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Blood sugar of 168: I have sugar reading of 168 after food. Is this reading normal or is something required…


Blood sugar 168 mg/dl after-eating – good or bad?

We help you interpret your blood sugar values. You have tested your blood sugar after eating and the result was 168 mg/dl. The corresponding A1C is 7.5%. Let’s have a look at the blood sugar gauge:

Your result is:

High blood sugar (Hyperglycemia)

To improve your blood sugar after eating you need to
lower your blood glucose level by 28mg/dl.

Your blood sugar level (up to 2 hours) after eating should always be below 140mg/dl but not fall below 80mg/dl.

It is normal for blood sugar levels to rise immediately after a meal. The increased glucose is a product of the carbohydrates in the food that was just consumed. The higher blood glucose triggers the pancreas to produce more insulin.

Blood Sugar after eating

This release of insulin usually takes place within about 10 minutes of eating. The insulin removes the glucose from the blood and stores it for the body to use as energy. In a healthy individual, blood glucose levels should return to a normal level within about two hours after finishing the meal. In diabetics, the blood sugar level often remain elevated for a longer period because of the body’s inability to produce or utilize insulin properly.An elevated two-hour postprandial (after a meal) blood sugar may indicate diabetes or prediabetes. As a general rule, a normal two- hour postprandial blood sugar is as follows:

• Age 50 and under: Less than 140 mg/dl
• Age 50 – 60: Less than 150 mg/dl
• Over age 60: Less than 160 mg/dl

A doctor may recommend different postprandial blood sugar levels based on an individual’s particular circumstances and health history.

Several factors may cause a person’s postprandial blood sugar to remain elevated.

• Smoking after the meal: Studies show that smoking raises blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.
• Extreme stress: Stress produces the body’s fight-or-flight response triggering the release of stress hormones such as cortisol. These hormones cause the body to release the glucose it has previously stored for energy.
• Eating or drinking after the meal and before testing the blood sugar: Continuing to eat will keep blood sugars closer to their immediate post-meal levels.

Studies show that 15 to 20 minutes of moderate exercise, such as walking, shortly after a meal may improve glucose metabolism and reduce postprandial glucose levels.

Is 168 Blood Sugar Normal?

Is 166 high for blood sugar after eating?

Ideally, blood glucose levels range from 90 to 130 mg/dL before meals, and below 180 mg/dL within 1 to 2 hours after a meal.

Adolescents and adults with diabetes strive to keep their blood sugar levels within a controlled range, usually 80-150 mg/dL before meals..

Is 163 high for blood sugar after eating?

The ideal fasting blood glucose reading is less than 100. The ideal post-meal blood glucose reading is less than 140. 140-200 post meal/random reading is considered pre-diabetes.

Can high blood sugar be temporary?

Temporary hyperglycemia is often benign and asymptomatic. Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal and cause pathological and functional changes for significant periods without producing any permanent effects or symptoms.

Is 169 blood sugar high after eating?

Hyperglycemia occurs when the blood sugar is above 130 mg/dL while fasting, or greater than 180 mg/dL after eating a meal. American Diabetes Association Glucose Goals for people with Diabetes: Before meals or fasting: 70 to 130 mg/dL. 1-2 hours after the start of a meal: Less than 180 mg/dL.

What is normal blood sugar level for diabetes type 2?

Less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) is diagnosed as prediabetes. 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher after two hours suggests diabetes.

What should blood sugar be 2 hours after eating?

What Are Normal Blood Sugar Levels? They’re less than 100 mg/dL after not eating (fasting) for at least 8 hours. And they’re less than 140 mg/dL 2 hours after eating. During the day, levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals.

Is 167 blood sugar normal?

A normal blood glucose level for adults, without diabetes, who haven’t eaten for at least eight hours (fasting) is less than 100 mg/dL. A normal blood glucose level for adults, without diabetes, two hours after eating is 90 to 110 mg/dL.

Will drinking water lower blood sugar?

Drinking water regularly helps rehydrate the blood, lowers blood sugar levels, and could reduce diabetes risk ( 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 ).

Is blood sugar of 170 high after eating?

Normal blood sugar ranges in healthy non-diabetics Here are the normal blood sugar ranges for a person without diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association: Fasting blood sugar (in the morning, before eating): under 100 mg/dL. 1 hour after a meal: 90 to 130 mg/dL. 2 hours after a meal: 90 to 110 mg/dL.

Is 197 high for blood sugar?

fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dL or higher = diabetes. fasting blood sugar of 100 to 125 mg/dL = prediabetes. fasting blood sugar less than 100 mg/dL = normal.

Is 12 high for blood sugar level?

Persistently high blood sugar usually means you have diabetes. If HbA1c is more than 48 mmol/mol or fasting blood glucose is more than 11 mmol/L, your blood sugar is high. For most people without diabetes, normal blood sugar levels are: between 4 and to 6 mmol/L before meals.

Can stress cause high glucose?

How Stress Affects Your Blood Sugar. During stressful situations, your insulin levels drop and stress hormone levels go up. That makes it harder for your insulin to work the way it should. All of this may raise your blood sugar.

Is blood sugar of 160 high?

In general, high blood glucose, also called ‘hyperglycemia’, is considered “high” when it is 160 mg/dl or above your individual blood glucose target. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider what he or she thinks is a safe target for you for blood glucose before and after meals.

Is blood sugar of 169 bad?

Blood Sugar: When It’s Too Low or Too High A target blood sugar range for most people with type 2 diabetes is 80 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl one to two hours after starting a meal, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Is 151 high for blood sugar?

Aside from glucose produced by your liver, food is the main source of plasma glucose. Two hours after eating, your blood sugar levels rise….Levels After You’ve Eaten (2 Hours)When MeasuredGoals for Healthy AdultsGoals with DiabetesBefore bedtimeLess than 120 mg/dl90-150 mg/dl2 more rows•Oct 4, 2018

What is a bad glucose level?

A standard blood glucose test If your fasting blood glucose levels are between 100 and 125mg/dL, it could be considered prediabetes, says Martha McKittrick RD. “I like to have people get a second test done, to make sure it’s accurate,” she says. A reading higher than 126 mg/dL indicates diabetes.

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:Increased thirst.Frequent urination.Fatigue.Nausea and vomiting.Shortness of breath.Stomach pain.Fruity breath odor.A very dry mouth.More items…•Jun 26, 2020

What snacks are good for high blood sugar?

Try one the following healthful snacks before bed to help manage blood sugar levels and satisfy nighttime hunger:A handful of nuts. … A hard-boiled egg. … Low-fat cheese and whole-wheat crackers. … Baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, or cucumber slices. … Celery sticks with hummus. … Air-popped popcorn. … Roasted chickpeas.More items…

Is 168 high blood sugar?

The goal for managing diabetes is to achieve glucose values as close to this as possible, but the recommended range is 80-130 mg/dl. There is no specific value used to define hyperglycemia in all individuals. In general, a glucose level above 160-180 mg/dl is considered hyperglycemia.

What should I eat if my sugar is high?

Here are seven foods that Powers says can help keep your blood sugar in check and make you happy and healthy to boot.Raw, Cooked, or Roasted Vegetables. These add color, flavor, and texture to a meal. … Greens. … Flavorful, Low-calorie Drinks. … Melon or Berries. … Whole-grain, Higher-fiber Foods. … A Little Fat. … Protein.Dec 1, 2015

How can I quickly lower my blood sugar?

When your blood sugar level gets too high — known as hyperglycemia or high blood glucose — the quickest way to reduce it is to take fast-acting insulin. Exercising is another fast, effective way to lower blood sugar….Eat a consistent dietwhole grains.fruits. vegetables.lean proteins.Apr 10, 2017

What Is a Normal Blood Sugar for Kids Without Diabetes?

Healthy blood sugar levels for kids mirror those of adults.

Image Credit: Rawpixel/iStock/GettyImages

Glucose, aka blood sugar, is the body’s main source of energy. But in people with diabetes — including children — blood sugar levels may fall outside the healthy range.

Healthy blood sugar levels for kids are about the same as those for adults. However, there are some key differences when it comes to managing diabetes in children. Here’s what parents need to know.

Normal Blood Sugar for Kids

The body gets most of its glucose by metabolizing the carbohydrates in food. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move glucose out of the blood and into the cells, where it is used for energy, according to Kaiser Permanente. Through this process, insulin also lowers blood sugar. For people with diabetes, insulin function is impaired, leading to high blood sugar.

Glucose levels vary in both children and adults, depending on how long it has been since the last meal, drink or snack. According to Yale School of Medicine, a normal blood sugar for a child without diabetes should fall within the following ranges:

  • Before breakfast (fasting blood sugar): 70 to 120 mg/dL
  • One to two hours after meals: Less than 140 mg/dL
  • Before meals and at bedtime: 70 to 120 mg/dL

Blood glucose levels can be checked during your child’s regular doctor appointment. If blood sugar levels are elevated, the doctor may order additional blood and/or urine tests to determine whether your child has diabetes.

Read more:​ What Parents Should Know About Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Toddlers

Children and Low Blood Sugar

Healthy blood sugar levels for kids are the same as those for adults. However, “children’s glucose [levels] tend to drop more rapidly than adults’,” says Heidi Quinn, RDN, a certified diabetes educator at Harvard’s Joslin Diabetes Center.

Blood sugar levels under 70 mg/dL are considered low. The symptoms of low blood sugar include hunger, irritability, sweating, pale skin, dizziness and/or trouble paying attention, according to Stanford Children’s Health. Be aware of these symptoms, because it’s important to treat low blood sugar right away.

Read more:​ Why Too High or Too Low Blood Sugar Could Be Dangerous

If your child has hypoglycemia, he or she needs to eat a small amount of sugary food (or drink a sugary drink such as fruit juice) immediately. Be sure to discuss hypoglycemia treatments with your child’s doctor, because the balance can be a bit challenging to maintain. If your child consumes too much sugar in an effort to raise their low blood sugar, their blood glucose level can then rise too high — another health concern.


If your child has diabetes, talk to his or her health care provider about your hypoglycemia treatment, according to Stanford Children’s Health. In severe cases, a sugar-increasing injection may be necessary.

There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes statistics show type 1 diabetes is the most common type among children, according to Quinn. The pancreases of children with type 1 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin. This causes glucose to build up in the blood, resulting in high blood sugar. This type of diabetes is called heritable, as the likelihood of developing type 1 diabetes is passed through families, according to the Genetics Home Reference. Though it can occur at any age, type 1 typically presents around age 9 or 10.

Type 2 diabetes isn’t as closely tied to genetics, though a family history of the condition is a risk factor for type 2, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Type 2 diabetes is most common in adults and is mainly linked to obesity and unhealthy lifestyle habits. However, Quinn says that there has been a rise in the number of children with type 2 diabetes, in correlation with the obesity epidemic in America.

Read more:​ 5 Healthy Habits That Can Keep Blood Sugar in Check During Pregnancy

Signs of Diabetes in Kids

It can be challenging to spot the signs of diabetes in children because they may not be able to communicate their symptoms to you. According to the Mayo Clinic, here are some signs to look out for:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination, especially within a short amount of time
  • Extreme hunger, accompanied by weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability and/or behavioral changes
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Blurred vision (children rubbing their eyes can be an indication of this)
  • Nausea and vomiting

Bed-wetting is another diabetes red flag, Cara Schrager, RDN, a certified diabetes educator at Harvard’s Joslin Diabetes Center, tells LIVESTRONG.com. Diabetes in children is typically diagnosed after they have been potty-trained, so “bed-wetting is a big giveaway,” she says. “If a child starts wetting the bed again, it’s important to bring it up with their pediatrician.”


Nausea and vomiting are particularly important signs to watch out for because they are symptoms of a rare but life-threatening diabetes complication called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

Managing Your Child’s Diabetes

One of the most important differences between children and adults with diabetes is day-to-day management, Quinn says. “As children grow, hormones — human growth hormone in particular — make them more resistant to insulin,” she says. “Insulin dosages need to be adjusted quite regularly [to keep blood sugar levels in a healthy range].” She adds that it’s critical for children with diabetes to be seen regularly by a doctor, in order to keep their medication doses on track with their growth.

Read more:​ 7 Foods That Won’t Cause Blood Sugar Spikes

Type 1 diabetes is typically treated through insulin injections. Type 2 is treated through lifestyle changes (including dietary changes and increased exercise) and possibly medication (including insulin), according to KidsHealth. No matter which type of diabetes your child has, it’s critical to check their blood sugar regularly to make sure that their blood sugar levels are in the target range.

Uncontrolled diabetes can eventually lead to eye problems, nerve damage, kidney disease, high blood pressure and/or stroke, according to the American Diabetes Association. This may sound frightening, but the good news is that these complications can be avoided through proper diabetes management. Therefore, though it may be challenging at times, it’s very important that you as a parent help your child learn how to manage his or her own diabetes. After all, at some point, it will be your child’s responsibility to manage his or her own health.


You can empower your child by helping him or her create healthy habits for life — habits that include checking blood sugar regularly, taking medication properly, exercising, eating diabetes-friendly meals and scheduling regular doctor appointments.

High blood sugar/glucose level

What is high glucose/sugar level in the blood called?

What is the normal level of blood sugar/glucose?

If you need to know which are the sugar/glucose reference ranges or you require more information about the role of sugar/glucose in the blood, you can visit normal sugar/glucose level in the blood

What does high blood sugar/glucose levels mean?

  • Mild hyperglycemia (100 – 126 mg/dl in adults):

    Mild hyperglycemia is not usually a cause for concern. You may have prediabetes. In prediabetes, blood sugar level is slightly higher than normal, but still not as high as in diabetes. That means that you are more likely to develop diabetes in a near future.

    You should take care of your health doing regular physical activity and following a diet plan. It is advisable to take a new blood test a few months later to see if your level is within the normal range.

  • Moderate hyperglycemia (126 – 250 mg/dl in adults):

    Your blood sugar/glucose level is abnormally high and you probably have diabetes.

    For this reason, you need medical follow-up. The most common specialists in the field of diabetes are endocrinologists. You would be advised to lose weight with a healthy meal plan. In case your values keep on high in the following blood test, your doctor may recommend anti-diabetic medication and insulin therapy.

    You can read the diabetic diagnosis criteria in the annex 1.

  • Marked hyperglycemia (250 – 400 mg/dl in adults):

    Your blood sugar/glucose level is too high and it is a matter of concern.

    You probably have diabetes and you must visit an endocrinologist as soon as possible to start a treatment for diabetes with oral anti-diabetic drugs or insulin. If you are already under treatment, your doctor should adjust the insulin dose.

  • Severe hyperglycemia (> 400 mg/dl in adults):

    Your blood sugar/glucose level is so high that you should be feeling excessive thirst (polydipsia) and the need to urinate more often (polyuria). It can also cause confusion and other changes in mental status.

    Your blood sugar/glucose is so high that it can lead to a diabetic coma that requires urgent medical care.

Which factors can raise your blood sugar/glucose level?

There are some health situations or drugs than can raise your blood sugar/glucose level:

  • Vigorous exercise
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Infections
  • Brain damage
  • Obesity
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Severe burns
  • Drugs
    • Antiepileptic drugs
    • Diuretics
    • Sex hormones
    • Intravenous dextrose

Which diseases can raise your blood sugar/glucose level?

There are many medical conditions why the blood sugar/glucose level can be higher than normal:

What can I do to lower the blood sugar/glucose level?

If your blood sugar/glucose level is slightly high (100-126 gr/dl) you can consider the following tips:

  • No sugar diet.
  • Do regular, gentle exercise (walking, swimming, and cycling).

If your glucose level keeps over 125 gr/dl, you probably need antidiabetic drugs (insulin) to bring it down.

ANNEX I: Diabetes Diagnostic Criteria

The criteria for diagnosing Diabetes is the presence of at least one of the following assumptions:

  1. Hemoglobina A1C (glycoside hemoglobin) > 6.5%.
  2. Basal plasma glucose: > 126 mg/dl (7.0mmol/l).
    • 8 hours after your last meal (fasting)
  3. Glucose >200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) after 75 gr oral glucose overload
  4. Hyperglycemia > 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l).

* If there is no report about previous hyperglycemia points 1 and 3 must be confirmed in a new test.

Where can I find more information about the blood sugar/glucose level?

You can visit our pages about:

Which values are considered a high sugar/glucose level in the blood?

The following values are considered to be above the normal range:

IMPORTANT: These levels are expressed in mg/dl. They are an example of a healthy man of about 45 years of age with no known disease and not taking any medication. The ranges can be different depending on the laboratory or on your personal circumstances.

Blood Sugar

Mild hyperglycemia
101 mg/dl 102 mg/dl 103 mg/dl 104 mg/dl 105 mg/dl 106 mg/dl 107 mg/dl 108 mg/dl
109 mg/dl 110 mg/dl 111 mg/dl 112 mg/dl 113 mg/dl 114 mg/dl 115 mg/dl 116 mg/dl
117 mg/dl 118 mg/dl 119 mg/dl 120 mg/dl 121 mg/dl 122 mg/dl 123 mg/dl 124 mg/dl
125 mg/dl              
Moderate hyperglycemia
126 mg/dl 127 mg/dl 128 mg/dl 129 mg/dl 130 mg/dl 131 mg/dl 132 mg/dl 133 mg/dl
134 mg/dl 135 mg/dl 136 mg/dl 137 mg/dl 138 mg/dl 139 mg/dl 140 mg/dl 141 mg/dl
142 mg/dl 143 mg/dl 144 mg/dl 145 mg/dl 146 mg/dl 147 mg/dl 148 mg/dl 149 mg/dl
150 mg/dl 151 mg/dl 152 mg/dl 153 mg/dl 154 mg/dl 155 mg/dl 156 mg/dl 157 mg/dl
158 mg/dl 159 mg/dl 160 mg/dl 161 mg/dl 162 mg/dl 163 mg/dl 164 mg/dl 165 mg/dl
166 mg/dl 167 mg/dl 168 mg/dl 169 mg/dl 170 mg/dl 171 mg/dl 172 mg/dl 173 mg/dl
174 mg/dl 175 mg/dl 176 mg/dl 177 mg/dl 178 mg/dl 179 mg/dl 180 mg/dl 181 mg/dl
182 mg/dl 183 mg/dl 184 mg/dl 185 mg/dl 186 mg/dl 187 mg/dl 188 mg/dl 189 mg/dl
190 mg/dl 191 mg/dl 192 mg/dl 193 mg/dl 194 mg/dl 195 mg/dl 196 mg/dl 197 mg/dl
198 mg/dl 199 mg/dl 200 mg/dl 201 mg/dl 202 mg/dl 203 mg/dl 204 mg/dl 205 mg/dl
206 mg/dl 207 mg/dl 208 mg/dl 209 mg/dl 210 mg/dl 211 mg/dl 212 mg/dl 213 mg/dl
214 mg/dl 215 mg/dl 216 mg/dl 217 mg/dl 218 mg/dl 219 mg/dl 220 mg/dl 221 mg/dl
222 mg/dl 223 mg/dl 224 mg/dl 225 mg/dl 226 mg/dl 227 mg/dl 228 mg/dl 229 mg/dl
230 mg/dl 231 mg/dl 232 mg/dl 233 mg/dl 234 mg/dl 235 mg/dl 236 mg/dl 237 mg/dl
238 mg/dl 239 mg/dl 240 mg/dl 241 mg/dl 242 mg/dl 243 mg/dl 244 mg/dl 245 mg/dl
246 mg/dl 247 mg/dl 248 mg/dl 249 mg/dl 250 mg/dl      
Marked hyperglycemia
251 mg/dl 252 mg/dl 253 mg/dl 254 mg/dl 255 mg/dl 256 mg/dl 257 mg/dl 258 mg/dl
259 mg/dl 260 mg/dl 261 mg/dl 262 mg/dl 263 mg/dl 264 mg/dl 265 mg/dl 266 mg/dl
267 mg/dl 268 mg/dl 269 mg/dl 270 mg/dl 271 mg/dl 272 mg/dl 273 mg/dl 274 mg/dl
275 mg/dl 276 mg/dl 277 mg/dl 278 mg/dl 279 mg/dl 280 mg/dl 281 mg/dl 282 mg/dl
283 mg/dl 284 mg/dl 285 mg/dl 286 mg/dl 287 mg/dl 288 mg/dl 289 mg/dl 290 mg/dl
291 mg/dl 292 mg/dl 293 mg/dl 294 mg/dl 295 mg/dl 296 mg/dl 297 mg/dl 298 mg/dl
299 mg/dl 300 mg/dl 301 mg/dl 302 mg/dl 303 mg/dl 304 mg/dl 305 mg/dl 306 mg/dl
307 mg/dl 308 mg/dl 309 mg/dl 310 mg/dl 311 mg/dl 312 mg/dl 313 mg/dl 314 mg/dl
315 mg/dl 316 mg/dl 317 mg/dl 318 mg/dl 319 mg/dl 320 mg/dl 321 mg/dl 322 mg/dl
323 mg/dl 324 mg/dl 325 mg/dl 326 mg/dl 327 mg/dl 328 mg/dl 329 mg/dl 330 mg/dl
331 mg/dl 332 mg/dl 333 mg/dl 334 mg/dl 335 mg/dl 336 mg/dl 337 mg/dl 338 mg/dl
339 mg/dl 340 mg/dl 341 mg/dl 342 mg/dl 343 mg/dl 344 mg/dl 345 mg/dl 346 mg/dl
347 mg/dl 348 mg/dl 349 mg/dl 350 mg/dl 351 mg/dl 352 mg/dl 353 mg/dl 354 mg/dl
355 mg/dl 356 mg/dl 357 mg/dl 358 mg/dl 359 mg/dl 360 mg/dl 361 mg/dl 362 mg/dl
363 mg/dl 364 mg/dl 365 mg/dl 366 mg/dl 367 mg/dl 368 mg/dl 369 mg/dl 370 mg/dl
371 mg/dl 372 mg/dl 373 mg/dl 374 mg/dl 375 mg/dl 376 mg/dl 377 mg/dl 378 mg/dl
379 mg/dl 380 mg/dl 381 mg/dl 382 mg/dl 383 mg/dl 384 mg/dl 385 mg/dl 386 mg/dl
387 mg/dl 388 mg/dl 389 mg/dl 390 mg/dl 391 mg/dl 392 mg/dl 393 mg/dl 394 mg/dl
395 mg/dl 396 mg/dl 397 mg/dl 398 mg/dl 399 mg/dl 400 mg/dl    
Severe hyperglycemia
401 mg/dl 402 mg/dl 403 mg/dl 404 mg/dl 405 mg/dl 406 mg/dl 407 mg/dl 408 mg/dl
409 mg/dl 410 mg/dl 411 mg/dl 412 mg/dl 413 mg/dl 414 mg/dl 415 mg/dl 416 mg/dl
417 mg/dl 418 mg/dl 419 mg/dl 420 mg/dl 421 mg/dl 422 mg/dl 423 mg/dl 424 mg/dl
425 mg/dl 426 mg/dl 427 mg/dl 428 mg/dl 429 mg/dl 430 mg/dl 431 mg/dl 432 mg/dl
433 mg/dl 434 mg/dl 435 mg/dl 436 mg/dl 437 mg/dl 438 mg/dl 439 mg/dl 440 mg/dl
441 mg/dl 442 mg/dl 443 mg/dl 444 mg/dl 445 mg/dl 446 mg/dl 447 mg/dl 448 mg/dl
449 mg/dl 450 mg/dl 451 mg/dl 452 mg/dl 453 mg/dl 454 mg/dl 455 mg/dl 456 mg/dl
457 mg/dl 458 mg/dl 459 mg/dl 460 mg/dl 461 mg/dl 462 mg/dl 463 mg/dl 464 mg/dl
465 mg/dl 466 mg/dl 467 mg/dl 468 mg/dl 469 mg/dl 470 mg/dl 471 mg/dl 472 mg/dl
473 mg/dl 474 mg/dl 475 mg/dl 476 mg/dl 477 mg/dl 478 mg/dl 479 mg/dl 480 mg/dl
481 mg/dl 482 mg/dl 483 mg/dl 484 mg/dl 485 mg/dl 486 mg/dl 487 mg/dl 488 mg/dl
489 mg/dl 490 mg/dl 491 mg/dl 492 mg/dl 493 mg/dl 494 mg/dl 495 mg/dl 496 mg/dl
497 mg/dl 498 mg/dl 499 mg/dl 500 mg/dl 501 mg/dl 502 mg/dl 503 mg/dl 504 mg/dl
505 mg/dl 506 mg/dl 507 mg/dl 508 mg/dl 509 mg/dl 510 mg/dl 511 mg/dl 512 mg/dl
513 mg/dl 514 mg/dl 515 mg/dl 516 mg/dl 517 mg/dl 518 mg/dl 519 mg/dl 520 mg/dl
521 mg/dl 522 mg/dl 523 mg/dl 524 mg/dl 525 mg/dl 526 mg/dl 527 mg/dl 528 mg/dl
529 mg/dl 530 mg/dl 531 mg/dl 532 mg/dl 533 mg/dl 534 mg/dl 535 mg/dl 536 mg/dl
537 mg/dl 538 mg/dl 539 mg/dl 540 mg/dl 541 mg/dl 542 mg/dl 543 mg/dl 544 mg/dl
545 mg/dl 546 mg/dl 547 mg/dl 548 mg/dl 549 mg/dl 550 mg/dl 551 mg/dl 552 mg/dl
553 mg/dl 554 mg/dl 555 mg/dl 556 mg/dl 557 mg/dl 558 mg/dl 559 mg/dl 560 mg/dl
561 mg/dl 562 mg/dl 563 mg/dl 564 mg/dl 565 mg/dl 566 mg/dl 567 mg/dl 568 mg/dl
569 mg/dl 570 mg/dl 571 mg/dl 572 mg/dl 573 mg/dl 574 mg/dl 575 mg/dl 576 mg/dl
577 mg/dl 578 mg/dl 579 mg/dl 580 mg/dl 581 mg/dl 582 mg/dl 583 mg/dl 584 mg/dl
585 mg/dl 586 mg/dl 587 mg/dl 588 mg/dl 589 mg/dl 590 mg/dl 591 mg/dl 592 mg/dl
593 mg/dl 594 mg/dl 595 mg/dl 596 mg/dl 597 mg/dl 598 mg/dl 599 mg/dl 600 mg/dl
601 mg/dl 602 mg/dl 603 mg/dl 604 mg/dl 605 mg/dl 606 mg/dl 607 mg/dl 608 mg/dl
609 mg/dl 610 mg/dl 611 mg/dl 612 mg/dl 613 mg/dl 614 mg/dl 615 mg/dl 616 mg/dl
617 mg/dl 618 mg/dl 619 mg/dl 620 mg/dl 621 mg/dl 622 mg/dl 623 mg/dl 624 mg/dl
625 mg/dl 626 mg/dl 627 mg/dl 628 mg/dl 629 mg/dl 630 mg/dl 631 mg/dl 632 mg/dl


  • Concise Book of Medical Laboratory Technology: Methods and Interpretations. 2nd Edition. 2015. Ramnik Sood. ISBN: 978-93-5152-333-8. Pag. 490.
  • Diabetes Care Volume 37, Supplement 1, January 2014.
  • Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care 1997;20:1183–1197.
  • American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes 2014. Diabetes Care 2014;37(Suppl. 1):S14–S80.
  • Painter PC, Cope JY, Smith JL. Reference information for the clinical laboratory. In: Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, eds. Tietz textbook of clinical chemistry. Philadelphia:WB Saunders Company, 1999; 1815pp. ISBN 9780721656106.
  • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). Version 5.0.Published: November 27, 2017. U.S. Department of health and human Services. Available on: https://ctep.cancer.gov

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Why is my blood glucose so high when I wake up?- How to lower morning blood sugar

It doesn’t seem fair, does it? You haven’t eaten anything all night and you still wake up with high blood glucose! What is going on? For those of you with diabetes, this post tells you how to lower morning blood sugar.

It doesn’t seem fair, does it? You haven’t eaten anything all night and you still wake up with high blood glucose! What is going on? For those of you with diabetes, this post tells you how to lower morning blood sugar.

Blood glucose basics

Your body strives to keep blood glucose (BG) within a safe range, but with diabetes the balance is disturbed. The insulin your pancreas produces might not be sufficient to cover your BG lowering needs. As well, the insulin it does produce might not be handled properly by target body cells. And to make matters worse, your liver might be on glucose production overdrive. All of this results in your body’s failure to control BG overnight as well as after meals or snacks. For more basic information about diabetes, read Diabetes Basics at MyNetDiary.

How to lower morning blood sugar levels

Dawn phenomenon

Due to normal daily changes in our body’s release of hormones during sleep and wake cycles, BG typically starts to rise in the very early morning – starting about 3 AM – and continues to rise as the morning progresses. For people without diabetes, insulin production simply increases and takes care of the rising BG. However, for people with diabetes, unless there is medication on board to cover this early morning rise, BG will eventually rise out of target range by the time they wake up. The classic pattern is to see BG within target range at both bedtime and during the middle of the night, and then see a high fasting BG.

If you have noticed that your fasting BG is creeping up over time and is no longer within target range despite sticking to a carb controlled eating plan and taking your diabetes medication as prescribed, then it might be time to talk with your doctor about your diabetes medication. The type, dose, and/or timing might need to be adjusted to lower morning BG. The recommended fasting target range is typically 80-130 mg/dL but ask your healthcare provider what is right for you.

Keep thorough records of your BG, food/beverages, exercise, and diabetes medication use. Include an accurate time stamp for all of these logs. If you use MyNetDiary, print out your reports and bring them to your appointment. Please see Tracking Diabetes with MyNetDiary for more information.

Somogyi effect

Did you know that a high fasting BG can be caused by experiencing hypoglycemia (BG < 70 mg/dL) in the middle of the night? It is called the Somogyi Effect. Hypoglycemia can be caused by too much insulin, too few carbs, too much alcohol, and/or extra exercise. When hypoglycemia occurs, the body increases release of hormones that increase BG production. The typical pattern is this: BG within target at bedtime, low in the middle of the night, and then high by morning. You might want to set an alarm to test your BG in the middle of the night to rule this out. If this is happening to you then be sure to see your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Hypoglycemia is not safe and being asleep can reduce a person’s ability to detect it. Not everyone wakes up when they experience hypoglycemia.

Just ate too much the night before?

If you had a late night high carb snack, then it is possible that your fasting blood glucose is high simply due to poor food choices in the presence of insulin resistance. As well, a large late night dinner high in fat can delay digestion and absorption of the carb content of the meal enough so that your post-meal rise in BG is going like gangbusters around the time the Dawn Phenomenon is kicking in.

Need help controlling carbs at meals? You can start with a typical goal of 30-45 grams of total carbs/meal if you are an adult woman or 45-60 grams/meal if you are an adult man. Try limiting your bedtime snack to 11- 20 grams total carbs. Discuss personalized meal and snack goals with your healthcare provider. If you have diabetes, ask your doctor for a referral to a Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE). This type of specialist is trained to help patients manage all aspects of their diabetes care including how to lower morning blood sugar.

Originally published on Dec 4, 2012,
Updated: Updated: Jan 17, 2020

Diabetes->Blood glucose

12. Older Adults: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2021


Older adults with diabetes are at higher risk of cognitive decline and institutionalization (11,12). The presentation of cognitive impairment ranges from subtle executive dysfunction to memory loss and overt dementia. People with diabetes have higher incidences of all-cause dementia, Alzheimer disease, and vascular dementia than people with normal glucose tolerance (13). The effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on the brain are areas of intense research. Poor glycemic control is associated with a decline in cognitive function (14,15), and longer duration of diabetes is associated with worsening cognitive function. There are ongoing studies evaluating whether preventing or delaying diabetes onset may help to maintain cognitive function in older adults. However, studies examining the effects of intensive glycemic and blood pressure control to achieve specific targets have not demonstrated a reduction in brain function decline (16,17).

Clinical trials of specific interventions—including cholinesterase inhibitors and glutamatergic antagonists—have not shown positive therapeutic benefit in maintaining or significantly improving cognitive function or in preventing cognitive decline (18). Pilot studies in patients with mild cognitive impairment evaluating the potential benefits of intranasal insulin therapy and metformin therapy provide insights for future clinical trials and mechanistic studies (19–21).

Despite the paucity of therapies to prevent or remedy cognitive decline, identifying cognitive impairment early has important implications for diabetes care. The presence of cognitive impairment can make it challenging for clinicians to help their patients reach individualized glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid targets. Cognitive dysfunction makes it difficult for patients to perform complex self-care tasks (22), such as monitoring glucose and adjusting insulin doses. It also hinders their ability to appropriately maintain the timing of meals and content of diet. When clinicians are managing patients with cognitive dysfunction, it is critical to simplify drug regimens and to facilitate and engage the appropriate support structure to assist the patient in all aspects of care.

Older adults with diabetes should be carefully screened and monitored for cognitive impairment (2). Several simple assessment tools are available to screen for cognitive impairment (23,24), such as the Mini Mental State Examination (25), Mini-Cog (26), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (27), which may help to identify patients requiring neuropsychological evaluation, particularly those in whom dementia is suspected (i.e., experiencing memory loss and decline in their basic and instrumental activities of daily living). Annual screening is indicated for adults 65 years of age or older for early detection of mild cognitive impairment or dementia (4,28). Screening for cognitive impairment should additionally be considered when a patient presents with a significant decline in clinical status due to increased problems with self-care activities, such as errors in calculating insulin dose, difficulty counting carbohydrates, skipped meals, skipped insulin doses, and difficulty recognizing, preventing, or treating hypoglycemia. People who screen positive for cognitive impairment should receive diagnostic assessment as appropriate, including referral to a behavioral health provider for formal cognitive/neuropsychological evaluation (29).






Sec. 168.001. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:

(1) “Diabetes management and treatment plan” means the document required by Section 168.002.

(2) “Individualized health plan” means the document required by Section 168.003.

(3) “Principal” includes the principal’s designee.

(4) “School” means a public elementary or secondary school. The term does not include an open-enrollment charter school established under Subchapter D, Chapter 12, Education Code.

(5) “School employee” means a person employed by:

(A) a school;

(B) a local health department that assists a school under this chapter; or

(C) another entity with which a school has contracted to perform its duties under this chapter.

(6) “Unlicensed diabetes care assistant” means a school employee who has successfully completed the training required by Section 168.005.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.002. DIABETES MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT PLAN. (a) A diabetes management and treatment plan must be developed and implemented for each student with diabetes who will seek care for the student’s diabetes while at school or while participating in a school activity. The plan shall be developed by:

(1) the student’s parent or guardian; and

(2) the physician responsible for the student’s diabetes treatment.

(b) A diabetes management and treatment plan must:

(1) identify the health care services the student may receive at school;

(2) evaluate the student’s ability to manage and level of understanding of the student’s diabetes; and

(3) be signed by the student’s parent or guardian and the physician responsible for the student’s diabetes treatment.

(c) The parent or guardian of a student with diabetes who seeks care for the student’s diabetes while the student is at school shall submit to the school a copy of the student’s diabetes management and treatment plan. The plan must be submitted to and reviewed by the school:

(1) before or at the beginning of the school year;

(2) on enrollment of the student, if the student enrolls in the school after the beginning of the school year; or

(3) as soon as practicable following a diagnosis of diabetes for the student.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.003. INDIVIDUALIZED HEALTH PLAN. (a) An individualized health plan is a coordinated plan of care designed to meet the unique health care needs of a student with diabetes in the school setting.

(b) An individualized health plan must be developed for each student with diabetes who will seek care for diabetes while at school or while participating in a school activity. The school principal and the school nurse, if a school nurse is assigned to the school, shall develop a student’s individualized health plan in collaboration with the student’s parent or guardian and, to the extent practicable, the physician responsible for the student’s diabetes treatment and one or more of the student’s teachers.

(c) A student’s individualized health plan must incorporate components of the student’s diabetes management and treatment plan, including the information required under Section 168.002(b). A school shall develop a student’s individualized health plan on receiving the student’s diabetes management and treatment plan.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.004. UNLICENSED DIABETES CARE ASSISTANT. (a) At each school in which a student with diabetes is enrolled, the school principal shall:

(1) seek school employees who are not health care professionals to serve as unlicensed diabetes care assistants and care for students with diabetes; and

(2) make efforts to ensure that the school has:

(A) at least one unlicensed diabetes care assistant if a full-time nurse is assigned to the school; and

(B) at least three unlicensed diabetes care assistants if a full-time nurse is not assigned to the school.

(b) An unlicensed diabetes care assistant shall serve under the supervision of the principal.

(c) A school employee may not be subject to any penalty or disciplinary action for refusing to serve as an unlicensed diabetes care assistant.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.005. TRAINING FOR UNLICENSED DIABETES CARE ASSISTANT. (a) The Texas Diabetes Council shall develop guidelines, with the assistance of the following entities, for the training of unlicensed diabetes care assistants:

(1) the department’s School Health Program;

(2) the American Diabetes Association;

(3) the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International;

(4) the American Association of Diabetes Educators;

(5) the Texas Nurses Association;

(6) the Texas School Nurse Organization; and

(7) the Texas Education Agency.

(b) If a school nurse is assigned to a campus, the school nurse shall coordinate the training of school employees acting as unlicensed diabetes care assistants.

(c) Training under this section must be provided by a health care professional with expertise in the care of persons with diabetes or by the school nurse. The training must be provided before the beginning of the school year or as soon as practicable following:

(1) the enrollment of a student with diabetes at a campus that previously had no students with diabetes; or

(2) a diagnosis of diabetes for a student at a campus that previously had no students with diabetes.

(d) The training must include instruction in:

(1) recognizing the symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia;

(2) understanding the proper action to take if the blood glucose levels of a student with diabetes are outside the target ranges indicated by the student’s diabetes management and treatment plan;

(3) understanding the details of a student’s individualized health plan;

(4) performing finger-sticks to check blood glucose levels, checking urine ketone levels, and recording the results of those checks;

(5) properly administering glucagon and insulin and recording the results of the administration;

(6) recognizing complications that require seeking emergency assistance; and

(7) understanding the recommended schedules and food intake for meals and snacks for a student with diabetes, the effect of physical activity on blood glucose levels, and the proper actions to be taken if a student’s schedule is disrupted.

(e) The school nurse or principal shall maintain a copy of the training guidelines and any records associated with the training.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.006. REQUIRED INFORMATION FOR CERTAIN EMPLOYEES. A school district shall provide to each district employee who is responsible for providing transportation for a student with diabetes or supervising a student with diabetes during an off-campus activity a one-page information sheet that:

(1) identifies the student who has diabetes;

(2) identifies potential emergencies that may occur as a result of the student’s diabetes and the appropriate responses to such emergencies; and

(3) provides the telephone number of a contact person in case of an emergency involving the student with diabetes.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.007. REQUIRED CARE OF STUDENTS WITH DIABETES. (a) If a school nurse is assigned to a campus and the nurse is available, the nurse shall perform the tasks necessary to assist a student with diabetes in accordance with the student’s individualized health plan. If a school nurse is not assigned to the campus or a school nurse is not available, an unlicensed diabetes care assistant shall perform the tasks necessary to assist the student with diabetes in accordance with the student’s individualized health plan and in compliance with any guidelines provided during training under Section 168.005. An unlicensed diabetes care assistant may perform the tasks provided by this subsection only if the parent or guardian of the student signs an agreement that:

(1) authorizes an unlicensed diabetes care assistant to assist the student; and

(2) states that the parent or guardian understands that an unlicensed diabetes care assistant is not liable for civil damages as provided by Section 168.009.

(b) If a school nurse is not assigned to a campus:

(1) an unlicensed diabetes care assistant must have access to an individual with expertise in the care of persons with diabetes, such as a physician, a registered nurse, a certified diabetes educator, or a licensed dietitian; or

(2) the principal must have access to the physician responsible for the student’s diabetes treatment.

(c) Each school shall adopt a procedure to ensure that a school nurse or at least one unlicensed diabetes care assistant is present and available to provide the required care to a student with diabetes during the regular school day.

(d) A school district may not restrict the assignment of a student with diabetes to a particular campus on the basis that the campus does not have the required unlicensed diabetes care assistants.

(e) An unlicensed diabetes care assistant who assists a student as provided by Subsection (a) in compliance with a student’s individualized health plan:

(1) is not considered to be engaging in the practice of professional or vocational nursing under Chapter 301, Occupations Code, or other state law; and

(2) is exempt from any applicable state law or rule that restricts the activities that may be performed by a person who is not a health care professional.

(f) An unlicensed diabetes care assistant may exercise reasonable judgment in deciding whether to contact a health care provider in the event of a medical emergency involving a student with diabetes.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.008. INDEPENDENT MONITORING AND TREATMENT. In accordance with the student’s individualized health plan, a school shall permit the student to attend to the management and care of the student’s diabetes, which may include:

(1) performing blood glucose level checks;

(2) administering insulin through the insulin delivery system the student uses;

(3) treating hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia;

(4) possessing on the student’s person at any time any supplies or equipment necessary to monitor and care for the student’s diabetes; and

(5) otherwise attending to the management and care of the student’s diabetes in the classroom, in any area of the school or school grounds, or at any school-related activity.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.009. IMMUNITY FROM DISCIPLINARY ACTION OR LIABILITY. (a) A school employee may not be subject to any disciplinary proceeding, as defined by Section 22.0512(b), Education Code, resulting from an action taken in compliance with this subchapter. The requirements of this subchapter are considered to involve the employee’s judgment and discretion and are not considered ministerial acts for purposes of immunity from liability under Section 22.0511, Education Code. Nothing in the subchapter shall be considered to limit the immunity from liability afforded under Section 22.0511, Education Code.

(b) A school nurse is not responsible for and may not be subject to disciplinary action under Chapter 301, Occupations Code, for actions performed by an unlicensed diabetes care assistant.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1022 (H.B. 984), Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Sec. 168.011. GRANT-WRITING COORDINATION PROGRAM. (a) The department shall employ one person as a grant writer to assist and coordinate with school districts located in the Texas-Mexico border region in obtaining grants and other funds for school-based health centers.

(b) A grant writer employed under this section may secure a grant or other funds on behalf of the state for a school-based health center.

(c) Funds obtained by the use of a grant writer employed under this section may be used only to:

(1) acquire, construct, or improve facilities for a school-based health center;

(2) purchase or lease equipment or materials for a school-based health center; or

(3) pay the salary or employment benefits of a person who is employed to work exclusively in a school-based health center.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1111 (H.B. 3618), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

Berlin – Locations | Page 168

  • Germany: Electricity in a pandemic

    The Federal Association for Energy and Water Management (BdEM) said wholesale electricity prices had already dropped significantly. On the electricity exchange, prices for supplies in April fell by almost 30 percent over the week.

  • Germany. If the driver is not guilty: how to resolve a disputable situation on the road

    In a civil proceeding, each party must prove the facts that it brings into the case.Therefore, the opposing party will have to prove both the fact of the traffic accident and your guilt in order to receive compensation.

  • Media: German authorities fear US sanctions against Nord Stream 2

    The German authorities fear that new US sanctions against the construction of Nord Stream 2 may affect government services and enterprises associated with the project.

    Evgeniya Gorlova

  • What threatens to insult the police in Germany

    During a football match in Karlsruhe in October 2010, fans first staged a large demonstration with posters condemning the actions of the police during a citizen demonstration against the large-scale Stuttgart 21 project. Then they changed the posters to a slogan with the letters “ACAB”. The police saw this as an insult to their employees.

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    The crisis during the pandemic and the forced stay at home has seriously affected almost all branches of German industry. The general director of the largest taxi company in Baden-Baden Citycar Baden Baden GmbH Ekaterina DEDYUKHINA told our editorial staff about how her company is struggling with economic problems.

  • Germany: The bonus will also be paid to families with children who are born before the end of 2020

    The federal government has decided to pay families with children an additional 300 euros for each child. The allowance will be paid in two installments – in September and in October. This was stated by the Federal Minister for Family Affairs Francisca Giffay.

  • Germany: Return legal aid costs to the state

    Two prerequisites must be fulfilled in order for a court order to be granted assistance.First, a citizen should not have enough free funds to pay a one-time payment of court costs, including the services of a lawyer. Secondly, the protection of interests must have a certain chance of success.

  • Munich: “A book about Russia – for the Day of Russia.” Photo

    In a book dedicated to the North Caucasus and Ciscaucasia with their Stavropol Uplands, the Kuban-Priazovskaya and Tersko-Kumskaya lowlands, Elena Hertsog talks about her homeland as frankly and biasedly as can only be told in documentary prose.

  • Germany: Will the VAT Cut Affect Alcohol and Tobacco

    The German federal government plans to temporarily reduce value added tax. Daniela Ludwig, the Federal Government’s Commissioner for Drugs, expressed concern about a possible drop in the price of alcohol and tobacco.

  • Germany: high and low temperatures do not kill coronavirus on surfaces

    The fact that the coronavirus can live on surfaces has been known to specialists for a long time.A new laboratory experiment published in the Journal of Infection shows that Sars-CoV-2 continues to live on surfaces for extended periods and at high temperatures.

  • Germany: RKI on multiplying dangerous legionella bacteria

    The Robert Koch Institute warns of another health hazard. During the closure of the institutions, the water in them was not used for a long time.A pathogen may have grown in pipes and water systems that can cause serious infections.

  • In Germany, the results of two competitions dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory have been announced

    Two competitions dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War were held in the Consular District of Frankfurt am Main: Competition of creative works “Salute, Victory!” and the Drawing Competition “World without War” for children and adolescents in Russian-language centers and weekend schools.

  • Germany: Do I need to pay fees during the closure of schools and courses

    Schools and kindergartens remain closed at least part of the time. At the same time, the owners of children’s educational institutions expect that the full fee will be paid regardless of the ability to use the services. Is it correct?

  • Alexey Lavrov: “There is no mass closure of business in Germany”

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  • posted

  • Dust from walking boots: how the memory of war heroes is preserved in a Tver village cut off from the world

    The village where Anna Piotrovskaya lives is located in the Turginovsky rural settlement of the Kalininsky district. People who found October 1941, when Feryazkino was occupied by the SS, still live here.They say that the Nazis behaved very cruelly, people left their homes, dug dugouts in the field or in the forest. In December 1941, before fleeing, the invaders burned down two-thirds of the village.

    Marina Burtseva

  • My unfamiliar dear grandfather: the story of a prisoner of five concentration camps

    The sky is the highest in my village. And the thickest, most snow-white clouds. And the Diet carries its purest waters importantly, majestically, without haste.And the shores seemed to have parted before his might. They gaze serenely at this eternal pacifying stream. They remember. They remember everything. Like not dawn, but blood, mixing with the melted March snow, painted the floodplains red. How they shot all the disobedient, forbidding them to bury them under threat of death.

    Oksana Sanitskaya

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    After the release of quarantine, the situation in Germany remained stable. However, today the Robert Koch Institute RKI reported alarming data for the first time in two months.The number of new infected people in Germany on Thursday was 555.

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    The question of why, having become infected with the Sars-CoV-2 virus, some patients hardly tolerate the disease, while others practically do not notice it, because the disease is asymptomatic, occupies virologists all over the world.

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    Today, Thursday, June 11 in Germany, the number of newly infected people has increased by 555 per day, which is significantly more than the previous day (318).In total, 186,866 cases of COVID-19 coronavirus infection were recorded in the country. This accounts for 2.49% of the total number of infected.

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    Svetlana Khokhryakova

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  • posted

  • German and EU citizens allowed to travel

    As of next Tuesday, the situation at the German border points will return to normal.EU citizens will be able to freely enter and leave the country. Border controls are abolished, and as a rule, spend 14 days in quarantine after crossing the border.

  • Seite wurde nicht gefunden. – Gefässzentrum Promenadeplatz

    Welcome to

    Promenadeplatz Vascular Center!

    Diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation in one center.

    The Promenadeplatz Vascular Center was opened in 2012.It is located at Promenadeplatz 8, 80333 Munich. Here we admit patients who are insured by a private health insurance company and private patients without insurance.

    We offer you a full range of modern diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation for all vascular diseases in one center. After the diagnosis has been made, our specialists do not refer you to other doctor’s offices, but continue to deal with your further treatment at our place. On the basis of a detailed personal consultation, you will receive the most gentle treatment individually selected for you.

    Learn More!

    Office hours

    Monday, Tuesday, Thursday
    8:00 – 18:00 h.

    Wednesday and Friday
    8:00 – 13:00 h.

    Application form

    Do you have an increased risk of arterial blood flow disorders?
    Your health is important to us. Using our questionnaire, you can check if you belong to a high-risk group. Many thanks!

    Take the test!

    Yes No


    You have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

    If you have any questions about this, we will be happy to answer you by phone:
    +49 (0) 89 21 26 90 90

    IMPORTANT: If you suddenly have pain in your leg or your leg swells,
    You urgently need to contact our doctor’s office or your family doctor!


    You are not at increased risk.

    However, there are also preventive examinations to prevent vascular diseases, which we are happy to offer you.
    The sooner you start prophylaxis, the more likely you are to avoid the occurrence of diseases.

    We will be happy to advise you: +49 (0) 89 21 26 90 90

    Question 1:

    Are you a woman over 55 or a man over 45?

    Question 2:

    Did your male relative have a stroke or
    heart attack before reaching the age of 55?

    Question 3:

    Did your mother or sister have a stroke or
    heart attack before the age of 65?

    Question 4:

    Have you already had a heart attack or stroke in the past, or have you been diagnosed with atherosclerosis obliterans of 9088 peripheral arteries (eg “smoker’s gangrene”) or calcification of the coronary or carotid arteries?

    Question 5:

    Do you move a little and get tired after a short walk?

    Question 6:

    Are you overweight?

    Question 7:

    Do you smoke?

    Question 8:

    Have you ever had high blood pressure (for example, above 140/90 mm.Hg) and / or
    Do you take medication to lower your blood pressure?

    Question 9:

    During previous examinations, did you have a high fat content in your blood (for example,
    total cholesterol value is higher than 240 mg / dl), or are you taking medication to lower your blood fat level?

    Question 10:

    Have you ever had high blood sugar, have you been diagnosed with diabetes
    , or are you taking medication to lower your blood sugar?

    Our range of individual services:

    From A to Z:

    Each step taken is individually tailored to you

    Our expertise lies in the diagnosis and treatment of all vascular diseases – for example, diseases of the arteries, veins and the lymphatic system, vascular anomalies, cancers and immunological diseases.


    Vascular diseases can have various causes. In our vascular center, we have concentrated the experience and competence of ten doctors with many years of experience in their specialization, numbering more than one decade.



    Our experts conduct a detailed personal consultation with you and offer the best solution for you.



    Our therapeutic approach: “Minimally invasive – as gentle as possible”.Thanks to modern methods of treatment, open surgery can be avoided in most cases.


    Better not take risks

    Get a preventive examination!

    Cardiovascular diseases are still the most common cause of death. There are also preventive examinations for vascular diseases, which we gladly offer you. The sooner you start conducting preventive examinations, the more likely you are to avoid the occurrence of diseases.We will be happy to advise you:


    Excellent treatment

    High marks from independent test centers

    90,000 What to Include in Your Diet to Prevent Vitamin B12 Deficiency: 10 Foods

    If you are a vegan, vegetarian, or have a health condition that makes it difficult to absorb nutrients, such as Crohn’s disease, it may be more difficult for you to meet your daily vitamin B12 needs.Most likely, you should consult with your doctor, who, if necessary, will prescribe the appropriate vitamin complexes.

    Helpful Tests for helminths: what, to whom and when to take

    Vitamin B12 deficiency is difficult to detect. The most common symptoms of a deficiency are weakness, fatigue, anemia, or numbness in the arms and legs. To prevent this, make sure you get enough vitamin B12 in your diet.


    112 grams of boiled is:

    • 130 calories;
    • vitamin B12: 4 micrograms, which is 168% of the DV.

    In addition to being a rich source of vitamin B12, salmon contains lean protein and heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids.


    Beef to prevent vitamin B12 deficiency / Photo Pexels

    100 grams of cooked ground beef contains:

    • 221 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 2.3 micrograms, which is 95.6% of the RDA.

    It is also important which part of the cow is on your plate.The researchers found that one serving of beef liver can provide 71 micrograms of vitamin B12, which is about 30 times the daily value, compared to only 1.4 micrograms in fillets.

    Beef is also rich in iron, which is important for the production of red blood cells. However, this meat is worth eating in moderation. For all its benefits, beef is a source of saturated fat, which can increase cholesterol levels and your risk of heart disease.

    Nutritional Yeast

    Yeast to Prevent Vitamin B12 Deficiency / Photo by Pexels

    A 16 gram serving of Nutritional Yeast contains

    • 60 calories
    • Vitamin B12: 24 micrograms (1000% DV).

    Yeast is one of the best sources of B12 for people who don’t eat meat or dairy. Plus, they contain 8 grams of protein per serving and 9 essential amino acids to help the body repair tissue.


    With one cup of milk you get:

    • 124 calories:
    • 1.4 micrograms vitamin B12 (54% of the DV).

    According to a small study from 2013, milk is a good vegetarian source of vitamin B12. In addition, milk is a source of calcium, protein and vitamin D, which are important for maintaining healthy bones and teeth.


    100 grams of plain low fat Greek yogurt contains:

    • 59 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 0.7 micrograms (29% DV).

    Foods rich in probiotics such as yogurt are good for the intestines. In particular, their regular consumption stimulates the digestion of food, improves the absorption of vitamins and prevents disease.


    1 chicken egg contains:

    • 71.9 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 0.5 micrograms (20.8% DV).

    Although eggs are an important source of vitamin B12, a 2007 study found that we can only absorb 9%.

    A serving of oatmeal

    A 28 gram serving of whole grain oatmeal contains:

    • 105 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 1.3 micrograms (54% DV)

    Breakfast cereals are another product that can be beneficial for vegans and vegetarians. The nuance lies in what kind of cereal you buy. Experts advise to opt for breakfasts that are high in fiber and protein without added sugar.

    Interesting What to do if you feel hungry all the time: Nutritionist shared tips

    Cheddar cheese

    40 grams of cheddar fat contains:

    • 69.2 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 0.49 micrograms (20.4% DV).

    While cheese is a good source of B12, protein, calcium and vitamin D, it should not be overused as it can become an undesirable source of saturated fat and sodium.


    One can (107 grams) of tuna contains:

    • 96.3 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 2.75 micrograms (120% DV).

    In addition to being a good source of vitamin B12, tuna contains 19 grams of protein.


    Turkey to prevent vitamin B12 deficiency / Photo by Pexels

    A serving of ground turkey contains

    • 173 calories;
    • Vitamin B12: 1.