Can sinus infection cause headache in back of head: Sinus Headache vs. Migraine | MHNI Migraine Headache and Head Pain Treatment
Sinus Headache vs. Migraine | MHNI Migraine Headache and Head Pain Treatment
What distinguishes migraine from a sinus-related headache?
The initial presentation of sinus infection is so similar to migraine that it is often mistakenly diagnosed and treated like just another headache. However, despite overlapping symptoms, differences between the two entities can be distinguished through a careful evaluation.
Migraine is a familiar event, with or without warning symptoms (aura or prodrome). It may be gradual or abrupt in onset, moderate or severe in intensity, is often accompanied by a sensitivity to light and sound, and by nausea and vomiting. The pain may be one-sided or diffuse, limited to the front, top, or back of the head, and may often reach into the neck. It may hurt in the face area as well. Migraine may be provoked by other illnesses that affect the head or neck, such as a dental problem or respiratory or sinus infection. Migraine often subsides after several hours with the assistance of an effective rescue medication (abortive). For most, migraine is a distinct and familiar event with a predictable duration and resolution.
Sinus headache typically occurs in the area of the sinuses (see Figure 1)—in the area of the cheeks (maxillary sinus), bridge of the nose (ethmoid sinus), or above the eyes (frontal sinus). Less often it may refer pain to the top or back of the head (sphenoid sinus—see Figure 2 ). Sinus headache may occur on one side or both sides of the head and the neck is typically not involved. The symptoms are frequently worsened by bending over or coughing (as with migraine), and examination of the facial area may reveal local tenderness, redness, swelling, and possibly the presence of clear or discolored nasal discharge. Sinus disease can happen to people who suffer from migraine or to those who do not and may lead to increased migraine activity in migraine sufferers, often confusing the diagnosis.
What causes sinus headache?
Sinus headache may arise from an allergy reaction, an infection, or other obstruction. When due to allergy, it may be referred to as “rhinitis,” which is often seasonal or chronic-lasting for long periods. Infectious sinusitis is due to an infection. It may be bacterial, viral, or fungal in origin, acute or chronic in duration, and with or without other symptoms such as a cough, sore throat, or fever.
Chronic allergic sinusitis may result in an infection due to the accumulation of secretions.
It is often possible to distinguish one type of sinusitis from another. For instance, allergic rhinitis often occurs seasonally and may relate to the pollen count in the spring and fall, or occurs when a dusty or contaminated home heating system starts up in the autumn. Both allergic sinusitis and viral sinusitis are characterized by a thin, watery nasal or postnasal discharge. The associated sinus congestion may impede adequate aeration of the sinuses, ultimately leading to a bacterial infection, characterized by yellowish or greenish nasal discharge, fever, malaise, etc.
What can happen if sinus infections are left untreated?
If not adequately recognized and treated, some types of sinusitis can be especially serious. For example, due to its close proximity to the brain, infection in the sphenoid sinus may easily lead to a serious central nervous system infection, injuring important nerves to the eyes and face (see Figure 2).
How are sinus-related headaches treated?
The treatment of sinusitis begins with a careful history and detailed physical examination. A review of imaging studies of the head or neck (x-rays, CT or MRI scans) may be required to make an accurate diagnosis. Direct visualization of the tissues by inserting a scope device up the nasal passages may also be necessary.
Upon determining that a headache’s origin is a sinus infection, short-term antibiotics (typically less than 2 weeks) and decongestants (several days only) may be prescribed. Allergic sinusitis may respond to simple antihistamine and steroid-based nasal sprays. A chronic sinus infection may require weeks of therapy, various antibiotic regimens, or the judicious use of supportive steroid preparations. Sometimes nasal surgery is indicated to correct underlying anatomical factors.
Treatment failure may be attributed to poor compliance, e.g., skipping or prematurely stopping antibiotics or steroid nasal sprays, overusing analgesics or decongestants, and/or inappropriate self-treatments. The overuse of analgesics or decongestants may result in daily rebound headache. When related to sinus pathology this is termed rhinitis medicamentosa, though its migraine counterpart is referred to as analgesic rebound headache.
One reason confusion arises in the diagnosis of this condition is that tests are often normal. Additionally, even true sinus headaches may respond to the same medications that treat migraine, such as analgesics, over-the-counter nasal decongestants and antihistamines. The effectiveness of these medications may be due to the involvement of common pain pathways and peripheral vascular reactivity in both migraine and sinusitis.
Given the nonspecific and often overlapping features of sinusitis and migraine, treatment failure may suggest either an alternative diagnosis or multiple conditions occurring at the same time, such as migraine aggravated by sinusitis. Resistant cases of sinusitis often require the assistance of an ear, nose, and throat specialist. In addition, migraineurs may never receive an accurate diagnosis of migraine until their sinus condition has been addressed.
Sinus Headache Treatment in Denver
Sinus Headache Treatment Options
Treatments that are used for normal headache relief, such as pain medication or antibiotics, are usually ineffective against sinus headaches. An expert ENT doctor can diagnose your sinus headache and help you find the best treatment plan for your unique needs. The doctors at Advanced ENT & Allergy Center have been successful treating patients with sinus headaches for decades through both traditional visits and telemedicine. While each patient’s sinus congestion triggers are different, treatment for sinus headaches typically comes down to three paths:
Medical therapy (AKA medication) on a regular basis
Taking oral medication (occasionally topical) to manage your symptoms every day can be an easy solution. However, you will likely have to continue medication every day for the foreseeable future in order to keep your headaches from coming back.
Consider surgery to get results without taking medicines every day
If you create more room in your nose and bigger sinus openings it’s much harder for those openings to swell closed. This improves your sinus headaches without daily medicines.
The surgery for sinus headaches, often a balloon sinuplasty, has gotten much easier over the years. It can now be done in the office using a local anesthetic and a small amount of oral sedation very comfortably, taking about 45 minutes to complete. Recovery involves a really stuffy nose for about a week and almost no postoperative pain. Most patients can return to work in two to three days.
Treat allergies more aggressively to decrease the swelling in your nose
Allergies cause swelling inside the nose to the point that it closes the sinus openings. Advanced ENT & Allergy Center has been treating allergy patients using sublingual immunotherapy (allergy drops) almost exclusively for over 15 years. Dr. Menachof pioneered this technique and has seen extreme success with this treatment.
After determining your specific sensitivities, a customized liquid medicine is designed to treat your unique allergies effectively. Simply placing three drops under your tongue each day will help decrease your sensitivity to allergies. These drops will reduce the swelling caused by allergies and allow the sinuses to open up, improving your headaches.
For people who have a combination of anatomic issues (small sinus openings and environmental triggers or allergies), sometimes a combination of treatments can be the most effective.
While there are a number of home remedy “treatment” options out there to help with sinus headaches, it’s important to realize that these are usually only able to manage symptoms or dull the pain temporarily. They don’t typically offer a long-term solution to your sinus pressure and problems. Until you identify and address the true origin of your inflammation, you will continue to see the signs and symptoms of sinus headaches.
Book an appointment in just a few clicks via our online scheduler so we can determine the best treatment for your sinus issues.
Sinus Headaches – Ear, Nose, Throat, Head & Neck Surgery Of Huntsville
Not every headache is the consequence of sinus and nasal passage problems. For example, many patients visit an ear, nose, and throat specialist to seek treatment for a sinus headache and learn they actually have a migraine or tension headache. The confusion is common, a migraine can cause irritation of the trigeminal or fifth cranial nerve (with branches in the forehead, cheeks and jaw). This may produce pain at the lower-end branches of the nerve, in or near the sinus cavity.
Symptoms Of Sinusitis
Pain in the sinus area does not automatically mean that you have a sinus disorder. On the other hand, sinus and nasal passages can become inflamed leading to a headache. Headache is one of the key symptoms of patients diagnosed with acute or chronic sinusitis. In addition to a headache, sinusitis patients often complain of:
- Pain and pressure around the eyes, across the cheeks and the forehead
- Achy feeling in the upper teeth
- Fever and chills
- Facial swelling
- Nasal stuffiness
- Yellow or green discharge
However, it is important to note that there are some cases of headaches related to chronic sinusitis without other upper respiratory symptoms. This suggests that an examination for sinusitis be considered when treatment for a migraine or other headache disorder is unsuccessful.
Treatment For A Sinus Headache
Sinus headaches are associated with a swelling of the membranes lining the sinuses (spaces adjacent to the nasal passages). Pain occurs in the affected region – the result of air, pus, and mucus being trapped within the obstructed sinuses. The discomfort often occurs under the eye and in the upper teeth (disguised as a headache or toothache). Sinus headaches tend to worsen as you bend forward or lie down. The key to relieving the symptoms is to reduce sinus swelling and inflammation and facilitate mucous drainage from the sinuses.
There are several at-home steps that help prevent sinus headache or alleviate its pain. They include:
Breathe moist air: Relief for a sinus headache can be achieved by humidifying the dry air environment. This can be done by using a steam vaporizer or cool-mist humidifier, steam from a basin of hot water, or steam from a hot shower.
Alternate hot and cold compresses: Place a hot compress across your sinuses for three minutes, and then a cold compress for 30 seconds. Repeat this procedure three times per treatment, two to six times a day.
Nasal irrigation: Some believe that when nasal irrigation or rinse is performed, mucus, allergy creating particles and irritants such as pollens, dust particles, pollutants and bacteria are washed away, reducing the inflammation of the mucous membrane. Normal mucosa will fight infections and allergies better and will reduce the symptoms. Nasal irrigation helps shrink the sinus membranes and thus increases drainage. There are several over-the-counter nasal rinse products available. Consult your ear, nose, and throat specialist for directions on making a home nasal rinse or irrigation solution.
Over-the-counter medications: Some over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are highly effective in reducing sinus headache pain. The primary ingredient in most OTC pain relievers is aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or a combination of them. The best way to choose a pain reliever is by determining which of these ingredients works best for you.
Decongestants: Sinus pressure headaches caused by allergies are usually treated with decongestants and antihistamines. In difficult cases, nasal steroid sprays may be recommended.
Alternative medicine: Chinese herbalists use Magnolia Flower as a remedy for clogged sinus and nasal passages. In conjunction with other herbs, such as angelica, mint, and chrysanthemum, it is often recommended for upper respiratory tract infections and sinus headaches, although its effectiveness for these problems has not been scientifically confirmed.
If none of these preventative measures or treatments is effective, a visit to an ear, nose, and throat specialist may be warranted. During the examination, a CT scan of the sinuses may be ordered to determine the extent of blockage caused by chronic sinusitis. If no chronic sinusitis were found, treatment might then include allergy testing and desensitization (allergy shots). Acute sinusitis is treated with antibiotics and decongestants. If antibiotics fail to relieve the chronic sinusitis and accompanying headaches, endoscopic or image-guided surgery may be the recommended treatment.
Sinusitis Symptoms | Dallas ENT
Sinusitis, an inflammation of the tissue lining of the sinuses, is a problem that affects 14% of the people in this country. In a healthy sinus, the sinus is filled with air, but when blocked, the sinuses can become filled with fluid. When that happens bacteria, viruses or fungi can grow, leading to infection and the painful symptoms associated with sinusitis.
Common Symptoms of Sinusitis
- Nasal drainage or congestion
- Cough as a result of postnasal drip
- Headache, facial pain
- Deceased sense of smell
- Facial pressure
- Low grade fever
- Ear discomfort
- Bad breath
- Persistent cough
- Dental pain
- Ear pain, stuffiness in ears
Recurrent sinusitis is characterized by pressure, pain, discolored drainage, and loss of smell and taste. But unlike other types, the symptoms of recurrent sinusitis are repetitive, occurring five or more times a year. While medicine may be the first defense and can address immediate symptoms, the narrowed drainage passages almost always assure the sufferer of future episodes.
Chronic sinusitis symptoms can last 12 or more weeks. Usually, two or more types of sinuses are affected and the pain can be located in several places. In chronic sinusitis, the membranes of the sinus passageways are constantly inflamed. Medical therapies may work at first but fail to correct the underlying obstruction, preventing sinus drainage and causing discomfort.
Acute sinusitis symptoms can be triggered by a cold, virus, or allergies. The nasal pathways become blocked due to congestion leading to a build-up of bacteria, a sinus infection, or sinusitis. Allergies can also be a culprit. The resulting inflammation causes swelling and leads to blocked sinus drainage.
Pinpointing the Pain
The location of a patient’s pain can help identify which sinus is affected. If you’re experiencing pain in your forehead, it indicates a problem in the frontal sinuses. Pain located behind the cheekbones, upper jaw, or teeth means the maxillary sinuses are affected. Pain between the eyes, eyelid swelling, or tenderness on the side of your nose indicates the ethmoid sinuses. And lastly, if you have pain in your neck, earaches, or a deep ache on the top of your head, your sphenoid sinuses are affected.
Causes Of Stuffy Nose & Headache
This article was republished from MedicalNewsToday.com
A stuffy nose and headache can be the result of benign conditions such as colds and allergies. However, sometimes, they are due to a condition that may require medical attention.
In this article, we discuss some causes of a headache and stuffy nose, as well as the treatment options available. We also look at when a person should seek medical help.
Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses that can cause a buildup of mucus and swelling. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI), an acute sinus infection often starts as a cold. The initial cold may cause the sinuses to swell, which traps bacteria and mucus in the passages. According to the AAAAI, chronic sinusitis occurs when a person experiences three or more sinus infections in a given year.
It typically causes sinus swelling and mucus buildup.
Symptoms of sinusitis include:
- pressure around eyes, forehead or nose
- head congestion
- stuffy nose
- discolored and thick mucus
- foul-tasting post-nasal drip
- a feeling of fullness in the ear
- headache, especially in the front of the head
- fever, although this is less common
Viruses cause most sinus infections, and people can treat most sinus problems with over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
However, if the sinus problems persist or worsen after 7–10 days, sinusitis is likely due to bacteria. In these cases, a doctor might prescribe antibiotics. Antibiotics kill the bacteria that causes the infection to occur.
2. Having a Cold
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a stuffy nose is a common cold symptom. Some people may also experience a headache from a cold, although this is a rare symptom.
Other symptoms of a cold can include:
- cough or slight chest pain
- some aches
- sore throat
- fever, although this is rare
- weakness or fatigue
To treat a cold, a person typically needs rest and to consume fluids. A person can also take OTC medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Home remedies, such as humidifiers or steamy showers, may also help combat symptoms. If symptoms do not go away within 10–14 days, a person should talk to their doctor as they may have a sinus infection.
3. The Flu
Influenza, or the flu, is a respiratory illness that occurs due to influenza viruses. Those experiencing the flu may also experience stuffy noses and headaches. According to the CDC, other symptoms include:
- sore throat
- muscle aches
- fever, although this does not always occur
Some people may experience vomiting and diarrhea, but this is more likely to occur in children than in adults. Some people with flu may develop serious complications. A person should seek emergency medical help if they experience any of the following:
- difficulty breathing
- chest pain
- persistent confusion or dizziness
- severe muscle pain
- severe weakness
It is a good idea to receive treatment as early as possible. A doctor may also prescribe antiviral drugs to help prevent complications from occurring.
Allergies can cause a stuffy nose and a headache. When allergies cause a headache, a person may experience other symptoms, such as:
- watery, itchy eyes
- runny nose
- pain in the face around the cheeks and nose
A person should avoid allergy triggers where possible. Treatments consist of OTC medications, such as antihistamines and nasal decongestants. If OTC medications are not effective, a person should talk to their doctor about prescription medications or allergy shots.
5. Ear infections
Ear infections can cause a headache and a stuffy nose. Both viruses and bacteria can cause an ear infection. Fluid from the ear can leak into the nasal passages and cause an infection in the nose. Some common symptoms of an ear infection include:
- hearing loss
- fluid drainage
- difficulty sleeping
- issues with balance
Some home remedies can provide relief from an ear infection. Some steps a person can take include:
- OTC decongestants
- using a warm compress
- extra fluids
- taking OTC pain medications
- using OTC ear drops
If home treatments do not work, a person should talk to their doctor. A doctor may need to prescribe an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection. A person should seek medical help if these symptoms occur:
- a high fever of 102°F or higher
- worsening symptoms
- hearing loss
- fluid, or discharge coming from the ear
Migraines are severe, throbbing headaches that typically affect one side of the head or the other. Migraines can cause a person to experience a stuffy nose. They can be chronic, meaning that they can reoccur.
Other symptoms can include:
- light sensitivity
- vision changes
There are several different treatment options for migraines, though they might not work for everyone. Treatment typically focuses on either preventing the attack or treating the symptoms. A person should talk to their doctor about the best treatment options for them.
Is a Sinus Headache Causing Your Neck Pain?
Sinus Headaches and Neck Pain
Image Credit: LightFieldStudios/iStock/GettyImages
Although many people complain of sinus headaches, a true sinus headache is less common than you might think. Even less common is a sinus headache with neck pain, but it can happen. Neck pain can also be from other types of headaches, such as migraine, or from its own unique type of headache.
Read more: What Are the Causes of Burning Neck Pain?
What Is a Sinus Headache?
“If you have neck pain and a headache, you probably don’t have a sinus headache,” says Zubair Ahmed, MD, a neurologist and headache specialist at the Cleveland Clinic Center for Neuro-Restoration in Cleveland. “Neck pain is much more common with migraine or tension headaches.”
“Studies show that most people who complain of sinus headaches really have migraine headaches,” he says. “Sinus pain gets confused with migraine because migraine headaches cause nasal congestion and facial pain.”
Read more: 5 Types of Terrible Headaches and How to Ease the Pain
According to the American Migraine Foundation, a very famous study of 30,000 people diagnosed with migraine, called the American Migraine Study II, found that when migraine was misdiagnosed, the most common diagnosis was sinus headache. Yet another study evaluated almost 3,000 people with at least six episodes of what they thought were sinus headaches. In close to 90 percent of these people, the real diagnosis turned out to be migraine.
Sinus infections are caused by viruses or bacteria that infect one or more of the sinuses in your head, explains the American Academy of Otolaryngology‒Head and Neck Surgery. Your sinuses connect to your nose through drainage tubes. When a sinus gets infected, it can fill up with pus and mucus. A sinus infection typically lasts for 10 days or more. You may have headache pain, but you will also have some of these common symptoms:
- Stuffy nose
- Loss of smell
- Discolored and thick nasal mucous
- Pain around your eyes or over your teeth
There is one type of sinus infection that may cause neck pain: an infection of the sphenoid sinus, which is located behind your nose, almost in the middle of your skull. Sphenoid sinusitis may cause pain in the middle of your head, behind your eyes, or pain that shoots down into your neck. Yet according to a June 2006 review in Emergency Medicine Journal, less than 3 percent of sinus infections affect the sphenoid sinus.
Your doctor will diagnose a sinus infection from your symptoms and sometimes an X-ray of your sinuses. Treatment of viral infections includes decongestant medications to break up mucous and nasal sprays to clear the nose and sinuses. For a bacterial infection, you’ll need antibiotics as well. For a long-term sinus infection or inflammation, called chronic sinusitis, you may need saltwater nasal irrigation, nasal steroid sprays or a medical procedure to open and drain the infected sinus.
Other Headaches That Cause Neck Pain
“Neck pain can be its own headache, called a cervicogenic headache,” says Dr. Ahmed. According to the National Headache Society, cervicogenic headaches come from a source in your neck. The pain starts in the spine of your neck, called your cervical spine, and travels up to your head. The problem in your cervical spine could be due to pressure on a nerve or blood vessel from a cervical vertebra, one of the bones in your neck. Headaches can be traced to neck trauma or arthritis of the cervical spine.
Cervicogenic headaches can be severe. They usually cause pain and a stiff neck, and typically the pain gets worse when you move your neck. Pain can shoot into your shoulders, arms, face, head and eyes. Pain can mimic a migraine and be only on one side. Treatment of these headaches depends on the cause, but it may include physical therapy, nerve block injections, pain medication and sometimes surgery.
“A severe headache with neck pain could be a migraine or cervicogenic headache,” Dr. Ahmed says. “The most important thing to do is get the right diagnosis so you can get the right treatment.”
Read more: 4 Exercises to Do When Your Neck Pain Is Brutal
Diagnosis & Treatment for Sinus Headaches
Sinus Headache Symptoms & Treatment Options
Sinus headaches can bring acute discomfort to the sufferer, and are commonly experienced as pain across the forehead, nose and cheekbones. Sharp movements of the head can result in bursts of pain, making everyday life uncomfortable.
For many sufferers, diagnosing whether you have a sinus issue or a migraine can be tricky. If you or your child areexperiencing the symptoms of sinus headache or a possible migraine, Dr. Chacko will diagnose the issue and work to find the best sinus treatment solution for you. Serving families in the Atlanta area, Chacko Allergy is ready to help.
Treatment Options for Sinus Headaches
Inflamed sinuses are commonly the cause of these sinus headaches. To find the right treatment, it is important to diagnose what’s causing the inflammation – does it result from allergies, an infection, or other issues?
Antihistamines and Decongestants
If you are experiencing allergies, you may be prescribed antihistamines and/or a decongestant to resolve the issue.
Simple, traditional home remedies can ease the pain by reducing the inflammation and unblocking your nose. Drinking plenty of water, using a dehumidifier, or applying a warm towel to your face can provide relief for a sinus headache.
A bacterial infection is a more severe case of sinusitis, and this may require antibiotics. We work with families in Alpharetta, Cumming, Duluth, Roswell, Johns Creek and beyond to find a sinus headache treatment solution that works best.
While surgery is a less common solution, there are instances where it could be the best option. Recurring sinus problems and issues with drainage may require a simple surgical procedure to repair sinus tissue.
What Are the Signs You Have a Sinus Headache?
When you or your child are experiencing a headache, there are signs and symptoms that can help determine whether it’s a sinus headache, rather than a migraine or other issue.
- Blocked nose with a yellow discharge
- Pain across your forehead, cheeks and nose
- Increased pain when you move your head or bend over
- Persistent pain that remains after a cold has cleared
Common Questions About Sinus Headaches
How can you tell the difference between a sinus headache and a migraine?
A few things to look out for with a sinus headache include yellow mucus drainage, bad breath and a fever. A migraine would more likely lead to clear nasal drainage, nausea, plus sensitivity to light.
Can you have a sinus headache without congestion?
If you are not congested, it is unlikely that you have a sinus headache. A buildup of mucus in the sinuses is a primary cause of a sinus headache, so you should expect to feel congested.
Sinus Headache Relief Is Available
If you or your child suffer from sinus headaches, Chacko Allergy, Asthma and Sinus Center is here to diagnose the problem and offer the solutions you are most comfortable with.
We work with adult and pediatric patients at our allergy clinic locations in Alpharetta, Atlanta, Canton, Cumming, Duluth or Johns Creek Call today to request an appointment at 678-668-4688.
90,000 to get rid of headaches, folk remedies
Headache occurs for various reasons: due to stress, allergies, colds, etc. Sometimes the headache starts where there is no drug available nearby, or it happens so often that it becomes unsafe to take medication. How to get rid of a headache without pills in similar cases?
What causes headaches?
Headache is caused by signals that interact between the brain, blood vessels, and surrounding nerves.During a headache, an unknown mechanism activates certain nerves that act on muscles and blood vessels. These nerves send pain signals to the brain.
Common headache triggers include:
- alcohol consumption;
- changes in diet or sleep patterns;
- excessive use of drugs;
- Sprained eyes, neck or back due to improper posture;
90,020 emotional stress;
90,020 weather changes;
Depending on the source, there are three main categories of headache:
- Primary headaches: tension pains, migraines and cluster headaches.
- Secondary headaches: cerebrovascular disease, head trauma, high blood pressure (hypertension), infection, excessive drug use, sinus congestion, “hangover” headaches, swelling.
- Cranial neuralgia , facial pain and other headaches.
How to relieve a headache without pills?
Instead of resorting to over-the-counter pain relievers, which are contraindicated for many, for example, a nursing mother, you can try to get rid of the headache using natural methods. This is possible with the help of folk remedies that do not harm health and bring marked relief. How to quickly relieve a headache is described in the article.
Headache often occurs due to overwork or lack of sleep. In this case, you need to take a couple of hours nap. Sleep is an excellent pill-free headache treatment. During sleep, the window or window must be open (you can pre-ventilate the room to keep it cool). However, too much sleep also causes headaches, so getting the right amount of rest is important for those looking for natural prevention. But, if you feel constant fatigue, the problem may lie elsewhere.Read about “5 hidden causes of chronic fatigue” in the article.
If you do not want or cannot fall asleep, it is enough to arrange a “quiet hour” for yourself to get rid of unpleasant symptoms or significantly reduce them. For 10-15 minutes, you need to lie down in complete silence, be sure to close your eyes. In this case, absolutely nothing should be done.
Walk in the fresh air
The head often hurts from hypoxia, which usually occurs during the heating season, when heaters burn out oxygen.What to do if the head hurts, but there are no pills? It is enough to arrange a walk down the street for 30 minutes. This will help restore well-being.
Restore water balance
Headache often occurs due to insufficient amount of fluid in the body. A glass of still water will help relieve unpleasant symptoms. To stay hydrated outside the home, simply carry a water bottle with you and drink it throughout the day. Eating foods that are high in liquids, such as fruits, smoothies, or soups, can also improve hydration and prevent or reduce headaches.
Irregular eating habits also cause headaches. If you’re not having breakfast yet, it’s time to start. Lack of a normal diet can affect blood glucose levels. Therefore, when the headache manifests itself, you need to eat something hot. For example, porridge or soup. If you can’t eat three meals a day, eat small, healthy snacks like almonds or raisins throughout the day.
Traditional treatments for headache are varied and include showering or bathing.
Often, headache manifests itself due to impaired blood circulation in the head due to muscle spasm or cervical osteochondrosis. Taking a hot shower helps to expand the vessels, but if this is not possible, a heating pad, which must be applied to the neck area, will help. You can also use a woolen scarf to wrap your neck after lightly rubbing the back of the neck. It is important to note that a contrast shower itself is excellent for relieving headaches.
A warm bath will also help relieve headaches.Water treatments relieve spasmodic pains and relieve tension in the neck and head. For the best effect, take a warm bath with lemon juice, sea salt, lavender, mint essential oil or marjoram.
Essential oils are real rescuers from headaches. Thus, the scent of lavender relieves stress, relaxes and soothes, and also helps to sleep. The mint scent soothes the nerves that are often the cause of headaches. Peppermint oil should be rubbed into the back of the head, temples and crown of the head for 10 minutes.
You can also use any of these essential oils for headaches:
- rosemary oil;
- chamomile oil;
- eucalyptus oil.
If the headache is due to allergies or stress, cold helps. So, you need to moisten a linen napkin in cold water or wrap the ice with a towel, and then apply it to your temples and forehead. However, do not use ice without first wrapping it, because it can cause vasospasm, which will increase the headache after a little relief.
How to relieve headache without medication using this method?
The headache compress will help to constrict the blood vessels, thereby relieving the headache. After wrapping a few ice cubes in a towel, keep it on the sides of your head and around your neck for 10-15 minutes.
Massaging specific points will help relieve tension in the head and relieve headaches. You need to start from the forehead and move towards the back of the head, then move on to the ears and neck. You can also try massaging the area between the eyebrows and the two points at the base of the eyebrows on either side of the bridge of the nose.These points can control eye or head tension, and massaging them can help relieve this tension.
One of the simplest but most effective drinks for sudden headaches is lemon water. It not only treats hangover headaches, but is effective for almost all types of headaches. The intensity of the pain will be lessened by drinking warm water with a little lemon juice. Another option is how to use lemon for a headache: the lemon zest should be applied to the forehead and the pain will go away almost immediately.In addition, lemon juice can be used to wipe the temples and forehead, which is good for headaches.
Traditional methods for headaches include the use of ginger. Ginger root contains many beneficial compounds, including antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. So, 1 tsp. chopped ginger should be added to a glass of hot water and boiled for a few minutes. Then filter, add a little honey and the medicine is ready.
Coriander has anti-inflammatory properties.Additionally, coriander seeds can be chewed and used in food or tea. How to relieve a headache without medication: 1 tsp. add coriander seeds to boiling water. Let the water boil until the strong scent of coriander is felt. Then ½ tsp should be added to it. tea leaves and let the broth brew for a few minutes.
Due to its analgesic properties, betel leaves relieve pain. Recipe: chop a few (2-3 pcs.) Fresh betel leaves with a meat grinder and distribute the resulting gruel on the forehead and on both sides of the head.Leave it on for half an hour and soon the headache will subside.
Chamomile reduces inflammation that can cause headaches. Chamomile also helps reduce stress and anxiety, which can often be a contributing factor to headaches. How to get rid of a severe headache recipe: 1 tsp. Brew chamomile in a glass of boiling water. When the chamomile is infused for several minutes, strain it, add honey.
90,000 How to avoid headaches after swimming in the pool?
Have you ever suffered from headaches after swimming? This problem is often faced by swimmers and it unsettles them.
Many people expect a boost of vivacity and energy from practicing in the pool. However, your enthusiasm will soon fade as soon as your head splits after swimming.
Swimmer headaches can be caused by a number of factors, ranging from the type of swim equipment (such as goggles and swimming caps) to lack of oxygen or dehydration.
However, no swimmer should have a headache while diving.
In this case, you will not get much pleasure from swimming.There are times when you have already paid for the pool, and in return you are forced to either leave the lesson earlier or endure a headache.
Does this sound familiar to you? However, do not worry, there are other alternative ways to solve this problem. A series of simple changes to your program will help you get rid of the headache once and for all.
This article will help you understand why you have headaches after swimming, what types of headaches are there, and what actions you need to take to eradicate them.
Why do I have headaches after swimming? Is it because of the glasses or swimming caps?
External pressure headache is the most common one and many swimmers suffer from it.
Have you ever tightened your glasses tight, however, after a while you realized that you were overdoing it? This is what causes the headache from external pressure.
This type of headache is caused by pressure on the surface of the head and forehead. For swimmers, this is almost always the result of wearing caps or swimming goggles.
As a rule, this type of headache occurs instantly, as soon as you crush your forehead or skull. Most likely, you will begin to suffer from this even before the end of the session.
However, the pain goes away immediately after the pressure is released. Below we offer a couple of tips for choosing comfortable swimming goggles and caps.
Can ear plugs cause headaches?
Most ear plugs can also cause headaches and put pressure on the inner surface of the ear and jaw.
Using conventional earplugs is not a good idea. Try the specially designed Swimming Earplugs instead. They are usually created using a soft silicone structure that adjusts to the shape of the ear.
Our range includes a complete set of earplugs for swimmers. The Speedo Biofuse Aquatic earplugs are one of the most popular items in our range. What’s more, you can check out our blog for more information on earplugs and protecting your ears.
If you really cannot wear earplugs for a long time, alternatively use Granule Protection Oil . You can apply it to your ears before swimming to create a natural waterproof finish.
If you have previously had ear infections, we recommend that you consult your doctor before using any product.
Can otitis media cause headaches?
Yes, in some cases, irritation and discomfort in the ears can cause headaches.
Otitis media is caused by a plug in the ears, which allows bacteria to multiply in the ear canal. Often, otitis media is accompanied by itching, redness, and swelling.
Unlike adults, children are especially susceptible to otitis media because of the narrower ear canals.
If you suffer from otitis media headaches, try ear drops such as Swim-Eze. They work extremely quickly, vaporize the trapped water and eliminate painful symptoms.
Can chlorinated water cause headaches?
Yes. Chlorine can irritate the nasal membrane and the mucous membrane in the sinus cavities, which leads to the well-known sinusitis.
Water pressure can also cause sinusitis and, as a result, leads to the formation of ear plugs.
If you suffer from this type of headache, you should take the following measures.
First, consider buying nose clips. They are comfortable and easy to wear.The clamps seal your nostrils so chlorinated water does not enter your nasal cavity.
We have a wide range of nose clips that are flexible in structure and soft silicone clips for maximum comfort. They are comfortable and in a couple of minutes you will forget that you are wearing them.
If you have some discomfort from the trapped water after bathing, you can also try a salt water spray or saline solution to rinse your nasal passages.
What else can cause headaches in swimmers?
Dehydration is another of the most obvious and common causes of headaches.
Swimmers who exercise in the morning are especially susceptible to this if they do not drink enough water in the evening or in the morning. Also, don’t forget to bring your water bottle to class. You can leave it by the pool and sip between sets or exercises if needed.
A feeling of lack of oxygen usually occurs for the following reasons: you do not breathe in the same rhythm or hold your breath under water for a long time.
What kind of swimming goggles will relieve headaches?
As mentioned above, swimming goggles are the most common cause of headaches among swimmers.
Wearing glasses that are too tight will cause headaches for most. However, the level of pain can vary greatly depending on who is wearing them.
Some people suffer severely from these headaches, while others may experience only slight discomfort.This is why some swimmers can tighten their goggles tightly while others suffer from the same level of severity.
It all depends on the structure of the skull. Some people have a tiny cranial opening known as an opening. Others have a notch , in this area rather than an opening, which leaves the nerve more open and susceptible to irritation from tight hats.
There are a number of other factors that contribute to the onset of headaches. It is believed that athletes who suffer from migraines are more susceptible to this.
Some people prefer glasses that are positioned above the eyebrows instead of low-profile ones. These glasses are comfortable on the eyes and are a good way to avoid headaches.
If you are looking for this type of swimming goggle, we recommend looking at the Zoggs Predator or the Speedo Futura BioFUSE . They all have a larger, softer rubber pad that reduces pressure on the eyes and forehead, with a double strap for maximum hold.If you take part in competitions, then you will feel how much your success depends on the starting points.
If you are forced to wear low profile goggles in competition, we recommend using them only when necessary.
Try several glasses with different straps until you find one that works for you. There are hundreds of different thin swimming goggles for you to choose from in our store. Here you can first choose glasses to your taste, and then find a great pair in which you will be comfortable.
Follow the link here to view the full range of swimming goggles from the world’s best brands.
ENT archives – medical center “MareMed”
7 mistakes that keep a runny nose
A runny nose usually goes away in 5-7 days.If the ailment lingers for 2-3 weeks, then it has already turned into chronic rhinitis, which will be more difficult to treat. What is the cause of a lingering rhinitis?
1. The wrong drugs. Going to the pharmacy and choosing the first drug that comes along is not a guarantee that you will get rid of a cold quickly. After all, the reasons for it may be different, therefore, the treatment regimens will be different.
What is ARVI?
ARVI or acute respiratory viral infection is the general name for mild viral infections that occur with acute inflammation of the nasopharynx, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat and cough.
Eustachitis is an inflammatory process that takes place in the Eustachian tube. The disease can be acute or chronic.If you start the disease, there is a risk of developing it into catarrhal otitis media.
Eustachitis provokes chronic diseases of the ENT organs and anatomical disorders: adenoids, polyps, sinusitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, deviated nasal septum, etc. And pathogens of inflammation are pathogens: pneumococci, staphylococci and streptococci.
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the maxillary (maxillary) sinuses.According to statistics, this is the most common ENT disease.
Sinusitis – most often the result of untreated rhinitis and colds and problems with the teeth of the upper row. Symptoms of inflammation of the maxillary sinuses:
– nasal congestion;
– accumulation of mucus inside;
– discharge of purulent discharge;
– violation of the sense of smell;
– breaking pains in the region of the temples and bridge of the nose;
– an increase in temperature to 38 degrees and above.
Sinusitis is a type of sinusitis, which is accompanied by inflammation of the maxillary or maxillary sinus.The inflammation can spread to one or both sinuses.
Herpes rash in the nose
Herpes sores usually occur unexpectedly and affect very sensitive areas.For example, the wings of the nose, both outside and inside. Because of these sores, the patient’s breathing becomes difficult, and cleansing the nose of mucus is very painful. The blisters not only itch but also cause pain all over the face. If you ignore their occurrence immediately, then the rash can spread, and the situation will become even more difficult.
Chronic rhinitis is a long-term inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cavities of the nasal passages.Popularly, this condition is called a runny nose, which may be accompanied by additional pathological symptoms. A runny nose can be so protracted that a person gets used to it and practically does not pay attention.
Infectious diseases in most clinical cases are manifested by dysfunctions of ENT organs.Many viruses and bacteria penetrate the mucous membrane of the nose or nasopharynx, which provokes profuse secretion and irritation. An experienced otolaryngologist will help to stop the pathology of infectious etiology at the level of the nasopharynx.
How to clean your ears properly at home?
How to properly clean your ears at home?
– Sulfur accumulates in the auricles of a person.This is not dirt, but a special secret that protects the ear canal. However, sulfur does not look very aesthetically pleasing, so we carefully try to get rid of it with the help of ear sticks. And thus we harm ourselves.
When is catheterization of the auditory tubes necessary?
Catheterization of the auditory tubes is carried out to assess the functioning of the hearing organs, for ventilation and drainage, as well as for the administration of a drug, if this cannot be done by other means.
The procedure can be prescribed for:
– otitis media;
– hearing impairment;
– pain in the ears;
– distorted perception of sounds.
“Mild” signs of a cold
In autumn the weather is very capricious, and we often do not keep up with its “mood swings”.Therefore, we risk getting wet in the rain or overcooling. And then – a runny nose, a cough … Is it worth tolerating such “mild” symptoms of a cold on your feet?
Hearing and smelling impairments
The ability to feel, see, hear and inhale smells provides a person’s life with bright colors and unique sensations.The lack of any ability significantly reduces the quality of life. Hearing and smell impairment can be caused by the following reasons:
– congenital pathologies; …
Swelling of the soft tissues of the cheeks and upper lip
The causes of edema can be very different.For example, allergies, insect bites, skin tissue inflammation, or infection. However, if, in addition to the edema itself, you are worried about nasal congestion, shortness of breath and general malaise, most likely the cause is otolaryngic.
Swelling of the forehead and upper eyelid
Most people do not take a runny nose seriously, considering it an ailment that can be carried on their feet.However, a simple runny nose can cause very serious complications. And one of these is frontal sinusitis or inflammation of the frontal sinus. Just one of the signs of frontal sinusitis is swelling in the forehead and upper eyelid.
The otorhinolaryngologist is engaged in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the nose, ears and throat.In everyday life, such a specialist is called lore. It should be noted that it is ENT that is the most demanded doctor among children and adults.
In Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, specialists from the MareMed Medical Center provide qualified assistance for ENT pathologies.
Sore throat and sore throat
Sore throat and sore throat, problems with swallowing: the main thing is not to start!
Problems with swallowing, sore throat and any discomfort can occur for several reasons.
1. Inflammatory. Viruses, bacteria and fungi cause infections and acute respiratory diseases that lead to inflammatory processes of varying severity. Discomfort in the throat is often accompanied by a dry cough.
Why shouldn’t you go without a headdress in early spring?
ENT doctor advice.Why shouldn’t you go without a headdress in early spring?
The weather is very changeable in early spring. Even if the sun came out for a short time, this does not mean at all that it is warm, and you can take off your hat. Especially you need to protect your head when there is wind or snow and rain outside.
What is the risk of hypothermia of the head?
Polyps in the nasal cavity
Polyps in the nasal cavity are painless masses of soft tissue.They hang down into the nasal cavity and, although they do not cause pain, block breathing.
Loss of voice: reasons and what to do
Voice can be lost for several reasons.
1. Large voice load. Singers, actors, teachers, lecturers are a “risk group”. Due to regular vocal stress, they can form nodules on their vocal cords, which leads to a loss of voice altogether.
2. Infections and inflammation. Swollen and inflamed throat tissue is a serious impairment to the voice.
Rinsing the nasopharynx with an electric suction
Washing the nasopharynx with an electric suction is an old, but very effective method of treatment in otolaryngological practice.This method, in some cases, helps to get rid of chronic processes in the nasal cavity, as well as to avoid more invasive interventions.
The common cold is familiar to absolutely all people for its signs and peculiarities of the clinical picture.The intensity of the manifestation and the severity of the patient’s condition depends on factors such as immunity, the type of infection, the patient’s age and the presence of chronic diseases in the body.
Bursting pain in the forehead
Bursting pain in the forehead: it is dangerous to delay!
Bursting pains in the forehead, radiating to the temples and / or the back of the head – a fairly common problem.The reasons for these symptoms can be different, so it is so important to see a doctor in time for diagnosis.
Sulfur plug in the ear is a fairly common problem.There is a gland in the ear canal that produces a special substance (sulfur) that protects the ear from dust, foreign elements, microorganisms and water. Normally, excess sulfur is eliminated on its own through the external auditory canal.
ENT tips for every day
What should be done to avoid becoming an ENT patient? The doctors themselves have provided some simple advice.If these are taken into account, you can keep your ears, throat and nose in excellent health and not see a doctor at all.
1. Headwear. Hats and scarves cannot be neglected during the cold season. Without a hat, you can go outside only when the air temperature is +10 or higher and provided that the weather is calm.
Diseases and risks of May: tonsillitis and colds of the respiratory system
With the onset of spring, you want to walk as often as possible and enjoy the fresh air.But here lies the danger! The fact is that our immunity naturally weakens during the winter.
With the onset of spring, the body suffers from spring beriberi, and sudden changes in air temperature are perceived as stress. Therefore, even a slight hypothermia can cause inflammatory diseases.
Tonsillitis is a disease of the upper respiratory tract, the cause of which is infection by viruses and bacteria, mainly streptococci.According to statistics, up to 18% of patients who turn to ENT suffer from this disease.
Tonsillitis is accompanied by:
– sore throat;
– redness of the palatine arches;
– an increase in the submandibular lymph nodes;
– an increase in body temperature; …
Hearing loss, Meniere’s disease and otosclerosis.
Hearing loss is the result of damage to one or more parts of the outer, middle or inner ear. Only a doctor can diagnose this disease. With the help of an audiogram, he can also determine the degree of hearing loss.
Removal of a foreign body
The ingress of foreign bodies into the nose, ears and throat is considered a fairly common phenomenon, cases of which are diagnosed at an appointment with an otorhinolaryngologist.The method of detecting a foreign object is a visual examination of the doctor’s ENT.
The herpes virus has been known to mankind since ancient times.Translated from Greek “herpes” means “creeping, attacking”. This value is a characteristic of the course of the disease: the skin becomes covered with small watery bubbles, which itch and cause discomfort.
90,000 Cold headache – treatment with AnviMax
Many people are interested in the treatment of headaches for colds and other diseases.
Headaches are often associated with colds.There can be several reasons for headaches.
The first reason is intoxication. When lymphocytes, macrophages and other immune cells attack an infectious agent, hostile organisms are destroyed and their contents are released into the surrounding space. By their nature, alien and toxic to the body, these substances cause characteristic symptoms – fever, headache, edema, general weakness and fatigue. On the other hand, in the process of fighting microbes, immune cells release a number of biologically active substances that stimulate inflammatory processes and cause similar symptoms.
The second cause of headache is swelling of the mucous membranes. As a result of a local inflammatory reaction, the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx often swell. In this case, the small canals connecting the nasal cavity with the paranasal sinuses are almost completely overlapped. Edema of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses, coupled with the accumulation of excess mucus in them, causes bursting pains in the head, more in the paranasal and frontal regions. If the infection spreads out of control in the sinuses, sinusitis develops.You can suspect sinusitis by the following signs:
- – runny nose lasting more than 5-7 days;
- – fever, chills;
- – profuse purulent discharge from the nose;
- – drainage of mucus along the back of the pharynx;
- – heaviness, swelling, pain when pressed in the affected area;
- – Pain in the nose and forehead, which can spread to the jaw, cheekbones and eye sockets.
It is important to remember that acute, intolerable, rapidly increasing headache can occur with complications of influenza, such as viral meningitis and intracranial hemorrhage.If you experience such a headache, you should immediately consult a doctor.
And yet, in most cases, headache during a cold does not pose a particular threat, and it does not make sense to endure it. Symptomatic drugs based on paracetamol, a substance with antipyretic and analgesic properties, can bring relief. These agents contribute to the safe treatment of headaches, they have proven themselves well in clinical practice. Medicines based on antihistamines are often used – they eliminate lacrimation and itching caused by a headache with a cold, have a moderate antipyretic effect.
AnviMax: help with headaches and colds
In addition to symptomatic agents that only reduce fever and headache with colds and other diseases, there are also combined drugs that also have an antiviral effect. These properties are possessed by the drug AnviMax.
AnviMax contains paracetamol, ascorbic acid, remantadine, rutoside and loratodine. Paracetamol has antipyretic and analgesic effects. Rutoside protects the walls of blood vessels, increases their tone and reduces the likelihood of vascular complications.Loratadine reduces the release of histamine. The presence of remantadine in AnviMax determines its antiviral effect: this substance disrupts the work of the so-called M2 ion channels, through which the influenza virus enters the cells of the human body. Remantadine inhibits viral multiplication, prevents complications, and has been shown to be effective in clinical trials.
Thus, thanks to its unique composition, AnviMax successfully combines the properties of several classes of drugs at once and can be used for the complex treatment of headaches for colds and flu.
Headache | Polyclinic Otradnoe
Why there is a headache
As a rule, not the whole head hurts, but some part of it. Causes of headache , depending on its location:
- The area of the temples can hurt with sudden changes in blood pressure, with poisoning of the body with toxins or infectious diseases;
- headache in the back of the head occurs with high blood pressure, problems with the cervical spine (osteochondrosis, spondylosis) or hypertonicity of the muscles of the neck and collar zone;
- if the forehead hurts, it may be an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses – frontal sinusitis.It can also be a sign of increased intracranial pressure or occipital nerve entrapment. Such pain accompanies very serious illnesses – meningitis, pneumonia, malaria, typhoid;
- if painful sensations arise around the eyes – these are signs of migraine, vegetative-vascular dystonia. This is how eye diseases, including glaucoma, can manifest themselves.
Be careful if your head hurts regularly, with a certain cycle. This is a clear and specific signal that you have a chronic illness or that your stress and hard work is very high.
Different intensity of headache
Headache in a particular area can be of different intensity: from sharp and sudden attacks, to prolonged exhausting ones. This is also valuable diagnostic information.
In terms of intensity, pain in the head can be:
- Strong, sometimes unbearable. The reasons for this pain are migraines, pressure drops, sinusitis, head injuries or infections.If the pain does not subside over time, but grows, it means that the painful process is progressing.
- Long-term. This is a very serious SOS signal that only our body can give. It can indicate lesions of the nervous system of an infectious nature, meningitis, tuberculosis, parasitic diseases, and even a brain tumor. Particularly worrisome frequent headache .
- Pulsing. Most often, migraine manifests itself this way.However, it can also be vascular diseases – brain damage, impaired outflow of cerebrospinal fluid or venous outflow. Some types of infectious lesions, otitis media, glaucoma cause throbbing pain. A severe and prolonged throbbing headache is especially dangerous.
- Sudden. As a rule, it is caused by cerebral vasospasm. This happens in the case of a pinched nerve with cervical osteochondrosis, with a vascular crisis. Rupture of an aneurysm, intracranial hemorrhage is very dangerous.But a sharp headache often occurs as a result of the stress suffered, if a person is nervous or poisoned with low-quality products.
Which diseases are accompanied by a headache
Only a doctor can establish a diagnosis, after several stages of examination. Indeed, with similar symptoms, the causes of headache are different. Here is a list of the main diseases accompanied by pain in the head area:
- Migraine. Severe headache , often – throbbing, the person is sick, irritated by light, smells. There is a general weakness, a desire to lie down. Pain often affects one side of the face. A migraine attack can last for several hours, or maybe 2-3 days.
- Tension headache. The most common type of disease. Usually the head hurts slightly, but the painful sensations come back again and again. It can last 6-7 days. The pain compresses the skull, is localized in the back of the head, frontal part, crown, or spreads to all parts.This type of pain occurs in people engaged in sedentary work, driving for a long time, or constantly in a state of stress. Their shoulder girdle is so constrained that it does not relax even during sleep. The permeability of muscles, nerve impulses, tissue nutrition is impaired.
- Cluster disease. It is very difficult for patients, sometimes it turns into a continuous form. The pain throbs on one side of the head, compresses the eye or part of the forehead. The eye begins to water and swell.The peak of the attack lasts from half an hour to an hour and a half. Cluster pains are more common in men.
- Pain caused by infections. She is accompanied by chills, fever. The pain presses on the temples, eyes, forehead. With ARVI, cough and runny nose join the symptoms. With meningitis, the pain is severe, throbbing, accompanied by vomiting.
- Pain resulting from an injury. Their nature and intensity depends on the nature of the injury. Typical for concussion, skull damage, displacement of the vertebrae in the cervical spine.Moreover, unpleasant sensations can arise immediately, or they can – after a while.
- Sinus pain. It accompanies inflammation of the sinuses, therefore it is localized in the frontal part of the head or near the nose. The patient has a runny nose, nasal congestion. You can get rid of it only by curing the underlying disease.
- Pain caused by intracranial pressure. These are massive, intense pain sensations that cover the entire surface of the head and the area around the eyes. Patients describe them as pressing or bursting.Often a person is sick and he can hardly tolerate bright light.
- Pain arising from damage to the trigeminal nerve. Sharp, short (2 to 5 seconds), but very painful. Arises suddenly in any part of the face. Most often, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve occurs in people with unhealthy teeth and oral problems.
Which examinations need to be passed
With complaints of headache, you should consult a therapist. First, the doctor collects an anamnesis – specifies the nature, location, duration of the headache.Remember when it first appeared and how often it repeats itself. In order to exclude additional factors that can provoke seizures, you need to undergo an examination by a neurologist, ENT doctor, ophthalmologist and visit a dental office. They will be able to accurately identify 90,016 causes and types of headaches and prescribe treatment.
Your doctor may recommend the following examinations for you:
- Electroencephalography – examination of the state of the brain.This is how vascular and tumor pathologies, hematomas are detected;
- X-ray – will show if there are signs of hydrocephalus, whether there was a head injury or sinusitis;
- magnetic resonance imaging – this is how you can detect a tumor, problems of cerebral circulation, diseases of the sinuses, the consequences of a stroke.
- computed tomography – this way you can determine if there is hemorrhage in the brain, what is the structure of the brain tissue and blood vessels;
- electromyography – determines lesions of neural connections and nerves;
- Doppler ultrasound of the neck vessels – a popular procedure reveals atherosclerosis, vascular and blood flow pathologies, aneurysms;
- laboratory tests – tests will help detect inflammation, the presence of infection, cholesterol metabolism problems and autoimmune processes.
The consequences of headaches can be very serious. The more often and stronger the headaches become, the brighter their consequences will manifest themselves – up to muscle spasm and brain hypoxia. And besides, the underlying disease will inevitably begin to progress.
Headache treatment is not limited to drugs — although anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, and local analgesics are an important part of treatment.For example, a course of medication blockades greatly facilitates the patient’s condition.
A good help in the treatment of headaches will be:
- manual therapy – a method of using manual massage techniques on the spine. Especially effective for migraine and tension pain;
- massage techniques. Effective for recovery from injuries and chronic migraines;
- acupuncture – exposure to medical needles through specific points on the body.So you can activate the work of organs associated with certain nerve endings and start the process of self-healing;
- osteopathy – in this case, muscle clamps and changes in joints and organs are worked out using special massage techniques for points on the patient’s body;
- physiotherapy – treatment with ultrasound, alternating or constant weak electric and magnetic fields, exposure to heat. Effective for different types of headaches;
- physiotherapy exercises – moderate physical activity, especially good in the treatment of post-traumatic conditions and pain of overexertion;
- Botox injections – if the muscles are constrained by a spasm, the Botox injection will relax the body area and relieve headaches;
- extracorporeal hemocorrection is a method based on cleansing the blood from excess cholesterol and toxic substances.It has proven itself in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and pathologies of the immune system;
90,020 folk remedies. For the most part, grandmother’s gadgets and conspiracies can not be recommended in every case, and only as a method of complacency. By preparing decoctions and compresses, you can waste precious time and miss the early stage of the disease. Therefore, in any case, the first thing to do is consult a doctor.
How to prevent headaches
The best prevention of headaches is a healthy lifestyle and the ability to avoid stress.
The main conditions for this:
- proper nutrition. Food should not contain toxins, not provoke excess weight and supply the body with the necessary vitamins and amino acids;
- physical activity. Feasible and moderate physical education, warm-ups during the working day, swimming, jogging, hippotherapy will keep the muscles in good shape and prevent the occurrence of muscle clamps;
- no bad habits.Alcohol, smoking, abuse of coffee and energy drinks are the first harbingers of imminent headaches. Take care of yourself.
- full night sleep. Only in this way will the body be able to qualitatively rest and restore its strength.
Sinus cyst headaches
I would like to receive your advice, which, perhaps, will clarify the situation and put an end to my wanderings and torments.
During the first pregnancy, 12 years ago, vasomotor rhinitis began.Last winter, I turned to the ENT with a complaint of nasal congestion, said that the septum was curved and it was necessary to do a MCT, where a cyst measuring 10 by 15 mm was found. At the same time, headaches began in the forehead and the left eye ached inside, the pains were aching, pressing, monotonous. Saw nurofen, the pain passed. Has become sensitive to the cold, if I do not pull the cap over my forehead, it begins to ache. I saved myself from pain with hot salt … these pains were not very frequent, I did not go to the doctors. From
of the nose, jelly-like mucus, transparent or liquid, constantly flows down the back wall.I noticed that the mucus is going – there are no pains in the forehead, fundus and bursting in the upper part of the nose. There is no mucus – a bursting nose, a headache and an eye ache. And these pains do not go away for 2 weeks. Drinking nurofen is useless, everything comes back.
In the lower parts of the right maxillary sinus there is a cyst of 15 mm with punctate inclusions of calcium, i.e. breakage material. In the area of the root of the 17 tooth, the radicular cyst is 8 by 5 mm. They made a 3D image of the upper jaw: a cyst in the nose from the tooth, in addition to the filling material, there was also a rubber tube around which a tooth cyst had formed.The maxillofacial surgeon recommended that the operation be performed under general anesthesia – to remove the tooth, remove the rubber band and filling material from the canal. He also said that, apart from cysts, everything is fine with the nose, headaches and pain in the eyes from a cyst cannot be
, this was also confirmed by the ENT. Although I read in almost every article on the Internet that the signs of a cyst are dull pain in the forehead and back wall of the eye. Something tells me that this is just my case. But, as the doctors say, the cyst is on my right, and my eye hurts on the left… Sent to a neurologist with suspected trigeminal inflammation.
I am interested in your opinion whether I should start treatment with Finlepsin and Visobral or first have an operation, what is the nature of the headache and eye pain and whether the cyst will go away after tooth extraction, or then it will still be necessary to do an endoscopy of the sinus.
I would be grateful for your answer. Best regards, Irina
90,000 The nose hurts. Pain in the nose and head, nasal congestion, pain inside the nose. What to do with these symptoms?
Sinus pain is one of the frequent complaints of patients with diseases of the ENT organs.But this symptom indicates not only inflammation in the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis), but can also be a sign of other common pathologies.
In this material, we will analyze in detail the main causes, diseases, recommendations for treatment for pain in the sinuses.
Sinus pain – causes of
It’s no secret that pain is a protective signal of the body. Which indicates problem areas, including the paranasal area.
If we consider the functional causes of sinus pain, then it is more related to the pressure of the exudate, which is formed in large quantities during inflammatory processes.Because of this, the normal outflow of discharge from the sinuses is disrupted, which causes pressure on the surrounding structures and tissues.
Another common cause is the proliferation of tumor formations (polyps and cysts), which violates the integrity of the anatomical structures, thereby causing necrotic processes in this area.
Anatomical features not related to inflammatory and necrotic processes, for example: curvature of the nasal septum, narrowness of the nasal passages, hypertrophy of the tonsils, pathology of the lacrimal apparatus, etc.e. About which, in more detail in the next section of the material.
Diseases leading to sinus pain
So what diseases can trigger sinus pain? This is a rather lengthy list, so we will conditionally divide them into etiological reasons.
Inflammatory conditions, the main part of the pathologies provoking this symptom:
- Sinusitis. Acute and chronic inflammatory processes in the paranasal sinuses – sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, ethmoiditis, sphenoiditis.
- Rhinitis. Catarrhal form, can lead to chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which provokes a blockage in the paranasal sinuses. The so-called rhinosinusitis.
- Dental pathologies. If there are problems with the teeth of the upper jaw – forming foci of inflammation, they can provoke the formation of perforation or fistula in the maxillary sinus.
- Other conditions. Any focus of inflammation in the nasopharyngeal region can be complicated by the spread to the surrounding structures, for example, in chronic tonsillitis.
Diseases of non-inflammatory etiology, can also lead to pain in the sinuses:
- Curvature of the nasal septum is the most common non-inflammatory cause of sinus pain. More details in this material: Curvature of the nasal septum – symptoms, causes, complications.
- Trophic forms of rhinitis. Chronic changes in the mucous membrane with rhinitis can be not only inflammatory, but also hypertrophic.For example: medicinal, atrophic, vasomotor and hypertrophic rhinitis. All of them contribute to the “blockage” of the outflow of discharge from the paranasal sinuses.
- Neoplasms. The growth of cysts and polyps can lead to the destruction of bone and cartilage tissue in the nasopharyngeal region, leading to the corresponding symptoms.
- Other diseases. Hypertrophy of the adenoids or adenoid vegetation provoke a violation of the normal patency of the nasal passages, thereby affecting the paranasal sinuses.
If sinuses hurt without a runny nose?
This in most cases indicates a chronic pathology, the most common of which is chronic sinusitis or sinusitis of the maxillary sinus. This condition is characterized by recurrent pain in the maxillary sinus area. During an exacerbation, catarrhal symptoms join painful sensations: serous-purulent discharge, rhinorrhea, postnasal syndrome, etc.
Other ENT causes of pain without manifestations of rhinorrhea (runny nose) are the conditions described in the previous section: curvature of the nasal septum, neoplasms, adenoids, dental pathologies, etc.
It should be remembered that sinus pain may not be of an otolaryngological etiology, for example, in neurological conditions: cranial nerve neuritis, migraine, fibromyalgia, etc. Therefore, it is important to assess the condition in a timely manner and exclude more serious pathologies. In this regard, the diagnosis should be carried out in depth, especially in the chronic course of pain.
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Sinuses hurt – how to treat?
Therapeutic treatment , for example for sinusitis, consists of the appointment of vasoconstrictor, mucolytic and antimicrobial drugs.The main goal is to suppress the inflammatory process and normalize the outflow of contents from the sinuses. Additionally, outside the stages of exacerbation, physiotherapeutic procedures can be prescribed, for example, UHF of the sinuses. Saline rinsing and inhalations also have a fairly good effect. For the temporary relief of pain, the use of painkillers is allowed, for example, the NSAID group (Nise, etc.)
Of course, surgical treatment is also carried out, especially in case of anatomical changes and chronic inflammatory conditions.Which depends on the root cause of sinus pain:
- For chronic sinusitis, various sinusotomies: sinusotomy, polysinusotomy, etc.
- With a curvature of the nasal septum – septoplasty.
- In case of adenoid hypertrophy – adenotomy.
Your counterpart, specializing in endoscopic paranasal surgery. This is a more gentle effect, which allows you to minimize the terms of both the cure and the recovery period. Discharge from the hospital usually occurs within 24 hours after the operation.
More detailed information about the surgical treatment of ENT organs is located on the corresponding page: Treatment of ENT diseases
Where can you get advice for sinus pain?
Summing up some of the results of this article, we can indicate that pain in the paranasal sinuses can be a symptom of a fairly serious disease. Accordingly, it is important to conduct not only a specialist examination, but also diagnostic procedures.
Therefore, in order to save time in making a diagnosis, it is important to choose a medical center with a diagnostic base, and not just a medical one.The telephone numbers of the registries of the medical centers in Moscow and the region where I receive patients are indicated on the “Contacts” page. There you can also find out the cost, conditions of operations and the terms of stay in the hospital.
Nasal congestion and headache: causes of
A stuffy nose and headache can be the result of benign conditions such as colds and allergies. However, they are sometimes associated with a condition that may require medical attention.
In this article, we will discuss some of the causes of headaches and nasal congestion and the treatment options available.We will also consider when a person should seek medical attention.
Sinusitis is a sinus infection that can cause mucus buildup and swelling. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), acute sinus infections often begin as the common cold.
An initial cold can cause the sinuses to swell, trapping bacteria and mucus in the passages. According to the AAAAI, chronic sinusitis occurs when a person experiences three or more sinus infections in a year.
This usually causes sinus edema and mucus buildup.
- pressure around eyes, forehead or nose
- rush of blood to the head
- nasal congestion
- discolored and thick mucus
- purulent nasal drips
- a feeling of stuffiness in the ears
- headache, especially in the frontal part of the head
- fever (rare)
Most sinus infections are caused by viruses, and people can treat most sinus problems with over-the-counter medications.
However, if sinus problems persist or worsen after 7-10 days, the sinusitis is likely bacterial. In these cases, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Antibiotics kill the bacteria that cause this infection.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), stuffy nose is a common symptom of the common cold. Some people may also experience a headache from a cold, although this is a rare symptom.
Other cold symptoms:
- cough or mild chest pain
- sore throat
- fever (rare)
- weakness or fatigue
The treatment of colds usually requires rest and increased fluid intake. The patient can also take over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Home remedies such as moisturizers or inhalation can also help manage symptoms.
If symptoms persist within 10-14 days, the patient should talk to a doctor as they may develop a sinus infection.
- Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory illness that occurs due to influenza viruses.
- People with the flu may also have nasal congestion and headaches.
- According to the CDC, other symptoms include:
- sore throat
- muscle pain
- fever (sometimes)
Some people may experience vomiting and diarrhea, but these are more common in children than in adults.
Serious complications can develop in some patients with influenza. A patient should seek emergency medical attention if they experience any of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- chest pain
- permanent dizziness
- severe muscle pain
- great weakness
The earlier the treatment starts, the better.The doctor may also prescribe antiviral medications to prevent complications from occurring.
Allergies can cause nasal congestion and headache. When an allergy causes a headache, the person may experience other symptoms such as:
- lacrimation and itching in the eyes
- runny nose
- face pain around cheeks and nose
- The patient should avoid allergic triggers where possible.
- Allergy treatment consists of over-the-counter medications such as antihistamines and nasal decongestants.
- If over-the-counter drugs are not effective, the patient should talk to their doctor about prescription drugs or allergy shots.
5. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an infection of the nose, lungs and throat. Although anyone can get it, it is more common in children.RSV is the cause of bronchiolitis in children.
This virus can cause dull or mild headaches and nasal congestion.
In some cases, RSV can cause other symptoms, such as:
- high temperature
- shortness of breath
- sore throat
- wheezing in the chest
Most healthy adults and children can treat RSV at home, and it goes away in 1–2 weeks.
In these cases, over-the-counter medications can help relieve symptoms. However, parents should talk to a doctor before giving medications to children.
CDC advises that the elderly, infants, and people with weakened immune systems are at a higher risk of developing serious symptoms and should see a doctor if they develop breathing problems.
6. Ear infections
Ear infections can also cause headaches and nasal congestion.Both viruses and bacteria can cause ear infections.
Fluid from the ear can enter the nasal passages and cause an infection in the nose.
Some common ear infection symptoms include:
- hearing loss
- ear discharge
- high temperature
- sleep difficulties
Some home remedies can help get rid of an ear infection. The steps a patient can take include:
- use of warm compress
- Drinking more liquid
- taking over-the-counter pain medications
- using OTC ear drops
- If home treatments do not work, the patient should talk to the doctor.
- A doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection.
- The patient should seek medical attention if any of the following symptoms occur:
- high temperature 38.8 ° C or above
- worsening symptoms
- hearing loss
- ear discharge
Migraine is a severe throbbing headache that usually affects one side of the head. Migraines can cause nasal congestion.
Pain can be chronic, which means it can recur.
Other symptoms may include:
- blurred vision
- There are several different migraine treatment options, although they may not work for everyone.
- Treatment usually focuses on preventing the attack or symptoms.
- The patient should talk to their doctor about the best treatment options.
8. Nasal polyps
Nasal polyps are benign growths in the nasal passages. Some polyps may not cause any symptoms at all.
- nasal discharge
- pressure in the facial sinuses
- nasal congestion
- deterioration of smell
Doctors usually treat nasal polyps with steroids and saline lavages.According to the AAAAI, steroids usually reduce the size of polyps. However, polyps often recur, and some patients may require long-term treatment or sometimes surgery.
- Pregnancy can also cause headaches and nasal congestion.
- Various factors, including changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, can cause headaches and nasal congestion in women.
- According to a 2012 study, rhinitis is common during pregnancy.
- The symptoms of rhinitis are sneezing and runny nose.
- A pregnant woman should talk to her doctor about any symptoms she is experiencing.
A doctor may recommend safe medications or treatments to help with headaches.
The patient can also try:
- yoga for pregnant women
- good posture practice
- neck and shoulder massage
- more rest
- eat well
- use cold compress to relieve tension headache
- Use warm eye and nose wipes if sinus headache is the cause
In some cases, the patient may know what is causing his headache and nasal congestion, and may not need a diagnosis.
However, if the patient does not know the cause of his headache and nasal congestion or worsening symptoms, the patient should see a doctor. The doctor will likely ask a few questions about the symptoms and perform a physical exam.
In some cases, such as allergic reactions, your doctor may order tests to look for allergies or other signs of an underlying condition.
- Depending on the cause, people may not always be able to prevent a stuffy nose and headache.
- An individual may take steps such as frequent hand washing to avoid exposure to viruses, including the flu, common cold, or RSV.
- The patient may also take steps to avoid known triggers for allergy or migraine causes.
When to see a doctor
A patient who has recurrent colds, allergies or migraines does not need to visit their doctor every time they happen.
However, if symptoms worsen or change, patients should definitely talk to their doctor.The patient should also talk to the doctor if they experience unexplained congestion and headache. A doctor can diagnose an underlying condition that needs treatment.
- A stuffy nose and headache are often the result of mild conditions such as colds or allergies.
- Some people may develop more serious medical conditions such as bacterial sinus infections, migraines, or ear infections.
- Patients should talk to their doctor if their cold lasts longer than a week, or if there are other serious symptoms that may indicate a larger problem.
- Treatment can often be done at home with over-the-counter pain relievers and decongestants.
- Prevention should include proper hand washing and prevention of the causes of allergies or migraines.
A little cold – and a runny nose has already begun, and with it a headache. How to get rid of unpleasant cold symptoms? In this article, we will talk about the causes of a runny nose and headache, talk about the methods of treatment and the possible consequences of these painful conditions.
And first, let’s talk about the reasons due to which a headache can be.
Why does the head hurt with a cold
- Increase in temperature and intracranial pressure: blood vessels expand, intracranial fluid begins to be intensively produced and pressures on the brain – this causes painful sensations in the head.
- Inflammation of the paranasal and frontal sinuses. Due to edema, the ventilation of the sinuses is disturbed, the flow of oxygen into the body becomes more difficult, the brain begins to experience oxygen starvation.
- Intoxication as a result of the penetration of the virus into the body. In this case, the headache signals the onset of a viral disease.
- Frequent blowing of the nose, which causes overstrain of the vessels and muscles of the face. And, as a result, a headache.
Very often the head hurts, there is weakness without fever and a stuffy nose with a common cold.
It is quite possible to cope with it on your own.
Next, we will tell you how to quickly get rid of a headache.
What to do when your head hurts
- Observe bed rest. When your head hurts, you need to rest. The best remedy is to sleep normally in a well-ventilated area.
- Take a pain reliever. Headaches can be extremely uncomfortable if left untreated. You do not need to endure pain: it is better to drink the pain reliever that is in your home medicine cabinet.
- Avoid irritants. Irritants include bright light, loud sounds, strong odors.Essential oils, such as eucalyptus or lavender, can help some people with headaches, but very often they cause the opposite effect: the headache is even worse. Hence we conclude: if you have not experimented with essential oils before, now it is also better to abstain.
- Do not strain your eyes. Put your book aside, turn off your gadgets, and try to sleep.
- Stick to a healthy diet. Fatty, spicy, salty foods can provoke or worsen headaches.
- Drink plenty of water. If you’re feeling uncomfortable with stress and fatigue, drinking plenty of fluids will ease the condition.
- Make a compress. If the temperature is not high, a cool compress may help ease the pain.
Now you know what to do when you have a headache. One more unpleasant symptom remained: a runny nose. Next, we will tell you how to deal with it.
Runny nose: treatment
Before treating a cold, all mucus should be removed from the sinuses.You need to blow your nose correctly. Here are 2 tips to help your body get rid of mucus quickly and without harm.
How to blow your nose correctly
- Blow your nose with your mouth open to avoid damaging the tympanic membranes.
- Do not try to get rid of mucus from both nostrils at the same time. This must be done in turn: first from one nostril, then from the other.
Now let’s talk about how to quickly cure a runny nose and forget about nasal congestion for a long time.
- Flush nose. A saline solution is suitable for rinsing. Use a dispenser bottle or regular teapot to brew tea. How to prepare the solution? Add 0.5 teaspoon table salt or sea salt to 1 glass of water. By rinsing your nose with this solution, you will allow the mucus to drain quickly and easily. After a few minutes you will feel that breathing has become much easier. Salt water for washing can be replaced with an infusion of St. John’s wort, chamomile or calendula.
- Sit in a damp room.It is much easier to blow your nose when the mucous membrane is moist. To keep the mucous membrane moist at all times, turn on a humidifier in the room. If you don’t have a humidifier at hand, turn on hot water in the bathroom and leave the door open to allow moisture to flow freely into other rooms.
- Massage the bridge of the nose, supra-frontal and maxillary sinuses. With light circular motions with your thumbs for 1-2 minutes, massage the forehead just above the eyebrows, the wings of the nose, the area under the eyes and the bridge of the nose. As a result of this massage, the swelling from the mucous membrane will go away, and the symptoms of the common cold will decrease.It will immediately become easier to breathe.
- Use a vasoconstrictor. Pharmacy drops and sprays quickly relieve swelling and make breathing easier. Which is better: spray or drops? The spray delivers the medicine to the deepest parts of the nasal cavity, and many drops are simply swallowed. Hence the conclusion: sprays are more effective. There is one caveat: vasoconstrictors are not recommended to be used more than 3 times a day and longer than 3 days, otherwise the medicine can harm. It increases intraocular pressure, constricts blood vessels in the eyes and brain.Elderly people and people with diseases of the eyes, heart and blood vessels from vasoconstrictors should be abandoned altogether.
- Take antiviral and restorative drugs. Usually, when a runny nose and a headache occur, a cold begins. This means that you need to fight not only with the symptom, but also with the cause of the disease. There are many pharmaceutical preparations in the form of tablets or hot drinks that have analgesic, antiviral and antipyretic effects. However, if you have a runny nose and a temperature up to 38, you can do without antipyretic drugs.
Do not self-medicate!
Suppose you have been undergoing treatment for 3 days, but the runny nose does not go away – what to do? Make an appointment with a doctor! He will diagnose, diagnose and prescribe treatment.
If you run a runny nose or engage in improper self-medication of ARVI for a long time, you can earn sinusitis, sinusitis and other complications.
Traditional medicines for the treatment of headaches and rhinitis
- Warm milk with honey and butter.Effectively fights cold symptoms: runny nose, headache, sore throat and cough. Strengthens the immune system, relaxes, promotes rapid falling asleep and sound sleep. To make the drink not only medicinal, but also tasty, add a pinch of cinnamon.
- Hot tea with honey, ginger and lemon. If the ingredients are not listed, brew regular black sweet tea. Immediately after the first sips, you will feel relief.
- Decoctions of mint, chamomile, lemon balm and linden. Soothes, relaxes, relieves pain and promotes good sleep.
What to do to avoid headaches and runny nose? Follow a few simple preventive measures.
Runny nose and headache: prevention
- Work and play in a well-ventilated area with normal humidity levels. You need to ventilate regularly: the room must maintain constant air circulation, even in cold weather. But we do not urge you to freeze! Once an hour, open the window for 5 minutes and during this time go out to another room.In winter, ventilation is even more important than in the warm season: in unventilated rooms with dry air, the mucous membrane dries up and becomes vulnerable to viruses and bacteria that may be in the air. By airing the room, you reduce their concentration.
- Make exercise a daily habit. If you are unable to exercise regularly (or are unable to do so for health reasons), develop a daily walking habit. Start small: stop early and walk in the park at lunchtime.Walking for an hour in the fresh air will do more good than a grueling workout in a stuffy gym.
- Sleep 7-8 hours. Lack of sleep can weaken your immune system and cause serious physical and mental health problems. And vice versa: a properly rested body is more resistant to viruses.
- Take vitamins. Do not buy vitamin complexes on the advice of friends or after watching advertisements. Be sure to consult your doctor. He will help you choose the vitamins that are right for you, taking into account your age and health status.
We looked at the most common causes of a runny nose and headache, as well as ways to relieve these symptoms and prevent them. Such conditions are most often caused by the common cold.
At the same time, a headache with a runny nose can be evidence of a serious illness.
Next, we will look at diseases whose symptoms are headache and runny nose.
Diseases the symptoms of which are runny nose together with headache
|Sinusite||Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus||Severe pain in the nose, nasal voice, fever, shortness of breath, insomnia, cough, weakness (several types of rhinitis, depending on whether the pus is draining away)||Visual examination, rhinoscopy, smear, electroradiography, auscultatory diagnostics||Antibacterial therapy, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, vasoconstrictor drugs, rinsing the nasal passages|
|Frontite||Inflammatory disease of the frontal sinus with the development of blockage of the canal connecting the sinus and nasopharynx||Pain in the eye sockets and forehead, swelling of the eyelids, problems with smell, cough, weakness, fever||Rhinoscopy, nasal endoscopy, sinus x-ray, sinus CT, blood test||Vasoconstrictor nasal drops and sprays, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and, antihistamines, antibiotics, physiotherapy|
|Sphenoiditis||Inflammatory lesion of the mucous membrane lining the sphenoid sinus from the inside||Deterioration of vision, weakness, runny nose, headache, temperature 37–38||CT of the paranasal sinuses||Antibiotic therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, vasoconstrictor drops and sprays|
|Ethmoiditis||An inflammatory disease arising in the mucous membrane of the ethmoid bone||Pain in the bridge of the nose and inner corner of the eye, vision problems, edema of the periobital region, fever, general weakness||CT of the paranasal sinuses||Antibiotic therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, vasoconstrictor drops and sprays|
|Otitis||Inflammatory disease of various parts of the ear, can be internal, middle and external, infectious, purulent, etc.d.||Redness of the ear canal, pain and itching in the ear, purulent discharge, dizziness, sore throat without fever, cough, nausea, tinnitus, hearing impairment||Otoscopy, otomicroscopy, audiometry, X-ray and computed tomography, as well as laboratory research methods for purulent and infectious otitis media||Local external therapy, antibiotics, physiotherapy procedures, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, dehydration therapy (treatment methods depend on the type of otitis media)|
|Meningitis||Inflammation of the meninges.Depending on the nature of the course of the disease, purulent and serous meningitis is isolated||Fever, muscle tension in the neck and neck, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, hearing impairment, drowsiness, convulsions, skin rash, photophobia, mental problems||Blood tests, cerebrospinal puncture, neurological examination, electroencephalography, computed tomography||Antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal therapy, detoxification and rehydration|
|Allergic rhinitis||Inflammation of the nasal mucosa after contact with an allergen (pollen, dust, mold)||Itching, sneezing, discharge from the eyes, runny nose, headache without fever||Blood test for the determination of specific IgE antibodies, skin tests||Antihistamines, decongestants, nasal corticosteroids|
|ARVI (ORZ)||A group of acute inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system, the causative agents of which are usually respiratory viruses||Sneezing, sore throat, cough, fever, weakness||Hematological, biochemical, serological methods.Additionally, X-ray, MRI, CT and other||Vasoconstrictor, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs|
|Influenza||Acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract, included in the ARVI group||Fever, sore throat, cough, weakness, muscle pain, chest pain,||Aspirate, smear, lavage, blood and urine analysis, ECG, chest x-ray||Antiviral inhibitors and antibacterials|
|diarrhea (sometimes), vomiting|
|Coronavirus COVID-19||Acute viral disease affecting the respiratory system and gastrointestinal tract||Fever, cough, sore throat, weakness, muscle pain, diarrhea (sometimes), loss of smell (sometimes), shortness of breath, tightness and chest pain||PCR testing, ELISA analysis for IgM / IgG antibodies, additionally computed tomography of the chest organs||Treatment is prescribed by a doctor.It depends on the patient’s health and age: it can be carried out at home (with mild to moderate symptoms) or in a hospital setting (with complications and concomitant diseases)|
We have considered only a few diseases. In fact, headaches and runny nose can be symptoms of many more serious ailments.
Please note: the symptoms of the above diseases are very similar. In each case, the patient may have a headache and a runny nose.
It is important to understand that it is very difficult to make the correct diagnosis on your own, but in case of improper self-medication, the patient’s condition may worsen. And then it will be much more difficult to cure the disease.
In some cases, this can be life-threatening.
And when do you need to contact the ENT, if self-medication did not help? Don’t wait for the disease to get worse! If a headache and a runny nose bother you for more than 3 days, consult a physician and an otolaryngologist.Specialists will conduct tests and examinations, after which they will diagnose and prescribe treatment.
As a rule, with complaints of a runny nose and headache, the patient needs to undergo blood and urine tests, an X-ray of the upper respiratory tract, MRI or CT.
Headache and runny nose with coronavirus
A runny nose and headache may be symptoms of the coronavirus. The disease in the early stages is accompanied by general weakness, sore throat and fever.Nasal congestion may persist until the end of the course of the disease. In general, the symptoms of coronavirus are similar to the usual ARVI. As we have already said, improper treatment can lead to very serious consequences.
How to distinguish COVID-19 from the common cold? One of the main features in the early stages is loss of smell. If the disease is not treated, shortness of breath appears, that is, breathing problems. If you have come into contact with a person who has been diagnosed with coronavirus and now feel unwell, immediately contact your family doctor and follow his instructions.
Timely diagnostics and specialist consultation is the key to successful, fast and comfortable treatment. Have you had a runny nose and a headache for several days? Do not risk your health and the well-being of your loved ones! Call us and we will make an appointment at the earliest convenient time for you.
How to distinguish sinusitis from rhinitis and choose a treatment. Otorhinolaryngologist tells
Sinusitis is a common diagnosis with which patients come to ENT. How to understand that you have not an ordinary runny nose, is it necessary to pierce your sinuses and what to do in order not to get sick? For these and other important questions HEALTH.TUT.BY was answered by otorhinolaryngologist Alexey Perminov.
Sinusitis is an inflammation in the paranasal sinuses. Sinusitis is a term that has a historical meaning, which is called inflammation in the maxillary sinuses. Nowadays, it is often used as a common noun. Maxillary sinusitis (the correct name for the disease) is inflammation in the maxillary (maxillary) sinuses.
Like many diseases, sinusitis is acute and chronic. A sign of chronic sinusitis can be nasal congestion or nasal discharge for more than 3 months.It becomes chronic when symptoms are observed for more than three months in a row.
Depending on what causes it and how it proceeds, sinusitis can be viral and present as a manifestation of the common cold, post-viral and bacterial. Direct attention is focused on the latter – bacterial sinusitis, which most of all reduces the quality of life.
The paranasal sinuses are located in the head, where many sense organs are concentrated, where the innervation is well developed, therefore, we feel any process that occurs in the area of the face and head more sharply.
That is why sinusitis influences the feeling of fullness of life, sleep, daytime activity so much.
And if we compare the manifestations of chronic sinusitis and some heart diseases in terms of the severity of their impact on the quality of life, then a patient with the first may suffer more.
Nasal discharge or nasal congestion; feeling of pressure, fullness, or pain in the face area; decreased sense of smell, which can also be present with any inflammatory nasal disease.In some cases, an unpleasant odor appears, a rise in body temperature above 38 degrees, swelling of the face. In children, sinusitis can also manifest itself as a cough.
Persistence of nasal symptoms in an adult for more than 10 days or a second wave of illness (worsening after 5 days) may be signs of sinusitis. A combination of 3 signs: severe pain in the face, body temperature over 38 degrees, a second wave, altered nasal discharge – may indicate bacterial sinusitis.
The main differences are the timing, dynamics and “unusual” manifestations: nasal congestion and discharge persist for more than ten days, there is a second wave of the disease, pain and pressure in the face.
Color is not always an important feature. Green discharge is not dangerous, but discolored and whitish, but only in combination with the above symptoms, can indicate a problem.
It’s time to go to the doctor if:
- Have nasal congestion or nasal discharge that does not go away for more than ten days;
- the second wave of the disease went;
- pain, pressure, or a bursting feeling in the face appear;
- there was an unpleasant smell from the nose, which the patient himself feels;
- everything is bad at once: the body temperature is above 38, severe pain in the face, discharge or nasal congestion, and the symptoms persist for more than two days.
Sudden double vision, swelling in the face or eye area, a sudden decrease in vision against the background of a severe runny nose, the appearance of a bruise without trauma in the eye area in a child against the background of a runny nose is a reason for a faster reaction.
Usually it is a complication of acute respiratory infections, while it is not at all necessary that during the treatment the person did something wrong. Sometimes this is an element of “luck”, sometimes this situation is influenced by an allergic process and long-term breathing problems, sometimes dental problems.In children, problems with the adenoids can lead to sinusitis.
Smoking, both active and passive, affects the development of chronic sinusitis. Let me note that for children, passive smoking is considered the very fact of living with a person who smokes, even if he does not do it with a child. There is enough tobacco residue to count the fact of secondhand smoke.
Also, the condition of the sinuses of the nose can be affected by work, or rather the presence of industrial, construction and wood dust, gas pollution of the space.Living in the city is itself a risk of such a problem.
In addition, long-term breathing problems – curvature of the nasal septum, other chronic processes in the nose – can also lead to sinusitis.
The fact is that the roots of many upper teeth (especially in adults) either protrude into the maxillary sinus, or are close to it. And if a person has an inflammatory process in the area of the tooth root, it can affect the condition of the sinuses. Therefore, the teeth need to be treated in a timely manner.
It all depends on the form of the disease. An antibiotic is not always required, and it is highly undesirable to use it on your own.
In treatment, special preparations for the nose can be used, physiotherapy is sometimes used, but only as an addition. Rinsing the nose with various saline solutions is widely recommended.
If necessary, sinusitis is treated with antibacterial drugs. At the same time, their appointment in the form of injections is extremely rare due to the availability of modern drugs.
Sometimes medical procedures can be used: the method of moving according to Proetz and Sonderman, puncture of the sinuses, YAMIK catheterization.
The average duration of treatment in adults is 5-10 days, in children 10-14 days.
Taking into account the development of pharmacology and the emergence of new drugs, punctures are now performed much less frequently. Sometimes a puncture is necessary for additional diagnostics, because even with the help of computed tomography, it is not always possible to understand exactly what is happening in the sinus.
Sometimes a puncture is needed to speed up the treatment process.If there are suspicions of complications or they have already appeared (and sometimes with certain forms of sinusitis), it is often recommended, but this is not a total application.
False. All holes after puncture of the sinuses are tightened and overgrown according to the same principles, as, for example, after intravenous and intramuscular injections. But the fact is that initially in 4% of patients with sinusitis there is a chance that it will develop into a chronic one – the puncture does not affect this in any way.
The worst mistake is taking antibiotics on your own.This can significantly complicate the treatment process: against the background of viral sinusitis during antibiotic treatment, the microbial flora, which is not sensitive to the drug, will “settle” in the sinuses.
It is impossible to warm the nose, especially if there is pain, the body temperature has increased, there is a sensation of decreased vision. This also applies to visits to the bath – they will not be beneficial.
Another mistake – putting various “folk” remedies in the nose. Often they have a hard consistency, these can be parts of plants or trees.Often this all leads to unpleasant consequences.
Do not abuse vasoconstrictor sprays and drops. Their use for longer than a week is addictive, leading to rhinitis medicamentosa – sometimes requiring surgical treatment.