Does cod liver oil help constipation: 5 Home Remedies for Constipation
5 Home Remedies for Constipation
When it comes to being “regular,” there really isn’t a standard. The definition of normal bowel movements differs from person to person.
But regardless of whether you visit the bathroom three times a day or three times a week, the symptoms of constipation are usually the same for everyone. If you aren’t having as many bowel movements as you normally do, or if your stool is hard, dry, or painful, you’re probably experiencing a bout of constipation.
Fortunately, the condition is rarely a sign of serious disease and usually can be cleared up without drastic measures. In fact, there are several home remedies for constipation that can help alleviate the discomfort.
While signs accompanying constipation such as abdominal pain, bloody stool, or unexpected weight loss should be brought to a doctor’s attention, for run-of-the-mill constipation bouts, these non-drug constipation remedies just might do the trick.
Omega-3 fatty acids are thought to play a role in a large number of bodily functions, including digestion. Some studies have shown that omega-3s can be helpful in managing symptoms of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which include constipation.
Fish oil, derived either from diet or in supplement form, is a rich source of these fatty acids. Specifically, cold-water fish such as salmon, mackerel, halibut, sardines, tuna, and herring contain eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Fish oil supplements also contain EPA and DHA.
As is the case with all dietary supplements, fish oil supplements should be taken with caution. High doses of any omega-3 fatty acids can increase bleeding risk, so it is especially important that people who bruise easily or have bleeding disorders be careful when using this home remedy for constipation. Blood-thinning medications also put people at risk for this same reason. In addition to blood thinners, diabetes and cholesterol medications, some steroids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may produce possible adverse reactions when combined with omega-3 fatty acids like those found in fish oil.
Another downside to using this constipation remedy is that fish oil can cause gas and bloating, and in some cases diarrhea. And it is important to know the source of fish oil before using it as a constipation remedy, as some fish may contain heavy metals such as mercury and other contaminants.
Castor oil is a yellowish liquid that can be used as a home remedy for constipation because of its laxative property. One study in Nigeria found that oral castor oil helped children with chronic constipation to move their bowels. An upside to castor oil for constipation is that it works quickly.
For that same reason, however, castor oil should be cautiously administered as a constipation remedy. It should not be taken at bedtime, due to its quick effects. Another downside to this constipation remedy is that it tastes bad, so it is recommended that the castor oil be chilled and mixed with a sweetener such as orange juice. Castor oil is generally considered safe, but it can lead to overdose if taken in large amounts.
One of the best known home remedies for constipation is fiber. The recommended dosage – 20 to 35 grams per day – can be found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fiber is also a convenient constipation remedy since most people already have these items in their homes. Fiber supplements such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) can be used as well.
The one downside to using fiber as a constipation home remedy is that it can actually make constipation worse if you don’t drink plenty of water with it. For the fiber to help alleviate constipation, it needs fluids to help move it through the digestive system. Fiber derived from supplements especially must be taken with water in order to avoid worsening constipation.
Herbal therapy is one of the oldest forms of constipation treatments – numerous cultures around the world have used herbs to cure constipation for thousands of years. This tried-and-true constipation therapy is generally divided into two categories: bulk-forming and stimulant laxatives.
Commonly used bulk-forming herbal laxatives include flaxseed, fenugreek, and barley. If you opt for flaxseed as a constipation remedy, you should remember that flaxseed oil is different from the actual flaxseeds, which are available as whole or crushed seeds; flaxseed oil is not a constipation remedy. Stimulant herbs for constipation include senna, Cascara segrada, and aloe.
One reason to think twice before using herbs for constipation is that the stimulant laxatives, particularly aloe, can cause cramping. Herbalists typically recommend a less powerful stimulant like senna before suggesting aloe. Along with side effects, herbal therapies for constipation can potentially interact with medications and supplements. Always speak with a qualified health care practitioner before taking any herbs.
Probiotics are the bacteria inside our intestines that promote digestion. Examples of probiotics are Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Sacchromyces boulardi, and they are available in supplement form and some foods, such as yogurt. Some studies have shown that probiotics are an effective non-drug cure for constipation. Like fiber, probiotics are a relatively easy home cure for constipation because they are available in foods that many families already have in the refrigerator.
However, the jury is still out on probiotics for constipation. Recently, Polish researchers conducted a systematic review of trials on the effect of probiotics on constipation and concluded that there was not yet strong enough evidence to support their recommendation.
Cod Liver Oil Benefits as a Laxative
Cod liver oil is usually taken for heart health.
Constipation is characterized by hard stools that are difficult to pass. Stool softeners and bulk-forming and stimulant laxatives help alleviate constipation in different ways. Lubricant laxatives, such as mineral oil, make it easier to pass a bowel movement. These treatments can be harsh and are not intended for long-term use. Cod liver oil is another fat that you may want to try for similar benefits. However, the chemical structure of cod liver oil makes it ineffective as a laxative.
According to the American Cancer Society, mineral oil coats your intestinal surface, preventing the reabsorption of water from your gastrointestinal tract. This softens the stool by keeping water in your intestines and making it easier to go to the bathroom. The reason mineral oil is an effective laxative is that it is able to line your intestines without getting absorbed into your body. Most fats in your diet, including cod liver oil, are broken down during digestion and used by your body for various functions. The chemical composition of mineral oil makes it effective for laxative purposes. In contrast, cod liver oil is mostly absorbed by your body.
Cod Liver Oil Absorption
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations World Health Organization states that only about 2 percent of mineral oil is absorbed by your body. Cod liver oil behaves differently in your body. Cod liver oil is an unsaturated fat with essential omega-3 fatty acids. When you consume cod liver oil from fish or supplements, it is broken down by your digestive tract and absorbed into your bloodstream. From there, it travels to different parts of your body, providing energy and other health benefits, particularly for your heart and cholesterol levels.
Overdosing on cod liver oil can affect your GI tract and cause loose stools. While this may temporarily relieve constipation, high doses of cod liver oil are dangerous and should not be used for this purpose. If you chose to take cod liver oil for general health benefits, try supplementing with 1 to 2 grams per day. This will not do much for constipation, but it may protect your heart and reduce your chances of negative side effects, such as uncontrolled bleeding. If you experiencing diarrhea from cod liver oil supplements, you are probably taking too much. Talk to your doctor before starting a supplement.
To prevent constipation, consume a healthy diet adequate in fiber and fluids. If you have constipation, mineral oil is an effective laxative to try. Mineral oil may cause you to malabsorb essential fatty acids and the fat soluble vitamins E, D, A and K. Supplementing with cod liver oil can help replenish these important fats, especially if the supplement is fortified with fat-soluble vitamins. While cod liver oil is not usually recommended as a laxative, it may support good nutrition during laxative use. Talk to your doctor if you experience recurring constipation and find yourself depending on laxatives.
How to be Number One at ‘Number Two’
Countless blogs detail how exercising, eating well, sleeping better, and having strong social networks are crucial for healthy aging. But there’s one aspect to good health that people rarely mention: pooping.
Maybe as a physician, I should be medically correct and write “defecating” instead. But whatever the term, one thing is certain: A regular bowel movement is essential for feeling good.
Chronically Constipated? It Could Be a Symptom of Intestinal Dysbiosis
A proper poop is dependent on a healthy gut. And if you regularly struggle with constipation or diarrhea (as well as other symptoms, like indigestion, reflux, bloating, or excessive gas), it could be a sign that you gut is not functioning optimally.
In medicine, we use the term intestinal dysbiosis, which means that the populations of the different gut bacteria that colonize the stomach have become imbalanced. Today, we know that these gut bacteria dictate a huge range of not just bowel-related disorders — like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and chronic constipation — but also our weight, blood sugar levels and immune response to a wide range of chronic diseases (1, 2).
The composition of our gut flora depends on a variety of factors, including genetics, age, and environment. Diet, however, plays an especially big role.
Let’s focus on two stool-facilitating nutrients that play a critical role in promoting good intestinal health: fiber and fish oil.
The Digestive Benefits of Fibers
Almost every constipation-related article talks about the importance of eating enough fiber — and with good reason. Fiber has a profound impact on our digestive system.
First and foremost, fiber promotes good microbial health. Gut bacteria feed on fiber through fermentation, breaking them down in the digestive system. During this fermentation process, the bacteria create short-chained fatty acids (SCFAs) that help support the integrity of the cells in the stomach. SCFAs also influence our metabolism, appetite, and immune response (3).
Oats are an excellent source of beta-glucan soluble fibers.
How Soluble and Insoluble Fiber Function
As I explain in Carbo-Confusion Unraveled, the term “fiber” encompasses a number of carbohydrates, and different types of fiber impact our digestive system in unique ways. For instance, beta-glucan soluble fibers (found in oats and barley) are easily fermented by the gut bacteria (3). Beta-glucan fiber is also known to bind together with cholesterol, thereby helping to remove it from the body (4).
Insoluble fibers, on the other hand, are generally not fermented by the gut bacteria. Still, insoluble fiber (which can be found in foods like wheat bran) is important since it helps push food through the intestinal tract. Certain types of insoluble fiber, like psyllium, also bind together with water, to help soften the stool. Both of these elements have a natural laxative effect (5).
Why Fiber-Rich Foods Are So Important
Because different types of fibers produce a varied effect on our digestive system and feed different bacteria species, eating a variety is best for promoting microbial health.
Unfortunately, thanks to the large quantities of processed foods favored in the Western diet, most of us don’t get enough fiber. While studies show massive improvements in microbial diversity when people consume more than 30 grams of fiber daily, most Americans only get between 12-18 grams on average (3).
With these kinds of numbers, it’s not surprising that rates of intestinal dysbiosis and related diseases (e.g. irritable bowel syndrome) are on the rise (6).
The Benefits of Omega-3 Fish Oil for Constipation
Since oils act as natural lubricants, most varieties will help get the “ball rolling” in the restroom. For better bowel movements, however, omega-3 fish oils have clear advantages to other types.
Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase
Firstly, fish oil is known to increase the production of intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) (7). IAP plays a crucial role in maintaining gut homeostasis and reducing inflammation in the intestines. Researchers have also found a link between reduced IAP concentrations and conditions like IBS (8).
Secondly, full-spectrum fish oil has antimicrobial properties that help keep certain endotoxin-producing bacteria species from wreaking havoc in the gut (7). Since endotoxins cause inflammation, blocking their build-up helps to reduce inflammation in the intestines.
Healthier Gut Flora
Finally, fish oil also promotes a better composition of gut bacteria. For instance, in clinical studies of individuals with IBS, the researchers found that omega-3 supplementation increased the population of certain healthy bacterial species. What’s more, it decreased the levels of other harmful bacterial groups, resulting in a healthier microbiome (7).
Taking a fresh omega-3 fish oil is a good way to support the microbiome.
Can Fish Oil Cause Diarrhea?
If omega-3 fatty acids can help with constipation, can fish oil be too effective and cause diarrhea? Be aware that consuming large quantities of fish oil, or taking a poor-quality fish oil supplement, can sometimes contribute to unpleasant gastrointestinal issues and loose stools.
That being said, a number of studies show that fish oil supplementation can also reduce the incidence of diarrhea (9). For instance, one study feeding hospitalized patients a combination of fish oil and fiber found significantly lower rates of diarrhea in the omega-3 and fiber group compared to the control (10).
Other Tips for Producing Healthy Poops
Besides consuming more omega-3 fish oil and fiber, there are also other tactics that you can use to promote good gut health and keep the intestinal system moving.
1. Cut Out Unnecessary Antibiotics
Antibiotics not only kill off harmful gut bacteria, but also health-promoting bacterial populations in your gut for years to come. This is why antibiotic use is often linked with both constipation and diarrhea.
2. Avoid Processed Foods
Processed foods are typically devoid of fibers and omega-3s, as well as rich in refined sugars and unhealthy fats. These kinds of foods promote intestinal dysbiosis by stimulating the growth of harmful bacterial populations and inflammation.
3. Get Regular Exercise
Exercise helps to stimulate peristaltic contractions. These wavelike, squeezing contractions help push the fecal mass through the colon. Plus, exercising regularly seems to have a beneficial impact on the microbiome too (11).
4. Drink Enough Water
Since water helps keep bowel movements soft and easy to pass, continue to sip water throughout the day.
Staying hydrated is an affordable way to make life a little easier on the toilet.
5. Pay Attention to Your Stool Signals
One of the most important aspects of defecating has nothing to do with lifestyle or nutrition.
It has to do with listening to the ‘signal’ that tells you to leave everything you’re doing and head for the nearest toilet.
Like everything in life that’s worth doing, you have to make time for bathroom breaks and respect your body’s needs. While it might not be convenient, simply take a break and go to the restroom when you feel an urge. If you continuously ignore the signal, your body — like a jilted lover — closes down the communication channel and says, “Sorry. You don’t listen, so why should I make the effort to talk to you?” In other words, you shut down the nerve reflex that facilitates pooping, increasing the tendency for future constipation.
What Should My Poop Look Like?
As a physician, I was always amazed when I questioned patients about their defecations and they responded by saying: “I don’t know — I don’t look at my stools.”
Now maybe I am too anal, but the examination of a stool can reveal a lot about what is going on inside of a person. Being able to give your physician a description of the color, consistency, and frequency of bowel movements can be helpful in providing a diagnosis. So always be sure to take a peek before flushing away a wealth of information.
The Bristol stool chart gives an overview over various stool consistencies and an assessment of what is considered normal. Plus, you get to see what constipation versus diarrhea looks like.
There are also charts that provide an overview over various stool colors. Normally, stools are light to dark brown in color. If your stools are black, yellow or white, you may need to seek medical help. Streaks of red on the outside of your stool usually indicate that you have hemorrhoids in the lower digestive tract, but a physician should be able to help you diagnose the issue.
How Often Should I Be Pooping?
If you take fish oil, enjoy a high fiber diet, drink lots of liquids, and exercise regularly, chances are that you’ve mastered the art of producing a proper bowel movement. Still, what does it mean to be ‘regular’?
While most people defecate once a day, the so-called ‘normal’ interval between defecations varies greatly. Constipation is defined as having fewer than three bowel movements every seven days. Some people are able to produce two to three stools a day, which is still considered within the normal range.
Given such a wide definition for ‘regularity,’ the most important thing to remember is that consistency is key.
Support Your Gut with Omega Cookie®
At Omega3 Innovations, we’re passionate about the combined benefits of fresh fish oil and fiber, which is a safe, natural constipation remedy for everyone! We also care deeply about making these nutrients more accessible through high quality, great-tasting foods.
Whether you use our Omega Cure® fish oil with an otherwise high-fiber diet of your own making – or shake things up with a delicious high-fiber omega-3 cookie – you’ll be making a positive difference for your gut in a multitude of ways.
An Effective Omega-3 Dose, Made Simple
Get 3000 mg EPA/DHA per serving.
1. Cao, H. et al. (2017). Dysbiosis Contributes to Chronic Constipation Development Via Regulation of Serotonin Transporter in the Intestine. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 10322.
2. Gobert, A. P. et al. (2016). The Human Intestinal Microbiota of Constipated-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Properties. Scientific Reports, 6, 39399.
3. Holscher H. D. (2017). Dietary Fiber and Prebiotics and the Gastrointestinal Microbiota. Gut Microbes, 8(2), 172–184.
4. Sima, P., Vannucci, L., & Vetvicka, V. (2018). β-Glucans and Cholesterol (Review). International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 41(4), 1799–1808.
5. McRorie, J.W. & McKeown, N,M. (2017). Understanding the Physics of Functional Fibers in the Gastrointestinal Tract: An Evidence-Based Approach to Resolving Enduring Misconceptions about Insoluble and Soluble Fiber. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(2):251-264.
6. Parolini C. (2019). Effects of Fish n-3 PUFAs on Intestinal Microbiota and Immune System. Marine Drugs, 17(6), 374.
7. Costantini, L., Molinari, R., Farinon, B., & Merendino, N. (2017). Impact of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on the Gut Microbiota. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 18(12), 2645.
8. Bilski, J. et al. (2017). The Role of Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase in Inflammatory Disorders of Gastrointestinal Tract. Mediators of Inflammation, 2017, 9074601.
9. Sharma, M., Kaur, R., Kaushik, K., & Kaushal, N. (2019). Redox Modulatory Protective Effects of ω-3 Fatty Acids Rich Fish Oil Against Experimental Colitis. Toxicology, Mechanisms, & Methods, 29(4): 244-254.
10. Jakobsen, L.H., Wirth, R., Smoliner, C., Klebach, M., Hofman, Z., & Kondrup, J. (2017). Gastrointestinal Tolerance and Plasma Status of Carotenoids, EPA and DHA with a Fiber-Enriched Tube Feed in Hospitalized Patients Initiated on Tube Nutrition: Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Nutrition, 36(2):380-388.
11. Cook, M. D. (2016). Exercise and Gut Immune Function: Evidence of Alterations in Colon Immune Cell Homeostasis and Microbiome Characteristics with Exercise Training. Immunology and Cell Biology, 94(2):158-63.
Can Fish Oil Cause Constipation?
Do you get constipated every time you take fish oil? Or do you take fish oil to help with constipation? Well, there seems to be some kind of paradoxical association between fish oil and constipation. While most sources quote that fish oil is beneficial to those suffering from constipation, a contradictory opinion is also existent.
So, wondering what exactly is the truth? This post can give you clarity. Go ahead and read.
What Is Fish Oil?
Extracted from the fatty tissues of oily fish, fish oil contains various beneficial chemicals like DHA, EPA and most importantly, omega 3 fatty acids. The fish do not produce omega 3 fatty acids on their own. They consume a lot of algae or smaller fishes that contain this beneficial fatty acid. So, fishes higher up in the food chain accumulate larger amounts of omega 3 fatty acids, which is why large predatory fishes like swordfish, tilefish and shark are tapped as fish oil sources. However, this biomagnification is also responsible for the pooling of toxic materials collected from various fishes.
Fish Oil And Constipation – The Myth
There are several instances of people asking in online forums whether fish oil causes constipation. They claim that after taking fish oil supplements they have had difficulty in passing stool. This claim is also ratified by several articles found online. However, it is a myth because scientific studies have shown that fish oil relieves constipation. The only possible explanation behind these claims is that they were ingesting some other supplements or foods that could be causing constipation.
How It Helps
Does fish oil help with constipation? Fish oil is often suggested to pregnant women and anyone, in general, suffering from constipation. This is because the oil helps in lubrication. The omega 3 fatty acids also help in reducing inflammation that can be caused due to prolonged constipation. Thus, all problems related to constipation are also addressed if you take fish oil supplements.
[ Read: 3 Best Juices To Treat Constipation ]
Apart from relief from constipation, fish oil also treats several other symptoms. Other benefits include:
- Fish oil can reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. A low-fat diet, which is rich in omega 3 fatty acids, is considered to be beneficial for those who are at a higher risk of developing this type of cancer.
- Fish oil helps pregnant women to deal with post-partum depression. The oil contains DHA and doctors often prescribe DHA-rich foods to such women.
- The omega 3 fatty acids present in fish oil have shown to improve memory, especially in young adults.
- Regular intake of fish oil is linked to lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. However, there is some confusion about this benefit because a recent study concluded that fish oil acts only as well as a placebo.
- Developing fetuses are benefitted from omega 3 fatty acids. When pregnant women take fish oil, it leads to better motor and cognitive development in their babies.
- Age related vision loss is often reversed or inhibited by fish oil consumption.
Although the benefits are aplenty, fish oil is not devoid of side effects. With increasing pollution in the oceans, many small fishes and algae ingest toxic materials that are not only harmful to them and the rest of the food chain, but are also non-biodegradable. This means that when such organisms are eaten by predators, they are passed on to the latter.
By consuming a number of toxin-infested fishes, these predators accumulate lots of toxins. As a result, these toxins are passed into fish oil and consequently to those who take this supplement.
The bottom line is, fish oil, when consumed in moderation, can indeed help ease symptoms often associated with constipation. However, like most other things, over-consumption of even this healthy oil can lead to myriad side effects.
Have you ever considered fish oil for constipation? If yes, how has it helped you? Do comment in the box given below.
Was this article helpful?
The following two tabs change content below.
The one with a constant energy that can leave you awed, Tanya can jump around and talk for the whole day. If not found writing away the desired articles, she can easily be spotted glued to the youtube, eyes wide, spazzing over the perfection of her favorite singer. Functioning without music (Bollywood, Hollywood, Spanish, German, Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Thai and what not- Because music is music), and a big cup of tea is an impossibility for her. Ever heard of a totally weird soul that could go frenzy over the smell of a book, especially if it’s a Dan Brown or Lee Child? Yep! That would be her.
Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Reviews
Galarraga, B., Ho, M., Youssef, H. M., Hill, A., McMahon, H., Hall, C., Ogston, S., Nuki, G., and Belch, J. J. Cod liver oil (n-3 fatty acids) as an non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug sparing agent in rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology.(Oxford) 2008;47(5):665-669. View abstract.
Ahmed AA, Holub BJ. Alteration and recovery of bleeding times, platelet aggregation and fatty acid composition of individual phospholipids in platelets of human subjects receiving a supplement of cod-liver oil. Lipids 1984;19(8):617-24. View abstract.
al-Meshal MA, Lutfi KM, Tariq M. Cod liver oil inhibits indomethacin induced gastropathy without affecting its bioavailability and pharmacological activity. Life Sci 1991;48:1401-9.. View abstract.
Anon. Licensed fish-oil concentrate versus cod-liver oil. Lancet 1987;2:453.
Aviram M, Brox J, Nordoy A. Effects of postprandial plasma and chylomicrons on endothelial cells. Differences between dietary cream and cod liver oil. Acta Med Scand 1986;219:341-8.. View abstract.
Bartolucci G, Giocaliere E, Boscaro F, et al. Vitamin D3 quantification in a cod liver oil-based supplement. J Pharm Biomed Anal 2011;55(1):64-70. View abstract.
Brox JH, Killie JE, Gunnes S, Nordoy A. The effect of cod liver oil and corn oil on platelets and vessel wall in man. Thromb Haemost 1981;46:604-11. View abstract.
Brox JH, Killie JE, Osterud B, et al. Effects of cod liver oil on platelets and coagulation in familial hypercholesterolemia (type IIa). Acta Med Scand 1983;213:137-44.. View abstract.
Brunborg LA, Madland TM, Lind RA, et al. Effects of short-term oral administration of dietary marine oils in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and joint pain: a pilot study comparing seal oil and cod liver oil. Clin Nutr 2008;27:614-22. View abstract.
Conus N, Burgher-Kennedy N, van den Berg F, Kaur Datta G. A randomized trial comparing omega-3 fatty acid plasma levels after ingestion of emulsified and non-emulsified cod liver oil formulations. Curr Med Res Opin. 2019;35(4):587-593. View abstract.
Dawson JK, Abernethy VE, Graham DR, Lynch MP. A woman who took cod-liver oil and smoked. Lancet 1996;347:1804.
Detopoulou P, Papamikos V. Gastrointestinal bleeding after high intake of omega-3 fatty acids, cortisone and antibiotic therapy: a case study. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2014;24(3):253-7. View abstract.
Eysteinsdottir T, Halldorsson TI, Thorsdottir I, et al. Cod liver oil consumption at different periods of life and bone mineral density in old age. Br J Nutr 2015;114(2):248-56. View abstract.
Farmer A, Montori V, Dinneen S, Clar C. Fish oil in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001;3:CD003205. View abstract.
FDA. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Letter regarding dietary supplement health claim for omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/95s0316/95s-0316-Rpt0272-38-Appendix-D-Reference-F-FDA-vol205.pdf. (Accessed February 7, 2017).
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002. Available at: www.nap.edu/books/0309072794/html/.
Foti C, Bonamonte D, Conserva A, Pepe ML, Angelini G. Allergic contact dermatitis to cod liver oil contained in a topical ointment. Contact Dermatitis 2007;57(4):281-2. View abstract.
Gibson RA. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and infant development (editorial). Lancet 1999;354:1919.
Gruenwald J, Graubaum HJ, Harde A. Effect of cod liver oil on symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Adv Ther 2002;19(2):101-7. View abstract.
Hansen JB, Olsen JO, Wilsgard L, Osterud B. Effects of dietary supplementation with cod liver oil on monocyte thromboplastin synthesis, coagulation and fibrinolysis. J Intern Med Suppl 1989;225:133-9.. View abstract.
Hardarson T, Kristinsson A, Skúladóttir G, Asvaldsdóttir H, Snorrason SP. Cod liver oil does not reduce ventricular extrasystoles after myocardial infarction. J Intern Med 1989;226(1):33-7. View abstract.
Helland IB, Saarem K, Saugstad OD, Drevon CA. Fatty acid composition in maternal milk and plasma during supplementation with cod liver oil. Eur J Clin Nutr 1998;52(11):839-45. View abstract.
Helland IB, Saugstad OD, Saarem K, et al. Supplementation of n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation reduces maternal plasma lipid levels and provides DHA to the infants. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2006;19(7):397-406. View abstract.
Henderson MJ, Jones RG. Cod liver oil or bust. Lancet 1987;2:274-5.
Jensen T, Stender S, Goldstein K, et al. Partial normalization by dietary cod-liver oil of increased microvascular albumin leakage in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and albuminuria. N Engl J Med 1989;321:1572-7. View abstract.
Jonasson F, Fisher DE, Eiriksdottir G, et al. Five-year incidence, progression, and risk factors for age-related macular degeneration: the age, gene/environment susceptibility study. Ophthalmology 2014;121(9):1766-72. View abstract.
Landymore RW, Kinley CE, Cooper JH, et al. Cod-liver oil in the prevention of intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein grafts used for arterial bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1985;89:351-7. View abstract.
Landymore RW, MacAulay M, Sheridan B, Cameron C. Comparison of cod-liver oil and aspirin-dipyridamole for the prevention of intimal hyperplasia in autologous vein grafts. Ann Thorac Surg 1986;41:54-7. View abstract.
Landymore RW, MacAulay MA, Cooper JH, Sheridan BL. Effects of cod-liver oil on intimal hyperplasia in vein grafts used for arterial bypass. Can J Surg 1986;29:129-31.. View abstract.
Linday LA, Dolitsky JN, Shindledecker RD, Pippenger CE. Lemon-flavored cod liver oil and multivitamin-mineral supplement for the secondary prevention of otitis media in young children: pilot research. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2002:111:642-52.. View abstract.
Linday LA, Shindledecker RD, Tapia-Mendoza J, Dolitsky JN. Effect of daily cod liver oil and a multivitamin-multimineral supplement with selenium on upper respiratory tract pediatric visits by young, inner-city, Latino children: randomized pediatric sites. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2004;113:891-901. View abstract.
Linday LA. Cod liver oil, young children, and upper respiratory tract infections. J Am Coll Nutr 2010;29(6):559-62. View abstract.
Lombardo YB, Chicco A, D’Alessandro ME, et al. Dietary fish oil normalize dyslipidemia and glucose intolerance with unchanged insulin levels in rats fed a high sucrose diet. Biochim Biophys Acta 1996;1299:175-82. View abstract.
Lorenz R, Spengler U, Fischer S, Duhm J, Weber PC. Platelet function, thromboxane formation and blood pressure control during supplementation of the Western diet with cod liver oil. Circulation 1983;67(3):504-11. View abstract.
Lucas A, Stafford M, Morley R, et al. Efficacy and safety of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant-formula milk: a randomized trial. Lancet 1999;354:1948-54. View abstract.
Mai XM, Langhammer A, Chen Y, Camargo CA. Cod liver oil intake and incidence of asthma in Norwegian adults – the HUNT study. Thorax 2013;68(1):25-30. View abstract.
Mavroeidi A, Aucott L, Black AJ, et al. Seasonal variation in 25(OH)D at Aberdeen (57°N) and bone health indicators–could holidays in the sun and cod liver oil supplements alleviate deficiency? PLoS One 2013;8(1):e53381. View abstract.
Øien T, Schjelvaag A, Storrø O, Johnsen R, Simpson MR. Fish consumption at one year of age reduces the risk of eczema, asthma and wheeze at six years of age. Nutrients. 2019;11(9). pii: E1969. View abstract.
Olafsdottir AS, Thorsdottir I, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet and breast milk of lactating Icelandic women with traditional fish and cod liver oil consumption. Ann Nutr Metab 2006;50(3):270-6. View abstract.
Porojnicu AC, Bruland OS, Aksnes L, Brant WB, Moan J. Sun beds and cod liver oil as vitamin D sources. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 2008;91:125-31. View abstract.
Prisco D, Paniccia R, Bandinelli B, et al. Effect of medium-term supplementation with a moderate dose of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on blood pressure in mild hypertensive patients. Thromb Res 1998;1:105-12. View abstract.
Raeder MB, Steen VM, Vollset SE, Bjelland I. Associations between cod liver oil use and symptoms of depression: The Hordaland Health Study. J Affect Disord 2007;101:245-9. View abstract.
Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, Del Valle HB (eds). Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Institute of Medicine, 2011. Available at: www.nap.edu/catalog/13050/dietary-reference-intakes-for-calcium-and-vitamin-d (accessed April 17, 2016).
Sanders TA, Vickers M, Haines AP. Effect on blood lipids and haemostasis of a supplement of cod-liver oil, rich in eicosapentainoic and docosahexaenoic acids, in healthy young men. Clin Sci (Colch) 1981;61:317-24. View abstract.
Sellmayer A, Witzgall H, Lorenz RL, Weber PC. Effects of dietary fish oil on ventricular premature complexes. Am J Cardiol 1995;76:974-7. View abstract.
Shimizu H, Ohtani K, Tanaka Y, et al. Long-term effect of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl (EPA-E) on albuminuria of non-insulin dependent diabetic patients. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1995;28:35-40. View abstract.
Skúladóttir GV, Gudmundsdóttir E, Olafsdóttir E, et al. Influence of dietary cod liver oil on fatty acid composition of plasma lipids in human male subjects after myocardial infarction. J Intern Med 1990;228(6):563-8. View abstract.
Stammers T, Sibbald B, Freeling P. Efficacy of cod liver oil as an adjunct to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug treatment in the management of osteoarthritis in general practice. Ann Rheum Dis 1992;51:128-9. View abstract.
Terkelsen LH, Eskild-Jensen A, Kjeldsen H, et al. Topical application of cod liver oil ointment accelerates wound healing: an experimental study in wounds in the ears of hairless mice. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 2000;34:15-20. View abstract.
Toft I, Bonaa KH, Ingebretsen OC, et al. Effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on glucose homeostasis and blood pressure in essential hypertension. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1995;123:911-8. View abstract.
Veierod MB, Thelle DS, Laake P. Diet and risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma: a prospective study of 50,757 Norwegian men and women. Int J Cancer 1997;71:600-4. View abstract.
Yang S, Lin R, Si L, et al. Cod-liver oil improves metabolic indices and hs-CRP levels in gestational diabetes mellitus patients: A double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Diabetes Res. 2019;2019:7074042. View abstract.
Effects of Fish Oil on the Colon Mucosa – Full Text View
The purpose of this study is to see what effects the dietary supplement called Omega-3 or “Fish Oil” and it has on your colon, if any. Omega-3 (Fish Oil) is available in many forms (pills, capsules, liquid) in grocery stores, health food/vitamin stores and drug stores and from eating fish. We would like to learn if different amounts of Fish Oil specifically chosen for you individually change your colon tissue (large intestine). We hope that Fish Oil may be useful in the future as something that may help to prevent colon cancer, but we don’t have any research in humans that shows that yet. We have to do this study first to see if Fish Oil effects the colon. One type of Fish Oil is has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to reduce the risk of heart disease. We are going to test a different Fish Oil supplement made by a company called Nordic Naturals.
The colon lining or “mucosa” comes in contact with all the undigested things we eat or drink as it passes out to waste (stool). Animal studies suggest that fish oil may help the colon lining by reducing colon polyps and therefore colon cancer. We think this happens through chemical changes in the colon lining and also in the blood. The chemicals that we are looking at are called “fatty acids”. We want to see if taking different amounts fish oil chosen for you changes these chemicals (fatty acids) in your colon or your blood. We will assign you a personal “low dose” of fish oil to take for 2 weeks, followed by a “high dose, or maximum” dose for 2 weeks. We will calculate your basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) from your height, weight, age and assess your activity factor. We have a table that then tells us your target low and high dose. Then, based on your blood samples, we figure out which target dose is the one for you that will change these chemicals (fatty acids) by about ½ (50%). We will check how well this process worked by collecting small pieces of colon tissue (biopsies) of the colon before any fish oil and after all the fish oil is consumed. We will also use blood samples to test for these fatty acids and a few others. We are going to collect diet information at several times throughout the study so we can see if the food you eat makes a difference too.
We hope to learn a lot about how fatty acids are metabolized (broken down or used) in the colon directly in combination with Omega-3 supplements.
Constipation – self-care Information | Mount Sinai
Try these things to relieve your constipation:
- Do not skip meals.
- Avoid processed or fast foods, such as white breads, pastries, doughnuts, sausage, fast-food burgers, potato chips, and French fries.
Many foods are good natural laxatives that will help you move your bowels. High-fiber foods help move waste through your body. Add foods with fiber to your diet slowly, because eating more fiber can cause bloating and gas.
Drink 8 to 10 cups (2 to 2.5 L) of liquids, particularly water, every day.
Ask your health care provider how much fiber to take each day. Males, females, and different age groups all have different daily fiber needs.
Most fruits will help ease constipation. Berries, peaches, apricots, plums, raisins, rhubarb, and prunes are just some of the fruits that may help. Do not peel fruits that have edible skins, because a lot of the fiber is in the skin.
Choose breads, crackers, pasta, pancakes, and waffles made with whole grains, or make your own. Use brown rice or wild rice instead of white rice. Eat high-fiber cereals.
Vegetables can also add fiber to your diet. Some high-fiber vegetables are asparagus, broccoli, corn, squash, and potatoes (with the skin still on). Salads made with lettuce, spinach, and cabbage will also help.
Legumes (navy beans, kidney beans, chickpeas, soybeans, and lentils), peanuts, walnuts, and almonds will also add fiber to your diet.
Other foods you can eat are:
- Fish, chicken, turkey, or other lean meats. These do not have fiber, but they will not make constipation worse.
- Snacks such as raisin cookies, fig bars, and popcorn.
You can also sprinkle 1 or 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 mL) of bran flakes, ground flax seeds, wheat bran, or psyllium on foods such as yogurt, cereal, and soup. Or, add them to your smoothie.
90,000 Constipation Diet | FoodGrad
Constipation can be caused by improper diet , frequent constipation may indicate the presence of gastrointestinal diseases, constipation often occurs in pregnant women. But, whatever the cause of constipation, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate it. Remember that chronic long-term constipation can lead to serious health problems.
The biggest mistake in constipation is to take a strong laxative without a doctor’s prescription.Even if the laxative has the desired effect, this effect will only bring temporary relief. Another, no less common mistake is a huge amount of fatty foods. The constipation diet includes fatty foods and oils, but always in moderation. If you eat not bread and butter, but butter and bread, then besides constipation, you will get liver problems.
To cure constipation, you need to carefully select foods for your table, choosing those that stimulate intestinal motility.
Diet for constipation is as follows.
For constipation, foods with a coarse structure and high fiber content will be useful. For example, boiled corn on the cob, bran, crackers, crispbread, rye bread, or cereal bread. Pay special attention to the diet for constipation with a milk table. Any fermented milk products with an average percentage of fat will be useful to you. But these products must be fresh. Expired kefir will undoubtedly help with constipation, but it will not be a diet for constipation, but banal poisoning.
If there are no stomach problems, then for constipation lean on pickled (salty) vegetables and snacks.
Porridge is useful for constipation, but not rice. The diet for constipation includes fatty fish (salmon, herring, mackerel), canned fish (sprats, herring, cod liver) and poultry. Meat is not prohibited, but it will not be of particular benefit for constipation.
The most effective dietary remedy for constipation is figs, prunes and dried apricots. You need to soak these products in water, and, before eating the fruit itself, drink the water in which they were soaked.But be prudent, you can consume no more than a handful of fruits at a time, otherwise you will soon need a diet for diarrhea.
From drinking on a diet for constipation, choose mineral water with and without gas, green weak tea, tomato juice.
You can choose the heat treatment of products to your taste. If you like fried food, then it’s time to enjoy these dishes.
Eliminate black tea, hard-boiled eggs, rice groats, blueberries, chokeberry, foods high in starch (potatoes, pasta), black and milk chocolate during the diet.
Source: http: //nmkd.ru
August 23 2010 06:05 pm | Good to know
Leave a review
You must be registered to post a comment.
all about the benefits and harms to health, composition and calorie content of fish
Cod – health benefits and harm, composition and calorie content of fish
Cod: all about health benefits and harms, composition and calorie content of fish
Cod – health benefits and harms, composition and calorie content of fish
Cod is one of the most popular commercial fish.What useful and harmful properties does it possess, where it is applied, as well as how to choose the right and tasty … RIA Novosti, 05/27/2021
2021-05 -27T14: 22
/ html / head / meta [@ name = ‘og: title’] / @ content
/ html / head / meta [@ name = ‘og: description’] / @ content
MOSCOW, February 17 – RIA Novosti. Cod is one of the most popular commercial fish. What useful and harmful properties it has, where it is used, as well as how to choose the right and deliciously cook cod – in the material RIA Novosti. Description and types of cod Cod is a species of fish of the cod family, the white meat of which has a low calorie content and saturates the body with a mass of useful substances. Its name in the Old Russian language meant “sliver”, probably because the meat of this fish breaks down into fibers during drying and cooking.In German, cod is “stockfish”, which means “stick fish”. In Russia, in the old days, fish was also called “labardan.” In Russia, several species that are part of the cod family are mined industrially: Far Eastern pollock, pollock, Pacific and Atlantic cod, haddock, Far Eastern and northern cod, Arctic cod and blue whiting. All of them live in salt water, never found in freshwater bodies. In the latter, only one representative of cod is found – burbot. Cod is caught when it reaches the age of 3-4 years.Most species by these years reach 40-50 centimeters in length and 5 kilograms in weight. The Atlantic cod is considered the leader in size. She can live up to 25 years, and at the same time her growth does not stop. Such fish can reach 1.8 meters in length and weigh about 90 kilograms. Composition Cod contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B9, B12, C, E, H, PP, polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega -6, as well as minerals: potassium, sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, copper, fluorine, iodine, molybdenum, chromium, cobalt, nickel, zinc, manganese.This combination of substances in the product helps the normal functioning of organs and systems in the human body. Calorie and nutritional value Useful properties Due to its composition, cod is invaluable to the human body. Antioxidants contained in fish slow down the aging process of tissues, protect cells from free radicals, reduce the risk of Oncology. According to a study published in the American scientific journal Chest, Omega-3 in cod stabilizes the state of the human cardiovascular system by improving heart rate variability.The main benefit of cod for women is that it helps to maintain beauty and youth. Phosphorus, calcium and other substances in the composition of fish contribute to the growth of hair and nails, strengthen bone and cartilage tissues, and improve the condition of the skin. In addition, eating fish has a beneficial effect on the production of sex hormones. Cod is also useful for men. Its use increases potency, enhances libido, promotes testosterone production, and also increases sperm motility and sperm quality.In a child’s diet, cod contributes to its full development: it regulates the work of the endocrine system, has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and the work of the brain, helps to avoid anemia, participates in the formation of tooth enamel, increases bone strength. … People who are allergic to seafood should exercise caution when including it in their diet, and experts advise against eating this fish for people with gallbladder and kidney disease, hypotension and hypercalcemia.The effect of cod on the body of pregnant and lactating women is ambiguous. This is due to the high levels of mercury in some parts of the ocean where fish live. The accumulation of heavy metal in the body is especially dangerous for the health of children. They should stop eating cod. Cod liver The product is obtained from large cod specimens that are harvested in the Barents and White Seas. Canned food or medical fish oil is made from cod liver. Including them in the diet will help to avoid osteoporosis, arthritis, rheumatism, diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, hormonal and immune systems.In addition, the product is allowed to be consumed with diabetes mellitus, since it does not contain sugar. At the same time, you should not get carried away with canned cod liver food, since they are quite high in calories (613 kcal per 100 grams of product). Cod in medicine A medium-sized cod carcass contains no more than 0.6% fat, which is why nutritionists include it in the menu of patients who seek to lose excess weight. The product activates metabolic processes in the body and helps to recover after physical exertion. Fish is also advised to use for hypertensive patients, since the substances contained in cod help lower blood pressure, strengthen the heart muscle and vascular walls, and promote the removal of excess cholesterol from the body.Fish is also good for people suffering from anemia. In fresh fish, the scales and skin should not be damaged, and the eyes should be transparent and clean. Dark gills and cloudy eyes are signs of prolonged and improper storage. The bones in the cod, as in many marine fish, are few – only the ridge and ribs. They are large and easily separable from meat. Cod fillet is best bought for those who want to lose weight, since it is considered dietary: only 80 kilocalories per 100 grams.And the most delicious part is the backs of cod, which in many countries are considered a delicacy for their juiciness and tenderness. 7-10 months. Repeated defrosting and freezing is not recommended, as this will not only spoil the taste and texture, but can also harm digestion. Cod Recipes Oven baked cod Ingredients: Preparation: Cut cod into steaks, finely chop the dill.Beat the egg with milk and add half of the chopped greens, salt and pepper to it. In a greased baking dish, pour the milk and egg mixture, place the fish in it so that its surface remains open. Salt, pepper and sprinkle with the remaining herbs, and then spread the sour cream on top and put the cod in an oven preheated to 180 °. Cooking time – 35-40 minutes. Cod, fried in a pan Ingredients for two servings: Preparation: Cut the cod fillet into pieces, sprinkle with salt, pepper, then breaded in flour.Fry cod fillets over medium heat on both sides until cooked: 2-3 minutes on one side, 1.5-2 minutes on the other. You can serve the fish with potatoes, as well as tomato or mushroom sauce.
cod – 400 grams;
sour cream – 150 grams;
milk – 150 milliliters;
dill – 30 grams;
eggs – 1 piece;
vegetable oil – 1 tablespoon;
ground black pepper and salt to taste.
cod – 400 grams;
vegetable oil – 1.5 tablespoons;
wheat flour – 1 tablespoon;
salt – 0.25-0.5 teaspoons;
ground black pepper – 1 pinch.
- Lack of direct sunlight.
- Decrease in the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin (use of sunscreens, high pigmentation of the skin, winter period, reduced daylight hours).
- Lack of nutrition of foods containing vitamin D.
- Chronic renal and hepatic failure.
- The use of certain drugs (anticonvulsant, antituberculosis).
- Malabsorption in intestinal diseases.
- Congenital diseases (eg vitamin D-resistant rickets).
- Canned food should ideally be produced in cities near the sea.
- It is necessary to pay attention to the integrity of the jar, as well as to the shelf life of this product.
- Before buying, the jar must be shaken sharply. If, as a result, you do not hear any extraneous sounds or gurgling, this is the right lot to buy.
- The calorie content of such a product can be in the range of 600 kcal, which is considered a high indicator.
- It is contraindicated to use cod liver in pancreatitis or acute accompanying diseases.
- Harmful to excessive consumption during pregnancy.
- May cause digestive troubles in ulcerative gastritis.
- Causes allergic reactions, especially in people with seafood intolerances.
ensures normal growth and development of bones,
necessary to maintain muscle tone,
inhibits the growth of cancer cells,
necessary for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland, etc.etc.
- Content of a large amount of amino acids, omega-3 fats, necessary for the body for functional work;
- contains fish oil, which is valuable for the whole body and much tastier in the form of canned food;
- due to the prevention of most inflammatory reactions in the joints;
- the product helps to reduce the risk of heart disease;
- strengthens the immune system as much as possible;
- provides the body with valuable vitamin D;
- is a powerful prevention of cancer-related diseases;
- maintains good skin condition, triggers its rejuvenation.
- essential nutrients – vitamin A for growth and vision;
- Vitamin D , necessary for the human body – for the skeleton and strong bones;
- an important component of beauty – fat-soluble E;
- representatives of group B – B2, B6 and B9 – it is generally impossible to do without this, these components are necessary for the nervous system and hematopoiesis.
- restoration of the structure of hair, nails, skin, teeth;
- improvement of vision;
- fight against vitamin deficiency;
- prevention of atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia and other complications associated with blood vessels;
- healing of burns, wounds and mucous membranes.
- improving the quality of attention, hearing, thinking;
- stable good mood;
- good skin condition on all parts of the body;
- less pain in muscles and joints;
- excellent heart function, correct blood composition, lowering cholesterol;
- excellent vision.
internet-group @ rian.ru
7 495 645-6601
FSUE MIA “Russia Today”
7 495 645-6601
FSUE MIA “Russia Today”
https: // xn – c1acbl2abdlkab1og.xn – p1ai /
7 495 645-6601
FSUE MIA “Russia Today”
https: //xn--c1acbl2abdlkab1og.xn--p1ai/awards /
FSUE MIA “Russia Today”
https: // xn – c1acbl2abdlkab1og.xn – p1ai / awards /
7 495 645-6601
FSUE MIA Rossiya Segodnya
https: //xn--c1acbl2abdlkab1og.xn--p1ai / awards /
society, food, food, vitamins, russia
MOSCOW, 17 Feb – RIA Novosti. Cod is one of the most popular commercial fish. What useful and harmful properties it possesses, where it is used, as well as how to choose the right and deliciously cook cod – in the material of RIA Novosti.
Description and types of cod
Cod is a species of fish of the cod family, the white meat of which has a low calorie content and saturates the body with a mass of useful substances. Its name in the Old Russian language meant “sliver”, probably because the meat of this fish breaks down into fibers during drying and cooking. In German, cod is “stockfish”, which means “stick fish”. In Russia, in the old days, fish was also called “labardan”.
In Russia, several species are industrially mined that are part of the cod family: Far Eastern pollock, pollock, Pacific and Atlantic cod, haddock, Far Eastern and northern cod, Arctic cod and blue whiting.All of them live in salt water, never found in freshwater bodies. In the latter, only one representative of the cod is found – burbot.
Cod is caught when it reaches 3-4 years of age. Most species by these years reach 40-50 centimeters in length and 5 kilograms in weight.
Atlantic cod is considered the leader in size. She can live up to 25 years, and at the same time her growth does not stop. Such fish can reach 1.8 meters in length and weigh about 90 kilograms.
Cod contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B9, B12, C, E, H, PP, polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6, as well as minerals: potassium, sulfur , calcium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, copper, fluorine, iodine, molybdenum, chromium, cobalt, nickel, zinc, manganese. This combination of substances in the product helps the normal functioning of organs and systems in the human body.
Caloric content and nutritional value
100 grams of cod fillet
9000 the human body.
Antioxidants contained in fish slow down the aging process of tissues, protect cells from free radicals, and reduce the risk of oncology.
According to study , , the results of which were published in the American scientific journal Chest, Omega-3 in cod stabilizes the state of the human cardiovascular system by improving heart rate variability.
The main benefit of cod for women is that it helps to maintain beauty and youth. Phosphorus, calcium and other substances in the composition of fish contribute to the growth of hair and nails, strengthen bone and cartilage tissues, and improve the condition of the skin.In addition, eating fish has a beneficial effect on the production of sex hormones.
December 3, 2020, 08:16
Roskachestvo tested canned cod liver
Cod is also useful for men. Its use increases potency, enhances libido, promotes testosterone production, and also increases sperm motility and sperm quality.
In a child’s diet, cod contributes to its full development: it regulates the endocrine system, has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and brain function, helps to avoid anemia, participates in the formation of tooth enamel, and increases bone strength.
Harm and contraindications
Eating cod can be harmful if you are hypersensitive. People who are allergic to seafood should exercise caution when including it in their diet.
Also, experts do not recommend eating this fish to persons suffering from diseases of the gallbladder and kidneys, hypotension and hypercalcemia.
The effect of cod on the body of pregnant and lactating women is ambiguous. This is due to the high levels of mercury in some parts of the ocean where fish live.The accumulation of heavy metal in the body is especially dangerous for the health of children. They’d better stop eating cod.
The product is obtained from large cod fish that are caught in the Barents and White Seas. Canned food or medical fish oil is made from cod liver. Including them in the diet will help to avoid osteoporosis, arthritis, rheumatism, diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, hormonal and immune systems. In addition, the product is allowed to be consumed with diabetes mellitus, since it does not contain sugar.
At the same time, you should not get carried away with canned cod liver products, since they are quite high in calories (613 kcal per 100 grams of product).
Cod in medicine
A medium-sized cod carcass contains no more than 0.6% fat, therefore nutritionists include it in the menu of patients who seek to lose excess weight. The product activates metabolic processes in the body and helps to recover from physical exertion.
Fish is also recommended for hypertensive patients, since the substances contained in cod help lower blood pressure, strengthen the heart muscle and vascular walls, and promote the removal of excess cholesterol from the body.Also, fish is useful for people suffering from anemia.
– Fish oil, which is obtained from cod liver, is actively used in medicine. It is useful for brain function, stabilization of the nervous system, strengthening of immunity, synthesis of hormones. The substance is sold in capsules or in liquid form. A quality product must contain at least 60-70% Omega-3. However, you shouldn’t use it uncontrollably. Before buying, it is important to consult a doctor, get tested, ” Olga Kotova, nutritionist and nutritionist, told RIA Novosti.
Cod in cooking
November 30, 2020, 21:01
A product for protecting the immune system and the nervous system: everything about cod liver
How to choose the right one
It is best to choose cod in supermarkets, where there are special ice display cases. In fresh fish, the scales and skin should not be damaged, and the eyes should be transparent and clean. Dark gills and cloudy eyes are signs of prolonged and improper storage.
Bones in cod, as in many marine fish, are few – only the ridge and ribs.They are large and easily separated from meat.
It is better to buy cod fillet for those who want to lose excess weight, since it is considered dietary: only 80 kilocalories per 100 grams. And the most delicious part is the backs of cod, which in many countries are considered a delicacy for their juiciness and tenderness.
March 16, 2013, 18:09
Tomsk fishermen showed how to fish – big and small
How to store cod
In the refrigerator, subject to the temperature in the range from -2 to 0 degrees, the shelf life of fresh cod should not exceed 3 days.
Fish can be stored in the freezer for 7-10 months. Repeated defrosting and freezing is not recommended, as this will not only ruin the taste and texture, but can also harm digestion.
Oven baked cod
Cut cod into steaks, finely chop the dill. Beat the egg with milk and add half of the chopped herbs, salt and pepper to it.
Pour the milk and egg mixture into a greased baking dish, place the fish in it so that its surface remains open.
Salt and pepper the cod and sprinkle with the remaining herbs, then spread the sour cream on top and put the cod in an oven preheated to 180 °. Cooking time is 35-40 minutes.
Ingredients for two portions:
Cut the cod fillet into pieces, sprinkle with salt and pepper, then breaded in flour.
Fry cod fillets over medium heat on both sides until cooked: 2-3 minutes on one side, 1.5-2 minutes on the other.
You can serve fish with potatoes, as well as tomato or mushroom sauce.
10 November 2020, 18:56
Elixir of youth: what you need to know about the properties of fish oil
What is vitamin D for?
Many people know that vitamin D is necessary for children and adults for healthy bone growth. Lack of this vitamin in children can cause rickets, and in adults – softening of the bones and an increased risk of fractures.Modern scientific research associates vitamin D deficiency with immune disorders, increased susceptibility to infections, the development of certain types of cancer, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin D also plays a very important role in the regulation of reproductive processes in both women and men.
There are two forms of vitamin D. In humans, up to 90% of vitamin D3, or cholecalciferol, is formed in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Vitamin D2, or ergocalciferol, and partly cholecalciferol enter the human body with animal and plant foods, providing about 10-20% of the total amount of vitamin D.Then they undergo transformation, first in the liver, and then in the kidneys, in order to turn into active vitamin D – calcitriol – which does the main job. It is also worth noting that vitamin D, being fat-soluble, accumulates in the liver and adipose tissue. With its excess, symptoms of hypervitaminosis D may develop – convulsions in children, calcium deposition in organs and tissues, and the formation of kidney stones. The daily intake of this vitamin is 400-800 IU, depending on age.
What are the causes of vitamin D deficiency?
So, the main causes of vitamin D deficiency:
How is vitamin D deficiency manifested in children and adults?
Moderate vitamin D deficiency may not cause acute symptoms in children or adults. But in conditions of a deficiency of this vitamin, calcium consumed with food is poorly absorbed in the intestines. The body has to flush the mineral from the bones in order to maintain its level in the blood.If the deficit is not replenished, children develop external signs of rickets – muscle weakness, moodiness, changes in the shape of the skull, violation of teething, constipation,. In adults, softening of the bones occurs – ostemalation. It is characterized by constant pulling pain in the lower back and hip joints, pain in the heels, ribs, lower leg, hips, shoulder blade, forearms, and spine. Muscle weakness makes it difficult for a person to get out of a chair, climb stairs, and a tendency to fall.There may be a feeling of “creeping” in the arms and legs – neuropathy. With very low serum calcium levels, seizures are possible.
What methods are there for diagnosing vitamin D deficiency?
To confirm the lack of vitamin D in the body, a blood test for vitamin D is used, while the level of 30-100 ng / ml is considered to be the norm. Let’s make a reservation right away that the norms differ in different countries and even in different laboratories. Deficiency can be indirectly confirmed by determining the level of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase enzyme in the blood, as well as calcium and phosphorus in the urine.
So what are the ways to prevent vitamin D deficiency?
To replenish the vitamin D deficiency in the body, it is best to spend more time in the sun – expose your face and hands to the sun’s rays for 15 minutes 2-3 times a week. Each such procedure provides the production of approximately 1000 IU of vitamin D. But the formation of vitamin D in the skin depends on the angle of the sun and, thus, on the geographical latitude, season, time of day. Most of the vitamin is produced when the sun is at its zenith.That is, from 11.00 to 14.00 – just at the time when most people are trying to hide in the shadows. It is worth noting that in countries with cloudy climates or in cities covered in smog, it is impossible to synthesize enough vitamin D through sun exposure. Melanin, which is produced by the skin to protect against UV radiation, also interferes with the production of vitamin D. Therefore, sunburn, age-related pigmentation of the skin and topical application of sunscreen with an SPF of more than 15 block the body’s production of vitamin D.
As for tanning salons, they were originally developed only for medical purposes and were always used under the supervision of doctors to stimulate the production of vitamin D. However, today, due to the high incidence of skin cancer, this type of treatment is not used. WHO, for example, pays special attention to the complete ban on tanning salons for children under 18 years of age. Tanning enthusiasts should keep in mind that many lamps do not give ultraviolet A (320-400 nm), and not B (280-320 nm), not the same as that of the sun. Therefore, in a tanning bed, you can get a dark skin tone, but not replenish vitamin D reserves.
An alternative to sunbathing is taking vitamin D preparations. Medicines contain it in one of two forms: vitamin D 2 – produced with the help of yeast, from plant sources; vitamin D 3 – synthesized from animal products, it is not suitable for vegetarians.
Newborns and infants are a special risk group. In the first months of life, the child is actively growing and developing, therefore, even healthy children need additional intake of vitamin D to prevent rickets.Moreover, most often, due to a deficiency of vitamin D in a nursing mother, children who are breastfed suffer. Therefore, the optimal prevention of rickets will be breastfeeding in combination with additional administration of vitamin D. Specific prophylaxis of rickets is carried out with vitamin D in a daily dose for healthy term infants of 400-500 IU. This dose is prescribed from 2 weeks of life every day from September to May, as well as in the summer months with insufficient insolation. It is safe and does not lead to excess accumulation of vitamin D, even if the level is normal.In healthy children who are bottle-fed with adapted milk formulas that contain vitamin D, its additional administration is not required. Most pediatricians recommend prophylactic vitamin D intake for up to 3 years.
Vitamin D supply of pregnant women is very important. Most often, a sufficient amount of it is contained in special vitamin complexes. You should carefully study the composition of the drug you have chosen and do not take additional vitamin D without consulting a doctor.
To ensure the health of bone and muscle tissue at the age of 19 to 65, it is recommended to take prophylactic vitamin D preparations during the low sun exposure season – from October to April. At the age of 19-50, the dose of vitamin D is 600 IU / day, over 50 years old – 800-1000 IU / day.
Therapeutic doses of vitamin D can reach 20,000 IU or more, are used to treat serious deficiency conditions and only on the recommendation of the attending physician.
In obese children and adults, the doses used should be higher because vitamin D is stored in adipose tissue.
Unfortunately, very few foods contain vitamin D. These are egg yolks, beef liver and some types of fish and seafood in which it is found in small quantities, such as salmon, sardines, mackerel, cod liver, tuna, swordfish. The richest in vitamin D is fish oil, made from cod liver. Obviously, nature intended that you get this vitamin through exposure to the sun, and to a lesser extent from food sources. Vegetables do not contain vitamin D at all, so there are no natural sources of this vitamin for vegetarians.In many parts of the world, the main food sources of vitamin D are milk and dairy products, margarine and vegetable oils fortified with vitamin D; in 17 countries of the world, it is mandatory to enrich margarine with this vitamin. Such products, containing biologically active additives, form the basis of therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition used to prevent bone loss.
It should be noted that the absorption of vitamin D in the intestine significantly depends on the presence of other substances (fats, bile acids).It also depends on the type of human nutrition. Deficiency of bile acids leads to impaired absorption of vitamin D. It is important to understand that some foods make it difficult or even block the absorption of vitamin D. These include margarine, mayonnaise, fried bacon, sausage with fat, pork fat, fatty cakes and pastries.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that recommendations for prophylactic vitamin D supplementation vary from country to country and from region to region. New scientific studies are constantly being published – some are wary of taking vitamin D, others recommend starting the intake right now at 2000-6000 IU.Earlier it was said about the irreparable harm of the sun’s rays, due to the risk of developing skin cancer, and today they say that insolation is necessary in small quantities. Therefore, you should not rush to extremes – moderation has always been the best recommendation.
health care institutions “5th city children’s polyclinic”
Kolesnikova Yulia Nikolaevna
Benefits and harm to the health of canned cod liver, calorie content
Cod liver is so useful that in the time of Avicenna this product was used to treat serious health problems.Such medicinal properties are due to the presence of beneficial vitamins, minerals, and especially omega fats. Basically, their effect extends to vision, the condition of the skin, hair, bones and the cardiovascular system.
This is one of the most popular fish offal. It is possible to purchase it frozen and cook it yourself. But, the most popular and demanded is the ready-made cod liver, which is presented on store shelves in the form of canned food (we will talk about the benefits of just such a product a little later).
In order to correctly assess all the properties of the cod liver, I propose to consider its calorie content, composition and effect on the body.
Cod liver calories (100 g)
|proteins, g||fats, g||carbohydrates, g||kcal|
Cod liver is not considered a dietary product, as it contains about 400 kcal.But, those 43 grams of fats are mainly Omega fats, without the use of which it is simply impossible to maintain a high level of health. Given this weighty argument, cod liver is included in the diet of athletes, people with heavy physical exertion, and sometimes with a long diet (in a carefully calculated dose). This product is very nutritious due to its high fat and protein content. You can get similar vitamins, minerals and omega fats, but with lower calories, you can eat mackerel (only 205 kcal).
Vitamins: A, E, D, B group, C
Minerals: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, copper
Active substances: amino acids, polyunsaturated fats, omega acids, protein
The high content of vitamins A and E in the liver of cod has a positive effect on the structure and metabolic processes and protein synthesis in the eyeball, accelerates cell regeneration, reduces the level of intoxication, slows down the aging process.All these properties will help prevent the development of a number of diseases associated with vision, including age-related.
The so-called “fish oil” is in this product in its pure form. By including cod liver in your diet, your body is fully saturated with a huge supply of minerals. Magnesium and potassium are extremely useful for the heart muscle, they nourish the heart, preventing the depletion of the main muscle, accelerate synthesis within cells, and prevent the development of many pathologies. Magnesium is able to normalize blood pressure.Iron and manganese cleanse the blood of harmful cholesterol, saturate it with oxygen, which prevents oxygen starvation not only of the internal organs, but also of the brain.
Cod liver contains a substantial supply of vitamin D, potassium and calcium. These substances are necessary to strengthen the bone tissue of the musculoskeletal system. It is very useful for athletes who are prone to frequent injuries and fractures, with heavy physical exertion, in old or young age (when there is a real need for these minerals, in large quantities).It is also useful to include this product in your diet during the rehabilitation period. It is noticed that injuries and fractures are healed much faster, the condition improves with arthrosis or rheumatism.
Hepargin, which is found in the liver of cod, helps to reduce the level of blood clotting and successfully liquefies it. This is an extremely important chemical process, without which the proper functioning of the whole organism is impossible. Thick blood is very dangerous for people with heart disease, various hypertensive diseases, the risk of a blood clot or stroke increases.
Using this product periodically, you can significantly strengthen the immune system, improve the body’s defenses and thereby get rid of frequent colds and painful vitamin deficiencies. If this is not possible, you can use fish oil in the form of capsules, which will be especially useful for school-age children.
Omega fats, which are found in sufficient quantities in the cod liver, have a positive effect on all chemical processes in the cerebral cortex.They help to strengthen memory, establish neural communication, and provide cells with oxygen. Recommended for use with mental stress, it can even prevent dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. A more affordable source of omega fats is considered, for example, flounder or crucian carp.
Protein is useful as a pure building material for all body systems. It is also simply irreplaceable in synthesis and other chemical reactions. With insufficient daily caloric intake, protein is a nutrient for energy production.And lysine and tryptophan are involved in the production of hormones, which has an effect on the functioning of the endocrine system. Iodine also helps to eliminate iodine deficiency.
Cod liver (canned)
A product such as cod liver is best consumed fresh or canned. Why, you ask? Because a frozen product loses at least half of its beneficial properties, especially polyunsaturated fats.
Canned cod liver can be found on supermarket shelves today.Basically, the recipe is identical and consists in whole pieces of the product, which is put in jars, seasoned with black pepper, salt and bay leaves. During heat treatment, neither oil nor water is added to the canned food. Accordingly, cooking takes place in its own juice, which contributes to the natural release of fat. Such canned food is made from freshly caught fish, which does not undergo freezing or long-term storage.
To choose the right product, you need to pay attention to some points:
How to eat correctly
An absolutely correct and natural question will be: How much can you eat cod liver, so that it benefits the body, and not harm?
Nutritionists and gastroenterologists have slightly different views on this, but agree on one thing for sure: the rate of canned liver consumption will be about 30-40 grams, twice a week.With large portions, you can face a feeling of nausea (this will be caused by a malfunction of the pancreas), weight gain, disruption of the intestines, and constipation.
It is advisable to accompany such fatty food with a fairly light side dish, preferably vegetables. Do not drink liquid after eating cod liver.
Benefits of cod liver during pregnancy
For expectant mothers, it is very useful to eat seafood, especially this one.It contains essential omega fats that help to avoid fetal neural tube defect. Periodic use of such a product will provide both a pregnant woman and a baby with all the necessary nutrients for proper development and health.
The presence of minerals will help cleanse the blood of toxins and high cholesterol levels. Amino acids will be simply indispensable for the proper functioning of the endocrine system and the thyroid gland in particular. Polyunsaturated fats will be good for the skin, they will be able to strengthen hair and prevent loss in case of hormonal failure.Also, cod liver is very important for strengthening the immune system, which becomes the number one task. This will help to avoid many viral diseases, especially during the cold period and to protect the fetus (pregnant women are practically contraindicated in any pill in the fight against influenza and the temperature has to be brought down by folk methods, which are not always effective).
But, in such an interesting period, you have to be careful. After all, this product can not only benefit a pregnant woman, but also harm.You may experience a feeling of nausea or heartburn, various allergic reactions (including seafood), so you need to carefully listen to your body.
Contraindications and harm
90,000 benefits and harms to the body of men, women, children – ROSTOV CHILD CARE CENTER № 7
How is cod liver useful? Health benefits and harms of cod liver
The liver is considered one of the most useful foods, but it is worth remembering that, as with any product, everything is good in moderation. We tell you how much you can eat cod liver, and who is better off from it.
– Cod is a very tasty fish that lives in the Atlantic Ocean. She has lean meat with a high protein content: 16 g per 100 g of product. Why is cod liver useful? It is a source of vitamins A, D and essential omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA).
Vitamin A is an antioxidant and is essential for maintaining vision and healthy immunity.
Vitamin D plays an important role in many processes in our body:
Omega-3s are essential fatty acids for humans, that is, they are not synthesized in the body and must be obtained from food. They have an anti-inflammatory effect, strengthen blood vessels, affect the metabolism of fats, and blood clotting. They have been found to play an important role in the functioning of the central nervous system throughout life.
It is important to remember that, regardless of the season and epidemiological situation, all groups of the population are recommended to eat balanced in terms of macro- and micronutrients.
Roskachestvo investigated canned cod liver. The results can be found HERE .
Useful properties and daily intake of cod liver
Do not forget that cod liver is a high-calorie product. It is very oily, and even though this fat is good for you, you shouldn’t put it on too much. That is, it is not recommended for one person to eat a whole jar in one sitting – and in it usually 150–250 g – is not recommended.250 grams of canned cod liver is about 1,500 calories, which may be the daily value for some people.
The diet of a healthy person should be balanced and consist not only of healthy fats, but also of other macronutrients. According to research, the optimal ratio is 15, 30 and 55% of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, respectively, adjusted for the individual characteristics of each.
It is better for an adult not to exceed a portion of 30-50 g of cod liver per day.It is not recommended for one person to eat a can of cod liver at a time, as this can cause negative consequences, especially in people with impaired liver and gallbladder function, since bile is necessary for the proper breakdown of fats, which are rich in cod liver.
What to combine cod liver with?
The liver is good in moderation. The main rule is not to combine canned liver with other fatty and high-calorie foods.Since cod liver is a product consisting mainly of fats, it can be combined with various carbohydrate foods, such as bread (ideally whole grains), various cereals, and potatoes to maintain balance and obtain other essential macronutrients. Vegetables and greens are also excellently combined with cod liver (while fiber will also be added to healthy fats). If you’re making cod liver salad, don’t season it with mayonnaise. For dressing, it is better to use natural yogurt or low-fat sour cream.
Compare with other canned fish
Compared to other common canned fish, cod liver contains more vitamins A, E and healthy fats.
Who shouldn’t eat cod liver?
Of course, it is contraindicated in people who are allergic. Cod liver damage can be harmful to people with diseases of the liver, gallbladder, cardiovascular diseases – in such cases, the diet and possible restrictions should be discussed with a doctor.
What to look for when buying canned fish? Read HERE .
Follow the news, subscribe to the newsletter.
When citing this material , an active link to the source is required.
How to eat canned cod liver
One of the delicious and healthy delicacies is cod liver. Some argue that such a product is not recommended for use, because it is very high in calories.Others, on the contrary, like to add sea fish liver to their dishes. They say that measure is important in everything. Learn how to take the product correctly.
Why cod liver is useful
On the basis of delicious canned food, a large number of recipes for preparing unusual salads and cold snacks have been developed. In many cases, sea fish is simply added to soups or added to ready-made dishes with onions to spice up the taste. Liver is bought in the form of canned food more often than fresh one. Overkill is dangerous in everything.It is better to eat a little and sometimes pamper yourself with a healing seafood delicacy.
Why canned cod liver is useful:
What vitamins are in the liver of cod
A person always needs to support the body with vitamins.
What does cod contain? It also contains a “lion” dose of Omega-3 and chromium, other essential acids. Only a little fish is enough to enrich the body with the most important substances. Vitamins in cod liver are:
Trace elements in cod liver
Not every sea fish has such a rich composition. This explains what every doctor recommends to eat cod if the patient has a fracture or joint pain. The product is especially important for those who are engaged in manual labor. Fish just needs to be in their diet. The presence of elements is very important for development and growth.
The following minerals and trace elements in the cod liver will give you strength:
Cod liver oil
The main component is cod liver oil.Due to its properties, the product is always recommended to be consumed in order to maintain health, revive the body and look great. You can buy the valuable substance in the form of special tablets at the pharmacy. However, it is more pleasant to eat regular fish, which can be easily cooked at home. Why is fish oil important and beneficial? It provides:
Benefits of Cod Liver in Oil for Women
Women are often advised to consume more fish during pregnancy. All this is argued by the fact that the product contains many microelements, several times more than others. There are other benefits as well. Why is cod liver useful for women:
Cod liver for men
For those who play sports and lead a healthy lifestyle, there is such fish as cod – a must, but not in large quantities. The product is very high in calories, it is introduced into the diet little by little – for the nutritional balance in the body. Also, cod liver for men is also necessary in an intimate sense. No other product gives more strength and confidence in potency than this one. Many people compare fish to Viagra. In fact, this is true: feed men liver more often.The composition contains a component that is responsible for libido.
How to use cod liver correctly
The most important thing is not to overeat fish by-product by volume. Due to the calorie and fat content, all of the benefits of fish can be detrimental. Eating large portions is not only unhealthy. Because of the sea fish, it is quite possible and very fat. A person needs to try to restrain himself so that the food is a moderate delicacy, and not a jam. How to eat cod liver the right way to benefit:
- An important step is draining the canning oil.It is too fat for the body. They drink it only in the most exceptional cases, with full confidence in their own health.
- The daily intake is only 30-40 grams. It is advisable not to exceed it, otherwise the intestines may malfunction.
- When preparing cod liver salad, do not use mayonnaise for dressing. The fish is very fatty, this is quite enough to soak everything, and get a holistic taste.
- The best combinations with natural fish products give vegetables, bread or eggs.
Cod liver – contraindications
Having a huge number of useful properties and advantages, this product has its own disadvantages, which you must be aware of. There are people for whom cod liver is contraindicated. This happens:
- with intolerance – allergies to fish and seafood;
- with severe problems with the liver and stomach – the body is not able to digest such fatty and heavy food;
- for problems associated with the gallbladder;
- if a person has very low blood pressure.
In addition, you should always pay attention to the composition and shelf life. How to choose canned food:
- You can simply get poisoned and feel bad even when the expiration date of the product is close. Many people say that if the food has not reached the deadline, then it can be eaten. In fact, it is worth focusing on the appearance and smell of the product.
- In addition, there is an indication of the raw material on the can label. The liver source label will indicate whether the canned food is beneficial. For example, if any kind of freshly frozen fish is listed, then the final product contains a minimum of nutrients.If the name of the raw material is not written at all, refuse to buy such canned food.
It is better to go around several stores in search of the right product than to poison or harm your body. In most cases, doctors tend to recommend that people eat cod liver oil. So, for many pregnant women and girls during breastfeeding, it is separately indicated in the personal diet that it is necessary to take cod once a week. Eating such food every day is fraught with harm to the child.A measure is important in everything – overeating, like avoiding a valuable product, will only harm health.
It is worth paying attention to the raw materials and their properties, from which canned food is made – this is important. If cod liver is often used, the benefits and harms of the product may not be comparable. A few illustrative examples of what can happen with an “overdose”:
- severe nausea;
- complete lack of appetite;
- vomiting every time you eat;
- the development of health problems (from heartburn as a reaction to fatty to inflammation of the gallbladder).
Found an error in the text? Select it, press Ctrl + Enter and we’ll fix it!
The benefits of fish, especially sea fish, have been known for a long time. It is not for nothing that many catering establishments make one day a week exclusively fish. Seafood is a valuable source of high quality protein, which is quickly digested and perfectly absorbed by the human body.
Fish is also rich in vitamins, fatty acids, nutrients and microelements, including those that are quite rare in food.This applies not only to fillets, but also caviar, milk, liver.
One of the most important commercial fish is cod. Its liver contains up to 74% fish oil, which makes it the most valuable raw material for the production of canned food “Cod liver in oil”, the benefits of which will be discussed.
Cod liver: the benefits and harms of the delicacy
Cod liver in oil, photo
As a rich source of nutrients, vitamins and fatty acids, this product is recommended to be included in the diet of adults and children over the age of three in moderation.It is especially indispensable in winter and early spring, when the body begins to acutely feel the lack of vitamins and minerals.
Fish oil is a unique product that also contains polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamins. They help to maintain the proper functioning of the brain and heart, normalize blood cholesterol levels and increase immunity. This irreplaceable remedy is extremely useful for the musculoskeletal system and blood vessels, the beauty and health of nails, hair and skin.
Cod liver and fish oil contain a large amount of vitamin D, which is the main means of preventing rickets in children and strengthening bone and cartilage tissues in adults.This product is rich in vitamin E (tocopherol), which is considered one of the most powerful antioxidants and a substance that slows down the aging process in the body.
The B vitamins contained in the cod liver are indispensable for the nervous system, improving memory, sound sleep, good mood, clean and healthy skin, thick and beautiful hair. This product also contains a record amount of vitamin A (retinol), which our body needs to improve visual acuity, skin elasticity and strengthen immunity.Cod liver vital functions of the organism.
What is the calorie content of this product?
The most valuable cod liver is considered to be produced directly at sea in floating canneries immediately after the fish is caught.Fast processing allows you to preserve the maximum amount of nutrients in its composition.
Cod liver is a very nutritious and high-calorie product that undoubtedly benefits the body. It is preserved in its own fat with the addition of salt and spices (bay leaves and pepper). This dish is digested in the body, on average, in three hours. 100 grams of canned product contains:
- energy value – 613 kcal;
- proteins – 4.2 grams;
- fat – 65.7 grams;
- carbohydrates – 1.2 grams.
Harm and contraindications
I told you the benefits of canned cod liver, can the product harm the body and are there any contraindications to its use? Perhaps it will not be superfluous to remind you that the use of any dishes is beneficial for the body in moderation. In particular, this applies to canned food “Cod liver”, since they are very fatty and high-calorie.
Do not eat this product uncontrollably. This is especially true for pregnant women, since an excess of retinol (vitamin A) can adversely affect the health of the unborn baby.This canned food should not be given to children under the age of three.
It is necessary to refrain from eating cod liver for people prone to obesity, as well as people with diseases of the thyroid gland, liver and gastrointestinal tract, with kidney and gall bladder stones, and in the presence of allergies, so as not to harm the body.
When choosing canned food, you must pay attention to the shelf life of the product, the absence of damage and swelling of the metal packaging. An open jar is not subject to long-term storage; it should be eaten as soon as possible.
Cod liver salads: recipes
Cod liver is a fatty enough product to be an independent dish. Most often, salads or cold snacks are made from it, which can diversify not only the daily menu, but also decorate the festive table.
1. The classic recipe for cod liver salad contains the following ingredients:
- canned cod liver;
- green onions or onions;
- boiled eggs;
For the preparation of the salad, no dressing is required, since this is the oil from the packaging in which the product was preserved.Mash one can of cod liver with a fork. Two to three hard-boiled eggs should be chopped or grated. Chop one medium onion or several green onions. Then all the ingredients are mixed and poured over with a little cod liver oil.
Boiled potatoes or rice are suitable as a side dish for this salad. The classic recipe for this dish can be changed to include other ingredients, but the main ingredients are almost always canned cod liver with egg.
2. The variant of vegetable salad will be less high in calories. To prepare it you will need:
- cod liver – 1 can;
- eggs – 3 pieces;
- potatoes – 2 pieces;
- carrots – 2 pieces;
- onion – 1 piece;
To prepare the salad, hard-boiled eggs should be boiled, until tender, two potatoes and medium-sized carrots. Then all these components must be finely chopped. The onions also need to be chopped and, if desired, can be pickled.Cod liver (without oil) should be mashed with a fork, mixed with the rest of the ingredients and seasoned with mayonnaise.
3. The salad, in which cod liver is combined with rice, has an unusual taste. To prepare it, you need to take:
- 1 can of cod liver;
- 3 eggs;
- 150 grams of rice;
- 2 small onions;
- mayonnaise to taste.
Rice should be washed to clean water and boiled until tender. Eggs must be hard-boiled and chopped, the onion must be chopped, and the cod liver (without oil) must be mashed with a fork.Then all the components are mixed and seasoned with mayonnaise.
Can be added to salads and other ingredients: fresh or pickled cucumbers, green peas or hard cheese, herbs, olives or pickled mushrooms. Each version of such a salad will have its own unique taste. You can also make sandwiches, tartlets and canapes with cod liver, either with an egg or in combination with other foods.
Cod liver has earned the title of delicacy. It has a pleasant taste and delicate texture.In addition to these qualities, it is a source of vitamins and microelements necessary for health. It should not be included in the daily diet, but periodic use can provide significant assistance in the fight against various ailments and prevent their occurrence.
Chemical composition and nutritional value
The benefits and harms of canned cod liver are questionable for many people. There is no fresh product on sale, since it is only possible to extend its shelf life in this way. But if the production complies with all the established rules, then the valuable components remain almost in their original quantity.Therefore, you can safely eat high-quality canned food.
Cod liver has a rich set of chemical components. It contains:
- An almost complete complex of B vitamins, as well as A, C, D, E, PP;
- Minerals – iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, potassium, fluorine, copper;
- Amino acids that are not synthesized in the body;
- Fatty acids.
Having considered the composition of canned by-product, it becomes clear why it is often advised to eat it for injuries and joint diseases.The combination of calcium and vitamin D has a positive effect on bone health. The product should be given to children during the period of active growth and people undergoing significant physical activity.
The product has a very high calorie content – about 620 kcal per 100 g. Of these, 65 grams are fats, and 1.2 grams are carbohydrates.
Why cod liver is useful: fresh and canned
The rich chemical composition explains the wide range of positive effects of this by-product on the human body.When canning, it does not lose its value, since fresh liver is packed in containers, which has not been heat-treated. When used wisely, it can help solve many health problems. The medieval physician and scientist Avicenna also mentioned her beneficial qualities.
Cod liver has the following beneficial properties:
- Cleansing blood vessels and improving the work of the heart muscle. This is a good prevention of the development of arrhythmia, atherosclerosis and heart disease;
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids almost completely eliminate the risk of diabetes mellitus;
- With systematic but moderate use, there is a decrease in the level of “bad” cholesterol in the blood;
- Has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the nervous system;
- Omega-3 fatty acids, the source of which is the product, support brain activity and prevent the appearance of senile dementia;
- Ensures the health of bone tissue and its proper formation during the growth period;
- Ascorbic acid strengthens the immune system and increases the body’s resistance during influenza epidemics.
Some specific qualities of the product are manifested depending on the sex of the person.
Why is cod liver useful for men:
- Restores energy reserves after active sports and nervous strain. This quality is especially appreciated by athletes who have to regularly endure high physical activity.
Why is cod liver useful for women:
- A set of vitamins and minerals has a positive effect on the appearance – improves the condition of hair, nails, teeth and skin, and also maintains visual acuity and prevents the development of night blindness;
- Fatty acids increase the production of serotonin and endorphins, which are called happiness hormones.As a result, mood rises and emotional stress disappears;
- Despite the high energy value, the product is allowed to be consumed during the diet. But for it to be beneficial, not harmful, you need to know how to take cod liver. It can be eaten neat or as part of other dishes. The best time is the first half of the day. Then the body will have time to process all the calories into energy. The daily dose should not exceed 30 grams;
- In consultation with the attending physician, cod liver can be consumed during pregnancy.It will saturate the body with the necessary elements, support its work in this difficult period, and help in the development of the baby’s musculoskeletal system.
The source of many chronic diseases is the lack of essential fatty acids in the body. Knowing the benefits of cod liver oil can help prevent them from occurring. Systematic use is an excellent prevention of diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, rickets, hepatitis, vitamin deficiency and postpartum depression.
But do not limit the menu to this offal only.Fresh fish also has positive qualities:
- Rich in protein and amino acids, it can replace meat in the diet;
- Contains little fat, therefore it is considered a dietary product. Low energy value (69 kcal per 100 g) allows those who are losing weight to safely eat it. Great for people with liver disease;
- Vitamin PP prevents the appearance of problems with the gastrointestinal tract;
- A complex of trace elements stimulates brain activity, enriches tissues with oxygen, heals the skin, prevents the development of vascular and cardiac muscle diseases.
Only high-quality and fresh offal has a beneficial effect. Therefore, you should take a responsible approach to his choice.
Potential Harms and Contraindications
As with any product that provides benefits, cod liver can sometimes be harmful. It should not be eaten if you have the following problems:
- Individual intolerance to seafood;
- Diseases of the genitourinary system, cholelithiasis;
- High or low blood pressure;
- Overactive thyroid gland;
- Excess vitamin D and calcium.
Safe dose for an adult is 30-40 grams per day. This is a very fatty and nutritious product, so the frequency of its use should not exceed 1 time per week. During pregnancy, it can be included in the diet only after consultation with a specialist.
When oversaturated with vitamins due to excessive enthusiasm for this product, there are side effects such as:
- Drowsiness and general weakness;
- Skin rashes;
- Increase in the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
If any of these symptoms occur, you should immediately consult a doctor.
How to choose a quality product
When choosing a canned cod liver, the following rules should be followed:
- The address of the place of manufacture must be near the sea. The product must be processed immediately after the fish is caught. It is impossible to pre-freeze, and then canned raw materials. This is considered a gross violation of production technology;
- It is necessary to check the integrity of the container and the expiration date.If dents, swelling or cracks are visible, then it is better to refuse the purchase;
- When shaking high-quality canned food, no gurgling should be heard. It is desirable that they have GOST and “premium” marks.
Particular attention should be paid to the composition – it is good if it contains only the offal itself, natural fat, spices, salt and sugar. Chemical additives significantly reduce the beneficial effects.
After opening the can, the liver must be transferred to a glass container with a hermetically sealed lid.It can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 2 days.
Cod liver is a valuable food product with unique properties. Subject to the norms of use, it can heal the body and prevent the appearance of many diseases. Due to its excellent taste characteristics, eating it is not only healthy, but also pleasant.
benefits and harms, complete composition of the product
Cod occupies an important place in the human diet. The liver of cod contains important trace elements and substances.
Which fish tastes better?
Pollock 27%, 685 votes
685 votes – 27% of all votes
Hack 23%, 581 votes
581 votes – 23% of all votes
Cod 49%, 1237 votes
1237 votes – 49% of all votes
Total votes: 2503
Cod 49%, 1237 votes
1237 votes 49%
1237 votes – 49% of all votes
Pollock 27%, 685 votes
685 votes 27%
685 votes – 27% of all votes
Hack 23%, 581 votes
581 votes 23%
581 votes – 23% of all votes
Total votes: 2503
You or from your IP already voted.
Harm and benefits
Seafood has been known to mankind for a long time. Northern peoples regularly used it for food. In the diet of warlike Vikings, cod was considered an indispensable element.
The secret of the popularity of cod liver lies in its richness with vitamins. It contains vitamins D and omega acids. As a result of regular intake, immunity increases, fatigue decreases, cold is more easily tolerated.
The liver has a positive effect on the restoration of joints, it is used in the treatment of rheumatism and arthrosis.It normalizes blood pressure, has a positive effect on the immune system, hormonal balance and reproductive function.
It soothes and has a beneficial effect on the body.
Omega acids and vitamin D, which are part of seafood, stop inflammation. They improve blood clotting, increase brain activity and prevent depression. Anesthetic effect is noted for pain.
But cod liver can be harmful. With frequent use, an imbalance of omega fatty acids is possible, which negatively affects health.The product contains a large amount of vitamins. Oversaturation with them can cause hypervitaminosis.
Seafood has a high calorie content. In large quantities, this can lead to obesity.
In order not to cause harm, it is not recommended to use cod liver for diseases:
There are contraindications for overweight people. Uncontrolled use can provoke a set of extra pounds.
Every woman wants to look good. Cod liver can become a reliable assistant and faithful friend in this regard.
Smooth, velvety, well-groomed skin is an indicator of femininity, neatness and purity. It is not difficult to imagine what emotions acne or pimples cause. To get rid of the misfortune, cosmetics are bought. But the trouble with these gels, lotions and ointments is that they are produced using chemical additives.
Sensitive skin may react negatively to such products and the situation will worsen.
Canned liver oil can be used as a substitute. It is rich in beneficial trace elements that will heal the skin.
The liver contains trace elements that are responsible for the condition of the hair. They nourish the hair follicles with useful substances. As a result, brittleness disappears, hair elasticity appears, shine and silkiness appear. Peeling of the skin passes, dandruff disappears.
The health benefits of canned food have been proven.Seafood has a beneficial effect on the genitourinary system and hormone production. Potency increases, which is an important factor for:
- improving reproductive function;
- to improve internal self-esteem;
- reduction of depressive factors.
The liver contains substances that affect sperm motility. It contains minerals that contribute to quick recovery after heavy physical exertion. This property is used by athletes, they include the liver in their daily diet.
Children should be given cod liver gently. It is more correct to first consult a pediatrician.
There is no exact age for starting the intake, but according to generally accepted norms, seafood can be consumed from the age of 3.
It is not recommended to give in pure form. The child may not like the taste, and he will not eat the offered portion. Stir the liver correctly with baby puree, make light salads or sandwiches.
In the recent past, most parents gave their babies fish oil.He prevented the development of rickets and helped to strengthen the body. This practice is now optional. But the benefits of fish oil, which are rich in cod liver oil, remains an obvious fact.
How to eat properly
Cod liver is a raw product, seasoned with pepper and bay leaves. The beauty and attractiveness of seafood is that there is nothing superfluous and harmful in a tin can.
Liver consumption is determined by:
- prescription traditions;
- with the correct ratio of ingredients;
- taste preferences.
Canned food is usually eaten with potatoes, onions and chicken eggs. But there are other options as well.
Pate is a popular form of cod liver use. Preparing the dish is easy. Chop onions and eggs, mix them with canned food, and the appetizer is ready.
Canned product is often used in sandwiches. The options for this dish only depend on the type of bread and the thickness of the applied layer.
Chefs often use seafood in various salads.Special attention should be paid to this circumstance.
Cod liver is a high-calorie and fatty product. Therefore, it is important to use it in combination with vegetables that can break down excess fats.
Cod liver is rich in useful elements and active substances. It contains the following trace elements:
The product also contains iron, manganese, zinc.
Trace elements play an important role in the proper functioning of the body. The content of various substances determines the overall well-being, the required tone and correct metabolism.
Each element is responsible for its own area or organ. Iodine is required for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Lack of iodine can cause severe disorders, which affects the nervous, cardiovascular systems and digestive organs.
The benefits of canned food
Canned food has become a source of contention between nutritionists, doctors and other professionals. Some consider them a by-product, others – a gourmet meal. But they all agree on one thing: the benefits of cod liver outweigh the minor disadvantages.
Among canned fish, the cod delicacy is the leader in popularity and sales volumes. The high demand is due to:
- the presence of many microelements;
- culinary specialties;
- compatibility with other products.
Proven to be highly effective in strengthening bones, enhancing immunity, and improving the elasticity of articular nodes. The product provides quick recovery after significant physical exertion.
Not surprisingly, the Vikings used cod on a regular basis.
The canning process does not involve heat treatment. The liver is not smoked, boiled, or pickled. It is put in jars in its natural form, where bay leaves and pepper are added.Basically, cod canned food is prepared in its own juice and does not contain unnecessary additives.
The beginning of use depends on health, degree of development, contraindications for use, weight indicators of the child. But the optimal age is 3 years.
By this time, the body is strong enough and is able to tolerate such food. But you need to remember about the high calorie content of the product. Therefore, there is no need to show fanaticism. The correct approach is to mix canned cod fish with mashed potatoes and other foods.You can make light sandwiches, pâtés, or salads.
At the beginning, you need to feed no more than 1 time per day. With normal susceptibility of the child, you can gradually increase the dose.
If vitamin deficiency occurs in babies, the liver should be used at the age of 1 year. But this should be done only as prescribed by the doctor.
What vitamins are in the liver?
Many people wonder what is useful for cod liver. The product contains vitamin D, which is compared to a hormone in terms of its effect on the body.It has a positive effect on the work of the heart muscle and reduces the risk of inflammation.
Vitamin D naturally comes from the sun’s rays. But in Russia the warm season is limited, so there is a seasonal lack of the vitamin. Canned cod can fill this gap and fully satisfy the deficit.
Vitamin D plays an important role in:
- metabolic processes;
- cell formation;
- ensuring the protective functions of the body.
Vitamin is responsible for the functioning of the cardiovascular system. Lack of substance leads to depression, lethargy, decreased libido, infertility, oncology and other diseases.
Cod canned food is rich in vitamin A, which is a powerful antioxidant. The presence of this substance in the human body guarantees protection against inflammation. Vitamin has a positive effect on brain function, eye function, and prevents the formation of cancer cells. It contributes to the normal production of the necessary hormones, which is a positive factor for the general condition.
Why liver oil is useful
Many people consider this product to be a concomitant squeeze, useless liquid. When opened, the cans are even poured out, leaving only the pulp. This is done in vain, since oil is a source of many trace elements.
Cod canned food is prepared without heat treatment and the addition of any liquids. Only put there:
- bay leaf;
Seafood is prepared in its own juice.This means that the oil from the jar is a natural sea liquid, rich in minerals and trace elements.
It resists inflammation, improves bone tissue and repairs injured areas.
The oil helps to reduce plaque cholesterol and normalizes the cardiovascular system. In men, it improves erectile function and increases libido.
Besides the obvious use, the oil has a specific taste. Pouring a viscous liquid onto a fresh piece of bread can create a simple yet nutritious and tasty product.
Cod liver oil
Cod liver is rich in fish oil. This product was so popular some time ago that it was present in every family. Now it has been undeservedly pushed into the background, but gradually the influence is being restored.
This process is easy to explain. Fish oil contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 polyunsaturated acids, which are beneficial for depression, heart disease, and skin problems.
- prevents the onset of diabetes;
- reduces the risk of blood clots;
- normalizes cholesterol levels.
The degree of occurrence of heart attacks and complications associated with the work of the heart muscle decreases.
Fish oil is useful for those who seek to lose excess weight. It burns unsaturated fats and results appear shortly after you start taking it.
It should be remembered that excessive use of the product can lead to negative processes. About how much exactly you need to apply, you need to consult with your doctor.
Use in oncology
Cancer is a serious disease.It is difficult to treat, but it is possible to prevent it. This requires certain trace elements.
Vitamin D is produced by exposure to sunlight. If there is not enough sun during the year, the gap can be filled with the help of cod liver. She is the richest carrier of this element in nature. The benefits of vitamin D are that it suppresses all types of cancer in the early stages.
Vitamin A is also an important factor in the fight against malignant tumors.With antioxidant properties, it prevents cancer from occurring.
Anemia is a lack of hemoglobin in the blood, which is the main component of red blood cells. Depends on its quantity:
- general health;
- physical activity;
To maintain the required amount of hemoglobin, the body should be saturated with iron.
The source of the substance can be natural products, among which it is necessary to note the cod liver.
The product contains a sufficient amount of iron. With moderate consumption of canned food, the hemoglobin level returns to standard values.
When losing weight
Everyone wants to have a slim athletic figure. Exercise and proper nutrition are essential to achieve results. The last aspect means the selection of the right products.
When losing excess weight, you should not eat fatty foods. But there are exceptions, which include cod liver.The secret lies in the saturation of the Omega product with acids and vitamins. With their help, active fats are broken down. Giving what is needed to the body, they do not accumulate.
As a result, a paradox arises: using a high-calorie product, a person loses weight. The only question is how much you can eat in a day. This point should be checked with a nutritionist.
For diabetes and gout
Seafood is a source of fat and can regulate blood sugar.
This feature is used for:
- diabetes prevention;
- symptom relief;
- recommendations for use.
There is a positive trend in concomitant diseases. When using cod liver, kidney disease is milder.
Seafood helps to cope with joint pain. Active substances are involved in the formation of bone tissue and promote joint mobility. If patients with gout regularly eat cod liver, they relieve swelling and reduce inflammation.
During pregnancy and hepatitis B
Fats have a positive effect on the course of pregnancy and fetal development.
They promote the production of sex hormones and the proper functioning of the ovaries.
The active substances and minerals in the seafood composition ensure the normal functioning of the endocrine system.
Seafood nourishes the adrenal glands and gonads. As a result, hormones are produced that are responsible for increasing libido and the normal course of pregnancy.Using the liver during pregnancy has been shown to increase the percentage of healthy offspring.
The liver improves the quality of breast milk, which has a positive effect on the development of the baby.