Gastritis forum: Gastritis Treatment, Causes, Diet, Symptoms & Medication
What Is Gastritis? Treatments, Diet, Symptoms, Pain & Cure Patient Comments: Gastritis – Describe Your Experience – Viewers Share Their Medical Experiences
I had gastritis for over a month before I decided to seek treatment. I suffer extreme fatigue and weakness, stomach cramps and sharp pains, vomiting something acidic, severe nausea that never seems to end, and so many more fun problems. The doctor first tested me for some sort of bacterial infection, and when it came back negative she decided I have gastritis. She prescribed me to take a month’s worth of Nexium. Let me tell you how well this has worked for me. I went to work after the doctor visit and by the end of my shift was miserable and running a fever. I took about five days off after that. On the third day of being back to work, I woke up feeling like somebody beat me up and down with a stick. The fourth day was beyond worse. My whole body hurt (it even hurt to breathe), and I was so weak I couldn’t do much, had severe stomach pains, and I guess I looked like all around awful because work sent me home early. I began running a high fever and developed a migraine from my tight back muscles. Yesterday, I felt on the verge of death because of my migraine, my sore body, my overly sensitive skin, and the awful pain in my abdomen. It turns out side effects of this medicine are headaches, muscles aches, etc. I did not take a Nexium yesterday. Today, I still feel beyond awful and my migraine is looming in the background waiting for an opportunity to mess my world up again. I have been up since the dark this morning and am going to attempt to return to the doctor today. I don’t know if I have been misdiagnosed or if (in my ignorance of this illness) I have made it worse through my diet and work. I just know that this is some of the worst pain I have ever been through and I have been through a miscarriage, uncountable migraines, and multiple lower body fractures that I acquired simultaneously. This pain leaves all those experiences in the dust.
Gastritis Healing Tips – J.D. Moyer
For the past few months I’ve been dealing with gastritis and gastric pain, which has put a real dent in my mood, productivity, and general quality of life. I’m recovering, slowly, but this is one of the tougher health challenges I’ve faced.
My gastritis started after a “tummy bug” … some kind of viral or bacterial infection. The more acute symptoms resolved after a few weeks, but despite dietary changes (giving up coffee, booze, and spicy food), I was left with nagging gastric pain. The pain was rarely severe, but it was constant enough to be distracting. My mood worsened, my anxiety increased, and my sleep was often interrupted by burning or even stabbing sensations in my stomach. I tried a number of natural remedies (including turmeric and black seed, both of which have traditionally been used to treat gastritis and ulcers), but nothing was helping much. I’d had similar bouts of stomach pain after a stomach bug in the past, but they’d resolved on their own within a couple weeks, and the pain hadn’t kept me up at night. Time to see the doc’.
My doctor didn’t think I had ulcers, since I had no signs of bleeding, my appetite was reasonably good, and no severe nausea or vomiting. She diagnosed gastritis (inflammation/irritation of the stomach) and recommended a two-week course of omeprazole (a proton pump inhibitor that reduces stomach acid). I took her advice, and the drug helped significantly. But when I stopped taking the omeprazole, the stomach pain gradually returned, eventually becoming worse than before. I tried a number of additional home remedies, including raw cabbage juice, Manuka honey, raw garlic, and Pepto Bismol. Some seemed to help a little, but I was still experiencing significant pain and interrupted sleep.
At that point my doctor recommended an eight-week course of omeprazole, which I was reluctant to try because of possible side effects. Complete suppression of stomach acid can lead to poor absorption of many nutrients (especially calcium, magnesium, and B12) as well as gut dysbiosis and potential gut infections. I requested a blood test for H. pylori (the bacteria often responsible for stomach ulcers and gastritis), but the antibody test came back negative.
I knew the antibody test wasn’t 100% accurate–there was a still a chance that H. pylori was responsible for my stomach problems. But a more likely scenario was that my gastritis was triggered by a combination of factors: the stomach bug, a month of vacation that may have weakened my stomach lining in the first place (timezone changes, lots of rich food, lots of coffee and wine), and a number of stressful situations that I let get to me.
My Healing Approach
I resumed taking the proton pump inhibitor as my doctor recommended, but after a few weeks of feeling only marginally better, I decided to take matters into my own hands and design my own healing regimen. At that point I’d done so much reading on ulcers, gastritis, h. pylori, acid-blocking medications, and prostaglandins that I felt I possibly knew more than my doctor on that particular topic.
I gradually reduced my omeprazole dose to 5mg (a quarter of a pill), taken thirty minutes before dinner, in a vitamin gel capsule to partially serve the function of the enteric coating. Tapering helped prevent the PPI acid rebound I experienced the first time I’d used omeprazole. That, plus 400mg slippery elm right before bed, and I could usually sleep through the night without any stomach pain.
I started taking two chewable DGL (deglycyrrhizinated licorice) tablets twenty minutes before each meal to help soothe and protect my stomach lining.
I drank ginger tea (made with slices of fresh ginger) after meals to reduce stomach acid.
I increased my intake of linoleic acid (from walnuts, sunflower seeds, and low-oleic safflower oil). My diet had previously been very low in this essential fatty acid, which is a precursor to prostaglandin E2 (which protects and rebuilds the stomach lining). Increasing linoleic acid can increase gastric PGE2 expression in human subjects. Lower levels of linoleic acid in adipose tissue are also associated with higher ulcer risk.
I ate a healthful, high nutrient diet, with plenty of vegetables (especially broccoli and cabbage, both of which have gastroprotective properties), protein (mostly from eggs and fish), healthful fats, gluten-free starches, and low-acid fruit.
Though it’s often recommended for gastritis sufferers to avoid acidic foods and beverages, I found that a combination of 100% cranberry juice and 100% pomegranate juice could significantly reduce stomach pain in many cases. I’m not sure why, but it may be that some fruit acids may increase mucin secretion in the stomach, which is protective against stomach acid. I wouldn’t recommend this for GERD sufferers. Acidic juice with or after a meal can increase reflux, and fruit acids may be strong enough to activate any pepsin (a powerful digestive enzyme usually activated by stomach acid) that might have splashed up into the esophagus (some people find that a low-acid diet combined with PPIs for a couple months can heal gastritis).
I took 1000mg of mastic gum on an empty stomach each morning for one month. I’m not sure if this helped or not, but some research supports the use of mastic gum for reducing stomach pain, healing ulcers, and fighting h. pylori infection.
I increased my vitamin/mineral intake, especially vitamin C (buffered, as calcium ascorbate), vitamin A, vitamin D, a high quality multi-vitamin, and zinc carnosine. Not megadoses of anything, but enough to prevent deficiency in case I’ve been absorbing nutrients less efficiently.
I stopped drinking water with meals, but increased water intake first thing in the morning, and in-between meals.
I ate four smaller meals a day instead of three big ones. I also took a break from intermittent fasting.
I added probiotics and kept eating probiotic foods, though I’m not sure they helped.
I tried to reduce stress by doing things I enjoy, not taking on too many extra responsibilities, and meditating more. High levels of stress can irritate the stomach in two ways, both via cortisol:
- Via the production and recycling of bile from the gallbladder (which can wash back into the stomach)
- Via reducing levels of prostaglandins (specifically PGE2) which protect and rebuild the stomach lining
There are many more supplements and cures that I tried. Some may have helped a little, while others may have slowed down my healing process. Many anti-inflammatory foods and supplements which protect the stomach against acute injury in the short-term may actually slow down the healing process in the long-term. The stomach needs the “inflammatory” prostaglandin PGE2 and enzyme COX-2 to heal, as well as the angiogenesis process to rebuild injured tissue. Natural anti-inflammatories such as turmeric, black seed, green tea, and many herbs won’t hurt a healthy stomach (and may reduce the risk of cancer and other diseases), but higher doses of natural anti-inflammatories may slow down tissue repair in the stomach and intestines.
My stomach lining is far from 100% recovered. I’m still taking 5mg omeprazole at night, and I often have a warm or tight sensation in my upper abdomen. But the sharp pain is mostly gone, and at this point I feel like I have my life back. I’ve gained back the weight and muscle I lost, I can eat most foods, I can exercise strenuously, and I can work for fairly long stretches without being distracted by stomach pain. Most nights I sleep pretty well. I’m still abstaining from alcohol except for a sip here and there, and the only coffee I’m drinking is a low-acid decaf variety (from Healthwise–it’s not bad). I’m also feeling calmer, happier, more energetic, and cautiously optimistic about my chances for a full recovery.
If you’ve been through something similar and recovered, please let me know how you did it in the comments.
Wish me luck in my continued healing process!
Gut Feelings About Gastritis | NIH News in Health
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When Your Stomach’s Sick
Your stomach lining has an important job. It makes acid and enzymesA type of protein that does work around the cell. that help break down food so you can extract the nutrients you need. The lining also protects itself from acid damage by secreting mucus. But sometimes the lining gets inflamed and starts making less acid, enzymes and mucus. This type of inflammationSwelling and redness caused by the body’s protective response to injury or infection. is called gastritis, and it can cause long-term problems.
Some people think they have gastritis when they have pain or an uncomfortable feeling in their upper stomach. But many other conditions can cause these symptoms. Gastritis can sometimes lead to pain, nausea and vomiting. But it often has no symptoms at all. If left untreated, though, some types of gastritis can lead to ulcers (sores in the stomach lining) or even stomach cancer.
People used to think gastritis and ulcers were caused by stress and spicy foods. But research studies show that bacteria called Helicobacter pylori are often to blame. Usually, these bacteria cause no symptoms. In the United States, 20% to 50% of the population may be infected with H. pylori.
H. pylori breaks down the inner protective coating in some people’s stomachs and causes inflammation. “I tell people H. pylori is like having termites in your stomach,” says Dr. David Graham, an expert in digestive diseases at Baylor College of Medicine in Texas. “You usually don’t know you have termites until someone tells you, and you ignore it at your own risk.” H. pylori can spread by passing from person to person or through contaminated food or water. Infections can be treated with bacteria-killing drugs called antibiotics.
One type of gastritis, called erosive gastritis, wears away the stomach lining. The most common cause of erosive gastritis is long-term use of medications called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These include aspirin and ibuprofen. “When you stop taking the drugs, the condition usually goes away,” says Graham. Doctors might also recommend reducing the dose or switching to another class of pain medication.
Less common causes of gastritis include certain digestive disorders (such as Crohn’s disease) and autoimmune disorders, in which the body’s protective immune cells mistakenly attack healthy cells in the stomach lining.
Gastritis can be diagnosed with an endoscope, a thin tube with a tiny camera on the end, which is inserted through the patient’s mouth or nose and into the stomach. The doctor will look at the stomach lining and may also remove some tissue samples for testing. Treatment will depend on the type of gastritis you have.
Although stress and spicy foods don’t cause gastritis and ulcers, they can make symptoms worse. Milk might provide brief relief, but it also increases stomach acid, which can worsen symptoms. Your doctor may recommend taking antacids or other drugs to reduce acid in the stomach.
Talk with a health care provider if you’re concerned about ongoing pain or discomfort in your stomach. These symptoms can have many causes. Your doctor can help determine the best course of action for you.
Home Remedies for Gastritis – PlushCare
Components of an Effective Diet for Gastritis
In this article we’re going to go over some of the best known home remedies for gastritis including:
- Carom seeds
- Chamomile tea
- Essential oils
- Apple cider vinegar
- Slippery elm
Continue reading to discover more about gastritis and how each of these home remedies can be taken for relief.
What is the Best Treatment for Gastritis?
The best treatment for gastritis is to change your diet. How you alter your diet will depend on the cause of your gastritis.
A diet for gastritis focuses on alleviating the common causes of gastritis, and can be an effective gastritis treatment.
Below are common causes of gastritis symptoms and foods that help you recover:
Helicobacter pylori bacteria — Sulphorphane, a nutrient found in broccoli, has the ability to kill H. pylori in the stomach lining, and even works on strains resistant to antibiotics. While broccoli contains Sulphorphane, broccoli sprouts are best — containing up to 50 times more than mature broccoli. Sulphorphane supplements can also be used with similar effects. Garlic is often used to combat the H. pylori bacteria as it has antimicrobial and antifungal properties. H. pylori can also be prevented by a daily diet rich in fiber, which is found in foods like celery, kale and broccoli.
B12 deficiency — B12 deficiency can be prevented by eating foods that increase the absorption of vitamin B12, including probiotics of the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species, which is found in foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, and sourdough bread. The addition of probiotics increases the stomach’s ability to absorb nutrients, including vitamin B12, making it a good potential treatment for gastritis.
Medication side effects — Probiotics are great at reversing injury to the gut caused by various medications. Foods like ginger, apple cider vinegar, oregano, green tea and pineapple can also help. All of these are good for the stomach and ease certain gastritis symptoms like stomach pain, bloating and heartburn. Vitamin A is also an essential part of stomach tissue and membrane repair which can be injured during gastritis. Foods that contain a lot of vitamin A include spinach, liver, carrots, asparagus and fruits like peaches and apricots.
Other food causes — Gastritis is often caused by eating foods that injure the stomach lining which can exacerbate symptoms of gastritis. In order to avoid gastritis, moderate intake of acidic foods and alcohol is considered essential. People find that keeping a log of your daily diet and the symptoms experienced is quite beneficial for you connecting your symptoms to the problem foods that you are eating.
Home Remedies for Gastritis: How to Address the Immediate Symptoms
How can I get immediate relief from gastritis? Natural or home remedies for immediate symptom relief of gastritis often focus on addressing three different symptoms: Regulation of the H. Pylori bacteria, reducing inflammation, and reducing acidity in the stomach. Additionally, to accomplish the first of these tasks, regulation of the H. Pylori Bacteria, two main methods are used: Antibacterial compounds and compounds promoting faster digestion
Treating Gastritis with Carom Seeds
To treat the acidity aspect of gastritis, Carom seeds may prove to be useful. Also used as a treatment for indigestion and bloating, Carom seeds are known to have many beneficial effects on your digestive health. You can eat the grounded seeds by mixing with water or drinking the strained liquid after boiling it with water.
Ginger for Gastritis
Ginger is another ingredient that can be quite good for your health. As both an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredient, it is especially good at treating the most common cause of gastritis which is the H. Pylori bacterium.
Try using ginger while cooking, boiling ginger tea, or even chewing on a small piece of ginger. A popular recipe for making ginger tea is boiling the ginger in water and mixing the resultant tea with honey to improve the taste.
Treating Gastritis with Chamomile Tea
Chamomile tea is another great home remedy for reducing inflammation and aiding your overall digestive health. Chamomile is a plant of the daisy family that has a flower which is commonly used in Asia to make tea.
The chamomile flower contains soothing ingredients and essential oils beneficial for treating gastritis among other health effects. This tea is made by placing the dried flowers or tea bag in hot water. Boiling water is not advised as it could damage the active oils and thus inhibit it’s beneficial effects.
Peppermint: Essential Oils for Gastritis
Peppermint and specifically peppermint oil contains anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial compounds that help with the symptoms associated with gastritis.
Peppermint oil contains menthol, which is also known as an active ingredient in cough drops. In the same way as cough drops for the throat, chewing the leaves, taking tablets, or putting these leaves in food can provide relief in the stomach.
Treating Gastritis with Cabbage
Cabbage juice is a commonly used home remedy for gastritis. Cabbage contains many powerful antioxidants and other essential nutrients, including vitamin B1, vitamin B2, magnesium, calcium and dietary fiber.
Cabbage has been linked to lowering blood cholesterol levels and protection against the H. pylori bacteria that causes gastritis. Cabbage contains kaempferol and glucosinolates, compounds that can be used as a treatment for gastritis and other bacteria that cause stomach ulcers.
Regularly consuming cabbage, often done in the form of cabbage juice, can reduce your chance of developing gastritis by providing anti-inflammatory properties and essential vitamins. In addition to gastritis, increasing cabbage intake is known to improve your health and immune system overall.
When preparing cabbage, cooking it for the least amount of time possible is essential for retaining the maximum amount of nutrients. The most common way to increase cabbage intake is to turn cabbage into juice using a juicer. This method is great for preventing stomach problems, but if you already have gastritis, eating cabbage in raw form may also upset your stomach.
Other options include recipes with boiled cabbage. Cabbage can also cause increased gas production, which can upset the stomach and cause additional irritation. Cabbage consumption can also cause bad breath, fatigue, and a sense of feeling cold. If these conditions occur, decrease your intake and consult with a doctor.
Apple Cider Vinegar for Gastritis
Apple cider vinegar is a traditional folk remedy for many conditions. It functions as an antifungal agent and when diluted with water, increases hydrochloric acid production in the stomach.
An apple cider vinegar gastritis regimen improves digestion by helping the stomach break down foods and prevent inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis is sometimes caused by reduced hydrochloric acid, so taking apple cider vinegar may be effective for people suffering from an imbalance of acid in the stomach.
Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid, which acts as a buffer in the stomach and allows the pH to stabilize, and allow healthy bacteria essential for everyday digestive function to flourish.
Apple cider vinegar also increases absorption of calcium and other nutrients that improve healing and help soothe stomach irritations. Apple cider vinegar contains antimicrobial properties that prevent other fungi-based infections from taking hold in the stomach.
Diluting the apple cider vinegar is essential when using it to treat gastritis. Mixing one tablespoon of raw and unfiltered apple cider vinegar into one glass of water is a common home remedy for gastritis, and can be taken daily. Another method is drinking diluted apple cider vinegar before or after meals to maximize digestive properties.
Apple cider vinegar can negatively impact gastritis if combined with other acidic liquids, like cranberry and pineapple juice. If apple cider vinegar makes your stomach upset, discontinue its use. Some people find that apple cider vinegar actually makes gastritis worse so be cautious and remember that moderation is the key.
Slippery Elm Gastritis
The slippery elm, or Ulmus rubra, can be used as a gastritis home remedy treatment. The powdered inner bark has mucus-producing properties that can be used to treat gastritis by building up the mucus lining of the stomach which has been injured due to gastritis.
Mucus is a slippery gel when mixed with water and can coat and protect the stomach lining. It also triggers nerve endings to produce mucus, which protects against ulcers and contains anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve stomach and bowel inflammation. In addition to anti-inflammatory and mucilage properties, slippery elm is also highly nutritious and can be an essential part of a gastritis treatment diet.
The inner bark is powdered and taken orally in the form of tablets,capsules, lozenges, or powder for making teas. Drinking slippery elm tea made using roughly two tablespoons of powdered bark three times daily is recommended. Taking capsules three times a day for up to eight weeks can also be effective. Combining slippery elm with other herbs including Cayenne is known to boost healing properties and prevent intestinal bleeding.
The slippery elm treatment may also provide relief for other symptoms of gastritis, like abdominal pain and nausea. Slippery elm has no serious side effects, though extended use of herbal remedies can trigger its own side effects or cause complications by interacting with existing medications.
When to see a Doctor for Gastritis
Natural remedies should not be the only treatment you seek for gastritis. Most causes of gastritis, like H. pylori infections and vitamin B12 deficiency, cannot be cured using these herbal therapies. In these cases, changes in diet may be helpful as well as consulting a doctor.
While these herbal treatments listed above all have proven effectiveness, consulting a physician for an accurate diagnosis before using most home remedies is the best course of action. If you or a loved one is experiencing gastritis-like symptoms, you can make an appointment with a primary care physician or see an urgent care provider in order to be tested for gastritis.
Get Gastritis Treatment Online
You can meet with a PlushCare provider today to get a custom gastritis treatment plan. The doctor will take into account your symptoms, diet, medical history and lifestyle and together you will create a treatment plan that you can stick to.
At PlushCare all our doctors are graduates from the top 50 U.S. medical schools and have an average of 15 years experience. You can see the same doctor whenever you need treatment and 97% of conditions are successfully treated on the first visit. Book an appointment here.
The Hidden Causes of Acute Gastritis You Need to Know
July 17, 2017
Acute gastritis is the sudden inflammation of the stomach lining. The pain associated with this condition may be severe but does not last for an extended period. Acute gastritis may occur because of prescribed medications, but other hidden causes may be the leading factor in your flare-ups. Visiting with your doctor and ordering a medical examination can confirm a diagnosis, but learning the causes of acute gastritis may be more surprising than the diagnosis itself. There are eight leading causes of acute gastritis:
- Medication. Prescription medication, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin, and corticosteroids, may irritate your stomach lining and cause the sporadic inflammation. This cause can be closely monitored by your doctor and treated as need be.
- Infections. Bacterial infections, including H. pylori, can live in your stomach and affect your digestive tract, causing gastritis in some individuals. It is best to talk to your doctor to learn if this is the cause of your condition.
- Alcohol. Constant alcohol consumption may cause serious harm to your organs, and in large quantities can irritate your stomach and lead to gastritis symptoms.
- Extreme stress. Each body handles stress differently, but chronic anxiety or stress may lead to the body’s inability to work efficiently. Stress can lead to various symptoms or conditions, including acute gastritis.
- Autoimmune disorders. If you already have a condition that affects your immune system, you may be more susceptible to your immune system attacking the stomach lining. Meeting with a doctor to learn how previous conditions may affect you can help you monitor your current situation.
- Digestive diseases. If you have a current gastrointestinal disease, such as Crohn’s disease, your stomach is in a weakened state and is more susceptible to receiving symptoms that come with the diagnosis of acute gastritis.
- Weakened states. If your body is or has currently been under a weak condition from events such as surgery, kidney failure or liver complications, your body becomes more susceptible to attacks such as gastritis.
- Food poisoning. If you have recently experienced the misfortune of food poisoning, your stomach has already been through a lot. Because of this, it is easier for irritations to occur, including the symptoms that come with acute gastritis.
If you know or think that you may have acute gastritis, the next step is to call a medical professional for a diagnosis and treatment options. To talk to the doctors you know you can trust, visit Texas Digestive Disease Consultants. Visit our website at https://www.tddctx.com/.
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“A Speedy Recovery with Medical Management in a Patient with Emphysematous Gastritis” by Tanvi Khurana, MD
Emphysematous gastritis is a rare and serious condition characterized by evidence of intramural air and inflammation of the gastric wall as well as systemic toxicity. It is generally caused by local infection by gas-forming organisms through a mucosal defect or via hematogenous spread from a distant focus.1 Since emphysematous gastritis has a fulminant course with a mortality rate of 60%, prompt recognition as well as early treatment are crucial.2 Here, we present a case of a 65 year-old male who presented with abdominal pain and had CT findings consistent with emphysematous gastritis. He was treated with antibiotics and had a swift recovery.
A 65-year-old Caucasian man with past medical history of insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease (with history of three myocardial infarctions and stent placements), and peptic ulcer disease presented to Thomas Jefferson University Hospital with two weeks of loose stools and two days of nausea, vomiting and diffuse abdominal pain. In the emergency room, the patient had a temperature of 96.8oF, heart rate of 99 beats per minute, blood pressure of 95/58 mmHg, respiratory rate of 22 breaths per minute, and oxygen saturation of 96% on 3L of oxygen. His cardiac and respiratory exams were unremarkable. His abdominal exam was notable for hypoactive bowel sounds and pain with deep palpation. He was tympanic to percussion. He did not have peritoneal signs. Labs were significant for a white blood cell count of 11.3 B/L (normal range = 4-11 B/L) and lactate of 1.0 mmol/L (normal range = 0.5-2.2 mmol/L) on presentation, which was repeated 6 hours later and found to have increased to 2.5 mmol/L. He underwent a CT scan of the abdomen which revealed a distended stomach with foci of intramural air, with air extending into the portal venous system (Figure 1). Soon after presentation, the patient became hypotensive to a systolic blood pressure of 85 mmHg and was resuscitated with 3L normal saline. He was sent to the intensive care unit where he received an additional 2L normal saline. His blood pressure responded appropriately. Surgery was consulted regarding the intramural air found on CT scan. However, since the patient did not have an acute abdomen, they deemed that he would not need emergent surgery. It was also decided that an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) would be too high risk given the increased risk of perforation. He was medically managed with antibiotics and supportive care. He was allowed nothing-by-mouth, pan- cultured, and started on a pantoprazole infusion and broad spectrum antibiotics (vancomycin, aztreonam, and metronidazole.
Khurana, MD, Tanvi
“A Speedy Recovery with Medical Management in a Patient with Emphysematous Gastritis,”
The Medicine Forum: Vol. 15
, Article 10.
Since July 10, 2015
Gastritis in Dogs | Doberman Chat Forum
Because Burly’s little boy was sick I figured I should rat around and find different causes…. this is an excellent article.
Gastritis in Dogs
By: Dr. Bari Spielman
Gastritis is a general term used to describe inflammation of the lining of the stomach. The most common sign associated with gastritis is vomiting. Although signs may be mild and self-limiting in some cases, they can be debilitating and even life threatening in others, necessitating hospitalization and intensive supportive care. Acute gastritis is characterized by vomiting of less than 7 days duration. Chronic gastritis is characterized by intermittent vomiting of greater than 1-2 weeks duration. There are a variety of causes of gastritis, some associated with acute vomiting and some associated with chronic vomiting.
Causes of Acute Gastritis
• Dietary indiscretion (ingestion of spoiled food, foreign bodies, plant material, hair or overeating)
• Dietary intolerance or allergy
• Ingestion of chemical irritants or toxins (fertilizers, cleaning agents, lead)
• Drugs/medication (aspirin, antibiotics, steroids)
• Infectious agents (viral, bacterial, parasitic)
• Shock or sepsis (systemic infection)
• Causes of Chronic Gastritis
Chronic or long term exposure to, or ingestion of, any of the causes listed for acute gastritis
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Stomach cancer
There are some systemic diseases that can be associated with both acute and chronic gastritis. Those include kidney failure, liver disease, hypoadrenocorticism, neurologic disease and ulcers. Both dogs and cats can be affected and males just as often as females. Due to the increased potential for dietary indiscretion in younger animals, they are more likely to develop acute gastritis. Chronic gastritis can be seen in all ages.
What to Watch For
• Excessive vomiting with blood (either red or “coffee-grounds”)
• Lack of appetite
• Weight loss
• Melena (black tarry stool representative of digested blood)
Many cases of acute gastritis are short lived, resolve easily, and an extensive diagnostic evaluation is seldom required. Diagnostics should be performed in those individuals whose gastritis is severe, chronic, or are exhibiting systemic signs of illness. A thorough history and physical examination is of paramount importance prior to diagnostic evaluation.
• Complete blood count (CBC), biochemical profile, urinalysis, and fecal examination
• Abdominal radiographs (X-rays) +/- contrast/dye evaluation
• Parvo test on all puppies
• Abdominal ultrasound in selected cases
• Endoscopy in selected cases
There are several things your veterinarian may recommend to symptomatically treat your dog. The principal goals of symptomatic therapy are to restore and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance, and to completely rest the gastrointestinal tract.
Nothing orally (NPO) for a several hours, with a gradual introduction of water followed by a bland diet
• Fluid and electrolyte therapy as indicated in the dehydrated patient
• Antiemetics (drugs that symptomatically decrease the frequency of vomiting)
• Antacids (drugs that block acid production by the stomach)
• Gastric protectants (drugs that coat and soothe the GI tract)
The primary recommendation is to withhold all food and water until contacting your veterinarian. Administer medication and diet only as directed by your veterinarian and observe your dog very closely. If clinical signs are not improving, and/or your dog is getting worse, have your dog evaluated at once.
Gastritis is quite common in dogs due to their indiscriminate (not selective) eating habits. It is not uncommon for a normal healthy dog to have occasional bouts of acute gastritis over the course of their life, especially if they are longhaired or have a habit of getting into the trash. As long as they are short lived and self limiting, we tend to consider these “normal abnormalities”. One must differentiate acute from chronic gastritis, as well as gastritis from regurgitation (the backward flow or effortless evacuation of fluid, mucus, or undigested food from the esophagus) as there are different diseases, diagnostics, and treatment plans for each.
In those dogs who are otherwise feeling well, symptomatic therapy, to include removing all food and water for a specified amount of time and gradually reintroducing a bland diet, is generally curative. If the dog continues with signs of gastritis (vomiting, lack of appetite, nausea), despite being held off food and water, or if blood is present in the vomitus, it is important to seek veterinary attention at once. In addition, if your dog seems painful, in distress or sick in any other way, you should contact your veterinarian immediately as diagnostics, hospitalization and supportive therapy may be in order.
There are several disorders/diseases that can cause similar signs and may be confused with gastritis. These include;
Dietary indiscretion (ingestion of spoiled food, plant material, hair, or overeating) is one of the most common disorders seen in both cats and dogs. Vomiting, diarrhea and flatulence are commonly seen associated with dietary indiscretion.
Dietary intolerance or allergy to a particular food or substance often is associated with vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Infectious disorders that affect the gastrointestinal tract including viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections must be differentiated from gastritis.
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, and in certain cases, can be life-threatening. The most common clinical signs seen with pancreatitis are vomiting and inappetence.
Metabolic disorders (kidney failure, liver disease, hypoadrenocorticism, diabetes mellitus) are often associated with vomiting, inappetence and weight loss, all of which are signs commonly seen with gastritis.
Intestinal obstruction/blockage secondary to foreign bodies or tumors must be differentiated from gastritis.
Infiltrative diseases (microscopic diseases that penetrate and spread throughout) of the gastrointestinal tract including inflammatory bowel disease and lymphosarcoma (cancer) must be ruled out.
Gastrointestinal ulcers can be associated with liver and kidney disease, pancreatic disease, stress and certain types of cancer. Clinical signs associated with ulcers include vomiting (possibly with blood), melena (black tarry stools due to digested blood), abdominal pain, weakness and potential collapse and death.
Pyloric hypertrophy is a thickening of the part of the stomach that empties into the small intestine, causing vomiting. It is most commonly seen in small-breed dogs (lhasa apso, shih tzu, Maltese and the miniature poodle.)
Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a syndrome seen in dogs whose cause is unknown. These animals often present with vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is most often seen in urban settings.
Neurologic disorders, especially of the vestibular (balance and coordination) center will often present for vomiting.
Certain medications or toxins (such as lead) can cause severe gastrointestinal signs by either directly irritating the lining of the stomach (such as with aspirin administration) or by setting off a reflex mechanism that stimulates the vomiting center of the brain.
Pain, fear or other psychogenic disturbances can cause gastrointestinal upset, and mimic or cause signs of gastritis.
Veterinary Care In-depth
A tentative diagnosis of acute gastritis is usually made on the basis of history and clinical findings, and no specific diagnostic work up is warranted. If the dog is not responding to symptomatic therapy, and/or the signs are severe, diagnostic tests should be performed. In cases of chronic gastritis, a full diagnostic work up is most always recommended.
A complete blood count (CBC) will evaluate for the presence of infection, inflammation and anemia, associated with some diseases that cause gastritis.
A biochemical profile evaluates the kidney, liver, electrolytes, total protein and blood sugar status. All of these parameters are important to establish in the dog with gastritis.
A urinalysis helps evaluate the kidneys and hydration status of the dog.
Multiple fecal examinations are important to rule out gastrointestinal parasites as a cause of gastritis.
A fecal Parvo antigen test should be performed on any young puppy that presents with acute gastritis, regardless of their vaccination history.
Abdominal radiographs (X-rays) evaluate the abdominal organs (kidneys, liver) and may help visualize the presence of a foreign body or tumor.
Your veterinarian may recommend additional tests to ensure optimal medical care. These are selected on a case-by-case basis.
An ACTH stimulation test may be recommended to rule out hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease). It is a combination of 2 blood tests that measures adrenal function. It is safe, and can usually be performed at your local veterinary hospital.
Bile acids are paired blood tests obtained before and after a meal that evaluates liver function. The test is very safe and can be performed at your local veterinary hospital.
A blood lead level may be indicated in the dog with gastritis, where there has been known or possible lead exposure.
A gastrin level should be run on any dog with multiple or recurrent ulcers or signs of gastritis. Elevated levels are usually seen in dogs with gastrinoma (a tumor that secretes gastrin, causing ulceration.)
An upper gastrointestinal (GI) barium (dye) series may be considered in those cases where baseline diagnostics do not confirm a diagnosis, and gastritis persists. It may help diagnose foreign objects or tumors that are not apparent on radiographs, or confirm a diagnosis of GI ulceration. A safe dye is given to the dog by mouth, and is then watched as it travels through the GI tract. It is a non-invasive test that can often be performed by your regular veterinarian, although in some cases may necessitate transfer to a specialty hospital.
An abdominal ultrasound evaluates the abdominal organs and helps assess for the presence of tumors. Organs, lymph nodes, and masses can be sampled with a needle or biopsy instrument with the guidance of ultrasound. This procedure is relatively safe, however may necessitate a mild sedative. It is often recommended that a specialist perform the procedure.
Gastroduodenoscopy (upper GI endoscopy) may be of benefit in the dog with gastritis. It may facilitate the removal of foreign bodies, help evaluate for ulcer disease, and sample tissue for the presence of inflammation or cancer. Hospitalization is brief, and healing is generally quick and uneventful. It does, however, necessitate general anesthesia, and therefore is associated with minor risks. It is often necessary to refer the dog to a specialist, and is performed when other diagnostics are either inconclusive or support the diagnosis of a gastric foreign body.
Lastly, an exploratory laparotomy should be performed as a diagnostic tool in any individual that has had an extensive diagnostic, and sometimes treatment, course with little or no response. It is an invasive procedure but is necessary in a handful of cases for a definitive diagnosis.
Veterinary Care In-depth
In cases of acute gastritis, symptomatic therapy is often the mainstay of treatment, as most of these cases generally respond quickly and thoroughly. These treatments may reduce severity of symptoms or provide relief for your dog. However, nonspecific therapy is not a substitute for definitive treatment of the underlying disease responsible for your dog’s condition, which is the situation in some cases of acute gastritis and most cases of chronic gastritis.
Withholding food and water for several hours allows the GI tract to “rest”, and is the single most important means of symptomatic therapy for the dog with gastritis. Complete dietary restriction allows the lining of the GI tract to heal. Gradual reintroduction of small amounts of bland food should be instituted after the fast, and the original diet may be slowly reintroduced after 2-3 days if there have been no signs of gastritis. If at any point gastritis recurs, discontinue everything given by mouth and contact your veterinarian.
Oral medication of any kind should be avoided if at all possible. Any contact with the stomach lining will potentially perpetuate inflammation.
Fluid and electrolyte therapy may be necessary in some dogs with acute gastritis, and is directed toward correcting dehydration, acid-base, and electrolyte abnormalities. Occasionally, subcutaneous (under the skin) administration may be acceptable, and may be able to be performed at home. In severe cases, intravenous administration may be indicated and necessitates hospitalization.
Antiemetics (drugs that stop vomiting) should be used with caution. Examples include Reglan® (metoclopramide) or Thorazine® (chlorpromazine). It is best to identify and treat the underlying cause of gastritis, however in selected cases their use may be recommended.
Antacids (drugs that decrease acid production by the stomach) such as Tagamet® (cimetidine), Pepcid® (famotidine) or Zantac® (ranitidine), may be of benefit in some cases.
Gastrointestinal protectants and adsorbents (medications that protect or sooth) are felt to coat an “irritated” gastrointestinal lining and bind “noxious” (harmful) agents. Examples include Carafate® (sucralfate) and Pepto-Bismol® (bismuth subsalicylate).
Antibiotics and parasiticides (medication that kills parasites) are indicated in cases of bacterial or parasite related gastritis.
Anti-inflammatory agents, such as corticosteroids, may be indicated in cases of documented inflammatory bowel disease.
Endoscopy or surgery may be indicated to remove foreign objects or tumors causing gastritis.
Optimal treatment for your dog requires a combination of home and professional veterinary care. Follow-up can be critical, especially if your dog does not rapidly improve. Administer all prescribed medication as directed. Alert your veterinarian if you are experiencing problems treating your dog.
Discontinue/avoid any medication or substance that may be causing or exacerbating (worsening) gastritis. Depending on the underlying cause of gastritis, it may be necessary to return to your veterinarian for reevaluation of certain tests.
90,000 Treatment of gastritis from leading doctors | Best clinics | Reviews
Gastritis is a dangerous form of inflammation of the mucous membrane that engulfs the organs of the stomach . Those who complain of abdominal pain most often suffer from gastritis, it accounts for 80-85% of cases. The main reason, as a rule, turns out to be unhealthy diet.
Distinguishing gastritis is easy, but you shouldn’t be limited to the standard list of symptoms.There are several forms and varieties of it. It is also important to understand the stages of the disease. From the very beginning, the disease manifests itself as acute symptoms, but an external factor is necessary for its activity. Usually they are fatty, spicy food. This is the basis for the treatment of gastritis.
It is necessary to start treating gastritis as early as possible. If it becomes chronic, it will be difficult to get rid of pain. They are usually associated with meals. After each meal, problems with the digestive system begin.The specialist also takes into account such a feature as individual manifestations. All this taken together makes it possible to effectively select methods of diagnosis and means of treating the disease.
At first, the disease can be distinguished by signs belonging to the large category of “acute gastritis”. This is inflammatory irritation, traditionally accompanied by characteristic symptoms. Their set is standard for gastritis, only the degree of intensity of symptoms differs.
All of them indicate that the mucous membrane, which protects the organ system, does not function in the standard form. To write a prescription, you need to take into account certain data. They are obtained by examining feces, vomit, performing X-ray examination of the digestive system, gastroscopy. To prescribe the treatment of gastritis, the form and severity of the disease are identified. Gastritis is treated by gastric lavage, nutritional restriction, antibiotic therapy, oral rehydration, and a number of other special procedures.
Often the patient is prescribed a course such as acute gastritis therapy, and its content is based on the patient’s condition. After treatment measures, you need to fast for several days.
The gastric mucosa suffers greatly from such a disease as catarrhal gastritis, which occurs after eating poor-quality food, an irrationally constructed diet. Often an attack flares up from stressful situations.
Catarrhal gastritis is divided into several types. They are distinguished by morphology, flow characteristics, localization. They arise for various reasons.
This stage occurs as a consequence of catarrhal gastritis. The mucous membrane of the stomach is destroyed at a deep level. The patient loses weight, the food does not taste good to him, he is nauseous.
In acute catarrhal gastritis, microvascular blood vessels are regenerated in a destroyed sequence.The cause of the disease, as a rule, is alcohol, a tendency to overeat, and severe stress. The symptoms are similar to the previous example.
The cause of atrophic catarrhal gastritis is a genetic abnormality. The stomach changes shape, its functions are not performed.
Catarrhal gastritis is treated in several ways:
- Elimination of food from the digestive system in a natural way.
- Taking adsorbing drugs.
- Pain therapy.
- Receiving large volumes of liquid.
Diseases of the digestive system are associated with the condition of their mucous membranes. Corrosive (erosive) gastritis can be detected after a phenomenon such as a burn of the gastric mucosa, when it is exposed to certain substances, such as alkalis.
Also, the disease manifests itself after emotional overstrain , alcohol exposure , a number of drugs , development of diseases of the endocrine system .This leads to irreparable destruction of the protective layer. The manifestations of this form of gastritis are considered the first symptoms of ulcers, scars are formed.
The disease is characterized by severe pain, covering all organs with mucous membranes in the upper body. Saliva of an unnatural consistency begins to flow abundantly. Severe burns appear on the lips. They are also detected on the mucous membranes of the mouth, respiratory organs. The specialist is obliged to identify as soon as possible why this is happening, and then the treatment of gastritis is prescribed in an operative form.
It is extremely rare for a patient to know exactly what substance he was poisoned with. This makes it difficult to determine the cause of the burn on the protective films. You can understand why the poison got into the body by the composition of the vomit. Also, the color of ulcers and burns will help with this.
Hoarseness speaks of the defeat of the larynx, breathing becomes stridorous. Often, the course of the disease becomes more severe due to sore throat. The threat to life is eliminated within 2-3 days.When gastritis is treated, characteristic scars remain on the surfaces of the affected organs.
The disease is eliminated by procedures. They are standard for this disease. In this case, some drugs are administered, such as glucose.
Surgery is rarely required. Usually – with a perforated state of the stomach.
Phlegmonous gastritis has important differences.It does not occupy a leading position in its category and is accompanied by a number of problems. For example, it is difficult to classify. It is quite rare, but it is for this case that the greatest mortality is characteristic.
Most often, this form of the disease is detected in men . The most dangerous age is 30-60 years.
This is purulent inflammation , which is more severe than the usual irritation of the mucous membrane. Phlegmonous gastritis extends to the entire wall of the stomach, but the submucosa suffers most.A characteristic addition is bacterial inflammation.
Hemolytic streptococcus remains an etiological condition in 70%. The disease is characterized by a power-law rate of development. But the standard is sudden onset, with symptoms:
- Sharp spasms in the epigastric region.
- The body’s desire to reject food without digestion.
A rare symptom is bleeding, which affects the digestive system.The patient shows signs of prostration, accompanied by cardiac-vascular insufficiency, emitting harmful substances, bloating, intolerance to touch in the nearby area.
Bile is often present in the emetic discharged. Gradually, the symptomatology worsens. The pulse is not felt well, the patient is thirsty all the time, he has to endure a high temperature. You can often see that the patient has air in his stomach, and he suffers from the slightest palpation.
The diagnosis of the disease is complicated. Often it is carried out already during the operation. The differential form of the diagnosis is based on the identification of certain symptoms – ulcer perforation, acute pancreatitis. In some cases, the diagnosis is refused (without the formation of a gas accumulation in the subphrenic component, with the reconstruction of the presence of diastase in the cells subjected to analysis, when hyperglycemia is detected).
Death occurs in certain cases.Several days should pass after the onset of the inflammation. In very rare cases, an abscess breakthrough into the digestive organs is detected, with vomiting of pus, when the patient is cured.
To cure phlegmonous gastritis, it is necessary to resort to surgical methods. Resection of affected organs is used, but drainage may be appropriate. Also, a course of drip procedures is prescribed for a certain type of glucose, with a small content of ascorbic acid, and some other microcomponents.Suitable antibiotics are prescribed that affect different components of the body.
This type of disease is not characterized by a short development, characterized by morphological changes of the mucous membrane. Normal glands are replaced by connective tissue due to atrophy processes, they are rearranged according to intestinal or pyloric variation. The mucous membrane of the stomach changes its structure intensively, it cannot function normally.
Accurate diagnosis of the disease is fraught with difficulties. Low symptoms also cause considerable problems. It is important to remember the essential details here:
- If the patient has not eaten for a long time, pain in the abdomen occurs.
- They also appear after eating, assuming an acute cramping or aching non-intense manner of development.
- Belching, burning are characteristic.
- Decreased appetite.
- Discomfort in the epigastric region associated with any food intake.
Treatment of gastritis in this category is represented by a number of procedures. Among them – antimicrobial therapy, a course of antibiotics. According to the type of chronic gastritis, enveloping preparations, substitution therapy, herbal medicine are used. The diet is being followed.
This is a dangerous variation of the disease associated with the appearance of bleeding. It affects the mucous membrane of the digestive organs .The disease is a polyetiological category. The characteristic organ system that accompanies the food process suffers greatly, with dyspeptic disorders. For gastric bleeding, blood loss is characteristic, vomiting occurs, the stool becomes tarry.
During treatment, the doctor must normalize the acid composition of the body. You also need to restore the mucous membranes. This is achieved through a diet, certain medications.
This is a category of a disease of the degenerative-dystrophic type.Rigid gastritis has the property of flowing against the background of sclerosis of the protective layers of the digestive system. Then comes the stage of inflammation and scarring. The shape of the stomach is somewhat deformed.
Symptoms of rigid gastritis:
- Tolerable spasms and tolerable muscle tension.
- Excessive secretion of juice from the digestive organs.
- Dyspeptic processes.
Fluoroscopy allows detecting organ deformities at an early stage.This is a standard symptom of this form of the disease. Stomach cancer can develop if left untreated.
Giant hypertrophic gastritis
There is a rare, especially severe form of the disease associated with inflammation of the digestive system – giant hypertrophic gastritis. It can be actively manifested, but is accompanied by frequent relapses.
The disease is different:
- Dull aching pains.
- Mild nausea.
- Attacks of vomiting.
Self-medication is not allowed. An individualized therapy regimen is being drawn up.
Treatment of gastritis
Carrying out the treatment of gastritis, the specialist first of all takes care of eliminating the causes of its occurrence. Fasting is mandatory (for 1-2 days).
The course begins with glucocorticoid hormones. In some cases, anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy is required.The doctor seeks to normalize the functioning of the stomach organs.
The most common preventive measure is diet. Their common characteristic is the rejection of harmful products.
It is necessary to give up bad habits. It is also recommended not to get into stressful situations.
Diet for gastritis
We are considering a disease of the digestive system. Treatment of gastritis is impossible without diet.Allowed:
- Low fat boiled meat.
- Yesterday’s white bread.
- Mashed vegetables.
- Boiled fish.
A specialist examines the symptoms and identifies a type of gastritis. This affects the exact content of the diet.
Treatment of gastritis abroad
Much attention is paid to gastritis abroad.This is due to the lifestyle of foreign citizens.
A great risk is posed by a harmful environmental situation. Frequent stress and destruction of natural resources are no less dangerous.
Meanwhile, medicine is well developed abroad. In European and some eastern countries, there are professional hospitals that deal with this disease.
Treatment of gastritis abroad is carried out on the basis of the most accurate comprehensive diagnosis.Close cooperation of doctors from the clinics listed below and the patient himself allows us to prescribe the most effective treatment, which individually takes into account the age and general condition of the body, the characteristics of the disease and the rate of progression.
What to do if your stomach hurts – Wonderzine
What is easy to confuse gastritis with
According to gastroenterologist Aleksey Golovenko, most of the symptoms that many associate with “gastritis” have nothing to do with inflammation, stomach ulcers, or dangerous bacteria.A feeling of heaviness in the abdomen after eating, bloating in the stomach, nausea or severe weakness after fatty foods most often speak of functional dyspepsia – that is, a violation of the digestive process. First of all, we are talking about impaired motility (motor activity) of the digestive organs, which can be caused, for example, by stress. To improve the condition, it is usually enough to drink prokinetics (for example, domperidone or itopride) – drugs that stimulate the motility of the gastrointestinal tract.Psychotherapy and antidepressant medication can also work, but they must be prescribed by a doctor.
Alexey Paramonov emphasizes that it is not safe to use classic painkillers for any discomfort in the abdomen: most of them can lead to an ulcer by themselves. First aid for acute stomach pain is an antacid that neutralizes gastric acid. Another effective option is the so-called proton pump inhibitors, which also reduce acidity.But you still need to visit a doctor: it is important to understand the cause of the ailments and undergo treatment. For example, pregnant women often complain of so-called reflux disease or pregnancy heartburn, when acid from the stomach enters the esophagus. And if you do not need to follow a special diet with gastritis or dyspepsia (the benefits of Soviet “tables” have not been scientifically proven), then in this case the diet will have to be changed. Such a diet will not be rigid and certainly will not interfere with the development of the fetus.
If pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn, belching, nausea appeared for the first time and you are less than forty-five years old, there is no point in doing gastroscopy: treatment of dyspepsia can be prescribed without looking into the stomach.According to the recommendations of the American College of Gastroenterology, gastroscopy is relevant when there is a possibility of detecting an ulcer, metaplasia or tumor. Symptoms of such conditions: discomfort when swallowing, iron deficiency anemia, frequent vomiting, unintentional weight loss by more than 5% in six months. Otherwise, it is sufficient to perform a Helicobacter breath test and eliminate bacteria, if any. Only if after this the state of health has not improved, you need to undergo a gastroscopy with a biopsy – the latter is required to confirm gastritis and allows you to assess the risk of developing stomach cancer in the future.
If you are over forty-five years old or one of your close relatives has had stomach cancer, then at the first “stomach” complaints the doctor will prescribe a gastroscopy. This examination allows you to detect not only gastritis, but also, for example, inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis) or an ulcer. The unpleasant procedure has no alternative yet, but in order not to suffer, “swallowing the intestine”, it is already now possible to be examined under anesthesia. There is progress in the treatment of peptic ulcer disease. Alexey Paramonov says that twenty years ago it was possible to cope with it by removing part of the stomach.Now surgeons recommend surgery only in an emergency, for example, in case of complications that have already arisen – and in other cases, the affected areas of the stomach are simply cauterized with a laser or radio waves.
The oncologist named the symptoms that are mistaken for gastritis
The oncologist named the symptoms that are mistaken for gastritis
The oncologist named the symptoms that are mistaken for gastritis
” Hunger pains “in the stomach or pain after eating are often mistaken for gastritis, but they can be a sign of an ulcer,” surgeon-oncologist Ivan Karasev wrote on Instagram.RIA Novosti, 16.07.2020
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MOSCOW, July 16 – RIA Novosti.”Hunger pains” in the stomach or pain after eating are often mistaken for gastritis, but they can be a sign of an ulcer, wrote oncologist-surgeon Ivan Karasev on Instagram. He recalled that aggressive substances (for example, hydrochloric acid) enter the stomach, which are needed for splitting food. And so that they do not damage the wall of the stomach, a special protective factor is developed. However, the predominance of aggressive factors together with the depletion of the protective layer leads to damage to the stomach wall – first, erosion appears, and then an ulcer.In addition, the doctor noted, an important role is played by a hereditary predisposition to the disease and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If you delay the visit to the doctor, serious complications can occur: bleeding, perforation of the ulcer (perforation of the exit from the stomach), penetration (perforation of an ulcer into a neighboring organ), as well as the growth of a malignant tumor (malignancy of an ulcer). Endoscopy will help to identify an ulcer – this way you can assess the size of the damage and the likelihood of complications.During endoscopy, a biopsy of the mucous membrane is also taken for morphological examination. Contrast radiography is used to determine the depth of the ulcer, gastrointestinal motility, and complications such as stenosis or penetration. Thanks to endoscopy, it is possible to monitor the process of ulcer scarring. On average, healing to a red scar occurs in six to seven weeks, and the formation of a full-fledged scar in two to three months. Acute superficial ulcers, the doctor explained, heal within one to two weeks. Earlier, Karasev named the symptoms that indicate a hernia of the esophagus: heartburn, pain in the retrosternal or epigastric region, as well as a feeling of fullness in the hypochondrium and air belching.
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MOSCOW, July 16 – RIA Novosti. “Hunger pains” in the stomach or pain after eating are often mistaken for gastritis, but they can be a sign of an ulcer, wrote oncologist-surgeon Ivan Karasev on Instagram.
He recalled that aggressive substances (for example, hydrochloric acid) enter the stomach, which are needed to break down food. And so that they do not damage the wall of the stomach, a special protective factor is developed. However, the predominance of aggressive factors together with the depletion of the protective layer leads to damage to the stomach wall – first, erosion appears, and then an ulcer.In addition, the doctor noted, hereditary predisposition to the disease and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs play an important role.
If you delay the visit to the doctor, then serious complications may occur: bleeding, perforation of the ulcer (perforation of the stomach wall), stenosis of the pyloric stomach (that is, narrowing of the exit from the stomach), penetration (perforation of the ulcer into a neighboring organ), as well as growth malignant tumor (malignant ulcer).
July 7, 2020, 3:20 p.m. The oncologist named the only way to cleanse the body of toxins
Endoscopy will help to identify an ulcer – this way you can assess the size of the damage and the likelihood of complications.During endoscopy, a biopsy of the mucous membrane is also taken for morphological examination. Contrast radiography is used to determine the depth of the ulcer, gastrointestinal motility, and complications such as stenosis or penetration. Thanks to endoscopy, it is possible to monitor the process of ulcer scarring. On average, healing to a red scar occurs in six to seven weeks, and the formation of a full-fledged scar in two to three months. Acute superficial ulcers, the doctor explained, heal within one to two weeks.
Earlier, Karasev named the symptoms that indicate a hernia of the esophagus: heartburn, pain in the retrosternal or epigastric region, as well as a feeling of fullness in the hypochondrium and airy belching.
16 February 2020, 15:47
The surgeon spoke about the danger of cirrhosis of the liver due to light alcohol
The information in the article is for reference only and cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication.
If you find symptoms of the disease, contact your doctor.
Gastritis (ICD code – K 29) – damage to the gastric mucosa. With it, dystrophic-inflammatory changes in tissues occur, a disorder of the regeneration process, atrophy of epithelial cells.
During the course of the disease, the affected glands are replaced by fibrous tissue. With a long-term current disease, all functions of the stomach are upset.
Earlier than others, his secretory activity is disturbed.
Symptoms and signs of gastritis
Distinguish between low and high acidity – this explains the difference in the symptoms of the disease. The acute form and exacerbation of the chronic form is manifested by typical symptoms:
- Soreness. The pain is localized in the epigastric zone.The pain is constant aching in nature, less often it is periodic and cramping and alternates with cutting attacks.
- Heartburn. This symptom is typical for reflux gastritis. It also often appears with lesions caused by acidity.
- Nausea, vomiting – the body is trying to reduce excess acidity.
- Bloating. It appears due to increased gas production in the intestines, which occurs if food has not been processed with the necessary enzymes and acid.The intestine enters
excess of untreated organic matter. This leads to an increase in the activity of microflora and an increase in gas emission.
- Change in appetite. An increase in appetite occurs with gastritis with high acidity, as the acid content in the stomach after eating is temporarily reduced. With low acidity and severe mucosal damage, food increases pain, which leads to a decrease in appetite.
Chronic gastritis does not show severe symptoms.Often the patient does not feel anything at all. The digestion process can be disrupted – it manifests itself in the form of instability of the stool, an increase in gas formation. The patient has a constant heaviness in the abdomen.
Causes of gastritis
This disease is referred to as a multifactorial pathology. It is impossible to identify one reason for its development. Its development is due to the impact of a combination of external and internal factors.
This group includes factors influencing from the outside.They include the following reasons:
- Food products. Some types of food, when consumed in large quantities, have a negative effect on the stomach lining. This group includes salty, sour,
pickled, fatty and fried foods. Alcoholic drinks are especially harmful. Alcoholic gastritis is considered a separate type of the disease. With it, symptoms appear after use.
a large amount of alcohol.
- Chemicals.Acute gastritis occurs when aggressive acids and alkalis enter the stomach cavity. The surface layer of the mucous membrane is destroyed. The stomach tissues lose their ability to defend themselves against hydrochloric acid. This group includes taking certain medications – corticosteroids, aspirin, some antibiotics, and non-steroidal drugs.
Exposure to nicotine while smoking also negatively affects the mucous membrane.
- Violation of the diet. Normally, the secretion of digestive enzymes and gastric juice is triggered before a meal.When food does not enter the stomach, there is an excess of acid.
This develops a mucosal lesion.
- Violation of the process of chewing food. Caries, malocclusion and tooth decay prevent a person from chewing food thoroughly. Insufficient processing complicates the process
digestion, causing gastritis.
When exposed to these factors, extensive and deeper damage to the stomach tissues occurs. Such gastritis is more severe than other types.Stress, depression, constant states
nervous tension, as well as the presence of parasitic invasions can cause gastritis.
Endogenous factors arise within the organism itself, and then they cause the development of this pathology. The main internal causes are considered autoimmune processes and innervation disorders.
The following processes lead to the development of inflammation in the stomach:
- Autoimmune. When the immune system is disrupted, immune cells attack the tissues of the gastric mucosa.Dystrophic processes develop in the inner walls of the organ.
Then B12-deficiency anemia develops.
- Helicobacter pylori infection. The medical community estimates that 85% of cases are caused by this bacterium. Microorganisms enter the body and attach to the epithelium. Actively multiplying,
bacteria release toxins. They irritate the inner lining, causing inflammation.
- Reflux gastritis. Its development causes a constant reflux of bile juice and pancreatic secretion from the duodenum into the stomach.Bile contains acids that, with prolonged
contact with the gastric walls is first irritated and then corroded.
Often the cause of inflammation is several endogenous or exogenous factors.
Types of gastritis
Now in gastroenterology there are more than ten of its varieties. The effectiveness of the therapy prescribed to the patient depends on the correct definition of its type.
This form has evolved over decades.It is characterized by prolonged, unexpressed pain, as well as dysfunction of the digestive system. It is often detected during fibrogastroscopy, as well as laboratory examination of gastric secretions.
This form can proceed as a series of alternating exacerbations and remissions. In remission, the patient does not feel any manifestations of gastritis. With exacerbations, symptoms show signs of severe stomach damage.
This species is considered a consequence of a long course of a sluggish chronic form.A prolonged inflammatory process in the mucous membrane disrupts its work. It makes it difficult for the tissues of the stomach to be renewed.
This leads to a decrease in the cellular composition of the mucous membrane, as well as its thinning to a state of complete atrophy. The volume of gastric juice produced is reduced. The acidity of the stomach decreases.
The food lump is not processed by gastric juice.
He is unable to disinfect the food he has eaten.
The disease is characterized by a rapid increase in the manifestations of inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa from hours to several days.At the same time, the complex of symptoms is quite diverse.
The patient is worried about: soreness, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, belching.
In this form of pathology, the lesion covers the entire mucous membrane and even part of the muscle layer. Inflammation of muscle tissue provokes the appearance of cramps, cramping pain, nausea. The mucous membrane is edematous,
it is reddish in color. On its surface, small erosions are revealed – defects on the mucous membrane. They are shallow and the possibility of regeneration is preserved when favorable conditions for healing return.With deep damage to the mucous membrane, which occurs with a stomach ulcer, in the zone of the defect, the reparation of the mucous layer is impossible.
Scar tissue forms at this site.
This form of pathology affects the surface of the gastric mucosa. The function of the organ decreases slightly. Often occurs with food poisoning, strict diets, abuse of spicy foods and alcohol. When the causes of inflammation are eliminated, the gastric mucosa itself regenerates and restores functions.
This form of the disease is characterized by increased secretion of gastric juice. He is accompanied by inflammation of his gastric mucosa. This form is considered a type of chronic process.
For superficial gastritis, the following manifestations are characteristic: pulling pain in the hypochondrium on the right, which intensifies after eating, distention and heaviness in the stomach, bad breath.
This pathology is referred to as a rare form of gastritis.It is classified as a life-threatening condition. It occurs with severe infectious pathologies, with mercuric chloride poisoning, as well as acids.
With this type of gastritis, films are formed on the mucous membrane. They are composed of fibrin.
The condition requires immediate initiation of therapy. Necrosis of the gastric mucosa occurs. The affected area is saturated with exudate with the formation of a dense film. With a superficial form
of necrotic lesion, this film is weakly connected with the underlying tissues.
It can be easily removed.
This form is referred to as a manifestation of chronic inflammation of the stomach. Here, the mucous membrane in the antrum is mainly affected. It has been linked to bacterial contamination. With it, epigastric pain appears.
They are hungry or two hours after eating. Other symptoms are also present: nausea, belching of acid, a disturbance in the digestive process with a preserved appetite. The symptoms of antral gastritis resemble those of a stomach ulcer.
In this form of pathology, an intense inflammation of the gastric mucosa occurs under the influence of damaging factors.These include the abuse of spicy or fatty foods, poisoning that affects
the influence of high temperatures, taking certain medications.
This inflammatory process completely captures the gastric mucosa, or the defeat of its individual parts is possible. Pathology is caused by the ingestion of certain viruses and pathogenic bacteria.
This form of gastritis is characterized by an inflammatory lesion of the gastric mucosa. There is a gradual dying off, and then atrophy of the inner lining of the organ.This causes a decline
secretory function of the stomach.
In the absence of proper therapy, this gastritis creates conditions for the development of malignant tumors. Often this form is accompanied by symptoms of duodenitis.
The cells of the glands of the stomach, affected by inflammation, activate their work. Gastric juice enters the intestines, causing irritation.
Diagnosis of gastritis
Before treating a disease, a thorough diagnosis is carried out. The diagnosis is established by a gastroenterologist or therapist.It relies on physical examination data, complaints and patient history.
The specialist prescribes the following additional examination methods for the patient:
- Acidity analysis. It is carried out when probing with a fence to study a portion of gastric juice. Then it is tested in a laboratory.
- Definition of Helicobacter pylori. This is done in several ways. This bacterium is determined by analyzing feces. The HpSA antigen gene is detected.A respiratory test is also performed based on
revealing the increased content of bacterial metabolic products in the exhaled air.
- Examination of the mucosa. Produced using a fibrogastroscope. Its flexible tube is inserted through the mouth into the lumen of the organ. Fill the stomach with gas. The fibrogastroscope transmits information to the monitor.
In the study, you can take some areas of the mucous membrane for biopsy.
- Study of secretion and composition of juice. It is taken when the stomach is probed.Then they are studied in the laboratory using reagents.
Based on these data, the form of gastritis is identified and therapy is prescribed.
Treatment of gastritis
Treatment of this disease should be comprehensive. It is not only the use of medicines and other methods of treatment that is important here. It is important to adjust the patient’s lifestyle and diet.
Diet for gastritis
For gastritis with high acidity, fractional meals are prescribed. Exclude alcohol, as well as spicy and fried foods.It is not advisable to eat pickles, sour foods, fatty broths and meats.
With an exacerbation, food is carried out with liquid porridges in water.
In a form with low acidity, it is necessary to stimulate the work of the stomach. For this, the following dishes are recommended: rich meat broths, bran bread or rye flour, a lot of fresh vegetables.
Lifestyle with gastritis
It is necessary to give up all bad habits. Smoking and alcohol consumption are prohibited. It is necessary to exclude traumatic situations and stress.It is necessary to normalize sleep and observe the daily regimen.
It is recommended to go in for sports and creativity. It is necessary to establish control over the intake of drugs that cause medical gastritis (antipyretic, pain relievers, antibiotics and hormonal agents).
Treatment of gastritis with folk remedies
Is it possible to do the treatment at home? In the complex therapy of the disease, folk remedies are actively used. They are especially useful in the aftercare phase. Use the following:
- cucumber and carrot juice;
- shepherd’s bag;
- geranium juice;
- potato juice;
- sea buckthorn, olive and linseed oil.
This treatment should not replace conventional medication.
For gastritis with high acidity, different therapy regimens are prescribed. With hyperacid gastritis, antacid tablets are prescribed that block the action of hydrochloric acid.
With antacid gastritis, it is prescribed to take stimulants aimed at activating the release of hydrochloric acid.
Substitution therapy is used if there is no effect from stimulating drugs.For the treatment of all types of gastritis, symptomatic therapy is prescribed: means to eliminate nausea, pain,
flatulence and other manifestations of gastritis.
Treatment of gastritis in adults
Treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis, with the exception of severe stomach lesions. Drugs for adults are prescribed by doctors taking into account the form of gastritis, as well as the patient’s condition. They select medicines based on
examination data and strictly individually for each patient.
Prevention of gastritis
It is recommended to adhere to the food culture and monitor the quality of products.
Gastritis not only complicates a person’s life and causes discomfort, many of its forms are dangerous by the formation of malignant tumors. Therefore, if symptoms are found, you should immediately contact
see a doctor, and not self-medicate. It is important to make an appointment as soon as possible, rather than trying to treat the disease on your own.
Stomach ulcer – symptoms, causes, treatments
90,000 Gastritis: Causes of gastritis, Symptoms of gastritis, Forms of gastritis
Gastritis of the stomach is one of the most common diseases among other pathologies of the digestive system.It is observed in 80-90% of people of predominantly middle and elderly age. About 70-90% of older people suffer from various forms of gastritis. Chronic gastritis is dangerous because it can turn into a peptic ulcer, and then into stomach cancer.
Do not underestimate gastritis, as it affects the general condition of the body. Food is poorly absorbed, due to which there is a breakdown and weakening of health. This condition leads to severe diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and stomach tumors.Depending on the form of manifestation, gastritis can be acute and chronic. Acute gastritis occurs suddenly against the background of various stimuli. Chronic gastritis is acquired over time with improper diet and lifestyle. Gastritis can occur with low, normal and high acidity of the stomach. There are several types of gastritis:
- Atrophic – a severe form of gastritis in which the gastric mucosa is so affected that it can lead to the formation of tumors.
- Erosive – this type of disease is observed in acute and chronic gastritis. It is characterized by the formation of small erosions on the surface of the gastric mucosa.
- Hypertrophic – the form is observed in patients with chronic gastritis, characterized by extensive changes in the gastric mucosa, which leads to the formation of adenomas and cysts in the stomach.
- Biliary – a pathological reflex of the body, in which bile acid constantly enters the stomach cavity and causes negative changes in the mucous membrane.
Causes of gastritis
The causes of gastritis can be bacterial and non-microbial factors:
- The main cause of the disease is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, less often other bacteria and fungi. Helicobacter pylori is detected in 80% of gastritis cases. Bacteria enter the gastric mucosa, releasing special substances that irritate the mucous membrane, cause a change in the pH of the walls, which leads to inflammation. Scientists have not yet established why some people are susceptible to these bacteria, while others are not.
- Incorrect power supply. Among the main causes of gastritis, malnutrition is distinguished. It can be overeating or malnutrition, wrong food intake. Lack of plant foods rich in plant fiber that promote good digestion leads to gastritis. Frequent consumption of refined and processed foods, fatty and hot sauces also leads to stomach inflammation.
- Drinking alcohol without measure often leads to the development of gastritis. Ethanol has a destructive effect on the gastric mucosa, disrupts acid-base metabolism in the body.Alcohol molecules are rapidly absorbed in the small intestine and stomach, with constant consumption of alcoholic beverages, the stomach, liver and pancreas are gradually destroyed.
- According to studies, some drugs that are used to prevent blood clotting, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs can negatively affect the state of the gastric mucosa, as they irritate it. Most often, gastritis can be caused by non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, glucocorticoid hormones.
- The cause of gastritis can be various helminthic infections, constant stress, some strong chemicals, allergies to certain foods.
Symptoms of gastritis
Gastritis can manifest itself in various symptoms depending on the form and degree of the disease and can proceed unnoticed. The main symptom of gastritis is a sharp pain in the solar plexus area, which manifests itself more sharply with the use of certain types of foods, drinks, drugs, especially foods with increased irritability to the gastric mucosa.Pain can occur between meals. There is constant or intermittent pain in the solar plexus area immediately after eating or during fasting.
Among the symptoms of gastritis, heartburn, vomiting, and belching are also distinguished. Morning sickness, vomiting with bile, sometimes with bloody discharge may appear. There is bloating, frequent flatulence, and a taste of bile and metal. Painful sensations may be accompanied by headache, dizziness, frequent heartbeat. The color of feces changes, the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes turn pale.Sometimes there may be intense thirst and increased salivation.
The symptoms of chronic gastritis are harder to define. For a long time, a person may not notice any special signs. There may be irregular bowel movements, plaque on the tongue, fatigue, rumbling and noises in the abdomen between meals, bloating, and at times diarrhea or constipation may occur. Chronic gastritis affects the quality of life, but does not strongly affect the patient’s health. At the initial stage, it can manifest itself as a disorder of the digestive system.In a more advanced stage, chronic gastritis causes constant gas, anemia, drowsiness, temperature changes and increased sweating, increased rumbling in the abdomen, bad breath, heaviness after eating.
Symptoms during exacerbation of gastritis
During an exacerbation of gastritis, severe symptoms are observed that can be immediately noticed:
- acute abdominal pain, which occurs intermittently or constantly, worse after eating or between meals;
- belching, nausea, heartburn after eating;
- increased salivation;
- vomiting after eating with a sour odor and greenish or yellowish mucus;
- dry mouth due to dehydration;
- bowel disorder: constipation or diarrhea;
- headache, weakness, fever, rapid heartbeat and breathing, dizziness.
Exacerbation of gastritis is accompanied by severe pain after eating and vomiting. The painful sensations can be so strong that it is difficult for a person to straighten up. Vomiting may be mixed with mucus and dark blood clots if bleeding has opened in the stomach. At the same time, the stool becomes dark, almost black. In an acute attack, a person may lose consciousness, the skin turns pale, the pulse is barely palpable, breathing becomes shallow, and a lot of sweat is released. In this case, urgent hospitalization is required.
Forms of gastritis
Since gastritis is one of the most common gastrointestinal problems in the 21st century, more than one type of disease has been studied.
Hypoacid gastritis is a form of gastritis characterized by inflammation of the gastric mucosa with a reduced secretory function of the glands. Decreased secretion of hydrochloric acid leads to gradual atrophy of the stomach cavity, inability to absorb nutrients and vitamins.On the mucous membrane, growths, formations can occur, which are then converted into a cancerous tumor.
The manifestation of symptoms of hypoacid gastritis depends on the stage at which the pathological process is. At the beginning of the development of the disease, there may be a heaviness in the stomach, in the upper abdomen. Over time, pain occurs, which are located in the epigastric region. Pain may occur intermittently, after drinking alcohol or irritating spicy, fatty foods.
Other symptoms of hypoacid gastritis include indigestion, constipation or diarrhea, belching, and bad breath.As the disease progresses, vomiting periodically occurs, at times severe.
The most important consequence of this type of gastritis is poor digestion and absorption of food. Against this background, signs of vitamin deficiency may appear:
- weight loss;
- development of anemia;
- peeling of the skin,
- severe hair loss,
- dryness and cracks in the skin, in the corners of the mouth, ulcerative lesions on the mucous membranes in the mouth;
- Great weakness and dizziness;
- pallor of the skin, increased sweating and palpitations.
Diffuse gastritis is a form of gastritis characterized by uniform inflammation of the entire gastric mucosa. Inflammation of the mucous membrane leads to decreased gastric motility, poor digestion of food, as a result of which the glands lose their ability to normally break down food.
At the initial stage of the disease, the gastric mucosa becomes inflamed, then the inflammation flows into a chronic form.After a while, if gastritis is not treated, atrophy of the gastric glands occurs. First, glandular cells die, then epithelial cells, they are replaced by fibrous tissue. The danger of diffuse gastritis is that after it the risk of developing stomach cancer increases. Decay products and protein remain in the stomach, which poison the body and reduce vital functions. A person has vitamin deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, weakness and apathy. Diffuse gastritis can be acute or chronic.
Depending on the nature of the lesion, diffuse gastritis is usually divided into several types:
- Diffuse subatrophic gastritis is a progressive inflammation in the stomach lining that gradually leads to the loss of the gastric glands;
- diffuse obstructive gastritis – this is the name of the form of chronic gastritis, which spreads to all parts of the stomach;
- Diffuse superficial gastritis is the mildest form of the disease, which is characterized by inflammation of only the upper part of the gastric mucosa.
The development of diffuse gastritis can depend on many reasons and negative factors. These include poor nutrition, starvation, unhealthy foods, frequent use of alcohol and cigarettes, infectious and viral diseases. The occurrence of gastritis can be associated with various diseases of the nervous system, endocrine system, metabolic and digestive disorders.
Antral or antrum gastritis is an inflammatory process in the antrum, which leads to atrophy of areas and impaired motility of this department.Over time, antrum gastritis progresses and becomes chronic focal atrophic.
Depending on the manifestation, several types of antral gastritis are distinguished:
- Superficial antrum gastritis – it is characterized by the defeat of the uppermost layer of the stomach. This is the simplest form of gastritis and does not scar or damage the glands. Superficial antrum gastritis can be focal, occur in certain areas.
- Erosive antrum gastritis – this type is characterized by a more significant lesion of the gastric mucosa.The inflammatory process leads to the development of erosions, affects the glands of the stomach, forms many scars, and may be accompanied by bleeding.
- Hyperplastic – the gastric mucosa thickens, the epithelial cells are replaced, which leads to the formation of many cysts or polyps.
- Focal antrum gastritis – with this type of gastritis, there are many foci of lesions of the gastric cavity and areas of atrophy.
- Antrum gastritis with atrophy – develops against the background of mucosal atrophy, i.e.That is, the function of the gastric glands decreases, the cells are no longer able to secrete gastric juice and normally digest food. The chronic form of atrophic antrum gastritis can lead to the formation of malignant tumors in the stomach.
The development of antral gastritis occurs due to the development of microorganisms in the stomach cavity. The main role is played by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which enters the stomach, causing inflammation and atrophy of mucosal cells. The multiplication of bacteria leads to a decrease in the production of bicarbonate by the glands of the antrum.For this reason, the acidity of the gastric juice increases.
Acid enters the intestine and irritates it, the digestive process is disturbed, which leads to diseases of the small intestine. There is an oxidation of the pyloric region, atrophic changes, as a result, the gastric glands die. The glands are replaced by scar tissue.
Antral gastritis can develop against the background of autoimmune processes in the body. There is a malfunction of the glands, severe inflammation and damage to the cells of the mucous membrane.This can cause the development of a chronic violation of the secretory function of the mucous membrane. In most cases, antrum gastritis is the cause of the development of erosions and ulcers when leaving the stomach, or in the duodenal cavity.
At the first stage, antral gastritis can proceed without pronounced symptoms, since the excretory function of the glands has not yet been impaired. The acidity level in gastric juice is normal or slightly elevated. Over time, the disease progresses and discomfort occurs.Severe pain is felt in the solar plexus area. It occurs 1.5 hours after a meal, and can occur between meals on an empty stomach. Pain symptoms are sharp, in the form of contractions. Increased acidity leads to the formation of erosions in the stomach cavity, so a sharp pain is felt.
Heartburn and belching with a sour taste, heaviness and discomfort in the stomach, upset of the digestive system: increased gas production, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation can join the pain.With acute erosive antrum gastritis, periodic gastric bleeding may occur. They are characterized by severe vomiting with an admixture of blood and dark-colored stools.
The intensity of symptoms manifests itself after the use of spicy, fried, smoked, carbonated and alcoholic beverages, sour fruits and vegetables, and coarse fiber. Severe attacks may occur with dizziness, weakness, rapid heartbeat and breathing.
Anacid gastritis is a disease in which gastritis with low acidity develops.With this type of disease, gastric juice is poorly produced, since the cells of the stomach atrophy. With low acidity, the assimilation of proteins does not occur completely, therefore, decay products remain in the stomach, which poison the body. Accumulating with other metabolic wastes, they reduce the body’s resistance to disease and lead to the development of malignant tumors.
Chronic anacid gastritis can occur after an acute form of the disease, against the background of typhoid fever or dysentery, if the treatment process is neglected.The acidity in the stomach can decrease due to the regular use of alcohol, smoking, overeating, unhealthy foods, starvation and obsession with diets, and improper diet. The risk group includes young people, most often office workers and representatives of other specialties of sedentary work.
The onset of the disease may be asymptomatic. As anacid gastritis develops, the patient may experience the following symptoms:
- Pain in the stomach and heaviness in the abdomen after eating;
- bowel disorder or constipation;
- lethargy and apathy;
- rapid weight loss, since a reduced release of hydrochloric acid leads to impaired absorption of nutrients and vitamins;
- nausea and vomiting mixed with bile or mucus;
- unpleasant taste in the mouth, belching and putrid odor from the mouth;
- increased gas and bloating;
- low blood pressure and anemia;
- pain of a shingles nature, which from time to time may worsen;
- aversion to common foods, such as milk;
90,041 complications in the form of dysbiosis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis and other gastric diseases.
A characteristic sign of anacid gastritis is bad breath with a tinge of rot, since food in the stomach is not completely digested and wanders in it. The patient is constantly tormented by heaviness in the stomach, even after small portions of food.
Superficial gastritis – one of the types of gastritis, which is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane and damage to the inner lining of the stomach. It is the safest form of gastritis.The inflammatory process can affect the area at the exit from the stomach into the duodenum, then antral gastritis occurs.
The development of superficial gastritis can be caused by the use of irregular and junk food, hot and cold dishes, seasonings and spices, hobby for alcoholic beverages, sweets, smoking. Also, negative factors include the regular intake of acid-based drugs, chemical poisoning, the presence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach.
Among the main symptoms of superficial gastritis, there is pain that occurs in the area of the solar plexus. It manifests itself more acutely with the use of spicy and heavy foods, carbonated and alcoholic beverages, as the stomach mucosa is irritated. After eating, the feeling of discomfort in the stomach increases. The pain may have a point character, which means that the patient has a focal form of superficial gastritis.
Erosive gastritis is one of the forms of gastritis, in which inflammatory processes in the stomach lining are accompanied by the formation of small erosions on the surface of the mucous membrane.Unlike simple gastritis, with this type of disease, many damaged areas of the mucous membrane are formed, inflammation and redness occur. Erosion can occur in all parts of the stomach.
Erosive gastritis can occur acutely when harmful products or chemicals enter the stomach, or in chronic form when the stomach and digestive system do not work properly.
The development of this type of gastritis can be triggered by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.It can take a long time and take longer to heal than other forms of gastritis. The danger of erosive gastritis is that it is often accompanied by gastric bleeding. With severe bleeding, there is a risk of losing a large amount of blood, becoming critical.
Erosive gastritis cannot always be accurately diagnosed, as its symptoms are similar to other forms of gastritis. Only with bleeding in the stomach can a diagnosis be made with certainty.In other cases, the following signs of the disease appear:
- Pain in the upper abdomen. It can be mild, but with extensive lesions of the stomach, the pain becomes severe and is eliminated only with the help of analgesics.
- The onset of pain after eating or on an empty stomach, as gastric juice irritates the ulcerated gastric mucosa.
- Heartburn, which occurs most often in chronic erosive gastritis with decreased work of the stomach and reflux of acidic contents from the stomach into the duodenum.
- Disorders from the digestive system: heaviness after eating, sour and rotten belching, unpleasant taste and dry mouth, intestinal upset in the form of diarrhea or constipation.
In an acute attack, the patient has severe vomiting with blood or epithelial particles, headache, rapid breathing and palpitations, loose stools, dizziness and weakness.
Reflux gastritis is a condition caused by the regular ingress of acidic contents into the stomach and destruction of the mucous membrane by bile acids.The digestive system is equipped with a special muscular sphincter – a gatekeeper that opens from time to time so that half-digested food from the stomach gets into the duodenum.
With reflux gastritis, the gatekeeper begins to work incorrectly, which leads to a backflow into the stomach from the duodenum of food masses containing enzymes and bile.
During this process, the gastric mucosa is attacked by acids and enzymes, which leads to the destruction of its cells.Bile acid from the stomach ends up in the intestines and causes inflammation. This phenomenon is called reflux, which causes reflux gastritis. This is a chronic disease that is dangerous because it can lead to the development of a malignant tumor of the stomach.
There are two types of reflux gastritis:
- Duodenogastric reflux, which occurs against the background of poor closure of the pylorus, high blood pressure, inflammatory and destructive processes of the mucous membrane in the duodenum.
- Biliary reflux, resulting from changes in the biliary system, impaired motility and sphincter function. This leads to disruption of the functioning of organs and the force of pressure inside the intestine and bile ducts, which disrupts the compression of the ducts of the stomach and pancreas.
During the development of reflux gastritis, symptoms such as heaviness in the stomach after or during a meal occur. The patient has an unpleasant taste in the mouth and nausea. Vomiting with bile, diarrhea or constipation manifests itself, the accumulation of gas in the intestines, and bloating increase.Such gastritis is characterized by painful sensations of a dull and aching character. They can occur during and after meals.
Frequent vomiting leads to poor assimilation of food, the patient quickly loses weight, weakness occurs, dizzy. Nutrients and vitamins do not enter the bloodstream, so vitamin deficiency develops. The skin becomes dry, lips become sticky, hair becomes dull and nails brittle. Low blood pressure may develop from a lack of vitamins.
The chronic form of gastritis reflux occurs due to the reflux of bile into the stomach for many years.It is characterized by a multifocal or diffuse-atrophic lesion of the mucous membrane, accompanied by intestinal damage and a decreased secretion of gastric juice. In the future, this can lead to the development of cancer.
Hypertrophic gastritis is one of the forms of chronic gastritis, which is characterized by the proliferation of the gastric mucosa, the appearance of polyps and cysts in it. The disease is diagnosed most often in males aged 30-50 years.
The development of hypertrophic gastritis can be associated with various pathogenic factors such as smoking, alcohol abuse, junk and rough food, chemical poisoning with gases or metals in hazardous industries. The presence of viral and infectious diseases: dysentery, hepatitis, typhoid fever – can cause the development of this form of gastritis.
Hypertrophic gastritis is usually divided into several types depending on the type of changes in the gastric mucosa:
- Menetrie’s disease – with this type, large folds are formed on the gastric mucosa.It can manifest itself in three forms: dyspeptic, pseudo-tumor and asymptomatic.
- Warty – this type of gastritis is characterized by the formation of warts on the gastric mucosa.
- Granular – a cyst forms in the gastric mucosa.
- Polyposis – this type is characterized by the formation of polyps in the gastric mucosa
Hypertrophic gastritis is characterized by strong changes in the mucosa, therefore it causes pronounced symptoms:
- painful sensations of an aching and paroxysmal nature that occurs during or after eating;
- with increased acidity of gastric juice or reflux gastritis, heartburn occurs;
- Increased salivation, nausea and vomiting;
- sharp weight loss, weakness and low blood pressure;
- in some cases there is gastric bleeding, vomiting mixed with blood and epithelial particles;
- bowel disorder such as diarrhea or constipation;
- feeling of heaviness in the abdomen after eating.
90,041 gas and bloating;
90,041 poor or no appetite;
Hyperplastic gastritis is a pathological condition of the gastric mucosa, in which there is an overgrowth of cells in the cavity. The lesions are benign and may not bother a person for several years. Hyperplastic gastritis occurs in a specific part of the stomach or can spread to the entire organ.
Hyperplastic gastritis causes thickening of the stomach walls and the formation of polyps.As a result, the work of the digestive system deteriorates, the secretion of gastric juice and the digestion of food are disrupted. With a protracted illness, polyps can transform into a malignant tumor.
For a long time, hyperplastic gastritis may not manifest itself in any way or be similar to other gastric diseases. As the disease progresses, the symptoms become more pronounced. The patient may be disturbed by the following symptoms:
- heaviness in the stomach after eating;
- aching pain in the solar plexus area;
- vomiting and nausea;
- Gas, bloating.
90,041 belching, heartburn with a rotten taste in the mouth;
Stomach pain may be constantly bothering and aching or occur periodically. Gastritis attacks often occur after a person has consumed irritating foods or alcohol. Symptoms vary depending on the level of acidity in the gastric juice. With increased acidity, the patient often has heartburn and belching with a sour taste. With a reduced secretion of gastric juice, the patient is constantly worried about the heaviness in the stomach, regardless of how much he ate.
In some cases, a polyp can form at the exit of the stomach, clog it and cause food obstruction. If the polyp has fallen out of the stomach into the duodenum, the patient has severe cramping or cutting pain. Similar symptoms are found in acute appendicitis, cholecystitis, exacerbation of ulcers and other diseases of the digestive system. Therefore, it is important to immediately undergo a comprehensive diagnosis.
Hyperacid gastritis is an inflammatory process in the gastric mucosa, which is characterized by a high concentration of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, that is, increased acidity of the stomach.
The development of hyperacid gastritis begins due to improper and irregular nutrition. Frequent consumption of soda and alcoholic beverages, strong tea and coffee, especially on an empty stomach, can cause gastritis. High acidity develops due to the abuse of spicy, smoked, salty and fried foods. Sour sauces and drinks also negatively affect the condition of the mucous walls of the stomach.
Another factor in hyperacid gastritis is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.It multiplies in the stomach and negatively affects the condition of the mucous wall. Constant emotional stress, worries, low immunity, smoking and drinking alcohol can provoke its reproduction. This bacterium causes rapid damage to the soft walls of the stomach and can later cause stomach ulcers if not treated.
In some cases, hyperacid gastritis can be caused by the frequent use of chemicals such as acid or alkali.The constant intake of aspirin, drugs for inflammation, antimicrobial drugs also leads to an increase in gastric acidity and the development of gastritis. Some ointments, Indomethacin, injections, Diclofenac have a negative effect. Long-term use of such funds leads to damage to the gastric mucosa.
First of all, hyperacid gastritis is characterized by pain symptoms that occur on an empty stomach, at night or immediately after eating or some time after eating.With hunger pain, the discomfort disappears after a person eats. The pain can be pulling or sharp in nature, give to the hypochondrium. There is bloating after eating, sour belching. Since food is poorly absorbed by the body in case of illness, the patient lacks vitamins and basic nutrients. A person loses weight a lot, the skin becomes dry and sluggish, the condition of the hair and nails worsens.
The development of hyperacid gastritis causes a symptom such as heartburn after eating.It occurs after eating heavy, spicy and acidic foods. The patient may be tormented by nausea and vomiting. On the tongue, you can see the formation of a white coating. Many people with hyperacid gastritis feel a burning sensation in the stomach after spicy and hot sauces, marinades.
Gastritis with high acidity
Gastritis with high acidity – inflammatory processes in the gastric mucosa, caused by a violation of the excretory function of the stomach. With this disease, the secretion of gastric juice increases, which leads to inflammation and destruction of the walls of the stomach.
Depending on the reasons that caused gastritis, gastritis with high acidity of the type “A”, “B” and “C” is isolated. Fundamental gastritis occurs due to the congenital formation of antibodies to the cells of the gastric mucosa. Antral gastritis or type “B” develops against the background of infections in the mucous membrane – the presence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, which destroys the gastric mucosa.
Type C gastritis can be caused by chemical factors: damage to the gastric mucosa by chemicals, alcohol, prolonged use of certain drugs, such as aspirin.Gastritis with high acidity can occur due to reflux, in which there is a movement of undigested food from the duodenum and bile acid, damaging the stomach cavity. Gastritis is dangerous because it can lead to gastric ulcer, and subsequently to cancer of the stomach and duodenum.
Among the main symptoms of gastritis of the stomach with high acidity, heartburn after eating is distinguished. As the level of hydrochloric acid rises, severe irritation of the mucous membrane occurs and the patient experiences acute symptoms.Severe pain occurs before eating, during sleep and after eating. Eating is often accompanied by belching and sour heartburn.
Low acid gastritis
Gastritis with low acidity is an inflammatory process in the gastric mucosa, which occurs against the background of a decrease in the acidity of gastric juice, its production and the ability to digest food.
The occurrence of gastritis with low acidity is associated with many factors.External reasons include regular intake of excessively hot, fibrous food that is not sufficiently digested, the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, and frequent drinking. Internal factors include autoimmune disorders, inflammatory processes in the digestive system, endocrine and metabolic diseases.
The main property of hydrochloric acid is to detoxify food from various bacteria, therefore, with reduced acidity, this process is disrupted. This leads to the multiplication of bacteria and an increase in the inflammatory process of the gastric mucosa.The result is indigestion, bloating, and gas.
Most often, the symptoms of gastritis of the stomach with low acidity are difficult to miss, since they are pronounced:
- Belching with the smell of a rotten egg or with a putrid smell, since the food is not completely digested;
- feeling of fullness or heaviness in the stomach after eating;
- an unpleasant taste in the mouth, most often the taste of metal;
- constipation or intestinal upset, diarrhea;
- heartburn after eating;
- dull pain in the epigastric region immediately after eating or after 15-20 minutes;
- signs of vitamin deficiency: brittle nails, dry and brittle hair, dry skin;
- rumbling in the stomach;
- decrease in hemoglobin and anemia.
90,041 bloating and gas in the intestines;
In a more advanced form, low acidity is accompanied by severe weight loss, general weakness, lethargy, low blood pressure and apathy. Low acidity leads to impaired digestion of proteins, which leads to a lack of this substance in the body. If a person develops gastritis with low acidity, he constantly wants to eat something sour or foods that increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid: black bread, cabbage, hot seasonings and spices, pickles and pickled foods.
Acute gastritis is a progressive inflammation of the gastric mucosa that occurs when exposed to a strong irritant. The disease occurs quickly and proceeds with complications in the form of erosion of the gastric mucosa and bleeding.
A distinction should be made between acute and exacerbation of chronic gastritis. In acute gastritis, severe pain and other severe symptoms occur.
The course of acute gastritis is characterized by changes in the gastric mucosa, depending on which it can manifest itself in various forms:
The most dangerous form is purulent gastritis, in which all layers of the stomach cavity are affected: mucous, submucous, muscular and serous. It occurs during peptic ulcer disease, tumors, and damage to the stomach. With purulent gastritis, thickening of the walls of the stomach begins due to the mucous and submucous layer, and extensive fibrinous overlays develop. Along with acute phlegmonous gastritis, perigastritis and life-threatening peritonitis may occur.
Acute gastritis occurs due to a number of negative factors:
- Alcohol abuse.
- Poisoning with acids, alkali and other toxic substances.
- Allergy to certain foods, reaction to junk food.
- Regular intake of drugs containing acid, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and others.
- The consequence of severe heart disease, hepatic or renal failure, burns, injuries, operations, critical conditions.
- In rare cases, the bacterium Helicobacter pylori is a negative factor.
- Viral infections, especially in HIV patients, staphylococcal infection and others.
- High-dose radiation exposure.
Chronic gastritis attacks
Chronic gastritis is a condition in which repeated inflammation of the gastric mucosa occurs due to negative factors. Inflammation of the mucous membrane can be primary or secondary. With low acidity, atrophic chronic gastritis may occur. It is characterized by disruption of the stomach glands, a decrease in the production of gastric juice and the formation of benign tumors on the walls of the mucous membrane.
Chronic gastritis can manifest itself at any time, especially after eating the wrong food, alcohol, nervous tension and other stress. With an attack of gastritis, resulting from the consumption of a large amount of food, there is a strong feeling of pressure and heaviness in the stomach. The pulse becomes rapid, blood pressure decreases, and breathing becomes more frequent. Bloating can be seen in the epigastric region. When probing the stomach area and turning the patient on the side, a loud splash is heard in the stomach.
Symptoms of an attack are:
- loss of appetite, especially for those foods that served as the onset of gastritis;
- severe attack of vomiting.
After stomach pain, nausea and vomiting, heaviness in the stomach and acute pain occur. Vomiting becomes frequent and excruciating, with pain and even seizures, if the vomiting is severe and leads to dehydration. Vomit may be mixed with bile and blood clots if bleeding begins in the stomach.In this case, urgent hospitalization is required.
Frequent secretion of gastric juice, which occurs due to the intake of alcoholic beverages, leads to a significant excretion of sodium chloride along with vomiting, can cause severe malaise and convulsions. Severe headaches and dizziness are observed.
Atrophic gastritis is a severe form of chronic gastritis that often leads to stomach cancer. This disease is characterized by the occurrence of atrophic changes in the gastric mucosa and a decrease in the secretion of gastric juice, as well as a decrease in the number of glands.
The cause of atrophic gastritis has not yet been established by doctors. The gastric mucosa can be destroyed due to mechanical and chemical damage, from malnutrition, abuse of spicy, salty and sour, fibrous foods, as well as in the presence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. This disease affects both men and women.
Atrophic gastritis can have various degrees and locations of gastric lesions and is divided into several types:
- diffuse atrophic gastritis;
- atrophic antral gastritis;
- diffuse gastritis;
- hyperplastic atrophic gastritis;
- atopic focal atrophic gastritis.
At the initial stage of the disease, the symptoms of atrophic gastritis are similar to those of gastritis with low acidity. The process of cell destruction begins in the body and at the bottom of the stomach, where cells are located that produce hydrochloric acid and enzymes involved in digestion, as well as protein, which is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12 by the stomach. Therefore, the first symptoms can manifest as B12-deficiency anemia, which is often the cause of misdiagnosis. Painful sensations practically do not appear, the patient is worried about the heaviness in the stomach after eating, the feeling of fullness in the stomach.
During the development of atrophic gastritis, symptoms such as belching with air after eating, which eventually acquire a bitter taste, may appear; heartburn, dry mouth, rumbling in the stomach, upset bowel movements, constipation and diarrhea. The general condition of the patient worsens: appetite decreases, the person quickly loses weight, after eating, weakness often occurs, dizzy. There may be shortness of breath, stabbing pain in the chest area.
Gastritis during pregnancy
Gastritis during pregnancy is a fairly common phenomenon due to the specifics of the development of the fetus.In women with chronic gastritis during pregnancy, vomiting often occurs – early toxicosis, which lasts up to 14-17 weeks. This disease is not a contraindication to pregnancy and does not affect the development of the child. Pregnancy is uneventful and labor is normal.
Exacerbation of gastritis during pregnancy occurs due to a number of reasons: chronic infectious diseases, endocrine changes in the body, hormonal changes, lack of iron and other vitamins in the body of the expectant mother.
Symptoms of gastritis during pregnancy
There are no special symptoms of gastritis during pregnancy, since the disease proceeds in different ways. In most cases, the following symptoms may appear:
- pain in the area of the solar plexus;
- nausea, belching;
- bowel disorder;
- with a low level of hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, frequent stool disorders in the form of diarrhea or constipation.
90,041 vomiting and an unpleasant taste in the mouth;
With increased secretion of gastric juice, gastritis during pregnancy manifests itself in the form of pain in the upper abdomen, which are repeated. They can occur in the epigastric region, in the right hypochondrium, or near the navel. Painful sensations appear after eating or after eating spicy, fatty or smoked foods. Pain can occur between meals, on an empty stomach, or at night. It can be aching, strong, or barely perceptible. If the acidity of gastric juice is increased, the pain is more pronounced than with a decrease.
Gastritis in children
Gastritis in children occurs at the age of 3-6 years, when the child is often susceptible to infections and viral diseases, and at the age of 10-13 years, when the body enters a state of puberty and is often exposed to stress and emotional distress.
Depending on the causes of gastritis, acute primary and secondary gastritis in children is distinguished. Primary gastritis occurs from improper food, bacteria, parasites, fungi, excess food, food allergies.The secondary form can be caused by infectious diseases: rubella, measles, influenza, diphtheria, septic inflammation. The infection that caused the disease may end up in the gastric mucosa.
The development of acute gastritis in children can be caused by various drugs containing acid, antibiotics. Also, this disease is transmitted genetically. In many cases, gastritis can be triggered by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. Nutrition plays an equally important role. An incorrect regimen, unhealthy foods containing a large amount of sugar, salt, fat, can cause gastritis in children.This includes sodas and juices, chips, sweets, biscuits that are high in unhealthy fats and food additives.
As a rule, the signs of gastritis in children are vivid and easy to notice. Very often, the symptoms of gastritis in children are similar to those of food poisoning:
- fever and fever;
- pallor of the skin, blue circles under the eyes;
- decreased appetite, abdominal pain;
- dry mouth or increased salivation;
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
90,041 nervous conditions, insomnia, crying for no reason;
90,041 plaque formation in the language of different colors;
A severe form is corrosive gastritis in children due to chemical poisoning, which is characterized by severe burning pain in the stomach and when swallowing, constant vomiting mixed with mucus, blood and tissue fragments. It is dangerous because it can be fatal. With chronic gastritis, the child develops general weakness, apathy, loss of appetite, intestinal upset, belching after eating, and severe weight loss.
Treatment of gastritis
Treatment of gastritis depends on the form of the course of the disease.In acute gastritis, you need to flush the stomach with a solution until it is completely cleared of food. Fasting is necessary during the day, you can drink warm tea, a decoction of wild rose, chamomile, mint, plantain, yarrow, oats, still mineral water. Meals should be light and gentle, you can eat soups in the form of mashed potatoes, omelets, soft cereals, soufflé from dietary meat and fish, jelly. After a while, you can introduce a little dry bread, boiled vegetables, dairy products into the diet, and after a week return to your normal diet.During gastritis, with nausea and vomiting, cerucal or motilium tablets help.
How to treat gastritis? For each type of disease, special drugs are prescribed. To relieve severe pain, the patient takes platyphylline and papaverine. Antibacterial drugs are prescribed only for severe infections that are treated under the supervision of a gastroenterologist, so you cannot prescribe medication yourself. After the doctor has prescribed a certain range of medicines, the search for medicines in pharmacies for the treatment of gastritis can be carried out on our resource, as well as book them if necessary.If Helicobacter is identified as the cause of gastritis, special treatment is carried out to destroy this bacterium.
Gastritis that occurs after taking acids or a chemical should only be treated in a hospital setting, as it can cause complications to other organs. Food allergy-related gastritis requires careful nutrition and avoidance of allergenic foods. With low or high acidity, the patient is prescribed drugs to normalize the acid balance in the stomach.It is possible to take solutions, gels to relieve inflammation and envelop the walls of the stomach.
Treatment of gastritis with drugs
Today, there are many drugs that can eliminate pain symptoms, reduce inflammation and restore mucous membranes. Gastritis medications can decrease or increase the acidity of your stomach acid. The following drugs are used to reduce acidity:
Their action is aimed at neutralizing gastric juice, which destroys the mucous membrane. Due to their properties, the release of hydrochloric acid decreases, inflammation is relieved. In the treatment of gastritis, other drugs are used that neutralize acid and do not form carbon dioxide. Magnesium oxide is widely used – powder, which is taken in 0.5-1 grams. It has a long lasting effect and is often prescribed along with calcium carbonate, which is rarely used alone.
Antacids should not be taken on an empty stomach, as their effect is short-lived. It is better to drink them after meals, as the effect of the medicine will increase up to 3-4 hours. In gastritis, the patient is prescribed an enveloping agent that protects the gastric walls from physical and chemical damage from food.
The most effective remedy for heartburn and gastritis is Almagel. This is a complex of antacids and coating agents, as well as analgesics. The drug should not be taken with water; after taking it, you should not drink water for an hour.You should lie on your side and turn every 1-2 minutes to distribute the medicine throughout the gastric mucosa. Almagel should be taken for 3-4 weeks. It should be noted that with long-term treatment with almagel, phosphorus is excreted from the body in large quantities. Therefore, it is additionally necessary to take a mineral complex.
To restore the microflora of the stomach, enveloping agents are used, such as decoction of flax seeds, white clay with water, smecta. They create an additional protective film and soothe inflammation.To normalize the digestive processes in the stomach, enzyme-containing preparations are used:
For the treatment of gastritis with low acidity, wormwood tincture, plantain juice, Swedish bitterness, Apilak are used. They help to increase appetite, secretion of gastric juice. To improve appetite, apilac is used, which is secreted from royal jelly, taken one hour before meals.For better digestion of food, the patient is prescribed pepsin, packurmen and natural gastric juice. They help to quickly break down foods, due to which the gastric mucosa is quickly restored and pain is eliminated.
If gastritis is caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, drugs containing an antibiotic are used:
The list of tablets for gastritis and stomach ulcers caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori includes Pilobact NEO and Clatinol.They include Omeprazole (Lanzoprazole), which promotes the release of hydrochloric acid and creates an optimal environment for the interaction of antimicrobial drugs. Clarithromycin is an antibiotic of the macrolide group that rapidly fights against H. pylori.
You can search for medicines in city pharmacies for the treatment of such an unpleasant disease as gastritis on our portal.
First aid for an attack of gastritis
In case of an attack of gastritis, it is necessary to immediately flush the stomach in order to exclude complications.You need to prepare a saline solution: 2 tablespoons are diluted in 7-8 liters of warm water. Drink and induce vomiting. Then lie down and put a warm heating pad on your stomach. During the day, fasting is necessary, you can only drink water. On the second day, you can use mashed potatoes in the water, mashed porridge in the water, white bread croutons. From drinks allowed mineral water, weak tea, decoctions of chamomile, lemon balm, yarrow.
If food poisoning occurs:
1) it is necessary to induce vomiting and rinse the stomach with an alkaline or saline solution or ordinary warm water.
2) Then take activated carbon. depending on body weight, magnesium sulfate 15-30 g, diluted in a glass of warm water or castor oil.
3) Shows bed rest and rest.
4) All irritants must be eliminated and a strict diet must be followed.
First aid for gastritis, stomach pain is eliminated using Baralgin 5 ml intramuscularly or intravenously, Analgin 50% 4-6 ml with Drotaverin or Papaverine 2-4 ml of 2% solution, or with halidor (bencyclan) 2 ml of 25% solution intramuscularly.You can enter Novocaine 0.25% up to 15 ml intravenously. Atropine is also used at a dose of subcutaneous 1 mg (1 mg / amp) or 2-4 mg (2 mg / ampoule) of Platyphyllin.
Together with vomit, a large amount of fluid and gastric juice is lost. If there is severe weakness and rapid pulse, it is necessary to inject 1 ml of Cordiamine under the skin of the patient. A significant loss of fluid with vomiting leads to a weakening of the body, therefore it is necessary to restore the water balance by injecting 500-1000 ml of physiological solution under the skin.
If the patient is not taken to the hospital, after gastric lavage it is necessary to receive:
- enveloping preparations: almagel, almag;
- astringent drugs – vikalin, vikair.
It is necessary to observe bed rest, do not eat anything for 1-2 days, it is allowed to drink purified water and weak tea. If there is a suspicion of poisoning, Nifuroxazide is taken 1 scoop every 6 hours or Intetrix 6-8 capsules up to 3-4 times a day, or Lidaprim 2 tablets 2 times a day, Chlorquinaldol 0.25 g 3 times a day day.
Treatment of gastritis during pregnancy
During pregnancy, the question of how to treat gastritis is acute, since you need to be extremely careful when choosing medicines. Many drugs are prohibited because they can harm the development of the fetus. The main cause of the disease is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, therefore, the treatment of gastritis during pregnancy uses various antibacterial agents in combination.
Treatment of gastritis involves the use of special agents – proton pump inhibitors, but they are prescribed to pregnant women only in critical cases.Such drugs for gastritis as ranitidine bismuth citrate, a blocker of H2-gstamine receptors, which reduce the release of hydrochloric acid, are contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, as they negatively affect the child. To destroy the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, antibiotics Amoxicillin and Clarithromycin are prescribed. Amoxicillin must be taken with caution, Clarithromycin is used in rare critical cases.
The antibiotic Metronidazole is contraindicated during pregnancy in the first trimester, it can be used in the last stages of fetal development if gastritis is of great harm to the mother.In most cases, antimicrobials are not prescribed for pregnant women.
In the treatment of exacerbation of gastritis during pregnancy, means are used to protect the gastric mucosa. These include antacids, which reduce the increased production of gastric juice and the content of hydrochloric acid. Pregnant women are allowed to take medicines based on magnesium carbonate and calcium carbonate. However, they are often not recommended to use and only with a doctor’s prescription. Vitamin complexes can be prescribed, since iron deficiency anemia and other types of vitamin deficiency often occur.
Many women do not know what to do during gastritis during pregnancy if severe pain occurs. In this case, you need to take medications – antispasmodics. These include Drotaverin, which should not be taken in the first trimester, and taken with caution the rest of the time. To improve gastric motility, the drug Metoclopramide is used, which is prohibited from taking in the first trimester, and can be used in the remaining trimesters if the condition is critical.
Traditional methods of treating gastritis
Among folk remedies for gastritis, first of all, fresh juices from vegetables, decoctions of herbs, oats and flax, tinctures of honey and propolis are distinguished.They have anti-inflammatory and healing effects on the stomach walls, soothe pain and increase appetite.
How to treat gastritis with folk methods
Treatment of gastritis with oats has proven itself well. Take one glass of oats and fill it with a liter of water. You need to insist for 12 hours, then cook for half an hour. Boiled oats should be wrapped in a blanket and left for 12 hours, then strain. Use the resulting broth on an empty stomach for half a glass.
Another effective folk remedy for gastritis is aloe, which has a wound healing and soothing effect on the stomach. This plant is an excellent antiseptic. Squeeze juice from aloe leaves and take 2 tablespoons twice a day on an empty stomach. Aloe juice can be mixed with red wine or honey. To do this, take 200 grams of aloe and honey juice and two glasses of wine, mix and put in a dark place for two weeks. The resulting mixture should be consumed one spoonful three times a day before meals.
In the treatment of gastritis, sea buckthorn oil is used, which has a healing and enveloping effect. It is good to use it in case of gastritis with high acidity, in order to reduce the acidity of the stomach, relieve inflammation. Sea buckthorn oil should be consumed one teaspoon half an hour before meals, three times a day.
Propolis has a positive effect due to its beneficial properties. It is consumed in the form of drugs and in natural form.For gastritis, it is recommended to take a tincture of propolis. You need to take 10 grams of propolis powder and 100 grams of alcohol, mix and shake for half an hour. You need to instruct for three days, then shake again, put in the cold for two hours and clean with a paper filter before use.
Many recipes for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract contain plantain. It is used to prepare infusion and fresh juice from the leaves. To prepare the infusion, you need to take one tablespoon of dry leaves, grind them and steam with a glass of hot water.Insist for 10 minutes, strain and use in small sips within an hour. For juice, you need to wash the leaves well, cut, mash and squeeze the juice. Then mix it with the same amount of honey and cook for 20 minutes. You need to drink the mixture 2-3 tablespoons a day. The mixture should be stored in a glass container in a cool place.
Folk remedies for gastritis include the use of clay externally and internally. For use, you need to dilute 1 teaspoon of white clay in one glass of water. The mixture should be drunk twice a day before meals for 1 glass, 3 weeks.Then ten days you need to take a break and repeat the course of treatment again. You can make lotions from white clay and apply to the area of pain. The lotion should be applied in a thin layer and wait until it dries. Then gradually increase the thickness of the lotion and the heating time.
Potato juice for gastritis
In case of gastritis, potato juice relieves unpleasant symptoms, as it has laxative, antimicrobial, regenerating, analgesic, antispasmodic, wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties.With its help, constipation is eliminated, gastric motility improves, appetite increases, heartburn and pain symptoms in the stomach and intestines disappear.
To prepare potato juice, you need to take fresh tubers, in summer or autumn. Tubers need to be peeled and squeezed out using a juicer or with a grater and gauze. The juice should be drunk immediately, as it spoils within 10 minutes. You need to drink potato juice for gastritis immediately after preparation, it cannot be stored, as it deteriorates and loses all its useful properties.The most useful varieties are considered pink: “American”, “morning rose” and others.
Flax for gastritis
How to brew flax seeds
For gastritis, flax seeds can be eaten fresh and boiled.
To prepare a decoction of flax seeds for gastritis, you need:
1) Take 3 tablespoons of seed and brew with a glass of boiling water;
2) Cover with a lid, wrap well and leave to infuse overnight;
3) Take the broth on an empty stomach 20 minutes before meals;
4) First, drink half a glass of broth, drink the rest during the day;
5) The course of decoction treatment is a month, even if you do not feel pain in the stomach.
You need to cook the broth fresh every day. Flaxseed broth consists of a viscous mucus that envelops the walls of the stomach and eliminates the inflammatory process.
Flax seed porridge is an effective remedy in the fight against gastritis. To do this, you need to cook flax porridge, boil it well so that there is more mucus. Eat porridge every morning for a month. Seeds can be sprinkled on other dishes, or chopped in a blender and added to yoghurts and cottage cheese, drinks.
Flax is good for heartburn and bitterness in the mouth, which often accompany gastritis.Grind the seeds to get one tablespoon. We brew them in boiling water and use them twice a day before meals.
When treating gastritis, flax seeds can be mixed with other medicinal plants. In equal parts, flax seed, chamomile flowers, bullock, tansy flowers, bearberry leaves, thyme herb, coriander are taken. Crushed and mixed. Take two tablespoons of the resulting mixture and pour in two glasses of boiling water, brew overnight. You need to consume the infusion one third of a glass a day before meals, for 2 months.For the stomach, flaxseed jelly will be useful, which can be consumed before meals or on its own between meals. It creates a thin film in the stomach cavity, protects it from mechanical damage, and also contains a large amount of mucopolysaccharides.
Prevention of gastritis
The measures for the prevention of gastritis include compliance with the regime and quality of food, limiting physical and emotional stress. The use of alcohol, carbonated and sweet artificial drinks, any food irritants is excluded.It is forbidden to smoke during treatment and afterwards you should limit smoking so as not to cause a relapse.
Diet for gastritis
Meals for gastritis should be divided into 5 meals in small portions. For gastritis with low or normal acidity, food from vegetable and cereal soups in low-fat broth, low-fat meats slightly fried or boiled, low-fat fish, dairy products, stale white or black bread, homemade crackers, boiled and raw fruits and vegetables, milk , boiled eggs, omelets, boiled and soft cereals, vegetable and fruit juices, a little butter, coffee, tea, cocoa and sugar.
With gastritis, honey can be included in the diet in combination with other drugs as a therapeutic component. Honey can be consumed 3-4 times, but not more than 150 grams per day. It is used naturally and also as a solution in warm water. One tablespoon of honey is diluted in a glass of warm water. The course of treatment can be two months, depending on the patient’s condition. Honey is used in combination with medicinal plants, nuts and propolis.
The menu for gastritis with increased gastric secretion function should be such that the excretion of hydrochloric acid is normalized.It is forbidden to fry food, it is allowed to boil or bake. The diet can include milk, yogurt, kefir, low-fat cheese, non-acidic cottage cheese, yogurt, boiled or steamed eggs, lean boiled meat and fish. Vegetables must be boiled and ground, you can eat fresh salad, onions, dill. The bread must be dried, you can use crackers. The food can include diet sausages, low-fat varieties of ham and hams. You can eat smoked but lean fish. It is better to cook soups with vegetables, with the addition of cereals and pasta; heavy broths are not recommended.
In case of gastritis with high acidity of the stomach, it is recommended to include in the diet various cereals that need to be cooked for a long time. You can use butter, ghee and any vegetable oil. You should exclude hot sauces, you can prepare sauces based on milk or cream. Spices should be limited, except for cinnamon and bay leaves. It is allowed to drink weak tea, cocoa and coffee.
What not to eat with gastritis? Fresh baked goods and fresh bread, buns and cakes, hard cheeses, sour bread like Borodinsky, legumes, thick noodles, fatty fish and meat, fried and refined foods, canned foods, spices, cabbage, turnips, radishes should be excluded from the diet , onions, fruits with thick peels, especially grapes, lard, fatty dairy products, sweets and chocolate.
Manifestations and first symptoms of stomach cancer in the early stages: prevention of stomach cancer | 72.ru
Tyumen residents are also prescribed endosonography (for the study, a flexible endoscope with a video camera and an ultrasound sensor is used). In addition, in order to diagnose the townspeople do ultrasound and computed tomography of the abdominal organs.
Please note that the scope of the examination can only be determined by your attending physician.
Also in the Tyumen region, the practice of screening examinations of the gastrointestinal tract of patients without obvious complaints has been successfully introduced.This examination can be passed to all Tyumen residents aged 45–70 years, including patients over 40 years old who have a positive fecal occult blood test. Such patients will definitely undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EFGDS) and video colonoscopy (examination of the colon mucosa) under anesthesia.
All patients are referred from the polyclinic to narrower gastric centers as planned, if indicated.
– What other survey methods are there? For example, abroad for examination of the stomach, a so-called capsule is used – a “pill” with a camera that a person swallows.After some time, she goes out and is given to doctors for information about the state of the stomach.
– Why are we talking only about abroad? Capsule endoscopy (the essence of the method is simple – the patient swallows a special capsule equipped with a camera) has been used for quite a long time in Tyumen. But it must be said that this method is not shown to all patients. More often it is recommended when examining the small intestine due to the inaccessibility of this department for examination. But if we take statistics, then tumors that arise in the small intestine are very rare.In Tyumen, this tumor is detected in isolated cases, and even then not every year.
In general, the method is promising, but it has its pros and cons. I’ll tell you about the advantages: this procedure is easily tolerated by patients, there is a possibility of examining only the small intestine with a capsule, and this examination also makes it possible to assess the peristaltic function of the intestine.
Of the minuses of this examination, I can name the fact that it is impossible to perform a biopsy of a suspicious area with the help of a capsule. It is impossible to control the direction of view, there is a risk of missing the pathological focus.Cannot be used for intestinal obstruction, swallowing disorders … Therefore, the capsule cannot be considered as an alternative to esophagogastroduodenoscopy or colonoscopy – for an accurate diagnosis of cancer, a biopsy (pinching off a suspicious piece of tissue) and subsequent morphological examination are needed.
– Are these examinations free of charge?
– Yes. In the Tyumen region, thanks to the development of the compulsory medical insurance system, all examinations and treatment are absolutely free, starting from the primary care (polyclinic at the place of residence) and ending with our institution, provided that there are indications and the patient really needs it.
There is a certain order in some examinations, but it is insignificant and uncritical. Also, as far as I know, there are private clinics where a patient with suspected malignant neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract can undergo additional examination on their own on a paid basis.
– Is it easy for nonresidents to get a referral for an examination of the gastrointestinal tract in Tyumen?
– If indicated, the patient has the right to choose where he wants to undergo further examination and receive treatment.We have patients from the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Tyumensky District. There are no difficulties with directions.
– Can stomach cancer be treated?
– In oncology, the effectiveness of treatment depends entirely on the stage at which the tumor was detected. But we must remember that cancer is a chronic disease that requires long-term and systemic treatment. Stomach cancer is most often treatable, usually in the first two stages. In the later stages, unfortunately, the chances of treatment without consequences decrease.
– What to do to reduce the likelihood of stomach cancer?
– As with any disease, there are a number of preventive measures that will greatly reduce the risk of getting this diagnosis. I would divide this complex of preventive measures into two groups – primary and secondary prevention.
Primary prevention of gastric cancer is entirely up to the patient. This is getting rid of bad habits (alcohol consumption, smoking), normalization of the diet and quality of food – eating a sufficient amount of vegetables and fruits, cereals, limiting spices, canned and meat products, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Another group of measures – secondary prevention – is the competence of specialized specialists, for example, a gastroenterologist. This is a timely and qualified treatment of gastritis, stomach ulcers, removal of stomach polyps.
In conclusion, I would like to say, perhaps, a very simple thought: you need to enjoy life, try not to carry resentment, envy and sadness in yourself. Positive emotions are key to cancer prevention.
If you have questions on the topic of cancer, if you yourself have encountered this disease or know those who have recovered from cancer and are ready to tell their story of the struggle, then be sure to write to the mail Write a letter marked “oncological educational program”.Or contact the author of the column: on the social networks “VKontakte” and Facebook, as well as in WhatsApp or Viber at the phone number: + 7-922-261-00-52.
Every week we meet with oncologists who tell 72.ru about this insidious disease, the causes of cancer and how to prevent this disease. In the previous series, the city’s chief oncologist, Mikhail Naumov, answered the readers’ questions and explained why a person most often gets cancer and what happens in his body during the development of malignant tumors.After a series of publications about oncology, we asked an oncologist with 20 years of experience to answer the questions of our readers. Natalia Yaskevich spoke about cancer treatment abroad, risk factors and survival rates for cancer.
By the way, we have launched a Telegram channel, where we publish the most interesting news from the life of Tyumen. If you want to be one of the first to read these materials, then subscribe: t.me/news_72ru
Gastritis: treatment of the disease | Clinic Rassvet
Gastritis is a general term that combines several pathological conditions, which are characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the gastric mucosa.
The mucous membrane covers the entire surface of the stomach and plays an important role in digestion. Its glands produce gastric juice, the enzyme pepsin, hydrochloric acid, lipase, hormone-like components, mucus and bicarbonate. These substances are responsible for the breakdown of proteins and fats, protect the body from pathogenic bacteria, and activate metabolic processes.
By becoming inflamed, the mucous membrane produces less acid, enzymes, mucus and other substances that are necessary for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.There is a risk of developing gastritis.
Gastritis can be acute or chronic. It is important to see a doctor in time to get a diagnosis and treatment, to prevent complications.
Forms and complications of gastritis
In the absence of adequate and timely treatment, gastritis can cause complications. These include:
- Stomach ulcer. Peptic ulcers that affect the lining of the stomach or duodenum.Peptic ulcer disease is provoked by excessive use of pain relievers (NSAIDs), and gastritis caused by H. pylori. It is difficult to say where gastritis ends, especially with erosions, and peptic ulcer disease begins. Apparently, these are different forms of one process.
- Atrophy of the gastric mucosa – atrophic gastritis. It occurs as a result of thinning of the mucous membrane, the formation of fibrosis (microscars) of the membrane in chronic gastritis. With atrophy, the number of active cells of the gastric mucosa, which produce enzymes and acid, decreases.The absorption of certain vitamins is impaired. Atrophic gastritis is a risk factor for oncological transformation, and therefore requires special attention.
- Gastric bleeding with erosive gastritis and ulcers. It is characterized by shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, blood in the vomit and stools, black stools, pallor of the skin. If these symptoms appear, you should immediately seek medical attention.
- Anemia. Most often it occurs due to acute (as described above) or chronic blood loss, for example, with multiple recurring erosions of the stomach.Research shows that H. pylori-associated gastritis and autoimmune gastritis can interfere with the body’s absorption of iron and vitamin B12 from food, which can also cause anemia.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency and pernicious anemia (malignant anemia). Autoimmune gastritis does not produce a specific protein that helps in the absorption of vitamin B12, which is necessary for the production of red blood cells and nerve cells. Insufficient absorption of vitamin B12 can lead to the development of pernicious anemia.The same changes occur in the advanced stage of atrophic gastritis of any origin.
- Stomach cancer. Chronic gastritis increases the likelihood of developing benign or malignant neoplasms in the stomach lining. For example, gastritis associated with H. pylory increases the risk of adenocarcinoma and lymphoma of the gastric mucosa.
Causes and risk factors for gastritis
- Helicobacter pylori bacterial infection.One of the most common types of infections, the infection is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, for example, through contaminated food and water. For the development of gastritis, the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection alone is not enough. It is believed that vulnerability to bacteria is inherited or arises from improper lifestyle (smoking, poor diet), medication.
- Pain medications (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs). Regular and excessive intake of aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen can cause both acute and chronic gastritis, their toxic effects reduce the production of the main protectors of the gastric mucosa.To distinguish this situation from other types of gastritis, it is called NSAID gastropathy.
- Alcohol. Irritates and gradually destroys the gastric mucosa, exposing it to the aggressive effects of gastric juice. Alcohol most often provokes acute gastritis.
- Age. Older people are at increased risk of developing gastritis as the stomach lining becomes thinner with age. The elderly are also the most vulnerable to infections (H. pylori) or autoimmune disorders.
- Stress. Severe stress associated with injuries, burns, major surgeries and infections can trigger acute gastritis.
- Exposure to radiation or radiation therapy (due to another medical condition).
- Biliary reflux after gastric resection.
- Allergies to food such as cow’s milk and soy (especially in children).
- Autoimmune diseases. As a result of autoimmune processes in the body, antibodies are produced that attack the cells that form the stomach lining.Autoimmune inflammation occurs, the functions of the protective barrier of the mucous membrane decrease. Gastritis associated with autoimmune disorders is called autoimmune gastritis. It is more common in people with other autoimmune disorders, including Hashimoto’s disease and type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune gastritis can also be associated with vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Other diseases. The risk of gastritis can be increased due to other pathological conditions, including Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, parasitic infections, HIV / AIDS.
Symptoms of gastritis
- Stomach severity
These symptoms may appear or worsen with or shortly after a meal. But most often, gastritis is asymptomatic.
Sometimes the term “gastritis” is mistakenly used to describe any symptoms of pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, in most cases it is a manifestation of functional dyspepsia.
Stages of gastritis
- Hyperemia. At the first stage of development of gastritis, hyperemia (redness) of the gastric mucosa is observed. This is a protective vegetative-vascular reaction – vasodilation and increased blood flow in response to a negative effect on the mucous membrane. Hyperemia is accompanied by edema, this is a sign of the development of inflammation.
- Chronic inflammation, metaplasia, dysplasia. The production of hydrochloric acid decreases, the mucous membrane thickens.Hypertrophy is common in alcohol abusers. Inflammation is characterized by the accumulation of leukocytes in the stomach wall, prolonged inflammation can change the structure of the gastric epithelium, it can become similar to intestinal, this phenomenon is called metaplasia and may be associated with an increase in cancer risk. But the risk is especially high if a biopsy finds a violation of the structure of the tissue and cells of the stomach – dysplasia.
- Atrophy. Prolonged inflammation causes thinning of the gastric mucosa, recovery processes slow down, atrophic changes in the mucosa are observed – epithelial cells die off and are replaced by scar tissue.
- Erosions and ulcers are a frequent companion of gastritis. Focal and deep changes develop due to a decrease in the efficiency of the mucous glands, a thinning of the protective layer, in most cases this is a consequence of exposure to H. pylori.
Treatment of gastritis
Treatment for gastritis depends on the cause. Acute gastritis caused by taking NSAIDs or alcohol abuse does not require drug therapy, it is enough to exclude these triggers.
In other cases, your doctor may recommend:
- Antibiotic therapy against H.pylori.
- Drugs that block the production of hydrochloric acid (a component of gastric juice) and promote mucosal healing (proton pump inhibitors * – omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole, dexlansoprazole, pantoprazole.
- Antacids ** (neutralize stomach acid, relieve pain).
* – Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, especially at high doses, may increase the risk of fractures of the hip, wrist and spine, possibly requiring an osteoporosis prevention program .
** – Side effects – constipation, diarrhea.
Features and benefits of gastritis treatment methods in the Rassvet clinic
Diagnostics and treatment of gastritis in the Rassvet clinic is carried out in the department of gastroenterology. We use evidence-based methods based on international clinical guidelines. Your primary treatment will only begin after a physical examination and all necessary tests and diagnostic tests.
Important.The effect of certain foods or dietary systems on the risk of gastritis has not been proven in studies.
At the Rassvet clinic, we first of all distinguish gastritis from functional dyspepsia. Gastritis is often asymptomatic, but it must be treated because it is a slow but sure road to stomach cancer. Functional dyspepsia, on the other hand, is accompanied by many complaints, but endoscopic examination and biopsy do not reveal any pathology.
How is the treatment of gastritis in the clinic Rassvet
To clarify the diagnosis, we use the most modern and accurate equipment and logistic methods.For example, we have built a system for diagnosing gastritis and determining cancer risk according to the OLGA classification. Our endoscopes allow performing gastroscopy with multiple magnification and examining the mucous membrane through light filters, taking biopsies from the most suspicious areas. The biopsies themselves are assessed by the histologist also on the OLGA scale, and as a result, we get a figure that reflects the risk of oncological transformation in the coming years.