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Do chalazions go away: Styes And Chalazions – Harvard Health

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Chalazion | AOA

A chalazion often starts out as a very small, red, tender, swollen area of the eyelid and is generally not an infection. In a few days, it may change to a painless, slow-growing lump the size of a pea and can often be confused with a stye (or hordeolum), which is an infection of an oil gland in the eyelid.

A stye produces a red, swollen, painful lump on the edge or the inside of the eyelid and usually occurs closer to the surface of the eyelid than chalazion. If left untreated, a stye can result in the formation of a chalazion. Do not attempt to squeeze or drain the chalazion as it may require treatment for proper healing.

Causes & risk factors 

  • Acne rosacea.
  • Chronic blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids, often from excess bacteria).
  • Seborrhea.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Viral infection.
  • Rarely chalazions  may be an indication of an infection or skin cancer.

Symptoms 

  • Painless bump or lump in the upper eyelid or, less frequently, in the lower eyelid.
  • Caused by a thickening of the fluid in the oil (meibomian) glands of the eyelid.
  • Tearing and mild irritation may result as the obstructed glands are needed for healthy tears.
  • Blurred vision, if the chalazion is large enough to press against the eyeball.
  • More common in adults than children; most frequently occurs in people ages 30-50.
  • Typically disappears without treatment within several weeks to a month, although they often recur.

Diagnosis 

A chalazion is best diagnosed by a doctor of optometry, who can advise treatment options.

Necessary testing might include:

  • Patient history to determine symptoms and the presence of any general health problems that may be contributing to the eye problem.
  • External examination of the eye, including lid structure, skin texture and eyelash appearance.
  • Evaluation of the lid margins, base of the eyelashes and oil gland openings using bright light and magnification.

Treatment 

Most chalazions require minimal medical treatment and clear up on their own in a few weeks to a month.

  • Apply warm compresses to the eyelid for 10 to 15 minutes, 4 to 6 times a day for several days. The warm compresses may help soften the hardened oil that is blocking the ducts and allow drainage and healing. Create a warm compress by dipping a clean, soft cloth in warm water and then wringing it out. Remoisten the cloth frequently to keep it wet and warm.
  • Gently massage the external eyelids several minutes each day to help promote drainage.
  • Once the chalazion drains on its own, keep the area clean, and keep hands away from the eyes. If the chalazion does not drain and heal within a month, contact a doctor of optometry.

Again, do not attempt to squeeze or “pop” the chalazion, as it may inadvertently cause more damage.

If the chalazion does not go away after several weeks, it may require medical treatment, which may include an incision to drain or an injection of steroids to reduce the inflammation and swelling.

Prevention 

The best way to prevent a chalazion is with good hygiene.

  • Wash hands before touching around eyes or removing contact lenses.
  • Wash face at bedtime to remove dirt and makeup.
  • Remove eye makeup before going to bed and replace mascara, eyeliner and eye shadow every 3 months.
  • The doctor may recommend gentle eyelid scrubs to prevent chalazions from recurring.

Find a Doctor of Optometry

Symptoms, pictures, causes, and treatment

A chalazion is a small, slow-growing lump or cyst that develops within the eyelid. They are not usually painful and rarely last longer than a few weeks.

A chalazion can develop when a meibomian gland at the edge of an eyelid becomes blocked or inflamed. These glands produce oil that lubricates the surface of the eye.

In this article, we look at the symptoms of a chalazion and the differences between a chalazion and a stye. We also describe causes, home treatment, when to see a doctor, surgery, and prevention.

In the early stages, a chalazion appears as a small, red or otherwise inflamed area of the eyelid.

Within a few days, this inflammation can develop into a painless and slow-growing lump.

A chalazion can appear on the upper or lower eyelid, but they are more common on the upper lid.

Although chalazia are generally painless, they can cause the eye to become watery and mildly irritated. A particularly large chalazion may press on the eyeball, which can lead to blurry vision.

People sometimes confuse a chalazion with a stye due to the similarities in appearance. A stye is also a small lump that can develop in the eye area.

Although people often use the two terms interchangeably, they refer to different types of lesion.

A chalazion results from a blocked oil gland, whereas a stye indicates an infected oil gland or hair follicle. However, a chalazion can sometimes develop into a stye.

There are two types of stye:

  • External hordeolum: These occur at the base of the eyelash and usually result from an infection in the hair follicle.
  • Internal hordeolum: These develop inside the eyelid and tend to result from an infection in an oil gland.

The most noticeable difference between a chalazion and a stye is that a chalazion tends to be painless. A stye is usually very painful and may cause the eye to feel sore and scratchy.

Other symptoms of a stye can include:

  • swelling of the eyelid
  • a small pimple, which may contain pus
  • crustiness along the edge of the eyelid
  • sensitivity to light
  • a watery eye

Most styes increase in size for around 3 days before the pus begins to drain. They usually take around 1 week to heal.

A chalazion typically occurs in a person with an underlying inflammatory condition that affects the eyes or skin. Some of these conditions include:

Less commonly, chalazia develop due to viral conjunctivitis, which is a type of eye infection.

Individuals who have had a stye or chalazion have an increased risk of developing chalazia in the future.

Other risk factors for a chalazion include:

A chalazion usually requires very little medical treatment and tends to clear up on its own within a few weeks.

In the meantime, it is important to avoid squeezing or popping the chalazion, as this can increase the risk of an eye infection.

However, there are several safe ways to promote drainage and speed up the healing process. These include:

Warm compresses

Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help soften any hardened oil blocking the gland ducts. This helps the ducts open and drain more effectively, which can relieve irritation.

To make and use a warm compress:

  • Soak a soft, clean cloth or cotton pad in a bowl of warm water.
  • Wring out any excess liquid.
  • Apply the damp cloth or pad to the eyelid for 10–15 minutes.
  • Continue wetting the compress often to keep it warm.
  • Repeat this several times a day until the swelling goes down.

Gentle massage

Gently massaging the eyelids for several minutes each day can help the oil ducts drain more effectively.

Before doing so, ensure that the hands are clean to reduce the risk of infection.

Once the chalazion begins to drain, keep the area clean and avoid touching it with bare hands.

Over-the-counter treatments

A number of over-the-counter products can help treat a chalazion or stye. These may reduce irritation, prevent infection, and speed up the healing process.

Some of these products include ointments, solutions, and medicated eye pads. A pharmacist can provide advice.

Things to avoid

To prevent further discomfort or irritation, it is best to avoid wearing eye makeup or contact lenses until the chalazion heals.

Share on PinterestA person should speak to a medical professional if their chalazion does not go away after a month.

Consider seeing an eye doctor, an ophthalmologist or optometrist, if a chalazion does not drain and heal within 1 month.

The healthcare professional will ask about symptoms and examine the area to rule out other conditions. They may also prescribe anti-inflammatory eye drops or ointments to reduce discomfort and speed healing.

For some people, a doctor may give a steroid injection to reduce swelling. This will depend on the location, size, and number of chalazia present.

If there are signs of a bacterial infection, the doctor may recommend a course of oral antibiotics.

For a person with a severe or persistent chalazion, a doctor may recommend surgery to drain it. This typically takes place in the doctor’s office using local anesthesia.

Chalazia can sometimes recur. If this happens often, the doctor may need to take a biopsy of the lump.

A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue, which the doctor will examine for signs of a more serious condition.

Cleansing the eye area every day can help prevent a chalazion from developing or recurring.

Using eyelid scrubs or premoistened cleansing wipes to keep the oil glands from becoming blocked.

Other chalazion prevention tips include:

  • not rubbing the eyes
  • ensuring that the hands are clean before touching the eyes
  • protecting the eyes from dust and air pollution, for example by wearing sunglasses when outdoors or safety goggles when using machinery, such as power tools
  • replacing eye makeup every 6 months to prevent bacterial growth

A chalazion is a painless lump that can develop on the eyelid.

Although chalazia can cause irritation and discomfort, they are usually harmless and clear up on their own within a few weeks. Occasionally, a chalazion may become infected and develop into a stye.

See an eye doctor, an optometrist or ophthalmologist, if the eye area becomes particularly swollen or painful, or if the chalazion does not respond to home treatment.

A daily eye-cleansing routine may help keep a chalazion from recurring.

Symptoms, pictures, causes, and treatment

A chalazion is a small, slow-growing lump or cyst that develops within the eyelid. They are not usually painful and rarely last longer than a few weeks.

A chalazion can develop when a meibomian gland at the edge of an eyelid becomes blocked or inflamed. These glands produce oil that lubricates the surface of the eye.

In this article, we look at the symptoms of a chalazion and the differences between a chalazion and a stye. We also describe causes, home treatment, when to see a doctor, surgery, and prevention.

In the early stages, a chalazion appears as a small, red or otherwise inflamed area of the eyelid.

Within a few days, this inflammation can develop into a painless and slow-growing lump.

A chalazion can appear on the upper or lower eyelid, but they are more common on the upper lid.

Although chalazia are generally painless, they can cause the eye to become watery and mildly irritated. A particularly large chalazion may press on the eyeball, which can lead to blurry vision.

People sometimes confuse a chalazion with a stye due to the similarities in appearance. A stye is also a small lump that can develop in the eye area.

Although people often use the two terms interchangeably, they refer to different types of lesion.

A chalazion results from a blocked oil gland, whereas a stye indicates an infected oil gland or hair follicle. However, a chalazion can sometimes develop into a stye.

There are two types of stye:

  • External hordeolum: These occur at the base of the eyelash and usually result from an infection in the hair follicle.
  • Internal hordeolum: These develop inside the eyelid and tend to result from an infection in an oil gland.

The most noticeable difference between a chalazion and a stye is that a chalazion tends to be painless. A stye is usually very painful and may cause the eye to feel sore and scratchy.

Other symptoms of a stye can include:

  • swelling of the eyelid
  • a small pimple, which may contain pus
  • crustiness along the edge of the eyelid
  • sensitivity to light
  • a watery eye

Most styes increase in size for around 3 days before the pus begins to drain. They usually take around 1 week to heal.

A chalazion typically occurs in a person with an underlying inflammatory condition that affects the eyes or skin. Some of these conditions include:

Less commonly, chalazia develop due to viral conjunctivitis, which is a type of eye infection.

Individuals who have had a stye or chalazion have an increased risk of developing chalazia in the future.

Other risk factors for a chalazion include:

A chalazion usually requires very little medical treatment and tends to clear up on its own within a few weeks.

In the meantime, it is important to avoid squeezing or popping the chalazion, as this can increase the risk of an eye infection.

However, there are several safe ways to promote drainage and speed up the healing process. These include:

Warm compresses

Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help soften any hardened oil blocking the gland ducts. This helps the ducts open and drain more effectively, which can relieve irritation.

To make and use a warm compress:

  • Soak a soft, clean cloth or cotton pad in a bowl of warm water.
  • Wring out any excess liquid.
  • Apply the damp cloth or pad to the eyelid for 10–15 minutes.
  • Continue wetting the compress often to keep it warm.
  • Repeat this several times a day until the swelling goes down.

Gentle massage

Gently massaging the eyelids for several minutes each day can help the oil ducts drain more effectively.

Before doing so, ensure that the hands are clean to reduce the risk of infection.

Once the chalazion begins to drain, keep the area clean and avoid touching it with bare hands.

Over-the-counter treatments

A number of over-the-counter products can help treat a chalazion or stye. These may reduce irritation, prevent infection, and speed up the healing process.

Some of these products include ointments, solutions, and medicated eye pads. A pharmacist can provide advice.

Things to avoid

To prevent further discomfort or irritation, it is best to avoid wearing eye makeup or contact lenses until the chalazion heals.

Share on PinterestA person should speak to a medical professional if their chalazion does not go away after a month.

Consider seeing an eye doctor, an ophthalmologist or optometrist, if a chalazion does not drain and heal within 1 month.

The healthcare professional will ask about symptoms and examine the area to rule out other conditions. They may also prescribe anti-inflammatory eye drops or ointments to reduce discomfort and speed healing.

For some people, a doctor may give a steroid injection to reduce swelling. This will depend on the location, size, and number of chalazia present.

If there are signs of a bacterial infection, the doctor may recommend a course of oral antibiotics.

For a person with a severe or persistent chalazion, a doctor may recommend surgery to drain it. This typically takes place in the doctor’s office using local anesthesia.

Chalazia can sometimes recur. If this happens often, the doctor may need to take a biopsy of the lump.

A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue, which the doctor will examine for signs of a more serious condition.

Cleansing the eye area every day can help prevent a chalazion from developing or recurring.

Using eyelid scrubs or premoistened cleansing wipes to keep the oil glands from becoming blocked.

Other chalazion prevention tips include:

  • not rubbing the eyes
  • ensuring that the hands are clean before touching the eyes
  • protecting the eyes from dust and air pollution, for example by wearing sunglasses when outdoors or safety goggles when using machinery, such as power tools
  • replacing eye makeup every 6 months to prevent bacterial growth

A chalazion is a painless lump that can develop on the eyelid.

Although chalazia can cause irritation and discomfort, they are usually harmless and clear up on their own within a few weeks. Occasionally, a chalazion may become infected and develop into a stye.

See an eye doctor, an optometrist or ophthalmologist, if the eye area becomes particularly swollen or painful, or if the chalazion does not respond to home treatment.

A daily eye-cleansing routine may help keep a chalazion from recurring.

Symptoms, pictures, causes, and treatment

A chalazion is a small, slow-growing lump or cyst that develops within the eyelid. They are not usually painful and rarely last longer than a few weeks.

A chalazion can develop when a meibomian gland at the edge of an eyelid becomes blocked or inflamed. These glands produce oil that lubricates the surface of the eye.

In this article, we look at the symptoms of a chalazion and the differences between a chalazion and a stye. We also describe causes, home treatment, when to see a doctor, surgery, and prevention.

In the early stages, a chalazion appears as a small, red or otherwise inflamed area of the eyelid.

Within a few days, this inflammation can develop into a painless and slow-growing lump.

A chalazion can appear on the upper or lower eyelid, but they are more common on the upper lid.

Although chalazia are generally painless, they can cause the eye to become watery and mildly irritated. A particularly large chalazion may press on the eyeball, which can lead to blurry vision.

People sometimes confuse a chalazion with a stye due to the similarities in appearance. A stye is also a small lump that can develop in the eye area.

Although people often use the two terms interchangeably, they refer to different types of lesion.

A chalazion results from a blocked oil gland, whereas a stye indicates an infected oil gland or hair follicle. However, a chalazion can sometimes develop into a stye.

There are two types of stye:

  • External hordeolum: These occur at the base of the eyelash and usually result from an infection in the hair follicle.
  • Internal hordeolum: These develop inside the eyelid and tend to result from an infection in an oil gland.

The most noticeable difference between a chalazion and a stye is that a chalazion tends to be painless. A stye is usually very painful and may cause the eye to feel sore and scratchy.

Other symptoms of a stye can include:

  • swelling of the eyelid
  • a small pimple, which may contain pus
  • crustiness along the edge of the eyelid
  • sensitivity to light
  • a watery eye

Most styes increase in size for around 3 days before the pus begins to drain. They usually take around 1 week to heal.

A chalazion typically occurs in a person with an underlying inflammatory condition that affects the eyes or skin. Some of these conditions include:

Less commonly, chalazia develop due to viral conjunctivitis, which is a type of eye infection.

Individuals who have had a stye or chalazion have an increased risk of developing chalazia in the future.

Other risk factors for a chalazion include:

A chalazion usually requires very little medical treatment and tends to clear up on its own within a few weeks.

In the meantime, it is important to avoid squeezing or popping the chalazion, as this can increase the risk of an eye infection.

However, there are several safe ways to promote drainage and speed up the healing process. These include:

Warm compresses

Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help soften any hardened oil blocking the gland ducts. This helps the ducts open and drain more effectively, which can relieve irritation.

To make and use a warm compress:

  • Soak a soft, clean cloth or cotton pad in a bowl of warm water.
  • Wring out any excess liquid.
  • Apply the damp cloth or pad to the eyelid for 10–15 minutes.
  • Continue wetting the compress often to keep it warm.
  • Repeat this several times a day until the swelling goes down.

Gentle massage

Gently massaging the eyelids for several minutes each day can help the oil ducts drain more effectively.

Before doing so, ensure that the hands are clean to reduce the risk of infection.

Once the chalazion begins to drain, keep the area clean and avoid touching it with bare hands.

Over-the-counter treatments

A number of over-the-counter products can help treat a chalazion or stye. These may reduce irritation, prevent infection, and speed up the healing process.

Some of these products include ointments, solutions, and medicated eye pads. A pharmacist can provide advice.

Things to avoid

To prevent further discomfort or irritation, it is best to avoid wearing eye makeup or contact lenses until the chalazion heals.

Share on PinterestA person should speak to a medical professional if their chalazion does not go away after a month.

Consider seeing an eye doctor, an ophthalmologist or optometrist, if a chalazion does not drain and heal within 1 month.

The healthcare professional will ask about symptoms and examine the area to rule out other conditions. They may also prescribe anti-inflammatory eye drops or ointments to reduce discomfort and speed healing.

For some people, a doctor may give a steroid injection to reduce swelling. This will depend on the location, size, and number of chalazia present.

If there are signs of a bacterial infection, the doctor may recommend a course of oral antibiotics.

For a person with a severe or persistent chalazion, a doctor may recommend surgery to drain it. This typically takes place in the doctor’s office using local anesthesia.

Chalazia can sometimes recur. If this happens often, the doctor may need to take a biopsy of the lump.

A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue, which the doctor will examine for signs of a more serious condition.

Cleansing the eye area every day can help prevent a chalazion from developing or recurring.

Using eyelid scrubs or premoistened cleansing wipes to keep the oil glands from becoming blocked.

Other chalazion prevention tips include:

  • not rubbing the eyes
  • ensuring that the hands are clean before touching the eyes
  • protecting the eyes from dust and air pollution, for example by wearing sunglasses when outdoors or safety goggles when using machinery, such as power tools
  • replacing eye makeup every 6 months to prevent bacterial growth

A chalazion is a painless lump that can develop on the eyelid.

Although chalazia can cause irritation and discomfort, they are usually harmless and clear up on their own within a few weeks. Occasionally, a chalazion may become infected and develop into a stye.

See an eye doctor, an optometrist or ophthalmologist, if the eye area becomes particularly swollen or painful, or if the chalazion does not respond to home treatment.

A daily eye-cleansing routine may help keep a chalazion from recurring.

Guide to Chalazion: Symptoms, Treatment, & More

A chalazion is a bump on the eyelid, caused by a blocked oil gland. Chalazions don’t typically cause pain, but they can make the eyes feel dry and itchy. In severe cases, a chalazion can cause blurry vision. (Learn more)

Chalazions are most common in people ages 30 to 50, but anyone can develop these bumps. People with blepharitis, which can also cause eyelid swelling, are at increased risk of developing a chalazion. (Learn more)

Conservative treatment, including warm packs and massage, are often enough to make a chalazion go away. But these treatments can take weeks or even months to work, and a chalazion can come back. (Learn more)

If the bumps do not go away with conservative care, there are other treatments doctors can try. They can use surgery to drain the blocked glands, or they can use steroid injections to reduce swelling so the oil can drain away. (Learn more)

What Is a Chalazion?

The upper and lower eyelids are dotted with glands that secrete a small amount of oil. That oil helps to lubricate the surface of the eye, so each blink can move smoothly across the surface of the eye.

Since these glands do such important work, it’s not surprising that there are many of them. According to an article published in Review of Ophthalmology, there are about 20 or 30 of these glands lining the lower lid of one eye, and there are 40 or 50 lining the upper lid of one eye.

These glands are designed to be self-cleaning. They produce and expel oil at the same rate, so there is a constant slick of oil on the surface of the eye with no backup. But there are times when this system breaks down.

A chalazion forms when one of these glands becomes clogged. The gland continues to produce oil, but the clog prevents the oil from leaving the gland. In time, oil builds up and a bump forms.

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, chalazions rarely cause any kind of pain. But in time, a chalazion can grow large enough that it becomes noticeable to the naked eye. The bump can also grow so large that it presses on your eye, and that can cause blurry vision.

The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery reports that people with a chalazion may also feel as though the eye is dry, itchy, and uncomfortable. The blocked gland is not producing the oil that’s required to keep the eye lubricated, and that can cause eye discomfort. Some people with a chalazion may also feel like they have something unusual sitting on the surface of the eye, and that sensation can also be uncomfortable.

How a Chalazion Develops

 

These eyelid bumps can happen to people of any age, but according to the American Optometric Association, they are most common in people ages 30 to 50. Other risk factors for these bumps include:

  • A history of rosacea.
  • Ongoing blepharitis, or inflammation of the eyelids.
  • A history of seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Tuberculosis.

The connection of chalazions to blepharitis is particularly telling. People with blepharitis have inflammation of the skin around the eyelashes, and that inflammation is accompanied by flaking and peeling. People with blepharitis are often encouraged to use warm compresses and frequent washing to reduce inflammation and to keep the eyes as healthy as possible. When those steps don’t work and blepharitis continues unchecked, it can lead to a chalazion, according to the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

Proper Diagnosis Is Important

 

It might be easy to think you can diagnose a chalazion on your own at home. If you have a bump on your eyelid that doesn’t seem to hurt but does seem to be growing over time, you might reasonably assume that you have a chalazion. It’s important to know that a chalazion can look like other conditions, and some of those lookalike conditions can be quite dangerous.

For example, painless bumps on the eyelids can also be caused by cancer. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, it is not at all uncommon for skin cancer to develop on both upper and lower eyelids. Typically, these cancers are basal cell carcinomas, and they can grow large enough to cause disfigurement.

Eyelid cancers can be treated, but the sooner they are addressed, the smaller the damage left behind. If someone mistakes a skin cancer tumor for a chalazion and delays treatment for that cancer by weeks or months, that can lead to the need for significant cancer treatment, which can be quite scarring.

Any bumps you find on your eyelids should be brought to the attention of your doctor right away. Your doctor can determine what is causing the bump, and they can help you determine the best way to make that lump fade away.

Conservative Care Can Help

According to an article published by The BMJ, most chalazions will respond to conservative therapy, and typically, that therapy takes the form of twice-per-day warm compresses.

You’ll place a washcloth under warm — not scalding hot — water, wring out that washcloth, place it over the bump on your eyelid, and hold it in place for a few minutes. The heat helps to soften the plug that is blocking your gland, and that can allow some of the oil to move out of the gland so the bump can get smaller. Your doctor may also encourage you to gently massage the eyelid to encourage the oil to move out of the blocked gland.

As much as you might be tempted to do so, you should not squeeze or pinch the bump to force the oil out. Instead, you should use gentle pressure to allow the oil to move out of your eye slowly. Squeezing or pinching can drive oil deeper into the body and make the issue worse.

This conservative therapy works just as well as more invasive forms of treatment. For example, in a study published in the journal Acta Ophthalmologica, researchers found that 21 percent of people using hot packs alone had cured a chalazion in four to six weeks. By contrast, 12 percent of those using a topical steroid and hot packs got better. Sometimes, the simplest treatments really are best.

Treatment Options Are Available if Bumps Persist

 

While conservative therapy can help many people to get better, this form of treatment isn’t right for everyone. Some people need a bit more help in order to get real relief from these blocked glands.

One form of therapy involves a minor surgery. The doctor makes a very small incision and removes the oil from the inside, so there is no more bump to bother the eye. In a study of the efficacy of this form of therapy, published in the journal Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, researchers found that 78 percent of patients got better with just one procedure, while 86.7 percent got better with up to two procedures.

This research makes it clear that some people need multiple surgeries in order to really clear up the bump problem, but those who get them are able to move forward quickly.

A surgery like this is not painful. In fact, according to research published in the journal Advances in Ophthalmology and Visual System, using a topical anesthetic combined with an injectable anesthetic leads to pain scores of zero in patients. Research like this demonstrates that doctors have the expertise to keep pain under control during surgery, so people can get relief from their bumps without feeling intense pain at the same time.

Some people are very averse to surgery, and some chalazions are not quite large enough to merit a surgical response. Doctors can use injections of steroids, according to research published in the Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology, to help these patients. The steroid helps to reduce overall inflammation within the eyelid, and that can help the accumulated oil within the gland to move out.

 Your doctor can help you understand the treatment options available to remove the bump on your eyelid. You can discuss what therapies make you feel comfortable and what therapies don’t seem right for you.

Your doctor may also discuss how you can prevent another bump from forming. Remember that you have many of these glands on both your upper and lower eyelids, and any of them can develop a chalazion. Your doctor may suggest that you perform a cleansing, a hot pack, and a massage every day for the rest of your life to keep this from happening to you again, or your doctor may suggest that you get treatment for the conditions that are associated with chalazion. If you have rosacea, for example, getting help for that condition could help to eliminate one of the risk factors that could lead to a future bump.

 

Choose a Doctor You Can Trust

 

Living with a chalazion isn’t easy, and you may be embarrassed to have an unsightly bump on your eyelid. You may also worry about the therapies that might be used to make the problem disappear, and you may have very strong opinions about the treatments you will or will not accept.

It is vital to work with a doctor you can trust. We can help. We have many doctors who would love to work with you, listen to you, and keep your eyes as healthy as they can possibly be. Reach out to find out more or make an appointment. 

	

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References

 

The Form and Function of Meibomian Glands. (May 2016). Review of Ophthalmology.

What Are Chalazia and Styes? (September 2017). American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Stye/Chalazion. American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Chalazion. American Optometric Association.

Chalazion. American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

Focus on Eyelid Skin Cancers: Early Detection and Treatment. (September 2018). Skin Cancer Foundation.

Chalazion. (August 2010). The BMJ.

Conservative Therapy for Chalazia: Is It Really Effective? (January 2018). Acta Ophthalmologica.

Incision and Curettage Versus Steroid Injection for the Treatment of Chalazia: A Meta-Analysis. (May 2016). Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A Simple Anesthetic Technique to Eliminate Pain and Optimize Patient Satisfaction for Chalazion Incision and Curettage. (December2017). Advances in Ophthalmology and Visual System.

Effectiveness of Intralesional Triamcinolone Acetonide in the Treatment of Chalazion. (March 2015). Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology.

Styes and Chalazia | CS Mott Children’s Hospital

Topic Overview

What are styes and chalazia?

Styes and chalazia are lumps in or along the edge of an eyelid. They may be painful or annoying, but they are rarely serious. Most will go away on their own without treatment.

  • A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum (say “hor-dee-OH-lum”).
  • A chalazion (say “kuh-LAY-zee-on”) is a lump in the eyelid. Chalazia (plural) may look like styes, but they are usually larger and may not hurt.

Styes and chalazia may be related to blepharitis, a common problem that causes inflammation of the eyelids.

What causes a stye or chalazion?

Styes are caused by a bacterial infection. Usually the bacteria grow in the root (follicle) of an eyelash. An internal hordeolum is caused by infection in one of the tiny oil glands inside the eyelid.

A chalazion forms when an oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked. If an internal hordeolum doesn’t drain and heal, it can turn into a chalazion.

What are the symptoms?

A stye usually starts as a red bump that looks like a pimple along the edge of the eyelid.

  • As the stye grows, the eyelid becomes swollen and painful, and the eye may water.
  • Most styes swell for about 3 days before they break open and drain.
  • Styes usually heal in about a week.

A chalazion starts as a firm lump or cyst under the skin of the eyelid.

  • Unlike styes, chalazia often don’t hurt.
  • Chalazia grow more slowly than styes. If a chalazion gets large enough, it may affect your vision.
  • The inflammation and swelling may spread to the area surrounding the eye.
  • Chalazia often go away in a few months without treatment.

How is a stye or chalazion diagnosed?

Doctors diagnose these problems by closely examining the eyelid. It may be hard to tell the difference between a stye and a chalazion. If there is a hard lump inside the eyelid, the doctor will probably diagnose it as a chalazion.

How are they treated?

Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.

  • Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
  • Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment (such as Stye), solution (such as Bausch and Lomb Eye Wash), or medicated pads (such as Ocusoft Lid Scrub).
  • Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it.
  • Don’t wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.

If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to your doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.

If a stye gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce (lance) it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.

If a chalazion does not go away or if it gets worse, a doctor may recommend an injection of steroid medicine or surgery to remove it.

How can you prevent styes and chalazia?

  • Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
  • Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
  • Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
  • If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
  • Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly.

References

Other Works Consulted

  • Dambro MR (2006). Hordeolum (stye). In Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult, p. 520. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Neff AG, et al. (2014). Benign eyelid lesions. In M Yanoff, JS Duker, eds., Ophthalmology, 3rd ed., pp. 1295–1305. Edinburgh: Mosby.
  • Trobe JD (2006). The red eye. Physician’s Guide to Eye Care, 3rd ed., chap. 4, pp. 47–51. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology.
  • Vagefi MR, et al. (2011). Lids and lacrimal apparatus. In P Riordan-Eva, ET Cunningham, eds., Vaughan and Asbury’s General Ophthalmology, 18th ed., pp. 67–82. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Weinberg RS (2007). Diseases of the eyelid, conjunctiva, and anterior segment of the eye. In LR Barker et al., eds., Principles of Ambulatory Medicine, 7th ed., pp. 1816–1829. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Wright KW (2008). Pediatric “pink eye.” In Pediatric Ophthalmology for Primary Care, 3rd ed., pp. 159–187. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Credits

Current as of:
August 31, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
E. Gregory Thompson MD – Internal Medicine

Current as of: August 31, 2020

Author:
Healthwise Staff

Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD – Internal Medicine

Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

What Is a Chalazion?

A chalazion is a small swelling or lump on your eyelid because of a blocked gland. They’re called chalazia if you have more than one. A chalazion is one of the most common types of eyelid lumps.

Chalazia are most likely to happen on your upper eyelid. You can get them on both eyes at once. Chalazia often go away and come back.

Chalazion Symptoms

A chalazion starts with a small area that may be red, swollen, and sore or painful when touched. After a few days, the pain usually goes away, and a bump or lump remains.

You may also have:

  • Watery eyes
  • Mild eye irritation
  • Blurry vision

Chalazion Causes

You have glands throughout your body. They make things that your cells, tissues, and organs need to work the way they should.

The meibomian glands in your upper and lower eyelids make oil that mixes with your tears to moisten and protect your eyes. If the oil gets too thick or if the glands are blocked because of inflammation, you may get a chalazion.

Rarely, an infection can cause a chalazion.

Chalazion Risk Factors

Chalazia happen more often in adults than children. They might be more likely if you have:

  • Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis)
  • A skin condition like seborrheic dermatitis or acne rosacea
  • Another health condition such as diabetes
  • Had a chalazion before

Chalazion vs. Stye

It can be hard to tell a chalazion from a stye, another kind of eyelid bump that’s caused by an infection.

Styes happen along the edge of your eyelid, sometimes in the base of an eyelash, but chalazia are usually toward the middle of the lid. A stye is more likely to be painful. It also tends to have a yellowish spot at the center that may burst after a few days.

A stye can become a chalazion if the infection goes away and leaves material stuck in the gland.

Chalazion Diagnosis

There are no special tests for chalazia. Your doctor will probably ask about your symptoms, past eye problems, and your health history in general.

If you get chalazia more than once, your doctor may recommend that you see an eye specialist such as an ophthalmologist or optometrist. They’ll want to rule out other eye problems. Treating conditions like blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction can keep chalazia from coming back.

 

Chalazion Treatment

Chalazia often go away in days or weeks without treatment. But certain things might speed the process.

Medical treatment

See your doctor if you think you have a chalazion. They may want to check it and tell you how to take care of it to help it heal. They can also suggest certain eye drops or creams to use.

If other treatments don’t work, your doctor can prescribe medicines or give you steroid injections to help clear up the problem. In severe cases, they might need to numb the area and cut it open to drain it.

Home treatment

One remedy is to apply warm, moist heat to the area with a clean washcloth. Your doctor or nurse can give you instructions about how often to do it and for how long.

It might also help to clean your eyelids with a mild soap, such as baby shampoo, or over-the-counter eyelid scrubs.

Gently massage the area to help open the gland. But never try to squeeze or pop a chalazion. That might make the problem worse.

Chalazion Prevention

There’s no sure way to prevent chalazia. You can lower your odds of getting them by keeping your eyelids clean:

  • Wash your hands often, especially before touching your eyes and handling contact lenses.
  • Wash your eyelids before you to go to bed to remove makeup and other things that can clog your glands.
  • Replace your eye makeup every 2 or 3 months. Don’t share makeup with anyone else.

# HALYAZION Instagram posts (photos and videos)

➡️Flick through the carousel, there I am in all my glory.
Last photo-!

▪️Halazion is a blockage of the sebaceous glands.
The main reasons: ARVI, hypothermia, infection with lack of personal hygiene, hypovitaminosis.

January 2020
There was a seal in the eyelid, I thought it was barley.

I have been extending my eyelashes for many years, but since the eye began to bother me, I decided to take a break.😱 The seal has grown. In February I turned to a paid ophthalmologist, diagnosed with chalazion.
Prescribed drops, ointment on the eyelid and lotions with aloe leaf.
The doctor convinced him that with such treatment he would pass, because I applied immediately.

⚠️ The treatment did not help.
In the spring, the chalazion grew, began to put pressure on the eye and I began to fear for my eyesight.
In May I am going to see another paid ophthalmologist, but there was a strict quarantine, nothing worked, they were able to take it only at the beginning of June.

MSCh 5 factory Asbestos.
The optometrist warned that we would cut so.Since a lot of time has passed, it will not be able to break through on its own.
I gave 2000 rubles for the reception and operation.

# how without this Previously, I googled how they do the operation and wound myself with everyone. It became scary. 😮

The operation goes like this – the doctor examined, was taken to the operating room, put it on the table, dripped drops, put on anesthetic, twisted the eye, fixed it with a jelly and the doctor cut the eyelid and removed the chalazion.
5 minutes for everything about everything.
Not painful, but scary.

Then I waited at the office for an extract, all rewound, I felt devastated, the question was why me? I felt sorry for myself.😭
(photo in the carousel ➡️)

She called a taxi, scared the taxi driver with her appearance, fell asleep at home.

In the evening, I already took off the adhesive plaster, dripped drops as directed.
The hole from the incision healed for six months.
Now there is absolutely nothing left for the century.

🤞At the end of June, I increased my eyelashes for the first time in six months.
I never got used to mascara, but my eyelashes have grown considerably.

A month later, in July, my friend and I went to the lake and blew out. (the penultimate photo in the carousel, I’m a beauty there😀).
On the trail. day the eyes are swollen (you cannot catch a cold, otherwise it may reappear).I went to the doctor right away and after the medication on the second day it began to pass.

Take care of yourself ❤️.

Did you or your loved ones have such a bad name? Write in the comments ⬇️.

#Snezhaobomne #halyazion #asbestos #eye #optometrist

Yurov Igor Evgenievich, KMN Psychotherapist

Nobody advised us about Igor Evgenievich, we found him ourselves, and we are very happy about it. Almost two years ago, my husband felt unwell: there was migratory pain throughout his body.I consulted a neurologist, diagnosed with intercostal neuralgia, underwent a course of treatment, but it did not get any easier for him, panic attacks appeared (pressure and pulse jumped up, feeling of incompleteness of inhalation, etc.). My husband went through many doctors, passed a bunch of tests, ultrasound, Holter, MRI. After two months of treatment, which did not bring relief, I got an appointment with a psychotherapist. The doctor diagnosed “somatoform disorder of the autonomic nervous system” and prescribed treatment with 4 drugs. The husband was treated by this doctor for six months, the acute symptoms were gone, but he still felt bad.The doctor increased the doses, then changed the drugs twice. I understood that the treatment had come to a standstill, the doctor simply did not know what to do with it. During the treatment, the husband turned into a “vegetable”, lost interest in life, in sports, wanted only to sleep and eat, gained 12 kg. Our city is provincial, it is difficult to find competent doctors, especially a psychotherapist. I began to browse the Internet and came across articles about his illness, which were written by a Moscow doctor, I. Ye. Yurov. After rereading them, I realized that we are being treated incorrectly, the doctor writes in a very accessible language about this disease, about the mistakes that doctors and patients make.In general, it seems that the articles were written from my husband, everything that happened to him and is happening in the same sequence. And I realized that this is the doctor we need. Fortunately, it was not difficult to find him, made an appointment and go! Yes, the reception is expensive, plus the road to Moscow, but we do not regret the money spent, especially when there is a positive result. At the reception, I was with my husband. Reception lasted a little over an hour, although 1 hour is allotted. We did not leave the office until we asked all the questions we were interested in, and Igor Evgenievich calmly and intelligibly explained everything.I liked that the doctor listened attentively to everything that my husband was talking about, without interrupting, and only made notes for himself, extracting the necessary information from everything that was said, then began to ask clarifying questions. The diagnosis was confirmed, canceled that bunch of drugs and prescribed 2 drugs, one of which only for 3 weeks. A year has passed since that time (my husband went to the appointment several times to clarify the dose), the state gradually changed for the better. They ceased to bother with the previous symptoms, ceased to be irritated by trifles, began to perceive the world around him more calmly, in short, from a choleric person he turns into a phlegmatic person.The doctor says the slower the symptoms go away, the more likely they are not to return. And we trust the doctor, because for six months we rushed about, were treated to no avail, and even with a bunch of side effects. And it is also very important: now the husband is taking only one antidepressant drug, which does not knock him down, he sleeps and is awake like a normal person. And over the past year, my husband lost 19 kg, lost weight gradually, with 98 kg only with food, and keeps the weight at 79 kg. And this is on a preparation that is correctly selected! Of course, he has not yet recovered, but we are on the way to it.

Comments and advice on the topic “Halyazion is tired of no strength” from ELENA in the community Childhood diseases from a year to three

Tfu-tfu now there are no problems. Homeopathy was the last resort. I think it was she who helped. In Moscow, a network of homeopathic pharmacies Doctor-N. There is a free homeopath. One mom on the site told her scheme, which helped. I prescribed drugs and at the pharmacy a homeopath, according to our age, prescribed a dose. If you read about each drug separately, they cleanse the body, each performs its own function.
I copied this mom’s message. :::

I
I don’t remember exactly, my daughter was 7 years old then) He appeared in
November-December, in February it got inflamed, I thought it would open up, but the inflammation
got off, but he stayed. were treated with ointments and different drops, then the mother-in-law
went to a homeopathic pharmacy, they sold her some crap (not
granules, and homeopathic tablets, zero sense). Then a friend
She consulted with her homeopath (he is kind of cool, 5 thousand rubles each).
for a visit to their home he took) and he gave her a treatment regimen.But we were seven and
by the time of treatment, all eight !!! So maybe you need a dose
adjust. I looked at the jars – one says
homeopathic pharmacy “Doctor-N”, tel. 095 785-57-87, 208-25-81,
393-12-70, website doktor-n.ru. Maybe there you can consult it.
Other jars read the Hahnemann Homeopathic Pharmacy.

The scheme was as follows:

1. Graphite: give 3 grains of 2 r. 2 months a week.

2. Lycopodium 6

Ferrum phosphoric 6

Pulsatila 6

Sulfur 6

Give two of them in the morning, 2 in the evening, 5 balls each, for 3 weeks every day, then 2 weeks every other day.

I
All bottles were marked with color: blue twice a week, green 2 pcs. – by
in the morning and two jars in red in the evenings))) And in the calendar
I put the appropriate marks))) My daughter liked it, she reminded me herself,
the balls are sweet))) And they are not expensive by the way. 40 p. the jar was in
2009))) i.e. 200r all treatment. Until now, the remains of the balls are.
After this course, we still have a little chalazion, barely noticeable.
The doctor said that in a month and a half, you can repeat the course. we
repeated, in my opinion not even to the end and he disappeared altogether.

what barley on the eye will tell you about. Barley appeared on the eye: signs

General and private omens

Very many items or their
displacement is an omen. Bed location
has long been considered important: for wealth, the headboard should be to the east, for a long life – to the south. Sneeze right
– to
money; drop and break an egg
– to good news, as well as untied shoe lace
.

Good luck will accompany you

, if you find a pin, meet the same person twice on the road, or break a colorless
glass (but if only the glass was a mirror or a bottle, you will fail). If You Want To Avoid Trouble
, you shouldn’t cut your hair before the new moon.

Your great-great-grandmothers and great-great-grandfathers
knew well that when rings in the ear
, it is imperative to cross yourself and not to think of anything, because the guardian angel at this time writes down sins in the book of the belly and presents them to God.When recording, he argues with the devil, and if he does not cross himself at that moment, then the angel will surrender his soul to Satan and leave her with a sob. On the right shoulder of each of us sits a guardian angel, and on the left –
devil: the first leads to good, and the second to evil.

Our ancestors knew well that if
the gathered company will be silent
, this indicates that a quiet angel flew between the guests. If a person hiccups
, this means that acquaintances remember him. When hiccuping, as well as
when yawning, one must be baptized so that the devil does not get into the soul.

If eyes itch

– then you will cry; nose bridge
– you will hear about the deceased; nose tip
– you will drink vodka, and a mustache or lips
– you will kiss.

Cannot be together with someone at the same time
take salt from a salt shaker and present with a knife, so as not to quarrel
. In the first case, to avoid a quarrel, both need to laugh, and in the second, passing the knife, say: “Chur, this knife.”

Sin is to eat eggs laid before
Shrovetide.

Question “Where?”

was revered by many as a bad omen. If someone is getting ready for the road and someone passing by asked him: “Where are you going to go?” or “Where are you going?”, then it was necessary to answer this question
as follows: “On the Kudykin mountain.” The person asked had to postpone his departure until the morning, and the one who was walking had to return. In such situations, you should ask differently: “Are you going far or are you going?”

Bad omen – to return home
half way
for a forgotten thing.This will interfere with the success of the started enterprise.

Cat washes:

to his paw – guests will come to the owner on this day. And if she sleeps, turning her muzzle under the abdomen, it means that there will be bad weather in summer, and frost in winter.

Cuckoo

is recognized by simpletons as a prophetic bird. Women wonder when she cuckoo in the forest how many years they will live. And they believe that, how many times she bites, they will live as long.

It is believed that when barley is on the eye

appears, then you need to bring a fig to this eye and say these words: “Barley, barley, here’s a fig, what you want, then buy, buy yourself a hatchet, cut yourself across.”After that, the disease immediately
will pass.

Name day

At the very beginning of lunch, you need to take from the table a large, deliberately prepared pie with porridge and break it over the birthday man’s head. This marks the prosperity for a whole year to come.
life. And the more porridge spills on him, the better his life will be. Even on this day, something must be broken so that prosperity awaits ahead.

You need to be careful

, so as not to put two forks or two knives criss-cross, do not sew up clothes on yourself.If you do not want to tempt fate, never put on the left boot before the right, do not break
scissors, do not sit at the table without touching one foot to the ground.

Sprinkle salt, break a plate, even sneeze

, especially on Monday or Friday – all this can cause adversity, which is only
waiting in the wings to manifest themselves and make them draw attention to themselves. Every deed, every accident can turn into signs of the Oracle.

Murashi at home – fortunately.Horses laugh – to
good.

Who inadvertently envies the light in his house,
wait for happiness.

An owl near the house screams – to
newborn.

The right leg will chill on the road before
left – for good.

To lose the glove – unfortunately.
To break the mirror is for the worse.

Wolves howl under housing – to frost or
war.

Jackdaws and crows sitting crying in front of
home, especially in the morning – for worse.

The resin was poured out of the hut onto the street – to
hoodoo.

If the bread or spoon falls – the guest is in a hurry.

Choke on dinner – the guest is in a hurry.

Accidentally extinguish a candle – to the guests.

The cat washes – invites guests.

Chickens are fighting – to the guests.

Black dog, black cat and black
the rooster in the house is saved from a thunderstorm and from a thief.

Two needles pinned against the heart
cross – protect from damage.

Scythe (sealed) in the doorstep protects against
evil people.

Peter’s cross, Adam’s head (herbs) –
from all sorrows.

So that the goblin “does not go around” (do not go astray
roads) – turn your shirt inside out. At the first cuckoo, throw some money so that they can be found.

The nose itches – to the deceased,
the nostril – for christenings, on the side – for the news, the tip of the nose for wine.

You sneeze on an empty stomach on Monday – to
a gift, on Tuesday – for visitors, on Wednesday – for news, on Thursday – for praise, on Friday – for a date, on Sunday – for guests.

Ringing in the right ear – to good news,
in the left – to the thin ones.

To stumble – someone will remember swearing.

When the sun went down, a new
the rugs do not start – poverty will overcome.

Clothes inside out – either drunk or bit
you will.

Wench with full buckets, wolf, bear
– a kind meeting. Empty buckets, pop, monk, fox, hare, squirrel – for worse.

Roosters sing at the wrong time – new decrees
will be.

Comb

First comb with a new comb
dog or cat so that it does not break longer.

After brushing hair comb
put away in a secluded place so that it is not in plain sight.

If hair falls out, it is necessary to comb it
spinning comb.

For fortune-telling to come true, you must put
comb under the pillow.

Comb, presented for a wedding,
brings happiness.

So that the child sleeps well and does not
cried, put a comb and a spindle in the cradle.

Comb with which the deceased was combed,
unclean. It should be thrown into the river so that death will float away from home.

Horseshoe

Horseshoe is known to bring good luck.
In form, it resembled the initials of Christ – hence the magical properties attributed to it. A horseshoe found by chance on an empty road was especially appreciated. It was imperative
raise. Leaving a horseshoe on the road is tantamount to throwing away happiness. Better yet was to find a horseshoe with a nail. It should be hung with horns up, so that the “bowl in the house” was always full, but
In Russia, for some reason, they always hung up with their horns down.

Knife and scissors

Scissors, like knives, cut friendship,
therefore they should not be gifted. As a last resort, take a coin instead, then the friendship will not collapse.

If the knife falls and stabs the point,
this is a quarrel.

To play with a knife – to a quarrel.

Whoever eats with a knife will be angry.

When a dying priest is expected,
the knife is put on the table, to accentuate death.

You can not leave a knife on the table – crafty
stabbed at night.

To see scissors in a dream is a bad sign,
meaning jealousy, a quarrel of lovers and a stop in business. Sharp scissors mean you have to do nasty things. If knives dream, it also portends separation, quarrels and losses in
affairs. Rusty knives mean separation from a loved one and a quarrel in the family.

Eyes are a two-way mirror, they reflect both the inner state of a person, which is directed outward and what a person passes through his gaze into himself. Therefore, many eye diseases are of the so-called esoteric nature or refer to psychosomatics.

Spring barley is red

Traditionally, the seal around the eye is called “barley” because of its characteristic shape and is associated with colds. Indeed, observing people during the period of epidemics of acute respiratory diseases, an increase in the number of hordeolums (barley) in the eye region can be noted in passers-by. They usually appear in the autumn-winter period and with the arrival of early spring, when the immune system is not only weakened, but also sudden changes in the weather and temperature changes actively affect it.Also, the cause of the appearance of “seeds” near the eye can be an infection. Therefore, with traditional hordeolums, it is better to turn to specialists and trust medicine.

Esoteric barley

1. The reasons for the appearance of barley on the eye are attributed to two negative emotions at once – anger and anger.

When a person is angry a lot and is annoyed by what he sees, a constant negative emotion develops into an acute purulent inflammation in the eye area – “if you don’t want to look, you won’t,” “your eyes itch from irritation,” “anger cuts your eyes.”In life, you don’t always have to meet only sweet, submissive or sympathetic people. Other people’s actions that contradict their own beliefs, or injustice cause anger, and anger is deposited in the form of “seeds”. Barley has appeared – you need to think about your reaction to the environment. Perhaps things are not so bad, and there is no reason to be too categorical. Anger tends not only to accumulate, but also to break through, causing purulent inflammation.

2. Envy is also a frequent companion of Gordeolum.The annoyance that someone gets more benefits obscures the eyes – “you shouldn’t covet someone else’s.” The usual fig, shown to the “envious” barley, acts almost instantly – the tumor stops itching, reddening and festering, and soon disappears, as if it had never happened. Often barley appears on the eyes of children, who, like a child, want to get what others have – a toy, candy, a bicycle, skates, and so on.

3. Do not forget that the origin of barley is attributed to the evil eye. To get the evil eye, it is not necessary to communicate with magicians and sorcerers.Perhaps the “victim” was overrated or thought bad of the person. The result is on the face. You can get rid of such a sore by washing with water consecrated in the church, or constantly wearing a red thread on your wrist (it’s good when the oldest member of the family ties it). Also, against the evil eye, a pin is pinned to clothes in a secret, inconspicuous place. In order to prevent “eye-witted” people from entering the house, a consecrated poppy can be poured into the crevices of the threshold, or after the departure of such a person, sprinkle the threshold with salt and leave it without sweeping it for several days.

When barley has become a frequent companion in human life, it is worth analyzing your behavior, the relationship between the inner and the outside world, and, if possible, exclude communication with people capable of inflicting an insidious energy blow.

Do you know why a large number of moles is considered a good sign? Why can’t you cross a seated person?

Why can’t you sew clothes on yourself? Why can’t you shake the water off your freshly washed hands?
Reading while eating is eating up your memory. – We have already briefly mentioned the ban on reading while eating. The observation is based on the peculiarities of the functioning of the human body. When a person reads and thinks, the blood rushes to the brain, providing it with oxygen … When a person eats, the blood rushes to the stomach, because at this time it must ensure its normal functioning (therefore, after a hearty dinner, you want to sleep so much). When a person reads while eating, the brain does not perceive the read in full force, we do not remember what we read, we “seize” the memory.

If the guests leave after dinner before the hostess takes the tablecloth off the table, the brides in this house will not marry.
– First of all, this applies to guests. It turns out that they only came to eat, and when everything is eaten, they immediately leave, although the rules of decency require you to thank the hostess and talk. They say about it this way: a table is not a trough to eat and run away. But, I think, a deeper meaning is contained in this belief in relation to the mistress. If she is such that she only knows how to feed, and the guests in this house do not expect anything else, or if she is so clumsy that she cannot remove the tablecloth from the table for two hours after dinner, then it is no wonder that the suitors will bypass such a house.After all, what a mother is, such is a daughter.

Wash your hands – dry, but do not shake off the water, do not produce devils.
– The ban goes back to a long-standing legend about how a devil, who fell from the sky and was left alone, asked God for an army. God advised him to dip his hands in water and shake off – that will be as many devils as splashes. Everyday explanation is hygienic, and it is associated primarily with children: from the habit of not wiping wet hands, spikes appear, the skin cracks and itches.

If the barley jumped up on the eye, you must bring the fig to the eye and say: “Barley, barley, you have a fig on you: whatever you want, you can buy it.Buy yourself a hatchet, cut yourself across! ”
– No matter how ridiculous it may seem, the fig, accompanied by a conspiracy, has long been considered a reliable talisman against evil spirits. Some believe that it is a matter of mini-warming with heat, which comes from the hand. But, I think, this version is not very consistent. Personal testimony: the author of these lines developed barley while staying in an area where there were no medical institutions; The fig, shown by the grandmother for several days, accompanied by her own conspiracy, really helped.Maybe laughter helped: it helps, because of its connection with a good mood, from any disease.

You sit between people with the same names – immediately make a wish: it will come true.
– The name contains a characteristic of a person. Through the name, his connection with the Guardian Angel takes place. It is no coincidence that to this day it is believed that a name is fate, and in order not to tempt fate, they try to give a name to a person according to the Holy Calendar. Sitting between people with the same names, a person is, as it were, in the beneficial field of their common Guardian Angel – hence the belief that what was planned will come true.

If you don’t recognize a person you know, you should be rich for him.
– This belief is one of the so-called “deceit” beliefs. When they wanted rich flax to be born, they sowed it naked: let the flax see that the sower has nothing to even dress in, and therefore will be born. The grain was sown from hand to mouth: let rye and wheat know that the peasant has nothing to eat, and therefore they will take pity. To be deceived when meeting a friend means to symbolically meet not one, but, as it were, two, and therefore double his wealth.

You cannot have thirteen people at the table. Don’t sit thirteenth. –
This belief, like many others associated with the “unlucky” number 13, is rooted in biblical times: at the Last Supper, Judas was the thirteenth traitor.

Until the hostess finishes the tea, guests should not leave the house.
– This everyday belief echoes the belief about the tablecloth not removed from the table. As there, so here: really, what a rush? While the guests drank and ate, had fun, the hostess looked after them, served them.And now, when everyone is already full and happy, the poor fellow, she sat down to drink a cup of tea, to hear the praise of her dishes, and the guests are going to leave instead. Of course, it is useless to offend, to upset the hostess.

The knife is stupid – the owner is stupid, the tablecloth is black – the hostess is stupid.
– Does this require any clarification?

In the Annunciation it is forbidden for maidens to braid their braids: they will not have their own house.
– The clue is in the proverb: “In the Annunciation, the bird does not build a nest, the maiden does not weave braids.”Once the cuckoo broke this rule and was severely punished for that. She built a nest in the Annunciation – and now all cuckoo mothers pay for it, leaving eggs in other people’s nests. The same can threaten a girl if she dares even for such a small job as braiding. The belief is based on the highest reverence for one of the most solemn Christian holidays.

It is not good for a simple-haired woman to be, especially in church.
– Only girls could go “Simple-haired” (without a headscarf or cap on their heads).Their hair was always neat: long hair was braided in a braid. On the wedding day, the girlfriends unraveled a girl’s braid with a ribbon, carefully combed her hair, braided it into two braids and laid them with a crown around the head. In the future, a woman could no longer collect her hair in braids, but in a bun, covered with a handkerchief or cap, primarily so that hair would not accidentally fall into her during cooking. However, at home, a woman could still afford to walk with a simple hair; Going out into the street, she certainly covered herself with a handkerchief, in cold weather – and a shawl over the handkerchief.Shawls and shawls were traditionally beautiful, with a variety of patterns, woven or lace. It was believed that a simple-haired woman did not like her own Guardian Angel, and was deprived of his help and protection. So the woman was tuned in to be neat and at the same time saved from unnecessary worries about her hair.

If you leave your hair on the floor or throw it around the yard, your head will hurt.
– The belief is associated with the cult of the hair. They symbolized health and wealth. In addition, hair is a part of yourself, and therefore you cannot throw it anywhere.From the everyday point of view, we are again talking about elementary neatness.

In the next world you will have to account for every hair.
– This and many other superstitions related to hair can go back to totemism, that is, to the days of worship of hairy animals. But the explanation, which boils down to intimidating sluts, seems more real. IN AND. Dahl sarcastically on a similar occasion: “Not a bad rule, otherwise, perhaps, heaps of cut hair would be scattered all over the hut and around the yard.”

There are many moles on the body, especially those that you yourself cannot see – to be happy.
– Belief is associated with folk ideas about spoilage. The gaze of the spiteful critic immediately falls on something unusual, attracting attention, and loses its power. Amulets and jewelry are artificial distractions, and moles are natural distractions. On the other hand, moles attract the attention of the person himself, cause thoughts about his health (especially if they begin to change). On the other hand, you think less about moles that you cannot see (on your back).For a suspicious person, this is also almost happiness – not to worry about health.

Don’t wash and don’t wash your head before a long journey – you will avoid trouble.
– Part of this sign (“not my head”) was explained in the chapter on the road. The recommendation may be aimed at preventing a person from catching a cold, since everything is done in a hurry before the trip. This prohibition is also explained by the fact that a person washes away his home, protective aura and appears among strangers unprotected. Perhaps there is a reason for this, and that is why some people (even cleaners) prefer to take a full shower only before going to bed, and only partially wash before leaving the house.And the advice after the street, after a crowded environment, to take a shower to wash away negative energy, is not meaningless.

Don’t sew anything directly onto yourself – you can sew the memory
. – A belief based on the fact that something done in a hurry will not lead to good luck. In addition, having casually sewed something right on himself and remaining all day in these clothes, a person mentally returns to whether his clothes are in order, whether they look at him like a slob. In other words, he gets distracted from business and does not remember everything.Hence – the threat to “sew up memory”.

The tip of the nose itches – look into the glass (to drink).
– One of the comic beliefs built only on external association. After all, you can just as well look into a bowl of cabbage soup and into a book.

Itching in the ear – rain.
– This omen can be considered correct (unless, of course, we are talking about long-unwashed ears). Before rain, atmospheric pressure drops and the eardrum in the ear plays the same role as the membrane in a barometer; it bends a little and it itches.By the way, this sign existed in ancient Rome and was called timutus aurium – “ringing in the ears”.

When bodily virtues (beauty, stoutness, health, etc.) are praised, one should spit three times over the left shoulder so as not to jinx it.
– Now many are inclined to believe that the gaze is to some extent material, that is, it carries a certain energy. The evil eye is “black magnetism”. This belief is by no means only Russian – similar existed in Ancient Rome. The Romans worshiped a deity named Fascinus, supposedly protecting people from the evil eye.Black eyes are considered especially dangerous. To spit over the left shoulder in response to praises (naturally, symbolically) means to express disbelief in them, not to take them into the soul. The nature of the evil eye was explained in the medieval “Hammer of the Witches”. But modern researchers also attach great importance to this issue. Thus, E. Goltsman comes to the conclusion that “the main cause of the evil eye is the envious glances of others”; therefore, those who are most often affected are those who are in sight, people of public professions, for example, singers and singers.Probably, many paid attention to the fact that such people, as a rule, wear overly bright clothes, abundantly hang themselves with shiny jewelry. This reveals a latent desire to avoid the influence of the evil eye, for the public pays attention to the clothes, to the “amulets” of the idol and, thanks to this, does not damage his inner world, does not violate his energy. Sometimes they protect themselves with the help of dark glasses, but this is not the best way of protection, since a person wearing dark glasses not on a sunny street or beach irritates people and thus provokes the evil eye.

If the left ear is on fire (it is hot for him), they say bad things about you, the right one is good.
In the right ear it rings – to the good news, in the left – to the bad. – These superstitions are based on the fact that a person has a Guardian Angel on the right side, and a tempter on the left. It hardly needs to be taken seriously.

Sneeze – confirm the veracity of the words just spoken
. – The compilers of the “Encyclopedia of Superstitions” write: “… one famous doctor authoritatively told us that at the moment of sneezing a person is closest to death.”Maybe this is the key to the omen? Feeling the closeness of death, a person always becomes truthful. However, for a long time there was also the custom of using snuff to specifically induce sneezing – for health.

Hiccup overcomes – it means that someone remembers.
– This is just one of the many beliefs associated with hiccups: they also say that someone envies, scolds, etc. Long-standing beliefs say that with a hiccup, a demon who has possessed a person makes itself felt. The idea that the hiccups are related to someone’s memories seems to me as unfounded as the sign of a sneeze.

To step over someone’s outstretched legs – to interrupt his growth.
If this happens, you must immediately step back. – The meaning of belief is in the prohibition of “suppressing”, symbolically violating integrity. From an everyday point of view, a very useful warning for the seated person himself: do not stretch your legs in cramped conditions, as this interferes with the rest.

Barley on the eye is quite common. Almost every person is familiar with such a disease as barley, the symptoms of which are very unpleasant.There are many beliefs and methods of dealing with this disease among the people. So, according to folk signs, barley in the upper eyelid speaks of the evil eye. He can also jump up from an envious person. Modern medicine considers barley as an infectious inflammatory disease.

According to ICD 10, barley belongs to the class of diseases of the eye and its adnexa. Has a code H00.0. Barley on the eye, or hordeolum, is an acute purulent inflammation of the sebaceous gland of the edge of the eyelid. This inflammation is limited.It occurs by an infection in the hair follicle or directly in the sebaceous gland itself. The most common causative agent is Staphylococcus aureus
. What are the signs of the appearance of barley? Barley at an early stage is manifested by limited redness of the eyelid, swelling, the eye begins to itch and ache. The disease can begin with pain when touching the inflamed area, but soon even blinking begins to hurt.

What does barley look like on the eye? After 2-4 days, a purulent head is formed at the edge of the eyelid, located at the apex of a local swelling.If you open it, purulent contents are found under it. It is strictly forbidden to open or pierce the abscess on your own. After a few days, the boil ripens and opens up on its own. After opening the barley on the eye, the symptoms become less pronounced: pain and swelling go away, redness gradually decreases.

Chronic barley is often confused with a disease such as chalazion. However, the symptoms and treatment of these conditions differ. This disease is outwardly similar to barley, sometimes it is a consequence of it, but more often it occurs due to dysfunction of the glands.Chalazion and barley can be located on the upper eyelid and on the lower. However, with chalazion, there are no signs of inflammation.

What types of barley can there be? The abscess can be external and internal. Outer barley is visible to the naked eye. Swelling and redness are visible. An internal abscess is localized in the conjunctival sac of the eye. The signs of barley in its internal location are not so noticeable. Its course may not be as acute and the manifestations are less unpleasant, however, the complications of this type of disease can be more severe.Due to the anatomical features, the infection can spread to other structures of the eye.

Causes of the appearance of barley

The disease can begin in both adults and children. It begins under the influence of an infectious agent. But for the development of infection, a number of favorable factors are required:

  1. Barley under the eye may indicate a general weakening of the body’s reactivity.
  2. Hypo- and vitamin deficiency weakens the body, which can lead to an abscess.
  3. Frequent barley indicates a weakened immune system.
  4. Hypothermia can also cause stye in the eye.
  5. Chronic diseases of the stomach and digestive system.
  6. Endocrine diseases.
  7. Blepharitis.
  8. Furunculosis.
  9. Infectious diseases of the skin.
  10. Inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs.

Barley can also jump out when it is infected with a demodex skin mite, which clogs the gland duct.The reason for the appearance of barley can also be the use of expired or low-quality cosmetics and non-compliance with hygiene rules. Under normal conditions, barley is not contagious on the eyelid, but if the immune system is weakened, the use of other people’s towels, dirty hands is quite capable of diversifying the flora of the human body. And in this case, there is no guarantee that eye stye will not appear on the eyelid.

Therefore, if the first signs appear, it is worth contacting an ophthalmologist.Moreover, if this disease is chronic, barley constantly pops up in front of our eyes, then it is better to undergo an examination in order to find out the general condition of the body. This requires the consultation of a therapist, immunologist and endocrinologist. You will also need a general blood test, determination of blood sugar levels, a general urine test, an immunogram.

Self-medication can lead to complications. An incorrectly opened abscess leads to the spread of infection to the surrounding tissues and the occurrence of a disease such as conjunctivitis will not keep you waiting.Cellulitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis can become a more formidable consequence. These diseases pose a serious threat to health and even life. Also, the frequent appearance of barley on the eyelids should be alarming. This can be a sign of chronic diseases of the internal organs, for example, diabetes mellitus.

Treatment features

If a phenomenon such as eye stye occurs, you should consult an ophthalmologist. What methods of treatment does modern medicine have? Treatment depends on the stage of the disease and concomitant pathology.Barley on the upper or lower eyelid is treated the same way. In the early stages, when the incipient barley is manifested by local redness, forming swelling, the eyelid itches, it is advisable to carry out local treatment with cauterizing solutions. For this purpose, ethyl alcohol, alcohol solutions of brilliant green, iodine, and calendula are used. This manipulation should be carried out with the utmost care, pointwise. Otherwise, you can get a burn of the mucous membranes of the eye. With an internal abscess, this procedure is not carried out.

With normal general health and the absence of symptoms of intoxication, physiotherapy procedures are prescribed: warming up with a blue lamp, UHF. These methods are ineffective in the later stages of the development of the disease. Antibiotic therapy is used throughout the course of the disease. These drugs are used in the form of drops and ointments, that is, they are applied topically.

Antibacterial drugs should be prescribed taking into account the sensitivity of microorganisms and individual tolerance.Most often, in the treatment of such a pathology, instillations into the conjunctival sac of drops containing chloramphenicol, cypromed, floxal are used. The course of treatment should not be more than two weeks. The solutions are instilled in 1-2 drops into the conjunctival sac, avoiding touching the dropper of the eyelids and eyelashes.

An addition or alternative to the use of drops are antibiotic ointments. Use ointments containing:

  • tetracycline;
  • hydrocortisone;
  • ofloxacin.

The advantage of this form of the drug is that the ointment remains for a longer time at the site of inflammation and acts on the focus. When using this form of medicine, a small strip is placed behind the lower eyelid 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment should not exceed two weeks.

If with such a disease the general condition of a person suffers, there are symptoms of intoxication, an increase in temperature, it is necessary to prescribe antibacterial drugs inside.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics and sulfa drugs are used. In some cases, the ophthalmologist may decide to open the abscess. This procedure should be carried out exclusively in a medical institution by a specialist in compliance with all the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. It is prohibited to open it on your own.

At all stages of the disease, agents that strengthen the immune system are used. Shown are B vitamins, supplements containing brewer’s yeast.With a recurrent process, autohemotherapy, adaptogens are sometimes used. The criterion for the quality of treatment is the absence of an inflammatory process and complete healing.

Traditional methods

There are many alternative methods of treatment. However, such methods should be treated with a degree of caution. Many of them are simply dangerous and can lead to complications. Before using this or that remedy, it is better to consult with your doctor. The harm and benefits of them are about the same.In no case do not let the “folk healers” spit in the eye! After all, saliva contains a huge amount of bacteria.

In most cases, traditional medicine suggests treating an abscess with compresses and lotions with decoctions of medicinal herbs. Plantain, calendula, aloe, fennel, eyebright, cornflowers, chamomile are used. Dry plants are filled with boiling water and infused warm. Such treatment can be used when symptoms are just beginning to appear: itching, slight swelling, redness, conjunctivitis occurs.If the abscess has already formed, such treatment methods can lead to the spread of the infection to the surrounding tissues and, as a result, to the complication of the course of the disease. These funds can also be used as prevention of recurrence of the disease. Lotions and compresses will promote eye hygiene.

Another popular folk treatment method is heating with a boiled egg or a bag of salt. Warming up with dry heat promotes faster maturation of the abscess and its opening.However, in this case, there is also a danger of the spread of infection and increased inflammation. Therefore, this method of treatment can only be used in combination with the main antibiotic therapy.

Treatment by heating the chalazion is quite justified. Blockage of the duct of the gland after warming up and light massage may well go away. Warming up should last no more than 15 minutes, up to 6 times a day. After warming up with dry heat or a warm compress, massage the eyelid with your finger. It is necessary to make light circular movements.If barley is located on the lower eyelid, the direction of movement is from top to bottom, on the upper – the direction of movement is from bottom to top.

Traditional methods of strengthening the immune system deserve attention. These are decoctions of berries and herbs, herbal teas with honey. As well as a general tonic, traditional medicine recommends using homemade marmalade made from cranberries, walnuts and apples. A mixture of dried apricots, raisins, prunes, walnuts and honey will not only strengthen the immune system, but also serve as a dessert
…In addition, such funds will be happily accepted by children and will serve as a prevention of the appearance of barley on the eye.

Preventive measures

The disease is easier to prevent than to cure. What preventive measures should be followed in the case of barley? Preventive measures involve adherence to simple rules, namely:

  1. Compliance with the rules of hygiene. This is especially important if you have a tendency to relapse. The edge of the eyelid can be treated with an alcohol-free lotion.
  2. Never use other people’s towels, handkerchiefs.
  3. Do not rub your eyes with dirty hands.
  4. Do not use outdated or low-quality cosmetics.
  5. Protect your body from hypothermia.
  6. Establish a balanced diet. Take a multivitamin.
  7. Consult a physician if you suspect a chronic medical condition.

Barley is an unpleasant phenomenon and gives a lot of painful sensations. This disease is especially troublesome for the fair sex. But don’t despair.It responds well to treatment and, with adequate therapy, leaves no traces. Be attentive to your body, do not miss the beginning barley. And then the treatment will be quick and painless.

In 1791, the British authorities decided to prove that superstitions about Friday the 13th were just speculation, so they began building a ship and launched it on that very day. Until now, it remains a mystery where the ship disappeared with the entire crew on board.

What awaits you in the near future:

Find out what’s coming soon.

Such a condition as barley that has jumped out on the lower or upper eyelid, delivers both aesthetic and physiological inconvenience. The sore spot itches, hurts, the eye has a reddened and swollen appearance. There are about barley and folk signs. If you have already taken the necessary medical measures to make it disappear, read what this attack is for and where, in the opinion of our grandmothers, it comes from.

Folk omens about barley

The most common interpretation of barley is the evil eye.And not accidental, but intentional. That is, someone purposefully looked into your eyes and wished that barley would jump under them. Or just from the bottom of my heart I wished you something bad.

In this situation, you should be glad that you got off with only barley. This means that the one who tried to impose damage or evil eye does not have sufficient strength and skills. But his intentions towards you are very clear – he wants you to be thin. By the way, you can try to turn the appearance of barley to your advantage – try to remember with whom you talked face to face in recent days, more precisely, the day before the appearance of barley.Some of these people who spoke to you looking into your eyes are the ill-wisher.

On the right

Barley on the right eye is a more positive sign than on the left. She says that a person who wishes you harm will not be able to achieve his goal. To shield yourself from additional evil spells, do not pick up any objects on the street or in front of your house, even if you are very interested in them.

On the left

Barley on the left eye is a sign of misfortune threatening you.You are faced with a strong personality who may well finish what you started and bring damage to you. But the mark on the eye is just the beginning, a symptom that active actions have been started against you. This is a warning for you. And that’s good – forewarned means forearmed. Take a close look at the entire house and your clothes. If you find needles, pins, black threads, incomprehensible tangles, bundles, bags and everything that you have not seen before and which should not be in such a place, take two sheets of paper, brush the find with one on the second and burn it along with the sheets for outside the house.

How to remove the negative?

As a preventive measure, pour salt under the threshold from the inside of the house – the salt strip should be continuous and lead from one corner of the door to the other, protruding slightly beyond it on both sides.

Insert a knife into the door frame at head level. But not a kitchen one, but a pen or a hunting one.

If you are a believer, buy candles in the church and walk around the house with them, not forgetting about the door and window openings. Place the cinders on the windowsills.

Well, to protect yourself outside your home, stick a pin into the bottom edge of your clothes from the inside, in an inconspicuous place.

90,000 “People think they are not being listened to.” Pediatrician Anna Levadnaya – about myths about vaccinations

Anna Levadnaya

© Personal archive of Anna Levadnaya

Let’s start with the most pressing question: will we soon be vaccinated against every sneeze or not? Not really. We do not need to defend against the most common viruses that cause acute respiratory infections that the body can deal with on its own.We are vaccinated only against those diseases that are very difficult, have an important epidemiological significance, spread rapidly, have high mortality rates and against which no adequate successful treatment has been developed to date.

The sooner we vaccinate a child, the sooner he will be protected. It is important to protect precisely young children, because due to the peculiarities of their immunity, they are difficult to tolerate infectious diseases. Based on this, a national vaccination calendar was developed.When we say whether it is generally necessary to vaccinate children so early or not, we must understand: the highest incidence of complications and the highest mortality are in children in the first five to six years of life, and it is this group that is most important to protect.

National immunization schedule

Many people ask: “Do we need to get vaccinations that are not included in the national calendar?” The thing is that it includes only those vaccines that our state is obliged by law to make free of charge in a medical institution to which the child is attached.There are vaccines that are not included in the national calendar. But this was done not because they are not important, but only because it is expensive for the state, and the Ministry of Health does not allocate the necessary amount in order to provide the population with these vaccines.

A simple example: vaccination against meningococcus is an expensive vaccine, which, most likely, in the coming years, or even a decade, will not be included in the national calendar. Does this mean that the vaccine is not important? Of course not! Protection from meningitis is essential.It plays a special role in young children. It is very important for us to protect babies from meningococcus, because meningitis in children is lightning fast, difficult and has huge mortality rates.

On this topic

State medical institutions, as a rule, purchase the most affordable vaccines, often Russian ones. Parents can privately, in a private medical institution, buy an imported vaccine and administer it to their child. This can be like vaccines that are not included in the national calendar and for this reason are not purchased from government agencies, or, for example, multi-component vaccines, which are today the gold standard around the world, because they reduce the number of injections a child receives.One example is the Russian DPT and polio vaccine, with which you have to give two injections and which does not contain an important component – protection against hemophilic infection. Whereas Western multicomponent vaccines allow one injection instead of two and protect the child from Haemophilus influenzae.

Of course, the introduction of multicomponent vaccines is the standard all over the world. This reduces the number of injections, pain, and visits to the doctor. It has already been proven that this does not increase the incidence of complications, but even reduces it, because certain components need to be added to one syringe less than to three syringes.And it even has the best immunological indicators.

In addition, the Russian vaccine – for example, DPT – is whole-cell. It contains whole-cell whooping cough (meaning the bacteria that causes this disease. – TASS note). This means that the cell membrane is practically not destroyed, which gives the best pertussis immunity, but at the same time increases the reactogenicity of the vaccine.

The acellular vaccine, however, has its disadvantage: post-vaccination immunity fades away faster.Therefore, there is always a choice for the parent: can he afford it financially or not? Can he, for some other reason, choose a Russian or Western vaccine? The decision remains with the parent.

Rotavirus gastroenteritis, chickenpox and other diseases

In addition, several other important vaccines, such as for rotavirus, are also not included in the national calendar, although there is active discussion to include them. This is important because almost 98% of children under five years of age suffer from rotavirus gastroenteritis.Of course, vaccination can reduce mortality rates, hospitalization rates, and the risk of dehydration.

In addition, there are several vaccines, for example against Haemophilus influenzae, which are prescribed in the national calendar for “risk groups”. Does this mean that they are not needed? No, unfortunately, this is a very important infection, and, of course, we must protect our babies from Haemophilus influenzae.

There are vaccines that are used according to epidemiological indicators. For example, Rospotrebnadzor annually updates the list of regions that are endemic for tick-borne encephalitis.In them, it makes sense to protect the child from such a disease. There is also an important vaccine, it is included in the national calendar – this is the pneumococcal vaccine. It reduces the risks of pneumococcal meningitis, otitis media, sinusitis, and pneumonia. Very high incidence! The problem with pneumococcus is complicated by the fact that in recent years, many antibiotic-resistant forms have been developing.

On this topic

One of the most controversial and controversial vaccines is the varicella-zoster vaccine.It seems to people that this is a fearless and mild disease, although, unfortunately, two or three cases out of a thousand proceed in an extremely severe form, namely, in the form of chickenpox encephalitis. Many forms of chickenpox are severe, with multiple purulent lesions, the addition of a secondary bacterial infection. Scars are often formed after chickenpox, when children can not restrain themselves and scratch off the sores. This has a traumatic meaning: the scars remain for life.

In addition, after chickenpox, the risk of developing shingles increases.This is a very unpleasant condition in adulthood. These risks can be reduced by civilized development of post-vaccination immunity. Currently, the number (frequency) of vaccinations has been increased – up to two. Double vaccination against chickenpox is now considered the most effective way to reduce these risks.

Influenza, HPV and vaccines before travel

The vaccination schedule also includes flu vaccinations. It is allowed starting from six months. This is a very controversial vaccine, it raises a lot of questions and controversy among parents.We must know one very important thing: yes, the virus mutates, it is common knowledge, but the vaccine is updated every year and adapts to a new strain of the virus!

The vaccine may be more or less effective in a given season. In 2018, among other things, the vaccine was not very effective due to the fact that the virus managed, after taking samples, to change before the vaccine was created! Samples are taken, then the vaccine is given. During this period, the virus can still mutate. This can affect performance in some countries.It all depends on which strains of influenza are most common in the population this season.

Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is available. She appeared relatively recently. The virus causes cervical cancer and several other diseases. In countries where HPV vaccination is widely used, the incidence of cervical cancer has dropped significantly. It is even called “the second cancer vaccine”. The first vaccine is for hepatitis B, which reduces the risk of liver cancer, which occurs primarily in children under six years of age.

There is also an additional vaccination that a parent can do when traveling somewhere on vacation. Including, by the way, also recommended vaccination against hepatitis A, rabies, yellow fever. There are a lot of them. You need to look at the region where the person is going. As for the adult population, we must not forget that every 10 years we must get a diphtheria and tetanus vaccine. Those adults who have not been vaccinated, for example, from hepatitis B, influenza, pneumococcus, measles or rubella at one time, also from the human papillomavirus, can be revaccinated if they find enough time, money and arguments for themselves.

By the way, there is another argument in favor of getting vaccinated at an early age. Children tolerate the procedure worse, growing up. First, it is more stressful at an older age. They become afraid, it is harder to keep them. They are pulled out.

Complications after vaccination

Of course, parents are worried about complications, side effects. Here you need to understand that a lot of myths can be found on the Internet and in the minds of citizens. Unfortunately, not everyone can soberly assess the data obtained.Of course, this is scary. But the problem also lies with us – doctors who are not ready to talk openly about side effects, openly discuss each effect. Many experts brush aside, saying: “This cannot be! Go!” – and people get the impression that they don’t want to hear them. We must speak about this out loud.

On this topic

There are side effects of vaccination. In the same way as there are side effects with any drugs. If we open the instructions for the antipyretic medicine, there will be a list of side effects in the same way.But for a parent, the benefits of an antipyretic drug are obvious, because there is a problem here and now.

When we talk about vaccinations, we are talking about risks that the parent does not perceive. He doesn’t see them. This is a potential risk that may never arise. By refusing to vaccinate, a parent is opting for unconscious, uncontrollable risks. Here it turns out that the parent is injecting the vaccine – and this is the controlled risk (controlled harm) that he can cause to the child.It slows down the parents. It scares them.

But we must understand that there are real [threats], and there are fantasies of anti-vaccine. These positions need to be separated. The side effects of any vaccination are clearly stated in the instructions. The instruction is in the public domain. In any search engine, you type the name of the vaccine and find the instruction. You read it, and there are some side effects. There are local reactions, there are general reactions, and there are severe reactions that develop very, very rarely.Well, for example, anaphylactic shock. Can it occur on the administration of a vaccine? Can! Its frequency is extremely low – one in several million doses. This does not mean that it does not arise – it is.

The problem for us, doctors, arises with those fears of parents, which are associated with non-existent risks. The fact is that vaccination occurs many times in the first year of a child’s life. Parents need to find someone to blame. The vaccine can be a trigger for some diseases that the child has genetically.For example, there is a certain syndrome that predisposes to the development of seizures. And often, against the background of vaccination, seizures do not happen because they arose due to vaccination, but because the child has a certain genetic defect.

Perhaps we have many interesting discoveries ahead of us related to genetics, which will explain to us the relationship of the currently existing side effects. But today, not everything is explicable. This is the reason for many of the lawsuits that have been won.But we must always understand that post-vaccination events are not always the result of vaccination.

There is a good example in the book of the American pediatrician Paul Offit “Deadly choice. How the fight against vaccinations threatens us all” (published by Corpus in 2017. – TASS note). The parent comes for the vaccination, sits at the doctor for a long time – angry at the line, does not get the vaccine and leaves. On this night, the child, alas, dies of sudden infant death syndrome. The father writes: “Of course, if the vaccine had been given, I would definitely link the incident with the vaccination.”

We must understand: a doctor must be attentive to any event. Everything needs to be analyzed. The specialist must be ready for this dialogue. And only by conducting such a dialogue with the parent, we can both calm and find the truth. There should be no stories like, for example, “my neighbor’s hairdresser, her nephew developed this and that.” There shouldn’t be such things! Let’s put each case on the shelves specifically.

Contraindications

Another question that worries many parents: is it necessary to take a blood test before vaccination? Or urinalysis? And in general, to pass any specialists or immunologists? Should I go to an immunologist? To begin with, I want to say: nowhere in the world does anyone rent anything, does not go to specialists.In some countries, vaccinations are given by a nurse without even seeing a pediatrician.

On this topic

In Russia, due to the peculiarities of national anxiety, increased anxiety of parents, they are much safer if they come with a blood test. We must understand that every extra blood test is stressful for the child. After all, this is an injection, it hurts. Secondly, this is an extra trip to a medical institution, which means another risk of crossing with infectious patients. Thirdly, if this is a private laboratory, it is a waste of parents’ money.Fourth, it will delay the timing of vaccination. You give up, you wait, you look at the results.

A healthy child does not need to undergo a blood test before each vaccination, because there are no true contraindications, except for neutropenia, which is detected during the first routine analysis at the age of one month. Almost all the changes that we see in the blood test are not contraindications to vaccination.

What can we see? For example, a change in platelets.This will not be a contraindication! Anemia is not a contraindication for vaccination. An increased level of eosinophils will not be a contraindication for vaccination. Some other changes, for example, an increase in lymphocytes as markers of a previously transferred viral infection will also not stop us.

Low neutrophils? It used to be a contraindication. Neutropenia (agranulocytosis) was previously considered a contraindication. Now, on the contrary: children with a low level of neutrophils are protected in the first place, because they are at risk of developing complications and the addition of bacterial infections.We must vaccinate these children. It is important to discuss the neutrophil level at which a child is allowed to vaccinate with the attending physician.

As a rule, it is enough to take a blood test once in a long period of time in order to make sure everything is in order. It is logical to do this within the framework of the order on the dispensary observation of the child (at two months, then at one year, three years, six years, seven years, ten years, 15 years and then annually). Before vaccination, the child is examined, the parents are interviewed.The doctor sees that the child is healthy, and then he can be vaccinated that day. During the examination, the doctor can receive all the necessary information about the condition of the child.

Alas, in Russia there are a lot of false medical withdrawals from vaccinations. The most striking example is anemia. The doctor should be guided by international protocols, national orders, treatment standards. There is an official list of contraindications for vaccination approved by the Ministry of Health. Yes, it is divided into false and true. It is also divided into temporary and permanent contraindications.There are very few of them.

Among the true contraindications to vaccination, there are, for example, very pronounced reactions to previous vaccines (the temperature lasts more than 39 ° for a long time, does not get lost, edema around the injection site is more than 10 cm, anaphylactic reactions), as well as acute infectious and non-infectious diseases. This means that as soon as the infectious disease becomes not acute, the child can be vaccinated. You do not need to wait two to three weeks to restore immunity. Also, there is no need to go to an immunologist and examine for some “hidden” infections, as we like very much.

It should be understood that such common diseases as atopic dermatitis are not a contraindication to vaccination. This is not a reason not to protect our children. Do not expose them to such a risk because of this! And prematurity is also not a contraindication. Many children who come to me have a medical treatment for up to six months, although in all civilized countries children are vaccinated while still in the hospital. That is, this is a population group that is at an increased risk of developing severe infectious diseases.

Please be careful about the sources of information that you use. Analyze them. Refer to official sources: major scientific studies confirming the effectiveness and safety of certain methods.

Responsibility for the health of our children lies not only with the doctors, but also with the parents! Please take care of the children!

Reviews | Ophthalmology Center | www.ophthalmo.ru

Trubilin Vladimir Nikolaevich

When you can’t read on the subway –
Which way to go,
When the road is careful
You touch with a cane on the way,

Then, through a veil of fog
That confused the lines and the color,
You live a constant dream,
One day, by a miracle, suddenly to see the light.

I passionately prayed to the Lord,
Doctor Lucu, Pantelemon,
Blessings requested
And she cried before Madonna …

So eye, -one, -save
And again to gain sight!

And so: your hands are conjuring
In my tired head –
Here is science inspiration
Success of ingenuity!

Through the change of colors, sounds, light
With all my heart I feel
The surgeon’s calculation, the poet’s fever –
The whole hymn of subtle labor …

No pain, no fear, no doubt;
Vibration clot on the shoulders –
One silent admiration
The bulk of the physician’s personality!

And in the morning: “One hundred percent vision”,
And your bright face shone!
As if…near for a moment
Saint Vladimir himself arose.

Well, how not to kiss your hands?
A surgeon “from God” is yes!
All over Moscow there is a rumor
About your exploits in science.

Plus – personal modesty. And plus
Unfading Souls Union
High purity grade,
Where is peace with harmony “on you”.

Thank you hearts –
Bring happiness wishes
And together they pray to Heaven
About your long-term prosperity.

30.11.2016 (Solovieva I.Ya.)
With deepest appreciation.



To the wonderful leader, excellent doctor Vladimir Nikolaevich Trubilin and his team of the eye department of KB No. 86 of the FMBA of Russia with gratitude for the sensitivity, care, high professionalism, sincerity and attentiveness from the family of K.E. Tsiolkovsky. S.N. Samburov.President of the K.E. Tsiolkovsky, great-grandson of the scientist, chief specialist of the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, academician of the Russian Academy of Science and Technology.


On September 10, 2015 and February 29, 2016, my left and right eye cataracts were removed. Now I see it as when I was young, but I am now 77 and a half years old.
To the natural feeling of joy in such cases, there is also a feeling of pride that I was operated on not only by a well-known, but also by a renowned surgeon – ophthalmologist Vladimir Nikolaevich Trubilin.Both operations proceeded literally with lightning speed, there was no pain. There was no discomfort.
I also felt complete satisfaction from two conversations with the surgeon after the operation. Vladimir Nikolaevich was brief, not a single superfluous word, while the answers to all my questions were exhaustive and absolutely clear. All this is a reflection of professionalism and goodwill.
An equally pleasant impression was made by young, but already experienced doctors: Victoria Igorevna Naumova and Olga Mikhailovna Orlova.On their part, during my stay at the clinic, I felt a professional attachment to my problems and also benevolence.
Not a single complaint has ever arisen against the nursing staff.
Once again, I express my deep gratitude and gratitude to the clinic staff I mentioned.

The plumber-installer Alexander Ivanovich Doronin and Evgeny Nikolaevich Shiryaev, the master-toolmaker of the highest category, who were in the same room during the treatment with me in the same room, will fully join my impressions and assessments. Professor of the Department of Breeding, Genetics and
dendrology of the Moscow State Forest University,
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Vladimir Vladimirovich Korovin 03/01/2016


We are never as happy as we want and as unhappy as we think.

A fresh look, of high quality in the ophthalmological sense, I received thanks to the sincere care of all nurses, clinical resident O. Orlova.M., ophthalmologist, Ph.D. G.A. Kurbatova and undoubtedly the master Trubilin V.N. As good wishes to the administration of the clinic, I would like to wish in 2015 to see in this center a good repair, more spacious conditions for the work of doctors, this is deserved by everyone who treats and who is being treated.


Academician Sh.G. Aliyev / December 2014


Head of the Ophthalmology Center of the FMBA of Russia, MD, Professor V.N. Trubilin

Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

Accept my deepest gratitude for your skill and golden hands.You performed operations on me: in 2010 on my right and in 2012 on my left eyes, complicated cataract. Now I can see into the distance without interference, read and write without glasses. Many thanks to you and the staff of the Center for high professional service, I wish you continued success.


Pensioner, labor veteran, responsible employee, head of the department of the apparatus of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR in 1971-1991. / V. Chizhikov / 23.03.2012


Children look with such a clear look
To the world that they have yet to learn.
Where there are bright flowers and fresh breeze
You returned this light to me again!

So you want, forgetting your ailments
To love a gift of old age,
And rejoicing in its colors and sounds
Hug the whole world!
And thank you!


Nikishina. 22.03.2012


I express my deep gratitude to the Center of Ophthalmology of the FMBA of Russia for qualified medical assistance, for sensitivity, attention, for the efficient organization of medical, administrative and economic work of all services of the Center.
Top-class specialists work here.
Special thanks to those who were involved in my operation: surgeon, head of the Center, Professor V.N. Trubilin; to the attending physician, MD Makkaeva S.M .; anesthesiologist N.N. Mukovin; doctor, Ph.D. G.A. Kurbatova

This Center can rightfully be called the clinic of the future.



Head of the Department of Computer Medical Systems of the National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI” in the rank of Vice-Rector, Dr.so-called, prof. V.G. Nikitaev. 04/20/2011


There was fog in front of my eyes
And the environment is deception.
Now the veil is gone,
and the world is visible almost to the bottom.

The Creator used his hands here
And put my soul into them,
And then miracles happened:
I see heaven again!

What an experience! Skill
Good luck on the spot;
The mood immediately arose in me
To immortalize the eye of the other…

Successfully completed case
Craftsmanship of hands with a bold movement,
He’s on the road to his luck again,
And how could it be otherwise!



A grateful patient. 10.11.2010


I am addressing you, Vladimir Nikolaevich, as to the God of the eyes!
I was operated on in 2005, and now. Thank you for everything: high-level professionalism, a sense of responsibility, tact in dealing with the patient.
May health, creative inspiration, life success and family well-being always accompany you!


With great respect, Dasaeva T.S. 08/04/2010


A brief outline of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant’s twin cities.
Not a standard, but a well-deserved characteristic.

From the defenders of Elektrostal, who awaited twinning with the Moscow Regional KB-86, which is of great benefit to the workers of the city.Elektrostal in the treatment of eye and other diseases, but not only waited, but we are also surprised by the cordial hospitality, benevolence and understanding and love of those who meet us and see us off. One of them is the Coryphaeus of eye diseases Trubilin Vladimir Nikolaevich, an ophthalmologist, given from God “both a priest and a reaper and a gamer on a pipe.” One can be surprised and envious of his productivity, quality of work. The subordinate team is cohesive, interchangeable and accurate in work. His student Evgenia Borisovna Tretyak is a thoughtful specialist, a good computer scientist.Hence its high quality products.

Therefore, we, the sick of the city of Elektrostal, are satisfied with the work of KB-86 and are sincerely grateful and happy. Therefore, I express my gratitude to the entire KB-86 team.


Solomatin M.P., Elektrostal.


Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

When a patient with almost blind eyes enters the Center entrusted to you, then from your very first words, and the Center’s staff too, he has confidence in his abilities, in the future and a wild thirst for life.This is all the more important when, at almost 75 years of age, you are working for the benefit of the State, veterans of special risk units who gave their lives and health to the cause of creating the Nuclear Center of our State, which has prevented the third world war for more than 60 years.

Every touch of your sensitive fingers and devices to the eyes invades them with light, and a highly professional operation made it possible for the first time in 22 years to see not only silhouettes and outlines of objects, but also letters, tree branches, bright colors and beautiful faces of your wonderful female ophthalmologists.

Behind me (from 20 years old) – 67 hospitalizations, 7 operations, 11 times I was in the clinic of Military field therapy, but nowhere and never have I met such kind, warm and constant attention, the highest professionalism and very tasty food, when you go into the world of pleasures well-fed, strengthened and, most importantly, SIGHT.

I have never seen such cleanliness and sanitary-hygienic conditions anywhere else.

With all my heart and soul, I deeply thank you,

Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich !,

You – Sakinat Magomedovna !,

All the medical staff of the Center for the introduction of me into service to the Motherland and the people!


With deep respect and goodwill!
Chairman of the Veterans Committee
subdivisions of special risk of the Russian Federation,
Commander of the Order of Courage,
participant of Totsk military exercises with the use of nuclear weapons,
Member of the Expert Council of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
V.Ya. Benzianov


We all walk the same road
And sometimes we stumble,
There are no others, because we are not gods,
There is no extra life in reserve.

And the more offensive that the road is
Not everyone sees even during the day.
Are your eyes weak? Pray to God
Or go the other way.

Who believes in science, who believes in brains,
Skillful hands and scientific instruments,
He is looking for scientists, specialists in the eyes,
Which make your eyesight better.

I also got a cataract-trouble,
The white light has dimmed and friends have forgotten.
Work, car, goodbye forever,
Whenever you are, our magician Trubilin.

Moscow, Belyanin Yu.P., room 19. First impressions after the operation.


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!
Good health to you for many years, providing eyesight to many people of the Russian Federation. “
Professor Amir Amaev.


Sorry, maybe something is wrong.
I am not a poet, but I wrote with tears in my eyes and from my heart and from a pure heart.
You gave me a second LIFE. Thank you!!!
Medko Nadezhda Mikhailovna
Zaporozhye.

“Vladimir Nikolaevich!

Thank you for your golden hands,
Thank you for your kindness,
Thank you for the delights of the earth,
For conquering blindness.
Now I see, oh what happiness
Look at the world without glasses.

From a pure heart I wish
Health and happiness, success in hard work.
For the benefit of the blind and the unfortunate,
For a better share in fate.

Thank you very much for this,
You have brought back happiness and joy in life.
It’s easy to go through life now,
And feel your great HAPPINESS !!! “


Vladimir Nikolaevich Trubilin
With deep appreciation from the enlightened employees of
Institute of Molecular Physics, Kurchatov Center.

What is the mirror of the soul – eyes
Known to everyone for a long time
But it gets darker, sometimes
Unfortunately it is.

And by God’s grace the surgeon
(Of which there is no doubt)
With my firm hand
We get our sight back.

And all shades of beauty
Our beautiful land
With a wave of the hand
Him – again we see clearly

And souls shine in the eyes,
Delight, glee,
And they send the savior
Respect and recognition.

And the Anthem sounds in the name of those
To whom, as before, is holy
Came down through the centuries
Oath of Hippocrates to us

16 signatures


Trubilin Vladimir Nikolaevich.

“For many years you have returned sight to many people
And the rumor about you goes all over Russia.
You lit up people’s lives with the rays of the sun
You are close and dear to many people.
You are the light of our eyes! We love you and believe –
You are an ophthalmologist – god! You need to pray to you,
For your talent, undeniable genius,
Honor and glory to you personally !!! “

The clear-cut artist, Galina Gefailova.


Trubilin Vladimir Nikolaevich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor

“Forest lakes are like human eyes.
They seem to be in window huts,
Look at the blue sky
And shine with a gloss in the sun.

There is a deep silence over the old lake,
Dense reeds press him from the shore,
Green water does not transmit light,
The lake is in mortal trouble.

One Hope –
A stream flows into the lake,
Its water is clear –
Rapid stream.

Oh, magic trickle,
Please, please:
Don’t let the whole lake close
From the light to the reeds. “

War invalid Bukhanov A.N.
city ​​of Elektrostal.
.


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!
Your “golden” hands have completely restored the vision of both my eyes over the past year. For this, I bow to you and the greatest gratitude to all the staff of the department for their attention and truly human attitude towards us, “old Russians”. Usually, a hospital stay is not a great pleasure. But you have managed to create such a comfortable environment and a benevolent atmosphere in the department that staying in it does not oppress you at all.I have no doubt that it also heals … “
S. Barsov


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!
It is difficult to express in words the feelings of gratitude and appreciation for the work that you and your team are doing, restoring eyesight to patients and thereby returning them to a full life. I do not want to talk about your high professionalism and your colleagues – this is indicated by the results of the work, as well as the reviews of patients and colleagues. I would like to note one more facet of your qualities, it is benevolence, high professional culture, warmth and love for a person, which undoubtedly greatly contributes to the effectiveness of treatment.These qualities, which, unfortunately, are in short supply in our time, you, as a talented organizer, instill in the team you lead. In a short period of time, thanks to the great organizational work carried out by the leadership of the MSC 12 and you, a wonderful team of the Central Department of Eye Microsurgery was created, which FU “Medbioekstrem” can be proud of …
PhD, Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation ( signature).


“Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Trubilin V.N.
I am happy to infinity – I got to the Institute of Ophthalmology and … I regained my sight! The method of surgical intervention, in my opinion, differs and strikingly (for the better) from the same operation that I underwent six years ago in the clinic of microsurgery named after V.I. Fedorov. In this clinic (MSCh 12), the operation is fast, painless, of high quality and with the highest possible efficiency. “
Patient K. Bobrovnikova.


“Trubilin V.N., Gusev Yu.A. and all the staff of the Branch.
We express our deep gratitude for your skill, attention, golden hands, care, kindness to us, sick, half-blind people to whom you gave light and faith in life …
With respect and gratitude to you, a group of Tula. “
Eight signatures.


Doctor Trubilin V.N. and the entire team of the eye department!
I can’t come to my senses from the miracle that you performed. Having one terribly injured right eye, with many foreign bodies (the left one is missing after a serious injury in 1941 in St.Leningrad, bomb), in the last years of my life I suffered greatly from the gradual loss of vision (up to 0.1-0.2). I am 62 years old, by profession I am a radio engineer. And as a result of the developing cataract, I had to lose my sight and with it my favorite work and all the other joys of life. Everywhere I turned: both at the MNTK (to Fedorov), and at the Institute. Helmholtz, and at the Research Institute of Eye Diseases (to Krasnov), and others. There was only one answer: “Live until you are completely blind, then we will remove the lens, you cannot put an artificial lens, there is a very big risk and then, they say, you will see, it is true, there will be“ glasses-binoculars ”.And so I came to you, and a miracle happened. I have a wonderful lens and, in my opinion, excellent vision, although only one week has passed since the operation. It was as if a new life had begun for me. And all this thanks to the “golden” hands and the divine gift of Vladimir Nikolaevich. Still, the “Lefties” have not been transferred to Russia!
Dr. Trubilin possesses not only the highest professional skill, God endowed him with great kindness and attractive power, which allowed him to rally around himself highly qualified specialists – doctors and nurses, distinguished by such rare human qualities as kindness and warm care of patients.A kind word is one of the strongest medicines for all human ailments.
Low bow to you, Vladimir Nikolaevich, and to your entire team …
P.S. I write and continue to be surprised and moved by the fact that I see so well and from this letters are obtained so beautiful and even.
Y. Troyanovsky.


“… While communicating with the medical staff of the Department and its patients, I heard only good and even rave reviews about Dr. VN Trubilin, as a great specialist in his field, in love with his profession.They talk about him as a surgeon of “golden hands”, a man of great knowledge and at the same time, modest and accessible. I am happy to join this general opinion. I have no doubt that if there were more people like Trubilin V.N. in our long-suffering Motherland, and if they were not obstructed, everything would have been different, – as it should be …
The great and undoubted merit of Trubilin V.N. is the creation of mainly young qualified personnel of the department. In it, everyone knows their responsibilities well, performs them clearly, and from this the whole team works rhythmically, like a well-oiled mechanism…
More than a dozen years ago, here I was successfully operated on (glaucoma of the other eye) by an ophthalmologist-surgeon A.N. Satronova. So what to do
kindness to people is the tradition of the department. Good tradition! Let her live and grow stronger! … “.
Former engineer-captain of the Third Main Directorate under the USSR Council of Ministers, duty officer of the Babushkinsky district of Moscow V. Krokhin.


“We, the patients of the department, are people of different professions and ages, but united by one of the most serious health ailments – eye diseases.
Being on the verge of losing our eyesight, we all only now felt the fullness of the terrible misfortune – a real possibility, after many years of difficult professional work and knowledge of our beautiful world, to become blind.
The professionalism of Dr. V.N. Trubilina – “Chief Sorcerer Golden Hands”, wizards and wizards of the medical staff gathered us all together.
We, without exaggeration, are all shocked by the fulfilled Hopes. New insight is akin to the Renaissance.And not only ours, but also our relatives, loved ones, friends and comrades.
The Central Department of Eye Microsurgery works efficiently, efficiently, with a benevolent culture of relationships with everyone and, as it seems to us obvious, with high labor intensity …
In a word, this is the work of devotees. This is dedication!
The Department is clean. The food, strange as it may seem in the realities of our time, is good. Warm gratitude and deep bow to all employees with great wishes of joys and happiness, good health, well-being! And especially Many thanks to prof.V.N. Trubilin … “.
V. Dzhelenov, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Beginning Department of the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation V. Savchenko.
Beginning Department of GSPI V. Romashov.
Beginning lab. TSNIIMASH S. Lovkov.
Working POCHMZ Miklin.
NIIZhT employee A. Tarasov.


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!
Dear, because you have returned to us the most valuable thing for us – sight, the ability to see the world around us. Thank you, our dear doctor, for your kind heart, attentive attitude to each patient, for your golden hands…
Stay always the same kind to people, live a long time on earth, help people maintain their sight, and, consequently, faith in life …
The department is always clean, comfortable, there is no noise, only care for us is felt.
Thank you very much for everything! “
V. Marnynenko (Moscow), L. Orlova, Kuzmina (Tula), I. Glazkov (Kazan).


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!
I thank you from the bottom of my heart for your kind heart and skillful hands that made a miracle.In Krasnogorsk, I had cataract surgery on one eye twice, and both times it was unsuccessful. Your skillful hands have remade someone else’s marriage and brought me great joy to see again … I also express my gratitude to all the medical staff for the good attitude towards us elderly people. Thank you very much for the cleanliness in the wards, for the delicious food. “
Krylova (Krasnogorsk).


“Trubilin Vladimir Nikolaevich.
Dear doctor! If I had two hearts, I would give one to you.To make you live longer, give more light and happiness to people. Health to you, vigor! Always remain the same charming and kind doctor and person! May luck always accompany you in your work, in science! And may the Lord protect you and your family. “
G. Chuiko.


“Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Trubilin V.N.
… not the one who wrote the thick books,
Not the one who is the leader of different schools,
The teacher is the one whose student is
He surpassed him in art. “…
Yu.Z. Rosenblum.


“Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Trubilin V.N.
You have prevented further deterioration of vision from glaucoma. You expertly performed eye surgeries without complications for me and my wife. We are sincerely grateful to you for your high professionalism, vocation to your profession, generosity, kindness, benevolence and care. You have instilled in us hope, confidence in the future … “
Pensioner V. Maslentseva.
Honored Worker of the agricultural Kuban, laureate of the State Prize M.Maslentsev.


“Dedicated to Vladimir Nikolaevich Trubilin …
Here he bent over me,
And the eye froze in silent powerlessness,
And a whole system of different thoughts,
Born, swept through abundance.
Music flowed around
Now somewhere close, now far away,
Before me glittered only circle
Strong microscope backlight.
And firmly with a gentle hand
The surgeon’s knife touched the eye,
One painting after another
Passed by the will of the playwright…
The work of the creator is over,
In whom skill and intelligence merged,
And in the hearts of grateful to them
Hope again responded. “
The author of the poem did not sign.


Dedicated to Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Amazing Man
Vladimir Nikolaevich Trubilin.

“Messenger of God”.
Long believed by people,
That miracles are the creation of God.
God gave his creation to people.
He endowed them with a good soul,
Big mind, love for man,
Eliminate grief with labor and the right.
It’s hard to live like this:
They are always on the go.
Checking and improving their work.
Vladimir received this right
Nikolaevich is from God.
Young, handsome, kind,
He loves what he does.
Labor, perseverance and care
helps relieve pain, trouble
takes away, returns the joy of life
– sight.
People come to him from all sides,
They walk with anxiety – they leave, thanks for the miracle.
He will tell you with a good smile,
What is possible, what is not and how it is necessary to be treated.
Young doctors with him,
Who call him Teacher.
They are, like everyone that goes to healing,
He is benefited for a miracle
And we are ready to take it over to
continue his work.
Patience and labor are their lot,
And these qualities are not given to everyone,
They must be earned by skill,
Patience and will.
Welcome, attention and care
Kept holy where the
people create a miracle.
Thank you, Vladimir Nikolaevich,
For the fact that all your spiritual warmth
You give to people.
For the fact that the Miracle continues to live,
For bringing back confidence
and the joy of life is light.
I wish you a long life,
Do miracles, raise young doctors,
So that your Case is not lost.
What a blessing to be with you,
To regain the gift of God – sight.
Low-low I bow to you
For a miracle created by the soul and
With kind hands.
Best regards, your patient V.B. Scharlau.


“I … was operated on for cataracts … Thank you so much for not only seeing the light as such, but also reading, writing, walking without stumbling and generally living a full life, like 62 years before Thank you, Thank you, Thank you !!! … Thank you very much for your attention, care, affection. Thank you very much !!! “.

V. Belokopitsev.


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

Your “golden” hands have completely restored the vision of both my eyes over the past year. For this, I bow to you and the greatest gratitude to all the staff of the department for their attention and truly human attitude towards us, “old Russians”. Usually, a hospital stay is not a great pleasure. But you have managed to create such a comfortable environment and a benevolent atmosphere in the department that staying in it does not oppress you at all.I have no doubt that it also heals … “.

S. Barsov


“I, Shcherbakova MA, a retired doctor, performed an operation for cataract at Yuri Alexandrovich. This can be said – a doctor from God – such golden hands.

I thought that they were just preparing me for the operation, but I heard – “Take me to the ward.” I did not feel at all either the injection or the operation.

More such doctors. I kiss your golden hands. “

M. Shcherbakova.


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

It is difficult to express in words the feelings of gratitude and appreciation for the work that you and your team are doing, restoring eyesight to patients and thereby returning them to a full life.

I do not want to talk about your high professionalism and your colleagues – this is indicated by the results of the work, as well as the reviews of patients and colleagues. I would like to note one more facet of your qualities, it is benevolence, high professional culture, warmth and love for a person, which undoubtedly greatly contributes to the effectiveness of treatment.These qualities, which, unfortunately, are in short supply in our time, you, as a talented organizer, instill in the team you lead. In a short period of time, thanks to the great organizational work carried out by the leadership of MSC 12 and you, a wonderful team of the Central Department of Eye Microsurgery was created, which FU “Medbioekstrem” can be proud of … “.

PhD, Honored Doctor of the Russian Federation (signature).


“Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Trubilin V.N.

I am happy to infinity – I got to the Institute of Ophthalmology and … I regained my sight!

Methodology of surgical intervention, in my opinion. differs and strikingly (for the better) from the same operation that I underwent six years ago in the clinic of microsurgery named. Fedorov.

In this clinic (MSCh 12), the operation is quick, painless, of high quality and with the highest possible efficiency. ”

Patient K. Bobrovnikova.


“Trubilin VN, Gusev YA and all the staff of the Department.

We express our deep gratitude for your skill, attention, golden hands, care, kindness to us sick, half-blind people to whom you gave light and faith in life …

With respect and gratitude to you, a group of Tula “.

Eight signatures.


“Doctor Trubilin VN and the entire staff of the eye department!

I cannot recover from the miracle that you have performed.Having one terribly injured right eye, with many foreign bodies (the left one is missing after a serious injury in 1941 in Leningrad, a bomb), in the last years of my life I suffered greatly from a gradual loss of vision (up to 0.1-0.2). I am 62 years old, by profession I am a radio engineer. And as a result of the developing cataract, I had to lose my sight and with it my favorite work and all the other joys of life. Everywhere I turned: both at the MNTK (to Fedorov), and at the Institute. Helmholtz, and at the Research Institute of Eye Diseases (to Krasnov), and others.There was only one answer: “Live until you are completely blind, then we will remove the lens, you cannot put an artificial lens, there is a very big risk and then, they say, you will see, however, there will be” glasses-binoculars “.”

And so I came to you, and a miracle happened. I have a wonderful lens and, in my opinion, excellent vision, although only one week has passed since the operation. It was as if a new life had begun for me. And all this thanks to the “golden” hands and the divine gift of Vladimir Nikolaevich. Still, the “Lefties” have not been transferred to Russia!

Doctor Trubilin possesses not only the highest

professional skill, God endowed him with great kindness and attractive power, which allowed him to rally around himself highly qualified specialists – doctors and nurses, distinguished by such rare human qualities as kindness and warm care of patients.A kind word is one of the strongest medicines for all human ailments.

Low bow to you, Vladimir Nikolaevich, and to your entire team …

P. S. I write and continue to be surprised and moved by the fact that I see so well and from this letters are obtained so beautiful and even.

Y. Troyanovsky.


“…. Talking to the medical staff of the Department and his patients, I heard only good and even rave reviews about Dr. VN Trubilin, as a great specialist in his field, in love with his profession.They talk about him as a surgeon of “golden hands”, a man of great knowledge and at the same time, modest and accessible. I am happy to join this general opinion. I have no doubt that if there were more people like Trubilin V.N. in our long-suffering Motherland, and if they were not obstructed, everything would have been different, – as it should be …

A great and undoubted merit of Trubilin V.N. is the creation of mainly young qualified personnel of the department. In it, everyone knows their responsibilities well, performs them clearly, and from this the whole team works rhythmically, like a well-oiled mechanism…

More than ten years ago, here I was successfully operated on (glaucoma of the other eye) by the ophthalmologist A. N. Satronova. So doing good to people is a tradition of separation. Good tradition! Let her live and grow stronger! … “.

Former engineer-captain of the Third State Administration under the USSR Council of Ministers, duty officer of the Babushkinsky District of Moscow V. Krokhin.


“Sisters:
What a blessing to be a sister,
After all, you bring relief.
Your care and warmth –
There is the main treatment in life.
Often you come to us,
You will ask about health with a smile,
You can make your bed sometimes,
Throw a pillow at your head.
In your hands and a syringe with a needle,
Always filled with medicine,
You will come into the ward like this,
What will blow the world from you.
We all have to thank you,
Who was so sweet,
For being then
She gave us sight again. “

A.Klyushin.


“Dear Yuri Alexandrovich!

We sincerely thank you for your sensitive heart and golden hands. You have given our old people back their eyesight … Once again, we thank you and all your close-knit team. “

Tula group (four signatures).


“Dear Yuri Alexandrovich!

Please accept from me, your patient, words of great gratitude for the successful operation you performed to restore my vision.I can see well. HOORAY! And a thousand times Hurray to you, my savior from inevitable blindness. Many thanks to your assistants for their sensitive and attentive attitude to patients …

(I write without glasses) “.

Yu. Antonov, Tula.


“I would like to express my deep gratitude … to all the nurses for their respect and understanding for the sick. Dear sisters … God bless you everything in life that your soul desires. I would also like to note the hard work of the nurse Tatiana, who in her own way positions should keep everything clean and tidy, feed the sick and have time to put things in order everywhere.Therefore … we felt like home here … “.

Patients of the fourth ward.


“We, the patients of the department, are people of different professions and ages, but united by one of the most serious health ailments – eye diseases.

Being on the verge of losing sight, all of us have only now felt the fullness of the terrible misfortune – a real possibility, after many years of difficult professional work and knowledge of our beautiful world, to become blind.

The professionalism of Dr. V.N. Trubilina – “Chief Sorcerer Golden Hands”, wizards and wizards of the medical staff gathered us all together.

We, without exaggeration, are all shaken by the fulfilled Hopes. New insight is akin to the Renaissance. And not only ours, but also our relatives, loved ones, friends and comrades.

The Central Department of Eye Microsurgery works efficiently, efficiently, with a benevolent culture of relationships with everyone and, as it seems to us obvious, with high labor intensity…

In a word, this is the work of devotees. This is dedication!

The Department is clean. The food, strange as it may seem in the realities of our time, is good.

Warm gratitude and deep bow to all employees with great wishes of joys and happiness, good health, prosperity! And especially Many thanks to prof. V.N. Trubilin … “.

Corresponding member Russian Academy of Sciences V. Dzhelenov.

EarlyDepartment of the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation V. Savchenko.

Early Department of GSPI V. Romashov.

Early lab. TSNIIMASH S. Lovkov.

Working POCHMZ Miklin.

Employee of NIIZhT A. Tarasov.


“Gusev Yuri Alexandrovich:

For patience, for exorbitant work,

For the approach that you found to us,

For the killed forces and nerves –

Our deep bow to you to the ground. “

O. Korotkova (now not sick, but healthy …).


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

Dear, because you have returned to us the most valuable thing for us – sight, the ability to see the world around us. Thank you, our dear doctor, for your kind heart, attentive attitude to each patient, for your golden hands …

Stay always the same kind to people, live a long time on earth, help people keep their sight, and, consequently, faith in life…

The department is always clean, comfortable, there is no noise, there is only concern about us.

Thank you very much for everything! “.

V. Marnynenko (Moscow), L. Orlova, Kuzmina (Tula), I. Glazkov (Kazan).


“Dear nurses of the operating room! Thank you very much for your diligence in this difficult work, which you … have done for our recovery …”.

Healed patients of the 3rd ward, Alyoshenka and Ivanushka.


“Dear Yuri Alexandrovich!

I would like to thank you and your team for what they did to us. You remain in my memory the person who gave me back my almost lost sight. I have traveled to Moscow 3 times before, but it’s no use. I am a very happy girl, because I ended up in your hospital. I wish you longevity, good luck, happiness and love! ..

In my opinion, this is the last trip to Moscow and I will always remember you! Always!!! Many thanks to everyone !!! “.

Zukhra Khasanova (Uzbek), R. Uzbekistan, Bukhara (I beg your pardon for mistakes).


“Dear Vladimir Nikolaevich!

From the bottom of my heart I thank you for your kind heart and skillful hands that made a miracle.

In Krasnogorsk, I had cataract surgery on one eye twice, and both times it was unsuccessful. Your skillful hands have remade someone else’s marriage and brought me great joy to see again …

I also express my gratitude to all the medical staff for the good attitude towards us elderly people.Thank you very much for the cleanliness in the wards, for the delicious food. “

Krylova (Krasnogorsk).


“Dr. Novak N.V.:
To make you forever younger, always, always,
So that golden hands heal everything eyelids, eyes,
So that people do not forget, remember about you,
To those to whom you have given the light to see the Sun.
Low bow to you, dear, for many, many years!
And I personally wish the nurses all the warmth,
So that in your delicate handles the needle is gentle.
You are beautiful, treat everyone here with your soul.
May life give you happiness, bring success! “.
Tupikov.


“Anesthesiologist Nikolai Nikolaevich.,

…. At first glance, your work does not seem to be visible. But what a big role it plays in our life.

What we can do without your gentle, strong hands that help us and make our operations painless … “.

L. Gushchina.G. Chuiko.


“From the patient UVOV, honored pensioner Lebedev A.D.

I underwent an eye operation with a lens replacement … I thank all the medical personnel, including the catering unit, for their attentive attitude to patients. “

“I join in the thanks.” Veteran of labor, disabled group II N. Kislova.


“Dear Yuri Alexandrovich!

Please accept my sincere wishes for the success of your difficult, but so necessary work.Thank you for your sensitivity, kind heart, and most importantly, for the golden hands that save so many people and me in particular! …

I personally thank Tatiana Koroleva for her extraordinary sensitivity, attention and care to the sick … For the perfect cleanliness in the wards and in all her work, I thank Zinaida Fedorovna Tultseva … “.

Frolov family (mother and daughter), Zelenograd.

123 reviews, instructions for use

Use during pregnancy and lactation

Due to the lack of controlled studies of the safety of the drug Diprospan ® during pregnancy, if it is necessary to prescribe the drug to pregnant women or women of childbearing age, a preliminary assessment of the intended benefit is required therapy for the mother and potential risk to the fetus.

Newborns whose mothers received therapeutic doses of GCS during pregnancy should be under medical supervision (for early detection of signs of adrenal insufficiency).

If it is necessary to prescribe the drug Diprospan ® during lactation, the issue of stopping breastfeeding should be decided, taking into account the importance of therapy for the mother (due to possible side effects in children).

Application for violations of liver function

Use with caution in severe chronic liver failure, liver cirrhosis.

Application for impaired renal function

Use with caution in severe chronic renal failure.

Use in children

Children undergoing therapy with Diprospan ® (especially long-term) should be under close medical supervision for possible growth retardation and the development of secondary adrenal cortex insufficiency.

Special instructions

The dosage regimen and route of administration are set individually, depending on the indications, the severity of the disease and the patient’s response.

The drug should be used in the minimum effective dose, the period of use should be as short as possible.

The initial dose is selected until the desired therapeutic effect is achieved. If, after a sufficient period of time, the therapeutic effect is not observed, the drug is discontinued by gradually reducing the dose of the drug. Diprospan ® and another appropriate treatment method is selected.

After reaching the therapeutic effect, the maintenance dose is selected by gradually reducing the dose of betamethasone, which is administered at appropriate intervals.The decrease is continued until the minimum effective dose is reached.

If a stressful situation arises or is threatened (not related to the disease), it may be necessary to increase the dose of Diprospan.

Cancellation of the drug after long-term therapy is carried out by gradually reducing the dose.

The patient’s condition is monitored for at least a year after the end of long-term therapy or use in high doses.

The introduction of the drug into soft tissues, into the lesion focus and into the joint can, with pronounced local action, simultaneously lead to systemic action.

Given the likelihood of developing anaphylactoid reactions with parenteral administration of GCS, the necessary precautions should be taken before administering the drug, especially if there is a history of allergic reactions to drugs.

Diprospan ® contains two active substances – betamethasone compounds, one of which, betamethasone sodium phosphate, is a rapidly dissolving fraction and therefore quickly penetrates into the systemic circulation. The possible systemic effect of the drug should be taken into account.

While using the drug Diprospan ® , mental disorders are possible, especially in patients with emotional instability or a tendency to psychosis.

When Diprospan is prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus, correction of hypoglycemic therapy may be required.

Patients receiving Diprospan ® in doses that suppress immunity should be warned about the need to avoid contact with patients with chickenpox and measles (especially important when prescribing the drug to children).

When using the drug Diprospan ® , it should be borne in mind that GCS can mask the signs of an infectious disease, as well as reduce the body’s resistance to infections.

Appointment of Diprospan in active tuberculosis is possible only in cases of fulminant or disseminated tuberculosis in combination with adequate anti-tuberculosis therapy. When prescribing Diprospan to patients with latent tuberculosis or with a positive reaction to tuberculin, the issue of prophylactic anti-tuberculosis therapy should be decided.With prophylactic use of rifampin, an increase in hepatic clearance of betamethasone should be taken into account (dose adjustment may be required).

In the presence of fluid in the articular cavity, a septic process should be excluded.

A noticeable increase in pain, swelling, an increase in the temperature of the surrounding tissues and a further limitation of joint mobility indicate infectious arthritis. When confirming the diagnosis, it is necessary to prescribe antibiotic therapy.

Repeated injections into a joint for osteoarthritis may increase the risk of joint destruction.The introduction of GCS into the tendon tissue gradually leads to rupture of the tendon.

After successful therapy with intra-articular injections of Diprospan ® , the patient should avoid overloading the joint.

Prolonged use of GCS can lead to posterior subcapsular cataract (especially in children), glaucoma with possible damage to the optic nerve and can contribute to the development of a secondary ocular infection (fungal or viral).

It is necessary to periodically conduct an ophthalmological examination, especially in patients receiving Diprospan ® for more than 6 months.

With an increase in blood pressure, fluid retention and sodium chloride in the tissues and an increase in the excretion of potassium from the body (less likely than with the use of other GCS), patients are recommended a diet with a restriction of table salt and additionally prescribed potassium-containing drugs. All corticosteroids enhance calcium excretion.

With the simultaneous use of Diprospan and cardiac glycosides or drugs that affect the electrolyte composition of the plasma, control of the water-electrolyte balance is required.

Acetylsalicylic acid is prescribed with caution in combination with Diprospan ® for hypoprothrombinemia.

The development of secondary adrenal cortex insufficiency due to too rapid withdrawal of GCS is possible within several months after the end of therapy. If a stressful situation arises or is threatened during this period, therapy with Diprospan ® should be resumed and a mineralocorticoid drug should be prescribed at the same time (due to a possible violation of mineralocorticoid secretion). The gradual abolition of GCS can reduce the risk of developing secondary adrenal insufficiency.

Against the background of the use of corticosteroids, it is possible to change the motility and number of spermatozoa.

With long-term therapy with GCS, it is advisable to consider the possibility of switching from parenteral to oral GCS, taking into account the assessment of the benefit / risk ratio.

Patients receiving GCS should not be vaccinated against smallpox, as well as other immunizations, especially against the background of high-dose GCS treatment, due to the possibility of neurological complications and a low immune response (lack of antibody formation).Immunization is possible when carrying out replacement therapy (for example, with primary adrenal cortex insufficiency).

Use in pediatrics

Children undergoing therapy with Diprospan ® (especially long-term) should be under close medical supervision for possible growth retardation and the development of secondary adrenal cortex insufficiency.