Can yeast infection cause bumps pictures: Yeast Infection Skin Rash Pictures, Symptoms, Treatment & Causes
Symptoms, Types, Causes, and Treatments
What Is a Fungal Infection?
A fungal infection, also called mycosis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus.
There are millions of species of fungi. They live in the dirt, on plants, on household surfaces, and on your skin. Sometimes, they can lead to skin problems like rashes or bumps.
Fungal Infection Symptoms
A fungal skin infection might cause:
- Scaly skin
Types of Fungal Infections
Fungal skin infections can happen anywhere on your body. Some of the most common are athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections.
Athlete’s foot, also called tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of your foot.
The fungi grow best in warm, moist places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. They’re often found in the summer and in hot, humid climates. It happens more often in people who wear tight shoes, who don’t change their sweaty socks, and who use public baths and pools.
Athlete’s foot causes
The fungi behind athlete’s foot live on the dead tissue of your hair, toenails, and outer skin layers. At least four kinds of fungus can cause the infection. The most common is Trichophyton rubrum.
Athlete’s foot symptoms
Signs of athlete’s foot vary from person to person. You might have:
- Peeling, cracking, and scaly feet
- Skin that’s red, softened, or broken down
Types of athlete’s foot
- Interdigital. This is also called toe web infection. Most people with athlete’s foot have this form. It usually occurs between your two smallest toes. The infection can spread to the sole of your foot.
- Moccasin. This form can begin with irritation, dryness, itching, or scaly skin. Over time, your skin may thicken and crack. This infection can involve your entire sole and extend onto the sides of your foot.
- Vesicular. This is the rarest kind of athlete’s foot. It usually begins with a sudden outbreak of fluid-filled blisters, often on the underside of your foot. They also can appear between your toes, on your heel, or on top of your foot.
Athlete’s foot diagnosis
Not all itchy, scaly feet are caused by a fungus. Your doctor may scrape off a bit of skin and look at it under a microscope to check for a different condition.
Athlete’s foot treatment
Your doctor might give you antifungal medicine to put on your skin or, in severe cases, another kind to take by mouth. Be sure to keep your feet clean and dry.
Athlete’s foot prevention
To keep from getting athlete’s foot, wear shower sandals in public showering areas, wear shoes that let your feet breathe, and wash your feet every day with soap and water. Dry them thoroughly, and use a quality foot powder.
A type of fungus called tinea causes jock itch. The infection is also known as tinea cruris. Tinea loves warm, moist areas like your genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Infections happen more often in the summer or in warm, wet climates.
Jock itch is a red, itchy rash that’s often ring-shaped.
Is jock itch contagious?
It’s only mildly contagious. It can spread from person to person through direct contact or indirectly through objects with the fungus on them.
Jock itch symptoms
Symptoms of jock itch include:
- Itching, chafing, or burning on your groin or thigh
- A red, circular, rash with raised edges
- Redness on your groin or thigh
- Flaking, peeling, or cracking skin
Jock itch diagnosis
Doctors can usually diagnose it by what it looks like and where it is on your body. They might look at a sample of skin under a microscope to be sure.
Jock itch treatment
Keep the affected area clean and dry. Over-the-counter antifungal medicines can treat most cases of jock itch. In severe cases, your doctor might need to give you a prescription cream. No matter your treatment, be sure to:
- Wash and dry the area with a clean towel
- Use the antifungal medicine as directed
- Change clothes — especially your underwear — every day
Ringworm, also called tinea corporis, isn’t a worm but a fungal skin infection. It’s named for its ring-shaped rash with a winding, worm-like edge.
Is ringworm contagious?
Ringworm can spread through direct contact with infected people or animals. You can also pick it up off clothing or furniture. Heat and humidity can help spread the infection.
Ringworm is a red, circular, flat sore that can happen along with scaly skin. The outer part of the sore might be raised while the skin in the middle appears normal. Patches or red rings may overlap.
Your doctor can diagnose ringworm based on your symptoms. They might ask whether you’ve come into contact with infected people or animals. They might also take samples from the area and look at them under a microscope to be sure.
Treatment usually involves antifungal medications that you put on your skin. You might use an over-the-counter cream such as:
In more severe cases, you might need prescription medications to put on your skin or take by mouth.
Yeast infections of your skin are called cutaneous candidiasis. A type of fungus called candida causes these infections when it grows too much. Yeast infections aren’t contagious.
The infections are most common in warm, moist, creased areas of your body, including your armpits and groin. They often happen in people who are obese or who have diabetes. People taking antibiotics are also at higher risk.
Candida can cause diaper rash in infants. It can also cause infections in your nails, vagina, or mouth (oral thrush).
Yeast infection symptoms
Signs of a yeast infection on your skin include:
- Patches that ooze clear fluid
- Pimple-like bumps
Signs of a yeast infection in your nail beds include:
- A white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed
Signs of thrush (yeast infection of your mouth) include:
- White patches on your tongue and inside your cheeks
Signs of a vaginal yeast infection include:
- White or yellow discharge from your vagina
- Redness in the external area of your vagina
Yeast infection diagnosis
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam. They might also take a sample from the affected area to look at under a microscope.
Yeast infection treatment
Treatment depends on the infection. Medicated creams can treat most skin yeast infections. For a vaginal infection, you can usually use medicated suppositories. A medicated mouthwash or lozenges that dissolve in your mouth may treat oral thrush. If you have a severe infection or a weakened immune system, you might need anti-yeast medications that you take by mouth.
Yeast infection (vaginal) – Symptoms and causes
A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening.
Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes.
A vaginal yeast infection isn’t considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there’s an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity. There’s also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact (oral-genital sex).
Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan.
Yeast infection symptoms can range from mild to moderate, and include:
- Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
- A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating
- Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Vaginal pain and soreness
- Vaginal rash
- Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance
- Watery vaginal discharge
Complicated yeast infection
You might have a complicated yeast infection if:
- You have severe signs and symptoms, such as extensive redness, swelling and itching that leads to tears, cracks or sores
- You have four or more yeast infections in a year
- Your infection is caused by a less typical type of fungus
- You’re pregnant
- You have uncontrolled diabetes
- Your immune system is weakened because of certain medications or conditions such as HIV infection
When to see a doctor
Make an appointment with your doctor if:
- This is the first time you’ve had yeast infection symptoms
- You’re not sure whether you have a yeast infection
- Your symptoms aren’t relieved after treating with over-the-counter antifungal vaginal creams or suppositories
- You develop other symptoms
The fungus candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections.
Your vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast.
But that balance can be disrupted. An overgrowth of candida or penetration of the fungus into deeper vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection.
Overgrowth of yeast can result from:
- Antibiotic use, which causes an imbalance in natural vaginal flora
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- An impaired immune system
- Taking oral contraceptives or hormone therapy that increase estrogen levels
Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus to cause yeast infections. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies.
Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include:
- Antibiotic use. Yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, which kill a range of bacteria, also kill healthy bacteria in your vagina, leading to overgrowth of yeast.
- Increased estrogen levels. Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels — such as pregnant women or women taking high-dose estrogen birth control pills or estrogen hormone therapy.
- Uncontrolled diabetes. Women with poorly controlled blood sugar are at greater risk of yeast infections than women with well-controlled blood sugar.
- Impaired immune system. Women with lowered immunity — such as from corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection — are more likely to get yeast infections.
To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn’t fit too tightly.
It might also help to avoid:
- Tight-fitting pantyhose
- Douching, which removes some of the normal bacteria in the vagina that protect you from infection
- Scented feminine products, including bubble bath, pads and tampons
- Hot tubs and very hot baths
- Unnecessary antibiotic use, such as for colds or other viral infections
- Staying in wet clothes, such as swimsuits and workout attire, for long periods of time
March 17, 2021
- AskMayoExpert. Vulvovaginitis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2018.
- Ferri FF. Vaginitis, fungal. In: Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2019. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2019. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2018.
- Lobo RA, et al. Genital tract infections: Vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, endometritis, and salpingitis. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2018.
- Cohen J, et al., eds. Vaginitis, vulvitis, cervicitis, and cutaneous vulval lesions. In: Infectious Diseases. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2018.
- Butler Tobah YS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 5, 2018.
- Blostein F, et al. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. Annals of Epidemiology. 2017;27:575.
- Bope ET, et al. Vulvovaginitis. In: Conn’s Current Therapy 2018. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2018. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2018.
- Vaginal yeast infections. Office on Women’s Health. https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/vaginal-yeast-infections. Accessed Aug. 26, 2018.
Yeast infection (vaginal)
Female Genital Problems and Injuries
Most women experience minor vaginal problems from time to time. These problems can be related to menstrual cycles, sex, infection, birth control methods, aging, medicines, or changes after pregnancy.
A change in your normal vaginal discharge may be the first sign of a vaginal problem. Changes in urination, such as having to urinate more frequently or having a burning feeling when you urinate, also may be a symptom of a vaginal problem.
Conditions that may cause a change in your normal vaginal discharge include:
The exact cause of pelvic pain may be hard to find. The severity of your pain and other symptoms you have may help determine what is causing the pain. For example: A condition, such as functional ovarian cysts, may cause pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding when you are not having your period.
If you think you may have symptoms of an STI:
- Do not have sexual contact or activity while waiting for your appointment. This will prevent the spread of the infection.
- Women should not douche. Douching changes the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. Douching may flush an infection up into your uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
The presence or excess growth of yeast cells, bacteria, or viruses can cause a vaginal infection. A vaginal infection may occur when there is a change in the normal balance of organisms in your vagina.
The three most common types of vaginal infections are:
- Candida vulvovaginitis (yeast infections).
- Bacterial infections (bacterial vaginosis).
- Parasitic infections (trichomoniasis).
Common symptoms of vaginal infection include:
- Increase or change in the vaginal discharge, including gray, green, or yellow discharge.
- Vaginal redness, swelling, itching, or pain.
- Vaginal odor.
- Burning with urination.
- Pain or bleeding with sex.
If you are pregnant and have vaginal symptoms, talk with your doctor about your symptoms before considering any home treatment measures. Some home treatment measures may not be appropriate, depending on the cause of your vaginal infection. Conditions such as bacterial vaginosis can affect your pregnancy, so it is important to talk with your doctor and be treated appropriately.
Vaginal infections may increase the risk for pelvic infections, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Vaginal or vulvar problems
Other vaginal or vulvar problems may occur from the use of birth control methods, the use of medicines, or aging, or as a result of changes after pregnancy. These problems include:
- Vaginal prolapse, which may cause urination and bowel changes.
- Retained tampon, birth control device, or foreign object. See how to remove an object from the vagina.
- Vulvar or vaginal injury, such as landing on a metal bar such as on a bike or playground equipment or from an object in the vagina.
- Vulvar pain (vulvodynia).
- Pudendal neuralgia, from pressure on the pudendal nerve in the genital area.
- Noninfectious vaginitis. Examples of this include:
A young girl with unusual vaginal symptoms should be evaluated by her doctor to determine the cause. Vaginitis in a young girl may be caused by:
- A ball of toilet paper in her vagina.
- Pinworms that have spread from the anus to the vagina.
- The spread of bacteria from an upper respiratory infection of the ears (otitis media) or throat (tonsillitis) to the vagina by her hands.
A young girl with vaginal symptoms must also be evaluated for possible sexual abuse.
Rashes, sores, blisters, or lumps in the vaginal or vulvar area
Many conditions can cause a rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area (vulva). One of the most common causes of a rash is genital skin irritation that may occur when soap is not rinsed off the skin or when tight-fitting or wet clothes rub against the skin. A sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area may require a visit to your doctor.
Treatment of a vaginal problem depends on the cause of the problem, the severity of your symptoms, and your overall health condition.
Check Your Symptoms
Do you have a problem in the genital area?
This includes things like vaginal itching or discharge, pelvic pain, and other problems in the pubic area.
Problem in genital area
Problem in genital area
How old are you?
11 years or younger
11 years or younger
12 to 55 years
12 to 55 years
56 years or older
56 years or older
Are you male or female?
Why do we ask this question?
- If you are transgender or nonbinary, choose the sex that matches the body parts (such as ovaries, testes, prostate, breasts, penis, or vagina) you now have in the area where you are having symptoms.
- If your symptoms aren’t related to those organs, you can choose the gender you identify with.
- If you have some organs of both sexes, you may need to go through this triage tool twice (once as “male” and once as “female”). This will make sure that the tool asks the right questions for you.
Are you pregnant?
Yes, you know that you’re pregnant.
No, you’re not pregnant, or you’re not sure if you’re pregnant.
Are you having any abnormal vaginal bleeding?
Bleeding is abnormal if it occurs at a time when you aren’t expecting it or if it’s a lot heavier or lighter than what you are used to.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Have you had an injury in the genital area?
Injury in genital area
Do you have a deep cut or heavy bleeding in the genital area?
Deep cut or heavy bleeding in genital area
Deep cut or heavy bleeding in genital area
Do you have new pain in your lower belly, pelvis, or genital area that is different than your usual menstrual cramps?
Lower abdominal, pelvic, or genital pain
Lower abdominal, pelvic, or genital pain
Do you think you may have a fever?
Do you have a rash that looks like a sunburn?
Do you think that the symptoms may have been caused by sexual abuse?
Do you have severe itching?
Do you have a rash or any sores, blisters, or lumps in your vaginal area?
Rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area
Rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area
Do you have new sores, blisters, or lumps in the vaginal area?
New sores, blisters, or lumps in vaginal area
New sores, blisters, or lumps in vaginal area
Do you have a rash in the vaginal area that looks like warts?
Wart-like rash in vaginal area
Wart-like rash in vaginal area
Do you feel anything bulging into your vagina or feel pelvic pressure when you move?
Bulging into vagina or increased pelvic pressure with movement
Bulging into vagina or increased pelvic pressure with movement
Is there an object in the vagina that you cannot remove?
Unable to remove an object from vagina
Unable to remove an object from vagina
Do you think that a medicine may be causing your vaginal problems?
Think about whether the problems started after you began taking a new medicine or a higher dose of a medicine.
Medicine may be causing symptoms
Medicine may be causing symptoms
Have you had symptoms for more than 1 week?
Vaginal symptoms for more than 1 week
Vaginal symptoms for more than 1 week
Many things can affect how your body responds to a symptom and what kind of care you may need. These include:
- Your age. Babies and older adults tend to get sicker quicker.
- Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner.
- Medicines you take. Certain medicines, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants), medicines that suppress the immune system like steroids or chemotherapy, herbal remedies, or supplements can cause symptoms or make them worse.
- Recent health events, such as surgery or injury. These kinds of events can cause symptoms afterwards or make them more serious.
- Your health habits and lifestyle, such as eating and exercise habits, smoking, alcohol or drug use, sexual history, and travel.
Try Home Treatment
You have answered all the questions. Based on your answers, you may be able to take care of this problem at home.
- Try home treatment to relieve the symptoms.
- Call your doctor if symptoms get worse or you have any concerns (for example, if symptoms are not getting better as you would expect). You may need care sooner.
Urinary symptoms may include:
- Pain when you urinate.
- Trouble urinating.
- Not being able to urinate at all.
- Blood in your urine.
Symptoms of a vaginal infection may include:
- Vaginal itching.
- Vaginal discharge that is not normal for you.
- Red, irritated skin in the vaginal area.
- Pain when you urinate.
- Pain or bleeding when you have sex.
Many prescription and nonprescription medicines can cause vaginal symptoms. A few examples are:
- Birth control pills.
- Hormone therapy.
- Chemotherapy for cancer.
- Vaginal sprays, douches, and spermicides.
Pain in adults and older children
- Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that you can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain.
- Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt your normal activities and your sleep, but you can tolerate it for hours or days. Moderate can also mean pain that comes and goes even if it’s severe when it’s there.
- Mild pain (1 to 4): You notice the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt your sleep or activities.
Pain in children under 3 years
It can be hard to tell how much pain a baby or toddler is in.
- Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that the baby cannot sleep, cannot get comfortable, and cries constantly no matter what you do. The baby may kick, make fists, or grimace.
- Moderate pain (5 to 7): The baby is very fussy, clings to you a lot, and may have trouble sleeping but responds when you try to comfort him or her.
- Mild pain (1 to 4): The baby is a little fussy and clings to you a little but responds when you try to comfort him or her.
Seek Care Now
Based on your answers, you may need care right away. The problem is likely to get worse without medical care.
- Call your doctor now to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
- If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care in the next hour.
- You do not need to call an ambulance unless:
- You cannot travel safely either by driving yourself or by having someone else drive you.
- You are in an area where heavy traffic or other problems may slow you down.
Seek Care Today
Based on your answers, you may need care soon. The problem probably will not get better without medical care.
- Call your doctor today to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
- If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care today.
- If it is evening, watch the symptoms and seek care in the morning.
- If the symptoms get worse, seek care sooner.
Make an Appointment
Based on your answers, the problem may not improve without medical care.
- Make an appointment to see your doctor in the next 1 to 2 weeks.
- If appropriate, try home treatment while you are waiting for the appointment.
- If symptoms get worse or you have any concerns, call your doctor. You may need care sooner.
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
A vaginal infection may clear up without treatment in 2 or 3 days.
- If you could be pregnant, do a home pregnancy test. Any pregnant woman with abnormal vaginal symptoms should talk with her doctor about her symptoms before considering using any home treatment measures or nonprescription medicines. For more information, see the topic Pregnancy-Related Problems.
- Avoid sex so that irritated vaginal tissues can heal.
- Do not scratch the vaginal area. Relieve itching with a cold water compress or cool baths. Warm baths may also relieve pain and itching.
- Make sure that the cause of your symptoms is not a forgotten tampon or other foreign object that needs to be removed.
- Wear loose-fitting, cotton clothing. Stay away from nylon and synthetics, because they hold heat and moisture close to the skin, which makes it easier for an infection to start. You may want to remove pajama bottoms or underwear when you sleep.
- Do not douche unless your doctor tells you to.
- If you have gone through menopause, try using a vaginal lubricant, such as Astroglide, to reduce irritation caused by having sex.
Vaginal yeast infections
If you have symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection and have been diagnosed and treated by your doctor for this condition in the past, you may want to try treating it at home using a nonprescription medicine, such as tioconazole (for example, Vagistat), clotrimazole (for example, Gyne-Lotrimin), or miconazole (for example, Monistat) to treat your symptoms.
If your symptoms do not improve with home treatment, contact your doctor. Vaginal symptoms that may be related to another type of vaginal infection or a cervical infection need to be evaluated.
Women who take the blood-thinning medicine warfarin (Coumadin) and use a nonprescription vaginal yeast-fighting medicine, such as Monistat, may have increased bruising and abnormal bleeding. Consult with your doctor before using a yeast-fighting medicine if you take warfarin.
Symptoms to watch for during home treatment
Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home treatment:
- Symptoms of a vaginal infection develop.
- Unexpected vaginal bleeding develops.
- A fever develops.
- You have moderate to severe pain.
- Your symptoms become more severe or frequent.
If you practice good genital hygiene, you can also help prevent infection:
- Keep your vaginal area clean. Use mild, unscented soap and water. Rinse well.
- After using the toilet, wipe from front to back to avoid spreading yeast or bacteria from your anus to the vagina or urinary tract.
- Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn’t hold in warmth and moisture. One good choice is cotton underwear.
- Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose and tight-fitting jeans. These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area.
- Change out of a wet swimsuit right away. Wearing a wet swimsuit for many hours may keep your genital area warm and moist.
- Change pads or tampons often.
- Don’t douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes. These items can change the normal balance of organisms in your vagina.
Take antibiotics when needed, but avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Taking antibiotics exposes you to the risks of allergic reactions and antibiotic side effects (such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and yeast infections). Also, antibiotics may kill good bacteria.
Preparing For Your Appointment
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic
Making the Most of Your Appointment.
You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being prepared to answer the following questions:
- What are your main symptoms?
- How long have you had your symptoms?
- Have you had this problem in the past? If so, do you know what caused the problem at that time? How was it treated?
- What does your vaginal discharge look and smell like?
- What was the date of your last menstrual period? If you have been through menopause, how long ago was your last menstrual period?
- Are you currently using any type of birth control method?
- What medicines (especially antibiotics) are you taking or have you taken recently, if any?
- Do you have any symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
- What home treatment measures have you tried? Did they help?
- What nonprescription medicines have you tried? Did they help?
- Do you have a new sex partner? Do you have more than one sex partner? Does your partner have any symptoms? Have you had sex without using a condom? Do you think you have recently been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI)?
- Have you been diagnosed and treated for a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the past? If so, what was your diagnosis, and what treatment was done?
- Do you have symptoms of a urinary tract infection, such as pain or burning on urination and a frequent urge to urinate?
- Do you have any health risks?
Current as of:
February 26, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
Current as of: February 26, 2020
Medical Review:William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
13 Common Causes For Itchy Butt Rashes And Bumps, According To MDs
Rashes are kind of the worst, no matter where they are on your body. But getting one on your butt? That’s a whole ‘nother level of misery. (Have you ever discreetly scratched a butt itch in public? No, because you can’t.)
Inconvenience aside, they’re also a little concerning. Sure, that little bump on your butt could just be a pimple, but what if it’s a little more serious—say, a little bigger and redder and actually kind of painful? Can you treat it with an over-the-counter cream, or do you need to make an appointment with your doc?
Complicating matters further: Many skin conditions present differently on light skin than they do on dark skin. And imagery of rashes—like the ones below—often feature white models and not models of color.
“When the the images in the textbooks and images in the lectures aren’t diverse and aren’t really reflective of society and what you will see in the real world, then that bias is ingrained in medical education,” says Caroline Robinson, MD, FAAD, founder and CEO of Tone Dermatology in Chicago. “The result of that is either under-diagnosis, misdiagnosis, or taking a longer time to diagnosis for our patients of color. I know that there are so many efforts ongoing to address that, but unfortunately we’re not there.”
With that in mind, keep reading for the signs of the most common rear-end rashes, and how they may present differently depending on your skin tone. You’ll also get familiar with their treatments to help you beat the itch.
If the rash is: wrinkled and smudgy
American Academy of Dertmatology
It’s probably: c
utaneous t-cell lymphoma
“A lot of people miss this diagnosis. I see it all the time. They call it eczema, they call it dry skin, and it’s not,” says Adam Friedman, MD, FAAD, professor of dermatology at GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Cutaneous t-cell lymphoma (CTL) is actually a type of skin cancer, relating to abnormal immune cells called lymphocytes. And this condition has a predilection for areas that are covered.
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CTL typically looks like a wrinkled, smudgy rash, and while the image above shows red-colored irritation, Dr. Robinson says that on darker skin it can present hypopigmented (lighter than the surrounding skin) or hyperpigmented (darker than the surrounding skin).
While this cancer isn’t super common, when not treated, Dr. Friedman says it can turn into a more serious health situation.
If the rash is: itchy, shiny, and near the anus
It’s probably: l
This one involves the perianal area. It’s thought to be an autoimmune disease where the immune system is attacking the skin, thinning its top layer and thickening the bottom part where your hair follicles and sweat glands are, according to Dr. Friedman.
“This condition is exquisitely itchy,” he says. It’s usually treated aggressively with steroids. And if left untreated the disease can easily turn into squamous cell carcinoma, another type of skin cancer.
What you want to look out for is a kind of shiny lighter-colored rash in the anal area. When active, Dr. Friedman says, the edges of the rash will sometimes turn purple.
Again, a biopsy is needed to diagnosis this disease, so if you’re starting to see a similar rash appear, give your doc a call ASAP.
If the rash is: red or hyperpigmented dry bumps
It’s probably: keratosis pilaris
Never heard of it before? Don’t worry, it’s actually a relatively harmless rash. Go ahead and touch your butt. Do the bumps back there feel like sandpaper? If so, you might have keratosis pilaris, which is caused when excess skin grows over where a hair follicle would usually come out. People often experience keratosis pilaris on the back of their arm and thighs, but it can occur on the butt as well. (While the bumps may turn from flesh-colored to red from inflammation on light skin, they often turn hyperpigmented on dark skin.)
If you think you’re suffering from keratosis, head to your closest drug store. You’re going to want to buy something known as a keratolytic, which is basically a kind of therapy that treats excess skin. Just make sure yours contains ingredients like urea and ammonia lactate.
If the rash is: a cluster of painful or burning bumps and blisters
It’s probably: a herpes outbreak
Herpes is typically thought of as something that can only affect your mouth and genitals, but it can crop up on your butt, too, says Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital. (It can even find its way to your lower back, adds Dr. Robinson.)
When the virus flares up—due to stress or illnesses that weaken your immune system—it can come to the surface of the skin, causing a rash, explains Dr. Zeichner. The rash will probably go away on its own in about a week, but it’s contagious through direct contact, so it’s best to avoid getting too intimate. You can also try an OTC cold-sore medication or see your dermatologist for a prescription antiviral to clear up the outbreak faster, says Dr. Zeichner.
If the rash is: a red or hyperpigmented circle with a lighter scaly ring around it
It’s probably: a fungal infection
If you’ve ever picked up athlete’s foot (a.k.a. ringworm or tinea corporis) from your gym’s locker room, you’ve seen this fungus before—and, yeah, it can show up on your butt, too.
It thrives in hot, humid environments, so working out in the summer time (or sitting around in sweaty workout clothes or steam rooms) increases your risk, says Dr. Zeichner. He recommends treating the rash ASAP with an athlete’s foot cream so it doesn’t spread; apply it twice a day for one to two weeks and see your doctor if it doesn’t go away.
If the rash is: unbearably itchy and around the anus
It’s probably: pinworm
This is a kind of rash that would take place in your gluteal crack or perianal area. But it actually stems from an intestinal worm infection. “The worm comes out of the anus and implants eggs into skin folds,” Dr. Friedman says—and this causes severe itch.
In order to find out if you have a pinworm, a dermatologist would take tape, put it on your perianal area, and pull it off. What’s left on the tape will be examined using a microscope—and that’s where they’ll be able to see the pinworms and treat you with an anti-parasite medication.
If the rash is: red or hyperpigmented with tender, pimple-like bumps
It’s probably: folliculitis
Most people call this “butt acne,” but that’s not entirely accurate, says Dr. Zeichner. Those pimple-like bumps are actually superficial infections of the hair follicles—otherwise known as folliculitis.
Mild cases may be helped by washing with antibacterial soap. For recurring cases, Dr. Zeichner recommends washing with a surgical-grade cleanser like Hibiclens or an acne-treatment wash with benzoyl peroxide. To prevent future outbreaks, keep the skin clean and dry (especially after workouts) and wear breathable fabrics.
If the rash is: itchy with potentially pus-filled bumps
It’s probably: a yeast infection
Most people consider yeast infections strictly vaginal. But this type of infection can occur in skin folds on the body (like the butt!).
What people don’t understand is that yeast is not the problem itself. “We have yeast everywhere, as it’s part of our microbiome,” Dr. Friedman says. What’s actually happening is that people are experiencing intertrigo or irritant dermatitis, inflammation of the skin in skin folds caused by poor hygiene and friction. Yeast (which is a fungus) may overgrow in the inflamed area, leading to infection.
Watch for itchiness on your butt, closer to your perianal area. You might see satellite pustules, or small pus-filled bumps situated slightly away from the main rash area.
As far as treatment goes, OTC ointments or creams for yeast infections should do the trick.
If the rash is: plaques covered in scales and located inside your butt crack
It’s probably: psoriasis
In this chronic (and often genetic) condition, your body’s immune system “gets angry and attacks the skin,” says Dr. Zeichner. Psoriasis usually shows up on elbows and knees, but in between the butt cheeks is a common spot, too.
“In the textbooks it is described as this ‘salmon pink color,’ and this is one of the reasons why psoriasis is under diagnosed in patients of color—I imagine because everyone is looking for that salmon and it’s not there,” says Dr. Robinson. “On patients of color it can often look slightly violet. Less often it’s hyperpigmented or hypopigmented.”
You can treat psoriasis with a 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, but prolonged use can damage your skin. If it’s not going away, check in with your doctor for a prescription-strength anti-inflammatory cream.
If the rash is: patchy and itchy, sometimes with tiny bumps
It’s probably: eczema
Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that causes skin to dry out and crack—often caused by genetics, irritants, or allergies. These microscopic cracks develop in the outer layer of skin, so the key to treatment is hydrating and repairing the skin barrier with moisturizers and anti-inflammatory creams, according to Dr. Zeichner.
Eczema on your butt may be caused by irritating fabrics, detergents, toilet paper, or cleansing wipes, so be mindful of what’s coming into contact with your skin back there.
The severity of eczema is typically under-diagnosed in people of color because, again, redness isn’t a common symptom in dark skin, yet docs have been trained to monitor the level of redness to make treatment recommendations.
If the rash is: super itchy and on your anus
It’s probably: hemorrhoids
Straining during bowel movements (thanks, chronic constipation or pregnancy) causes hemorrhoids, which are swollen and dilated blood vessels around your anus. These protrusions are itchy, painful, and hard to ignore.
They’re pretty common and can be treated with OTC hemorrhoid ointments, but Dr. Zeichner recommends getting medical attention (or a GI evaluation) if they’re causing you to bleed during bowel movements—that’s something you never want to ignore.
If the rash is: itchy with acne-like bumps
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It’s probably: miliaria (a.k.a. heat rash)
Heat rash occurs when sweat-duct openings become blocked, which can happen when wearing tight-fitting clothing that traps in sweat and bacteria. The resulting bumps are typically flesh-colored on darker skin and red on lighter skin, says Dr. Robinson.
“That trapping results in an inflammatory response,” Dr. Friedman says. But don’t worry, heat rashes are easily treatable with a little OTC medication. Dr. Friedman recommends antibacterial washes or acne washes that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. Pro tip: benzoyl peroxide can stain, so be careful when applying.
If the rash is: swollen and sometimes watery
It’s probably: an allergic reaction
Unlike a heat rash (which is often caused by irritation), other rashes are sparked by allergic reactions.
Here’s how to spot the difference: Irritant rashes are often itchy and they hurt like crazy, Dr. Friedman says. The bumps will appear raised and tend to be a darker pink to red color on light skin and hyperpigmented on dark skin. Rashes caused by an allergic reaction are often times more swollen, pink in light skin or hyperpigmented in dark skin, and maybe even watery. Head to your doctor’s office if you’re unsure what you’re dealing with so they can provide the proper treatment or medication.
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Vaginal Yeast Infections (for Teens)
What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?
Yeast infections (also known as candidiasis) are common infections caused by Candida albicans yeast, which is a type of fungus. Yeast infections usually happen in warm, moist parts of the body, such as the mouth, and moist areas of skin.
A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis (pronounced: can-dih-DYE-uh-sis). Vaginal yeast infections are common among teen girls, and about 75% of all females will have one at some point.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infections?
Vaginal yeast infections can cause:
- itching and irritation in the vagina
- redness, swelling, or itching of the vulva (the folds of skin outside the vagina)
- a thick, white discharge that can look like cottage cheese and is usually odorless, although it might smell like bread or yeast
- pain or burning when urinating (peeing) or during sex
If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor or gynecologist. It’s easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately.
If you have a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can prescribe treatment to clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week.
What Causes Vaginal Yeast Infections?
Having small amounts of Candida on the skin and inside the mouth, digestive tract, and vagina is normal. A healthy immune system and some “good” bacteria keep the amount in a person’s body under control.
But yeast in the vagina can sometimes “overgrow” and lead to symptoms of a yeast infection. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. So can certain medicines, including some birth control pills and steroids. If you’re taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill the “good” bacteria that normally keep the Candida in check. Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl’s blood sugar is high. Girls who have diabetes that isn’t controlled are more likely to get yeast infections.
Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle. Clothing (especially underwear) that’s tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might make yeast infections more likely. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely.
Yeast infections can happen to any girl. They’re not considered sexually transmitted infections. Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare. The partner of someone who has a yeast infection does not automatically have to be treated unless symptoms appear.
How Are Vaginal Yeast Infections Diagnosed?
Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it’s important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments.
At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope.
How Are Vaginal Yeast Infections Treated?
If you do have a yeast infection, your doctor will probably prescribe a pill to swallow or a cream, tablet, or suppository to put in the vagina. When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. Creams, tablets, and suppositories often come with an applicator to help you place the medicine inside your vagina, where it can begin to work.
If you’re using a vaginal treatment and are sexually active, you should not have sex until the infection has been completely treated because these medicines can weaken condoms and diaphragms.
All of these types of medicine can clear up your symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week. It’s important that you take the medicine for the whole time that your doctor prescribes. If you stop taking it too soon, the infection could come back. If you’re not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call your doctor.
Some of the medicines used to treat yeast infections are available without a prescription, but you shouldn’t just buy one if you think you have a yeast infection. It’s important to see a doctor for your diagnosis because if you actually have another type of infection, it could get worse if not properly treated. Also, over-the-counter medicine should not be used by anyone younger than 12 or girls who might be pregnant without talking to a doctor first.
Do Guys Get Yeast Infections?
Guys can get an infection of the head of the penis that is caused by the same Candida that causes vaginal infections in girls. Guys who have diabetes or are on antibiotics for a long time are more prone to this infection. A guy with a yeast infection may not have any symptoms or the tip of the penis may become red and sore or itchy. Some guys might have a slight discharge or pain with urination as well.
Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins. The warm, moist folds of the foreskin are the perfect environment for yeast to thrive. Keeping the area clean and dry may help prevent an infection, but if symptoms do show up, a doctor can treat the infection.
Can Vaginal Yeast Infections Be Prevented?
For most girls, there’s no way to prevent yeast infections. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. But there’s no scientific proof that this will prevent yeast infections.
If you have diabetes, keeping blood sugar levels stable is a way to avoid yeast infections.
If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice. Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics or medicine. They might be the wrong choice for your condition, and taking antibiotics when they’re not needed can make yeast infections more likely.
Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. To help avoid them, follow your doctor’s advice, wear cotton underwear, and try to wear loose-fitting clothes. Your body will thank you.
Yeast Infection In Pregnant Women Pictures
Yeast Infection In Pregnant Women Pictures
>>> Yeast Infection Treatment
When it comes to vaginal yeast infection natural remedies, you should know that there are particular “do’s” and “don’ts. ” Treating vaginal thrush normally has its own set of rules and it’s important to learn what is right and wrong, or else you could be unwittingly making the problem worse. The do’s that constitute trusted natural remedies are the following. – Do make utilization of home and herbal remedies like aloe, yogurt, apple cider vinegar, barberry, rosemary and tea tree essential oil. If you are looking for yeast infection natural remedies, these things tend to be what you need. Explore every herbal or home cure that you learn. If you can eliminate Candidiasis through these natural items, it’s not necessary to turn to antifungal lotions right away. – Perform change your diet right into a healthy one and can include more organic meals. You may already be conscious of certain food items that are recognized to feed the tiny yeast fungi. Such as those things to your brand new diet plan is a major no-no. – Do put on panties that are made from soft fabric like cotton. Using particular types of female under garments may just irritate genital thrush even more. For instance, synthetic lacy underwear which might look really pretty can trap moisture, a known factor in yeast infection. Aside from the do’s, there are also don’ts to keep in mind and here are some of those don’ts: – Do not douche or “over-clean” your vaginal canal. The overgrowth associated with yeast in the vagina can result in vaginal yeast infection. If you think you’re helping yourself through douching, think again. When you douche, you wash aside both the good and the bad germs normally present in the vagina. Because there’s no healthy bacteria in order to counteract the growth of yeast cells, Yeast infection comes into the picture. – Don’t take birth control pills particularly those that alter hormone production. Contraceptives will only help promote horm
>>> How to prevent a yeast infection
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Pediatric Fungal Infections | Children’s National Hospital
What are fungal infections?
Skin fungi live in the top layer of skin cells in moist areas of the body, such as between the toes or in the groin and diaper area. Sometimes, the normal balances that keep fungi in check are upset, resulting in an infection.
Some fungal infections cause only a small amount of irritation, while other types penetrate deeper and can cause itching, swelling, blistering, or scaling.
In some cases, fungal infections can cause reactions elsewhere on the body. A child can develop a rash on the finger or hand associated with an infection of the scalp or foot, for instance.
There are many types of fungal skin infections that require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Those listed below are the most common.
Tinea Infections (Ringworm)
What is ringworm (tinea infection)?
Different fungi, depending on their location on a child’s body, cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by ring-shaped red, scaly patches with clear centers. The risk of contracting ringworm increases if the child:
- Is malnourished
- Has poor hygiene
- Lives in a warm climate
- Has contact with other children or pets that have ringworm
- Is immunocompromised by disease or medication
Did you know?
Ringworm is a misleading term that refers to the circular appearance of the fungal lesion. There are no worms involved.
What are the most common types of ringworm?
The most common types of ringworm include the following:
- Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis or foot ringworm)
This common condition mostly affects teen and adult males, and is rarely found in children before puberty. Many things can cause athlete’s foot, include sweating, not drying the feet well after swimming or bathing, wearing tight socks and shoes, and warm weather conditions. Symptoms of athlete’s foot may include:
- Whitening of the skin between the toes
- Scaling of the feet
- Itchy rash on the feet
- Blisters on the feet
- Jock itch (tinea cruris or groin ringworm)
This condition is more common in males and occurs more often during warm weather conditions. It is very rare in females. Symptoms of jock itch may include:
- Red, ring-like patches in the groin area
- Itching in the groin area
- Pain in the groin area
- Does not usually involve the scrotum
- Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis)
- Red, scaly rash on the scalp
- Itching of the scalp
- Hair loss on the scalp
- Rash elsewhere on the body
- Nail ringworm (tinea unguium)
Nail ringworm is an infection of the finger or toenail, characterized by a thickened, deformed nail. This condition is found more often in toenails than fingernails, and is more common in adolescents and adults than young children. Symptoms of nail ringworm may include:
- Thickening of the ends of the nails
- Yellow color to the nails
- Body ringworm (tinea corporis)
This skin infection is characterized by a ring-like rash on the body or the face. This occurs in all ages and is more common in warmer climates. The symptoms of body ringworm may include:
- Red, circular lesion with raised edges the middle of the lesion may become less red as the lesion grows
- Itching of the affected area
Scalp ringworm is highly contagious, especially among children. It occurs mainly in children between the ages of 2 and 10, but rarely in adults. Symptoms of scalp ringworm may include:
Ringworm of the scalp can also develop into a kerion, a large, tender lesion over the area of the initial ringworm. This is caused by a hypersensitivity to the ringworm and may be associated with a rash elsewhere on the body and tender lymph nodes in the neck.
Ringworm resembles many skin conditions. Always consult a physician for a diagnosis.
How is ringworm diagnosed?
Ringworm is usually diagnosed based on a medical history and physical examination of the child. The lesions of ringworm are unique, and usually allow for a diagnosis simply on physical examination. The physician may also order a culture or skin scraping of the lesion to confirm the diagnosis.
What is the treatment for ringworm?
Because the fungi can live indefinitely on the skin, recurrences of ringworm are likely, and treatment may need to be repeated. Specific treatment will be determined by the physician based on:
- The child’s age, overall health, and medical history
- Extent of the condition
- Location of the ringworm
- The child’s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- Expectations for the course of the condition
- Child or parent’s opinion or preference
Treatment for scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) may include the following:
- Oral anti-fungal medication – this medication is usually prescribed for four to eight weeks. Some children require longer treatment
- Use of a special shampoo (to help eliminate the fungus)
- If a kerion is present (a large, tender, swollen lesion), the physician may order additional medications, such as steroids, to help reduce the swelling
- Ringworm of the body, groin, and foot is usually treated with a topical anti-fungal agent or an oral antifungal medication. The length of the treatment depends on the location of the ringworm
What is tinea versicolor?
Tinea versicolor is a common fungal skin infection characterized by lighter or darker patches on the chest or back. This infection, which prevents the skin from tanning evenly, occurs most often in adolescence and early adulthood.
What are the symptoms of tinea versicolor?
Typically the only symptom of tinea versicolor is white or light brown patches. The patches may scale slightly, but they rarely itch or hurt. Other common characteristics of the infection include:
- White, pink, or brown patches
- Infection only on the top layers of the skin
- Rash on the trunk
- No rash on the face
- Patches worsen in the heat or humidity
- Patches worsen if the child is on steroid therapy or has a weakened immune system
- Patches are most noticeable in the summer
The symptoms of tinea versicolor may resemble other skin conditions. Always consult a physician for diagnosis.
How is tinea versicolor diagnosed?
Tinea versicolor is usually diagnosed based on a medical history and physical examination of the child. The patches are unique, and usually a diagnosis can be made on physical examination. The physician may also use an ultraviolet light to see the patches more clearly or take skin scrapings of the lesions to confirm the diagnosis.
What is the treatment for tinea versicolor?
Treatment usually includes the use of dandruff shampoo on the skin as prescribed by the physician. The shampoo is left on the skin overnight and washed off in the morning, and may be required for several nights.
Tinea versicolor usually recurs, requiring additional treatments, and sometimes improves temporarily. The physician may prescribe topical creams, oral antifungal medications, or monthly shampoo treatments.
This infection can also cause a change in skin color, which can take several months to return to normal.
Yeast in a smear – a danger to a woman’s body and during pregnancy, how to treat it
According to medical statistics, every third woman in the world is faced with vaginal candidiasis. Pathology refers to an infection caused by the yeast Candida. The disease, which is popularly called thrush, leads to damage to the female genital organs, the development of unpleasant symptoms that cause the appearance of discomfort, a decrease in the quality of life, stress, nervous overstrain and frustration.Timely treatment of the yeast fungus eliminates the development of complications and shortens the period of elimination of its symptoms. In the photo you can see a picture of the state of the mucous membranes of the genital organs in women who are faced with a fungal infection.
Yeast naturally lives on the skin, mouth, intestines and vagina. They are part of the microbiota of the “good” microbes that keep people healthy. But when these microscopic, single-celled organisms rage, they can cause infection – and some very unpleasant symptoms.
A yeast infection is a treatable disease caused by an overgrowth of yeast in the body. A weakened immune system, certain health conditions, certain lifestyle habits, and antibiotics can increase your risk of developing a yeast infection.
The most common cause of yeast infections is Candida albicans. This Candida fungus is responsible for “candidal” infections of the vagina, mouth and skin.
“Yeast infection” is the term commonly used to describe vaginal candidiasis.At some point in their lives, three out of every four women will experience vaginal candidiasis.
But, vaginal yeast infections are not the only type of infection caused by yeast overgrowth. When C. albicans grows in the mouth or throat, it is called thrush or oral candidiasis. This condition mainly affects young children, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems. Candida overgrowth in babies can also cause a diaper rash.
Herbal decoctions based on chamomile, elecampane, calendula, string, birch buds, lavender, eucalyptus, St. John’s wort, which are recommended for douching and treatment of female genitals.
2. Solutions prepared from potassium permanganate, soda, honey, alcohol tincture of propolis, chamomile, calendula, eucalyptus, allow you to treat candidiasis at home.
3. Essential oils of olive, sea buckthorn, calendula, milk thistle, grape or apricot seeds, used for night applications, provide an opportunity to reduce the manifestations of thrush and quickly return to normal life.
Following the doctor’s recommendations is the key to successfully solving the problem at home and getting rid of the unpleasant symptoms of a fungal infection as soon as possible.
Signs and symptoms of yeast infections
Vaginal yeast infections are annoying and uncomfortable. Symptoms of yeast infections in women may include itching and burning. Women may notice some redness and swelling of the vulva. Sometimes women with yeast infections also experience pain when urinating or during sex.
Yeast infections usually produce a thick, white vaginal discharge that is often described as curd-like. Normal discharge should not have a strong odor. (A bad smell can signal the presence of a bacterial infection or sexually transmitted disease.)
Yeast infections can vary according to severity. Some women diagnose themselves based on their symptoms, especially if they have had a yeast infection in the past.OTC treatments allow you to start treatment without seeing your doctor. But when in doubt whether you have a yeast infection, public health officials stress the importance of seeing your doctor first for an accurate diagnosis.
Other vaginal infections (such as bacterial vaginosis) and some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may have similar symptoms but require different treatment. If left untreated, these infections can cause other health problems.What’s more, reusing antifungal medications when you don’t have a yeast infection can make the yeast resistant to future treatments. For this reason, you should not self-medicate.
Signs of yeast infections include:
- Itchy genitals
- Thick white discharge
- Redness and swelling of the vagina and vulva
- Pain during sex
- Pain with urination
Related Yeast Infections Every Woman Should Know
What Causes Yeast Infections?
Yeast naturally lives on the skin and in the human body.But when the body produces too much yeast, which leads to overgrowth, infection can occur.
Women of all ages can get vaginal yeast infections, but this uncomfortable condition is more common during a woman’s childbearing age. The risk of infection may be greater when a woman is pregnant or using hormonal birth control at higher estrogen levels, as hormonal changes can disrupt the balance of yeast and bacteria in the vagina.Some women may also find that they are more susceptible to yeast infections during their period.
Taking antibiotics may increase a woman’s risk of yeast infection. Antibiotics kill bacteria that keep your vagina healthy and prevent yeast overgrowth.
Women with compromised immune systems are also more likely to develop a yeast infection. And women with diabetes or uncontrolled blood sugar are also at increased risk, as excess sugar can promote yeast growth.
Showers and vaginal sprays do not help yeast infections. In fact, these foods can worsen symptoms by removing the “good” bacteria that help prevent yeast infections and keep Candida in check.
On the subject: this is what causes yeast infections – plus how you can prevent them
There are three ways of human infection:
- through food intake;
The first type is the most common (household transmission of infection). This can happen due to the use of the same dish, towel, linen or toothbrush by a sick and healthy person.
Also, there are no less frequent cases when the fungus got on the skin when visiting such public places as a bath, sauna or swimming pool. This can happen if hygiene requirements are not followed when cleaning a public place.
Wash fruits and vegetables well, because these microorganisms also live on them, and if poorly processed, they can enter our body and provoke an unpleasant disease.
If an infection has formed in the genital area, then the cause of the disease is sexual intercourse with an infected person. Please note that fungi can enter the body not only during vaginal or anal sex, but also during oral sex.
Pictures of yeast infections
How do you know if you have a yeast infection? Yeast thrives in warm, moist areas of the body such as the mouth, throat, vagina, groin, and buttocks. Signs of infection vary by part of the body.
Women with vaginal yeast infections may have swelling and redness in the vaginal area, accompanied by a thick, white, curdled mass (discharge). When yeast grows in the mouth or throat, white or yellow spots called thrush may appear on the tongue or cheek. A rash of diapers from yeast causes a bright red rash, bordered by red acne or pus-filled bumps and surrounded by smaller “satellite” rash spots.
Men also contract yeast infections, but not as often as women.Male yeast infections cause penile scalp inflammation and a red, itchy rash.
1. Vaginal yeast infection: A thick, white, curd bloom (discharge) is a common symptom of vaginal yeast infections.
2. Male yeast infection: Yeast infections in men can cause the glans of the penis to become red, itchy and inflamed.
3. Discharge: White or yellow spots appear on the tongue or mouth, and the corners of the mouth may be cracked.
4. Diaper rash due to yeast: Diaper rash caused by yeast is bright red in color. She may also have scaly patches or pus-filled pimples.
Related: Is my yeast infection related to what I eat?
How are yeast infections diagnosed?
Vaginal yeast infections are often self-diagnosed based on symptoms and medical history. A woman who gets a yeast infection every time she takes an antibiotic, for example, may suspect that yeast is the culprit for her symptoms.However, women may self-diagnose themselves incorrectly. Other vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, can have similar symptoms, so it is a good idea to see your doctor before starting over-the-counter therapy, especially if you have never had a yeast infection and have nothing to compare with.
A woman who sees her doctor for vaginal symptoms can expect a pelvic exam. The doctor will look for swelling and discharge. He or she may use a cotton swab to obtain a sample of vaginal secretions for examination under a microscope.This test can tell your doctor if there is yeast overgrowth.
Oral candidiasis or thrush is usually diagnosed based on symptoms (eg, white or yellow spots on the tongue or mouth, cracks in the corner of the mouth, redness and pain). Your doctor may take a sample for testing.
A diaper, the cause of a yeast infection in babies, is usually diagnosed through a physical examination. If the baby also has thrush, it’s a good bet that the rash is caused by a yeast overgrowth.
If we consider the varieties of fungal infection by the depth of penetration, the following infections can be distinguished:
Fungi belonging to the first group do not penetrate into the human body at all. Only the top layer of the skin is affected. These include:
- Pityriasis versicolor.
These fungi can be distinguished by the absence of any pain. Of all the representatives, pityriasis versicolor is most common. It looks like small flaky spots on the skin.
When should I see a doctor?
If you have never had a vaginal yeast infection but believe you have symptoms of it, call your doctor. He or she may do a pelvic exam and take a sample of your vaginal discharge to determine if you have Candida overgrowth and give you the right treatment.
Even if you think your vaginal infection is caused by an overgrowth of yeast, it is wise to talk to your doctor first. The discomfort you are experiencing may be due to something completely different, and the wrong original medicine for a yeast infection may delay your treatment. If you are pregnant, see your doctor before starting treatment. And check with your doctor if your symptoms have not improved after treatment.
If you experience chronic or recurrent yeast infections, your doctor may diagnose and prescribe treatment for yeast infections unrelated to Candida albicans.
Mycosis in children is an infectious disease caused by pathogenic or opportunistic organisms.
Pathogenic organisms contribute to the manifestation of symptoms with a weakened child’s immunity. And the weaker it is, the brighter the manifestation of the fungal infection will be.
They affect the skin, scalp and nails. They can also develop on mucous membranes – throat, tonsils, nasopharynx. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and begin treatment of the child on time.
Conditionally pathogenic themselves do not manifest themselves in any way and do not pose a danger.
Treating yeast infections
How do you treat a yeast infection? In most cases, antifungal medications are the first remedy.
Yeast infection creams, ointments and suppositories are available either over the counter or with a prescription. These products are inserted into the vagina and are effective for most women with mild to moderate yeast infections who use them as directed.Treatment usually lasts one, three or seven days, depending on the product. Some doctors may recommend a single dose of an oral antifungal agent such as fluconazole (Diflucan) to treat the infection.
Women with recurrent or severe vaginal yeast infections, diabetes, compromised immune systems, infections with yeasts other than C. albicans, or women taking medications that suppress their immune systems (such as corticosteroids) are at risk of causing “complex” vaginal yeast infections.These women may require treatment for a longer period of time, usually seven to 14 days.
In addition, a “prophylactic” medicine for yeast infections may be recommended to prevent future infections. Doctors often prescribe a weekly dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) for six months.
. If you have sex while using these antifungal drugs, they may not provide effective contraception or protection against sexually transmitted diseases.The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the oils in these creams and suppositories can weaken the latex in condoms and diaphragms.
Some health care providers may recommend home remedies for yeast infections. There is some evidence that Lactobacillus acidophilus (a type of bacteria found in yogurt) and other probiotics help restore beneficial bacteria. In one small study, women who ate yogurt that contained L.acidophilus have had fewer infections over time. In other small studies, vaginal use of probiotic tablets appears to have been helpful in preventing future infections. However, no large controlled trials have been conducted with yogurt or other probiotics.
Small laboratory studies show that essential oils like tea tree oil may have antifungal properties, but there is a lack of evidence to support these natural defenses against yeast infections.
In women, the treatment of thrush is carried out at home. Pharmaceutical agents with local antifungal action include:
- Vaginal suppositories, cream, Miconazole gel based on miconazole nitrate.
- Decamine ointment with active ingredient dequalinium chloride.
- Ketoconazole cream based on ketoconazole.
- Vaginal suppositories, Sertaconazole cream based on sertaconazole nitrate.
- Suppositories, Terzhinan tablets, a combined agent containing ternidazole, neomycin sulfate, nystatin, prednisolone, geranium and clove oil.
- Vaginal suppositories, Ginesol cream based on miconazole.
Systemic medications are prescribed to treat severe candidiasis. They allow you to cleanse the female body of pathogenic flora from the inside and speed up recovery. These include tablets and capsules for oral administration of Nystatin, Fluconazole, Levorin, Lamisil, Intraconazole and other antifungal drugs.
Medicines for yeast infections
- Clotrimazole: Available as a one-, three- or seven-day suppository or a three- or seven-day cream.
- Miconazole: Available as a cream for three or seven days, or suppositories for one, three or seven days.
- Thioconazole: One applicator with ointment.
- Butoconazole: One applicator with cream.
- Terconazole: Prescription required. Available as a 3- or 7-day cream or 3-day suppository.
- Fluconazole (Diflucan): An oral medicine for yeast infections.
Related: The best treatment for vaginal yeast infections, according to a gynecologist.
Are yeast infections contagious?
Yeast already lives in your body. These tiny organisms cause infection when their populations are out of control.
Many factors make women vulnerable to these infections, including hormonal changes or changes in the acid balance of the vagina due to many factors, including pregnancy, uncontrolled blood sugar levels, and antibiotic use.
There is some evidence that it is possible to get a yeast infection from a sexual partner, but this is unusual.
Ask your doctor if it is safe to have sex during treatment. Most yeast infections last no more than seven days, depending on the type of medication you use to treat your symptoms.
Fungal infection is dangerous for the child’s body by the release of toxins into the blood in case of untimely treatment. Against this background, children are likely to develop an allergic reaction and other more dangerous developmental pathologies.
Mycoses generally reduce the protective function of the body.And in preschool children, immunity is still in the formation stage, therefore, concomitant diseases may appear, which complicate the main treatment and increase the recovery period.
Yeast infections in men
Can men get infected with yeast? The answer is yes, although they do it much less often than women.
In men, yeast infection may be called penile candidiasis or balanitis. Men are more likely to develop a yeast infection if they are uncircumcised.
Men with diabetes are at higher risk of infection. Poor hygiene, antibiotic use, or a weakened immune system can also contribute to the factors. Men who have partners with a yeast infection may be at greater risk of developing an infection.
Symptoms of a male yeast infection include the penis. The tip may become red, sore, and irritated. The infection can cause itching, pain, or burning. Coloring of the foreskin.
Antifungal skin creams are used to treat this condition.Doctors may also prescribe antifungal pills.
Yeast Infection During Pregnancy
Talk to your doctor before using any yeast infection treatment during pregnancy. Cutaneous antifungals such as clotrimazole or miconazole are considered safe to use during pregnancy. Experts advise against taking oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole (Diflucan) during pregnancy.
Yeast fungi are found in smears, feces and urine. To identify them, a diagnosis is required in the clinic. Without this, the doctor will not be able to confirm the correctness of the diagnosis he presumes.
Yeast infection on the skin is detected by visual inspection, as well as by examining scrapings from the affected area. This analysis is done for children and adults. Examination of other samples, such as urine or feces, can identify the pathogen in internal organs.
In women, thrush is determined by a smear taken from the vagina. Urinalysis is also required.
After detecting an infection, it may be necessary to check the sensitivity of pathogenic microflora to various active substances that are contained in antifungal drugs.
How do you get a yeast infection?
What are the causes of yeast infection?
Yeast infections occur when the normal balance of yeast in the skin and in the body shifts. This is when the yeast can multiply and cause infection.
Vaginal yeast infections can be caused by hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, during breastfeeding, or during menstruation, for example. Taking hormones or birth control pills with higher estrogen levels can also upset the balance of yeast in the vagina.
Blood sugar adhesions due to diabetes or uncontrolled blood sugar can cause yeast overgrowth.
You can also get a yeast infection after taking antibiotics, as these drugs kill both the “bad” bacteria and the “good” bacteria that keep the yeast in check.Taking corticosteroids is a risk because these drugs suppress the immune system, making it difficult to fight infections.
Women with weakened immune systems (eg due to HIV) have an increased risk of developing vaginal yeast infections.
Douching is a risk factor for infection as it can kill the “good” bacteria that protect against yeast overgrowth.
Because yeast loves warm, humid environments, a woman wearing tight clothing can increase the risk of infection.
There is evidence that yeast infection can spread between sexual partners, but this is rare. Yeast infections are not considered sexually transmitted infections. In men – especially uncircumcised men – yeast infections can cause a rash on the scalp of the penis.
Reasons for the development of mycosis
Mycoses caused by yeast or yeast-like fungi are a consequence of internal malfunctions in the body. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the cause is fungi of the genus Candida.The second name of mycoses caused by yeast is candidiasis.
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- long-term antibiotic therapy;
- use of corticosteroids;
- decreased immunity; 90,043 90,042 stress;
- abuse of sweet.
Yeast fungus belongs to conditionally pathogenic types of microflora. In a healthy person, it is present in small quantities and provides the necessary acidity of the mucous membranes, acting as an important part of the microflora.The activation of the fungus occurs under the influence of negative factors, as a result of which the balance of microflora is shifted in favor of Candida. In this case, the yeast-like fungus begins to multiply actively, suppressing the beneficial microflora, therefore, symptoms of the disease appear.
Candida is present in the body of every person and only with a weakened immune system provokes problems
Yeast that collects in the mouth or throat is called oral candidiasis or thrush.Oral yeast infections occur when the normal balance of microbes in the mouth changes, resulting in yeast overgrowth. For example, taking antibiotics can kill beneficial bacteria that prevent yeast from proliferating.
Oral yeast infections often affect children under one year of age because their immune systems are not fully developed or may be weakened after taking antibiotics for a bacterial infection. (Babies with thrush can also develop a diaper rash from yeast.)
Healthy adults are usually safe from thrush, but older adults and people with weakened immune systems are at risk.
Chronic thrush can be a sign of an immunodeficiency disorder such as HIV.
Taking antibiotics, wearing dentures, having a medical condition such as diabetes, being treated for cancer, or having a dry mouth are also associated with an increased risk of thrush.
Oral thrush can cause white or yellow spots on the tongue, mouth, or throat.Under these patches, the skin can be red and sore. This can cause cracks in the corners of the mouth.
Thrush is usually treated with antifungal drugs. Options include prescription drugs and liquids or antifungal pills. The type of yeast infection and the duration of therapy may depend on the severity of the symptoms and the age and health of the patient.
Methods of therapy
Compresses using garlic and salt. You need to take a medium-sized clove of garlic, chop it, add half a teaspoon of table salt to it, mix and put on cheesecloth, attach to the skin.You can make garlic juice and lubricate your skin several times a day.
To do this, take 250 g of needles or replace them with cones, pour medical alcohol and leave for 2 weeks.
Lubricate skin areas 2 times a day until the fungal disease completely disappears.
Parents can prepare an ointment using activated charcoal and lard at home for a child who has a fungus on their face.
It is necessary to melt lard and add crushed coal tablets to it.
Apply to the skin 30 minutes before bedtime in a small layer.
The approach to disease treatment depends on the patient’s age, location and severity of the infection. For therapy, you can use ointments, creams, tablets, shampoo with fungicidal and fungistatic properties.
When a fungus appears on the scalp, a special antifungal shampoo containing ketoconazole (Nizoral) is used. When using, you must strictly follow the instructions, try to avoid getting the product in your eyes.
Mycosis of the trunk and extremities can be treated with antifungal ointments (Biconazole, Clotrimazole). The product should be applied to the affected area in accordance with the instructions. Typically, treatment is 4 to 8 weeks. It is important to complete the entire course, even if the symptoms disappear sooner.
In case of a more severe infection, in addition to means for external use, oral medications in the form of tablets (Ketoconazole, Griseofulvin) will be required. Drugs are prescribed and used only on the recommendation of the attending physician.
For the treatment of fungus, a dermatologist may recommend ultraviolet and magnetotherapy. They will help to cope with the clinical manifestations of mycosis, reduce itching and signs of inflammation.
It is possible to treat the fungus not only by classical methods, but also using folk remedies. There are many ways, the choice depends on the type of fungal infection.
Baking soda is the most common remedy for mycosis of the feet. It can be used as a bath or paste.
- For the bath, mix a glass of soda with warm water. Legs are kept in water for 30 minutes, the procedure is carried out 2 times a day.
- Soda paste is prepared by mixing water and soda in a 2: 1 ratio. The product is applied for 20 minutes in a thick layer, then washed off under running water.
To relieve unpleasant itching and inflammation, you can prepare a bath with chamomile infusion: 6 tablespoons of flowers per liter of boiling water. Insist covered for an hour, filter and add to the bath.Duration of admission is 15 minutes.
Yeast infections in babies
Diaper dermatitis or diaper rash is extremely common in babies. Some diapers cause skin irritation caused by tight, wet or dirty diapers. However, a rash that persists may be caused by an overgrowth of Candida yeast.
Candida thrives in moist, warm areas of the body. Babies whose diaper area does not stay clean and dry, or who have more frequent bowel movements, are at greater risk of developing a diaper rash with a yeast infection, as well as children taking antibiotics or breastfeeding mothers who are taking these medications.
When yeast is the culprit for a diaper rash, it will have a distinctive appearance. A yeast infection usually appears on the bottom of the baby, the genital area, or both, especially in the folds of the skin. The rash itself is bright red, raised and bounded by small red bumps. There are usually small, red patches of skin surrounding the underlying rash.
Yeast diapers should be treated with an antifungal cream such as nystatin, miconazole, ketoconazole, or a steroid ointment such as hydrocortisone.
Small bumps under the arm. Inflammation of the sweat ducts. Lump under the arm photo
This, frankly speaking, is a very unpleasant phenomenon – a lump under the arm. And even worse (as, by the way, most often happens), when a lump appeared under the arm and it hurts. It is difficult even to imagine what kind of discomfort a person experiences. In fact, such a lump in the armpit is a lump in the armpit area. It sometimes has a rounded shape, sometimes an irregular shape. And, depending on the cause of the appearance, the color of the cone can be different – either red or greenish (which indicates a purulent environment of the cone), or white.Usually it is of such a size that it is clearly visible, it stands out quite clearly above the surface. If a person has such a lump, then this indicates that there is inflammation in the armpit. Moreover, when there is redness of the skin and an increased (compared to other areas of the human body) temperature. This is a lump, swelling, or abscess.
In fact, such a lump is a lump in the armpit area. It sometimes has a rounded shape, sometimes an irregular shape.And, depending on the cause of the appearance, the color of the cone can be different – either red or greenish (which indicates a purulent environment of the cone), or white. Usually it is of such a size that it is clearly visible, it stands out quite clearly above the surface.
If a person has a lump under the armpit and hurts, then this indicates that there is inflammation in the armpit. Moreover, when there is redness of the skin and an increased (compared to other areas of the human body) temperature.This is a lump, swelling, or abscess. In addition, the bump may not be one, but several of them.
One of the reasons for the appearance of a lump is hydradenitis (inflammation of the sebaceous glands, usually purulent). Such suppuration of the sebaceous glands (with a clear increase in size) is the result of the appearance of staphylococcus bacteria, which enter the sebaceous glands and are activated. And, ultimately, a lump appears under the arm and hurts, moreover. By the way, hydradenitis often appears even in children.
Other causes of the appearance of a lump under the armpit can be very serious diseases (which may not have even been diagnosed in a person), such as mumps, AIDS and measles. And this, of course, is very serious!
So, if you have a lump under your arm and it hurts, then you need to immediately consult a doctor who, after a very thorough examination, will accurately establish the cause of such a neoplasm, and only after that will prescribe the necessary treatment.
Doctors have developed a variety of treatment methods: UHF therapy, dry heat, and various kinds of physiotherapy. If the lump has a purulent infectious environment, then the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, as well as immunostimulating drugs. Of course, as with most diseases, there are no absolutely universal methods of treatment – the method of treatment by the doctor is selected taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
Comment, review No. 1
Hello, dear administration! My friend had a very unpleasant swelling, a lump in the armpit area.It doesn’t hurt yet, but it’s already scary. Tell me, what is it – a lump under the arm? Thank you!
Yes, dear Svetlana, this is very unpleasant and even, in your words, scary. Moreover, when you do not know what kind of bump it is under the arm. In reality, an armpit lump is just a lump in the armpit, but it is usually painful. The color of the bud may vary depending on the cause – white, red, or green. The latter indicates the purulent nature of the lump. The bump is most often seen well – it stands out clearly.One of the reasons for the appearance of a lump is hydradenitis (inflammation of the sebaceous glands, usually purulent). But in any case, we strongly recommend that your girlfriend see a doctor.
Svetlana, 35 years old
Comment, review No. 2
An armpit lump is just a lump in the armpit, but it is usually painful. True, the sudden appearance of a lump under the arm of a woman causes her serious fears and even panic. This is understandable, because the cause of the appearance of a lump under the arm can be very serious diseases (which, perhaps, a woman has not even been diagnosed with yet), such as mumps, AIDS and measles.In addition, the axillary region is located near the mammary glands, and possible breast cancer is a common cause of female fear. Alas, even if this does not have an oncological cause, lumps under the armpit in women, among other things, may also indicate the development of a rather serious disease called hydradenitis. However, women, men and even children suffer from hydradenitis.
Comment, review No. 3
An armpit lump is just a lump in the armpit, but it is usually painful.But what should be done when the lump under the arm hurts inside? First of all, treat all this with all possible attention – do not postpone treatment indefinitely. After all, the cause of the appearance of a lump under the arm can be very serious diseases (which, perhaps, a person has not even been diagnosed with yet), such as mumps, AIDS and measles. So the appearance of a lump under the arm, which also hurts inside, indicates the presence of inflammation in this area. Inflammation is a disease, and if a disease, then going to the doctor is inevitable.Only after a thorough examination will the doctor be able to establish an accurate diagnosis, the cause of the lump, and prescribe the necessary treatment. Moreover, various methods of painless treatment have been developed: these are UHF therapy, dry heat, and various kinds of physiotherapy.
Comment, review No. 4
Yes, this is, frankly speaking, a very unpleasant phenomenon – a lump under the arm. And even worse (as, by the way, most often happens), when it appeared and a lump in the armpit hurts. It is difficult even to imagine what kind of discomfort a person experiences.If a person has a lump in the armpit, and besides, it also hurts, then this suggests that there is inflammation in the armpit. Moreover, when there is redness of the skin and an increased (compared to other areas of the human body) temperature. This is a lump, swelling, or abscess. In addition, the bump may not be one, but several of them. One of the reasons for the appearance of a lump is hydradenitis (inflammation of the sebaceous glands, usually purulent). Such suppuration of the sebaceous glands (with a clear increase in size) is the result of the appearance of staphylococcus bacteria, which enter the sebaceous glands and are activated.
The world around a person is extremely aggressive. A person is constantly in contact with millions of microbes, viruses and various microorganisms. With some kind of microorganisms a person lives in symbiosis, with some kind of a human body has to wage a cruel and merciless struggle.
The generally recognized human helper in the fight against various viruses and pathogenic microbes is immunity. When the immune system weakens, and this is possible for various reasons, the human body begins to “overcome” various troubles.One of these troubles is the bumps in the armpit.
Reasons for the appearance of cones under the armpits
Lumps, or neoplasms as doctors call them, can occur for various reasons. These can be benign formations caused by infectious viruses. So is malignant neoplasms. Or, more simply, cancerous tumors. The doctor can say more precisely during a direct examination.
One of the most likely causes of the formation of bumps in the armpit is blockage of hair follicles and acute purulent inflammation of the sweat glands.In medicine, this disease is called hydradenitis, and among the people the same disease is called more picturesquely – bough udder.
One of the main causes of this disease is infection when removing hair in the armpit and extreme neglect of personal hygiene. Especially during the hot summer period.
The causative agent of the disease is considered to be a bacterium – staphylococcus aureus. Bacteria enter this area through the lymph nodes and, of course, through the sweat glands.It is easy to understand that the appearance of any neoplasm is associated with a deterioration in immunity. Pathologies, especially diabetes mellitus, are also provocateurs.
At a time when the disease is actively progressing. A lump in the armpit hurts and causes a lot of trouble. Swelling is observed, which increases from day to day.
The next stage in the development of the disease is a change in the color of the cone. It turns red and a bluish tint is often observed.
At the last stage of the development of the disease, cones appear from the center.
This stage is accompanied by a very sharp deterioration in the human condition. Sharply. The appearance of nausea and vomiting is possible.
Furuncle under the arm
Another reason for the appearance of cones in the armpit is a boil. This abscess code with local anesthesia, as in the case of hydradenitis, is easily opened by a doctor. But in no case try to open these abscesses on your own. There is a high probability of infection or the breakthrough of pus inside and getting it into the bloodstream.Furuncle, as well as hydradenitis, is a consequence of acute respiratory infections, the spread of which occurs through the blood and lymphatic systems. When the lymph nodes can no longer cope with the flow of infection, disease occurs.
Treatment of a boil, as well as hydradenitis is performed, we apply anti-inflammatory ointments. But in no case should you use warm or hot compresses.
The human axillary region is, from an anatomical point of view, a rather empty area.Above it is limited by muscles, and from below by adipose tissue and skin. Directly in the adipose tissue are the lymph nodes that cleanse the lymph and direct its flow to the hand.
With an increase in the load on the lymph nodes, it provokes their increase and this can also cause the formation of bumps in the armpit. And already directly speaks of a decrease in immunity in humans.
All of the above listed cases of cones do not pose a great threat to human life and are easily treatable.The main thing is not to delay the visit to the doctor. The sooner you see a doctor, the more effective his help will be and the less painful for the patient.
But there is a situation where you really need to worry. Lumps in the armpit can be a sign of breast cancer. This is especially true for women after forty years. To the touch, such a bump is soft and elastic. And this is more than a purulent inflammation.
The cause of enlarged lymph nodes can be not only infection, but also the appearance of malignant tumors.And therefore it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as possible. In the early stages, malignant neoplasms respond fairly well to treatment. Although it is no secret that in these cases it is often necessary to turn to surgical methods of treatment. And along with the malignant neoplasm, the lymph nodes will also be removed. After all, these are the advanced barriers to the spread of metastases. And in order not to accidentally leave metastases there, they are necessarily removed.
Today, every woman knows well that breast cancer is one of the most common among oncological diseases, and therefore any changes and discomfort in the area close to the breast causes them grief.And this correct attitude to one’s health, the appearance of seals, bumps, swellings and papillomas in the armpits cannot be ignored, although they are not always a sign of development.
The most serious thing that can cause many health problems in case of untimely access to a doctor and treatment is the appearance of a lump (compaction) in the armpit area due to inflammation of the lymph nodes. If the lump under the armpit is larger than a pea, it is flattened and hurts
, then most likely your lymph node has become inflamed due to the development of an inflammatory process in the nipple or mammary gland.Such lumps most often appear in women during menstruation.
Breast engorgement before menstruation
leads to a violation of the outflow of lymph and in the armpit area there are single painless bumps, which are found only when feeling with the fingers. Armpit lumps with mastalgia form in the first three days of menstruation, and after the end of the critical days they disappear.
In addition, inflammation of the lymph nodes under the armpits can cause excessive use of deodorants to eliminate the smell of sweat, which clog the passages of the sweat gland and contribute to the development of the inflammatory process.In most cases, a bump appears after the blade has damaged a hair follicle while shaving the hair under the armpits, causing pus to collect at the wound site and a painful lump.
The lymphatic system is a set of lymph nodes connected by a network of vessels. It plays a very important role in our body. Lymph nodes
are located near various internal organs and are no more than 1 cm in size. They produce white blood cells – lymphocytes, whose role is to cleanse our body of harmful microorganisms and foreign substances.
Lymphocytes together form the lymph, which delivers to the lymph nodes all the pathogenic microbes and harmful substances collected on its way. In the lymph nodes, lymph is “filtered” and purified. IF lymph
has delivered a lot of viruses, microbes and bacteria, then an increased production of antibodies begins in the lymph node to completely destroy them. This becomes the cause of the development of inflammation of the lymph node and the formation of armpit seals.
In most cases, armpit lumps formed due to inflammation of the lymph nodes
, disappear on their own after the infection is defeated.However, in order to prevent the degeneration of a benign tumor into a malignant one, it is impossible to ignore the identification of any lump or lump in the armpits, be sure to consult a doctor and undergo an examination. In the most difficult cases, the doctor may even prescribe a surgical opening of the abscess in order to avoid the development of complications. At the same time, it is very important to know that in no case should you squeeze out the lump with your armpits on your own, this can lead to the ingress of pus into the blood and blood poisoning.
In cases where you are convinced that careless epilation or excessive use of deodorant is the cause of armpit thickening, you can try to make an iodine net for it. To do this, thoroughly wash the armpit area with soap, then make a mesh with a cotton swab and iodine solution. It will be enough to repeat the procedure for 3-5 days in a row and with careful observance of hygienic rules, the seal should disappear. In more difficult cases, except for the iodine grid
special antibiotic ointments must be applied to the lump.
Lymph nodes armpit nodes
may also increase due to severe development throughout the body. For example, tuberculosis
, breast cancer, melanoma, brain neoplasms, rubella and brucellosis. It is impossible to get rid of the lump in the armpits without treating the disease that contributed to its appearance. In women who have undergone plastic surgery on the mammary glands, armpit lumps are the body’s reaction to the presence of silicone implants.
According to medical statistics, most often in people over 35, papillomas appear under the armpits – neoplasms on thin legs or on a thick base of flesh or light brown color. They are a type of wart, and papilloma virus causes them to appear
. Papilloma does not represent anything dangerous to human health, but most people want to get rid of it for aesthetic and preventive purposes. After all, papillomas
not only make the underarms area unattractive, but also make it difficult to epilate.
It is impossible to injure the papilloma with a razor or cut it off with scissors, otherwise there is a risk of its degeneration into a cancerous neoplasm. It is best to remove papilloma
liquid nitrogen, radio knife, laser or electrocoagulation in a clinic or beauty salon. At home, papilloma can be removed with Super-celandine, Cryopharma, Verrukacid and Feresol. The duration and methods of their use are indicated in the instructions attached to the preparations.
A small lump in the armpit that is round and painful when pressed is called a lump.Any neoplasm on the human body is an indicator of the onset of the inflammatory process, which can be indicated by an increased body temperature and redness in the area of the node. There are several reasons for the appearance of a lump under the armpit, starting with an increase in lymph nodes and ending with an inflammation of the sebaceous glands.
Causes and symptoms of occurrence
Colds and infectious diseases are accompanied by swollen lymph nodes, some of them are located in the armpits, so the bumps can be inflamed lymph nodes.They are formed against the background of low immunity or after serious illness with an increase in body temperature.
Most often, a lump in the armpit is formed due to purulent hydradenitis. This is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands, as a result of which the vital activity of staphylococci is activated, which enter the tubules through the ducts, and suppuration begins. Doctors call the root cause inadequate armpit hygiene. For example, when a person does not remove deodorant residues, they tend to accumulate and roll off, and if we sweat heavily, then this mixture gets inside through the sebaceous canals, which is why abscesses and bumps appear, blocking the work of hair follicles.
Even such a procedure as shaving the hair under the armpits can infect, traumatizing the delicate skin of the armpit, causing the infection to get inside, and people say that a person has a “bitch udder”. At first, the bump is small in size, it looks more like a pea, but every day it increases in size and starts to hurt when pressed, and when you raise your hand, you feel a burning sensation. Due to the increased work of the sebaceous glands, the lump under the armpit is most often found in people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus or with obesity.
But not only a lack of hygiene can contribute to the formation of nodes and bumps in the armpits. In severe blood disorders, such as leukemia, nodules can form in various parts of the body, including under the armpits.
Oncological diseases tend to be accompanied by the formation of abscesses and tumors in the armpits. Viral infections (mumps or measles) can cause a lump under the armpit, so at the first symptoms of discomfort, see your doctor for detailed advice.
How to treat a lump under the arm?
When pressing on the tumor site in the armpit, an unpleasant burning sensation and pain will be felt. If the doctor diagnosed you with hydradenitis, then the lump will soon develop into a boil, which will open, and the pus will come out. He needs to help him a little in this, applying various ointments with a disinfecting effect. With any diagnosis, the lump under the armpit cannot be heated, therefore, during the inflammatory process, it is better not to visit the sauna, bath, and alcohol compresses should not be applied to the site of infection.
If the abscess does not open up on its own, you need to go to the doctor so that he can remove the suppuration with a scalpel.
Cones that do not bother a person can be removed using folk methods. Cabbage leaf has antibacterial properties and is able to “delay” the infection no worse than Vishnevsky’s ointment. Cabbage gruel is applied overnight to the place of the cones and twisted with an elastic bandage. During the spring flowering period, a compress of flowers and lilac leaves will be effective to remove the bump under the armpit, which is also applied several times to the sore spot.
If you find a small lump-like lump in your armpit, most likely it indicates the development of an inflammatory process. This formation is usually painful, round or irregular. The color of the cone can be different and depends on its etiology, it can be red, white and even greenish. The size of the formation may also differ, usually it rises above the surface of the skin and is noticeable even with the naked eye.
Hyradenitis is an inflammatory process inside the sebaceous gland.It is usually accompanied by the formation of pus. The increase and subsequent suppuration of the sebaceous glands located in the armpit is the result of vigorous activity of staphylococcal infection. Bacteria move along the sebaceous gland duct, and after getting into it, they begin to actively divide and develop. This situation can occur due to non-observance of basic hygiene. Small particles of sweat or deodorant begin to accumulate if a person does not wash regularly enough. Because of this, a lump appears, which hurts and causes many inconveniences.In some cases, hydradenitis develops in children.
Treatment of hydradenitis consists in local treatment of the lesion site with disinfecting (bactericidal soap) and antiseptic (solutions of iodine tincture, boric alcohol, salicylic acid) drugs. At the same time, the application of a lotion from a clindamycin solution is carried out and regular hygiene procedures are carried out.
In some cases, surgical intervention may be required – opening the affected area and excision of the fistulous passages and affected tissues.If therapy does not work, the epidermis is transplanted from other sites.
The patient is prescribed antibiotics as antimicrobial therapy – tetracycline, doxycycline or erythromycin.
If hydradenitis affects you too often, specific immunotherapy is necessary. For this purpose, staphylococcal vaccine or gamma globulin is usually used.
In some cases, inflammation of the lymph node becomes the cause of the appearance of a specific seal in the armpit.If a person is healthy, then the lymph nodes are invisible and not palpable. They can increase as a result of a sharp drop in the body’s defenses, after suffering ailments, for example, influenza, infectious lesions of the nasopharynx, ears. Sometimes an increase in the size of the lymph node is a consequence of inflammation of the mammary glands. In addition, excessive sweating during which inadequate hygienic care of the armpits is performed can also cause inflammation.
The latter reason is typical for overweight people, often with diabetes mellitus.
If the lump under the arm is the result of inflammation of the lymph node, then to eliminate it, the doctor may recommend taking a course of antibiotics. In addition, various local remedies can help – ointments, lotions, etc.
There are also alternative treatments for this kind of bumps. For example, an internal intake of echinacea tincture (alcohol) is a good option. Take it ten drops four to five times a day, dissolving them in fifty milliliters of water. To eliminate the inflammatory process, you can also take a decoction of yellow root.It should be drunk in the amount of ten tablespoons per day.
Sometimes a lymph node in the armpit is enlarged due to the development of cancer. In this case, after taking antibiotics, its size does not decrease. On the contrary, education can grow and grow, as tumor grows and multiplies. This type of cancer is called lymphoma and is fast developing. Therefore, when a lymph node enlargement resistant to antibiotics appears, you should immediately contact an oncologist.
Ailments such as leukemia or cervical lymphadenitis, as well as some others, can be manifested by the appearance of a lump under the arm.
There are other forms of cancer that can cause this phenomenon. In addition, a seal in the armpit can occur, like the defeat of the body with AIDS, measles and mumps.
Usually armpit bumps are accompanied by noticeable discomfort. Until an abscess forms, the skin may itch and burn. Touching the affected area, the patient feels pain – this just indicates the development of the inflammatory process.An abscess may not open – within a few weeks, the lump may enlarge and even fester, and after treatment it will disappear without a trace. You should not engage in self-diagnosis and self-medication, because if purulent masses or bacteria penetrate the bloodstream, this can lead to sepsis.
If you find yourself developing a lump in your armpit, see your doctor. After a thorough examination, he will be able to diagnose the disease and select the appropriate treatment. If the lump has an infectious and purulent environment, antibiotics and drugs that stimulate the immune system are indicated.
Never squeeze out the formed formation. The doctor can prescribe you various physiotherapy procedures, UHF, and dry heat. But the method of treatment depends solely on the cause of the lump. In the event that a specialist decides that the seal needs to be opened, he will carry it out himself.
90,000 How to care for the skin of a newborn.
After leaving the hospital, mother and baby gradually get used to the daily routine. The baby should eat well and be warm – this is the first on the list.It is equally important to care for the baby’s skin, which is very delicate and sensitive to external stimuli. To adapt to a new environment, a baby needs time and parental care. Chemicals, fragrances, dyes in clothes, detergents cause redness, diaper rash or rashes. How to properly care for the skin of a newborn to protect the baby from contact dermatitis, allergies, and other rashes?
The baby is born with a protective coating that exfoliates in the first week.During this period, there is no need to bathe the baby or use baby lotions and creams.
A full bath is normal from the first days of a baby’s life, the main thing is to adhere to the rules:
– bathe your baby in a warm room.
– water should be at body temperature: 36-37 degrees to the touch.
– make sure the necessary items for the procedure are within reach. – remove jewelry that could scratch the child.
– Hold the newborn firmly by raising your head above the water.
– Do not use cotton swabs to clean your nose and ears.
– To wash your baby’s face, use soap-free water.
– Never leave your baby unattended while bathing, even for a moment.
– the first 2-3 months after birth, give up shampoo and soap, which can cause an allergic reaction in the baby.
– If you do use baby bath products, make sure they are soft, baby-friendly and odorless.
– then carefully wrap the baby in a cotton towel or a special bathrobe-corner for newborns.
– the room in which the baby will stay after the bath must be warm, and air conditioners and fans must be turned off to avoid colds.
Umbilical cord care
By the time of discharge from the hospital, this organ, which connected the mother and baby for all 9 months of pregnancy, will begin to dry out.Gradually, the umbilical cord will atrophy and fall off within 1-2 weeks. Until then, the place of its attachment to the belly of the newborn must be kept clean and dry. All that is needed for this is plain water. You cannot pull the keratinized part, even if it begins to fall off. The process will end on its own. To avoid damaging the delicate skin of your baby, buy diapers for newborns that have a notch in the belt for an unhealed navel. If you are using a regular diaper, fold the edge so that the fabric does not chafe your tummy.In some cases, the child may need a doctor. See your pediatrician if your child has a temperature rise of 38 ° C or higher at the same time as changes in the navel area: the area becomes red and swollen; oozing yellow pus; an unpleasant smell is felt. Many mothers are worried about the appearance of small specks of blood on the baby’s undershirt or diaper, the sleeping place of the child. Minor bleeding is normal.
Diapers and diapers
Change diapers often as soon as you notice that they are wet or dirty.Leaving it on for too long can cause infections. For newborn hygiene, thoroughly clean the genital area after each diaper change. Rinse your baby under warm running water to prevent irritation. Allow the skin to air dry for a few minutes or dry it gently with a soft towel. Use baby wipes less frequently to care for your newborn’s skin. Fragrances and alcohol in them can cause irritation and cause rashes. Make sure you buy diapers in a size that suits your baby.If the baby’s skin in the diaper area is irritated, choose a different brand or temporarily stop using them. … Wash reusable diapers and diapers with a mild, unscented detergent or clean hot water. Most diaper rashes on a newborn’s skin are harmless, but some may be a sign of infection and need care. If the baby’s skin is very red, itchy, painful, contact a pediatrician immediately.
What to do in case of skin problems
In the first months after birth, a baby may develop a rash, irritation, diaper rash, which seem unusual to parents.
Most of the skin problems in a newborn do not need treatment:
– baby acne – small red rash on the face. As a rule, it disappears over time without intervention.
– milia – tiny whiteheads on the baby’s face.
– Erythema is a common patchy rash that can affect newborns. In some, it looks like yellow or white bumps surrounded by a red halo. The rash tends to migrate to different parts of the body.Most often occurs on the second day of life, but may appear at birth or within the first two weeks. There is no cure – erythema gradually goes away on its own.
This rash appears as red bumps that may fester. It usually appears on the forehead, cheeks, or scalp, and sometimes spreads to other parts of the body. The risk group includes babies who are allergic from birth or have a genetic tendency to the disease.In case of pathology, it is recommended to use special moisturizers: ointments, creams, oils. You should not bathe a baby for a long time with this disease. When an allergic rash appears, consultation with a pediatrician is required.
Causes of occurrence:
– untimely diaper change. The urine or stool in the diaper irritates the newborn’s skin, causing red, weeping spots.
– bacterial or yeast infection. Taking antibiotics can cause the growth of Candida fungi. Usually appears around the genitals and buttocks of the baby. Looks like red spots with a whitish bloom.
How to properly care for your skin to prevent diaper rash:
-Do not use reusable diapers frequently.
– Give up talcum powder: it dries out the skin of a newborn.
– Arrange half-hour air baths.
Heat rash causes overheating of the body. It is usually visible in the folds of the baby’s skin. Hot, humid weather is a good time for prickly heat. To avoid breakouts, keep the newborn cool, dress him in loose cotton clothes.
This disease develops when the baby’s skin comes into contact with an irritant.The rash appears in places of contact with the allergen: metal clips on the shirts; dyes in clothes; powder for washing; unsuitable soap, shampoo; allergy to the oil used. Parents need to track, after which rashes appear, and eliminate the irritant. For bathing a child, you need to use shampoo and soap that do not cause allergies in the newborn; iron children’s clothes before putting them on. For washing, special powders or gels that do not contain fragrances and dyes are used, the child’s clothes, bedding and blankets are washed separately from the family’s wardrobe items.
9 things that language tries to tell about our health
Our body sends signals about problems or diseases that we often do not even know about. And the language is no exception: its state can tell a lot about health and its aspects, which need to be given special attention.
Bright Side shares these important observations with you.
This may mean that you are lacking vitamins.A shiny, strawberry red tongue is a sign that your diet is lacking in iron and vitamin B12. Subsequently, the tongue may become “smoother” due to the fact that most of the taste buds will be smoothed out. In severe cases, sharp pains are possible when hot liquids or spicy foods are consumed. It is recommended to consult a doctor and review the diet.
Black or brown plaque
Brown or black plaque on the tongue can look scary, but most often it only indicates poor oral hygiene or smoking, heavy consumption of coffee, black tea.As a result, bad breath and taste abnormalities (difficulty in recognizing tastes) can occur. First of all, you should abandon the bad habits that caused the plaque, and pay special attention to hygiene: daily brush not only your teeth, but also your tongue.
Extensive white bloom
White bloom, reminiscent of cottage cheese in color and consistency, is a sign of a yeast infection or, in other words, candidiasis. A similar plaque occurs when overgrowth of Candida albicans – yeast that is present in the mouth in small quantities when the human body is healthy.The cause may be long-term antibiotic use, diabetes, a weakened immune system, or high blood pressure. It is recommended to see a doctor.
Folds in the tongue
The appearance of folds or wrinkles in the tongue may simply indicate aging (yes, our tongue is also aging). Cracks are usually painless, but poor oral hygiene increases the likelihood of infection. So, a fungal infection can develop right in the crack and cause severe pain and burning.The problem is solved with the help of special medications. Poorly installed dentures can also cause folds in the tongue.
Small white spots on the tongue
Their appearance may mean that something is irritating the tongue. For example, a tooth constantly rubbing a part of the tongue. More often than not, these spots are caused by overgrowth of cells in people who smoke. 5 to 17% of these cells can become precancerous. If the spots do not disappear within a few weeks, it is very important to see a doctor and get all the necessary tests done.
Permanent red lesions
Red spots or blisters that do not go away for a long period of time can be a symptom of a very serious medical condition. They are often associated with tongue cancer. Consult a doctor immediately.
Most often occurs in women as a result of strong hormonal changes, especially in the period after menopause. With this problem it is worth contacting your doctor.Also, the reason may be incorrectly selected toothpaste: some people are allergic to its ingredient – sodium lauryl sulfate, due to which the paste foams.
Bumps and Depressions
This rather rare feature usually poses no danger. If you are not experiencing any pain, then you have nothing to worry about – just everyone has a different anatomy.
The appearance of painful ulcers is stomatitis , a disease that is considered childhood, but affects 20% of adults.Ulcers testify primarily to stress and lowered immunity. They usually go away within 2 weeks. In case of a longer manifestation of the disease , it is recommended to consult a doctor. It is also desirable to have a good rest and take care of your health.
Based on rd.com
SKIN INFECTIONS: PHOTOS, CAUSES AND TREATMENT METHODS – HEALTH
If you buy something from the link on this page, we can earn a small commission. How it works. What is a skin infection Your skin is the largest organ in your body.Its function is to protect
If you buy something from the link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How it works.
What is a skin infection?
Your skin is the largest organ in your body. Its function is to protect your body from infection. Sometimes the skin itself becomes infected. Skin infections are caused by many microbes, and symptoms can range from mild to severe. Mild infections can be treated with over-the-counter medicines and home remedies, while other infections may require medical attention.Read on to find out more about skin infections and what to do if you have any.
What are the types of skin infections?
The following are four different types of skin infections:
1. Bacterial skin infections.
Bacterial skin infections often start with small red bumps that gradually increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easy to treat with topical antibiotics, but other infections require oral antibiotics.The different types of bacterial skin infections include:
2. Viral skin infections.
Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. These infections range from mild to severe. Various types of viral infections include:
- Shingles (herpes zoster)
- Molluscum contagiosum
- Hand, foot and mouth disease
3.Fungal infections of the skin.
These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and most often develop on wet areas of the body, such as the feet or armpits. Some fungal infections are not contagious and usually not life-threatening.
Various types of fungal infections:
- athlete’s feet
- yeast infection
- nail fungus
- oral thrush
- diaper rash
4. Parasitic skin infection.
These types of skin infections are caused by parasites. These infections can spread beyond the skin into the bloodstream and organs. The parasitic infection is not life-threatening, but it can cause discomfort.
The various types of parasitic skin infections include:
- bed bugs
- cutaneous larva migrans
Pictures of types of skin infections
What are the symptoms of a skin infection?
Symptoms of a skin infection also differ depending on the type.Common symptoms include skin redness and rashes. You may also experience other symptoms such as itching, pain, and soreness.
See your doctor if you have pus-filled blisters or a skin infection that persists or gets worse. Skin infections can spread outside the skin and into the bloodstream. When this happens, it can become life threatening.
Signs of severe infection include:
- skin peeling, destruction
- dark, necrotic skin or skin that becomes discolored and painful
What are the causes and risk factors for skin infection?
The cause of a skin infection depends on the type of infection.
Bacterial skin infection: This occurs when bacteria enter the body through a crack in the skin, such as a cut or scratch. A cut or scrape does not necessarily mean that you will develop a skin infection, but it does increase your risk if you have a weakened immune system.
A decrease in the immune system can be the result of illness or drug side effects.
Viral skin infection: The most common viruses originate from one of three groups of viruses: poxvirus, human papillomavirus and herpes virus.
Fungal infection: Body chemistry and lifestyle may increase the risk of fungal infection. For example, if you run or sweat a lot, you may have multiple bouts of athlete’s foot. Mushrooms often grow in warm, humid environments. Wearing sweaty or wet clothing is a risk factor for skin infections. A tear or cut in the skin can allow bacteria to penetrate deeper layers of the skin.
Parasitic skin infection : Small insects or organisms hiding under your skin and laying eggs can cause a parasitic skin infection.
How is a skin infection diagnosed?
A good physical examination is the best way to determine what is causing a skin infection. Often, doctors can determine the type of skin infection by its appearance and location.
Your doctor may ask about your symptoms and take a close look at any bumps, rashes, or lesions. For example, ringworm often causes a distinct, round, scaly rash. In other cases, testing skin cells can help a doctor determine the type of infection.
How is a skin infection treated?
Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the infection.Some types of viral skin infections may go away on their own within a few days or weeks.
Bacterial infections are often treated with topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin or oral antibiotics. If the bacterial strain is resistant to treatment, treatment of the infection may require intravenous antibiotics in a hospital.
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Prospects for skin infection
The prognosis for skin infection depends on the cause.Most types of bacterial infections respond well to treatment. Some strains of bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), are resistant to common antibiotics and are more difficult to treat.
Preventing Skin Infections
There are several ways to reduce your chances of developing a skin infection. Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways.
Skin infections can range from mild to severe.