Fever body aches cough headache: The request could not be satisfied
Is it the coronavirus, flu or something else?| Healthy You
With cold and flu season continuing through May, spring allergies just beginning, and the new coronavirus – with its similar respiratory symptoms – now circulating around the globe, you’re probably wondering how to tell the difference between them all.
Don’t panic if you’re coughing and sneezing. The threat of COVID-19 to the general U.S. population is still low. Review this quick guide to sort the differences between each condition. Then read on to learn what Rebekah Sensenig, D.O., physician specialist in infectious disease at Riverside Health System, has to say about treatment.
How to tell the difference between COVID-19, the flu, a cold and allergies
|COVID-19||Influenza||Common Cold||Seasonal Allergy|
Is a contagious viral infection thought to be spread from person to person through cough and sneeze (or respiratory) droplets
Symptoms are fever,
Is a contagious viral infection spread from person to person through respiratory droplets
Symptoms come quickly and include severe body aches, chills, fatigue, cough and headache
Can also cause sneezing, a runny or stuffy nose, and a sore throat
Doesn’t always cause a fever
Is a contagious viral infection spread from person to person through respiratory droplets or stool
Comes on gradually with a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, a sore throat, a mild cough, and some body aches
Not contagious. Happens when your immune system overreacts to substances in the environment – normally pollen, grass or mold in the spring
Cause a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes, skin or mouth
What to do if you’re sick
First, Dr. Sensenig says it’s not likely to be COVID-19 (the new coronavirus) or even the flu if you don’t have a fever.
“If you have respiratory symptoms but no fever, it’s probably a cold,” she says. “Stay home, get some rest and drink plenty of fluids.”
You can also try an over-the-counter cold medicine. If your symptoms don’t improve after 10 days, call your doctor. You could have a sinus infection or be mistaking seasonal allergies for a cold.
But if you have a fever, call your primary care provider for guidance. And be sure to tell them if you think you’ve been exposed to COVID-19.
“Unless you’re in a high-risk group – and that includes the elderly, children, pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions – you’ll probably be given self-care instructions over the phone and told to stay home,” says Dr. Sensenig.
This is because most cases of COVID-19 and flu don’t require medical treatment and antibiotics don’t work for viral infections.
However, if you begin to show what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention call emergency warning signs of COVID-19, go to the emergency room or call 911 immediately. Warning signs include trouble breathing, blue lips or face, chest pain, confusion, or trouble staying awake.
Otherwise, stay home until you’re well, cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and wash your hands frequently. This will help keep you from spreading the virus to others – whether it’s the common cold, flu or COVID-19.
Cold, Flu or COVID-19? Here’s How to Tell the Difference
You wake up one morning feeling under the weather. While in previous years you may have chalked up a sore throat or body aches to a run-of-the-mill cold or flu, this year’s COVID-19 pandemic adds a new element of concern to getting sick.
“There is significant overlap between symptoms of influenza and COVID,” says Laraine Washer, medical director of infection prevention and epidemiology at Michigan Medicine. “Both can present with fevers, chills, cough, muscle/body aches, fatigue and headache.”
Here, Washer offers advice to follow during this unique cold and flu season.
Is it a cold, the flu or COVID?
Cold symptoms are mild and the common cold tends not to be associated with fever or headache.
Congestion/runny nose is common for the common cold and would be uncommon to be the only symptom for influenza. Congestion/runny nose can be a symptom of a COVID infection and might be the only symptom in mild cases.
SEE ALSO: Seeking Medical Care During COVID-19
Flu symptoms are often of rapid onset. COVID symptoms can be of rapid or more gradual onset.
Says Washer, one symptom that is more unique to a COVID infection is the loss of taste or smell.
Should I get a test?
Washer says that in many settings, the only way to tell the difference between COVID and influenza is by testing. “The differentiation can be very important as there are isolation requirements to prevent transmission of COVID and antivirals that can be used for influenza,” she explains.
If you have fever/chills, new cough or new shortness of breath, you should stay home and arrange to be tested for COVID.
If you have two or more of the following symptoms:
new muscle aches,
new upper respiratory symptoms (congestions, runny nose, sore throat),
new loss of taste or smell, new nausea/vomiting/diarrhea,
or new rash,
you should consider COVID testing. If you have had a known close contact exposure to someone with COVID, you should be tested even if you have one mild symptom. If you are a Michigan Medicine patient, you can call the COVID hotline (734-763-6336). There is a low threshold for COVID testing given risk of transmission to others. Once influenza season begins, your doctor may also wish to test you for flu.
Should I call the doctor?
If you have any chronic medical conditions or are over the age of 65, you are at higher risk of getting a severe COVID infection and should call your doctor. Call your doctor for a fever that does not go down with fever reducing medicine (do not use aspirin as it is contraindicated in influenza) or any severe symptoms or symptoms that get worse over time.
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Should I go to the emergency room?
Go the emergency department if you have chest pain or pressure, confusion, difficulty breathing or blue discoloration to your lips or face.
Some good news is that social distancing and wearing masks may mean a milder flu season. “Flu and other respiratory illnesses were reduced in the Southern Hemisphere, whose flu season typically stretches from May to November,” says Washer.
Getting a flu shot this year is particularly important to reduce the potential for a twin pandemic of influenza and COVID, which could further overwhelm the healthcare system.
Adds Dr. Washer, “Continue to social distance, avoid large gatherings and wear your mask! And get and use a thermometer.”
SEE ALSO: Keeping Our Patients Safe During COVID-19
Flu, Cold or Allergies? Know the Symptoms
Connect Healthy Tips Flu, Cold or Allergies? Know the Symptoms
The season for sniffles is in full swing. But, before you run to the store and buy medicine to treat a cold, make sure you know the cause of your symptoms. Differentiating between a flu, cold or allergies can be difficult because they have similar symptoms.
Seasonal Flu Symptoms
The flu usually begins quickly. The first symptoms are a fever between 102 and 106°F. (An adult usually has a lower fever than a child.)
Other common symptoms include:
- Body aches
- Flushed face
- Lack of energy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Extreme fatigue, exhaustion and weakness
- Chest discomfort and cough
Between day 2 and day 4 of the illness, the fever and “whole body” symptoms begin to fade.
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Antibiotics: When Are They Effective?
Then breathing symptoms begin to increase. The symptom is usually not a dry cough. Most people also develop a sore throat and headache. Runny nose and sneezing are common. It is a clear, watery nasal discharge.
These symptoms (except the cough) usually go away in 4 – 7 days. Sometimes, the fever returns. The cough and feeling tired may last for weeks. Some people may not feel like eating.
The flu can make asthma, breathing problems, and other long-term illnesses worse.
The Common Cold Symptoms
The common cold is the most common upper respiratory tract infection. More than 200 different viruses can cause colds. Symptoms usually develop 1 – 3 days after being exposed to the virus.
- It nearly always starts rapidly with throat irritation and stuffiness in the nose.
- Within hours, full-blown cold symptoms usually develop, which can include sneezing, mild sore throat, fever, minor headaches, muscle aches, and coughing.
- Fever is low-grade or absent. In small children, however, fever may be as high as 103 °F for 1 or 2 days. The fever should go down after that time, and be back to normal by the 5th day.
- Nasal discharge is usually clear and runny the first 1 – 3 days. It then thickens and becomes yellow to greenish.
- The sore throat is usually mild and lasts only about a day. A runny nose usually lasts 2 – 7 days, although coughing and nasal discharge can persist for more than 2 weeks.
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The following are just a few allergy symptoms you could experience.
- No fever
- Breathing problems
- Burning, tearing or itchy eyes
- Conjunctivitis (red, swollen eyes)
- Itching of the nose, mouth, throat, skin or any other area
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
If you think that you are suffering from allergies, a cold or flu, then make an appointment to see your doctor. If you need a doctor, let us help you find one. Your physician may perform allergy tests and prescribe medications to help you deal with your symptoms. People who become very sick with the flu may want to see a health care provider. People who are at high risk for flu complications may also want to see a doctor if they get the flu.
Feeling Sick? Use this Symptom Checker for Common Fall and Winter Illnesses
As the weather cools, viruses have a tendency to spread with more ease. That’s because people tend to spend more time indoors, where germs can circulate from one person to another through the air or close contact. This fall or winter, if you find yourself sniffling and sneezing, or experiencing an upset stomach, you could have a common virus.
We’ve created a symptom checker to help you tell the difference between cold and flu symptoms, COVID-19 symptoms and norovirus symptoms. Read on to learn more, and remember to always call your doctor if you have any concerns about your health.
What is it?
A cold is a respiratory illness caused by different types of viruses, with rhinoviruses being the most common. Colds frequently circulate in winter and spring, but a person can become ill with a cold any time of the year.
What are cold symptoms?
Cold symptoms can be similar to flu symptoms, but they’re generally milder, and usually include the following:
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Body aches
How long do cold symptoms last?
Most people recover from a cold within seven to 10 days.
When should you see a doctor about your cold symptoms?
If you experience any of the following, you may want to consider calling a health care professional:
- A fever lasting longer than four days, or, in babies younger than three months, a fever that is 100.4 or higher
- Symptoms that lasts 10 days or more with no improvement
- Fever, cough or other symptoms that improve but then return or become more severe
- Difficulty breathing or rapid breathing
- Chronic health conditions that worsen
- Any other symptoms that cause you concern
What is it?
The flu, also known influenza, is a respiratory illness caused by different viruses. The flu can be mild or severe, and even lead to hospitalization or death. Certain groups of people, including young children, pregnant women, older adults and people with underlying health conditions may be at risk for serious complications. An annual flu vaccine can help prevent getting sick. The CDC recommends, with few exceptions, that everyone six months and older get a flu vaccine at the start of every flu season, ideally in September or October.
What are influenza symptoms?
Flu symptoms can be similar to cold symptoms, but they’re generally more severe; they can also be similar to COVID-19 symptoms. Common flu symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Runny/stuffy nose
- Muscle/body aches
- Vomiting/diarrhea (more common in children)
How long do influenza symptoms last?
Some people with the flu will recover in a few days, while others may take closer to two weeks. If complications arise, recovery could take longer and require medical assistance.
When should you see a doctor about influenza symptoms?
There are many types of flu symptoms that demand medical attention, and while the following list includes a number of them, it’s not conclusive. Always call your doctor if you’re concerned about a symptom such as:
- Fast breathing/trouble breathing
- Chest pain/pressure
- Severe muscle pain
- Dehydration/not urinating
- Not alert/interaction when awake; confused; dizzy
- Severe weakness
- Fever or cough that improves but then return/worsens
- Chronic medical conditions that worsen
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19, which is a new type of coronavirus, is a respiratory illness that can impact people in different ways, with some people experiencing symptoms similar to the flu. Like the flu, COVID-19 symptoms can range from mild to severe, and older adults and people with underlying health conditions may be at greater risk of developing serious complications. Unlike the flu, there is not yet a vaccine for COVID-19.
What are COVID-19 symptoms?
Health care professionals are still learning about COVID-19. The following list includes a number of potential symptoms, but not all symptoms. Call your health care provider if you think you might have COVID-19 and arrange to get tested.
- Shortness of breath/difficulty breathing
- Muscle/body aches
- Loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Runny/stuffy nose
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
How long do COVID-19 symptoms last?
Mild cases tend to last one to two weeks, while more severe cases can last six weeks or more, and cause lasting damage.
When should you see a doctor about COVID-19 symptoms?
COVID-19 can lead to serious complications and even death. Call for help immediately if experiencing the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing
- Ongoing pain/pressure in the chest
- A sense of confusion
- Trouble staying awake or waking up
- Blue tint to the lips or face
What is norovirus?
Norovirus, sometimes referred to as a stomach bug or stomach flu, is a virus that can spread through contaminated foods and water, or contact with an infected person. It is one of the leading causes of acute gastroenteritis, and is the top cause of foodborne illness. Norovirus can strike at any time of year, but is most common November to April.
What are norovirus symptoms?
If you think you may have the stomach flu or a stomach bug, it could be norovirus. Common symptoms include:
How long do norovirus symptoms last?
A person usually develops symptoms 12 to 48 hours after being exposed to norovirus. Generally, people with norovirus recover in one to three days.
When should you call a doctor about norovirus symptoms?
You should call a doctor if you have any of the following:
- Bloody stool
- Severe vomiting
- Stomach pain
- Diarrhea that continues after several days
In recent months, COVID-19 has highlighted the importance of frequent handwashing and social distancing to help stop the spread of disease. This fall and winter, remember those lessons, and more: get your flu vaccinations, find ways to manage stress, stay active, prepare food safely and see your health care provider for regular exams and screenings. With the proper precautions, you can strive to head into 2021 healthy and ready for a new beginning.
When to Call Your Doctor- Flu, Fever, and Coughing | Beaumont
Getting sick seems inevitable. For some people, colds and coughs are a standard part of life. For most people, a cold or the flu will pass quickly without any serious complications. But how do you know when it’s time to call your doctor if you have the flu, a fever, or a cough?
The medical word for the flu is influenza. Each year, multiple strains of influenza circulate and make people sick. Most people recover fully in one to two weeks, but many people get seriously ill and need to be hospitalized – estimates are about 200,000 people stay in the hospital every year to treat influenza. Tens of thousands of US citizens die each year from the flu and its complications.
Normal flu symptoms
Normal flu symptoms typically come on quickly. You may be feeling fine, then suddenly, you feel awful. Your symptoms may include:
- High fever
- Body aches
- Fatigue or feeling tired
- Sore throat
- Dry cough
- Nasal congestion
Should I call the doctor if I think I have the flu?
If you have flu symptoms, the best time to contact your primary care doctor is within the first two days of symptoms. This is because you may be able to take an antiviral medication to help reduce your symptoms and decrease the number of days you’ll feel sick. Those medications need to be started within 48 hours of the onset of your symptoms to be most effective.
If you are at high risk for complications of the flu, it’s always a good idea to call your doctor as soon as you think you might have the flu. Tell the office you have flu symptoms and are at high risk, and they may get you in for a visit, prescribe an antiviral medication, or refer you to an urgent care center to be seen.
- You should always call the doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms.
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing up thick, green or yellow phlegm
- A fever higher than 100.4 degrees F
- Seek emergency care if you are:
- Having difficulty breathing
- Having difficulty swallowing
- Coughing up blood or pink phlegm
How to treat the flu at home
If you get the flu, you should stay home and rest. You should also stay away from others while you’re contagious so you don’t spread the flu to them. To treat symptoms, try the following:
- Drink plenty of clear liquids, like water, Gatorade, tea, or broth.
- Get lots of rest. Don’t feel bad if you sleep for much of the day and night. It’s a good way to help your body recover.
- Take over-the-counter medications for body aches, headache, or fever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin).
- If you have congestion, consider taking decongestants or antihistamines.
- Use cough drops or a cough suppressant if you have a bothersome cough.
A fever is a body temperature over 100.4 degrees F. It’s a way for the body to fight off viruses and bacteria that invade it. Fevers also stimulate the body’s inflammatory response, and this response starts working to protect affected areas and prevent the spread of invading viruses and bacteria so the body can begin healing.
While fevers are the body’s natural response to illness, they still may need to be treated. Here are some guidelines for fever care and when to seek medical treatment.
- If an adult’s temperature is above 102, he or she should call the doctor.
- Go to the emergency room if fever is accompanied by:
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty waking up
- If a child’s temperature is 104 or above, take him or her to the emergency room right away.
- If an adult’s temperature is between 100.4 and 103 F, consider going to urgent care. If you have a fever with the following symptoms, seek care right away:
If you have any fever for more than a couple days, even a low-grade temperature, call your doctor.
How to treat a fever at home
- Take fever reducing medication, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. (Please note: You shouldn’t ever give a child aspirin.)
- Drink lots of fluids or eat popsicles.
- Take a lukewarm bath.
- Place a cold washcloth on the forehead.
Coughing is a frequent symptom of people who have a cold or the flu. Most coughs will go improve after a week or so and won’t cause any long-term effects. However, a cough can sometimes be a sign of a serious illness, like pneumonia.
If your cough lasts more than ten days, call your doctor. It’s also important to seek medical attention if you have any of the following symptoms along with a cough:
- Coughing up thick mucus that is green, yellow, pink, or bloody
- Wheezing or shortness of breath
- A fever of more than 100 degrees F
- A cough that makes it difficult to talk
- Chest pain
There are some home care remedies that can help ease your cough and dry throat. If you have a cough, try:
- Using cough drops
- Putting honey in tea or eat a spoonful of honey by itself (do not give honey to children under one year of age)
- Taking a steamy shower or using a vaporizer to add moisture to the air
- Drinking lots of fluids, especially warm, clear fluids like broth or tea
If you have a cough, don’t smoke and stay away from people who smoke.
Colds and the Flu: Tips for Feeling Better
Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit familydoctor.org, the AAFP patient education website.
Information from Your Family Doctor
Am Fam Physician. 2006 Oct 1;74(7):1179-1180.
How can I tell if I have a cold or the flu?
Colds and the flu cause many of the same symptoms. But colds are usually mild, while the flu tends to be more severe.
A cold often starts with feeling tired, sneezing, coughing, and having a runny nose. You may not have a fever, or you may run a low fever—just 1 or 2 degrees higher than usual. You may have muscle aches, a scratchy or sore throat, watery eyes, and a headache.
The flu starts suddenly and hits hard. You will probably feel weak and tired and have a fever, dry cough, a runny nose, chills, muscle aches, a bad headache, eye pain, and a sore throat. It usually takes longer to get over the flu than a cold.
What causes colds and the flu?
More than 100 different viruses can cause colds. There aren’t as many viruses that cause the flu. That’s why there is a shot for the flu and not for colds. To keep from getting the flu, all children between six months and five years of age, adults older than 50 years, and people with asthma or lung problems should get a flu shot every October or November.
What can I do to feel better?
There is no cure for a cold or the flu. Antibiotics don’t work against viruses. Unless you have the flu and see your doctor within two days after your symptoms start, all you can do to feel better is treat your symptoms while your body fights off the virus. You can also use over-the-counter cold medicines to help you feel better. Do not give children cold medicine without checking with your doctor first. People who take prescription medicine also should check with their doctor before taking over-the-counter cold medicine.
Ways to treat your cold and flu symptoms
Stay home and rest, especially while you have a fever.
Stop smoking, and avoid secondhand smoke.
Drink plenty of fluids like water, fruit juices, and clear soups.
Do not drink alcohol.
Gargle with warm salt water a few times a day if you have a sore throat. Throat sprays or lozenges may also help with the pain.
Use a nose spray to help loosen mucus and moisten the skin in your nose.
Should I call my doctor?
Most people do not need to see a doctor when they have a cold or the flu. But if you have any of the symptoms in the box below, call your doctor.
Emergency cold and flu symptoms
Fever above 102°F (38.9°C) or a fever that lasts a long time
A cold that lasts for more than 10 days
Trouble breathing, fast breathing, or wheezing
Not drinking enough fluids
Earache or drainage from the ear
Mental changes (such as trouble waking up, irritability, or seizures)
Flu-like symptoms that get better but come back later with a fever and a worse cough
Chronic medical problems (such as diabetes or heart disease) that get worse
Fever above 102°F (38.9°C) or a fever that lasts a long time
A cold that lasts for more than 10 days
Trouble breathing or shortness of breath
Pain or pressure in the chest
Fainting or feeling like you are about to faint
Very bad pain in your face or forehead
Hoarseness, sore throat, or a cough that won’t go away
Cold vs. Flu vs. COVID-19
Information about the symptoms of COVID-19 coronavirus are prevalent in the tradition and social media, so it’s important to look at the differences between the COVID-19, flu, and common cold.
Flu season is still in full force, affecting millions of Americans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is reporting that flu activity is high and is expected to continue for several more weeks.
The common cold, flu, and coronavirus are all infectious viruses that affect the respiratory tract. All three are spread person-to-person and through direct contact with droplets either in the air or from hard surfaces. Rarely does the common cold have serious complications; however, the flu and coronavirus can.
How the body is affected
The seasonal flu is highly contagious and is caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat and, at times, the lungs. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and can affect people differently. Fortunately, we have a seasonal flu vaccine which is the best way to protect against the flu. For those who receive the flu vaccine and get the flu, symptoms tend to be less severe for shorter periods of time compared to those who choose not to receive the vaccine.
Recently, a new strain of coronavirus, COVID-19, was identified and has resulted in the current pandemic. There are actually many types of coronaviruses that cause a variety of illnesses from the common cold to other severe diseases that you may have heard of such as MERS and SARS. COVID-19 is a contagious virus that mainly infects the lungs. While some people have only minor symptoms, others may develop pneumonia or severe lung damage. It’s important to note that the flu also can also lead to viral pneumonia.
According to the CDC’s risk assessment for COVID-19, those at a higher-risk include:
- People in communities where ongoing community spread of coronavirus has been reported
- Healthcare workers caring for patients with coronavirus
- Those with close contact to a person with coronavirus
- Travelers returning from affected international locations with community spread
Differences in onset and symptoms
Common cold symptoms have a gradual or slow onset and generally include: runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat. Less common symptoms include: low-grade fever, and headache, fatigue, and muscle aches.
Flu Symptoms appear abruptly to include: fever/chills, dry cough, fatigue, headaches, muscle or body aches, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat. Less common symptoms include: vomiting and diarrhea
Coronavirus COVID-19, on the other hand, can have a longer window between exposure and showing symptoms compared to the flu and common cold, which is currently thought to be anywhere from 2- 14 days. Symptoms may have a gradual onset and then suddenly escalate in severity.
The CDC reports that COVID-19 coronavirus symptoms appear suddenly and mostly affect the respiratory tract to include: fever, dry cough, shortness of breath. Complications of the coronavirus can be life-threatening symptoms such as pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and death.
Symptom Comparison for Cold, Flu, and COVID-19
|Incubation Period||1-3 days||1-4 days||1-14 days|
|Symptom Onset||Gradual||Sudden||Gradual or Sudden|
|Cough||Mild to Moderate||Common||Common|
|Loss of Appetite||Sometimes||Common||Sometimes|
|Shortness of Breath||Mild||Sometimes||Common|
If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately.
Emergency warning signs include:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to arouse
- Bluish lips or face
For more information, please visit:
90,000 Six forms of coronavirus have been identified in terms of severity and symptoms – Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Scientists at King’s College London have identified six different clusters, or types of COVID-19. According to Sky News, they differ in symptoms and severity of the disease.
The first type is “flu-like” without fever. It has a headache, loss of smell, muscle pain, cough, sore throat, chest pain.
The second – “flu-like” with fever – to the symptoms of the first type is added hoarseness, loss of appetite and fever – a rise in temperature.
The third type is the gastrointestinal tract. Patients complain of headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, sore throat, chest pain, fever. In this case, there is no cough, but diarrhea occurs.
The next three types are marked as heavy and are subdivided into three levels.
Symptoms such as fatigue, headache, loss of smell, cough, fever, hoarseness, chest pain are named for severe first-degree levels. Second degree – headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain.Confusion and muscle pain are added to the overwhelming fatigue. Finally, the third severe level combines all these symptoms – headache, loss of smell, loss of appetite, cough, fever, hoarseness, sore throat, chest pain, fatigue, confusion, muscle pain, shortness of breath, diarrhea, abdominal pain. Thus, confusion and abdominal pain are signs of its most severe forms.
Scientists came to such conclusions after scrupulously examining data on the symptoms of 1600 patients in the USA and Great Britain.They collected information using the COVID Symptom Study mobile application, which was created specifically to study the symptoms of the disease.
Based on the data obtained, the study participants were divided into six groups – according to the severity of the disease.
Such an analysis by the presence of symptoms will allow predicting how difficult the disease will be in any given case. According to the co-author of the study, Dr.Clera Stevens, if in the first five days it is determined which category the patient belongs to, then you can act proactively and prevent the development of severe complications.This grading will help guide treatment decisions during a potential second wave of coronavirus.
So, patients of the first or third type of COVID-19 disease needed respiratory support only in 1.5-4.4 percent of cases.
In the fourth form, ventilators were needed in 8.6 percent of cases, in the fifth form – every tenth patient.
In the sixth, most severe form, more than 50 percent of patients require hospitalization. Respiratory support was required for almost 20 percent of patients.It is noted that these are, as a rule, people of the older age category, or weakened and with concomitant diseases.
Information for the public
Prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases
Prevention of infectious diseases in the summer
Dear residents of Vologda!
Ahead – holidays for children, vacations, trips to nature, hot summer days! To avoid health problems and not spoil the rest for yourself and your children, you need to know what infectious diseases can await us and what measures to take so as not to get infected, for example, acute intestinal infections, not to get food poisoning, not to suffer from tick sucking, etc.etc.
Acute intestinal infections, which are most common among the population of our region, are dysentery, salmonellosis, rotavirus, norovirus infections and some others. Most AEI occur with symptoms of intoxication (fever, weakness, loss of appetite), abdominal pain, vomiting (nausea), loose stools (diarrhea).
A feature of diarrhea at dysentery is frequent loose stools in small portions (like a lump of mucus with a small amount of feces), with an admixture of blood (due to ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane of the large intestine) and false urge to defecate (tenesmus).A lethal outcome can occur from severe intoxication of the body.
A feature of diarrhea at salmonellosis
is profuse, watery, offensive loose stools with a greenish tinge, in rare cases there may be an admixture of blood and mucus. The onset of the disease is similar to acute respiratory infections with abdominal syndrome, the clinical manifestation of OCI appears on days 2-3, in addition to the characteristic loose stools, abdominal pain, there may be vomiting. In a severe degree, intoxication is very pronounced, up to convulsions.In the absence of the necessary treatment and restoration of water balance, death can occur, especially in children under one year old.
Rotavirus infection occurs with repeated profuse foamy watery liquid stools of yellow-orange color, repeated vomiting, dehydration occurs quickly, which is very dangerous for young children and can also be fatal. Characterized by signs of ARVI (redness in the pharynx).
Norovirus infection begins abruptly, unexpectedly, with nausea and repeated vomiting, mushy stools of normal color, body temperature, as a rule, subfebrile (37 – 37.9 degrees Celsius).The duration of the disease is 1-2 days. You can also get infected by airborne droplets, inhaling particles of vomit during close contact with a sick person.
Viral hepatitis A – an infection that is transmitted as OCI: water, food and household contact (“dirty hands disease”). As a rule, starts with symptoms of acute respiratory infections, especially in children, or is asymptomatic. In the clinical picture of acute viral hepatitis A, the features are yellowness of the skin and sclera ( eyes), light stools (“white stools”) and dark urine (“dark beer” colors).
Prevention of acute intestinal infections
– wash your hands often and with soap yourself and teach children, especially after using the toilet, before eating, after coming from the street, before preparing food, etc.
– keep the house clean, avoid insects (flies, cockroaches)
– drink only boiled or bottled clean water
– do not swallow water when swimming
– buy products at official points of sale, watch the expiration dates of products, observe the “commodity” neighborhood of products in a bag, refrigerator, when preparing food (separately from products that are not subject to heat treatment, store meat, chicken, eggs), have a separate cutting inventory at home (knife, board) for raw meat, chicken and ready-made products (bread, cheese, butter, boiled vegetables, boiled meat).
– Before eating, thoroughly wash vegetables, fruits, herbs under running water, then rinse with boiled water or pour over with boiling water.
Airborne infections, including influenza and ARVI
The main airborne infections in the region are influenza and ARVI, community-acquired pneumonia, as well as chickenpox and scarlet fever.
In the clinical picture Influenza
the leading symptom is intoxication of the body, acute onset, high body temperature (38-40 ° C) for at least 5 days, aching muscles, joints, pain when moving the eyes.
Acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) in Vologda residents are caused by several viruses, including parainfluenza viruses, adenoviruses, RS viruses, etc.
A feature of the clinical picture parainfluenza
there is a dry, “barking” cough, hoarse voice, sore throat, as the larynx and vocal cords are affected.There may be a slight chill, muscle aches. The maximum temperature is reached for 2-3 days, the rest of the time the temperature is not higher than 38 degrees Celsius. Also, the patient is worried about a severe rhinitis with serous discharge.
Adenovirus infection , its clinical manifestations are diverse: acute febrile pharyngitis (“sore throat”), inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, adenoviral pneumonia (characterized by a severe and prolonged course), conjunctivitis, whooping cough syndrome (spastic cough), mucosal hemorrhagic syndrome (bleeding increased fragility of blood vessels, etc.). The onset of the disease is usually acute.
RS infection (caused by respiratory syncytial virus), begins acutely with body temperature up to 37.5–38 ° C, chills, moderate headache, weakness, apathy. Perhaps the appearance of pain in the muscles, sometimes – aches throughout the body. Symptoms can be up to severe toxicosis, accompanied by severe headaches, vomiting, nosebleeds, and small-point hemorrhages in the soft palate. The leading symptom of the disease is a dry, paroxysmal cough, exhausting the patient, which can persist for up to 3 weeks.The disease is often complicated by pneumonia (pneumonia).
Prevention of influenza and ARVI:
– avoid contact with sick flu and SARS
– use disposable masks upon contact
– often wash hands or treat with skin antiseptics, especially after caring for a sick person, after traveling on public transport
– keep your house clean, often ventilate the premises, quartzing in the apartment can be used for preventive purposes.
Chickenpox – acute onset, body temperature can be normal or 38-39 degrees Celsius, by the end of the first, on the second day, a characteristic rash appears on the body and in the scalp (spots that turn into papules after a few hours (protrude above the skin surface ), and then bubbles (vesicles) Bubbles turn into crusts that cannot be torn off, as scars will remain, the crusts will fall off by themselves . The duration of the disease is at least a week. Weakened children and adults may develop serious complications (pneumonia, encephalitis, myocarditis, hepatitis).
Prevention of chickenpox:
– avoid contact with sick VO
– isolation of the patient (until recovery or until the crusts fall off)
– separation of family contact children under the age of 7 who did not have chickenpox, from the 11th to the 21st day (removed from kindergarten)
– in kindergarten, the group is quarantined from the 11th to the 21st day.
– caused by the bacterium streptococcus, in the clinical picture, an acute onset, chills, an increase in body temperature to 38-39 degrees Celsius on the first day, headache, weakness, bright redness of the soft palate, tonsils, pharynx (“flaming pharynx”), enlargement of the tonsils. From the 3-4th day – “raspberry tongue”. Swollen lymph nodes. Against the background of facial redness, a pale nasolabial triangle stands out clearly. From the 2nd day, a punctate rash appears with a thickening in the axillary and groin areas.At the 2nd week – pityriasis peeling on the trunk, after 15 days – lamellar peeling on the palms and feet. When treating a patient with scarlet fever, it is important to adhere to bed rest for 5-6 days, since if the restrictive regimen is violated, otitis media (ear inflammation), sinusitis (sinusitis) and severe complications: myocarditis, endocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle and membranes), glomerulonephritis ( inflammation of the kidneys), vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels).
Prevention of scarlet fever:
– avoid close and prolonged contact with a patient with scarlet fever
– observe the rules of personal hygiene when caring for the patient
– keep the apartment clean, airing, quartzing the premises
– the kindergarten group is quarantined for 7 days
– there is no quarantine at the school, but within 7 days, children in grades 1-3 are under medical supervision.
Tick attack season is in full swing.
Non-specific prophylaxis attacks (suction) of ticks:
– when entering a natural hearth – tight-fitting light-colored clothing, a hat, closed shoes
– self- and mutual inspection at least in 30-40 minutes
– the use of repellents (these are agents that repel ticks and other blood-sucking insects)
– it is forbidden to remove and crush the sucked tick with hands without gloves, including from pets
– you cannot sit and lie on the grass, especially in the forest
– if you find a sucked tick, it must be removed at the nearest medical facility and in the first 4 days to receive emergency prophylaxis (for example, anti-tick immunoglobulin).
Please note that when drinking water from rivers, lakes, ponds and other reservoirs, especially in those places where corpses of rodents were found on the shore, you can become infected with severe natural focal infections that are characteristic of the territory of our region, for example, tularemia, leptospirosis, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
Dear residents of Vologda! Be healthy!
Take care of yourself and your children
from infectious diseases!
Prevention of infections transmitted by ticks.
Winter is ending, and with the arrival of spring and warm days, ticks will wake up. As long-term observations show, in mid-late March, the spring-summer season of tick activity will begin in our area.
After sucking, ixodid ticks can infect a person with a number of tick-borne infections, including tick-borne encephalitis, ixodic tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease), ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, tularemia and other infectious diseases. The incidence of tick-borne infections in the Vologda region exceeds the national average by more than 2 times.
The most dangerous is tick-borne encephalitis. This is a natural focal disease endemic (characteristic) for the entire territory of our region.
Tick-borne encephalitis virus attacks the central nervous system. The disease can end in death or lead to disability due to paralysis of the muscles of the arms, neck (head drooping), the development of periodic seizures (epilepsy), the possible development of dementia. The main clinical symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis are an increase in body temperature above 37.5 degrees, headache, nausea, irritability appear.The earlier the diagnosis is made and effective treatment is prescribed, the greater the likelihood of complete recovery without the transition of the disease to a chronic form, subsequent disability and death.
Untreated ixodic tick-borne borreliosis leads to damage to the musculoskeletal system, nervous and cardiovascular systems, to long-term disability, human disability. A characteristic symptom is erythema annulus – a red spot with enlightenment in the center, appearing at the site of tick suction.
The main measures for the prevention of tick-borne infections remain vaccination and seroprophylaxis in tick-borne encephalitis. With tick-borne borreliosis and ehrlichiosis – antibiotic prophylaxis.
Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is carried out throughout the year with the proviso that in the spring and summer season, within 2 weeks after vaccination, one should avoid visiting a natural focus (forest, summer cottage, park, cemeteries, trips to nature, etc.). Vaccinated against tick-borne enephalitis twice with an interval of 1-7 months., the third vaccination is carried out one year after the second, later – revaccination with a frequency of 1 time in 3 years.
Going into nature, remember about personal prevention measures against tick attacks. Special clothing is important (closed, light-colored, with long sleeves, cuffs either with elastic bands or with buttons, trousers tucked into socks, high boots). The upper part of the garment should be tucked into the trousers. A hood or other headgear is desirable on the head. A particularly effective result is achieved when protective clothing is combined with chemicals.
It is necessary to carry out self- and mutual examinations every 1.5-2 hours to detect ticks and remove them. Most often, mites stick to where the skin is the thinnest and most delicate: behind the ears, on the neck, under the armpits, in the scalp. It is necessary to remove adhering ticks from clothes, body and pets with rubber gloves, since the tick-borne encephalitis virus from a crushed tick can enter the human blood through microtraumas, microdamages on the skin of the hands. Sometimes people can suffer from ticks brought into the house with wildflowers, branches, on outerwear.
Both insecticidal and acaricidal personal protective equipment against ticks and repellents that do not kill, but scare away ticks are effectively used.
If tick sucking still occurs, it is necessary to seek medical help as soon as possible to remove the tick and carry out sero- and antibiotic prophylaxis.
If it is impossible to seek medical help, the tick should be removed on its own, trying not to tear off the proboscis immersed in the skin, and the wound should be disinfected with an iodine solution.Next, you need to contact the nearest medical organization for the appointment of emergency prevention of tick-borne infections.
REMINDER: Prevention of yellow fever
Yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted to humans through the bite of Aedes and Haemogogus mosquitoes. The disease comes in two forms: jungle fever (transmitted by mosquitoes from infected monkeys) and community fever (transmitted by mosquitoes from person to person).Natural reservoir is monkeys. The incubation period is 6 days.
In the clinical picture, there is a pronounced pain syndrome: severe headache, especially in the occiput; muscle pain extending to the lumbar region, lower extremities. Patients are agitated, in severe cases delirium appears. There is a sharp redness and puffiness of the face, swelling of the eyelids, a bright injection of the vessels of the opaque membranes and conjunctiva, the eyes seem to be bloodshot. Appetite is reduced or absent. The tongue is bright red, there is bleeding of the gums, nosebleeds.There is often profuse vomiting mixed with bile and blood. The sick are thirsty. After 3-4 days, the condition of the patients improves somewhat, the temperature drops to 37-38 ° C, headaches, muscle pains disappear, sleep and appetite improve. With a mild course, the disease goes into a recovery period. In severe and moderately severe cases, the phase of venous stasis soon begins with a repeated increase in temperature, increased toxic and hemorrhagic manifestations. There are bloody repeated vomiting, profuse mushy black stools.Multiple hemorrhages appear on the skin and mucous membranes. The redness of the face is replaced by pronounced cyanosis, jaundice of the skin and mucous membranes develops, and collapse may develop. Mortality in yellow fever ranges from 5-10 to 20-25% and even 60% in severe epidemic outbreaks.
According to the Federal Service of Rospotrebnadzor, more than 200 thousand cases of yellow fever are registered annually in the world, 30 thousand cases end in the death of the patient. Currently, 42 countries in Africa, South and Central America have reported cases of yellow fever (list of countries is attached).Thus, in Brazil, as of January 27, 2017, 550 cases of suspected yellow fever were registered.
Vaccination is the only reliable way to prevent yellow fever. Yellow fever vaccines provide protection against infection 10 days after vaccination; a single vaccination gives lifelong immunity. Individuals vaccinated against yellow fever receive an International Certificate of Vaccination.
In the absence of yellow fever vaccination, persons traveling to countries where the disease is reported may be quarantined for 6 days or denied entry into the country.
In the Vologda Oblast, immunization against yellow fever is carried out with the subsequent issuance of an International Certificate of Vaccination at the BUZ VO “Cherepovets City Polyclinic No. 1” (Cherepovets, Milyutina St., 6, tel. (8-820-2) -51- 67-50).
Countries endemic for yellow fever
LIST OF COUNTRIES REQUIRING AN INTERNATIONAL YELLOW FEVER VACCINATION CERTIFICATE FOR ALL TRAVELERS
Paraguayan 9003 9000 Ruins -Lucia
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vmnscent Grenadines
San Tom Principe
Tristan da Cunha
South Africa 9000 Eritrea 9000 South Africa FEVER, WHEN LEAVING IN WHICH EVERYONE TRAVELER RECOMMENDS VACCINATION AGAINST YELLOW FEVER
Central African Republic
Democratic Republic of Congo
Equatorial French Guinea
BUZ VO “Center for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases”
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90,000 How to distinguish colds, flu and novel coronavirus pneumonia?
What is a cold?
Nasal congestion, runny nose and sneezing, no apparent elevated body temperature, no obvious effect on physical condition and appetite, no severe headache, joint pain and general discomfort.In people with colds, the upper respiratory tract is affected, there is no threat to human life.
What is flu?
Acute respiratory viral infection caused by influenza viruses not only affects the upper respiratory tract, but also infects the lower respiratory tract, which leads to pneumonia. Influenza often spreads in winter and spring, there is influenza A and B.
People with the flu have severe symptoms and fever, and their body temperature can rise to 39 degrees or more for one to two days.A person sick with the flu feels a headache, weakness, decreased appetite. For the elderly, children, obese people, pregnant women, and people with other medical conditions, influenza can cause severe pneumonia and even death.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia caused by a new type of coronavirus?
Patients with a mild form of the disease have only a low body temperature, cough, chills and malaise.
In patients with a severe form of the disease, in the first three to five days, there is a fever, cough and increasing weakness, the situation gradually worsens and turns into pneumonia and even severe pneumonia.In people with a severe form of the disease, breathing becomes more frequent, respiratory failure occurs, and some organs are damaged. If the situation deteriorates further, health support with a respirator or life support system may be required. The severe form of the disease is deadly. In cases of infection with a typical new type of coronavirus, there is a gradual progression of the disease. In the second week, the patient’s condition worsens seriously.
How to determine an elevated temperature?
In a calm state, the body temperature exceeds 37.3 ℃
Subfebrile temperature – 37.3 – 38 ℃
Cardiothoracic temperature – 38.1 – 39 ℃
High temperature – 39.1 – 41 ℃
Ultra-high temperature – above 41 ℃
What to do if you have a headache, runny nose, cough and sore throat?
At temperatures below 38 ℃, you should be in home quarantine, notify the necessary structures in accordance with local regulations, observe changes.You can take ibuprofen or other medicines as directed. If the condition worsens, first of all it is necessary to contact the medical center in the microdistrict. If the temperature exceeds 38 ℃, then you need to go to the clinic.
What to do if there are no obvious signs of fever, but the body aches, abdominal pain and diarrhea are present?
Currently, among the first signs of infection with a new type of coronavirus, an upset of the gastrointestinal tract should be noted.With diarrhea, you need to be under home quarantine, pay attention to food, drink more saline sugar solution. If the situation worsens, you must go to the hospital.
Should you continue to monitor the patient at home in case of fever and chest tightness?
If a high temperature is accompanied by a feeling of tightness in the chest, you should be extremely vigilant, go to the hospital as soon as possible. It is best to walk to the nearest medical center (wearing a mask, avoiding the elevator), take blood tests, do a CT scan of the chest, etc.
What to do if there was contact with patients with suspected coronavirus, but there are no signs of discomfort?
It is recommended to stay in self-isolation for 14 days, mainly to monitor changes in body temperature. It is necessary to measure the temperature during the day and evening. In case of a fever and cough within 14 days, you must contact the nearest medical center.
Source: Beijing Qingnian Newspaper, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical Institute, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
90,000 Fever and headache: possible illnesses
Medical practice suggests that symptoms such as fever and headache are the most common in the world.They can accompany a common cold, serious infectious diseases, and various tumors. The danger is that people often attribute the ailment to hypothermia, lack of sleep, or other “everyday” situations.
However, fever and pain combined with other symptoms can be signs of diseases that require professional treatment.
If you or your loved ones have a similar condition for two or more days, you urgently need to go to an appointment with a therapist.
Causes of fever and headache
The appearance of a headache with an increase in temperature to 37 degrees and above is a consequence of the fact that blood flow in the body accelerates and blood pressure rises. The reason for such changes is associated with inflammatory processes caused by viral and bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and ENT organs.
If the temperature rises without any pain, then the reasons may be as follows:
- infection of the gastrointestinal tract;
- infection caused by a cut with a dirty object or an animal bite;
- dysfunction of the thyroid gland;
- long-term nervous tension, stressful situation;
- chronic bacterial or viral infection of any localization.
As for headache without fever, it is caused by such reasons as:
- physical or emotional overwork;
- spasms of cerebral vessels;
- spine disease;
- high or low blood pressure;
- post-traumatic brain disease.
What headache and fever may indicate
The spectrum of possible diseases in which headache and fever are observed is very wide.It all depends on what additional symptoms occur:
- ARVI, ARI – the most common and “habitual” diseases. In this case, a runny nose, sore throat and cough first appear, and the temperature rises already against the background of these phenomena.
- Influenza is a more serious viral disease in which the patient immediately has a high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, general intoxication of the body.
- Sinusitis and other ENT diseases – often develop as complications against the background of upper respiratory tract infections, but can be caused by other factors.Primary manifestations include fever, nasal breathing difficulties, pain in the nose, forehead, occiput, or crown of the head, depending on the specific form of the disease.
- Meningitis is a very dangerous disease – an inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, which can be a complication of a viral infection, or immediately begins as an independent disease. Its symptoms are severe headache at temperatures above 38 degrees, possibly vomiting, convulsions, stiff neck muscles, hemorrhagic skin rash.With such manifestations, urgent hospitalization is necessary, because complications of meningitis lead to deafness, mental retardation in children, and in some cases, death is possible.
- Intestinal infections – a broad category of diseases caused by various bacteria, toxins and viruses. Already at the initial stages, patients are characterized by an increased temperature with general weakness, nausea, vomiting, and stool disorders. In the future, the general intoxication of the body progresses, which is accompanied by an almost complete loss of appetite, dizziness, and headache.
- Encephalitis is the general name for a group of diseases associated with brain inflammation. An increase in temperature in a patient is accompanied by psychomotor disorders, headache, nausea, sleep disturbances, in difficult cases, hallucinations and seizures occur. It is necessary to contact a medical institution as soon as possible, because complications threaten with irreversible consequences up to death.
Headache and high fever – a reason to visit a doctor!
As you can see, simple and familiar symptoms such as headache, fever and weakness can often be signs of a serious illness that requires immediate treatment.In most cases, doctors diagnose diseases that are treated at home, but even a neglected cold can lead to very negative consequences.
To protect yourself and your loved ones, remember – if any symptoms of discomfort appear, you should immediately contact a specialist!
Doctors of the Medical Center “Diagnosis” are ready to receive you every day and provide all the necessary assistance. Doctors have at their disposal a research laboratory, as well as modern diagnostic equipment, which is the key to prompt detection of the disease.You can familiarize yourself with the list of services of the Diagnosis Center and their prices in the relevant sections of the site.
You can make an appointment with a general practitioner by calling 8 (351) 217-20-20 and through the feedback form (in the header of the site).
The cost of services is indicated in the Price section.
Rehabilitation after coronavirus infection
More than two hundred thousand people in the country have already been ill with the new coronavirus.Even after a mild form of COVID-19, recovery can take months. The COVID-19 virus affects not only the lungs and respiratory system, the virus can affect the liver, heart, gastrointestinal tract and even the brain. Those who have recovered often notice a decrease in attention and memory impairment.
But the most common reason to go into rehabilitation after the coronavirus is the loss of vital activity. People stop coping with household chores, feel weak and get tired quickly.
How can you help your body recover from an illness?
The Medical Center “Diagnosis” provides services for the rehabilitation of patients after suffering from COVID19 and ARVI, under the supervision of specialists.
The complex of procedures and examinations is selected by the doctor after examination at the initial appointment. It cannot be the same for everyone, because after an infection, people who have been ill have different complications, depending on the severity of the course of the disease.
The complex of rehabilitation services includes:
- Magnetotherapy with the device “ALMAG-02”
Magnetotherapy helps to stop inflammation, relieve tissue swelling and facilitate breathing, improve tissue nutrition and local immunity.
1 session – 300 rubles
5 sessions – 1,500 rubles (-15%) – 1,275 rubles
- ILBI – intravenous laser blood illumination:
interferons are activated, which build up protection against viruses; Prophylactic phagocytosis is triggered – the absorption of harmful bacteria, viruses and dead cells; Cytokines are released, which leads to the regulation of inflammatory processes
1 procedure – 350 rubles
5 procedures – 1750 rubles (-15%) 1,488 rubles
2.Injection / dropper
- Ozone therapy (dropper with ozonized saline solution)
Eliminates oxygen starvation in tissues, has an anti-inflammatory effect, a detoxifying effect, thins the blood, prevents blood clots, strengthens the immune system.
1 procedure (200 ml) – 380 rubles
5 procedures – 1,900 rubles (-15%) 1,615 rubles
- Droppers with hepatoprotectors
Promotes liver regeneration and eliminates the effects of antibiotic and statin treatment.This group of drugs fights the consequences of intoxication, that is, poisoning of the body with the decay products of the virus, and other substances that are formed due to prolonged inflammation.
3. Methods of traditional acupuncture, acupuncture:
– Increase the body’s defenses
– Have a positive effect on bronchial patency, hemodynamics
– Promote the restoration of smell and taste
1 session – 800 rubles
5 sessions – 4000 rubles (-25%) – 3000 rubles
The center’s specialists will select for you an individual complex of procedures under the supervision of a therapist.
Patients accepted for treatment:
with negative PCR analysis,
in the absence of elevated body temperature
To make an appointment for a rehabilitation or diagnostic procedure, call tel. 8 (351) 217-20-20 or ask questions to the administrators in the center at the address: Komsomolsky prospect 43-V.
THERE ARE CONTRAINDICATIONS. NECESSARY CONSULTATION OF A SPECIALIST
90,000 Acute respiratory viral infections
Acute respiratory viral infections are a whole group of infectious diseases characterized by similar symptoms: cough, runny nose, fever, headache, sore throat and sore throat. Depending on the pathogen, certain symptoms prevail during the course of the disease. The most pronounced clinical picture is caused by influenza viruses, parainfluenza, adenoviruses, which allows a diagnosis to be made without virological examination.
Influenza begins acutely against the background of complete health, with a rise in temperature immediately to high numbers (39-40⁰ C), often accompanied by chills. The symptoms of general intoxication come to the fore: headache, weakness, pain in muscles and joints, lacrimation, pain in the eyeballs. Sometimes delirium, hallucinations are observed. In young children, general symptoms are expressed: anxiety or weakness, refusal to breast, sleep disturbance, frequent regurgitation or vomiting, frequent loose stools. Cough, runny nose, sore throat, soreness behind the breastbone may be absent on the first day and join later.A favorite place for the localization of influenza viruses is the mucous membrane of the trachea, so “scratching” and pain behind the breastbone when coughing is a constant symptom of the disease. Almost a third of patients do not have a runny nose, but dryness of the nasal mucosa is noted, which leads to repeated nosebleeds. In the first days of the disease, the cough is dry, painful, and hoarseness of the voice may appear.
In uncomplicated flu, the fever lasts 3-4 days, at least 5-6 days. If after a week the temperature does not decrease, complications may have joined.The most common complication is pneumonia. Other complications include inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and middle ear.
The main goal of health care is not the treatment of diseases, but their prevention. This fully applies to influenza, which has a pronounced winter seasonality, high infectivity and rapid spread.
Urgent isolation of patients and separation of children at risk of infection is of great importance in the prevention of influenza. Epidemiologists propose to declare unscheduled vacations during the epidemic.This measure significantly reduces the incidence of influenza in children’s groups. Parents should also do their bit in anti-epidemic measures and refuse to attend public events, trips on excursions, shopping and guests.
Preventive vaccinations begin in October, so that protective factors (interferon, macrophages, antibodies) are developed in the body in advance, which will prevent the development of the disease. The insidiousness of the influenza virus is manifested in its rapid variability.He is able to change the antigenic structure and acquire new properties during one epidemic. Therefore, the fight against influenza should be aimed at strengthening nonspecific immunity, at increasing the body’s ability to resist the pathogen.
If the flu is already “sweeping across the planet” and has reached your city, or even to family members, it is necessary to provide the child with emergency prevention, which is at the same time preventive treatment. Interferons and drugs that enhance their production in the body (interferon inducers) are widely used as a means for emergency prevention.Human leukocyte interferon is used in the form of a solution, which is prepared from a powder, and is instilled into the nose when there is a threat of influenza infection during the entire epidemic period, 2-3-5 drops in both nasal passages 2 times a day for children of any age.
Grippferon – nasal drops of antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating action. Recommended for children over 1 year old, 2 – 3 drops 2 – 3 times a day.
Viferon – suppositories for rectal administration, used 2 times a day, morning and evening.
Among the inducers of interferon we will name amiksin, poludan, cycloferon, anaferon.
Do not forget about herbal preparations that help fight viruses of respiratory infections: onions, garlic, tincture of echinacea, aralia, zamanihi, ginseng, eleutherococcus extract, etc.
Great importance is attached to activities that enhance the non-specific, general immunity of the body. This includes good nutrition, rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, hardening procedures, a healthy lifestyle, physical education and sports.
Parainfluenza begins gradually, does not give a high temperature, does not cause severe intoxication. But its malignancy is manifested in the fact that the virus especially often infects the larynx, causing the development of false croup with symptoms of respiratory failure. The disease begins with a slight runny nose or coughing against the background of a normal or slightly elevated temperature (37.2 – 37.5 ° C). But in the middle of the night, the child wakes up from an attack of rough “barking”, “croaking” cough, shortness of breath, causing fear and anxiety, and this further increases the spasm.Call an ambulance, but before the team arrives, try to help the suffering child. Fill the tub with hot water, add baking soda, and let your child breathe warm, moist alkaline air in the confined space of the bathroom. At the same time, give the child hot baths for hands and feet with a water temperature of 40 ° C. Give a warm alkaline drink: milk to which you can add a little soda, any mineral hydrocarbonate water without gas Warm humid air helps to relieve spasm of the muscles of the larynx, and alkaline steam promotes the liquefaction of phlegm and its discharge.The arrived ambulance team will inhale drugs through a magic device – a nebulizer, and the child will immediately feel better.
If the doctor insists on continuing treatment in the hospital, do not argue and do not convince him that “everything has already passed and the child is breathing well.” The croup has an undulating course, and the favorable period can unexpectedly quickly be replaced by suffocation, requiring emergency assistance.
– do not use mustard plasters and rubbing containing essential oils and having strong odors.They are able to cause a reflex spasm of the muscles of the larynx;
– do not use honey, raspberry jam, citrus juices – in allergy sufferers, they can contribute to increased edema;
– do not give your child cough suppressants (sinecode). Remember that cough has a protective function and should not be suppressed, but stimulated.
Adenovirus infection can be recognized by a pronounced runny nose, a wet cough with copious phlegm, and red, purulent eyes.
Adenoviruses are widespread throughout the world.They did not bypass our long-suffering homeland either. The incidence rises during the cold season, and among all respiratory infections, it accounts for almost one third of all cases of illness. It does not disappear even in the sultry summer, manifesting itself in the form of individual cases. The disease blooms especially magnificently in children’s groups, where an outbreak can drag on for several months in a row, passing from one child to another.
The disease begins with a rise in temperature, which can have two waves and last up to 12-14 days.Along with a cough and a runny nose, redness and tearing of the eyes, swelling of the eyelids and purulent discharge from the eyes appear. During sleep, eyelashes stick together, and, upon waking up, the child cannot open his eyes, which gives him additional suffering.
The virus loves to infect adenoid tissue, lymph nodes, including the abdominal cavity. Therefore, children often complain of abdominal pain and upset stools. On the neck and in the submandibular region, you may find enlarged lymph nodes. And, looking into the throat, you will see hypertrophied edematous tonsils, often with purulent deposits.Pneumonia in adenovirus infection may be primary, caused by the virus itself. It is more common in young children. And the later development of pneumonia indicates the addition of a bacterial infection. Other complications include otitis media, tonsillitis, pleurisy.
For the treatment of all respiratory infections that occur with an increase in temperature, it is very important to fulfill the following conditions:
• Increase heat transfer. To do this, first of all, remove disposable diapers from the baby, which, covering almost a third of the body, prevent heat transfer and play the role of a warming compress.This is easy to see with your own eyes: the skin under the diaper is red, moist, with irritation in the groin and gluteal folds. As soon as you removed the disposable diaper and dried the folds, do not be too lazy to measure the temperature, and you will be pleasantly surprised: it will drop by at least 1 degree. Do not wrap the child, do not load him with quilts and feather beds. Take off tight tights, turtlenecks and sweaters with high tight collars. Wipe off with wet wipes moistened with 1 – 2% vinegar solution or vodka.Wear lightweight pajamas, a nightgown, or a T-shirt with panties. All clothes should be made of cotton fabrics that can actively absorb sweat, because the next important step is to make the child sweat.
• Increase perspiration. It is closely adjacent to the previous one, since the evaporation of sweat from the surface of the skin, willy-nilly, contributes to an increase in heat transfer. In order for the child to actively sweat, it is necessary to water him abundantly. Remember that sweat is not just water, but a liquid containing mineral salts.That is, by sweating, the child also loses the vital minerals for the body. Therefore, think about what you will become to make up for the deficiency of salts. It would be ideal from time to time to give the baby any glucose-saline solution (rehydron, oralit, glucosolan), but not every capricious person during illness will agree to drink tasteless water. Therefore, combine business with pleasure and prepare a decoction of raisins, dried apricots, dried fruit compote – these drinks have a lot of potassium and fructose, add a little salt (sodium and chlorine) and a little bit of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate).You will get a delicious and healing drink, let the kid drink with pleasure. Tired of compote? Please: mineral water, juice, herbal teas, rosehip broth, tea with honey, lemon, raspberries (if you are not allergic to these products). If a child drinks willingly, do not limit him, “water will find a hole,” as the people say. It is bad when the stubborn refuses to drink at high temperatures. Lack of fluid leads to thickening of the blood, from which all organs suffer, and primarily the urinary system.If you notice that a feverish child has not urinated all day or has excreted a small amount of concentrated, darker than usual urine, then the kidneys are really thirsty, and they need to be provided with fluid. In any way, get the child to drink, taking into account his wishes in the choice of drinks.
• Provide frequent ventilation of the room in which the sick child is located and maintaining a cool temperature in it – ideally not higher than 18 ° C. Inhalation of cool fresh air also provides a decrease in temperature, since the body spends heat to warm it.Many mothers are terrified of opening a window or balcony in the nursery: “She will get even more sick.” Put a hat or scarf on your head, cover it with a warm blanket and let your child breathe in the fresh frosty air. As a last resort, transfer the patient to another room while airing. I assure you that it is impossible to “get even more sick” from clean air, but breathing stale air filled with pathogenic pathogens is difficult not only for the patient, but also for the surrounding household.
Fighting with a high temperature justifies itself only in those cases when it “rolls over” beyond the mark of 39 degrees, causes a disturbance in the condition and behavior, the child has a tendency to seizures or a history of neurological diseases.If the fever is accompanied by vomiting, do not force the child to take medications by mouth – they will immediately come back. In such cases, suppositories are used, medication is administered with an enema, and in emergency conditions, injections.
Taking antipyretic drugs must be discussed with a doctor and do not allow self-activity. Uncontrolled use and systematic excess of the dose of even the most “harmless” drug can cause toxic or allergic effects.Calpol, Tylenol, Panadol, Efferalgan, Cefecon – all these drugs are prepared on the basis of paracetamol, in fact, they are one and the same drug. You need to know this in order to prevent overdose. Exceeding the dose has a toxic effect on the liver and kidneys. Paracetamol is contraindicated in children with diseases of these organs.
Nurofen for children, produced in the form of a suspension and suppositories, is in second place in terms of frequency of use. The drug is prepared on the basis of ibuprofen, which is a representative of the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and has not only antipyretic, but also anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.Compared to paracetamol, nurofen is more effective, but, unfortunately, gives more complications. Approved for use only in children over 3 months of age. Nurofen begins to act in 30 minutes and lasts for 6 to 8 hours.
A very effective drug is ibuklin, which consists of ibuprofen and paracetamol. In children’s practice, dispersible (water-soluble) tablets are used. One tablet of baby ibuclin contains ibuprofen 100mg and paracetamol 125mg. Before use, dilute 1 tablet in 5 ml of chilled boiled water.Ibuclin dosage depends on the age and body weight of the child.
Beloved by many generations, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is used only in children over 12 years of age due to the possible development of severe complications.
Often mothers note that against the background of a high temperature, the child has cold extremities (“he himself is like boiling water, and the hands and feet are ice cold”). This indicates a spasm of peripheral vessels.
Once again, it is necessary to emphasize the need to give plenty of water to a feverish patient, since during this period the loss of water with sweat and rapid breathing increase.As a result, the excretion of fluid through the kidneys decreases, urine becomes concentrated, and the renal tubules can become clogged with salts, protein, casts, which disrupts kidney function and can lead to complications.
Do not forget about the “omnipresent and omnipotent” vitamin C. It plays an important role in increasing the body’s defenses. During illness, its dose should exceed the prophylactic several times and be at least 300 mg per day. Add ascorbic acid to fruit drink, compote, juice, tea, jelly.It improves the taste of the drink and helps the body defeat the enemy.
For the treatment of viral infections, antibiotics and sulfa drugs are not used, since the virus is not afraid of them. Therefore, do not rush to stuff the patient with ampicillin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol, beloved for many generations, and other antibiotics from the first day.
The anti-influenza drugs oseltamivir (trade name Tamiflu) and zanamivir (trade name Relenza) have been successfully used to treat influenza.Prescribed only by a doctor, self-medication is unacceptable.
90,000 Coronavirus, flu, colds: how to understand what you are sick with? | World Events – Estimates and Forecasts from Germany and Europe | DW
At the first stage, the symptoms of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus can be easily confused with the manifestations of the flu. In most cases, both diseases are accompanied by fever, cough, joint aches, and headache. Sometimes these symptoms are accompanied by a runny nose, weakness, and shortness of breath.But there are at least two signs, having discovered which, one can with considerable confidence assume that we are talking about a cold or flu, and not about a coronavirus: a sore throat and sneezing.
Both symptoms are signs of an upper respiratory tract infection. SARS-CoV-2 mainly affects the lower respiratory tract, and an infected person will mostly have a dry cough, shortness of breath and / or pneumonia, but not a sore throat.
Sneezing is a symptom of a cold, not a coronavirus
A sudden lack of smell and taste, in turn, is a very common symptom of COVID-19 and does not occur with the flu or cold – even if a stuffy nose and sore throat is somewhat reduce sensitivity to odors and alter taste.
It should be noted that the typical symptoms of coronavirus do not always appear – sometimes the disease can be asymptomatic.
How long is the incubation period for people infected with coronavirus?
According to the Robert Koch Names Institute, the incubation period for COVID-19, a disease caused by the coronavirus, lasts an average of 5-6 days, although in some cases it can be up to 14 days. When mild symptoms or weakness appear, it is necessary to take sick leave and limit social contacts, and children should refuse to go to school and kindergarten.
The incubation period is often mild and asymptomatic. If you are unsure or anxious, call your healthcare provider or the COVID-19 Diagnostic Center. If necessary, you will be tested for coronavirus.
How is the coronavirus transmitted?
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets – by inhalation of virus-containing droplets or aerosols released when breathing, coughing, talking, singing or screaming. It is for this reason that one of the measures that reduce the risk of contracting coronavirus is maintaining a social distance of 1.5 meters.
Transmission of coronavirus outdoors is possible much less often
The risk of infection increases with prolonged stay in closed, small and poorly ventilated rooms. This is why regular and efficient ventilation is so important. Transmission of the virus in the open air is possible much less often – provided that the minimum distance between people of 1.5 meters is observed. It is also impossible to completely exclude the danger of contact transmission of the virus – especially if a person presumably infected with SARS-CoV-2 has touched the surfaces.
The most effective measures to reduce the possibility of contracting the coronavirus are still social distancing, hygiene practices, frequent and thorough hand washing, wearing protective masks, ventilating enclosed spaces, isolating SARS-CoV-2 infected people quickly and in a timely manner and establishing contact chains in patients with COVID-19.
Influenza or Cold: How to Distinguish
Even doctors sometimes find it difficult to distinguish the flu from the common cold based on symptoms.A cold usually starts with a sore throat and a runny nose, followed by a cough that can be dry or with phlegm. For several days, a person has a sore throat, a stuffy nose, a slightly fever, he feels weak and a headache.
Influenza, unlike a cold, manifests itself suddenly and immediately – “in full”: among its characteristic signs are headache, aching joints, dry cough, pain and wheezing in the throat, the temperature rises to 41 degrees and is often accompanied by chills.The patient experiences general weakness and falls asleep.
Symptoms of flu and colds are often similar.
Symptoms of a common cold subside after a few days and disappear completely after about a week. Influenza usually lasts longer: during the first week, the person is completely incapacitated, and it may take several weeks for a full recovery.
The German Standing Commission for Vaccinations (STIKO) advises everyone who is at increased risk of infection to get vaccinated against influenza every year.The risk group includes, in particular, those suffering from chronic diseases, pregnant women and people over 60 years of age. It also makes sense to vaccinate those who, due to professional necessity, constantly communicate with a large number of people (for example, medical workers and employees of public institutions).
When does it make sense to take antibiotics?
The causative agents of most colds and flu are viruses against which antibiotics are ineffective, so it makes no sense to take them in the treatment of such diseases.
Antibiotics act on bacteria in different ways: either by killing them or preventing them from spreading. In doing so, they attack the cell membrane or affect the metabolism of bacteria. Penicillins, for example, interfere with the synthesis of the cell walls of bacteria, and the walls are perforated, which leads to their rupture, and the bacterium dies.
Thus, taking antibiotics only makes sense when it comes to a bacterial infection. In some cases, it can develop against a viral background – bacteria enter the body through a weakened immune system, which leads to complications in the work of the whole body.Diseases such as pneumonia (pneumonia), tonsillitis, cystitis, meningitis are usually caused by bacteria, and the use of antibiotics in these cases is necessary.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Europe opened internal borders
Since June 15, most EU member states have restored free movement within the European Union and the Schengen area. The restrictions imposed by the coronavirus pandemic in March this year have been lifted for all EU countries except Sweden.The unfavorable epidemiological situation there, which is the result of the Swedish “special path” in the fight against COVID-19, does not meet the EU’s criteria for opening internal borders.
How the coronavirus changed the world
The EU is saving its economy
Brussels has allocated 500 billion euros to help the EU member states hardest hit by the effects of the pandemic. It is also planned to create a temporary Recovery Fund, the funds from which will be directed to the recovery of the European economy.
How the coronavirus changed the world
130 billion euros to support the German economy
The German authorities also took measures to overcome the economic consequences of the coronavirus pandemic. The volume of the anti-crisis program for 2020-2021, approved by the German government, is 130 billion euros. By the end of the year, the VAT rate will be reduced in the country from 19% to 16%, families will be paid 300 euros for each child, and the industries affected by quarantine measures will be allocated up to 25 billion euros.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Corona-Warn-App will track contacts with patients with coronavirus
The official Corona-Warn-App has appeared in Germany, warning of the possible danger of coronavirus infection. It will record the movement of smartphone owners and notify them of contact with a person infected with SARS-CoV-2, which will help track and break the chains of virus infections. You can download the application from the Google Play Store and Apple Store.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Oscars postponed, Eurovision canceled
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, events planned for 2020 have been canceled or postponed around the world. The Academy Awards ceremony has been postponed from February 28 to April 25. Most film companies were forced to discontinue production of films. The canceled Eurovision 2020 contest took place in the form of online concerts.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Olympics and European Football Championship – no earlier than 2021
The Olympic Games in Tokyo and the European Football Championship also fell victim to the coronavirus: both events were postponed until 2021.The IOC tried for a long time to save the Olympics, but in the end was forced to postpone it. A similar decision was made at UEFA at a meeting of representatives of 55 national football federations that are members of the European football union.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Coronavirus is not an obstacle to the parade in Russia
Despite the unfavorable epidemiological situation in the Russian Federation, the coronavirus did not become a reason for canceling the parade on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of Victory. By decree of Vladimir Putin, the event will take place on June 24 – the day the parade was held in the capital in 1945.The referendum on amendments to the constitution, scheduled for July 1, has not been canceled in the country either. WHO warns Russia against holding both events.
How the coronavirus changed the world
Tunisia announced victory over coronavirus
Tunisia became the first country to declare complete victory over coronavirus. Prime Minister Elias Fakhfah said the possibility of a second wave was minimal, although he urged citizens to remain vigilant. Tunisian authorities intend to open borders on June 27.Tourists arriving in the country will have to provide a certificate of a negative coronavirus test.
How the coronavirus changed the world
There is a new outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in Beijing
Despite the fact that in many countries the number of SARS-CoV-2 infections is declining, the danger of a second wave is not excluded. So, in the PRC, an outbreak of COVID-19 was again recorded, the number of cases exceeded 100 people. The Xinfadi food market has become a new focus. The Beijing authorities have limited the capital’s road connections to other parts of the country to reduce the risk of the spread of the disease.
How the coronavirus changed the world
When will the coronavirus vaccine appear?
The world hopes for a vaccine against the coronavirus. The number of laboratories working on its creation is large. Scientists already have several vaccine options, they are being tested on animals. Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands have united in an alliance in order to jointly provide all EU countries with a vaccine after the creation of the drug. But, apparently, the vaccine will appear on the market no earlier than mid-2021.
Author: Marina Baranovskaya
90,000 Cold and Flu Symptoms –
Both viral infections can also be accompanied by a sinus infection, a reaction that often persists long after the symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection have cleared.
By the end of the day, regardless of illness, you may feel completely overwhelmed. Fatigue and pain are usually indicative of the flu.If this is the case, then you will not be able to continue working or other activities. Many feel the need to stay at home and relax. And you need to do this regardless of the type of disease. If you are still unable to determine if you have a cold or the flu, please refer to in our article , which goes into more detail on this topic.
Fever / fever with colds
In children and adults, the symptoms of the common cold are similar. Moreover, signs of fever / fever can be an additional symptom of a cold in children and optional in adults.Fever / fever is a common symptom in children and adults with the flu.
Fever / fever is an increase in body temperature. Typical body temperature ranges from 36 to 37 ° C. When the temperature rises above 37.4 ° C, they speak of the onset of heat.
Fever can be associated with many different symptoms: sweating, chills and redness of the skin. Fever can also trigger dizziness and general weakness, muscle soreness and headache. Even though you don’t feel well in the heat, a rise in body temperature indicates that your body is fighting the virus.
Often, the fever goes away within a few days as the body successfully fights off the infection. However, you should consult your doctor if you experience any of the following:
- Temperature rise to 39-40 ° C
- Fever persists after three days of illness
- Drowsiness or blurred consciousness
- The appearance of hallucinations, nausea, difficulty breathing, skin rashes, heart palpitations, muscle spasms
- Severe pain in various parts of the body, including headaches
- The appearance of tumors or inflammation in different parts of the body
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pain when urinating or bad urine odor
- Skin rash that does not brighten with pressure
Don’t wait and hope that everything will go away by itself.Seek medical attention or treatment as soon as possible.
How to Minimize Cold or Flu Symptoms
Some tips for relieving the first symptoms and alleviating the general condition
This may sound a little odd, but blowing your nose regularly and correctly can be helpful in combating disease.
- Do not blow your nose too hard, as the strong pressure from blowing your nose pushes mucus from the nose into the ear canal, which can cause ear pain.
- Try to gently blow one nostril, closing the other, until it is completely free of mucus.
- Rinsing your nose with warm salted water is a surefire way to cleanse it.
- You can also use salted water or a special solution to rinse your throat.
What to do if the temperature rises?
Despite the fact that an increase in body temperature is a sign of the body’s struggle with the flu or cold virus, an excessively high body temperature is by no means a boon.The following measures should be taken to reduce it:
- Drink as much liquid as possible
- Place a napkin soaked in cold water on your forehead
- Eat light food and give up tea or coffee for a while
- Wear light clothing to keep your body cool
- Use light bedding to stay cool at night
These are some simple home remedies to help lower your fever if you have a cold or flu.It’s time to talk about the treatment of the disease.
Drug treatment for colds and flu in adults
Antibiotics have no effect on cold or flu viruses. They are only effective if there is a bacterial infection. Bacterial infections include, but are not limited to, infections of the upper respiratory tract, ear, or throat.
However, there are many drugs that can help reduce the symptoms of a cold or flu. After using such remedies, you begin to feel much better, while the body’s immune system is actively fighting the virus.Most drugs are readily available at every pharmacy. Here is a list of drugs that should always be in your home medicine cabinet:
- Volatile compound rub (applied to the chest or back to facilitate breathing)
- Lozenges for sore throat (for treating sore throat, pain and irritation when swallowing, and in some cases nasal congestion)
- Vitamins and minerals (promotes healing and well-being)
- Analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretic drugs, e.g. Nurofen .
Not every cold and flu medicine for adults is suitable for children. Therefore, we have developed Nurofen for children , which can help relieve fever and pain even in the smallest patients.
Nurofen for children, contains ibuprofen as an active ingredient. Nurofen for children acts quickly and effectively:
- Nurofen for children in the form of a suspension for heat and pain begins to act after 15 minutes 3 and its effect continues for a period of up to 8 hours 4
- Nurofen for children in the form of a suspension is produced with strawberry or orange flavor – it is intended for children from 3 months old, has a convenient measuring syringe-dispenser, does not contain sugar, alcohol and dyes.
One word of warning: Caution is required with combination cold and flu medications. They may contain several active ingredients. Make sure you do not take more than one drug with the same ingredient, so as not to exceed the recommended dose.
Practical advice on self-help during illness
In addition to fighting fever, there are many more recommendations that will improve your well-being and accelerate recovery.
Try to get more rest. It is advisable not to go to work during illness. Many strive to continue to exist as usual, despite the first symptoms of the disease, out of fear that their absence from work will be misunderstood. However, staying at home with a cold or flu can help you get some rest and, most importantly, not infect your colleagues at work. Moreover, in our time of high technology and excellent communication, it is often possible to work from home. Do just that by notifying your superiors.You will recover faster and get back to work without infecting anyone else.
Try to avoid stressful situations. Don’t take anything to heart as much as possible. Ask loved ones to help you with household chores. Reduce standing by the stove when you are sick and eat simple but nutritious meals.
What to eat during a cold or flu
During illness, there is almost no appetite, but, nevertheless, your body needs proper nutrition to maintain strength in the fight against infections.It turns out that the popular home remedy, a bowl of hot chicken soup, is one of the best options for when you’re sick. Not only is it light and nutritious, but some experts believe it has medicinal properties. Plus, soups are easy to prepare.
Light, well-digestible dishes such as fish, eggs, cereals are healthy, easy to prepare and can be eaten without hindrance when it hurts to swallow (as opposed to hard food).
Fresh salads, fruits, vegetables, or quick-cooked vegetable dishes should also be consumed.These foods are nutritious and healthy, especially during illness, as they contain a lot of fiber and vitamins.
Avoiding infecting others and catching colds and flu
How viruses spread
Regardless of how many cold and flu medications are available, it is best not to take (or give) them first. Influenza and cold viruses are transmitted by airborne droplets. That is why, if someone sneezes or coughs near you, the likelihood of getting sick increases.When sneezing, droplets of liquid along with viruses are carried over considerable distances. The infection spreads very easily and quickly in public places and institutions.
There are other ways of transmission of infections. A person sick with a cold or flu touches his nose or, when sneezing, covers himself not with a handkerchief, but with a palm, onto which drops of liquid fall along with viruses. Then, touching any surfaces with his hands, the diseased leaves particles of viruses there. If you next touch the same surface with your hand, the virus is transmitted to you.In the same way, you become infected if you just touch the skin of the sick person. Influenza and cold viruses can be transferred from the hands to the body, even if you just rub your eyes or touch your nose or mouth. Some viruses live for 24 hours on any surface. Therefore, it is possible to be infected without even knowing it, before any symptoms appear.
How to avoid contamination
It is difficult even to imagine the number of surfaces that different people touch in everyday life: doorknobs, cups, furniture countertops or communication devices.Children also actively transmit viruses to each other by exchanging toys, books or comics. Here are some practical tips for preventing virus transmission:
- Wash your hands thoroughly and regularly if you get a cold or flu. You should also do this if a sick colleague is working next to you.
- Sanitary hand sprays or antiseptic gels can be used as an alternative to constantly going to the toilet to wash your hands. It is also very convenient if you are driving in a car all day.
- When coughing or sneezing, use disposable handkerchiefs and discard immediately after use.
- Regularly clean the counter tops and the handles on the cabinet doors.
- Do not share tea towels or utensils with a cold or flu. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose again. Easier said than done? We agree, but just keep in mind that in this way you are protecting yourself from the virus entering the body.
Even if you get very cold on a cold day, you don’t necessarily get the flu. This is possible only after infection with pathogens. Still, dress for the weather and always dry wet clothes thoroughly. Some viruses thrive in cold and humid conditions, so don’t give them a chance to activate.
Getting vaccinated before the cold, windy season can help you actively fight a range of influenza viruses.Influenza vaccination is highly recommended for certain populations. This includes diabetics, people with heart disease, and those over 65. Vaccination is also recommended for severely ill children. You should discuss with your doctor if you need a flu vaccine. Below (see footnote 5) is a complete list of individuals recommended for seasonal vaccination. 5 It also contains complete information on influenza vaccines for children and adults.
This list is a great start to fighting a cold or flu.However, if you are in doubt about a symptom or illness, seek professional medical attention immediately.
Hopefully, you will not fall victim to colds and flu if you come into contact with people who are sick. If you do get infected, now you know what to do to get better faster!
1 Overweight people are more likely to suffer from influenza because obesity affects the immune system’s ability to fight off infection.Scientists say that due to being overweight, a person loses the antibodies developed to fight the virus faster (http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/high_risk.htm)
3 Pelen F. Verriere F. et al. Treatment of fever: Monotherapy with ibuprofen – Multicentre acceptability study conducted in hospital. Annales de P diatrie 1998; 45 (10): 719-728.
4 Instructions for the medical use of Nurofen for children
5 WHO Regional Office for Europe recommendations for influenza vaccination in the 2015–2016 winter season.September 2015 (http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/293085/WHO-Euro-recommendations-influenza-vaccination-2015-2016-ru.pdf)