Complications of plantar warts: Plantar Wart Removal, Treatment, Causes, Images, Remedies & Symptoms
Removal, Treatment, Causes & Symptoms
Plantar warts are small, ‘fleshy’ growths on the sole of the foot—the plantar surface. Plantar warts are not cancerous, but they are contagious. They are caused by HPV (human papillomavirus), which can spread through tiny cuts or breaks in the skin. The virus infects the outer layers of the skin causing rough or grainy lesions. Verruca plantaris is the medical name for plantar warts.
Plantar warts usually appear on the heel, forefoot, or base of the toes. Because these areas are weight-bearing, the pressure can cause plantar warts to grow inward. They can also develop a hardened layer of skin—or callus—over them. Plantar warts grow slowly and may or may not be painful or bothersome.
There are two types of plantar warts:
Solitary plantar warts are exactly as the name implies—a single wart. As the wart grows, it may form smaller ‘satellite’ warts.
Mosaic plantar warts occur in clusters and can be more difficult to treat.
Children and older people are more likely to get plantar warts. They also tend to strike those with weakened immune systems and people who have had them before. Like other contagious foot conditions, you can protect yourself by not going barefoot in public spaces, such as locker rooms.
Plantar warts often go away on their own without any treatment. This is especially true for children. In adults, they may remain for long periods of time. If they become bothersome, you can try over-the-counter plantar wart treatments. Warts that persist despite treatment or that recur may require more aggressive treatment from your doctor. This includes plantar wart removal.
Plantar warts are usually not serious. If they are painful, shoes can be uncomfortable and you may subconsciously alter your stance or gait (how you walk). This can cause joint and muscle problems over time. If you have certain medical conditions, you should see a doctor promptly for a plantar wart. This includes:
HIV, other immune disorders, or conditions requiring immunosuppressive drugs
Neuropathy such as diabetic neuropathy
What are the possible complications of warts in human papillomavirus (HPV) infection?
[Guideline] ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins–Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin no. 109: Cervical cytology screening. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Dec. 114(6):1409-20. [Medline].
Sanchez-Aleman MA, Uribe-Salas FJ, Lazcano-Ponce EC, Conde-Glez CJ. Human papillomavirus incidence and risk factors among Mexican female college students. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Apr. 38(4):275-8. [Medline].
Castle PE, Rodriguez AC, Burk RD, et al. Long-term persistence of prevalently detected human papillomavirus infections in the absence of detectable cervical precancer and cancer. J Infect Dis. 2011 Mar 15. 203(6):814-22. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Giuliano AR, Lee JH, Fulp W, et al. Incidence and clearance of genital human papillomavirus infection in men (HIM): a cohort study. Lancet. 2011 Mar 12. 377(9769):932-40. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Chaturvedi AK, Katki HA, Hildesheim A, et al. Human papillomavirus infection with multiple types: pattern of coinfection and risk of cervical disease. J Infect Dis. 2011 Apr 1. 203(7):910-20. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Becker TM, Stone KM, Alexander ER. Genital human papillomavirus infection. A growing concern. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1987 Jun. 14(2):389-96. [Medline].
Winer RL, Lee SK, Hughes JP, Adam DE, Kiviat NB, Koutsky LA. Genital human papillomavirus infection: incidence and risk factors in a cohort of female university students. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Feb 1. 157(3):218-26. [Medline].
Chuang TY. Condylomata acuminata (genital warts). An epidemiologic view. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1987 Feb. 16(2 Pt 1):376-84. [Medline].
Chuang TY, Perry HO, Kurland LT, Ilstrup DM. Condyloma acuminatum in Rochester, Minn, 1950-1978. II. Anaplasias and unfavorable outcomes. Arch Dermatol. 1984 Apr. 120(4):476-83. [Medline].
Nebesio CL, Mirowski GW, Chuang TY. Human papillomavirus: clinical significance and malignant potential. Int J Dermatol. 2001 Jun. 40(6):373-9. [Medline].
Insinga RP, Dasbach EJ, Elbasha EH. Epidemiologic natural history and clinical management of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Disease: a critical and systematic review of the literature in the development of an HPV dynamic transmission model. BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Jul 29. 9:119. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Rhea WG Jr, Bourgeois BM, Sewell DR. Condyloma acuminata: a fatal disease?. Am Surg. 1998 Nov. 64(11):1082-7. [Medline].
Koutsky L. Epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infection. Am J Med. 1997 May 5. 102(5A):3-8. [Medline].
Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, Hausen Hz, de Villiers EM. Classification of papillomaviruses (PVs) based on 189 PV types and proposal of taxonomic amendments. Virology. 2010 May 25. 401(1):70-9. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Lee LA, Cheng AJ, Fang TJ, Huang CG, Liao CT, Chang JT, et al. High incidence of malignant transformation of laryngeal papilloma in Taiwan. Laryngoscope. 2008 Jan. 118(1):50-5. [Medline].
de Sanjose S, Quint WG, Alemany L, et al. Human papillomavirus genotype attribution in invasive cervical cancer: a retrospective cross-sectional worldwide study. Lancet Oncol. 2010 Nov. 11(11):1048-56. [Medline].
Clifford GM, Smith JS, Plummer M, Munoz N, Franceschi S. Human papillomavirus types in invasive cervical cancer worldwide: a meta-analysis. Br J Cancer. 2003 Jan 13. 88(1):63-73. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Weinstock H, Berman S, Cates W Jr. Sexually transmitted diseases among American youth: incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2004 Jan-Feb. 36(1):6-10. [Medline].
Hariri S, Unger ER, Sternberg M, Dunne EF, Swan D, Patel S, et al. Prevalence of genital human papillomavirus among females in the United States, the National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006. J Infect Dis. 2011 Aug 15. 204(4):566-73. [Medline].
Chuang TY, Perry HO, Kurland LT, Ilstrup DM. Condyloma acuminatum in Rochester, Minn., 1950-1978. I. Epidemiology and clinical features. Arch Dermatol. 1984 Apr. 120(4):469-75. [Medline].
Kliewer EV, Demers AA, Elliott L, Lotocki R, Butler JR, Brisson M. Twenty-year trends in the incidence and prevalence of diagnosed anogenital warts in Canada. Sex Transm Dis. 2009 Jun. 36(6):380-6. [Medline].
Hoy T, Singhal PK, Willey VJ, Insinga RP. Assessing incidence and economic burden of genital warts with data from a US commercially insured population. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009 Oct. 25(10):2343-51. [Medline].
Koutsky LA, Galloway DA, Holmes KK. Epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infection. Epidemiol Rev. 1988. 10:122-63. [Medline].
Nuovo GJ. Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in the lower genital tract. Infect Urol. 1994. 87-93.
Beutner KR, Reitano MV, Richwald GA, Wiley DJ. External genital warts: report of the American Medical Association Consensus Conference. AMA Expert Panel on External Genital Warts. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Oct. 27(4):796-806. [Medline].
Fleischer AB Jr, Parrish CA, Glenn R, Feldman SR. Condylomata acuminata (genital warts): patient demographics and treating physicians. Sex Transm Dis. 2001 Nov. 28(11):643-7. [Medline].
Cates W Jr. Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. American Social Health Association Panel. Sex Transm Dis. 1999 Apr. 26(4 Suppl):S2-7. [Medline].
ACOG Practice Bulletin. Clinical Management Guidelines for Obstetrician-Gynecologists. Number 61, April 2005. Human papillomavirus. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr. 105(4):905-18. [Medline].
Peng TC, Searle CP 3rd, Shah KV, Repke JT, Johnson TR. Prevalence of human papillomavirus infections in term pregnancy. Am J Perinatol. 1990 Apr. 7(2):189-92. [Medline].
Rando RF, Lindheim S, Hasty L, Sedlacek TV, Woodland M, Eder C. Increased frequency of detection of human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid in exfoliated cervical cells during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Jul. 161(1):50-5. [Medline].
Schneider A, Hotz M, Gissmann L. Increased prevalence of human papillomaviruses in the lower genital tract of pregnant women. Int J Cancer. 1987 Aug 15. 40(2):198-201. [Medline].
Shah K, Kashima H, Polk BF, Shah F, Abbey H, Abramson A. Rarity of cesarean delivery in cases of juvenile-onset respiratory papillomatosis. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Dec. 68(6):795-9. [Medline].
Bosch FX, Manos MM, Munoz N, et al. Prevalence of human papillomavirus in cervical cancer: a worldwide perspective. International biological study on cervical cancer (IBSCC) Study Group. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1995 Jun 7. 87(11):796-802. [Medline].
Parkin DM, Bray F. Chapter 2: The burden of HPV-related cancers. Vaccine. 2006 Aug 31. 24 Suppl 3:S3/11-25. [Medline].
Syrjanen K, Syrjanen S. Epidemiology of human papilloma virus infections and genital neoplasia. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1990. 69:7-17. [Medline].
Pham TH, Nguyen TH, Herrero R, et al. Human papillomavirus infection among women in South and North Vietnam. Int J Cancer. 2003 Mar 20. 104(2):213-20. [Medline].
Kjaer SK, Svare EI, Worm AM, Walboomers JM, Meijer CJ, van den Brule AJ. Human papillomavirus infection in Danish female sex workers. Decreasing prevalence with age despite continuously high sexual activity. Sex Transm Dis. 2000 Sep. 27(8):438-45. [Medline].
Hippelainen M, Syrjanen S, Hippelainen M, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in healthy males: a study on Finnish conscripts. Sex Transm Dis. 1993 Nov-Dec. 20(6):321-8. [Medline].
Sankaranarayanan R, Nene BM, Shastri SS, Jayant K, Muwonge R, Budukh AM, et al. HPV screening for cervical cancer in rural India. N Engl J Med. 2009 Apr 2. 360(14):1385-94. [Medline].
Schiffman M, Wacholder S. From India to the world–a better way to prevent cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. 2009 Apr 2. 360(14):1453-5. [Medline].
Bruni L, Diaz M, Castellsague X, Ferrer E, Bosch FX, de Sanjose S. Cervical human papillomavirus prevalence in 5 continents: meta-analysis of 1 million women with normal cytological findings. J Infect Dis. 2010 Dec 15. 202(12):1789-99. [Medline].
World Health Organization. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. WHO. Available at https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/human-papillomavirus-(hpv)-and-cervical-cancer. January 24, 2019; Accessed: February 5, 2019.
Dunne EF, Unger ER, Sternberg M, McQuillan G, Swan DC, Patel SS, et al. Prevalence of HPV infection among females in the United States. JAMA. 2007 Feb 28. 297(8):813-9. [Medline].
Ho GY, Bierman R, Beardsley L, Chang CJ, Burk RD. Natural history of cervicovaginal papillomavirus infection in young women. N Engl J Med. 1998 Feb 12. 338(7):423-8. [Medline].
Burk RD, Ho GY, Beardsley L, Lempa M, Peters M, Bierman R. Sexual behavior and partner characteristics are the predominant risk factors for genital human papillomavirus infection in young women. J Infect Dis. 1996 Oct. 174(4):679-89. [Medline].
Figueroa JP, Ward E, Luthi TE, Vermund SH, Brathwaite AR, Burk RD. Prevalence of human papillomavirus among STD clinic attenders in Jamaica: association of younger age and increased sexual activity. Sex Transm Dis. 1995 Mar-Apr. 22(2):114-8. [Medline].
Dinh TH, Sternberg M, Dunne EF, Markowitz LE. Genital warts among 18- to 59-year-olds in the United States, national health and nutrition examination survey, 1999–2004. Sex Transm Dis. 2008 Apr. 35(4):357-60. [Medline].
Meisels A. Cytologic diagnosis of human papillomavirus. Influence of age and pregnancy stage. Acta Cytol. 1992 Jul-Aug. 36(4):480-2. [Medline].
Evander M, Edlund K, Gustafsson A, Jonsson M, Karlsson R, Rylander E, et al. Human papillomavirus infection is transient in young women: a population-based cohort study. J Infect Dis. 1995 Apr. 171(4):1026-30. [Medline].
Dempsey AF, Koutsky LA. National burden of genital warts: a first step in defining the problem. Sex Transm Dis. 2008 Apr. 35(4):361-2. [Medline].
Davis AJ, Emans SJ. Human papilloma virus infection in the pediatric and adolescent patient. J Pediatr. 1989 Jul. 115(1):1-9. [Medline].
Shelton TB, Jerkins GR, Noe HN. Condylomata acuminata in the pediatric patient. J Urol. 1986 Mar. 135(3):548-9. [Medline].
Cannistra SA, Niloff JM. Cancer of the uterine cervix. N Engl J Med. 1996 Apr 18. 334(16):1030-8. [Medline].
Stoler MH. Human papillomaviruses and cervical neoplasia: a model for carcinogenesis. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2000 Jan. 19(1):16-28. [Medline].
Arima Y, Winer RL, Feng Q, Hughes JP, Lee SK, Stern ME, et al. Development of genital warts after incident detection of human papillomavirus infection in young men. J Infect Dis. 2010 Oct 15. 202(8):1181-4. [Medline].
Sturgiss EA, Jin F, Martin SJ, Grulich A, Bowden FJ. Prevalence of other sexually transmissible infections in patients with newly diagnosed anogenital warts in a sexual health clinic. Sex Health. 2010 Mar. 7(1):55-9. [Medline].
Barclay L. New guidance recommends HPV DNA test for primary screening. January 9, 2015. Medscape Medical News. WebMD Inc. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/837832.
Huh WK, Ault KA, Chelmow D, Davey DD, Goulart RA, Garcia FA, et al. Use of primary high-risk human papillomavirus testing for cervical cancer screening: interim clinical guidance. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Feb. 125(2):330-7. [Medline].
[Guideline] U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Cervical Cancer. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Available at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspscerv.htm. Accessed: August 29, 2012.
[Guideline] Saslow D, Solomon D, Lawson HW, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012 May-Jun. 62(3):147-72. [Medline].
Kalliala I, Anttila A, Dyba T, Hakulinen T, Halttunen M, Nieminen P. Pregnancy incidence and outcome among patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a retrospective cohort study. BJOG. 2012 Jan. 119(2):227-35. [Medline].
Lazcano-Ponce E, Lorincz AT, Cruz-Valdez A, et al. Self-collection of vaginal specimens for human papillomavirus testing in cervical cancer prevention (MARCH): a community-based randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2011 Nov 26. 378(9806):1868-73. [Medline].
Lee JK, Kim MK, Song SH, et al. Comparison of human papillomavirus detection and typing by hybrid capture 2, linear array, DNA chip, and cycle sequencing in cervical swab samples. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2009 Feb. 19(2):266-72. [Medline].
Nelson R. FDA OKs HPV DNA Test for Primary Cervical Cancer Screening. Medscape Medical News. Apr 24 2014. [Full Text].
Auborn KJ, Carter TH. Treatment of human papillomavirus gynecologic infections. Clin Lab Med. 2000 Jun. 20(2):407-22. [Medline].
Beutner KR, Wiley DJ, Douglas JM, Tyring SK, Fife K, Trofatter K, et al. Genital warts and their treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Jan. 28 Suppl 1:S37-56. [Medline].
Bergman A, Bhatia NN, Broen EM. Cryotherapy for treatment of genital condylomata during pregnancy. J Reprod Med. 1984 Jul. 29(7):432-5. [Medline].
Garland SM, Ault KA, Gall SA, et al. Pregnancy and infant outcomes in the clinical trials of a human papillomavirus type 6/11/16/18 vaccine: a combined analysis of five randomized controlled trials. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Dec. 114(6):1179-88. [Medline].
Blomberg M, Friis S, Munk C, Bautz A, Kjaer SK. Genital warts and risk of cancer: a Danish study of nearly 50 000 patients with genital warts. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15. 205(10):1544-53. [Medline].
Genital warts and sexual abuse in children. American Academy of Dermatology Task Force on Pediatric Dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1984 Sep. 11(3):529-30. [Medline].
Diamantis ML, Bartlett BL, Tyring SK. Safety, efficacy & recurrence rates of imiquimod cream 5% for treatment of anogenital warts. Skin Therapy Lett. 2009 Jun. 14(5):1-3, 5. [Medline].
Garland SM, Waddell R, Mindel A, Denham IM, McCloskey JC. An open-label phase II pilot study investigating the optimal duration of imiquimod 5% cream for the treatment of external genital warts in women. Int J STD AIDS. 2006 Jul. 17(7):448-52. [Medline].
Wagstaff AJ, Perry CM. Topical imiquimod: a review of its use in the management of anogenital warts, actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinoma and other skin lesions. Drugs. 2007. 67(15):2187-210. [Medline].
Welander CE, Homesley HD, Smiles KA, Peets EA. Intralesional interferon alfa-2b for the treatment of genital warts. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Feb. 162(2):348-54. [Medline].
Eron LJ, Judson F, Tucker S, Prawer S, Mills J, Murphy K, et al. Interferon therapy for condylomata acuminata. N Engl J Med. 1986 Oct 23. 315(17):1059-64. [Medline].
Monsonego J, Cessot G, Ince SE, Galazka AR, Abdul-Ahad AK. Randomised double-blind trial of recombinant interferon-beta for condyloma acuminatum. Genitourin Med. 1996 Apr. 72(2):111-4. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Bornstein J, Pascal B, Zarfati D, Goldshmid N, Abramovici H. Recombinant human interferon-beta for condylomata acuminata: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of intralesional therapy. Int J STD AIDS. 1997 Oct. 8(10):614-21. [Medline].
Yang J, Pu YG, Zeng ZM, Yu ZJ, Huang N, Deng QW. Interferon for the treatment of genital warts: a systematic review. BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 21. 9:156. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Hellberg D, Svarrer T, Nilsson S, Valentin J. Self-treatment of female external genital warts with 0.5% podophyllotoxin cream (Condyline) vs weekly applications of 20% podophyllin solution. Int J STD AIDS. 1995 Jul-Aug. 6(4):257-61. [Medline].
Krebs HB. Treatment of extensive vulvar condylomata acuminata with topical 5-fluorouracil. South Med J. 1990 Jul. 83(7):761-4. [Medline].
Basita CS, Atallah AN, Saconato, da Silva EMK. 5-FU for genital warts in non-compromised individuals. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd; 2010. 4.
Abdullah AN, Walzman M, Wade A. Treatment of external genital warts comparing cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen) and trichloroacetic acid. Sex Transm Dis. 1993 Nov-Dec. 20(6):344-5. [Medline].
Tatti S, Swinehart JM, Thielert C, Tawfik H, Mescheder A, Beutner KR. Sinecatechins, a defined green tea extract, in the treatment of external anogenital warts: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun. 111(6):1371-9. [Medline].
Meltzer SM, Monk BJ, Tewari KS. Green tea catechins for treatment of external genital warts. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Mar. 200(3):233.e1-7. [Medline].
Langley PC. A cost-effectiveness analysis of sinecatechins in the treatment of external genital warts. J Med Econ. 2010 Mar. 13(1):1-7. [Medline].
Gilson RJ, Ross J, Maw R, Rowen D, Sonnex C, Lacey CJ. A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled study of cryotherapy versus cryotherapy and podophyllotoxin cream as treatment for external anogenital warts. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Dec. 85(7):514-9. [Medline].
Duus BR, Philipsen T, Christensen JD, Lundvall F, Sondergaard J. Refractory condylomata acuminata: a controlled clinical trial of carbon dioxide laser versus conventional surgical treatment. Genitourin Med. 1985 Feb. 61(1):59-61. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Lipow M. Laser physics made simple. Curr Prob in Obstet Gynecol Fertil. 1986. 9:445-493.
Aynaud O, Buffet M, Roman P, Plantier F, Dupin N. Study of persistence and recurrence rates in 106 patients with condyloma and intraepithelial neoplasia after CO2 laser treatment. Eur J Dermatol. 2008 Mar-Apr. 18(2):153-8. [Medline].
Immunogenicity and Tolerability of Broad Spectrum Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine in Adult and Young Adult Women (V503-004) – NCT03158220. ClinicalTrials.gov. 2018 March 13; Accessed: 2018 Oct 11.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA approves expanded use of Gardasil 9 to include individuals 27 through 45 years old. FDA News Release. 2018 Oct 05. Available at https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm622715.htm.
[Guideline] Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule for Ages 19 Years or Older, United States, 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/imz/adult.html. February 3, 2020; Accessed: February 19, 2020.
Haug CJ. Human papillomavirus vaccination–reasons for caution. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21. 359(8):861-2. [Medline].
Kim JJ, Goldie SJ. Health and economic implications of HPV vaccination in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21. 359(8):821-32. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Quadrivalent vaccine against human papillomavirus to prevent high-grade cervical lesions. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 10. 356(19):1915-27. [Medline].
Catch-Up Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 4 Months Through 18 Years Who Start Late or Who Are More Than 1 Month Behind. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/imz/catchup.html. 2018 Feb 06; Accessed: 2018 Oct 11.
Walker TY, Elam-Evans LD, Yankey D, Markowitz LE, Williams CL, Mbaeyi SA, et al. National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years – United States, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Aug 24. 67 (33):909-917. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Koutsky LA, Ault KA, Wheeler CM, Brown DR, Barr E, Alvarez FB, et al. A controlled trial of a human papillomavirus type 16 vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov 21. 347(21):1645-51. [Medline].
Villa LL, Costa RL, Petta CA, et al. Prophylactic quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) L1 virus-like particle vaccine in young women: a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre phase II efficacy trial. Lancet Oncol. 2005 May. 6(5):271-8. [Medline].
Read TR, Hocking JS, Chen MY, Donovan B, Bradshaw CS, Fairley CK. The near disappearance of genital warts in young women 4 years after commencing a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme. Sex Transm Infect. 2011 Dec. 87(7):544-7. [Medline].
Brown DR, Kjaer SK, Sigurdsson K, et al. The impact of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV; types 6, 11, 16, and 18) L1 virus-like particle vaccine on infection and disease due to oncogenic nonvaccine HPV types in generally HPV-naive women aged 16-26 years. J Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 1. 199(7):926-35. [Medline].
Fairley CK, Hocking JS, Gurrin LC, Chen MY, Donovan B, Bradshaw CS. Rapid decline in presentations of genital warts after the implementation of a national quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination programme for young women. Sex Transm Infect. 2009 Dec. 85(7):499-502. [Medline].
Garland SM, Hernandez-Avila M, Wheeler CM, Perez G, Harper DM, Leodolter S, et al. Quadrivalent vaccine against human papillomavirus to prevent anogenital diseases. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 10. 356(19):1928-43. [Medline].
Brooks M. Real-World’ Study Confirms Value of HPV Vaccine in Women. Medscape Medical News. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/821591. Accessed: March 17, 2014.
Crowe E, Pandeya N, Brotherton JM, Dobson AJ, Kisely S, Lambert SB, et al. Effectiveness of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine for the prevention of cervical abnormalities: case-control study nested within a population based screening programme in Australia. BMJ. 2014 Mar 4. 348:g1458. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Hitt E. Quadrivalent HPV vaccine appears safe, but skeptics remain. Medscape Medical News. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/772019. Accessed: October 16, 2012.
Klein NP, Hansen J, Chao C, Velicer C, Emery M, Slezak J, et al. Safety of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine administered routinely to females. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Oct 1. 1-9. [Medline].
Neale T. No Clot Risk Seen With HPV Vaccine. Medscape Medical News. Available at http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/VenousThrombosis/46677. Accessed: July 14, 2014.
Scheller NM, Pasternak B, Svanstrom H, Hviid A. Quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine and the risk of venous thromboembolism. JAMA. 2014 Jul. 312(2):187-8. [Medline].
Giuliano AR, Palefsky JM, Goldstone S, et al. Efficacy of quadrivalent HPV vaccine against HPV Infection and disease in males. N Engl J Med. 2011 Feb 3. 364(5):401-11. [Medline].
Palefsky JM, Giuliano AR, Goldstone S, et al. HPV vaccine against anal HPV infection and anal intraepithelial neoplasia. N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 27. 365(17):1576-85. [Medline].
Kim JJ. Targeted human papillomavirus vaccination of men who have sex with men in the USA: a cost-effectiveness modelling analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Dec. 10(12):845-52. [Medline].
Wawer MJ, Tobian AA, Kigozi G, et al. Effect of circumcision of HIV-negative men on transmission of human papillomavirus to HIV-negative women: a randomised trial in Rakai, Uganda. Lancet. 2011 Jan 15. 377(9761):209-18. [Medline]. [Full Text].
[Guideline] Saslow D, Andrews KS, Manassaram-Baptiste D, Loomer L, Lam KE, Fisher-Borne M, et al. Human papillomavirus vaccination guideline update: American Cancer Society guideline endorsement. CA Cancer J Clin. 2016 Sep. 66 (5):375-85. [Medline].
[Guideline] Swift D. Two HPV vaccine doses advised for children under age 15. Medscape Medical News. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/870722. October 20, 2016;
Use of 9-Valent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. March 27, 2015. 64(11):300-304. [Full Text].
Lowes R. Just-Approved Gardasil 9 Packs More HPV/Cancer Protection. Medscape Medical News. Dec 10 2014. [Full Text].
FDA. FDA approves Gardasil 9 for prevention of certain cancers caused by five additional types of HPV. US Food and Drug Administration. Available at http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm426485.htm. Accessed: Dec 18 2014.
Gardasil 9 (human papillomavirus 9-valent vaccine, recombinant) [package insert]. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck & Co, Inc. December, 2015. Available at [Full Text].
Joura E, et al. Efficacy and immunogenicity of a novel 9-valent HPV L1 virus-like particle vaccine in 16- to 26-year-old women. Abstract (SS 8-4) presented at EUROGIN 2014 November 5, 2013.
VanDamme P, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of a novel 9-valent HPV L1 virus-like particle vaccine in boys and girls 9-15 years old; comparison to women 16-26 years old. Abstract (SS 8-5) presented at EUROGIN 2014 November 5, 2013.
Markowitz LE, Dunne EF, Saraiya M, Lawson HW, Chesson H, Unger ER. Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2007 Mar 23. 56:1-24. [Medline].
[Guideline] Saslow D, Castle PE, Cox JT, Davey DD, Einstein MH, Ferris DG, et al. American Cancer Society Guideline for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine use to prevent cervical cancer and its precursors. CA Cancer J Clin. 2007 Jan-Feb. 57(1):7-28. [Medline].
[Guideline] FDA licensure of bivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV2, Cervarix) for use in females and updated HPV vaccination recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010 May 28. 59(20):626-9. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Recommendations on the use of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in males–Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011 Dec 23. 60(50):1705-8. [Medline].
FDA. FDA licensure of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4, Gardasil) for use in males and guidance from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010 May 28. 59(20):630-2. [Medline].
Davidson EJ, Boswell CM, Sehr P, et al. Immunological and clinical responses in women with vulval intraepithelial neoplasia vaccinated with a vaccinia virus encoding human papillomavirus 16/18 oncoproteins. Cancer Res. 2003 Sep 15. 63(18):6032-41. [Medline].
Baldwin PJ, van der Burg SH, Boswell CM, et al. Vaccinia-expressed human papillomavirus 16 and 18 e6 and e7 as a therapeutic vaccination for vulval and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia. Clin Cancer Res. 2003 Nov 1. 9(14):5205-13. [Medline].
Grens K. HPV Tied to Higher Esophageal Cancer Risk. Medscape [serial online]. Available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/808770. Accessed: August 19, 2013.
Liyanage SS, Rahman B, Ridda I, Newall AT, Tabrizi SN, Garland SM, et al. The aetiological role of human papillomavirus in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2013. 8(7):e69238. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Plantar warts Disease Reference Guide
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on April 2, 2020.
Plantar warts are small growths that usually appear on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet. This pressure may also cause plantar warts to grow inward beneath a hard, thick layer of skin (callus).
Plantar warts are caused by HPV. The virus enters your body through tiny cuts, breaks or other weak spots on the bottom of your feet.
Most plantar warts aren’t a serious health concern and usually go away without treatment eventually. You may want to try self-care treatments or see your doctor to have the warts removed.
Plantar warts are caused by the same type of virus that causes warts on your hands and fingers. But, because of their location, they can be painful.
Plantar wart signs and symptoms include:
- A small, fleshy, rough, grainy growth (lesion) on the bottom of your foot, usually the base of the toes and forefoot or the heel
- Hard, thickened skin (callus) over a well-defined “spot” on the skin, where a wart has grown inward
- Black pinpoints, which are commonly called wart seeds but are actually small, clotted blood vessels
- A lesion that interrupts the normal lines and ridges in the skin of your foot
- Pain or tenderness when walking or standing
When to see a doctor
See your doctor for the lesion on your foot if:
- The lesion is bleeding, painful or changes in appearance or color
- You’ve tried treating the wart, but it persists, multiplies or recurs
- Your discomfort interferes with activities
- You also have diabetes or poor sensation in your feet
- You also have a weakened immune system because of immune-suppressing drugs, HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders
- You aren’t sure whether the lesion is a wart
Plantar warts are caused by an infection with HPV in the outer layer of skin on the soles of your feet. They develop when the virus enters your body through tiny cuts, breaks or other weak spots on the bottoms of your feet.
HPV is very common, and more than 100 kinds of the virus exist. But only a few of them cause warts on the feet. Other types of HPV are more likely to cause warts on other areas of your skin or on mucous membranes.
Transmission of the virus
Each person’s immune system responds differently to HPV. Not everyone who comes in contact with it develops warts. Even people in the same family react to the virus differently.
The HPV strains that cause plantar warts aren’t highly contagious. So the virus isn’t easily transmitted by direct contact from one person to another. But it thrives in warm, moist environments. Consequently, you may contract the virus by walking barefoot around swimming pools or locker rooms. If the virus spreads from the first site of infection, more warts may appear.
Anyone can develop plantar warts, but this type of wart is more likely to affect:
- Children and teenagers
- People with weakened immune systems
- People who have had plantar warts before
- People who walk barefoot where exposure to a wart-causing virus is common, such as locker rooms
When plantar warts cause pain, you may alter your normal posture or gait — perhaps without realizing it. Eventually, this change in how you stand, walk or run can cause muscle or joint discomfort.
To reduce your risk of plantar warts:
- Avoid direct contact with warts. This includes your own warts. Wash your hands carefully after touching a wart.
- Keep your feet clean and dry. Change your shoes and socks daily.
- Avoid walking barefoot around swimming pools and locker rooms.
- Don’t pick at or scratch warts.
- Don’t use the same emery board, pumice stone or nail clipper on your warts as you use on your healthy skin and nails.
In most cases, your doctor can diagnose a plantar wart with one or more of these techniques:
- Examining the lesion
- Paring the lesion with a scalpel and checking for signs of dark, pinpoint dots — tiny clotted blood vessels
- Removing a small section of the lesion (shave biopsy) and sending it to a laboratory for analysis
Most plantar warts are harmless and go away without treatment, though it may take a year or two. If your warts are painful or spreading, you may want to try treating them with over-the-counter (nonprescription) medications or home remedies. You may need many repeated treatments before the warts go away, and they may return later.
If your self-care approaches haven’t helped, talk with your doctor about these treatments:
Stronger peeling medicine (salicylic acid). Prescription-strength wart medications with salicylic acid work by removing layers of a wart a little bit at a time. They may also stimulate your immune system’s ability to fight the wart.
Your doctor will likely suggest you apply the medicine regularly at home, followed by occasional office visits.
Freezing medicine (cryotherapy). Cryotherapy done at a doctor’s office involves applying liquid nitrogen to the wart, either with a spray or a cotton swab. This method can be painful, so your doctor may numb the area first.
The chemical causes a blister to form around your wart, and the dead tissue sloughs off within a week or so. Cryotherapy may also stimulate your immune system to fight viral warts. You may need to return to the doctor’s office for repeat treatments every two to four weeks until the wart disappears.
Some studies suggest that cryotherapy combined with salicylic acid treatment is more effective than just cryotherapy, but further study is needed.
Surgical or other procedures
If salicylic acid and freezing medicine don’t work, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:
- Other acids. Your doctor shaves the surface of the wart and applies trichloroacetic acid with a wooden toothpick. You’ll need to return to the doctor’s office for repeat treatments every week or so. Side effects include burning and stinging. Between visits, you may be asked to apply salicylic acid to the wart.
- Immune therapy. This method uses medications or solutions to stimulate your immune system to fight viral warts. Your doctor may inject your warts with a foreign substance (antigen) or apply a solution or cream to the warts.
- Minor surgery. Your doctor cuts away the wart or destroys it by using an electric needle (electrodesiccation and curettage). This procedure can be painful, so your doctor will numb your skin first. Because surgery has a risk of scarring, this method usually isn’t used to treat plantar warts unless other treatments have failed.
- Laser treatment. Pulsed-dye laser treatment burns closed (cauterizes) tiny blood vessels. The infected tissue eventually dies, and the wart falls off. This method requires repeat treatments every three to four weeks. The evidence for the effectiveness of this method is limited, and it can cause pain and potentially scarring.
- Vaccine. HPV vaccine has been used with success to treat warts even though this vaccine is not specifically targeted toward the wart virus that causes the majority of plantar warts.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Many people have removed warts with these self-care tips:
- Peeling medicine (salicylic acid). Nonprescription wart removal products are available as a patch or liquid. Usually, you’re instructed to wash the site, soak it in warm water, and gently remove the top layer of softened skin with a pumice stone or emery board. Then after the skin has dried, you apply the solution or patch. Patches are usually changed every 24 to 48 hours. Liquid applications are generally used daily. You may need repeated applications on a regular basis over several weeks to months to see results.
- Freezing medicine (cryotherapy). Nonprescription medicines that freeze the wart include Compound W Freeze Off and Dr. Scholl’s Freeze Away. The Food and Drug Administration cautions that some wart removers are flammable and shouldn’t be used around fire, flame, heat sources (such as curling irons) and lit cigarettes.
- Duct tape. Using duct tape to remove warts is a harmless but unproven approach. To try it, cover the wart with silver duct tape, changing it every few days. Between applications, soak the wart and gently remove dead tissue with a pumice stone or emery board. Then leave the wart open to the air to dry for a few hours before covering it with tape again.
Preparing for an appointment
You’ll likely start by seeing your primary care doctor. He or she may refer you to a specialist in disorders of the skin (dermatologist) or feet (podiatrist). The following tips can help you prepare for your appointment.
What you can do
Bring a list of all medications you take regularly — including over-the-counter (nonprescription) medications and dietary supplements — and the daily dosage of each.
You may also want to list questions for your doctor, such as:
- If I have a plantar wart, can I start with at-home care?
- If I proceed with home treatment, under what conditions should I call you?
- If the first treatment doesn’t work, what will we try next?
- If the lesion isn’t a plantar wart, what tests do you need to do?
- How long will it take to get results?
- How can I prevent warts?
Preparing for an appointment
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor may ask you questions such as:
- When did the lesion first appear?
- Has it changed in size or appearance?
- Is your condition painful?
- Have you had warts before?
- Do you have diabetes or poor sensation in your feet?
- Do you have any condition or take any medication that has weakened your ability to fight disease (immune response)?
- Have you tried any home remedies? If so, how long have you used them and have they helped?
- Do you use a swimming pool or locker room — places that can harbor wart-causing viruses?
What you can do in the meantime
If you’re sure you have a plantar wart, you may try over-the-counter remedies or alternative medicine approaches. But talk with your doctor before trying self-care treatments if you have:
- Poor sensation in your feet
- Weakened immunity
If pressure on the wart causes pain, try wearing well-cushioned shoes, such as athletic shoes that evenly support the sole and relieve some of the pressure. Avoid wearing uncomfortable shoes.
© 1998-2019 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved.
Learn more about Plantar warts
Symptoms and treatments
Mayo Clinic Reference
Plantar warts | Ada
What are plantar warts?
Plantar warts, sometimes called verrucas, are a type of wart found on the sole of the foot or the toes, most commonly in weight-bearing locations such as the heel. They are a very common type of wart, especially in children, and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) – a common viral infection of the skin. HPV infections in locations other than the foot are not classed as plantar warts.
HPV is contagious, meaning plantar warts can be passed from person to person, either through direct skin-to-skin contact or indirectly through contact with a surface or object that carries the virus. People with weakened immune systems and children are more at risk of developing common warts.
In the majority of cases, plantar warts are no cause for concern and will often disappear naturally. Treatment and removal options, however, are available, particularly for cases in which the warts are causing severe pain or discomfort. If you are concerned that you may have plantar warts, try using the free Ada app to carry out a symptom assessment.
Symptoms of plantar warts
Signs and symptoms of plantar warts include:
- Small, rough, skin-colored or white lesions on the bottom of the foot, typically around the heel or the underside of the toes
- Small black dots which are sometimes referred to as wart seeds, but are actually clotted blood vessels in or around the warts
- Hard calluses on the sole of the foot, where a plantar wart has been forced to grow inwards, below the surface of the skin
- Pain or discomfort when walking or standing, mostly in or around the affected areas
Medical attention should be sought in the following cases:
- Warts begin to bleed, change colour or cause significant pain
- Warts recur despite treatment or appear in large groups
- An individual also has diabetes, HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders
- Sensation is lost in the affected foot
- There is uncertainty as to whether a growth is a wart or a different kind of skin condition
If you are concerned that you may have plantar warts, try using the free Ada app to carry out a symptom assessment.
Causes of plantar warts
Plantar warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) – an umbrella term for a group of viruses that affect the skin. The virus causes an excess of the protein keratin to develop on the surface of the skin, resulting in warts.
HPV can cause warts anywhere on the body, however, only warts on the foot are classed as plantar warts. The virus typically enters the skin through small cuts or weak spots in the outermost layer of the skin and can take a number of weeks or months to produce visible warts.
How plantar warts spread
Warts are spread from person to person, sometimes indirectly through objects or surfaces such as:
- Surfaces around swimming pools
- Floors of communal changing rooms
- Shared socks and shoes
- Shared towels
Damaged or wet skin is most susceptible to infection. Children and teenagers are more likely than adults to develop plantar warts. People with weakened immune systems as a result of other conditions are also at an increased risk of contracting HPV.
Diagnosing plantar warts
Diagnosing plantar warts will ordinarily involve a doctor or specialist examining the affected area and checking for visible signs and symptoms. In most cases, a person can themselves diagnose these warts at home, and it is rare that any further diagnostic tests will be necessary. However, if the diagnosis is unclear, a doctor may order a skin biopsy. In this minimally invasive procedure, the top layer of the skin growth will be scraped off and sent to a laboratory for testing.
Plantar warts treatment
Plantar warts will, in the majority of cases, disappear without any treatment – this, however, could take months or years to happen. If the warts are persistent, painful or if they spread, treatment may be recommended to remove them.
Plantar warts removal
Home remedies are available and can be effective in removal of the warts in some cases. If they prove resistant, however, doctors can recommend further treatment methods.
Plantar warts removal methods include:
Salicylic acid: This is a strong acid, generally applied as a gel, that gradually dissolves layers of skin from the affected area, eventually resulting in complete removal of the wart. Though it is available over the counter, prescription varieties tend to be stronger and more effective. As well as peeling away the surface of the warts, salicylic acid may also stimulate the immune system to fight the virus.
Cryotherapy: In cryotherapy, a doctor freezes the warts by applying liquid nitrogen. The process results in a blister forming around the wart that can, after around a week, be removed. Repeated sessions may be necessary.
The use of salicylic acid and cryotherapy are the most common treatment methods. If these are ineffective, however, others are available.
Trichloroacetic acid: This is another strong acid applied by a doctor after the surface of the wart has been shaved off.
Immunotherapy: This treatment method involves injecting the warts with antigens that stimulate the immune system into fighting the HPV infection. It may help prevent repeat outbreaks in those with recurring warts.
Plantar wart removal – surgery
In extreme cases surgical removal may be necessary if the plantar warts do not respond to other methods.
Surgical methods of plantar wart removal include:
Electrosurgery: Often viewed as a last resort, this surgery involves using an electric needle to burn away the warts. This procedure can often be painful, and there is a risk of scarring.
Laser treatment: The effectiveness of laser treatment is disputed and comes with a risk of pain and scarring. It is typically carried out using a pulsed dye laser to cauterize the skin and kill skin tissue to remove the wart
Plantar warts home remedies
As plantar warts are generally non-serious, many people attempt to treat the condition at home, before seeking professional medical attention. There are a variety of methods for doing this:
Salicylic acid products: A range of non-prescription salicylic acid products, including plasters, gels and rubs, are available from almost all pharmacies. They are not as strong as prescription versions, but work in the same way. It is usually necessary to apply the products a number of times
Liquid nitrogen: Non-prescription liquid nitrogen products are also available from pharmacies. They usually come in the form of a gel or liquid that can be applied to the wart.
Apple cider vinegar: One cup of apple cider vinegar can be mixed with water, then applied to the warts using a cotton ball and left for a minimum of 20 minutes. This process may need to be repeated over a number of weeks for benefits to be seen.
Duct tape: Although dermatologists aren’t clear on exactly why, or if, this method works, the use of duct tape is a well-known and popular method of plantar warts removal. Simply apply duct tape to the warts and change it every couple of days until the wart is gone. It is recommended that a doctor be consulted before attempting this method.
Home remedies can take a significant amount of time to yield results. If they prove ineffective, seeking professional medical advice is advised.
Plantar warts prevention
Plantar warts are common and can be difficult to protect against. However, taking certain preventative measures may help reduce the risk of infection:
- Covering the feet with shoes or sandals, for example, when using communal areas like swimming pools and locker rooms
- Washing the feet and hands regularly
- The HPV vaccine may reduce the risk of developing plantar warts, though this is not guaranteed and may be most effective when administered at a young age
Those who have plantar warts should make efforts to prevent the spread of the virus to other parts of the body, as well as to other people. They can:
- Avoid sharing towels, shoes and socks
- Cover warts with a plaster when swimming
- Wear shoes or sandals in communal areas
- Avoid scratching or unnecessarily touching warts
- Change socks daily
If you are concerned that you may have plantar warts, try using the free Ada app to carry out a symptom assessment.
Plantar warts FAQs
Q: Do plantar warts have roots or seeds?
A: There is a popular misconception that plantar warts have roots or seeds that can grow through the skin and attach to bone. The small red or black dots that have led to this idea are, in fact, clotted blood vessels, not roots.
Q: Can plantar warts spread to the hands and fingers?
A: The HPV that causes plantar warts can spread to the hands and fingers and cause warts. However, when found on the hands or fingers, these warts are no longer termed plantar warts, but palmar warts. To help stop the spread of the virus, avoid unnecessarily touching the affected area, and wash the hands thoroughly after any contact. Covering the wart with a plaster may also help.
Q: Are plantar warts contagious?
A: Yes, the HPV that causes plantar warts is contagious. It can be passed from person to person, as well as indirectly through surfaces or objects. The virus particularly thrives in warm, moist environments, meaning it is commonly contracted in swimming pools or locker rooms.
Q: Does duct tape really work to remove plantar warts?
A: There is no clear evidence to suggest that the application of duct tape really works to remove plantar warts. However, the method is enduringly popular and does seem to work for some people, despite the science behind this being unclear. If you are considering using this method, consult a doctor beforehand.
Q: Can plantar warts be cancerous?
A: In the vast majority of cases, plantar warts are harmless and pose no risk of cancer. Certain types of the HPV virus, however, can lead to some cancers. If plantar warts do not respond to treatment and continue to grow, a biopsy should be carried out to check for cancerous cells.
What to do if you have warts?
While finding one or several warts on your foot can be uncomfortable, they do not pose a serious health risk, and can usually be treated through a few simple steps. Also known as plantar warts, they are caused when a particular strain of HPV (human papillomavirus) enters the body through small cracks or cuts in the skin of the feet. In cases where the warts become painful and do not resolve on their own, it may become necessary to schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to have them removed.
What is the Difference Between a Foot Wart and a Corn or Callous?
At first glance, warts can resemble other common growths on the feet, like corns and callouses. Corns and callouses are layers of dead skin that grow over an area of the foot that has been irritated, usually by friction caused by ill-fitting shoes, and chafing from physical activities like running or hiking. Warts are the result of a viral infection.
Gainesville podiatrist Dr. Mukesh Bhakta, D.P.M., of Prince William Foot & Ankle Center recommends that patients with warts on the feet follow a few basic guidelines to help prevent the warts from spreading:
- Warts thrive in warm, moist environments; therefore keeping the feet dry and clean should be a priority.
- Try to minimize direct contact with the warts
- Avoid walking barefoot, particularly on dirty surfaces like sidewalks
- Wear clean socks and shoes every day
Most Common Symptoms of Plantar Warts
- Fleshy, growth (lesion) on the bottom of the foot or toes, usually with black dots
- Pain when pressure is applied during walking or standing
- Changes in color
- Does not heal on its own or grows back over time
If unsure whether a lesion on or around the feet or ankle is a wart, it is important to consult with a foot specialist.
Potential Complications from Plantar Warts
While the majority of cases of plantar warts are harmless, people with underlying health conditions and otherwise compromised immune systems should seek medical treatment and supervision for warts, specifically if you are suffering from diabetes, or taking medication for HIV/AIDS.
Are you suffering from painful plantar warts or other foot injury or condition? Contact the Prince William Foot & Ankle Center at 703-753-3338 to request a consultation with a podiatrist in Gainesville today!
Plantar Wart (Verruca Plantaris) – Podiatrist in Springdale, AR
What is a Plantar Wart?
A wart is a small growth on the skin that develops when the skin is infected by a virus. Warts can develop anywhere on the foot, but typically they appear on the bottom (plantar side) of the foot. Plantar warts most commonly occur in children, adolescents, and the elderly.
There are two types of plantar warts:
- A solitary wart is a single wart. It often increases in size and may eventually multiply, forming additional “satellite” warts.
- Mosaic warts are a cluster of several small warts growing closely together in one area. Mosaic warts are more difficult to treat than solitary warts.
Plantar warts are caused by direct contact with the human papilloma virus (HPV). This is the same virus that causes warts on other areas of the body.
The symptoms of a plantar wart may include:
- Thickened skin. Often a plantar wart resembles a callus because of its tough, thick tissue.
- Pain. Walking and standing may be painful. Squeezing the sides of the wart may also cause pain.
- Tiny black dots. These often appear on the surface of the wart. The dots are actually dried blood contained in the capillaries (tiny blood vessels).
Plantar warts grow deep into the skin. Usually this growth occurs slowly, with the wart starting small and becoming larger over time.
Diagnosis and Treatment
To diagnose a plantar wart, the foot and ankle surgeon will examine the patient’s foot and look for signs and symptoms of a wart.
Although plantar warts may eventually clear up on their own, most patients desire faster relief. The goal of treatment is to completely remove the wart.
The foot and ankle surgeon may use topical or oral treatments, laser therapy, cryotherapy (freezing), acid treatments, or surgery to remove the wart.
Regardless of the treatment approaches undertaken, it is important that the patient follow the surgeon’s instructions, including all home care and medication that has been prescribed, as well as follow-up visits with the surgeon. Warts may return, requiring further treatment.
If there is no response to treatment, further diagnostic evaluation may be necessary. In such cases, the surgeon can perform a biopsy to rule out other potential causes for the growth.
Although there are many folk remedies for warts, patients should be aware that these remain unproven and may be dangerous. Patients should never try to remove warts themselves. This can do more harm than good.
Steer Clear of Plantar Warts This Summer — Maple Springs Foot Center
Summer is here, and the change from wearing closed-toe shoes to sandals puts our feet on display. Healthy feet are crucial for enjoying the summer season to its fullest. If you are participating in a lot of outdoor activities, your feet will need some extra attention. In addition to keeping your feet well moisturized, prevention against developing plantar warts is also essential. Today Dr. Stuart Snyder and Dr. Sara Sharma, of Maple Springs Foot Center, LLC are sharing important information regarding this condition.
Plantar warts are caused by HPV that infects the outside layer of the skin on the bottom of your feet. It typically first appears as a scaly and rough patch on the skin with small dark spots.
They can become painful when aggravated by physical activity. Too much pressure on the skin of the feet can cause calluses to form and cover the wart. Because of this, plantar warts are often mistaken to be a painful corn or callus.
HPV can infect the skin via a small crack or cut on the bottom of your foot. The virus can stay alive on wet and warm surfaces such as changing rooms, in the bathtub, shower stall, or at the swimming pool.
People are at a higher risk for developing warts if they walk barefoot, have very sweaty feet, or have cracks in the feet. Contingent on your immune system, some occurrences of plantar warts can resolve spontaneously. However, persistent or painful warts require treatment to prevent the spread of them to other areas or family members.
Treatment for Plantar Warts
Depending on the severity of warts and your overall health, home remedies or over-the-counter treatments may not be effective enough in treating warts, leading to complications.
Treatment options for plantar warts can include:
Applying topical medicine to remove the wart;
Freezing the wart with cryotherapy to destroy it;
Laser surgery to destroy the wart.
Prevention Against Plantar Warts
Maintaining proper foot hygiene is important for prevention against plantar warts. Below are some tips to help keep your feet healthy:
Always wear clean and dry shoes and socks;
Change your socks daily and clean the insides of your shoes regularly;
Avoid sharing towels, shoes, or socks;
Dry your feet thoroughly after bathing or showering;
Avoid walking barefoot;
Clean your bathtub or shower regularly.
Don’t take any chances – if you think you may be experiencing symptoms of what you believe might be a plantar wart – contact the offices of Dr. Stuart Snyder and Dr. Sara Sharma, of Maple Springs Foot Center, LLC to schedule an appointment. Call us today us at (301) 762-3338 or book your appointment online.
Viral warts – causes, symptoms and treatment – Medcompass
Viral warts are caused by the human papillomavirus. The disease is characterized by the appearance of pathological growths on the skin, presented in the form of nodules, tubercles or thorns.
Symptoms of the disease
There are several types of warts, each of which has certain clinical symptoms. On the human body there are:
- Common warts (vulgar) – presented in the form of rounded painless nodules with a rough surface.Most often, the place of their localization is the fingers, face, head
- Plantar warts – the name itself speaks of the place of localization of warts. Such formations are painful, consist of bundles of filamentous papillae surrounded by rollers that resemble corn in appearance. On the cut of the plantar warts, capillaries are visible, which are easily injured and bleed
- Juvenile warts (flat) are small yellow or flesh-colored nodules that protrude slightly above the surface of the skin.The favorite places of localization are the face, neck, chest, surfaces of the arms and legs at the fold
- Genital warts – another name for venereal or genital, can be transmitted during sexual intercourse
- Perianal warts – most often found in men of non-traditional sexual orientation. This type of warts can also occur in women. The places of localization of the infectious process are the mucous membranes of the vagina, the glans penis, the labia, the perineum and the anus.
Causes of the disease
The cause of the appearance of viral warts on the skin is infection with the human papillomavirus. The predisposing factors for the formation of warts are:
- Weak immunity
- Frequent viral diseases
- The presence of chronic foci of infection in the body
- Inadequate and inappropriate nutrition
- The entrance “gate” for the penetration of infection are cracks and abrasions resulting from unsuccessful hair removal, shaving, scratches and other injuries.
As a rule, in most cases, viral warts can be diagnosed by examining the affected area of the skin. Of course, this is provided that the warts are visible to the naked eye. With the localization of viral warts on the mucous membrane of the cervix or vagina, the colposcopy method is used to diagnose pathology.
Another method for diagnosing viral warts is a biopsy of the affected area, followed by a histological examination of the material obtained in order to exclude malignant neoplasms.
The most common complication of viral warts is their spread over the entire surface of the body. Secondary complications of infection are decreased immune function and the body’s susceptibility to colds.
Treatment of the disease
The main method of treating warts is to remove them. For this, medications or physiotherapy methods are used.
The most common methods of treating viral warts are:
- Laser coagulation – treatment of warts with a laser beam that destroys the structure of the neoplasm from the inside and causes it to fall off the skin
- Cryodestruction (freezing of warts with liquid nitrogen)
- Electric coagulation discharge of an electric current.
These methods can be complementary or used independently. The effectiveness of this treatment for viral warts is 90%. Only a quarter of patients have relapses of the disease several months after therapy.
When treating viral warts, in addition to local effects on skin lesions, it is advisable to prescribe the patient to take immunomodulators that stimulate the body’s immune defense.
It is important to understand that the earlier the diagnosis was made and the treatment started, the more chances the patient has for a successful cure without relapse.
Plantar warts – Center for European Dermatology
Removal of plantar warts: radical, high quality, once and for all!
Plantar warts are a painful ailment that causes a lot of problems and pain when walking and even standing in one place.
Many suffer for years, unaware that it is possible to remove a plantar wart in Kharkov quickly, professionally and painlessly. And this is done by real masters of their craft, experienced practitioners working in the medical center “European Dermatology”.
What you need to know about plantar warts
Plantar wart, or, as the people call it, the spine, is a thickened neoplasm provoked by HPV (human papillomavirus). The disease is classified as infectious, therefore, the approach to treatment is systemic.
What is the danger?
Plantar warts are not just an aesthetic defect that causes discomfort when walking. Many species are so dangerous that they can become a provoking factor in the development of serious diseases – dysplasia or cancer.
Therefore, there can be no talk of self-medication – only professional diagnostics and treatment.
Plantar warts in Kharkov are successfully examined and removed at the medical center “European Dermatology”.
What factors contribute to infection?
- Excessive sweating of the feet, aggravated by inadequate personal hygiene.
- Uncomfortable footwear, strongly compressing the feet.
- Untreated calluses.
- Microtrauma, cracks or wounds on the soles – a fertile ground for the penetration of HPV.
- Negative emotional background, frequent stress.
How does the infection occur?
- Direct contact with a person infected with HPV (people with weakened immunity are especially susceptible).
- Most people are carriers of HPV, which were infected in childhood (this category includes almost all children who attended nurseries and kindergartens). But only people with weakened immunity get sick. Most children get rid of the virus with hormonal changes during adolescence.
- Acquired HPV is less common in adults, but the disease is serious.
- The HPV virus more readily penetrates through microcracks in the skin and through skin soaked in water, more often it infects people who regularly visit the pool and gyms.
What symptoms should be the reason for going to the doctor?
- Sign # 1: unpleasant itching is constantly felt on the sole of the foot.
- Sign number 2: the growth of the barb is accompanied by the occurrence of pain when walking, while externally, the plantar wart may already look at this stage as a slight bulge.
- Sign # 3: after a few weeks, the bulge on the sole transforms into a large rough skin growth, on which the shaft can be clearly seen. As the root of the wart grows, the pain increases when walking.
If you ignore the initial stage and do not carry out cryodestruction of plantar warts in Kharkov or the method of removal that will be prescribed by the doctor after the examination, then the situation becomes more complicated later.
Daughter plantar warts may appear, and in the worst case, they will grow together, the tissues around will begin to die off, as evidenced by the black dots that appear around, and then the problem of normal painless walking will become acute.
What methods for removing plantar warts are used in the medical center “European Dermatology”
IT IS NECESSARY TO REMEMBER!
- Self-medication of plantar warts is contraindicated. This should be done by a professional doctor.
- The most effective way is the complete removal of warts (surgical, medical, laser, cryodestruction, etc.)
- Medicinal destruction of plantar warts through the use of solutions and ointments that have a cauterizing, keratolytic and mummifying effect.
- Complex antiviral therapy (a drug that kills HPV has not yet been invented, but such therapy is prescribed to maintain general immunity during treatment).
- Cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen.
- Electrocoagulation by current.
- Surgical excision of plantar warts.
- Radio wave method for removing plantar warts.
- Laser removal of plantar warts.
Laser removal of plantar warts in Kharkov, as well as throughout the world, is considered the most efficient and effective method.
What are the advantages of laser removal of plantar warts?
- Painless – performed under local anesthesia.
- Fast – Only requires one session.
- The technique is bloodless, atraumatic, non-contact, eliminating the likelihood of infection.
- Does not affect nearby tissues, while “sterilizing” them, eliminating the likelihood of postoperative inflammation.
- Does not cause further complications such as allergies.
- Fast healing of postoperative wounds – on average in five days.
Do not waste your time looking in search engines for the information “remove plantar wart price Kharkov”.
Go to the website of the medical center “European Dermatology”, where in the section “Prices” you can quickly find the cost of any type of removal and initial consultation with a specialist.
Alternatively, you can make your own appointment with a doctor by filling out the online self-appointment form located on the home page of the site.
If you have any additional questions, you can get advice by calling the specified contact number to the help desk and at the same time make an appointment, choosing a convenient time for you.
Do you still suffer from plantar warts? Don’t waste your time – make an appointment at the European Dermatology Medical Center, where in one session you will be relieved of your suffering
Medical center in Tula – clinic L-Med
Warts are a contagious disease.It is caused by a special virus (having more than 50 varieties), which enters the body through microtrauma of the skin and mucous membranes. Source – a sick person and his personal household items; the incubation period takes about 4-5 months. So from such an unpleasant disease – warts – no one is immune. In addition, there are several types of warts:
- common warts . The formations are distinguished by convexity, density, clear boundaries, skin color or grayish-brown, with a rough surface.Common warts are located on the hands and fingers, face, scalp.
- plantar warts . Very hard and painful, conical warts that grow rapidly. The location of the plantar warts is a zone of high pressure.
- juvenile warts . Sufficiently small formations of yellowish color, rounded, with a smooth surface. Juvenile warts are located on the face and hands.
If you have warts, remember – there is always a risk of acquiring a malignant character.In addition, warts can metastasize throughout the body, both on the surface of the skin and in internal organs, which leads to the appearance of more and more formations.
A signal for immediate treatment of warts can be their rapid growth, change in shape and color, bleeding or soreness. Unless, of course, you want to prevent this process. Wart treatment is a procedure performed using several different methods.
Treatment of warts by cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen .A very painful way to treat warts using low-temperature exposure to an applicator with liquid nitrogen. The applicator or a special cryoapplicator is applied perpendicularly to the wart for 10-30 seconds, subsequently there is hyperemia and edema of the wart, an epidermal bladder with serous and hemorrhagic contents, which lasts about 5-7 days. After that, the bubble disappears, a crust forms in its place; 10-12 days after the treatment of the wart with liquid nitrogen, only an inconspicuous pinkish spot remains.The procedure sometimes has to be repeated several times (up to 5 times or more with an interval of 3-5 days).
Treatment of warts with electrocoagulation . Electrocoagulation of warts involves using a surgical coagulator under local anesthesia to cut the wart with an electric current. The use of a coagulator avoids tissue bleeding. After exposure, a thin crust forms at the site of the wart, which falls off within a week. Sometimes after the treatment of warts with electrocautery, light small scars may remain.
Surgical excision of warts . The indication for the use of this method of treating warts is their vast areas. The operation is performed under local anesthesia with the imposition of intradermal cosmetic sutures, removed on the seventh day. However, with this method of treating warts, there is a risk of their recurrence.
Laser treatment for warts . This modern method of combating warts is presented in two varieties: vaporization with an erbium laser or coagulation with a carbon dioxide laser.Removal of warts occurs in layers under local anesthesia for 1-2 minutes. At the site of the wart, only a small depression remains, which levels out in 2 weeks.
Laser is the only suitable method for treating all types of warts, optimally combining painlessness, efficiency and convenience. This method gives absolutely no complications in the form of scars, hypo- or hyperpigmentation. The advantage of laser treatment for warts is the prevention of repeated removal, and healing does not require any restrictions in the usual way of life.The method of treating warts with a laser is completely bloodless, sterile, eliminates the possibility of blood poisoning.
After the removal of the wart, the material is sent to an independent histological laboratory; the results of histological analysis are provided as quickly as possible. Take care of your health – even a small wart is a time bomb! The longer you live with this virus, the more likely it is that the wart will turn into a malignant tumor.
Laser medicine today offers many ways to treat various diseases, and the use of such technologies allows you to achieve maximum success in dermatology.Laser treatment of warts is the most effective method of getting rid of this unpleasant disease, because there are no scars, scars and other side effects at the site of the warts. Laser treatment of warts is simple, painless and safe.
90,000 Removal of warts and papillomas – Uromed Multidisciplinary Clinic
Removal of warts and papillomas
Outpatient procedure under local anesthesia. Registration at a convenient time. Excellent cosmetic effect.
Why is it necessary to remove papillomas and warts?
Papillomas or warts are growths on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus. Most often they are benign, do not cause painful sensations, but when they are located on the face or hands, a cosmetic defect is formed. Removal of warts “Surgitron” allows you to eliminate them without a trace, after the operation there are no visible scars or scars.
Papillomas on the sole are often accompanied by unpleasant sensations, since considerable pressure is exerted on them when walking.It is advisable to remove plantar warts immediately after occurrence in order to avoid injury and infection. Be sure to remove genital warts or condylomas, since they have the ability to malignant transformation. To make the correct diagnosis, an examination by a dermatologist or surgeon is enough. If in doubt about the origin of the formation, a biopsy is performed before removal.
Removal of warts in the clinic “Uromed”
The clinic “Uromed” employs qualified dermatologists with significant practice.Radiowave removal of formations is carried out in a specially equipped operating room, in conditions of complete sterility and comfort for the patient. The use of modern drugs for local anesthesia ensures the absence of painful sensations. The operation is scheduled at a convenient date for you, you will not need to waste time waiting and queues.
Removal of papillomas “Surgitron” is a quick, painless and effective way to eliminate an aesthetic problem and get rid of psychological discomfort.The procedure takes no more than 15 minutes, and after the wound has healed, no visible traces remain. The patient goes home immediately after the intervention.
Examination and procedure for the removal of warts and papillomas
The patient is examined by a dermatologist before removal. In some cases, an additional examination is needed – it is required to donate blood for a viral infection or undergo a biopsy. Then a convenient date for the operation is selected. No special preparation is required for it. The doctor removes the formation using the radio wave radiation of the device.In this case, the sensor does not touch the skin, which excludes the transmission of any infections. Waves affect only the affected area, so adjacent healthy tissue is not damaged.
At the request of the patient, the removed wart is sent for histological examination. Radio waves have an antimicrobial effect; inflammation does not develop at the site of removal. The wound heals quickly, the reappearance of papillomas is extremely rare – in less than 3% of cases.
Benefits of removing papillomas “Surgitron”
Low risk of complications
Preservation of surrounding tissues
Absence of scars and scars
Impossibility of infection
Approved for use in children
Removal of warts in Kazan
1st place in the rating of diagnostic centers
* According to the version of the ProDoctorov portal.ru
High quality standards and service guarantee
Convenient location and free parking
Warts are formations on the skin caused by various groups of viruses. Center AM Medica – quick and painless removal of warts in Kazan, allowing you to get rid of the unpleasant “decoration” in just one procedure.
Is it always possible to remove warts: types
There are several different types of warts – experienced specialists will select the best treatment option for each individual case, ensuring the high quality and safety of the chosen method.
There are warts:
- Ordinary – up to 1 cm in diameter, dense, rounded formations
- Plantar – located on the foot, cause discomfort when walking
- Juvenile – small nodes that occur in adolescents.
It is important to correctly identify the problem, making sure that it is not associated with serious skin conditions. In addition, removal of warts is not always acceptable – you can not get rid of all formations. Self-treatment is unacceptable – inexperienced actions often lead to serious complications, after which a long period of therapy and rehabilitation is required.
If a nodule that appears on the skin increases in size, hurts, or changes, this is a reason to urgently rush to a dermatologist.
Removal of warts: a variety of methods
Removing warts can be done in a variety of ways. Namely:
- Cryodestruction – point action with liquid nitrogen. Fast and effective method.
Electrocoagulation – exposure to direct current. Pain relief is used to minimize discomfort.
- The radio wave method is one of the safest options. Absolutely painless and not even unpleasant.
The specialists of the AM Medica center will perform quick and high-quality removal of warts. The prices for the procedure depend on the area of influence, the characteristics of the skin formation and the chosen method. We offer our clients loyal and affordable rates – it is really profitable with us.
90,000 causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention
Table of Contents
One of the most common skin problems in children and adults is warts.These are superficial growths of the upper skin layers, which are usually harmless. However, some dangerous skin diseases also manifest similar symptoms, so when warts appear, you should definitely contact a dermatologist for diagnosis.
Such formations can have different shapes and sizes. They often appear on knees, elbows, fingers; It is not uncommon to see warts on the face and scalp.
These benign neoplasms do not change their appearance for a long time, but they can spontaneously disappear without treatment and just as unexpectedly reappear.
Warts cause aesthetic discomfort. In addition, they can be permanently injured by shaving, clothing, or a comb. This increases the risk of inflammation and bleeding.
To learn how to get rid of warts, you must first determine their type. It is difficult to do this on your own, so you will need the help of a doctor.
Causes of warts
Causes of warts on the hands and other parts of the body – a viral infection in combination with micro-damage to the skin.The disease is caused by a type of human papillomavirus. Infection occurs by contact, the pathogen penetrates through microscopic wounds or cracks in the skin and causes overgrowth of skin tissues.
An additional factor contributing to the development of pathology is immunodeficiency, which can develop in connection with poor nutrition, old age, diabetes, prolonged use of drugs that suppress the immune system.
Types and symptoms of warts
There are such types of warts:
- ordinary, or vulgar: such warts are usually located on the hands, but this localization is not necessary; in appearance they are thicker and darker than the surrounding skin;
- flat: small, colored to the skin tone, appear in large numbers on the face, neck, knees, wrists, usually in children;
- plantar wart, or “spine”: painful growth on the foot, growing into the skin;
- filamentous papillomas: similar to miniature hairs from the skin, appear around the mouth, nose, eyes;
- periungual: form clusters on the surface of the skin near the fingernails;
- genital genital warts: a rather contagious form, transmitted through sexual intercourse; warts grow around the genitals and anus, there is a connection between their appearance and the development of cervical cancer.
Causes and treatment of warts on the hands and other parts of the body require evaluation and treatment by a qualified dermatologist.
Treatment of warts
Removal of warts helps to eliminate cosmetic imperfections, as well as prevent their damage. It is carried out using different methods.
For a large number of lesions, a dermatologist will advise an effective external remedy for papillomas and warts. Patches, creams, talkers, pastes, and other dosage forms can be used.Often, wart ointment contains salicylic acid, which softens skin lesions.
A more radical treatment for warts is their removal with liquid nitrogen, cauterization with electric current or a surgical scalpel.
Any home remedy for warts can be tried for the procedure for removing a small mass, for example:
- compresses from raw grated potatoes;
- castor oil;
- cut onions;
- dandelion juice;
- mixture of water and rubbed white chalk.
These funds cannot be used:
- on the face and other areas with sensitive skin;
- on legs with diabetes;
- for painful or bleeding wart.
Since it is almost impossible to avoid contact with the papilloma virus throughout life, in order to prevent warts, measures must be taken to strengthen the immune system and maintain cleanliness and health of the skin:
- washing hands with soap after returning home;
- Thorough washing of feet after visiting the beach, bathhouse, pool;
- balanced good nutrition, normal sleep;
- refusal of close contact with people with warts;
- use of orthopedic insoles and shoes made of natural material.
Treatment in the clinic “Mom Dad I”
The Mama Papa Ya family clinic network invites everyone to quickly and painlessly remove warts using modern equipment. Branches of the clinic are located in different districts of Moscow; qualified dermatologists at an affordable price conduct appointments here.
We offer services for the elimination of warts in various ways for patients of different ages. To make an appointment for a consultation, call the nearest branch or leave a request on our website.
The doctor examined my husband carefully, prescribed an ECG and made a preliminary diagnosis. She gave recommendations on our situation and ordered an additional examination. There are no comments yet. Financial agreements have been complied with.
Roach Efim Borisovich
I am just delighted with the doctor and the clinic. I haven’t had any pleasure in clinics for a long time. Everything went perfectly in terms of logistics, strictly in time.I also enjoyed aesthetic pleasure both as a patient and as a person. I could communicate and this communication gave me great pleasure. Lowest bow to the ultrasound doctor.
Luzina Sofya Khamitovna
I liked Dr. Vlasova very much. Nice and nice woman, good specialist. I received an answer to all my questions, the doctor gave me a lot of good advice. I was more than satisfied with the visit.
Visited the Mama Papa Ya Clinic with the child.I needed a consultation with a pediatric cardiologist. I liked the clinic. Good service, doctors. We didn’t stand in line, the cost was the same.
I liked the clinic very much. Courteous staff. Was at the reception of the gynecologist Mikhailova E.A. I was satisfied, there are more such doctors. Thanks!!!
I removed the wen from Alina Sergeevna, the operation was great! Many thanks to her for her sensitive attention and approach to every little thing.
Today I was served in the clinic, I was satisfied with the staff, as well as with the gynecologist. Everyone treats patients with respect and attention. Thank them very much and further prosperity.
The Mama Papa Ya clinic in Lyubertsy is very good. The team is friendly and helpful. I recommend this clinic to all my friends. Thanks to all doctors and administrators. I wish the clinic prosperity and many adequate clients.
Today I removed a mole on the face at the dermatologist Kodareva I.A. The doctor is very neat! Correct! Thank you very much! Administrator Borshchevskaya Julia is benevolent, clearly fulfills her duties.
I would like to express my gratitude to the clinic workers Mom, Dad, me. The clinic has a very friendly atmosphere, a very friendly and cheerful team and highly qualified specialists.Thank you very much! I wish your clinic prosperity.
I liked the first visit. They examined me carefully, prescribed additional examinations, and gave me good recommendations. I will continue the treatment further, I liked the conditions at the clinic.
Good clinic, good doctor! Raisa Vasilievna can clearly and easily explain what the essence of the problem is. If something is wrong, she speaks about everything directly, not covertly, as other doctors sometimes do.I do not regret that I got to her.
90,000 Removal of warts in Germany, cost of treatment
Warts are a contagious (contagious) skin disease caused by the introduction of the human papillomavirus into the skin. It is transmitted both through direct contact with the carrier of the virus and through hygiene (household) items.
Since infection most often occurs through microcracks or microtraumas of the skin, the factors that predispose to the appearance of warts are frequent mechanical trauma to the skin, pollution, high humidity, etc.d.
Removal of warts in Germany is an individual selection of an effective technique depending on the place of appearance, symptoms and type of wart. Often German specialists use a combination of surgical and conservative treatment, which leads to lasting results.
The following types of warts are distinguished:
- Simple (vulgar), occur on the dorsum of the hand, fingers, less often on the mucous membrane of the mouth or nose. They look like a “knot” protruding above the skin, of a dense consistency.
- Flat (youthful), more often observed in children, appear on the back of the hands, face, and even lips. They are flat, pale pink nodules that barely rise above the skin surface.
- Senile (seborrheic keratosis), observed in people over forty, these are small (from 1 mm to several cm) spots on the skin. In color, from flesh to shades of dark brown, various reliefs up to mushroom shape.
- Filamentous (acrochords), are elastic skin formations of an elongated (up to 5-6 mm) shape.Because of their characteristic shape, they can be compared to scraps of thread. The site of localization is most often on the neck or face, in the armpits, under the mammary glands.
- Plantar, located on the plantar surface of the feet, foci of a thickened stratum corneum. They grow the size of a pea, sometimes more, respectively, when walking they cause you painful sensations.
- Periungual, as the name implies, these growths are localized near the nail plates of the fingers and toes or directly below them.If treatment is not started in a timely manner, such a wart over time depletes and destroys the nail, which leads to its loss.
- Genital warts (papillomas) are formations in the form of a “nodule” or in the form of multiple outgrowths, resembling cauliflower or cockscomb. As a rule, they are pink in color, have a narrow base, localization: the skin of the genitals, next to the anus, intergluteal or inguinal fold.
Wart removal in Germany is a combination of maximum efficiency and comfort.
The most common methods for removing warts in Germany:
- liquid nitrogen cryodestruction;
- carbon dioxide laser;
- electrocoagulator and removal with a radio wave knife;
- surgical removal and others.
Cryodestruction with liquid nitrogen – the method is based on the physical properties of nitrogen, which passes from a gaseous state to a liquid at a temperature equal to -196 degrees Celsius. Removal consists in freezing the tissues of the wart, they are cooled to such a low temperature that water freezes inside the cells, the water expands when freezing, which leads to rupture of the cell from the inside.As a result, the warts are destroyed, perish and die off.
Carbon dioxide laser – one of the main advantages of this method is the low invasiveness of the removal operation.
Advantages of laser surgery for the removal of warts in Germany:
- dramatically reduces the number of complications and relapses,
- allows for a larger volume of wart removal in one session,
- shortens postoperative skin healing
- the maximum cosmetic result is achieved.
Laser treatment has no contraindications for age, and the postoperative period is very comfortable and you have practically no pain. CO2 laser is a very popular way to remove warts because the depth of penetration into the skin is clearly dosed in combination with a quick stop of bleeding.
Modern electrocoagulation or removal of warts with a radio wave knife is a unique non-contact method of removing warts, based on the properties of high-frequency waves generated by a radio wave knife.
The tissues of the wart under the influence of radio waves disperse, “part” without physical contact with the radio knife. The evaporation of the cells produces vapor, which promotes the coagulation of the blood vessels. This allows you to carry out surgery without damaging healthy tissues, with a minimum risk of bleeding, almost painless and without complications for you.
The radio wave knife is three in one: it cuts, stops bleeding and disinfects. Healing takes place in the shortest possible time, without the formation of postoperative scars and scars.
Removal of warts in Germany is the use of the most advanced and most effective technologies in dermatology and a guaranteed result!