Does gastritis cause weight loss: Everything You Need to Know About Gastritis
Everything You Need to Know About Gastritis
At a glance:
- Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation or in serious cases, erosion of the lining of the stomach
- Between 20% and 26% of the Australian population is affected by gastritis
- Erosive gastritis can cause bleeding and ulcers in the lining of the stomach but is substantially less common than nonerosive gastritis, which causes inflammation
- It is typically found in people between the ages of 15 and 50
- Chronic gastritis is characterised as having long lasting symptoms such as loss of appetite and nausea
- Acute gastritis typically has severe symptoms that may last for a few days
- Some people with gastritis are asymptomatic (have no symptoms)
- Some forms of gastritis can be treated with lifestyle or diet, whilst others may require medication or other medical treatments
What is Gastritis?
Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation or erosion of the lining of the stomach that can be caused by a number of factors . Rather than being a singular disease, gastritis is a condition that can have a number of causes. No matter the cause, one of the most common characteristics of gastritis is pain or discomfort in the upper portion of the abdomen. This is sometimes referred to as dyspepsia.
Depending on the cause of the inflammation, gastritis can be classified as chronic or acute, with the former being characterised by long term symptoms such as loss of appetite or nausea, and the latter by short term, severe symptoms lasting a day or two. Gastritis is a common condition, affecting roughly one in five Australians, typically between the ages of 15 and 50. Some people with the condition don’t display any identifiable symptoms.
Some forms of gastritis are significantly less common but can have much more severe symptoms. Erosive gastritis doesn’t typically cause much in the way of inflammation but can lead to bleeding or ulcers in the stomach. Chronic atrophic gastritis, a rare form of gastritis usually caused by the helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria is characterised by destruction of the mucosal barrier that protects the stomach and atrophy of cells in the lining of the stomach and can increase the risk of a person developing stomach cancer. Pernicious anaemia (which is another gastric disorder), may be associated with chronic, atrophic gastritis.
Symptoms of Gastritis
In a number of cases, gastritis may be asymptomatic, but common symptoms experienced by people with acute and chronic gastritis include:
- Loss of appetite – this is an especially common symptom in people with chronic gastritis
- Nausea – usually accompanies a lack of appetite
- Dyspepsia (indigestion) – discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen. In some cases the pain either worsens or presents after eating
- Vomiting – all forms of gastritis can cause vomiting. Blood in the vomit is a possible indicator that the lining of the stomach has ulcerated. Depending on the severity of the ulceration, the vomit can be red or look more like coffee grounds
- Melaena – blood in the stool. Rather than being red, the blood makes the stool look dark or black and tar-like
- Ulcers – an erosion of the lining of the stomach or small intestine leading to pain and bleeding
- Iron deficiency anemia – atrophic gastritis can make it difficult to absorb enough iron, leading to anemia
- Weight loss – weight loss is a common gastritis symptom, but sudden and unexpected weight loss can be indicative of H. pylori infection
- Hiccups or belching
- Feeling bloated
A number of different factors can cause gastritis, from bacteria to lifestyle and autoimmune diseases. Potential causes of gastritis include:
- Bacterial Infection – the helicobacter pylori bacteria is an extremely common bacteria that grows in the digestive tract. Around 50% of the global population are infected with H. pylori. In most people it has no effect, but in some it can have a serious effect on the mucus lining of the stomach leading to ulcers, gastritis and, if not treated over time, an elevated risk of stomach cancer.
Helicobacter pylori infection is the primary cause of peptic ulcers as well as duodenal ulcers. Although some forms of gastritis can be controlled with diet, treatment should always be sought for H. pylori infection.
- Long-Term Use of Medications – Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) used for the treatment or control of pain can lead to gastritis if used for a protracted period. Aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and other over the counter pain medications can all lead to development of gastritis if used frequently.
- Intense or Persistent Stress – stress has long been associated with digestive and gastrointestinal issues, such as nausea, vomiting, indigestion and heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux due to a buildup of excess stomach acid. This buildup of acid can affect the lining of the stomach, leading to inflammation and irritation as well as the symptoms of acid reflux.
- Reflux – gastritis can cause reflux and heartburn, but can also be caused by bile reflux. Bile,a digestive fluid produced by the liver flows from the bile tract into the stomach, disrupting the normal functioning of the stomach leading to irritation and inflammation.
- Diabetes – gastrointestinal complications are common in people with diabetes. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels) can lead to symptoms of gastritis thanks to high levels of ketones in the body. People with type 1 diabetes also have a higher chance of developing autoimmune gastritis than the general public. An estimated 6% – 10% of people with type 1 diabetes have autoimmune gastritis.
- Immune Conditions and Allergies – eosinophilic gastritis is a form of gastritis caused by an allergic reaction. The exact cause for this allergic reaction is not currently known. Viral and fungal infections can lead to gastritis in people with weakened or otherwise compromised immune systems.
Autoimmune gastritis, otherwise known as pernicious anaemia, is a chronic autoimmune disease that can lead to B-12 and iron deficiency as well as anemia. Crohn’s disease can also lead to gastritis.
- Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption – excessive consumption of alcohol prompts the stomach to produce more acid, which in turn leads to the inflammation of the stomach lining and the symptoms of gastritis. Tobacco use has also been shown to increase the prevalence of gastrointestinal issues. In addition, smoking appears to exacerbate the effects of an H. pylori infection.
- Age – the lining of the stomach naturally thins with age, making gastritis more common in older people.
- Radiation Exposure – having your abdomen exposed to radiation can lead to irritation of the stomach lining.
- Protracted Vomiting – protracted bouts of vomiting can lead to excess stomach acid production, bile reflux and other gastrointestinal issues. People living with bulimia often develop gastritis due to frequent vomiting. Regular use of marijuana can also lead to protracted vomiting.
- Diet – processed fats and high salt diets can elevate the chance of a person developing gastritis.
The fastest and easiest way to book a doctor’s appointment online is to use MyHealth2st .
Treatment for Gastritis
Knowing the cause of your gastritis is the key to successful treatment. There are a number of diagnostic tests that may be required for a proper diagnosis, including:
- Endoscopy – a thin tube with a camera on the end that is passed down the throat into the stomach allowing a gastroenterologist to inspect your stomach. If the lining is inflamed and red, it may be a sign of gastritis. Ulcers or growths may also be detected this way.
- Biopsy – A biopsy may be needed to tell if the inflammation or damage is caused by bacteria, disease, fungal infection. A small piece of the stomach lining is removed for inspection (biopsy).
Other tests may also be conducted, such as a barium meal and x-ray (a swallowed barium solution can help an x-ray show areas of potential concern) and ulcer breath tests.
Once the cause of the gastritis is pinpointed, a number of treatments may be recommended, including:
- Diet – reducing processed fat and salt in the diet can help alleviate gastritis, as can avoiding identified triggers, including allergens, alcohol, caffeine and the like. The exact dietary changes will be recommended by a doctor or specialist.
- Medication – different medications may be prescribed for gastritis including Proton Pump Inhibitors (medications that block cells responsible for creating stomach acid), acid reducing medications (that reduce the levels of acid in the stomach) and antacids to neutralise the acid (often used for short term relief from pain).
- Lifestyle Changes – limiting alcohol intake, quitting smoking and managing stress, such as mindfulness training, meditation or therapy can aid in treating gastritis.
If you’re experiencing frequent bouts of indigestion, stomach cramps, nausea or a loss of appetite, it’s time to book an appointment to see a doctor to find out what is going on.
Daniel Wilks has worked with words for almost all of his working life, as a journalist, content producer, podcaster, playwright and even comic book author. After completing a Bachelor of Theatre degree majoring in script writing and dramaturgy, Daniel went on to complete a Master of Professional Writing degree at the University of Technology, Sydney. Since that time, Daniel has written for and edited a number of magazines and websites in the tech, gaming, and pop-culture space, across all manner of topics, ranging from film and music reviews to investigative pieces detailing corporate malfeasance.
A family history of mental health issues and other health problems experienced by his extended family prompted Daniel to leave tech journalism and embark on a career helping people better understand their health so they can more readily access the help they need. Daniel joined the team at MyHealth2st as the beginning of the Coronavirus pandemic, a time that people needed easy access to healthcare and accurate health information more than ever.
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Dr. Ross Walker
Consultant Cardiologist; Media Health Presenter; Author; Professional Speaker. Dr Walker’s new radio show Healthy Living airs on the Macquarie Radio Network nationally each Sunday for 2 hours at 7PM
Gastritis & Weight Loss | Livestrong.
Woman lying down trying to alleviate her abdominal pain.
Image Credit: JackF/iStock/Getty Images
Gastritis is a condition in which the lining of the stomach, or mucosa, is inflamed. The lining of the stomach contains parietal cells, which produce acid, various enzymes and mucus. The acid and enzymes break apart food and help with the process of digestion and the mucus protects the mucosa from being damaged by the stomach acid. Gastritis leads to a decreased production of acid, mucus and enzymes. The pain and discomfort associated with gastritis symptoms may lead to unintentional weight loss.
Causes of Gastritis
The most common causes of gastritis are Helicobacter pylori infection, excessive alcohol use, loss of the stomach lining, chronic use of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and smoking. Other possible causes of gastritis include autoimmune disorders, bile reflux, increased stomach acid secretion and a viral infection.
Symptoms of Gastritis
A burning pain in the upper abdomen is one of the most common symptoms of gastritis. This pain may become worse or better with eating. Those who experience increased pain after eating often avoid eating, which can lead to weight loss. Gastritis also results in a loss of appetite, which also contributes to weight loss. Other symptoms of gastritis include nausea, vomiting, belching, abdominal bloating and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen. These symptoms may lead to decreased appetite and weight loss.
Treatment of Gastritis
Specific treatment for gastritis depends on the underlying cause of the condition, however, most cases can be controlled with a combination of medications. Antacids, which neutralize stomach acid, can relieve pain associated with gastritis. Acid blockers and proton pump inhibitors can stop the production of acid. If gastritis is caused by an H. pylori infection, antibiotics are also used as part of a treatment plan.
Complications of Gastritis
Untreated gastritis can lead to the development of stomach ulcers, which can cause bleeding in the stomach. Chronic gastritis, which is a type of gastritis that lasts for several months, may also increase your risk of stomach cancer, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Gastritis and Weight Loss
Because gastritis leads to a decreased appetite, you may not have any desire to eat; however, it is important to make a conscious effort to ensure that you are consuming enough foods to prevent severe weight loss. If regular foods bother your stomach, try pureed foods, soups or smoothies. These foods are generally easier on the stomach and won’t cause as much pain and discomfort. You can also try consuming nutritional shakes.
Symptoms, Causes, Treatments & Diet
Gastritis is inflammation and irritation of the stomach lining, or mucosa. Normally, the stomach lining has a protective layer to shield it from the effects of normal stomach acid. The irritation and inflammation of gastritis make the stomach lining more vulnerable to the acidity inside the stomach. This can result in abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and possibly bleeding.
Gastritis can be acute, coming and going quickly, or chronic, in which case the disease can last months or even years. Acute gastritis is the most common form in the United States. About 8 in 1,000 Americans will get acute gastritis. Chronic gastritis is less common, affecting about 1 in 10,000 Americans.
Gastritis can also fall into one of the following categories based on the extent of injury to the stomach lining:
- Erosive, which means the inflammation wears away the stomach lining, eventually causing lesions or ulcers. It is usually a form of acute gastritis that develops suddenly. It is a more serious form of gastritis compared to nonerosive gastritis. Gastrointestinal bleeding is more common with erosive gastritis.
- Nonerosive, which means the lining is not worn away, but it can degenerate, or atrophy. The lining can also undergo a process called metaplasia. This means it turns into a different type of tissue, usually intestinal tissue. The inflammation can affect all of the stomach or just parts of it. Nonerosive gastritis is usually a form of chronic gastritis and is often asymptomatic (no symptoms).
Causes of erosive gastritis most commonly include alcohol use, tobacco use, and prolonged use of aspirin and NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Severe illness and consumption of caustic substances have also been associated with the development of erosive gastritis.
The most common cause of chronic, nonerosive gastritis is a stomach infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori is a type of bacteria found in up to half of all people in industrialized nations. In the United States, about 35% of the population has the infection. The incidence of H. pylori infection increases with age.
The signs and symptoms of gastritis can be constant or sporadic, and the disease course varies among individuals. If infection with H. pylori bacteria is the cause, gastritis symptoms will remain as long as the infection is untreated. Some people with gastritis have no symptoms. Others have burning abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and other digestive—or gastrointestinal (GI)—symptoms.
In the case of H. pylori-related gastritis, the infection can be treated successfully with antibiotics. Usually, doctors prescribe at least two antibiotics plus an acid-blocking drug. For gastritis not due to H. pylori, medications that reduce stomach acid can be an effective treatment. This includes proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), h3 blockers, and antacids.
You can reduce your risk of H. pylori infection by following commonsense hygiene practices, such as washing your hands regularly with soap and water. Lifestyle changes, such as limiting alcohol consumption and the use of NSAIDs, can reduce the risk of gastritis that is not related to H. pylori.
Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious gastritis symptoms, such as severe abdominal pain; bloody or black, tarry stools; or bloody or black vomit. Seek prompt medical care if you are being treated for gastritis, but mild symptoms recur or are persistent.
13 Surprising Medical Conditions That Can Cause Weight Gain or Loss
Beyond weight gain, symptoms of Cushing syndrome include deposits of fat-based tissue at the midsection, upper back, face, and between the shoulders, stretch marks due to rapid weight gain, thinning skin prone to bruising, increased body hair, irregular or missing periods, and more, according to the Mayo Clinic.
7. Congestive heart failure
This happens when your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs, the U.S. National Library of Medicine explains. As a result, blood and fluid can build up in your feet, ankles, and legs, which can cause swelling and rapid weight gain. Your abdomen may swell as well, (the Mayo Clinic says) says. Blood and fluid can also back up into your lungs, leading to fatigue and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of congestive heart failure include a rapid or irregular heartbeat, a persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink phlegm, an increased need to pee at night, difficulty concentrating, and chest pain, according to the Mayo Clinic.
On the flip side, there are plenty of health conditions that could make you lose weight unexpectedly.
Sure, sometimes there’s a simple, non-concerning explanation for your weight loss. But if your lifestyle is the same and you’re still losing weight, it’s time to ask your doctor about whether or not you might have one of the following conditions.
As you might have guessed, hyperthyroidism is basically the opposite of hypothyroidism: Instead of your thyroid gland being underactive, it’s overactive. Having too much of those thyroid hormones circulating can kick your metabolism into overdrive and make you lose weight, Dr. LePort explains.
Other symptoms include nervousness or irritability, fatigue or muscle weakness, feeling too hot, problems sleeping, shaky hands, a rapid and irregular heartbeat, diarrhea, and mood swings, the NIDDK says.
2. Persistent depressive disorder
Just as this condition can cause weight gain due to overeating, it can also cause weight loss due to undereating. If you’re grappling with this and other symptoms of persistent depressive disorder or depression, that’s definitely worth noticing.
3. Peptic ulcer disease
Like the condition above, this is on both lists because it can influence your eating habits in a number of ways. Some people find that eating actually makes the pain of peptic ulcers worse, Dr. Lowden says, so they might try to eat as little as possible and lose weight as a result.
You might already know that type 1 and type 2 diabetes happen when your blood sugar (glucose) levels are persistently too high, and that diabetes is often associated with obesity.
But diabetes can also cause weight loss, according to the Mayo Clinic, along with issues like increased thirst, peeing often, fatigue, blurry vision, and more. The weight loss comes into play if diabetes makes you pee frequently to get rid of excess sugar in your blood, which can also make you pee out calories, the Mayo Clinic explains.
5. Celiac disease
When you have celiac disease, eating gluten (a protein that’s found in wheat, barley, and rye) triggers a pretty gnarly immune response in your small intestine, according to the Mayo Clinic. Over time, this harms your small intestine’s lining and prevents absorption of nutrients, which can lead to weight loss.
GASTROINTESTINAL & LIVER SPECIALISTS OF TIDEWATER, PLLC
What is gastritis?
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis) or it can occur slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people, however, gastritis isn’t serious and improves quickly with treatment.
What causes gastritis?
Gastritis may be caused by a variety of factors including drinking too much alcohol, prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or infection with bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Sometimes gastritis develops after major surgery, traumatic injury, burns, or severe infections. Certain diseases, such as pernicious anemia, autoimmune disorders, and chronic bile reflux, can cause gastritis as well.
What are the symptoms of gastritis?
The most common symptoms of gastritis are an upset stomach or abdominal pain. A person with gastritis may also experience nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, or weight loss.
How is gastritis diagnosed?
Your doctor will review your medical history and may perform a physical exam. Your doctor may also order tests to help pinpoint the exact cause of your gastritis including lab tests, breath tests, stool tests, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
How is gastritis treated?
Your doctor may perscribe medicine to reduce stomach acid (stomach acid irritates the inflamed tissue in the stomach) to help relieve symptoms and promote healing. It is also recommended that you avoid taking NSAID pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen, switch to pain relievers containing acetaminophen (such as Tyleonl). Limit alcohol intake as this can cause additional inflammation. Avoid any foods that cause you problems. If your gastritis is caused by an infection, that problem may be treated as well.
When to seek medical advice:
You should see a doctor if you have black, tarry (sticky) stools, associated with pale skin color and nausea. If you vomit blood and feel lightheaded or dizzy, see a physician immediately.
What is gastritis?
Gastritis is when your stomach lining gets red and swollen (inflamed).
Your stomach lining is strong. In most cases, acid does not hurt it. But it can get inflamed and irritated if you drink too much alcohol, eat spicy foods, have damage from pain relievers called NSAIDs, or smoke.
What causes gastritis?
Gastritis may be caused by many things. It can be caused by diet and lifestyle habits such as:
Drinking too much alcohol
Eating spicy foods
Extreme stress. This can be from serious or life-threatening health problems.
Long-term use of aspirin and over-the-counter pain and fever medicines
Health issues that can lead to gastritis include:
Some diseases can also cause gastritis. These include:
Autoimmune disorders. This is when your immune system attacks your body’s healthy cells by mistake.
Chronic bile reflux. This is when bile backs up into your stomach and food pipe (esophagus). Bile is a fluid that helps you digest food.
Pernicious anemia . This is a form of anemia that happens when your stomach can;t digest vitamin B-12.
What are the symptoms of gastritis?
Each person’s symptoms may vary. The most common symptoms of gastritis include:
Stomach upset or pain
Belching and hiccups
Belly (abdominal) bleeding
Nausea and vomiting
Feeling of fullness or burning in your stomach
Loss of appetite
Blood in your vomit or stool. This is a sign that your stomach lining may be bleeding.
The symptoms of gastritis may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is gastritis diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will give you a physical exam and ask about your past health. You may also have tests including:
Upper GI (gastrointestinal) series or barium swallow. This X-ray checks the organs of the top part of your digestive system. It checks the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (duodenum). You will swallow a metallic fluid called barium. Barium coats the organs so that they can be seen on the X-ray.
Upper endoscopy (EGD. This test looks at the inside of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It uses a thin, lighted tube, called an endoscope. The tube has a camera at one end. Your healthcare provider puts the tube into your mouth and throat. Then the provider moves it into your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Your provider can see the inside of these organs. He or she can also take a small tissue sample (biopsy) if needed.
Blood tests. You will have a test for H. pylori, a type of bacteria that may be in your stomach. Another test will check for anemia. You can get anemia when you don’t have enough red blood cells. Sometimes you may have low levels of certain vitamins and need to take a dietary supplements.
Stool sample . This test checks to see if you have stomach bacteria that can cause gastritis. A small sample of your stool is collected and sent to a lab. Another stool test can check for blood in your stool. This may be a sign of gastritis if you have bleeding.
Breath test. You may have a test where your breath is collected and analyzed for a stomach bacteria.
How is gastritis treated?
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
In most cases, you will be given antacids and other medicines to reduce your stomach acid. This will help ease your symptoms and heal your stomach lining.
If your gastritis is caused by an illness or infection, your provider will also treat that health problem.
If your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria, you will be given medicines to help kill the bacteria. In most cases, you will take more than 1 antibiotic and a proton pump inhibitor. A PPI is medicine that reduces the amount of acid in your stomach. You may also be given a medicine for diarrhea.
Don’t have any foods, drinks, or medicines that cause symptoms or irritate your stomach. If you smoke, it is best to quit. If you take aspirin or NSAIDs often, talk with your healthcare provider about other options.
What are possible complications of gastritis?
Chronic gastritis hurts your stomach lining. It can raise your risk for other health problems. These include:
Peptic ulcer disease. This causes painful sores in your upper digestive tract.
Gastric polyps. These are small masses of cells that form on the inside lining of your stomach.
Stomach tumors. These can be cancer or not cancer (benign).
You may also get atrophic gastritis. This can happen if your gastritis is caused by the H. pylori bacteria or by an autoimmune disorder. Atrophic gastritis destroys the stomach lining cells that make your digestive juices. This raises your risk for getting stomach cancer. It can also cause low levels of certain vitamins in your blood.
Can gastritis be prevented?
Experts don’t know to stop gastritis from happening. But you may lower your risk of getting the disease by:
Having good hygiene habits, especially washing your hands. This can keep you from getting the H. pylori bacteria.
Not eating or drinking things that can irritate your stomach lining. This includes alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods.
Not taking medicines such as aspirin and over-the-counter pain and fever medicines. These include NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.
When should I call my healthcare provider?
Call your healthcare provider if your symptoms get worse or if you have new symptoms. Call right away if you have bloody vomit, blood in your stools, or black, tarry-looking stools.
Key points about gastritis
Gastritis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the stomach lining.
It can be caused by drinking too much alcohol, eating spicy foods, or smoking.
Some diseases and other health issues can also cause gastritis.
Symptoms may include stomach pain, belching, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bleeding, feeling full, and blood in vomit or stool.
In most cases, you will be given antacids and other medicines to reduce your stomach acid.
Don’t have foods or drinks that irritate your stomach lining.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.
Gastritis refers to a group of conditions that lead to inflammation of the stomach lining, which can be caused by a number of factors.
Image Credit: PopTika / Shutterstock.com
The stomach lining is made up of cells that secrete enzymes and acid as part of the digestive process. However, the acid produced by the stomach can also break down the stomach lining. In an effort to protect the stomach from this, other cells in the lining produce mucus to form a layer of protective slime that prevents this from happening.
Various different factors can cause damage and subsequently weaken parts of this protective mucus barrier. These unprotected areas of the stomach lining are then exposed to the stomach acid, which can lead to inflammation, pain, and/or bleeding.
In some cases, the condition can give rise to ulcers and even increase the risk of stomach cancer; however, for most individuals, gastritis is not a severe condition and passes when treated.
When gastritis develops slowly and does not cause significant pain, the condition is referred to as chronic gastritis. In other cases where the symptom onset is severe and sudden, the condition is referred to as acute gastritis. Some of the symptoms associated with both acute and chronic gastritis include a burning or aching sensation in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating, hiccups, loss of appetite, and black, tarry stools.
The most common cause of the inflammation seen in gastritis is an infection by the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria. Other common causes include the use of certain medications, excess alcohol intake, and injury.
People are at a greater risk of gastritis if their dietary and lifestyle habits increase the acidic content of their stomach. More specifically, diets high in fats, oils, citrus fruit, and coffee increase an individual’s risk of developing gastritis.
Although infection with H. pylori is very common, in some infected people, this bacteria can cause gastritis to develop. Experts believe that vulnerability to the bacterium may be hereditary or caused by other lifestyle factors such as smoking or a high level of stress.
Pain relief medications
The use of certain pain relievers including ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen can be causative factors in both the acute and chronic forms of gastritis. Frequent or excessive use of these drugs can weaken the protective mucosal lining of the stomach.
In rare cases, gastritis is caused by an autoimmune disorder that causes the body’s immune cells to attack the stomach lining. Gradually, the immune system wears the stomach’s protective barrier down. Autoimmune gastritis is more common in people who already have another autoimmune condition such as type 1 diabetes or Hashimoto’s thyroid disease.
Older individuals are at an increased risk of gastritis, as the stomach lining tends to become thinner as people age. Older people are also more likely to be infected with H. pylori or to have an autoimmune disorder as compared to younger individuals.
Stress due to events such as major surgery, burns, injury or severe infection can lead to acute gastritis. The underlying mechanism of this is not yet clear; however, experts believe that it may be linked to decreased blood flow in the stomach.
Excessive alcohol intake
Alcohol can irritate the lining of the stomach, making it vulnerable to attack by digestive juices.
Other disease and conditions
Gastritis is also associated with certain health conditions such as Crohn’s disease, as well as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Gastritis || What causes Gastritis || Gastritis : Symptoms and TreatmentPlay
Diagnosis and treatment
Gastritis is diagnosed based on the results obtained from an endoscopic examination, blood tests and sometimes a biopsy. A fecal occult blood test may also be performed to check for blood in the stool, which is one of the symptoms of gastritis.
Gastritis can usually be treated using antacids and other drugs to reduce the amount of stomach acid, which will subsequently reduce the inflammation within this organ. If the case of gastritis is caused by H. pylori infection, a course of antibiotics may be prescribed. Patients are also advised to avoid hot or spicy foods and avoid any excess alcohol intake.
90,000 6 signs that you have gastritis, and you do not even know about it
There are dozens of reasons why the stomach seems to grow in size – and most of them are completely safe. But if you feel bloated after almost every meal, or if your body responds in this way to most of the usual meals, then you should probably see your doctor.
With gastritis in the intestines, there is usually an excessive amount of special bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, in their intestines. Normally, the stomach, while producing acid for digesting food, simultaneously produces a special lubricant that protects the walls from damage. Bacteria can disrupt the production of these natural defenses, alter enzyme activity, and cause heartburn symptoms. Therefore, be sure to consult a doctor if recently you often feel a burning sensation in the esophagus.
You eat up quickly
If now half or even a third of the usual portion is enough for you to feel full, do not rush to rejoice: this may well turn out to be a symptom of an illness. With gastritis, the stomach more easily accumulates gases, which cause a feeling of fullness and satiety.
Vitamin B12 deficiency
This vitamin is essential for maintaining health and normal energy levels. We normally get it from meat, eggs and dairy products, but Helicobacter pylori bacteria can interfere with the body’s ability to isolate this vitamin.
Another symptom that is important to notice in time is a sharp weight loss. It is often caused by the fact that, due to discomfort (feeling of heaviness, heartburn, nausea, bloating), people try to eat as little as possible. In addition, decreased appetite and fast satiety also lead to the fact that the weight begins to decline. See your doctor if you begin to lose weight without special efforts!
Nausea is another manifestation of gastritis. This symptom often accompanies an upset stomach, but if you feel nausea often, if it accompanies almost every meal, be sure to see your doctor!
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For people with excess weight and a sick stomach, the question becomes especially relevant: is it possible to lose weight with gastritis? The habit of eating deliciously and abundantly turns into not only extra pounds, but also inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Fasting for weight loss in any form of gastritis is harmful and dangerous. But choosing the right dietary food always guarantees success. Content. Weight loss rules for people with a sick stomach. What you can and cannot eat while losing weight with different forms of gastritis. General list of prohibited products. What is useful for gastritis with high acidity. What will help to lose weight with gastritis with low acidity. A diet for losing weight with gastritis includes a special set of permitted and forbidden foods, and also requires adherence to the diet.If you have stomach problems, you should be very careful about losing weight. Express weight loss (more than 1-2kg / 2 weeks) can cause dysfunctions of the body. During exacerbations of gastritis or stomach ulcers, it is strictly forbidden to go on a weight loss diet! Choosing a diet for gastritis, it is easy to calculate the amount of food that can be consumed per day. For gastritis with low acidity, the daily calorie content of food is provided for at least 2100 kcal, and for gastritis with low acidity – at least 2700 kcal. Basic principles of the diet. The diet for gastritis of the stomach should be thought out to the smallest detail: the patient should know which products can be eaten and which ones should be abstained from. Nutrition should be complete and balanced. If the body receives the vitamins and nutrients it needs, then the diseased organ will be able to overcome inflammation and normalize its functioning. The menu for gastritis for every day should be thought out to the smallest detail based on the list of permitted products. We’ll have to give up some preferences.Related news: Effective drugs for the treatment of pharyngitis. Remedy for gas and bloating. Diet for gastritis during an exacerbation. In the stage of exacerbation, nutrition should be approached as strictly as possible, you cannot make concessions to yourself. The main diet is boiled meat and fish, low-fat cottage cheese. From drinks jelly or tea with the addition of milk. Diet for gastritis of the stomach, if the acidity is low. The diet for gastritis of the stomach with low acidity assumes not to abuse milk, as it causes fermentation. Yes, and many patients develop intolerance against the background of this disease. But to use fermented milk products, hard and not spicy cheese and low-fat cottage cheese is simply necessary. Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. Frequent snacks and meals on the run, a wide variety of fast food, poisoning with poor-quality food – all this can cause gastritis. This is probably why many people now suffer from stomach problems. But how to deal with them?To get an impression of the diet, you can look approximately at the diet menu for gastritis of the stomach for a week with recipes. There is a clear fractional diet schedule: eating several times a day. Such food for a week looks attractive and meets energy needs thanks to a well-thought-out calorie content. Weight loss with gastritis. Diet for weight loss: permitted and prohibited foods, diet features. Physical activity with gastritis. Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining) is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. And overweight people often suffer from it. Everyone knows that a slender figure is impossible without a change in diet, but are all the standard recommendations suitable for people with a problem stomach? In fact, a therapeutic diet for gastritis allows for adequate and correct weight loss. How to maintain beauty and health: basic rules. Today it has been proven that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori becomes the cause of gastritis. Diet for gastritis of the stomach is a prerequisite. Food for gastritis should be balanced and consist only of approved foods.What can be included in the diet, as well as the menu for the week in the material. It is important to know and follow a diet that is best done by consulting your doctor. Basically, for any type of gastritis disease, you need to give up fried, fatty meat and fish, spices, spicy and smoked foods, alcohol, carbonated drinks and fresh baked goods. Food should be thoroughly chewed, warm, fresh and thermally processed. How to lose weight with gastritis Safety Individual approach Qualitative diagnostics Stabilization of the result Result for a long period. Gastritis is a disease that cannot go unnoticed. Sudden pain and severe discomfort associated with food intake force you to immediately see a doctor. The basic principle of a diet for stomach diseases is a gentle regimen. It concerns not only the composition and calorie content of dishes, but also their consistency, temperature, cooking method, diet. It is possible and necessary to get rid of extra pounds with gastritis. Gastritis is a lesion and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall of a different nature.Patients with gastritis often complain of pain and burning in the stomach, heartburn, belching, nausea, and loss of appetite. Sometimes there is vomiting, stool disturbance. Whose recommendations are more effective? As is often the case, both sides are right. The Russian approach to the diet for gastritis creates a gentle diet for the patient by eliminating everything harmful and dangerous. The Western approach is more focused on maximizing the benefits of foods that help manage not only the symptoms, but also the underlying cause of the disease. With gastritis, you must follow a diet, adhering to the list of permitted and prohibited foods. For effective treatment, it is also necessary to take certain medications that the doctor will prescribe after the examination. With gastritis of any type, regular adherence to a special diet is shown. This is not so difficult to do, the main condition is to follow general principles and maintain a varied diet. But some products will have to be completely abandoned, or at least severely limited their consumption.The basic principles of diet preparation are described below. Contents: Diet for acute gastritis. What can you eat for gastritis with low acidity.
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Not only for weight loss: why is celery useful and dangerous?
Not only for weight loss: how is celery useful and dangerous? dangerous celery – RIA Novosti, 10.11.2020
Not only for weight loss: what is useful and dangerous for celery
Celery is a herb of the umbrella family, widely used in the preparation of salads and in dishes. About positive qualities and … RIA Novosti, 10.11.2020
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Celery is a herbaceous plant in the umbellate family.On the positive qualities and contraindications – in the material of RIA. Benefits of celery for the body There are three types of celery (another name is celery): leaf, root and petiole, each of which has unique beneficial properties. The leaf is rich in vitamins C, A, B, E, as well as potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, helps in the fight against cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and increases immunity with regular use and a healthy lifestyle. The benefits of the leaves can improve digestion and relax muscles. Root celery also contains potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, due to which it strengthens the walls of blood vessels, protects against atherosclerosis, increases the overall tone of the body and saturates it with minerals. It is believed that the use of the root is beneficial for hypertension, joint problems and various inflammatory processes. The root vegetable copes well with puffiness, providing a mild diuretic effect. Due to the increased content of essential oils, it is able to tone up and increase efficiency.The most popular type of celery is stalked. Its juicy and crunchy stems can not only be added to various dishes, but also used as an independent product. It is considered an ideal means for losing weight. “The most useful in celery is its high fiber content, the digestion of which the body spends a lot of energy,” nutritionist Veronika Khovanskaya told RIA Novosti. “That is why the product is used in dietetics. It also contains B vitamins. A, E, K, and in order for them to be absorbed, it must be eaten with something fatty, for example, with sour cream.It will be much better than just a pure product or empty celery juice. “Fiber is also good for digestion, and in some cases – diabetes. In addition, celery is rich in B vitamins, contains provitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin E, ascorbic acid, choline, organic acids, minerals and essential oils. It can improve brain function and have a calming effect on the body, but at the same time helps with apathy and drowsiness. Like other types of this plant, petiole celery is good for the cardiovascular system, lowers cholesterol, increases metabolism, accelerates the healing of lesions on the skin, copes well with inflammation, swelling and urinary problems.How to choose and store The main features of a quality celery are strong, dense stems of rich “salad” color. Leaves should not be withered, interspersed and stained. A young vegetable will have soft and juicy stems, while an old one will be too fibrous. When buying roots, it is better to give preference to small in size and young, since large old tubers have a less pronounced taste. You should also pay attention to the smell, the product should not smell like rot or mold. No odor at all is a sign of using a lot of chemicals in the cultivation.Yellow leaves and mechanical damage to the stem are another reason to refuse to buy. At room temperature, petioled celery can be stored for up to four days, but only if it is a young vegetable. The best place for him is the refrigerator. In it, the stems will retain their freshness for more than a week, and the roots – up to several weeks. After purchase, the stems must be thoroughly washed and dried, and only then stored. It is undesirable to wrap them in cling film. It is quite easy to clean celery: after washing with a knife, you need to scrape the thickest stems a little.Root vegetables can be stored longer if you put them in a box and cover them with sand in a dark place, preferably in a cellar. Both leaves and roots can be dried for an even longer shelf life. What is useful for men It is believed that the inclusion of celery in the diet with a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition has a beneficial effect on male potency. The plant contains a specific hormone – androsterone, which is the main product of testosterone metabolism. Due to this and a beneficial effect on the work of the central nervous system in men, libido increases and erectile function improves.Here it is worth considering the individual characteristics of the organism. As Veronika Khovanskaya emphasized, potency is negatively affected by stress, poor nutrition, alcohol consumption, etc. organs and predisposition to prostatitis. This product generally has a positive effect on the male body, helping to tone up and improve overall health.Benefits for Women Among women, celery is known primarily for its dietary value. The calorie content of 100 grams is estimated at only 23-25 kcal. At the same time, the product helps to remove excess fluid from the body and fights puffiness. With regular use, it is able to slow down the natural aging process and smooth out hormones. Thanks to phosphorus and vitamin K, it improves the condition of a woman before menopause and strengthens bones. Celery also has a beneficial effect on the appearance of the nail plates, hair and skin, is used in cosmetology and refreshes the entire body.”Celery can be seen as a food that helps cleanse your gut, which reduces the risk of developing various diseases. We have a biome in our gut, and celery can help it. It can improve the skin and reduce acne, but it’s important to understand that all this individually, “- said the nutritionist. Contraindications and harm Despite all the advantages, celery can be harmful and has contraindications. It is undesirable to drink its juice for people with urolithiasis, and eating roots – with kidney disease.It is also contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation, because it contains the hormone apiol, which can cause bleeding. Other substances that make up celery also pose a threat of miscarriage. It can impart an unpleasant aftertaste to milk during breastfeeding. According to Khovanskaya, leaf celery can cause allergic reactions. “It is not recommended for certain stomach diseases, such as gastritis and ulcers, due to the fact that the product is difficult to digest. In the postoperative periods, it should also not be consumed.Unless you can boil it, make mashed potatoes and remove all the fibers, but in this case, all the beneficial properties of celery will be lost, “she added. What dishes are added Celery recipes are used in many cuisines of the world: Italian, Spanish, French, Japanese and Korean. All parts of it are consumed, even the seeds. Roots are added to soups, mashed potatoes, vegetable stews, because during cooking, the pronounced bitter taste weakens and becomes more tender. The same happens during frying or baking.The celery stalk, although good raw due to its juiciness and unique flavor, is used in a wide variety of dishes. It goes well with meat, poultry, fish, vegetables and mushrooms, added to salads and pickles. Stalk soup recipes are also varied. The most popular is celery juice, which gives energy and saturates well. It can be blended with other vegetables or fruits to create quirky smoothies. The most common combination of celery and apple.Leaf celery is often dried and used as a condiment to a wide variety of dishes, and when raw, it works well in green salads and smoothies. In some recipes, it can be used as a substitute for cilantro.
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Celery is a herbaceous plant of the Umbelliferae family, widely used in the preparation of salads and in dishes. On the positive qualities and contraindications – in the material of RIA.
Benefits of celery for the body
There are three types of celery (another name is celery): leaf, root and petiole, each of which has unique beneficial properties. The leaf is rich in vitamins C, A, B, E, as well as potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, helps in the fight against cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and increases immunity with regular use and a healthy lifestyle. The benefits of the leaves can improve digestion and relax muscles.
Root celery also contains potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, due to which it strengthens the walls of blood vessels, protects against atherosclerosis, increases the overall tone of the body and saturates it with minerals.It is believed that the use of the root is beneficial for hypertension, joint problems and various inflammatory processes. The root vegetable copes well with puffiness, providing a mild diuretic effect. Due to the increased content of essential oils, it is able to tone up and increase efficiency.
The most popular type of celery is petiolate. Its juicy and crunchy stems can not only be added to various dishes, but also used as an independent product. It is considered an ideal weight loss aid.
July 9, 2020, 05:04
The chef named an alternative to okroshka “The most useful thing in celery is its high fiber content, the digestion of which the body spends a lot of energy,” nutritionist Veronika Khovanskaya told RIA Novosti. It also contains vitamins B, A, E, K, and in order for them to be absorbed, it needs to be eaten with something fatty, such as sour cream. It will be much better than just a pure product or empty celery juice. “
Fiber is good for digestion, and in some cases – for diabetes. In addition, celery is rich in B vitamins, contains provitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin E, ascorbic acid, choline, organic acids, minerals and essential oils. It can improve brain function and have a calming effect on the body, but at the same time it helps with apathy and drowsiness.
Like other types of this plant, stalked celery is good for the cardiovascular system, lowers cholesterol, increases metabolism, accelerates the healing of lesions on the skin, copes well with inflammation, swelling and urinary problems.
How to choose and store
The main features of high-quality celery are strong, dense stems of rich “salad” color. Leaves should not be withered, interspersed and stained. A young vegetable will have soft and juicy stems, while an old one will be too fibrous. When buying roots, it is better to give preference to small in size and young, since large old tubers have a less pronounced taste. You should also pay attention to the smell, the product should not smell like rot or mold.No odor at all is a sign of using a lot of chemicals in the cultivation. Yellow leaves and mechanical damage to the stem are another reason to refuse a purchase.
September 15, 2020, 09:16
Ideal products for weight loss have been named
At room temperature, stalked celery can be stored for up to four days, but only if it is a young vegetable. The best place for him is the refrigerator. In it, the stems will retain their freshness for more than a week, and the roots – up to several weeks. After purchase, the stems must be thoroughly washed and dried, and only then stored. It is undesirable to wrap them in cling film. It is quite easy to clean celery: after washing with a knife, you need to scrape the thickest stems a little.
Root crops can be stored longer if you put them in a box and cover them with sand, placing them in a dark place, preferably in a cellar. Both leaves and roots can be dried for an even longer shelf life.
What is useful for men
It is believed that the inclusion of celery in the diet with a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition has a beneficial effect on male potency.The plant contains a specific hormone – androsterone, which is the main product of testosterone metabolism. Due to this and a beneficial effect on the work of the central nervous system in men, libido increases and erectile function improves. Here it is worth considering the individual characteristics of the organism. As Veronika Khovanskaya emphasized, potency is negatively affected by stress, poor nutrition, alcohol consumption, etc. , therefore, if you have a wrong lifestyle, you should not expect any effect from celery.
Also, this vegetable is indicated for use in problems with urination, inflammation of the genitourinary organs and a predisposition to prostatitis.This product generally has a positive effect on the male body, helping to tone up and improve overall health.
Benefits for women
Among women, celery is known primarily for its dietary value. The calorie content of 100 grams is estimated at only 23-25 kcal. At the same time, the product helps to remove excess fluid from the body and fights puffiness.
With regular use, it is able to slow down the natural aging processes and smooth out hormonal levels.Thanks to phosphorus and vitamin K, it improves the condition of a woman before menopause and strengthens bones. Celery also has a beneficial effect on the appearance of the nail plates, hair and skin, is used in cosmetology and refreshes the entire body.
“Celery can be thought of as a product that helps cleanse your gut, which reduces the risk of developing various diseases. We have a biome in our gut, and celery can help it. Because of this, the skin can improve and acne disappears, but it is important to understand that all this is individual, “- said the nutritionist.
June 8, 2020, 01:05 pm The dentist has listed the most useful products for teeth and gums
Contraindications and harm
Despite all its advantages, celery can be harmful and has contraindications. It is undesirable to drink its juice for people with urolithiasis, and eating roots – with kidney disease. It is also contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation, because it contains the hormone apiol, which can cause bleeding. Other substances that make up celery also pose a threat of miscarriage.It can impart an unpleasant aftertaste to milk during breastfeeding.
According to Khovanskaya, leaf celery can cause allergic reactions.
“It is not recommended for certain diseases of the stomach, such as gastritis and ulcers, due to the fact that the product is difficult to digest. In the postoperative periods, it should not be consumed either. Unless you can boil it, make mashed potatoes and remove all fibers, but in this case, all the beneficial properties of celery will be lost, “she added.
What dishes are added
Recipes with celery are used in many cuisines of the world: Italian, Spanish, French, Japanese and Korean. All parts of it are eaten, even the seeds. The roots are added to soups, mashed potatoes, vegetable stews, because during cooking, the pronounced bitter taste weakens and becomes more tender. The same thing happens during the frying or baking process.
The celery stalk, although good raw due to its juiciness and unique flavor, is used in a wide variety of dishes.It goes well with meat, poultry, fish, vegetables and mushrooms, added to salads and pickles. Stalk soup recipes are also varied. The most popular is celery juice, which gives energy and saturates well. It can be blended with other vegetables or fruits to create quirky smoothies. The most common combination of celery and apple.
Leaf celery is often dried and used as a condiment to a wide variety of dishes, and when raw, it is good for green salads and smoothies.In some recipes, it can be used as a substitute for cilantro.
August 4, 2020, 03:51
Nutritionists told which dessert it is better to refuse 90,000 Sharp weight loss
Sudden weight loss can be a sign of a serious medical condition.
Weight fluctuations of 1–2 kilograms are normal. But if you have lost more than 5% of your original weight, and this is not explained in any way by changes in your diet and lifestyle, you should be alert and undergo medical examination.
A person loses weight when the organs of our body – the brain, heart, muscles – no longer have enough nutrients for normal functioning, and they send a signal to adipose tissue that it is time to use additional resources. In response to this signal, fat cells begin lipolysis – the breakdown of fat – and provide the body with the energy it needs.
Cause of weight loss: DEPRESSION
One of the most common causes of sudden weight loss is depression. People with depression have impaired taste perception.Any food seems unpalatable, appetite decreases. In addition, neuroses and depression are often accompanied by an exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastritis. Discomfort after eating will worsen symptoms.
What to do? If, in addition to losing weight, you notice that you are constantly in a bad mood, apathy, lethargy and lethargy, see a therapist. Only a qualified specialist can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
Signs of anorexia in a woman. The disease usually begins with a normal diet, but every day the patient eats less and less. The reason for this, in her opinion, is the excessive fullness of her arms and legs. The less she eats, the less she wants to eat, and even becoming like a skeleton, she still sees herself as fat and is horrified by the apparent weight gain. She will be reluctant to undress in someone’s presence to hide her weight loss. In order to avoid the pressure of loved ones and normal nutrition, she will hide and discard food or induce vomiting in herself after eating.Such patients often take large amounts of laxatives, mistakenly believing that this will help them maintain a reduced weight.
As the weight loss continues to increase, most women with anorexia will stop menstruating. The skin becomes yellowish, a delicate fluff appears on the body. Without proper treatment, many people develop severe depression and in some cases suicidal thoughts.
Reason for weight loss: HORMONAL DISORDERS
Thyroid, adrenal, pituitary and pancreatic hormones are responsible for the metabolic rate in the body, so problems with these endocrine organs are immediately reflected in weight.In patients with hyperthyroidism and type 1 diabetes mellitus, body weight decreases, despite increased appetite. Such diseases are accompanied by weakness, dry skin, increased heart rate and mood disorders.
What to do? Be sure to visit an endocrinologist and get tested for thyroid hormones (TSH, T3, T4). He also needs blood tests: general and glucose.
Cause of weight loss: GI DISEASES
Certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract cause weight loss.The list of suspects includes enterocolitis, atrophic gastritis and celiac disease. These diseases lead to atrophy of the stomach and intestinal mucosa, as a result of which the absorption of nutrients is impaired, and this leads to weight loss. Symptoms can vary, including pain, bloating, feeling of heaviness, diarrhea, or constipation. Lack of vitamins and minerals can manifest itself in the form of anemia, dry skin, brittle nails, bleeding gums.
What to do? See a gastroenterologist. Most likely, he will order a gastroscopy and stool analysis to make an accurate diagnosis.
Reason for weight loss: Diseases of the pancreas and gallbladder
Body weight decreases in chronic pancreatitis and chronic cholecystitis. Due to these diseases, digestion is disturbed and the body loses its ability to absorb certain nutrients. Patients feel discomfort after eating, nausea, diarrhea appear, with cholecystitis – pain in the right hypochondrium. The stool changes its consistency and takes on an oily sheen.
What to do? Consult a gastroenterologist.It is necessary to do an ultrasound of the abdominal organs and take a stool test. Follow a diet: exclude fatty and spicy foods from the diet, eat often and little by little.
Reason for weight loss: INFECTIONS AND PARASITES
Weight loss can be a sign of serious viral diseases. Hepatitis C or HIV can develop for a long time without severe symptoms, and it is often weight loss that is the first sign of the disease.
Tuberculosis can be another cause of weight loss.Patients lose their appetite, in addition, the body spends a lot of energy to fight the pathogen. In addition to weight loss, the classic signs of pulmonary tuberculosis are a prolonged cough with sputum production, as well as a prolonged rise in temperature above 37 ° C, general weakness and night sweats.
A person can lose weight dramatically if helminths or parasitic protozoa, such as lamblia, have settled in the intestines. Infection can be accompanied by nausea, bloating, stool problems, and skin rashes or fever.
What to do? Self-diagnosis is useless, you need to contact a therapist or an infectious disease specialist. Depending on your symptoms, you may be prescribed fluorography, stool analysis, and various blood tests.
Reason for weight loss: oncology and blood diseases
Oncological diseases are often accompanied by significant weight loss and deterioration of the general condition of patients – cancer cachexia. Patients lose appetite, taste perception is impaired. Metabolic pathologies arise – muscle mass and adipose tissue volume decrease even with adequate nutrition.In addition, psychological factors can cause weight loss: patients with a recently confirmed diagnosis lose weight due to developing depression. Chemotherapy also leads to temporary weight loss.
Weight loss is one of the main symptoms of lymphoma and lymphogranulomatosis. In addition to weight loss, painless enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits and groin testifies to these diseases. Weight loss is also observed in leukemia.
What to do? Constant weakness, fatigue, prolonged fever are symptoms that should alert you.It is necessary to visit a therapist who can refer you to the right specialist – an oncologist or hematologist. It will be necessary to pass general and biochemical blood tests, to make an X-ray. If lymphoma or lymphogranulomatosis is suspected, computed tomography of the thoracic and abdominal cavity, biopsy of lymph nodes, to exclude leukemia, puncture of the pelvic bone.
Which doctor should I contact if weight loss occurs:
Changes in the body during weight loss cause serious disorders of the digestive system, metabolism, weaken the immune defense, cause dysfunction of the endocrine glands, therefore, when the first signs of a symptom appear an urgent need to consult a general practitioner (therapist, pediatrician, family doctor).
You may also need a consultation with doctors:
- An examination by an organopathologist
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Effective diet for weight loss with gastritis
Gastritis and weight loss – is there a connection
A balanced diet is the best way to lose weight and treat gastritis (photo: happyin.it)
Now we are not talking about how to follow a strict diet for gastritis and lose weight quickly. By getting carried away with low-calorie diets during serious health problems, we automatically put our bodies under heavy stress.
Stress and a poor diet make us vulnerable to autoimmune diseases.Gastritis is just one of them. Against the background of emotional experiences and low-calorie nutrition, the body weakens, which does not allow it to resist viral and bacterial infections. If you don’t get enough nutrients, vitamins and minerals from your food, autoimmune disorders will progress in the body.
The correct diet for losing weight with gastritis should be balanced, not low in calories. This means that carbohydrates, proteins and fats should be present in your diet every day, but in moderation.Eating a healthy diet can help eliminate gastritis symptoms and shed those extra pounds.
Why do gastritis diets contribute to weight loss? An inflamed stomach is unable to eat fatty, spicy, and refined foods. Due to the fact that you exclude such food from the diet, the total body weight automatically decreases. When a doctor makes an individual diet for a patient, he always focuses on this point. For gastritis, it is recommended to eat fresh vegetables, fruits, herbs, lean meats and lean fish.Such food is easily absorbed by the body. And the faster the food is digested, the better the metabolism and metabolism in general work. Accordingly, it leads to proper weight loss and better health.
See also: Special diet 2 for gastritis will help with low acidity
Dangerous foods in the diet for gastritis
For gastritis, certain types of foods should be excluded from the diet (photo: stylecraze.com)
Gastritis attacks manifest as spasms and severe pain in the upper abdomen.Typically, acute symptoms are caused by severe inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be caused by drug reactions, stomach ulcers, or food allergies. Certain foods are more likely to exacerbate the symptoms of a sore stomach.
Therefore, a diet for gastritis for weight loss should exclude from the diet any food that irritates the gastric mucosa.
- Refined products. White sugar, yeast bread, white wheat pasta, and other starch products contain high levels of sucrose and trans fats.This kind of food only aggravates the inflammation of the stomach.
- Fatty dishes. Avoid deep-fried foods such as homemade chips, pasties, and French fries. This category of dishes also includes fried pies, sweet donuts, meat, fish and seafood. Beware of baked goods such as crackers, cookies, and cakes that are richly decorated with creams. Anything that is prepared with the addition of a large amount of margarine, vegetable or butter, should be excluded from the menu. Fried foods are high in trans fat, which not only irritates the inner lining of the stomach lining, but also raises blood pressure and increases the risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease.
- Spicy food and spices. Dishes with the addition of hot sauces and spices damage the weakened walls of the gastric mucosa.
- Dairy products, vegetables and fruits with high acidity. Although fresh plant foods are beneficial for the digestive system, some fruits and vegetables contain high levels of natural acids. With gastritis, excess acid negatively affects the inflamed stomach. Subsequently, the symptoms worsen – there is a strong burning sensation in the abdomen.
For gastritis with high acidity, avoid foods such as tomatoes, onions, cherries, melons, all types of cabbage and citrus in the diet. From dairy products, it is not recommended to use sour cream and kefir.
- Certain types of beverages. Alcohol, soda, and caffeinated beverages contain acid, which can irritate sensitive stomachs.
With gastritis with high acidity, you should also quit smoking.Tobacco addiction produces excess acid in the body, thereby exacerbating stomach inflammation.
See also: Diet number 1 for gastritis: choosing the right menu
Weight loss with gastritis without harm to health
Weight loss with gastritis must be correct (photo: healthyfoodbenefit.com)
A healthy diet for gastritis does not consist only of certain products, but also compliance with the regime and dietary rules. When the stomach is inflamed, food should be taken in liquid form (mashed potatoes) or cut into small pieces so as not to damage the irritated mucous membrane walls.
The diet should be divided into three main meals and a couple of snacks in between. From morning until 15.00, it is recommended to eat carbohydrate foods, then protein foods.
With gastritis, all dishes must be cooked without oil, with a minimum addition of salt – no more than ¼ tbsp. for one serving. In the absence of acute symptoms, you can add a small amount of butter and vegetable oils to cereals and salads. Hot spices should be replaced with herbs.But meat and fish are recommended to be baked or stewed only in water, so that the dishes are as lean as possible.
A person suffering from gastritis must observe the drinking regime to maintain the water-salt balance. It is recommended to drink daily
1.5-2 liters of purified water.
What foods and drinks can be used for gastritis:
- Porridge (oatmeal, buckwheat, rice).
- Whole grain bread.
- Fruits (peaches, apricots, pears, bananas, sweet apples)
- Lean meat (turkey, chicken, beef)
- Lean fish (pollock, hake, notothenia, pike perch).
- Vegetables (beets, carrots, potatoes, courgettes, eggplants).
- Hard cheese (no more than 30% fat).
- Herbal tea (mint or chamomile).
See also: Diet for antral gastritis: compliance rules
Sample diet menu for gastritis
In order to alleviate the symptoms of gastritis and get rid of a couple of extra pounds, the average duration of the diet is 3-5 days.
If you are concerned about attacks of gastritis, be sure to consult with your doctor before following a diet.Basic nutritional guidelines should be prescribed by an endocrinologist.
Sample menu for one day:
Oatmeal porridge – 200 g.
Whole grain bread with herbs – 2 slices.
Beet juice – 0.2 l
Banana – 100 g
Steamed vegetables – 200 g
Long grain rice – 150 g
Herbal tea – 0.2 l
Natural, low-fat yogurt – 200 g
Steamed meat – 200 g.
Boiled beets – 150 g
Herbal tea – 0.2 l
See also: Nutrition for gastritis for children and adults
What you need to know about gastritis, and how to eat properly with stomach inflammation, see the video below.
Gastritis: is it possible to eat dry food and not get sick
Gastritis is a very broad concept, which translated from medical means simply “inflammation of the gastric mucosa.”This very inflammation can be caused by different reasons that require different treatment.
Where does gastritis come from
There are quite a few reasons due to which the gastric mucosa can become inflamed :
- Acute intestinal infection. When we catch some kind of infection, the same rotavirus naturally suffers from the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach. And the mucous membrane on its walls is likely to become inflamed.
- Poisoning. The story is the same as with acute infection.If harmful substances have entered the body, from which the digestive tract is trying to get rid of, then everything will become inflamed: both the stomach and the intestines.
- Taking certain medications. Quite often, the condition of the stomach wall is affected by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which we often use as pain relievers.
- Ingestion of bile into the stomach.
- Age. With age, the risk of many diseases increases, including gastritis.
- Autoimmune diseases in which the immune system attacks the body’s own cells.
- Helicobacter pylori bacteria. It most commonly causes chronic gastritis. According to some reports, more than 50% of the world’s population is infected with it. Many are carriers of the bacteria and do not even know about it. How to stop its spread is also unclear . So we can only find out about it in time and receive treatment.
Additional risk factors are smoking, alcohol consumption, stress.
What are the symptoms of gastritis
Usually, gastritis does not have specific symptoms , which help to determine exactly what it is, and not some other gastrointestinal disease.In general, gastritis can proceed without manifestations.
The main symptom of gastritis is discomfort in the upper abdomen. Other symptoms of gastritis:
- Loss of appetite.
- Unpleasant bloating after eating.
If the gastric mucosa is severely damaged, severe pain may be added to the symptoms, such as with a stomach ulcer .
The main problem with all these symptoms is that they say absolutely nothing about what is happening to you.These are common problems for almost any gastrointestinal ailment, from functional dyspepsia (indigestion) to irritable bowel syndrome.
Therefore, to say: “Yes, I have gastritis” if you feel bad every time you eat a burger is wrong. It is better to correct your lifestyle, and only then check whether it is worth being treated and from what exactly.
When to see a doctor
- When symptoms persist for more than a week.
- When symptoms started after you started taking prescribed medications (they need to be changed or treatment adjusted).
- When you notice blood in your vomit or stool. These are signs of internal bleeding.
How to understand that this is gastritis
To confirm the diagnosis, you need to do several tests or examinations that will show what is happening with the stomach.
- Stool analysis for H. pylori or occult blood.
- H. pylori breath test. To do this, you will need to drink a glass of special pure liquid without taste, and then exhale into a special collection bag.
- Endoscopy. This is a procedure during which you have to swallow the camera. Usually, in this case, not only the stomach is examined from the inside, but also a biopsy is taken – a piece of tissue is pinched off to check it under the microscope . It is ineffective, unpleasant and unnecessary to simply examine the stomach without obtaining samples.
- X-ray examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Before that, the patient takes a contrast agent (barium), so that later on, the foci of the disease and possible ulcers can be determined from the images .
What is gastritis
In general, there is no unified classification of gastritis that would suit both patients and doctors, but conditionally the following types can be distinguished:
Such gastritis develops suddenly and for various reasons. As a rule, it occurs with infection or poisoning. May cover the whole stomach or only part of it . With it, it is not necessary to carry out additional examinations and do endoscopy.
Chronic gastritis means that there is some reason why the inflammation does not go away for a long time .Its main causes are H. pylori bacteria, frequent use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, bile reflux, and autoimmune processes. Chronic gastritis can prolong and lead to ulcer .
Atrophic gastritis is a disease in which, roughly speaking, stomach cells are replaced by intestinal cells. It is to atrophy that chronic gastritis caused by bacteria or autoimmune processes leads.
Atrophic gastritis increases the risk of cancer .
How to treat gastritis
When treating gastritis, the main task is to let the stomach wall calm down and heal, that is, not to irritate it. For this, drugs are used that somehow reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach, or protect against it:
- Antacids are a group of drugs that “envelop” the stomach walls and reduce the effect of acid.
- Blockers of h3-histamine receptors. They decrease the production of stomach acid.
- Proton pump inhibitors.They are also designed to reduce the production of stomach acid.
But if the main cause of gastritis is bacteria, then antibiotics that destroy H. pylori should be treated. They are prescribed by a doctor, often in conjunction with the above medications. By the way, it is not always necessary to use antibiotics if bacteria are found. This question should be decided only by a doctor, since treatment can provoke side effects and in some cases be ineffective.
Another important factor in the treatment of gastritis is stress reduction .Therefore, learn to relax, because we know that excessive excitement affects digestion.
What kind of diet is needed for gastritis
There are no special products that will help with gastritis. It is enough to eat food that will irritate the stomach less. This means that spices, fried, spicy, smoked, salty and carbonated are prohibited.
Eat often, in small portions, to make it easier for the stomach to digest food.
How not to get sick with gastritis
The words of grandmothers that sandwiches and other dry food lead to gastritis is an old myth.Still, gastritis is caused by completely different reasons. And the stress of being forced to eat soup may be more important for developing gastritis than not eating liquid foods.
In order not to get sick with gastritis, you must first of all try to protect yourself from bacteria:
- Drink clean water.
- Wash hands before eating.
- Eat proven, clean food.
- No smoking.
- Drink less alcohol.
- Don’t be nervous.
But the relationship between the diet and the frequency of meals, obligatory breakfast or soup for lunch, the researchers did not identify .
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Gastritis – causes, symptoms and treatment – Medical compass
Gastritis and duodenitis are a whole group of pathological conditions in which the mucous membrane of the stomach and the initial part of the duodenum is affected, with the development of inflammatory and dystrophic changes in them.As a rule, such conditions are accompanied by a violation of one or more functions of the stomach and the initial part of the small intestine.
Gastritis and duodenitis can be acute or chronic. According to the functional state of the stomach, three types of gastritis are distinguished:
- With increased secretion
- With reduced secretory activity
- With normal secretory function.
Symptoms of the disease
In most cases pain makes the patient see a doctor.Pain with gastritis and duodenitis has a dull, aching character, accompanied by a feeling of heaviness, distention, pressure under the chest and in the upper abdomen. The pain is associated with food – it appears after eating after 15-30 minutes, has a long duration, does not give away anywhere.
Along with the pain syndrome, patients often complain of decreased appetite, belching, heartburn, bloating, unpleasant taste in the mouth, and nausea.
If gastritis is accompanied by a decrease in the secretion of gastric juice, then there are complaints of recurrent diarrhea, rumbling in the abdomen, weight loss, symptoms of hypovitaminosis appear due to impaired absorption of vitamins.White plaques appear on the tongue, and when palpating the upper abdomen, people complain of pain.
Causes of the disease
There are many reasons for inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. Most often, one has to deal with inflammatory processes resulting from:
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. This microorganism plays a major role in the development of this disease.
- Eating disorders
- Harmful habits – smoking and alcohol abuse
- Occupational hazards (working with various chemicals that have irritating effects, radiation)
- Chronic stress, diseases of the nervous system
- Long-term use of certain drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoid hormones, etc.)
- Infectious diseases of the body, in particular, infections of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Autoimmune diseases
- Endocrinological diseases
- Duodenal reflux.
It is not difficult to diagnose gastritis and duodenitis, it is much more difficult to find its cause and eliminate it. If the above complaints and symptoms are observed, then you need to contact a gastroenterologist or therapist. At the appointment, the doctor will talk with the patient, collect a detailed anamnesis, ask about symptoms and complaints, conduct an examination and objective research, which is very important for making a correct diagnosis.
For the diagnosis of gastritis, it is mandatory to conduct several laboratory and instrumental studies.
Among laboratory methods it is necessary to pass:
- General analysis of blood and urine
- Biochemical examination of urine and blood
- Microscopy of feces
- Reaction of feces to occult blood
- Detection of Helicobacter pylori antigens in feces 9033 Determination of antigens by means of the ELISA reaction 9032 in the patient’s blood to Helicobacter pylori using serological diagnostics (ELISA method)
- Histological examination of a biopsy specimen of the gastric mucosa
- Urease test
- Microscopy of the material of the gastric mucosa for the detection of Helicobacter pylori
- PCR-diagnostics of Helicobacter pylori infection) (determination of DNA from Helicobacter pylori infection).
Among the instrumental diagnostic methods, the following are important:
- Fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy (FEGDS), which allows you to examine the gastric mucosa, take material to determine the type of changes in the mucosa and the presence of Helicobacter pylori
- Study of gastric secretory function 9033 pH3-metragria
- Ultrasound of the abdominal organs
- X-ray examination of the stomach and 12-persistent intestine.
If you do not seek help in a timely manner and do not start treatment for gastritis, then complications are possible, some may even pose a threat to human life.Against the background of gastritis and duodenitis, peptic ulcer, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, hepatitis and hepatosis, malignant tumors of the stomach, hypovitaminosis, gastric bleeding, general exhaustion of the body (with atrophic gastritis, when intestinal absorption processes are disturbed) can develop.
Treatment of the disease
The main principles of gastritis therapy are:
- Normalization of the nature and diet
- Elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection (antibiotic therapy)
- Normalization of the nervous system and other organs
- Elimination of 90 occupational hazards 9033 (proton pump inhibitors, antacids, histamine blockers, cytoprotectors)
- Therapy of disorders of the motor function of the stomach and intestines (prokinetics)
- Enzyme preparations
- Treatment of concomitant gastrointestinal diseases.