the child should be undressed and the skin should be thoroughly washed with warm running water and soap, first treating the contaminated areas, and then the entire surface of the body.

Sometimes the fact that a child is taking medicinal or chemical substances remains unknown to the mother or other adult family members, which significantly complicates the diagnosis, leads to untimely assistance, and worsens the prognosis.

The alarming moment that makes the mother think about poisoning is a change in the child’s behavior: usually active and cheerful, he suddenly becomes lethargic, drowsy, falls asleep at inopportune hours. The dream is so deep and deep that it cannot be woken up. Or, conversely, in a dream, the child makes active movements, crawls on the bed, fights off someone with his hands and feet, cries, screams without waking up. This behavior is indicative of hallucinations. Convulsions, loss of consciousness may occur.

Consider poisoning if …

– your baby has a runny nose, and you, sparing no medication, bury vasoconstrictor drops in his nose, and the child becomes lethargic, refuses to eat and asks to sleep;

– the child suddenly becomes silly, laughable for no reason; staggers to the sides when walking, he stumbles upon objects, stumbles on level ground;

– in the midst of complete health, the child’s condition suddenly deteriorates, consciousness is disturbed, convulsions appear, and there are no signs of an acute inflammatory disease.

Call an ambulance and tell your doctor about your observations and suspicions. The sooner you do this, the better for the child.

Is there really nothing that can be done to protect children from exposure to toxic substances? It is possible and even necessary!

The prevention of poisoning is extremely simple and does not require either moral or material costs from the parents.

Medicines should be kept out of the reach of the child.Periodically arrange an audit in your home medicine cabinet and get rid of unnecessary, expired, worn-out medicines. Do not keep medicines “close at hand” in a cosmetic bag, in your pocket, or in your purse. Your young tracker will find them everywhere and give them a try.

If you give your child pills or vitamins during illness, never call them “candy”.

Store cleaners and detergents, insect sprays, stain removers and solvents, and technical liquids indoors or in a locked cabinet.

Transfusion of potentially toxic substances into food containers is not allowed.

Nail polish remover, deodorants, cosmetic lotions should be stored on a high shelf, where a child cannot even get from a chair.

Do not leave unfinished alcoholic drinks in the glasses. While you are seeing off guests, the children can continue the festive feast by following your example.

Do not keep poisonous plants in the house, and during a walk, do not allow your baby to try “beautiful berries” from trees and bushes.

All of the above applies to a greater extent to babies, whose poisoning is mainly of an accidental nature.

Acute intestinal infections – Chaika.com

The main manifestations of acute intestinal infections are vomiting and / or diarrhea, as a result of which dehydration sometimes develops.


Intestinal infections are more likely to be caused by viruses.Viral intestinal infections go away on their own within about a week. Much less often, bacteria or protozoa are the cause of the disease. It must be remembered that diarrhea and vomiting can also be associated with non-infectious causes, including the use of hazardous substances, poisonous plants, and the like.


Intestinal infections usually begin with fever, nausea, and vomiting. Soon, diarrhea (loose stools, or diarrhea) appears.Often worried about abdominal pain. However, it is not at all necessary that the child has all of the listed symptoms.

Most often, children with viral diarrhea feel unwell, but are quite active. If your child becomes dehydrated (dehydrated) as a result of a large amount of fluid loss, the child may become lethargic *.

Call the pediatrician if

  • child is less than 6 months old
  • he has frequent vomiting / abdominal pain / high fever (over 39 ° C or 102 ° F) / blood in his stool
  • he has signs of dehydration: no tears during crying, dry, sticky mouth, pronounced thirst, eyes “sunken”, fontanelle “fused”; he urinates less (for example, a baby has less than 6 wet diapers a day), is losing weight, lethargic, very sleepy
  • he stops taking liquid / any amount of liquid immediately leads to vomiting **
  • his behavior has changed a lot

There is no need to call the pediatrician if the child looks good, even if he has:

  • frequent stools or large portions of stool
  • a lot of gas in the intestine
  • green or yellow chair

How long vomiting and diarrhea persist

Vomiting usually lasts 1-3 days.Diarrhea usually lasts 3-7 days, much less often – up to 2 weeks. If the baby looks good, drinks enough fluids, and eats, losing stool over 2 weeks should not be a cause for concern.


In some cases, the pediatrician may recommend taking a stool test in order to find out which pathogen caused the disease ***.


Most often, no medication is required for diarrhea and vomiting ****.In extremely rare cases, the child is shown taking antibiotics.

Antidiarrheal drugs are almost never used for diarrhea and can be dangerous. Never give them to a child unless recommended by a pediatrician.

Diarrhea is very common, which is why you can find many medicines in pharmacies that are recommended for it. Some of them are ineffective, others can worsen the condition of the child, so they should not be given to him.

Power supply

If your baby is not vomiting, feed him when he asks.Don’t insist on food or limit it. You can offer him smaller portions of food than usual.

If your child is vomiting, only give small amounts of fluids often.

If the vomiting has stopped, then you can begin to gradually introduce the child the foods that he ate before the illness, first in the form of light snacks.

How to give your child plenty of water

It is very important to give your child plenty of water!

A child with mild diarrhea can drink what they usually drink.But if the diarrhea causes the child to be very thirsty, he should drink special fluids.

If the child is vomiting, encourage the child to drink often, but little by little, starting with a sip at a time. Do not let him drink too much at once, even if he is very thirsty, because a large volume of liquid can provoke another vomiting.

Diet and drink for mild disease

In the case of unexpressed diarrhea, the child can continue to eat everything that he ate before the illness, formula and milk in the amount that he usually eats.Breastfeeding should be continued.

Offer different liquids to a child over 1 year old. It is important that the child drinks more than just plain water, as it does not contain the sugar and salt he needs. You can give him diluted baby juice or squash (but not sugar-free). Try to avoid sodas and concentrated fruit juices.

If your baby burps or has a lot of gas after taking cow’s milk or formula, call your pediatrician to discuss the need for a temporary dietary restriction.

For mild diarrhea, special fluids (electrolyte solutions) are not necessary.

Diet and drink for moderate illness

A child with moderate diarrhea should be supervised at home.

Some children do not tolerate cow’s milk during illness, so the pediatrician may recommend that it be temporarily removed from the diet. Breastfeeding should be continued.

Sweet, carbonated and sports drinks, soups, juices, milk contain an unbalanced amount of salt and sugar, therefore, they can worsen the child’s condition.So a child of any age should be encouraged to drink a special liquid containing sugar and salt (oral rehydrating agent – ORS) *****. These fluids replace the substances lost with loose stools and vomiting. Talk to your pediatrician about how long and how much your child should drink.

You should not prepare such solutions yourself. Buy special ready-made powders at the pharmacy and dilute them, as indicated on the package, with boiled water (or squash). It is important to dilute them with no less liquid than indicated on the package.If you cannot find ORS at the pharmacy, call your pediatrician.

You may find it difficult to persuade your child to drink this liquid:
Praise him, offer some kind of reward, allow him to drink through a straw. If the child does not vomit, they can be drunk in large quantities (until the child starts urinating in the same way as before the illness). Later it will be possible to return to normal fluids.

What to do in case of a serious illness

If the child has symptoms, in which case it is recommended above to call the pediatrician, contact him URGENTLY.The child may need intravenous fluids over several hours to correct dehydration. Hospitalization is usually not required.

How not to get infected

To avoid catching the infection from your baby and passing the infection on to other family members, always wash your hands before and after you touch them. The risk of infection from him is especially high when you change his diaper or take him to the toilet.

Do not share one towel with your child while he is sick.

Do not take your child to kindergarten or school within 48 hours of the last episode of vomiting or diarrhea.

Do not use the pool for 2 weeks.

Wash your baby’s bottles, teats and dishes thoroughly.

Before preparing food, wash your hands and make sure that all surfaces you will be cooking on are clean.

Never use food after the expiration date.Make sure that raw meat and fish do not touch other foods. Avoid feeding undercooked meat and fish to your child.

www.uhs.nhs.uk, www.aap.org.

The pediatrician of the Chaika clinic Emilia Gavrilova comments

* Outwardly, it is almost impossible to distinguish a viral intestinal infection from a bacterial one or from the consequences of eating spoiled foods. However, this is often not necessary, because the tactics are the same: you solder the child, and if he has the signs listed in the section
“You should call your pediatrician” Contact him.

It will be easier for the doctor to assess the degree of dehydration of the child if you weigh him without clothes at the very beginning of the disease (with an accuracy of hundreds of grams, i.e., for example, not 10 kg, but 10.1 kg) – the doctor will compare this weight with that which will be during the inspection. Also write down how often and how much the child urinates.

** Parents often complain that they cannot water the child: after every sip of water, he vomits. However, after clarifying questions, it often turns out that vomiting in a child occurs 5 minutes or more after he drank.So, vomiting on fluid intake occurs right after the child drinks something, within a few seconds, not minutes. If the child has frequent vomiting, but after taking the liquid he retains it for several minutes, then it is necessary to continue to water him, first a little, 5-10 milliliters each, but very often. Otherwise, dehydration will develop and the child will have to put on an IV for infusion therapy! What is scary, of course, is not a drip (unless you consider that it is some stress for the child), but the fact that you can miss the development of dehydration, which is very dangerous for the child.

*** Culture of stool analysis should be taken before starting antibiotic therapy. It usually takes a few days to cook. There are also rapid tests for some viruses (rotavirus, adenovirus), the result of which can be found out in a few minutes.

**** Of course, antipyretics (acetaminophen or ibuprofen) can be given to the child at high temperatures.

Antimicrobials are rarely needed. However, in order not to miss such a situation, be sure to contact the pediatrician in the cases listed in the section
“Call the pediatrician” .

***** In Russia, such OPCs are sold in pharmacies, i.e. special solutions for fluid replenishment, such as rehydron, gastrolit, hydrovit, humana electrolyte, etc.

There is no need to specifically limit the child’s activity.

If the child is small, then put him in the crib not on his back, but on his side, so that in case of vomiting, vomit does not enter the respiratory tract.

Food poisoning: symptoms, first aid and compensation for damage – Tips

Last week, more than 60 people suffered from food poisoning at the Lyubertsy cadet school.Unfortunately, today no one is immune from poor quality food. The most risky is the one who eats in canteens and cafes, buys fast food on the street. Read in the material “RIAMO in Lyubertsy” about the symptoms of food poisoning, first aid to the victim and how to get compensation for the damage caused.

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Anyone can get food poisoning, so you need to follow simple guidelines to help minimize the risks.

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Always wash your hands before eating. In no case should you drink tap water – only boiled or bottled water. At home, all vegetables and fruits must be thoroughly washed, this also applies to dishes and cutlery. It is recommended that you change your washcloths and kitchen towels as often as possible.

Both in the refrigerator and in the cooking process, you need to observe the so-called commodity neighborhood: do not store raw meat, fish and ready-made products on the same shelf.All plates with salads and other dishes should be covered with lids, foil or cling film. You need to cut greens, vegetables, fruits and meat on different cutting boards.

When buying food, you need to carefully check the production dates, expiration date and the integrity of the packaging. It is worth giving up ready-made salads with mayonnaise and other sauces – they spoil too quickly.

The choice of cafes and restaurants should be taken very carefully. It is better to choose only trusted establishments with positive feedback from visitors.However, it is always worth remembering that even in a good establishment you can get food poisoning, so before eating, inspect and smell the dishes – this often helps to identify expired products.

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Most often people get poisoned due to animal products: milk, meat, fish, sausages, canned food. Minced meat, pates, ready-made salads and jellied meat are also dangerous in this regard.The list of “dangerous” foods includes cheeses, mayonnaise, salads, tomatoes and tomato juice. Poisoning can be caused by inedible mushrooms eaten.

Usually, the first signs of food poisoning appear 2-6 hours after a meal. Sometimes stomach discomfort appears earlier – after half an hour, in other cases later – within 20-26 hours. It depends on the type of toxin and the state of the person’s immune system.

In almost all cases of food poisoning, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea occur.Often the skin turns pale, the patient complains of chills, fever and abdominal pain. In extremely severe cases, convulsions and fainting are possible.

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First aid



It is best to immediately see a doctor so that he can carry out all the necessary procedures and prescribe medications. If you have to wait a long time for the doctor or he said that the poisoning is not serious, then the victim can be provided with first aid on his own.

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First of all, it is necessary to flush the stomach to get rid of the remains of the poisoned food. To do this, you can prepare a solution of potassium permanganate, which must be filtered through a four-layer gauze or paper filter. A solution of baking soda is also suitable: for 1.5 liters of water at room temperature, 1 tablespoon of soda is needed. Alternatively, you can simply drink a couple of glasses of warm, but not hot, water and induce vomiting with two fingers. The procedure must be repeated several times until the vomit is clear.

After gastric lavage, it is worth drinking activated charcoal, which is very effective in treating poisoning. Today, in addition to the usual black tablets, the so-called white coal is sold, you can also use other absorbent agents – the main thing is to carefully read the instructions. The tablets can be crushed and poured over with warm boiled water, and then drink this mixture.

The victim should go to bed, in case of chills it is better to stock up on blankets. On the first day, you need to refrain from food and drink a lot, and on the second day, you should introduce light vegetable soups and broth.It is best to drink boiled water, tea and fruit drink. The minimum volume is 2-3 liters of liquid per day.

Until the final recovery, in no case should you eat spicy, salty and smoked foods, and you will have to say goodbye to chips and soda for a long time. For nutrition, mashed potatoes and oatmeal porridge on the water are suitable.

If there is a severe headache, pain in the kidneys and any other organs, severe sweating, and vomiting and diarrhea do not go away for two days, you should immediately consult a doctor.

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Complaining about food poisoning

It doesn’t matter where and what the person got poisoned with – bought fish at home, in a student canteen, in a cheap cafe or in an expensive restaurant. If this unpleasant situation arises, causing some harm to health, it is worth writing a complaint and trying to get compensation. The main thing is to act correctly and consistently.

Medical certificate

Before you complain somewhere, you need to get confirmation that you really poisoned.It is enough for the doctor to issue a medical certificate and indicate in it that the poisoning occurred after eating in a particular institution.

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The most reliable way is to conduct a study of the contents of the stomach to find out exactly which food caused the poisoning. However, doctors do not always prescribe this procedure under the compulsory medical insurance policy, so if possible, use the voluntary medical insurance policy or go to a private clinic.

Complaints book

Any institution must have a “Complaints and Suggestions Book”.In case of poisoning, you need to write a complaint there, it is also useful to write a complaint addressed to the director of the institution. It is worth attaching copies of medical documents and sick leave, as well as a certificate from the accounting department from the place of work about the lost money during treatment. You can also attach an invoice for the ordered dish or a receipt for the purchased product so that the institution will reimburse these costs as well.

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Rospotrebnadzor is responsible for observing consumer rights.If the institution refused to reimburse the costs, you can contact the department by calling the hotline or by sending a complaint to the public reception.

Territorial Department of Rospotrebnadzor for the Moscow Region in the Lyubertsy District

Address : Ramenskoe, st. Landing, 56

Phone : 8 (496) 463-16-50

Hotline phone : 8 (800) 100-50-14, working hours from 10:00 to 17:00, break from 13:00 to 13:45

You can also file a complaint against the Dobrodel portal http: // vmeste.mosreg.ru, whose specialists will send the appeal to the responsible department.

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If, after a complaint with Rospotrebnadzor, the institution refuses to compensate for the damage caused, you can go to court.

For this, it is necessary to collect as much evidence as possible: medical certificates, a receipt for a spoiled product or an account in a cafe, receipts for purchased medicines, an appeal to Rospotrebnadzor and an official response.If there are no checks, witness testimony will do. It is also worth attaching a copy of the entry in the complaints book or an appeal to the head of the institution. Be sure to describe all the circumstances of the incident and accurately calculate the amount of compensation requested.

With this package of documents you can go to court. You can submit a statement of claim both in person and by registered mail. The rules can be found on the Rospotrebnadzor website. It is also recommended to consult with a specialist to find out all the nuances of the upcoming trial.

90,000 Regurgitation. Your baby from birth to two years

Spitting up

Spots of dried milk on your clothes treacherously indicate that you are the parent of a great lover of regurgitation. In the first months of life, most babies regurgitate milk or formula several times a day. These are more your problems (you have to wash a lot) than the health problems of the child, and this rarely bothers the child. Dress appropriately. If you are “lucky” with your child and he shares every meal with your clothes, wear colorful clothes and avoid dark colors.Keep a tissue handy in case of regurgitation.

Not much lost . When a baby spits up, it may seem to you that all the milk that your body so diligently produced, or the whole mixture for which you gave so much money, poured out of him. But, most likely, you are exaggerating the amount of milk you regurgitate. Pour a tablespoon of milk or mixture over the table and see how huge the puddle is. Now tell me, is there such a stain on your robe? For the most part, children spit up only a teaspoon, while they eat an average of 4-8 tablespoons in the first months.

Why does the child spit up . Small children spit up simply because they are small children. They swallow milk along with the air, and the air is in the stomach under the milk. When the baby’s stomach contracts, it shoots some of the milk back into the esophagus, like a pneumatic gun, and sour, curdled milk ends up on your shoulder. Some greedy eaters swallow too much milk too quickly, and the congested tummy sends some back.Frisky games with the baby after feeding, when you press on his tummy or abruptly turn, toss the baby, can also cause regurgitation.

How to deal with regurgitation . Here are some guidelines that can help your child.

• Take your time while feeding. Keep in mind that young children have small tummies. If you are formula feeding, give your baby smaller portions more often.

• Get the baby to release air during and after feeding.Infants who are bottle-fed should be allowed to release the air after every ninety milliliters of milk, and breastfed babies should be allowed to breathe when switching to the other side or when the sucking baby pauses, if the baby lingers on one breast for a long time. (See “How to Get Rid of Gas in Flatulent Babies.”)

• Feed your baby upright and keep him upright for 20-30 minutes after meals. If you don’t have time to just sit and hold your baby upright, carry your baby upright in a sling bag while you do your job.Gravity is the best friend of a regurgitating child.

• Avoid playful games with your child, do not toss him into the air for at least half an hour after eating.

• If you are bottle feeding, check that the opening in the teat is neither too large nor too small. Talk to your doctor about changing the formula.

• Let the baby suck up to the rear milk. It is fatter and harder to regurgitate.

Regurgitation: When to Worry

Regurgitation becomes a problem and requires medical attention if one of the following occurs:

• The child is losing or gaining weight insufficiently.

• Vomiting increases in frequency and volume and becomes gushing (regurgitated mass flies through your knees and falls to the floor).

• Vomit is constantly green (stained with bile).

• Vomiting is accompanied by the child’s behavior indicating severe abdominal pain.

• Baby gags, coughs at every feed.

When the end of regurgitation comes . In most cases, regurgitation stops at about six to seven months, when the baby is able to sit upright – gravity keeps the milk down.(See “Point Two: Determine the Possibility of Gastroesophageal Reflux”)

Blood in Spit Milk . Don’t panic at the first blood of a baby. If you are breastfeeding, it is much more likely that it is your blood and not your baby’s. Usually, this blood flows out of cracked nipples during feeding, and when they heal, the blood disappears. Sometimes the baby spits up with great exertion and may rupture one of the small blood vessels at the end of the esophagus. It also heals quickly.If none of these causes are probable and the bleeding continues, let your doctor know.

This text is an introductory fragment.

Continuation for liters

90,000 Does the dog vomit?

vomits easily and rarely, so this is not a sign of


Vomiting is part of the animal’s defense mechanism, which gives
the ability to empty the stomach from excess food, water or inappropriate or
spoiled product before it passes further into the digestive system and
will harm.

• Persistent and prolonged vomiting, especially
if vomit contains blood, requires immediate veterinary attention.There are three main types of vomiting, cited in

in order of frequency of their occurrence.


it contracts the muscles of the abdomen, chest, or diaphragm
(i.e., pushing) in order to regurgitate the contents of the stomach.

the danger of repeated and prolonged vomiting is dehydration (i.e.
loss of fluid by the body), because this reduces the volume
circulating blood, and the dog goes into shock very quickly.To
to determine if a dog is dehydrated or not, it is necessary
lift a fold of skin on your back, holding it with your thumb and forefinger.
If the crease remains when you release it, then this indicates the presence of
dehydration of the body.

which vomits, you should not give cold water, as this often leads to
continued vomiting, but it is also dangerous to completely restrict it in water. Instead
it is necessary to give her water in small portions every half hour.

in case of persistent vomiting, it may be helpful to dilute one full canteen
a spoonful of glucose in one pint of boiled water and give the dog this solution
in small portions in order to meet her energy needs. it
is the first aid in cases where it is impossible to consult

If the vomit contains food debris, it is useful to determine how long the food has been in the stomach. It should be especially noted whether the vomit contains small pieces of food with a little frothy saliva or a lot of recently drunk water with bile and gastric juice.Note how much water was given to the dog and when. Write down how long it took.


the type of vomiting is regurgitation. This is a more passive action that
used by the body to push out recently eaten food pieces. When
recently eaten food is regurgitated, the dog can immediately eat it again.
This behavior is normal in some dogs, especially when they are
rivalry with other animals, swallow food without chewing, or when
are persuaded to eat while they are not yet hungry.

also is that some bitches regurgitate partially digested food for
feeding puppies when they stop sucking milk.

regurgitation in older puppies or adult dogs may indicate
a blockage or congenital malformation of the esophagus, and this condition requires
immediate consultation with a veterinarian.

Note how much the dog regurgitated compared to the amount it ate, and how long after feeding it regurgitates.


the type of vomiting is the urge to vomit, an involuntary spasm, possibly
accompanied by a cough. There may be difficulty in swallowing food,
the consequence of which is a quick exit of food covered with saliva back. The reason
it may be a hindrance in the mouth or throat, or the urge to vomit
may be associated with a cough or severe sore throat. In case the urge to
vomiting is frequent or constant, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.

real vomiting

is associated in a dog with many serious diseases and conditions, especially
with kidney disease, parvovirus enteritis, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
and purulent endometritis in bitches. With these conditions, vomiting will usually be
accompanied by loss of appetite, depression and diarrhea. Such conditions require
immediate veterinary care, and the delay is all the more unacceptable if in
vomit blood is present.

can also be caused by eating spoiled food, poisonous substances,
falling, as well as plant materials that are impregnated with poison, or
unsuitable food that irritates the stomach and intestines. In such cases
the signs mentioned above may be accompanied by drooling from the mouth and pain in
abdominal cavity. In this case, veterinary assistance is required immediately.

If it is known what substance the dog ate, such as slug bait, take a package of this substance with you to the veterinarian, as chemical analysis of the composition of this substance can be useful in deciding which antidote to use against it.

in dogs is
a relatively common cause of vomiting, especially in puppies. Vomiting
may be the result of swallowed stones getting stuck in the digestive tract,
small toys, bones or other objects. In such cases, vomiting may be
frequent and the dog’s condition will worsen. If you assume that your
the dog has swallowed any toy or other object, such as a piece of a ball
or bone, it is very important to consult your veterinarian right away, so
how surgery may be required, and this is best done before
how the dog will be exhausted by frequent attempts to vomit and will not develop

is a phrase
used to describe a particular type of vomiting in which a recently eaten
food is spewed out with some force, sometimes at a distance of several steps. it
occurs most frequently in puppies 6-16 weeks old. Vomiting this
type, in which part of the food and liquid remains in the stomach, is associated with
the inability of the stomach to move its contents further into the intestines, which
due to narrowing of the pylorus of the stomach (dysfunction of the output
valve).Therefore, veterinary care is needed immediately, as it is possible
surgical intervention will be required.

In this case, it is useful to estimate the amount of food and liquid remaining in the stomach, and
also weigh the puppy daily to check if he is losing

just like humans, dogs may have nausea on the road. Many puppies during
traveling by car, salivation occurs, they vomit and vomit. Maybe,
this is due to a disorder of the vestibular apparatus, or such
the condition may be related to stress when the puppy leaves for the first time
my house.

when traveling in a car, it is useful to hold the puppy tightly, or put him in a mesh
wire basket and cover with light cotton fabric. Moreover,
it is necessary to take the dog into the car before feeding, give it any
rewards, stop and walk the dog. All of this is almost always
helps the dog to overcome painful conditions on the road. Ideally
it is advisable that the puppies are accustomed to travel by car before they
reach the age of 8 weeks, that is, before their development begins
“Period of fears”.If the puppy fails at this age to get used to riding in
machine, it is better to leave further attempts to accustom him, and use
the methods described above are for three months of age. It is not recommended to give
animals medicinal products designed to combat motion sickness in
road people. Your veterinarian can obtain medications created by
especially for dogs, and at the same time he will advise you on how to use these

attempts to vomit can have very serious consequences.

it can be seen that the dog has attempts to vomit, but it cannot squeeze anything out of the stomach.
When accompanied by rapid abdominal distention, this condition
is dangerous and requires immediate assistance from a veterinary

Poisoning – symptoms, what to do in case of food poisoning / HB

Tsey material is also available in Ukrainian

Weakness, the body turns inside out, the brain is frantically trying to figure out what could have been poisoned like that … Familiar story? So, food poisoning – what to do?

According to statistics, food poisoning occurs most of all in summer.There is nothing to be surprised at. Summer is characterized by an abundance of fresh vegetables and fruits, which are not always washed well. Well, all kinds of ready-made products (from restaurant dishes to station pies) quickly deteriorate in the heat.

In short, the chances of getting poisoned in summer are much greater than at other times of the year.

Let’s figure out what food poisoning is, what symptoms it has and what to do if you or your loved ones are poisoned.

What is food poisoning?

Food poisoning is a digestive disorder caused by the consumption of substandard, spoiled, poisonous or toxic food and drink.

Food poisoning can be of two types.

The first is called foodborne disease. It is caused by eating spoiled foods. Expired or spoiled food as a result of improper storage is affected by pathogenic microorganisms and becomes toxic. Once in the stomach, they cause poisoning.

The second type of food poisoning is called toxic. It is associated with the consumption of foods known to be inedible or poisonous. For example, you get toxic poisoning if you gorge on poisonous mushrooms or get drunk on paint.

In this material, we will not dwell on toxic poisoning in detail, because qualified medical assistance is required to eliminate their consequences. If you suspect that you or your child have been poisoned in this way, call an ambulance immediately.

But the usual toxicoinfection may well be quickly defeated at home. Of course, if we are not talking about a severe form due to severe poisoning. In this case, you should also contact a doctor.

How to tell if you have food poisoning?

The main symptoms of food poisoning are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, weakness and malaise, stomach pains, and in many cases, discoloration, chills, fever.

Most often, a person reacts to low-quality foods within 3-4 hours after eating. But for some people, this period of time may be longer. It all depends on the “strength” of the organism. And what kind of products were, is also important.

In general, someone will be twisted from a jar of expired yogurt, and someone can eat half of a 10-kilogram low-quality watermelon and get off with a slight indisposition.

What to do in case of food poisoning?

If you experience symptoms of food poisoning, there are four simple steps to take.

1 Stomach Cleansing

The easiest way to clear your stomach is to induce vomiting. In some cases, the “old-fashioned” method is enough – just stick two fingers in your mouth.

However, a solution of potassium permanganate or baking soda will help facilitate the process.

2 Use sorbents

Sorbents are substances that can remove toxins from the body.Once in the gastrointestinal tract, they prevent the absorption of toxins and other harmful substances, and then remove them from the body.

Preparations of this type should always be in your home or even more travel first aid kit. This is the most effective way to quickly remove toxic substances from the body that got there with low-quality products.

The most popular drug of this kind is activated carbon. However, in any pharmacy you will find similar products in abundance.Some drugs are sold in tablets, some in powders that must be dissolved in water.

3 Drink plenty of water

Most ordinary water is a very effective method for getting rid of the effects of food poisoning. Indeed, during diarrhea or vomiting, the body becomes dehydrated. This, in turn, can cause a whole bunch of additional problems.

Doctors recommend drinking at least 2 liters of water on the day of poisoning and the next day.

Also, some doctors recommend alternating ordinary water with sweet tea – glucose strengthens the body.The main thing is that the tea is not too strong, because in this case it can itself be an irritating factor for the stomach.

As in the case of the previous recommendation, it is advisable to take care in advance to put in your first-aid kit special drugs that help fight dehydration, as well as restore the intestinal microflora.

4 Correct mode

After poisoning, you will feel weak. This is not the best time for feats. It is better to stick to bed rest, avoid physical activity, and also starve a little.

At first, you will not feel hunger, the body will literally reject food. However, when you feel like having a snack on your second day, don’t give yourself up. Limit yourself to porridge (on water, not milk!) Or other dietary meals. Don’t give poisoning a second chance.

How to prevent food poisoning

What should you do to avoid food poisoning?

Of course, no one is immune from toxic infection. Certain types of food or drink may well look as usual, not have a specific smell, etc.d.

Simply put, even a rather attentive and careful person can, as they say, get poisoned out of the blue.

Still, you can drastically reduce your chances of food poisoning if you follow a few simple rules.

1 Store food in the right way

As trite as it sounds, what should be kept in the refrigerator should be kept in the refrigerator. At the temperature indicated on the label. And no longer than the period indicated on the label.