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Bloating everyday: The request could not be satisfied


Reasons you’re bloated all the time | Bloating Prevention

“Bloating is often described as a stretched, puffy and uncomfortable feeling in the stomach,” says Dr Ayesha Akbar, consultant gastroenterologist from The London Digestive Centre at The Princess Grace Hospital, part of HCA UK. “In some cases, the stomach can feel rock-hard and look swollen in appearance. Most people will experience bouts of bloating fairly regularly, and there can be a number of factors and triggers that cause this.”

Although it’s hard to assess the exact prevalence of bloating, the condition is certainly commonplace. Many people experience bloating after a big weekend of eating, such as over the festive period, and the gassiness will eventually dissipate by itself. In these cases, there is little to worry about, beyond being temporarily unable to zip up your favourite jeans.

However, if your bloating is more than an occasional inconvenience, it may be worth exploring further. As Akbar explains, regular or consistent bloating can be extremely debilitating.

“It doesn’t just impact a person’s health but can also have an effect on body confidence and general well-being,” she says. “If bloating symptoms persist, are continuously affecting daily life, or are accompanied by other symptoms, such as a change in bowel movements, then my advice would be to book in to see a GP or specialist gastroenterologist as soon as possible. They will be able to help pinpoint the cause of the bloating through a variety of tests.”

Dietary factors

For those who deal with persistent bloating, the most likely culprit is diet. If you’ve ruled out the obvious (having eaten too much in one sitting, or eaten too quickly), it’s possible you have a food intolerance or allergy and have consumed something that doesn’t ‘agree’ with you.

Although everybody is different, the two food groups most liable to lead to bloating are dairy products and foods containing gluten. In these cases, your bowel might not be emptying properly, or too much gas might be being produced in reaction to the food.

“Even people who are not officially diagnosed as being intolerant to dairy or have an autoimmune condition which causes their body to react to gluten (coeliac disease) can often experience sensitivity to these foods, and experience bloating after eating them,” says Akbar. “The best thing to do when trying to identify a bloating trigger is to keep a food diary for a couple of weeks, and note down when bloating symptoms arise.”

She adds that several other food types can be a bloating trigger – most notably, the kinds that are notorious for causing wind. (For instance, if you’re feeling bloated after Christmas dinner, you might be able to blame the Brussels sprouts along with the overindulgence.)

“I always recommend to my patients that they should reduce the amount of foods they are eating which are known to cause excess gas. These foods include beans, onions, broccoli, cabbage, sprouts and cauliflower,” she says.

An imbalance in the gut bacteria which help you digest food can also lead to bloating. Several trials have shown that some probiotics and prebiotics can help improve bloating.

Another common cause of bloating is constipation, which can lead to a hard feeling in the stomach. If that’s you, make sure to eat a fibre-rich diet, drink lots of water and take regular exercise.

Bloating can be exacerbated by lack of sleep, and by stress and dehydration, and is a hallmark of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It can also come about when you’ve taken in too much air, in which case cutting down on chewing gum and fizzy drinks ought to help. Akbar recommends sitting down to eat, and avoiding talking while eating.

Possible medical reasons

Less commonly, bloating may point to a number of medical conditions. Aside from food intolerances, these can include coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

These are distinct digestive conditions with different causes: coeliac disease occurs when the intestines react to gluten, causing inflammation; IBD is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gut; and IBS is related to a loss of coordination in the digestive nervous system. Since the symptoms can overlap, it’s important not to self-diagnose – see a doctor!

Very rarely, bloating – along with a persistent feeling of fullness, and needing to urinate more – can be a symptom of ovarian cancer. This disease is most likely to develop in women over 55, and sadly is often diagnosed late, due to low awareness of the symptoms.

According to the charity Target Ovarian Cancer, only a third of women would book a doctor’s appointment when faced with persistent bloating. However, NHS England recommends seeing your GP if you’ve been feeling bloated most days for the past three weeks. In the unlikely event that there was something wrong, early detection would make it much easier to treat.

Pinpointing the cause

More often than not, though, the cause will be something much less serious. As Akbar explains, if a medical professional is looking to identify the root cause of bloating, they will ask you a few key questions.

“They are likely to ask questions around how often bloating is experienced, how long the bloating typically lasts for, and if there are any lifestyle changes, dietary changes or medication that help to improve the condition,” she says. “They may also ask if you are experiencing any unusual symptoms or changes in your bowel movements, which could help to identify what’s causing the bloat to occur.”

Once the cause of your bloating is nailed down, it should be much easier to find ways to alleviate it. Bloating is certainly uncomfortable, but most of the time it can be redressed through lifestyle changes and it poses no real cause for concern.

Bloating 101: Why You Feel Bloated

Bloating, gassiness, and abdominal discomfort aren’t limited to the occasional holiday feast. One in 10 Americans say they suffer from bloating regularly, even when they haven’t eaten a large meal. In some cases, bloating can become severe enough that it causes distention, or a perceptible swelling of the abdomen. Bloating and gas are usually tied to what and how you eat, so a few simple changes may help.

Keep Bloating at Bay

Here are three common causes of bloating, and how you can avoid them.

  1. Overeating is probably the most common cause of bloating. Smaller portions should ease the pain.
  2. Eating rich and fatty food can make you feel uncomfortably stuffed. Fat takes longer to digest than protein or carbohydrates, so it keeps the stomach full longer. Avoid bloating by limiting fats in your everyday diet.
  3. Eating too fast adds to the risk of bloating after a meal. The remedy is simple -‑ eat more slowly. Satiety signals can take up to 20 minutes to reach the brain and dampen appetite. Many weight loss experts believe that eating slowly helps prevent overeating.

Reducing Gassiness

The second most common cause of temporary bloating is gas in the abdomen. About half of gas in the digestive system is swallowed air. The rest is produced by bacteria in the gut that help digest food. If the gastrointestinal tract does not move it through efficiently, gas builds up in the intestines, causing bloating and discomfort.

If you frequently experience bloating caused by gas, avoid these habits that increase how much air you swallow.

  • drinking through a straw
  • chewing gum
  • guzzling carbonated beverages
  • sucking on hard candy.

Some people swallow more air when they’re nervous. It’s possible that practicing ways to reduce stress and anxiety, such as breathing exercises or progressive muscle relaxation, may help reduce excess gas and bloating.

Avoid Bloat-Inducing Foods

Difficult-to-digest foods can cause gassiness and bloating. These are some familiar culprits.

  1. Beans and lentils contain indigestible sugars called oligosaccharides. These sugars must be broken down by bacteria in the intestines.
  2. Fruits and vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, prunes, apricots. These contain sugars and starches that may cause gassiness and bloating.
  3. Sweeteners can also cause gas and bloating. Sorbitol, an artificial sweetener, can’t be digested. Fructose, a natural sugar added to many processed foods, is difficult for many people to digest. To avoid bloating, be aware of these sweeteners in the foods you eat and limit the amount you consume.
  4. Dairy products can be a source of intestinal distress and bloating if you have trouble digesting lactose, or milk sugar.
  5. Whole grains, recommended for their many health benefits, can sometimes cause bloating and gas problems. One reason whole grains are so healthy is their high fiber content. But fiber is an indigestible carbohydrate. Abruptly increasing the amount of fiber you eat can cause gas, bloating, and constipation. Nutritionists recommend slowly increasing the fiber in your diet to allow your body time to adjust. At the same time, drink plenty of water with high-fiber foods, says nutritionist Joanne L. Slavin, PhD, RD, professor of food science and nutrition at the University of Minnesota. “All fiber absorbs water,” she explains. Drinking liquids helps fiber move through the digestive system and prevents bloating and constipation.

When to Ask Your Doctor About Bloating

Temporary bloating is common and nothing to worry about. But if you’re troubled by bloating on a regular basis, talk to your doctor.

Physical obstructions such as scarring of the stomach opening can make it hard for food to pass through the digestive tract normally. If your doctor diagnoses a physical obstruction in the stomach or small intestines, surgery may be required to correct it. Bloating can also be caused by impaired muscle function in the digestive tract. When muscles that normally move food along don’t work properly, gas can build up in the small intestines, causing bloating. In some cases, gas in the intestines may go the wrong way, returning to the stomach.

Persistent bloating or distention may also signal potentially serious conditions, such as enlargement of one of the abdominal organs or a malignancy.

What Else You Can Do About Bloating

If eliminating or reducing consumption of hard-to-digest foods doesn’t solve your frequent bloating problem, there are over-the-counter medications that might help. Look for a pill or liquid containing alpha-D-galactosidase, an enzyme that breaks down indigestible sugars in beans and vegetables. Tablets or capsules containing simethicone can also help alleviate symptoms of excess gas.

If you’re a smoker, intestinal distress may be one more reason to quit. Smoking has been linked to bloating, heartburn, and other digestive problems.

Fortunately, bloating is rarely a symptom of serious trouble. For most people, the most effective prescription for bloating is simple: control portion sizes, go easy on fats, and eat slowly enough to give your body time to signal when you’ve had enough. These sensible remedies should keep you from feeling overstuffed and bloated.

Why Am I Always Bloated? 5 Reasons for Belly Bloating & What To Do

Have you ever slipped on your jeans in the morning, only to realize there’s no chance they’re going to button? Of course you have — we’ve all been there. Just like there was that time last week when, in the middle of the day, your belly felt distended and you couldn’t stop passing gas. There’s a name for those experiences: Bloat. And it’s one of the great joys of being human.

“Bloating is normal and it is part of our digestive process,” says Laura Manning, a registered dietician in the department of gastroenterology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City. What may not be normal though, is constantly feeling like your stomach is swollen. If that’s the case, one of these problems could be putting your gut in a rut.

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You’re skipping meals.

If you’re the kind who never eats breakfast and lives on coffee until it’s time for lunch, that habit could be the reason for ongoing bloat. Manning says it’s likely your stomach is searching for something to digest because you should actually be eating a meal. But because you’re not, your body instead creates gas that leads to bloat. And if you’re skipping a morning meal only to then gorge on lunch — AKA eat more than your stomach can actually handle — that can cause a lot of bloating too, she adds.

2. You’re sitting too much.

Sit all morning, rush to lunch, eat at your desk, barely move until it’s time to clock out. Sound familiar? This pattern of staying sedentary through most of the work day can make it hard for food to move through your digestive tract, which can lead to feeling bloated, Manning says. “[That’s why] I’ll often tell someone to go take a walk after lunch to help them to digest so they don’t feel so uncomfortable,” she explains.

Speaking of going for a walk, being active can be extremely helpful if your bloat seems to be related to constipation. “Exercise helps speed up your bowel transit and helps you to go to the bathroom more frequently,” Manning says. So even if you’re not interested in becoming a fitness beast, a routine that gets your blood flowing may be what you need to help get your bowels in shape.

3. You’re eating a lot of FODMAPs.

FOD what? A FODMAP, which is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, refers to carbohydrates that some people may be sensitive to. “These are short-chain fatty carbohydrate sugars, and we can’t absorb them very well in the gut,” says Margaret Eugenio, M.D., a gastroenterology doctor at the UW Medicine digestive health center. Doctors believe that the bacteria in your gut tends to ferment these carbohydrate sugars, creating gases like carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and methane in the GI tract, Dr. Eugenio says. This process then causes your good friend bloat to say hello.

But what foods qualify as FODMAPs? Beans, garlic, onion, dairy, apples, pears, and peaches are common ones that people struggle with, reports the IBS Network, an organization familiar with FODMAPs because research shows that patients with irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, can benefit from limiting their consumption of these foods. But it doesn’t mean you have to cut them out entirely. Manning notes that the amount you consume seems to be important, which is why many people feel uncomfortable after eating a plate full of beans when they haven’t had them in awhile.

It’s also possible to build up a tolerance for foods when introduced over time, and everyone has thresholds for how much of a food their gut will tolerate. “[Maybe] you can have half of an apple and not feel discomfort, [while] a full apple is going to make you feel very uncomfortable,” Manning explains. Eating these foods in conjunction with fats and protein (so, an apple with a smear of peanut butter) can also help lessen symptoms of bloat.

4. You forgot about fiber.

Another reason fiber is such an important nutrient — it can stop bloat in its tracks, as it’s what bacteria need to maintain a healthy microbiome, Dr. Eugenio says. A healthy microbiome helps create a happy GI tract, which means less bloating. Unfortunately, your diet may not include enough of the stuff: A 2018 study of more than 9,000 people found that 58% of women’s calories came from ultra-processed foods, which often lack quality fiber sources.

Bloating that’s related to constipation can be especially helped by fiber. “When [soluble fiber] is in the colon, it absorbs water and adds bulk to the stool,” Dr. Eugenio says. “People can have a more complete evacuation when they have more fiber in their diet.”

Whole foods like kale, spinach, and other leafy greens are your best fibrous options, Dr. Eugenio explains, but if you’re struggling to get the recommended amount (25 grams a day, per the Dietary Guidelines for Americans), you may want to consider supplements. “One fiber that’s really good for the digestive tract is acacia senegal,” Dr. Eugenio says. It’s derived from the gum of an acacia tree and has a prebiotic effect, and you can get it over the counter.

5. You have a gut disorder.

Functional gastrointestinal disorders happen when the GI tract doesn’t appear to have anything wrong with it, but you’re still experiencing uncomfortable symptoms, according to the Cleveland Clinic. It’s a situation that’s actually very common in the United States, Dr. Eugenio says.

For example, 25 to 45 million people in the U.S. have IBS, which affects the colon, reports the International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Diseases. And functional dyspepsia, which affects the stomach and is otherwise known as indigestion, affects nearly 32% of the population, according to a 2004 study published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Bloating is common with both of these disorders, although you’ll usually experience other symptoms alongside it, Dr. Eugenio says. Upper stomach pain or feelings of fullness paired with bloating may be indicative of dyspepsia, for example, whereas lower abdomen cramping and a change in bowel habits could point to IBS. Both are worth speaking to your doctor about, and treatment can include diet changes, psychosocial therapies, and other lifestyle changes, reports the Cleveland Clinic. Of course, your doctor will want to rule out other potential causes first, like colon cancer, pancreas disorders, or liver disease, so it’s important to open up about any and all symptoms you’re experiencing.

Colleen Stinchcombe
Freelance Health Writer
Colleen is a health and travel writer in Seattle, Washington.

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Beat the bloat – NHS

Get rid of bloating by cutting out fizzy drinks and foods that cause wind. Sit down to eat and exercise regularly.

Most of us have experienced the feeling of being bloated, when your tummy is stretched, puffy and uncomfortable. It often happens after a big weekend or over a festive season.

But if you are experiencing persistent bloating, it may be caused by a digestive problem or issues with your diet.

If your tummy often feels bloated, it could be due to:

Excess wind and bloating

Cut down on foods known to cause wind and bloating, such as:

  • beans
  • onions
  • broccoli
  • cabbage
  • sprouts
  • cauliflower

But make sure you still eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day.

Constipation and bloating

If you get constipation, take steps to prevent it by adding more fibre to your diet, drinking lots of fluids and exercising regularly. Even a 20 to 30 minute brisk walk 4 times a week can improve your bowel function.

Find out more about how to eat more fibre.

Swallowing air and bloating

Try not to swallow too much air. Do not talk and eat at the same time, sit down to eat (sitting upright and not slumped over), reduce the amount of fizzy drinks you consume, stop chewing gum and chew with your mouth closed so that you’re not taking in excess air.

Food intolerance and bloating

Food intolerance can lead to bloating when:

  • your bowel does not empty properly
  • the food causes gas to be trapped
  • too much gas is produced as a reaction to the food

The most common foods to cause problems are wheat or gluten and dairy products.

The best approach if you have a food intolerance is to eat less of the problem food or cut it out completely.

Keep a food diary for a couple of weeks, noting everything that you eat and drink and when bloating troubles you most. But do not get rid of food groups long-term without advice from your GP.

Find out whether you should cut out bread to stop bloating.

Find out more about food intolerance.

Coeliac disease and bloating

Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where your intestine cannot absorb gluten found in wheat, barley and rye.

If you have Coeliac disease, eating foods containing gluten can also trigger diarrhoea, abdominal pain and fatigue.

See your GP if you suspect you may have Coeliac disease.

There is no cure for Coeliac disease but, once the condition has been diagnosed, switching to a gluten-free diet should help.

Find out more about Coeliac disease.

Irritable bowel syndrome and bloating

People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often complain of bloating, especially in the evening.

The bloating of IBS does not seem to be linked with excess wind. It’s thought to be down to erratic propulsion of contents through the bowel.

Find out more about IBS.

When to see a doctor

If your bloating symptoms persist, consult your GP to rule out a more serious condition. Bloating and a persistent feeling of fullness are key symptoms of ovarian cancer.

Find out more about what to eat to help your digestion.

Page last reviewed: 28 August 2019
Next review due: 28 August 2022

Expert Guide To Bloating After Eating And Gas After Every Meal

Bloating is a common digestive complaint experienced by all ages and genders. We’re going to look at some of the everyday causes and what you can do to prevent the bloat.

Bloating can affect anyone. Lifestyle is often a major cause which, thankfully, means it can be prevented too. If your stomach expands after you eat or you’ve got so much gas that you’re too scared to light a candle, then what you’ve eaten could be the culprit.

Table of contents

☝️DISCLAIMER☝️This article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to constitute or be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

Bloating after eating

To feel bloated after eating is uncomfortable. The stomach feeling like it’s twice its normal size is one side effect alongside some other embarrassing symptoms.

Bloating has come to describe many different things, often it’s used to define a feeling of fullness in the stomach and being gassy. The stomach getting bigger is usually abdominal distension. Water retention sometimes falls under the umbrella term of bloating too.

Fast food contains a lot of salt and can contribute to bloating

In fact, out of a study involving 714 IBS patients who reported bloating as one of their symptoms, almost a quarter had no visible signs of a swollen abdomen. Essentially, that means people use the word bloating to describe a range of sensations, including cramping, gurgling stomachs, and nausea.

There are many causes. In some cases, it can be a symptom of an underlying condition like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Yet, for many, the problem of bloating can be solved by making some simple lifestyle changes.

What causes gas after eating?

Feeling like your belly is fit to burst or experiencing bad gas after eating is unpleasant, but understanding the cause could help to prevent it.

Digestive distress is an unpleasant symptom of bloating. Picture it: you’ve finished eating and your stomach feels full to bursting point, or you’ve got so much gas after eating anything that you don’t know what to do with yourself.

Although a little tooting here and there can be humorous, too much of it can be painful. In fact, severe symptoms can really take it out of us. For example, dealing with cramping and pain can lead to fatigue, greatly impacting on our personal and social lives.

If that wasn’t enough, excessive gas production from your rear end can be continuous, making it pretty difficult to go to work or socialise. Alternatively, the stench could leave you feeling horrified with yourself! But there could be several explanations for its occurrence.

☝️Does rice expand in your stomach? ☝️ No. If you cook your rice before eating it, it should be soft and chewy because it has absorbed all the moisture it can.


The colon is home to trillions of bacterial cells which make up the gut microbiome. These bacteria perform important tasks like breaking down fibre, producing beneficial metabolites like vitamins and short-chain fatty acids, as well as supporting your immune system.

Indeed, consuming high amounts of refined sugar and processed foods are not only bad for your overall health, but it limits the diversity of your gut microbiota while also encouraging the growth of bacteria that can make you gassy, leading to bloating, flatulence, and cramping.

Medical conditions

If you’re wondering what causes bloating after eating, there are some medical reasons too. Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) happens when there is excessive growth of bacteria in the small intestine. It can cause gas and bloating after eating, abdominal discomfort, and fatigue.

Some medical conditions can cause bloatedness and gas

IBS is a chronic condition affecting the large intestine, but the exact cause of the illness is unknown. Abdominal pain is the most common complaint, followed by bloating. In one American study, over three quarters (76%) of IBS patients complained of bloating symptoms.

Leaky gut

When your gut lining is working properly, the barrier allows essential nutrients you need to pass through it and enter your bloodstream, and it stops larger molecules and opportunistic pathogens getting in.

However, if this barrier is weakened by a medical condition, poor diet, or dysbiosis, it can be described as leaky, resulting in inflammation and causing symptoms including bloating, gas, cramping, diarrhoea, and constipation.

Diet makes you gassy after eating

Feeling bloated after eating can be caused by certain foods for some people. Foods rich in fibre like whole grains, legumes, and some vegetables – although healthy – can lead to bloated bellies.

Some people are more sensitive to specific dietary fibers

Although your gut bacteria are well equipped to break down the fibre in your diet to beneficial metabolites, the process can also lead to the production of gas. Suddenly increasing your fibre intake means you may also be greeted with some odoriferous flatulence, bloating, and some discomfort.

Salt, another major component of the Western diet, is a major contributor to bloating because it tells your body to hold onto water. Other things like taking in lots of air when you eat or drinking carbonated drinks increases the gas build-up in the body, making your belly feel like an inflated balloon.

Why do I bloat after eating?

If your stomach bloats after eating, identify your common bloating triggers so you can take steps to resolve the problem.

The first step to dealing with the issue of bloating is to establish the potential causes. And, it’s easier to do so than you might have imagined. Once you’ve found the source, you can begin to put an action plan in place and actively take steps to stop bloating and gas after eating.

Identify your common triggers

We are all unique, so what causes bloating in one person may not be the same in another. So, getting to know your body inside out is really important if you want to learn about what may be upsetting it and making you feel less human and more like a hot air balloon.

Common triggers of bloating:

  • stress
  • fizzy drinks
  • diet
  • lack of exercise
  • eating too quickly
  • dysbiosis
  • IBS
  • food intolerances

If you get gassy after eating anything, then you need to turn detective (think Sherlock Holmes), and a food diary is necessary. Simply make a note of everything you eat and drink alongside other important info like your exercise, medications, and how you feel after eating.

How to stop bloating after eating

If you’re looking for ways to stop the bloat after eating, check out these tips to stop that gas after every meal.

Get more fibre

The Western diet can be a major culprit in the belly bloat saga. Characterised by its high-fat and refined sugar content with little goodness from fibre, the Western lifestyle is not great for your health.

It takes longer for your body to process fat, which is why it can feel like your tummy is fit to burst after a large, fatty meal. Reducing your intake of processed, refined, and fried foods can help, and increasing your intake of fruit, veg, and whole grains if you’re not getting enough already can all help.

☝️TIP☝️Discover your personalised food recommendations to enhance your gut bacteria and add more fiber to your diet with the Atlas Microbiome Test .

Gentle exercise can speed up digestion

If you’re feeling up for it, take a gentle walk after eating to reduce bloating after meals. But bear in mind that gentle exercise is better than strenuous types, because intense physical activity shuts down your digestive activities and reroutes your energy towards the muscles.

Gentle exercise can help relieve bloating and gas

Eat less fiber

If you’re already eating lots of fibrous foods or are thinking of participating in Veganuary, or are freaked out thinking you don’t eat enough, chill. There’s no need to be a hero and go mad with your fibre intake. In fact, it could do you more harm than good!

Fermented foods can help

If the balance of gut microbes is a little messed up, increasing your probiotic intake could help to restore your microbiome back to equilibrium. Foods that decrease bloating might include fermented examples, like kefir and yogurt containing natural probiotics (a source of live, beneficial bacteria).

Some research has shown that Bifidobacterium infantis could be helpful for IBS patients. However, other studies have shown that some probiotics, like those containing Lactobacillus, can help with IBS symptoms, but don’t necessarily reduce bloating.

Slow down: eating’s not a race

Eating is a marathon, not a sprint. Inhaling your food is not good if you want to avoid bloating after lunch. That’s because when you gulp down your food, you’re also taking in lots of air, resulting in lots of gas after eating. It can also result in belching.

Adding probiotics to your diet can help with digestive discomfort

You can beat the bloat by eating slower and chewing your food. Not only will that reduce the air you’re taking in, but it can also help to make you feel fuller so you take in less unnecessary food. And that’s a win-win for your waistline.

Fizzy drinks expand your waistline

If you experience stomach bloating after eating very little, maybe it’s what you drink rather than what you eat. Fizzy or carbonated drinks cause carbon dioxide to build up in the body, inflating your stomach, resulting in gas immediately after eating.

The best drink to combat this is water. Just still water, not sparkling though. If, like many others, you’re not keen on the taste, try adding a little flavour like a slice of lemon or lime. These not only enhance the flavour of water, but won’t expand your tummy either.

Take it easy with the salt

Sodium is a major ingredient in the Western diet, and diets high in sodium are also known to cause bloating. Salt encourages the body to retain water, that’s why we feel thirsty after eating salty food. It can also alter the composition of the gut microbiome by decreasing the abundance of Lactobacillus, a probiotic bacterium.

The good news is reducing salt intake can relieve the symptoms of bloating, and it’s simple to do. Most sodium intake comes from processed foods and eating out, so try cooking at home and using herbs and spices to infuse your dishes with flavour.

Reduce stress at mealtimes

The low-FODMAP diet

Because food is often implicated as a trigger for gastrointestinal symptoms, a low FODMAP diet is sometimes used to control IBS effects. It stands for fermentable, oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. These are the types of fermentable fibre which the body struggles to digest and cause discomfort when they are broken down by gut bacteria.

Beans are notorious for making people gassy

However, even though the internet is a powerful educational tool, you should consult a qualified health professional before embarking on a low-FODMAP diet, because changing your eating habits can affect your health, and even trigger disordered eating.

Unlike the internet, healthcare professionals use diagnostic tools to determine whether a low-FODMAP diet is suitable for you. The causes of digestive discomfort and complaints are complex, and you may require further tests to identify the cause of the issue.

The stages of a low-FODMAP diet

StageWhat happens?
RestrictionRemove all FODMAP foods for several weeks to clear your system.
ReintroductionOne-by-one add high-FODMAP foods back into the diet, and monitor symptoms
PersonalisationAdjust FODMAP based on symptoms recorded during the reintroduction period.

Take-aways: just remember this

Your body is unique and what causes you to bloat might not be the same as somebody else. If you want to beat the bloat, remember to:

  • Get a good amount of fibre in your diet, but don’t be a hero.
  • Switch fizzy drinks for still water flavoured with lemon juice.
  • Don’t get your gut in a twist, avoid stressful situations.
  • Get some probiotics in your diet with fermented food.
  • Manage your salt intake by cooking at home.
  • Slow down when you eat, there’s no need to rush.
  • Gentle exercise after meals can help with digestion.
  • If lifestyle changes don’t help, ask a health professional.
  • Apiroz, F and Malagelada, J, R. Abdominal Bloating, 2005
  • Brown, K et al. Diet-Induced Dysbiosis of the Intestinal Microbiota and the Effects on Immunity and Disease, 2012
  • Chang, L et al. Sensation of Bloating and Visible Abdominal Distension in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome, 2001
  • Costa, R, J, S et al. Systematic Review: Exercise-Induced and Gastrointestinal Syndrome-Implications for Health and Intestinal Disease, 2017
  • Dukowicz, A et al. Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, 2007
  • Halmos, E, P et al. A Diet Low in FODMAPs Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, 2014
  • Peng, A, W et al. Effects of the DASH Diet and Sodium Intake on Bloating Results From the DASH-Sodium Trial, 2019
  • Young Seo, A et al. Abdominal Bloating: Pathophysiology and Treatment, 2013

Gas, Bloating: Always Uncomfortable?

Upset stomach got you down? Gas, bloating, and bathroom problems are a constant battle for many people — often the symptoms are related to diet, but there are some more serious medical conditions that may be the culprit.

Most people know that beans, broccoli, and onions can cause gas, but what most people don’t suspect are fruits, sodas, and milk. Fructose (a sugar found in fruits and sodas) and lactose (a sugar found in dairy products) are common causes of gas, bloating, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea.

Lactose intolerance is extremely common. It is estimated that 30 to 50 million Americans have some degree of lactose intolerance. Certain racial and ethnic populations are more affected than others, including 75% of African Americans, Jews, Hispanics, and Native Americans, and 90% of Asians.

Fructose intolerance is also common, but less recognized. A study presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Seattle by University of Kansas researcher Peter Beyer, RD, finds that nearly half of normal people get gas from fructose. This common fruit sugar is found in fruit juice and is used as a sweetener in some soft drinks.

Experts suggest that you keep a diary of foods that you eat and their relation to your symptoms and take that information to your doctor. Careful review of diet and the amount of gas passed may help relate specific foods to symptoms and determine the severity of the problem.

In addition, there are tests your doctor can perform to diagnose lactose and fructose intolerance. In fact, because of how common it is, Beyer suggests that people with these symptoms should get breath tests to see if fructose is the root cause of the problem.

But other researchers think that many cases of gas, bloating, and bathroom problems may be related to another condition: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Mugdha Gore, PhD, an independent researcher based in Philadelphia, has studied the issue. In a survey of more than 650 people diagnosed with intestinal disorders, she found that the majority had IBS — and were getting no relief from medications.

She presented her report this week at the annual meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Seattle.

Indeed, IBS is one of the most common intestinal disorders, and can be difficult to diagnose, says Gore. For many people, the symptoms alternate frequently. While gas and bloating are the constants, there may be abdominal pain or discomfort, plus altered bowel habits — people may be constipated one week, have diarrhea the next, or have a sudden urge to have a bowel movement. The pattern varies from person to person, she says.

Experts don’t know the exact cause of IBS, but suspect it may be triggered by stress, hormones, and nerve signal disruptions in the brain.

Many people with mild cases don’t ever see a doctor for their problem. “There’s much controversy about whether this is a real disease,” Gore tells WebMD. “It’s all about spastic colon. For some reason, in some people, the colon starts behaving erratically.”

Prescription medications like Prilosec, Zantac, and Pepcid can “calm” the spasms that cause colon problems. Antidepressants seem to help control the pain, Gore adds. Pain, antidiarrheal, and anti-gas medications are available over the counter and there are two prescription therapies — Lotronex and Zelnorm — that may help some women with the disease.

But Gore’s study found that these work for only one-third of gas-and-bloating sufferers. “Many more were saying that they weren’t working,” she tells WebMD.

Most people try to figure it all out on a trial-and-error basis, Gore adds. “Most patients alter their diets — if they have constipation, they start eating a lot of fiber; if they have diarrhea they stop drinking coffee, stop eating beans.”

For some people, it’s a quality-of-life issue, she says. “Some people have been suffering for a year. Some don’t ‘go’ for weeks at a time. Some have had to miss a lot of workdays. People are suffering. The pharmaceutical companies need to get products developed for these people.”

The worst-case scenario: gas and bloating might signal colon cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, but people with those conditions usually also experience weight loss, blood in the stool, and anemia, adds Radhika Srinivasan, MD, a gastrointestinal specialist and assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Bloating after eating – 9 everyday habits that are making you bloated

Bloating after eating is incredibly common. Depending on how it affects you, bloating can range from being an inconvenience to a debilitating condition, but either way, it’s unpleasant.

Although there can be a number of health issues linked to consistent bloating, there are also some simple, everyday habits you might have that are causing your stomach to swell – without you even realising.

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“Bloating is a commonly reported digestive issue, with up to 15-30% of the general population experiencing discomfort,” Hannah Braye, nutritional therapist at Lepicol told Cosmopolitan UK.

Explaining that “bloating is a physical clue that our digestive system isn’t working quite as it should be”, Hannah notes that is can happen “for a variety of reasons, including a number of common everyday habits.” Such as…

1. Not chewing properly

Does anyone else remember being told as a kid to chew your food 30 times before swallowing? While this seemed pretty tedious at the time, it actually makes a lot of sense. “Eating too quickly and not chewing properly can significantly contribute to bloating and other digestive symptoms,” said Hannah. Explaining why, she said: “Chewing helps to mechanically break down food and release digestive enzymes such as amylase in saliva. Bypassing this important stage of digestion puts more pressure on the rest of the digestive tract, meaning food may sit longer in the gut fermenting and producing gas.

“Try to chew your food at least 20 times before swallowing,” the expert advised.

2. Eating too quickly

You might be starving, but wolfing down your food will only leave you regretting it later. “Inhaling your food means you are likely to swallow more air,” Hannah explained. One way to help you control the pace of your eating, Hannah suggested, is to “put your cutlery down between each mouthful.” Give it a try and see.

Jack Wassiliauskas / EyeEmGetty Images

3. Not eating mindfully

You might want to catch up on Netflix while you’re eating, but it’s not a good idea, warns Hannah. “Eating on the go, in front of the TV or at your desk in front of a computer also has a detrimental effect on digestion,” she said. “The cephalic stage of digestion starts in the brain and occurs even before food enters the stomach. It results from the sight, smell, thought or taste of food and stimulates around 20% of the digestive secretions needed to digest a meal. When we are focused on other things rather than our food, the cephalic phase is inhibited which can contribute to bloating.”

What we should all be doing, the nutritional therapist advised, is starting to “view your meal times as a time for mindfulness, where you give your food the attention it deserves. Turn off the TV and computer and get away from your desk at lunch,” she suggested. “Focus on the anticipation of eating along with the flavours, textures and smells or each mouthful.”

4. Not drinking enough water

“Constipation and sluggish bowel are commonly associated with bloating,” Hannah pointed out. “We need to stay well hydrated in order to soften our stools (¾ of which are made up of water), making them easy to pass. Aiming to drink around 2 litres of water a day is recommended, along with daily gentle exercise to help get things moving,” the expert said.

Pongsak Tawansaeng / EyeEmGetty Images

5. Drinking too much liquid with meals

Of course, there’s a downside to taking the previous point to an extreme. “While staying hydrated throughout the day is important, a common mistake people make is to consume too much liquid just before or with their meals,” said Hannah, who explains that too much liquid can dilute stomach acid, “which is needed to break down food (especially proteins) and kill pathogenic microbes.

“Low stomach acid is a common cause of bloating and reflux, as food may sit in the stomach for longer periods, so avoid drinking large quantities of liquid for around 30 minutes before and during meals,” Hannah advised.

6. Eating foods you are intolerant to

While bloating isn’t always linked to certain foods, for some people, they are. “Foods most commonly reported to exacerbate symptoms are wheat and dairy, so if you are eating buttered toast for breakfast, a sandwich at lunch and cheesy pasta for dinner, you may well be overwhelming your system,” the nutritional therapist explained.

“Alternatively, if you seem to react to a variety of different foods (even some of the healthy ones), then it may be certain types of fermentable carbohydrates known as FODMAPs which are causing the issue,” Hannah added (you can read more about FODMAPs here). “Consulting a registered nutritional therapist, who can lead you through an elimination and reintroduction diet and advise on further steps to support the health of the gut is advisable if you suspect hidden food intolerances.”

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7. Holding on to stress

“Our digestive system is particularly susceptible to the effects of stress, as it is linked to the brain via the vagus nerve,” said Hannah. “When we are stressed we produce less stomach acid and digestive enzymes and our gut bacteria can be negatively affected, increasing the risk of bloating,” she added.

Therefore, it’s important to make time for stress-reducing activities such as gentle exercise. It’s also vital to get enough sleep, and it’s always worth talking to a professional who can advise on relaxation techniques and/or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) if stress becomes overwhelming.

8. Eating too late at night

We live busy lives, and that often means we end up eating later on in the evening. “While this may allow you to work late or pack more social events into your evenings, eating too close to going to bed puts additional strain on the digestive system,” noted Hannah. Ideally, our bodies should be using the overnight period to repair and carry out much needed spring-cleaning (a process known as autophagy) but if they’re working hard to digest food, this can’t always happen.

“Emerging evidence suggests that having a longer overnight fast of 12-16 hours (known as time-restricted feeding), could have a number of digestive and other health benefits,” the nutritional therapist added. “This may mean bringing your evening meal forward a few hours and delaying breakfast slightly.”

Tetra ImagesGetty Images

9. Not looking after your gut bacteria

“Fibre plays a number of important roles in digestion, helping to form stools, remove toxins and, importantly, providing a food source for beneficial species of bacteria in the gut,” explained Hannah. “Eating a diet low in fibre can starve our friendly bacteria, allowing more pathogenic strains (which produce a lot more gas) to thrive. Those suffering with bloating and other digestive symptoms are often found to have dysbiosis (an imbalance of bacteria in the gut).

“Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and taking a gentle fibre supplement is therefore recommended. When increasing fibre, either through diet or supplements, it’s advisable to do this gradually over a period of time, as overwhelming the system too quickly could exacerbate bloating in the short-term,” she added.

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Catriona Harvey-Jenner
Features Editor
Cat is Cosmopolitan UK’s features editor covering women’s issues, health and current affairs.

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90,000 10 causes of bloating, symptoms, treatment and prevention of diseases

Bloating: the reasons how to fight

Now people are increasingly complaining of digestive problems, intestinal discomfort and bloating. What are the causes of these ailments and how to deal with them?

This may be due to stress, poor diet, medication, or poor environmental conditions.The very problem of bloating is a lot of inconvenience (especially if it is accompanied by gas). Below we will talk not only about the causes of the occurrence, but also how to deal with this unpleasant symptom.


Fortunately, in most cases, bloating doesn’t mean anything really serious. As a rule, it can be easily eliminated by adjusting the diet and lifestyle, but not always.

For many people, the cause of excess gas production in the intestines is due to:

  • poor digestion of protein (fermentation of food occurs)
  • inability to completely absorb sugar and carbohydrates (for the breakdown of some complex carbohydrates, the presence of enzymes is necessary, which may not be enough in the body)
  • An imbalance of bacteria in the gut (there are trillions of both good and bad bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, and when there are more “bad” bacteria, this can lead to bloating and excess gas)

However, sometimes bloating can be a signal of a serious illness lurking in the body.So, it is one of the most common symptoms of a fungus that can develop due to allergies, hormonal imbalances, thyroid dysfunction, bowel disorders and inflammatory bowel disease.

Other possible causes of bloating include:

  • irritable bowel syndrome, especially with constipation
  • Digestive disorders such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • liquid retention
  • dehydration
  • constipation
  • food allergies or food sensitivities, including celiac disease or lactose intolerance
  • SIBR
  • intestinal infection
  • intestinal obstruction
  • hormonal changes
  • some types of cancer

Gut health can be affected by many things, from improper metabolism to poor waste disposal.Even the most distant reasons, for example, poor sleep or stress, can become factors of ailment.

Contrary to popular belief, bloating has little to do with being overweight or drinking too much fluids. Fluid cannot actually accumulate in the stomach, but bloating can be accompanied by swelling in other parts of the body (ankles, face, and feet).

Let’s talk about the possible causes of bloating in a little more detail:


Many people with various gastrointestinal problems (such as IBS, ulcerative colitis, and celiac disease) experience bloating, gas, and other unpleasant symptoms. Some reports suggest that bloating affects 23% -96% of patients with IBS, 50% of patients with functional dyspepsia, and 56% of patients with chronic constipation.

2. Fluid retention (edema or ascites)

A buildup of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) can be a sign of a serious medical condition, such as infection, liver disease, and even cancer.

In this case, you should be tested for other symptoms of kidney failure or hepatitis, such as yellowing of the skin (jaundice), discoloration of the eyeballs, or abdominal pain.

Early stomach cancer is usually asymptomatic. However, signs of cancer in addition to bloating include weight loss, indigestion, nausea, vomiting of blood, and abdominal pain.

3. Dehydration

Have you noticed that after eating salty foods or drinking enough alcoholic beverages, you experience an increased feeling of thirst and, as a result, bloating? It may sound strange, but the more fluids you consume (including fluids from food), the less likely you are to bloat.

Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances interfere with digestion. When the body tries to restore fluid balance, it starts to store more of it to protect itself from similar stress in the future.In this case, stool problems may also arise. Thus, as you begin to replenish fluid levels, the body will deposit fluid in the abdomen, leading to swelling and bloating.

4. Constipation

The most obvious reason for bloating seems to be having to go to the bathroom. During constipation, waste products remain in the intestines, causing abdominal heaviness, pain, discomfort, and gas.

The most common causes of constipation are a lack of fiber or fluid in the diet, a sedentary / sedentary lifestyle, and stress.

5. Food allergy

Allergies, sensitivities, or intolerances to certain substances or foods can cause gas and bloating. These often include foods containing gluten (bread, pasta, cereal) and short chain carbohydrates FODMAP .

Allergies can occur to a wide variety of foods, for example, shellfish or nuts, as a rule, allergy sufferers are well aware of their intolerance, since the symptoms that arise are quite noticeable.As for FODMA P, the difficulty here lies in the wide variety of their species, the sensitivity to which may be different.

Try to eliminate foods from your diet one at a time to determine what exactly your body cannot absorb.


Bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SIBO) is associated with a high concentration of harmful bacteria in the digestive tract, usually in the intestines (dysbiosis), where they can develop after taking antibiotics, as a result of inflammation or improper digestion.

In a healthy gut, different strains of bacteria are in harmony and help in the absorption of nutrients. However, when the harmful bacteria grow, they damage the stomach lining, causing discomfort.

Certain foods and substances can also cause SIBO symptoms due to intolerances and inability of the body to fully absorb them.

7. Infection

In the pelvic region, urinary tract, and gastrointestinal tract, bloating, edema, or ascites can result from an infection that causes inflammation and an increase in white blood cell counts.Fever, redness, pain, and swollen lymph nodes also accompany a serious infection.

8. Intestinal obstruction

Sometimes severe bloating (in which case the bloating isn’t in the stomach) can be accompanied by constipation, nausea, and vomiting. All of these can be signs of intestinal obstruction. The disease can be caused by a scar or tumor in the small or large intestine.

During its growth, the formation presses on the intestinal walls, blocking it.This is a rather painful process, as a result of which the body loses the ability to excrete waste.

In this case, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible and start treatment immediately. If left untreated, the disease can lead to intestinal rupture and death.

9. Hormonal changes

PMS is known to cause bloating, indigestion, constipation, and fluid retention. These ailments are temporary and do not cause serious problems unless they are accompanied by other symptoms, such as irregular menstrual periods, fibroids, and severe cramps.

Bloating can occur before, during, or after menstruation, and some women may experience severe fluid retention for up to two weeks.

What is the reason for this? In the early days of the cycle (follicular phase), estrogen levels rise and the uterine lining thickens. Bloating can increase during ovulation as fluid and blood build up.

During the very period of menstruation, as a rule, excess fluid, blood and tissue is released, and the bloating of the abdomen disappears.

10. Cancer

Bloating rarely means cancer, but it can still be a sign of colon or uterine cancer. See your doctor if, despite your best efforts, the bloating persists and the cause is still not found.


Bloating is not related to the accumulation of abdominal fat, as it is usually a temporary phenomenon caused by the accumulation of air in the abdomen. The presence of gas can cause some pain and visible swelling of the abdomen.Fluid trapped in the abdominal and pelvic areas can aggravate the symptom and even lead to temporary weight gain.

Bloating can also be accompanied by swelling, joint pain, and a feeling of tightness in the skin, which can make jewelry and clothing fit more tightly. Bloating and gas may occur at the same time as other symptoms that may indicate a medical condition, including:

  • heat
  • skin redness
  • Teary eyes, itchy throat and other signs of an allergic reaction
  • constipation or diarrhea
  • nausea and vomiting
  • blood in urine and feces
  • drastic weight loss
  • chair problems
  • Pain in the lymph nodes, including groin, neck and armpits
  • fatigue
  • head fog, poor concentration
  • irregular periods
  • hemorrhoids

How to deal with bloating

The most effective way to get rid of bloating is through a balanced diet, as food plays a huge role in the formation of gas in the intestines.

For foods to “move” smoothly, the body needs foods that are high in fiber. The daily intake of dietary fiber is at least 25-30 grams. It is found in vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, legumes, and grains. However, keep in mind that the cause of bloating can be related not only to food, but also to lifestyle in general.

Some of the most effective anti-bloating products include:

  • Probiotics.The good bacteria probiotics have a positive effect on the health of the digestive system by killing harmful bacteria that can cause intestinal problems. Natural sources of probiotics are yoghurts, sour cream, kefir, kombucha, kimchi; they are also available in the form of nutritional supplements.
  • Unpasteurized dairy products. Unlike popular supermarket dairy products that have been processed and pasteurized, live milk products contain the enzymes needed for proper digestion.Try to avoid flavored yoghurts with artificial additives.
  • Fruits and vegetables with a high water content. Watery fruits and vegetables contain electrolytes and enzymes that naturally help relieve bloating. Try adding leafy greens, cucumbers, celery, artichokes, fennel, cantaloupe, berries, fermented vegetables, or steamed vegetables to your diet.
  • Herbs, spices and tea. Several herbs have a positive effect on the digestive system, including ginger, dandelion, aloe vera and fennel.Spices can have a laxative effect, helping to remove excess fluid and waste products by relaxing the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. Try using a variety of freshly ground herbs (parsley, oregano, rosemary), ginger root, aloe vera juice, herbal teas, and essential oils in your dishes. Keep in mind that bone broth and green tea are also anti-inflammatory and can support gut health.

On the other hand, certain foods can worsen your gastrointestinal tract and worsen bloating.Among them:

  • Sugar and sweets. Sugar causes fermentation in the intestines, which leads to the development of fungus and the spread of inflammation.
  • Most dairy products. These include products with added sugar and artificial substances, as well as pasteurized and ultra-pasteurized products.
  • Refined grains and grain products. Many people are intolerant to gluten, which is found in corn, oats, and other grains.
  • In some cases, vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, onions and even garlic are difficult for the body to digest. The fact is that they contain some types of carbohydrates FODMAP and sulfur.
  • Beans and beans. They contribute to gas formation.
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Chewing gum
  • Fermented fruits (apples, peaches, avocados and other stone fruits) can sometimes cause bloating.
  • Artificial sweeteners and sugar alcohols. These include aspartame, sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol.


1. Talk to your doctor

Bloating can be caused by a wide variety of causes. It is best to consult with a specialist and undergo the necessary examination, which may include:

  • stool analysis
  • blood test
  • ultrasound
  • check of intestinal patency
  • enema
  • gastric manometry
  • breath test
  • endoscopy or colonoscopy with biopsy

2.Go in for sports

An active lifestyle helps the digestive system to function normally, eliminate waste products and toxins. To do this, you need to devote to sports 30-60 minutes a day, several times a week. Consuming sugary drinks after exercise should be avoided.

Keep in mind, however, that exercising too intensely can also cause bloating. Overwork causes the adrenal glands to release large amounts of the stress hormone cortisol.Remember, physical activity should improve your condition without causing any unpleasant consequences.

3. Drink enough water

Drinking fluids can quickly relieve bloating when dehydrated. The liquid also contributes to the proper functioning of the dietary fiber.

There is no exact amount of fluid our body needs per day. You can start with 6 glasses of water. Maintaining water balance is very important for proper bowel function, but it is essential to choose the right drinks.

Alcohol, soda, and caffeinated beverages, especially those with added sweeteners and artificial substances, can worsen gut health. It is best to opt for plain water, water with fresh fruit and herbs (lemon, grapefruit, basil) or herbal tea.

4. Avoid stress

Have you noticed that when you are nervous, sad, worried or just very tired, you experience discomfort in the intestines? Stress and anxiety affect digestion.This is because the gut and brain are closely linked by the vagus nerve.

A network of electrical circuits (enteric nervous system) is located on the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, which sends signals to the central nervous system with information about hormones and substances. The brain causes the enteric nervous system to produce enzymes, saliva and secretions that aid digestion and control appetite hormones.

Feelings of anxiety and sadness can cause changes in the process.The brain is “distracted” from proper digestion in order to use energy elsewhere.

A lot of stress causes cortisol levels to rise. This leads to changes in sugar levels and the production of other hormones, sometimes causing increased hunger, constipation, and fluid retention.

In addition to this, stress triggers cravings for “tastier” foods that contribute to bloating. Slow metabolism, intestinal upset and large amounts of heavy food lead to discomfort and ailments.

Conscious eating, lack of stress, exercise, meditation, prayer and communication with loved ones and people who love you will help you avoid many health problems and protect your body.


  • Bloating is a fairly common problem associated with trapped air in the abdominal cavity.
  • In many cases, the cause of this malaise can be an imbalance of bacteria in the gut, a large amount of protein in the diet, an inability to completely break down sugars and carbohydrates, stress and hormonal problems.Certain medical conditions and medications can also cause bloating, including IBS, allergies, and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • How to deal with this? The most effective way is to change your diet. Eat a sufficient amount of dietary fiber (at least 25-30 grams per day) and drink plenty of water / liquid.
  • Bloating may also be accompanied by symptoms such as constipation, fluid retention, pain, etc.
  • Exercise, the right medication, and stress management will help you cope with this ailment.

Take care of yourself and your loved ones,
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90,000 what are the reasons and what to do?

An upset stomach is more correctly called an intestinal disorder, because most of the food is digested there. Let’s figure out what upsets digestion and how to deal with burning, bloating, diarrhea, constipation and colic.

With this article we open a series of publications about the most common problems with the stomach and intestines.In the following articles, we will take a closer look at each of the problems mentioned and tell you what genetics affects and what lifestyle affects.

This and other articles on the Internet will help you learn more about unpleasant symptoms but will not replace your doctor’s appointment!




Heartburn is an unpleasant burning sensation in the sternum, sometimes accompanied by a sour taste in the mouth and belching. It is normal to experience heartburn after a hearty holiday dinner, but if you have a constant burning sensation in the esophagus, you should see a gastroenterologist.

Why does it happen

With heartburn, the contents of the stomach are partially thrown back into the esophagus. Persistent heartburn is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It can accompany gastritis, gastroduodenitis, peptic ulcer, dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, dysbiosis and other pathologies.

Do not rush with diagnoses. A burning sensation can also occur after:

  • cups of coffee; 90,018 90,017 cigarettes;
  • soda;
  • alcohol;
  • fatty meat food;
  • dry snacks;
  • rough food; 90,018 90,017 spicy dishes;
  • fruit juice.

Overweight and pregnancy can also cause heartburn.

How to solve the problem

In order to avoid the reflux of gastric juice into the esophagus, it is better not to lie down, do not jump or bend over for a couple of hours after eating. It’s also important to eat well to maintain your microbiome and avoid overeating or eating spicy foods.

Drinking soda or milk for heartburn is not necessary. To get rid of heartburn at home, you can use antacids – they instantly and safely “quench” the attack.

For persistent heartburn, the gastroenterologist may prescribe proton pump inhibitors or h3-histamine receptor blockers. They slow down the production of hydrochloric acid by stomach cells.

If heartburn constantly torments you, you need to contact a gastroenterologist and do a gastric endoscopy (EGD) – this procedure will show for sure whether the mucous membrane is inflamed.



Bloating is flatulence. With him, the stomach is bursting, it increases in volume, becomes hard.Gas movement in the intestines, seething and rumbling may sometimes be felt. When there is a lot of gas in the intestines, it is difficult and even painful to suck in the stomach.


Small amounts of gas in the intestines are normal. If bloating is noticeable to you and others, interferes with sports and causes discomfort, then this is already excessive gas formation.

A common cause of bloating is eating a lot of fast food and avoiding whole foods, plant foods. A burger, fries, and soda combo can cause stomach heaviness, fermentation, and constipation because there are not enough enzymes and fiber to digest and expel it all from the body.

There is also the opposite cause of bloating – food intolerance. Many plant and dairy products contain FODMAP carbohydrates, which feed colon bacteria and cause gas, especially in people with irritable bowel syndrome.

How to solve the problem

If you have severe bloating, it is better to get up and move around to help the gas leave the intestines. A sitting position will only worsen the condition – in it the intestines are pinched. During this period, it is better to choose loose clothing.

Preparations with simethicone, which “collapses” gas bubbles in the intestine, will help to alleviate the well-being. Mint tea and other warm drinks can also reduce discomfort.

If you are eating well but still suffer from bloating, try to identify your trigger foods with the FODMAP diet and exclude them from the menu.



Stool retention for more than two days is constipation. It is usually accompanied by a feeling of incomplete emptying and heaviness in the abdomen.The feces become denser, you have to push hard and for a long time. Constipation can be temporary or chronic.


Lack of fiber and water in the diet makes the feces hard – it becomes more difficult to go to the toilet. The situation is complicated by a sedentary lifestyle, in which peristalsis slows down.

Stress, depression, side effects of certain medications and related illnesses can also cause constipation. Other reasons are haste and unwillingness to use public toilets, which makes it necessary to restrain urges.

How to solve the problem

Natural laxatives are prunes, flax seeds, psyllium (psyllium husks) and prebiotics (inulin, lactulose). Caffeine also stimulates peristalsis.

Preparations with senna extract and other folk recipes are best avoided – they act harshly, irritating the intestinal receptors and forcing it to “evacuate” the contents. As a result, constipation turns into diarrhea with seething and pain.

Preparations based on sodium picosulfate or bisacodyl work softer, but the principle of action is the same.Variants with a more gentle operating mechanism are macrogol and prucaloprid. But any laxatives should be used as directed by your doctor.

It is better to prevent constipation – eat a variety of fiber (fruits, vegetables, herbs, legumes and mushrooms), eat regularly and at about the same time, drink more water.

Fiber absorbs water – feces pass more easily through the digestive tract. It is also important to move more during the day and not delay going to the bathroom.


With diarrhea, you have to go to the toilet more than three times a day, and the stool becomes liquid, unformed, often with undigested food particles.In this case, the body loses water and electrolytes. Distinguish between acute and chronic diarrhea.


The main causes of diarrhea are food poisoning and intestinal infections. There is also traveler’s diarrhea – it is caused by ingestion of E. coli species that are new to the body.

Loose stools may be the result of dysbiosis. When pathogenic bacteria take over the beneficial bacteria, the intestinal mucosa and its ability to digest food and synthesize vitamins suffer.Also, many gases are formed, which interfere with the normal formation of feces.

Chronic diarrhea often affects people with irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, intestinal inflammation, pancreatitis, folate deficiency anemia, or lactose intolerance. Also, the cause of regular diarrhea can be a violation of the intestinal microflora.

How to solve the problem

You need to drink a lot of water and take gel-like sorbents – they bind and remove toxic substances from the body more efficiently than activated carbon.Drugs like loperamide inhibit peristalsis, but do not solve the problem, so they can only be relied on in an emergency. If diarrhea lasts a day or longer, you need to restore the water-salt balance with rehydration agents.

If you suspect a rotavirus infection, you cannot take antibiotics on your own – there will be enough sorbents. If diarrhea persists after 4–5 days, call your doctor. The same should be done if diarrhea is accompanied by fever, vomiting, or blood in the stool.

Abdominal pain


When they say that the stomach hurts, they usually mean colic and cramps. They can be barely perceptible, or they can literally twist the belly. In this case, the abdomen is usually swollen or tense. It is from such colic that babies often wake up and cry.


One of the possible causes is flatulence. Excess gas stretches the intestinal wall and thus causes pain as it moves along the tract. People with sensitive intestines are especially susceptible to this pain.

Also, the stomach can ache due to stress or a disturbed daily routine, in which you have to chaotically snack or endure hunger, and then eat up late in the evening.

Another cause is inflammation of the intestinal mucosa caused by intestinal flu or other infection. Colic and cramping can also result from a chronic illness such as gastroparesis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, or liver damage.

Babies can have several causes of colic: developing microflora, lack of enzymes, hypersensitivity of the intestines, intolerance to the formula for feeding, swallowing air.

How to solve the problem

Pain is relieved by antispasmodics, completely or selectively relaxing the intestinal smooth muscles. A warm heating pad on your stomach can help, but only if the cause of your stomach pain is known and not inflammation. When a baby has colic, parents should keep a diary of the baby’s colic and nutrition in order to establish the cause.

If the pain is accompanied by other symptoms of digestive disorders, you do not need to drown it – immediately contact a gastroenterologist.

These digestive problems can be solved by changing the contents of your plate. The right foods will help improve the microflora composition and relieve discomfort. What exactly needs to be added to the diet in your case, the personal Atlas Microbiota Test will tell you.

90,000 When the intestines are “behaving badly.” 6 Myths About Bloating | Healthy life | Health

How to avoid unpleasant reactions to food? And is it only overeating and specific foods that provoke them? Popular myths are analyzed by Vladimir Pilipenko , Researcher of the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of the Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety, Candidate of Medical Sciences .

Peas, beans and the like cause bloating and gas production in everyone

There are some products that, even in small quantities, can provoke gassing problems. A classic example is legumes, especially “heavy” types of lentils and beans. They contain substances that interfere with the work of digestive enzymes. As a result, the food eaten is broken down later than usual, and bacteria have a chance to utilize some of this food to form gases.

But the reaction to such food in humans is very different due to the peculiarities of genetics. She provides someone’s body with stronger enzymes and in greater quantities, which help to digest food faster. In other people, from birth, such intestinal microflora is laid, which can not digest part of the food, be disposed of without the accumulation of unpleasant substances that cause unpleasant symptoms. For example, a person with a deficiency in the lactase enzyme to digest milk sugar may have a good microflora that can partially utilize it without causing symptoms.

Abdominal distention has one cause – overeating or “wrong” foods

Yes, the lion’s share of stomach troubles arises from too much food, when enzymes have to strain in order to have time to digest it all. If a person divides 3 habitual meals by 6, adding snacks, then in a single serving the volume of food will be much less, and the intestines will assimilate it without straining.

However, in addition to overeating, the feeling of rumbling, transfusion, bloating may be due to the fact that the pancreas produces less enzymes than necessary.Therefore, even a normal amount of food will cause similar symptoms. Or the intestine itself “lacks” enzymes. For example, lactase deficiency, or milk intolerance, often develops in older people – they suddenly find that the stomach “behaves badly” when eating dairy products.

In addition, persistent bloating can be a sign of small intestine bacterial overgrowth. An imbalance in microorganisms can lead to abdominal discomfort.Any food eaten interacts with microorganisms before entering the bloodstream. And the products of their activity – the accumulation of gases, which can cause a feeling of “bursting”.

In any case, when something in the abdomen changes and does not recover quickly, it makes sense to consult a specialist so that he can assess how dangerous these changes are. The doctor may prescribe a series of tests that clarify this situation. The level of pancreatic enzymes will show the analysis of feces for pancreatic elastase.To find out if bacteria are “to blame” for your troubles, a hydrogen methane breath test with lactulose is performed.

Bloating provoke diets

The lion’s share of unpleasant reactions to food is due to the fact that the intestine is forced to adapt to new food. If the diet lacks some familiar component (for example, a lot of protein, little carbohydrates), this immediately radically affects the process of digestion and the functioning of the entire digestive system. In such a situation, the organs of secretion – the liver, pancreas – are trying to compensate for the missing component, because in the intestine itself, the chemical composition of the contents should be more or less stable.Until stability is restored, the discomfort remains.

For example, now they really like to restrict carbohydrates, in particular starch. The flora, left without the usual ingredient, is forced to switch to intestinal mucus and extract the necessary carbohydrates from it. The amount of mucus is sharply reduced, and the antigenic load on the intestine increases. This also causes unpleasant symptoms.

Therefore, the main task in this situation is to try to bring your diet to the principles of rational nutrition.Do not completely exclude some products from the menu. Eat in smaller portions, but more often.

If you switch to proper nutrition, then bloating is not threatened

When a person eats something, one must understand that he feeds not only himself, but also 1.5-2 kg of bacteria that live in the intestines. And when the food changes dramatically, then these bacteria immediately begin a serious change in composition. Part of the bacteria are forced to leave, because they have ceased to eat normally, and part of the bacteria on the new diet, on the contrary, begin to multiply and take up the vacated places.These transient processes can be felt as rumbling, transfusion, leading to changes in stool. Usually after a few days, a maximum of a couple of weeks, everything returns to normal and the symptoms disappear. And if the stomach continues to bother, then this is a reason to be wary and visit a specialist.

To avoid bloating, you need to drink more

For food to be better absorbed, it must be “dissolved” in water. If a person drinks little water, the intestine must secrete more digestive juices.Strain. And any stress ultimately leads to the formation of symptoms of bloating. If a person drinks enough water, everything dissolves easily, breaks down, and is absorbed on time. There are no symptoms.

Physical activity will cure a bloated stomach

After eating, avoid physical activity for the first 40-60 minutes. When food is actively digested, the digestive organs require more blood. If at this time a person is trying to go in for, say, sports, then the working muscles take most of the blood for themselves.The intestine is not provided with a sufficient volume of blood. This causes indigestion symptoms.

90,000 Bloating with diarrhea – causes and treatment of bloating

Number of views: 46 567

Last update date: 08/26/2021

Average reading time: 4 minutes

Diarrhea is a loose stool. This condition can be accompanied by bloating (flatulence) due to the accumulation of gas in the digestive system.The reason for this is excessive gas formation in the intestine or insufficient excretion of gases outside. Even in the absence of any disturbances, a certain amount of gas is contained in the gastrointestinal tract. It is formed in the process of vital activity of the intestinal microflora and during the neutralization of gastric juice and normally does not cause discomfort to a person, gradually coming out in a natural way.

Causes of bloating

There are various causes of bloating. At a high rate of food intake, aerophagia (swallowing air) occurs.The use of carbonated drinks and some products (legumes, cabbage, black bread, beer) leads to an increase in gas formation. Exposure to hormones and constriction of the intestines during pregnancy cause a slowdown in peristalsis and gas accumulation.

Flatulence occurs in some diseases – enzyme deficiency, food allergies, inflammatory processes, with mechanical obstacles – adhesions, tumors and intestinal stenosis. Bloating is caused by a decrease in intestinal motility during peritonitis, intoxication, circulatory disorders and after operations.Bloating is possible with diarrhea caused by infection, dysbiosis, psychosomatic causes.

Help for bloating and diarrhea

Various medications and non-drug measures are used to eliminate bloating.

Proper nutrition. An important point in the fight against flatulence is the correction of the diet and diet. Products that enhance intestinal fermentation are excluded from the menu. In the presence of enzyme deficiency and food allergies, certain foods should be avoided.Overeating and snacks on the go are undesirable, food must be chewed thoroughly.

Healthy lifestyle. Moderate exercise is beneficial for bloating. Walking creates a rhythmic load on the internal organs, improves their blood supply, the abdominal muscles stimulate the intestines and help empty it from gases. A sedentary lifestyle promotes stagnation in the small pelvis, impairs the peristalsis of the digestive system. Getting rid of bad habits will improve blood oxygenation and tissue nutrition, which will also affect the intestinal function.

Medicines. For bloating, various medications are prescribed depending on the cause. If flatulence occurs with diarrhea, IMODIUM ® Express can become the drug. It affects the motility and secretion of the intestine, against the background of its intake, propulsive peristalsis decreases, the time of absorption of water and electrolytes increases, and the hypersecretion of mucus in the large intestine decreases. This allows you to quickly cope with the symptoms of diarrhea, resulting in improved intestinal digestion and absorption.

Seeing a doctor. Bloating can usually be dealt with on your own, but it can be a manifestation of a serious illness. With diarrhea, medical advice is required if there is an admixture of blood in the stool, increasing dehydration, severe intoxication. The asymmetry of the swelling and severe pain require the exclusion of surgical pathology.

A timely visit to a doctor will help to establish an accurate diagnosis, choose the right treatment and avoid serious complications.

Causes of flatulence: facts and myths

Flatulence is one of the most common symptoms of indigestion. On the air of the Russia 1 channel, the leading programs “On the Most Important” Mikhail Politseimako and Sergei Agapkin, together with a gastroenterologist Sergei Vyalov, analyzed several popular facts about flatulence and decided which of them are really trustworthy and which are not.

Normally, a person releases gases about 14 times a day.”If flatulence, for example, every hour, then this, of course, is overkill. If flatulence swells the stomach so much that it increases in size, this is also an alarming call. Even if flatulence is accompanied not only by a feeling of puffiness, but also bursting from the inside out, as if the stomach wants to explode, this is also an alarming symptom, “explained the gastroenterologist, hepatologist Sergei Sergeevich Vyalov.

Causes of flatulence

Incorrect power supply. Most of the gaseous substances are found in the intestines.Lack of vegetables, fruits and fiber-rich plant foods in the diet leads to stool disorder. Try to eat at least 500 g of fruit per day!

Ingestion of excess air in the gastrointestinal tract when eating. Stress and anxiety accelerate bowel movements! Chew food thoroughly, drink slowly, try not to speak while eating! If you have a tendency to gas production, drink water at least half an hour before meals!

Inflammatory bowel disease.Ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease is a serious bowel disease. If, when eating more fiber, gas formation increases, then we can talk about the presence of mild inflammation or irritation in the intestines.

Helicobacter pylori. The waste products of this bacterium cause inflammation and damage to the gastric mucosa. The mucous barrier and the production of hydrochloric acid are disrupted, which leads to disruption of the functioning of acid-producing cells. Bacteria in the small intestine begin to multiply actively, gas formation occurs, which leads to constant bloating.Get tested for Helicobacter pylori!

Facts and myths

Raw vegetables and bran will cause flatulence. Raw vegetables tend to be slightly more gas and bloating than cooked vegetables.

Taking antibiotics or other medications. Some antibiotics also kill germs in the intestines, leading to bloating and gas. However, for example, the drug amoxicillin in combination with clavulanic acid causes asthmatic diarrhea, but does not affect the microflora.

Flatulence and dysbiosis are synonyms. Dysbacteriosis in the overwhelming majority of cases is accompanied by flatulence. An imbalance in the composition of the intestinal microflora can cause ulcerative colitis.

90,000 Doctors told what would happen if you drink two liters of energy drink per day

The overuse of energy drinks led the young Briton to heart failure and kidney failure. Heart function was restored after two months in the hospital, but kidneys may need to be transplanted.Doctors remind about the dangers of uncontrolled consumption of energy drinks and urge to study more carefully the mechanisms of their effect on the body.

Love for energy drinks can end in tragedy, warn doctors from the Hospital of St. Thomas – their patient, addicted to energy drinks, suffered from heart failure, he also had kidney problems. The doctors described this case in more detail in the journal BMJ Case Reports .

A 21-year-old young man came to the doctors with complaints of shortness of breath and bloating.Doctors found renal failure with urinary retention, and after a full examination, they diagnosed severe bilateral hydronephrosis, which required drainage of both kidneys.

The man said that shortness of breath appeared four months ago, manifested itself during physical exertion and gradually progressed, it also appeared when he was lying. In addition, he complained of weight loss and general malaise.

There was no family history of serious heart problems; the man quit smoking three years ago, and did not use drugs or alcohol.

However, for the past two years, he regularly drank energy drinks – an average of four half-liter cans a day. Each of them contained 160 mg of caffeine at the recommended rate of no more than 400 mg of caffeine per day, as well as taurine and other supplements.

A few months ago, due to poor health, the patient had to drop out of university. The man recalled that he had previously had tremors, increased heart rate, indigestion, but he did not go to the doctors.

Also, the examination revealed cardiomyopathy, traces of ischemic infarction, uremic encephalopathy – disruption of the brain due to renal failure.Hemodialysis and administration of anticoagulants eased his condition.

The patient was discharged only 58 days after admission. During this time, the condition of his heart improved, further observations over several months showed that his functions were almost back to normal. The kidneys, however, were never able to recover. Doctors believe that in the future the patient will need a transplant.

“I think the issue of energy drink consumption and its composition should be given more attention,” says the patient.

– I find them highly addictive and too accessible for young children. I think they need to be labeled with warning labels like cigarettes to illustrate the potential hazards of the ingredients in the composition.

“The main mechanism of heart failure caused by the use of energy drinks remains unclear,

– doctors write. – Stress cardiomyopathy is associated with conditions such as pheochromocytomas (tumors of the adrenal glands) and subarachnoid hemorrhages, which lead to a surge in catecholamines.Chronic overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system caused by caffeine consumption can also cause stress cardiomyopathy. Energy drinks are also known to increase blood pressure and can cause a number of arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation and ectopia of the supraventricles and ventricles. These chronic effects can also lead to heart failure. ”

This case emphasizes the importance of a careful search for a specific cause in patients with cardiomyopathy, doctors say, and when taking anamnesis, it is worth paying attention to the consumption of energy drinks – this is not the first time that people are faced with heart disease due to the abuse of these drinks.This factor should also be taken into account in the event of a patient’s death on the background of a sudden arrhythmia.

“Future human and animal research should focus on the factors that may predispose to severe heart failure or arrhythmias when exposed to energy drinks, in order to identify individuals at risk and advise them on how to avoid energy drinks. “, – the doctors conclude.

They also note that further research is needed to determine the mechanisms of influence of energy drinks on the body and calculate safe dosages.

How to cure “diseases from nerves”: psychosomatics and digestive disorders

Zinovieva Evgeniya Nikolaevna

Chief physician, therapist, gastroenterologist, hepatologist of the highest category, Ph.D., associate professor

52.6 thousand views

Today we will talk about a “sore” topic: a disease on the “nerve”. Answer 3 simple questions, test yourself.

Have you noticed that:

  • Severity, pain, abdominal cramps, nausea, bloating, stool disorders occur when you are tense, upset or stressed?
  • Symptoms of digestive disorders are not related to the nature of the diet – do you feel uncomfortable even when you are on a strict diet?
  • In addition to digestive disorders, do you experience insecurity, anxiety for no reason, guilt, fatigue, sleep and appetite disorders, have your weight changed?

Have you answered yes to at least one? You are in the “company” of those who suffer from psychosomatics.There are 6-7 such patients out of every 10 at a gastroenterologist’s appointment.

Where does psychosomatics come from, or what really distinguishes us from animals?

When you are faced with a serious problem in work, relationships, your body, figuratively speaking, or prepares to fight when adrenaline “rolls over” and your heart is pounding. Or you want to run and hide. What is called the “fight or flight” reaction.

What kind of digestion can we talk about in such a stressful situation? The gastrointestinal tract is simply “turned off”.This is where the differences lie. After a fight, the animal hides in a secluded place and rests. The person continues to “fight” or “replay” the situation of defeat in his head. The body continues to work under stress. And diseases do not keep themselves waiting long.

What are the diseases of digestion “from the nerves”, and when is it time to see a doctor-psychotherapist?

Stress and nervous tension are always reflected in the gastrointestinal tract. He is one of the first to be hit by stress – he is figuratively called the “sounding organ of emotions”.After all, the first emotions of man and animal were associated with the pleasure of eating. In turn, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are often accompanied by disorders in the psychoemotional sphere. Everything affects everything.

Therefore, if you suffer from:

  • pain in the upper abdomen, stomach area, heaviness or cramps
  • vomiting immediately after eating, regardless of the quality of food
  • feeling of a “lump in the throat”, swallowing disorders, cramps esophagus
  • intestinal disorders – bloating, rumbling, constipation, diarrhea or their alternation, urge to defecate in an uncomfortable situation


  • go from one gastroenterologist to another, conducted a number of examinations, changes were not found, and no treatment result
  • you feel better for a while, but all symptoms return during stress
  • you see a connection between your physical symptoms and your emotional state, but you cannot understand how to cope with it
  • you are depressed, you have a bad mood more months – contact a competent gastroenterologist and psychotherapist.

Remember: psychosomatics is a diagnosis of exclusion. There are “masks” of diseases, and first you need to make sure that there is no organic cause for the symptoms.

Why are nerve diseases dangerous?

  • Stress due to poor health – you have to constantly control yourself, limit yourself, change your lifestyle, experience your difference from others.
  • Loss of time and money – the patient goes to the doctors as if to work, but there is no result.
  • Drug Side Effects – Lots of unnecessary drugs can make your health problems worse.
  • Loss of motivation – the patient is disappointed, begins to think that he cannot be helped, may stop being treated altogether.
  • Relations in the family deteriorate – loved ones are involved in all the “vicissitudes” of the disease.

How to help yourself – 7 quick tips for those who suffer from psychosomatic disorders

  1. Change your attitude if you cannot change the situation.
  2. Defend your boundaries and your opinions, don’t be a victim.
  3. Try relaxation techniques and try to be quiet for at least 15 minutes a day.
  4. Walk outdoors for at least half an hour a day.
  5. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise, 3 times a week.
  6. Try to eat healthy foods.
  7. Do not use alcohol or drugs as a stress management tool.

And the last thing – contact a competent specialist to find a treatment.

What can we do?

  • To exclude the organic nature of the disease with the help of a detailed examination, to make an accurate diagnosis.
  • Find the psychological “roots” of the disease – with the help of a psychotherapist and psychosomatologist with over 20 years of experience.
  • Work as a team. If necessary, narrow specialists – a gastroenterologist, a cardiologist, an endocrinologist – are involved in the examination and treatment.
  • Choose treatment – both medication and psychotherapeutic.
  • Recommend what techniques to use at home – your doctor will teach you how to deal with stress.
  • Do not quit when you feel better – check every 3-6 months and monitor your condition.

In conclusion: an example of our work

About the intestines, difficult relationships in the family and complex treatment

Patient V., 31 years old. I turned to the “EXPERT Clinic” with complaints of intense aching pains all over the abdomen, mushy stools up to 2 times a day, increased gas formation.

Over the past 3 years, the patient has been visited by more than a dozen gastroenterologists, twice in the last year she was hospitalized in an ambulance to surgery and an infectious diseases hospital with abdominal pain and diarrhea.Previously, she was examined in detail, infection and inflammation in the intestines were ruled out. The condition was regarded as irritable bowel syndrome, and standard treatment was prescribed. According to the patient, her condition did not improve, and she lost confidence in the doctors.

During the first conversation with the patient, the curator of the “EXPERT Clinic” drew attention to her excessive emotionality, colorful and detailed description of complaints with an emphasis on details.