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Painful Bump on my Butt: Should I be Worried?

There’s a reason that people sometimes refer to a difficult, unpleasant person as “a real boil on my butt.” Painful bumps on the butt are annoying and very uncomfortable. They’re also surprisingly common, especially in the summertime when heat, humidity, and sweat create ideal conditions for blemishes and boils to form. Most of the time, red bumps on the butt are simply acne or folliculitis, but sometimes they can be more serious and require a doctor’s attention.

When to See a Doctor

  1. You have a lump on or near your anus: If you have a painful lump close to your anus, this could be hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins, similar to varicose veins, that can occur both inside and outside of your anus. They sometimes form hard, painful lumps that can itch, bleed, and cause significant discomfort. If you have hemorrhoids then a doctor can provide the best advice and treatment.
  2. You have lots of small, itchy bumps: Many small, itchy bumps on the butt could be a sign of scabies or bed bugs. Scabies are burrowing mites that take up residence under the skin. They leave behind many small, red dots that are very itchy. Bed Bugs live in bedding and mattresses and feed off of human blood. They also leave trails of red bumps along the skin. If you have lots of itchy bumps on your butt, it’s a good idea to see a doctor to find out what kind of pest may be causing the problem.
  3. You have a large lump that is warm to the touch and expanding: An abscess is a large, swollen mass that is pink or red in color and very painful to the touch. These masses are full of pus and bacteria, and they can expand rapidly. It is common for abscesses to occur in the pubic, groin, armpit, and anal areas. If you have a large lump that is warm to the touch and doesn’t go away on its own after a few days, then seek medical care. Doctors can drain the pus and fluid out of abscesses through a small incision, or they may prescribe antibiotics. Untreated abscesses can spread bacterial infection into surrounding tissue or even into the bloodstream, creating a dangerous situation.
  4. When in doubt, have a doc check it out: There are a number of other more rare conditions that could cause an unusual bump to form on your butt. If you’ve never seen something like this on your skin before, then have a doctor take a look at it.

Home Treatment

Most of the time, painful bumps on the butt are caused by acne or folliculitis. Typically, people with these conditions have many small to medium size blemishes, with the occasional blemish that gets very inflamed and becomes a large nodule or cyst.

The rear end is a common area for acne and folliculitis to form. Booty breakouts are embarrassing and can be painful, but most of the time they can be successfully managed with the right combination of skincare products and personal care routines. To clear up blemishes on the butt, try the following:

  1. Regularly apply an acne treatment product: Treat acne or folliculitis on your rear end the same way as you would on your face- by consistently applying the right treatment products. Serums, toners or creams that contain salicylic or glycolic acid are good choices, but mandelic acid is the best choice because its antibacterial and antifungal properties clear both acne and folliculitis.
  2. Shower or change clothes right after exercising. It’s tempting to grab a coffee or run some errands in your sweaty gym clothes, but this is bad news for booty blemishes. Sweaty, warm conditions are an ideal environment for bacteria and fungus to grow, and these invaders will make your breakouts much worse. After sweating, make sure to get out of your exercise clothes ASAP.
  3. Wear breathable clothing and underwear: Wearing cotton and other natural fibers allows your skin to breath. Avoid synthetic fibers in both your underwear and pants because they trap moisture against your skin. When possible, try to wear looser-fitting pants to give your skin some air and to reduce friction.
  4. There’s no need for harsh scrubbing in the shower! Your acne or folliculitis treatment product will exfoliate your skin, so don’t try to rub off dead skin cells by hand. Harsh scrubbing will only irritate your blemishes and cause bacteria and fungus to spread. Gentle cleansing is all that’s needed.

What Causes Butt Pimples & How to Get Rid of Butt Acne Fast

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When the weather starts to heat up, some people may get stressed over showing more skin — especially if one’s prone to body breakouts or pimples on the butt. And well, while it may sound embarrassing, just know that it’s completely normal and you’re far from alone.

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Symptoms, treatment options, and personal experiences for various physical, mental, and health conditions and concerns.

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So, if you’re looking for a way to avoid the kind of lumps Fergie wasn’t talking about, we’ve got you. We spoke to New York City-based cosmetic dermatologists to learn how to get rid of butt acne once and for all.

Calling all opinionated beauty lovers: We want to know which products you can’t live without! Take our annual poll to pick the top hair, makeup, nail, and skin-care products that deserve our coveted Readers’ Choice seal.

What is butt acne?

Most importantly you should know that, typically, breakouts on your butt aren’t actually acne. “Butt acne is not truly acne — it is, in fact, most often due to inflammation around hair follicles known as folliculitis, or an irritation secondary to chronic rubbing, which can come with wearing tight-fitting clothes or even waxing,” says Shereene Idriss, a board-certified dermatologist at the Union Square Laser Dermatology.

An easy way to tell if it’s folliculitis, which is truly an infection of the hair follicle, is how it feels, along with its placement on the body, says Joshua Zeichner, the director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital. These bumps usually appear as small, shallow lumps, which tend to be itchy or painful. When irritated, they can develop into larger, cyst-like clusters.

How do you treat butt breakouts?

First and foremost, clean up the area. “Washing regularly with benzoyl peroxide (like the Murad Clarifying Cleanser, which is formulated with salicylic acid and green tea to soothe, helps keep pesky bacteria at bay, decreasing your chances of developing a bacterial folliculitis,” says Idriss. “Folliculitis, however, is not always due to bacteria alone; it can also be caused by a fungus.”

Murad Clarifying Cleanser

So, what should you do if a fungus is the culprit? According to Zeichner]), you’ll need to get your hands on an anti-fungal medication, as folliculitis caused by a fungus will not improve or clear up if you use an acne treatment.

Why Do I Have Pimples On My Butt? Science Explains

Many adults and babies have their pimples on butts—but don’t mistake those tiny bumps for acne. Instead, butt pimples are almost always a condition known as folliculitis, which occurs when hair follicles become inflamed and produce harmless, acne-like bumps on your derriere.

“Folliculitis can be caused by an infection from bacteria, yeast, or fungus, irritation of hair follicles, or a blockage of hair follicles,” board-certified plastic surgeon Dr. Joseph Cruise told Fatherly. “It looks like a red, bumpy rash on the skin and is more likely to be itchy or irritating than painful. ”

Folliculitis is most often caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, which is typically harmless and present on everyone’s skin. However, damp conditions can cause these bacteria to grow and infect hair follicles. Because staph bacteria and hair follicles are all over your body, folliculitis is not confined to the butt. At the same time, your behind is particularly vulnerable to irritation from fabrics and just warm, damp, dark, and sweaty enough to provide the perfect petri dish for staph.

There’s no particular reason to go to war against your butt pimples, but if you’re determined to get rid of them Cruise recommends a topical antibiotic cream, antibacterial body wash, and benzoyl peroxide (a lot of the same things used to tackle traditional acne). And showering after your workout or anytime you sweat, and wearing breathable, cotton clothing can help to prevent butt breakouts in the future.

Butt Pimples – Key Takeaways

  • Butt pimples aren’t necessarily acne but could be folliculitis.
  • Folliculitis could be caused by bacteria, yeast, fungus, or staph infections.
  • Damp conditions favor the growth of bacteria like staphylococcus aureus.
  • Topical antibiotic cream, Antibacterial body wash, and Benzoyl peroxide could help combat them.
  • Wearing breathable clothing helps prevent breakouts.

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Bump vs Bum – What’s the difference?

English

Noun

(en noun)

  • A light blow or jolting collision.
  • The sound of such a collision.
  • A protuberance on a level surface.
  • A swelling on the skin caused by illness or injury.
  • * Shakespeare
  • It had upon its brow / A bump as big as a young cockerel’s stone.
  • One of the protuberances on the cranium which, in phrenology, are associated with distinct faculties or affections of the mind.
  • the bump”’ of veneration; the ”’bump of acquisitiveness
  • (rowing) The point, in a race in which boats are spaced apart at the start, at which a boat begins to overtake the boat ahead.
  • The swollen abdomen of a pregnant woman.
  • (Internet) A post in an Internet forum thread made in order to raise the thread’s profile by returning it to the top of the list of active threads.
  • A temporary increase in a quantity, as shown in a graph.
  • US presidential nominees get a post-convention bump in survey ratings.
  • (slang) A dose of a drug such as ketamine or cocaine, when snorted recreationally.
  • The noise made by the bittern; a boom.
  • A coarse cotton fabric.
  • A training match for a fighting dog.
  • Derived terms

    * bump and grind
    * bump in the road
    * bumpity
    * bumpy
    * fist bump
    * razor bump
    * speed bump
    * things that go bump in the night

    Verb

  • To knock against or run into with a jolt.
  • To move up or down by a step.
  • I bumped the font size up to make my document easier to read.
  • (Internet) To post in an Internet forum thread in order to raise the thread’s profile by returning it to the top of the list of active threads.
  • (chemistry, of a superheated liquid) To suddenly boil, causing movement of the vessel and loss of liquid.
  • * 1916 , Albert Prescott Mathews, Physiological chemistry
  • Heat until the liquid bumps , then reduce the heat and continue the boiling for 1½ hours.
  • To move (a booked passenger) to a later flight because of earlier delays or cancellations.
  • * 2005 , Lois Jones, EasyJet: the story of Britain’s biggest low-cost airline (page 192)
  • Easyjet said the compensation package for passengers bumped off flights was ‘probably the most flawed piece of European legislation in recent years’…
  • To move the time of a scheduled event.
  • * 2010 , Nancy Conner, Matthew MacDonald, Office 2010: The Missing Manual , p. 332:
  • A colleague emails with news that her 4:30 meeting got bumped to 3:30.
  • (archaic) To make a loud, heavy, or hollow noise; to boom.
  • * Dryden
  • as a bittern bumps within a reed

    English

    Etymology 1

    1387,

    Noun

    (en noun)

  • The buttocks.
  • Okay, everyone sit on your bum and try and touch your toes.
  • (UK, Irish, AU, New Zealand, informal, rare, Canada, US) The anus.
  • (by metonymy, informal) A person.
  • Usage notes

    * In the United States and Canada, bum” is considered the most appropriate term when speaking to young children, as in ”Everyone please sit on your bum and we’ll read a story.” For older children and teenagers, especially males, as well as adults, the term (butt) is the most common term except in professional contexts such as medical, legal, and scientific where (buttocks) is generally used or (gluteus maximus), (gluteus medius), etc. for the muscles specifically. ”Glutes]]” is often used in sports medicine and bodybuilding. ”Ass” (US derivation of Old English ”[[arse, arse ) is considered somewhat vulgar in North America, whereas (backside), (behind), and (bottom) are considered to be old-fashioned and non-specific terms.

    Synonyms

    * (buttocks or anus) arse , ass (North America), backside, behind, bottom, bum (North America), butt (North America), heinie (North America), fanny (North America), tush (North America), tushie (North America)
    ** (buttocks specifically) butt cheeks (North America), buttocks (technical), cheeks, glutes (muscles), gluteus maximus (primary muscles)
    ** (anus specifically) anus (technical), arsehole , asshole (North America)
    * See also

    Verb

    (bumm)

  • (UK, transitive, colloquial) To sodomize; to engage in anal sex.
  • Interjection

    (en-interjection)

  • (label) An expression of annoyance.
  • * 2010 , Jill Mansell, Sheer Mischief:
  • Maxine tried hers. ‘Oh bum ,’ she said crossly. ‘The sugar isn’t sugar. It’s salt.’

    Derived terms

    * bum bum
    * bumhole
    * bums in seats
    *

    Etymology 2

    1864,

    Noun

    (en noun)

  • (North America, colloquial) A hobo; a homeless person, usually a man.
  • (North America, Australia, colloquial) A lazy, incompetent, or annoying person, usually a man.
  • ”Fred is becoming a bum – he’s not even bothering to work more than once a month.
    That mechanic’s a bum – he couldn’t fix a yo-yo.
    That guy keeps interrupting the concert. Throw the bum out!
  • * 1987 , (The Pogues) – (Fairytale of New York)
  • You’re a bum
    You’re a punk
    You’re an old slut on junk
    Lying there almost dead on a drip in that bed
  • (North America, Australia, colloquial, sports) A player or racer who often performs poorly.
  • Trade him to another team, he’s a bum !
  • * 2001 , (Laura Hillenbrand) –
  • Seabiscuit, wrote another reporter, “was a hero in California and a pretty fair sort of horse in the midwest. In the east, however, he was just a ‘bum ’”
  • (colloquial) A drinking spree.
  • Synonyms

    * (hobo) hobo, homeless person, tramp, vagrant, wanderer, vagabond
    * (lazy person) loafer, bumpkin, footler, idler, lout, yob, yobbo, layabout
    * (drinking spree) binge, bender
    * See also
    * See also

    Verb

    (bumm)

  • (colloquial) To ask someone to give one (something) for free; to beg for something.
  • Can I bum a cigarette off you?
  • (colloquial) To behave like a hobo or vagabond; to loiter.
  • I think I’ll just bum around downtown for awhile until dinner.
  • (transitive, slang, British) To wet the end of a marijuana cigarette (spliff).
  • Synonyms

    * cadge (British)

    Adjective

    (bummer)

  • Of poor quality or highly undesirable.
  • bum note
  • Unfair.
  • bum deal
  • Injured and without the possibility of full repair, defective.
  • I can’t play football anymore on account of my bum knee.
  • Unpleasant.
  • He had a bum trip on that mescaline.

    Synonyms

    * (defective) duff (UK)

    Derived terms

    * bum around
    * bum bailiff
    * bum rap
    * bum’s rush
    * on the bum

    Etymology 3

    Verb

    (bumm)

  • To depress; to make unhappy.
  • References

    *

    Etymology 4

    See boom.

    Noun

    (en noun)

  • (dated) A humming noise.
  • (Halliwell)
    Verb

    (bumm)

  • To make a murmuring or humming sound.
  • (Jamieson)

    Etymology 5

    Abbreviations.

    Noun

    (en noun)

  • (obsolete) A bumbailiff.
  • * 1705 , (Bernard Mandeville), The Fable of the Bees :
  • About her Chariot, and behind, / Were Sergeants, Bums of every kind, / Tip-staffs, and all those Officers, / That squeeze a Living out of Tears.

    How To Get Rid Of Butt Acne Fast

    With summer around the corner, you are all set to hit the sandy beaches in your best swimwear. But just when you were about to try out that gorgeous two-piece, all your excitement turns into instant horror when you see a group of red and angry looking butt acne stare right back at you. While winters easily covered them up, things will not be the same with the arrival of summer. So, here we are to your rescue, yet again! We have listed some of the best home remedies that can help you combat butt acne – and also your worries!

    Table Of Contents

    What Is Butt Acne?
    What Causes Butt Acne?
    Home Remedies To Treat Butt Acne
    Prevention Tips

    What Is Butt Acne?

    Simple – it’s acne on your butt. Butt acne usually occurs as a result of clogged hair follicles on your butt.

    Back To TOC

    What Causes Butt Acne?

    Butt acne is caused when the hair follicles are infected by Staphylococcus aureus (or staph bacteria). This infection of the hair follicles is also referred to as folliculitis.

    The staph bacteria are always present on the surface of your skin – and they cause no harm. But if there is a break in your skin, these bacteria can enter inside and cause infections. A boil or acne is almost always a result of such infections.

    Folliculitis bumps or butt acne look similar to acne. That is, they are usually red with a white pus-filled bump in the center. These bumps can become quite itchy and uncomfortable in the long run. In some cases, they may even leave scars behind. Don’t worry, they can be cured easily. Here is a list of some of the best home remedies that can help you treat butt acne.

    Back To TOC

    Home Remedies To Treat Butt Acne

    1. Saltwater Solution
    2. Tea tree oil
    3. Hot Or Cold Compress
    4. Lemon Juice
    5. Toothpaste
    6. Coconut Oil
    7. Oatmeal
    8. Turmeric And Sandalwood
    9. Garlic
    10. Aloe Vera
    11. Apple Cider Vinegar
    12. Baking Soda

    1. Saltwater Solution

    You Will Need
    • 1 teaspoon of salt
    • 2 cups of warm water
    • A clean washcloth
    What You Have To Do
    1. Add a teaspoon of salt to two cups of warm water and mix well.
    2. Soak a washcloth in the saline solution and wring out the excess water.
    3. Apply the washcloth to the affected area.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You can do this thrice daily.

    Why This Works

    Salt is composed of sodium chloride that is known for its antibacterial properties, which makes it an effective remedy for butt acne (1).

    Back To TOC

    2. Tea Tree Oil

    You Will Need
    • 3-4 drops of tea tree oil
    • 1 tablespoon of any carrier oil (olive or coconut oil)
    What You Have To Do
    1. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to a tablespoon of any carrier oil and mix well.
    2. Apply this mixture directly to the acne on your buttock and allow it to be absorbed.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this 2 to 3 times daily for best results.

    Why This Works

    Tea tree oil works great for acne because of its exceptional antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, research says that tea tree oil is almost as effective as benzoyl peroxide for treating acne (2),(3).

    Back To TOC

    3. Hot Or Cold Compress

    You Will Need

    A hot or cold compress

    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a hot water bottle or an ice pack and apply it to your buttocks.
    2. Place it there for 10 to 15 minutes.
    3. You can also follow a hot compress with an ice pack.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this 2 to 3 times daily.

    Why This Works

    A hot compress can fight the bacteria responsible for butt acne. It can also reduce the inflammation and swelling and even extract the pus. An ice pack reduces inflammation and helps shrink the large pores, thereby preventing the formation of new acne (4), (5).

    Back To TOC

    4. Lemon Juice

    You Will Need
    What You Have To Do
    1. Take half a lemon and squeeze out its juice.
    2. Dip a cotton ball in the lemon juice and apply it directly to the affected areas.
    3. Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes and wash it off with lukewarm water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You can do this 2 to 3 times daily.

    Why This Works

    Lemon juice has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the swelling and inflammation associated with butt acne. And its astringent properties can shrink the large pores and prevent future breakouts. Additionally, lemon juice is also found to have bactericidal properties that can fight the acne-causing bacteria (6),(7).

    Back To TOC

    5. Toothpaste

    You Will Need
    • Toothpaste (as required)
    • Cotton swabs
    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a cotton swab and dip it in some toothpaste.
    2. Apply the toothpaste as a spot treatment on the acne on your butt.
    3. Allow it to dry and wash it off with cold water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You can do this 1 to 2 times daily.

    Why This Works

    Toothpaste contains baking soda, which acts as a natural exfoliant, eliminates the excess oil, and dries off butt acne. The antibacterial properties of toothpaste kill the bacteria on the skin surface (8), (9).

    Back To TOC

    6. Coconut Oil

    You Will Need

    Coconut oil (as required)

    What You Have To Do
    1. Take some coconut oil on your fingers and apply it directly to the butt acne.
    2. Allow your skin to absorb the oil..
    3. Repeat this 2 to 3 times every 3 hours.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You can do this 2 to 3 times in a week.

    Why This Works

    Coconut oil contains beneficial medium-chain fatty acids like lauric acid and capric acid. These fatty acids possess excellent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can eliminate bacteria and reduce the appearance of existing acne (10),(11).

    Back To TOC

    7. Oatmeal

    You Will Need
    • 1 tablespoon of powdered oatmeal
    • 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder
    • 1 tablespoon of yogurt
    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a tablespoon each of powdered oatmeal and yogurt in a bowl and add a teaspoon of turmeric to it.
    2. Mix well until it forms a thick paste.
    3. Apply the paste to the affected areas and allow it to dry for 15 to 20 minutes.
    4. Wash the paste off with lukewarm water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this once a week.

    Why This Works

    Oatmeal acts as a natural scrub and eliminates the dead skin cells. It also unclogs the pores and prevents future breakouts. The anti-inflammatory properties of oatmeal help reduce the inflammation, thus helping you get rid of butt acne (12), (13).

    Back To TOC

    8. Turmeric And Sandalwood

    You Will Need
    • 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder
    • 1 teaspoon of sandalwood powder
    • Curd or water (as required)
    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a teaspoon each of turmeric powder and sandalwood powder in a bowl.
    2. Add enough water or curd to it to make a thick paste.
    3. Apply the paste directly to the acne-affected areas on your butt. Allow it to dry.
    4. Wash it off with warm water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this every alternate day.

    Why This Works

    A mixture of turmeric and sandalwood exhibits natural antiseptic properties that can destroy the acne-causing bacteria (14). This combination also possesses anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce the swelling and redness accompanying acne breakouts.

    Back To TOC

    9. Garlic

    You Will Need

    Peeled garlic cloves

    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a few cloves of peeled garlic and cut them into halves.
    2. Gently rub a cut garlic clove on the affected area.
    3. Leave it on for 30-50 minutes before washing it off with lukewarm water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this 4 to 5 times a week.

    Why This Works

    Garlic contains allicin that exhibits antimicrobial properties. It also has exceptional anti-inflammatory properties. All of these not only kill the acne-causing bacteria on your skin, but also reduce the inflammation (15).

    Back To TOC

    10. Aloe Vera

    You Will Need

    Fresh aloe vera gel

    What You Have To Do
    1. Take some fresh aloe vera gel and apply it directly to the problem areas on your buttocks.
    2. Let it dry for 15 to 20 minutes and then wash it off with water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You must do this thrice daily for best results.

    Why This Works

    Given its excellent healing, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties, aloe vera gel can quickly dry up existing acne. Its astringent properties can help shrink large pores and prevent future breakouts (16).

    Back To TOC

    11. Apple Cider Vinegar

    You Will Need
    • 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar
    • 1 glass of water
    • Cotton pads
    What You Have To Do
    1. Add about two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to a glass of water and mix well.
    2. Soak a cotton pad in this solution and apply it to the acne on your butt.
    3. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes and wash it off with water.
    4. Alternatively, you can also pour some apple cider vinegar to your bathwater and soak in it.
    How Often You Should Do This

    You can do this 3 to 4 times in a week for effective results.

    Why This Works

    The anti-inflammatory properties of apple cider vinegar can reduce the redness and itchiness associated with butt acne. And its antimicrobial properties can fight the acne-causing bacteria (17).

    Back To TOC

    12. Baking Soda

    You Will Need
    • 1 tablespoon of baking soda
    • Water (as required)
    What You Have To Do
    1. Take a tablespoon of baking soda and add a little water to it to make a thick paste.
    2. Apply this paste to the acne-prone areas on your butt and allow it to dry.
    3. Wash it off with cold water.
    How Often You Should Do This

    Do this every alternate day.

    Why This Works

    Baking soda possesses antibacterial properties that help combat the acne-causing bacteria. It also balances the pH of your skin and fights pain and inflammation.

    These remedies will definitely help you get rid of butt acne. You can prevent this problem altogether by making some simple changes to your lifestyle. Listed below are a few tips that can help you steer clear of butt acne.

    Back To TOC

    Prevention Tips

    • Bathe regularly using a good antibacterial soap.
    • Wear loose-fitting clothing.
    • Do not use fabric softeners as a few people are allergic to them.
    • Take a shower post workout.
    • Exfoliate to get rid of dead skin cells.
    • Avoid using strongly scented soaps.
    • Avoid using creams or lotions that may clog your pores.
    • Follow a healthy diet that consists of fresh fruits and vegetables.
    • Drink lots of water to eliminate toxins from your body.

    Maintaining good hygiene is of utmost importance when it comes to preventing and treating butt acne. For faster results, wash the area regularly and follow the prevention tips discussed here. So, get working on your booties and share your experience in the comments section below.

    Back To TOC

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Which age group is most affected by butt acne?

    Acne usually begins around puberty (when one is 11 years old). However, for some individuals, it can begin at any stage of life. The same goes for butt acne. Anyone can develop this at any point in their lives. Although those who sweat more or are more involved in physical activity might be more prone to developing it.

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    Shaheen holds a postgraduate degree in Human Genetics and Molecular Biology. She is a Geneticist with proficiency in Biotechnology, Immunology, Medical Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Genetic Counseling. Her passion for writing and her educational background have assisted her substantially in writing quality content on topics related to health and wellness. In her free time, Shaheen loves to explore the world and the different flavors/cuisines it has to offer. Photography is another hobby she has developed of late.

    What Your Acne Map Is Telling You

    Is your back breaking out? You might need to get more sleep. Bumps on your neck? Try cutting out sugar and see what happens. Skin problems can tell you a lot about what’s going on inside your body. Similar to the ancient practice of face mapping, body mapping can help us understand why we’re breaking out and what to do about it.

    There is no shame in having a couple of pimples (or a whole population of them) — but it’s also fair to want to look and feel our best, especially as we inch towards warmer weather and start planning out our skin-bearing spring and summer wardrobes.

    The skin on our bodies is thicker than facial skin, so pimples can often be more stubborn — but you can actually be more aggressive with treatments.

    Body acne, like all acne, requires a holistic approach and a little trial and error. The acne map above is a great place to start solving the mystery of your breakouts. We’re sharing a few insights on how to deal…

    How To Deal With Body Acne

    Neck | Breakouts in this area can be related to hormonal imbalance. If you’re breaking out here, pros recommend getting your hormones checked, especially if neck pimples are near or under the chin and jawline. You might also consider eating less refined sugar (which could be a trigger hormonal imbalance). Make sure your shampoo and conditioner are suitable for your skin type as many hair products leave a residue that can migrate down to the neck area and clog pores.

    Shoulders | Clogged pores are the most likely cause of shoulder breakouts, although hormonal fluctuations can also contribute. The best ways to treat shoulder acne is to be sure you shower after exercising. Try exfoliating your skin with a gentle shower mitt and a non-toxic, non-irritating body wash.

    Chest | Breakouts on your chest could indicate an imbalance in your liver, an allergic reaction or an imbalance in the gut. According to ancient Chinese wisdom, the stomach meridian is on the chest, so chest acne can also be related to poor diet or food sensitivities. Avoid eating too much spicy food and drink room temperature or warm beverages.

    Arms | If you’re noticing acne on your arms, you could be experiencing a vitamin deficiency. Breakouts here could also be confused with allergic rashes. Those little bumps could also be caused by keratosis pilaris, a common condition related to a buildup of the protein keratin, which can plug a hair follicle. Take a look at your laundry detergent, lotion and body wash for irritating or pore-clogging ingredients.

    Stomach | If you see a pimple-like bump on your stomach, it may be an ingrown hair or an irritation from tight clothes or rough fabrics. Consider switching to loser fitting clothes made with gentler, breathable materials like organic cotton and hemp.

    The V | Breakouts in this area could be related to ingrown hairs, or it could indicate a hygiene issue. We don’t want to freak you out, but if you have acne down there it might be a symptom of an STD. If you’re unsure, get it checked out by a doctor to be safe.

    Thighs | Allergies, ingrown hairs and generally sensitive skin could be to blame for acne on your thighs. Folliculitis, an inflammation of the hair follicles, is a common cause of pimples in this area. Try experimenting with a gentle exfoliating wash, and switch to lighter, looser pants for a few days and see it that helps.

    Back | This is an area where body acne is fairly common. It could be related to hormonal fluctuations, or maybe it’s just your sweaty active lifestyle. If you’re active, make sure to shower right after you sweat and change into clean clothes that let your skin breathe. If you don’t have time to shower, keep wipes like these on hand to clear out your pores as best as you can. If that’s not working, try switching up your body wash for something cleaner and more gentle, and be sure to exfoliate a few times a week. Pores on your back are larger and more prone to clogging than pores on the face. Avoid fragrance, perfumes, and dyes. If you’re still not seeing improvement, some pros recommend cutting back on fried foods and getting more sleep.

    Butt | The most likely cause of breakouts on your booty is clogged hair follicles — try using this gentle lactic acid Body Resurfacing Mask from True Botanicals a few times a week. Some pros believe that butt breakouts are linked to issues with digestion. Get in the habit of popping a probiotic before bed. Try to avoid iced drinks, especially early in the morning when you wake up and your body isn’t warm yet. Avoid sitting too long; get up every hour and walk around to improve blood and air circulation.

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    90,000 hit by the UAE and the US demand to increase production

    We will sell oil to anyone without any conditions and even for cash – so stated the organizers of the ICE Futures Abu Dhabi (IFAD) exchange in Abu Dhabi. Trading on the exchange began on March 29, real oil deliveries will begin in June.

    The main grade traded is Murban, which accounts for a large share (1.6-1.7 million bpd) in the basket of grades of ADNOC, the state oil company of the United Arab Emirates.

    OPEC countries, as a rule, do not allow the resale of oil purchased from them, so the UAE’s demarche to abolish this tradition can be viewed as an attack against the OPEC order. In addition, Platts announced the intention of ADNOC to bring its production from the current 2.5-3.0 mb / s to 5 mb / s by 2030. How will this fit in with OPEC’s production restriction policy? It looks like the UAE assumes that by 2030 there will be no restrictions, or OPEC, or both.

    “Certainties” interfere with covid

    “Uncertainty” is the most frequently used term in analytical materials of all topics and levels.“One of the biggest dangers we face is extreme uncertainty,” said IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva, speaking at a videoconference hosted by the US Council on Foreign Relations.

    The head of the IMF also added in her speech: “So much depends on the pandemic, which is currently being affected by uneven progress in vaccination and new strains of the virus.”

    The situation with the virus really remains extremely confusing.A “third wave” of infection has emerged in Europe. Germany, Europe’s largest oil consumer, has extended the quarantine until April 18. A third of the French are in quarantine for a month. Much of Italy, including its capital Rome and the financial center Milan, has restrictions on business and travel. Locks were also tightened in Austria, Norway and Switzerland.

    Traffic in Berlin, Paris and Rome has plummeted with the new restrictions, according to Reuters. The use of public transport in Paris decreased by 51%.

    Supplies of diesel fuel and gas oil from the US to Europe fell to zero in the week of March 22-28 due to weak demand.

    The appearance of the next wave is natural, because in the spring there is always an increase in respiratory diseases. The problem is the need for restrictions, previously no lockouts were introduced during the flu.

    In the USA, the situation is special. The head of the US Centers for Disease Control and Dissemination (CDC), Rochelle Walenski, at a press conference on March 29 with tears in her eyes, said that she felt “impending doom” amid the growing incidence of COVID-19 in the country and warned Americans about the fourth wave of the pandemic.Walenski reported a sharp increase in the incidence in Michigan and South Dakota and the need to comply with quarantine restrictions.

    Meanwhile, in Texas, where all restrictions have been lifted, the incidence is declining.

    Thus, the demand for petroleum products in the US and Europe will largely depend on whether the Biden administration and European leaders succeed in getting people to spend another summer locked up or not. In the Netherlands, a demonstration against covid restrictions was dispersed with water cannons.

    OPEC + agreed to increase production at the request of the United States

    OPEC + countries in such a situation have to wait for the outcome of someone else’s battle, therefore all forecasts about the organization’s April meeting were inclined in favor of maintaining all restrictions. However, at a meeting on April 1, a coalition of 23 countries led by Saudi Arabia and Russia agreed to increase production by 350,000 barrels per day in May, add the same volume again in June and raise production by 450,000 barrels per day in July, told reporters after meeting KSA Energy Minister, Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman.In addition, Saudi Arabia will move away from voluntary production cuts of 1 million barrels per day, adding 250,000 barrels per day in May, 350,000 in June and 400,000 in July, he said.

    It is not yet known for certain why the OPEC countries decided to increase production, although the prices did not reach the levels of the budgetary break-even of the OPEC countries. Perhaps the Arabs and Russia were frightened by the growth of shale production in the United States, but it seems that the Biden administration asked for an increase in production, for which the low price of gasoline is important for putting pressure on its own oil workers.In any case, according to Bloomberg, on the eve of the OPEC + meeting, US Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm called Prince Abdulaziz and in the conversation emphasized “the importance of international cooperation to provide consumers with affordable and reliable energy sources.” According to Platts, it was Abdulaziz bin Salman at the OPEC + meeting who made an unexpected proposal to increase production at a time when a tough option for Algeria was being discussed with an extension of the current quotas for another two months.

    Since supply / demand balances in a narrow range around 1 million bpd, it is not possible to predict the development of the market situation.So, after the publication of the news about the growth of OPEC + production, the price of oil rose by one dollar, although according to all the canons of the market it should have fallen.

    Glenloch Energy suggests targeting the break-even price

    In a regular review of the world oil market, Glenloch Energy analysts, in their discussion of the long-term oil price, suggest focusing on the break-even price and give the following chart:

    The OPEC countries have a budget balancing around $ 65 per barrel, Russia needs $ 40.

    Breaking even for the budget is the goal to which, in theory, the oil-producing countries should strive, but not the barrier below which they cannot fall, which was shown by the OPEC + decision on April 1.

    Russia and Saudi Arabia, the two largest producers outside the United States, have production costs of $ 3.40 and $ 2.80 per barrel, respectively. For Russia, the figure in the Glenloch Energy survey is given with reference to the “Russian Federation Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation”, International Monetary Fund, February 2nd 2021.Earlier, Russian officials called the break-even threshold around $ 15 per barrel, and the figure of $ 3.40 was presented as lifting costs, the cost per well, without all the associated costs.

    According to the latest study by the Dallas Federal Reserve, American shale requires an average of $ 23 to $ 32 per barrel to cover production costs depending on the field, and the average oil price required to drill a new well cost-effectively is now $ 52 / barrel.

    So far, no reason is really seen why oil prices could significantly move out of the range of $ 50-70 per barrel. The largest US shale players Exxon and Chevron have sharply reduced drilling in the Permian basin compared to last year, Reuters reported. These two large companies accounted for 28% of Perm drilling activity in the spring of 2020, Rystad said, and this share has now dropped to less than 5%. “We basically hit the pause button,” said Chevron CFO Pierre Breeber.

    According to Breber, Chevron will increase spending in the Permian Basin from $ 2 billion currently to $ 4 billion a year “over the next few years,” but the company will not increase its drilling in Perm this year. The company currently operates about five rigs in Perm with two completion crews, up from just under 20 a year ago.

    “Despite the fact that prices are rising and key fundamentals are strengthening and recovering, we are not out of the crisis yet,” said Breber.“So this year we will stick to our budget,” he said.

    Exxon CEO Darren Woods recently announced that the company will use the additional revenue to reduce debt rather than fund additional drilling. Exxon had seven Perm rigs in early March and said it plans to keep seven to ten rigs operational this year, significantly less than 60 rigs at this time last year.

    Several years before the sharp increase in production by the majors. Chevron expects to produce about 1 million barrels a day by 2025 and Exxon 700,000 barrels a day by 2025, the companies said on Investor Days this month.

    Perm has a huge stock of unfinished wells, there is no need to rush.

    But the caution of the majors does not mean the same behavior of the smaller companies. According to the Financial Times and Refinitiv, in the first two and a half months of 2021, shale producers managed to raise a total of more than $ 20 billion on the market – a record since 1996.amount, according to the telegram channel “Raw needle”. For example, “as if” bankrupt Chesapeake Energy issued promissory notes in the amount of $ 1 billion in February.

    Analysts at Glenloch Energy provide a graph of the growth in the number of oil rigs in the United States this year, which confidently means an increase in production and demand for oil.

    In the short term, covid uncertainty allows any forecast to be made. Before the meeting of the organization, the OPEC Technical Committee proposed two scenarios for the current year.In the baseline scenario, oil consumption will increase by 5.6 million barrels per day, and the global oil market will remain in short supply: demand will exceed production by 0.8 million barrels per day.

    In the second, alternative scenario, the growth in oil demand will amount to only 4.1 million bpd, and instead of a deficit, the market will have a surplus of supply of 0.6 million bpd.

    These insignificant deficits / surpluses are easily offset in both directions by the production of third-party participants, first of all, Iran, which recently signed a 25-year cooperation agreement with China.Analysts are confident that the basis of the contract for the supply of Iranian oil to China at a discount to the price of a barrel of Brent is 4-6 dollars.

    Reuters, citing data from Refinitiv Oil Research, reports that this year China has sharply increased purchases of Iranian oil. Analysts at SVB Energy estimate the supply at 1 million barrels per day. Other sources say 0.6 million barrels per day. Against the background of 10.85 mb / s of China’s oil imports in 2020, this is quite a decent figure.

    Nobody knows exactly how much oil Iran actually supplies to China, but traders complain about a sharp drop in demand.”The demand for Urals, West African oil and CPC Blend just evaporated,” one oil trader in Asia told Reuters.

    Look into the distance

    In the current situation, long-term forecasts, cleared of the influence of covid and the Iranian-Sino-American oil games, make more sense than short-term forecasts.

    Analysts at Glenloch Energy draw attention to the IEA’s March annual oil market forecast “Oil – 2021” with a graph of long-term oil demand.

    The IEA is currently forecasting slower oil demand growth in 2020, but much higher demand growth in the first half of the 2020s. The IEA predicts oil demand at 104.1 million barrels per day in 2026, a level previously expected to reach a stable level of demand in 2030.

    “This update brings the IEA’s 2026 forecast in line with last year’s long-term OPEC forecast, which means that the two forecasts we consider to be the most reliable are now aligned over the medium term,” the survey said.At the same time, the IEA emphasizes that the forecast is based on current economic policy and does not meet the mid-century goal of zero net emissions (!). That is, the demand for oil is growing until 2040, carbon neutrality is a side effect.

    Even more interesting is Glenloch Energy’s long-term forecasts for oil reserves. They are naturally related to the assumed supply / demand balances.

    The review proposes three scenarios: April 2020, End of OPEC +, and No Limits.

    Scenario “April 2020”

    This scenario represents the most aggressive interpretation of the supply constraint.Under this scenario, OPEC + will maintain the supply cutoff schedule agreed from April 2020 until April 2022. This implies a retention of 6 million barrels per day from the market for the entire period. Actual production by OPEC + will remain virtually unchanged until the end of the year, and formal relaxation of production restrictions will compensate for existing overproduction in Russia.

    In this scenario, the oil market will remain in deficit, which will increase as demand recovers.Oil stocks in storage will fall to a multi-year average in mid-2021 and will continue to decline from that point on.

    As a result, prices may jump as soon as real demand starts to return.

    This scenario does not seem realistic, and this may be why OPEC has adopted a policy of monitoring the market and making adjustments on a monthly basis, rather than sticking to the original schedule.

    End of OPEC + Scenario

    This is a middle ground scenario in which OPEC maintains planned supply restrictions, but when the agreement ends, non-OPEC countries return to production at maximum capacity.

    Under this scenario, the market will balance during May and June, but then revert to widening deficits in the second half of the year as demand recovers.

    Inventories will return to 2019 levels by the end of the year, and will continue to fall sharply from that point on.

    No Limit Scenario

    This scenario is intended to represent the opposite of the April 2020 scenario. Under this scenario, the agreement between the OPEC + group of countries is violated, and all participants will return to maximum production in May 2020.From May, the market will move to a surplus, which will remain until the growth in demand exceeds it in 2023. Global oil storages will grow steadily to 4.5 billion barrels in 2022 – the same peak they reached in 2020 at the height of the COVID pandemic. In this scenario, oil prices can be expected to fall again.

    This scenario makes it unlikely that OPEC + countries will need to maintain price levels. The likelihood of this scenario is low.

    The authors of the review describe their scenarios in this way.

    The April 2020 scenario looks neither desirable nor likely. Most likely, it is somewhere between the “End of OPEC +” and “No restrictions”. In this case, the “No Limits” scenario represents the worst-case scenario for the market. We can certainly expect the current OPEC + supply restrictions to ease in the second half of the year.

    One common feature that emerges from all scenarios is the market balance after 2022, when real demand is projected to resume its growth.In all cases, current data show that the supply deficit will grow, which should stimulate a return on investment in the industry next year.

    According to IRTTEK analysts, any scenarios can be considered, except for a shortage of supply. An increase in oil prices in the event of a decrease in reserves below the average level in OECD countries will instantly revive production, primarily shale, and at the same time in the Gulf countries. Torbjorn Tornqvist, chairman and chief executive officer of oil trader Gunvor Group Ltd: “There is a lot of spare capacity inside OPEC.There is a lot of oil in the ground, which can arrive in a relatively short time if the price is right. ” And in China, which last year outstripped the United States in terms of refining capacity, four large petrochemical complexes are currently being built, which this year will increase the country’s refining capacity by 1.2 million bpd. That is, China is also confident that it will have enough oil.

    Material prepared

    Institute for the Development of Fuel and Energy Technologies (IRTTEK)

    Denmark is preparing to stop oil and gas production in the North Sea.Why is this historic event

    Photo author, Getty Images

    Denmark has decided to completely abandon the exploration of oil and gas in the North Sea in order to completely stop the production of fossil hydrocarbons by 2050. As part of this, the authorities canceled the last round of licensing for the development of deposits. “We are putting an end to the era of minerals,” said Minister of Climate and Energy Dan Jørgensen.

    Greenpeace Denmark called this decision a turning point.In October, the French company Total refused to participate in the eighth round of licensing, after which there was only one candidate left.

    Denmark is the leader in oil production among the EU countries, but lags behind Norway and Great Britain, which are not members of the European Union. In 2019, the country, according to BP, produced 103,000 barrels per day. Denmark has 20 oil and gas fields with 55 drilling platforms.

    “We are the leader in oil production in the EU, and our decision will resonate around the world,” Jørgensen said.

    The Ministry of Energy has calculated that Denmark could lose 13 billion kronor ($ 2.1 billion) due to the current decision.

    Analysis

    BBC Reporter Adrien Murray

    Denmark’s decision is historic. Dan Jørgensen told the BBC that no major oil-producing country has yet decided to take such a step.

    Denmark considers itself one of the leaders in the fight against climate change, but oil production has not contributed to this image.

    Since the 1970s, the country has earned billions of dollars from fields in the North Sea. Large incomes made it possible to release large social programs.

    “We want to be climate neutral by 2050. And if we want to be believed, then this is a necessary decision,” said Jørgensen.

    Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen called the election campaign that brought the current government to power “the first climate election”. Recently, however, accusations of inaction have begun to sound.The decision by the authorities must now be proof of their commitment to fighting climate change.

    The economic factor played an important role. Due to lower oil prices and rising costs, companies have lost interest in the latest round of oil tenders. Keep in mind, however, that this industry employs 4,000 people, mostly on the west coast of Denmark.

    Jørgensen said that the focus will now be on the development of carbon capture and storage technologies, and the development of wind energy will create new jobs.

    Denmark is considered one of the most advanced countries in the fight against climate change. The country sets itself ambitious goals. By 2030, the authorities hope to reduce the level of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by 70% compared to 1990, and by 2050, bring CO2 emissions to zero.

    Photo by Getty Images

    Head of Climate and Environmental Policy at Greenpeace Helen Hagel said the country can establish itself as a leader in the green movement and inspire other countries to end addiction to climate-damaging fossil hydrocarbons.

    “This is a huge victory for the climate movement and for all those who have worked for it for so many years,” she said.

    The authorities of many countries have pledged to make more efforts in the fight against climate change. Britain aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 68% by 2030 compared to 1990, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.

    However, despite the efforts of states to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, scientists warn that there is no guarantee that the process of global warming will be reversed.

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    What is the connection between carbon dioxide and climate change?

    90,000 US ready to strike back. Shale oil production rose sharply

    15 July 2021
    5945 1

    Economy

    The 2020 oil crisis ended the shale boom in the United States – 75% of drilling rigs stopped working, producers lost every seventh barrel, and the United States ceased to be the largest oil-producing country in the world.In fact, the United States removed from the market as much as Russia and Saudi Arabia – 2 million barrels per day. Only they were not part of the OPEC + cartel. Now, with the rise in oil prices, shale producers are returning – over the past month, they have increased production by 500 thousand barrels. This is more than the OPEC + countries combined.

    Shale in the USA is quickly reviving

    • In the United States, for the first time since the 2020 crisis, there has been a steady increase in oil production. According to the Energy Information Administration, on June 9, American oil companies produced 11.4 million barrels daily..Over the past week, production increased by 100 thousand barrels, and over the last month – 500 thousand. This is more than the OPEC + countries agreed to add – 440 thousand barrels.
    • The US is still far from full recovery – last spring, miners had to shut down 75% of their rigs and cut production by 2 million barrels per day . Russia and Saudi Arabia removed exactly the same amount to balance prices in the market. However, since July last year, OPEC + has gradually begun to increase production, but the US producers were still extracting less than 11 million barrels and were in no hurry.
    • In essence, one circumstance stops them. Even now, when prices have risen above $ 70 a barrel, it is not very profitable for them to produce large volumes. The fact is that 90,003 companies sold a third of future production in advance at prices of $ 55 per barrel , analysts at IHS Markit write. Because of this, they sell the produced barrels below the market price and accumulate losses, which have already reached $ 7.5 billion, and by the end of the year may grow to 12 billion
    • This is a great gift to the OPEC + cartel, which, without doing anything, got the opportunity to restrain oil production from its main competitors – the United States.Nevertheless, by the end of the year, forward contracts will be closed and production will grow more actively. According to the US Department of Energy, it will increase by another 700 thousand barrels, up to 12.2 million barrels per day .
    • One thing can hold back American producers – now new wells are not being launched, and old ones are exhausting their potential. Large companies that have bought wells from small players do not invest their profit in production, but transfer it to the shareholders’ account. This could severely limit the potential for future production, which will also play into the hands of Russia and Saudi Arabia.

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    90,000 OPEC + members will continue production negotiations July 5

    The three-day OPEC + ministerial meeting was not crowned with success. The participants could not agree on either the volume of oil production or the duration of the new contract, which will come into force in August.The stumbling block was the position of the UAE. The discussion will continue on 5 July. Experts believe that any agreement is better than nothing.

    The ministerial meeting of the OPEC + countries, which began on June 30 and continued on July 1 and 2, ended without result, negotiations will continue on Monday, July 5, at 16:00 Moscow time, the secretariat said.

    A TASS source in OPEC + said that the ministers were faced with the task of determining the levels of oil production from August, since they have a valid plan until July.The position of the majority of the cartel members was to continue to increase production at a smooth pace and return another 2 million bpd to the market from August to December 2021. However, this decision could not be approved.

    The stumbling block was the position of the UAE, the source notes. This country has one of the most significant production capacities, almost a third of which is now idle. In addition, Abu Dhabi is implementing a plan to increase production capacity by 1 million b / d, up to 5 million b / d by 2030.

    On June 21, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak told RIA Novosti that there are currently no proposals on the volume and timing for which OPEC + will determine the parameters of the new deal. “In principle, we have different options – to accept for one month, and for several months. We can do it for a longer period, ”Novak said.

    As a reminder, the OPEC + countries have begun a gradual increase in oil production since May of this year. Until July, production increased by 1.14 million barrels per day, while the quota for Russia was increased by 114 thousand.barrels per day.

    On the date appointed for the meeting (July 1), the ministerial committee was unable to accept the final recommendation either on the volume of oil production or on the timing of the transaction, sources told Interfax. It was not possible to agree, since the UAE advocated a change in its production volumes, from which, in fact, its decline is counted within the framework of the entire OPEC + deal. The UAE authorities planned to increase base production from the current 3.168 million b / d to 3.8 million b / d.

    Let’s clarify that at present the production level, from which almost all OPEC + participants reduce production (except for Russia and Saudi Arabia), is counted from October 2018.

    At a previous meeting on June 1, members of the cartel and partners agreed to maintain the parameters of the last deal, according to which oil production in May-June should increase by 2.1 million bpd.

    Three scenarios, two – good

    Senior analyst at BCS World of Investments Vitaly Gromadin tells Gazeta.Ru that, despite all the intrigues associated with OPEC + meetings, three scenarios are traditionally seen following their results.

    The first scenario assumes that the UAE abandons its demands to revise quotas for itself, and the plan to return production by 0.4 million barrels per day, starting in August, comes into force.The second scenario – OPEC + revises the volume of base production for the UAE, from which quotas are calculated, and the plan also comes into force, that is, all parties agree, coming to an appropriate compromise.

    “And there is a third scenario with which the countries of the alliance will not come to any agreements and no decision will be made at the meeting. This scenario, in my opinion, is the most negative, ”says Gromadin.

    In this scenario, OPEC + will not increase production for the next period, the market will remain in deficit, which would seem to be positive for oil prices.“But in reality, if OPEC + does not agree, this will most likely lead to a violation of discipline among the member countries of the alliance in terms of compliance with the existing agreements and production quotas, which will significantly increase the degree of uncertainty in the market,” the expert notes.

    The thesis that it is better to agree on any terms than nothing is also true for Russia. “If there is no agreement within the OPEC + organization, this is an absolute negative for the cartel and for Russia,” concludes Gromadin.

    Sergei Suverov, chief economist of the Arikapital investment company, recalls that OPEC + makes its decisions on the volume of oil production by about 400-600 thousand bpd per month since August.

    “The oil market is now experiencing a deficit of 1-1.5 million barrels per day, while the demand for oil, based on the recovery growth of the world economy, may increase by 2-3 million. That is, the deficit in the oil market is likely will continue in the second half of the year, which will push oil prices upwards and they may well reach the level of $ 80 per barrel, ”says Suverov.

    Chief Analyst of TeleTrade Petr Pushkarev believes that the hitch for more than a day by the July decision, apparently, was initiated by the Emirates. “Not for reasons of principle, how much to raise quotas in general and whether to do it at all, but in detail, from which base to calculate the fulfillment of the quotas of the Emirates themselves and how to control the agreement,” Pushkarev clarifies.

    According to the expert, the representatives of the UAE, most likely, insisted that over the past three years they have already significantly increased their production capacities and that too low a prescribed national ceiling will not allow them to add in volumes in the same way as other countries of the Persian Gulf will actually add.

    “Even against the background of the existing disagreements, oil prices only in the last three hours on the evening of July 2 grew from $ 75.4 to $ 76 and did not try to decline,” says Pushkarev, assessing the market reaction to the very fact of the cartel meeting.

    “In case of a clear success of the meeting of OPEC + shuttles with issued quotas for 4-5 months ahead, and not just for one month, the movement of oil prices upward in the direction of $ 80 may go faster in the coming weeks. And if the quotas are prescribed only for August, then the current price corridor of $ 74-76 may persist longer, ”concludes Pushkarev from TeleTrade.

    Article 77 / ConsultantPlus

    Introduce to Federal Law of June 20, 1996 N 81-FZ “On State Regulation in the Field of Coal Mining and Use, on the Features of Social Protection of Employees of Coal Industry Organizations” (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 1996, 26, Art. 3033; 2000, N 33, Art. 3348) the following changes:

    1) in preamble :

    paragraph one shall be stated as follows:

    “This Federal Law defines the foundations of state policy in the field of extraction (processing) and use of coal (oil shale), and also regulates the relations arising from the implementation of activities in this area.The features that determine the state policy in the field of mining (processing) and the use of coal (oil shale) are as follows: “;

    after the word” extraction “in the corresponding case, add the word” (processing) “in the corresponding case, after the word” coal “in the appropriate case, add the words” (oil shale) “in the corresponding case;

    2) Article 1 shall be stated as follows:

    ” Article 1. Basic concepts

    For the purposes of this Federal Law, the following are used basic concepts:

    restructuring of the coal industry – a set of measures for restructuring the production base of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) in order to create efficiently functioning organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), providing social protection and employment released during restructuring of the coal industry c, as well as solving environmental problems associated with such restructuring;

    financial support for the restructuring of the coal industry – funds allocated in accordance with the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation for the implementation of measures to complete the restructuring of the coal industry, as well as to ensure the development and sustainable functioning of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) in order to satisfy the needs of the economy and the population for fuel;

    mining operations – a set of works (production processes) for carrying out, securing, maintaining mine workings and excavating minerals;

    elimination of the consequences of mining operations – work to liquidate mine workings and exclude access to them, to dismantle equipment, demolish buildings and structures, recultivate used land and eliminate other, including environmental, consequences of mining;

    social obligations – obligations of liquidated organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) to employees dismissed during the restructuring of the coal industry, other categories of persons in terms of ensuring measures for social guarantees provided for by this Federal Law, the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation;

    emergency and rescue services for organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) – a set of measures aimed at the implementation of preventive work on emergency and fire protection of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), for training in the safety of workers of these organizations, as well as for the implementation of emergency and urgent actions to save people, extinguish fires, eliminate the consequences of explosions, sudden emissions of coal and gas, rock bumps, collapse of rocks;

    organization for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) – a legal entity created to carry out the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), sale of coal (oil shale) and products of its processing;

    use of coal – the use of coal for combustion in furnaces of industrial, domestic heating installations, its processing in order to obtain solid, liquid and gaseous purified energy resources, products for the chemical and medical industries;

    work with hazardous working conditions – production processes and types of work carried out under the influence of difficult-to-predict manifestations of mining and geological and gas-dynamic factors that pose a threat to employees of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) and technological processes;

    work with harmful working conditions – production processes and (or) types of work, accompanied by factors that pose a threat to the health of workers;

    post-shift rehabilitation – a set of measures of medical and biological impact on the body of workers after a work shift in order to restore physical or psychophysiological disorders caused by harmful working conditions;

    ration coal – a measure of social support providing for the provision of coal for domestic needs in accordance with this Federal Law.”;

    3) in Article 2 :

    add the name after the word” mining “with the word” (processing) “, after the word” coal “add the words” (oil shale) “;

    after the word “extraction” supplement with the word “(processing)”, after the word “coal” add the words “(oil shale)”, the words “, as well as laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation” to exclude;

    4) article 3 shall be stated in the following edition:

    “Article 3.Scope of this Federal Law

    This Federal Law applies to organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), mine construction, rescue services for organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), for liquidation the consequences of mining, the provision of social guarantees to employees of these organizations, including in the context of the liquidation of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), as well as activities for state control and supervision of the safe conduct of work on the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale).”;

    5) the title of Chapter II shall be amended as follows:

    ” Chapter II. STATE REGULATION, CONTROL

    AND FINANCING OF RESTRUCTURING

    OF THE COAL INDUSTRY “;

    6) Article 4 . Article 9000. Principles of state regulation and financing of restructuring of the coal industry

    1.State regulation and financing of the restructuring of the coal industry is based on the following principles:

    the independence of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) their production and social policy within the limits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation;

    State financing of measures for restructuring the coal industry and the formation of social policy in relation to laid-off workers and their families in terms of restructuring organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), some of the shares of which were or are in federal ownership during the liquidation period;

    Provision of additional (over and above the statutory) social support for workers dismissed during the liquidation of coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations, at the expense of these organizations, as well as federal budget funds allocated for financial support of measures to restructure the coal industry.

    2. Financing of measures for the restructuring of the coal industry is carried out at the expense of the federal budget in accordance with this Federal Law, the federal law on the federal budget for the corresponding year, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the own funds of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale).

    3. The list of measures for the restructuring of the coal industry and the procedure for their financing are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

    4. The restructuring of the coal industry, affecting the activities of federal state unitary coal mining enterprises, is carried out in compliance with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation by decision of the Government of the Russian Federation.

    5. The restructuring of the coal industry, affecting the activities of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) of other organizational and legal forms, is carried out in compliance with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation at the expense of the owner of the organization.”;

    8) Articles 6 , 7 , 8 shall be declared invalid;

    9) Article 9 shall be amended as follows:

    ” Article 9. State regulation of coal quality ( oil shale)

    1. In order to ensure the quality of coal (oil shale) and improve the safety of life and health of citizens, environmental safety when using coal (oil shale), national standards and standards of mining (processing) organizations are developed in the prescribed manner coal (oil shale) for coal, oil shale and products of their processing.

    2. Confirmation of the conformity of coal products with the approved national standards and standards of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by federal legislation. “;

    10) Article 10 shall be amended as follows:

    “Article 10. Obligatory statistical, accounting and other reporting of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale)

    Organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), regardless of their forms of ownership, must also provide information on production – of a technical and economic nature, including in the field of labor protection and safety of mining operations, to the federal executive body in the field of energy in accordance with the list, forms and in the manner established by the federal executive bodies, which are entrusted with the approval of the forms of accounting lter and statistical reports and instructions for their completion.”;

    11) in article 11 :

    add the name after the word” coal “with the words” (oil shale) “;

    after the word” coal “add the words” (oil shale) “;

    12) in article 12 :

    add the name after the word “coal” with the words “(oil shale)”;

    after the word “coal” in the appropriate case add the words “(oil shale)” in the corresponding case;

    13) the title of Chapter III shall be amended as follows:

    “Chapter III.SPECIFIC FEATURES OF LABOR PROTECTION,

    INDUSTRIAL SAFETY OF WORKS FOR MINING

    (PROCESSING) OF COAL (FUEL OIL SHALE) “;

    14) 13. coal (oil shale) mining (processing)

    Features of mining, coal (oil shale) mining (processing), continuous movement of jobs and constantly changing conditions at these jobs, the complexity of mining and geological conditions the occurrence of coal seams, the negative impact of coal (oil shale) mining (processing) on ​​the earth’s surface and the environment make it necessary to establish the following safety principles:

    priority of human and environmental safety;

    state regulation of norms and rules for safe work;

    Creation of safe and healthy working conditions at every workplace, ensuring the safe conduct of technological processes in accordance with the rules and regulations for safe mining (processing) of coal (oil shale).”;

    15) Article 14 shall be amended as follows:

    ” Article 14. State regulation of norms and rules for the safe conduct of work on the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale)

    Rules of safe conduct mining operations that are mandatory for coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations are determined by technical regulations adopted in accordance with federal legislation.”;

    16) article 15 after the words” for mining “add the word” (processing) “, after the word” coal “add the words” (oil shale) “;

    17) article 16 state in as follows:

    “Article 16. Emergency and rescue services for organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale)

    Organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), regardless of their form of ownership, are subject to mandatory rescue service on a contractual basis.The procedure for the functioning of the emergency rescue service for organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), taking into account the indicators of the risk of accidents, catastrophes in these organizations, is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. “;

    18) to supplement with article 16.1 of the following content:

    “Article 16.1. Labor protection and production control service

    Coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations create a unified labor protection and production control service.”;

    19) title of Chapter IV after the word” coal “add the words” (oil shale) “;

    20) Articles 17 and 18 invalidate;

    21) Article 19 shall be stated as follows:

    “Article 19. Protection of the health of employees of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), employed in work with hazardous and (or) harmful working conditions

    1.Workers engaged in heavy work and work with hazardous and (or) harmful working conditions for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) undergo post-shift rehabilitation, as well as periodic, at least once every two years, medical examination; are provided with treatment for diseases caused by the specified work.

    2. The costs of post-shift rehabilitation, periodic medical examination and treatment of the workers specified in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be reimbursed at the expense of the organizations of the coal (shale) industry.

    3. The procedure and conditions for post-shift rehabilitation, periodic medical examination and treatment of workers engaged in heavy work and work with hazardous and (or) harmful working conditions for coal mining are determined by the federal health authority. “;

    22) Article 20 shall be declared invalidated;

    23) Article 21 shall be amended as follows:

    “Article 21. Social support for employees of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale)

    1.Social support for employees and retirees of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) is established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, agreements, collective agreements at the expense of these organizations.

    2. Organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) provide free ration coal to the following categories of employees living in houses with stove heating, at their own expense:

    employees of the organization;

    retirees whose pensions were assigned in connection with work in these organizations;

    disabled workers, disabled by a general disease, if they enjoyed the right to receive ration coal before the onset of disability;

    families of deceased (deceased) employees of these organizations, if their wife (husband), parents, children and other disabled family members receive a survivor’s pension;

    widows (widowers) of former employees of these organizations.”;

    24) Article 22 shall be amended as follows:

    ” Article 22. Compensation in the event of the death of an employee of an organization for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) engaged in work with hazardous and (or ) harmful working conditions

    In the event of the death of an employee of an organization for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), employed in work with hazardous and (or) harmful working conditions, or in the event of the death of a disabled person due to an injury received at work, each family member of the victim who was dependent on him, in addition to compensations provided for by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and other federal laws, is paid a lump sum at the expense of the funds of these organizations in the manner and on the terms determined by agreements, collective agreements.”;

    25) Article 23 shall be reworded as follows:

    ” Article 23. Social support for workers dismissed during the liquidation of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale)

    1. Over the established the legislation of the Russian Federation on labor measures of social support to employees who are dismissed during the liquidation of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), who have at least five years of work experience in such organizations on the day of dismissal and the right to retirement benefits in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, a one-time allowance is provided in the amount of fifteen percent of the average earnings for each year of work in organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale).

    2. Employees released during the liquidation of coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations located in the Far North and equivalent areas, who have worked underground for at least ten years and have reached retirement age, are provided with housing in a new place residence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

    3. For employees entitled to retirement benefits in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and work experience of at least ten years in organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), subdivisions of paramilitary emergency rescue units, mine construction organizations, upon dismissal in connection with the liquidation of these organizations, additional pension provision (non-state pensions) is envisaged.

    4. When liquidating mines (open-pit mines) of the coal industry, subdivisions of paramilitary emergency rescue units, free ration coal is provided to the following categories of persons if they live in coal-mining regions in houses with stove heating and enjoyed this right before liquidation:

    families of the victims ( deceased) workers of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) and units of paramilitary emergency rescue units in the performance of their work duties, if the wife (husband), parents, children and other disabled family members of these workers receive a pension in case of loss of breadwinner ;

    pensioners who have worked for at least ten years in mines (open-pit mines), units of paramilitary rescue units, whose pensions have been assigned in connection with work in coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations and units of paramilitary rescue units;

    widows (widowers) of former employees of organizations;

    For disabled workers, disabled for a general disease, if they enjoyed the right to receive ration coal before the onset of disability.

    5. The employees released during liquidation have the priority right to purchase production facilities of liquidated coal (oil shale) mining (processing) organizations or to rent them for organizing entrepreneurial and individual labor activities. “;

    26) Article 24 shall be stated as follows:

    “Article 24. Sources of financing for social support measures

    Social support measures provided for in Article 23 of this Federal Law shall be carried out:

    at the expense of the federal budget funds envisaged in the federal budget for restructuring the coal industry – upon the liquidation of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale), a part of the shares of which was or is in federal ownership during the period of their liquidation;

    at the expense of its own funds – upon liquidation of organizations for the extraction (processing) of coal (oil shale) of other forms of ownership.”;

    27) in Article 25 :

    add the name after the word” coal “with the words” (oil shale) “;

    after the word” coal “ add with the words” (oil shale) ”

    90,000 Commentary: Coronavirus has dramatically brought the end of the oil age closer | Comments from DW Columnists and Guest Contributors | DW

    In the Russian media and Russian-language social networks in recent days, in my opinion, they have gotten too carried away with calculating which country, by how many millions or hundreds of thousands of barrels from what level and for how long, intends to reduce oil production as part of the new OPEC + deal and attempts to agree her with the G20.Here there is a danger of losing sight of the essence of what is happening.

    And it is not at all in the size and timing of quotas, and even less in the question of whether the decision of Russian President Vladimir Putin, who followed the insistent advice of the head of Rosneft Igor Sechin, to withdraw from the previous OPEC + deal was a mistake.

    Vladimir Putin lost the oil blitzkrieg

    Russia did it on March 6 in the hope of delivering a powerful blow to its main competitors in the world oil market: the United States, with its shale production, and Saudi Arabia, with its very high oil prices. the state budget.The statements made then by the press secretary of Rosneft Mikhail Leontyev and the Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation Anton Siluanov left no doubt that these were the reasons. Such a geostrategic calculation became a cardinal mistake of Vladimir Putin, about which I already had a chance to write on the fresh trail of events.

    Andrey Gurkov, economic commentator Deutsche Welle

    Instead of a triumphant victory, Russia got a price war, which was immediately unleashed against it by the ambitious and ready to go all-in, the young Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud, who promised to flood the world and especially the European market, traditionally the most important for Russian energy exports, oil at dumping prices.

    Just a month later, on the night of April 10, Russia surrendered, agreeing to a new OPEC + deal with significantly more disadvantageous terms than it could have had, remaining within the original deal and adjusting the volume of reductions as the crisis due to COVID- 19. So Vladimir Putin clearly lost this oil blitzkrieg.

    Black gold loses its value

    But, I repeat, this is not the point.We realize the main thing: the efforts of the OPEC cartel and Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, which have joined it, as well as a number of other producers, are aimed at reducing oil production, since the world economy simply does not need such a quantity, which leads to falling prices. Moreover, 23 countries have been reducing supply since 2017, when the first OPEC + deal entered into force, and the surplus on the world market of what was called “black gold” in the 20th century continued to grow.

    And this, let’s not forget, in a situation when such potentially large suppliers as Venezuela, Iran and Libya, for various reasons, are already producing significantly less than they could.

    The conclusion is clear: in the 21st century, with its fight against climate change, energy efficiency, renewable energy, electric cars, and the movement against plastic that pollutes the world’s oceans, it simply does not require as much oil as energy companies are able to extract today around the world using traditional and unconventional methods. whether from American shale rocks or Canadian oil sands.

    The coronavirus pandemic, which has catastrophically collapsed global energy demand, has only greatly exacerbated the already inexorably growing global overproduction of oil.And for a long time. Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said that on April 9, at the negotiations on a new OPEC + deal, two, three and even four years were considered. This means that some participants seriously admitted that the period of extremely low oil demand could last until 2024!

    OPEC + deal may fail

    In the end, we agreed on two years, until May 2022. But is there any confidence that by that time demand will indeed recover at least to the level of the end of 2019? That there will again be as many planes with tourists and business travelers in the sky as there were before the pandemic, and there will be as many container ships on the seas, delivering, as before, countless goods from China to America and Europe?

    And where is the confidence that the deal, the fate of which continued to hang in the balance due to the stubborn reluctance of Mexico to reduce the volume offered to it, will last for two whole years and each of its participants will certainly strictly observe the quotas allocated to it? The argumentation of the Mexican side draws attention to itself: they say, we have invested so much in increasing oil production that we want to finally get a return.And the rest did not invest? Do they not want to return at least something to them, too?

    In short, the probability of violation and even collapse of the new OPEC + deal, if it takes place at all, is very high. And in this case, all its member states, not to mention companies from countries that have remained aside, such as the United States, Canada, Brazil, Norway, will try to sell as much as possible at any price – or, at high production costs, they will be forced to leave the market, they will simply go bankrupt.

    The oil industry will not invest in its development

    But even if the most brutal form of a war of annihilation by collective efforts of exporters can still be avoided, the very fact of the OPEC + deal being agreed upon, implying an unprecedented, by about a quarter, decline in oil production for a long time or even, perhaps forever, signifies a conscious, man-made approach to the end of the oil age.

    After all, who in the face of severe production cuts would want to invest huge amounts of money in the development of the industry, in the construction of new, especially hard-to-reach deposits? Russia, for example, can now forget about its extremely costly plans to develop oil reserves in the Arctic. In the meantime, the world oil industry will stagnate and wait for better times, the most advanced economies of the planet will continue to move along the path they have already stepped on: along the path of decarbonization, rejection of fossil fuels.

    Russia is forced to get off the oil needle

    The Stone Age, as the popular expression says, did not end because of a shortage of stones. They just had to give way to new technologies. The oil age won’t end because of the coronavirus, but COVID-19 will dramatically accelerate its end. The pandemic halted the development of the industry and at the same time dealt a severe blow to a number of key consumers of petroleum products. The cheapness of fuel for these industries is unlikely to help much now: the virus that has entered our lives forever will impose profound structural changes on air, sea and road transport.

    In Russia, they talked for a long time about the need to get off the oil needle. And then suddenly the coronavirus knocked her out of her hands. Now the entire business model of the country will have to be urgently changed. Moreover, in extremely unfavorable conditions: foreign exchange earnings are declining, the economy is plunging into a deep recession, and because of quarantine, the death of Russian small and medium-sized businesses is rapidly accelerating, which should be one of the key elements of this new model. So a country that could be a very large business partner of Germany and the European Union urgently needs large-scale and bold reforms.

    Author: Andrey Gurkov, economic commentator Deutsche Welle

    The commentary expresses the personal opinion of the author. It may not coincide with the opinion of the Russian editorial staff and Deutsche Welle in general.

    See also:

    • Climate protection in Germany: government program until 2030

      Closure of coal-fired power plants

      The German government decided by 2038 to stop using coal in the electric power industry – the most harmful fossil energy source for the climate.Already in 2022, the total capacity of coal-fired power plants will be reduced by a quarter. Those that run on imported coal will be closed at an accelerated pace. For the curtailment of brown coal mining, a number of regions of Germany will receive multibillion-dollar compensation.

    • Climate protection in Germany: government program until 2030

      Development of renewable energy

      By 2030, 65% of electricity consumed in Germany should be generated from renewable sources (RES), primarily with the help of wind and sun.At the time of the adoption of the program in September 2019, this figure was about 43%. Among the measures to stimulate the development of renewable energy sources is an increase in the material interest of local authorities in the installation of wind generators on their territory.

    • Climate protection in Germany: the government’s program until 2030

      Introduction of CO2 certification

      Anyone who emits significant amounts of greenhouse gases has to pay for it.This is the meaning of the CO2 certification system introduced in the European Union back in 2005 for industrial enterprises. In Germany, from 2021, companies selling various types of fuel to consumers will also be required to acquire such certificates. As a result, it should rise in price.

    • Climate protection in Germany: government program until 2030

      Increase in fuel prices

      The price of CO2 certificates, according to the government program, will steadily increase in 2021-25.This should lead to a gradual rise in the price of, in particular, gasoline and diesel at filling stations. The goal of the government program is to encourage motorists to use petroleum products more economically and, ultimately, to switch to environmentally friendly modes of transport.

    • Climate protection in Germany: the government’s program until 2030

      Promotion of electromobility

      The German government has expanded and extended to 2025 the incentive program for the purchase of all-electric cars and plug-in hybrids.Thus, the discount on electric vehicles at a price of up to 40 thousand euros has been increased from 4 to 6 thousand euros, for more expensive models it is 5 thousand euros. At the same time, it was decided to install 50 thousand new public charging stations in 2020-21.

    • Climate protection in Germany: the government’s program until 2030

      Tax increase on air tickets

      Aircraft engine emissions are highly contributing to the greenhouse effect, which is why the German government is striving to reduce the number of air travel, especially within Germany and Europe.One of the points of the climate protection program is an increase in the tax on air tickets from April 1, 2020. In particular, by 5.65 euros to 13.03 euros when departing from airports in Germany on intra-European routes.

    • Climate protection in Germany: the government’s program until 2030

      Tax incentives for the railway

      The more passengers prefer cars, intercity buses and electric train planes, the better for the climate, according to the German government.One of the points of his program is the reduction of VAT on railway tickets from 19% to preferential 7% from January 1, 2020, and, as a result, their cost reduction on long-distance trains by 10%. Lost taxes are compensated to the treasury by the tax on air passengers.

    • Climate protection in Germany: government program until 2030

      Ban on diesel heating in homes

      Significant CO2 emissions occur when heating buildings. In many German houses, primarily individual ones, heating systems using fuel oil or diesel fuel are still operating, often very old and ineffective.The state is ready to undertake 40% of the costs of replacing them with modern environmentally friendly technologies. And from 2026, the installation of diesel boilers will be banned altogether.

    • Climate protection in Germany: government program until 2030

      Supporting energy-efficient housing

      The more energy-efficient technologies are used in a building, the less energy is required to heat it. Therefore, from 2020, the German government, as part of the climate protection program, will provide tax incentives to all homeowners for installing energy-efficient double-glazed windows in windows and for thermal insulation of walls and roofs.

      Author: Andrey Gurkov

    90,000 Terrorists strike uranium mining in Ukraine

    Due to the stoppage of the supply of chemical raw materials and industrial explosives, as a result of terrorist hostilities in the ATO zone, uranium mines and processing plants were suspended for a month. This was announced on Wednesday, speaking at the XII International Energy Forum, by the General Director of the State Enterprise “Eastern Mining and Processing Plant” Alexander Sorokin, LIGABusinessInform reports.

    “Due to the situation on the territory of Ukraine, there were interruptions in the supply of raw materials. As it turned out, chemicals that are extremely important for uranium enterprises are produced at chemical plants in eastern Ukraine. Explosives were produced in the Luhansk region. This caused serious problems – a shutdown. uranium mines and a uranium processing plant. In fact, the enterprises have stopped for a month, “he said.

    Read also:

    During the last month, uranium production has been restored thanks to the supply of scarce raw materials from China.”Nevertheless, we are solving this problem, we find explosives. We partially buy chemicals in China,” Sorokin added.

    According to him, now the enterprises that produced the chemical, in particular, ammonium carbonate, do not function in Ukraine. Thus, the uranium industry has become dependent on imports, which will negatively affect the profitability of production.

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