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Headache and fever: Causes, treatment, and prevention

Headache and fever are common symptoms of a variety of medical conditions. Sometimes people may experience a headache and a fever together.

Sometimes, having a headache and a fever at the same time can be serious, so people experiencing both may wish to consult a doctor for a diagnosis.

Some people may also have concerns about whether they have contracted SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, as both of these symptoms have an association with COVID-19.

However, several other conditions can cause a headache and fever together.

Keep reading to learn more about the different causes and treatments for headache and fever, including some prevention tips.

Stay informed with live updates on the current COVID-19 outbreak and visit our coronavirus hub for more advice on prevention and treatment.

The following are some potential causes of a fever and headache:

Meningitis

Meningitis is a bacterial or viral infection that causes inflammation of the meninges, which are membranes that surround the brain. If the meninges become inflamed, a person can develop a headache. Meningitis can be life-threatening.

Other symptoms of meningitis often include:

Flu

The seasonal flu occurs between October and March in the Northern Hemisphere and between April and August in the Southern Hemisphere. Influenza viruses travel from person to person through respiratory droplets from coughing, sneezing, and talking.

When a person catches the flu, they may experience the following symptoms:

Sinus infection

Sinus infections are one of the most common infections treated in doctor’s offices. People with acute sinusitis typically experience a sudden or gradual onset of symptoms lasting less than 4 weeks. People with chronic sinusitis may experience symptoms for 3 or more months.

The symptoms of sinus infections include:

  • a headache
  • a fever
  • facial pain and pressure
  • nasal congestion
  • excessive fatigue
  • bad breath
  • dental pain
  • a cough

Ear infection

When the fluid within the middle ear becomes infected, a person may develop an ear infection. Ear infections are the second most common reason that children visit the pediatrician. Most ear infections occur in children between 6 and 24 months.

Bacteria or viruses can cause ear infections. Pain is one of the most common symptoms, but some babies and young children may experience non-specific symptoms, including:

  • a fever
  • a headache
  • disturbed sleep
  • poor feeding
  • irritability
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea

Heatstroke

Heatstroke typically occurs when a person’s body temperature rises above 40°C (104°F) after prolonged exposure to heat. People may also develop heatstroke by physical overexertion in high temperatures. Neurological symptoms, such as seizures and confusion, typically accompany heatstroke.

Heatstroke is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if left untreated. Anyone who experiences any symptoms of heatstroke must seek medical attention immediately.

Heatstroke can develop progressively. Sometimes, a person may not notice the symptoms of heat-related illnesses developing, as they can appear very similar. However, the illness may progress from heat exhaustion, heat injury, to life-threatening heatstroke. Symptoms may include:

  • a headache
  • cramping
  • fatigue
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Once the heat-related illness affects the organs or central nervous system, the person has likely progressed to heatstroke.

Vaccinations

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Humans Services, some people may experience mild side effects soon after getting vaccinated. These may include:

  • a headache
  • a mild fever
  • chills
  • fatigue
  • pain, swelling, and redness on the affected area
  • muscle aches
  • joint aches

These side effects are likely to disappear quickly without medical intervention or medication.

Medications

Some people may experience flu-like symptoms when starting a new medication. Flu-like symptoms may include:

  • a fever
  • a headache
  • chills
  • muscle aches
  • a cough
  • sore throat
  • runny nose
  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea

Some anticancer medications, such as interferon and interleukin, can cause flu-like symptoms. Other drugs that may cause flu-like symptoms include the tuberculosis medications rifapentine and isoniazid. Flu-like symptoms may last for a few hours or a few days.

Cancer

Cancer has many different symptoms, but not everyone will experience all of them. Sometimes cancer can occur without any symptoms at all. Some signs and symptoms of cancer may include:

Specific types of cancers may present with other symptoms.

The treatment for headache and fever depends on its cause.

Meningitis

If a person has bacterial meningitis, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Other treatments involve supportive care to make the person feel more comfortable. Some people may require:

  • airway management
  • oxygenation
  • intravenous fluids
  • antipyretics to control fever

Flu

In most situations, the flu will go away without medical intervention. Some people may wish to take medications, such as antipyretics, to reduce their fever. Antipyretics, such as acetaminophen, are also pain relievers and can help reduce headaches. People usually do not require antiviral medications.

Some people may require treatment or prevention with antivirals. When an outbreak occurs in a healthcare facility, such as a long-term care facility, doctors may prescribe antivirals to all residents.

Sinus infection

Doctors may recommend that people with sinus infections use humidifiers, nasal washes, and nasal decongestants to reduce symptoms. Some people, however, may require topical or oral steroids to reduce inflammation in the nasal passages.

Depending on the severity of the infection, the symptoms, and a variety of other factors, doctors may prescribe antibiotics.

Ear infections

Doctors may not always prescribe antibiotics for children with ear infections. Some doctors suggest watchful waiting at first and only prescribe an antibiotic treatment if the ear infection does not resolve.

To control pain and fever, doctors will likely recommend pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

If a healthcare provider decides antibiotics are necessary, they will choose the appropriate one based on a person’s allergies, the severity of the infection, the presence of other symptoms or infections, and any resistance that might be present in their area.

Heatstroke

To treat heatstroke, a medical team will check the person’s airway, breathing, and circulation. They will then provide rapid cooling to prevent further damage to internal organs. In most cases, doctors will ensure the individual is hydrated.

To prevent getting sick from bacteria or viruses, doctors suggest that people practice frequent and proper handwashing. If a vaccine is available and indicated for a specific condition, doctors recommend that people should have the shot.

The most effective way to treat heatstroke is prevention. Wearing appropriate clothing and rescheduling strenuous outdoor work or activities in hot and humid weather are two effective strategies to prevent heat-related illnesses.

Ear infections are common in babies and children. Sometimes doctors may recommend watchful waiting to see if the infection goes away.

Although fever and headache are common symptoms in babies and children, they may be unable to express feelings of a headache.

Parents and guardians should check for other signs when a child has a fever, such as excessive fatigue, lack of appetite, vomiting, among others.

Antipyretics and pain relievers may help, but parents should seek medical attention first.

Babies and children may also develop meningitis, which can be life-threatening.

If antipyretics and pain relievers are not successful in controlling fever or headache, people need to seek medical attention.

Typically, fever and headaches are temporary symptoms, so people with persistent fever and headache must also consult a doctor.

Anyone with a temperature above 39.5°C (103.1°F) should strongly consider seeking medical attention or call a healthcare provider to discuss the other symptoms.

Headache and fever are unspecific symptoms because they have associations with a variety of conditions and diseases. They are also common side effects of many different treatments.

Some people may be concerned went they develop a headache and a fever at the same time, but most often it is not due to anything serious.

Anyone experiencing unexplained symptoms should speak with a doctor or other healthcare provider. When antipyretic drugs and pain relievers do not help to lower a fever or control headaches, the person should speak to a doctor who may be able to recommend a more suitable treatment.

Cancer Symptoms: Learn the Signs & When They Emerge

The early warning signs of cancer may be difficult to detect because the symptoms may be similar to less serious conditions, such as the flu. Also, some cancers, such as lung or pancreatic cancer, may not show warning signs in early stages. Many cancers share common early warning signs, while some are specific to certain cancers. General early warning signs of cancer include:

  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss/gain
  • Fever
  • Pain that does not go away
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Skin changes, such as a rash, redness, tenderness or swelling
  • Blood in the stool, urine, semen or sputum
  • Persistent cough or hoarseness
  • Difficulty emptying the bowel or bladder

Many symptoms share characteristics of other, non-cancerous conditions. If you experience persistent symptoms or other changes in your health, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible.

Cancer symptoms in men and women

Although men are more likely to develop cancer than women, many common cancers, such as lung, colorectal, bladder, melanoma, leukemia and lymphoma, and their symptoms may occur in either gender. Certain cancers, however, are gender specific and may cause unique symptoms.

Cancer symptoms in men

Cancers unique to men affect the male reproductive system—the prostate, testicles and penis. Symptoms of these cancers include:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Painful urination or ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Lumps, growths or physical changes in the penis or testicles
  • Pain in the groin, abdomen or lower back

Learn more about men and cancer

Cancer symptoms in women

Breast cancer and cancers specific to women may affect the breasts and the female reproductive system. Symptoms of these cancers include:

  • A lump or growth
  • Red, itchy or swollen breasts
  • Changes in the appearance of the breasts
  • Nipple discharge
  • Vaginal discharge or bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Bloating or a feeling of fullness

Learn more about women in cancer

Specific cancer symptoms

The following are symptoms typically associated with certain cancer types:

Breast: Common symptoms of breast cancer may include physical changes in one or both breasts—such as swelling, redness, flaky skin, nipple discharge, a lump or growth, pain, swelling or tenderness under the arm.

Colorectal: Common symptoms of colorectal cancer include constipation and/or diarrhea, blood stool or bleeding from the rectum, cramps or abdominal pain, a bloated or full feeling, and thin, ribbon-like stool. other common gastrointestinal cancer symptoms include gas pain, changes in bowel/bladder habits, anemia and/or jaundice.

Prostate: Common symptoms of prostate cancer include difficulty urinating, burning or pain during urination, incontinence, blood in the semen or urine, difficulty getting an erection, and painful ejaculation.

Gynecologic: Common gynecologic cancer symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding (after menopause, between periods, following sexual intercourse), pain during intercourse, pelvic/back pain, pain on urination, and/or watery, white or pinkish vaginal discharge.

Head and neck: Common symptoms of head and neck cancers include persistent pain, difficulty swallowing, voice changes, mouth sores, dry mouth, changes in appearance, and/or taste changes.

Hematologic: Common hematologic cancer symptoms include flu-like symptoms, fever, chills, joint/bone pain, anemia, night sweats, lymph node swelling, itching, persistent cough, shortness of breath, abdominal discomfort, headaches, easy bruising or bleeding, and/or frequent infections.

Skin: Common skin cancer symptoms include a change in a mole’s size, shape and color in the form of asymmetry, border or color irregularities or diameter (larger than 1/4 inch), itchiness, pain and/or oozing around the affected area.

Lung: Common symptoms of lung cancer include a persistent cough, pain in the chest area, shortness of breath, hoarseness, wheezing, coughing up blood, blood in phlegm or mucus, neck or facial swelling, and/or headaches.

Metastatic cancer symptoms

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, cancer cells may spread to other parts of the body. This process is called metastasis, and it may occur before your initial diagnosis or during or after treatment.

Many cancers, including melanoma, breast, lung, prostate, colorectal and other common cancers, have a tendency to metastasize in certain cases. The most common locations for metastatic cancer to spread are the liver, lungs, bone and brain. When cancer spreads to a new location, it is still named for the location of the primary tumor. For instance, breast cancer that has spread to the brain is called metastatic breast cancer to the brain.

How do I know if my cancer has spread?

Symptoms of metastatic cancer may depend on where in the body the cancer has spread. For instance:

  • If the cancer has spread to the bone, symptoms may include joint pain or fractures.
  • If the cancer has spread to the brain, symptoms may include headaches, speech difficulties, blurred vision or dizziness.
  • If the cancer has spread to the liver, symptoms may include jaundice, and bloating or swelling in the stomach.
  • If the cancer has spread to the lungs, symptoms may include shortness of breath or a persistent cough.

An accurate diagnosis is critical to determining whether your cancer has spread and to developing a personalized treatment plan designed to meet your needs.

Learn more about metastasis

Diagnosing cancer

It’s important to consult with a medical professional if you are experiencing symptoms of cancer. A doctor will conduct a medical evaluation, including diagnostic tests to first confirm the presence of disease and then, if relevant, to identify the correct tumor type, location, extent and stage. An accurate cancer diagnosis helps doctors determine an appropriate treatment approach.

Chills, headache, loss of taste among symptoms added to CDC’s list for COVID-19

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has expanded the number of symptoms on its official list for COVID-19.

Previously, the CDC had cited fever, cough and shortness of breath as possible signs of the illness. The updated list, which appeared Sunday on the agency’s website, includes these six additional symptoms:

  • Chills
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • New loss of taste or smell

In addition, “shortness of breath” is now listed as “shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has a similar symptom list. Their list also includes a runny nose, nausea and diarrhea, although WHO officials indicate that those symptoms are less common.

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Many people who test positive for COVID-19 display no symptoms, however.

Anecdotal confirmation

As the CDC website points out, COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe, and any of them may appear from two to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

Several celebrities who have contracted COVID-19 have described one or more of the symptoms newly added to the CDC list.

For example, Chris Cuomo, anchor of CNN’s “Prime Time,” reported shivering so much during his illness that he chipped a tooth. Actor Tom Hanks said he experienced “some very bad body aches” and that his wife, actor Rita Wilson, “lost her sense of taste and sense of smell.” Actor Debi Mazar (“Younger” TV series) listed headaches and a sore throat among her symptoms.

When to get emergency care

The CDC continues to recommend that people seek medical attention immediately when they have any of the following symptoms:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

That list is not all-inclusive, however. “Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you,” the CDC advises.

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“Call 911 if you have a medical emergency: Notify the operator that you have, or think you might have, COVID-19. If possible, put on a cloth face covering before medical help arrives,” the agency adds.

FMI: You can find the CDC’s revised symptom list on its website, along with an online Coronavirus Self-Checker to help you determine whether you should contact your doctor. Do not use the self-checker as a substitute for a diagnosis, however. For that you’ll need to get tested.

Goats and Soda : NPR

Fever, cough and shortness of breath were early on identified as symptoms of COVID-19, but additional symptoms are emerging.

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Fever, cough and shortness of breath were early on identified as symptoms of COVID-19, but additional symptoms are emerging.

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When the coronavirus pandemic first emerged, public health officials told the world to watch out for its telltale symptoms: fever, dry cough and shortness of breath. But as the virus has spread across the globe, researchers have developed a more nuanced picture of how symptoms of infection can manifest themselves, especially in milder cases.

We’re getting a “better understanding of how these symptoms express in the general population and not necessarily in hospitalized patients,” which is whom most of the earlier studies from China looked at. “So it’s a bit of a bigger picture,” says Charitini Stavropoulou, an associate professor in health services research at City, University of London in the U.K., who led an analysis of known symptoms in milder cases as part of a collaboration with Oxford University.

Some of these symptoms, such as loss of smell or taste, are highly distinctive and a strong indicator of infection. Others, like headaches, chills or sore throat, are common to lots of illnesses. So how do you know when a symptom is cause to seek medical advice or testing? We asked doctors and public health and infectious disease researchers for their insights.

THE STANDARD 3

Fever: Some patients can experience fevers that last for days, while others might see their temperature go up and down, with peaks often occurring in the evening, says Dr. David Aronoff, chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. “I think if someone has a fever, regardless of how long it’s lasting, unless they can clearly attribute it to something else, that’s a very reasonable symptom to seek an evaluation for,” he says.

Stavropoulou’s systematic review of the medical literature found that fever was reported in 82% to 87% of mild to moderate cases.

Dry cough: Cough was the second most common symptom after fever, though “coughing was not always there,” Stavropoulou notes. “So while we think it’s a main symptom, it appears only two out of three times for patients with COVID-19.”

That said, cough remains a “very, very common symptom of the pneumonia that the virus can cause,” says Aronoff. Given this fact, “if someone has a new cough or a new shortness of breath that’s cropped up in the last three days or so, they should definitely get tested.”

Shortness of breath: Stavropoulou’s review found that this symptom occurs more frequently in severe cases “and indeed, in some studies, was a marker of severe disease.” The two largest studies she looked at found that shortness of breath occurred in fewer than 8% of milder cases.

THE NEW 6 FROM THE CDC:

Chills/repeated shaking with chills: The chills generally precede a fever, though people don’t always perceive when their temperature has spiked, Aronoff says. Sometimes, those chills can be accompanied by shaking, since shivering is our bodies’ way of generating heat and raising our temperature, he says.

Muscle pain: Nearly 15% of COVID-19 patients experience muscle pain, according to a report published by the World Health Organization in February that analyzed nearly 56,000 confirmed cases in China. But that’s hardly unique to this disease: Lots of viral infections can cause muscle aches and pains, which can result from an inflammatory response to a virus.

“I think all of us who have had the winter cold or flu have had experience with muscle pain, headache, sore throat,” notes Aronoff. Given that we’re no longer in the typical cold and flu season, if you’re experiencing muscle pains and other flu-like symptoms, “we know that those can be associated with COVID-19,” he says. “And it is very reasonable to get people thinking, you know, maybe I should get tested.”

He added: “I would also include new-onset fatigue, out of proportion to what a patient would expect to be experiencing under whatever circumstances they are [in],” as a symptom.

However, fatigue on its own is not very predictive of disease, because it is also frequently reported by people who don’t test positive, says Claire Steves, a geriatrician and senior lecturer at King’s College London. She’s one of the lead researchers on the COVID Symptom Tracker, an app-based project that has so far recruited 3 million people across the U. K. to log any symptoms — even if they are not feeling sick. Researchers can use data from those who are eventually diagnosed with COVID-19 as an early radar on how symptoms develop in the population. (The COVID Symptom Tracker is now recruiting people in the U.S. to sign up as well.)

Steves’ research is finding that certain symptoms tend to cluster together in people who test positive. For instance, fitter people in the 20-70 age range who experience loss of smell often also experience fatigue, and they tend to have a milder course of the disease, she says.

Headache: Headaches are a common experience for many adults. On its own, a headache should probably not be cause for alarm, especially if it behaves like other headaches you’ve experienced, says Aronoff.

“If somebody is only going to use headache as a trigger to go get tested for COVID[-19], that headache should be something that either is a headache that’s new for them or that is sticking around a bit longer than they are used to,” he says. “Or it’s associated with another symptom that may also be subtle, like fatigue or feeling kind of worn out” — especially if there’s no good reason for the tiredness.

In fact, Steves says research out of the COVID Symptom Tracker suggests that headache “is an important symptom” seen early on in the course of the disease and it commonly occurs alongside other symptoms.

Sore throat: “We’re seeing sore throat in COVID-19 patients,” says Aronoff. “But it’s what I would say [is] a minor symptom” — one that’s common to lots of other ailments.

Loss of taste or smell: This symptom has emerged as a strong indicator of infection — one distinctive enough that it alone should be cause to seek testing, says Dr. Carol Yan, an otolaryngologist and head and neck surgeon at UC San Diego Health.

If someone is experiencing this symptom, “I would tell them that they should consider self-quarantining themselves and contacting their health care providers,” says Yan. Most people who experience loss of smell or taste also have other symptoms, commonly fever, fatigue and malaise, she says. “But there’s certainly a subset of people that we know have only smell and taste loss and no other symptoms” who ultimately test positive.

Yan’s research has found that about 7 out of 10 patients reported an acute loss of sense of smell or taste at the time of their diagnosis.

Similar findings have emerged from the COVID Symptom Tracker. Among fit and healthy people ages 20 to 70, “the loss of sense of smell is a really good marker” of infection, Steves says.

In fact, this symptom is seen as such a strong indicator of infection that patients at UC San Diego Health are now routinely asked not just if they have a cough or fever but also if they’re experiencing a loss of smell or taste, says Yan. “It’s really being used as a good screening question and in helping triage patients.”

The good news is that both Yan and Steves have found that people who lose their sense of smell or taste tend to experience a milder course of the disease. Yan says patients generally recover these senses in two to four weeks on average.

OTHER POTENTIAL RED FLAGS

Confusion and gastrointestinal issues: Stavropoulou’s review of the medical literature found that, in most studies, gastrointestinal issues were reported in fewer than 10% of mild cases of COVID-19.

But Steves says emerging data from the COVID Symptom Tracker suggest that problems like diarrhea, nausea and abdominal pain tend to be more prominent in the frail elderly — people who are over 70 and need help to get around. Acute confusion also seems to be an important symptom in this group, she says.

“Older and frailer and more co-morbid people” — those with underlying conditions such as heart disease, diabetes or obesity — “tend to be getting this cluster of abdominal symptoms and delirium symptoms and headache as well,” Steves says.

She says it’s important for caregivers to recognize that these symptoms in the frail elderly could be indicative of COVID-19, particularly in situations like nursing homes, “because that’s where spread could occur.

AND THEN THERE’S THIS …

Chilblains (pictured) are itchy, red, pink or purple inflammations of the skin’s small blood vessels that can develop in body parts such as toes and fingers from exposure to colder temperatures or wet conditions. A similar-looking inflammation of the toes is an emerging symptom of COVID-19 and is being referred to as “COVID toes.”

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“COVID toes” and other skin manifestations: Dermatologists are now reporting that certain skin conditions appear to be emerging as symptoms of infection in milder cases. Among the most common — and striking — is “COVID toes,” a condition resembling chilblains, or pernio, on the feet or toes, says Dr. Esther Freeman, director of global health dermatology at Massachusetts General Hospital and director of the international Dermatology COVID-19 Registry. The registry has received more than 400 reports from dermatologists in 21 countries, and a little under half are cases of COVID toes, she says.

Normally with chilblains, “you would see pink, red or purple lesions on the toes or sometimes on the hands,” Freeman says. “That’s often accompanied by swelling and can also be accompanied by a burning, itching or tender sensation,” she says.

Chilblains are caused by inflammation in the small blood vessels of the skin, usually in reaction to colder temperatures or damp weather, Freeman says. “So, for example, spending a lot of time outside in wet socks could do it.”

What’s unusual is that during the coronavirus pandemic, “we’re seeing patients who are living in warm climates or patients who have been sheltering inside and staying warm developing these lesions for the first time,” she says.

“I have seen more toe consults in the past two weeks than I have in my entire prior career combined,” Freeman says.

She says some patients develop COVID toes early on, along with other symptoms such as fever or cough. Others develop the condition well after their other symptoms have passed, almost like a post-viral response. And a third category of patients seems to develop COVID toes as the sole symptom.

Other skin conditions reported include hives and morbilliform, a measles-like rash on the chest, back, arms or legs. Freeman notes that viruses — for example, those that cause measles or chickenpox — often cause rashes, so dermatologists were expecting that with the coronavirus. But the toe manifestations were surprising.

While data are still emerging, Freeman says that in her opinion, dermatologic symptoms, such as COVID toes, should be considered as criteria for testing. But if you’re having these symptoms, she says, “Please don’t panic. Most of our patients who are developing these COVID toes are doing extremely well and are able to recover fully at home.

“I think it’s also important to know that the purple lesions will go away on their own,” she adds.

Covid-19 symptoms guide – The Washington Post

Although this list is not inclusive of every possible symptom, it includes what physicians and health experts have determined are the most common. Some of these symptoms will coincide with one another. Symptoms of a coronavirus infection can emerge anywhere from two to 14 days after exposure to the virus.

Fever, cough or shortness of breath

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A fever might be the first indication you have a covid-19 infection, according to a recent study that looked at the onset of symptoms.

The fever itself can range from low-grade — maybe only a degree or two higher than normal — to dangerously high. A fever higher than 103 degrees Fahrenheit is considered very high in adults and is a sign of a severe infection.

You can experience chills in which your body feels cold for no apparent reason. It might be a cozy temperature, but you’re still shivering. Chills are most common with a fever, or when a fever is coming on, but they don’t always coincide with fever.

The coronavirus is a respiratory illness, so cough is a common symptom, and it can also appear early in the infection. A dry, persistent cough can be a red flag that you have covid-19.

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Along with the cough can come shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.

Covid-19 can sometimes cause pneumonia, according to Panagis Galiatsatos, a pulmonary and critical care physician at Johns Hopkins.

Pneumonia occurs when “air sacs in the lungs fill with fluid, limiting their ability to take in oxygen and causing shortness of breath, cough and other symptoms,” Galiatsatos writes.

Shortness of breath caused by covid-19 can be mild or severe enough to require treatment with supplemental oxygen or a ventilator.

Fatigue or muscle aches

Sometimes the only indication that you might have of a viral infection is a general sickly feeling, or what physicians call fatigue — a persistent exhaustion that isn’t solved by getting more sleep.

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In extreme cases, people who have suffered from covid-19 describe having barely enough energy to walk to the bathroom, or to the kitchen for a glass of water.

Some people report muscle aches or general achiness for no other apparent reason.

Headache

Headache is the most common neurological symptom in covid-19.

Other less-common neurological symptoms could include muscle weakness, tingling or numbness in the hands and feet, dizziness, confusion, delirium, seizures and stroke, according to Harvard Medical School.

Loss or distorted sense of smell or taste

The loss of smell or taste is typically linked to early symptoms of upper-respiratory infections — including previous coronavirus strains — because the virus damages olfactory bulbs that are involved in the sense of smell.

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Another possible symptom is a distorted sense of smell or taste.

Richard Doty, director of the University of Pennsylvania’s Smell and Taste Center, told The Washington Post that certain distortions, including one that causes everything to have a fecal-like odor, can make common food and drinks revolting, because flavor is tied to sense of smell. “Even water can become unpleasant,” he said.

The distortions are most common in people who are recovering from covid-19 and starting to get their smell back, according to Justin Turner, medical director of Vanderbilt University Medical Center’s Smell and Taste Center.

Sore throat, congestion or runny nose

A sore throat, congestion or runny nose are less frequently associated with covid-19, but they still occur in enough cases that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention added them to its list.

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It can be difficult to determine whether these symptoms are a result of covid-19 or something more benign, such as allergies.

Stomach issues

Studies have found that about half of coronavirus patients experience at least one gastrointestinal symptom, which can include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain or discomfort.

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Difference between covid-19 and the flu

The potential winter surge of coronavirus infections could coincide with another major public health event: the seasonal flu. Here’s what you need to know. (The Washington Post)

A key difference is the transmissivity: The coronavirus spreads more easily than the flu. Public health officials have encouraged everyone to get vaccinated against the flu this year to help ward off a bad flu season superimposed on a pandemic — and having had a flu shot could also help rule it out if you start to experience any of these symptoms.

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The one symptom that’s common with covid-19, but not with the flu, is loss of taste and smell. But not everyone with covid-19 experiences that symptom, and experts warned that someone with allergies or a cold might also struggle to smell because they have a stuffy nose.

Absent a loss of taste or smell, most patients will need a nasal swab to get a proper diagnosis.

Sindya Bhanoo, Michael Brice-Saddler, Allyson Chiu and Marisa Iati contributed to this report.

Is it the coronavirus, flu or something else?| Healthy You

With cold and flu season continuing through May, spring allergies just beginning, and the new coronavirus – with its similar respiratory symptoms – now circulating around the globe, you’re probably wondering how to tell the difference between them all.

Don’t panic if you’re coughing and sneezing. The threat of COVID-19 to the general U.S. population is still low. Review this quick guide to sort the differences between each condition. Then read on to learn what Rebekah Sensenig, D. O., physician specialist in infectious  disease at Riverside Health System, has to say about treatment.

How to tell the difference between COVID-19, the flu, a cold and allergies

COVID-19 Influenza Common Cold Seasonal Allergy

Is a contagious viral infection thought to be spread from person to person through cough and sneeze (or respiratory) droplets

Symptoms are fever,
cough and trouble breathing

Is a contagious viral infection spread from person to person through respiratory droplets

Symptoms come quickly and include severe body aches, chills, fatigue, cough and headache

Can also cause sneezing, a runny or stuffy nose, and a sore throat

Doesn’t always cause a fever

Is a contagious viral infection spread from person to person through respiratory droplets or stool

Comes on gradually with a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, a sore throat, a mild cough, and some body aches

Not contagious. Happens when your immune system overreacts to substances in the environment – normally pollen, grass or mold in the spring

Cause a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes, skin or mouth

 

 

What to do if you’re sick

First, Dr. Sensenig says it’s not likely to be COVID-19 (the new coronavirus) or even the flu if you don’t have a fever.

“If you have respiratory symptoms but no fever, it’s probably a cold,” she says. “Stay home, get some rest and drink plenty of fluids.”

You can also try an over-the-counter cold medicine. If your symptoms don’t improve after 10 days, call your doctor. You could have a sinus infection or be mistaking seasonal allergies for a cold.

But if you have a fever, call your primary care provider for guidance. And be sure to tell them if you think you’ve been exposed to COVID-19.

“Unless you’re in a high-risk group – and that includes the elderly, children, pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions – you’ll probably be given self-care instructions over the phone and told to stay home,” says Dr. Sensenig.

This is because most cases of COVID-19 and flu don’t require medical treatment and antibiotics don’t work for viral infections.

However, if you begin to show what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention call emergency warning signs of COVID-19, go to the emergency room or call 911 immediately. Warning signs include trouble breathing, blue lips or face, chest pain, confusion, or trouble staying awake.

Otherwise, stay home until you’re well, cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and wash your hands frequently. This will help keep you from spreading the virus to others – whether it’s the common cold, flu or COVID-19.

Loss of Smell, Sore Throat, Aches, Chills

  • The CDC has tripled its list of symptoms of COVID-19 with the addition of 6 new ailments to look out for in possible coronavirus patients.
  • The new symptoms are chills, repeated shaking with chills, sore throat, loss of smell or taste, headaches, and muscle pains.
  • These are in addition to previously known common symptoms including fever, cough, and shortness of breath. 
  • Symptoms of COVID-19 typically occur within 2 to 14 days of exposure to the novel coronavirus, according to the CDC.
  • Visit Insider’s homepage for more stories.

The CDC has added six new symptoms to its list of what to watch out for in COVID-19 patients. Chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headaches, sore throat, and loss of smell and taste are all newly listed on the CDC’s coronavirus website. 

That brings the total of common symptoms up to nine, triple the number previously listed on the CDC website. Prior to the update, just fever, coughing, and shortness of breath were recognized as common indications of the virus on the website. 

The addition of symptoms like headache, sore throat, and aches to the CDC list reflects how the official understanding the disease has changed — previously, those ailments were considered to be only “sometimes” indicative of COVID-19 and more common to mundane disease like cold and flu.  

Chills were also previously considered to be a less common symptom as well, although they’ve since been reported from high-profile patients with COVID-19 such as CNN anchor Chris Cuomo, who chipped a tooth from intense shaking due to chills. 

And the theory that the virus causes loss of smell or taste was previously supported by mainly anecdotal evidence. A recent case study found coronavirus was linked to sudden, complete loss of smell in a woman with few other symptoms, suggesting it could be indicative of mild cases of COVID-19.

Symptoms of the virus tend to appear between 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus, according to the CDC. Severe symptoms may develop between 5 to 10 days after the initial symptoms appear, research suggests.

And that’s if a severe case develops at all — growing evidence suggests that coronavirus symptoms can vary widely, with cases ranging from mild to critically ill. And a large percentage of contagious patients may have no symptoms at all.

Identifying less severe symptoms could help slow the spread of the disease since patients with mild symptoms may be unaware of their infection and spread the virus to others.

“These patients may be some of the hitherto hidden carriers that have facilitated the rapid spread of COVID-19,” according to a statement from ear, nose, and throat experts with The British Association of Otorhinolaryngology.

As many as 80% of cases of COVID-19 may be mild (though still unpleasant), Business Insider previously reported. 

Other symptoms potentially linked to coronavirus, though not yet added to the CDC list, include digestive issues like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. 

The CDC advice for severe symptoms hasn’t changed, however — if you experience trouble breathing, persistent pain or pressure in your chest, unexpected confusion, inability to wake up, or bluish lips/face, contact a medical professional immediately.

Read more:

10 coronavirus symptoms you may not be aware of, from malaise and dizziness to digestive issues

Losing your sense of smell and taste can be a symptom of the coronavirus. Here’s how to cope if it happens to you.

Holding your breath can’t help you self-diagnose the coronavirus. Here’s what you should do instead.

 

90,000 Fever and headache: possible illnesses

Medical practice suggests that symptoms such as fever and headache are the most common in the world. They can accompany a common cold, serious infectious diseases, and various tumors. The danger is that people often attribute the ailment to hypothermia, lack of sleep, or other “everyday” situations.

However, fever and pain combined with other symptoms can be signs of diseases that require professional treatment.

If you or your loved ones have a similar condition for two or more days, you urgently need to go to an appointment with a therapist.

Causes of fever and headache

The appearance of a headache with an increase in temperature to 37 degrees and above is a consequence of the fact that blood flow in the body accelerates and blood pressure rises. The reason for such changes is associated with inflammatory processes caused by viral and bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and ENT organs.

If the temperature rises without any pain, then the reasons may be as follows:

  • infection of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • infection caused by a cut with a dirty object or an animal bite;
  • thyroid dysfunction;
  • long-term nervous tension, stressful situation;
  • chronic bacterial or viral infection of any localization.

As for headache without fever, it is caused by such reasons as:

  • physical or emotional overwork;
  • spasms of cerebral vessels;
  • spine disease;
  • high or low blood pressure;
  • post-traumatic brain disease.

What headache and temperature may indicate

The spectrum of possible diseases in which headache and fever are observed is very wide.It all depends on what additional symptoms occur:

  • ARVI, ARI – the most common and “habitual” diseases. In this case, a runny nose, sore throat and cough first appear, and the temperature rises already against the background of these phenomena.
  • Influenza is a more serious viral disease in which the patient immediately has a high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, general intoxication of the body.
  • Sinusitis and other diseases of ENT organs – often develop as complications against the background of upper respiratory tract infections, but can be caused by other factors.Primary manifestations include fever, nasal breathing difficulties, pain in the nose, forehead, occiput, or crown of the head, depending on the specific form of the disease.
  • Meningitis is a very dangerous disease – an inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, which can be a complication of a viral infection, or immediately begins as an independent disease. Its symptoms are severe headache at temperatures above 38 degrees, possibly vomiting, cramps, stiff neck muscles, hemorrhagic skin rash. With such manifestations, urgent hospitalization is necessary, tk. complications of meningitis lead to deafness, mental retardation in children, and in some cases, death is possible.
  • Intestinal infections – a broad category of diseases caused by various bacteria, toxins and viruses. Already at the initial stages, patients are characterized by an increased temperature with general weakness, nausea, vomiting, and stool disorders. In the future, the general intoxication of the body progresses, which is accompanied by an almost complete loss of appetite, dizziness, and headache.
  • Encephalitis is a generic name for a group of diseases associated with brain inflammation. An increase in temperature in a patient is accompanied by psychomotor disorders, headache, nausea, sleep disturbances, in difficult cases, hallucinations and seizures occur. It is necessary to contact a medical institution as soon as possible, because complications threaten with irreversible consequences up to death.

Headache and high fever – a reason to visit a doctor!

As you can see, simple and familiar symptoms such as headache, fever and weakness can often be signs of a serious illness that requires immediate treatment.In most cases, doctors diagnose diseases that are treated at home, but even a neglected cold can lead to very negative consequences.

To protect yourself and your loved ones, remember – if any symptoms of discomfort appear, you should immediately contact a specialist!

Doctors of the Medical Center “Diagnosis” are ready to receive you every day and provide all the necessary assistance. Doctors have at their disposal a research laboratory, as well as modern diagnostic equipment, which is the key to prompt detection of the disease.You can familiarize yourself with the list of services of the Diagnosis Center and their prices in the relevant sections of the site.

You can make an appointment with a general practitioner by calling 8 (351) 217-20-20 and through the feedback form (in the header of the site).

The cost of services is indicated in the Price section.

Rehabilitation after coronavirus infection

More than two hundred thousand people in the country have already been ill with the new coronavirus.Even after a mild form of COVID-19, recovery can take months. The COVID-19 virus affects not only the lungs and respiratory system, the virus can affect the liver, heart, gastrointestinal tract and even the brain. Those who have recovered often notice a decrease in attention and memory impairment.

But the most common reason to go into rehabilitation after the coronavirus is the loss of vital activity. People stop coping with household chores, feel weak and get tired quickly.

How can you help your body recover from an illness?

Medical Center “Diagnosis” provides services for the rehabilitation of patients after suffering from COVID19 and ARVI, under the supervision of specialists.

The complex of procedures and examinations is selected by the doctor after examination at the initial appointment. It cannot be the same for everyone, because after an infection, people who have recovered have different complications, depending on the severity of the course of the disease.

The complex of rehabilitation services includes:

1. Physiotherapy:

  • Magnetotherapy on the device “ALMAG-02”

Magnetotherapy helps to stop inflammation, relieve tissue swelling and facilitate breathing, improve tissue nutrition and local immunity.

1 session – 300 rubles


5 sessions – 1,500 rubles (-15%) – 1,275 rubles

  • ILBI – intravenous laser blood illumination:

interferons are activated, which build up protection against viruses; Prophylactic phagocytosis is triggered – the absorption of harmful bacteria, viruses and dead cells; Cytokines are released, which leads to the regulation of inflammatory processes

1 procedure – 350 rubles


5 procedures – 1750 rubles (-15%) 1,488 rubles

2. Injection / Dropper

  • Ozone therapy (dropper with ozonized saline solution)

Eliminates oxygen starvation in tissues, has an anti-inflammatory effect, a detoxifying effect, thins the blood, prevents blood clots, strengthens the immune system.

1 procedure (200 ml) – 380 rubles


5 procedures – 1 900 rubles (-15%) 1 615 rubles 90 126

  • Droppers with hepatoprotectors

Promotes liver regeneration and eliminates the effects of antibiotic and statin treatment.This group of drugs fights the consequences of intoxication, that is, poisoning of the body with the decay products of the virus, and other substances that are formed due to prolonged inflammation.

3. Methods of traditional acupuncture, acupuncture:

– Increase the body’s defenses

– Have a positive effect on bronchial patency, hemodynamics

– Promote the restoration of smell and taste

1 session – 800 rubles


5 sessions – 4000 rubles (-25%) – 3000 rubles

The center’s specialists will select for you an individual complex of procedures under the supervision of a therapist.

Patients accepted for treatment:

  • with negative PCR,

  • in the absence of elevated body temperature

To make an appointment for a rehabilitation or diagnostic procedure, call tel. 8 (351) 217-20-20 or ask questions to the administrators in the center at the address: Komsomolsky prospect 43-V.

THERE ARE CONTRAINDICATIONS. NECESSARY CONSULTATION OF A SPECIALIST

90,000 How to distinguish the flu from a common cold – Rossiyskaya Gazeta

The early cold autumn did not give us the opportunity to gradually adapt to a drop in temperature, lack of sun and constant slush: today almost every second person snuffles, sneezes and complains of headaches. The incidence of influenza and ARVI in the country in the first week of October was 687 cases per 100 thousand.people (monitoring data of the Research Institute of Influenza), exceeding the epidemic threshold by several percent in most regions of the country.

At the same time, epidemiologists explain: the current wave of the common cold is associated with the spread of all kinds of acute respiratory (that is, affecting the upper respiratory tract) viral infections. But this is not the flu yet. The ARVI disease, of course, is unpleasant, but in the vast majority of cases it ends in a few days without any serious consequences. Influenza is much more dangerous – and precisely because of its complications, up to and including death.On the eve of the new epidemic season, Rospotrebnadzor once again reminded all of us of the simple rules from the series “what you need to know about the flu.”

What is the danger of influenza?

Any person who has “met” the virus can get it. The source of the influenza virus is always a human being. From infected people, the virus enters the nasopharynx of others; infection can also occur through the mucous membrane of the eyes, if, for example, rubbing them with dirty hands.

Influenza is dangerous exacerbation of existing chronic diseases (heart, lung, etc.)etc.). In addition, it causes complications:

pulmonary – pneumonia, bronchitis. It is the rapid development of pneumonia that is the cause of most deaths from influenza;

from the upper respiratory tract and ENT organs – otitis media, sinusitis, sinusitis, tracheitis;

from the side of the cardiovascular system – myocarditis, pericarditis;

of the nervous system – meningitis, meningoencephalitis, encephalitis.

When we are called upon to get a flu shot, doctors also mean protection from such dire consequences.

How to distinguish flu from common ARVI?

One of the main symptoms: the flu most often starts suddenly. In a matter of hours, a person’s temperature rises, he suffers from chills, his head splits, photophobia arises, aching muscles and joints.

All these signs are the result of the aggression of influenza pathogens, viruses of types A and B, which are distinguished by an extremely high reproduction rate. Therefore, in a matter of hours after infection, the virus deeply affects the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, and then the entire body.

The main symptoms of influenza are fever, temperature 37.5-39 C, headache, pain in muscles, joints, eyes (it hurts to look at the light), chills, weakness, cough, runny nose or stuffy nose, pain and sore throat.

Home remedies relieve the condition, but they are powerless in the fight against the virus

Important: SARS cause the same symptoms, but the patient’s condition is usually less severe, and the disease does not develop so rapidly, but gradually. Most often, the temperature rises slightly – up to 38 C.

It is important not to miss the flu in order to minimize the threat of complications. Therefore, a doctor should make a clear diagnosis, he also prescribes treatment.

What to do if you get sick?

At the first symptoms of illness, you need to stay at home. Firstly, this way you will not infect others, and secondly, by observing bed rest and the prescribed treatment, you will avoid complications. At a temperature of 38-39 C, call an ambulance, if there are life-threatening alarming symptoms (for example, convulsions), call an ambulance.

Self-medication for influenza is dangerous, it is the doctor who must choose the tactics of treatment depending on the age and condition of the patient.

Antiviral drugs are not safe, although many are available over the counter in pharmacies. And yet, drinking the advertised “anti-flu” pills and all kinds of immunomodulators without the supervision of a doctor is not worth it. Few people know, but “regular” aspirin can cause internal bleeding, and an excess of paracetamol is a blow to the liver. General recommendations: warm plentiful drink (tea with lemon, cranberry, lingonberry, blackcurrant juice, alkaline mineral waters).You need to drink more often – this helps to cope with the temperature and reduce intoxication.

What should relatives do?

When coughing and sneezing, the patient secretes viruses, which, with drops of mucus, can scatter up to 8 meters. It is important to break the chain of spread of the virus: he is uncomfortable in cool and humid air. Therefore, the room where the patient is located is often ventilated, wet cleaning is done, it is also good to turn on a humidifier.

Here are the recommendations given by the famous pediatrician Yevgeny Komarovsky: “The tactics of your actions does not depend at all on the name of the virus.Seasonal flu, swine flu, pandemic – it doesn’t matter. The only important thing is that it is a virus, that it is transmitted by airborne droplets and affects the respiratory system. If you have the opportunity to vaccinate, vaccinate, but on condition that for this you will not have to sit in a snotty crowd in a clinic. For the rest, follow basic precautions. There is an opportunity to go to the stop on foot – do it. Avoid crowded places altogether. Don’t touch your face. Wash your hands often, a lot, and carry wet wipes with you.Learn for yourself and teach children to cough and sneeze not in the palm of their hand, but into a handkerchief or, if there is no handkerchief, into the elbow. “

Head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova added: both paper money and mobile phones are the sources of the virus. Gadgets and landline phones in offices should be wiped with disinfectant more often. And, of course, wash your hands.

90 000 In Moscow, the share of people with side effects after vaccination against COVID was named :: Society :: RBC

Photo: Pavel Lisitsyn / RIA Novosti

Almost one in ten may feel fever, chills, weakness or nausea after being vaccinated against COVID-19 coronavirus infection with Sputnik V.This is reported by “RIA Novosti” with reference to a memo for residents of Moscow, which is given to patients after vaccination.

The memo reports that 5.7% of patients may feel body and muscle aches, chills or fever, headache, or a temperature of more than 37 degrees. When the temperature rises above 38 degrees, patients should take antipyretic and pain relievers (paracetamol or ibuprofen), and if the body temperature remains above 39 degrees for four hours after taking medication, then you need to call a doctor, the recommendations say.

At the same time, about 4.7% of patients receiving the vaccine complained of pain, itching, swelling and redness at the injection site. The recommendations note that separate treatment in such cases, as a rule, is not required, however, to eliminate edema and discomfort, it is recommended to take antihistamines.

British virologists have evaluated the data on the effectiveness of the vaccine “Sputnik V”

Among other things, 1.5% of patients tend to feel a stuffy nose, runny nose or sore throat.In such cases, experts recommend drinking plenty of fluids, gargling, and using nasal sprays. In less than 1% of patients, there may be an increase in heart rate or an increase in blood pressure.

Most patients tolerate vaccination without discomfort. Moreover, their appearance is also a normal individual reaction of the body and one of the signs of the formation of immunity. In the event of weakness, general fatigue and nausea, patients are advised to reduce physical activity and allow themselves to rest.

Doctor reported unusual course of COVID-19 in some patients

President Vladimir Putin announced the registration of the world’s first coronavirus vaccine Sputnik V in mid-August.The drug was developed by specialists of the Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after V.I. N.F. Gamalei. Vaccination is carried out in two stages: first, the first component of the drug is injected, and three weeks later, the second injection is given.

On December 2, Vladimir Putin ordered to begin large-scale vaccination against coronavirus in the country from next week. According to the head of state, the volume of vaccine production in the next few days will reach 2 million doses, which, according to Putin, will make it possible to start, if not mass, then large-scale vaccination, which will primarily affect two risk groups – doctors and teachers.

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow World

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

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Source: JHU,
federal and regional
headquarters for the fight against the virus

Source: JHU, Federal and Regional Virus Control Headquarters

90,000 Fever | Symptoms, complications, diagnosis and treatment

Fever is a temporary increase in body temperature, often due to illness.Having a fever is a sign that something unusual is happening in your body. The fever usually disappears within a few days. A number of over-the-counter medications can help reduce fever, but sometimes it’s best not to take them. Fever plays a key role in helping your body fight off a number of infections.

You have a fever when the temperature rises above the normal range. Your normal temperature may be slightly above or below your average normal temperature of 37 C. Depending on what is causing the fever, additional signs and symptoms of fever may include:

  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability
  • Dehydration
  • General weakness

To check your temperature or your baby’s temperature, you can choose from several types of thermometers, including oral, rectal, and ear (drum) thermometers.Although not the most accurate way to measure temperature, you can use an underarm (axillary) oral thermometer:

  1. Place the thermometer in the armpit and cross the baby’s arms or arms over the chest.
  2. Wait four to five minutes. Axillary temperature is slightly lower than the temperature in the mouth.
  3. If you call your doctor, give the actual number on the thermometer and where on the body you took the temperature.

Call your doctor if your temperature is 39.4 C or higher. Get immediate medical attention if any of these symptoms accompany a fever:

  • Severe headache
  • Unusual skin rash, especially if rash worsens rapidly
  • Unusual sensitivity to bright light
  • Pain when tilting the head
  • Mental Confusion
  • Constant vomiting
  • Difficulty breathing or chest pain
  • Abdominal pain or pain when urinating
  • Convulsions

“Take paracetamol and not worry”: doctors told how to alleviate side effects from “Sputnik V” – Society – News of St. Petersburg

Photo: author Ksenia Poteeva / “Fontanka.ru »Share

Recommendations, as well as vividly described sensations from” Sputnik “, every day more and more. Some courageously endure new effects, others gorge on pills. But in fact, there is a whole list of recommendations that were issued by everyone who could – from doctors at Botkin’s hospital to specialists from the Moscow Healthcare Department and the medical committee. We recommend that you listen to them first.

Vaccination in St. Petersburg is in full swing. Almost seven thousand people are given injections a day, most of them are given the first dose so far.Since the beginning of the vaccination campaign, more than 50 thousand residents of the Northern capital have received the vaccine. And more than 9 thousand have completed the cycle. In groups dedicated to the results of the vaccination campaign, people share their impressions day and night. Often the opposite.

“Injection at 16 o’clock. At 21 o’clock – severe chills, body aches. At 23 o’clock – a sore throat and head, shaking. The brother who did it before me said to take paracetamol and pray that it would help, ”writes one vaccinated woman.

“Injection of the second dose on January 27th.At the moment, almost two days have passed, there are no side effects. On the first night, except for an unusually long and good sleep, ”replies another.

The Fontanka journalists also described their impressions of the “night in delirium” and “the smell of cat litter”.

The large telegram community Sputnik Results even compiled statistics based on the last 800 reviews. Only 27% of those vaccinated had pain in the arm and drowsiness, 19% had a headache, and 18% had chills. At the same time, 55% did not even have a temperature.Moreover, if you believe the infographics, people over 60 years old are the easiest to tolerate vaccinations. As some doctors say, perhaps the fact is that immunity weakens with age, and hence the immune response. One way or another, among those vaccinated in St. Petersburg there are now the majority – almost 19 thousand people.

As stated in the memo for vaccinated on the website of the St. Petersburg komzdrav (it is still issued after the first injection), 7-10% of those injected with the vaccine may develop general and local reactions on the first and second day after vaccination.General reactions are a flu-like syndrome, that is, fever, headache, myalgia, drowsiness, in rare cases, nausea, stool disturbance, decreased visual acuity, and the sensation of odors.

The emerging symptoms, as experts explain, do not require therapy. At temperatures above 38 degrees, they recommend the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. With severe pain syndrome, you can take paracetamol, use ointments – troxevasin, fenistil-gel.Everything.

The same memo in the form of a brochure for Moscow vaccinated people seems more informative. And certainly more descriptive. In addition, it provides statistics on possible side effects.

author photo reader Fontanka Share

“In most cases, the vaccine is well tolerated. But even if you feel unwell, you should not worry. This is a normal individual reaction of the organism to vaccines and one of the signs of the formation of immunity, ”Sobyaninsk specialists reassure Muscovites.

And then you can find out that 10% of patients experience weakness, malaise, general fatigue, and even nausea within 1-3 days. In this case, it is recommended to reduce physical activity and give yourself some rest.

5.7% of patients experience chills, a feeling of heat, body and muscle aches, headache, fever above 37 degrees. If it exceeds 38 degrees, then it is recommended to take antipyretic and analgesic drugs – paracetamol or ibuprofen.And if the temperature is above 39 degrees and does not decrease within four hours after taking the medication, then you need to call a doctor.

Another 4.7% of patients experience pain, itching, swelling and redness at the injection site. As a rule, this treatment does not require. But antihistamines can be taken to reduce swelling and discomfort. 1.5% of patients experience a runny nose, nasal congestion, pain and soreness in grief. In Moscow, they are advised to gargle, irrigate it with antiseptic agents, drink abundantly and use nasal sprays.And even less than 1% of people have increased blood pressure and increased heart rate. But there are no special recommendations here.

Side effects from the administration of the Sputnik V vaccine are most often mild or moderate and have already been well studied by specialists, said the head of the department for monitoring immunization of the population of the hospital. Botkina, doctor-epidemiologist Anna Stalevskaya.

According to her, more often than others, short-term general side effects can develop from vaccination: a short-term flu-like syndrome, with chills, fever, arthralgia, myalgia, asthenia, general malaise, headache.And also local reactions may appear: soreness at the injection site, hyperemia, swelling.

Less common are nausea, dyspepsia, decreased appetite, and sometimes an increase in regional lymph nodes. Some patients may develop allergic reactions, a short-term increase in the level of hepatic transaminases, creatinine and creatine phosphokinase in the blood serum.

According to a specialist, with a number of effects, the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is recommended.In the presence of chronic diseases, it is recommended to consult with your doctor before vaccination.

Photo: t.me/sputnik.resultsShare

As stated earlier in the Ministry of Health of Russia, vaccine injections are not yet recommended for patients suffering from tuberculosis or cancer, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, HIV infection. Also, a contraindication is acute coronary syndrome or stroke suffered during the year. It is worth refraining from vaccination, and if in the next three months you are planning to conceive a child.

Ilya Kazakov, Fontanka.ru

Photo: author Ksenia Poteeva / Fontanka.ru author photo reader of Fontanka Photo: t.me/sputnik.results

Fever and headache. Tick-borne encephalitis symptoms you need to know about | HEALTH

Tick-borne encephalitis is not a mythical disease that scares the media, but a very real disaster that can overtake you, regardless of whether you are an avid “forester”, or prefer not to meddle in the forest in the early spring-summer period.Ticks are also found in cities, and what is most sad, there are infected insects among them.

In just one week of May, more than 1100 citizens, bitten by ticks, turned to hospitals in the Angara region. 288 victims of them are children. The studies revealed 10 ticks infected with encephalitis, 143 with borreliosis and 35 other infections.

In extremely rare cases, people do not notice the presence of ticks at all. The bite can be performed without suction. You can get encephalitis in other ways, for example, if you drink raw milk from a bite-charged cow.Therefore, it is important to understand for what symptoms you should immediately consult a doctor.

Cheating virus

First of all, you should know that a person with encephalitis is not dangerous to others and is not contagious. The incubation period lasts from 2 to 35 days. In the case of milk, it is 4-7 days. Sometimes fulminant forms of tick-borne encephalitis are diagnosed – the first symptoms appear within a day.

Encephalitis begins acutely – the body temperature rises to 38-40 degrees, sleep disturbances, chills, breaking and pulling pains in the muscles appear.There may also be abdominal pain, sore throat, nausea and vomiting. In patients, redness of the eyes and the mucous membrane of the throat is observed.

The disease often occurs like a common cold. In a mild form, the fever is observed for 5-7 days and is accompanied by general infectious signs. Then comes an independent recovery. No changes in the cerebrospinal fluid are found. If the tick bite was not recorded, then usually there is no suspicion of tick-borne encephalitis.

There are also neurological symptoms when the virus enters the membranes of the brain. For example, a feeling of creeping, touching the skin, impaired sensitivity of the skin, impaired facial expressions and other movements, seizures.

In more severe forms, muscle wasting, central nervous system damage, paralysis and death may occur.

That is why it is very important for any illness, even outwardly similar to a common cold, to see a doctor. Only a blood test can detect the virus and save lives. .

Survivor’s diary

EDITORIAL

Svetlana Vazquez Cremades is a Vladimir journalist. She is the founder of the TV-MIG website and at the same time remains our contributing author, although today Svetlana lives with her husband in Spain. The last time she came to Vladimir was for the New Year holidays …


A week ago, we were shocked by the news that Sveta was diagnosed with COVID.She was hospitalized in Valencia. Many Vladimir colleagues were interested in her health, worried …


Today, she herself will openly answer questions about her health and tell you whether to be afraid of the coronavirus.

I have to tell this

I decided to talk about my illness, about what is happening to me and what has happened for several reasons.

First, there is still a lot of speculation on social networks about whether COVID-19 is so dangerous.”Sofa experts” cite as an example “data” on deaths from ARVI, influenza and other diseases, “secrets” of the world conspiracy are being revealed, a lot of fake information and rumors: “Here is my grandfather’s friend’s cousin told.”

Secondly, many people may miss or misunderstand the first symptoms of the disease and miss the time to seek medical help when it is still able to help.

Thirdly, perhaps my story will make you more careful and more serious about your own and other people’s health.

In addition, I have noticed a number of features that can alleviate or aggravate the condition in case of illness.

I have 15 days of illness. You can assume that I survived. The condition is almost excellent, although doctors warn that for at least another 14 days I must observe the self-isolation regime at home.

Everything has changed

I am in Spain. It happened. I have a family here. We live mostly in Valencia. Back in February and even at the beginning of March, when the virus was raging in China with might and main, life in Spain went on as usual.Very warm winter. During the day, the temperature rose to 25 degrees. The Spaniards are very fond of gatherings in cafes and bars, communication, all sorts of holidays. There is no stiffness in their culture, and double kisses when meeting friends and acquaintances is an old and good tradition. Was.

Everything changed in mid-March. There were signs that it was time for the country to enter quarantine, but the political ambitions of the country’s current leaders led to the quarantine being delayed. For about a week. This led to a large outbreak.Indeed, tens of thousands of people have visited feminist marches across the country, many of whom were infected there.

I am a very responsible and disciplined person. When quarantine was introduced in the country, I tried to minimize the threat of infection – a mask, gloves, a hat on my head, disinfection of goods from a store where I went once a week.

But it did not help. I think that my assumption about who and where could infect me is absolutely correct.But there is no point in talking about it. That person appears to be asymptomatic with the virus. And this makes the virus especially insidious.

The first day

Everything was as usual: shower, breakfast, teleworking, cooking dinner. At about five or six in the evening, when we watched a movie, I felt nauseous. Strange. Heavy. But by this time the stomach was already almost empty. Therefore, going to the bathroom “talk to Walter” did not bring relief.About an hour later, apparently tired of watching my throwing to the toilet and back, my husband offered me a Coca-Cola drink. Say, they all here are so struggling with nausea. I remembered reading somewhere about this strange effect of this drink, which helps in such cases. She took a can of cola out of the refrigerator and drank it almost in one gulp. The nausea is really gone. But by the night there was a feeling of sore throat. But I figured it was because of the cold drink I drank so quickly.

Second day

In the morning, the sore throat did not go away, but increased.There was a strange weakness and a wadden sensation in my head, when thoughts are difficult to gather in a heap. However, I tried not to unstuck too much, began to drink “Tsitovir” brought from Russia. I even managed to go to the store to shop.

Day three

In the morning I again refueled on Russian medicine. It seems that I feel much better. Did a general cleaning. In the evening, I got a headache and a nasty feeling of trembling in my body. The temperature began to jump – from 37, 2 to 36.

Day four

The headache intensified, weakness returned again, a cotton head, confusion, a cough (at times – dry, at times – not very), trembling in the body. It was then that for the first time I wondered what it was for me, and where did it come from. However, my condition, though unpleasant, is not critical. I try to protect my loved ones as much as possible – I began to wipe everything around with bleach more often.

The fifth day

The weakness increases.Confused, like a drunk, consciousness, temperature 37-37.3. Cough. Dry. Paroxysmal. Pains began to appear in the lungs, well, or in the chest, both in front and behind. Lost appetite. You have to force yourself to eat. I feel the taste and smells and so calm myself. Communicating with relatives via video link, I see how they are worried, and just like me, they are afraid to believe that this is IT.

Sixth day

It became a turning point. It got much worse. The feeling that air has been released from you, like from a balloon.No strength at all. When performing any action – the strongest sweating, so that you have to change clothes several times a day. The head is still wadded and not thinking, the temperature jumps like crazy – from 37.5 to 35.7. I decide to go to the local clinic.

The girl at the front desk writes down my data and sends me to the doctor. Rather, they come for me and take me to another office. The doctor asks carefully about the symptoms, listens to breathing, measures oxygen in the blood and pressure.For some reason, special attention is paid to the symptom of the loss of taste and smell, although according to statistics, this symptom occurs in only 10% of patients. She writes me prescriptions, including a cough mixture, and sends me home to self-isolation. At the same time he repeats several times that if I feel worse, I have to call the hotline. You don’t have to come to the clinic anymore. Now they themselves will call and ask how I am.

When I was returning home, I saw neighbors walking in the courtyard.No, they are not a couple, they are just neighbors, they walked side by side, walked and talked. No masks and no protection. Mothers with children are located on the playground. Also all without masks. I wanted to shout to them, “People, what are you doing? Put on your masks. Get away from each other! It is very dangerous!”. Of course, I didn’t shout anything. I just didn’t have the strength.

Seventh day

Easier again. This virus has strange retreat-onset periods. In medical practice on the COVID-19 pandemic, it has been repeatedly noted that people can feel relief and fall into a coma in a couple of hours.This is a very dangerous and insidious enemy. It is easier for me, of course, slightly – pain in the sternum and cough persist, my head still does not understand well, the temperature is still jumping. Slightly less weakness. I can get up. Appetite appeared. The last two points please the doctors from the local clinic who call me every day. They say I carry the virus mildly.

Eighth day

Rollback again. Right in the morning. The weakness increased again.I try not to panic, although the first attacks of shortness of breath appear. Distracted by work and household chores. Every night before going to bed, I tell myself that tomorrow will be easier. Doctors remind that if it worsens it is better to call the hotline. I make excuses for myself why I don’t. I called my sisters in Russia, whom I hadn’t seen for several years. In Russia, they still treat the disease with sarcasm and irony. And this is bad.

Ninth day

Condition, as on the previous day.But the difficulty in breathing increases. I told about this to the physician from the local clinic, who called. Spanish relatives insist on hospitalization and ask me to believe that their doctors are good specialists, and in the hospital I will be calmer and more reliable. By the evening, my health deteriorates sharply – I am shaking, there is not enough oxygen, I am suffocating. A panic attack hits me. It seems that now I am going to die. I go out onto the terrace. Cool. I’m out of breath. The terrace seems to be better. The coolness and iodized sea air help a little.Manages to inhale oxygen. I have never felt so bad in my life. My husband demands that I call the emergency hotline, or threatens to do it myself. And I’m scared: the language barrier when the head does not work. With great difficulty I fall asleep by three o’clock in the morning, having opened the doors to the terrace, from where coolness and fresh air come.

Tenth day

Everything is the same as in the ninth. Difficulty breathing, paroxysmal dry cough, extreme weakness.The phone never stops. These are relatives from Russia and Spain who persuade me to go to the hospital. The local doctor does the same and calls to see how I feel. Realizing that I will not survive one more night like this, I dial the hotline number. My data is recorded there. After 15 minutes, they call from the local clinic to specify the address. They say that you have to get ready, an ambulance will arrive within half an hour (an ambulance in Spain is not the same as in Russia, it only travels in case of emergency). An ambulance arrives in an hour and a half.I am not outraged by such a delay, because I understand how many emergencies there are now. They call me to come down. The driver guy in the outfit of almost an astronaut gives me new gloves. We are going to the hospital. In Castellón, in comparison with the whole of Spain, there are not so many sick people. No one has died from COVID-19 for the entire time of the epidemic. An additional hospital block is being built here for the infected, but endless torrential rains prevent completion of the construction. Everything in the hospital is divided into zones covered with thick cellophane.I will be escorted to the hall where I am waiting for the doctor to see me. Nearby (but further than 1.5 meters) mother and daughter are sitting. A girl of about 7 years old seems to have appendicitis – she complains of pain in the lower abdomen, she vomits, she has a temperature. The girl is taken away. It is good that they continue to provide assistance to emergency patients here. It’s my turn. Again measurements of temperature, pressure, oxygen, pulse. X-rays are taken. There is no pneumonia. And this is a great joy. Difficulties in breathing, as the doctor explains, are caused by two factors: the trachea is inflamed – this is also one of the virus entrances to the lungs, and a spasm arises from constant coughing in the lungs.Now Russian pathologists say that breathing problems in patients are caused by the fact that hemoglobin in the blood, affected by the virus, cannot deliver oxygen. I don’t know which of all this is true. I am offered to move into the “ward”. This is the staff’s area, separated by a thin partition. The hospital is overcrowded. And if at night they bring someone who needs oxygen, they will move me to the “waiting room”. The spasm from my lungs was removed, and it is much easier to breathe. Therefore, in order not to take the place of another person, I decide to go back.Moreover, the doctor agrees that I have a mild form. I don’t need intensive care. Through the open doors of other chambers, I see people hooked up to oxygen. They let me go, but with only one condition – total self-isolation in one of the rooms, no contacts in others. On the street – not a foot. In case of any deterioration, return or call an ambulance.

Eleventh day

We bought medicines at the pharmacy (these are medicines with codeine) that relieve pain in the lungs and relieve spasms.Breathing is easier, albeit a little. The cough persists but has become productive. Temperature 37.2. Headache and weakness. The shaking inside also persists. I spent the whole day in bed. Only in the evening did I go out onto the terrace to breathe a little fresh sea air. Doctors from the local clinic continue to monitor my health. And I am very grateful to them. They are very attentive.

Twelfth day

The wrinkle is gone from the head, although the head itself still hurts.There is still a cough. Still cowards from the inside. Appetite is so-so – I eat more, because I have to eat. The temperature is still over 37. There is still weakness. The cough also persists. But not in fits. I am a smoker. But during the illness she began to smoke two or even three times less. There is nothing to breathe without tobacco.

Thirteenth day

You can breathe. For the first time in a week, I was able to breathe deeply. Lord, what a happiness it is. No, it’s really happiness – to breathe.The head still hurts, but the temperature is already exactly 37. The appetite is coming back worse, and this worries the doctors. Weakness is also there, but not so critical. Today I even managed to walk on the terrace. And in the evening she went out to applaud with all the doctors.

Fourteenth day

How I looked forward to this day! According to rumors, the infection is being treated for 14 days, however, the doctor from Castellón said that from 14 to 21. My friends in Tarragona – a married couple – were sick for three weeks.

The weakness is still there, but mild. There is almost no cough. The head is clear. The temperature is below 37. I survived!

Now the answers to the main questions

Did I do the test and what did it show?

I did. I am attaching a photo from the appointments. They took it from the nose, thrusting a cotton swab almost into the brain. Gave a positive result. It is clear that no one in the world sends the test results on paper.They just call and speak. Whether you take my word for it is up to you. In Spain, due to the difficulties with the number of patients, only those who need urgent help are diagnosed. Then you will have to pass another one to confirm the negative one. But this does not mean that I can immediately leave the quarantine. After recovery, the person remains infectious for about two weeks.

Does alcohol help?

Not. Every time I drank even a sip of wine, I got worse.Alcohol reduces the body’s defenses.

Can I get sick again?

I am not a physician, and virologists all over the world argue about this. On the one hand, there are re-illnesses, on the other hand, the reliability of the tests is not so high, there are both false-negative and false-positive results. In addition, the virus constantly mutates, but the transfusion of plasma from the recovered helps the newly ill. In general, no one will give you an unambiguous answer to this question now.

Y Is it true that I have recovered?

Not. If you carefully read what I wrote, you noticed that there were days when it seemed to me that the virus had receded. But then he came back. Here he is so insidious. Even on the same day, you can feel normal, and within an hour, the state of health sharply deteriorates. However, if I hadn’t had pneumonia before that day, I definitely survived.

Will everyone have this disease like this?

Not.Each person will have a different course of illness. For some, it is completely asymptomatic.

What are the most dangerous days in illness?

6th and 8th to 10th. These days the crisis is coming. These are the statistics, at least in Spain. The main thing is to survive them. However, with a severe course of the disease, another 15th and 22nd day are added. You may not survive them.

Are there as many sick people as they say?

There are many more.Tests are done to people in critical condition, in a severe form of the disease, during hospitalization (at least in Europe and the USA), the tests give a 30% error, and they, in an amicable way, need to be repeated, but there are few of them, so people with false negative test can actually be sick and be dangerous to others, without knowing it.