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Best sore throat cough medicine: The Best Cough Medicine for Fast Results

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The Best Cough Medicine for Fast Results

cougCoughs are one of the most common reasons people see their primary healthcare provider. Since most coughs are caused by common colds or environmental factors, over-the-counter (OTC) cough medicines and at-home remedies usually fix the problem. However, it is important to visit your primary care physician to seek medical advice—and even prescription cough medicine—if a cough causes a fever or lasts longer than three weeks.

Causes of a cough

While an occasional cough is normal, a cough that persists may be a sign of an underlying medical condition. Coughs are a defensive reflex that aims to clear excessive secretions and foreign bodies from airways. However, severe and frequent coughing can significantly impact your quality of life.

These are the main reasons for a cough:

  • Common cold: The common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat (upper respiratory tract). It’s usually harmless, although it might not feel that way. Most people recover from a common cold in seven to 10 days.
  • Viral upper respiratory tract infection: This is another name for the common cold. It most often occurs when a virus enters the body through the mouth or nose. Given the symptoms, it’s most commonly transmitted through touching, sneezing, or coughing.
  • Flu: Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system. Influenza is commonly called the flu, but it’s not the same as “stomach flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting. Though the annual influenza vaccine isn’t 100% effective, it’s still your best defense against the flu.
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which are the main passages your body uses to carry air to and from your lungs. People who have bronchitis often cough up thick mucus, which can also be discolored. Bronchitis may be acute or chronic. It’s usually caused by a virus—often the same viruses that cause the common cold or flu—but in some select cases, it can be caused by bacteria.

Types of cough medicine

Various medications can be used to treat cough and cold symptoms, but only a few of them can quickly treat the symptoms. Here are the main types:

  • Cough suppressants (also called antitussives) block the cough reflex, making coughing less likely. Dextromethorphan (DM) is the most common active ingredient in cough suppressants. Cough suppressants should not be used if the cough is caused by smoking, emphysema, asthma, pneumonia, or chronic bronchitis. Antihistamines or decongestants can also dry the throat, making the mucus thicker and harder to move, resulting in a more severe cough.
  • Expectorants loosen or thin the mucus in the chest, making it easier to cough it up. One popular example is guaifenesin. Drinking extra fluids can also help.
  • Combination medicines contain a combination of expectorants, cough suppressants, and other active ingredients. They can include antihistamines, painkillers, and decongestants to treat multiple symptoms at once. To treat a cough from a common cold, a good choice is a cold medicine that contains both an antihistamine and a decongestant, as an antihistamine on its own may be ineffective.

What are the best over-the-counter cough medicines?

Most cases of the common cold can be treated without going to a healthcare provider, there are plenty of over-the-counter cough medicines you can pick up at your local drugstore without a prescription. Some of the more popular OTC, fast treatments for a cough include:

  • Pseudoephedrine: An OTC medicine that relieves nasal congestion. The most popular brand is Sudafed (Sudafed coupons | What is Sudafed?). Because it can increase blood pressure, Sudafed should be monitored in those with high blood pressure or other heart problems. Side effects include irritability, jitteriness, and hyperactivity. Note: There are a couple of states that require a prescription for this and every state keeps it behind the pharmacy counter. You must show ID to purchase.
  • Guaifenesin: Often known by its brand name Mucinex (Mucinex coupons | What is Mucinex?), guaifenesin is the only OTC expectorant available to help relieve symptoms from colds. It works to relieve chest congestion and is often combined with pseudoephedrine to relieve multiple symptoms. Guaifenesin is supposed to help thin mucus, making it easier to cough up mucus or phlegm, though reports vary as to how effective it may be. Drinking lots of fluids when sick with a cough due to an infection may be just as useful.
  • Dextromethorphan: A cough suppressant that affects the signals in the brain that trigger cough reflex. Dextromethorphan is used to treat a cough and is available over the counter in syrup, capsule, spray, tablet, and lozenge form. It is also present in many over-the-counter and prescription combination medications. The most common brand names include Robafen Cough (Robitussin) and Vicks Dayquil Cough. It is not recommended for young children under four years old. An adult dosage varies depending on whether the formulation is immediate- or extended-release. The maximum dosage is 120 ml in 24 hours.
  • Pain relievers: Tylenol (acetaminophen) (Tylenol coupons | What is Tylenol?) and Advil (ibuprofen) (Advil coupons | What is Advil?) can both help ease cold and flu symptoms, such as reducing fever and body aches.

RELATED: Sudafed vs Mucinex

If you find that OTC cough medicines are not working for you, and your symptoms worsen or persist, your doctor may prescribe medication to help. Considering that the most common causes of coughs are upper respiratory illnesses, and these are most commonly caused by viruses, it’s unlikely your GP will prescribe any antibiotics as a cough treatment. Antibiotics are only used for bacterial infections, such as strep throat.

If you have a cough that you just can’t shake and it lasts more than three weeks, see your doctor and explore the possibility of an underlying condition that may need to be treated with prescription medication.

What are the best prescription cough medicines?

Although, there are many prescription cough medications on the market here are some your healthcare provider may prescribe for fast cough and pain relief:

Best prescription cough medicine
Codeine No. Baby can become dependent on opioids, and the drug can be passed through breast milk. No. As of 2018, codeine is contraindicated in children younger than 18 per the FDA. Opioid cough suppressant.
Tessalon Perles (benzonatate) N/A–FDA Pregnancy Category C (unknown if it can harm a fetus or if it contaminates breast milk). No, do not give to children under 10 years old without medical guidance. It can be fatal for children. It numbs areas of the lungs and throat, in turn reducing cough reflexes.
Tussionex PennKinetic (hydrocodone-chlorpheniramine) N/A–FDA Pregnancy Category C (unknown if it harms the fetus or if it passes to breast milk). Babies may become dependent on the drug. Speak to your doctor. No. Not to be used by persons under 18 years of age. Hydrocodone is a cough suppressant that reduces cough reflex signals in the brain. Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine that reduces the effect of histamines in the body.
Promethegan (promethazine) N/A–FDA Pregnancy Category C (unknown if harm can come to the fetus or if it contaminates breast milk). Yes. It can be dosed with caution in children over 2 years of age. Cough suppressant and antihistamine.
Hydromet (hydrocodone-homatropine) No. Baby can become dependent on opioids, and medicine can be transmitted through breast milk. No. Not to be used by persons under 18 years of age. Opioid cough suppressant and antihistamine.
Phenergan with Codeine (promethazine-codeine) No. Baby can become dependent on opioids, and medicine can be transmitted through breast milk. No. Not to be used by persons under 18 years of age. Opioid cough suppressant and antihistamine.
Hydrocodone-acetaminophen No. Baby can become dependent on opioids, and medicine can be transmitted through breast milk. Yes. It can be dosed with caution in children over 2 years of age. Opioid cough suppressant and pain relief.

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We strongly recommend that you speak with your doctor before taking any medication while pregnant or breastfeeding, or before giving any medication to children under 12 years of age.

How to take cough medicine

Cough medicine is available in a variety of forms, including syrups, powders, pills, capsules, and nasal sprays. Often the form that’s best for you is just personal preference. For example, many children struggle to swallow tablets, especially when they have a sore throat, so a syrup may be the best option.

  • Cough syrup: Good for adults and children wanting faster relief than pills, for those who suffer from an extremely sore throat, and for children who have trouble swallowing pills.
  • Powder: Similar to syrups. It helps medication work faster and it’s easier for children to take orally.
  • Pills: Good for adults who need sustained relief throughout the day
  • Nasal sprays: For adults or children with sore throats that prevent them from ingesting pills or other oral forms easily.
  • Cough drops: Helps with cough suppression. Many cough drops reduce sore throat discomfort with added ingredients like menthol or honey.

What are the best home remedies for a cough?

While there are many medicines available to help ease your cough, there are also a number of things you can do at home that don’t require medication and can be very effective. Cough remedies include:

  • Fluids: Liquid helps thin the mucus in your throat. Warm liquids—such as broth, tea, or juice—can soothe your throat.
  • Cough drops: They may ease a dry cough and soothe an irritated throat. There are many natural varieties available, with menthol, lemon, zinc, vitamin C, and honey.
  • Honey: A teaspoon of honey may help loosen a cough. Add it to some warm water with lemon for an extra soothing effect.
  • Vaporizers or humidifiers: Adding moisture to the air makes it easier for you to breathe. You have a couple of options for doing so. In the morning, you can create your own steam room by closing the door to your bathroom and running hot water in the shower for several minutes until the mirrors fog. The steam can help unclog your nose and chest. In the evening, you can run a vaporizer or humidifier in your bedroom to avoid an interrupted night full of coughing.
  • Non-medicated saline drops: Spraying the inside of your nose with non-medicated saline drops can clear the mucus and relieve a stuffy nose. This prevents nasal drip which can lead to coughing.
  • Saltwater: Gargling salt water can reduce the phlegm and mucus in your throat that’s causing the coughing reflex.
  • Ginger: Known for its anti-inflammatory effects, ginger is thought to ease a cough. Try adding some thin slices into warm water to make ginger tea.

Most of the time over-the-counter and home remedies will effectively combat an irritating cough but if the cough persists or gets worse you should make an appointment with your healthcare provider. And it’s always a good idea to consult your healthcare provider when taking any medications, whether they are OTC or prescription, especially before giving them to children.

Sore throat – Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis

Your or your child’s doctor may review the symptoms and medical history. He or she may conduct a physical exam that includes:

  • Using a lighted instrument to look at the throat, and likely the ears and nasal passages
  • Gently feeling the neck to check for swollen glands (lymph nodes)
  • Listening to your or your child’s breathing with a stethoscope

Throat swab

In many cases, doctors use a simple test to detect streptococcal bacteria, the cause of strep throat. The doctor rubs a sterile swab over the back of the throat to get a sample of secretions and sends the sample to a lab for testing. Many clinics are equipped with a lab that can get a test result for a rapid antigen test within a few minutes. However, a second, often more reliable test, called a throat culture, is sometimes sent to a lab that returns results within 24 to 48 hours.

Rapid antigen tests aren’t as sensitive, although they can detect strep bacteria quickly. Because of this, the doctor may send a throat culture to a lab to test for strep throat if the antigen test comes back negative.

In some cases, doctors may use a molecular test to detect streptococcal bacteria. In this test, a doctor swipes a sterile swab over the back of the throat to get a sample of secretions. The sample is tested in a lab. Your or your child’s doctor may have accurate results within a few minutes.

Treatment

A sore throat caused by a viral infection usually lasts five to seven days and doesn’t usually require medical treatment. Antibiotics don’t help treat a viral infection.

To ease pain and fever, many people turn to acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or other mild pain relievers.

Consider giving your child over-the-counter pain medications designed for infants or children, such as acetaminophen (Children’s Tylenol, FeverAll, others) or ibuprofen (Children’s Advil, Children’s Motrin, others), to ease symptoms.

Never give aspirin to children or teenagers because it has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that causes swelling in the liver and brain.

Treating bacterial infections

If your or your child’s sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor or pediatrician will prescribe antibiotics.

You or your child must take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed even if the symptoms are gone. Failure to take all of the medication as directed can result in the infection worsening or spreading to other parts of the body.

Not completing the full course of antibiotics to treat strep throat can increase a child’s risk of rheumatic fever or serious kidney inflammation.

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about what to do if you forget a dose.

Other treatments

If a sore throat is a symptom of a condition other than a viral or bacterial infection, other treatments will likely be considered depending on the diagnosis.

Clinical trials


Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Regardless of the cause of your sore throat, these at-home care strategies can help you ease your or your child’s symptoms:

  • Rest. Get plenty of sleep. Rest your voice, too.
  • Drink fluids. Fluids keep the throat moist and prevent dehydration. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can dehydrate you.
  • Try comforting foods and beverage. Warm liquids — broth, caffeine-free tea or warm water with honey — and cold treats such as ice pops can soothe a sore throat. Don’t give honey to children younger than age 1.
  • Gargle with saltwater. A saltwater gargle of 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon (1250 to 2500 milligrams) of table salt to 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 milliliters) of warm water can help soothe a sore throat. Children older than 6 and adults can gargle the solution and then spit it out.
  • Humidify the air. Use a cool-air humidifier to eliminate dry air that may further irritate a sore throat, being sure to clean the humidifier regularly so it doesn’t grow mold or bacteria. Or sit for several minutes in a steamy bathroom.
  • Consider lozenges or hard candy. Either can soothe a sore throat, but don’t give them to children age 4 and younger because of choking risk.
  • Avoid irritants. Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat.
  • Stay at home until you’re no longer sick. This can help protect others from catching a cold or other virus.

Alternative medicine

Although several alternative treatments are commonly used to soothe a sore throat, evidence is limited about what works. If you or your child needs an antibiotic for a bacterial infection, don’t rely on alternative treatments alone.

Check with your doctor before using any herbal remedies, as they can interact with prescription medications and may not be safe for children, pregnant and breastfeeding women, and people with certain health conditions.

Herbal or alternative products for a sore throat are often packaged as teas, sprays or lozenges. Common alternative remedies include:

  • Slippery elm
  • Licorice root
  • Marshmallow root

Preparing for your appointment

If you or your child has a sore throat, make an appointment with your family doctor or your child’s pediatrician. In some cases, you may be referred to a specialist in ear, nose and throat (ENT) disorders or an allergy specialist (allergist).

Here’s some information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

Make a list of:

  • Symptoms you or your child has, and for how long
  • Key personal information, such as recent contact with someone who was ill
  • All medications, vitamins or other supplements you or your child takes, including doses
  • Questions to ask the doctor

For a sore throat, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What’s likely causing these symptoms?
  • Are there other possible causes?
  • What tests are needed?
  • What treatment do you recommend?
  • How soon do you expect symptoms to improve with treatment?
  • How long will this be contagious? When is it safe to return to school or work?
  • What self-care steps might help?

Don’t hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask questions about you or your child. Your doctor might ask:

  • Are there symptoms other than a sore throat?
  • Have these symptoms included a fever? How high?
  • Has there been difficulty breathing?
  • Does anything worsen the sore throat, such as swallowing?
  • Does anything seem to make the symptoms better?
  • Has anyone else at home been ill?
  • Is a sore throat a recurring problem?
  • Do you smoke? Are you or your child regularly exposed to secondhand smoke?

16 Best Sore Throat Remedies for Fast Relief


16 Best Sore Throat Remedies to Make You Feel Better Fast, According to Doctors

8/1/19 in Blog Posts

https://www.prevention.com/health/a20500381/sore-throat-remedies/

16 Best Sore Throat Remedies to Make You Feel Better Fast, According to Doctors

Some home remedies only mask pain—but these solutions can help you get rid of your sore throat completely.

Sore throat symptoms can be rough. Your saliva goes down like sandpaper, every cough makes you wince, and the only thing you can think about is making that lump in the back of your throat go away.

But to ease the pain, you need to understand what’s causing your sore throat in the first place: dry air, smoking, acid reflux, viral infections like the flu or common cold, and bacterial infections like strep can all lead to a sore throat.

In general, a viral infection usually comes with other symptoms, like muscle aches and fatigue, along with your sore throat, says Chester Griffiths MD, an otolaryngologist at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, Calif. With a bacterial infection, on the other hand, the pain is usually more focused on your throat and the soreness tends to be pretty severe, Dr. Griffiths says. You may also have intense pain when you swallow, along with a high fever.

Exposure to smoke, breathing in dry air, and having acid reflux tends to feel “very different” from an infection, says Jason Abramowitz, MD, an ear, nose, and throat specialist at ENT and Allergy Associates. “Usually patients do not feel as sick overall [and] the pain is also usually not as severe,” he says.

The good news: Sipping warm teaand sucking on cough drops or zinc lozenges can usually soothe the throat irritation and inflammation that are causing your agony, says Brett Comer, MD, a head and neck surgeon at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.

Still, some of your favorite home remedies may just be masking the pain—not actually resolving it. If you really want to get rid of a sore throat, reach for these best OTC cures next time you’re feeling achy.

  1. Gargle with salt water—but steer clear of apple cider vinegar.

    Salt water is a great home remedy for sore throat, as it can reduce swelling and calm inflammation and irritation. It may also help draw infections or irritants to the surface of your throat, where your body is better able to deal with them. Dissolve 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of salt in eight ounces of warm water and gargle every hour or two, advises Mia Finkelston, MD, a Maryland-based family physician who also treats patients via LiveHealth Online. While you may have heard that gargling with apple cider vinegar has a similar effect, you should probably steer clear of this tactic for now, says Dr. Comer. “There is little doubt that apple cider vinegar has antibacterial and possibly antifungal properties in lab studies, but whether or not this translates into helping viral or bacterial sore throats is unknown,” he explains. “Additionally, there are potential significant issues to extended use of vinegar with the tooth enamel—vinegar is acidic, and repeated use can damage tooth enamel.”
  2. Drink extra-cold liquids.

    Those first few swallows may not be pleasant. But just as icing a sprained ankle can dull the pain and prevent swelling, drinking icy liquids can both numb your throat and calm some of the inflammation that’s causing you pain, Dr. Finkelston says.
  3. Suck on an ice pop.

    If you get sick of downing ice water, a popsicle can be just as effective at fighting off the inflammation in your throat. Just be sure to steer clear of citrus flavors which can trigger acid reflux and in turn, worsen your symptoms.
  4. Fight dry air with a humidifier.

    Dry air can irritate a sore throat, prolonging your recovery time. Taking a steamy shower or using a humidifier can bring moisture back into the air, thus relieving any discomfort. “The mucus membranes of the nose and throat love moisture,” Dr. Abramowitz says. “Steam provides moisture and warmth, which helps the vocal cords calm down and decrease in swelling.” The moisture in your nose can also help clear out mucus and gunk, which can be part of the problem, he adds.

    Just be sure to clean your humidifier before turning it on. Left neglected, a humidifier’s water tank can breed bacteria and fungi, which then get pumped into the air, according to a U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSP) safety alert. While this may not make your throat feel any worse, it could cause flu-like symptoms or exacerbate allergies or asthma.
  5. Skip acidic foods.
    Acid reflux—which occurs when acids produced by your stomach make their way into the throat—is a common cause of a sore throat, Dr. Comer says. That means anything you do to stoke acid reflux could prolong or worsen a sore throat. For that reason, Dr. Comer recommends avoiding soda, fried foods, and citrus fruits like oranges and lemons. Also, skip food altogether for an hour before bed. Eating before you lie down can promote reflux and heartburn.
  6. Swallow antacids.

    If you think acid reflux is to blame for your sore throat, taking antacids or other reflux meds could help relieve pain, Dr. Finkelston says. As a first-line treatment, try an over-the-counter antacid such as Tums or Mylanta.
  7. Sip herbal teas.
    Turmeric is the trendy spice you should definitely be adding to your diet. While some of its benefits—including its potential to prevent cancer or brain diseases—require more study, its anti-inflammatory powers are well-established and may help get rid of your sore throat, Dr. Finkelston says. Add a few dashes to your tea or salt-water gargle.

    You also try other teas if you prefer another flavor. “Many herbal teas have a positive immune effect and helps our body fight infection,” Dr. Abramowitz says. He recommends choosing a tea with Echinacea—it’s been shown to help boost your immune system. (Check out our favorite teas to soothe a sore throat here.)
  8. Coat and soothe your throat with honey.

    There’s a reason honey is a popular ingredient in cough medicine and teas: It has antibacterial properties, coats your throat to reduce irritation, and adds much needed sweetness to your cup. Simply add a tablespoon to warm water or tea and sip away until you feel your symptoms ease up. Just keep this in mind if you have acid reflux: Honey can be acidic “so it may not be ideal for throats dealing with bad acid reflux,” Dr. Abramowitz says.
  9. 9. Pop a pain reliever.
    Ibuprofen can help put a stop to the coughing and throat-clearing that prevents your sore throat from healing, Dr. Finkelston says. Just be sure to take your ibuprofen with food, and follow the dosing instructions on the label.
  10. 10. Try a nasal decongestant.

    If part of the reason you’re breathing through your mouth is because your nose is clogged, use an over-the-counter medicated decongestant nasal spray or drops to open up airways, such as Afrin or Vicks. “Nasal decongestants work well at eliminating congestion in your nose and drying mucus out,” Dr. Abramowitz says. “This can help you feel better and also decrease postnasal drip.” But you should limit use to a day or two.
  11. Give your voice a rest.

    If you developed a sore throat after yelling and cheering at a concert or sporting event, you likely strained your vocal cords. The best treatment for any overworked muscle is rest. “It’s similar to a sprained ankle—walking on it hurts,” Dr. Griffiths says. “Moving your sore throat a lot when you speak hurts, too.”

    That doesn’t mean you should whisper, though. This actually strains your voice more than speaking. Instead, try talking at a lower volume than usual until the hoarseness and soreness subside.
  12. Toss your toothbrush.

    Believe it or not, your toothbrush may be perpetuating—or even causing—your sore throat. Bacteria collect on the bristles, and any injury to the gums during brushing injects these germs into your system. As soon as you start feeling ill, throw away your toothbrush. Often that’s enough to stop the illness in its tracks. “Changing your toothbrush is often recommended for patients with bacterial throat infections to eliminate the spread of infection,” Dr. Abramowitz says.

    If you do get sick, replace your brush again when you start to feel better and when you feel completely well. That keeps you from reinfecting yourself.
  13. 13. Alleviate your allergies.

    Airborne allergies, such as pollen, indoor molds, or dust mites, can cause chronic low-grade throat inflammation. “Allergies are a very common cause of postnasal drip which can lead to throat pain,” Dr. Abramowitz says. To start, try taking a non-drowsy over-the-counter allergy medication containing cetirizine hydrochloride, such as Zyrtec or Claritin. Even if that seems to help, “it’s a good idea to get your allergies checked so you know what you’re dealing with,” Dr. Abramowitz says.
  14. 14. Take time to recharge.

    If you’re super stressed and worn out, your body’s immune system will have a harder time with the recovery process—so get some rest! Time in bed or away from life’s usual stressors—like work, taking care of the kids, and cleaning up the house—can help recharge your immune system, Dr. Finkelston says. Aim for at least 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night.
  15. 15. Take a steam shower.

    Steam helps humidify your airways, says Dr. Griffiths. “Any humidification can relieve symptoms,” he says. The tissues in your throat produce mucus under normal circumstances and, when they’re swollen, they can get dry and scratchy, he explains. Humidity can help add some moisture back into the area, soothing it in the process.
  16. 16. Elevate your head when you sleep.

    This helps in a few ways. When you lay flat on your back, it increases pressure on your neck and can exacerbate symptoms in your throat, Dr. Griffiths says. “Propping yourself up helps relieve the pressure and can make you feel better,” he says. If you’re struggling with acid reflux, elevating your head also can work with gravity to help keep your stomach acids where they belong—in your stomach.
  17. When to see a doctor about your sore throat

    Strep throat is an extremely painful bacterial infection that may come on suddenly. Fortunately, the vast majority of bacterial infections, including strep, generally respond well to one course of an appropriate antibiotic. Because sore throats can have so many causes, some symptoms (which ENT and Allergy specializes in) need to be seen by a specialist. These include:

    • Severe, prolonged, or recurrent sore throats
    • Difficulty breathing, swallowing, or opening the mouth
    • Joint pains, earache, or a lump in the neck
    • Rash or a fever above 101°F
    • Hoarseness lasting 2 weeks or longer
    • White patches on your throat (look with a flashlight)
    • Blood in saliva or phlegm

    Schedule your appointment in New York and new Jersey to find a specialist near you if you have these symptoms


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6 Ways to Stop a Cough

Coughs can be irritating and disrupt your daily life. Although they can be caused by many things, coughs that are caused by respiratory infections such as colds and the flu can last three to eight weeks.

If you are dealing with a cough that lasts much longer than that, contact your healthcare provider. You may need to treat the underlying cause of a cough (such as pneumonia or bronchitis) instead of just trying to get relief from the symptom.

If you are looking for relief from your illness-induced cough, we have some options that may help.

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Cough Suppressants

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications are intended to provide relief by suppressing the reflex that causes a cough.

However, very little research has been done to prove that these medications actually provide any benefit and they do have side effects. Most clinical trials involving over-the-counter cough suppressants have shown that they are not any more effective than doing nothing at all.

Expectorants

Expectorants, which also are available OTC, are different from cough suppressants because they don’t stop coughs. They thin your mucus so it drains better and you cough it up more easily.

Unlike cough suppressants, these medications have been proven in clinical studies to decrease secretions, which could reduce the amount of coughing you have to deal with.

If the cough is caused by the common-cold, an antihistamine and a decongestant are usually prescribed by a family physician.

Prescription Cough Medications

Prescription-strength cough suppressants are used to relieve coughs that are so severe that they interrupt daily activities (usually sleep) and over the counter products are not effective.

Most prescription cough medications include codeine, which is a narcotic and causes even more side effects and come with more risks than over the counter products.

Other Options

You have a few other options for relieving a cough, as well.

Cough drops: Throat lozenges or cough drops containing menthol may help relieve coughs temporarily. Menthol acts as a mild anesthetic and can reduce the need to cough.

Humidifier: When you’re sick with an upper respiratory illness, using a humidifier can help relieve many of the symptoms you are dealing with. It puts extra moisture in the air, reducing irritation from dry air that can bother already sore throats and uncomfortable nasal passages.

Although using a humidifier won’t make your cough go away, it could help reduce the irritation in your airways, meaning you may cough less frequently.

Spoonful of honey: In recent studies, honey has shown to be more effective than over the counter cough medications at relieving coughs, especially in children. Just a spoonful of honey can coat the throat and calm a cough, at least periodically.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, honey should never be given to a child under 12 months old. It contains botulism spores, which are not harmful to adults but can lead to botulism poisoning in children under a year old.

A Word From Verywell

If you’re dealing with a bothersome cough caused by a minor illness, these tricks may give you temporary relief.

It’s important to remember, though, that coughs are actually a good thing. While irritating, they help us eliminate extra mucus from our airways and prevent it from getting trapped in the lungs and leading to more serious illnesses like pneumonia.

If your cough lingers for more than a few weeks or if it changes significantly, contact your healthcare provider to determine if you need a different type of treatment. Although most coughs resolve on their own, some are more serious and need to be investigated further.

6 Sore Throat Remedies That Actually Work – Cleveland Clinic

Your poor, sore throat. Is there anything that can help? Family medicine doctor Daniel Allan, MD, shares the most effective home remedies for a sore throat, along with those that don’t work as advertised.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

How to get rid of a sore throat: 6 home remedies you should try

1. Warm and cold fluids.

The skinny: Sip on warm drinks, such as tea or chicken soup. (It’s not just for the soul!) Or try cold liquids, such as ice water or popsicles.

Doctor’s advice: Liquids help clear mucous membranes, keep things flowing and prevent sinus infections. Warm temperatures may also reduce coughs by soothing the back of the throat. Try both warm and cold to see what works best for you.

2. Gargling

The skinny: Dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of salt — or a similar amount of baking soda — in a glass of warm water. Gargle (but don’t swallow) the concoction every three hours for an all-natural sore throat remedy.

Doctor’s advice: Salt water can help reduce swelling and irritation in your throat. Baking soda also soothes the throat, breaks up mucus and can help with throat-irritating acid reflux.

3. Over-the-counter antihistamines and pain relievers

The skinny: An antihistamine may dull or relieve the throat pain. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen also help with pain that’s located a little deeper in the glands and other parts of the neck.

Doctor’s advice: Histamines are chemicals that help your immune system fight foreign substances. But sometimes they go overboard, triggering symptoms (such as congestion and post-nasal drip) that can make a sore throat feel worse. Antihistamines can counteract this overreaction.

4. Steam and humidity

The skinny: Take a hot shower. When it gets really steamy, breathe in the magic.

Doctor’s advice: Steam loosens mucus and can moisturize and soothe a sore throat.

5. Hot toddy

The skinny: A hot toddy is a drink combo made with water, whiskey, honey and lemon juice and served hot. Some people add spices, such as cinnamon, nutmeg or ginger.

Doctor’s advice: Hot toddies can be very soothing. Here’s why:

  • Honey coats your throat and soothes it by reducing irritation. Honey also has antibacterial properties, and the sweetness can calm the throat’s nerve endings and reduce coughing.
  • Whiskey (a small amount; too much can dehydrate you) breaks up and thins mucus. Whiskey also dilates the blood vessels on the surface of the throat, so immune cells in your blood can multiply and fight the infection.
  • Spices stimulate saliva production, improving both hydration and mucus flow in your throat.

6. Rest

The skinny: Put your head on your pillow at a decent hour and close your eyes. Repeat as necessary.

Doctor’s advice: Don’t underestimate physically resting your body and voice. But beware: Lying flat can sometimes cause swelling due to an increase in pressure at the back of the throat. Instead, try elevating the bed or sitting propped up or in a chair to alleviate the pain and discomfort.

Two home remedies for sore throat to avoid

Dr. Allan warns that not all sore throat remedies are created equal. He recommends you pass on these two:

  • Apple cider vinegar (“It probably has some
    antibacterial properties, but that’s not going to do much for the sore throat
    itself.”)
  • Essential oils (“They haven’t been
    well-studied or clinically proven for safety or effectiveness.”)

And avoid things that can irritate your throat, including:

  • Dry air.
  • Smoking.
  • Acidic foods or spicy foods.
  • Lying down immediately after you eat, especially if you have acid reflux.

When to see a doctor about throat pain

Dr. Allan says to use common sense when deciding whether to seek out medical care. Call a doctor if you:

  • Have throat pain that’s severe, prolonged or not improving, or stretches into your ear.
  • Have trouble swallowing, breathing or opening your mouth.
  • Are coughing up blood or have blood in your saliva.
  • Feel enlarged lymph nodes, or lumps, in your neck.
  • Have white patches on the back of your throat or a rash, possible signs of strep throat or scarlet fever.
  • Have a high fever.
  • Lose your voice for more than a week or two.

And remember, when it comes to illnesses, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of hot toddies. Wash your hands often. And if you do get sick, Dr. Allan advises immediately replacing your toothbrush with a fresh, germ-free one. 

Children’s TYLENOL® Cold + Cough + Sore Throat Liquid Medicine with Acetaminophen for Kids’ Symptom Relief

Children’s TYLENOL® Cold + Cough + Sore Throat Liquid Medicine with Acetaminophen for Kids’ Symptom Relief | TYLENOL®
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Bubblegum flavored liquid to tackle your child’s tough multi-symptom cold by temporarily relieving sore throats and headaches, quieting coughs and reducing fever.

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The best over-the-counter cold medicines of 2021

NY Post may be compensated and/or receive an affiliate commission if you buy through our links.

If COVID-19 wasn’t enough, we now have a common cold going around. In other words, “that bug,” which is causing fatigue, a sore throat and a cough — and waking you up in the middle of the night.

It’s more important than ever to know which pills, sprays and treatments to have on hand and ready for sluggish days of feeling not-so-good.

So, what exactly is this bug that’s going around?

“Rhinovirus is one of the bigger types of the common cold, where you may experience a cough, cold, congestion and sometimes a mild fever,” Bindiya Gandhi, MD, board-certified in family and integrated medicine with more than 10 years of experience, told The Post. “Sometimes, it can be confused with allergies, depending on the time of year, because there are fall allergies aside from spring.”

The common cold can last anywhere from three to 10 days, she added.

What’s the difference between the common cold and COVID-19 symptoms?

“The cough and congestion levels can be similar but the main difference is that COVID-19 symptoms tend to be more respiratory-related, like shortness of breath,” she said. “People also experience loss of taste, smell, and some gastrointestinal issues, whether that’s nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.”

Because some symptoms overlap, Dr. Gandhi recommended taking a COVID-19 swab test, even if experiencing a mild cold or cough. “Nine times out of 10, it could be a common cold, but it’s good to assess if it’s something more severe.”

Can I take Advil or Tylenol to treat my cold?

Here’s the scoop: Advil is ibuprofen and, since acetaminophen works best for fevers and mild body aches, you’ll want to take Tylenol, according to Gandhi. “You can alternate acetaminophen with ibuprofen for fevers. If you have any liver issues, you don’t want to take acetaminophen and if you have any kidney issues, you don’t want to take ibuprofen,” she explains.

What medicines should I take to prevent a cold?

Below, find some over-the-counter products to take — especially if you want to say nuh-uh to that bug. But be sure to speak with your doctor to address any health concerns.

“Make sure you get seven to eight hours of quality sleep, minimize alcohol and sugary and processed foods, as that can weaken your immune system,” Gandhi added. “Make sure you’re getting good exercise and keeping stress down — stress weakens your immune system and can get you sick.”


Align Dualbiotic, Prebiotic + Probiotic for Men and Women, $21.99 (originally $24.99)

“Probiotics are a great supplement to take first thing in the morning on an empty stomach because it helps boost your immune system,” Gandhi said.


Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C 500mg Supplement, $10.69 (originally $16.99)

“Vitamin C is another preventative I highly recommend with a minimum dose of 500 mg,” she said. “You can go up, as tolerated.”


NatureWise Vitamin D3 2000 IU, $14.49

  • Count: 360 mini soft gels

“Vitamin D is another great vitamin to take to help boost your immune system, especially if you’re deficient — which is the case for the majority of the population,” she said. “Taking a 2000 IU is helpful, and make sure it’s vitamin D3 because it’s the most active form.”


Sandhu Herbals Zinc 50mg Supplement, $12.95

“Zinc is good to take all year round, especially during cold and flu season,” she said. “I recommend a minimum of 50 mg. If you take too much or on an empty stomach, you may experience some nausea and vomiting.”


NatureWise Curcumin Turmeric 2250mg Supplement, $23.99

“Curcumin is a component of turmeric and has anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties,” she said.


Nature’s Way Astragalus Root 1,410mg Supplement, $13.49 (originally $17.99)

Gandhi said astragalus is good for prevention, especially for immune support.


Terry Naturally Andrographis EP80 Extra Strength, $22.36

“Andrographis is a great supplement used in Chines & Indian Medicine,” she said. “It’s great for preventing cold and flu but has been shown to shorten the duration of a cough, sore throat and overall improvement when compared to not taking anything at all.”


What medicines should I take to treat a cold?

Solaray Echinacea Vitamin C & Zinc 425mg Supplement, $14.29

“Taking echinacea at the onset of a cold can help prevent the duration of the common cold and improve respiratory symptoms,” she said.


Tylenol Extra Strength Acetaminophen Caplets, $9.47

“I recommend having Tylenol on board, especially if you have a mild fever,” she said.


Zyrtec 24-Hour Allergy Relief Tablets, $26.48

  • Count: 45 tablets (plus, 3 to-go tablets with the bundle)

“Zyrtec, Claritin, Allegra or a general antihistamine is something I would keep if you are experiencing allergies,” Gandhi said.

What’s more, seasonal allergy symptoms overlap with some cold symptoms. “You may experience watery eyes, a runny nose, a drier cough — maybe a tickle sensation at the back of your throat, and itchy or popping ears,” she added.


Mucinex Chest Congestion Maximum Strength 12-Hour Tablets, $24.48 (originally $29.99)

Gandhi recommended Mucinex as a “good cough medicine” for most people, but be sure to check with your doctor about your blood levels before use.


Manukora Multifloral Raw Manuka Honey, $14.99

“Not everyone does well with guaifenesin, which is a good cough medicine [the general form of Mucinex] because it can raise your blood pressure,” she said. “I’ll recommend manuka honey or buckwheat honey. Studies have shown it helps with your cough, especially if you take it at nighttime.

Gandhi explained that the only precaution with buckwheat or manuka honey is if you’re pre-diabetic or diabetic — just watch your blood sugar levels.


Amazon Basic Care Premium Saline Nasal Moisturizing Spray, $6.82

“I’ll usually recommend using a nasal saline spray when you already have a cold,” she said. “It’s good to help rinse out pathogens from your nasal pathway to help improve breathing.”

Plus, it can be used with other over-the-counter or prescribed medications, per Gandhi.


Nature’s Truth Black Elderberry 2000mg Supplement, $9.99 (originally $12.99)

“Elderberry is a European dark berry used to treat colds and flu,” she said. “In studies, it has been shown to improve symptoms four days earlier than other convention treatments.”


Hall’s Relief Variety Pack Cough Drops (6-Pack), $14

“Over-the-counter lozenges are good for a sore throat,” she said. “The only problem with them is that they have a lot of sugar, but they do help soothe the throat.”


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90,000 Best cough remedies for adults and children – ranking in 2021

Cough is one of the most common symptoms of colds, causing a lot of inconvenience. There are more than enough medicines to treat coughs, most of which are sold without a prescription. It is worth noting that the choice of medicine is determined by a number of nuances, the main of which is what type of cough you have dry or wet. In our recommendation material, you can familiarize yourself with the TOP-12 of the best and most effective antitussives in 2021, their pharmacological properties, pros and cons.

Dry cough (in medical language, unproductive) is accompanied by systematic painful attacks and sore throat and is treated with antitussive drugs.

Wet cough (in medical language, productive) during which sputum leaves. In the case when sputum leaves poorly, it is recommended to use expectorant drugs that increase its production or mucolytics, which accompany less viscous sputum, thinning it.

The best cough remedies

10+.Ambroxol

From a number of mucolytic agents widely used during productive coughs and colds of the respiratory tract. Ambroxol promotes sputum discharge, treats chronic and acute bronchitis. This medicine is combined with a number of other medicines to increase the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial therapy. The drug is very safe, therefore it is prescribed for children as well.

Advantages:

  • No narcotic effect;
  • Availability;
  • Fast response.

Disadvantages:

  • Allergic reactions.

Ambroxol

10. Bromhexine

An effective drug in the treatment of wet, productive cough. The drug is produced in the form of a mixture and in tablets and causes an expectorant and mucolytic process. The drug reduces the viscosity of the phlegm, and also increases its volume and softens its discharge. The medicinal effect usually appears from two to five days from the start of use.Bromhexine is used during a wet cough, chronic and acute bronchopulmonary diseases, including trachebronchitis, pulmonary emphysema. The medicine is contraindicated in children under 6 years of age and pregnant women during the first trimester. If absolutely necessary, the drug can be used for up to four weeks without interruption.

Advantages:

  • Provides complex treatment;
  • Enhances the expectorant effect;
  • Virtually no contraindications.

Disadvantages:

  • Strictly contraindicated for people suffering from gastric ulcer.
  • Do not use it at the same time with drugs that contain codeine.

Bromhexine

9. Bronholitin syrup

Healing syrup that expands the bronchi and has a deep antitussive and anti-inflammatory effect. The combined drug is considered safe and quickly relieves the condition, it is also used in pediatrics, for the treatment of children from 3 years old, basil oil in the syrup has an antispasmodic and antimicrobial effect, ephedrine stimulates breathing, expanding the bronchi.Bronholitin is not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation.

Advantages:

  • Convenient measuring cup available;
  • High antitussive effect;
  • Based on medicinal herbs;
  • Availability.

Disadvantages:

  • Contraindicated in case of prolonged use;
  • Side effects: insomnia

Cough syrup Bronholitin

8.Mukaltin

A very effective drug, which contains only one active ingredient – an extract of medicinal marshmallow with a polysaccharide content. In the treatment of wet productive cough, one of the most common drugs. Mukaltin enhances bronchial secretion and has an anti-inflammatory effect. On average, the allowed course of treatment is 1-2 weeks.

Side effects: possible allergic reaction. Mukaltin tablets can be washed down or dissolved in a small amount of water, which is considered more effective.

Advantages:

  • Availability;
  • Natural preparation;
  • Practicality;
  • No contraindications;
  • Pleasant taste;
  • Can be used by pregnant women (as directed by a doctor)

Disadvantages:

  • Contraindicated in diabetes mellitus;
  • Contraindicated in exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Mukaltin tab.

7. Stodal

The best liquid cough remedy.Combined syrup with caramel flavor from wet and dry cough has a complex effect: it promotes the transition of dry cough to wet, promotes the elimination of sputum, reduces inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane. No side effects of this drug have been identified, it can be safely combined with other drugs. Stodal can be used by both adults and children of any age.

Advantages:

  • Security;
  • Pleasant taste;
  • Convenient to dose;
  • Can be used by pregnant women (as directed by a doctor)

Disadvantages:

  • Ethyl alcohol content;
  • High price;
  • There is no selection of homeopathic remedies.

Stodal

6. Libexin

A therapeutic preparation, a productive remedy for dry cough, suitable for adults and children. The drug provides sputum thinning and has an anti-inflammatory effect. The use of Libeksin helps to suppress the cough reflex and reduce the sensitivity of the cough receptor. The drug should be used with extreme caution in young children.

Benefits:

  • Relieves chronic and painful cough;
  • Non-addictive;
  • Removes phlegm;
  • Effective for the treatment of respiratory diseases, regardless of their stage.

Disadvantages:

  • Contains sucrose;
  • Accompanied by allergies and bronchospasm;
  • Contraindicated with prolonged use.

Libeksin

5. Stoptussin

Combined preparation with mucolytic action and preventing the cough reflex. A very popular and very productive remedy for unproductive, dry and irritating cough, however, before choosing this drug as a treatment, you should thoroughly study the contraindications and side effects.The drug Stoptussin is suitable for intensive treatment, it is contraindicated for pregnant women in the first trimester, and in the second and third trimesters, strictly according to the doctor’s prescription, you should make sure that the drug is safe for the fetus. Side effects: diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, drowsiness, skin rash, decreased appetite, dizziness and headache.

Advantages:

  • Makes coughing much easier;
  • Relieves dry cough.

Disadvantages:

  • Contraindicated for prolonged and chronic cough.

Stoptussin

4. Rengalin

A good antitussive agent that has proven its effect from the first days of administration. Quickly relieves pain, improves sputum discharge, eliminates cough. Effective for the treatment of cough caused by influenza, ARVI, acute pharyngitis, acute laryngitis, chronic bronchitis, allergic diseases.

Advantages:

  • Can be used by children from 3 years old;
  • Relieves pain;
  • Can be used in complex treatment, as it is compatible with other drugs;
  • Convenient to take, does not require drinking;
  • The effect occurs from the first day of administration;
  • Ability to treat coughs of various etiologies.

Disadvantages:

  • Rare individual reaction to the components of the drug.

Rengalin

3. Falimint

Antiseptic, antitussive agent eliminates unproductive, reflex cough, dilutes phlegm, relieves irritation. The tablets can be absorbed up to ten times a day, falimint is contraindicated in children under 4 years old, lactating mothers and pregnant women. After using Faliminitis, you should refrain from eating and drinking.The antiseptic drug Falimint is not intended for long-term use.

Advantages:

  • Highly effective for non-productive cough;
  • Has a disinfecting effect;
  • Safe preparation;

Disadvantages:

  • Do not use for small children;
  • Strongly prohibited during pregnancy and during breastfeeding.

Falimint for cough

2. Dr. Mom (lozenges, syrup, warming ointment)

The line of herbal preparations Dr. Mom has an excellent expectorant effect and excretion of phlegm.The composition of this medicine contains: basil, ginger, aloe, elecampane, licorice, etc.

  • Herbal lozenges Dr. Mom are productive during coughs and perspiration. The unique combination of medicinal herbs helps relieve inflammation and pain when coughing. The herbal lozenges contain: ginger extract, licorice extract and emblica extract. It is recommended to dissolve the lozenges 1 piece every 2 hours, so the daily dose is a maximum of 10 lozenges. They can be used from the age of 14.
  • Doctor Mom’s herbal syrup has a complex effect: it removes phlegm, cleanses the bronchi, and is also a prophylactic drug.The syrup contains 10 medicinal herbs and is suitable for treating young children from 3 years old.
  • Doctor Mom Warming Ointment is recommended to be applied to the back or chest. The warming effect that the ointment has helps in the fight against both dry and wet coughs. The main active ingredients of the drug are eucalyptus oil and menthol. Due to its composition, the ointment is absolutely safe for children. Ointment Doctor Mom is strictly contraindicated at high temperatures.

Benefits:

  • Softens cough;
  • Tastes good;
  • Is a prophylactic drug;
  • Long-term use possible;
  • Available.

Disadvantages:

  • Possible allergic reaction;
  • Not particularly effective for severe coughs.

Dr. Mom (lozenges, syrup, warming ointment)

1. ACC

The abundant mucalitic effect that this drug has on the body makes it one of the best remedies in the fight against wet cough. ACC is effective and safe in the treatment of diseases of the bronchopulmonary system, oral cavity, nasopharynx.It also has antitussive and anti-inflammatory effects. The drug, which helps to liquefy phlegm, mucopurulent and purulent phlegm, is granular (100/200 mg) with orange flavor for the preparation of syrup and comes in effervescent tablets ACTS Long.
ACC is contraindicated in pregnant women, especially in early pregnancy, should be used with caution by nursing mothers. To avoid airway congestion, ACC is not combined with paracetamol, as well as with other antitussive drugs.

Advantages:

  • Effectively removes sputum;
  • Pleasant taste;
  • Relieves cough;
  • Practical packaging;
  • Helps with a wide variety of respiratory system diseases.

Disadvantages:

  • Allergy may develop;
  • Many contraindications;
  • Contraindicated in breastfeeding and pregnancy.

ACC tab. Thorn.

Folk remedies for the treatment of cough

How to get rid of a cough in 1 day // The best Folk remedies for cough // PROVEN BY YEARS !!!

Watch this video on YouTube
Do not forget about the folk remedies that our great-grandmothers used to fight coughs.The most common natural remedy is black radish with honey. Black radish juice has a positive effect on coughing, and sweet and healthy honey combined with black radish juice is an ideal remedy for colds. These components are natural antibiotics, have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antitussive effects.

Advantages:

  • Natural antibiotic;
  • Natural;
  • Tastes good;
  • Available;
  • No side effects.

Disadvantages:

  • Contraindicated for people allergic to honey;
  • Not recommended for use in case of ulcers and diabetes mellitus.

The best cough medicines for children

The best cough medicines for children are:

Prospan and Gedelix

Made on the basis of thermopsis, marshmallow, essential oils and licorice. These substances contribute to the rapid contraction of the bronchi and make the mucus of the bronchi the most liquid, and also increase the amount of mucus.

Prospan

The best dry cough remedy for children is inhalation, steam and moisturizing aerosols. Steam inhalations with essential oils or herbal decoctions provide antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. Also, this range is complemented by alkaline mineral water and natural milk.

Gedelix

Treatment of cough should be comprehensive, for this it is recommended to work on the problem from different angles: do inhalation, gargle, etc.For an effective effect, the choice of a cough medicine should be treated responsibly, strictly observing the dosage and instructions for use, understanding which drug is preferable to which age category, and also take care of the correct storage of drugs. And do not forget to see a doctor, as self-medication does not always bode well. Take care of your health !!!

How to treat a throat – sprays, tablets or lozenges

26 August 2021

Today we will talk about the causes of inflammation, why it should be treated and how to choose the right medicine in the pharmacy.

Today we will talk about the causes of inflammation, why it should be treated and how to choose the right medicine in the pharmacy.

Why does the throat hurt?

In most cases, sore throat is caused by bacteria. It appears as a result of acute inflammation. The focus is located either in the tonsils, and then they talk about tonsillitis, or in the pharynx (pharyngitis).

In bacterial infections, the pain appears suddenly and rapidly intensifies, accompanied by a sharp rise in temperature and a significant deterioration in general well-being.You must immediately contact a therapist. Usually the following treatment is prescribed:

  • a course of antibiotics, and it is important to drink them to the end;
  • Regular rinsing: timely cleansing of mucus and pus is essential for a quick recovery;
  • lozenge tablets;
  • antiseptic spray;
  • Plentiful warm drink.

Another large group of throat pathogens are viruses. A sore throat increases gradually, a person feels fatigue, aches throughout the body, and a headache.The throat may not hurt very much, but constantly, and in some cases it is quite sensitive, there is also an increase in the cervical lymph nodes. The temperature rises slightly or remains within normal limits. The disease is accompanied by profuse rhinitis.

In such cases, antiviral drugs are prescribed and the same recommendations are given as for bacterial throat infections: antiseptic sprays, gargles, and lozenges.

Another common cause of sore throat is mucosal irritation, which can result from allergies, inhalation of tobacco smoke, or prolonged exposure to dirty or dry air.It is accompanied by severe tickling, while the general condition does not worsen, the temperature remains normal. If the pain is the result of an allergy, itching, sneezing, tearing, runny nose, and dry cough may also occur.

Treatment of irritation is as follows:

  • Elimination of the irritant-allergen;
  • rinse with warm sea salt solution;
  • Throat irrigation with mild moisturizing sprays.

Why is a sore throat dangerous?

Never wait for the sore throat to go away on its own.You can drown out unpleasant symptoms with lollipops or folk remedies, but you will not remove the cause of the disease.

Throat infections not treated in time turn into a chronic form: as soon as the local immunity weakens a little, the inflammation will surely arise again. In addition, bacterial and viral infections can cause serious complications.

When should I see a doctor?

Sometimes painful sensations disappear as a result of self-treatment. But it is best to immediately start treating your throat by contacting the clinic for help, especially if you are concerned about the following symptoms:

  • pain lasts more than 48 hours, and there are no signs of flu or cold;
  • the temperature has risen sharply;
  • accumulations of mucus and pus are observed at the back of the throat;
  • The lymph nodes in the neck area are greatly enlarged, which causes pain when moving the lower jaw.If mononucleosis develops, then other lymph nodes also increase;
  • hoarseness, shrunken voice;
  • pain occurs when swallowing, localized on one or two sides;
  • sensation of a lump, perspiration, dryness.

Which is more effective: sprays, tablets or lozenges?

The choice of the dosage form directly depends on the cause of the disease and the nature of the pain. In particular, if sore throat is caused by bacteria, then a spray with a pronounced antiseptic effect is the best choice.It is important to take into account that with prolonged use, pathogens develop resistance to the drug, therefore, if after 2-3 days you do not feel relief, the drug must be changed. So how to treat a throat?

For viral illnesses, it is best to choose a throat spray that relieves pain and fights inflammation. In the case of chronic pain, it is necessary to regularly irrigate the throat with a moisturizing spray that does not contain aggressive substances and gently relieves unpleasant symptoms.

Many drugs reduce symptoms through the local anesthetic they contain, such as phenol, benzocaine, or diclonine. Under their influence, the mucous membrane becomes numb, and the pain decreases markedly.

Tablets for throat can be roughly divided into several groups. For example,

  • with enzymes that eliminate viruses and bacteria;
  • NSAIDs that relieve inflammation;
  • with fragments of bacteria and viruses that enhance local immunity;
  • with herbal extracts that relieve pain.

Throat lozenges are effective only in the initial stages of diseases. They usually contain menthol, which has a distracting rather than curative effect. Therefore, do not get carried away with lollipops.

TOP-5 sprays against sore throat

  • Miramistin is a broad-spectrum antiseptic spray for combating bacterial and fungal infections. Relieves pain quickly. Odorless and tasteless. Suitable for adults and children from three years of age, as well as for pregnant women.Disadvantage: relatively high price, analgesic effect lasts several hours.
  • Hexoral destroys infections of bacterial and fungal origin. It has anesthetic, disinfecting, deodorizing and enveloping effect. The therapeutic effect occurs within 1-2 minutes after treatment and lasts 10-12 hours. Application: twice a day after meals. Cons: the components of the drug can cause allergies, read the instructions carefully.
  • Jox can be called an analogue of the legendary drug Lugol.It has a powerful antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal effect. Reduces pain well. Processing Cons: cannot be used for a long time, it is contraindicated for people with individual iodine intolerance.
  • Proposol contains propolis extract and a large amount of vitamins. The complete disappearance of pain occurs within 5-7 days. It manifests itself perfectly in the complex treatment of inflammation. Cons: Not suitable for people allergic to bee products.

TOP-5 tablets for sore throat

  • Pharingosept copes well with pain and fights inflammation in the oral cavity.Has a pleasant sweet taste. The recommended course is 3-4 days. Quickly removes pain and restores voice. There is enough packaging for the full course. There are few contraindications. Minus: effective at the initial signs of the disease.
  • Hexoraltabs contain a local anesthetic, peppermint oil and menthol. They have an antiseptic effect. Pain relief is observed within the first minute of resorption. Available in a variety of flavors. Cons: the drug helps only with the initial signs of the disease.
  • Neo-Angin has a pronounced disinfectant and anti-inflammatory effect, relieves pain well, quickly restores the voice, and relieves coughing attacks.Large packaging. Dosage: one tablet every 2-3 hours. The permissible number of tablets per day is six. Cons: irritates the stomach lining.
  • Grammidin contains the antibiotic gramicidin C, tablets with lidocaine are also produced, which not only destroy pathogens and clear mucous membranes, but also immediately relieve pain. The anesthetic effect lasts about 40 minutes. Enhances the effectiveness of medications for rinsing. Cons: Cannot be taken during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Lizobact has a powerful antiseptic effect. The drug contains vitamin B6, which increases local immunity, and the protein enzyme lysozyme, which breaks down bacteria, fungi and viruses. Suitable for pregnant and lactating women. It is used for all infectious lesions of the oral cavity.

TOP-5 lollipops for sore throat

  • Strepsils plus. The active ingredients fight bacteria, lidocaine relieves pain, anise and peppermint oils have a distracting and enveloping effect.Dosage: no more than 1 lozenge in 2 hours. Minus: short period of action, effective in the initial signs of the disease.
  • Halls. Due to the oil of eucalyptus and menthol, it temporarily relieves pain, cooling a sore throat, relieves hoarseness. Negative: not a cure.
  • Karmolis contain extracts of medicinal herbs, honey, vitamin C. The drug quickly reduces pain, refreshes the oral cavity, has a pleasant taste, but does not last long.
  • Gorpils quickly relieves pain, has a pronounced antiseptic effect.Helps with initial and acute forms of the disease. Available in a variety of flavors. Minus: short duration.
  • Ajisept relieves pain, has a pronounced antimicrobial effect, significantly reduces unpleasant symptoms at the onset of the disease. Negative: not suitable for people with herbal allergies.

These guidelines are not a substitute for doctor visits. There are contraindications. Before purchasing a drug, be sure to consult with your attending physician.

How to quickly get rid of a sore throat?

Many of us associate winter with an increased likelihood of collapsing with a cold. We can pick it up at work, in transport, or receive this gift from a child at home. Often one of the first symptoms of a cold, along with general malaise and fever, is a sore throat and sore throat. However, few people, given the intense pace of modern life, can afford to fall out of the cage for a long time. Therefore, efficiency and speed of action, together with a favorable safety profile, are at the forefront of the choice of rational therapy for sore throat.Next, we will talk about what to do and what is best not to do when your throat hurts.

Why does the throat hurt?

First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that a sore throat can be caused not only by viruses – causative agents of the common cold, but also by other factors. Among the most common, one can distinguish not only infectious agents familiar to a common man in the street, such as viruses, but also factors of a non-infectious nature: inhalation of vapors of irritating substances, dry air (air conditioning in the summer, central heating in winter), overstrain of the vocal cords (lecturers , teachers, trainers, etc.etc.) and so on.

Nevertheless, despite the variety of causes of sore throat, they all cause inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa – pharyngitis, most often with a superficial course (catarrhal). Moreover, the most common reason for the development of pharyngitis is acute respiratory viral infections. So, acute pharyngitis in 90% of cases is caused by various viruses, including rhinos, coronaviruses, respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, influenza and parainfluenza viruses (Subbotina M.V., 2010; Zaitseva O.V., 2011). Its main symptoms are sore throat, sore throat and dry cough that does not bring relief, and fever.

It should be noted that acute pharyngitis in 90% of patients disappears within a week, regardless of the use of drugs, including antibiotics. The use of antibiotics for viral infections is ineffective, since they show their activity exclusively against microorganisms. At the same time, despite the fact that in most cases the cause of sore throat is a viral infection, inappropriate use of antibiotics by patients as a result of self-medication remains widespread.At the same time, antibacterial drugs are characterized by a wide range of side effects, and taking them unnecessarily increases the likelihood of developing antibiotic resistance, and when antibiotics are really needed, they may simply not have the expected effect. Therefore, the use of antibiotics should be approached extremely responsibly. In addition, according to research results, their irrational intake increases the likelihood of repeated visits to a medical institution for pharyngitis (Turovsky A.B., Khamzalieva R.B., 2006). At the same time, it is necessary to note the important role in the process of choosing and recommending a drug for the symptomatic treatment of sore throat, which belongs to the pharmacist, because it is he who is often asked for advice.

Memo for pharmacist

Sore throat is one of the most frequent reasons people go to pharmacies to purchase drugs that have a quick symptomatic effect. It is important to remember that when advising a patient about the choice of symptomatic treatment for a sore throat, it is imperative to find out if he has threatening symptoms that allow him to suspect a serious illness and require a visit to a doctor.

These are:

  • Difficulty breathing, inability to pronounce a few words between breaths;
  • inability to swallow saliva;
  • a sharp increase in the palatine tonsils, plaque or ulceration on the tonsils;
  • bright (glowing) redness of the throat;
  • enlargement and soreness of the lymph nodes when palpating;
  • body temperature is above 38.5 ° C;
  • sore throat accompanied by skin rash;
  • sore throat accompanied by severe headache, ear pain, abdominal pain;
  • sore throat accompanied by discoloration of urine.

Effective solution for sore throat

In the absence of the above symptoms, the pharmacist may recommend medicines indicated for symptomatic treatment, including topical preparations. It should be borne in mind that sore throat in acute pharyngitis is caused by the development of an inflammatory process, which also results in edema and difficulty in swallowing. Therefore, it is logical that in the treatment of acute pharyngitis, like any other inflammation, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, will be relevant.One of them is Strepsils Intensive (Reckitt Benckiser International, UK). The active ingredient of this drug is flurbiprofen. It should be emphasized that the products of the Strepsils Intensive line are the only topical preparations on the Ukrainian pharmaceutical market that contain flurbiprofen.

Flurbiprofen (fluorinated ibuprofen derivative) is one of the fast-acting NSAIDs that has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.Its efficacy and safety profile have been proven in numerous studies and over 30 years of successful use. The feasibility of taking flurbiprofen for sore throat is based on the fact that, unlike systemic NSAIDs, it acts only in the inflammation focus (Fang J.Y. et al., 2003). Thus, flurbiprofen is more suitable than other NSAIDs for topical use in inflammation. When taken correctly, the therapeutic effect occurs quickly and persists for a long time, without systemic manifestations (absorption into the blood is insignificant), therefore it can be recommended even for those patients who are trying to limit the use of systemic NSAIDs (A.A., Karpov O.I., 2003).

Since the rate of onset of action of the drug and, accordingly, the onset of relief from sore throat is one of the important criteria for its effectiveness, as well as a key indicator when choosing a treatment, a number of studies of the effectiveness of its use have been carried out with respect to flurbiprofen (Strepsils Intensive). Their results prove that taking flurbiprofen contributes to a significant decrease in the severity of pain sensations already 2 minutes after application, and also that its effect can last more than 4 hours (Benrimoj S.I. et al., 2001, Schachtel B. et al., 2012).

The results of double-blind, placebo-controlled studies have demonstrated high efficacy and good tolerance of flurbiprofen (Watson N. et al., 2000; Benrimoj S.I. et al., 2001). Thus, its tolerability did not differ significantly from that in the placebo group (Benrimoj S.I. et al., 2001).

Another argument in favor of flurbiprofen is the possibility of its recommendation with the treatment already prescribed by the doctor as symptomatic therapy to increase the effectiveness of complex treatment.The effect of taking a combination of flurbiprofen with other drugs and different dosage regimens have also been studied. As a result, the effectiveness of multiple doses of the drug (8.75 mg each) was confirmed when used both as monotherapy and in combination with antibacterial drugs (Blagden M et al., 2002). When taking the drug, there was a significant reduction in the severity of difficulty in swallowing and a significant decrease in the sensation of pain in the oropharynx.

Thus, for complaints of severe sore throat, difficulty swallowing due to edema, the pharmacist can recommend flurbiprofen (Strepsils Intensive) as an effective drug from the arsenal of OTC drugs for symptomatic therapy, which is characterized by a rapid onset of action, high efficiency and a favorable profile. safety, which is confirmed by the results of numerous studies.

Press service of “Weekly APTEKA”

Information for you:

Acute tracheitis: symptoms and treatment of acute tracheitis in adults

Author, editor and medical expert – Muraeva Yulia Yurievna.

Date of last update: 30.06.2021

Number of views: 540 582

Average reading time: 7 minutes

Contents:

Causes of acute tracheitis
Acute tracheitis.Symptoms
Diagnosis of acute tracheitis
How to treat acute tracheitis
Prevention of acute tracheitis

Acute tracheitis is an inflammatory disease of the lower respiratory tract in which the mucous membrane of the trachea is affected 1 . Included in the group of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) 2 .

Causes of acute tracheitis

In most cases, tracheitis is of viral origin 4 . More than 90% of all registered cases of infectious diseases are viral respiratory tract infections 2 .Moreover, 51-60% of cases are children. Their incidence rate is 4–8 times higher than that of adults 3 .

Most often ARVI is caused by influenza viruses, parainfluenza, rhinovirus, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus (RS virus) 9 . It is possible to identify the causative agent in no more than 40–45% of cases 9 . The development of tracheitis can also be triggered by atypical pathogens (Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae), the frequency of detection of which in tracheitis is 2% 4 .Possible combined, viral-bacterial lesion 4 .

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Acute tracheitis. Symptoms

When viruses enter the cells of the tracheal mucosa, a local reaction develops, which leads to the occurrence of such clinical manifestations as:

  • cough,
  • excess mucus production,
  • production of sputum .

General symptoms in the form of intoxication of varying severity can also be observed 2 :

  • weakness,
  • increased body temperature,
  • pain in muscles and joints,
  • headache .

Cough is a complex reflex reaction that is aimed at protecting the bronchopulmonary system 5 . On the one hand, coughing prevents unwanted particles and substances from entering the bronchi, on the other hand, it promotes the elimination of tracheobronchial secretions (sputum).

With tracheitis, the cough can be intrusive, frequent, debilitating. Attacks become more frequent at night, may be accompanied by pain, scratching or rawness in the chest and larynx 5 .Respiratory failure is usually not observed 5 .

At the beginning of the disease, cough dry , unproductive 5 . After sputum production is activated, it becomes wet , which usually leads to an improvement in the patient’s condition 5 .

The voice with tracheitis is usually deaf and hoarse 5 . Voice change occurs due to involvement in the inflammatory process of the larynx and trauma to the vocal folds by a powerful air wave during coughing 5 .The larynx is more severely injured by a frequent, paroxysmal and dry cough 5 .

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Diagnosis of acute tracheitis

To make a diagnosis, the doctor examines the medical history, asks about the nature of the cough.

On examination, there may be redness in the throat, hoarseness, runny nose, and nasal congestion. Wheezing is possible, which quickly disappear when coughing up sputum, while breathing is hard 9 .

Laboratory tests are usually prescribed to determine the type of infection – viral or bacterial – treatment tactics may depend on this 10 . In adult patients, a general analysis of blood and urine is mandatory, in children – with a prolonged increase in temperature and the absence of improvement 10 .

To exclude a severe bacterial infection with appropriate clinical manifestations, it is recommended to determine the level of C-reactive protein 10 .The following test results speak in favor of a viral infection:

  • normal or reduced number of leukocytes,
  • C-reactive protein less than 20 mg / l 5 .

With a bacterial infection, the number of leukocytes increases to 12×10 9 / l and more 5 .

Instrumental examinations (laryngotracheoscopy, tracheobronchoscopy) in uncomplicated course of the disease are not performed 10 . They are prescribed only in cases where the symptoms indicate the development of complications – bronchitis or pneumonia.

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How to treat acute tracheitis

Treatment of acute tracheitis is complex and includes: anti-inflammatory therapy, drugs for thinning and removing sputum, as well as antiallergic and restorative therapy 3 .

It is advisable to exclude smoking, remove spicy and salty foods, too hot or cold food from the diet – all this can irritate the mucous membrane.

For symptomatic treatment of tracheitis, if necessary, use 3 :

  • antipyretic,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antitussive,
  • antiseptics,
  • immunotherapy.

If the cause of the disease is precisely established, then it is possible to prescribe antiviral and antibacterial agents 3 .

Medication can be supplemented with physiotherapeutic methods such as electrophoresis, magnetic and vibroacoustic therapy, which have anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effects 1 .

With a dry obsessive cough, which is not accompanied by sputum and is painfully tolerated by patients, the doctor may prescribe antitussives of central or peripheral action 6 .

According to WHO experts, in the treatment of almost 75% of patients it is possible to use herbal preparations 2 .

Phytopreparations can be considered as a treatment option for mild productive cough in acute tracheitis 2 . For this, herbal remedies must have expectorant, anti-inflammatory and mucoregulatory (the ability to liquefy and remove phlegm) properties.

Many herbal preparations meet these requirements.For example, licorice root, ginger, eucalyptus and others. They not only liquefy phlegm, but also help to remove it, activating the motor activity of the bronchi.

It is on a plant basis that the line of preparations Doctor MOM ® was created.

It includes ointment, syrup and cough lozenges with different flavors 7,8,11 . The composition of lozenges Doctor MOM ® contains extracts of licorice, ginger and drug emblem 6 , which have anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects, anesthetize, and promote the excretion of phlegm.These properties help to quickly cope with cough and restore the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract 7 .

Another component of the lozenges is levomenthol, which has an antispasmodic and antiseptic effect 7 .

Adults (from 18 years old) can take lozenges, one every 2 hours, but not more than 10 per day. Duration of admission – up to 2-3 weeks 7 .

For children from 3 years old from the line of Doctor MOM ® , cough syrup and ointment Doctor MOM ® Phyto are suitable.

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Prevention of acute tracheitis

Since acute tracheitis is usually associated with a viral infection 4 , its prevention requires measures that prevent the spread of viruses:

  • Compulsory thorough handwashing upon returning home, especially after traveling in public transport, as well as after contact with a patient,
  • disinfection of surfaces in the room where the patient is,
  • in hospitals, clinics – compliance with the sanitary-epidemic regime, appropriate processing of instruments (phonendoscopes, otoscopes),
  • in children institutions – isolation of children with signs of acute respiratory viral infections, adherence to the ventilation regime, the use of disposable towels.

Prevention of most viral infections remains today non-specific, since there is no universal vaccine 5 . An annual flu shot is recommended and can be given from 6 months of age 5 . This can reduce morbidity and reduce the risk of complications 5 .

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The information in this article is for reference only and does not replace professional medical advice.Consult a qualified professional for diagnosis and treatment.

Literature:

  1. Zh.G. Romanova, L.P. Mayorova. The use of the device “Magofon” in the treatment of acute tracheitis. Otorhinolaryngology. Eastern Europe, no. 2 (07), 2012, p. 127-128.
  2. N.G. Berdnikova. The use of herbal remedies in the treatment of bronchopulmonary diseases. RMZh, No. 6, 2014, p. 440-445.
  3. E.P. Karpova. Therapy of acute respiratory viral infections: practical advice.Effective pharmacology. Pediatrics, 2012, April, p. 74-83.
  4. T.V. Spichak. Treatment of acute respiratory diseases in children. Philosophy of success. Pediatric otorhinolaryngology. No. 2, 2013, p. 34-38.
  5. A. A. Baranov and others. Acute respiratory viral infection in children: modern approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Pediatric Pharmacology, 2017, volume 14, no. 2, p. 100-109.
  6. A. L. Zaplatnikov, N. S. Glukhareva, N. V. Koroid, G. A. Mingalimova. Acute respiratory infections in children: principles of rational therapy.Consilium Medicum. 2011; 3: 46-51.
  7. Instructions for the use of the medicinal product Doctor MOM ® herbal cough lozenges.
  8. Instructions for the use of the medicinal product Doctor MOM ® cough syrup.
  9. N.V. Orlova, T.G. Suranova. Acute respiratory diseases: features of the course, drug therapy. Medical Council, 2018, No. 15, p. 82-88.
  10. E. B. Belan, T. L. Sadchikova. Acute respiratory viral infections: an actual view of the problem and a modern approach to treatment.Breast cancer. Medical Review, 2018, No. 11, p. 60-64.
  11. Instructions for use of the medicinal product ointment Doctor MOM ® Phyto.

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How to cure a cough?

Treatment of tracheitis with herbs

Treatment of cough with folk remedies, – recipes from Herbion

Folk remedies for dry and wet cough.

1) Preparation of a decoction of plantain lanceolate for dry cough.

1 tablespoon of dry plantain leaves in 1 cup of boiling water.Insist, wrapped, 2 hours, drain.

Take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day 20 minutes before meals. May help with attacks of dry cough.

2) Preparing wet cough tea from primrose / primrose herb.

Take 1 tsp. dry root of the herb. Pour a glass of boiling water over. Bring to a boil. Insist 5 minutes. Strain.

Helps relieve wet coughs.

You can drink 2-3 glasses a day for coughing up phlegm. Drink hot.It is good to add a spoonful of honey to such an infusion. If the broth is prepared from leaves and flowers, you can take 2 tsp. raw materials.

3) Cough compress.

When coughing, warming compresses are a fairly common procedure that can affect the respiratory tract. The help of compresses is achieved due to thermal effects, leads to vasodilation, to activate blood circulation. Warming compresses are referred to as thermal procedures.

To make or not to make compresses for a child is a question that is decided by the parents themselves, and most of them are sure that the remedy can help.

But you need to remember about contraindications.

Compresses for coughing in the acute period of respiratory diseases, when there is a high body temperature and a violation of the general condition, are contraindicated, since thermal and irritating procedures activate the inflammatory process.

Warming compresses are also contraindicated for children under one year old.

Compresses can help speed up recovery if the child feels much better or if we are talking about uncomplicated ARVI.

4) Treatment of cough with warm milk.

When treating coughs, drinking warm milk may reduce throat irritation. Many experts in the field of traditional medicine recommend its use to thin phlegm and facilitate its excretion due to the fact that it contains substances that have emollient, mucolytic and expectorant effects. It is useful to drink not only cow’s milk, but also goat’s milk.

This drink can be drunk throughout the day, and it is especially desirable to drink it before bedtime.This will help you sleep soundly and soundly without coughing fits. Some other useful ingredients can be added to milk, for example, honey, butter, soda, various spices.

90,000 Home cough treatment

With the onset of cold weather, many people are faced with a cold and such an unpleasant phenomenon as cough . It can cause severe discomfort – interfering with sleep, breathing or talking.

In addition, coughing poses a great danger to the people around , since during coughing, together with saliva, a large number of pathogenic microbes enter the air!

Statistics show that most infections occur in crowded places, such as large shopping centers like the Planet or large office centers, kindergartens, schools, and public transport.

Today, pharmacies offer a wide variety of drugs for the treatment of cough, but it is not recommended to use them without consultation. Therefore, in the case when you do not have the opportunity to get an appointment with an otorhinolaryngologist, you can use recipes from traditional medicine and be treated at home.

IMPORTANT! But at the first opportunity, be sure to show yourself to a specialist in order to avoid serious complications!

Cough is the body’s response to mucus in the lungs.The tissue that covers the surface of the trachea, larynx, bronchi is very sensitive to all kinds of irritants. Irritants can be dust, cold air, strong odors, bacteria, etc.

In the first place, an irritated throat will help soothe heavy drinking and smoking cessation. Before going to bed, it is advisable to thoroughly ventilate the bedroom and put a high pillow under your head. The pillow will help reduce coughing attacks. During the period of illness, it is advisable to carry out wet cleaning several times a day, this will help get rid of the irritant – dust.

Cough can be divided into two types: dry and wet.

Dry cough. During the period of illness, the patient is recommended to drink a large amount of liquid – clean drinking water, herbal infusions, fruit drink made from raspberry jam, tea from currants, rose hips or linden.

Wet cough. This type of cough is characterized by a strong expectorant reflex with a large amount of accumulated mucus.The sooner the body gets rid of the accumulated mucus, the faster the recovery will come. With a wet cough, it is important to prevent the onset of pathological processes that can lead to complications, such as pneumonia.

How to get rid of a cough?

Steam inhalation is especially helpful in treating cough at home. During the procedure, the patient inhales a large amount of warm air saturated with vapors of medicinal plants and oils.When treating a wet cough for inhalation, decoctions of linden, nettle, sage or eucalyptus are well suited, and for a dry cough, decoctions with the addition of coltsfoot, elecampane, plantain and soda. Not much soda needs to be added, at the tip of a knife.

Another important point to pay attention to is cough treatment during pregnancy . During treatment, it is not advisable to use aggressive chemicals, as they have a negative effect on the fetus.During pregnancy, inhalation can help relax the throat, lungs and relieve irritation. Inhalations with a decoction of onions, garlic, potatoes will be very useful – they are safe for the health of the mother and baby.

IMPORTANT! Always consult a physician before inhalation to avoid allergic reactions to herbal teas.

As for the treatment of cough in children, first of all, the main respiratory disease must be cured, otherwise the problem will persist.Particular attention should be paid to the child’s clothes, in no case should hypothermia be allowed, the legs should always be kept warm, and drafts should not be allowed. Try to incorporate vitamin-rich drinks such as tea with honey and ginger or milk with honey into your child’s daily diet. Mustard is also a great help in treating coughs at home. Small children can do foot baths, and mustard plasters for older children.

Another good remedy for coughs, and for a cold, is also a humidifier.For example, in Krasnoyarsk, it is especially good during the heating season from September to May, since the nasopharyngeal mucosa dries up and irritation appears. Krasnoyarsk stores offer a wide range of air humidifiers, from large to smallest. Small ones are perfect for an office or bedside table.

But there are cases when it is better to stop self-medication and consult a doctor as soon as possible:

  • The cough lasts more than 15 days.

  • When coughing up blood is secreted.

  • Thoracic pain.

  • It became difficult to breathe, there was heaviness and wheezing.

  • High temperature, fever.

  • Allergic reactions.

  • Vomiting or vomiting when coughing.

If you find that you have one of these signs, try to see your doctor right away, as it could be a sign of a more serious illness, such as bronchitis. You can make an appointment with a doctor by calling +7 (391) 277 52 52 or online on our website.

Fast-acting remedy for flu and colds

An effective remedy for colds and flu – which one to choose?

The common cold is one of the most common diseases.Often this word hides the flu, which is dangerous with serious complications. That is why any cold should be treated as soon as possible. Having become ill, a person cannot live and work normally, is able to infect others; this is another reason for a quick cure. Preparations for combating colds, depending on the principle of their action, are divided into three types: symptomatic, etiotropic and combined. For colds, both are used to one degree or another. But which of them have the most effective effect against flu, colds and help quickly? After all, I want to deal with the treatment of this disease as soon as possible.It is necessary to choose a remedy, after the application of which there will be no trace of a cold.

symptomatic cold remedies

Influenza, colds are distinguished by a number of characteristic and unpleasant manifestations. The main symptoms that define a cold are usually fever, headache and sore throat, cough, runny nose, and nasal congestion. To combat these symptoms, symptomatic remedies are being developed. Most of the drugs that we are used to using for ARVI and influenza belong to this group and are popular due to their symptomatic temporary effect.

Although these remedies can quickly eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of flu and colds, they are not effective against the course of colds. The greatest need for such treatment arises, as a rule, in those situations when we are forced to fully devote ourselves to solving a problem. Whether it’s an important business meeting, a dinner you can’t put off with friends, or another important event, cold and flu symptoms can easily ruin your mood or even make the event impossible.

The main component of symptomatic express remedies used for colds, as a rule, is paracetamol. Paracetamol is a very popular cold remedy that blocks the work of a special enzyme, cyclooxygenase; due to this action, the production of substances responsible for the increase in temperature, increased pain and other symptoms of the disease is disrupted. In addition to its pronounced antipyretic and moderate analgesic effect, a drug such as paracetamol also has a low price and a good safety profile.The cold, or rather its symptoms, thanks to this remedy recedes for a while, but sometimes paracetamol alone is not enough.

Somewhat less often, antihistamines are used to relieve the symptoms of colds and flu. Histamine is a hormone that is secreted by certain cells of the body in response to the ingress of foreign substances into it and which triggers a cascade of inflammatory reactions. It is histamine that is responsible for the onset of a complex of symptoms characteristic of allergic reactions.These are lacrimation, runny nose, nasal congestion, a slight increase in temperature and some others. Antihistamines do not allow histamine to bind to receptors and thus effectively help to cope with a runny nose and nasal congestion during colds, flu, and have a weak antipyretic effect.

As already mentioned, a symptomatic remedy helps to fight only the symptoms of the disease. The causative agents of infection, despite the work of the drug, continue to attack the body.Specific antiviral drugs have been developed specifically to combat the causative agent of the infection. In this case, the treatment is more effective.

We treat colds and flu with antiviral agents

Currently, there are only two classes of antiviral agents for treatment of the influenza virus: neuraminidase inhibitors and M2-ion channel blockers. The first drug, neuraminidase inhibitors, inhibits the activity of a special enzyme that is involved in the multiplication of the virus and allows it to penetrate into human cells.Suppression of neuraminidase interferes with the multiplication of the virus and thus prevents further spread of the infection. At the moment, only one drug with such a mechanism of action is widely used for the purpose of treatment – Oseltamivir.

They are trying to defeat influenza with other drugs. A second class of flu medications disrupt the work of specific proteins called M2 ion channels. These ion channels are built into the envelope of the virus and play an essential role in the process of its reproduction and transmission of information from the viral particle into the cell.The “Remantadin” remedy for colds disrupts the work of the M2 ion channels, due to which the flu recedes. Not so long ago it became known that the drug “Remantadin” in the fight against influenza has another important property – this remedy in the fight against colds stimulates the production of interferon by the cells of human immunity, so that the use of the drug helps to fight not only the influenza virus, but also a number of other respiratory viruses.

Combinations – rapid treatment for influenza

To make the treatment of influenza more effective, scientists have developed a combination of cough remedies for the treatment.Such drugs include several active components at once, one of which has a quick specific antiviral effect, fighting the flu, while others help to cope with the symptoms of SARS. It is the combination drugs that combine the advantages of antiviral and symptomatic cold medicines that have established themselves as the fastest-acting. Treatment with their application does not take much time.

Anvimax – Effective medicine for the treatment of colds

One of the brightest representatives of combined drugs for the treatment of colds and flu is Anvimax.Thanks to this product, after a short time, you can feel healthy and energetic again. This effective modern medicine can be purchased in capsules or in powder form. Treatment can be done even at work. It contains remantadine, paracetamol, loratadine, rutoside and ascorbic acid:

  • rimantadine is effective against infectious agents;
  • paracetamol reduces body temperature and headache during colds;
  • loratadine relieves watery eyes and nasal congestion;
  • rutoside protects the vessel walls;
  • Ascorbic acid has a tonic and antioxidant effect during colds.