Can adderall cause memory loss: Adderall Neurotoxicity: How Dangerous Is It?
Adderall Neurotoxicity: How Dangerous Is It?
Table of Contents
How Adderall Works
The combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine works in the brain to increase three main chemicals.Serotonin: This neurotransmitter is involved in managing your sleep-wake cycle, your metabolism and appetite, and moods and emotions, among other things. While it is present in your brain, it’s actually more concentrated in the gut and regulates your digestive system. For the purposes of Adderall, it’s also helpful with cognition and helps you concentrate and stay focused.Norepinephrine: This chemical is a stress hormone1https://www.hormone.org/your-health-and-hormones/glands-and-hormones-a-to-z/hormones/norepinephrine and neurotransmitter. If you have a stressful situation, this chemical will increase blood sugar levels and blood pressure to prepare you for the situation. Higher levels of norepinephrine can also cause you to feel euphoric, help increase attention and focus, and improve your memory. Dopamine: Often referred to as the reward hormone, dopamine is responsible for helping with motivation and desire, as well as regulating moods. It also is an essential part of moderating functions like sleep and learning, movement, alertness, and blood flow.Each chemical plays an essential role in the brain and body’s functionality of the body. In some people, there aren’t enough of one or more of these chemicals. Adderall is a medication that helps boost the levels, which can make it easier to stay calm and focused.
What Is Adderall Neurotoxicity?
Dopamine is the active chemical in Adderall neurotoxicity. Normally, your body produces dopamine as a pleasure response and this makes you feel happy. This may occur when you win a game, eat something you love, or do something else that makes you feel happy. Once the event is over, the dopamine is absorbed into the brain’s receptors and stored until you do something else that stimulates it to be released once more. When you take Adderall, it causes a huge amount of dopamine to be created. This means it’s hard for the brain to reabsorb and the natural process is disrupted. This can actually cause negative effects. Instead of simply absorbing the dopamine, the brain will try to create balance by reducing the amount of receptors it contains. This helps resolve the immediate problem, but the drug will eventually wear off. At this point, the body is actually incapable of producing the proper amount of dopamine and absorbing it correctly.The negative effect that Adderall may have on your brain can drastically affect your body. People find that it becomes impossible to feel happy unless they’re taking the drug, making it addictive. If they do stop taking it completely, there are some pretty severe side effects, including:
- Panic attacks
- Loss of appetite or increased appetite
- Stomach issues
- Loss of memory
- Loss of motor control
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty thinking
These side effects come about from withdrawal and encourage people to continue taking the drug. It may also cause them to begin taking more than they were prescribed in an attempt to feel better and happier. This can easily spiral into a cycle of regularly abusing the drug.
Long Term Adderall Effects
Adderall is often prescribed for long periods of time, which may cause dependency. In most cases, Adderall neurotoxicity is associated with taking higher doses than usual, but it may also appear if someone is taking the proper dosage over a long period of time.Over time, even if a doctor has prescribed the drug, Adderall causes dependency. It’s considered a physical dependency because it changes the way the brain works. Rather than produce the neurotransmitters on its own normally, the brain becomes accustomed to the drug managing these levels instead. The proper production and reabsorption of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine are no longer managed by the brain. If you stop taking the drug when your brain is unable to manage the hormones any longer, you will experience severe withdrawal. Most people will crave the drug and need to take it again, even if they know it’s best to get off it.When it’s not possible to easily stop the drug, it becomes an addiction. This is something that may be very difficult to deal with on your own. Fortunately, there is help available.Are you dealing with an addiction to Adderall or another medication? You don’t need to do this on your own. Contact Windward Way Recovery today to get some help.
Is Adderall Toxicity Dangerous?
Adderall can cause issues with your central nervous system and changes the way it functions. This can certainly be dangerous, but it can also affect your entire life, not just your health.Abusing Adderall by taking more and more of it in order to get its effects can result in central nervous system damage. This may cause one or more of the following issues: Parkinson’s Disease: This causes people to shake and tremor, which can affect the quality of life over time as it worsens .Loss of Memory: Memory slips and loss of memory may occur when you use this type of drug for long periods of time or in high doses. Verbal Learning Issues: Using Adderall over time may cause difficulties with verbal learning, and this can be particularly difficult for children.The drug may also cause cognitive deficits, where you can no longer carry out the same tasks you usually would. It becomes dangerous when it begins to affect your health. Since the body may build up a tolerance for the drug, the user may begin to use more and more in order to get the same results. This can lead to some pretty serious problems, including fainting, fever, seizures, and even heart attacks. These may be deadly, depending on the circumstances.Of course, withdrawal symptoms may also be dangerous, so it’s important to consult with a doctor before you get off the drug. Some people develop paranoia or suicidal thoughts while withdrawing. This may lead to more serious actions that could cause harm or death. Aid is required when you are trying to get off the drug.
Serotonin Syndrome and Adderall
Unfortunately, the side effects may get even worse if you take medications with your Adderall. A doctor should always check for possible interactions with any drugs you take. However, taking any type of medication that will change your serotonin levels along with Adderall, is particularly dangerous, as it may result in serotonin syndrome2https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/serotonin-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20354758.This occurs when you take monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). These anti-depressants help boost serotonin levels, which can be dangerous when you take another medication designed to do the same. This may result in some very unpleasant symptoms due to serotonin syndrome.Too much serotonin can cause this syndrome. Fortunately, it does tend to disappear quickly if you stop taking the medications causing it. If it isn’t treated, though, it may cause death. It’s important to reduce the serotonin levels as soon as possible to eliminate the problem and prevent more serious issues. Serotonin syndrome symptoms include:
- Stomach upset
- Fast heart rate
- High blood pressure
- Twitching or loss of muscle control
- Muscle rigidity
- Shivering and goosebumps
- Dilated pupils
In some cases, it can become more severe and may cause a high fever, seizures, or unconsciousness. If you have any of these symptoms and are taking medication like Adderall and another serotonin booster, you need to inform your doctor immediately.Stopping Adderall cold turkey can cause a crash. This will result in cravings for the drug, as well as fatigue and unhappiness. Some people have panic attacks if they can’t get more of the medication immediately. Depression may creep in, too, though this is likely temporary due to the changes in the dopamine and serotonin levels in your brain.You should never attempt to stop Adderall without a doctor’s supervision. This is particularly true if you have been taking more than your prescribed dose. Since the higher levels affect your central nervous system more than the correct dosage, so you should expect worse side effects and more withdrawal symptoms at this point.
How to Treat Adderall Toxicity
You should never stop taking Adderall cold turkey. It’s best to speak to your doctor about how to wean off of the drug and make a plan. This will help prevent major withdrawal symptoms and may help your body recover faster.When you do decide to eliminate the drug from your system, it is best to have some support. A doctor will work with you to determine the safest method to wean you off the medication. They will first need to know all your medications and will question you about everything from Tylenol to vitamins. This will help with the treatment plan, as other medications may interfere with the Adderall.Once the doctor has a clear idea of what you are taking, they will need to do a physical exam, check your heart rate, and take your blood pressure. During this time, you’ll be asked to explain any symptoms you’re dealing with. Be open with the doctor, as they need to know everything to treat you properly.Unfortunately, there are no medications that are approved for treating Adderall toxicity. The treatment involves detoxing under supervision. This will usually take place in a treatment center where they are used to managing this type of issue. To avoid major withdrawal symptoms, you will usually be tapered off the Adderall. This means starting with a slightly lower dose than you’re used to and gradually reducing the amount over time.The effect of tapering is that your body can get used to lower and lower amounts of the medication. The withdrawal symptoms are usually manageable with this process. While it takes longer, it can help you get through the withdrawal process. It can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks for withdrawal symptoms to disappear completely.
Why Outside Help Can Be Best for Overcoming an Addiction
Sometimes, we need help to manage difficult tasks. A treatment center such as Windward Way Recovery will make the process of tapering off a medication much easier. Even moving slowly, it can be very hard to withdraw from Adderall. Your mind and body will want to take more of the drug to get the effects that you crave.A treatment center is also set up to help you through the process and to give you tools to prevent relapse. Most treatment centers offer people with addictions psychotherapy or behavioral therapy. This will help address the mental reasons you wish to take the medication. It can be difficult to adjust mentally to living without a medication that has provided a chemical equivalent of happiness.A therapist will aid you with finding coping skills that allow you to live a better, more fulfilling life without Adderall. They will also help you create a plan for when you leave the center. It’s important to have a plan for leaving since you will be in the same environment as you were previously in most cases.The longer you’ve used Adderall, the more addicted you are likely to be. In most cases, people do not do well kicking the addiction on their own, so it’s generally more successful to look for a center that will help you with rehab. For long-term recovery, consider joining a substance abuse treatment program. It will be helpful in preventing relapse.You should not assume you are completely recovered once the symptoms are gone. This is just one part of an addiction. Adderall toxicity can be quite pervasive, and you need to be committed to changing your life. For many people, the fact they feel happier and more productive while taking the medication means it can be difficult to walk away from it.Are you looking for some help with your rehab? If you suffer from Adderall toxicity, contact Windward Way Recovery to learn about how we can help you.
Adderall’s Effects on the Brain: Short-Term and Long-Term Symptoms
Adderall is a stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the short term, it can help with focus. In the long term, it can improve mood and productivity, but it can have negative side effects.
Adderall (amphetamine/dextroamphetamine) comes in two forms:
- Adderall oral tablet
- Adderall XR extended-release oral capsule
According to research, Adderall helps decrease impulsivity in people living with ADHD. It also promotes increased attention and improves the ability to focus.
Doctors may also prescribe Adderall to treat narcolepsy, since it may help people living with this condition stay awake during the day.
Since Adderall and other stimulants can help increase attention, focus, and wakefulness, they’re sometimes misused, especially by students. People trying to lose weight might also misuse these drugs, since they’re known to cause a loss of appetite.
Using Adderall for anything other than its intended purpose, especially at higher doses than prescribed by a doctor, can lead to dependency and addiction.
If you take too much Adderall, you can develop a dependency and eventually need more to experience the same effect. This can be dangerous to your health.
Adderall can not only cause changes in your brain chemistry and function, it may also lead to heart damage, digestive problems, and other unwanted side effects.
Read on to learn more about possible side effects of Adderall, how to reverse these effects, and the best way to stop taking Adderall.
Students and other people who want to get a lot of work done in a short period of time might turn to Adderall for a quick boost to their concentration and memory.
But 2018 research suggests Adderall doesn’t always have much of an effect for people who don’t have ADHD. In fact, it might even lead to memory impairment — the exact opposite of the desired effect.
Adderall can cause other unwanted side effects. When a doctor monitors your Adderall use, they can help keep track of these effects and adjust your dose to reduce or eliminate them.
Some common short-term side effects of Adderall include:
- appetite loss
- digestive problems, including nausea and constipation
- heart palpitations or rapid heartbeat
- dry mouth
- mood changes, including anxiety, agitation, and irritability
- head pain
- sleep issues
These side effects can differ from person to person. They might also vary by age. Side effects often go away after a week or two of using the drug. Some people taking Adderall at a dose prescribed by a doctor may not experience noticeable side effects.
Rarely, Adderall can cause serious side effects like delusions, hallucinations, or other symptoms of psychosis.
Some side effects, such as heart problems, mood changes, or psychotic symptoms, can be dangerous. While these symptoms may go away before long, it’s important to talk to your doctor if you have symptoms that affect your daily life, seem unusual, or make you feel concerned in any way.
Adderall can help you feel more energized, focused, motivated, and productive. You might also feel euphoric. But over time, this experience can change.
Instead, you might notice:
- weight loss
- stomach problems
- head pain
- decreased energy or fatigue
- anxiety, panic, low or irritable mood, and other emotional changes
Heart problems and increased risk for stroke
Long-term misuse of Adderall may lead to heart problems and increase your risk for stroke or heart attack.
Dependency and addiction
Another significant long-term effect of heavy Adderall use is dependence on the drug.
If you take high doses of Adderall for a long time, your brain may become dependent on the drug and eventually produce less dopamine. You might experience:
- mood changes, including low moods
You may have trouble enjoying things you usually enjoy. You’ll eventually need more Adderall to get the same effect. Over time, addiction can result.
Adderall best practices
Adderall dosage can vary, so determining what amount is considered heavy use isn’t always easy. In general, you should not:
- take more Adderall than your doctor prescribes
- take Adderall if you don’t have a prescription
- take Adderall more frequently than instructed by your doctor
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Changes in mood and libido
Over the long term, Adderall can sometimes cause changes in mood and behavior, especially when used in high doses. These changes may affect interpersonal and romantic relationships.
Some men who use Adderall feel less interested in sex or experience erectile dysfunction, especially if they take high doses for a long period of time. These side effects can also affect romantic relationships. They might also lead to frustration or other emotional distress.
Talking to a therapist about changes in mood can help, especially if Adderall otherwise helps improve ADHD or other symptoms you experience.
Long-term use of Adderall at high doses can cause significant side effects, including changes in how your brain produces neurotransmitters. But many of these side effects may be reversible once you stop taking Adderall.
Experts are still studying the potential long-term effects of Adderall, especially when it’s taken at high doses.
Some physical side effects associated with Adderall use, such as heart damage, may not improve over time.
Taking Adderall under a doctor’s supervision, at a dose prescribed by a doctor, is usually not associated with permanent brain changes.
If you experience unwanted side effects, talk to your healthcare provider. If you’ve been taking Adderall without a prescription, it’s even more important to get medical support, especially if you’re becoming dependent on the drug.
Adderall is known to be helpful for people with ADHD. It can help reduce impulsiveness and promote increased focus, concentration, and memory. But along with these beneficial effects, you could also experience unwanted side effects.
If you stop taking Adderall, these side effects usually begin clearing up within a few days, but it may take several days for the drug to completely leave your system.
If you’ve taken high doses of Adderall for a long time, you might experience withdrawal when you stop. Medical support can help you manage withdrawal symptoms as you slowly decrease usage until you’re no longer using the drug.
Stopping use suddenly isn’t recommended. Talk to your healthcare provider about tapering off Adderall. They can help determine a safe decrease in dosage and monitor and treat side effects.
Talking to a therapist can help if you’re struggling with mood changes or other mental health symptoms. Therapy can also help you work through cravings and other side effects of addiction.
Adderall is generally safe for most people to use. But it can cause side effects, some of which can be serious.
Talk to your doctor right away if you experience:
- heart palpitations
- delusions or hallucinations
- changes in mood, including irritability, depression, or anxiety
- thoughts of suicide
If any of your symptoms seem serious or make you feel concerned, talk to your healthcare provider. You should always let your doctor know about any side effects you experience while taking medication.
If you become pregnant or want to become pregnant, let your healthcare provider know right away. Adderall isn’t considered safe for use during pregnancy.
Let your doctor know about any existing health conditions before you start taking Adderall. You shouldn’t take Adderall with some medications or if you have certain health issues.
Although Adderall can cause a number of different side effects, many of these — especially those associated with long-term use — are rare when you take Adderall at a dose prescribed by your doctor.
You’re more likely to experience side effects when you take Adderall at higher doses, or if you aren’t taking Adderall to treat a specific condition.
Medical experts consider Adderall a drug that’s generally safe for many people. But it’s important to tell your doctor about any side effects you experience.
If Adderall causes unwanted side effects that affect your day-to-day functioning or quality of life, your doctor may lower your dose or suggest a different drug.
Stopping Adderall suddenly can cause other unwanted side effects. If you’re having trouble with Adderall, talk to a healthcare provider who can help you get off the drug safely.
You may worry how a healthcare provider will react if you’ve been taking Adderall, or any other drug, without a prescription. But side effects of Adderall can be serious, sometimes even life-threatening, so it’s best to get help sooner rather than later.
Drugs that reduce memory. Five groups of drugs that affect memory
Memory loss is most commonly reported as a sign of aging, a consequence of substance use, or a symptom of diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Many people do not know that episodes of forgetfulness can occur as a side effect of certain medications.
“Scientists now know that memory decline with aging is not at all inevitable,” writes Dr. Armon B. Neel, geriatric pharmacist, “In fact, the brain is capable of growing new nerve cells and rewiring connections between neurons throughout life.
In order to educate patients about the unknown side effects of certain medications, Dr. Neal has compiled a list of medications that can cause forgetfulness.
Is memory loss interfering with your life? The “culprit” may be one of these drugs.
Anti-anxiety drugs (benzodiazepines)
Representatives of : alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), flurazepam (Dalmane), lorazepam (Ativan).
These medicines are usually prescribed for anxiety, agitation, muscle spasms, delirium. They suppress the activity of certain areas of the brain, due to which they can disrupt the transfer of data from short-term to long-term memory. This is why benzodiazepines are so commonly used by anesthesiologists.
To avoid these side effects, pharmacists recommend taking benzodiazepines in short courses. If you suffer from complications associated with increased anxiety, such as insomnia, then it is better to opt for alternative treatments.
Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins)
Representatives of : atorvastatin (Lipitor), fluvastatin (Lescol), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol), rosuvastatin (Crestor), and simvastatin (Zocor).
Statins lower blood cholesterol, but can also lower cholesterol levels in the brain where it is needed. If this happens, the connections between nerve cells are disrupted.
If you are on a statin for a slight increase in blood cholesterol levels, but you do not have a diagnosis of coronary disease, a vitamin shake is a better choice.
“Talk to your doctor about this. You may be given a combination of sublingual (under the tongue) vitamin B12 (1,000 micrograms per day), folic acid (800 micrograms per day), and vitamin B6 (200 mg per day),” recommends Dr. Neil.
Antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants)
Representatives of : amitriptyline (Elavil), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), doxepin (Sinequan), imipramine (Tofranil).
These drugs are prescribed for patients suffering from depression, as well as eating disorders, chronic pain, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. More than a third of adults taking these drugs complain of memory impairment and about half of problems with concentration.
To avoid these side effects, it is worth talking to your doctor about the possibility of using non-drug treatments. Venlafaxine (Effexor) is also a good alternative because it has minimal negative effects on memory.
Hypertension medicines (beta-blockers)
Representatives of : atenolol (Tenormin), carvedilol (Coreg), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol), propranolol (anaprilin), sotalol (Betapace), timolol (Timoptic) .
Beta-blockers are used to slow the heart rate and lower blood pressure. At the same time, they can block the effects of important substances such as adrenaline and norepinephrine, leading to memory problems.
Calcium channel blockers, which are derivatives of benzothiazepine, are safer in this respect. In addition, they are often more efficient.
Hypnotics (non-benzodiazepine hypnotics and sedatives)
Representatives : eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), and zolpidem (Ambien).
These drugs help you sleep. But just like the aforementioned sedatives, they can interfere with the link between short-term and long-term memory.
“There are alternative drugs and non-drug treatments for insomnia. Talk to your doctor about them. For example, melatonin at night at a dose of 3 to 10 mg helps restore healthy sleep. However, be aware that abrupt withdrawal of sleeping pills can lead to side effects, so any changes in the course of treatment should be carried out by the attending physician, ”says Dr. Neil.
Always consult your doctor before making any changes to your medication.
Adderall and its psychoactive properties
What if a person does not want to be treated or undergo rehabilitation?
This is a very common situation, and a special approach is needed for such a person. The reason why a person does not want to be treated or undergo rehabilitation is that a person does not believe in the effectiveness of treatment or rehabilitation, believing that this is a waste of time. Such people either try unsuccessfully to quit drugs on their own, or they have undergone ineffective treatment or rehabilitation. The best way to solve this problem is to involve a rehabilitation center specialist as a consultant. Sometimes it may take a long conversation and persuasion, it’s normal to take the time to convince a person to stop using drugs and seek help, and this is not in vain.
In order to gain freedom from drugs, one must want to become free, and the specialists of our clinic can help the drug addict understand this simple truth. Thus, even in the most, at first glance, hopeless case, you can still try to convince a person and send him to rehabilitation of his own free will. Our specialists and consultants are experienced and will help in such cases.
Why do people use drugs?
The reasons are very diverse, these are both genetic and personal factors. It is naive to think that addiction is just an addiction to a particular substance. Drug addiction is a disease based on a special state of mind, and the disease is bio-psycho-socio-spiritual. The worst thing is that drug addicts realize too late that they are not just “indulging” in drugs, but can no longer live without them. Sometimes addiction develops after six months, and even a year, more often after 2-3 months, but often a person becomes addicted after the first injection. The end always comes down to this: either isolation (prison, psychiatric hospital) or death.
Need to be tough or accommodating with an addict family member?
You must strictly follow the rules that are the same for everyone. It is necessary that he knows your attitude to a particular situation and your actions. By force or persuasion, you will not force him to stop using, he must want it himself. Most often, in order for an addict to want to quit, enough time must pass, he must reach his “bottom”, that is, see all the “charms” of drug addiction and its consequences, and only after that he wants to stop using and begin addiction treatment.
How to treat drug addiction?
There are usually three stages in the treatment of drug addiction:
- Elimination of physiological dependence on drugs, relief of withdrawal symptoms (the so-called “withdrawal”) – detoxification.
- Treatment aimed at overcoming psychological dependence.
- Social rehabilitation of a former drug addict.
Why should an addict go through rehabilitation at a center and not at home?
During rehabilitation, a drug addict is still subject to a momentary impulse that can occur at any time during treatment, if during this, sometimes a short, period of time, there is no specialist nearby, everything can end in a breakdown and drug use. A simple conversation with our chemical addiction counselors can save a person and enable them to complete their rehabilitation program. Neither the parents, nor the friends of the addict, nor even the advice of a narcologist will help at this moment. It is very important that a person undergo rehabilitation in a clinic, as in this case you can observe all the changes in his behavior, help to cope with difficulties throughout the difficult path of getting rid of addiction, and ultimately lead a person to a state where he becomes stronger. own addiction and learn to live without drugs.
In addition, being in our rehabilitation centers limits a person’s social circle, which has a positive effect on treatment. It is impossible to bring drugs into the center, as this is controlled in our rehabilitation centers. Being in the center, the addict is fully focused on the passage of rehabilitation, and nothing distracts him.
What is addiction?
Addiction is an obsessive need for something, an obsession. Currently, there are many different addictions. But they are all divided into chemical and non-chemical. There are many non-chemical types of addictions, for example: gambling, Internet addiction, human addiction, food addiction and others. Chemical addictions include drug addiction and alcoholism. Addiction is a disease listed in the medical reference book of diseases. Self-treatment, as a rule, does not give results. And as in the treatment of any other serious disease, the help of qualified specialists is needed here.
What are spices, salts?
Various smoking mixtures are called spices. As a rule, this is a common pharmacy herb, for example, chamomile with a chemical applied to it. This is a very dangerous and terrible drug. The formula of a chemical is constantly changing, its impact on the human body is unpredictable. Spice, like salts, are synthetic drugs. The salts got their name because of the way they spread. Initially, this dangerous drug was presented to drug users as bath salts. It has become widespread among chemically addicted people due to its negligible price and legal (originally) sale. The use of salts and spices is instantly addictive. After the first use, a person is not able to give up the drug. The chemical composition is unpredictable and has a devastating effect on the addict’s body. Even one use can be fatal.
How can you tell if a child has started using drugs?
Often family members turn a blind eye to the fact that negative changes are taking place in the lives of loved ones. I don’t want to admit that trouble has come to the house, the psyche protects from this pain, and the parents of a drug-using child do not immediately understand that a problem has appeared in the family.
There are many signs that a child has started using drugs. Changes in behavior, lying, secrecy, “incomprehensible” acquaintances, academic failure, frequent phone calls so that no one can hear, aggression, sudden mood swings – all this indicates that it is time for parents to pay attention to their child. The eyes also betray the drug user. Pupils can be greatly dilated or, conversely, “on a dot”, depending on the type of substance that the person has used. Further signs are more obvious: money and things begin to disappear from the house, the child does not spend the night at home, and when he returns, he looks exhausted, and sleeps for a long time, weight loss.
The sooner the problem of addiction is detected, the less negative consequences will occur in life. Be more attentive to your loved ones.