About all

Ganglion cyst specialist: Ganglion Cyst Specialist – Glastonbury, CT, Hartford, CT, Tolland, CT & Bloomfield, CT: The Hand Center: Hand & Orthopaedic Surgeons


Ganglion Cyst Specialist – Glastonbury, CT, Hartford, CT, Tolland, CT & Bloomfield, CT: The Hand Center: Hand & Orthopaedic Surgeons

What is a ganglion cyst?

A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled mass that forms in the soft tissues of your hand or wrist, most often near tendons or a joint.

The mass is not cancerous and feels like a firm lump when you touch it. The fluids inside the cyst are the same as the fluids that lubricate your joints.

While the cause of the cyst isn’t clearly understood, cysts tend to form when the tissue surrounding a joint moves out of place. Ganglion cysts can develop in people of any age but are most common in women between 20 and 40.

What are the symptoms of a ganglion cyst?

For some, ganglion cysts can be painful, especially when you apply pressure to the area or if the cyst presses on a nearby nerve. The cyst can be very small, the size of a pea, or it can grow to an inch or more in diameter.

If you have a painful cyst or one that interferes with the movement of your joint or tendon, you should schedule a diagnostic evaluation at The Hand Center.

How is a ganglion cyst diagnosed?

To confirm a lump is a ganglion cyst, your provider at The Hand Center physically examines the lump and presses on it to determine the severity of your pain.

In some cases, X-rays are needed to ensure the cyst isn’t another type of growth like a tumor. You might also need to undergo an aspiration procedure, where your doctor draws out a sample of fluid from the cyst with a needle to ensure it relates to a ganglion cyst.

How is a ganglion cyst treated?

Generally, ganglion cysts that aren’t painful and those that don’t interfere with the movement of your joint won’t require treatment. However, if the cyst is painful or affects your joint function, you’ll need to have the fluid drained.

Your provider at The Hand Center might recommend limiting your activity and immobilizing your wrist to prevent the growth of a ganglion cyst. By wearing a splint and resting your wrist, the cyst can shrink on its own and release the pressure on the nerve that’s causing your pain.

In the event that a ganglion cyst is interfering with your wrist function, The Hand Center surgical team can remove the cyst and the tissue attaching it to the joint or tendon.

Even with surgical treatment, a ganglion cyst can return. Your provider can re-evaluate your condition and provide further treatment if necessary.

If you have pain or joint dysfunction due to a ganglion cyst, schedule a consultation with the experts at The Hand Center today using the online booking feature or by calling the office nearest you.

What is a Ganglion Cyst and Can It be Treated

What is a Ganglion Cyst and Can It be Treated | Southeast Orthopedic Specialists

Open Navigation Menu

Of all the ailments an orthopedic doctor can help cure, Ganglion cysts are one of the most common. Ganglion cysts are viscous fluid filled lumps or masses that form around joints and tendons. They tend to be firm to the touch and uniformly round. Often, orthopedic doctors will use a light to determine if the mass is translucent, indicating the mass is fluid filled and not some other type of growth.

Ganglion Cysts are benign and will not develop into cancer. These cysts can range in size from very tiny and unnoticeable below the skin, to larger peach pit sized lumps that appear most commonly on the palms and wrists, but also in the ankles and feet.

While not always painful, Ganglion Cysts can cause pain by asserting pressure on a nerve, or discomfort by limiting motion in a joint. The exact cause of a Ganglion cyst is not known. Anyone can develop one, but they occur more frequently in women from 20 to 40 years old. Orthopedic doctors have determined that other risk factors include those who suffer from osteoarthritis, wear and tear to joints, as well as those people who have sustained tendon or joint injuries making them more susceptible to the development of Ganglion Cysts.

Can an Orthopedic Doctor Help with Your Ganglion Cyst

The good news about Ganglion cysts is that there are several treatment options that you can discuss with your orthopedic doctor. The first option your orthopedic doctor may suggest is a simple office procedure called an aspiration. This procedure requires your orthopedic doctor to numb the area of skin where the Ganglion cyst is located and then insert a small needle to draw the fluid out of the cyst. While immediately effective, it does not remove the root of the cyst meaning the cyst may redevelop later requiring another aspiration to be done. If aspiration is not an option, your orthopedic doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cyst and underlying cause. This is most commonly done on an outpatient basis, but will require 3 to 6 weeks to for the incision to heal and full range of motion to return.

Return to Blog

Latest News

September 1, 2021

Jacksonville, FL (September 1, 2021) – Southeast Orthopedic Specialists, the regional leader in orthopedic and spine care, has added two new physicians, Isaac Gooding, MD and Bryan Boerjan, DC, to their comprehensive team of subspecialists.   This now brings their total…

Read More

June 22, 2021

Southeast Orthopedic Specialists Adds Two New Physicians to Team Jacksonville, FL (June 14, 2021) – Southeast Orthopedic Specialists, the regional leader in orthopedic and spine care, has added two new physicians, Dr. David Remias and Dr. Pavel Balduyeu, to their…

Read More

November 13, 2020

JACKSONVILLE – The University of North Florida Athletic Department announced a joint venture partnership with Southeast Orthopedic Specialists, Brooks Rehabilitation and Ascension St. Vincent’s that includes a variety of financial, marketing and service elements. This five-year agreement, initiated on Nov. 1,…

Read More

Ganglion Cyst Specialist – Atlanta, Marietta, & Athens, GA: Georgia Hand, Shoulder & Elbow: Orthopaedic Specialist

Ganglion Cyst-Fingers – what is it?

Ganglion cysts are frequently located on the top or bottom of the wrist. Another common location; however, is the joints of the finger near the fingernail (distal anterior phalangeal joint). The cyst at this location usually occurs between the ages of fifty to seventy. It is associated with a local area of osteoarthritis (Heberden’s nodes). The exact cause of these ganglion cysts is unknown, although it is certainly associated strongly with localized osteoarthritis. These cysts are not cancerous and do not become cancerous.

What are the symptoms?

The cyst usually presents with either pain or soreness, a deformity of the nail, or a visible small mass on the top of the finger just proximal (before) to the nail.

How is it evaluated?

The diagnosis of a ganglion cyst at the DIP joint (mucous cyst) is usually easy to during the physical examination and history. X-rays are frequently ordered to identify the extent of the localized osteoarthritis. This will aid the surgeon in preoperative planning and discussing the need for more extensive operations.

How is it treated?


  1. The cyst, since it is not dangerous to the patient, can be treated with observation only. Frequently, however, the cyst remains bothersome to the patient with pain, soreness, a deformity of the nail bed, and it may spontaneously rupture leaking a small amount of gelatinous material. Infection is a known, but relatively infrequent complication of these cysts.
  2. Aspiration of these cysts is not recommended. It is extremely unlikely to resolve the problem and may result in further infection.


Surgical excision, the surgical treatment of the cyst is usually an outpatient procedure performed under local anesthesia. The finger is anesthetized with an injection at the palm level.

An incision is made on the top of the finger that includes the cyst and may extend down to the middle part of the finger. The extensor tendon is identified and protected. The cyst is identified and removed. The area of localized osteoarthritis at the joint is completely removed. This markedly decreases the chances of recurrence.

Post operative Care

The finger is placed in a protective dressing that may or may not include a protective splint. This dressing is left in place for approximately one to two weeks. The sutures are removed usually at approximately two weeks.

Will the cyst recur?

With the removal of the cyst and removal of the osteophyte (area of localized arthritis), the chances of recurrence of are unlikely.

Will the deformity in the nail improve?

Usually, with the removal of the cyst and relief of the pressure on the germinal matrix (the part of the nail that produces the nail) of the nail, will improve in its appearance. This usually requires at least four to eight months.


Ganglion Cyst Wrist – what is it?

A ganglion cyst is a benign (noncancerous) mass usually on either the top or bottom of the wrist. This cyst may be small or may be up to 2 to 3 cm in size. The wall of the cyst is made of collagen and filled with a thick gelatinous fluid. Ganglions are not cancerous and do not become cancerous.

The exact cause of a ganglion cyst is unknown. A small number (perhaps 10%) are associated with a known traumatic event. Usually, there is no obvious cause. Ganglions are generally located on the top or bottom of the patient’s wrist; however, ganglion cysts have been described on all the joints of the wrist and hand.

What are the symptoms?

Ganglion cysts are most common in women between 20 and 40 years old. However, many men also have ganglion cysts. The ganglion cysts have also been described in children.

Most patients notice a mass with swelling about the wrist. Frequently, the mass is not painful but may be of great concern to the patient. The patient worries about the cause of the mass and the appearance. If the ganglion cyst does bother the patient, it is usually either a dull ache or a sharp pain usually in the area of the ganglion cyst and increases with flexion or extension.

How is it evaluated?

The diagnosis of ganglion cyst can be made by history and physical examination. Ganglion cysts have a classic look and feel and are usually in a very specific location. X-rays may be ordered to evaluate the possibility that the cyst extends into the bone or to see possible evidence of ligamentous injuries. Both of these problems are relatively uncommon. For a patient with a painful wrist that clinically sounds like a ganglion cyst, but cannot be palpated, an MRI may be ordered to evaluate this further.

How is it treated?


  1. Simple observation is appropriate for minimally symptomatic cyst. Some patients require reassurance only that this is not harmful and may be treated with observation only. Ganglion cysts do not cause progression to arthritis or cause ligamentous injury.
  2. Aspiration of the cyst may be recommended. This is a simple and safe procedure. If a clear thick gelatinous fluid is removed, it confirms the diagnosis. Approximately, 20 to 30% of the time an aspiration also cures the problem. More often, the cyst returns after aspiration.


Excision (removal) of a cyst may be recommended. Indications for cyst removal are pain, unsightly appearance, or to confirm the diagnosis. The surgery may be done as an outpatient with either general or regional anesthesia. The cyst is removed tracing it down to the wrist joint, which is the origin of the cyst. The cyst is then removed along with the part of the wrist capsule. The bones and ligaments around the cyst in the wrist are inspected, but usually no further treatment is required except for excision.


The surgeon will usually place the wrist in a bulky dressing that includes a splint. The patient’s finger, thumb, and elbow are free to begin range of motion. The dressing must be kept clean and dry until the first postoperative visit some time between one and two weeks.

Will the cyst recur?

The exact percentage of recurrence after surgical excision is unknown. It is probably between 10 and 15%. If a cyst does recur, the appropriate treatment is similar to the primary cyst. Observation may be chosen. Repeat removal may also be chosen.

Ganglion Cyst Specialist – Columbus, OH: Hand and Microsurgery Associates: Hand Surgery

What is a ganglion cyst?

Ganglion cysts are round lumps that usually form on the tendons or joints in your hands or wrists. You could also develop a ganglion cyst on your foot or ankle. They extend out of your joints like balloons on stalks and range in size from as small as a pea to the size of a golf ball or even larger. They’re often found on:

  • The base of fingers
  • The end joints of fingers
  • Top and underside of the wrist

The cysts are filled with a fluid similar to the lubricant that lines your joints and helps your bones glide smoothly against each other when you extend or flex a joint. 

What causes ganglion cysts?

Medical researchers haven’t identified a specific cause for ganglion cysts. However, they’re common in people who put repetitive stress on their fingers, hands, and wrists. For example, gymnasts often develop the cysts because of the intense pressure they put on their wrists. You might also develop a ganglion cyst as a symptom of arthritis in your finger joints. 

When should I talk to a doctor about a ganglion cyst?

Most of the time, ganglion cysts aren’t painful and go away on their own with rest. However, if your cyst presses on a nerve, it can cause pain, numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness. If you have a ganglion cyst along with pain or other symptoms of nerve compression, make an appointment at Hand and Microsurgery Associates. When left untreated, nerve compression can lead to nerve damage. 

How are ganglion cysts treated?

The team at Hand and Microsurgery Associates begins with an exam and imaging studies like X-rays and MRIs to confirm your diagnosis. Then, depending on your needs, they offer personalized treatment plans.  

In many cases, the team takes a wait-and-see approach, especially if the cyst isn’t causing any disruptive symptoms. They might recommend a splint or brace to immobilize your wrist and enforce rest. 

If the ganglion cyst is causing pain, your physician might recommend an aspiration treatment to drain the cyst as well as rest. In rare cases, when nonsurgical treatments don’t relieve your symptoms, you might need surgery to remove the cyst. 

If you’re concerned about a lump on your hand or wrist, call Hand and Microsurgery Associates today to schedule a consultation.

Ganglion Cyst Treatment Dallas, TX

What are Ganglion Cysts

Ganglion cysts are swellings that most commonly develop along the tendons or joints of wrists or hands. They can be found either at the top of the wrist, palm side of the wrist, end joint of a finger or at the base of a finger. A ganglion cyst is not cancerous and will not spread to the other parts of the body. It looks like a water balloon on a stalk and contains a clear fluid or jelly material. Ganglion cysts can be found in people of all ages. 

Causes of Ganglion Cysts

Although the exact cause of a ganglion cyst remains unknown, some theories suggest that small cysts are formed when trauma damages the tissue of a joint. The most likely reason might be that these cysts occur because of a defect in the joint capsule or tendon sheath that permits the joint tissue to bulge outwards.

Signs and Symptoms of a Ganglion Cyst

Ganglion cysts generally appear as a mass measuring from 1 to 3 centimeters in diameter. The swelling is usually soft and immobile. It may develop suddenly or gradually over time, vary in size or even disappear or reappear. 

A ganglion cyst may or may not be painful. If painful, the pain may be continuous and worsen with the movement of the joint. If the cyst is attached to a tendon, one might feel weak in the affected area. 

Diagnosis of a Ganglion Cyst

Your doctor will diagnose a ganglion cyst by performing a physical examination. The diagnosis is confirmed by needle aspiration or ultrasound. Needle aspiration is a process where some amount of the fluid in the cyst is withdrawn using a sterile needle. An ultrasound imaging can reveal whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled (cystic). It can also determine if an artery or blood vessel is causing the lump. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the wrist may also be ordered to diagnose ganglion cysts.

Treatment of a Ganglion Cyst

In many cases, these cysts may disappear without any treatment. Aspiration is performed by using a needle to drain the fluid from the cyst. After aspiration, an anti-inflammatory steroid is injected into the empty cyst and a splint is placed to immobilize the area. If the cyst becomes painful or limits your activity, causes numbness or tingling of the hand or fingers, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the ganglion cyst.

Related Topics:

Wrist Ganglion Cyst Treatment Manhattan, New York

Ganglion cysts are fluid-filled lumps that most commonly develop along the tendons or joints of wrists or hands. It looks like a water balloon on a stalk and contains a clear fluid or gelatinous material. Ganglion cysts are noncancerous, generally harmless and disappear without any treatment. However, if the cyst becomes painful or interferes with hand movement, they can be treated non-surgically or removed surgically.


The underlying cause for ganglion cysts is not clearly known, but seems to develop when the synovial tissue bulges outwards. It is commonly seen in women and young people between 15 to 40 years of age. Osteoarthritis, tendon or joint injuries, and repeated stress applied to the wrist can lead to the formation of the cysts.


Ganglion cysts can manifest as a visible bump or can be hidden under the skin. They may or may not be painful. If a cyst presses on a nerve it   can cause pain, muscle weakness and a tingling sensation.


Your doctor will diagnose ganglion cyst by performing a physical examination. Your doctor may apply pressure to the cyst to identify any tenderness or discomfort. The region may be illuminated with a torch light to determine if it is solid or filled with liquid. Additionally, X-rays, MRI or ultrasound may be ordered to help rule out tumors and arthritis. Diagnosis is confirmed by needle aspiration, where a thin needle is inserted into the cyst and the fluid is removed. The fluid in a ganglion cyst will be translucent, or thick and clear.

Conservative treatment options

In many cases, ganglion cysts disappear without any treatment. If bothersome, your doctor make recommend wearing a wrist brace or splint to immobilize the area and allow the cyst to shrink.

 Often, aspiration is the first line of treatment suggested by your surgeon. Your hand surgeon will clean the skin around the cyst and numb the region using local anesthesia. A syringe is then inserted into the cyst and the fluid is drained out. Your surgeon then injects a steroid to prevent reoccurrence and places a bandage over the site of injection.


If conservative treatment options are not successful and the cyst continues to be painful, limits your activity, causes numbness or tingling of the hand or fingers, then your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the ganglion cyst.

Surgery can be open technique or minimally invasive with arthroscopy, where a small camera is inserted for the surgeon to clearly view the area of operation. The surgery can be conducted under local or general anesthesia. The area of the ganglion cyst is cleansed and an incision is made across the cyst. The contents of the cyst are then excised along with its root and the opening is sutured and bandaged.

Post-op care

Both aspiration and surgery are outpatient procedures and you will be able to go home on the same day. If you have undergone surgery, you should be able to resume daily activities within 2 to 6 weeks. Your hand will be bandaged and placed in a sling. You will be prescribed medication to control swelling, pain and stiffness. If pain or stiffness persists, you may need further treatment with occupational or physical therapy.

Risks and complications

Ganglion cyst removal is a fairly safe procedure and is associated with minimum risks or complications. Chances of recurrence are 20% with aspiration and 10% with surgery. If the cyst develops again, your doctor will suggest surgery. A second surgery decreases further occurrence of the cyst but increase the risk of damage to surrounding nerves.

Ganglion Cyst Treatment Houston, TX

By Houston Hand Surgery Specialist & Orthopaedic Surgeon, Dr. Dean Smith

Ganglion cysts are very common masses (lumps) that sometimes grow in the hand and wrist. The cysts are generally found on the top of the wrist, on the palm side of the wrist, the end joint of a finger (mucous cysts), or at the base of a finger. They often resemble a water balloon on a stalk and filled with clear fluid or gel.

Causes of Ganglion Cysts

Ganglion cysts usually come from nearby joints or tendon sheaths. There is no specific cause. These cysts can be painful, especially when they first appear or with constant or strenuous use of the hand. Ganglions often change in size and may disappear completely. These cysts are not malignant (cancerous).

Diagnosis of Ganglion Cysts

The diagnosis of a ganglion cyst is usually based on where the cyst is and what it looks like. Dr. Smith may recommend X-rays to rule out problems in nearby joints.

Ganglion Cysts Treatment

Treatment of ganglion cysts may be simply watching for any changes. However, if the cyst is painful, limits activity, or its appearance is unacceptable to the patient, other treatment may be recommended.

Treatment may include removing fluid from the cyst with a needle and/or the wearing of a splint to keep the hand or wrist from moving. If these nonsurgical treatments fail, Dr. Smith may recommend surgery to remove the cyst.

Ganglion Cysts Surgery

The goal of surgery is to remove the source of the cyst. This may require removal of a portion of the joint capsule or tendon sheath next to the ganglion. If the ganglion is removed from the wrist, a splint may be recommended following surgery. Some patients may feel tenderness, discomfort, and swelling at the site of their surgery a little longer than others, but full activity can be resumed once comfort permits. While surgery offers the best success in removing ganglions, these cysts may return.

Diagram 1

Ganglion dorsum of wrist and end joint of the finger (mucous cyst).
Diagram 2

Ganglions, palmar wrist and base of finger.
Diagram 3
Cross section of wrist showing root of ganglion

90,000 Treatment of tooth cysts without laser removal in Domodedovo, prices

Earlier, when an inflammation (cyst) was found at the apex of the root, the question of treatment did not arise – the tooth was simply removed. Today we have every opportunity to save a bad tooth. Thanks to the latest techniques, even large neoplasms are reduced in size and within a few months – under the supervision of specialists – they completely disappear.

Domostom in Domodedovo is one of the leading clinics for the treatment of root apex inflammations.You can find out about the prices of cyst treatment and make an appointment by phone or by filling out the feedback form. We work from Monday to Sunday.

What is a cyst and what are the reasons for its formation?

There may be inflammation at the top of the root. It indicates that there is an infection in the canals of the tooth. As a rule, at first you do not notice any symptoms of the disease. But the cyst becomes larger, and painful sensations soon arise.

The reasons for the formation of a cyst can be different:

  • Launched caries that turned into periodontitis
  • Injury or impact to the tooth
  • Poor previous endodontic treatment
  • Chronic sinusitis, which gave a complication in the form of a cyst on the root of the tooth – and others.

A common cause of a cyst at the apex of the root is the treatment performed by the dentist “by eye”, without using a magnifying technique. With this approach, the doctor can skip and not process the canal, can fill the canals of poor quality, and a fragment of the instrument can be left in them. Please note: the removal of the nerve should be performed only by qualified specialists with the obligatory use of a dental microscope.

In Domostom dentistry, a specialist always uses a microscope when treating a tooth cyst.With its help, the doctor thoroughly examines the root canals, carefully processes and seals them. Also, thanks to the multiple increase, a specialist endodontist carries out retreatment of teeth, eliminating other people’s mistakes.

Tooth cyst treatment in Domostom dentistry

The neoplasm is clearly visible on a 3D image of the jaws. To study the situation, the doctor rotates and enlarges the image, analyzing the location of the roots and the quality of the filling of the canals (if their treatment has already been carried out earlier).The image also assesses the nature of the inflammation. Such a thorough diagnosis allows you to choose the most appropriate tactics for your treatment.

Stages of tooth cyst treatment

  • Preparatory manipulations. The doctor opens the tooth cavity, carefully providing access to the root canals. Thanks to the microscope, the specialist performs the manipulations extremely carefully so as not to affect healthy tissues.
  • Channel cleaning. The dentist conducts medical and mechanical treatment.The work uses tools that adapt to the complex anatomy of the canals. A laser can also be used for complete disinfection.
  • Control step. The doctor puts the medicine into the cleaned canals and places a temporary filling on the tooth. After 3-6 months, you come back for a second appointment. The digital image is used by the doctor to assess the progress of your recovery.
  • End of treatment. If the healing proceeds well, the specialist will fill the canals and restore the tooth with a permanent filling.It is color matched and applied in such a way as to maintain perfect jaw closure.

Typically, 6 months after starting your treatment, the cyst at the apex of the root will completely heal and the bone will heal. We see pictures with healthy teeth that will serve you for many more years.

To make an appointment with a dentist, call the administrator of the Domostom clinic (Domodedovo) or contact us via the feedback form.We wish you a speedy recovery and excellent health!

90,000 Best Doctors for Ganglion Cyst Removal in India

Help Finding the Right Doctor Needed

Get help with your treatment from our experienced team!

To overcome the limitations of the corona virus, we offer paid TV / video consultations from leading doctors. Let us know if you are interested and we will contact you.

Select StranuAfganistanAlandskie ostrovaAlbaniyaAlzhirAmerikanskoe SamoaAndorraAngolaAngilyaAntarktidaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniyaArubaAvstraliyaAvstriyaAZERBAIJANBagamskie ostrovaBahreynBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiyaBelizBeninBermudskie ostrovaButanBoliviyaBosniya and GertsegovinaBotsvanaOstrov BuveBraziliyaBritanskaya area Indian okeanaBritanskie Virgin ostrovaBruneyBolgariyaBurkina-FasoBurundiKambodzhaKamerunKanadaKabo-VerdeKaribsky NiderlandyKaymanovy ostrovaTsentralno African RespublikaChadChiliKitayOstrov RozhdestvaKokosovye (Keeling) ostrovaKolumbiyaKomorskie ostrovaKongo (Brazzaville), Congo (Kinshasa) Islands Koukaki-RikaHorvatiyaKubaKyurasaoKiprCheshskaya RespublikaDaniyaDzhibutiDominikaDominikanskaya RespublikaEkvadorEgipetSalvadorEkvatorialnaya GvineyaEritreyaEstoniyaEfiopiyaFolklendskie ostrovaFarerskie ostrovaFidzhiFinlyandiyaFrantsiyaFrantsuzskaya GvianaFrantsuzskaya PolynesiaSouth French TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreece-GreenlandGrenadaG vadelupaGuamGvatemalasherstyanaya fufaykaGvineyaGvineya-BisauGayanaGaitiOstrov Heard Island MakdonaldGondurasGonkong, KitayVengriyaIslandiyaIndiyaIndoneziyaIranIrakIrlandiyaOstrov MenIzrailItaliyaKot-d’IvuarYamaykaYaponiyaDzhersiDzhordanRespublika KazahstanKeniyaKiribatiKuveytKirgizstan LaosLatviyaLivanLesotoLiberiyaLiviyaLihtenshteynLitvaLyuksemburgMakao, KitayMakedoniyaMadagaskarMalaviMalayziyaMaldivyMaliMaltaMarshallovy ostrovaMartinikaMavritaniyaMavrikiyMayottaMeksikaMikroneziyaMoldovaMonakoMongoliyaChernogoriyaMonserratMarokkoMozambikMyanmaNamibiyaNauruNepalNiderlandyNiderlandskie Antilles ostrovaNovaya KaledoniyaNovaya ZelandiyaNikaraguaNigerNigeriyaNiueOstrov NorfolkSevernye Mariana ostrovaSevernaya KoreyaNorvegiyaOmanPakistanPalauPalestinskaya territoriyaPanamaPapua New GvineyaParagvayPeruFilippinyPitkernPolshaPortugaliyaPuerto-RikoKatarVstrechaRumyniyaRossiyaRuandaSen-BartelmiSvyatoy ElenySent Kitts and NevisSent LyusiyaSen-Martin (French part) September -Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSan Tome and PrinsipiSaudovskaya AraviyaSenegal SerbiyaSeyshelskie ostrovaSerra-LeoneSingapurSint-MaartenSlovakiyaSloveniyaSolomonovy ostrovaSomaliYuzhno Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich ostrovaYuzhnaya KoreyaYuzhny SudanIspaniyaShri-LankaSudanSurinamShpitsbergen and Jan-MayenSvazilendShvetsiyaShveytsariyaSiriyaTayvanTadzhikistanTanzaniyaTailandTimor LeshtiTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisTurtsiyaTurkmenistanOstrova Turks and KaykosTuvaluAmerikanskie Virgin ostrovaUgandaUkrainaObedinennye Arab EmiratyUnited KingdomSShASShA Outlying ostrovaUrugvayUzbekistanVanuatuVatikanVenesuelaVetnamUollis and FutunaZapadnaya SaharaYemenZambiyaZimbabveKosovo

Select RegionAndhra- PradeshArunachal-PradeshAssamBiharChhattisgarhDeliGoaGudzharatHaryanaHimachal-PradeshDzhammu and KashmirDzharkhandKarnatakaKeralaMadhya-PradeshMaharashtraManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandOdishaPendzhabRadzhasthanSikkimTamilnadTelanganaTripuraUttarakhandUttar-PradeshZapadnaya Bengal

I need a visa invitation.

I’m fine with paid TV / video consultation

Send a request

Cyst in the gums symptoms

What is a tooth cyst, causes and symptoms, methods of treatment

Many dangerous diseases do not have vivid symptoms. The cyst develops gradually and imperceptibly, so it does not bother, but this is its insidiousness, since having reached a certain size, it can turn into a cancerous tumor. What is this disease? Why does a cyst appear in the gum of a tooth and how to get rid of it?

What is a gum cyst of a tooth

This neoplasm appears due to an inflammatory process in the oral cavity.In appearance, it looks like a dense bladder, inside of which there is a purulent fluid. The size of an average cyst is approximately 5 mm to 3 cm in diameter. It can be of the following types:

  1. Paradontal, another name for a cyst of the wisdom tooth.
  2. Due to inflammation of the maxillary sinuses, a cyst of the eye teeth occurs.
  3. A follicular cyst appears near damaged buds or teeth with pathology.
  4. Children may develop an eruption cyst that occurs when milk teeth change to permanent ones.
  5. There is a cyst of the tooth root or radicular.
  6. Congenital, resulting from defects in the tooth germs.
  7. Residual is localized in the area of ​​the extracted tooth.

In the oral cavity, the cyst can be located anywhere, both in front and behind. The cyst develops slowly. Initially, granuloma appears on the gums , which is a focus of inflammation without clear boundaries. It is difficult to see it with the naked eye, so an X-ray is required.Inflammation is usually noticed by the dentist by chance, for example, when treating pulpitis.

Later, the granuloma “acquires” borders, which speak of a cyst that has arisen. The inflammatory process in the gums further spreads to the area of ​​adjacent teeth, replacing healthy tissues.

This leads to the gradual destruction of the jaw bones, which may even result in a fracture. And also “ bag with infection” adversely affects the health of the whole organism. The activity of microbes is constantly increasing and provokes the appearance of osteomyelitis or cancer.

Sometimes pus oozes directly from the gums. This means that the cyst has burst and a fistulous canal has formed. When it appears, this is accompanied by pain syndrome , swelling of the gums, not always an increase in temperature.

Symptoms of a tooth cyst

In the initial stages, no one can recognize the disease, since there are no symptoms. However, over time, some signs appear:

  • When pressing on the tooth while eating, painful sensations appear.
  • Appearance of discomfort when biting off, for example, carrots.
  • General ailment.
  • Temperature rise.
  • Pain in the head or teeth.
  • Bumps on the soft palate or gums.
  • Swelling of the gums.
  • Flux, fistulas, suppuration.

These symptoms indicate that the gum cyst has already entered the active stage of development. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as at least one of the listed symptoms has become noticeable.There is no need to hope that everything will pass by itself.

Causes of the appearance of a cyst on the gums of the teeth

Basically, an ailment occurs as a result of an infection in the oral cavity, the response to which is a protective reaction of the body. This is due to the following factors:

  • poor oral hygiene;
  • advanced caries or pulpitis;
  • Poor-quality processing of dental canals when filling teeth;
  • mechanical trauma to the teeth;
  • inflammation due to the eruption of a wisdom tooth;
  • congenital defects in the development of teeth;
  • complication after an infectious disease, for example, sinusitis;
  • immunocompromised.

According to statistics, it is known that about 60% of patients in a dental clinic after treatment of pulpitis return to it again due to the occurrence of cyst due to poorly sealed canals .

Treatment of cysts at an early stage of development

If you notice the first symptoms of a purulent inflammatory process , immediately contact your dentist . Since the early stage of cyst development in the gums avoids surgery.

As a rule, the treatment is carried out in a therapeutic way and consists in the following: the wound is treated with an antiseptic solution; tooth is thoroughly cleaned with and a filling is placed.

The hard shell of the gum cyst is punctured and a purulent liquid is released, which the doctor replaces with a paste that helps to restore damaged tissues, a filling is placed on the tooth. After two or three months, the patient comes for a second examination to make sure that the treatment was successful, there is no relapse.

The therapeutic method for the treatment of gum neoplasms is used only when two basic conditions are met:

  1. The initial stage of cyst development, while its diameter is not more than 8 mm.
  2. When there are no fillings on the root canals or poor-quality filling along their entire length.

Surgical method

As a rule, the patient comes to the dentist about a gum cyst too late, therefore, instead of therapeutic treatment, he is offered a surgical operation. Indications for the surgical method of cyst treatment:

  • The diameter of the cyst is more than 8 mm.
  • The installed post is in the root canal.
  • There is a crown on the tooth.
  • A prerequisite is a high-quality filling of root canals for 2/3 of its length.

Previously, the neoplasm was removed together with the tooth, nowadays the methods are more gentle. The tooth is removed only when the roots are completely destroyed. The modern method of treating this pathology is the laser – , the optimal and best method .

Although the procedure is not cheap, it has enough advantages to make a choice in its favor:

  • painlessness;
  • no risk of infection;
  • full preservation of the tooth;
  • short recovery period after treatment;
  • no complications.

Laser treatment, as already mentioned, is an expensive procedure , so not all clinics have such equipment. For this reason, patients have to go under the knife. There are three main types of such operations:

  1. Hemisection. This method of treatment is considered the most gentle surgical intervention. The cyst must be removed, in addition, the root of the tooth and part of the crown are removed with it.
  2. Cystotomy. Treatment involves removing the anterior wall of the cyst.It is carried out in cases of severe inflammation, when the disease is running and destructive processes in the bone tissue of the jaw are already active, the palate or nasal cavity is affected.
  3. The most difficult and effective operation is considered to be cystectomy. Treatment by this method is carried out in cases of a large cyst localized in the upper jaw. The cyst and the damaged part of the tooth root are removed.

The first time after surgical treatment, the patient feels aching, mild pain . And you also need to know that the swelling of the tissues will subside only after three days.

Treatment with alternative methods

Traditional treatments are used only to relieve symptoms, but cannot replace visits to the dentist. Most often, mouthwash is the most effective treatment. For this use:

  • Saline solution. Take a small spoonful of sea salt in a glass of warm water.
  • Horsetail decoction. Bring 400 ml of water with 4 large spoons of horsetail to a boil and let it brew.Rinse your mouth while warm, but do not swallow.
  • Infusion of sage and iris root. Pour 2 large spoons of the herb mixture with a glass of water. Make a water bath that is held for 20 minutes.
  • Solution with myrrh essential oil. Put a few drops of natural oil in 100 ml of water. Stir and rinse your mouth.
  • Herbal tea. Take calendula, yarrow, eucalyptus and thyme for these purposes.
  • Vodka. Rinse your mouth with any alcoholic tincture.

These procedures must be repeated every 3-4 hours. Keep the liquid warm, as hot will only worsen the condition of the oral cavity. Try also the miraculous properties of garlic . Four cloves are finely rubbed on a grater and applied to the site of inflammation.

Home treatments can only help in the initial stage of the disease. A neglected cyst requires professional treatment , and the use of alternative methods will only aggravate the situation, postponing precious time.Therefore, self-treatment is not the best choice.

The dentist, as a rule, is not the favorite doctor of most of us, but the cyst that appears will change your mind if you consult a specialist. Because without the help of a good doctor, it will still not be possible to recover.

Rate this article: Share with your friends!

Causes and Treatments

Each of the following conditions can cause bumps on the gums:

Ulcers with ulcers

More than 50% of people in the United States develop ulcers.These are small, round, painful bumps that can form in the following areas:

  • gums
  • tongue
  • soft palate
  • inner cheeks
  • lips

Experts do not know what causes ulcers, but some believe they develop. when the immune system mistakenly attacks the cells in the lining of the mouth.

About 80% of ulcers are less than 1 centimeter (cm) in diameter and cause only mild pain and irritation.They usually go away within a week.

About 15% of ulcers are more than 1 cm in diameter. They can cause severe pain and may take 2 or more weeks to heal. They often leave a scar.

Approximately 5% of ulcers form small clusters that can coalesce to form ulcers. These clusters take about a week to heal.

Diagnosis and Treatment

People should see a dentist if an ulcer lasts more than 10 days. The dentist will examine the wound to rule out other conditions.

Treatment is aimed at reducing pain, accelerating healing and preventing relapse. Common treatments include emollients and antiseptics.

Oral thrush

Oral thrush, or candidiasis, is a fungal infection that affects the oral cavity. This is due to the overgrowth of Candida yeast .

People with thrush in the mouth may notice white bumps or spots on the gums, inner cheeks, tongue, or palate.

Other symptoms of thrush in the mouth include:

  • redness or soreness in the mouth
  • cotton mouth
  • redness and crackling in the corners of the mouth
  • loss of taste
  • pain when eating or swallowing

Candida usually harmless lives in the body without causing any problems. However, the following factors can cause this yeast to multiply:

  • Poor oral health
  • Taking certain medications such as antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids
  • Weakened immune system

Diagnosis and Treatment

A doctor can usually diagnose thrush simply looking inside the mouth.

Treatment may include antifungal drugs such as clotrimazole, miconazole, or nystatin.

For severe infections, your doctor may prescribe antifungal pills such as fluconazole.

Dental cyst

A dental cyst is a fluid-filled tissue sac in the gum that can develop when soft tissue or pulp in a tooth dies off.

Cysts usually form around the roots of dead teeth or where teeth do not develop properly.

Dental cysts and dental abscesses are not the same thing. A dental abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms near the root of a tooth due to a bacterial infection.

Symptoms of a tooth cyst include:

  • swelling of the gums around the tooth
  • feeling of pressure around the tooth
  • severe pain in the tooth and surrounding tissues
  • signs of caries in the adjacent teeth

As the cyst grows, it can weaken the bones around the teeth.In severe cases, this can lead to tooth loss.

Diagnosis and Treatment

People who suspect they have a tooth cyst should visit a dentist. Without timely treatment, the cyst can become infected and turn into an abscess.

The dentist will take an X-ray or MRI scan of the tooth to pinpoint the location of the cyst.

Thereafter, treatment may include:

  • Endodontic treatment : This involves cleaning the infected tooth pulp by the dentist using a file-like instrument.
  • Surgery : This involves opening the area around the gums to access the cyst. If the cyst is deep within the jaw, surgery may be required.
  • Tooth Extraction : The dentist may need to remove the tooth and clean the socket. If they do, they will then fill the space with artificial bone composition to prevent the cyst from returning.
Periodontal abscess

A periodontal abscess is a collection of pus in the gums surrounding a tooth.This is the immune system’s response to infection.

A periodontal abscess may appear as a red bump that pushes through the inflamed gum tissue. People with an abscess may also experience throbbing pain in the adjacent teeth.

This type of abscess often results from severe gum disease or periodontitis. With periodontitis, the gum becomes inflamed and detaches from the tooth.

This leads to the formation of deep pockets between the tooth and the gum in which bacteria accumulate.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The dentist will take an X-ray to determine the location and size of the abscess.

Treatment involves removing the source of infection and draining the pus. This may include:

  • Incision and drainage : This includes cutting the gum to drain the abscess.
  • Root canal treatment : This involves drilling the tooth to gain access to the roots.The dentist will then remove the abscess, fill the root canal, and seal the tooth with a filling or crown.
  • Tooth extraction : May be required if root canal treatment is not possible.
Torus of the lower jaw

Torus of the lower jaw is a harmless bone growth inside the mouth. This can occur in the following areas:

  • floor of the mouth
  • upper mouth
  • outer gum of the upper molars

Temporomandibular tubercles often develop in pairs, each growing on opposite sides of the mouth…. Although they can be quite large, they do not cause pain and rarely cause symptoms.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Torahs of the mandible usually do not require treatment. In most cases, the dentist simply monitors the size and shape of the lesions during routine examinations.

In rare cases, the mandibular torus may become large enough to interfere with speech or oral hygiene. In such cases, the dentist may recommend surgery to remove it.

Oral fibroma

Oral fibroma is a benign tumor that develops in the mouth. The bumps it causes can range in size from a millimeter to several centimeters, usually white or pink in color. They rarely cause symptoms other than a lump.

Oral fibroids usually grow in response to injury or irritation. They can develop in any of the following locations:

  • gums
  • tongue
  • inner cheeks
  • inner lips
  • floor of mouth

Diagnosis and treatment

Although most oral fibers are harmless, your dentist may recommend removing them if they are annoying.

Once the build-up has been removed, the dentist can send it for further analysis. This is a precautionary measure to check for cancer cells.

Oral cancer

Oral cancer is a malignant tumor or irritation that develops in any part of the mouth or upper throat.

Oral cancers can vary in texture and appearance. They may look like this:

  • bumps or bumps
  • thickened areas
  • bumps or crusts
  • persistent sores or irritations
  • red or white spots
  • small eroded areas

Other symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • sore throat or feeling like something is stuck in the throat
  • numbness
  • hoarseness or change in voice

People who have been experiencing any of the above symptoms for 2 weeks or longer should see their doctor or dentist.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The dentist can detect abnormalities in the mouth during a routine check-up and can refer someone to the doctor for a more thorough examination.

In some cases, the doctor may perform a biopsy. This involves removing all or part of the lesion and sending it to a laboratory for further examination. Diagnostics may also include x-rays or MRIs of the affected area.

The exact treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer, but it usually includes at least one of the following:


Cysts: Causes, Types and Treatment

Cysts are common and can occur anywhere on the body. They are often the result of an infection, blockage of the sebaceous glands, or piercings.

Some other common causes of cysts include:

  • tumors
  • genetic conditions
  • defect in an organ of the developing embryo
  • defect in cells
  • chronic inflammatory conditions
  • blockage of ducts in the body that cause fluid accumulation
  • parasite
  • trauma that ruptures the vessel

In most cases, cysts do not cause pain unless they rupture, become infected, or become inflamed.

Most cysts are benign and develop from blockages in the body’s natural drainage systems.

However, some cysts can be tumors that form inside tumors. They can be malignant or cancerous.

Cysts are not the same as tumors. Find out more about tumors and cysts here.

Signs and symptoms can vary greatly depending on the type of cyst. In many cases, a person notices an abnormal lump for the first time, especially when the cyst is just under the skin.

Many internal cysts, such as those in the kidneys or liver, may not cause any symptoms at all. They can go undetected until they are detected by an imaging scan such as an MRI, CT, or ultrasound scan.

If a cyst develops in the brain, it can cause headaches and other symptoms. Breast cysts can also cause pain.

Some of the more common types of cysts include:

Acne cysts

Cystic acne, or nodular cystic acne, is a severe type of acne in which the pores of the skin become clogged, leading to infection and inflammation.

Arachnoid cysts

Arachnoid cysts can affect newborns.

The arachnoid membrane covers the brain. During fetal development, it doubles or divides to form an abnormal pocket of cerebrospinal fluid. In some cases, your doctor may need to drain the cyst.

Baker’s cysts

Baker’s cysts are also called popliteal cysts. A person with a Baker cyst often experiences a bulge and tightness under the knee.The pain may worsen with knee extension or exercise.

Baker’s cysts usually result from problems with the knee joint, such as arthritis or ruptured cartilage.

Bartholin’s cysts

Bartholin’s cysts can occur when the ducts of the Bartholin gland are blocked inside the vagina.

Your doctor may recommend surgery or antibiotics as treatment.

Breast cysts

Breast cysts are common and may be painful, but usually do not require any treatment.

In women, these cysts can develop or change in size during the menstrual cycle, and they often go away on their own. However, the doctor may drain the fluids if they cause discomfort.

According to the American Cancer Society, simple cysts do not increase the risk of breast cancer. However, there is a small chance that complex cysts may contain cancer or increase a person’s risk of cancer later, depending on the results of the biopsy.

Read more about breast lumps here.

Chalazion cysts

Very small glands in the eyelid, called the meibomian glands, form a lubricant that comes out of tiny holes at the edges of the eyelids. Cysts can form here if the ducts are blocked. They are known as chalazion cysts.

Colloid cysts

Colloid cysts develop in the brain and contain gelatinous material. Doctors often recommend surgical removal as a treatment.

Dentigeric cysts

Dentigeric cysts surround the crown of an unerupted tooth.

Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts include mature skin, hair follicles, sweat glands and long hair clusters, as well as fat, bones, cartilage and thyroid tissue.

Epididymal cysts

Epididymal cysts, or spermatocele, form in the vessels attached to the testes. This type of cyst is common and usually does not decrease fertility and does not require treatment. However, if this causes discomfort, your doctor may suggest surgery.

Read more about testicular tumors here.

Ganglion cysts

Ganglion cysts are small, harmless cysts that form on or near a joint or covering of a tendon. They usually appear on the wrist, but can also appear on the arm, foot, ankle, or knee.

Echinococcal cysts

Echinococcal cysts develop from a relatively small tapeworm. These cysts form in the lungs or liver. Treatment options include surgery and medication.

Kidney cysts

There are several types of kidney or renal cysts. Single cysts contain fluid, sometimes including blood. Some are present at birth, while tubular blockages cause others.

People with kidney vascular disease may develop cysts due to dilated blood vessels.

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are common in women with regular periods. They form during ovulation.

Most ovarian cysts are benign and do not cause symptoms. However, some can grow so large that the belly comes out.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is when many small cysts form in the ovaries.

Pancreatic cysts

Most healthcare professionals do not consider pancreatic cysts to be true cysts. Instead, they call them “pseudocysts” because they do not contain the type of cells found in true cysts.

These may include cells commonly found in other organs such as the stomach or intestines.

Periapical cysts

Periapical cysts, also known as radicular cysts, are the most common type of odontogenic cysts associated with tooth formation and development. These cysts usually arise from pulp inflammation, pulp death, or caries.

Fibrous cysts

Fibrous cysts are also known as trichilemmal cysts.These are fluid-filled cysts that form from a hair follicle and usually develop in the scalp.

Pilonidal cysts

Pilonidal cysts form in the skin around the coccyx or lower back, sometimes containing ingrown hairs.

These cysts can grow in clusters, sometimes resulting in pits or depressions in the skin.

Pineal cysts

These are benign cysts that form in the pineal gland of the brain.According to a 2007 study, pineal cysts are common.

Sebaceous cysts

People use the term “sebaceous cysts” to describe a type of cyst that occurs on the skin of the face, back, scalp, or scrotum.

Cysts arising in these areas can be epidermoid or hairy cysts, although healthcare professionals can only tell the difference after removing and analyzing the cyst.

Tarlov cysts

Tarlov cysts – also known as perineural, perineural or sacral nerve root cysts – are located at the base of the spine and are filled with cerebrospinal fluid.

Vocal fold cysts

There are two types of vocal fold cysts: mucus-retaining cysts and epidermoid cysts.

Vocal fold cysts can affect a person’s speech quality, sometimes causing their vocal cords to emit:

  • several tones at the same time, which is called diplophony
  • hoarse speech or dysphonia
  • hoarseness

Cyst treatment options will depend on a number of factors, including the type of cyst, its size and the degree of discomfort it causes.

For very large cysts causing symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgical removal.

Sometimes they can drain or aspirate the cyst by inserting a needle or catheter into the cavity. If the cyst is hard to reach, they may use a radiologic image to accurately guide the needle or catheter.

Occasionally, a healthcare professional may examine the removed fluid under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present. If they suspect the cyst is malignant, they may suggest surgical removal, a biopsy of the cyst wall, or both.

Many cysts develop as a result of a chronic or underlying disease, such as fibrocystic breast disease or polycystic ovary syndrome. In such cases, the focus of treatment will be on the disease itself, not the cyst.


Mucous cyst: types, causes and treatment

Mucous cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that tend to develop in the mouth or on the fingers and toes.They are not harmful, but they can be uncomfortable. There are several options for removing them.

This article discusses the different types of mucosal cysts, their causes and treatments.

This article discusses two main types of mucosal cysts:

Oral cysts

Cysts of the oral mucosa develop in the mouth. They appear near the openings of the salivary glands, often on the lips or the floor of the mouth.

The cyst of the floor of the mouth is called a ranula.A cyst on the gum is called an epulis. They can also develop around the piercing.

Oral cysts are more common in people younger than 30 years old.

Digital mucosal cysts

Mucous cysts can also develop not only in the mouth, but also in other parts of the body.

Digital cysts appear as dense sacs near the joints of the fingers or toes. This type of cyst forms as an extension of a joint. They can also develop far from the joint, such as at the base of a nail or toenail.

Digital mucous cysts are more common in older people, usually people over 70 years of age.

Oral cysts often result from trauma or damage to the lips or the inside of the mouth. Common causes for this include:

  • lip bite
  • inner cheek sucking
  • lip sucking
  • piercing
  • abnormal tooth growth

cysts of the oral mucosa that develop at the bottom of the mouth are believed to be caused by a blocked salivary gland underneath language.

It is not clear what exactly causes the formation of a cyst in the mucous membrane of the finger. Fluid in the joints of the fingers or toes may leak out through small holes. This can cause swelling of the skin and cyst formation. These small holes can form as a result of aging.

Mucous cysts are thin sacs containing a clear liquid. They are usually smooth or shiny in appearance and bluish pink in color. Cysts can vary in size but are usually about 5–8 millimeters wide.

Mucous cysts are usually not associated with any symptoms other than the presence of the cyst itself. They can be uncomfortable but usually do not cause pain.

Large cysts in the mouth can interfere with chewing or speaking. Cyst rupture is also possible. This will cause fluid to leak and may cause infection.

Share on Pinterest A visual and physical examination of the cyst is usually sufficient to make a diagnosis. However, in some cases, a biopsy may be required.

Mucous cysts are easy to diagnose. A doctor usually diagnoses a cyst with a brief physical examination of the affected area.

In some cases, a biopsy may be required to confirm the diagnosis. This procedure involves taking a small sample of the skin and examining it under a microscope. Analyzing this sample will help determine if a more serious medical condition, such as cancer or another type of growth, is present.

Other possible tests include ultrasound or computed tomography.

Treatment of mucosal cysts is often unnecessary. In most cases, the cyst will heal on its own over time.

It is important not to damage the cyst or rupture it as this can lead to an open wound that can become infected or cause permanent scarring. Over time, the cyst will burst as part of the healing process.

Occasionally rinsing the cyst with salt water can help prevent infection.

People with cysts of the oral mucosa should avoid biting and sucking on their lips or cheeks, as this can worsen the condition.

A person should see a doctor or dentist if a cyst is uncomfortable or persists for more than a couple of weeks. The doctor or dentist can manually rupture the cyst with a sterile needle.

You can also remove the cyst with:

  • Laser treatment . The cyst can be cut from the skin using a laser.
  • Cryotherapy . Once the cyst is frozen, it can be easily removed
  • Surgery . In more serious cases, the cyst can be removed with surgery.The gland that caused the cyst is often removed as well.

Surgery is more common when cysts reappear.

Removal of a mucosal cyst is usually a safe procedure. In rare cases, the surrounding space can be injured during the process.

Mucous cysts are usually harmless and can be left alone. They often go away within a couple of weeks. Scraping or bursting of a cyst can slow down the healing process and increase the risk of infection.

It is recommended to see a doctor if a cyst causes pain or discomfort or persists longer than usual. There are several options for removing mucosal cysts.


Gum Infection – Pictures, Symptoms, Treatment, Antibiotics, Causes

Last checked by Dr. Mary Aug 7, 2018

What is a gum infection?

There are many types of infections that can develop in the mouth, with the largest occurring in the soft tissues around the teeth.They are usually caused by bacteria that collect as plaque along the border of the teeth and gums. When mouth bacteria begin to eat food particles as well as the sugar in the mouth, they create acidic waste, which is the main cause of tooth decay or tooth decay, all of which can be traced back to poor oral hygiene. Some people have more problems with bacteria than others, but in most cases, improving dental care can help prevent plaque from causing so much damage.

Symptoms of a Gum Infection

Gum infections do not always cause pain, but there are other symptoms and signs to watch for. Some of these include:

  • Inflamed gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Gum sinking
  • Teeth spacing
  • Constantly bad taste in the mouth
  • Gums tender
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Gums bright red
  • Teeth loose
  • Changes in the bite of teeth
  • Pus between the gums and teeth

The immediate danger of gum infections is the threat to the health of the human oral cavity, as well as the possible loss of teeth, if not eliminated in time.But more and more research is talking about other health conditions that can occur when harmful oral bacteria enter the bloodstream. Initially, a person may not notice any effects on the rest of the body, but recent studies have linked gum infections to conditions such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Respiratory disease
  • Cancer
  • Premature birth

Causes of Gum Infection

Gum infections are most commonly caused by bacteria in the mouth, which create tartar and plaque that damages gum tissue.But there are other factors that can increase the risk of developing such infections, for example:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Tobacco use
  • Medication
  • Voltage
  • Poor nutrition
  • Diabetes
  • Genetics
  • Pregnancy

Gum infections are possible prevent by observing the rules of oral hygiene. This usually stops the buildup of bacteria leading to oral infections; a good oral hygiene program consists of:

  • Brushing your teeth at least twice a day
  • Using an antibacterial mouthwash that reaches all areas of the mouth that the toothbrush cannot reach.
  • Flossing once a day

Treating a gum infection

When it is noticed soon enough, treating a gum infection includes the same steps as preventing an infection in the beginning. in most cases, it helps to keep the mouth clean enough to heal. But, if the situation gets worse or gets out of hand, some deeper processes may be required to clarify the treatment.These may include:

  • Diagnostics and X-rays
  • Scaling and root planning
  • Gingival flap surgery
  • Tissue graft
  • Bone graft

These procedures are gradually becoming more and more expensive, so it is better to develop a good oral hygiene plan before gum and tooth inflammation is completely out of control. It is much cheaper to start fighting bacteria and preventing gum disease.

Bacteria grow and form colonies or clusters on the tonsils, tongue and saliva in the mouth. Mouthwash can help you fight overgrowth of bacteria. The purpose of rinsing is to prevent bacteria from causing gum disease. These rinses are composed of:

  • Chlorhexidine
  • Alcohol
  • 0.1% sodium hypochlorite
  • Povidone iodine

These rinses can be used daily at home to rinse the pockets surrounding the teeth using irrigation devices.


Gum disease is considered one of the most common medical problems worldwide. This usually starts with a mild inflammation of the gum tissue called gingivitis. It will then spread to the adjacent bone, gums, and areas around the teeth. Statistically, 19 out of 20 people will develop gum disease at some point in their lives. And those people who do not follow the rules of hygiene when caring for their teeth will develop problems ranging from mild to serious, for example:

  • Gum abscesses
  • Periodontitis
  • Periodontal abscesses

Symptoms of a gum infection include:

  • Gums reddened
  • Gums bleed
  • Gums are deep
  • Bad breath
  • Teeth are loose

According to most dentists, gum infection is the main cause of the release of various bacteria into the bloodstream.When the problem is left untreated, infections of the blood and internal organs increase. Because of this, treatment of periodontal disease is necessary to avoid further complications. In most cases, gum infections do not require antibiotics and are generally not recommended as bacteria can develop drug resistance after frequent use. But some gum infections that can be treated with antibiotics include:

  • Necrotizing gum disease
  • Advanced gum disease
  • Periodontal disease that cannot be treated with other treatments

Dentists usually prescribe antibiotics to treat acute gum infections called abscesses.A dentist who specializes in gum disease, known as a periodontist, may also use antibiotics for some cases of gum disease that are very difficult to cure. These may include:

  • Severe progressive gum disease
  • Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
  • Gum or periodontal disease that does not improve with other treatments
  • Gum or periodontal disease in people with weakened immune systems

Type of antibiotic prescribed usually depends on the specific type of bacteria.