About all

Corn on top of second toe: Corns & Calluses — Foot and Ankle Specialists

Corns & Calluses — Foot and Ankle Specialists


Corns and calluses are your body’s response to friction or pressure against the skin. If your foot rubs inside your shoe, the affected area of skin thickens. Of if a bone is not in the normal position, skin caught between bone and shoe or bone and ground builds up. In either case, the outer layer of skin thickens to protect the foot from unusual pressure. In many cases, corns and calluses look bad but are not harmful. However, more
severe corns and calluses may become infected, destroy healthy tissue, or affect foot movement. But with your doctor’s help, corns and calluses can be controlled.


A corn or callus is a thickening of the outer layer of skin on your foot. Corns usually grow on top of the foot, often at a toe joint. Calluses spread on the bottom of the foot or on the outer edge of a toe or the heel.

Corns can range from a slight thickening of skin to a painful, hard bump. They often form on top of buckled toe joints (hammer toes). If your toes curl under, corns may grow on the tips of the toes. You may also get a corn on the end of a toe if it rubs against your shoe. Corns also grow between toes, often between the first and second toes.

A callus may spread across the ball of your foot. This type of callus is usually due to a problem with a metatarsal (the long bone at the base of a toe, near the ball of the foot). A pinch callus may grow along the outer edge of the heel or the big toe. Some calluses press up into the foot instead of spreading on the outside. A callus may form a central core or plug of tissue where pressure is greatest.

Your Physical Exam

Your doctor will check your feet for skin changes, such as red areas, blisters, and warts. He or she will also look for corns and calluses. If you have a buckled toe joint, your doctor may test its flexibility. He or she may also look for a misaligned bone or collapsed joint. An x-ray may be taken to pinpoint a suspected bone problem. Your doctor may check for corns between your toes.


If your corns or calluses are mild, reducing friction may help. Different shoes, moleskin patches, or soft pads may be all the treatment you need. In more severe cases, treating tissue buildup may require your doctor’s care. Sometimes orthoses (custom-made shoe inserts) are prescribed to reduce friction and pressure.

Change Shoes
If you have corns, your doctor may suggest wearing shoes that have more toe room. This way, buckled joints are less likely to be pinched against the top of the shoe. If you have calluses, wearing a cushioned insole, arch support, or heel counter can help reduce friction.

Visit Your Doctor
In some cases, your doctor may trim away the outer layers of skin that make up the corn or callus. For a painful corn, medication may be injected beneath the built-up tissue.

Wear Orthoses
Orthoses are specially made to meet the needs of your feet. They cushion calluses or divert pressure away from these problem areas. Worn as directed, orthoses help limit existing problems and prevent new ones from forming.

If a bone or joint is out of place, certain parts of your foot may be under too much pressure. This can cause severe corns and calluses. In such cases, surgery is often the best way to correct the problem.

Outpatient Procedures
In most cases, surgery to improve bone position is an outpatient procedure. Your doctor may shave or cut away excess bone. Sometimes tendons or ligaments are cut to reduce tension on a bone or joint. Your doctor will talk with you about the procedure that is best suited to your needs.

Corns caused by repeated damage to skin

Dear Doctors: I run a lot and developed a growth on the knuckle of my second toe. It’s hard, with a sharp point in the middle, and it hurts. I thought it was a callus, but my running coach says it’s a corn. I thought only older people got those. Will it go away on its own?

Dear Reader: A corn is a small, round area of thickened and hardened skin. Those that form on the top of the foot, typically in the bony regions of the toes, are known as hard corns. Soft corns, which have a pliable surface and a springy, almost rubbery, texture, form between the toes.

Corns can also occur on the bottoms of the feet. These are typically quite small, with a seedlike appearance that gives them their name. This type of corn often appears in clusters. When seed corns develop on the weight-bearing portion of the foot, they can be quite painful.

As with a callus, corns form because the skin has sustained repeated damage from pressure, friction or both. This often results from footwear that is too tight or fits poorly. To protect itself from further injury, the skin develops a physical barrier made up of tougher cells. Corns are different from calluses in that they are smaller and deeper. Calluses can develop anywhere, but corns occur in areas where a bone exerts pressure on the skin.

Unlike calluses, corns are often tender or painful. This is due to their central core, which is the sharp point that you described. It forms around the area of damage that the skin is trying to protect.

It is true that corns become more common as we get older. This is often due to the age-related physical changes that take place in the foot and in the gait, which can then affect the fit of someone’s existing shoes or socks. Osteoarthritis can also affect the bones of the foot and lead to corn formation.

Elizabeth Ko, MD and Eve Glazier, MD

Corns don’t go away on their own, so it’s important to take steps to mitigate them. Untreated, they can get infected and have an adverse effect on posture, gait and alignment. Begin by assessing your footwear. Shoes that are too loose or too tight can cause the pressure and friction that cause corns. So can long toenails. As a runner, you might also consider if something in your stride or foot placement has changed.

To treat a corn, soften the area daily in warm water, then gently rub with a pumice stone. Only remove the topmost layers of dead cells each time, as taking too much can damage healthy skin. Use moisturizer to keep the area soft, and protect it from further damage with doughnut-shaped corn pads. These are available at drugstores. Corn-removal products, which use salicylic acid to thin the skin, can be effective. However, they are not recommended for anyone with poor circulation.

If a corn doesn’t respond to treatment, see your health care provider. Never try to cut or shave a corn, as this can lead to a serious infection.

At UCLA Health, our dermatologists and dermatology surgeons provide advanced care in a compassionate environment. Learn more and schedule an appointment.

(Send your questions to [email protected], or write: Ask the Doctors, c/o UCLA Health Sciences Media Relations, 10960 Wilshire Blvd. , Suite 1955, Los Angeles, CA, 90024. Owing to the volume of mail, personal replies cannot be provided.)

How to get rid of corns on the feet, types of corns, pharmacy preparations, folk recipes


The presented material is for informational purposes and is aimed at podologists who can take a refresher course on this topic.

SNTA is an educational organization and therefore does not offer treatment consultations. Our specialists can only provide assistance in obtaining additional professional education – refresher courses and professional retraining.

Corns are a problem that every modern person has inevitably faced at least once. Uncomfortable shoes, long walks or work on your feet, thin skin – there are many reasons that contribute to the appearance of this unpleasant formation.

How to get rid of dry corns on the finger?

How to quickly get rid of calluses on the legs?

Corns on the legs: how to get rid of?

How to get rid of corns at home

How to get rid of calluses on the foot?

How to get rid of calluses between fingers?

In addition to the fact that corns look unaesthetic, they are sometimes very painful. Since few people are willing to endure discomfort, there are probably a thousand and one ways to get rid of the problem with the help of drugs and products that can be found in any home. The effectiveness of such “grandfather’s” methods has not been proven, however, recipes for medicinal mixtures are passed down from generation to generation, which proves their relevance.

How to get rid of dry corns on the finger?

To begin with, it is worth noting the fact that corns are divided into two types:

  • dry;
  • wet.

Dry corns, they are also corns, are most easily removed with a rough pedicure file or an ordinary pumice stone. The best effect is achieved if problem areas are treated dry, without steaming.

Those who still cannot do without preliminary softening of the skin are recommended to dip their feet for half an hour in a mixture of soda (2 tablespoons), liquid soap (2 tablespoons) and hot water. Such a bath will soften the roughened epidermis and help remove corns faster than in the case of dry grinding.

Another option is to apply salicylic ointment (10%) to the corn at night. Fans of homemade recipes can make a homemade compress from the pulp of black bread soaked in vinegar or lemon juice, with the addition of grated lemon zest. Regardless of which method you like, after lubricating the corns on your foot, you need to put on a plastic bag and a warm sock. In the morning, all that remains is to cut off the already soft and pliable skin.

If we talk about pharmacy products, then a special medical plaster helps to effectively get rid of corns. It is glued on pre-steamed legs and changed every 24 hours for 3-4 days (until the corn completely disappears).

Now the question of how to get rid of corns-corns will no longer arise for you.

How to quickly get rid of calluses on the legs?

The second type of consequence of wearing tight shoes is water (wet) calluses. The fastest way to get rid of them is a puncture. This method is ambiguous, since if the corn is damaged, there is a chance of infection. However, it cannot be denied that corns freed from fluid heal much better than unpierced ones.

If you still decide to “dry” the corn, then take care of sterility in advance: wash your hands thoroughly and the problem area itself, ignite the tip of the needle on fire or disinfect it with alcohol, prepare a napkin / gauze disinfected with an antiseptic to absorb the ichor from the corn.

After the corn is pierced, it must be treated with an antimicrobial ointment and sealed with a medical plaster. At night, you can additionally apply agents that accelerate tissue regeneration.

You can learn more about the rules of nutrition, the principles of forming a reasonable diet at the 7-module certification course in dietetics and nutrition from the leading nutritionist Oleg Iryshkin.

Corns on the legs: how to get rid of?

Calluses are hard, rough patches of skin with a dot (speck) in the center. They do not have a cavity, but they have a rod that goes deep into the thickness of the epidermis.

Corns are the result of ignoring corns. The problem is localized most often on the heels and on the balls of the toes. People who wear uncomfortable shoes, suffer from fungal or viral skin lesions, and often injure their legs (athletes, ballerinas, etc.) are at risk of earning such an unpleasant defect.

It is possible to remove corns with a rod at home, but it is highly not recommended to do it yourself. The fact is that inept manipulations with periodically inflamed calluses are dangerous not only with an increased likelihood of infection, but also with the risk of injury to the deep layers of the epidermis.

If you find a corn with a dot inside, it is better to immediately contact a dermatologist who will offer you one of three options for solving the problem:

  1. Callus removal with a special cutter (the depression formed in the skin is filled with an antiseptic).
  2. Callus removal with liquid nitrogen.
  3. Removal of corns with a carbon dioxide laser (the most modern and effective method for the treatment of core corns, eliminating the risk of inflammation).

All of the above procedures are painless, however, with increased sensitivity, they can be performed using local anesthesia.

How to get rid of corns at home

If for some reason it is not possible to consult a specialist, there are several methods for eliminating corns at home. All techniques are based on the initial softening of the corn and its subsequent mechanical removal.

For the first stage – softening – a patch with salicylic acid is most often used, which is glued to the problem area, and then fixed with a bandage or any other fixative. You need to wear a patch for several days, after which you can try to remove the corn core mechanically. In the case of a successful “operation”, the recess remaining in the skin must be treated with iodine and sealed with a plaster until it heals completely.

If attention was paid to the problem in the early stages, then the removal of the corn will pass quickly and without much discomfort, but if the situation is started, then the first attempt to remove the rod may fail: the “cap” of the corn will be removed, but subsequent manipulations will be very painful.

Even taking into account the possibility of getting rid of corns on your own at home, in order to avoid complications, it is better to contact a qualified dermatologist.

How to get rid of corns on the foot?

Calluses on the feet are a common problem, the solution of which is hampered by the constant load on this place in the process of walking. If you do not take into account specialized creams, oils, ointments and patches sold in any pharmacy, you can also get rid of calluses on your feet with folk recipes.

So, for example, steaming the skin in a bath of hot water diluted with a strong decoction of chamomile helps to cope with corns. It takes half an hour to soften the rough skin of the legs, after which the problem area must be carefully treated with a pumice stone, wiped dry and lubricated with a nourishing cream or fatty oil (olive, almond, sandalwood). To enhance the effect, you need to put on socks and take a horizontal position for a while so that the skin is maximally moisturized and softened.

It is important to remember that neither folk nor pharmacy remedies for corns will help if you continue to wear uncomfortable, tight shoes. Sawn off corns will simply return in a more severe form.

How to get rid of corns between fingers?

To understand how to get rid of calluses on the legs, including between the fingers, you need to know what causes the problem.

The frequent appearance of corns is facilitated by diseases such as:

  • rheumatoid arthritis, arthrosis;
  • obesity;
  • permanent swelling of the extremities;
  • flat feet;
  • gout;
  • bursitis;
  • arteritis.

Vitamin A deficiency can also play a decisive role, therefore, with constant problems with the skin of the legs, one should first of all pay attention to the state of health.

You can soften the epidermis by adding the following ingredients to hot water intended for baths:

  • salt/soda/vinegar;
  • soap/shower gel/bath foam;
  • decoction of oak bark/chamomile.

After cutting the corns, folk healers suggest making compresses from:

  • tomatoes;
  • lemons;
  • mashed boiled potatoes;
  • onion/garlic juice;
  • prunes boiled in milk.

Professional callus treatment

In the event of corns or other problems, it is important to understand that the best way out of the situation is to contact a qualified specialist. Engaged in the treatment of pathologies of the foot and the care of her podiatrist.

In Russia, specialists without medical education, but who have received appropriate training, can also work as podologists. In addition, the profession involves the constant development and improvement of professional skills, which can be achieved in the advanced training courses “Podology”.


Popular articles in the category:



Unpleasant foot odor: causes and methods of treatment



The benefits or harm of dates for the body



Cheap educational courses: How to recognize scammers?



Proper nutrition: the menu and how to make it

Corns on the feet, corns on the toe, treatment of corns, how to treat corns

Calluses occur in any area body that is subjected to constant friction, whether the fingertips of a guitarist or the palms of a mechanic. But most often, corns appear on the feet due to improperly selected shoes. In hot weather, the problem of corns is especially relevant, as the feet sweat and swell, and even initially comfortable shoes at the end of the day can become tight and begin to rub the skin of the feet.

A callus is a hard, thickened area of ​​skin that forms as a result of friction or pressure on the skin. The formation of calluses is designed by nature to protect the skin underneath. And the best prevention is to protect your feet from external irritation.

Tatyana Krasyuk

specialist podologist, head of the center of podology and osteopathy

— To prevent calluses from forming, it is important to choose the right shoes. When trying on, pay attention to whether the shoes do not rub or press, for example – after all, the average shoes are not suitable for our Russian feet. Everyone should know the features of their foot – we are all very individual, someone’s foot is narrow, someone’s is wide, someone’s second toe is longer than the first, and someone’s fifth toe is raised. So the right shoes are the basis of the basics.

Victoria Melashenko

podiatrist at the German medical technology clinic GMTClinic

– The formation of corns most often occurs due to pressure on the skin of the feet of improperly fitting shoes, however, the structure of the foot or heredity may be the cause. So, too narrow shoes with heels leads to improper distribution of the load on the feet. Due to constant excessive pressure, the body’s defenses stimulate the thickening and thickening of the skin in these areas, hyperkeratosis develops, popularly called corns. With prolonged exposure to the pressure factor, the situation worsens and a deeper skin lesion develops – a corn. If the problem is not resolved in time, an area of ​​inflammation forms around the corn, necrotic processes are triggered, which is extremely dangerous for the body as a whole.

How to try to get rid of corns at home

  1. Soak your feet in warm water for 7-10 minutes until the skin softens.
  2. Use a pumice stone. First dip the pumice stone in warm water, then use circular motions to remove dead skin.
  3. Be careful not to scrape too much skin. This may cause bleeding and infection.
  4. Apply a moisturizing lotion or cream to the affected area daily. Find a moisturizing lotion or cream with salicylic acid, ammonium lactate, or urea. These ingredients will help to gradually soften hardened calluses.
  5. Use shock-absorbing shoe pads. To protect calluses from further irritation while walking, cut two crescent-shaped pieces of Band-Aid and stick around the callus. To prevent contact of the callus with the shoes, surround the affected area with special foam pads – you can find them in the nearest pharmacy.
  6. Keep your toenails trimmed. Nails that are too long can cause the toes to bend, they will contact the shoe, and sooner or later chafing will form.

Why you need to contact a specialist

Victoria Melashenko

podiatrist at the German medical technology clinic GMTClinic

— Treatment of corns is best done by the hands of experienced podiatrists. There are several ways to get rid of calluses. Depending on the features of the foot and the “neglect” of the case, a podologist will select the best option, for example, grinding the feet with specialized cutters of various degrees of abrasiveness, including those with the finest diamond coating. Hollow cutters of a special shape allow you to remove deep core calluses. The resurfacing procedure is bloodless and painless, but the podologist who performs it requires experience and skill to completely remove the callus or hyperkeratosis without affecting healthy tissue. In addition, the removal of corns should be carried out on a professional medical pedicure machine under strict sterility conditions.

Tatyana Krasyuk

specialist podologist, head of the center of podology and osteopathy

– Let’s say you have had a corn for so long that you got used to it and somehow turn your foot in the shoe so that you can still move around. But suddenly this callus begins to turn red, you feel twitches, swelling appears, the temperature rises in this part of the body. Then you can safely suspect that a purulent process is ripening inside. In this case, there is a high risk that the pus will break through not outward, but towards the bone, which can lead to the development of osteomyelitis (purulent inflammation of the bone), and as a result, to open surgery on the feet.

You need to contact highly specialized specialists with extensive experience. Let me give you one example first. A 46-year-old patient came to us with a complaint that he had corns for many years and was trying to get rid of them. I asked how exactly, and he replied: “I put raw meat.” We understand that this is absolute nonsense. Folk methods of this kind adversely affect the condition of our skin, for example, when acetic acid is kneaded, vegetable or olive oil is added and applied to the affected area. This is unacceptable, because acetic acid will simply leave a burn, and then a person will not be able to walk at all.