Can i have period symptoms and still be pregnant: How to tell the difference
How to tell the difference
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) causes several symptoms that resemble early pregnancy. However, it is possible to differentiate between PMS and pregnancy symptoms.
Symptoms of both premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and pregnancy can vary from person to person, but they often include tenderness in the breasts, cramping, and changes in mood.
In this article, we compare the symptoms of PMS with those of early pregnancy and explore the differences between the two.
Symptoms common to both PMS and pregnancy include:
Changes in mood
Share on PinterestStomach cramps can be a symptom of both PMS and early pregnancy.
Feeling irritable, anxious, or sad, or having crying spells, are common in both early pregnancy and the days leading up to a period.
These symptoms of PMS typically disappear once menstruation begins. However, if mood changes persist and a person misses their period, this may suggest pregnancy.
Persistent feelings of sadness can indicate depression. See a doctor if low moods last for 2 weeks or more.
About 10 percent of pregnant women worldwide experience a mental health condition, depression being the most common.
Hormonal changes are a common cause of constipation in women. The fluctuations can slow down bowel movements.
Research suggests that constipation affects up to 38 percent of women during pregnancy, but it also affects many women just before their periods.
Pregnant women are most likely to have constipation in the first two trimesters, while women with PMS-related bowel problems typically experience relief after their periods begin.
Breast pain and tenderness
Breast changes are a common symptom of both PMS and early pregnancy. The changes can include:
- bumpy breast tissue
The severity of these symptoms varies among individuals.
However, in people with PMS, breast-related symptoms are usually most significant just before a menstrual period, and they typically get better during the period or just after it ends.
In early pregnancy, the breasts may feel particularly tender to the touch, and they often get heavier. The area around the nipple may sting or feel sore. Some women also develop more noticeable blue veins near the surface of the breasts.
Breast symptoms during pregnancy begin 1 or 2 weeks after conception and may persist until childbirth.
The hormone progesterone contributes to tiredness and fatigue before a period. Fatigue typically goes away once the period begins.
For women with heavy periods, excessive tiredness can last throughout the period. It may also be a sign of iron-deficiency anemia.
Fatigue is also a common symptom of early pregnancy. It often persists throughout the first trimester, and some women feel tired for the full 9 months. Difficulty sleeping and frequent nighttime urination can make pregnancy fatigue worse.
Bleeding or spotting
Light spotting or bleeding can occur in early pregnancy. This is called implantation bleeding, and it typically occurs 10–14 days after fertilization.
Many women do not experience implantation bleeding. Others may not notice it. It is much lighter than menstruation.
PMS does not typically cause spotting, although a period can be very light on the first day. Usually, menstrual bleeding lasts for 4 or 5 days, and it causes more significant blood loss than the spotting of implantation.
Cramping is common in both PMS and early pregnancy. Early pregnancy cramps are similar to menstrual cramps, but they can occur lower down in the stomach.
These cramps may persist for weeks or months during pregnancy, as the embryo implants and the uterus stretches.
Headaches and back pain
Hormonal changes can cause both headaches and back pain in early pregnancy and before the menstrual period.
Changes in appetite
Share on PinterestChanges in hormones may cause women to crave sweet foods before their period.
Increased appetite and food cravings are common symptoms of pregnancy, but they can also occur with PMS.
Many people with PMS experience increased appetite and cravings for sweet or fatty foods, or carbohydrate-rich meals. Changes in the hormones estrogen and progesterone likely influence cravings just before a period.
Research indicates that 50–90 percent of pregnant women in the United States have cravings.
Many crave specific foods and have aversions to others, finding their sight or smell deeply unpleasant. Food aversions are much less common in people with PMS.
Some pregnant women crave non-food items, such as ice or dirt. The medical term for this phenomenon is pica. Anyone with pica should speak to a doctor.
Some symptoms are more likely to indicate early pregnancy than an impending period. However, a person can only be sure by taking a home pregnancy test or visiting a doctor.
Symptoms that are likelier to signal pregnancy include:
A missed period
Missing a period is one of the most obvious signs of pregnancy. If a period is 1 week late and pregnancy is a possibility, take a pregnancy test.
Many tests are highly sensitive and can detect pregnancy hormones several days before a missed period.
However, there can be many other reasons for a missed or late period, such as:
- low body weight
- polycystic ovary syndrome
- going on or off birth control, or switching methods
- having a medical condition, such as thyroid disease or diabetes
Share on PinterestNausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy.
While mild digestive discomfort can occur just before a menstrual period, nausea and vomiting are not typical PMS symptoms.
They are, however, common symptoms of early pregnancy. Nausea affects up to 80 percent of pregnant women. Nausea and vomiting usually start before the 9th week of pregnancy.
Typically, these symptoms subside by the second trimester, but some women experience nausea throughout pregnancy.
Although breast changes can occur during both PMS and pregnancy, changes to the nipples rarely happen before a period.
If the areola, the colored area around the nipple, gets darker or larger, this can suggest pregnancy. These changes can occur as early as 1 or 2 weeks after conception.
Women who suspect that they are pregnant should take a home pregnancy test. If the result is positive, make an appointment with a doctor to confirm the pregnancy and plan the next steps.
If the test is negative, but no period occurs within 1 or 2 weeks of when it was due, it is also a good idea to see a doctor.
The doctor can help determine the reason for a late or missed period and recommend treatment options. They can also address concerns about any unusual symptoms.
PMS or Pregnant: How They’re Different
Tender breasts? Mood swings? Exhaustion?
“Wait, am I getting my period, or am I pregnant?”
One of the most common early signs of pregnancy is a missed period. But all women know, it isn’t that simple. There are a lot of subtle signs that could indicate it’s that ‘time of the month’ or that you’re pregnant—or even that something else may be going on.
“There are some distinct differences when it comes to pregnancy and premenstrual syndrome or PMS symptoms, but some can be very subtle and can vary woman to woman,” said Robin Giles, a certified nurse practitioner with Banner – University Medicine North in Tucson, AZ.
Whether you’re anxious to have a baby or not, wondering can certainly be nerve-wracking. Here are some ways to help spot the differences and next steps on what to do.
Similar symptoms of PMS and pregnancy
The signs and symptoms of PMS and early pregnancy can be similar but can vary from one woman to another. Some of the common related symptoms for the two are:
- Breast tenderness
- Increased urination
- Mood changes
- Food cravings
“Early pregnancy symptoms of breast tenderness and fatigue often mimic the symptoms of PMS,” Giles said. “However, breast tenderness and fatigue generally go away once your period starts. ”
PMS occurs in the second half of a woman’s cycle and can include physical, behavioral and emotional symptoms.
“Typically, women may have mild symptoms prior to the onset of their period each month, such as breast soreness (known as cyclical mastalgia), fatigue, bloating and decreased mood,” Giles said. “If your symptoms are more severe than that, it could be premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD, a more severe form of PMS.”
While your breasts may feel tender during PMS, they can be tender during the early stages of pregnancy as well. “You may also be pretty fatigued,” Giles added. “The key difference between the two, however, is that with pregnancy, your period doesn’t occur.”
Nausea and vomiting are symptoms that can accompany pregnancy and are often not experienced with PMS. “The nausea in early pregnancy often resolves after the 12th week of gestation,“ Giles said.
A sign your symptoms indicate something else
If you skip your cycle or have irregular periods and you’re not pregnant, there could be several other reasons. Some of the most common things to cause a change in the usual pattern can be fluctuations in your weight, hyper- or hypothyroidism, extreme stress and extreme exercise. Some hormonal methods of contraception can also affect your periods. There is a medical condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, where women often stop getting their periods or have irregular cycles.
“It’s always a good idea to see your health care provider if you’re not having a regular monthly period,” Giles said. “We can do a workup for irregular cycles or for absence of menstrual cycles (amenorrhea) that may include a blood test and a pelvic ultrasound. It’s important to get treatment for amenorrhea or irregular cycles to prevent a condition known as endometrial hyperplasia. There are many treatment options to prevent this from happening.”
If you’re not using birth control, are sexually active and your period is late or missed, it is advisable to do a home pregnancy test. If your test is negative, your doctor can help further investigate the cause for your symptoms. If your test is positive, make an appointment with your health care provider to confirm your pregnancy.
“Your provider will do a urine pregnancy test in the clinic and, if warranted, a blood test to detect the level of hCG (a pregnancy hormone),” Giles said. “It’s important that if you’re not using contraception and are sexually active that you take a prenatal vitamin, stop smoking and drinking and do not use any recreational drugs. Fetal development begins even before you may know you are pregnant.”
Schedule an appointment with an OBGYN near you.
For more helpful tips about your period and/or pregnancy, check out:
- 5 Tips for Having a Happy and Healthy Pregnancy
- Is My Period Normal? 4 Common Questions Answered
- What to Know About Implantation Bleeding
- Is My At-Home Pregnancy Test Accurate?
- 5 Ways to Relieve Morning Sickness During Pregnancy
Could this really be another pregnancy?
Learn how to tell if it’s really another pregnancy. Consider the signs that may indicate the presence of a new pregnancy, as well as possible reasons why a woman may consider herself pregnant for the second time.
Pregnancy is a special state of a woman when a new life develops in her body. However, sometimes situations arise when a woman begins to suspect that she is pregnant again, despite the fact that she has already gone through this process before. The possibility of another pregnancy causes her excitement and anxiety.
One of the signs of a possible new pregnancy may be the absence of menstruation in the expected period. However, this is not an unambiguous sign, as a delay in menstruation can be caused by other factors, such as stress, changes in diet or physical activity.
Another sign may be that the woman has symptoms of pregnancy, such as nausea, breast tenderness, drowsiness, and increased fatigue. However, these symptoms can also be caused by other reasons, so to accurately determine the presence of pregnancy, it is necessary to conduct special tests and consult a doctor.
It is important to remember that every body is unique and reacts differently to pregnancy. Some women may experience all of the traditional symptoms, while others may have little to no symptoms. Therefore, if you suspect pregnancy, you need to see a doctor to confirm your suspicions and get professional help.
Signs of pregnancy
Pregnancy is a special time in a woman’s life and there are a number of signs that may indicate pregnancy. However, each organism is individual, and in different women these signs can manifest themselves in different ways.
One of the most common signs of pregnancy is the absence of menstruation. If a woman usually has a regular cycle, then skipping her period may be the first signal of a possible pregnancy. However, it is worth noting that missed periods can also be caused by other factors, such as stress, exercise, or dietary changes.
Feeling tired and sleepy can also be a sign of pregnancy. In the first weeks of pregnancy, a woman’s body begins to produce more progesterone, which can make her feel tired. A woman may also experience frequent sleepiness or even daytime sleepiness.
One of the most well-known signs of pregnancy is nausea and vomiting, often referred to as “toxemia”. Toxicosis can manifest itself in women in different ways: for some it can be mild and pass quickly, for others it can be more intense and prolonged. However, it is worth noting that not all pregnant women experience toxicosis, and its absence does not guarantee the absence of pregnancy.
Other signs of pregnancy may include changes in taste and smell, breast tenderness, frequent urination, changes in appetite and mood. It is important to note that these signs are not always reliable indicators of pregnancy and may be due to other causes.
If pregnancy is suspected, the woman is advised to see a doctor for a pregnancy test and reliable information. Only a qualified medical specialist will be able to give an accurate diagnosis and answer all questions about pregnancy.
Likelihood of having another pregnancy
Determining the chance of having another pregnancy can be difficult as it depends on many factors. However, there are some signs and statistics that can help you gauge your chances of re-conceiving.
First, a woman’s age plays an important role. Young women are usually more likely to have another pregnancy than women over 35 years of age. This is due to the fact that as a woman ages, the quality of eggs deteriorates and their number decreases.
Secondly, the history of previous pregnancies and childbirth also affects the likelihood of re-conception. If a woman has already had a successful pregnancy and childbirth, then the likelihood of a second pregnancy increases. However, if she had problems with previous pregnancies, such as a miscarriage or a premature birth, then the chances of a second pregnancy may be lower.
Women’s general health, chronic diseases, stress levels, lifestyle and bad habits also play an important role. All of these factors can affect the likelihood of a second pregnancy.
In general, the chance of a second pregnancy may be higher or lower depending on the individual characteristics of each woman. If you have any doubts or worries about the possibility of a second pregnancy, it is recommended to consult a doctor for additional research and consultation.
Differences from previous pregnancy
Each pregnancy is unique and may differ from previous ones in many ways. The differences from a previous pregnancy can be both physical and emotional.
- Change in belly size. During the second pregnancy, the belly may become larger earlier than the first time. This is due to the fact that the abdominal muscles are already stretched after the first pregnancy.
- The appearance of stretch marks. If there were no stretch marks in the first pregnancy, then in the second they may appear due to stretching of the skin.
- Pain and discomfort. During the second pregnancy, pain in the back and lower abdomen may occur earlier than the first time.
- Experience. During the second pregnancy, a woman already has the experience of giving birth and raising a child, so she can be more confident and calm.
- Nervousness. However, a second pregnancy can cause more nervousness and anxiety as the woman knows what to expect.
- Time for yourself. During a second pregnancy, a woman may have less time for herself, as there is already a baby to take care of.
It is important to remember that each pregnancy is different and may differ from the previous one. If you suspect pregnancy, it is best to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
The effect of age on the possibility of re-pregnancy
Age is one of the important factors affecting the possibility of re-pregnancy in women. As women age, physiological changes occur that can affect their ability to conceive.
After the age of 35, women experience a gradual decrease in the likelihood of becoming pregnant. This is due to a decrease in the number of eggs in the ovaries and a decrease in their quality. In addition, with age, the risk of various diseases increases, which can adversely affect the ability to become pregnant.
However, despite age-related changes, women are quite capable of getting pregnant after 35 years. To do this, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle, eat right, exercise regularly and monitor your health. It is also important to consult a doctor for the necessary examinations and consultations.
Research shows that women who have given birth before are more likely to get pregnant again, even later in life. This is due to the fact that they already had the experience of pregnancy and childbirth, and their body is ready to re-conceive and bear a child.
In general, age is one of the factors affecting the possibility of re-pregnancy, but is not the only one. It is important to take into account other factors such as general health, the presence of chronic diseases, lifestyle, and more. Consulting a doctor and conducting the necessary examinations will help determine the individual capabilities of a woman and give recommendations on planning a second pregnancy.
Effect of childbirth on the possibility of re-pregnancy
Childbirth is a physiological process that has a significant impact on the female body. One of the important questions that many women have after childbirth is the possibility of re-pregnancy.
After giving birth, a woman’s body goes through a number of changes that can affect her ability to conceive. One of the main factors is the restoration of the uterus. Within a few weeks after delivery, the uterus returns to its normal size and position. However, the recovery process can take a different amount of time for each woman and depends on a number of factors, including the type of labor and overall health of the body.
Breastfeeding is another factor that may influence the possibility of re-pregnancy. Breast milk is produced by the hormone prolactin, which inhibits ovulation. Therefore, if a woman is fully or partially breastfeeding, the chances of conception may be reduced. However, every body is different and many women continue to conceive while breastfeeding.
Physical and emotional recovery after childbirth is also an important factor. Childbirth is a physically and emotionally stressful period, and the body needs time to recover. Stress, fatigue and nervous tension can negatively affect the possibility of conception. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to your health and have a good rest after childbirth.
In general, the possibility of re-pregnancy after childbirth depends on many factors, including the general condition of the body, type of birth, breastfeeding and physical recovery. Each woman is individual, and she may have her own characteristics and characteristics of the body. Therefore, before planning the next pregnancy, it is important to consult a doctor and take into account all the factors that may affect the possibility of conception.
Factors that may affect the possibility of re-pregnancy
Recurrent pregnancy may be the result of various factors that may affect its possibility. One such factor is the woman’s age. With age, the likelihood of conception decreases, especially after 35 years. This is due to a decrease in the number of eggs and a decrease in their quality.
A woman’s health condition may also influence the possibility of re-pregnancy. The presence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid disease, can reduce the likelihood of conception. Also, problems with weight, both underweight and overweight, can have a negative impact on the possibility of pregnancy.
One of the important factors is the regularity and quality of sexual life. Irregular sex or improper use of contraceptives can reduce the chance of conception. Also, if a man has problems with fertility, this can affect the possibility of re-pregnancy.
Another important factor is the presence of stress and psychological pressure. Stress can reduce the chance of conception and increase the risk of miscarriage. Therefore, it is important to maintain mental health and seek help when needed.
Finally, lifestyle and nutrition can also influence the possibility of re-pregnancy. Alcohol abuse, smoking and unhealthy diet can reduce the chance of conception. Therefore, it is recommended to lead a healthy lifestyle and monitor nutrition in order to increase the chances of a successful second pregnancy.
Possibility of pregnancy after termination of pregnancy
After termination of pregnancy, the possibility of becoming pregnant again exists, but this may take a different time depending on the individual characteristics of the female body. Some women can become pregnant within a few weeks of the interruption, while for others it may take several months.
It is important to remember that after an abortion, a woman is again at risk of conceiving, so appropriate contraceptive measures should be taken if pregnancy is not planned. Doctors usually recommend using reliable methods of contraception, such as condoms or hormones, to prevent unwanted pregnancies during this period.
After an abortion, a woman’s body may take time to recover. Doctors usually recommend waiting a few weeks before resuming sexual activity and using contraception. This allows the body to recover and reduces the risk of complications.
If a woman has not become pregnant within a few months after the termination of pregnancy and is planning a pregnancy, it is worth contacting a doctor for additional consultations and examinations. Your doctor may recommend additional tests to find out possible causes of delayed conception and help determine the best time to plan a new pregnancy.
When should you see a doctor?
If you suspect pregnancy, but you are not sure, you should consult a doctor to confirm or refute this hypothesis. The doctor will be able to conduct the necessary research and give an accurate answer to your question.
You should also see a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms that may indicate pregnancy: missed period, morning sickness, breast tenderness, change in taste preferences. Your doctor can help determine if these symptoms are signs of pregnancy or if there are other reasons for them.
Also, if you already have a diagnosed pregnancy, you should consult a doctor if you experience the following symptoms: bleeding from the genital tract, abdominal pain, swelling, high fever. These symptoms may indicate problems during pregnancy and require medical attention.
In any case, if you have any doubts or are concerned about any changes in the body, it is better to consult a doctor for advice. Only a specialist will be able to give an accurate answer to your question and suggest the necessary treatment or precautions.
What signs might indicate that this could be another pregnancy?
If you don’t have your period, feel morning sickness, your breasts are getting bigger and more tender, and you’re experiencing frequent urination and increased fatigue, this could be a sign of pregnancy.
How can you tell if it’s really a pregnancy?
To confirm pregnancy, it is recommended to take a home pregnancy test, available from a pharmacy. It is also worth contacting a doctor for a blood test for the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which will also help determine the presence or absence of pregnancy.
What other reasons could explain the lack of menstruation, morning sickness and breast enlargement?
Absence of menstruation, morning sickness, and breast enlargement may be due to other causes such as hormonal imbalances, stress, lifestyle changes, certain medications, or a thyroid disorder.
What options are available to confirm or deny pregnancy?
Various methods can be used to confirm or deny pregnancy. At home, you can do a pregnancy test that shows the presence or absence of pregnancy. You can also see a doctor for a blood test for hCG levels or an ultrasound scan.
What additional symptoms may accompany pregnancy?
In addition to the absence of menstruation, morning sickness and breast enlargement, pregnancy can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as frequent urination, increased fatigue, changes in taste preferences, rapid breathing, swelling and changes in mood.
how to distinguish one from the other?
- 1 Could these be symptoms of PMS and not pregnancy?
- 1.1 Symptoms of PMS or pregnancy: how to tell the difference?
- 1.2 PMS: main signs and symptoms
- 1.3 Pregnancy: overt and hidden symptoms
- 1.4 Differences in pain and discomfort
- 1.5 Differences in hormonal changes
- 1.6 Changes in skin appearance and condition
- 1.7 Various manifestations of nausea and vomiting
- 1.8 Differences in breast tenderness
- 1.9 Differences in general well-being and emotional state
- 1.10 Differences in discharge and its nature
- 1.11 Related videos:
- 1.12 Q&A:
- 126.96.36.199 What symptoms may indicate the onset of PMS?
- 1. 12.0.2 Is it possible to confuse PMS with early pregnancy symptoms?
- 188.8.131.52 Is it possible to observe a delay in menstruation both during PMS and during pregnancy?
- 184.108.40.206 What other signs may indicate pregnancy?
- 220.127.116.11 When is the best time to take a pregnancy test?
- 1.13 Differences in self-examination and testing
- 1.14 When to see a doctor
Compare the symptoms of PMS and pregnancy to find out what exactly affects your well-being. Find out which signs might indicate PMS, not pregnancy, so you can properly diagnose your condition.
When a woman experiences changes in her body, she often begins to suspect a possible pregnancy. However, the symptoms she observes may also be associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). In such a situation, it is important to distinguish between the signs of pregnancy and PMS in order to make the right decisions and get medical attention if necessary.
The key difference between symptoms of PMS and pregnancy is the presence or absence of missed periods. If a woman has a delay in menstruation, this may be a harbinger of pregnancy. However, in addition to the delay, there are a number of other signs that will help determine which condition is actually present.
One of the common symptoms is a change in the hormonal background of the body. When a woman is pregnant, her hormonal balance changes, which can lead to various discomforts. For example, many women experience nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to smells. PMS can also cause hormonal changes, but in this case, the symptoms are most often related to mood changes.
The next symptom that can be used for differentiation is hair and nail changes. For some women, pregnancy leads to extreme body hair growth and changes in hair structure. In other women, there is a weakening of the hair and nails. PMS can also affect the condition of the hair and nails, but this usually manifests itself in the form of their weakening.
No matter what symptoms you experience, it is important to remember that only a pregnancy test can provide a definitive answer. If you suspect pregnancy or PMS, it is recommended that you consult your doctor for professional help and an accurate diagnosis.
Symptoms of PMS or pregnancy: how to tell the difference?
The symptoms of precursors of menstruation (PMS) and pregnancy can be very similar, which can be confusing for women. However, there are certain signs that will help to distinguish between these two conditions.
One of the first and most obvious signs of pregnancy is a missed period. While a delay can be common with PMS, it is one of the surest signs during pregnancy. However, it is worth remembering that in some women the menstrual cycle may have some deviations and a delay may occur even without pregnancy.
Another distinguishing feature is the presence of toxicosis. Women who are pregnant often show signs of nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to smells, and changes in taste preferences. In PMS, these symptoms are usually absent or much less pronounced.
You can also pay attention to changes in the mammary glands. In pregnant women, the mammary glands may increase in size, become more sensitive and tender to the touch. In PMS, such changes usually do not occur.
In addition, pregnancy may be accompanied by changes in the condition of the skin. Some women notice that their skin has become radiant, softer and more elastic. With PMS, such skin changes most often do not appear.
In addition to these signs, you can look for other symptoms such as fatigue, drowsiness, feeling overwhelmed and sad mood. In pregnant women, these symptoms may be more severe and last longer, unlike PMS.
It is important to understand that every woman’s body is unique and the symptoms of PMS and pregnancy can vary from woman to woman. If you have any doubts about your condition, it is important to see a doctor for professional advice and diagnosis.
PMS: main signs and symptoms
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of symptoms that can occur in women before and during menstruation. PMS can manifest itself in varying degrees and usually occurs in the second half of the cycle, a few days before menstruation.
The main symptoms of PMS are:
- Menstrual pain. Often women feel discomfort in the lower abdomen or cramps in the uterus. Menstrual pain can be of varying strength: from mild discomfort to severe pain that makes normal life difficult.
- Changes in emotional state. A woman may become irritable, nervous, aggressive, or feel lethargic and in a bad mood.
- Puffiness and swelling of the breast. Some women note an increase in breast size, a feeling of heaviness and soreness in the area of \u200b\u200bthe mammary glands.
- Headaches. PMS is often accompanied by headaches or migraines. There may be a feeling of heaviness in the head, throbbing and dizziness.
- Edema and flushes of heat. Some women may experience swelling in the legs, arms, or face, as well as hot flashes.
The symptoms of PMS can vary for every woman and can change from cycle to cycle. If the symptoms of PMS become too severe and interfere with normal life, it is recommended to consult a doctor for advice and determine possible treatments or symptom relief.
Pregnancy: overt and hidden symptoms
Pregnancy is a special condition in which significant changes occur in a woman’s body. During pregnancy, many women experience typical overt symptoms such as missed periods, morning sickness, and breast tenderness. However, many pregnancy symptoms can remain hidden and invisible to others.
Significant symptoms of pregnancy:
- Delayed menses. Missing a period is one of the most obvious signs of pregnancy.
- Morning sickness. About half of pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting, most often in the morning, but can cover the whole day.
- Breast tenderness. During pregnancy, many women notice an increase in the sensitivity of the breast and an increase in its size.
Hidden symptoms of pregnancy:
- Fatigue. During pregnancy, a woman may feel increased fatigue and drowsiness in the early stages, when she does not yet know that she is pregnant.
- Frequent urination. The intensity of the frequency of urination may increase due to the increased work of the kidneys during pregnancy.
- Changes in taste preferences. Many women notice changes in their taste preferences during pregnancy as they like or dislike certain foods more.
These symptoms, both overt and covert, can help a woman realize that she is pregnant and see a doctor to confirm the diagnosis and start appropriate treatment.
Differences in pain and discomfort
Symptoms of PMS and pregnancy may present in similar ways, including pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen and chest. However, there are some differences that may help determine what you are facing.
During PMS, many women experience pain in the lower abdomen, cramps and discomfort in the uterus. This usually happens a few days before your period starts and may continue into the early days of your cycle. The pain can be sharp or dull, but usually disappears gradually after the onset of menstruation.
During pregnancy, some women may also experience pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen. However, unlike PMS, these sensations are usually milder and not as strong. The pains can be felt as pulling, but not sharp. In addition, pain during pregnancy may be accompanied by other symptoms such as morning sickness, breast tenderness, and frequent urination. They may also be associated with changes within the uterus, such as fetal growth and sprains.
It is important to remember that every woman is unique and symptoms may vary. If you are experiencing severe pain or are concerned about your condition, it is recommended that you consult your doctor to determine the exact cause of your symptoms.
Differences in hormonal changes
One of the main factors that distinguish PMS symptoms from signs of pregnancy is hormonal changes. During premenstrual syndrome, hormones in a woman’s body begin to fluctuate, which leads to unpleasant sensations and psycho-emotional changes.
During PMS, there may be an increase in estrogen and progesterone, as well as a decrease in serotonin. This leads to symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, sleep disturbances, apathy, low mood and weakness. There are also frequently changing physical symptoms such as headache, breast swelling, and swelling.
On the other hand, during pregnancy there are completely different changes in the hormonal background. The level of progesterone and estrogen in a woman’s body increases, which helps to maintain pregnancy and maintain the necessary conditions for the growth of the fetus. Elevated progesterone levels can cause nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, and changes in appetite in women.
Thus, differences in hormonal changes can help distinguish PMS symptoms from signs of pregnancy. If there are changes in the hormonal background, it is important to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and the appointment of the necessary treatment or observation.
Changes in the appearance and condition of the skin
One of the main signs of PMS is a change in the appearance and condition of the skin. During premenstrual syndrome, many women may notice the appearance of acne or an increase in existing problems with the skin of the face and body.
Various skin color variations are also possible. Some women note an increase in pigmentation, especially in the face, neck and décolleté. At this time, the skin may become duller or have an uneven tone.
Another common symptom of PMS is swelling of the skin. Women may notice that their face or limbs swell and become more voluminous. Puffiness can also affect the area around the eyes, leading to bags and dark circles.
Pregnancy may also cause changes in the appearance and condition of the skin. Women may notice an improvement in the condition of the skin, it becomes more radiant and healthy due to hormonal changes. It is possible to increase the vascular pattern and the appearance of so-called “stars” on the skin.
Also, some expectant mothers may notice the appearance of melangia, dark spots on the skin, especially in the face area. This phenomenon is associated with a high content of the hormone estrogen in the body.
Various manifestations of nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting can occur during both PMS and pregnancy. However, there are a number of differences in their manifestations that can help distinguish these conditions from each other.
In PMS, nausea usually occurs before the onset of menstruation and may be accompanied by abdominal discomfort and nervousness. It is more irregular and may disappear after the onset of menstruation.
In turn, nausea during pregnancy usually begins about 4-6 weeks after conception and persists throughout the first trimester. It often occurs in the morning, but may be present throughout the day. During this period, a woman may experience an aversion to certain smells and foods.
With regard to vomiting, in the case of PMS, it usually occurs less frequently and cannot continue for a long time. In addition, it is usually not associated with the morning hours and occurs at any time of the day.
In case of pregnancy, vomiting may be more frequent and prolonged. It often occurs in the morning after waking up and may be accompanied by weakness and dizziness. In addition, vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy can be caused by certain smells and foods.
It is important to remember that every body is different and the symptoms of PMS and pregnancy can vary from woman to woman. In case of doubt, it is always recommended to consult a doctor for diagnosis and clarification of the diagnosis.
Differences in breast tenderness
One of the symptoms of PMS and pregnancy may be breast tenderness. However, there are a few differences that can help distinguish the two conditions.
1. General breast tenderness is common in PMS, where both breasts may be tender or painful. At the same time, at the beginning of pregnancy, breast tenderness may occur in only one breast or the state of health may be heterogeneous.
2. During PMS, the breasts may be more sensitive to the touch, but this usually goes away after the onset of menstruation. During pregnancy, the breasts may become more sensitive than in previous periods, and this condition may continue throughout the pregnancy.
3. There is usually no discoloration of the nipples and breasts during PMS. While in pregnancy, the nipples may become darker or change in color, size, or shape.
4. In some cases, at the beginning of pregnancy, the breasts may enlarge slightly or become heavier. PMS often lacks such changes.
If you suspect pregnancy or experience unusual symptoms, it is always advisable to see a doctor for a more accurate diagnosis and advice. Don’t rely on self-diagnosis alone.
Differences in general well-being and emotional state
Symptoms of PMS and pregnancy can affect a woman’s general well-being and emotional state. However, there are some differences between the two states.
1. Fatigue: Women experiencing PMS can often feel tired and exhausted. This is due to hormonal changes in the body. At the same time, pregnant women may also feel tired, but it may be more pronounced and prolonged.
2. Changes in appetite: Women with PMS may experience increased or decreased appetite. However, in most cases, this is due to the desire to eat chocolate and other sweets. During pregnancy, women may also experience a change in appetite, but they may also feel an increase in the desire to eat certain foods that they have not previously consumed or particularly liked.
3. Mood changes: PMS is usually accompanied by mood changes such as irritability, apathy or strong emotional outbursts. Pregnancy can also affect a woman’s emotional state, but this can manifest itself in more joyful and emotional moments associated with the upcoming motherhood.
4. Pain and discomfort: During PMS, women often experience pain in the lower abdomen, back and chest. During pregnancy, women may also experience some pain and discomfort associated with the enlargement of the uterus.
Thus, differences in general well-being and emotional state between PMS and pregnancy may be noticeable, but the meaning of these symptoms differs for each woman. It is important to see a doctor for a professional opinion and diagnosis.
Differences in discharge and pattern
Discharge is one of the signs that can help distinguish between symptoms of PMS and pregnancy. The nature of the discharge may differ depending on the state of the body. Here are some differences in the discharge and its nature:
- Color: During PMS, the discharge may be pink, brown or red, as at the end of menstruation. During pregnancy, the discharge may be clear, white, or creamy.
- Quantity: During PMS, discharge can be heavy or small. During pregnancy, the discharge is usually small and not as abundant.
- Smell: During PMS, the discharge may have an unpleasant odor. During pregnancy, there is often no smell or it is neutral.
- Consistency: During PMS, the discharge may be thick or liquid. During pregnancy, the discharge usually has a more mucus-like consistency.
- Swabs: In some cases, women with PMS may have blood smears during a discharge. During pregnancy, such smears can be a sign of problems and require medical advice.
It must be remembered that each body is individual, and discharge may vary from woman to woman. If you have any doubts or concerns about the nature of your discharge, it is always best to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
What symptoms may indicate the onset of PMS?
The symptoms of PMS can be different and vary from woman to woman. However, the most common signs of PMS are nausea, headache, irritability, feeling tired or depressed, breast tenderness, and swelling. Sudden flushes of fever, pain in the lower abdomen and low mood can also be noted.
Is it possible to confuse PMS with early pregnancy symptoms?
Yes, it’s not uncommon to confuse PMS symptoms with signs of pregnancy. Some of the early signs of pregnancy, such as fatigue, changes in appetite, sleep disturbance, and emotional fluctuations, can be similar to PMS symptoms. However, it should be remembered that each woman’s body is individual, and in addition, the symptoms of PMS can change from cycle to cycle, therefore, to more accurately determine the condition, it is recommended to consult a doctor or take a pregnancy test.
Is it possible to observe a delay in menstruation both with PMS and during pregnancy?
Yes, missed periods can be the result of both PMS and pregnancy. In both cases, the delay is due to hormonal changes in the woman’s body. With PMS, the delay usually does not exceed a few days, while during pregnancy, the delay can be much longer. To accurately determine the cause of the delay, you should consult a doctor or take a pregnancy test.
What other signs may indicate pregnancy?
In addition to delayed periods and early signs that can be confused with PMS, there are other indicators of pregnancy. These include morning sickness (which can occur not only in the morning, but throughout the day), a change in taste preferences, breast tenderness, and a higher body temperature. Also, some women may feel heaviness in the lower abdomen and notice an increase in the abdomen.
When is the best time to take a pregnancy test?
For the most accurate result, it is advisable to take a pregnancy test a few days after your missed period. This is because the level of the hCG hormone, which indicates pregnancy, increases over time and increases significantly after a missed period. However, some tests allow you to determine pregnancy as early as a few days before the delay, but in this case, the result may be less reliable. To get an accurate result, it is best to see a doctor for a blood test or a laboratory test.
Differences in self-examination and testing
When pregnancy or menstruation is suspected, women usually turn to two main methods: self-examination and testing. Each of these methods has its own characteristics and methods of application, which help to distinguish the symptoms of premenopausal syndrome and pregnancy.
Self-examination is often based on observation of one’s own body and its symptoms. With PMS, a woman may notice changes such as breast engorgement, tenderness or swelling, mood, emotional instability, and increased appetite and thirst. Such signs may appear monthly and disappear after the onset of menstruation.
On the other hand, tests for the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the urine are used to determine pregnancy. They are based on detecting the level of this hormone, which is produced by the body during pregnancy. The tests are available in pharmacies and are strips or cassettes on which urine is applied and a reaction is expected, indicated by special symbols.
In self-examination, a woman can also take into account the feelings that arise in connection with PMS or pregnancy. The level of hCG in the body increases every day of pregnancy, so testing can be a more reliable and accurate way to determine pregnancy, especially after a missed period. However, the correctness and reliability of the test results depends on its correct conduct and compliance with the instructions.
When to see a doctor
When pregnancy or PMS is suspected, it is important to remember the importance of consulting a doctor. Self-diagnosis and self-treatment can lead to negative consequences.
If you have unfamiliar or unusual symptoms such as missed periods, changes in your breasts, severe pain in your lower abdomen, or any other unusual sensations, especially if accompanied by fever or general weakness, you should see your doctor. It can be a sign of both PMS and pregnancy.
In addition, if you have a predisposition to pregnancy pathologies or are planning to conceive, a consultation with a gynecologist is recommended.