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Chemical overexposure symptoms: – Division of Research Safety


Gas and Chemical Exposure – Lung and Airway Disorders


Abigail R. Lara

, MD, University of Colorado

Reviewed/Revised May 2020 | Modified Sep 2022


  • Symptoms depend on which gas or chemical is inhaled and how deeply and for how long it was inhaled.

  • Symptoms may include irritation of the eyes or nose, cough, blood in the sputum, and shortness of breath.

  • Chest x-rays, computed tomography, and breathing tests are used to determine how much lung damage has occurred.

  • Oxygen and drugs to open the airways and decrease inflammation are given.

(See also Overview of Environmental Lung Diseases Overview of Environmental Lung Diseases Environmental lung diseases are caused by harmful particles, mists, vapors, or gases that are inhaled, usually while people work. If the lung disease is due to inhaled particles, the term pneumoconiosis… read more .)

Many types of gases—such as chlorine, phosgene, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen dioxide, and ammonia—may suddenly be released during industrial accidents and may severely irritate the lungs. Gases have also been used as chemical warfare agents Overview of Chemical-Warfare Agents Chemical weapons are developed by governments for wartime use and include Toxic agents (intended to cause serious injury or death) Incapacitating agents (intended to cause only temporary, non–life-threatening… read more .

Gases such as chlorine and ammonia easily dissolve and immediately irritate the mouth, nose, and throat. The parts deep inside the lungs are affected only when the gas is inhaled deeply. A common household exposure occurs when a person mixes household ammonia with cleansers containing bleach. The irritant gas chloramine is released.

Did You Know…

Some gases—for instance, nitrogen dioxide—do not dissolve easily. Therefore, they do not produce early warning signs of exposure, such as irritation of the nose and eyes, and they are more likely to be inhaled deeply into the lungs. Such gases can cause inflammation of the small airways (bronchiolitis) or lead to fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema).

Silo filler’s disease (which mostly affects farmers) results from inhaling fumes that contain nitrogen dioxide given off by moist silage, such as fresh corn or grains. Fluid may develop in the lungs as late as 12 hours after exposure. The condition may temporarily resolve and then recur 10 to 14 days later, even without further contact with the gas. A recurrence tends to affect the small airways (bronchioles).

Inhalation of some gases and chemicals may also trigger an allergic response that leads to inflammation and, in some cases, scarring in and around the tiny air sacs (alveoli) and bronchioles of the lung. This condition is called hypersensitivity pneumonitis Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a type of inflammation in and around the tiny air sacs (alveoli) and smallest airways (bronchioles) of the lung caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to inhaled. .. read more .

Radioactive gases, which may be released in a nuclear reactor accident, may cause lung cancer Lung Cancer Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. About 85% of cases are related to cigarette smoking. One common symptom is a persistent cough or a change in the character… read more and other cancers many years after the exposure.

Other inhaled gases may cause a general body poisoning (including breathing difficulty) because they are poisonous to the body’s cells (such as cyanide) or because they displace oxygen in the blood and therefore limit the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues (such as methane or carbon monoxide).

In some people, inhalation of small amounts of gas or other chemicals over a long period may result in chronic bronchitis (inflammation of the airways). Also, inhalation of some chemicals, such as arsenic compounds and hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon Poisoning Hydrocarbons are petroleum products, such as gasoline and kerosene, and are also ingredients in many paint thinners, solvents, glues, and some cleaning products. They are dangerous when the… read more , can cause cancer. Cancer may develop in the lungs or elsewhere in the body, depending on the substance inhaled.

Soluble gases such as chlorine, ammonia, and hydrofluoric acid cause severe burning in the eyes, nose, throat, windpipe, and large airways within minutes of exposure to them. In addition, they often cause cough and blood in the sputum (hemoptysis). Retching and shortness of breath also are common.

Less soluble gases such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone cause shortness of breath, which may be severe, after a delay of 3 to 4 hours and sometimes up to 12 hours after exposure (see also Air Pollution–Related Illness Air Pollution–Related Illness Illnesses related to air pollution are considered environmental lung diseases. (See also Overview of Environmental Lung Diseases.) The major components of air pollution in developed countries… read more ). With less soluble gases, long-term lung damage can occur and cause chronic wheezing and shortness of breath.

A chest x-ray can show whether pulmonary edema or bronchiolitis has developed. Computed tomography is especially helpful when people have symptoms but their chest x-ray looks normal.

A sensor is attached to the person’s finger to determine the amount of oxygen in the blood (pulse oximetry).

Tests of lung function, including determining how much air the lungs can hold and the rate at which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged, are done to evaluate lung damage.

Most people recover completely from accidental exposure to gases. The most serious complications are lung infection or severe damage that causes scarring of the small airways (bronchiolitis obliterans). Some studies have shown long-term impairment of the lung function years after episodes of exposure to gases.

The best way to prevent exposure is to use extreme care when handling gases and chemicals. People using cleaning products or other chemicals at home should work in well-ventilated areas.

Gas masks with their own air supply should be available in case of accidental spillage. Farmers need to know that accidental exposure to toxic gases in silos is dangerous, even fatal. People should not enter an environment where poisonous gases may be present to rescue an exposed person unless they have protective gear.

Did You Know…

  • Oxygen therapy

Oxygen is the mainstay of treatment for people who are exposed to gases. If lung damage is severe, a person may need mechanical ventilation Mechanical Ventilation Mechanical ventilation is use of a machine to aid the movement of air into and out of the lungs. Some people with respiratory failure need a mechanical ventilator (a machine that helps air get… read more . But any person who has breathing problems after inhaling a gas is usually monitored in a hospital overnight to ensure that serious complications do not occur. Drugs that open the airways (bronchodilators), intravenous fluids, and antibiotics may be helpful. Corticosteroids such as prednisone are often given to reduce inflammation in the lungs.

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What Are Common Symptoms of Toxic Chemical Exposure?

Every day, whether we realize it or not, we are all exposed to toxic chemicals. Fortunately, most of us don’t experience a high level of toxic chemical exposure on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Unfortunately, however, there are some of us who do experience high levels of toxic chemical exposure every day, week, or month. In such situations, the exposure often takes place where we spend most of our time, which is usually home, school, or work. For those who are exposed to toxic chemicals at work, it can be especially problematic, because the exposure can sometimes be treated as “just a part of the job”, which should never be the case.

What Can Toxic Chemical Exposure Do to Our Bodies?

Unsure if you’ve been exposed to toxic chemicals? You’re probably not alone. Signs of toxic chemical exposure vary depending on the type of chemical exposure a person experiences. One reason for this is that toxic chemicals can come in a variety of forms, including vapors, solids, gases, liquids, dusts, fumes, fibers, and mists. Due to the varying forms that toxic chemicals can take, they can enter our bodies in a few different ways:

  • Ingestion – This is when toxic chemicals are swallowed. It can happen if toxic chemicals spill on or somehow get in beverages, food, facial hair, or hands.
  • Inhalation – This involves breathing in toxic gas, vapor, dust, fiber, or mist.
  • Skin/Eye Contact – Toxic chemicals can get in our bodies if they get in our eyes or on our skin.

Once toxic chemicals are in our bodies, they can attack us in unique ways, including targeting different parts of our bodies, such as the lungs, kidneys, liver, or nervous system. In addition to different toxic chemicals targeting different organs, they also cause a wide range of symptoms. In some cases, symptoms happen right away, and in other cases, symptoms do not present themselves until years after exposure. When symptoms show up quickly, they’re considered acute. When symptoms take a long time to show up, they are considered chronic. Some types of toxic chemical exposure have symptoms that are both acute and chronic.

Common Toxic Chemical Exposure Symptoms

Whether they are acute or chronic, there are symptoms of toxic chemical exposure that are more common than others, including:

  • Head – Headaches, lightheadedness, dizziness
  • Nervous System – Loss of balance, nervousness, sleeplessness, loss of coordination, tremors, irritability
  • Reproductive System – Damaged sperm, low sperm count, egg damage, miscarriage, fetus damage, menstruation problems
  • Nose/Throat – Cough, sore throat, sneezing
  • Eyes – Irritation, redness, feel grainy, watery
  • Lungs – Lung cancer, shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, mesothelioma
  • Skin – Skin cancer, rash, itchiness, dryness, redness
  • Stomach – Stomach pain, stomachaches, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea

Toxic Chemicals Commonly Used in the Workplace

There are a wide variety of toxic chemicals and different industries rely on different types of toxic chemicals for varying reasons. In many cases, manufacturers require highly toxic chemicals to refine or produce their products. Farmers often use toxic chemicals to protect crops from insects and disease. Some companies use cleaning products that contain toxic chemicals to keep their office spaces clean and disinfected.

Those are just a handful of the many ways that workplaces use toxic chemicals. As such, there are more than a few chemicals commonly used in the workplace, such as:

  • Acids
  • Lead
  • Paint
  • Chromium
  • Asbestos
  • Nickel
  • Mercury
  • Detergents
  • Pesticides
  • Toluene
  • Benzene
  • Ethylene Oxide Gas
  • Vinyl Chloride
  • Radiation
  • Biologic Agents

How Can I Protect Myself from Toxic Chemical Exposure at Work?

If a company uses toxic chemicals for any reason, they are supposed to take reasonable steps to protect their employees from toxic chemical exposure. Typical ways that companies protect their workers from toxic chemical exposure include:

  • Provide employees with safety instructions/information and take every reasonable step to ensure that workers know safety information and follow safety instructions.
  • Make sure employees whose job duties put them at risk of toxic chemical exposure have access to and wear/use protective equipment, such as gloves, respirators, masks, hazmat suits, and coveralls.
  • Have facilities available onsite for employees who are exposed to toxic chemicals while working where they can safely remove protective gear, change clothes, and shower before heading home after work. If possible, provide employees with an onsite laundry facility or access to a workplace laundry service, so that they can avoid washing their work clothing at home and potentially exposing their family or others to clothing that may be contaminated with toxic chemicals.

Does Workers’ Compensation Cover Toxic Chemical Exposure?

In most cases, those who have suffered a toxic exposure injury or illness while on the job are entitled to file a workers’ compensation claim. In addition, if a third party, such as a contractor, visitor, or vendor, is to blame for a worker’s toxic exposure, the employee may be able to file a personal injury lawsuit against them.

The workers’ compensation attorneys at Belushin Law Firm, P.C. have been fighting for the rights of employees injured on the job and their families for decades. Our legal team has recovered millions for our clients, including $2.7 million in a workers’ compensation case involving a worker who fell from a roof bulkhead.

For more information about how the legal team at Belushin Law Firm, P.C. can help you with your workers’ compensation claim, give us a call at (888) 918-9890 or fill out our online contact form today.


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what happens when you overdose?


  • 1 What can happen from an overdose?
    • 1. 1 Definition and causes
    • 1.2 Symptoms and signs
    • 1.3 Body effects
    • 1.4 Health effects
    • 1.5 Mental effects
    • 1.6 First aid measures 9 0008
    • 1.7 Long-term effects
    • 1.8 Q&A:
        • What happens in the body when a drug is overdosed?
        • What are the symptoms of drug overdose?
        • What should I do if I suspect a drug overdose?
        • Which organs can be affected by drug overdose?
        • Can there be fatal consequences from drug overdose? 1.9 Prevention and prevention and even death. It is important to be aware of the possible symptoms of an overdose and seek immediate medical attention if they occur.

          Overdose is a condition in which the body receives too much of a certain substance. In some cases, this can happen by mistake when a person takes the medicine incorrectly or miscalculates the dose. In other cases, an overdose may be intentional, where the person knowingly increases the dose in the hope of achieving a stronger effect.

          The consequences of an overdose may vary and depend on the substance that has been consumed in excess. In some cases, an overdose may cause mild symptoms such as headache, nausea, or weakness. However, in more serious cases, an overdose can lead to dangerous consequences such as heart failure, convulsions, or even death.

          Some of the most common causes of overdose include the use of alcohol, drugs, drugs, or even certain foods in excess.

          In the event of an overdose, it is important to seek immediate medical attention and report the dose taken. Doctors can take the necessary steps to cleanse the body of the substance, treat symptoms, and prevent possible complications.

          Definition and causes

          Overdose is when the body receives too much of a certain substance than it can handle. This can happen both with the use of drugs and with the use of drugs, alcohol or other toxic substances.

          The causes of overdose can be different:

          • Incorrect use of drugs. Uncontrolled intake of a large dose of the drug or deviation from the recommended regimen may lead to overdose.
          • Violation of instructions for use. Some drugs have dosage and timing restrictions. Using the drug in a higher dose or for a long time than indicated in the instructions may lead to an overdose.
          • Mixing of various preparations or substances. The combined use of different drugs or substances may lead to dose accumulation and overdose.
          • Use of drugs. The use of narcotic substances such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana and others can lead to overdose, especially in the case of pure or highly concentrated substances.
          • Use of toxic substances. Uncontrolled use of toxic substances such as poisons, mercury or other chemicals may result in overdose.

          All of these causes can lead to serious health consequences and even death. Therefore, it is very important to follow the recommendations of the doctor and the instructions for the use of drugs, as well as to avoid the use of drugs and toxic substances.

          Symptoms and signs

          An overdose of drugs or drugs can cause a variety of symptoms and signs that can be dangerous to a person’s health and even life.

          Some of the more common symptoms and signs of overdose include:

          • Severe stomach pain or discomfort. Overdose of certain drugs can cause irritation or damage to the lining of the stomach, resulting in severe pain or discomfort.
          • Nausea and vomiting. Overdose may cause stomach upset and cause nausea and vomiting. This can lead to dehydration and a lack of important nutrients in the body.
          • Drowsiness or restlessness. Some drugs may cause drowsiness while others may cause restlessness and anxiety.
          • Difficulty breathing. An overdose of opioid drugs can cause breathing difficulties, which is a serious and potentially fatal complication.
          • Hypersensitivity to sound or light. Overdose of certain drugs can cause increased sensitivity to sound or light, which can be very distressing to the individual.

          If you suspect an overdose of a drug or drug, seek immediate medical attention. A quick response and timely treatment can save lives and prevent serious complications.

          Yes, I use a glucometer


          Yes, I get tested


          Effects on the body

          An overdose can have a serious effect on the body. When an excessively large dose of a drug or narcotic substance is consumed, the body is not able to process it effectively, which can lead to negative consequences.

          Depending on the type of substance, overdose can cause different symptoms and affect the organs and systems of the body in different ways. Uncontrolled increase in dose can lead to such consequences as:

          • Poisoning – overdose of poisonous substances can cause severe poisoning in the body, manifested in the form of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, weakness, etc.
          • Damage to organs – some substances can cause serious damage to organs and body systems in case of overdose. For example, an overdose of alcohol can damage the liver and kidneys.
          • Cardiovascular problems – Some drugs and drugs can cause cardiovascular problems such as arrhythmia, high or low blood pressure, which can be dangerous to your health.
          • Nervous system – An overdose of certain substances can have negative effects on the nervous system, causing convulsions, paralysis, impaired consciousness and other problems.

          If signs of overdose occur, seek immediate medical attention. Doctors will be able to carry out the necessary treatment and prevent possible complications.

          Health effects

          An overdose of drugs or drugs can have serious health effects. Depending on the type of substance and its dose, the effects may be different.

          Uncontrolled consumption of drugs can lead to the development of acute intoxication, which can manifest itself with the following symptoms:

          • Severe pain in the stomach and head;
          • Nausea and vomiting;
          • Diarrhea;
          • Dizziness and loss of consciousness;
          • Convulsions and shaking;
          • Lethargy or agitation;
          • Labored breathing;
          • Increase or decrease in blood pressure;
          • Increase or decrease in body temperature.

          Overdose of narcotic substances may result in the following consequences:

          • Severe impairment of consciousness;
          • Cerebral edema;
          • Trouble breathing and palpitations;
          • Destruction of internal organs;
          • Mental disorders;
          • Death.

          In case of overdose, seek immediate medical attention. Doctors will carry out the necessary treatment aimed at removing the substance from the body and restoring its functions.

          Effects on the mental state

          An overdose of certain substances can seriously affect the mental state of a person. With an overdose, there is enormous pressure on the nervous system, which can lead to various mental disorders and changes in behavior.

          One of the most common consequences of an overdose is the onset of psychosis. The person may experience hallucinations, hear voices, see implausible images, or feel stalked. Psychosis may be accompanied by intense anxiety, fear, or aggression.

          An overdose of certain drugs can also cause depression. The person may experience deep sadness, despair, loss of interest in life, and decreased energy. Suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts are possible.

          However, not only drugs can affect the mental state in overdose. Some medications, such as antidepressants or antiepileptic drugs, can cause side effects that affect the patient’s mental state. This may be a manifestation of aggression, irritability, anxiety or drowsiness.

          Excess alcohol can also cause serious changes in mental state. A person can become aggressive, unbalanced, experience impaired consciousness and memory. Moreover, an overdose of alcohol can have long-term consequences for mental health, such as the development of alcohol dependence or the appearance of mental disorders.

          However, it should be noted that the effects of an overdose on the mental state may be different for each person. They depend on the type of substance, dose, individual characteristics of the organism and other factors.

          In any case, an overdose is a serious condition requiring immediate medical attention. If you or someone close to you suspects an overdose, contact your doctor or call an ambulance immediately.

          First aid measures

          If you suspect an overdose, take the following measures immediately:

          1. Call an ambulance . An overdose can be a dangerous condition that requires medical attention. Dial the emergency number immediately and report the incident.
          2. Do not try to induce vomiting . In some cases, inducing vomiting can aggravate the condition. Trust professionals who will be able to decide on the need for gastric lavage.
          3. Save the packaging or any leftover . It is important to have information about the drug that was taken in excess. Packaging or leftovers can help doctors determine the composition of a drug and take appropriate action.
          4. Support breathing and heart activity . If the casualty has breathing or heart problems, measures should be taken to maintain them. In the event of cardiac or respiratory arrest, resuscitation should be started immediately.
          5. Reassure the victim . An overdose can cause panic and anxiety. Try to calm the victim and help him stay calm.
          6. Do not offer food or drink to the victim . To avoid additional complications, do not give the victim any food or drink until medical help arrives.
          7. Inform the medical staff . When the medical staff arrives, tell them all available information about a possible overdose, including drugs, doses and when they were taken.

          Remember that first aid measures are not a substitute for medical intervention. In case of an overdose, it is always necessary to seek help from doctors and specialists who can provide the necessary assistance and save the life of the victim.

          Long-term effects

          An overdose of drugs or drugs can have serious long-term effects on the body. Depending on the type and amount of the substance, as well as the individual characteristics of the organism, these effects may be different.

          One of the most common long-term effects of an overdose is damage to organs and body systems. For example, an overdose of alcohol can lead to the development of cirrhosis of the liver or other diseases of this organ. An overdose of opioids can cause breathing and heart problems.

          In addition, an overdose can affect a person’s mental and emotional state. Many substances, such as drugs or antidepressants, can cause depression, anxiety, or other mental health problems. Long-term use of certain substances can also lead to addiction and brain dysfunction.

          The consequences of an overdose can be not only physical and mental, but also social. An overdose survivor may experience relationship problems with loved ones, friends, or work colleagues. Also, an overdose can affect the financial situation of a person, since treatment and rehabilitation can be costly.

          To prevent the long-term effects of an overdose, you must follow the recommendations of doctors and do not exceed the recommended dose of drugs. It is also important to avoid drugs and other substances that can cause an overdose. In case of signs of an overdose, you should immediately seek medical help.


          What happens in the body in case of drug overdose?

          In case of overdose of drugs, there is an excess dose of the active substance, which can cause various negative effects on the body. Depending on the type of drug and its dose, an overdose can lead to poisoning, damage to organs and body systems, and in some cases even death.

          What are the symptoms of drug overdose?

          Symptoms of drug overdose can vary and depend on the specific drug. However, some common overdose symptoms include nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, weakness, drowsiness, convulsions, heart rhythm disturbances, mental status changes, and others.

          What should I do if I suspect a drug overdose?

          If a drug overdose is suspected, medical attention should be sought immediately. It is important to tell your doctor if you are taking any medications or other substances, and if you are taking any medications. Do not try to self-medicate or induce vomiting without the direction of a doctor.

          Which organs can be affected by drug overdose?

          Overdose of drugs can damage various organs of the body. For example, an overdose of analgesics can lead to damage to the liver and kidneys, an overdose of antibiotics can cause dysbacteriosis and damage to the gastrointestinal tract, an overdose of antidepressants can lead to cardiac disorders, etc. The consequences of an overdose depend on the type of drug and its dose.

          Can there be fatal consequences from drug overdose?

          Yes, overdose of drugs can be fatal. Some drugs have a very narrow therapeutic index, i.e. the difference between the effective dose and the toxic dose is very small. If the dose of such drugs is exceeded, a fatal outcome may occur. Also, fatal consequences can occur with an overdose of opioid drugs, narcotics and other potent substances.

          Prevention and prevention

          Prevention of overdose is an important task that every person must take on. Here are a few things you can do to help prevent overdose:

          • Follow your doctor’s instructions . It is important to take medications only as prescribed by your doctor and not to exceed the recommended dose.
          • Keep medicines out of the reach of children . Children may accidentally take too much medicine, so it is important to keep it out of their reach.
          • Do not combine medicines without consulting your doctor . Combining different drugs can lead to unwanted interactions and increased side effects.
          • Be extra careful with opioids . Opioids are especially dangerous in overdose. If you are prescribed these medications, be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions and do not exceed the recommended dose.
          • Tell your doctor about all medications you take . It is important to tell your doctor about all medicines you are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and dietary supplements. This will help avoid possible interactions and prevent overdose.

          If you suspect an overdose of drugs or other substances, seek immediate medical attention. Do not try to deal with the situation yourself, as this can be dangerous to your health.

          Related video:

          ✔️ Drug overdose: types of overdoses, causes, symptoms

          Drug addiction inevitably leads to personality degradation and the development of serious pathologies. An overdose of psychotropic substances causes an acute condition in which urgent medical attention is required. Every drug addict sooner or later falls into this state. Severe poisoning with narcotic substances leads to coma, and in many cases to death.

          • What is a drug overdose?
          • Causes of drug overdose
          • Signs of drug intoxication: what will happen
          • Behavior of a drug addict in case of overdose
          • Foam from the mouth in case of drug poisoning
          • Pupils for drug intoxication
          • Stages of drug overdose
          • Drug poisoning
          • Body intoxication
          • Narcotic coma
          • Types of overdose
          • Opiate poisoning
          • Overdose of psychotropic drugs
          • Salt overdose
          • Amphetamine poisoning
          • Poisoning with hallucinogens
          • Overdose MDPV
          • Tablet overdose
          • Spice poisoning
          • Speed ​​Overdose
          • Heroin overdose
          • Weed overdose
          • Death from drug overdose: symptoms
          • Consequences of drug overdose: what happens after
          • Drug antidotes
          • Drug Poisoning Emergency: Urgent Drug Treatment

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          What is a drug overdose?

          Drug overdose is a serious condition that occurs when taking a large dose of a drug that is not habitual for a person. Signs of poisoning depend on the type of drug and the state of the body. Overdose can happen from the use of any kind of psychotropic substance.

          Causes of drug overdose

          Medical practice shows that most poisonings occur from the use of large doses of heroin and sleeping pills. Less likely to overdose on a hair dryer or cocaine. The severity of intoxication is determined by the amount and composition of the substance. The causes of overdose are the following factors:

          • Intravenous drug use . With this method of administration, all the drug immediately enters the bloodstream.
          • Mixing narcotic drugs . An overdose is often caused by the simultaneous use of drugs of the same group, as well as in combination with alcohol.
          • Toxic additives in formulation . Underground manufacturers and distributors often add dangerous chemical impurities to drugs that increase the weight of the product.

          The body of an addict quickly gets used to a dose with the same amount of impurities. Therefore, even a purer product can cause a negative reaction. Overdose often occurs after a long withdrawal from drugs. During the rest, the body manages to wean itself from narcotic substances, and it seems that the usual dose causes acute poisoning.

          Signs of drug intoxication: what will happen

          Drug poisoning can be immediately identified by a number of symptoms, and measures can be taken. A person’s behavior changes, his general well-being worsens, he can lose consciousness and fall into a coma. At this time, it is important to promptly provide qualified medical support.

          Behavior of a drug addict in case of overdose

          Poisoning of the body is expressed in a change in human behavior. He becomes inhibited, ceases to control himself. Anxiety and panic can provoke outbursts of anger and aggression. In this state, a person is visited by suicidal thoughts, he can harm himself and loved ones. Poisoning with drugs can lead to loss of consciousness, in which there is a high probability of falling into a coma.

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          Foaming from the mouth in case of drug poisoning

          One of the visible symptoms of poisoning with synthetic designer drugs is nausea and vomiting, often foaming at the mouth. If these symptoms of an overdose become apparent, you should immediately call an ambulance. Doctors will detoxify the body, relieve an acute condition with the help of droppers.

          Pupils with drug intoxication

          Pupils with overdose change depending on the type of drug taken. If opiate poisoning occurs, it leads to constriction of the pupils. In case of poisoning with psychostimulant drugs, on the contrary, the pupils dilate, stop responding to light.

          Stages of drug overdose

          Drug overdose has three stages: mild, moderate and severe. The mild stage of poisoning is manifested by the appearance of weakness, nausea and vomiting may occur. With a slight poisoning, you can wash the patient’s stomach, and then contact the doctors. With an average form of poisoning, chronic diseases can worsen in drug addicts. The severe stage is characterized by loss of consciousness, coma and death.

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          Drug poisoning

          The first symptoms of poisoning are always deterioration in general well-being, weakness, headaches. If these signs appear, you should immediately call a doctor. The more time lost, the worse the consequences will be.

          Body intoxication

          Experienced drug addicts have all organs and internal systems in poor condition, diseases and pathologies develop. Intoxication leads to even more serious consequences. To neutralize the effect of drugs is possible only with the use of effective drugs.

          Narcotic coma

          If an overdose of a drug addict falls into a coma, his nervous system stops working, breathing is disturbed. The person seems to be sleeping, but it is impossible to wake him up, he does not react to any actions and sounds. If this condition is ignored, it may worsen.

          Types of overdose

          The body reacts completely ambiguously to the effects of drugs of different origin and composition. With some overdoses, a person becomes weak and weak-willed, with others – aggressive and uncontrollable. In case of poisoning, it is important to find out what kind of substance the person used. Detoxification of the body occurs with the use of drugs that are suitable only for a certain type of drug.

          Opiate poisoning

          When overdosed with substances of the opiate group, the addict experiences:

          • respiratory problems;
          • pupils constrict;
          • pulse slows down.

          Skin becomes pale or bluish. A person stops responding to sounds and other external stimuli.

          Overdose of psychotropic drugs

          If the dose of psychoactive drugs is exceeded, then there is:

          • severe headache;
          • heart begins to beat rapidly;
          • possible tremor of arms and legs;
          • excessive sweating.

          In severe cases, loss of consciousness occurs. Psychostimulants include cocaine, ecstasy, and methamphetamines.

          Overdose of salts

          Synthetic salts have a strong effect on the brain. Drug manufacturers often change its composition without adhering to a specific formula. It is quite difficult to determine the concentration of the active substance, which leads to overdoses.

          Salt poisoning results in:

          • dizziness;
          • nausea;
          • chills;
          • in more severe cases high fever;
          • chest pains appear;
          • Panic starts.

          Amphetamine poisoning

          In case of amphetamine overdose, a person sweats a lot, the temperature rises, he cannot control his actions.

          In severe poisoning, pronounced:

          • signs of stroke;
          • dry mouth;
          • nausea.

          Skin rashes may develop. If symptoms of poisoning occur, a person should be immobilized, call a doctor or an ambulance.

          Hallucinogen poisoning

          Drugs that have hallucinogenic properties can completely change the mental state of a person. An overdose threatens with the appearance of persistent hallucinations and psychosis, which often lead to suicide.

          Overdose of MDPV

          At the maximum dose of MDPV, the consequences are very deplorable. First, the substance causes a state of psychosis, then it hits the cardiovascular system with a shock wave. The addict’s blood pressure starts to jump, heart rhythms go astray. Untimely assistance can lead to death.

          Tablet overdose

          Drugs used as sleeping pills are highly addictive if used uncontrolled. With a small overdose, the symptoms are not too pronounced, and can go away on their own. A person may experience weakness, lethargy. In severe poisoning, the pupils constrict, the patient may fall into a coma or die.

          Spice poisoning

          Spice is usually used as a smoking mixture. Persistent addiction to the drug occurs literally after a few doses.

          Spice overdose is manifested by:

          • nausea;
          • vomiting;
          • dizziness;
          • convulsions;
          • loss of consciousness.

          The main cause of poisoning is the poor quality of the product.

          Overdose rate

          People who use speed often experience an overdose. In case of poisoning, consciousness begins to get confused, a convulsive syndrome appears, and body temperature rises. In a severe form of poisoning, the drug addict becomes slurred speech, there are malfunctions in the work of the heart.

          Heroin overdose

          Heroin is considered the most dangerous drug. An overdose causes severe and often irreversible consequences. Breathing may slow down, leading to suffocation, and the brain stops working normally. With heroin poisoning, the heart often stops. If symptoms of a heroin overdose appear, the addict should urgently call a doctor. The specialist will detoxify, cleanse the body of poison.

          Weed overdose

          Marijuana or cannabis are narcotic substances of plant origin. However, to enhance the narcotic effect, the herb is often treated with hazardous chemicals.

          Cannabis overdose in humans:

          • dilated pupils;
          • redness of the skin;
          • dry mucous membranes.

          The addict loses control of movement and speech.

          Death from drug overdose: symptoms

          Extreme drug dependence and frequent overdoses always lead to early death. With the systematic use of drugs in the human body, toxins accumulate, which have a detrimental effect on all organs. Very often, with an overdose, cardiac arrest occurs. An important organ can not cope with a huge dose of poison. If resuscitation is not taken in time, the person will die. Also, the death of a drug addict can occur from a lack of oxygen, which causes suffocation.

          Consequences of a drug overdose: what happens after

          If a drug addict can be saved from poisoning with psychotropic substances, the consequences will still be negative. Often, after severe poisoning, a person develops nervous diseases, exacerbates chronic diseases, taking incurable forms, up to oncology. Often, drug addicts who have retained a little bit of reason, after an overdose, decide to get rid of the addiction forever. Then they go to a drug treatment clinic for treatment and rehabilitation. It takes quite a long period, but the positive result is worth it.

          Drug antidotes

          An antidote is a drug that is an antidote for drug poisoning. The substance completely blocks the action of the drug. It is included in the composition of medicines for detoxifying the body in case of emergency. So in case of an overdose of opiates, naloxone or its analogues – naltrexone or nalorphine are used. You can not try to remove intoxication on your own. The dosage of the drug is calculated only by the doctor.

          Drug Poisoning Emergency: Urgent Drug Treatment

          An overdose of drugs of any group requires urgent assistance from narcologists. In a specialized clinic for narcology, all conditions have been created for detoxification of the body and subsequent treatment for drug addiction.