Fever headache stuffy nose: Is It a Cold, the Flu, or COVID-19? (for Parents)
Is It a Cold, the Flu, or COVID-19? (for Parents)
Your child has a sore throat, cough, and a high fever. Is it COVID-19? Could it be the flu? Or just a cold?
All these illnesses are caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract. All are contagious and can spread easily from person to person. And they cause some similar symptoms. So it can be hard to tell them apart.
Here are some things to look for if your child gets sick.
The Common Cold (Caused by Many Different Viruses)
Cold symptoms usually are mild. They often include a tickly throat, a runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing. If there’s a fever, it is not high. A child with a cold usually feels quite well, and has a good appetite and normal energy levels.
There is no test for the common cold, and no specific treatment. It just needs to run its course.
The Flu (Caused by the Influenza Virus)
The flu can also be mild. Usually, though, kids with the flu feel worse than if they have a cold. They might have a fever that comes on suddenly, with chills, a headache, and body aches. They can have a sore throat, runny nose, and cough. And they feel generally miserable and tired and don’t have much of an appetite. Some kids even have belly pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
A doctor can check if someone has the flu by doing a test that looks for the flu virus.
Most kids with flu get better at home with plenty of liquids, rest, and comfort. In some cases, a doctor might prescribe an antiviral medicine to ease symptoms and shorten the illness. Some people get very ill and need treatment in the hospital.
Many cases of the flu can be prevented by getting a flu vaccine every year.
COVID-19 (Caused by a Type of Coronavirus)
Kids infected by the coronavirus may not have any symptoms, or their symptoms can be mild, like those of a common cold. Some can have more severe flu-like symptoms. So COVID-19 symptoms can look very much like those from a cold or the flu. But one symptom that happens more commonly in COVID-19 is a loss of taste or smell.
To see if someone has coronavirus, doctors can do a test that looks for a piece of the virus in the respiratory tract. They also can check for a past infection by doing a blood test that looks for antibodies.
There is no specific medicine for COVID-19. Most people who have it get better at home with plenty of liquids, rest, and comfort. Some people get very ill and need treatment in the hospital.
COVID-19 vaccines are now available for people 12 and older. Studies are underway to see if the vaccines are safe and effective in younger children too.
When Should I Call the Doctor?
If you have any doubts or questions, it’s best to call your doctor. An illness that seems like a cold can turn out to be the flu or COVID-19. And other illnesses, like strep throat or pneumonia, can cause similar symptoms but need different treatment. Sometimes it’s hard to know for sure which germ is causing the problem. Then, doctors might do some tests to find out.
Get medical care right away if your child:
- seems to be getting worse
- has trouble breathing
- has a high fever
- has a bad headache
- has a sore throat
- seems confused
- has severe belly pain
- has pain or pressure in the chest
- has trouble staying awake
- looks bluish in the lips or face
Call your doctor right away if your child has asthma or another illness and starts to feel sick with symptoms that might be the flu or COVID-19. The doctor might want to do some tests or start a specific medicine for the flu.
What Can Parents Do?
Common steps that help prevent the spread of germs also work well against the common cold, the flu, and COVID-19. It’s always wise to:
- Wash hands well and often. Wash for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid people who appear sick.
- Clean surfaces that get touched a lot (like doorknobs, counters, phones, etc.).
How Do COVID-19 Coronavirus Symptoms Compare To Cold And Allergies
Coughs and sneezes are common in cold and allergy seasons, but the coronavirus pandemic has caused new concerns about these historically “small” symptoms. Here’s how symptoms of colds, allergies and the COVID-19 coronavirus typically compare.
Symptoms Of COVID-19 Coronavirus
Signs and symptoms of illness from the COVID-19 coronavirus can range from mild to severe respiratory illness. These symptoms include fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Early symptoms of exposure to the coronavirus are similar to that of the flu. These signs include:
- Body aches
- Sore throats
- Nausea or vomiting
- Runny nose
According to the CDC, children with confirmed COVID-19 have generally presented with mild, cold-like symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, and cough.
Common cold symptoms gradually occur and may include:
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Scratchy, tickly throat
- Mild cough
- Watering eyes
- Low-grade fever
- Sore throat
- Achy muscles and bones
- Mild fatigue
- Watery discharge from nose that thickens and turns yellow or green
The symptoms of a cold usually last less than 14 days.
Many flu signs overlap with symptoms of the common cold. However, there are some key differences, such as:
- The flu comes on all at once while a cold gets gradually worse.
- You’re not likely to have a fever with a cold, but you are with the flu (although not always). You might also experience chills.
- You’ll have more intense muscle and body aches with the flu.
- Typically, colds don’t cause headaches, but the flu does.
- You’ll feel noticeably fatigued and weak if you have the flu.
You also may experience a cough, sore throat, or a runny or stuffy nose. Vomiting and diarrhea are possible signs of the flu, too, although this is more common in children than adults.
Signs Of Seasonal Allergies
Seasonal allergies (hay fever) are caused by the immune system reacting to pollen from trees, grasses and weeds as if they were harmful to the body. This reaction causes symptoms that can be similar to a cold. Seasonal allergies occur at the same time each year. If your child has allergy symptoms all year long, he or she may be allergic to things in the home, such as dust mites, animals, mold and cockroaches.
Allergies can cause itchy, watery eyes, which aren’t typical signs of a cold or flu.
Other common symptoms of seasonal allergies include:
- Stuffy nose
- Runny nose
- Itchy nose, throat, eyes, and ears
- Clear drainage from the nose
Usually, allergy symptoms last as long as you’re exposed to the trigger.
COVID-19 Risk Assessment
Franciscan Health has developed a free online assessment for patients who are experiencing symptoms, or think they may have been exposed to COVID-19. This non-diagnostic questionnaire will determine your eligibility for a telephonic consultation with a qualified nurse. A nurse will then guide you with your next steps to the care you need.
Our telephonic Nurse Consultation service is limited to those in the communities we serve.
Fever, congestion, fatigue: What might your symptoms mean?
Originally posted March 25, 2020
Updated April 27, 2020
Updated January 14, 2021
Trees are budding and flowers are blooming which also means…spring allergies! At the same time, all eyes continue to be on the spread of COVID-19 and we’re still in the midst of active flu season.
COVID-19 vs Flu vs Allergies: Here’s some help decoding the symptoms you and your kids might be experiencing.
As with any illness, exact symptoms can vary from person to person, so it’s important to call your pediatrician or primary care doctor if you have specific concerns or your symptoms seem to be getting worse.
COVID-19 symptoms in kids
Flu symptoms in kids
Allergy symptoms in kids
Incubation period: 1-14 days
Incubation period: 1-4 days
Incubation period: n/a
Allergy symptoms typically only affect parts of the head are not accompanied by fever.
In severe cases, both COVID-19 and the flu can result in pneumonia.
And, remember, with both flu and COVID-19 you can share germs before you start to experience symptoms. Flu usually comes on suddenly (1-4 days after exposure), while COVID-19 symptoms may start to appear anywhere from 1-14 days after exposure – or perhaps even more. This is why infection prevention measures – including social distancing, hand hygiene, regular cleaning of high-touch surfaces and cough/sneeze etiquette – continue to be imperative.
If you think you or your child may have COVID-19:
Call your pediatrician or primary care doctor. They will discuss your symptoms and ask further questions to help determine the next best course of action. It is important to make this call before going to the doctor’s office or emergency room so appropriate measures can be taken to keep you, your family and other community members safe.
If your symptoms are severe, call 911.
For more information on COVID-19, click here.
If My Kid Has the Sniffles, Is it COVID or a Cold?
Before COVID-19, many parents anticipated that their children would develop colds during the colder months. Typical symptoms include coughs, low-grade fever, stuffy noses, and sore throats.
But amid the pandemic, the same symptoms could be a sign of COVID-19. So, how do you tell whether your child has a cold or COVID-19?
What do you do if your kid is warm to the touch, catches a cold, or has a runny nose? While there’s still a lot of research required to completely understand how COVID-19 impacts children, present medical studies and reports reveal that kids have been mostly spared from the far-reaching complications of coronavirus.
That said, there have also been increasing incidences of severe and life-threatening illnesses like the new pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome that occurs after developing COVID-19. For this reason, there is a great need to understand both symptoms.
Keep reading to find out if the symptoms your child is exhibiting could be due to COVID-19 or if it’s just the sniffles from a cold!
The signs of a common cold usually develop gradually and often last for about seven days. Cold symptoms in children are generally mild and include:
- Muscle aches
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Watery eyes
- Low-grade fever
- Unusual fatigue
- Sore throat
Rarely will a cold need emergency care. However, it’s vital to see a pediatrician promptly if your child’s symptoms last for over ten days or they don’t improve after taking cold medications.
Novel coronavirus symptoms in children can range from mild to severe. They include:
- An uncontrolled cough that’s different from their usual one
- Sore throat
- Body or muscle aches
- Nasal congestion
- Unusual tiredness
- Shortness of breath
- Runny nose
- Chills and a fever of over 100.4°F
- Loss of smell or taste
- Poor appetite
When to Call 911
It’s critical to seek medical help immediately if your child:
- Has difficulty waking up
- Becomes confused
- Has bluish skin or lips
- Experiences constant chest pressure or pain
Since the signs of COVID-19 heavily overlap with common cold symptoms, it’s essential to pay attention to any unusual symptoms that your child may exhibit. For instance, diarrhea accompanied by a cough or loss of smell or taste without a blocked nose isn’t typical of the common cold.
But, if your child typically has a cold around this season, it could be the culprit of what’s making them sick. Remember to be on the lookout for any symptoms of multisystem inflammatory syndrome and get medical attention as soon as possible. This potentially life-threatening condition is a complication of COVID-19 in children, and its signs include:
- Red, cracked lips
- High-grade fever
- Bloodshot eyes
- Pain in the abdomen
How Can You Tell If It’s COVID-19 or A Cold?
Everyone is now on high alert for COVID-19. But, you cannot say for sure whether your child has the novel coronavirus or a cold unless they have a COVID-19 test to prove it. In addition, many infected kids will not have any symptoms.
The CDC has found that children are more commonly asymptomatic or they exhibit mild symptoms when they are infected with COVID-19 and are contagious. Not every child will receive a COVID-19 test unless they display the symptoms of the disease.
To complicate issues further, asymptomatic children can spread the virus. Ultimately, you know your child best, so if they have a runny nose due to seasonal allergies, then it’s most likely nothing more concerning than that. Another potential cause is allergic rhinitis where children can experience runny nose, sniffles and itchy watery eyes.
And, an isolated mild runny nose is likely not COVID-19. Nonetheless, if you’re worried about a symptom your child has started exhibiting, it’s advisable to talk to your child’s pediatrician.
When Should You Get Your Child Tested?
Your pediatrician will help decide if your child should be tested depending on their:
- Likelihood of exposure
- Infection rates
- Availability of tests in your location
- School requirements
Additionally, the CDC encourages that children attending school in person should receive COVID-19 tests if they have:
- Symptoms of coronavirus
- Loss of taste and smell in older children
- No symptoms, but they’ve come into close contact with a person with a probable or a confirmed case of the infection
A true negative test means your child doesn’t have COVID-19, although they may still have a cold. To treat the cold, you can:
- Use saline nose drops
- Give your child a dash of lemon and a spoonful of honey mixed in warm water I children over 12 months old
- Ensure they drink plenty of fluids and get enough rest
On the other hand, if your child does test positive for COVID-19, contact tracers can inform others who might have had earlier exposure to the virus sooner.
While your child has symptoms, keep them at home from other activities. This is essential to avoid the risk of spreading the disease.
It also gives their body ample time to rest, allowing the immune system to work and fight off the infection. Maintaining good hygiene in the house is equally important.
Frequently disinfect and clean high-touch surfaces such as faucets, doorknobs, handles, and light switches to minimize the spread of the virus. If your child has COVID-19, avoid spreading the virus to other members of your family by following CDC protocols.
The CDC recommends putting quarantine measures in place in your home. Keep your child away from other members of your family as much as possible while they are still exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 and until they receive a negative COVID-19 test.
Protect Your Child During Cold Season
The doctors here at Chicago ENT recommend that you make an appointment with us if you’re concerned about your child’s symptoms during cold season. Our board-certified pediatric otolaryngologist, Dr. Colman, will advise you if a COVID-19 test is necessary.
But if your child is experiencing symptoms that include ear, nose, and throat conditions, like breathing and airway issues, as well as sinus and nose problems, our pediatric otolaryngologist will provide world-class care and treatment after a proper diagnosis to ensure optimal health and development of your child.
Schedule an appointment with Dr. Colman at Chicago ENT in Lincoln Park, Chicago, today to discuss the right course of action for your child!
Is my sore throat a sign of COVID-19?
When you’re clutching at your throat because it feels raw, scratchy and painful, and it hurts just to swallow, all you want is to feel better. Along with “why me?,” you’re likely asking yourself, is this part of a cold?; strep throat?; or worse–a sign of coronavirus? Below, we walk you through some possible causes for sore throat, and the specific symptoms to watch for. During the pandemic, it’s important to pay attention to your health and to know when to seek care.
Common Causes of Sore Throat
- Cold and Flu: The common cold and seasonal influenza share many symptoms, including that dreaded sore throat. If you’re suffering from a cold or the flu, you may also experience fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, cough, runny nose, sneezing, and congestion. Colds are usually milder than flu, and are more likely to include a runny or stuffy nose. Protect yourself with an annual flu vaccine, and know we are here to provide care if you do become ill.
- COVID-19: Like the common cold and flu, COVID-19 is a viral, respiratory illness that can indeed cause sore throat. However, sore throat doesn’t seem to be a particularly common symptom of the novel coronavirus. One study, commissioned by the World Health Organization (WHO), found that out of more than 55,000 confirmed cases, only 13.9 percent of people reported a sore throat. Get a COVID-19 test if you’ve been around someone who tested positive, or are exhibiting other COVID-19 symptoms, such as cough, difficulty breathing, and/or fever, along with chills, muscle pain, headache, and any new loss of taste or smell.
- Strep throat: Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat and tonsils, caused by streptococcal bacteria. Look for red, swollen tonsils and throat; white spots or streaks on the tongue or back of your throat; and swollen lymph nodes in your neck. Strep throat can also make it difficult to swallow and cause headache, fever and chills. An in-clinic strep test or throat culture can determine if group A strep is the cause of your sore throat. If so, our providers can prescribe an antibiotic to treat the infection.
- Allergies: When your immune system overreacts to a foreign substance (e.g. a food, drug, chemical, animal dander, or pollen), it can trigger an allergic response. Severe reactions are possible, but for common allergies, you’ll likely experience itchy eyes, sneezing, runny nose, cough, congestion and headache. A post-nasal drip can lead to an allergy-induced sore throat.
When you need care and advice for sore throat symptoms, our urgent care is here for you.
Parental challenge – Does your child have COVID-19, flu, cold or something else?
We’re entering flu season. Kids will get sick just like they always have, but this year is different since we’re also contending with the coronavirus.
Since COVID-19 symptoms overlap with symptoms of other common illnesses like colds or the flu, kids with symptoms of COVID-19 may actually be ill with something else. It is common for young children to have up to eight respiratory illnesses, or colds, every year.
Unfortunately, there is no symptom or set of symptoms that only occurs in children diagnosed with COVID-19. So, if your child gets sick this fall or winter, how can you rule out COVID-19?
In a common cold, children may have:
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Muscle or body aches
With a common cold, children likely will not have:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Nausea or vomiting
In children, fever has been the most frequently reported symptom of COVID-19. Other symptoms of COVID-19 in children may include cough, fatigue, headache, nasal congestion, loss of taste or smell, sore throat, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, muscle aches, GI issues, nausea or vomiting, or poor appetite.
A fever could also be a sign of strep throat or the flu. A cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fatigue, sore throat or nasal congestion may be present in children with chronic conditions like asthma or allergies.
Parents worry about multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), but this illness, although serious, is not common. Symptoms of MIS-C include a persistent, prolonged fever, skin rash, red eyes, lips and tongue and swollen hands and feet.
Scientists are still learning about how the virus spreads and impacts children. Findings suggest children are less likely to get COVID-19 than adults, and if they do contract COVID-19, they generally have less serious illness than adults.
There are children who are infected with the coronavirus and don’t develop any symptoms. These children can spread the virus to others who are at risk of complications. Families should continue taking precautions to help limit exposures, including wearing masks in public, frequent handwashing and physical distancing.
You know your child best. Let your child’s doctor know if your child has a fever, is exhausted or has trouble staying awake, won’t eat or drink, has any difficulty in breathing or has any other symptoms that concern you. When in doubt, call the doctor.
It’s important for your child to maintain regular wellness check-ups with his/her doctor and stay up-to-date with all recommended vaccinations, especially the flu shot this season.
Flu vaccines are available through your child’s primary care physician. Contact his/her doctor’s office to schedule your child’s flu shot. Find a doctor.
Edward-Elmhurst Health offers a mobile app, MyEEHealthTM, which helps you keep track of your health from the comfort of anywhere. With new virtual options, you can connect with select healthcare providers online — keeping you safe and at home. Learn more.
At Edward-Elmhurst Health, your safety and well-being continue to remain our top priority. When you visit us, you will find consistent safety measures in place. Learn more about our Safety Commitment.
For updates on our planning and response efforts as we work to stop the spread of COVID-19, please check EEHealth.org/coronavirus.
Get more information about coronavirus from Healthy Driven Chicago.
The information in this article may change at any time due to the changing landscape of this pandemic. Read the latest on COVID-19.
Symptoms: Difference between cold, flu, allergies, coronavirus
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Just as we’re all supposed to be paying extra attention to coughs, sore throats and headaches to spot early signs of the COVID-19 coronavirus, allergy season also is ongoing.
What do we do?
Earlier this spring, we checked with Dr. Rachel Roper, associate professor of microbiology and immunology at East Carolina University’s Brody School of Medicine, for advice on how to tell the difference between allergies, colds, flu and coronavirus.
Roper shared a handy chart outlining the symptoms of coronavirus, cold and flu, sourced to the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We found a similar chart comparing colds to allergies. Since then, the CDC has updated its list of coronavirus symptoms, and that information is updated here.
Here’s what you need to know.
▪ The coronavirus symptoms you should be aware of are cough (dry) and shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fever or chills, fatigue, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, congestion or runny nose, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea and new loss of the sense of taste or smell.
The CDC says symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.
Neither the CDC nor the World Health Organization have listed sneezing as a symptom of coronavirus (common with colds and allergies).
For people with mild cases of coronavirus, it “could be virtually indistinguishable from the common cold or seasonal flu” without testing, Dr. Jin Dongyan of the University of Hong Kong told The New York Times. Even more confounding, some people infected with the virus may not show any symptoms at all.
Some researchers found digestive symptoms, including diarrhea, to be a primary complaint by nearly half the people in the hospital for COVID-19. That study was published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Even more recently, doctors have noticed some COVID-19 patients have a frostbite-type rash on their toes.
If you have trouble breathing, a persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion or the inability to rouse, or bluish lips or face, call 911 or seek medical help immediately.
▪ Signs of a cold commonly include sneezing, a runny/stuffy nose, aches and a sore throat. A cough can accompany a cold (particularly in later stages of a cold), but headaches and fevers are considered rare, and colds do not cause diarrhea or shortness of breath.
▪ With airborne allergies, common symptoms include a runny/stuffy nose, sneezing and itchy eyes. You will sometimes have a sore throat with allergies and sometimes a cough. Sinus congestion can also lead to headaches. You should never have muscle aches or fever with allergies.
▪ Seasonal flu has the symptoms most similar to coronavirus: coughing, fever, fatigue, chills, body aches and headaches are common. You’ll sometimes have a runny/stuffy nose and sore throat, but adults should not have diarrhea or shortness of breath (diarrhea can be present in children with flu). The loss of the sense of taste or smell is not associated with the flu.
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Treat mild coroanvirus symptoms at home — and isolate
Mild coronavirus symptoms can be treated at home.
Use over-the-counter medications you would use to combat a cold or flu: Tylenol for fever and body aches, then medications to treat cough, sore throat and runny nose. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
A digital thermometer is useful to track your temperature.
“Sometimes with some infections, fever will show up before other symptoms, so if someone thinks they may have been exposed, they can check their temperature morning and night to watch for the first signs, and then make sure to isolate themselves,” Roper said.
But doctors have also noted that not all coronavirus patients have fever.
As noted above, if you have trouble breathing, a persistent pain or pressure in the chest, new confusion or the inability to rouse, or bluish lips or face, call 911 or seek medical help immediately.
Dr. Roper stressed that isolation is the key to containing the spread of coronavirus.
“We can isolate and quarantine now, or we can wait until we have hundreds dead and then isolate and quarantine,” Roper said. “Early action saves lives.”
Follow more of our reporting on Coronavirus in North Carolina
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Brooke Cain is a North Carolina native who has worked at The News & Observer for more than 20 years. She writes about TV and local media for the Happiness is a Warm TV blog, and keeps track of changes in the local grocery landscape.
90,000 vindictive disease – Russian newspaper
Moderate flu Home immediately. Warm blanket and a thermometer under the arm. The temperature, you will see, immediately rushes to around 39-40. You look in the mirror – you will not be happy: the eyes are like those of a rabbit, the face is glowing. What? Not up to the mirror? Has a nosebleed? Classic flu of moderate severity. It is necessary to have a doctor. Plus, you will swim for four days in your own sweat – the fever will subside. And everything will slowly begin to return to normal. True, the temperature will jump for another week, but already around the 37 mark.You will get tired quickly after a couple of weeks. But then – surely everything!
Severe flu You say you don’t have enough time to get sick? Do you think the flu is interesting? Not interested. He is also touchy. He is offended when he is mistaken for some sort of ARI. And takes revenge. How? Add to all the “joys” of your this morning, aches and pains in the whole body, rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath. It can be worse: insomnia, vomiting, convulsions, hallucinations. But there is also swelling of the brain. Or lungs.
Note: The flu does everything quickly.So what you have in front of you is a severe course with a fatal outcome. Don’t believe me? Flu it can! But much more often he still leaves you to live.
Do not forget: when the flu is hard, all the most important organs and systems of a person are under attack. And the effects of the flu can be felt for the rest of your life.
Mild flu But if you prepared your body for the winter in advance, or at least dived under a blanket at the first sign of a cold, you would get off with a slight fright. After all, the flu can go mildly, almost asymptomatic.Although, of course, it is for this reason that you can notice it too late.
Parainfluenza Compromise option. It also starts and flows gently. The temperature rarely rises above 38 degrees. And it lasts no more than one or two days. But many get sick even without a fever. However, both of them are plagued by a sore throat and a “barking” cough. The voice becomes hoarse, sometimes disappears completely.
Adenovirus infection It begins, like the flu, acutely. Temperature 38-39.It can hold on for a week, or even two. A severe runny nose and a noticeable sore throat also appear in the first hours of the illness. If you ask what it hurts there, you can see large red tonsils. On the third or fourth day, pain in the eyes may appear. After another couple of days, in the corners of the eyes (under the eyelids), as well as in the throat, on the tonsils, white or grayish films can be seen. Body temperature at this time can fluctuate around 37. Lymph nodes are enlarged and painful throughout the body.Abdominal pain and stool disorder are not excluded. Complications can develop in people who are very weak. One of the most serious is pneumonia.
The doctor knows what to do
We asked Elena Smolnaya, the district therapist of the Shatkovskaya central regional hospital of the Nizhny Novgorod region, about what to do first, secondly, thirdly.
– If there are no signs of a complicated course of the disease, you must first of all help the body get rid of toxins.
The most affordable, natural way is to drink abundantly: tea, fruit drink (cranberry or lingonberry). Herbs are good for this. You can gargle and rinse your nose with chamomile and calendula infusions. If the temperature is not too high, the same infusions or similar pharmacy tinctures can be used for inhalation.
It is equally important to support the defenses of the organism itself. Rosehip, black currant are good.
Today, immunostimulating agents, in particular interferons, are widely used.To suppress the activity of the virus, there are special antiviral drugs. The earlier you start taking them, the easier the course of the disease and the less the risk of complications.
All this, of course, does not exclude the use, if necessary, of conventional symptomatic agents such as paracetamol, cough mixtures, drops from the common cold.
For those who remember aspirin in the first place with a cold, I want to remind you that it is very dangerous for children. But for those who are almost used to treating antibiotics as a panacea, I will disappoint: antibiotics do not work against viruses.We prescribe antibiotics when we see that a bacterial infection joins the flu.
Remember, there are no safe medicines. A remedy that turns out to be salutary for one, the other, can plunge into a series of troubles.
How to tell the flu from a cold yourself?
- Onset of the disease
ARVI (IN SPACE – COLD) – more often smooth
FLU – always spicy
- Body temperature
ARVI – rarely rises above 38 C
FLU – 39 C and above reaches in 2-3 hours, lasts 3-4 days
- Intoxication of the body
ARVI – weak, general condition is satisfactory
FLU – chills, sweat, severe headache (in the temples and in the eye area), fear of light, dizziness, aches.All this manifests itself sharply and grows rapidly.
- Cough, chest discomfort
ARVI – dry, abrupt, moderately pronounced, appears immediately
FLU – excruciating, with pain, appears on the 2nd day
- Runny nose and nasal congestion
ARVI – often the main symptom
FLU – do not appear immediately, not so pronounced
- Throat: redness and pain
ARVI – one of the main symptoms
FLU – in the first days of the disease does not always appear
- Eye redness
ARVI – if a bacterial infection is attached
FLU is a common symptom
No need to be treated: rest and drink some water…
there is an opinion of
People who are convinced that nature heals itself, that medications are unnecessary, believe that colds and flu are not a disease, but … an act of self-healing invented by nature. This is how the body gets rid of the consequences of a wrong life. What is this wrong?
Excess starches and sweets in food. Lack of fresh, natural products. Tobacco, alcohol. Sedentary lifestyle. Inability to rest – there is not a single disease without prior fatigue.
Hence their recommendations. We need to lie down for a couple of days in warmth and comfort. Food – minimum. Water – room temperature, drink literally a sip, but often. For fever, warm wraps. Medicines are only harmful, because they knock down the “fine tuning” of the immune system. And in our opinion, these people, it turns out, is “imprisoned” during a “cold”, along with all kinds of rino, adenoviruses and influenza viruses to destroy cancer cells. But to the question of how people who lead a healthy lifestyle, do not drink or smoke, who know how to rest, still catch a cold, there is no answer.
Where do mutant viruses come from?
guests from the future
Nature has not provided its own life support systems for viruses. But she gave a “weapon” for the seizure of other people’s vital resources. We can say that this weapon of the future is genetic (programming). However, the virus itself is all “genetic” – all of the pieces of molecules designed to carry genetic information. The virus inserts one of these pieces into the nucleus of the victim cell.
This is actually the end of the struggle.The reprogrammed cell now sees its main task as … the production of viral proteins. The process is proceeding rapidly: the offspring of only one viral particle that has entered the body in a day is already 1023 “individuals”. Hence the record-breaking short incubation period of infection – one to two days.
It is estimated that each of us is exposed to a “virus attack” at least twice a year. And in total, viruses penetrate into the human body at least 200 times during a lifetime. But not all of these penetrations end in disease.Once we have stood at a meeting with the pathogen, we acquire the skill of dealing with it for a long time. And we also pass on the memory of some meetings to descendants. But viruses have their own “knight’s move” in this regard. They mutate. Sometimes so that our immune system does not immediately respond to the invasion. This is how epidemics arise.
There is a lot of talk about the mutant virus now. There was a bird – it became human. Overcame the species barrier. Scientists believe they are far from the first. It is believed that the sadly memorable “Spaniard” of 1918-1919 was caused by just such a mutant.
“Spanish flu” walked the planet, leaving hundreds of thousands of victims. Less devastating, but no less serious, were the pandemics of 1957 (“Asian flu”) and 1968 (“Hong Kong flu”). More recently, in 1997 and 2003, also in Hong Kong, there were limited outbreaks of a new subtype of influenza. Today it has already been proven: people were infected with it from birds. Last year’s outbreaks confirmed the mutation of the bird flu virus.
Cough and runny nose attack humanity
Every year on Earth there are 3 to 5 million cases of severe flu.250-500 thousand of them end in death. In industrialized countries, these statistics are replenished mainly by the elderly, low-income people who do not have the opportunity to see a doctor. This year, the infection on the planet is marked only by outbreaks. Our country is no exception. One can speak about an epidemic only in Chelyabinsk – the epidemic threshold there has been exceeded by more than a quarter. There are a little more than 50 thousand “colds” in Moscow now. Less than one percent of them are diagnosed with influenza.
Cold.The author of the article: pediatrician Olga Anatolyevna Sidinkova.
03 December 2019
Family Health Magazine
Very often, when we have
runny nose or sore throat, fever rises, we diagnose ourselves: flu!
But don’t jump to conclusions.There are others
viral infections that are similar in symptoms to the flu.
Autumn and early spring are seasons of high humidity and a sharp increase in the number of colds. But really
it is impossible to put a barrier by this far from
harmless ailments? Only an integrated approach will help to maintain health.
to the prevention of colds.
Earlier, colds were united in the group of “acute respiratory diseases (ARI)”, now medical scientists
believe that the more correct name “sharp
respiratory viral infections ”
(ARVI).There are adenoviruses, parainfluenza,
respiratory syncytial viruses. All of them
differ in their structure and biological properties, and diseases have
symptoms characteristic of each ARVI.
Typical symptoms of a cold are general weakness, malaise, chest pain
cage, dry cough, or cough with phlegm, increased body temperature. Like this
you can describe the symptoms of each of the colds, including such a terrible viral infection as the flu:
- if you suffer from severe headaches,
“Aches” joints and muscles throughout the body
weakness spreads, and the nerves seem to be bare, the temperature is about 39 ° C, in the throat
itching, the nose is stuffy, but there is no runny nose as such, which means you have the flu;
- if the nose is running, but the state of health is quite bearable and the temperature is not higher than 37 ° C
– You have contracted a rhinovirus infection,
or in other words, you have a common cold;
- if the voice is hoarse and constantly bothers
“Barking cough” means you are sick
laryngitis – inflammation of the larynx.And the parainfluenza virus brought it with him;
- if in the process of the first signs of illness it became difficult for you
breathe, first a dry, painful, and then with phlegm cough and
the temperature does not want to decrease in any way
– it means that you have bronchitis, which may have become a consequence of the flu;
- if, on the 2nd or 3rd day, a feeling of pain increased to chills, cough and runny nose
in one or both eyes, tonsils
and the throat is grayish or white
film, and the lymph nodes have noticeably increased, you should know: you have become a victim of an adenovirus infection, or, simply put,
One of the pressing problems in pediatrics is the treatment of colds.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
COLD DISEASES IN CHILDREN.
Vaccination is a promising area of modern prevention of colds, as well as
use of special tools for
rinsing the nasal cavity. The action of this
method is aimed at cleansing and moisturizing the nasal mucosa, normalizing
the protective function of the ciliated epithelium,
preventing the formation of crusts, facilitating nasal breathing.As before, prevention is subdivided into specific and non-specific. Both have great
importance, since they reduce not only the incidence of respiratory infections, but also the number of bacterial complications.
Components of nonspecific prophylaxis: mucosal therapy
upper respiratory tract using
saline solutions, antiviral drugs, immunomodulators, inducers
interferons with antiviral activity, homeopathic medicines with proven efficacy, herbal medicines and vitamins (anaferon,
strepsils, nurofen, etc.).
Prevention of colds
aims to strengthen the respiratory system and normalize the function of the external
breathing. Prevention of colds improves tissue elasticity
lungs, normalizes gas exchange between blood and air, increases bronchial
conductivity. And also the prevention of colds has a general strengthening effect on the entire body and stimulates immune processes.
Prevention of colds
– this is a whole complex of measures, which, only with regular and systematic use, can eliminate frequent morbidity.First of all, it is,
hardening, of course. And also, these are activities
on exercise equipment (exercise bike, treadmill), walking, running, swimming and special physiotherapy exercises.
Separately, it should be said about physiotherapy exercises. Physiotherapy exercises as prevention of colds has
very great value.
Vulnerable “risk group” is
a group of frequently ill children. Frequently ill children endure during the year from 6 to
12 episodes of respiratory morbidity, which becomes the cause of the development of secondary immunological insufficiency, the formation of chronic pathology
bronchopulmonary system and ENT organs,
allergopathology, etc.Often sick children are prescribed
analysis of the immune status. Based on the analyzes received, drugs are prescribed. One of the main goals is to reduce the number of people with frequent illnesses.
children. In the treatment of such children, drugs are used that are capable of sanitizing the nasopharynx and upper respiratory
paths. The most important condition for the speedy
recovery is the care and attention from the parents, the psychological climate in the family, living conditions
In the treatment of colds
Nowadays, nebulizers are actively used, which are special
metered-dose aerosol inhalers,
which are very easy to use.If the child has an inflamed mucous membrane and there is swelling in the nose, then in the first days
antihistamines are prescribed.
For colds, it is necessary
plentiful sweet and sour drink. Exists
special procedures to warm up
baby’s hands, feet with the help of special creams for children, or inhalation procedures based on extracts of medicinal plants. But if the child has
allergic diseases are necessary
already other drugs. The old forgotten method should not be neglected either.
may be effective – mustard plasters in sunflower oil.WHAT MISTAKES CAN BE COMMITTED BY
Trying to get rid of
A CHILD’S NOSE STOPPED?
One of the main mistakes is untimely access to a doctor and treatment.
runny nose by their own methods, which is fraught with complications. To the health of the child
should be treated with all the attention and care and consult a specialist doctor.
COMPLICATIONS IN COLD
are occupied by acute viral and bacterial
pneumonia.The second most frequent place is occupied by complications from ENT organs
(sinusitis, otitis media, frontal sinusitis, sinusitis). Most often, exacerbation of the existing chronic pathology of the upper respiratory
pathways and lungs (chronic sinusitis,
tone zillitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma) develop against the background of ARVI,
as well as exacerbations of herpes-viral chronic persistent in the body
infections. Very often there is a complication on
ear is otitis media. Distinguish between acute medium,
chronic purulent, exudative medium, adhesive otitis media.With sinusitis in children, nasal congestion, pain in the forehead, weakness,
lethargy and high fever. To reduce edema and swelling of the mucous membrane, vasoconstrictors are instilled into the nose.
funds either use antibiotic therapy. Nasal lavage and physiotherapy techniques are recommended
treatment. With an inflammatory process in
maxillary sinuses require hospitalization of the child.
Thus, comprehensive prophylaxis in childhood and timely treatment are needed to avoid complications in the future.
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90,000 Cold and flu season As told by the pediatrician
Cold and Flu Season: 5 Questions Parents Should Know
Winter is a season of high incidence. Every year, with the onset of the cold season, we are attacked by ARVI and influenza. What should parents of babies know and do? We deal with simple but very important questions together with pediatrician Anastasia Batrakova.
How to distinguish influenza from SARS?
Colds – as we used to call acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI). SARS is easier to tolerate, usually passes quickly, is easier to treat and rarely causes complications, while the flu is more severe and can lead to serious complications. They are often confused, mistakenly mistaking one for the other. It is sometimes difficult for doctors to distinguish between these two diseases based on symptoms.
A cold begins with a runny nose and sore throat, then a cough appears, which can be phlegm or dry.A stuffy nose, a sore throat, a slight fever, a headache and weakness. Unlike SARS, influenza manifests itself suddenly and immediately with a full list of symptoms. A common cold weakens after a few days and goes away completely in about a week. Influenza usually lasts longer and may take several weeks to fully recover.
Neither ARVI nor influenza can be treated with antibiotics! Take your time with medications. It is dangerous to prescribe drugs yourself. They are used only as directed by a doctor if the disease causes complications.
When and how to bring down the temperature of a child? Should I shoot her down at all?
High temperature (fever or hyperthermia) is a protective reaction of the body, useful and necessary. But it so happens that it acquires a pathological character or is very difficult for a child to tolerate.
At elevated body temperature in a child, all indicators must be taken into account. There are two types of fever: red and white. With red hyperthermia, the palms and feet are warm, the child’s skin is pink, the behavior is normal.The temperature gets off easily. With white fever, the internal body temperature can reach very high values, but the peripheral vessels are spasmodic, so the skin is pale, the palms and feet are cold, the child is lethargic or, on the contrary, is very agitated. The temperature goes down badly. This condition is very life-threatening and often causes seizures. Therefore, with white fever, you can bring down the temperature, starting from 38 ° C.
Accordingly, the temperature must be brought down:
– when it reaches 38.5 ° C;
– when the child does not tolerate it;
– when there are aggravating factors: severe diseases of the central nervous system, organs and systems, for example, heart defects, etc.d.
It is important to correctly determine which antipyretic to use. Up to 3 months of a child’s life, paracetamol is recommended as a safe antipyretic drug (in the form of rectal suppositories or suspension). Ibuprofen is used from 3 months of age. It is important to give the correct dose of antipyretic medicine for your age and weight.
In addition to antipyretics, physical methods of cooling should be actively used in case of red hyperthermia. Wipe your baby’s tummy, back, arms and legs with a towel dipped in warm water.It is impossible to use alcohol and vinegar for rubdowns, as they have a toxic effect – they easily penetrate the skin.
With white hyperthermia, you need to act a little differently. It is impossible to wipe the child with water so that there is no spasm of the blood vessels. First, warm the baby (rub the surface of the body with your hands), physical methods of cooling can only be used after the skin has turned pink and warm.
If the temperature rises rapidly, call an ambulance.The doctor will examine the child, assess his condition and decide whether he needs hospitalization, whether it is necessary to inject a lytic mixture.
With what symptoms do you need to go to the hospital immediately?
We often face the fact that parents do not always adequately assess the condition of their child and the danger of the situation. It is strange to see messages sent to the site at night with the question: “What to do? The child has a temperature of 39.5 and does not go astray for a day. “Certainly not spontaneously asking questions on the Internet, but calling an ambulance!
Temperature (high, which can be brought down by antipyretics for a short time or not by much) is not the only reason to immediately contact a doctor.
Urgent medical attention is needed in cases when:
– acute abdominal pain, which may be accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting. It can be spasm or colic. But acute appendicitis and other serious problems cannot be ruled out;
– severe open vomiting;
– high body temperature that does not decrease for three days;
– black chair;
– hemorrhagic rash (bloody rash on the skin) – they can be a sign of meningococcal infection.And the sooner the child is admitted to the hospital for treatment, the faster and easier it will be to recover. It is better to discuss any other rashes with your doctor, but not so urgently;
– the child refuses to eat and drink, severe lethargy.
Is it possible to walk outside with a temperature?
Walking on the street with a toddler who feels very bad and will never enter anyone’s head. Parents of only those children who are already recovering come to think about walking.
There is no definite answer to the question about walking with a temperature. Doctors advise to take into account all the factors influencing this problem at the moment: climatic conditions, accurate readings of the child’s temperature, the current state of the patient. A snowstorm, strong wind, dampness or rain are contraindicated for walks, as they can make the disease lingering. If the child feels good, the weather is good for walking, then the fresh air will certainly not hurt.
How to support a child’s immunity?
Immunity is a way of protecting the body, it can be congenital (aka nonspecific) and acquired (aka adaptive, or specific).
The reactions of specific immunity in different people differ and depend on what infectious agents the person has encountered earlier. Specific immunity takes time to study the infection that has entered the body and remember it. When the body re-meets the same infection, the immune system destroys it even before the first symptoms of the disease appear. It is important to understand that when a child grows up, he loses the protective factors transmitted to him by his mother at birth and breastfeeding, so his body must learn to cope with viruses on its own.Immunity must train, it is impossible without disease.
Strengthening the immune system is a parent’s daily effort. Prepare for the season of illness before it begins. It is necessary to be vaccinated on time against pathogens of respiratory infections (influenza, pneumococcus, hemophilic infection type B, etc.). Systematic hardening of the child has a good effect. It is necessary to monitor proper nutrition: the daily diet should contain a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals for the child’s body.It is important to observe the correct daily routine, walk in the fresh air every day and sleep at least 8-13 hours a day, depending on age.
Good personal hygiene is important, especially during the peak season for respiratory infections. Coming home from a walk or from the garden, you need to wash your face, wash your hands thoroughly, hold a toilet in the nasal passages, and rinse your mouth. When visiting crowded places, use a disposable face shield. If the child does get sick, even in a mild form, it is better to leave him at home until he recovers, this will help to avoid complications.
Read completely: https://health.tut.by/news/disease/714952.html?c
90,000 Cold and flu treatment
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 5–10% of the adult population and 20–30% of children in the world suffer from influenza every year, while 250–500 thousand of those who become sick die.
Influenza and ARVI viruses, entering the body, multiply rapidly, causing symptoms of the disease (fever, aches, headache, intoxication, cough, sore throat, runny nose).Often ARVI and influenza can lead to the development of complications (bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis media, exacerbation of concomitant diseases, etc.).
It is not always possible to protect yourself from infection by vaccination.
This is largely due to the constant mutations of the virus and the presence of many of its subtypes.
Prevention will also not help when the disease has already invaded the body.In this case, doctors prescribe special medicines for colds and flu, which can not only fight the disease, but also reduce the risk of complications.
This group includes medicines for flu and colds, which do not have a direct effect on the virus and are not able to eliminate the cause of the disease. They help to cope with symptoms, therefore, they are often prescribed as minor remedies to fight the disease.
Medicines are available in the form of tablets, capsules, sprays, drops, syrups, etc. Symptomatic drugs are classified as follows:
Painkillers and antipyretics
Such medicines for colds and flu do not affect the cause, but eliminate joint, muscle and headaches, and have a moderate analgesic effect.They have an anti-inflammatory effect, lower body temperature;
They are taken to eliminate itching with nasal congestion, lacrimation, and also to reduce swelling of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx;
These drugs relieve nasal congestion;
Medicines of this type are used for coughing to thin the viscous phlegm and free the airways from it.
Medicines for influenza and colds in this category are prescribed for the viral origin of the disease. Their action is aimed at blocking and destroying the causative agent of the disease.
Typically, antiviral drugs come in the form of tablets, capsules, or suspensions. They are classified according to their direct antiviral mechanism as follows:
Such drugs are active against the influenza virus, prevent its spread in the human body, help fight the symptoms of influenza and reduce the risk of complications, however, they are not active against viruses that cause SARS.
They interfere with the ability of the virus to enter cells and release ribonucleoprotein. Thus, the most important stage of replication of pathogenic microorganisms is inhibited. The action of such drugs is aimed at fighting only type A influenza.
This subgroup includes ARBIDOL®.The medicine for influenza and colds suppresses influenza A and B viruses, as well as other viruses – the causative agents of ARVI, reduces the severity of the course of the disease, shortens its duration, and reduces the period of “contagion” in relation to others. The drug is also used in the prevention of influenza epidemics.
90,000 What is the difference between COVID-19 and influenza and SARS, how not to confuse them?
An important difference between all of these viral infections is the rate of transmission.
1.Influenza and SARS have a shorter incubation period and a shorter serial interval (the time between successive cases) – about 3 days. The coronavirus has an average of 5-6 days. That is, mass infection with influenza and ARVI occurs 2 times faster than coronavirus.
2. Temperature: with ARVI – rarely rises above 37.5; with flu – a sudden strong fever from 38.0 and above; coronavirus – from 37.3 degrees and above, it lasts for a long time and it is difficult to bring it down with conventional drugs.
3.Cough: with ARVI – it may not be there or it may be light, wet; with flu – dry cough; with coronavirus, the main symptom is a dry, “barking” cough, as the virus affects the throat and respiratory tract.
4. Weakness: with ARVI – it happens sometimes; with flu – the main symptom of the disease, which is accompanied by rapid fatigue, lethargy; with coronavirus – not in all cases, but there may be a slight lethargy.
5. Runny nose: with ARVI – almost always the nose is wet; with flu – occurs, but not always; with coronavirus – a rare sign of the disease, but often patients complain of swelling and dryness in the nasopharynx.
6. Joint pain: with ARVI and influenza – the main symptom; with coronavirus – only sometimes.
7. Sore throat: with ARVI – a typical sign of the disease; with the flu – sometimes; with coronavirus – it also happens, it is not a necessary symptom.
8. Headache: with ARVI – it happens; with the flu – almost always; with coronavirus – sometimes.
9. Indigestion and diarrhea: with ARVI – very rare; with flu – not the main symptom, but sometimes “loose stools” accompany the disease; with coronavirus – rarely.
The main symptoms that will help to distinguish the coronavirus
The most important thing to look out for is a dry cough. He can be strong, prolonged, paroxysmal, each time clearing his throat more and more.
Dry nasal congestion and dry throat.
High temperature is more severe than with other respiratory diseases, lasts a long time and is very difficult to bring down.
Many patients report a loss of smell and taste.
“Lungs crunch”: patients with COVID-19 talked about the first symptoms
“Lungs crunch”: patients with COVID-19 talked about the first symptoms
” Lungs crunch “: COVID-19 patients talked about the first symptoms – RIA Novosti, 04/20/2020
” Lungs crunch “: COVID-19 patients talked about the first symptoms
Russians who had had COVID-19, told in an interview with Izvestia “about the symptoms of the disease.RIA Novosti, 20.04.2020
spread of coronavirus
health – society
Kommunarka (Moscow )
coronavirus in russia
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MOSCOW, April 20 – RIA Novosti. Russians who have had COVID-19 told Izvestia about the symptoms of the disease. According to 34-year-old Evgenia, she was admitted to the hospital on March 30 with bilateral multisegmental pneumonia and suspected coronavirus. The disease was difficult. The woman emphasized that after eight days in the hospital, she felt better: her temperature subsided. At the same time, weakness, shortness of breath, nausea and chest pain are still there. The perception of taste changed greatly, at first everything seemed bitter and rotten.As 36-year-old Anna said, her first symptom was a temperature of 38. Within ten days, the woman completely lost her sense of smell, but there was no cough or breathing problems. and a daughter (18 years old). The woman had a fever for 13 days, no higher than 38. There was general intoxication, stuffy nose, redness of the throat. The cough began on the fifth day. The first symptom of 27-year-old Maria was fever. Soon she had a sore throat, a violent cough at night, and the sense of taste and smell disappeared.She was taken to a hospital in Kommunarka. In Russia, the number of people infected with coronavirus reached 43 thousand, about three thousand people were cured. The government urged citizens to take all precautions, including wearing masks in public and keeping their distance, and the government has developed several packages of measures to support businesses and vulnerable populations.
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MOSCOW, 20 Apr – RIA Novosti. Russians who have had COVID-19 told Izvestia about the symptoms of the disease.
According to 34-year-old Evgenia, she was admitted to the hospital on March 30 with bilateral multisegmental pneumonia and suspected coronavirus.The disease was difficult.
“It was painful to breathe, the cough was such that it seemed that the lungs would fall out. Dry cough began, pain when breathing. Feeling as if there was sand in the chest. But there was a strong weakness and aches in the body, which was accompanied by an upset of the gastrointestinal tract, “she said.
The woman emphasized that after eight days in the hospital she felt better: her temperature dropped. At the same time, weakness, shortness of breath, nausea and chest pain are still there.The perception of taste changed greatly, at first everything seemed bitter and rotten.
April 16, 2020, 14:33 The spread of coronavirus The popular myth about the method of infection with coronavirus has been dispelled
As 36-year-old Anna told, her first symptom was a temperature of 38. Within ten days, the woman completely lost her sense of smell, but there was no cough or breathing problems.
In the family of 50-year-old Victoria, three have become infected with the coronavirus: she, a son (25 years old) and a daughter (18 years old).
“The symptoms were classic for the coronavirus: a sharp rise in temperature, general signs of intoxication, malaise, nasal congestion in the absence of a runny nose and complete loss of smell.It was for everyone to varying degrees, “the patient said.
The woman had a fever for 13 days, no higher than 38. There was general intoxication, a stuffy nose, reddening of the throat. The cough began on the fifth day.
The first symptom of 27-year-old Maria was fever. Soon she had a sore throat, began a strong cough at night, the sensation of taste and smell disappeared. She was taken to the hospital in Kommunarka.
“The temperature rose to 38.4, but remained at 37 for a long time. not dry.So the symptoms are quite individual, “the patient concluded.
In Russia, the number of people infected with coronavirus has reached 43 thousand, about three thousand people have recovered. The authorities urged citizens to observe all precautions, in particular to wear masks in public places and keep their distance.
In addition In addition, the government has developed several packages of measures aimed at supporting businesses and vulnerable groups of the population.
March 21, 2020, 07:57 Infographics Let’s win: how to stop coronavirus 90,000 Cold in a child: how to treat it correctly
Many parents are ready for babies to catch common infections, including seasonal infections, which is typical of childhood.Some parents study in advance the methods of treating acute respiratory viral infections and colds, read about it from experienced mothers in blogs and diaries, consult with doctors they know, and watch medical programs. But even despite the fact that the child’s body has a powerful immune system from birth, this protection is imperfect. Therefore, no matter how the mother is informed, when the child gets sick, she has a lot of questions that require qualified answers.
What is ARI and ARVI
Most often, children are faced with acute respiratory diseases, abbreviated as acute respiratory infections or colds.This is especially evident when visiting children’s groups, where they come into contact with other babies, and in fact exchange various pathogens. Mothers of “kindergarten” children are very familiar with the phrase: “We walk for 2 days, then 2 weeks on sick leave.”
Colds can be both viral and bacterial, even fungal and of another nature, in 70-80% of cases it is of a viral nature. It is impossible to establish the origin of the common cold at a pediatric examination with certainty, as well as to distinguish one infection from another “by eye”.However, there are certain signs indicating the action of viruses, harmful bacteria and other pathogens. For example, mucous nasal discharge testifies in favor of an acute respiratory viral infection, which usually begins with mild malaise, decreased appetite, moodiness, and sleep disturbance in a child. This is the prodromal period, it lasts from several hours to 1-2 days. And such a viral infection like influenza begins acutely, immediately from a very high temperature, intoxication, there is almost no prodromal period, a dry cough appears in the later stages of the disease.Often ARVI passes with catarrhal symptoms: nasal congestion, change in tone of voice, “circles”, “blue” under the eyes, runny nose, discharge from the nose, cough, sore throat and when swallowing.
What to do?
First of all, you need to remember that parents should not panic if a child has a fever and other unpleasant symptoms of a cold. Any mother’s mood is transmitted to the baby. With the right approach, a cold simply MUST go away in 5-7 days without complications.And it is important to know that the treatment of colds is complex, which includes the main drugs – antiviral, antibacterial, etc., as well as symptomatic therapy. You should not rely on just one kind of medicine, as a panacea, a magic pill from an advertisement or advice from a pharmacy worker.
How to treat?
Antiviral drugs. There is now a lot of misinformation about antiviral drugs.They are credited with mythical side effects and effects. If this comes from a doctor, then he must provide data confirming his point of view in official sources, which are state medical institutions, major scientific journals.
Antibiotics. With regard to antibiotics, their use is currently limited to very clear indications, contraindications, patient age, etc. In addition, antibiotics, especially with uncontrolled, frequent use, contribute to the formation of new, difficult to treat strains of harmful bacteria.Usually, against the background of antibiotic treatment, it is customary to prescribe biological products – live microbes that make up the human intestinal microflora. But there is an opinion that the antibiotic has a detrimental effect on these bacteria and such therapy does not bring the desired result.
Aids . In the treatment of colds of any origin, symptomatic therapy is used, the action of which is directed against the symptoms of the disease. They are called auxiliary because they help relieve the course of a cold.They do not eliminate the cause of ARVI, and the child’s own antibodies work against viruses.
How to treat a runny nose? In case of a runny nose, a nasal toilet with saline solutions is performed. The procedure is simple, but it requires certain skills and care. To do this, you should sit the child with his back to him, first clean his nose. In babies, this can be done with cotton swabs (in children up to six months, only with ordinary cotton turundas), and at an older age, children can already blow their nose themselves.After that, you need to raise the chin, keeping the child’s face lifted with your palm. Using a pipette, drip saline into both nasal passages, lower the child’s head forward. Some of the medication may leak from the nose, but the result of such a procedure will still be achieved. If there are no special recommendations from the pediatrician of the sick child, you can use a pipette and normal saline solution. But it is preferable to use a sterile seawater-based solution. It is a misconception to think that rinsing a child’s nose will be addictive or that the snot will flow out on its own.Part, of course, can leak out, but if you do not cleanse the nose, there is a high risk of spreading the infection to the lower respiratory tract, developing complications such as inflammation of the trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
If the runny nose is profuse, watery, painful, accompanied by nasal congestion, vasoconstrictor drugs (based on oxymetazoline, xylometazoline) are used in the form of drops before bedtime, before walking with the child. This helps the baby to have a good rest in his sleep, without waking up, and during a walk, breathe normally through his nose, without capturing cold air with his mouth.You should not carry out instillation into the nose of a child in a supine state, since there is a high probability of pressure changes during such manipulation and there is a risk of otitis media. All instillations must be carried out while sitting. The use of special preparations in the form of software (spray with limited spray pressure) should be carried out with great caution, since there is also a risk of spreading the infection under pressure.
Antipyretics .Often there are questions about the use of antipyretic drugs, for children – these are drugs based on paracetamol or ibuprofen, for babies – in syrup, candles. It should be noted that if there are no special recommendations in this regard, it is necessary to lower the temperature above 38.3 – 38.5 ° C. If the child feels well, plays, has retained appetite, and, in general, tolerates the temperature well, antipyretic drugs may not be used. If the parents see that the child’s condition is poor, he refuses to eat and drink, becomes lethargic, vomiting, headache occurs, the temperature rises further, you can start giving antipyretics even at a low temperature.
How to treat a cough? Questions about coughing are the most frequent and sometimes the most difficult questions about ARVI in pediatric patients. It is best if the doctor dynamically observes the coughing child. In this case, a specialist can distinguish changes in the tone of the voice, a barking component, dry or wet cough, wheezing, localization of wheezing. If the pediatrician recommends taking an X-ray, you should not refuse such an examination, this will help to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment.At present, in the treatment of cough, inhalation preparations are widely used – through a special device – an inhaler. This tactic reduces the systemic effect of the drug on the child’s body, where the drug reaches the point of its application – large and medium bronchi, and even alveoli. Inhalers can be used from the very birth of a child, but you need to pay attention to the type of device, the recommended medicinal substances for it, their dosages and frequency of use.
Actions before the arrival of a doctor
Sometimes, especially in the season of high incidence of flu and colds, there are difficulties with a doctor’s visit, you have to wait for an appointment, the doctor does not have time to come as quickly as the parents would like.There are measures that can be taken before the arrival of a specialist. It is necessary to measure the temperature of the child and record the data on the thermometry carried out in a diary, which is then shown to the doctor.