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Blood pressure 111 50: Blood Pressure 111/50: What Does It Indicate?


Blood Pressure 111/50: What Does It Indicate?

A blood pressure of 111/50 indicates that you are having a LOW BLOOD PRESSURE which can be an immediate health crisis if the levels are too low.

This article tells you:

  • What does a 111/50 blood pressure mean?
  • What should you do if you have 111/50 blood pressure?
  • Some easy to do home remedies and supplementations.
  • Frequently asked question that will answer many of your queries regarding your 111/50 blood pressure.

The blood pressure value of 111/50 specifies the fact that the individual in question is suffering from low blood pressure or hypotension.

This is the medical condition that arises when the value of readings for the blood pressure of a person is less than [90/60].

The ideal blood pressure for an individual is between [90/60] and [120/80]. But for any reason, if the blood pressure falls below the specified readings, then the person can be said to be suffering from hypotension.

The medical condition of hypotension means that the pressure exercised by the blood flowing through the vessels over those is lower than the expected value.

And the same can be said in terms of the heart pumping blood to all the parts of the body. Low BP indicates that the heart is not able to pump blood to all the body parts to the extent that has been termed as necessary. And therefore, more complicated medical problems arise because of Low BP.

The effects or symptoms of these problems are not visible in the overall health of an individual. But these do certainly affect the individual in more ways than just one.

Here is a set-by-step procedure to follow when you figure out you have a blood pressure of 111/50.

If your blood is 111/50 and you have checked the same in your home setup, it is highly recommended to get it checked at your doctor’s office.

A trained professional has to clinically assess your condition and confirm that your 111/50 is, in fact, clinically valid.

There are instances when your reading at home setup might give you a reading which is incorrectly reported. It could be because of an error in reading it, damage to your device, your physical or mental condition on that particular day, etc.

Therefore, a doctor has to assess it over the course of 7 – 30 days periodically before he/she can confirm the accurate stage of your blood pressure.

In some cases, a patient might report wrong blood pressure in a hospital setup, called white coat hypertension. Here the patient may show higher blood pressure than their actual because of the anxiety inside a hospital environment.

In contrast, some patients may have masked hypertension in which the person may show lower blood pressure at clinical setup, but at home, they may have higher blood pressure.

All these conditions are linked to physiology and psychology and, therefore, better to be validated by a doctor.

Even the small changes that you make in your life can lead to having a really impressive effect on your overall health. And, the same can be said regarding the problem of low blood pressure.

If you choose to make reasonable changes in your lifestyle, you can improve your blood pressure to a significant level.

Here are some of the changes that you can bring into your lifestyle to improve your health and your blood pressure level:

You do not need to hesitate from consulting with a physiotherapist about the problems that you are having. Through a relationship of mutual trust, you will be able to get a prescription that will be best suited for your body and overall health.

Following are the prescribed medicines that are greatly helpful for people suffering from low blood pressure.

There are significant changes that you can see in your health if you were to eat healthily every day. And particularly in the case of hypotension, you should know what to eat and what not to.

Some of the comorbidities associated with low blood pressure include heart attack, cardiac arrest, heart valve disorder, bradycardia, and hormonal imbalance.

When you have 111/50, the above-mentioned comorbidities may follow; if correctly, medical attention is not sought.

Therefore, it is highly recommended to treat your hypotension, get it back to a normal level of 120/80 and maintain it.

Even stress is linked to hypotension in some patients. Since the human body reacts differently to different situations, not necessarily depression and anxiety lead to hypertension, but hypotension too. 

This is why it is important to get medical attention rather than treating yourself so that the root cause will be rectified and corrected.

Sometimes managing blood pressure is all about supplementing your body with the right diet. Food is undoubtedly the best primary source to supplement your body.

However, in the current scenarios, we all know how much adultered our foodstuff is, and most of us are pushed towards processed foods to feed ourselves in this fast-paced world.

All these food are high in sugar and sodium and doesn’t contain any vital nutrients that are important for a healthy heart.

This is where some of the nutraceutical-based blood pressure supplements come in handy. These products combine all critical nutrients your heart craves, thereby assisting the better function of your cardiovascular system.

Generally, these supplements are a concoction of herbs, plant-based products, dairy products, and some animal products. They are 100% organic and natural and don’t contain any harmful chemicals.

If you are hearing about these segments of products for the first time,  to start with, you may blindly go for Blood Pressure Support from Vita Balance Inc, Blood Pressure Optimizer from HFL, or Corsanum, marketed by PLT Group.

The only one thing to keep in mind is that choose the best supplement that promote healthy blood pressure, because when it comes to the heart, there is no taking of risk!

Low Blood Pressure or hypotension is not a problem to be made light of. If done so, it will only lead to more complications shortly. Rather than disregarding this problem, consulting with a professional physiotherapist will do you no harm.

Together, you can come up with the best solutions for you, especially when your blood pressure reading is 111/50.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the blood pressure, and what are the normal values?

Blood pressure is the pressure that is exerted by the blood flowing through arteries over those. Alongside that, this is the efficiency with which the blood is pumped by the heart to all the parts of the body through the circulatory system.

The normal values for blood pressure are between [90/60] and [120/80]. If a person has a blood pressure equivalent to this much, then it means that the blood will be flowing through the arteries relatively easily.

2. What is considered to be high blood pressure?

Blood pressure over the value of [130/80] is considered high blood pressure. This signifies that high pressure is being exerted by the blood flowing through the vessels over those.

And therefore, it is difficult for the human heart to be able to pump blood to all the parts of the body rather efficiently. This is a problem that can arise when the size of the vessels is contracted compared to the original size.

3. What is considered to be low blood pressure?

A blood pressure lesser than the value of [90/60] is termed low blood pressure. This type of value means that low pressure is put forward by the blood over the vessels that are carrying it. It can also be taken as a measure that, the blood is not able to reach all the parts of the body.

Or, the heart is not capable of circulating blood to all the parts of the body in an effective way. This problem in blood pressure is mainly the effect of dehydration and pregnancy.

4. What are hypertension and hypotension? Are they both the same as high and low blood pressure?

Hypertension is the condition that emerges when a person is having high blood pressure. Because of contraction in vessels, the blood can not flow through the vessels efficiently, and therefore, high pressure is exerted over the blood vessels, this particular condition is high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension.

Hypotension is the condition that comes into effect when the blood pressure of a person is lower compared to the ideal value of blood pressure. This means that the heart is unable to pump blood through the blood vessels to all the body parts. This type of situation when observed is called low blood pressure, or hypotension.

5. What will happen to your general health when you have high blood pressure?

High blood pressure puts you at an imminent risk of arteries rupture because of the high pressure applied over those by the circulating blood. This can, in turn, affect the circulation of blood to all the parts of the body, and your heart itself. And, the latter part can lead you to some serious heart diseases. The high pressure applied over the heart walls can put you close to the risk of heart attack and heart failure.

6. What causes high blood pressure and low blood pressure?

The medical conditions of high blood pressure and low blood pressure are both effects of the lifestyle that we lead. This means that if we adapt to a lifestyle that is in line with our body and overall physical fitness, then we will have ideal blood pressure.

But, if our lifestyle is deviated from what we had started, some medical conditions can arise. High blood pressure and low blood pressure are some of those problems.

7. What are the risks of having high blood pressure?

The most serious risk that is faced by an individual that is suffering from high blood pressure is the risk of heart attack, heart failure, or some chronic disease related to the heart.

Moreover, there are also the additional risks of strokes, vision loss, diabetes, kidney failure, unresponsiveness to external stimuli, chronic chest pain, artery damage, and vascular dementia.

8. What can I do to lower my blood pressure?

To lower your blood pressure, the foremost step should be to limit the intake of sodium salts. Then, it will be good for you to opt for a healthy lifestyle; eat healthy meals and exercise daily. Try to maintain your weight to healthy proportions. Limit the intake of alcohol and caffeine-related beverages, and quit smoking.

Also, you need to have an adequate amount of rest every day and keep your stress and anxiety in proper check. If you continue to face high blood pressure problems even after making these changes in your lifestyle, it will be good for you to consult with a physiotherapist to discuss your blood pressure medications.

9. What are the risks of having low blood pressure?

The harmful effects that are associated with low blood pressure are not as prominent as what is associated with high blood pressure, but they can serve to be just as much harmful in the long run. Low blood pressure can lead to lightheadedness, dizziness, and confusion for a prolonged period.

This is a condition that can make you weak physically as well as mentally. Low blood pressure leads to a depletion in the effectiveness of motor senses, and the subject is likely to faint from time to time. This condition can also lead to blurred vision and can damage peripheral nerves over a long time.

10. What can I do to increase my blood pressure?

Increase the usage of table salts in your diet, and drink plenty of water. Limit your intake of alcohol as it is a dehydrating agent. Increase your diet by taking small meals multiple times with low carbs. Exercise daily and try to take up a lifestyle that will be good for your health and physical well-being.

Try to maintain a body weight that will be good as per your physical stature and age. Avoid changing positions abruptly, and wear compression stockings to improve blood flow in the legs. Also, consult a physiotherapist regarding your medications for low blood pressure.

11. Can smoking and alcohol affect my blood pressure?

Smoking and alcohol have an active impact on the blood pressure levels of an individual. These can lead to an effective change in the size of arteries that carry blood to all the parts of the body.

Heavy intake of alcohol can increase blood pressure in individuals to a significantly high level and this can even lead to long-term blood pressure issues in the individual. On the other hand, smoking is as bad as it can be. It leads to the contraction of blood vessels, which increases the pressure of blood over the heart walls. This puts you at risk of heart disease.

12. How to correctly check my blood pressure at home?

If you want to check your blood pressure at home, you can use portable blood pressure monitors to do so. These are highly adaptable and can help provide you with your blood pressure levels closest to accurate.

But if you are seeking precision in the readings, then it will be good if you were to follow certain measures. For once, avoid intake of caffeine and alcohol before taking the reading. And, have a proper rest of nearly 10 minutes before measuring your blood pressure.

13. Why is it important to visit a doctor to confirm high/low blood pressure?

It is important to visit a doctor regarding blood pressure for the sake of the precision of the outcome or the result of the readings. Moreover, in a proper medical facility and care of professionals, you will be able to get guidance about how to keep your blood pressure in check if it is not per your ideal blood pressure.

Also, you can get a consultation regarding the changes that you will need to make in your lifestyle to bring your blood pressure back in check.

14. Should you be worried about high blood pressure during pregnancy?

High blood pressure during the latter half of the pregnancy is not that rare of an occurrence. However, it is not something to make light of either. If not treated properly, or significant steps are not taken regarding it, this high blood pressure may pose danger to the health of the parent as well as the baby.

This type of high blood pressure or hypertension is called gestational hypertension, and it is not long-lasting. It goes away after the delivery of the baby.

15. What are some of the symptoms to watch out for in high blood pressure?

The symptoms of high blood pressure are not something that can be ignored readily. These symptoms include severe headache, anxiety attacks, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, blood spots in the eyes, intense fatigue, blurred or distorted vision, and vomiting or nausea. These symptoms are not something to be taken lightly.

High blood pressure is not an incurable problem, but measures are needed to be taken against it in the due time. So, don’t make light of the symptoms and consult a physiotherapist regarding these.

16. What foods should you eat to lower blood pressure?

To lower blood pressure eat a diet that is rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium and potassium.

Besides this, it is good to take short meals that are low in curbs. Instead of deep-fried products, it will be good if you were to incline towards a diet that is mainly consisting of vegetables like spinach, broccoli, and other leafy green vegetables.

Consume lots of low-fat poultry and dairy products. These will help enable a healthy diet for you and help you lean towards a healthy lifestyle.

17. What are the best herbs and spices for high blood pressure?

Many known herbs and spices are proven to have a significant effect on high blood pressure. Significantly, basil, parsley, Chinese cat’s claw, celery seeds, Brahmi, thyme, garlic, and ginger are the herbs that are most commonly made use of by people that are suffering from high blood pressure. Along with these, cardamom, cloves, ajwain, green oat, and flaxseeds are the spices that help manage high blood pressure.

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Is Low Blood Pressure a Cause for Worry? – Cleveland Clinic

Most of us are aware that having high blood pressure places you at increased risks for serious health conditions such as having a heart attack, stroke or kidney damage. But just as too high of a blood pressure is a cause for concern, sometimes too low of a blood pressure can be as well.  

“Blood pressure is an essential part of your body’s normal physiology,” says heart rhythm specialist Jeffery Courson, MD. Blood pressure reflects your ability to send oxygen rich blood to your vital organs and especially your brain, he says.

Blood pressure is a simple measure of overall health that can be routinely performed at a doctors visit or at home. Home blood pressure monitors are widely available, inexpensive and relatively easy to use. If you have too high or too low blood pressure, you should monitor it routinely in accordance with our doctor, says

A normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. The top number is the systolic pressure and represents a measure of pressure in your arteries when your heart is contracting. The bottom number is the diastolic and represents pressure in your arteries when your heart is relaxing.   

When blood pressure is too low

Whether blood pressure is too low has more to do with how you feel than the measured number. “A blood pressure of 90/60 mmHg may be normal for someone young and healthy, but may cause symptoms of lightheadedness or weakness in an older patient or someone with other health conditions,” Dr. Courson says.

What causes low blood pressure?

Medications are one of the most common causes for low blood pressure. Dr. Courson advises that if you do have low blood pressure measurements, you should review your medications with your doctor.

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Though there are many factors that can affect blood pressure, three of the most important are:

  • Stroke volume, which is the amount of blood pumped from your heart with each contraction.
  • Blood vessel tone, which can be affected by stiffness or blockages in the blood vessels.
  • Heart rate.

Disruption of any of these factors can result in low blood pressure. For example, a patient with heart failure and a low stroke volume may be prone to low blood pressures. This sometimes occurs if too much fluid is removed with diuretics (water pills).

Some conditions such as infection or paralysis can affect the tone in the blood vessels and result in low blood pressure. Arrhythmias that cause too slow (bradycardia) or too fast (tachycardia) heart rates can result in low blood pressure.

It’s normal for blood pressure values to fluctuate and to go up and down. You need a higher blood pressure when exercising and a lower blood pressure when at rest as your oxygen requirements differ under these conditions. Your autonomic nervous system regulates our blood pressure. 

“I think of this as our ‘automatic’ nervous system as we do not control this by thought,” says Dr. Courson. So, if you get upset or exercise, your blood pressure will rise. But you can’t “think” your blood pressure up or down, says Dr. Courson.

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Some people have disorders that affect their autonomic nervous system that can result in difficulty regulating their blood pressure. This can result in low blood pressures upon standing or very labile blood pressure that fluctuate between high and low.

When to call the doctor

Low blood pressure can cause symptoms of lightheadedness or dizziness, weakness or feeling faint. If you have any of these symptoms associated with a low blood pressure, you should contact your doctor.

If you have a lower than normal blood pressure but you feel fine without symptoms you are probably okay, says Dr. Courson.  

Diagnostics and treatment of arterial pressure deviations (Sergiev Posad)

Blood pressure deviations – symptoms, causes, prevention, diagnosis and treatment in the Paracelsus clinic, Sergiev Posad

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Online consultations of doctors are available (more than 18 specialties).

Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood on the walls of blood vessels. The value of blood pressure is associated with the work of the heart and the elasticity of the arteries. Thanks to blood pressure, blood is carried throughout the body and performs its functions. Blood pressure has a great impact on health and well-being, so monitoring it is vital.

Paracelsus Medical Center has a team of professional doctors. Neurologists, internists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, optometrists, nephrologists – they can all help in the diagnosis and treatment of blood pressure abnormalities.

Blood pressure norm

Normal blood pressure is in the range from 110 to 70 to 130 to 85 mm Hg. These indicators largely depend on the individual characteristics of the organism, age, gender, living conditions and even the time of day. Everyone needs regular blood pressure monitoring. Measurement of blood pressure is carried out with a special device – a tonometer. The tonometer determines 2 pressure indicators:

  • Systolic blood pressure is the blood pressure at the time of maximum contraction of the heart (normal 110-130).
  • Diastolic blood pressure is the blood pressure at the moment of maximum relaxation of the heart (normal 70-85).

High blood pressure

Increased blood pressure is recorded if the heart ejects a large volume of blood into the arteries or the tension of the vascular walls increases. Hypertension is called an increase in pressure above 140/90 mm Hg.

The cause of hypertension can be:

  • stress;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • overweight;
  • heredity;
  • bad habits;
  • reduced locomotor activity;
  • increased salt content in the body.

A common cause of high blood pressure is the pathology of the kidneys, nervous, endocrine and cardiovascular systems.

You can suspect hypertension by the following symptoms:

  • nausea;
  • labored breathing;
  • darkening before eyes;
  • swelling of the legs in the morning and evening;
  • feeling of a beating pulse in the ears;
  • flashing “flies” before the eyes;
  • pain in the region of the heart;
  • headache in the temporal region, occiput.

Low blood pressure

Low blood pressure is characterized by indicators of 100/60-110/70 mm Hg.

Hypotension can be caused by:

  • anemia;
  • injuries;
  • infections;
  • poisonings;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • severe blood loss;
  • diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
  • diseases of the endocrine system;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

A decrease in blood pressure can be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • weakness;
  • shortness of breath;
  • nausea;
  • fainting;
  • prostration;
  • sweating of palms;
  • memory disorders;
  • muscle and joint pain;
  • performance degradation.

Danger of self-medication and complications

In the treatment of hypotension or hypertension, the main thing is not to waste time and prevent the development of complications.

People who suffer from hypertension are prone to strokes, coronary heart disease, and damage to the vessels of the legs. Also, hypertension can lead to a decrease in vision and disrupt the functioning of the kidneys.

Hypotension can cause ischemia, loss of vision and hearing. Pregnant women are at particular risk, because low blood pressure can cause miscarriage.

Often people “relieve” the disturbing symptoms of the disease on their own. But the consequences of treating only the symptoms of the disease are unpredictable. Treatment of hypertension and hypotension depends on the characteristics of the disease, its causes and the individual reaction of the body. Therefore, only a doctor should prescribe treatment.

Benefits of treatment and diagnosis of blood pressure abnormalities at Paracelsus Medical Center:

The key advantage is the presence of narrow-profile specialists who are deeply involved in pathologies that can affect changes in blood pressure: the cardiovascular system, the central and peripheral nervous system, the endocrine system and other systems.

The Paracelsus Medical Center practices a multidisciplinary approach to solving each medical problem, so the therapist or neurologist involves other specialists in the diagnostic and treatment program, depending on the causes of changes in blood pressure.

During the consultation, the doctor will learn in detail about the change in your state of health and will conduct a thorough examination.

In our center, there is an opportunity for each patient to undergo a wide range of diagnostic procedures to diagnose and establish the causes of changes in blood pressure:

The clinic offers a full range of functional studies of the nervous system: ultrasound examinations (ultrasound) required in neurology (ultrasound of peripheral nerves, Doppler ultrasound of the vessels of the neck and brain (USDG), electroencephalography (EEG), laboratory diagnostics, etc.

Our specialists develop an individual therapy regimen, explain how to properly control your condition, what to do if certain symptoms occur.

In the treatment of our patients, we are guided by international clinical guidelines. Our doctors work only with those methods that have proven their effectiveness. The attending physician will prescribe only registered drugs that actually work.

We care about every patient, we have:

  • individual approach to each patient, friendly staff, comfortable conditions;
  • expert-class equipment diagnoses pathology at the earliest stage;
  • convenient working hours, seven days a week.

With care for your health, Paracelsus Medical Center

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Low blood pressure – a directory of diseases – HealthInfo

Arterial pressure is the value of the pressure in the arteries during contraction and relaxation of the heart. Here’s what the numbers mean:

  • Systolic pressure. The first number is the pressure provided by the contraction of the heart.
  • Diastolic pressure. The second number is the pressure in the arteries during relaxation of the heart.

According to modern concepts, normal blood pressure is no more than 120/80 mm Hg.

You can measure pressure at any time, however, it does not always have the same value. It can change in a short period of time – even in one heartbeat. It depends on the position of the body in space, breathing rate, stress level, psychological state, medications taken, food and drinks, and even the time of day. The pressure is usually lower at night and rises rapidly as it rises.

How low can blood pressure normally be?
Low blood pressure is an individual indicator, the same value for you may be the norm, and for another person already hypotension. Most doctors consider hypotension to be persistent low blood pressure that causes symptoms.
Some experts believe that hypotension begins at 90 mmHg for systolic pressure or 60 mmHg for diastolic pressure – enough for at least one of these two conditions to be met. For example, if you have a systolic pressure of 115 mm Hg (and this is normal), but a diastolic pressure of 50 mm Hg, then your pressure is below normal.
A sudden drop in pressure can be dangerous. A drop of 20 mm Hg – for example, a drop in systolic pressure from 110 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg – can cause dizziness and fainting due to reduced blood supply to the brain.
Significant pressure drops, especially those caused by bleeding, severe infections, or an allergic reaction, can be deadly.
Athletes and people who exercise regularly tend to have slightly lower blood pressure and heart rate than others. This also applies to people who do not smoke, maintain a normal weight and eat right.
But in some rare cases, low blood pressure can be a symptom of serious or even life-threatening conditions.

Conditions that lower blood pressure

Some conditions may cause hypotension, including:

  • Pregnancy. Since the volume of the bloodstream increases rapidly during pregnancy, the pressure decreases. This is normal: the pressure level will return to its previous value after the birth of the child.
  • Diseases of the heart. Some heart conditions can cause hypotension, including slow heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve disease, heart attack, and heart failure. These conditions lead to a decrease in pressure, as it becomes impossible to pump enough blood.
  • Hormonal disorders. Thyroid disease, parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and, in some cases, diabetes mellitus can lower blood pressure.
  • Dehydration. When dehydrated, the body loses more water than it receives. Even with moderate dehydration, weakness, dizziness and fatigue appear. Causes of dehydration can include fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, diuretic overdose, and strenuous exercise. With severe dehydration, hypovolemic shock develops, a life-threatening condition. It occurs when the total volume of blood decreases sharply, which leads to a sharp decrease in pressure and, as a result, a violation of the blood supply to the organs. If left untreated, severe hypovolemic shock can cause death within minutes or hours.
  • Blood loss. Loss of blood due to trauma or internal bleeding reduces the amount of blood in the body, leading to severe low blood pressure.
  • Severe infection (sepsis). Sepsis occurs when an infection enters the bloodstream. This leads to a life-threatening drop in blood pressure, which is called septic shock.
  • Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). Anaphylaxis is a severe life-threatening allergic reaction. Often anaphylaxis is caused by food, certain medications, insect venom, or latex. Anaphylaxis can cause breathing problems, hives, itching, swelling of the throat, and a drop in blood pressure.
  • Lack of nutrients in food. Deficiencies in vitamin B12 and folate can lead to anemia, a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced, resulting in hypotension.

Medicines that cause hypotension

Some medicines can lower blood pressure, including:

  • Diuretics, such as furosemide and hydrochlorothiazide and labetalol
  • Beta-blockers, such as atenolol, propranolol, and timolol
  • Medicines for Parkinson’s disease, such as pramipexole or drugs containing levodopa
  • Some types of antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants), such as doxepin, imipramine, protriptyline, and trimipramine
  • 90 024 Sildenafil or tadalafil, especially in combination with nitroglycerin

Types of hypotension

Doctors often divide hypotension into several types depending on the causes and some other factors:

  • Orthostatic or postural hypotension. This is a sudden drop in blood pressure after you get up from a sitting or lying position. Usually, due to gravity in a standing position, blood accumulates in the vessels of the legs. The body adjusts by increasing blood pressure and constricting blood vessels to ensure that the brain gets enough blood. In people with orthostatic hypotension, the adjustment mechanism is impaired, so the pressure drops when you lift, leading to dizziness, lightheadedness, blurry vision, and even fainting. Orthostatic hypotension occurs for a number of reasons, including dehydration, prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart disease, burns, heat, large varicose veins, and certain neurological conditions. Certain medications also cause orthostatic hypotension, especially those used to treat high blood pressure—diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and ACE inhibitors—as well as antidepressants and drugs to treat Parkinson’s disease and erectile dysfunction. Orthostatic hypotension is especially common in the elderly, with about 20% of people over 65 experiencing such symptoms. But orthostatic hypotension can also occur in young healthy people, for example, if they sit cross-legged for a long time and then stand up abruptly or after prolonged work in a sitting position.
  • Postprandial hypotension. This is a sudden drop in blood pressure after eating. In most cases, it affects older people. Just as gravity causes blood to pool in the legs, eating causes blood to pool in the gastrointestinal tract. Normally, to maintain normal pressure, the heart rate rises and blood vessels constrict, but in some people these mechanisms are disrupted, which leads to dizziness and fainting. Postprandial hypotension usually affects people with high blood pressure or autonomic nervous system disorders such as Parkinson’s disease. To reduce symptoms, you need to reduce the dose of antihypertensive drugs and eat small portions with a small amount of carbohydrates.
  • Neurogenic hypotension. This is a disease in which blood pressure drops after standing for a long time. As a rule, it affects young people, it is believed that this is due to a violation of the interaction between the heart and the brain. When you stand for a long time, the pressure drops as blood pools in your legs. Normally, the body adapts to normalize the pressure. But in people with neurogenic hypotension, the left ventricular nerves send the wrong signal that the pressure is too high. As a result, the brain slows down the heart rate, further lowering blood pressure. This leads to more blood pooling in the legs and less blood flowing to the brain, leading to feelings of lightheadedness and fainting.
  • Shai-Drager syndrome (multisystem atrophy). This rare disorder is a progressive lesion of the autonomic nervous system that controls involuntary processes such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and digestion. Although this syndrome may be accompanied by muscle tremors, slow movements, impaired coordination and speech, and incontinence, its main characteristic is severe orthostatic hypotension combined with very high pressure in the supine position.

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