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Do women care about size: Does Size Really Matter? | Everyday Health


Does Penis Size Matter? 25 Women Weigh In

It’s a topic that has yet to go away and probably never will: does penis size matter? How small is too small for a woman? Studies have found that when it comes to penis size, 84% of women are just fine with what their partner has. In fact, the men seem to be the most concerned with how big their penis is.

Don’t get me wrong. A big penis does matter to some women, but there are fewer of those out there than there are women who think a slightly below average penis is just fine. For many, it’s more about how you use it and where you can excel in other areas because intercourse is just one part of sex; sex encompasses so much more.

A couple important things to note: Women and people with vulvas tend to receive an enormous amount of pressure when it comes to their bodies. But when it comes to penis size, the same often goes for people with penises. It’s important to come from a place of compassion when it comes to penis size, says Rena Martine, women’s intimacy coach and educator, pointing to research that shows that most women think sexual communication skills are more important than size.

To see how millennial women feel about penis size, Bustle asked some to share their thoughts on the size debate. Completely honest, with even a few names changed to keep anonymity intact, here’s what 25 women had to say about penis size.

Girth Matters More

For Colleen, 31, it’s not about length. “I’d like to say it doesn’t, but it does to an extent,” she tells Bustle. “However it’s less length and more girth?”

Laken, 22, agrees. “That’s difficult, because ‘size’ doesn’t necessarily translate to inches; girth counts as well,” she tells Bustle. “If someone is five inches and skinny, that feels a lot different than five inches and thick. For me, size doesn’t *really* matter, although I won’t lie and say I don’t prefer a bigger guy. The best sex I’ve had was with an average-sized guy, but his proclivity for oral and other means of making me orgasm far surpassed his penis size. I don’t really get off from penetration alone, so size isn’t super imperative to me, but I do like when a guy is slightly above average (and doesn’t have a super skinny penis).

It’s the same theory for Jenn, 36, “Girth is important. Length, less so,” she tells Bustle. “I’ve personally never come across one that was too short or too long, but I have met one that was too skinny, and this was when I was 20, so it’s obviously not an issue of me being ‘old,’ ‘loose,’ or ‘stretched out,’ as some butthurt dudes might assume. I did hear about a friend of a friend who had to break it off with a guy she really cared about because he was too big, but I assume he was a unicorn.”

Beverly, 29, says it’s the size matters debate is a yes and no situation. “I have had the one-night stand where the guy and my pinky were the same size; not much to do there, even with creativity,” she tells Bustle. “I have also heard of friends who felt their goddamn ovaries were sore after because a very hung guy had been a bit too enthusiastic. The normal 5 to 7 inches is… fine? … What’s important though: good girth and being actually hard…”

Bigger Isn’t Always Better

Amber, 26, didn’t think size mattered — until she was with someone who had a huge penis. “Having sex became unbearable,” she tells Bustle “Since then I’ve felt that size really makes a difference.”

After a similar experience, Britni, 30, agrees. “Yes, it matters, but only if it’s too big,” she tells Bustle. “That shit hurts! Plus, guys with big dicks tend to rest on that and not actually put much effort in to pleasing their partner because it’s like, ‘I have a big dick, what else do you want?'”

Some Are More Satisfied With Big Penises

For Ruby, 28, size does matter. I’ve found that I much prefer larger guys, but that’s a lot to do with how my own body is shaped,” she tells Bustle. “Not to say that smaller guys can’t be good lovers ― they absolutely can ― but I’m more satisfied with big guys. However, too big is an issue too. Then it just hurts.”

Emotional Connection Matters, Not Penis Size

Elisabeth, 22, says it’s not a big penis that matters. “No, because good sex is much more a result of healthy emotional connection than body part size,” she tells Bustle.

Tongue Size Matters

Wren, 28, says there’s a different size that matters when it comes to sex. “Penis size doesn’t really matter that much to me, since penetrative sex feels good, but isn’t the end all be all,” she tells Bustle. “In all honesty, larger guys usually hurt a lot more. I’d say it’s more about the size of a man’s tongue, if you know what I’m sayin’. (Oral sex is KEY.)”

Size Matters, But It Doesn’t Have To Be Big

Avigail, 27, says size matters, but not in the way you might think. “Not too small or not too big ― kind of like a perfect scoop of Haagen Daz ice cream. Too small-still hungry, too big-tummy ache,” she tells Bustle.

Ana, 31, is on a similar page. “Sorry to anyone who wants to believe otherwise but, yes, size does matter,” she tells Bustle. “A small penis can’t create the same sensation that a larger one can, and it can make certain maneuvers difficult ― it might fall out during doggy style or when switching positions, for example.

But she says bigger doesn’t always mean better. “There is DEFINITELY such thing as too big of a penis, and penis size is SO far from the most important determining factor when it comes to good sex,” she says.

Guys Need To Chill About Their Penis Size

Mel, 28, thinks it’s time to end this debate. “I have not run across too small, but have run across too big, so either I’m lucky, or guys are way too f*cking concerned about it,” she tells Bustle. “And considering my sampling size, I’d guess it’s the latter.”

Small Penises Are Great

Lindsay, 33, says size just doesn’t matter. “I’ve found that men with even the smallest dicks know how to work them in a way that size doesn’t come into play,” she tells Bustle.

It Doesn’t Matter, As Long As This Doesn’t Happen

Jen, 29, says it doesn’t matter — unless this awkward moment happens. “As long as you can feel it and I mean decently feel it, then it doesn’t matter that much,” she tells Bustle. “There’s nothing sadder than having to ask if it’s in when it IS in ― it’s just super uncomfortable and embarrassing for both.”

It Depends

For a 30-year-old millennial woman who wished to remain anonymous, it all depends on what you’re looking for. “ Looking for fun? GO BIG! Looking for love then COMPROMISE,” she tells Bustle.

Physical Compatibility Is More Important

Becky, 29, says it all depends on your size, too. “It definitely does, but not always in the ways one might expect,” she tells Bustle. “Some of us smaller ladies, for instance, are kind of terrified of monster cock. Everyone is built differently and has their own preferences. Some people are just not physically compatible, but you won’t know for sure until you try, right? Long story short: it matters somewhat, but how said person is in bed (and how willing they are to be flexible and do what needs to be done for their partner) is WAY more important.”

Jen, 35, agrees. “There’s a size that really is too small and being small myself there are definitely sizes that are too big,” she tells Bustle. “But really all I ask is for something larger than a baby carrot and its owner to be flexible, hardworking and have a sense of humor about whatever else might need to be done for us to get along well together.”

Slightly Larger Than Average Is Preferable

Sabrina, 28, isn’t a fan of penises that are too big or too small. “I had a boyfriend who was very well-endowed and I never had an orgasm from intercourse with him in five years time,” she tells Bustle. “I was kinda shocked because the world would have one believe that a huge one is the only satisfying way, but it just didn’t work. It was more uncomfortable than anything. I don’t like small, either, but slightly larger than average (average being 5-6 inches in my book) is the most pleasurable.”

7 Inches & Up Are Preferable

Anna, 30, says she’d be lying if she said penis size didn’t matter to her.When I’m dating a guy, and my mind wanders to how much he’s packing (because, yes, my mind does go there and usually rather early in the game),” she tells Bustle. “I’m generally hoping to see something around 7″ or up when I have sex with a guy, but in my experience, the size doesn’t correlate to the quality of the sex. Instead, that is determined more by hardness (is there a better descriptor for that?), da moves, and the generosity, and the time spent. Yet, I still hope for a large dick. I am unreasonable like that.”

Yes, Penis Size Matters

For Sabrina, 34, it’s important. “Not in like a size queen way, but it just feels nice when you can feel the dick up in yo business and whatnot.”

Sarah, 30, wants you to stop lying about it. “Yes, dick size matters,” she tells Bustle. “I always roll my eyes when people say otherwise.”

Gia, 32, wants nothing to do with small penises. “Tiny penises are for children. Not promoting adult on child action just child penises on children.

Cate, 24, says size matters, but guys who are packing need to step it up. “People can talk about there only being sensation in the first three inches of the vagina, but that’s bullsh*t,” she tells Bustle. “That said, plenty of dudes with big dicks don’t bother to really put any effort into sex because they think size alone matters. You gotta find that rare gem: the slightly insecure hung dude.”

Michelle, 28, says it matters — but it doesn’t always mean good sex. “It makes a difference but that doesn’t mean the sex is always better or that it’s an absolute must,” she tells Bustle. “But if we’re drafting up a sex wish list here, then yes, please.”

Size Matters In Extreme Cases

For Zoe, 28, penis size only matters if they’re too big or too small. If you’re slightly smaller than average but good at sex it’s probably no big deal, and if you’re slightly bigger than average that’s great but not life changing,” she tells Bustle. “I dated a guy for a long time with a really small penis and the sex just was not as good, although I convinced myself it was because I liked him a lot. Also, I hooked up with a guy who was 6’7” for a while and his penis was so big that a lot of positions would get painful, which meant we constantly were losing momentum and having to stop and adjust, which is sort of a mood killer. But those are the only two guys it’s ever mattered with. Everyone anywhere in the middle was fine.”


Rena Martine, women’s intimacy coach and educator

This article was originally published on

​Here’s What Most Women Really Think About Your Penis Size

Women repeatedly say that size doesn’t matter. Thanks to a new poll, we now know this to be true: The vast majority of women don’t care whether you’re smuggling an anaconda or an inch worm.

That’s the takeaway from Superdrug Online Doctor’s survey, which polled 1,500 Europeans and Americans on what they’re willing and not so willing to compromise on in a relationship. As it turns out, women don’t care as much about your penis size as you think. On the size front, 92 percent of women said a small penis was “not a deterrent” for them.

Rather, the survey revealed that there are plenty of substitutes for good, penetrative sex, including oral: Nearly 73 percent said they’d date someone who wasn’t good at penetrative sex if they were instead very good at going down there. (Worried you’re making mistakes when you do? Here are some tips about the dos and don’ts of oral sex.)

But, even still, sex is hardly the most important thing to her in a relationship. Nearly 88 percent of the women said they would rather date a good communicator than someone who’s good in bed. Other preferences include a romantic (78 percent), someone who keeps up with their physical appearance (62 percent), a guy who chips in on household chores (52 percent), and a great cook (40 percent).

Master those qualities, and you’ll build a loving relationship that both you and her can enjoy. After all, more than 95 percent of the women said love is more important than sex—and 84 percent of men agreed. And nearly half of the women said they’d rather date someone who only lasts a minute in bed than a guy who forgets their anniversary. It’s about the little things, guys. (Need help picking out the right anniversary present? Here are 25 sexy gifts that you’ll enjoy as much as she does. )

So, if you’re feeling insecure about your penis size, remember that it may be the least of her concerns. Instead, focus on showing off all those other skills you have—in or out of the bedroom.

Korin Miller
Korin Miller is a freelance writer specializing in general wellness, sexual health and relationships, and lifestyle trends, with work appearing in Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Self, Glamour, and more.

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How Women REALLY Feel About Penis Size

In previous blog posts, I’ve tried to reassure anxious men that penis size doesn’t matter to the substantial majority of women. And every time, comments have poured in from gals calling me a fool, saying that size matters a great deal to them.

Okay, size matters to some women. I’ve never said it didn’t. But based on decades of conversations with sex therapists and many women, I’ve concluded that the substantial majority of women don’t care, that they’d rather be with men who are warm, kind, solvent, caring, and funny, who share their values and interests than one who has a phone pole in his pants. Unfortunately, I couldn’t back that up with research because I knew of no study that explored women’s feelings on the subject. Now the verdict is in.

Recently, researchers at UCLA and Cal State Los Angeles published a report showing that 84 percent of women feel “very satisfied” with their man’s penis size. Fourteen percent wish it were larger and 2 percent would prefer smaller. The 84 percent figure means that seven out of every eight women think their man is just fine, corroborating my assertion that size doesn’t matter to the substantial majority of women.

This study is particularly persuasive because its methodology goes way beyond your run-of-the-mill survey of 100 college undergraduates. The researchers posted their questions on MSNBC.com and got responses from 26,437 women ages 18 to 65. Respondents were a self-selected group, which raises questions about demographic representation. But 26,437 is a huge number, a number so large that statistically it obviates concerns about self-selection and strongly suggests that the findings are truly valid.

Women Feel More Satisfied Than Men About Men’s Size

The survey also attracted responses from 25,594 men. Two-thirds of them rated their penises as “average,” exactly matching what the women said about their partners. But women were only half as likely as men to call their man’s penis “small,” and were more likely to call it “large.”

  • Men who called theirs “small:” 12 percent
  • Women who called their man’s “small:” 6 percent
  • Men who called theirs “large:” 22 percent
  • Women who called their man’s “large:” 27 percent

From Ancient Greece to Michelangelo to Porn

Our equation of manhood with a big penis stands in marked contrast to how the ancients viewed genital size. In Aristophanes’ play, The Clouds (423 B.C.), a character admonishes delinquent young men that if they continue to behave badly, as punishment, their penises will grow larger, but that if they repudiate their wicked ways, their organs will remain as they should be, small.

Five centuries later, the Roman novel, Satyricon, (c. 50 A.D.) describes bathers at a public bath who make fun of one character’s large penis, calling it as ridiculous as contemporary reactions to the outsized shoes of circus clowns. Like the Greeks, the ancient Romans thought the most attractive penises were on the small side.

The classic view that small is beautiful persisted through the Renaissance. Consider Michelangelo’s David or male nude sculptures by other artists of that period. The penises are surprisingly small. At that time, “masculinity” had less to do with the size of a man’s penis than with the size of his scrotum. A big scrotum that hung full and low suggested large testicles, which in turn, suggested great potency. During the Renaissance, penises were considered little more than incidental injection devices for what really counted, sperm.

That changed in the second half of the nineteenth century as photography (invented around 1840) and motion pictures (1890) paved the way for modern pornography. Porn has always been primarily a masturbation aid for men. Male masturbation is all about erections, so porn transformed penises from injection devices into the center of attention—and for portrayal in photography or film, the bigger the better.

Got a Ruler?

To most people, “penis size” implies length. Some two dozen studies have measured it. Most measure on the top side from the pubic bone at the base of the penis to the tip of the glans—without pushing the ruler into the gut or pulling on the shaft to stretch it. The results:


  • The typical flaccid penis is 3.5 inches long. (Small flaccid penises grow more to erection than large flaccid organs.)


  • Only 2. 5 percent of erections measure less than 3.8 inches.
  • 13.5 percent is 3.8 to 4.5 inches.
  • 68 percent is 4.6 to 6.0 inches.
  • 13.5 percent is 6.1 to 6.8 inches
  • And only 2.5 percent are longer than 6.9 inches.

Ironically, among women who said they care about size, fewer care about length than girth.

Be All You Can Be

The taller the man, the longer his arms and legs—and penis. But according to the survey, compared with the shortest men (5 feet 2 inches) the tallest (over 6 feet 4 inches) reported feeling only slightly more satisfied with their size.

Weight is another story. The slimmest men are much happier about their penis size than men who are obese. This makes sense because as weight increases, the lower abdominal fat pad grows and envelopes the base of the penis, making it look considerably smaller.

Want to make the most of what the good Lord gave you? Forget all the pills and potions advertised on the Internet. They’re all cynical frauds. To be all you can be between the legs, lose weight. But do it for yourself because there’s an 84 percent chance that the woman in your life is perfectly happy with your penis as it is.

Does “Size” Matter for a Happy Sex Life?

Size clearly mattered to comedienne to Roseanne Barr. When she hosted Saturday Night Live, she joked that her ex-husband, Tom Arnold, had a small penis. Incidentally, when he heard that, he replied, “Even a 747 looks small when it’s flying through the Grand Canyon.”

Penis size clearly matters to a man.

But what do most women think about the question: “Does penis size matter for a happy Relationship? In an article by Alanna Vagianos, “33 Women Weigh In On Whether Penis Size Matters,” women between the ages of 18 and 15 were asked the question: “Does size really matter?” Approximately one-third of them said, “yes.”

The younger women generally said that size didn’t matter to them, summing it up with the comment, “it’s more about how you use it. ” Some of the women giggled and replied that size does matter, others said it depends. “Being confident with your body is more important,” one woman replied. Another woman answered the question a bit differently, saying, “When you’re talking about the heart or the vision, size matters.”

In another survey done by Amanda Chatel in news magazine, Bustle, “25 Women Share Their Thoughts On Whether Penis Size Matters,” studies have found that 84 percent of women are just fine with the size of their partner’s penis. In fact, the people most concerned with penis size are men, because of their fears that a smaller penis makes them less manly. Many men are locked into the belief that “they have to have a gigantic dick,” which is clearly something most women don’t even want.

Surveys show that while size does matter to some women, there are far fewer who say that it’s important. Most women agree it’s how a man uses his penis and whether he excels in other areas, because intercourse is just one part of sex; and sex encompasses so much more.

To see how real life women felt about penis size, Bustle asked some of them to share their thoughts on the size debate. You can watch this video to hear what 25 women had to say about penis size.

The Research Findings Are Clear

In an article by Michael Castleman in Psychology Today, he discusses the research study done by researchers at UCLA and Cal State LA. Their published report showed that 84 percent of women felt “very satisfied” with their man’s penis size. Fourteen percent wished it were larger and 2 percent preferred it was smaller. The 84 percent figure means that seven out of every eight women thought their man was just fine, and that size didn’t matter to the substantial majority of women.

The UCLA study was particularly persuasive because its methodology went way beyond a run-of-the-mill survey of 100 college undergraduates. The researchers posted their questions on MSNBC.com and got responses from 26,437 women ages 18 to 65, which strongly suggests that the findings were truly valid.

Penis Facts (Size is measured when fully erect)

• Keep in mind that the typical flaccid penis is 3.5 inches long. (Small flaccid penises grow more to erection than large flaccid organs.)
• 1 percent of men worldwide have a penis measuring longer than 8¾ inches
• Approximately 70 percent of men worldwide have a penis measuring 6 ¼ inches or less (which are considered to be small to average size penises)

What If Your Lover is Insecure About His Penis Size?

Most boys grow up comparing their penis size to other boys. That comparison continues as they enter adulthood, for example, when showering with other young men in school. Then, when men are exposed to adult movies, they see men with extraordinarily large penises and women enjoying them, which causes their insecurities to grow further. So, it’s not surprising that many men feel inadequate, intimidated or just insecure about their penises.

Of course, many men are comfortable and secure about their penis size. But even the most secure male can use re-assurance. If you suspect your partner is insecure about his penis, there are some things you can say that will help reassure him that the size of his penis is pleasing to you.

1. Remind him that it’s not his size that pleasures you, it’s the way he uses it that brings you joy.
2. Let him know that your satisfaction in having sex with him is not based on the physical size of his penis, it’s based on the love, intimacy, and affection he shows you before, during and after you make love.
3. Remind him that you love him for his big head – not his little head.

Learn how the planets may be affecting you (and whether or not there is a penis in your future ☺) by going to the Free Transit Calculator and enter your birth date. And, if you’re curious to learn more about your personal Horoscope and what it says about your love relationships, career, investments and health in: Order your customized Report: Your Horoscope & Future in 2015-16. Or, a report on – Your Love Compatibility.

Larry Schwimmer is an astrologer in private practice. For private consultations, contact him at: [email protected] or go to www.AstroDecision.com

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Larry Schwimmer is president of Astrodecision.com, a San Francisco-based consulting company. The firm uses planetary cycles analysis to counsel individual and corporate clients on picking the “best dates” to make successful decisions of all types: personal, marketing, financial, and political. Schwimmer is an internationally known business consultant, life coach and astrologer (with a Fortune 500 M&A background). Visit his website: AstroDecision.com

7 Things Men Think Women Care About But Really Don’t

First of all, this list was compiled by my wife and business partner who asked twelve of her female friends to contribute.

Bottom line is, if a woman is really interested in you, the seven things we discuss here, may be nice to have but they’re definitely not a NEED to have.



They also don’t care about the price of your car, your luxury watch, or the fact that you buy the most expensive dinner in town. However, they definitely care if the main fixation in your life is money or not. Most of the time, your work ethic, your passion, your ambition, and your hobbies matter more than your bank account.

This approach can be extended to many things; it’s less about what you have but what you make with what you have. If a woman is just interested in how much money you make, it’s probably not a good idea to date her in the first place.

When I met my wife in 2006, I was a broke student and couldn’t offer her anything financially, nevertheless, she fell in love with me and I knew she was into me because there wasn’t anything else. So you could almost argue that being poor in a way helps you in this point because people really only are interested in you and they spend time with you because of you and not because of anything else.




In fact, all the women we talked to preferred that you weren’t. Why? You might wonder. Well if you spent all the time in the gym and you’re very ripped yourself as a man, that may be intimidating to the woman and she might feel like you judge her all the time which can be unhealthy for the relationship.

Maybe they think you look at every flaw they have or that you judge their work ethic. It definitely makes women feel self-conscious especially if they don’t have the same lifestyle approach as you do. It might also come across as you’re just vain and that you just care about your appearance more so than you about her and spending time with her.

Size Of Your Manhood

99% percent of all women out there don’t care about your penis size. Many men out there think that the size of their penis is really important and the bigger the better, not just for their ego, but also to satisfy women. In reality, the vast majority of penis sizes out there are just fine for most women.

In fact, most women consider your size to be non-criteria in the first place. Why? Well, it doesn’t say anything about you as a person and it doesn’t even say whether you’re good in bed or not. The size of your penis should never be a measure of your self-confidence or your self-worth in life.

Women care more about your personality and your attentiveness in bed and outside of bed. Are you just as happy to give as to receive? Do you ask questions? Do you want to please her? These are all questions you should ask instead of focusing on the size. In all honesty, men who are fixated on their penis size likely have an issue with their self-confidence. Ultimately, women don’t care and neither should you.



A lot of men think it’s unsexy or unmanly to show feelings and be vulnerable, however, that couldn’t be further from the truth. Most women are attracted to men who are emotionally stable and who can express their feelings. I think a lot of men don’t want to show emotions because they feel like they need to save face from other men who might judge them as weak. However, most women find it very sexy if men can express their feelings especially in their presence and it creates a stronger bond.

What does emotionally stable mean? Well basically, women like men who can cry when they watch a movie if they feel like it. In general, it means that men are willing to show their emotions, particularly in a private situation when they’re overmanned by their feelings. Now, it doesn’t mean that you should cry every time in public that you have a disagreement because that’s very unsexy.

Overall, being vulnerable and capable of expressing one’s feelings the relationship is very important especially if done so in a genuine way.

Putting Them On A Pedestal

Some men like to put women on a pedestal and compliment them all day long, however, that’s not what most women actually want. In fact, many women don’t like to be worshipped. Yes, everyone likes a genuine compliment every once in a while but if you’re being put on a pedestal all the time, it can lead to a disconnect between you as partners.

Most women want a connection with you and they want to be treated as an equal to you, not as something that is superior or inferior. They may also feel that they can’t be vulnerable themselves or share things because that would crush the illusion of that perfect body or that perfect woman. Being idealized as a woman can be very flattering in the beginning but long-term, it likely has strong consequences.

At the end of the day, nobody is perfect and everybody has flaws and it’s important to be able to talk about them and not being in that mindset that everything has to be perfect because that will lead to a woman feeling she has to wear makeup at night so she looks perfect when she wakes up. If you put a woman on a pedestal, chances that your relationship will break apart and you’ll both walk away disappointed are very high.


Don’t tell a woman she’s gorgeous looking all the time. Yes, it’s okay to compliment your spouse and your partner or the women in your life, however, if you repeatedly just tell them that they look gorgeous, it becomes old quite quickly.

Also, if you just give compliments based on her appearance, she might feel that all you care about is the way she looks, not her as a person. So instead of complimenting her on looking gorgeous, focus on the things that she does actively and the things that she cares about. If you can come up with a compliment about that, it will be much more gratifying and better in the long run for your relationship.

George Clooney happy to look his age with salt and pepper hair


Most men are really into their hair but in reality, most women don’t care much or not at all about your graying hair or your receding hairline. Many women also associate gray hair with maturity which is a big plus for us men. Most women also don’t care about the receding hairline, they care about your character, your humor, and the way you are as a person.

For example, just take a look at Jason Statham who doesn’t have much hair or George Clooney who has a lot of gray hair. They are still very popular actors. So if you’re on your 20s, 30s, or 40s, and your hair is getting grayer or you’re losing hair, just own it and have it be part of your personality.

The worst thing you can do is trying to cover it up by dyeing your hair because it’s always painfully obvious and most people will see it especially women and question you and your self-confidence. Honestly, it just makes it look worse than in your natural state and because of that, you should simply just not do it.

Do you agree with our list? Feel free to share your thoughts and experiences below!

Here’s What Millennial Women Really Think About Penis Size

Penis inadequacy is a real fear. Guys might not see it plastered across billboards as much as women have body image ideals foisted on them, but the pop culture zeitgeist certainly makes it known: Bigger is better.

So, curious about how Millennial women really felt about their partners’ penises, Cosmopolitan.com polled 1,100 readers (96 percent women, 4 percent men; between the ages of 18 and 34). And just so we don’t leave you hanging: 89 percent said they were not worried about their boyfriend’s penis size, and, when asked how they’d classify their partner’s penis, most of them (56 percent) went with “average.” Another 33 percent thought their partner’s penis was on the large side.

Interestingly, participants were pretty close when it came to what they considered and average penis size. (The current actual average sizes are 3.5 inches flaccid, and 5.1 inches erect.) Even though 43 percent of respondents said they watch porn at least once a month, which can skew peoples’ perceptions of penis size, they seem to be pretty realistic when it comes to IRL sex.

In the end, despite 59 percent of women reporting that they were less than satisfied in the bedroom, the vast majority said they wouldn’t change anything about their boyfriend’s penis. (A handful of participants noted they would actually make his penis slightly smaller.) Maybe guys are finally getting the message that penetration isn’t women’s greatest desire in bed, given that the survey found 62 percent of respondents rarely or never orgasm from penetration alone.

Basically, it seems like Millennial women are just fine with whatever penis. Although he might not be porn-star-size, penis beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Or the hand of the holder. Like, hand jobs. OK, have a great day.

Scroll down for all the results of the survey.

Lauren Ahn

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I am a human male that enjoys consuming meals consisting of all five food groups and fulfilling every level of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.

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A New Research Method Using Selection among 3D Models

PLoS One. 2015; 10(9): e0133079.



and #

Nicole Prause

Department of Psychiatry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America,

Jaymie Park

Department of Psychiatry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America,

Shannon Leung

Department of Psychiatry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America,

Geoffrey Miller

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico; Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America,

Heather Hoffmann, Editor

Department of Psychiatry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America,

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico; Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America,

Knox College, UNITED STATES,

#Contributed equally.

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Conceived and designed the experiments: NP GM. Performed the experiments: NP JP SL. Analyzed the data: NP JP SL GM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NP. Wrote the paper: NP JP SL GM.

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Received 2015 Feb 11; Accepted 2015 Jun 22.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.


Women’s preferences for penis size may affect men’s comfort with their own bodies and may have implications for sexual health. Studies of women’s penis size preferences typically have relied on their abstract ratings or selecting amongst 2D, flaccid images. This study used haptic stimuli to allow assessment of women’s size recall accuracy for the first time, as well as examine their preferences for erect penis sizes in different relationship contexts. Women (N = 75) selected amongst 33, 3D models. Women recalled model size accurately using this method, although they made more errors with respect to penis length than circumference. Women preferred a penis of slightly larger circumference and length for one-time (length = 6.4 inches/16.3 cm, circumference = 5.0 inches/12.7 cm) versus long-term (length = 6.3 inches/16.0 cm, circumference = 4.8 inches/12.2 cm) sexual partners. These first estimates of erect penis size preferences using 3D models suggest women accurately recall size and prefer penises only slightly larger than average.


Both men and women often have reported discomfort with the appearance of their genitals. While not as common of a concern as body weight, muscularity, amount of head hair and body hair, or height, penis size was a concern for 68. 3% of 200 men in one study [1]. Concerns about genital appearance are unique compared to other concerns about physical appearance. First, only intimate partners generally know the appearance of genitals. In contrast to the penis, body weight, acne, and other features are easily observed, informing feelings of attraction early in interactions. While indicators of penis size include ethnicity [2] and finger length and ratio [3, 4], most proposed cues of penis size, including male height and foot size [5], weight [6, 7], shoe size [8], and age [9], are unreliable. Second, no diet, pill, or exercise regime affects the size or shape of genitals. However, about half of men in one study believed that they could change their penis size through non-surgical means [10]. Little can be done to change the appearance of the penis. Contrary to some public opinion, it also is worth noting that discomfort with the appearance of the penis is not impacted [11], or is positively impacted [12], by viewing sex films. Given that only intimate partner(s) view the penis, the appearance is relatively immutable, and sex films are not causing dissatisfaction, partner perceptions of the penis appearance seem to most likely to impact men’s feelings about the features of their penis.

The expectations that men have about women’s penis size preferences appear to drive anxiety and dissatisfaction more than some inborn dissatisfaction. In the first questionnaire to examine the nature of dissatisfaction with the penis directly, three of the ten items concerned a partner’s perception [13]. These included “I will be alone and without a partner” and “I will be laughed at by a partner in a sexual situation”. These anxieties may be unnecessary. For example, while men and women agreed that the “ideal” penis length was longer than what they thought was average, men mistakenly reported that women would find an even longer penis ideal than the women actually did [10]. Furthermore, most men seeking surgery to increase their penis size (e. g., [14, 15]), actually fall within the normal penis size range [16].

Concerns about penis size affect men’s sexual satisfaction and functioning. Of course, penis size need not affect sexual functions like orgasm, sexual drive, or pain experience. However, men who are less satisfied with their penis report more sexual health problems [17]. A smaller penis decreases sexual confidence [18], which may be why penis size is related to sexual function. Another reason penis size may be related to sexual functioning is that anxiety concerning the partner’s response may be calculated as a cost of the relationship, which leads him to experience broad sexual dissatisfaction [19].

The context of the sexual relationship could influence penis size preferences. For example, the goal of the sexual interaction with a one-night partner tends to be pleasure [20]. Women recognize that infection risks are higher from a one-night partner [21]. While women adjust their behaviors for this risk, being less likely to engage in anal sex [22] and more likely to use condoms [23] with one-night partners, such risky behaviors themselves are often experienced as pleasurable [24]. On the other hand, vaginal intercourse always causes tears in the vaginal mucosa [25] especially in the sensitive posterior fourchette [26], so women might prefer a smaller penis less likely to stress their physiology for regular, long-term mates. Thus, women might shift their preferences for penis size depending on the type and duration of sexual relationship.

Studies of penis size preference to date have relied on numerical size estimates, vague qualitative descriptions, or 2-D line drawings. For example, some studies have asked participants to specify penis length preferences in centimeters [27]. Another study asked participants to indicate their preference from reading erotic passages with three qualitative penis size options (small, medium, large) [28]. Yet, humans judge sizes most accurately when visual and haptic information are available together [29]. Both sources of data are usually available in sexual interactions. Thus, in this study, three-dimensional (3D) models were used with the hope of increasing accuracy, ecological validity, and external validity. Also, most studies of penis size preference have portrayed or asked about the penis in its flaccid state [30, 31]. This may be problematic, because the relationship between erect and flaccid sizes has been reported as negligible [32, 33] moderate (r = .44 in [34], r = .78 in [35]), and strong (rho = .77 in [6], r = .79 in [32]). It is unclear how well flaccid size reflects erect size. Of course, intercourse can occur only with a sufficiently rigid penis [36]. Thus, it seemed important to characterize preferences for penis size in its erect state. The current study used 3D models of erect phalluses to characterize women’s penis size preferences for the first time.

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is just beginning to be used to assess shape perception and categorization. On the one hand, visual 2D information as compared to haptic information (from 3D) result in similar solutions for object similarity [37]. Each mode of information (visual or haptic) also improves categorization in the other domain [38, 39]. 3D printing could allow representation of highly problem-specific, complex structures [39]. Haptic information from 3D objects improved shape identification compared to raised lines alone [40] and improves later performance in the visual domain [41], possibly by improving discriminability [42]. Also, haptic information is robust to differences in perceptual acuity, such as occur with aging [43], which make such stimuli attractive when the visual acuity of participants may vary. This study extends the existing work using 3D stimuli to assess size preferences. This approach also permitted characterization of women’s ability to accurately recall the size of erect phallus models for the first time.

When flaccid and “stretched” penis sizes are characterized [44], largely by self-measurement [45], they predict erect size surprisingly poorly. Yet there are relatively few studies of erect penis size. This may reflect cultural taboos against researchers or doctors interacting with men who are in a sexually aroused state. One study had men judge their own erect size in relation to a banknote’s length [46]. Two studies of erect penis sizes provided kits for home measurement [47, 48]. Such self-measurements of length and circumference show fairly good test-retest reliability (r = .68 to .90, [47]). Pharmacologically-induced, physician-measured erections identified an average length of 12.89 cm (SD = 2.91) and circumference of 12.3 cm (SD = 2.9; [32]). These were somewhat shorter in length (M = 14.15, SD = 2.7), yet similar in circumference (M = 12.23, SD = 2.2), compared to a recent, large survey [48].

Women’s penis preferences may vary with their relationship expectations. Women prefer more masculine partners for shorter-term sexual relationships [20]. Women also value intelligence more, and attractiveness less, for long term, as compared to short term, partners [49]. More masculine traits, such as lower voice pitch [50] and (to some extent) larger penis size [51, 52] are correlated with testosterone levels, which also may influence men’s mating goals and attractiveness. Since a larger penis size is perceived as more masculine [53, 54], we predict women will prefer a larger penis for shorter-term sexual relationships.

Women likely make penis size judgments partly using their recalled experiences. Yet, it is unclear how accurately women can recall penis size. Exposed to nude male images, women do attend to the genital area [55, 56]. People can generally recall if a penis was described as “large”, “medium”, or “small”, or not described at all [28]. In the current study, women’s ability to recall penis size was tested by match-to-sample recall, both immediately and after a delay of ten minutes.

Materials and Methods

Stimuli: The penis models

Based on previous studies (see above) about the distributions of penis length and circumference, the average American erect penis length was estimated as 6 inches (15.2 cm) and circumference as 5 inches (12.7 cm). Models were created to range +/- 3.0 S.D. across each dimension (see ). This resulted in length ranging 4. 0 inches to 8.5 inches (10.2 cm to 21.6 cm), and circumference (circumference) ranging from 2.5 inches to 7.0 inches (6.4 cm to 17.7 cm), using 0.5-inch (1.3 cm) increments (see ). This yielded a 10 X 10 matrix of 100 possible sizes. However, such a large choice set could overwhelm participants. We chose to sample 1/3 of this space, yielding 33 models across the range of space.

Sizes of printed models.

Shading indicates the average penis length and girth in the USA. Bold indicates models used for recall (immediate/delayed, counterbalanced) tests. Units are in inches.

The penis model shape was a cylinder, representing the shaft, topped by a dome, representing the penis head (see ). Of course, the human penis shaft is comprised of three corpora that could be better represented by a rounded triangle and a more complex glans. Also, no veins, testicles, or other details of the penis were portrayed. These details were not represented for three reasons. First, there are no mathematical descriptions available to accurately represent normal proportions of more complex penile structure. Second, women generally rate male nudes as less attractive than heterosexual men rate female nudes [57], so making the penis model more realistic might have provoked negative responses. Third, the study was focused on overall penis size, not penis shape or surface details. While one motivation behind the current study was to improve the ecological validity of the stimuli, these concerns suggested starting with a more simplistic, erect penis model.

Penile Models.

A) Computer graphic representation of one of the ‘print files’ used to produce the 3D penis models. B) Examples of (4 of 33) 3D models showing length in inches. A and D represent the largest and smallest models in the set, respectively; B and C represent the two models (counterbalanced) used to test recall for size.

Dimensions of commercial penile models do not vary systematically, so they were not appropriate for research purposes. Thus, the penis models were printed using a Makerbot Replicator 2 in blue ABS plastic (“Navy wool”; printer files for replications are at http://www. thingiverse.com/thing:518401). Files were created using object-oriented Tinkercad [58] and compiled to.stl formats in G-Replicator [59]. Models were light-weight, sturdy plastic with a smooth surface (see ). After printing, models were checked by measuring tape to ensure accuracy of length and circumference. None required reprinting for accuracy. The models were identified by randomly assigned letters (e.g., “M”, “CC”) written on the bottom of each. This was done to reduce the influence of “largest” and “smallest” anchors and also to eliminate the need for women to measure or infer specific size. The 33 models were evenly split (11, 11, 11) in a three-tier wire basket to ease women’s ability to find the desired model. Baskets were randomly shuffled between participants to reduce selection bias.


Volunteer were recruited by flyers around the California university campus, the neighborhood, and local physicians’ offices. The flyers stated that women were requested to volunteer for a study concerning sexuality. The flyers also stated that participants must be female, at least 18 years old, sexually attracted to men, and would be paid $20. The flyer did not mention penis size preferences. Women volunteered by either phone or an online form requesting a phone call. They completed a phone screening to confirm their eligibility (e.g. being aged 18 or over, being sexually attracted to men) before being scheduled as participants.


Upon a participant’s arrival, the Informed Consent document was provided, and women were given time to study it. Afterwards, they were given a chance to ask questions, then the experimenter asked whether they still wish to participate. If the participant verbally consented, the experimental protocol started. The Informed Consent document stated that continuing at this stage constituted consent. Participants never provided their names. Informed Consent was not documented using identifiable personal information, because it was unclear whether the new procedures might influence participants’ willingness to report their penis size preferences.

Next, the participant answered questionnaires (described below) presented on a computer in a private room, using a secure connection, on private laboratory server space scripted by the first author in php5. This took about 50 minutes and included the penis size preference tasks and questionnaires (see below). Computer presentation of questionnaires has been shown to increase the reporting of socially less desirable behaviors [60]. After the questionnaires, she completed a 10-minute computer task (data to be reported elsewhere) assessing attention to sexual images. Afterwards, the participants was debriefed, offered the opportunity to ask questions, and given $20 cash. The study protocol, including Informed Consent protocol, was approved by the University of California, Institutional Review Board.


The self-report questionnaires included demographic information (e.g., age, ethnicity, sexual orientation), sexual history (e.g., number of sexual partners, sexual coercion, whether penis size played a role in relationship dissolution(s), etc.), and current sexual functioning (e.g. orgasm rates, ease of lubrication, relationship monogamy status, pain during intercourse). These were used to characterize the sample. Other personality questionnaires were included, such as the Sexual Desire Inventory [61] and the Sociosexual Orientation Scale [62] to characterize the sample.

Size preference and recall: Recall accuracy

After completing the other questionnaires, the experimenter entered with one of the two test models. Two of the original 33 models were randomly selected and reprinted (indicated in black cells in ). The experimenter informed the participant that she would be handed a model. She was instructed that she would be asked to try to recall the size of the model after inspecting it. During the inspection, she was asked not to measure the model using any objects in the room, but no instruction was provided regarding how she used her own hands. Then, the experimenter left for 30 seconds (without observing the participant’s inspection process), returned, took the test model from the participant and out of the testing room, and asked the participant to select which penis model (from the 33 described above) was most similar in size to the test model she just handled. The participant recorded the letter code from the bottom of that model into the computer.

The delayed-recall task was similar, except this time, the participant did not immediately search for the model. Instead, she was given ten minutes to complete the penis size preference questionnaire (below). The preference questionnaire would increase memory interference, which is desirable for ecological validity as women asked to recall a former partner’s penis size may have sex with other new partners in the delay. After this, the participant was instructed to attempt to locate the second model (from the 33 described above). The test models were counter-balanced, so the recall type (immediate or delayed) would not be confounded with test model size (larger or smaller).

Size preference and recall: Penis Size Preferences

After completing the immediate recall task, participants answered 15 questions about their penis size preferences. Each involved picking one penis size model from amongst the 33 models available. The option “No answer” also was available for each. For this study, the key questions were to select the model that they believed best reflected the average of men, which size is most likely to carry a sexually transmitted infection, and which size she would prefer for different expected relationship durations. The questions about preferences for different types of partners were a bit more complex. For one-time partners the question was:

“Imagine you’re single and you’re out at a restaurant with some friends. You meet an attractive man who is also single. He seems kind, intelligent, funny, and has a great job. You are feeling sexually aroused. He says he’s in town for a conference but he has to fly back home tomorrow afternoon. If you could spend only this one night with him, what size would you want him to be?”

For long-term partners the question was: “What would be the ideal size for a husband or serious, long-term boyfriend?” The question regarding shorter-term partners clearly included much more detail. This was done in an attempt to control for intervening variables not of interest. For example, if a woman doubted at all for her safety with an unknown partner, she might select smaller models in the event of sexual assault. Thus, safety cues were included in the characterization.

Data analyses

Recall error was calculated as the difference of the dimension the participant chose minus the size of the actual sample. Thus, a positive number would indicate that participants chose a model larger than what they were shown. A within-participant ANOVA was calculated with the interaction of dimension (length, circumference) by recall (immediate, delayed. Put another way, the accuracy of recall could be affected by length or circumference being recalled better than the other dimension (dimension factor), by the length of the delay was until they selected a model (recall), or an interaction where length or circumference were recalled better at either the shorter or longer delay.

Descriptive data are provided regarding the size that women believed was average and the range women indicated for their “smallest” and “largest” sexual partner. To test whether women’s preferences differ by partner type, an ANOVA with dimension (length, circumference) X partner (one-time, long term) predicting preferred inches was conducted. A custom model was specified without dimension as a main effect, because dimensions were stipulated to be different in the generation of the stimuli.


Participant demographics and sexual experience

All participants (N = 75) were screened to report sexual attraction to men, and ranged in age from 18 to 65. They were California residents, mostly white or Asian, sexually experienced, currently in a sexual relationship, and had sex recently (see ). Twenty-seven percent of women reported that they had ended a relationship due, in part, to a mismatch between their penis size preference and their partner’s penis size (see ). More women cited that the penis was too small as a problem, rather than that the penis was too large. The length and circumference of the model that each woman believed best represented the “average” penis size is presented in Figs and shows every woman’s selection of the “smallest” and “largest” sexual partner with whom she had contact.

Table 1

Demographic characteristics of participants.

Intercourse partners (last 12 months)3.25.3
Intercourse partners (in lifetime)6.09.0
Number of penises touched (lifetime)6.89.0

Sexual orientation (self-identified)
 Did not identify1114.7
 Hispanic (non-white)1621.3
Pain with intercourse
 Discomforting to excruciating2736.0
Frequency of intercourse (last month)
 Not once2635.1
 1 to 3 times a month2229.3
 About once a week1013.5
 2 or 3 times a week1317.6
 4 times a week or more34.0
 One night stand experience (lifetime)
 Not once3445.3
 Once or more4154.7
Penis size concern
 A lot more00
 A little more1115
 About the same as other women3749
 A little less1318
 A lot less1216
Relationship ended due to penis size preference
 Penis too large57
 Penis too small1521

Size of model selected by women indicating the “average” penis size.

(N = 75, r = .48).

Largest and smallest penis experiences.

No evidence of ceiling or floor effects in women’s choices indicating their largest and smallest sexual partner’s penis size.

Recall accuracy

Most (N = 48) women selected the exactly correct model (in both length and circumference) at immediate recall (see ). About half (N = 31) of women selected exactly the correct model at delayed recall. There was a main effect of dimension predicting model selection error (F(1,73) = 11.6, p < .001, ηp2 = .14): participants slightly underestimated penis length after the recall interval (M = -0.18 inches or -0.46 cm error), but were very accurate recalling penis circumference (M = 0.02 inches or 0.05 cm error). There was no main effect of delay nor dimension X delay interaction despite high power (f = .1, r = .9, 1-β = .97). Given the high accuracy, analyses for preferences were conducted as planned.

Recalled sizes (immediate and delayed) slightly shorter than actual model with most picking exact model.

Note: “0” indicates the exact correct model was chosen. Positive values indicate that the selected model was larger than the target model.

Does the expected relationship duration affect penis size preference?

For the penis size preferences for one-time or long-term partners, 15 women indicated “No answer”. Analyses were conducted on the remaining participants (N = 60). There was a small main effect for expected relationship duration, F(1,59) = 4.4, p = .04, ηp2 = .07 (see ), such that participants preferred a slightly larger penis size in one-time (length = 6.4 inches or 16.3 cm, circumference = 5.0 inches or 12.7 cm) partners as compared to long-term partners (length = 6.3 inches or 16.0 cm, circumference = 4.8 inches or 12.2 cm). There was no interaction of dimension (length, circumference) and relationship duration. Using independent t-tests separately predicting length and circumference preferences for partner type resulted in a significant difference for the test of circumference (t(59) = 2.4, p = .02, d = .2) only. Women preferred a larger circumference in one-time partners (M(SD) = 5.0(.1)) relative to long-term partners (M(SD) = 4.8(.1)). As ANOVA corrects for multiple comparisons, it is a more appropriate statistical test for these data. These t-tests are noted for full disclosure of the analyses conducted. Only 16 women selected a model as “most likely to have an STI”, whereas most women declined to select a model. Of the women who did respond, the model selected as most likely to have an STI was significantly larger (M(SD) = 6.2(.3)) than the model women used to indicate their one-night stand (M(SD) = 5.8(.2)) preference, F(1,15) =, p = .01, ηp2 = .35. This finding did not vary by the dimension (length, circumference).

Preference for larger penis in one-time relative to long-term relationships.


Women attended one session in the laboratory during which they completed questionnaires about their sexual history and selected among 3D erect penis models to indicate their size preferences for one-time or longer-term partners. The state-space appeared to well-characterize the range of women’s experience, as their “largest” and “smallest” partners did not show evidence of ceiling or floor effects. Women tended to recall the size of the 3D models very well, only underestimating penis length. Women preferred a larger penis size (especially a larger circumference) for one-time partners as compared to long-term partners. While this preference for a larger phallus is above the average penis size, it is only very slightly above the average. While most declined to identify a penis size most likely to carry an STD, women selected even larger phallus sizes as the most likely to be infected with an STD.

A delay in model recall did not significantly worsen participant’s recall of the model size. In fact, women were generally very accurate in identifying the same model at both immediate and delayed recall. When they did make errors, they slightly underestimated model length. One possible explanation is that women care more about circumference, so they may attend to it more [63]. Some authors have argued that penis length actually is more important and “healthy” to desire than circumference (e.g., [64, 65]), but others have not replicated this reported pattern.

These data are generally consistent with Mautz et al. (2013), which asked women to rate the attractiveness of life-sized, projected, rotating drawings of male figures with flaccid penises of various sizes. Their participants preferred phalluses 2SD above their estimated population-average penis size, whereas our participants preferred penises that were only a little above average. This difference may be due to their images depicting flaccid penises, whereas our models depicted erect penises.

Since women’s preferences for both relationship types were slightly larger than the average male, the preferred size for the one-time partner was farther from the average. Novelty itself contributes to pleasure [66], so seeking a more novel-sized penis may be consistent with a goal to pursue pleasure primarily in one-time partners. Women may prefer a smaller penis size in a long-term partner compared to a one-time partner for reasons of both physical comfort and a preference for less masculinity in a longer term partner [67]. The difference in pleasure motive is also suggested by genital physiology. A larger circumference might stretch the vaginal opening such that the deep structures (clitoral crura and vestibular bulbs) are more stimulated, and the clitoral glans is more stimulated by penis movement [68]. Also, the vagina is densely packed with pressure-sensitive mechanoreceptors that detect stretch sensations [69]. These appear finely tuned to detect variability in circumference, whereas the vagina is less sensitive to differences in other stimuli such as vibration or warmth [70]. Other studies also found that women prefer a relatively larger penis proportional to body size [31], especially with respect to circumference (e.g., [54]). Given that women typically experience more pleasurable and orgasmic sex in longer-term relationships [71], they might prefer a larger penis for short-term sex partly so the increased physical sensation compensates for the reduced psychological connection. In one notable exception, a preference for general body somatotype did not differ by the relationship duration [brief uncommitted versus long-term partners in 72].

A larger penis could contribute to infection risks, such that a larger penis on more risky one-time partners elevates risk. A larger penis has been associated with higher infection rates amongst men who have sex with men [73]. Also, an increase in friction during intercourse from a condom is associated with the introduction of more bacteria into the vagina [74, 75] and more vulvar erythema [74]. Finally, women report that condoms increase their experience of pain during intercourse [76, 77]. Anything that increases friction during intercourse may promote genital injury, indirectly increasing infection risk. A larger phallus would increase friction relative to a smaller phallus. These potential complications of a larger penis suggest why the human penis has not evolved to be larger.

Individual differences among the women were not examined in relationship to their penis size preferences, although various female traits could interact with their sexual health risks. For example, women with wider hips tend to have a higher proportion of one-time sexual partners [78]. While women’s vaginal depth and pelvic muscle tonicity has been characterized [79, 80], these traits have never been related to women’s penis size preferences. Presumably, given the variability in vaginal size and tonicity, some women would experience more tearing with a larger phallus than other depending on the morphology of their particular vagina.

Generating haptic stimuli was relatively cost-effective and simple. Free software was available for generating print files. Also, the print files are shared online to allow exact future replications. Undergraduate research assistants were able to create and monitor the work flow. The 3D printer used is now widely, cheaply commercially available. Expanding this model into preferences pertaining to other domains, or even for other penis shape preferences, appears desirable.

As a first study using life-sized 3D models of erect penises to investigate preferences, some limitations exist. Models were not perfectly ecologically valid. They were blue to minimize racial skin-color cues. They were made with rigid, odorless plastic. They were a simplified dome-on-cylinder form rather than realistically shaped and textured. The male body was neither described nor portrayed. There were also limitations of self-report approaches. Men and women appear to have actually become less approving of one-time sexual partners since 2001 [81], which may affect the preferences that they are willing to report regarding such partners. Also, a significant minority (15 of 75) of women chose not to report a preference for penis size in short and long term partners, but did answer both of the recall questions. Perhaps these women did not have a clear preference, consistent with weak penis size preferences reported in some previous studies [54, 65]. This could be viewed as a strength, insofar as women did not feel compelled to answer in cases where they did not feel they had a strong enough basis to generate an answer.

Another limitation is sexual inexperience among some participants. Fifteen women in our sample indicated that they had never experienced sexual intercourse. This inexperience could underlie some of the size preferences observed. For example, women generally anticipate more pain with their first intercourse than they actually experience [82], so they may show risk-averse penis size preferences (for shorter length and thinner circumference than they may prefer with experience). Less experienced women may also be less accurate in their size estimates. However, a follow-up analysis showed that having had sexual intercourse (yes or no) did not predict penis size preferences, arguing against this possibility. A related limitation is that the experimental protocol necessarily limited the sample size, and these women were recruited largely near a college campus. There may be other biases in the sample related to the recruitment method and sample size that were not identified.

There are several implications of these data for males interested in long-term female partners. Males with a larger penis may be at an advantage when pursuing short-term female partners. Also, this study provides the first data on the accuracy of women’s penis size judgments. Furthermore, women tended to slightly underestimate the length of penis models after a recall delay. Women may misremember specific partners penis attributes as smaller than they really are. This may exacerbate men’s anxieties about their penis size. Men dissatisfied with their penis size have historically benefitted more from counseling than from surgically increasing their penis size [83]. This may help explain why most men seeking surgical interventions for enlarging what they perceive to be a small penis actually have a penis that falls within a normal range [16]. Finally, 3D printing allows greater flexibility and complexity in stimuli and highly accurate replications. This first use of 3D stimuli to assess preferences is promising. Increasing print resolution and animation will broaden the research applications with haptic stimuli.


The authors would like to thank numerous research assistants at University of California, Los Angeles for their assistance with data collection. We also thank Ardershir Rahman for assistance with model design and printing.

Funding Statement

These authors have no support or funding to report.


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[PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]90,000 Why do women live longer than men?

  • David Robson
  • BBC Future

Photo author, Getty

Photo caption,

Women usually live longer than men, but no one can say for sure why this happens

During all over the world, women have longer life expectancies than men. Correspondent

BBC Future tried to find out why this is connected and whether men can somehow influence the situation.

As soon as I was born, I was already doomed to die before half of the other babies in our maternity ward, and nothing can be done about this curse.

This is due to my gender. Just because I am a man, most likely I am destined to die about three years earlier than women who were born on the same day with me.

What is so special about male nature that will cause me to die at a younger age than the women around me? And can you overcome the curse of your gender?

Although this strange phenomenon has been known for several decades, we have only recently begun to approach the establishment of its causes.

It used to be that men were driven to the grave by overwork. Working in a mine or in the field is stressful, and injuries are detrimental to health.

Evolution can give the answer

However, in this case, one would expect a reduction in the difference in life expectancy between men and women, because today they do about the same sedentary work.

In fact, the difference in life expectancy remained stable even during periods of profound transformations in society.

Take, for example, Sweden, which has the most reliable statistics for a long period of time.

Photo author, Getty

Photo caption,

The life of men is shorter than the life of women, and this situation does not change

In 1800, life expectancy was 33 years for women and 31 years for men, and today it is 83.5 and 79.5 years respectively. In both cases, it turns out that women live about 5% longer than men.

The recently published article states: “A striking, stable survival advantage for women at the beginning, end and throughout life is observed in all countries in all years for which reliable statistics of births and deaths exist.This is one of the most reliable models in human biology. “

The assumption that men supposedly care less about their bodies is also practically unprovable, although the presence of such bad habits as smoking, drinking alcohol and overeating, partly explains why the difference The life expectancy of men and women varies from country to country.

For example, in Russia, men, on average, die 13 years earlier than women, in part because they drink and smoke more.However, the fact remains: in chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans and gibbons, females also consistently live longer than males of the same group, and monkeys usually do not walk around with a cigarette in their teeth and a bottle of beer in their hands.

Apparently, the answer to this question can be found by studying the process of evolution.

“Of course, social factors and lifestyle also play a role, but, apparently, this phenomenon is rooted deeply in the biological structure of humans,” says Tom Kirkwood, professor at Newcastle University (UK), who studies the biological basis of aging.

The difference in lifespan can be attributed to many mechanisms, starting with DNA molecules called chromosomes that are present in every cell.

Chromosomes are arranged in pairs, with women having two X chromosomes, while men have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome.

Size Matters

This difference can subtly affect the aging process of cells. Having two X chromosomes means that women have a spare copy of each gene in case the first fails.

Men do not have such a reserve, so over time, when many cells begin to function improperly, men are at greater risk of developing diseases.

Photo author, Getty

Photo caption,

Even if the lifestyle is to blame, it is not so easy to prove

cycle, a woman’s pulse quickens, which is equivalent to performing physical exercises with moderate exertion.Thanks to this, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases during the life of women is lower.

Or maybe it’s just size. Taller people have more cells in their bodies, which means they are more likely to develop dangerous mutations.

In addition, a larger organism burns more energy, which can lead to increased wear and tear on the tissues themselves. Since men are usually taller than women, they are at greater risk in the long run.

But perhaps the real reason for the difference in life expectancy is testosterone production, which is also responsible for most of the other male characteristics, from a low voice and hairy chest to a balding crown.

Facts in support of this hypothesis were unexpectedly found at the imperial court of the Great Joseon State, as Korea was called until the twentieth century.

Recently, the Korean scholar Han Nam Pak analyzed a detailed chronicle of court life in the 19th century, which, among other things, contained information about 81 eunuchs who had their testes removed before puberty.

Based on the results of studying these materials, it was found that eunuchs lived for about 70 years, while the rest of the courtiers lived on average up to 50 years.

Overall, they were 130 times more likely to celebrate their centenary than the average Korean during that era. Even kings – the most pampered creatures in the palace – could not compete with them in terms of life expectancy.

Not all studies by other eunuchs show such a wide variation, but in general it can be assumed that people (and animals) without testicles do live longer.

The exact reasons for this phenomenon have not yet been established, but David Jem, an employee of University College London (UK), believes that the failure occurs towards the end of puberty.

In support of this assumption, he points to the sad fate of people who suffered from mental illness and were held in special institutions in the United States at the beginning of the twentieth century.

As part of the “therapy”, some of them were forcibly castrated, and then, like the Korean eunuchs, they lived on average longer than other patients, but only if the sterilization was performed before they reached the age of 15.

Strength and weakness of testosterone

Perhaps for a short time testosterone makes our body stronger, but in the future it can cause the development of cardiovascular, infectious and oncological diseases.

“For example, testosterone can promote semen production, but at the same time provoke prostate cancer or affect the cardiovascular system, increasing its effectiveness in youth, but further causing hypertension and atherosclerosis,” says Jem.

Photo author, Getty

Photo caption,

Differences between male and female chromosomes can affect the aging process of cells

Women are not only not exposed to the risks associated with testosterone production, but they can also use their own “elixir of youth”, which helps them cope with some age-related problems.

The female hormone estrogen acts as an antioxidant, neutralizing toxic substances that cause cellular stress.

Both Kirkwood and Jem see this as an evolutionary compensation that gives both men and women the best opportunity to pass on their genes.

During mating, females usually give preference to alpha males pumped with testosterone.

But after the birth of a child, according to Kirkwood, a man is no longer so necessary: ​​“The state of the offspring is closely related to the state of the mother’s organism.In short, the health of the mother is more important to the children than the health of the father. “

This is little consolation for modern men. Be that as it may, scientists admit that a definite answer to the question of the reasons for the difference in life expectancy between men and women has not yet been found.

“We shouldn’t limit ourselves to explaining this phenomenon solely by the difference in hormonal background,” Kirkwood is convinced.

We can only hope that in the end, studying this issue will help us understand how to help us all prolong our lives.90,011 90,000 Women are more likely than men to experience food insecurity: six reasons

1. Around the world, women are more at risk of being left without a livelihood than men.
This is primarily due to the fact that women are paid little or no pay for their work. Women are 2.6 times more likely than men to do unpaid household work, and they are paid 23 percent less for any other work. This is reflected in the financial situation of the entire family – women spend on close to 90 percent of their income, while men – only 35.

2. In many countries of the world, the law prohibits women from owning property.
And in some, women themselves are considered property. But even those inhabitants of the planet who have managed to go into business or become a farmer do not have equal access to resources with men. An example is the situation in agriculture: almost half of the world’s small farms are headed by women, but only 13 percent of the time the landlady owns the land she cultivates.If this gap is closed, women-run farms will generate 20-30 percent more profit.

If such farms are provided with seeds, fertilizers and equipment, an additional 100 to 150 million inhabitants of the Earth will be fed annually.

3. Discriminatory laws
Experts estimate that, on average, labor laws only protect women workers by three-quarters compared to the guarantees that the laws provide for men, from being banned from a profession to punishing sexual harassment in the workplace.Particularly sad statistics come from the countries of the Middle East and North Africa – there, the rights of working women are guaranteed only 47 percent in comparison with the situation of men. In 18 countries, the husband has the right to prohibit his wife from going to work. In 49 countries, the law does not protect women from domestic violence.

4. Sexism
Child marriage and female genital mutilation are extreme forms of discrimination practiced in many countries around the world. These “traditions” cause irreparable harm to the health of girls and women, hinder their education, deprive them of future prospects and make them dependent on men.

When crises occur, women tend to be more vulnerable: they are more likely to face hunger because gender discrimination prevents them from accessing social assistance. In a number of countries, a “tradition” has developed according to which a woman eats last in the house, eating what is left after the meal of her husband and children.

At the same time, according to the survey results, 85-90 percent of the time spent on preparing dinner for the family falls on women.

5. Menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth make women more vulnerable to violence

One third of women of childbearing age suffer from iron deficiency anemia, which is associated with malnutrition. If left untreated, this condition can damage internal organs.

Emaciated mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight babies, which increases the risk of dying a child under 5 years of age by 20 percent. In 2015, more than 300,000 women died as a result of pregnancy complications – approximately one woman every two minutes.

6. Boys are more likely to get an education
In societies where sons are given priority, daughters are neglected — denied medical care and poor quality food. Boys are also more likely to be sent to school. This inequality leads to the fact that the girl remains dependent on men.

Research shows that when women are educated, child malnutrition is reduced by 43 percent.By comparison, providing food reduces underage malnutrition by only 26 percent. And one more indicator: in 2017, two-thirds of the world’s illiterate inhabitants were women.

WFP rushes to the rescue

The World Food Program (WFP) develops assistance projects tailored to the needs of girls and women. One of the main tasks is to overcome gender inequality and ensure equal access to resources and food for all those in need and open new perspectives for them.

Thus, the program “The First Thousand Days” provides for the provision of targeted assistance to pregnant and lactating women. In addition, WFP provides school lunches to 25 million children in 63 countries, including hard-to-reach areas. This contributes to the fact that parents allow girls to go to school, and, having received an education, former schoolgirls have a better chance of getting a job, gaining financial independence, staying healthy, getting married when the time is right, and having healthy children.

The Purchase for Progress program is an assistance to small farms, half of which are run by women. As part of the project, WFP experts train staff and provide people with the necessary equipment. These measures help to increase the productivity and income of the farm, strengthen its financial independence and gain access to sales markets.

90,000 VTsIOM. News: About real men

February 20, 2021 Below is the survey data on what qualities of men are the most valuable, how household responsibilities should be distributed, who should serve in the army and who is a real man from famous personalities.

Valuable qualities of a masculine character

The most valuable qualities in men are honesty, sincerity and directness. They are appreciated by 19% of Russians, more often by men (22%). In second place are qualities such as reliability, confidence and consistency – they are valued by 14%, more often women (18% vs.8% among men). And on the third position of the most valuable qualities of the stronger sex – decency and justice (9%).

Assignment of duties

The majority of Russians believe that men and women should take an equal part in housekeeping (85%). A little more often this position is shared by women, a little less often – by men (89% vs. 81%). 7% of respondents believe that the household should be supported only by women, and 5% of Russians see the role of a householder as a man.

Raising children is also the task of both sexes – 86%, here the difference in opinions between men and women is less noticeable (85% and 88%, respectively).

But the breadwinner in the family should be a man, at least in the opinion of 59% of respondents – this is more often believed by representatives of the stronger sex (65%), as well as 35-44-year-old Russians (64%). A third of our compatriots are in favor of equality in this issue (35%), more often women (40%) and young Russians 18-24 years old (44%).

Leisure in the family is organized by both – 71% of Russians think so.And every fifth gives this task to women (18%), by the way, more often – they themselves (23%).

Military service, which is mandatory for all men in Russia, should remain exclusively their task, according to 68% of Russians (71% among men). One in four sees representatives of both sexes in the uniform of servicemen (27%), more often – the youngest and oldest Russians (30% each).

Duties of a real man 90 130

The main duties of a real man are to take care of the family, participate in its life and take care of it (18%).A man should be a defender (8%), a decent and worthy person (8%), be responsible (5%, more often women think so – 8%). Also, a man should be polite, remember to plant a tree and build a house, be responsible for his words and actions (4% each).

Real Man Among Celebrities 90 130

Who among pop stars, politicians, singers, public figures, do Russians consider a real man? Vasily Lanovoy and Vladimir Putin – 9% each, respectively. Konstantin Khabensky (6%) also entered the top 3.

90,000 VTsIOM. News: The Ideal of Femininity – 2021

March 4, 2021 Below is the survey data on what qualities are inherent in women, how household responsibilities should be distributed and which woman is the best.The study is timed to coincide with International Women’s Day.

The best qualities of women

Most of all, Russians value kindness, responsiveness and the ability to empathize in women – 27%, women themselves more often (31%). In second place are beauty and attractiveness – 20%, these qualities are appreciated more than men (29%). Intelligence, intelligence and education round out the top 3 most valuable qualities of the fair sex – 19%.

Also at the top of the list: honesty and sincerity (18%), loyalty and devotion (18%), family and the ability to be a good mother (14%).

Domestic issues are not only a woman’s business?

Russians more often distribute household duties equally. Choosing food and preparing food is a common business of partners, according to 65% of respondents. Most often, the youngest Russians aged 18-35 think so (75-77%). Less than a third of the respondents are inclined to believe that this is a female prerogative (28%), more often older respondents (34% in the 60+ group).

Dirty housework – cleaning, putting things in order – is the duty of both men and women, according to 61% of Russians.This opinion is more common among men (66%). They believe that the order depends more on the woman, 36% of the respondents, more often the fair sex themselves (42%).

Minor repairs, elimination of faults in the house (on their own or by the forces of specialists) is rather a man’s duty, according to 78% of Russians (more often men – 88%). They think that this responsibility should be divided, 18% of respondents, more often women (26%) and young people 18-24 years old (30%).

Real woman

Answering the question of which of our contemporaries and compatriots could be called a real woman, the respondents single out, first of all, Alla Pugacheva (6%), Sofia Rotaru and Valentina Matvienko (3% each).

A real woman should take care of the family hearth (32%), raise children (21%), be a mistress (17%), show kindness and care (10%). For all the answers given, these judgments were more often expressed by women.

Desired gift for 8 March

The most desired gifts by women by March 8 were flowers (33%), a trip ticket (31%) and money / gift certificate (26%). Also, every fifth woman wants to get tickets to a concert / theater (24%), as well as cosmetics / jewelry (13%) or a smartphone (13%).

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The average penis length at 15 years is 7-8 centimeters at rest, this is completely normal. During adolescence, the organ is just developing, worries about the small size are groundless: by the beginning of puberty, the penis is 6.4 ± 1.1 cm, at 3.7 cm – the extreme allowable value.The impressive length of the penis is often associated with strength, brutality. At the age of 13-15, I really want to be strong, courageous. Due to the claims of unofficial sources, friends, young men often expect the normal size to be 17-18 centimeters. If a member does not reach this length, there are inferiority complexes, isolation, unwillingness to communicate with peers. Go to website (document.querySelector (.serp-item) || {}). OffsetHeight Puberty for girls and boys. What you need.centrsna.by ›articles / pressa-o-nas / polovoe-At 12-13 years old, the male genital organ increases – first in length.At the age of 13-15, boys develop the rudiments of a mustache and beard. In addition to active hair growth and changes in the genitals, adolescents at 13-15 years old experience a growth spurt: boys begin to grow by 8-12 cm per year. After 3-4 years the speed. At 12-13 years old, the male genital organ increases – first in length, and then in thickness. – Often at the doctor’s appointment, worried parents ask if everything is in order with the boy in his pants, whether the penis is of a normal size. You need to understand that it does not increase in size at the beginning of puberty, but in the middle of the process.At the age of 13-15, boys develop the rudiments of a mustache and beard. This is a single small hair, more like a fluff. In addition to active hair growth and changes in the genitals, adolescents at 13-15 years old experience a growth spurt: boys begin to grow by 8-12 cm per year. After 3-4 years, the growth rate decreases. Go to the site Pictures on request penis length 15 yearsAll pictures hair growth in the armpit – 13 – 15 years; facial hair growth – 14 – 14.5 years.In young men, a clear sign of puberty is the first ejaculation (ejaculation) in any form. the beginning of the growth of the penis – 12 – 13 years; the appearance of acne – 12 – 15 years; first ejaculation (yogarche) – 13 – 14.5 years; hair growth in the armpit – 13 – 15 years; facial hair growth – 14 – 14.5 years. In young men, a clear sign of puberty is the first ejaculation (ejaculation) in any form. In half of adolescents, the first ejaculation in their life occurs at night, in a dream, which is the reason for awakening with a previously unfamiliar feeling of sexual delight.Delayed puberty – symptoms and treatment beard, girls do not have mammary glands. Delayed puberty is a disorder in which children after 13-14 years of age do not develop secondary sexual characteristics: boys do not change their voice timbre, beards do not grow, girls do not develop mammary glands, pubic hair does not grow, etc.The delay may disappear over time, but sometimes it will require ongoing treatment. Go to the site What is normal or average penis size .doctorpro.ua ›articles / kakim-dolzhenrazmer-chlena When is the size of the penis too small? Researchers working on this question measured the length of the volunteers’ penis before and after. Penis size – women seem to care less about this than men. When is the size of the penis too small? Researchers working on this question measured the length of the volunteers’ penis before and after a drug-induced erection.Scientists have come to the conclusion that it is necessary for those who have it 7 centimeters and below in an excited state to think about an increase in their penis. These experts published in the Journal of Urology. Penis size – women seem to care less about this than men. Go to the site Small penis ncagp.ru ›index.php? _T8 = 450 In Russian men, the average size of the penis in an erect state is 14 cm, and the lower limit of the norm is the penis with a length of 9.5 cm.That is, a penis less than 9.5 cm is called a small penis. In Russian men, the average size of the penis in an erect state is 14 cm, and the lower limit of the norm is a penis with a length of 9.5 cm. That is, a penis less than 9.5 cm is called a small penis. A true small penis should not be confused with the concept of a false micropenis – the latter condition occurs in obese men, in whom the visual shortening of the penis is determined by the overhanging of the skin and fat fold.Go to the website Pediatric urology – features and indications for visiting.euromednsk.ru ›Patients› Articles ›detail / detskaya-urologiya Sometimes dropsy of the testicle goes away on its own by the age of three. If this does not happen, surgical treatment is performed. In the process of growth of the penis, the head independently pushes the foreskin and opens. This process can continue until adolescence, during the boy’s puberty, hormones are activated, which make the foreskin tissue more elastic and stretchable, and the situation is normalized.Sometimes dropsy of the testicle goes away on its own by the age of three. If this does not happen, surgical treatment is performed. In any case, in the presence of dropsy of the testicle, a consultation with a urologist is required. Go to the site Penis size / Andrology and genital.menclinic.ru ›razmery The thickness of a normal penis during erection. It is believed that the normal size of an erect penis is in the range of 12 to 18 cm, and in a resting state, the length of the penis averages 7.5-10.5 cm.The thickness of a normal penis during an erection ranges from 3.0-3.5 cm. Sex. It is believed that the normal size of an erect penis is in the range from 12 to 18 cm, and in a resting state the length of the penis is on average 7.5-10.5 cm.The thickness of a normal penis during an erection ranges from 3.0-3. 5 cm. The penis less than 12 cm in an erect state is called small, and less than 8-10 cm is called a micropenis. Go to the site The value of the size of the peniskostyuk.ru ›muzhskaja_intimnajarazmer.html It should be noted that the size of the penis depends not only on stimulation by testosterone, but also on genetic and geographical factors. So, if we take Russia, then the average will be the size of the penis equal to 15 cm in an erect state (with the lower limit of the norm at 12 cm). It should be noted that the size of the penis depends not only on testosterone stimulation, but also on genetic and geographical factors. So, if we take Russia, then the average size of the penis will be considered equal to 15 cm in an erect state (with the lower limit of the norm at 12 cm), a penis less than 12 cm is called small, and less than 10 cm is called a micropenis.On the other hand, the average penis length in China is 9 cm, which is an unconditional pathology for a Russian person. The penis should be measured at room temperature using a ruler. The penis is measured in a state of erection along its back (dorsal surface) from the pubis to the end of the head. Delayed puberty in boys – what to consider .urotoday.ru ›issue / 2-2012 / articlepolovogouchto period, but with the wrong course.Until the full transition to adulthood in boys after onset. Delayed puberty (ZPS) in boys is considered to be the absence of signs of puberty after 14 years, in particular, the size of the testicles is 4 ml, or the timely onset of puberty, but with an abnormal course. After the onset of puberty, an average of 3.2 ± 1.8 years should elapse before the full transition to adulthood in boys. According to many authors, the frequency of ZPS ranges from 2.5 to 9.8%, and its increase has been noted over the past 10 years.The urgency of this problem is associated with the importance of timely diagnosis and, accordingly, the subsequent successful treatment of ZPS. Go to the site The size of manhood often worries themselves.mag.103.by ›Topic of the day› 43293-razmer-muzhskogo— From a medical point of view, the penis performs three functions: it participates in sexual intercourse, is responsible for reproduction (reproduction of offspring) and urination. Since ancient times, the penis was considered an indicator of male strength and dignity. In many countries, there was a cult of the phallus.- From a medical point of view, the penis performs three functions: it participates in sexual intercourse, is responsible for reproduction (reproduction of offspring) and urination. Since ancient times, the penis was considered an indicator of male strength and dignity. In many countries, there was a cult of the phallus – male power and fertility. Genetic memory is still strong. Most men (including Belarusians) still identify the masculine principle with the size of the penis. This is why the problem of penile dysmorphophobia (male locker room syndrome) is considered to be more and more common.Go to the site What is normal or average penis size. Onclinic.ua ›blog / kakim-dolzhen-byit-razmer-chlena Here are some basic facts about the average penis size: 85% of women are satisfied with the size of their partner’s penis, but men are still unsure about this issue; 45% of men are sure that their penis is insufficient in volume and length. Facts about the average size of the penis. Here are some basic facts about the average penis size: 85% of women are satisfied with the size of their partner’s penis, but men are still unsure about this issue; 45% of men are sure that their penis is insufficient in volume and length; according to studies, the average length of a non-erect penis varies from 7 to 10 cm; the average girth (thickness) of a non-erect penis is from 9 to 10 cm; the average length of an erect penis is from 12 to 16 cm; the average girth of an erect penis is 12 cm.When is the size of the penis too small? Scientists have published an article in the Urological Journal. Go to the site Scheduled urological examinations of boys, in which.mc21.ru ›blogs / urology / planovye-urologicheskie-The year is a turning point in resolving issues of planned surgical treatment, especially in matters of pathology. At 3 years old, parents are primarily concerned about physiological phimosis. Some of the boys are already opening their heads, others are not. It’s time to teach the parents and the child. The year is a turning point in resolving issues of planned surgical treatment, especially in matters of scrotal pathologies.Later, irreversible changes in reproductive function may begin. Also, the urologist should discuss with the parents issues related to the opening of the glans penis, hygiene and prevention of overheating of the scrotal organs, the mode of being in diapers. At 3 years old, parents are primarily concerned about physiological phimosis. Some of the boys are already opening their heads, others are not. It’s time to teach parents and a child to properly conduct hygiene, to prepare the head for opening. Go to the site Penis size at 15stojak.en ›chlena / razmer-chlena-v-15-let.htmlThe size of a member in 15 years is usually smaller than this, because the young man has not yet completed his physical development. The average penis size ranges from 13-15 cm. The penis usually grows from ten to sixteen years old. The size of the penis at 15 years old is usually smaller than this, because the young man has not yet completed his physical development. The average penis size ranges from 13-15 cm. The penis usually grows from ten to sixteen years old. Moreover, after, at about 17 years of age, it decreases slightly – only by 2-5 mm.And then the young man will be able to understand with a member of what size he will have to spend his life. But at this stage, you can still help the member grow. Among adult men, according to various statistical studies, the average penis size fluctuates in the region of 13-15 cm. Most often, the figure is 14 cm in an erect state. Go to the site Penis size at 13, 14, 15 years: what is the length of the penis in see AnnaHelp.ru ›chlena / razmer-chlena-v-15-16-let.html your own body, and especially the size of your main manhood.

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Thickening of the shaft of the penis is an increase in its volume due to injections of special drugs or intimate plastic surgery by transplantation.Glans augmentation with hyaluronic acid fillers is a mini-injection procedure that allows you to increase the volume of the glans on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, with a minimum rehabilitation period. All other complexes that do not correspond to these claims are fake. The price of Getsize is set by the manufacturer and changes periodically, so it is rather difficult to determine the originality of the product by this criterion.

90,000 What women want

Representatives of the beautiful half of humanity play an important role in science and education, which can be clearly seen on the example of our university.The Polytech has more than 5,000 employees, and there are many women professionals! They are amazingly beautiful in many ways, being the guardians of corporate values, combining a high level of responsibility and personal charm. And their capacity for work and strong-willed qualities sometimes surprise even the most powerful men.

On the eve of International Women’s Day, the Public Relations Office wants to congratulate you, dear women, and say thank you. Thank you for being such an amazing team at the Polytechnic Institute, and you are an integral part of it.For the fact that every day you show how beauty and intelligence, sensitivity and responsiveness towards colleagues can be harmoniously combined in one person.

On the eve of March 8, we decided to charge women with a good mood and give them flowers. Of course, we could not call and even list all the fair sex. But we invited 12 women – one representative from each institute – and in their person we hope to congratulate all, all, all the employees of the Polytechnic Institute. We also conducted a small survey and found out what kind of gifts women are waiting for on March 8 and what this holiday means for them.

Olga MATSKO, acting Director of the Higher School of Automation and Robotics (Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Materials and Transport), Ph.D .:

“March 8 is a wonderful day when men rush to congratulate us women. This holiday, as a messenger of spring, fills with new emotions after winter melancholy. By tradition, on this day, a family dinner, carefully prepared by men according to exquisite recipes, and, of course, flowers await me. I love everything that women usually love, although I prefer practical gifts, not trinkets.Among my favorites, of course, are cosmetics and perfumes, all kinds of gift certificates, jewelry. Dear women, colleagues, I wish you peace, harmony and joy! Enjoy life and enjoy every moment! ”

Svetlana GOLOVKINA, Deputy Head of the Directorate of Educational Programs for Work with Bachelors of the Institute of Industrial Management, Economics and Trade, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Service and Trade, Ph.D. in Economics:

“I love this holiday very much! The only day of the year when you can see men on the streets holding many different flowers.It’s so beautiful! And this means that spring has really come to our beloved Petersburg. I always meet March 8 in the circle of relatives, relatives or friends, depending on the situation. Most importantly, on this day there is a good mood and pleasant impressions from communication, attention, flowers and gifts. It is on March 8 that I want to hold in my hands a large red-white-yellow bouquet of tulips. Red tulips are beautiful, white ones are delicate, and yellow ones, of course, are sunny. Dear colleagues, smile, dress up and welcome Spring! ”

Natalia ERMAKOVA, Deputy Director of the Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Mechanics and Control Processes, Ph.f.-m. n .:

“It is not the 8th of March itself that inspires any more, but its anticipation, when the atmosphere magically changes a few days before it, the mood rises, because even instead of the usual greeting when you meet you see smiles and hear congratulations on the coming. So, March 8 continues for more than one day – for me it is a whole series of wonderful meetings: with colleagues, and with relatives, and with dear friends. The format of these meetings can be very different – be it a skating rink, an exhibition or a cafe, but they are always accompanied by our sunny mood.The exchange of gifts and gifts is also a tradition of this holiday. It is important for me not only to accept gifts, but also to give them to my friends, thinking over what they would like to receive. Therefore, I wish my colleagues to receive many gifts made from the heart. And certainly flowers! Our desires and hopes are very individual, because each of us is unique. It is clear that close people can voice their specific wishes, and all women, including colleagues at the Polytechnic University, I wish happiness – the way they imagine it. “

Vera LOBODA, Deputy Director for Educational Activities of the Institute of Physics, Nanotechnology and Telecommunications, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Applied Physics and Space Technologies, Ph.D.:

“As we know, International Women’s Day owes its origin to the speech in 1910 by Clara Zetkin, the leader of the women’s group of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, at the 2nd International Conference of Working Women and the“ Empty Pans March ”of New York textile workers in 1857.You can treat the holiday in different ways. For example, as in Italy – after a working day, go to relax in a restaurant or cafe. Men do not take part in the celebration – they only pay the bills of their ladies and give mimosa. Or like in Cuba – with a revolutionary scale, rallies, dances and the spirit of freedom. For example, I tend to the Japanese version, where the whole of March is considered a women’s month with several holidays. The first is Hina Matsuri, which is celebrated on March 3, the feast of girls and peach blossom. The second – March 8 – is the day of mimosa.And the third – March 14, is also a women’s day and is called “White Day”. On this day, men give gifts to women in gratitude for gifts on February 14 – Valentine’s Day. The fact of attention and care is important, and the size and value of the gift do not matter.

Dear colleagues, I wish you joy, security, interestingness, courage, deliciousness, adventurousness, fun pranks, some impunity and always be in the golden age, when there is beauty and wisdom, and there is still a long way to maturity! ”

Ksenia STRELETS, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Industrial, Civil and Road Construction, Director of the Center for Additional Professional Programs of the Civil Engineering Institute, Ph.so-called:

“March 8 has long been a traditional spring holiday and a symbol of love and care. But do not forget that International Women’s Day is a way to draw attention to the problems of gender inequality and gender-based violence in the world. This year I would like to celebrate it in winter, go skiing on the banks of the Vuoksa, in the Northern camp of the Polytech. For me, the best gift is the opportunity to spend time with family and friends. I wish our women to always feel like women, despite the fact that work often requires strong-willed decisions and fortitude from us. “

Alena Alyoshina, Deputy Director for International Affairs of the Institute of Energy, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Nuclear and Thermal Energy, Ph.D.:

“For me, March 8 is a holiday of spring, when you can already feel the awakening of nature after hibernation, and fragrant mimosas and cute tulips add color and smiles to this day! This is another reason to get together with the whole family, to congratulate our mothers and grandmothers, to give them a piece of our warmth and care.For several days now, my children have been giving me various postcards, drawings and congratulations on March 8th. It is so touching: a child’s sincere smile, words of love and tender hugs! What could be nicer?

I would like to wish the beautiful half of the Polytekhovsky collective that every day was filled with a feeling of happiness, kindness, excellent mood. Let all adversity bypass your home. ”

Anastasia BOLSHAKOVA, Associate Professor of the Higher School of Biomedical Systems and Technologies, n.with. Molecular Neurodegeneration Laboratories (Institute of Biomedical Systems and Biotechnology), Ph.D.:

“It’s nice to have an extra day off to spend with your family. Sometimes we meet with friends and family. There are no specific traditions, and gifts do not matter at all. Attention is always pleasant, undeniable. And it can manifest itself in different ways: not only in gifts, but also in actions or simply in sincere words, wishes.In this difficult period, I would like to wish everyone, first of all, health and peace. ”

Anna MAYOROVA, 1st category engineer, assistant director of the Institute of Computer Science and Technology:

“On the holiday of spring and beauty there are always a lot of congratulations, flowers and attention, which is very nice. Basically I spend March 8 with my family. And they know that I prefer surprise gifts. I would like to wish the women of the Polytechnic University more joyful moments and be the most beautiful, successful and loved ones! ”

Yulia BORISOVA, leading specialist of the Directorate of the Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies:

“Since March 8 is a day off in our country, there is an opportunity to take a walk in the park, go to the cinema for some novelty, to the theater or meet friends.I am definitely looking forward to visiting my children. In St. Petersburg there is such entertainment as a helicopter flight over the city center. I would like to receive just such a gift. Now the city is gradually brightening, heavy winter clouds are leaving, and the bird’s eye view of St. Petersburg should be magnificent.

I would like to wish all the women of the Polytechnic University health – now it has acquired a new, deeper meaning, happiness, good mood, so that their relatives and friends are nearby, and that there is a good mood not only on holidays ”.

Irina KUZNETSOVA, Advertising and PR Specialist, Humanitarian Institute, Assistant at the Graduate School of Media Communications and Public Relations:

“I love March 8, perhaps even more than the New Year! The streets of the city are filled with flowers, smiles and some special mood. Even the subway is nice to go down on this day. For me, March 8 is certainly the scent of mimosa, a festive breakfast and a bouquet of my favorite irises from my dad and older brother.I prefer to spend this day outside the city, surrounded by nature. It’s great if you can get out on a little trip. The morning begins with congratulations and the most important women in my life – mothers and grandmothers.

For me, the best gift is time and attention. I am sincerely grateful to my friends who always find time to call, congratulate or organize a pleasant surprise. My biggest gift is that life gave me the opportunity to grow up surrounded by wonderful, real men – grandfather, dad and older brother.

I wish all the wonderful representatives of our university to feel support and care. We began to talk more often that a woman should be strong, to cope with everything on her own. This is all, of course, important. But it is much more pleasant to know that there is someone next to you who will always help, support any initiative and wrap up with care. I sincerely wish that in your life there were more real heroes, bright colors and pleasant moments. ”

Elena POPOVA, Teaching Assistant, Institute of Cybersecurity and Information Protection:

“I am always happy on March 8, because this is the only holiday when you can wash the dishes the next day (Laughs.). I completely devote this day to myself and do what I want. For example, I can read a book, go to the pool or for a massage, cook an unusual dish, or just sleep all day. Most of all, I would be delighted with intangible gifts. For example, an excellent student-written test, the discovery of a cure for cancer, or world peace.

I wish the women of the Polytechnic University the same as all other women in the world – to live in harmony with themselves.And also earrings with diamonds: seriously, who doesn’t want them? ”

Alina GAVRILINA, assistant of the Higher School of Sports Pedagogy, teacher in elective physical culture and sports (Institute of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism):

“My holiday is directly associated with spring, because it fills life with new emotions, new plans and goals after hibernation. No matter how strange it may sound, I will spend March 8 at work.I love the business that I do, and it inspires me that I see the result of my work. And when you love your job, then you don’t need a weekend. The gift is not as important to me as the attention. I wish women with all my heart good health, fulfillment of desires, bright emotions. Love and believe in yourself. ”

The material was prepared by the Public Relations Department of SPbPU

feminist answers 20 main questions: Society: Russia: Lenta.ru

Are they still feminitive ?….

How can you drown for feminitives while there is female circumcision, oppression of women in the Islamic world, persecution of lesbians in Chechnya (add your own version)?

All these phenomena are really terrible and require an early solution, but the feminists do not have enough power – only states have such power. The only leverage feminists have is public opinion, which is why “they talk so much.”

Public debate is incredibly important: this is how norms shift.In particular, it is important to move certain norms of the language, in which the default gender for “respected” professions is masculine, which exactly reflects the attitude towards everything feminine.

No one is offended by feminitives like “nurse” or “nanny” – they are allowed for low-prestige and low-paid professions. But the higher the post, the more buhurt evokes the feminitive. If the “headmistress” (school, as a rule) is not very pleasant, but acceptable (if we are talking about a high position in a corporation, then it is no longer there), then a “ministry” or “president” is absolutely ridiculous to the chickens.Where have you seen it – Baba President!

Why feminitives are important has been written many times. We will focus on why they can be dealt with before the egregious forms of oppression in other areas are eliminated.

Patriarchy is heterogeneous, but united. Regardless of the severity of discriminatory practices against women in different parts of the world, the principle itself is the same everywhere: women are not really real people, they can receive some preferences and bonuses if they behave well and do not shine (for example, do not demand , so that by the name of the profession it was possible to determine whether we are talking about a woman), but in general, the main benefits are concentrated in the hands of men, and if they are kind enough, then women will also get something.
Is this principle of treating a woman as a subhuman (well, almost a human) manifested in stoning for adultery or in refusing to hire a job because of childbearing age (and gender, of course, because men are never accused of childbearing age) is the same mechanism. Unraveling this medieval tangle, society can pull on the thread that is easier to pull at the moment – thus, attention will still focus on the problem in a global sense.
I personally cannot influence the fate of Iranian human rights defenders, I can do little other than signing petitions, but I can influence the change in language norms, which increases the level of visibility of women in science, art, politics, technology and other spheres, traditionally considered male.

The plasticity of a language is almost always realized through the initial rejection of its speakers, nevertheless, we now speak not at all in the language spoken by our compatriots a hundred years ago (by the way, there were a lot of feminitives even then).