Electrolysis hair removal side effects: Electrolysis for Removing Hair | Michigan Medicine
Electrolysis for Removing Hair | Michigan Medicine
Electrolysis is a common method of removing unwanted hair. A small needle or thin metal probe is inserted into the opening of the skin where hair grows (small sacs beneath the skin called hair follicles). Next, a low-level electrical current passes through the needle or probe into your skin and destroys the hair follicle. Hair is unable to grow back in an area where the follicle has been destroyed.
The process of electrolysis can be slow and can require several treatment sessions to destroy the hair follicles. Treatment can be uncomfortable—the feeling is sometimes described as having little rubber bands snapping at your skin. The destruction of each individual hair follicle may take from less than 1 second up to 20 seconds.
What To Expect After Treatment
After electrolysis, your treated skin may temporarily be red, swollen, and tender. You may need additional treatments to permanently remove all unwanted hair. You should notice a loss of unwanted hair in the treated area within several weeks to months after the first treatment.
Why It Is Done
Electrolysis is done to permanently remove unwanted hair. Electrolysis is commonly used to remove hair on the face (eyebrows, upper and lower lips, cheeks, chin, hairline, bridge of the nose between eyebrows, and sideburns) and also on the neck, shoulders, arms and underarms, breasts, abdomen, bikini line, legs, back, and chest.
Who should not have electrolysis?
Electrolysis should not be done on the inside of your ears or nose. It also should never be done to remove hair from a mole or a birthmark. If you have a pacemaker, you should not have electrolysis on any part of your body.
How Well It Works
When electrolysis is done correctly, it permanently removes unwanted hair. Successful hair removal depends on the skill of the person doing the electrolysis.
Electrolysis poses few risks in a healthy person. During treatment, you may feel some pain from the electrical current flow. After treatment, your skin may be red, swollen (inflamed), and tender. These are temporary side effects. Electrolysis can cause scarring, keloid scars, and changes in skin color of the treated skin in some people.
What To Think About
Finding a licensed, reputable electrologist is important to successfully and permanently removing unwanted hair. Each state in the United States regulates the licensing of electrologists. Your doctor, friends, or family may be able to recommend a licensed electrologist.
Current as of:
July 2, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
Anne C. Poinier MD – Internal Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine
Keith A. Denkler MD – Plastic Surgery
Current as of: July 2, 2020
Medical Review:Anne C. Poinier MD – Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine & Keith A. Denkler MD – Plastic Surgery
7 Side Effects of Electrolysis Hair Removal Treatment
How are you all doing? How was your Eid celebration? Well, today, we would like to talk about the side effects of electrolysis hair removal treatment. Electrolysis is one among the most preferred and common methods used to remove unwanted hair from the body. This hair removal process involves the use of small needle which is inserted into the opening of the skin where the hair starts growing. Then, electricity is passed through the needle which kills the hair follicle.
It generally takes 1-2 minutes to destroy a single hair follicle. Well, being one of the most common hair removal processes, most of the people opt for this process. Before considering this hair removal treatment, you should know the side effects of it.
1. Skin damage:
Skin damage is one among the most common side effects, you can suffer due to electrolysis hair removal treatment. Skin damage can happen after electrolysis hair removal treatment was performed by an unexperienced technician. It can also happen if you do it at home. The only way to prevent skin damage is you should invest some time to find a good skin expert who will carry the process keeping all the risk and effects in mind.
Another popular side effect, which people have observed, is blisters on the skin or treated area. Blisters, basically look like acne, is quite common after you undergo the surgery. These blisters may typically appear on the skin for 24-48 hours and will eventually fade away. However, you should avoid scratching or scrubbing your face for a few days. Consult the doctor in any case.
3. Swelling on the face:
If you have electrolysis hair removal treatment done on the face, then, there are high chances that you will observe swelling on the face. If you get a very large area treated at once, then, there are chances that you may experience swelling and inflammation on the face. You can treat the slight inflammation on the skin by applying ice on the face. Swelling may fade away after 36 hours of the treatment.
Yes, acne is one among the most common problems that a person may suffer from, after electrolysis hair removal treatment. If your skin is prone to breakouts, you should consider using mild lotions, cleansers or toners to keep your skin healthy. It is important to avoid using those products which may make the condition worse. Acne or breakouts on the skin may be quite frequent for 5-10 days after the treatment. It all depends on your skin.
5. Burning sensation:
Undergoing pain or burning sensation is another side effect that you may observe after electrolysis hair removal treatment. Burning sensation or pain may be highly probable, if the procedure is done by an inexperienced technician or if it is done incorrectly. If you happen to experience pain after the first session, you should speak to your expert about this. If needed, you can discontinue the process and find another good and certified expert for this treatment.
6. Discoloration of skin:
Another common side effect of electrolysis hair removal treatment is discoloration of the skin. You may suffer from this problem especially if you have sensitive skin. Discoloration of the skin may be in the form of dark or brown spots on the face, which can be treated using a skin lightening cream. Discoloration of skin is quite common and you don’t need to panic about this.
7. Formation of ingrown hair:
Unfortunately, undergoing the electrolysis hair removal treatment can lead to formation of ingrown hair. Ingrown hair forms when the hair follicle is damaged instead of getting destroyed completely. Ingrown hair may lead to irritation or itching, but ingrown hairs should be easy to remove by using a good exfoliator.
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What are the Real Side Effects of Electrolysis?
Electrolysis is an invasive procedure that involves inserting a fine needle into the the hair follicle and applying a small amount of electric current over a very short period of time.
While the procedure generally isn’t typically very painful (although some discomfort can be felt), there are usually some longer term side effects of treatment. Here are the more common side effects:-
Common Electrolysis Side Effects
The amount and severity of the side effects that you experience with electrolysis depends largely on the sensitiveness of your skin, the duration of the session and the density of the hair in the patch that’s being treated.
Most people experience one or more of the following systems following a session of electrolysis:-
- Redness for up to a few hours after treatment (rarely longer than a day)
- Red dots on the treated area (usually only last a few days)
- Rarely small scabs may appear on the treated area (usually lasts up to 1 week)
- Localised swelling (for most people these usually look like insect bites, although for the rare few that react badly to electrolysis, this can cause large raised bumps on the surface of the skin).
- Acne breakouts (usually caused from skin insensitivities and disappears within a week)
- Skin dryness (sometimes the reaction from the electrolysis can leave the patient with dry skin – a simple aloe gel is your best line of defence against this side effect)
Expert tip: If you find that you’re suffering from long term side effects then you may wish to consider using some kind of anti-inflammatory drug or an antihistamine before your treatment.
Rare Electrolysis Side Effects
In some cases, you may experience some of the following less common symptoms from electrolysis:-
Permanent Scarring and Pitting
In some rare cases you may find that the electrolysis procedure has damaged your skin enough to form severe scabbing, which may then over time progress into a scar. In some cases, the scars may take 6-12 months to fully show themselves on your skin.
The two most common reasons for permanent scarring are over treatment of a certain area or using a setting that’s too strong for the customer. This is one of the reasons why it’s really important that you do your homework when looking for a good electrologist.
Expert Tip: If you find that you have permanent scarring from your electrolysis session you should consult with a dermatologist about using Alpha-Hydroxy Acids, chemical peels or laser skin resurfacing as viable methods of improving the affected area.
How Painful is Electrolysis Hair Removal VS Laser Hair Removal?
Are you wondering how painful is electrolysis hair removal vs laser hair removal? Laser hair removal and electrolysis are two popular types of permanent hair removal. Both these types work by targeting hair follicles located under the skin’s surface. Laser hair removal is on the rise. Though electrolysis is also getting more and more popular, it’s not as common as laser therapy. In comparison with laser hair removal, electrolysis is painful. It is done by a dermatologist.
The process of electrolysis works by inserting a device into the skin. It uses shortwaves in hair follicles to stop the growth of new hair and causes existing hairs to fall out. However, you will need multiple appointments for the best results. As the growth of hair is normal so the hair removal. Permanent hair removal is a dream of everyone but you must know how to achieve it? Electrolysis is one of the well-known and safe methods of permanent hair removal that is used across the world.
Electrolysis is very painful as compared to laser hair removal. For most people, today’s methods of hair removal don’t hurt but electrolysis does hurt. Electrolysis removes the individual hairs from the body that’s why causes a lot of pain. A very fine probe is inserted into the body and thus removing hair from the follicles through tweezer. Most areas of the body can be treated through electrolysis like eyebrows, face, breasts, legs, abdomen, and thighs. Electrolysis generally doesn’t have any permanent side effects but sometimes a temporary reddening of the skin may occur.
On the other hand, laser hair removal does not cause much pain as compared to waxing and electrolysis. This process is much quicker and way better than other techniques of hair removal. It feels like tiny pinpricks. As compared to electrolysis laser treatment is much better, in regard to pain. Electrolysis is painful when you see the laser hair removal vs electrolysis.
Related: Electrolysis Pricing, Laser Hair Removal Pricing for Women, Laser Hair Removal Pricing for Men, and Waxing Pricing.
What causes unwanted hair growth?
The growth of hair is normal and the result of heredity and hormone level. Illness and the use of drugs can stimulate their growth. Everyone wants the permanent removal of their unwanted hair. In such a situation, electrolysis and laser hair removal are the best options.
Laser therapy and electrolysis both produce long-lasting effects and permanent solution to hair growth as compared to shaving. Laser hair removal can be used for every person whether with fair or dark complexion but it can result in burning the skin of darker people. On the other hand, electrolysis can be used by anyone, no matter what type of complexion they posses. It does attack the hair follicles along with the hair pigments. In the comparison of laser hair removal vs electrolysis, electrolysis is good in regard to the procedures. However, electrolysis takes more time than laser treatment. You have to take more sessions of electrolysis than laser for permanent hair removal.
Laser hair removal can portend danger to the eyes or other surrounding parts of the body that are near the targeted area. If the process is not done correctly, then it may cause the skin to get discolored. Laser hair removal has its own side effects while electrolysis has its own. However, laser hair removal is cheaper than electrolysis.
Benefits of electrolysis hair Removal
Electrolysis is extremely versatile and produces more permanent results. It inhibits the growth of new hair for all skin types and hair types. The main benefit of electrolysis is that it can be used anywhere on the body, even eyebrows. Electrolysis is safe and effective as compared to other techniques of hair removal. Unlike laser, electrolysis targets the hair follicles, thus permanently removing the hairs from your body. Electrolysis is effective for all skin types. There is no maintenance required after electrolysis treatment as the hair is permanently removed from your body. It causes pain but you have to bear in order to get rid of that unwanted hair permanently.
How do you choose an electrologist?
Electrologists are those people who have special training to perform electrolysis. If you are going to consider electrolysis, it is very important to do some research before deciding on anyone. The wrong decision can prove fatal and result in scars on your face. There are some points that you should consider before going to an Austin electrolysis specialist:
It is very important to ask your friends and family members to find good services. Your circle must be your first preference to know about anything. If there is anyone in your circle who has undergone electrolysis hair removal, you must ask for their input.
There are many electrologists in the market who are licensed or certified to do their practice. Look for those electrologists who have certification from an accredited school. The qualifications matter a lot in this era of specialization.
Related blogs: Essential Tips for Laser Hair Removal, Can I use Laser Hair Removal on my Face?, and Top 10 Questions About Laser Hair Removal.
Get a Consultation
Many electrologists will give you a free consultation. During your consultation, you must make sure that all your questions must be answered. Some questions that you want to ask about are: how the procedure will feel; how many sessions you need; how much each session costs; how long each session lasts; what is your experience and the number of patients you have dealt with till today.
While getting your free consultation, look around and examine the establishment. Does the place look clean? Do the workers look clean and presentable? Do they use disposable needles? Observe hygiene conditions of the clinic and base your decision on your personal comfort as this is always essential.
Keep in mind that the practitioner uses the right technique like they should use needle electrolysis, which is the only permanent form of hair removal. Some places advertise electrolysis but use electronic tweezers. Using electronic tweezers is not a permanent hair removal method.
In short, electrolysis hair removal is a much better way of removing hair permanently as compared to other hair removing techniques like laser hair removal but it causes much pain as compared to laser as in this process, prim is directly applied into follicles for the purpose of destroying them. For this sensitive treatment trust Alite Laser Hair Removal because only professionals can provide you with the best and safe services. Contact us for a free consultation today!
Electrolysis vs. Laser Hair Removal: Which Is Right For You?
Most recently updated 1/12/21
To shave or not to shave? That used to be the question. But today, going hair-free simply isn’t that cut and dry. Between waxing, electrolysis, and laser hair removal, we can now shed unwanted facial, arm pit, bikini, or leg hair for a few weeks, or choose a smooth that lasts a lifetime.
Electrolysis and laser hair removal have grown in popularity over the last decade for exactly this reason. Both procedures are known for longer-term hair removal — targeting hair follicles located beneath the skin’s surface to curb hair growth at its root.
So what’s the difference between these two procedures? Is one more painful or less expensive than the other? Are they considered “clean beauty“? (If you’re into clean beauty, don’t miss our 3-minute NakedPoppy assessment.) What, if any, are the side effects? Read on to get the scoop.
First, all about electrolysis
How does electrolysis work?
Electrolysis is the only FDA-approved method of permanent hair removal today . A licensed, board-certified dermatologist or electrologist should perform the procedure, which involves inserting a probe into the hair follicle and sending an electric current through it, damaging the follicle enough to prevent new hair growth.
Is it considered clean?
Yes! With electrolysis, there’s no use of harmful chemicals or toxins on the skin. The procedure itself likely won’t contribute to any long term health problems, either. Clean all around.
Is it effective for everyone and all hair/skin types?
Yes. According to the American Electrology Association, electrolysis is effective for people with any skin type, skin color, hair type, and hair color . Electrolysis is also suitable for any area of the body — including the eyebrows.
How many sessions does it take?
Most people require several treatments to achieve permanent hair removal with electrolysis. That’s because our skin has multiple follicles for each hair, and dormant follicles might start to grow between sessions (in other words, our hair grows in cycles). But follow-up sessions – every week or other week for a few weeks – will eliminate hair in the area 100%.
Larger surfaces, like your legs, will call for several longer sessions to get the job done. And if you’re looking to remove coarse hair (around your bikini line, for example), you’ll be looking at more sessions as well. Although this is pretty rare, some women require up to 30 treatments!
But once you’re done, you’re done. After the hair has been removed there’s no upkeep or annual maintenance appointments necessary.
Are there any side effects?
If not done properly, electrolysis can potentially damage the follicle and cause inflammation. In a few rare cases, people have experienced scarring or infection from unsterilized needles. When you go to a board-certified dermatologist, you greatly reduce the chance of these risks.
Be honest, how painful is it?
We wouldn’t exactly call it pleasant. Remember that electrolysis inserts a fine probe into each hair follicle and sends an electrical current through it. That said, most people experience a bit of discomfort, described as a stinging or pricking sensation, as if you were getting a tattoo. You might want to take a pain reliever an hour before the treatment and to apply ice following the session.
How much aftercare is involved?
Very little. Although your skin may feel irritated or appear slightly red, these symptoms usually subside in a few hours. (Although a dab of Ere Perez Moringa All-Beauty Crème, filled with soothing botanical oils, might help speed things up.) Most people get back to their daily activities right after the procedure.
How much does it cost?
Bummer alert – most insurance won’t cover electrolysis hair removal, because it’s a cosmetic procedure. But, a 30-minute session targeting a small area can be really reasonably priced around $45. It all depends on the area, the type of hair being treated, and how many sessions your doctor thinks you might need. Ask ahead of time to get a better sense of the total price.
As mentioned, electrolysis is the only hair removal method endorsed by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for permanent hair removal. But, according to the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, laser hair removal is currently the more popular option in the United States .
Get “shockingly accurate” clean beauty picks. Take your beauty assessment.
Now, let’s get into laser hair removal
How does laser hair removal work?
Laser hair removal uses mild radiation via high-heat lasers on hair follicles. The laser emits a light that’s absorbed by the pigment in the hair. The light energy converts to heat, which then damages the hair follicles to slow down hair growth.
The lasers quickly target coarse, dark hair and can treat several hairs at once, which means that small areas can be treated in minutes. While laser hair removal permanently diminishes hair growth, it doesn’t eliminate unwanted hair forever. Hair might still grow in, but it’ll come in finer and lighter in color than before.
Is it considered clean?
Laser hair removal, if done without numbing cream, is considered clean. If you choose to use numbing cream, please note that its harmful chemicals can’t be called clean.
The procedure itself is also safe for long-term health.
Is it effective for all hair and skin types?
This procedure works best on people with light skin and dark hair because the laser likes a contrast to target dark colors. New hair growth tends to be less dense than before, and the new hair is often a few shades lighter than the original hair.
How many sessions does it take?
Generally, four to eight treatments are needed, spaced out about a month apart. After you’re happy with your slower hair growth, you’ll likely want to go in once or twice a year for a maintenance appointment.
Are there any side effects?
There are more potential side effects with laser hair removal than electrolysis, which include: blisters, inflammation, swelling, irritation, pigmentation changes, redness, swelling. Using lasers on your skin may lead to burning or slight pigmentation changes, but those effects are usually temporary, not long term. But again, you can reduce your risk by scheduling the procedure with a fully trained, certified laser technician working under the direction of a board-certified healthcare provider.
Lasers can also increase the skin’s sensitivity to sunlight, which is why you should avoid sun exposure right after the procedure. People having laser treatment should also avoid sunlight for 6 weeks before treatment to prevent discoloration of the tanned skin as well. And, of course, you should apply a clean sunscreen, such as Unsun Mineral Tinted Face Sunscreen, on a daily basis.
If you’re looking to do laser hair removal on your eyebrows, you’ll need to wear protective eye shields and keep your eyes closed for the entire treatment to avoid any laser light contact with your eyes.
Be honest, is it painful?
Laser removal has been described as a burning rubber band snapping against your skin. Those with coarse and dark hair tend to feel more burn. Laser hair removal is considered less painful than electrolysis since it’s a faster process and doesn’t require addressing each follicle individually.
While there are numbing creams available, according to the FDA, the use of skin-numbing products in laser hair removal has led to reports of serious and life-threatening side effects that occurred after a numbing agent was applied to large areas of the body. Instead, consider applying ice packs to alleviate any discomfort after the procedure. And if you’re really feeling the burn, you can ask your doctor to recommend over-the-counter pain relievers or a steroid cream.
How much aftercare is involved?
Laser hair removal has little recovery time. You can get back to normal activities immediately.
How much does it cost?
Each visit averages $200-$400, based on the size of the area being treated and the facility itself. So while laser hair removal is more expensive than electrolysis per session, it may require fewer sessions in total.
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Here’s our quick recap: electrolysis vs. laser
So, which is right for you: electrolysis or laser? Here are some key points to help you make the decision.
Electrolysis stops hair growth completely, while laser hair removal slows down – and thins hair – over the long run. Electrolysis works on any hair or skin type and laser works best on people with light skin and dark hair.
Both are considered clean for long term health. Electrolysis doesn’t use topical harmful chemicals on the skin, while laser hair removal is not categorized as clean if you choose to use numbing cream.
Electrolysis is considered more painful than laser hair removal. It may require more sessions than laser hair removal, but each session is cheaper. Laser hair removal is a faster, less painful process, but you’ll pay more for each session.
Still unsure which method to choose? Ask your dermatologist what’s right for you. Because you are going to see a certified professional to reduce your risk of side effects, right? Right!
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This post has been reviewed by Ilene Ruhoy, M.D., neurologist, and PhD in Environmental Toxicology.
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Interested in other beauty services like electrolysis and laser? Check out “Trend Alert: Micrnoneedling, Dermarolling, and Smoother Skin” and “Can We Please Talk About Botox?“
Electrolysis vs. Laser Hair Removal [Which is Better?]
Shaving, waxing, and tweezing often feel like losing battles. You get rid of a hair one day, but a few days later, it’s back and you have to address it again.
If you’re sick of wasting time dealing with unwanted hair growth, you might want to consider permanent hair removal.
When it comes to removing hair permanently, you have two options:
Laser hair removal or electrolysis.
But what’s the difference between the two? Is one better than the other? Which one is right for you?
Today, we’re discussing electrolysis versus laser hair removal to help you make the right choice.
Table of Contents
- How Laser Hair Removal Works
- How Electrolysis Works
- The Similarities Between Electrolysis and Laser Hair Removal
- The Differences Between Electrolysis and Laser Hair Removal
- Electrolysis vs. Laser Hair Removal: Which One is Better?
How Laser Hair Removal Works
Before you can decide which hair removal treatment is the better option, you should know how each process works.
When you undergo laser hair removal, a technician applies a pulse of light into your pores. The light energy travels through your skin, targeting the melanin in your hair follicle. By increasing the temperature of the follicle, it destroys the root of the hair.
When the root is destroyed, the follicle is unable to produce hair.
Learn more about our laser hair removal services!
Laser Hair Removal Aftercare
To see the best results, you must follow an aftercare treatment routine. You’ll need to limit sun exposure for several weeks and wear loose clothing for at least two days after treatment. Also, it’s best to avoid swimming pools, hot tubs, steam rooms, and physical exercise for 48 hours.
Other than that, you can go about your daily activities as usual.
Side Effects of Laser Removal
Laser hair removal has limited side effects. Some people experience redness and swelling, but those usually subside within a few hours.
Afraid that it might hurt? Most people say that the pain is minimal and that the laser feels like snapping a rubber band against the skin.
Related: Laser Hair Removal FAQs
How Electrolysis Works
Electrolysis involves the insertion of an ultra-thin needle (called a probe) into an individual hair follicle. The probe sends an electric current through the follicle, damaging it so that future hair growth cannot occur.
Individual hairs are targeted one at a time.
After electrolysis, you’ll have to apply an antibacterial cream to the treated areas. You should avoid any activity that could cause you to sweat excessively.
You’ll also need to avoid touching or scratching the treated area in the days following treatment.
Side Effects of Electrolysis
Some people see small scabs on the surface of the skin, but they fall off naturally. It’s also common to see redness and swelling for a few hours after treatment.
Patients report small amounts of pain during the process, too. Most people describe the feeling as a heat sensation followed by a pinch each time the needle attacks a new follicle.
The Similarities Between Electrolysis and Laser Hair Removal
Electrolysis and laser hair removal are similar in several ways:
Both Can Remove Hair From Anywhere on the Body
Both treatments are effective on the bikini line, underarms, nose, ears, and upper lip. They also work well on large areas such as the back, arms, and legs.
Anyone can get either procedure, but you should speak to a dermatologist first to make sure you’re a good candidate for treatment.
Both Require Multiple Sessions
Hair growth involves three stages. Laser hair removal and electrolysis only work when the hair follicle is in the anagen, or growth phase.
Multiple sessions are necessary to capture every hair in that specific phase.
Both Are Safe and Effective
Both methods are safe and FDA-approved for permanent hair removal. They both eliminate the need to shave and wax and can prevent ingrown hairs.
However, in order for either technique to be effective, it must be performed by a professional.
The Differences Between Electrolysis and Laser Hair Removal
Although these two hair removal methods share some similarities, they also have some differences:
Laser Hair Removal Requires Fewer Sessions
Multiple sessions are necessary, regardless of which method you choose. However, electrolysis sessions are longer, and you’ll need to have more of them.
Laser hair removal usually requires four to eight sessions. The exact number depends on your skin type, pigmentation, hair color, and the size of the area.
Electrolysis, on the other hand, can take up to 30 sessions, especially in an area where the hair is coarse.
With laser hair removal, you’ll need to do a touch-up treatment about once a year. Electrolysis doesn’t require any follow-up (unless you experience an infection).
Laser Hair Removal Sessions Are Shorter
Laser hair removal treatments last only a few minutes each, as the laser affects multiple hairs at one time.
Electrolysis sessions are much longer, as every hair must be targeted one at a time. They happen every week or two, making it a much more time-consuming process.
Related: 7 Benefits of Laser Hair Removal
Electrolysis vs. Laser Hair Removal: Which One is Better?
So is one method better than the other? It all depends on what you’re looking for.
Here are some additional facts to help you make your decision:
Electrolysis costs less money per session. However, you’ll need more sessions to get rid of your body hair. You might be able to get away with just a few sessions on small areas of the body, but larger areas can get quite expensive.
Laser hair removal treatment usually costs more per session, but it takes only a few sessions to see results. Prices vary for both, depending on the size of the treatment area.
If you’re concerned about pain, both procedures can be uncomfortable. Most people experience minor discomfort during laser hair removal, but each session only lasts a few minutes.
Electrolysis can be painful too, and sessions are longer. Therefore, you’ll experience discomfort for a longer period of time.
Electrolysis has the same effect on any hair type and any skin color. Laser treatment is most effective on people with light skin and dark hair or vice versa.
You’ll have to decide for yourself which method of hair removal you want to go with. It’s best to start the process by talking with your dermatologist.
Regardless of which one you choose, make sure to have the procedure performed by a licensed, certified technician. That’s the only way to protect yourself and ensure the best possible results.
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How will electrolysis affect my skin? – Transgender Map
The hair removal information on this page is written for a transgender audience.
For a general market discussion of electrolysis, please visit: hairfacts.com
- Skin damage is the worst side effect of electrolysis. Choosing an electrologist will be the most important factor in how your skin ends up. Ask the recommendation of local TSs who are done and are happy.
- You can count on a certain amount of redness, swelling, welts, tiny blisters, scabs, dryness, and ingrowns between treatments. These temporary side effects must be treated properly to avoid permanent skin damage.
- Immediately after treatment, you must stay out of the sun, avoid make-up, and avoid harsh chemicals until your skin has recovered. The less you do to your skin between treatment, the better. A fragrance-free and menthol-free aloe gel (not lotion) can moisturize the skin following treatment and reduce redness. There are also several preparations designed for use after electrolysis which can help reduce and conceal redness and swelling.
- If at all possible, avoid shaving immediately after treatment. If you absolutely must, use an electric foil razor.
- As you near completion, you may find that weakened hairs are causing more ingrowns. Use a gentle exfoliant to help release them.
- If you are having excessive swelling and redness or are seeing skin damage, discuss it with your electrologist to adjust treatment, or consider trying another electrologist. You may also want to consult a dermatologist.
Main factorsYour skin typeAs mentioned before, everyone’s skin has a damage threshold that may even be lower than your pain threshold.Method of electrolysis usedSome people find a difference in skin condition depending on whether thermolysis, galvanic or blend treatments are used. Also, some feel that stripping an area of all hairs causes more damage than gradually thinning an area. The size of the area treated will also be a factor.How much treatment and current you needWhen you are starting out, this will be at its highest level. The redness and swelling will be at their worst until you’re down to clearing your face in one session a week. After that, the side effects will be less and less with each treatment.Amount of treatment in one areaIf too much work is done in a small area, it can lead to significant local swelling. This is most frequently reported on the upper lip, but also can happen anywhere on the face. You can expect mild to severe swelling if you do more than a half an hour on your upper lip.Thinning versus strippingIf you treat hairs that are less than about one-eighth inch apart, you will probably get more swelling. If you are especially sensitive, you may find that thinning hairs from an area gradually works better then stripping an area all in one session.Time between treatmentsThe more often you have to go, the less recovery time between sessions. Again, that means your skin will be affected most early in the process.Your skin care regimen immediately following and between treatmentsThis is the most easily-controlled aspect, and possibly the most important. The do’s and don’ts listed below can make a big difference in the condition of your skin.
Potential side effects
You can count on the following to some degree or another:RednessDepending on all the factors listed above, you can expect the treated area will have redness immediately after, which will last anywhere from half an hour to well into the next day. Common treatments include witch hazel to cleanse and soothe the area just after treatment, followed by a skin soother like Simply Smooth or aloe gel. My electrologist uses a menthol aloe gel, but I advise against any irritants like menthol or astringents like alcohol, even if they feel good right after. I bring my own plain Walgreens Aloe Vera Gel mostly, although I also have an aloe plant I have used at home.Also, those sensitive to permanent wave solution and other products containing lye may want to test an area of skin with galvanic before face work. Some believe that those suffering excessive redness or discomfort may find a gold-plated probe less irritating.If the redness gets excessive, you may want to consider thinning hairs gradually instead of clearing a patch on your face. Some clients experiencing severe inflammation have found an improvement by taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (e.g. Voltarol 50mg) and/or an antihistamine before commencing treatment. Topical antihistamines may reduce redness and help control itching. Ask a dermatologist if you seem to be having a severe reaction.SwellingDepending on all the factors listed above, you will have some overall puffiness on your face, and some raised bumps or welts immediately after. Usually these welts look like insect bite here and there, but sensitive clients sometimes report enough swelling to make them look like “a deformed monster.”This is much more common in those who clear an area instead of thinning the hairs over several sessions. I did a couple of marathon clearing sessions that left me looking like I scraped my chin or swollen enough for co-workers to say I looked like I’d been slapped around, even a day or two after treatment. Too much treatment in a small area can turn skin into a seeping mess that crusts over into a giant scab, especially for those with sensitive skin.Swelling may start to subside following treatment, or it may increase for several hours following and then take a day or two to go away. Ice is the most common method to reduce swelling, although ice often increases the redness. This is why it’s good to schedule your treatment so that the redness and swelling won’t be noticeable to others. Besides ice in a bag, some people use froze tissues or washcloths soaked in water, or those gelpacks used in coolers for food storage. Tiny blisters (scabs, crusts, petechiae, or eschars)Following treatment, you may notice a few tiny raised white blisters that look like acne. When I would get these, they would usually show up the day after. These would sometimes scab over. To people at work, I’m sure it just looked like acne, and most people aren’t going to mention that to you. It’s best to cleanse the area and leave them alone to minimize scarring. In the process of treatment, there is usually a tiny amount of blood involved. Sometimes there would be a spot where the skin was open from removing an ingrown or from treating a lot of hairs in a small area. These scabs are also best left untouched.IngrownsAs mentioned earlier, occasionally a treated hair will grow back in a direction away from the skin’s surface. Also, weakened hairs may not push through the skin and remain below the skin’s surface. There is a chance an ingrown hair may become infected or cause inflammation. Getting ingrowns out must be done very carefully- trying to “dig them out”can cause scarring. Many electrologists use a sterilized needle to release hairs that can’t be gotten out with forceps. However, prevention is your best bet. See the skin care section below for additional tips on fighting ingrowns.Breakouts/folliculitis (inflammation of follicles)This is best treated by doing as little to your skin as possible between sessions. Use the mildest cleanser and gentlest moisturizer, and avoid shaving if possible. Avoid drying products like benzoyl peroxide (Oxy 10, etc.), which may make the acne worse.Dryness/flaking/itchingMany find that the heat and/or chemical reaction from electrolysis leaves their skin very dry. This is often exacerbated by the use of hormones, which can have a similar effect on skin. The dryness can get severe enough to be noticeable to others. The best treatment I’ve found is aloe gel for a day after treatment, followed by a fragrance-free emollient lotion. I find any lotion with fragrance burns my skin if I use it within 24 hours of electrolysis.Skin discolorationPeople prone to scarring may experience hyperpigmentation (darkening), which can be reduced in some cases with a cream made of alpha-hydroxy acids and hydroquinone. One such brand is Neostrata. Much rarer is hypopigmentation (skin lightening). I know no one personally who has experienced either of these. Blacks are usually more likely to have this happen. Permanent scarring and pittingThese are the most common and most troubling problems. Electrolysis is a rather violent process designed to destroy tissue. Scabs or crusts form when enough tissue damage is caused for the skin to leak fluid or blood. Usually it resolves itself in a few days, but severe scabbing can result in pigmentation change or permanent scarring.Scars do not show up until 6 months to a year or more later due to the fact that inflammation can take 6-8 months to recede and the scar tissue 2-3 months to contract. So, looking at your face the week after treatment does not tell you if you are being scarred. Turning the currents up really high to compensate for the coarseness of beard hair and the lack of exactness in technique increases your chance of scars. Injury to your subsurface tissues is cumulative.In people prone to forming thick scars, the scars may be noticeable quickly. Dark-skinned people may develop dark or white areas around the treated hairs. In all clients, there is a chance that overtreatment will damage the collagen below the skin. This connective tissue can be damaged by heat, causing depressions in the skin in some. Collagen damage is most commonly reported at the corners of the mouth. Dealing with scarring and pitting will be discussed in the skin care section.Ingrown hairsOccasionally a treated hair will grow back in a direction away from the skin’s surface. Also, weakened and curved hairs may not push through the skin and remain below the skin’s surface. There is a chance an ingrown hair may become infected or cause inflammation. Getting ingrowns out must be done very carefully- trying to “dig them out” can cause scarring. Dealing with ingrown hairs will be discussed later in the skin care section.“Tombstones”Bits of hardened debris sometimes remain in a treated follicle. It can be visible under the skin’s surface, because it sometimes contains pigment from the hair that was removed. They often look like blackheads. Eventually, the follicle will push this out with natural action, although sometimes they need to be “helped” out. Methods for doing this will be discussed later in the skin care section.BruisingSome people get tiny bruises when the probe is inserted wrong and punctures a capillary. When this happens, it’s reported on the chin or eyebrows more frequently.
Following electrolysis, take the following steps:
Immediately after treatment:
- No astringents!
- No shaving! (but DO shave after redness has subsided)
- No sun exposure!
- No makeup!
- No perfume!
- No scratching or rubbing!
Treat skin with one or more of the following:
- Cool water (esp. if witch hazel is irritating)
- Witch Hazel
- Aloe leaves or a prepared Aloe Vera Gel (no menthol, and no lotion– get gel)
- Simply Smooth (see ordering info above)
- Sterex Apres Cosmetic Cream
- calamine lotion
- Tend Skin to reduce the appearance of razor bumps, ingrown hairs, skin redness after hair removal. To reduce redness, apply immediately after. For ingrowns, apply before sleep and after showering until ingrowns are cleared, then use it several times weekly to keep skin clear. Because it’s an exfoliant, be careful using other exfoliating methods and products with Tend Skin. (phone orders: (800) 940-8423)
- Oatmeal mask
- Savlon (chlorhexadine gluconate)
- Hydrocortizone cream (not ointment)- 1/2% or 1%. (This can aggravate acne, though, and is a steroid, so some recommend avoiding it.)
- Banana Boat “Soothe-a-Caine” for after-treatment burning.
- Antibiotic ointment, spray, or lotion like Neosporin, Bactine, Bacitracin or generic equivalents
- Harsher antibiotics like hydrogen peroxide gel and benzoyl peroxide products (like Oxy 10) may be too much for sensitive skin, but some like these.
- Some suggest preparations made from tea-tree leaves and bark, but many people find this to be an irritant.
Some galvanic practitioners claim the reversing the machine’s polarity (called cataphoresis) helps reduce temporary side effects. There is no clinical data supporting this, but if you are having severe reactions, you might consider trying it.
At home the evening after treatment:
Cleanse the face with a mild liquid detergent soap like Clean and Clear Sensitive Skin Foaming Facial Wash. Continue to use aloe or Simply Smooth-type products until swelling and redness have subsided. Don’t use bar soap, which can be very alkaline (just like lye produced during blend and galvanic treatments), and may make things worse. Once the irritation has subsided, add a non-astringent toner like Neutrogena Alcohol-Free Toner after cleansing, followed by a mild fragrance-free face lotion like Lubriderm Moisture Recovery GelCreme. Some find relief from their itchiness with Dermoplast spray.
From one day after treatment until your next session:
Once the redness and swelling are gone, you should use a daily sunscreen. I find that Lancome SPF 15 spray sun screen and Clinique spf 25 sun screen lotion don’t irritate my face.
Try to avoid shaving if at all possible until your redness and swelling have completely subsided. However, it can be good to shave a couple of days before your next appointment. Any hairs that grow out will be in anagen phase, and they will be in more effectively treated. If you can get in often enough to keep up with this new growth, you’ll save yourself time in the long run. The longer a hair is allowed to grow after it surfaces through the skin, the stronger the root gets. For me that meant going in 2-3 times a week for a while. This is another reason to try to get done before you go full-time.
If you shave between sessions, you may find an electric foil razor less irritating. If you use a regular razor, make sure it’s sharp, and avoid any shaving creams with menthol and other irritants. Some find a non-spirit-based aftershave like Clinique’s Post-Shave Healer helps. REMEMBER: Don’t shave for 24 hours prior to your session– your electrologist needs a day’s growth to determine a hair’s direction and to grasp it with forceps.
Once you’re to the point you don’t need to shave between sessions, you can start letting your fine vellus hairs grow. Shaving removes the, and this can make your face look waxy and unnatural. The sooner you can let this fine down cover your cheeks the better (yet another reason to start before full-time).
Diet can help your complexion as well. Get plenty of antioxidants by eating fresh fruits and vegetables. Drink lots of water, which can help with skin moisture levels. You may find a humidifier helpful, too. And as if there weren’t 500 other reasons to quit smoking, it can affect the health of your skin.
As I have gotten closer to completion, I’ve had more ingrowns at my jawline. I can see them just under the skin, but I resist the temptation to dig them out. Sometimes you can get them to surface by GENTLY scratching at the skin above them. Your best bet if to do as much exfoliating as you can in that area. This should get many of them out.
Once you’re clearing your face in one session a week, you may want to battle ingrowns and tombstones with a gentle skin exfoliant like Physician’s Formula Beauty Buffers Exfoliating Scrub the day or two before your next treatment.
There is a product called Tend Skin which some people have claimed helps reduce ingrowns. Tend Skin claims to clear “razor bumps” (a frequent post-shaving problem for African-American men) in 48 hours and to lessen redness. They further claim that if used regularly, it will prevent future ingrown hairs and “razor bumps”. Be careful if you have sensitive skin, though– the active ingredient is acetylsalicylate, in an alcohol/propylene glycol/glycerine solution. A user writes “Don’t get it anywhere too sensitive or you’ll be sorry.”($20-4oz; $50-16oz). In many drug stores, or call 1-800-940-8423 for a store or for ordering info.
For those who want a much stronger alpha-hydroxy type exfoliant, I recommend M.D. Formulations Facial Cream with glycolic acid (despite its $60 price tag for 2 ounces). Keep in mind that any exfoliant can be too much for sensitive skin– start slowly and use very sparingly at first. I can only use this about once a week.
If the damage is done…
If, despite the best efforts of you and your electrologist, you have some skin damage, you have a few options. You’d probably be best served by speaking with a dermatologist. Some of the options include using Alpha-Hydroxy Acids in prescription strength, the stronger chemical peels such as phenol peels, or laser skin resurfacing. These procedures will be discussed at greater length in an upcoming article.
| Dear visitors! We do electrolysis, limited to , we never work on large areas, one or two gray hairs, for example, on the chin, and then, if you really ask us to hurt you, and have a “personal dislike” for lasers.
We have completely switched to laser hair removal with Light Sheer Duet. Its efficiency is not lower, but higher. The main debate usually arises when it is necessary to remove gray hair or vellus, because the laser does not take hair without pigment.
The problem does exist. Let’s evaluate what “takes” gray hair.
Traditionally, diode lasers like the Light Sheer Duet do not work with gray hair. We have tested in practice that if the hair shaft is dark or darker, and this is most often found, then the laser works great and removes, and even more sessions are not required. The same applies to the vellus hairs on the face. There is still a little pigment in the hair, then in this case we predict the success of hair removal.
Other lasers, such as alexandrite, are not suitable for light hair in general.
Elos hair removal, on which we have worked for more than 5 years, gives the same results as Light Sheer Duet.
For the sake of fairness, I will note that ELOS modified the technology and apparatus, but there was no evidence that the situation with light hair has changed.
We have a neodymium Q-switch laser (Harmony Pro), but the epilation will be painful and expensive, and with the risk of burns due to the parameters, so we do not offer it for epilation, but use it for other procedures.
So what to do with gray hair?
A pair of coarse gray hair, which grows in all without exception during perimenopause or hormonal disruptions (as in the episode from the TV series “Sex and the City” – “Samantha and one gray hair”), we will remove you with electrolysis.
Advice: It is better to get rid of hair on the chin and upper lip earlier, without waiting for their gray hair.
For those who are irritated by vellus hair, there is also good news. Hair can be shaved.In 2017, studies were published confirming that vellus hair does not degenerate into coarse hair with prolonged shaving. Dermoplaning procedure, invented in Japan, removal of vellus hair in women with a surgical scalpel is now very popular. In general, there is no difference between this procedure and the usual one with a razor. There are many videos on youtube, check it out for yourself.
Methods of permanent hair removal by electrolysis
Electrolysis method , thermolysis and blend method can be used for electrolysis.Each method uses a small needle that is inserted into the hair follicle.
Electrolysis or galvanic hair removal
Galvanic hair removal (galvanic) was the first method developed to remove excess hair. This method is used to remove hair through chemical decomposition. The method is based on electrochemical phenomena (galvanization), similar to the phenomena occurring in an electric battery. Electrolysis is also carried out using direct current.It has long been known that passing a constant electric current through a saline solution generates a reaction, as a result of which the solution breaks down into its individual constituents – salt and water. These constituents quickly rearrange to form a completely new substance. This process is called electrolysis. As a result of electrolysis, sodium hydroxide (lye), hydrogen and chlorine gas are obtained. The electrolysis process for permanent hair removal was first used in 1875 by Charles E.Michel).
The cause of follicle destruction during galvanic hair removal is sodium hydroxide, or lye. Galvanic hair removal is essentially a chemical process.
Let us describe the electrolysis mechanism. During galvanic epilation, sodium ions combine with tissue fluid to create an aqueous salt solution. The moisture content of this solution reaches its highest concentration deep within the follicle. When a current is passed through a needle inserted into the pouch, the resulting lye causes the cells in the hair follicle to chemically decompose.This process requires two electrodes. One of the electrodes is the actual electrotherapy needle, the second electrode must touch the patient’s body. Usually the role of the second electrode is played by a metal cylinder, which the patient holds in his hand. This is a very slow process, requiring about two minutes to create enough lye to fill the follicle of the coarse, deeply rooted hair. Due to time constraints, the single-needle electroplating method is no longer used.However, modern developments in the field of electronics make it possible to use galvanic hair removal using a larger number of needles, in which 12 to 16 hairs are processed simultaneously, which significantly increases the effectiveness of the method. Galvanic hair removal kills about 80 percent of the treated hair.
No chemical reaction occurs during thermolysis. However, it also provides permanent hair removal. Thermolysis is often referred to as electrolysis; Nowadays, the word electrolysis can often be heard when applied to all types of permanent hair removal.
Thermolysis, also known as shortwave, high frequency or diathermy, destroys the hair follicle by heating or electrocoagulation. This method of permanent hair removal is the most widespread. Thermolysis was first used in 1923, but it did not become popular until the 1940s. All equipment used for thermolysis uses a special radio frequency (FCC) approved by the United States. refers to radio devices.During thermolysis, high-frequency radio energy is emitted (mainly) from the tip of a needle that has been previously inserted into the hair follicle. The high-frequency energy excites the molecules that make up the cells of the follicle. This causes the cells to heat up, ideally to the point of tissue destruction. This destruction is electrocoagulation. The microwave oven is another example of radio waves that heat up organic tissue. Thermolysis does not require the use of a second electrode.
Thermolysis is ideal for fine, shallow rooted hair.This is a simple approach to solving the problem of excess hair, requiring minimal beautician skills. However, its usefulness is greatly diminished for larger, coarser, deeply rooted hair typically found on the male face. Thermolysis is considered to be more difficult to use than the multi-needle electroplating method or the blend method described below. In addition, the complexity of application increases significantly with the use of instant thermolysis (flash) – high-intensity and fast. Flash thermolysis can result in more scarring and scarring.
The Flash Method was originally intended to target small follicles, but has been modified to target large follicles as well. This method releases a high-intensity flow of energy in less than one second. The flash method is acceptable at a power proportional to the size of a small hair follicle. But when the power is increased so much that larger follicles can be treated, serious long-term side effects can occur. This intense heat can cause scarring.Thermolysis typically kills 5 to 15 percent of the treated hair.
The blend method, also known as the double action method, is a combination and simultaneous use of galvanic epilation and thermolysis. This combination mitigates the disadvantages of each method while enhancing their advantages. The blend method combines a high level of follicle destruction, which is achieved through the use of the galvanic method, with the rapidity of thermolysis.This is especially useful when treating the coarse, deep-seated follicles that usually cover the face.
A better method has not yet been found that can be used by Mtf transsexual women than electrolysis “blend”.
Basically, the destruction of hair follicle cells when using this method occurs due to chemical decomposition. This destruction, as indicated above, is due to the galvanized liquor. But unlike galvanic hair removal, the combination of electrolysis and thermolysis reduces the usual duration of exposure from two minutes to about 10 seconds.And, which is also important, the high ability to destroy hair remains. Using the blend method, 70-80 percent of the hair is destroyed.
The high-frequency current used for heating in the thermolysis process is mainly used as a catalyst in the blend method. This is due to three independent actions:
- Increased tissue degradation – heated liquor is much more corrosive.
- Porosity – the tissues closest to the needle turn into a porous mass through which the heated alkaline solution can easily pass.
- Excitation – The lye surrounding the needle is spread not so much by simple penetration as by excitation of the cells. The resulting excitement in the cells delivers a hot alkaline solution to each area of the hair follicle and distributes around the hair shaft.
This distribution is also very important when considering the need to precisely destroy the undifferentiated cells found just above the follicle and called stem cells, which are responsible for new hair growth.In addition, the blend method allows you to successfully affect curved follicles even with an inaccurate hit due to the spreading effect that occurs as a result of using the method.
Despite all its advantages, electrolysis with the blend method does have some unpleasant side effects. As a rule, galvanic hair removal is a more painful method than thermolysis. Trying to cope with the pain as much as possible, you can understand that this is not a small problem. In addition, performing effective blend electrolysis is a more complex and confusing process, requiring better education and more experience of the staff, along with more sophisticated equipment.While older foot-operated epilators may meet the needs of less complex and confusing situations, advanced computerized blend epilators are better suited for large numbers of follicles requiring treatment when removing facial hair.
Source: Encyclopedia of Hair Removal (Gill Morris, Janice Brown)
Electrolysis at home: contraindications and consequences
Electrolysis is a popular cosmetic procedure that allows you to remove hair on the face and body.The technique is very effective, but before carrying it out, you need to check compatibility, consider the existing contraindications, since neglect can cost a beautiful lady dearly, harm beauty and health.
What is electrolysis
The popular cosmetic technique of electrolysis is hair removal on different areas of the body. The procedure is carried out by means of direct and alternating electric current. For carrying out, an electric epilator is used with several types of nozzles that correct the supply of current.
Electrolysis allows you to achieve perfectly smooth and clean skin, permanently get rid of hair in different parts of the body. The procedure is gradually gaining popularity among girls of different ages, but you need to carefully read the contraindications and possible consequences in order to preserve your beauty.
Electrolysis at home
Electrolysis at home is feasible, but only if hair removal is carried out on the legs or arms.It is forbidden to clean your face on your own; careless movements can cause scars or a miniature burn.
For the procedure you will need:
- Electric epilator (you must first treat the needles with alcohol).
- Convenient tweezers.
- Local anesthetic (lidocaine is excellent).
- Alcohol for cleaning the treated area.
- Cotton wool.
40-50 minutes before the start of the procedure, an anesthetic should be applied to the treated area.If an independent session is the first, then it is recommended to cleanse a small area of the skin. After an hour, wipe the area with alcohol, this will help remove the remaining lidocaine. Start the procedure.
During electrolysis, follow the instructions that come with the device you are using. The algorithms are almost identical, differ only in some aspects, due to the peculiarities of the technology.
It is advisable to carry out hair removal, being with someone in the room. It can get sick during the procedure, it is recommended to keep the ammonia handy and leave the window open.
Contraindications and consequences of electrolysis
Although electrolysis is considered a safe procedure that is suitable for all women, there is a whole list of contraindications when hair removal is prohibited. Sessions should not be carried out for persons suffering (having) the following problems:
- Acne vulgaris. Electricity can aggravate the skin condition and enlarge the affected area.
- Herpes or eczema. The procedure is carried out exclusively at the stage of remission.
- Skin fungus. Electrolysis is carried out only after the completed therapeutic course, otherwise the likelihood of side effects increases.
- On the area of the skin with birthmarks, moles. Electric current can cause the development of a malignant tumor if the papillomas are damaged.
- Scars and cuts. The procedure can be carried out exclusively on clean skin.
- HIV or hepatitis of any genotype. There is a risk of disease transmission.
- Varicose veins.Do not remove hair on limbs affected by varicose veins.
- Mental disorders. Electrolysis is a very painful procedure; discomfort can aggravate a person’s condition.
- Pregnant or lactating women. Separately, it is forbidden to remove hair in the armpits and arms. It is dangerous for the health of the woman and the baby.
- Persons with pacemakers.
It would seem that hair removal is safe and suitable for all girls, but adhere to the above restrictions and contraindications unquestioningly in order to exclude any side effects.
Electrolysis can cause the following complications and consequences:
- Severe itching. Electricity can negatively affect the condition of the epidermis, damage it. The treated area will itch a lot, after hair removal, red spots and a rash will appear on it.
- Painful sensations. After the procedure is completed, the skin will hurt. The manifestation can be stopped with specific drugs.
- Hemorrhage. Small blood clots form at the site of hair removal.The reaction is provoked by the aggressive influence of the current. Such manifestations are often observed with electrolysis in the bikini area.
- Folliculitis. Hair grows in after the procedure. The reason is the aggressive effect of the current on the bulb.
- Scars or scars. Smooth and sensitive skin is especially prone to scarring. Scars appear due to scratching of the treated area.
The above consequences are the main problems faced by the fair sex.There are individual complications, manifested in the form of edema, temporary loss of sensitivity of a small area of the skin, large hemorrhages, etc.
Types of electrolysis
Each type of electrolysis is suitable for removing hair on a specific area. The specialist will select the appropriate procedure methodology based on the preferences and goals of the visitor.
Electrolysis is based on the use of direct current and electrodes that destroy the hair.Skin cleansing is complete, the procedure is painless, perfect for depilation of the face and sensitive areas of the body.
A rougher procedure, may be accompanied by severe pain. A strong alternating current is passed through the hair, which leads to root combustion and destruction of the follicle. The method is recommended for people with non-sensitive skin.
Flash thermolysis and Hi thermolysis
Both procedures are less painful than conventional thermolysis and can be used anywhere on the body.They belong to high-speed methods of hair removal, they quickly destroy any structure. Good for cleaning bikini, face and underarms.
This type of electrolysis combines thermolysis and electrolysis. To achieve a positive effect, 2 types of current are used alternately. The procedure is extremely painful; rounded follicles are difficult to remove. Improper conduction can cause burns.
Recommended areas for depilation – arms, legs.
Places for electrolysis
Girls strive to maintain the beauty of their bodies, sometimes reaching fanaticism. Many lovely ladies are annoyed by the abundance of hair on the face, arms or armpits, they dream of getting rid of it forever. Electrolysis provides a similar opportunity, consider which area the procedure is performed on and how many sessions will be required for this.
The facial area is most problematic as there are many sensitive areas.Often it is necessary to remove small hairs on the cheeks, chin, near the nose, or to correct the shape of the eyebrows.
Girls are strongly encouraged to choose electrolysis, as this type of electrolysis is painless and highly effective. It will take 2-3 sessions to completely cleanse the skin.
Unpleasant hairs of the upper lip bring pretty girls to a negative state. Standard removal with a laser or tweezers does not work.But, if you use electrolysis, you can forget about the presence of “antennae” for long months, and maybe forever.
You need to trust a specialist, choose thermolysis or electrolysis. It will take 1-2 sessions to completely remove the hair.
Hands are an insensitive area, so any type of electrolysis is suitable for the procedure. Sessions have the highest percentage of effectiveness in comparison with other types. It is recommended to carry out 2-3 sessions to ensure the long-term absence of unwanted hair.
The armpit area is extremely sensitive, for the procedure you need to carefully prepare, anesthetize the treated area, only then start removing hair. The recommended method is electrolysis, as it is the least painful. Number of sessions – 2.
Hair removal on the legs – fast, comfortable and durable. Electrolysis allows you to achieve perfectly smooth skin, but you have to suffer a little itching and little swelling.
Recommended method – any, number of sessions – 3.
Is it possible to do electrolysis during pregnancy
Doctors and experts have long debated whether it is possible to do electrolysis for pregnant women. Although young mothers express a desire to emphasize their own beauty in position, cosmetic institutions do not carry out this procedure in any trimester.
Gynecologists say that electrical waves can negatively affect the development of the fetus. An increase in the tone of the uterus, early discharge of water, which is fraught with prematurity in the child, and physical pathologies in the unborn baby are expected.
It is also forbidden to carry out electrolysis during breastfeeding, which causes an unstable hormonal background, an unknown reaction of the female body.
ELECTROLYSIS AGAINST LASER EPILATION – DIFFERENCE AND COMPARISON – LIFE
Laser hair removal only works if the hair is black or brown, i.e. darker than skin color. For blond hair or hair lighter than human skin color: electrolysis is the only one VA
Laser Hair Removal only works if the hair is black or brown, i.e.e. darker than skin color. For light hair or hair lighter than human skin color: electrolysis is the only option. Electrolysis uses an electric current to permanently remove hair and is more painful than laser hair removal, which is a newer procedure that uses lasers.
|Electrolysis||Laser hair removal|
|current rating 2.99/5 (90 ratings)||current rating 3.35 / 5 (55 ratings)|
|Effectiveness||Complete hair removal||Only works on black or brown hair. Some patients experience regrowth.|
|Pain||More discomfort||Less discomfort|
|Treat||The practitioner supplies electricity to the follicle through a metal probe, causing localized damage.||Uses Selective Photothermolysis (SPTL) to cause localized damage to the hair cell by selectively targeting melanin in the follicle.|
|Session duration||Approx. 30-60 minutes||Approx. 10-15 minutes|
|Number of sessions||Takes 15-30 sessions for best results||Usually at least 7|
|Cost||$ 65-90 per session (approx.)||$ 150-200 per session (approx.)|
|Side effects||Redness, swelling, dryness and enlargement of ingrown hairs||Itching, pink skin, redness, swelling, skin pigmentation changes, mild pain, acne breakouts , crusting and infection.|
|Regulations||FDA Approved for Permanent Hair Removal||Non-Adjustable-Permanent REDUCTION|
|First Used||1875||Mid 1990s|
Treat 9000 9000 9000 9000
Laser Hair Removal Procedure
Electrolysis is an electric hair removal for permanent hair removal.The practitioner applies electricity directly to the hair follicle by inserting a hair-thick hard metal probe into each follicle, causing localized damage to the areas where the hair is formed. The power is turned on at the minimum level and then increased until the hair comes out easily.
Laser hair removal uses selective photothermolysis (SPTL) to cause localized damage to the hair cell by selectively targeting the melanin in the follicle.
Complete hair removal by electrolysis takes 1 to 4 years, with an average treatment time of 2 years. Typically, patients require 15 to 30 half hour sessions to achieve the best results. Each session costs approximately $ 60.
Most patients require about 3-7 laser hair removal procedures at intervals of 3-8 weeks. Each lesson lasts approximately 10 minutes and costs between $ 150 and $ 200.
Electrolysis is FDA approved for complete and permanent hair removal.Suitable for all hair colors and types. However, because it targets individual hair follicles, it is usually not suitable for removing hair from large areas.
Laser hair removal only works on brown and black hair and is most effective for patients with dark hair and fair skin. Some patients experience regrowth of hair after treatment and this is not FDA certified as “permanent hair removal.”
Electrolysis is regulated in many states, which means that practitioners need training and a formal license to offer treatment to patients.
Laser hair removal is not adjustable, which means anyone can do it.
Side effects of electrolysis may include redness, swelling, drying and enlargement of ingrown hairs.
Side effects of laser hair removal may include itching, pink skin, redness, swelling, skin pigmentation changes, some pain, acne breakouts, crusting and infection.
Long-term hair removal with Intense Pulsed Light – photoepilation – GK Klinika
World standards for depilation
LONG-TERM HAIR REMOVAL WITH INTENSIVE PULSE LIGHT IS:
- NEW ALTERNATIVE TO LONG-TERM HAIR REMOVAL!
What is the Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) method?
Intense Pulsed Light Equipment – (eng.Intensive Puls Light – IPL) is a very powerful equipment that generates a stream of waves of different light spectrum.
How does it differ from other photoepilation devices, cosmetology lamps, which are widely used by beauty parlors?
IPL equipment is very powerful, it generates about 50 J / cm2 and even more energy. Therefore, the procedures performed with this device are highly effective. The maximum power of conventional cosmetic lamps is only 10-15 J / cm2, therefore it is impossible to destroy the hair follicle with their help, i.e.e. permanently remove hair.
How is IPL different from laser hair removal?
Both methods are good and give long lasting hair removal results.
IPL hair removal:
- the procedure is performed faster, since the sensor coverage area is 8-9 times larger than that of a laser,
- the device used in our GK Clinic is endowed with more perfect cooling, in connection with which the discomfort becomes minimal;
- on the day of the procedure, it is not required to grow hair 1.5-1 millimeters long above the skin surface, as is required for laser hair removal.It is enough just to shave them off. This is especially useful when removing facial hair (less psychological discomfort).
How does the IPL method work on hair?
IPL generates a beam of intense, concentrated light of different wavelengths, which is directed to the desired area using a hand-held sensor.
The pigment in the hair absorbs the energy distributed by IPL, a very large heat energy is released, which destroys the hair follicle.There is no bulb, and hair does not grow back.
What is the peculiarity of the IPL apparatus used in our GK Clinic?
So far, this is the only IPL device in LITHUANIA, equipped with a perfect sensor cooling system, the sensor is cooled to subzero temperatures, so the procedure becomes completely painless.
This method is less painful than hair removal by laser, electrolysis, depilation. This is a much more convenient, efficient and faster method.
Can hair be removed from any part of the body using this method?
Using this method, you can remove hair from any part of the body.For women, hair is most often removed from the area above the upper lip, in the area of the eyebrows, chin, bikini, legs and armpits. For men – from a large area of the body: back or shoulders.
Who is particularly suitable for IPL hair removal?
These procedures are especially helpful for those who cannot shave or depilate their hair using the usual old methods and for those whose hair grows into the skin after shaving or depilation (reddened bumps form, infection begins).
Is special preparation required before IPL hair removal?
- For 4-6 weeks before the procedure, it is recommended not to pluck, not to remove hair using depilatory cream, wax or electrolysis (you can shave your hair).
- Try to keep your skin tanned on the day of the procedure.
- For 4 weeks before the procedure, do not use active cosmetics (which make the skin sensitive to intense light) in the area where you plan to remove hair using the IPL method.
90,081 on the day of the procedure, the skin should be clean; make-up, creams, perfumes and other products should not be used. Hair should be shaved off.
Is IPL hair removal painful?
IPL hair removal is a safe, fast and gentle way. Although some areas of the body are more sensitive than others, many of the patients experience only little or no tingling. Usually no pain relievers are required.
What are the recommendations after IPL hair removal?
After the procedure, the skin may slightly redden or itch. These phenomena will disappear in 1-2 days. Recommended after hair removal by IPL method:
- Do not sunbathe in the sun or in a solarium for about two days;
- Avoid staying in the sauna, baths and other hot procedures for 1-2 days;
- do not take hot showers;
- Do not scratch, rub, or injure the skin;
- avoid swimming, sports activities, during which the treated skin may be injured or an infection may be introduced;
- do not use any cosmetics for 24 hours after the procedure.
Is this method for everyone?
After the procedure skin can be slightly reddened or itchy. These affects disappear within 1 to 2 days. After the IPL hair removal:
The unique properties of IPL make it possible to work with different types of skin and hair.
The specialists in our GK Clinic will individually draw up a schedule for hair removal using the IPL system. During the consultation, our doctor will advise and tell you whether this method is the most suitable for you and will select the most effective combination of treatment.
How many procedures are required?
The number of procedures depends on the density of the hair, their quantity, and the growth cycle. Hair can only be removed during the growth phase (in this phase, the hair grows out of the bulb and appears on the surface of the skin). A huge number of factors affect hairiness: ethnicity, hormones, medications, metabolism, etc. Often 4-6 procedures are required to achieve the desired result.
The doctors of our GK Clinic will offer you the most suitable treatment schedule.
What are the side effects of IPL hair removal?
Short-term side effects may occur, for example: redness of the skin, which disappears after a few hours. After hair removal, in rare cases, scabs or small blisters may appear, which will disappear after 5-7 days. People who are dark or tanned may experience changes in skin pigmentation. These changes in skin pigmentation level out within 3 months.
When is IPL hair removal not recommended?
Procedure not executed:
- in case of skin diseases in the area where hair removal is planned;
- in the case of the use of drugs that have photosensitizing properties (i.e.i.e. make the skin sensitive to intense light, e.g. sulfonamides, systemic antifungals, chlorpromazine, thiazide, etc.)
- the procedure is not recommended if the body is prone to the formation of keloid scars
- Performing the procedure using the IPL method is not recommended if you suffer from epilepsy, polycystic ovary disease, ovarian hyperandrogenism.
You should always consult your doctor before the procedure. Only a specialist can advise whether this procedure is right for you.
Complications of laser and photoepilation read
The presence of unwanted hair is a problem for many people who are not satisfied with the long-standing methods of hair removal (shaving, wax and chemical depilation, electrolysis) due to either a short-term result, or severe pain, or frequent complications (for example, scarring after electrolysis). The invention of selective photothermolysis and the development of various laser systems with different wavelength ranges have made effective and long-term hair removal possible.Currently, several types of laser and photosystems are used for hair removal: ruby laser (694 nm), alexandrite laser (755 nm), diode laser (800 nm), IPL systems (590-1200 nm), Nd: YAG laser ( 1064 nm).
Epilation occurs due to the destruction of the hair follicle, where the main pigment is melanin, which acts as a chromophore – a substance that absorbs radiation with a certain wavelength. With the optimal selection of wavelength, energy flux density and pulse duration, the melanin of the hair follicle heats up, and the hair follicle is destroyed.This does not damage the surrounding tissue.
In comparison with the existing types of hair removal and depilation, laser hair removal destroys the hair follicle quickly, precisely and precisely, which explains its high aesthetic result. In addition, epilation using lasers and photosystems allows you to quickly, almost painlessly and with minimal risk of complications to treat large skin surfaces. It is no coincidence that it has become one of the most popular among all aesthetic procedures performed using quantum technologies.Laser and IPL systems, according to manufacturers, help remove unwanted hair quickly, safely and effectively. But numerous studies show that these hair removal methods are still not without side effects and complications.
Due to the growing popularity of laser hair removal, laser therapists, dermatologists, cosmetologists, general practitioners should know the possible complications and side effects of these procedures in order to diagnose and treat them correctly and on time.
Causes of complications
Let us list the main reasons for the development of complications characteristic of all types of procedures using lasers and IPL systems.
- Professional mistakes of a doctor, which include poor quality training; diagnostic errors, especially determining the phototype and skin condition; wrong choice of the type of laser and its radiation parameters; failure to conduct a test impact; imperfection of laser technology; incomplete awareness of the patient about the procedure, its results and post-procedural care; lack of eye protection for the patient or doctor; lack of adequate cooling of the skin during the procedure.
- Non-compliance by patients with doctor’s recommendations on post-procedural care.
- The state of health of the patient during the procedure. This factor affects the effectiveness of the procedure itself and the development of complications in the post-procedural period. Even with a qualitative collection of anamnesis, we cannot fully take into account the presence of all aggravating factors and diseases in the patient, since he does not always know about them.
When collecting anamnesis, it is important to take into account the patient’s propensity for allergic reactions, the presence of hormonal disorders, immunodeficiency states, connective tissue diseases and tumor diseases, and the patient’s intake of drugs that affect the functional activity of melanocytes.
Side effects of laser hair removal
Now let’s move on to the side effects of laser and IPL hair removal and its complications. Side effects of laser hair removal include pain, perifollicular edema and skin erythema of the treated area. Perifollicular edema and erythema occur a few minutes after exposure, subside within a few hours, and do not require treatment.
The severity of these reactions depends on the color, thickness and density of the hair, as well as on the energy flux density.Dark, thick hair during the procedure absorbs a lot of energy and becomes very hot, as a result, perifollicular edema and erythema may develop. When exposed to thin hair, perifollicular edema is usually less pronounced. Severe edema also occurs in patients with sensitive, reactive skin. To reduce these side effects, it is important to use effective skin cooling systems before, during and, if required, after the procedure.
It is necessary to correctly select the energy flux density and, if necessary, gradually increase it until a clinical effect is achieved.If edema and hyperemia are pronounced, then after the procedure, you can prescribe a cream with glucocorticoids or dexpanthenol. With moderate and mild symptoms of perifollicular edema, it is sufficient to use soothing gels and creams at home, for example, those used after sunburn to relieve edema and erythema.
As a means of promoting regeneration, you can recommend the regenerating ALOE GEL (MedicControlPeel, Russia) with a multivitamin complex and extracts of fireweed and chamomile, as well as a hydro-regulating gel for sensitive and irritated skin with dexpanthenol and Hydractive Mesaltera hyaluronic acid.
For the early elimination of signs of inflammation, the super-regenerating nourishing cream Cytobi GERnetic (France) is ideal. The exclusive formulation of the drug consists of five biological complexes containing amino acids, peptides, proteins, vitamins and oligoelements. These components are necessary for starting the most important biochemical reactions of regeneration, hydration and nutrition of the skin.
Immediately after the laser hair removal procedure, it is not recommended to carry out thermal and physiotherapeutic procedures, massage of the treated areas, and you should also not sunbathe.
Laser hair removal is not a painless procedure; most patients experience pain during (or immediately after) it. To reduce pain, it is important to use an adequate method of skin cooling and, if required, local external or infiltration anesthesia.
Complications of laser hair removal
As for the complications of laser and photoepilation, they are early, developing immediately after the procedure or during the first days after it, and late, which occur over several weeks.
Early complications include skin burns of varying severity, folliculitis, exacerbation of acneform eruptions, exacerbation of herpes infection, allergic reactions, the development of photophobia, conjunctivitis and uveitis.
1. Burns occur for several reasons:
- Use of high energy flux density during the procedure.
- Tanned skin or IV-VI skin phototypes according to Fitzpatrick.
- Epilation on thin and sensitive skin areas such as the perianal area or labia using inappropriate radiation parameters.
- Incorrect technique of the procedure (imposition of impulses, incomplete contact of the handpiece with the skin).
- Inadequate or no skin cooling system during the procedure.
Measures to prevent this complication primarily include adequate patient selection.You should not carry out the procedure of laser hair removal immediately after active insolation, you need to wait 2-4 weeks for the tan to disappear a little. This is especially important when working with ruby, alexandrite, diode lasers and IPL systems. As an alternative to these lasers, it can be proposed to use a Nd: YAG laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm in tanned patients and patients with IV-VI skin phototypes. The point of application of the radiation of this laser is not the melanin of the hair follicle and epidermis, but oxyhemoglobin, which is located in the vessel that feeds the hair follicle, so skin damage will be less likely.
During the procedure, it is important not to forget about cooling the epidermis. The melanin found in the epidermis is a competing chromophore that can also heat up and damage the integrity of the skin. Superficial skin cooling, performed before, during and after the procedure, lowers the temperature of the epidermis and reduces the likelihood of thermal injury to the skin. Currently, different types of cooling are used in practice. This is the application of ice to the skin, and contact cooling using a sapphire window with circulating cold water (2-6 ° C), and the use of a cryogenic spray or systems with a forced flow of cold air.Therapy for skin burns depends on their severity and is carried out according to accepted standards.
2. Folliculitis (inflammation of the hair follicle) can develop after laser hair removal in patients with hyperhidrosis. The appearance of folliculitis is also possible when the patient visits the pool between treatments. The problem of hyperhidrosis can be solved by the method of chemical denervation using botulinum toxins. During the course of procedures, you should limit the use of the pool, especially in the first days after the procedure.
3. Acneform reactions, according to one multicenter study, account for an average of 6% of all complications of laser hair removal. These reactions more often occur in young patients of both sexes, mainly in persons with II-V skin phototypes, and when using a Nd: YAG laser. Their severity is insignificant. The rash resolves quickly and does not require treatment.
4. Exacerbation of herpes infection occurs in patients with a history of herpes during laser hair removal in the upper and lower lips and in the deep bikini area.To avoid this complication, it is recommended to take prophylactic antiviral drugs (Valtrex, Famvir, acyclovir) the day before the procedure or on the day of the procedure.
5. Allergic reactions after laser and photoepilation can clinically manifest as urticaria, contact allergic dermatitis, livedo, intense itching. The reasons for their development may be associated with the use of topical forms of local anesthetics used before the procedure for pain relief.There is also evidence of the development of allergic reactions to refrigerant gas. In addition, allergic reactions are possible with the use of various topical skin care products after hair removal. Treatment includes the appointment of antihistamines, topical forms of glucocorticoids. If the cause of the allergic reaction is not established, the course of laser hair removal procedures should be discontinued.
6. Catarrhal conjunctivitis, photophobia, uveitis, decreased visual acuity – serious complications from the visual apparatus that occur during laser hair removal in the eyebrow area.They develop in patients who did not use eye protection (glasses, metal contact lenses) during the procedure. When epilating the eyebrows, it is difficult to achieve good treatment of the entire area if the patient is wearing glasses, so many doctors ask him to simply cover the upper eyelids with his fingers. As practice shows, this method of eye protection is ineffective and leads to serious complications. Based on the foregoing, one should generally abandon laser hair removal of this area or use metal contact lenses, since the thin skin of the eyelids is not able to protect the eyeball from laser damage.
If we consider the group of late complications of laser and photoepilation, then we can distinguish hypo- and hyperpigmentation, scars, paradoxical hypertrichosis, leukotrichia, bromhydrosis, hyperhidrosis, malignancy or dysplasia of nevi in the area of the procedure.
1. Hypo- and hyperpigmentation is mainly the result of skin burns caused by laser hair removal. They are most often found in tanned patients and persons with III-VI skin phototypes.It is noted that hypopigmentation often occurs at the first degree of thermal damage to the skin, when the crust formed after the burn comes off. Hyperpigmentation occurs in patients who do not follow the rules of post-procedure care and begin to sunbathe in the first 2 weeks after epilation, or do not use sunscreen on exposed areas of laser-treated skin. Hypo- and hyperpigmentation often appear in the area of post-burn scars.
As a prevention of these complications, it is recommended to carry out laser hair removal in patients with III-VI skin phototypes with long-pulse Nd: YAG lasers.In addition, these patients can use whitening creams 2 weeks before the procedure.
During the procedure, it is important to choose the right radiation parameters, use reliable and effective methods of cooling the epidermis in order to prevent thermal injury.
In most cases, hypo- and hyperpigmentation are reversible phenomena, but if they persist for a long time, medications are used. To correct hyperpigmentation, bleach products containing hydroquinone, azelaic acid, hydroxy acids, glucocorticoids are prescribed.To correct hypopigmetation, copper-based preparations are used, but if they do not have the desired effect, you can resort to cosmetic tattooing.
2. Scars are the result of thermal damage to the skin below the basement membrane. If a burn wound becomes infected during rehabilitation, then in almost 100% of cases gross hypertrophic cicatricial changes occur. It has been noticed that post-burn scars are most often formed on the neck and in the mandibular region.Depending on the anatomical localization and genetic predisposition, atrophic, normotrophic, hypertrophic and keloid scars may occur.
Thus, Kluger et al. reported the development of a keloid scar in the tattoo area in a 41-year-old patient with skin phototype IIIB after laser hair removal in the chest area. He had a history of keloid scars, which were successfully treated with triamcinolone injections. When analyzing this case, it turned out that the tattoo pigments acted as a chromophore, competing with the melanin of the hair follicle.As a result of the absorption of laser energy, the tattoo pigment heats up, resulting in skin burns and then a keloid scar.
To date, atrophic and normotrophic scars are treated with conservative methods, but with rather low efficiency; their surgical treatment is possible. Laser ablative and non-ablative fractional photothermolysis is used quite actively and with a high degree of efficiency to smooth the skin surface in the scar area.
Pathological scars , which include hypertrophic and keloid scars, are treated with intradermal injections into the scar area of prolonged forms of glucocorticoids (Kenalog, Diprospan). Russian scientists have recently proposed a new and rather effective method of treating pathological scars – the use of a copper vapor laser.
3. Paradoxical hypertrichosis – increased hair growth after laser and photoepilation procedures.According to data from various sources, hair growth stimulation occurs in women with skin phototypes III-VI, mainly on the face and neck, at the border between the treated and untreated areas. Several mechanisms may be involved in the development of this complication:
- Treatment using low (subthreshold) energy flux density, which does not destroy the hair follicle, but stimulates hair growth.
- Thermal-inflammatory effect – activation of “sleeping” follicles and stimulation of telogen phase hair growth in areas bordering epilation.
The prevention of this complication is the use of an energy flux density sufficient for hair removal. Long-pulse Nd: YAG lasers are used to correct paradoxical hypertrichosis.
4. Leukotrichia, bromhidrosis, hyperhidrosis. One interesting retrospective study was conducted in 2009. According to the data obtained, with laser hair removal in the armpits, complications such as hyperhidrosis, bromhidrosis and leukotrichia may develop.Hyperhidrosis was observed in 11% of patients, mainly with II and V skin phototypes, when using a combination of two lasers – diode and alexandrite during the procedure. In the development of bromhidrosis (4% of cases) and leukotrichia (2%), there was no significant correlation with age, skin phototype and type of laser radiation.
5. Dysplasia and malignancy of nevi in the field of laser hair removal. Do not forget about the possibility of degeneration of melanocytic nevi in the epilation area.Melanin in nevi is a competing chromophore and absorbs laser radiation along with hair follicle melanin. As a result of repeated exposure to laser radiation or pulsed light (IPL-system), thermal damage to melanocytic formations occurs, their growth is activated, atypical cells appear, which ultimately can lead to the development of melanoma.
Prevention of this complication – do not subject skin areas with any neoplasms to laser hair removal.If there are nevi in the affected area, and epilation is still carried out, then the nevi must be closed with special protective devices.
So, avoiding complications and minimizing side effects is one of the main tasks of a doctor in aesthetic medicine. When carrying out laser hair removal, there is not only the risk of choosing high radiation parameters leading to overheating of the skin and associated complications, but also the risk of over-insurance – choosing parameters that are insufficient to solve the problem in a given patient and, as a result, are ineffective, which can lead not only to a lack of the desired effect, but to the appearance of the exact opposite.Laser hair removal, which seems to be such a simple procedure, if performed incorrectly, can lead to serious complications. In order to avoid this, one should think carefully about the appointment of procedures and carefully collect anamnesis. When choosing the type and parameters of exposure, the individual characteristics of the patient should be taken into account, especially the presence of sunburn, the phototype of the skin and its condition in the area of exposure. And of course, it is very important to have a professional knowledge of the equipment that you use in your work, to know the specifics of each laser and each photo system.
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Depilplus 3 (Spain) / Equipment and techniques / About the clinic
Electro-aesthetic equipment, electric epilator, which includes the four most effective methods of electrical hair removal:
Electrolysis is the destruction of tissues by means of alkali and a chemical reaction during the passage of a galvanic current. In this case, the active electrode (needle) acts as a negative one, and the client holds the return (positive) electrode during the procedure.Galvanic current flows along the entire length of the needle. Thus, it is not necessary to accurately insert the needle up to the base of the follicle, as the surrounding water acts as a guide.
Thermolysis – destruction of tissues using heat generated by high frequency current. This current has an oscillation frequency of 13.56 MHz and causes an increase in temperature in the affected area. As with electrolysis, when thermolysis or its derivatives (mild thermolysis and flash) are used, the client must hold the return electrode.The response generated by the high frequency current leads to heating of the needle tip, which causes localized elimination of matrix cells located in the bulb. It is necessary to correctly insert the needle up to the base of the follicle for the effect to be obtained.
Flash – The system works in the opposite way. It is the use of high power in a shorter time.
Blend – simultaneous use of galvanic and high-frequency current. This method combines the efficiency of electrolysis and the speed of thermolysis.If the two currents are well combined, the overall effect is more pronounced than that of each separately. This is due to the stacking effects. The heat generated by the high frequency current during thermolysis enhances the caustic effect of caustic soda. High-frequency current also promotes thermocoagulation of tissues, making them more porous and prepared for diffusion into the walls of the follicle of caustic soda. As in the previous cases, the client must hold the return electrode.
The very technology of electrolysis implies the absolute versatility of the method.Electrolysis GUARANTEES 100% HAIR REMOVAL FOREVER on any part of the body: face, legs, thighs, armpits, bikini area, etc. The electrolysis method is suitable for both women and men, no matter the type and color of the skin.
Electrolysis removes all hair, including those “problematic” for other methods: vellus, gray, blond and even ingrown hairs.