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10 Tips For Growing Healthy Toenails
Posted on by Foot.com •
Here’s how to grow strong and healthy toenails free from fungus, bacteria, ingrown nails and other conditions that require a visit to a podiatrist.
It doesn’t matter whether you’re a man or a woman: Strong, healthy toenails are a must for overall health and wellbeing. And all it takes to get clear, shiny toenails any podiatrist would be proud of is a few basic maintenance steps you can easily do at home.
- Daily Cleansing
Bathing your feet once per day using a mild soap not only helps ward off pesky toenail fungus (onychomycosis) and bromodosis, the warm water can help stimulate circulation to your feet and toes, which helps toenails grow healthy and strong. Be sure to scrub your toenails with a foot brush while bathing and thoroughly dry each foot, including between the toes, afterward.
One of the easiest ways to keep your toenails in great shape is to practice great dermatology by moisturizing them on a daily basis. Using regular lotion on your feet helps keep the skin around each toenail soft and healthy, while using nail oils that contain quick-absorbing ingredients like jojoba oil keeps your toenails from becoming dry, cracked and brittle.
- Frequent Trimming
Inspect and trim your toenails with nail scissors or a quality pair of toenail clippers about once a month. It is very important that you trim your toenails properly — straight across, never in a curved shape — to help prevent ingrown toenails and bacterial and fungal infections. You should also never cut your toenails too short, as having a slight bit of nail at the end helps protect the toes from pressure and possible trauma.
Use a fine nail file or very gentle emery board to smooth out any rigid toenail edges, which can help prevent hangnails as well as rips and tears to the nail. Note: use caution when cutting or trimming your cuticles and surrounding nail skin (in fact, podiatrists recommend you never cut your cuticles.)
- Toenail Friendly Diet
Both your fingernails and your toenails are made from a protein called keratin. You can help your body produce healthy amounts of the protein by eating a balanced diet filled with vitamin and nutrient-rich foods like vegetables, fruits, nuts and lean meats. You can also use vitamin or biotin supplements to help boost nail growth, but most doctors and podiatrists agree that eating a healthy diet is the best way to give your body the fuel it needs.
- Wearing Proper Shoes and Socks
Properly fitted shoes and socks can go a long way toward maintaining clear, shiny and healthy toenails. Socks that are too tight can restrict the blood circulation your nails need to grow strong, while shoes that don’t fit properly can lead to ingrown toenails, black toenails (subungual hematoma), corns, calluses, blisters and other foot issues that can potentially affect the way you walk and therefore put undue pressure on your toenails. Wearing foot health conscious shoes is a way to possibly prevent these bad foot condition. Your feet stay can healthier with technically designed arch support and footbed cushioning shoes that are still funky and fashionable.
- Occasional Massage
Whether you spring for a professional rub, receive help from your partner or do it yourself, occasional foot rubs (twice per month or more) help keep the circulation in your feet and toes strong. Good circulation gives your nails a rich blood supply, which helps them maintain a healthy light pink color with a smooth sheen.
- Treat Yourself To Foot Soaks
It’s always a good idea to indulge in a foot soak every once in awhile. Footbaths are relaxing, help decrease stress and can do wonders for your toenails, as well. Soaking the nails helps loosen dirt and debris that may be lurking in the nail folds, lessens your chance of developing smelly feet and foot fungus infections, and can also be moisturizing if oils are added to the water.
- Use Caution With Pedicures and Polish
Professional pedicures can leave your toenails vulnerable to toenail fungal infections, and nail techs often cut your cuticles and eponychium (the skin surrounding your nails), which can lead to inflammation and infection. Meanwhile, non-organic nail polish can leave your toenails stained yellow, and acetone nail polish remover can significantly dry out your nails, leading to unattractive peeling and cracking. Therefore, it’s best to use caution when treating your feet and toes to pedicures. Try opting for all-natural, organic pedicures and using nail polishes free from toxic ingredients like tolulene, dibutyl phthalate and formaldehyde
- Frequent Inspections
If you follow the above steps, you will more than likely be much more aware of your toenails and their overall health condition than before you started, but it’s still a good idea to frequently inspect your toenails, which oftentimes are the first place serious health issues show their symptoms. Diseases like diabetes, psoriasis and onychomycosis (toenail fungus) show up on your nails via pits, marks, discoloration and ridges. Being aware of your nails and visiting a podiatrist at the first sign of trouble could save your health and potentially your life.
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Toenail Growing in, Not Out?
Have you ever had pain at the corner or edge of your big toe, accompanied by redness and swelling? If that’s the case, you probably had an ingrown toenail. They can be very painful and annoying and although any toenail can become ingrown, it is usually the big toe. When an ingrown nail first begins, the area may feel hard and tender. Redness, swelling and possibly infection can follow. This is because instead of growing straight, something has caused the nail to grow into the skin on the sides or corners of the toe. Ingrown toenails are common, most notably in teenagers.
There are a number of factors that can cause ingrown toenails. In some instances the nail is simply too big for the toe, but other causes are:
- Injury to the toe
- Improper nail trimming, nails being cut too short or curved at the corners
- Shoes that crowd the toes because they are too tight or too short
Ingrown toenails should be treated immediately. As long as infection has not had time to develop, home care can usually avoid further medical treatment. Recommended treatment methods include:
- Warm foot soak three or four times daily
- Keep the area dry the rest of the time
- Over-the-counter pain predication if needed
- Wear shoes that are roomy in the toe area, or wear sandals until the condition clears up
- Gently lift the embedded nail away from the skin
- If condition does not improve within three days, call your doctor.
In serious cases, your doctor may need to surgically remove all or part of the offending nail and treat you with antibiotics. If the entire nail is removed, the chance is increased that your nail will grow back deformed.
Prevention is the best medicine. Wear shoes that provide enough room for your toes. Protect your feet from injury. Trim nails when necessary, making a straight cut as opposed to curving at the corners. If you have diabetes and develop an ingrown toenail, please see your doctor right away. Your feet may be at greater risk due to loss of sensation, and infection could develop quickly.
If you have an ingrown toenail that you cannot treat at home, or if the condition has persisted for more than three days, call Dr. Vargas at Foot and Ankle Associates. He has offices in Sugarland (281) 313-0090 and Richmond/Rosenberg (281) 342-8700 to serve you.
How Long Does it Take Toenails to Grow? Expert Foot Care
17 Oct How Long Does it Take for Toenails to Grow?
Treat Toenail Troubles Now
With cold weather on the horizon, you probably haven’t given a thought to foot problems like fungal nails, ingrown nails, and other toenail troubles. After all, your feet are going to be bundled up for a while. But this is actually the best time to start taking care of those tootsies if you want to show them off in the coming summer months.
Did you know that it takes about a full year for a toenail to grow? If you have a toenail that’s been battered, bruised or hit by nail fungus, you need time to let it grow back strong and healthy.
What are Toenails Made of?
Toenails, like fingernails, are made up of keratin, a protein produced in the body from dead cells. Keratin is also the main component of hair.
How Do Healthy Toenails Look?
Healthy toenails have a smooth surface and no ridges. They look pink or nude in color with no ridges or discoloration. Watch for these warning signs that your toenails need medical attention.
Yellowing nails. This is an early sign of onychomycosis or fungal nail.
Thick, brittle toenails. If your toenails seem to have gotten thicker and they “crumble” when you cut or file them, you probably have an advanced case of nail fungus.
Most home remedies and over-the-counter treatments for nail fungus don’t work. Only a podiatrist can prescribe the correct treatments to clear the fungus and heal your nails.
When treating nail fungus, a podiatrist will sometimes file the afflicted nail down to a thin layer and prescribe a topical treatment. In some cases, you’ll need to have the entire toenail removed to allow a fresh one to grow in.
Black toenails. A dark, discolored toenail could be a subungual hematoma, which is a bruise on the nail bed under the toe. It’s usually the result of trauma to your foot.
In some cases, the toenail will fall off and a new one will grow in. You should still see a foot care doctor because subungual hematoma often means there is damage to the nail bed. Black toenails can also indicate a nail fungus or an underlying melanoma.
Ingrown nail. This painful condition occurs when a nail is growing outward and digging into the skin of the next toe. You can protect your toe with padding or bandages until you can see a doctor. A podiatrist can cut down the nail and splint it to encourage straight regrowth.
Get an Early Start on Summer
To treat some of these toenail treatments, a podiatrist will often cut down the toenail or remove it. That’s why winter care is important. Your toenails need time to grow back.
Get a head start on summer by taking care of your toenails now. Start with a visit to the podiatrist and make sure to follow up with good foot care at home. By the time summer hits, your toenails will be strong, smooth and healthy.
Tips for Toenail Care
1. Wash your feet and toes with warm, soapy water and a mild soap. Dry them before putting on socks and shoes.
2. Only trim your toenails straight across. Cutting into the sides of your nails can lead to ingrown toenails. Finish with a light filing to remove any snags.
3. Don’t cut or push back your cuticles. They’re there to protect your nail bed from infection.
3. Go barefoot whenever possible. Avoid keeping your feet in socks and shoes when you’re home. Fungus and the warts virus thrive in warm, dark environments.
4. Moisturize. Regularly moisturizing your feet will keep your foot skin healthy and your toenails supple. It also heals cracked, dry skin. Cracked skin allows infections and viruses to seep into your toes.
5. Treat corns and calluses. Use a pumice stone and moisturize regularly to keep rough patches at bay. If you have painful corns or excessive calluses that don’t respond to at-home treatments, contact a podiatrist.
Get Expert Foot Help
Shuman Podiatry & Sports Medicine is Loudoun County’s premier foot health clinic. If you need help getting your toenails in tip-top shape, contact us today to schedule a foot care examination. Summer will be here before you know it.
An Overview of Common Toenail Problems
Toenails are thickened extensions of the top layer of our skin and are made of the same tough protein, called keratin. The nail grows out from an area below the skin known as the matrix and is intimately connected to the blood vessel and nerve-rich nail bed beneath it.
Your toenails are subject to a great deal of stress, whether it’s rubbing against shoes, a stubbed toe, or the constant presence of bacteria and fungi (picture the environment inside a shoe). In light of these conditions, there are three common toenail problems that we often see.
Foot with toenail fungus.
daizuoxin / Getty Images
Toenail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a slow-growing infection of the nail and skin beneath it.
Toenail Fungus Symptoms
Fungal infections usually occur underneath the nail and begin at the end of the nail (where it gets trimmed). The most common changes that occur with toenail fungal infections include:
- Discoloration beneath the nail, usually brown, white, or yellow
- Thickening of the nail
- An increase in white debris beneath the nail which is keratin, a protein that gives form to skin and nails
- Loosening or separation of the infected part of the nail from the nail bed
- Crumbling appearance of the nail
Less often, an infection can appear as a white, powdery discoloration on top of the nail.
You may be surprised to learn that toenail fungal infections are usually caused by the same type of fungi that cause athlete’s foot. In fact, people who are prone to athlete’s foot may also be susceptible to toenail fungal infections.
Toenail fungus can affect anyone but becomes more prevalent with aging. Individuals with certain diseases, such as diabetes and conditions that affect limb circulation, are more susceptible to fungal nail infections, along with people who have suppressed immune systems. Other risk factors include:
- Hyperhidrosis, or a tendency toward sweaty feet
- Frequent fungal skin infections
- Trauma to the nail
- Shoe wear which provides a moist, dark, and warm environment for fungi to thrive
Treatment at a podiatrist’s office will likely involve debridement, or trimming down and removing debris and the death nail. This will help decrease the thickness of the nail and relieve discomfort that may be occurring with shoe wear. Debridement may also increase the effectiveness of topical treatments.
Oral antifungal medications and/or prescription-strength topical treatments may also be prescribed. However, oral antifungal medicines are not always an option for many people due to potential side effects and cost.
Also, there are a number of over-the-counter topical medications for toenail fungus. However, since the fungus resides deep in the nail and underneath it, these medications have limited success in treating toenail fungus, especially if it has spread significantly throughout the nail.
The good news is that other fungal nail treatments are available, including laser treatment that received FDA clearance.
Ilia Anatolev / Getty Images
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of the toenail, usually the big toe, grows into the skin next to it (called the lateral nail fold).
Ingrown Toenail Symptoms
An ingrown toenail causes pain at the side of the toe along with swelling. It may become infected which can cause redness, increased swelling, and pain, warmth, and/or discharge. Note that the ingrown aspect of the nail is usually unseen because it is below the skin.
Factors that increase a person’s chance of developing an ingrown toenail include:
- Improperly fitting shoes or socks
- Abnormal toe shape
- Nail trauma
- Toenails that are clipped too short
- A family history of ingrown toenails
- Fungal infections
- Increasing age
- Health problems like poor leg circulation or lung disease
Treatment for an ingrown toenail can be performed at home unless there is a suspicion of an infection or if you have a medical condition, such as diabetes, nerve damage, or poor circulation.
The first step for at-home care is to soak your foot in an Epsom’s salt solution using room-temperature water. Then, massage the side of your nail gently to decrease inflammation. Be sure to not cut your toenail and consider wearing open shoes like sandals until the problem resolves.
In addition, you may have to take a closer look at the fit and shape of your shoes and socks to analyze whether they are what is causing your ongoing problem. It might mean having to choose between cute shoes and cute toes.
If your doctor suspects an infection, you may need to take an antibiotic. In addition, note that your doctor may need to remove part of or your complete toenail to ease the inflammation.
Photosvit / Getty Images
Trauma to the toenail can be chronic or occur as a result of an acute injury.
Toenail Trauma Symptoms
Injury to the nail’s growth center, or matrix, can result in a number of possible changes to the nail. Changes that can occur include blood and bruising beneath the toenail, toenail thickening, or toenail loss.
Toenail trauma may happen from repetitive rubbing against the shoe when walking or running. It may be that your new shoes are too tight or loose, which can lead to more friction against your toe as you work out. It can also be the result of a sudden injury, such as stubbing your toe or dropping an object on it.
Toenail trauma can result in secondary bacterial or fungal infection if any part of the nail has come loose. This can lead to the dark discoloration of the toenail. Acute trauma may also result in a fracture of the bone beneath the nail, to which the nail is in close proximity.
It’s best to have any toenail color changes or toenail loosening evaluated by a podiatrist or other health care provider. In some cases, although infrequent, black or brown discoloration may be signs of skin cancer melanoma.
Having a thick or otherwise damaged toenail removed surgically will probably not result in a healthier nail growing in its place. Once a nail’s growth center (nail matrix) is damaged, it usually continues to produce a thickened or disfigured nail.
A Word From Verywell
If you have a toenail problem, you may feel embarrassed by its appearance. Or you may be worried that whatever is wrong with your toenail is a window into an underlying health condition that has not yet been diagnosed. Hopefully, this basic toenail knowledge will help ease your concerns a bit and get you prepared for your doctor’s visit.
Dr. Stege talks about Nail Problems
Dr. Stege talks about Nail Problems
Barometers of Health
Most people donít give much thought to the value of their
toenails. They have to be trimmed occasionally, often considered more
of a nuisance than anything else, but that may be the limit of
attention from many.
In reality, because they are at the far point of our circulatory
system, they often serve as barometers of our health, diagnostic
tools providing the initial signal of the presence or onset of
Pitting of nails and increased nail thickness, as examples, can be
manifestations of psoriasis. Concavity — nails that are rounded
inward, instead of outward — can foretell iron deficiency anemia;
red discoloration beneath the rear of the nail could be a sign of
impending heart failure.
Toenails grow constantly. Some conditions make them grow faster
than usual, such as an excess of thyroid hormone, and the injury
recovery process. A lot of energy is required for toenail growth
relative to the small amount of tissue involved. This high level of
metabolic activity makes them sensitive to outside influences,
resulting in abnormalities — deformity, discoloration, and related
infection. Some nail problems can be conservatively treated, others
require partial or total removal of the nail.
The major parts of the toenail are the nail itself (nail plate),
its root, or nail bed (matrix), rear area (lunula) or cuticle,
underside of the nail (nail bed) and nail side or groove (sulcus).
Healthy nails are pink, free of dirt and impairment, and grow into
the grooves normally.
Because of their association with health-related diseases,
toenails of persons of all ages can undergo an array of changes, some
of which are relatively common. They can become brittle, curved,
discolored, infected, clubbed, pitted, and grooved. In some cases,
the nail falls off and a new one grows in. These conditions may be
caused by injury, warts, tumors under the nail, infection, poor
circulation, poor foot hygiene, and congenital problems with parts of
the nail that normally grow into the skin.
Older persons with poor circulation are prone to having their
nails become discolored or darkened, thick, or brittle. Another
disorder of aging is the formation of narrow ridges running from the
nail matrix to the sides.
Many older persons do not have the strength, skill, eyesight, or
tools to trim their nails, especially if the nails are deformed, and
should seek podiatric medical care for those services.
Ingrown nails, the most common toenail impairment, are nails whose
corners or sides dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves,
often leading to irritation, redness, and swelling. Usually toenails
grow straight out. Sometimes, however, one or both corners or sides
curve and grow into the flesh. Ingrown nails are varied in shape;
some appear flat, others are C-shaped, a problem more commonly of
older persons. Itís usually the big toe thatís the
victim, but other toes can be affected.
Ingrown toenails may be caused by:
- Improperly trimmed nails
- Shoe pressure; crowding of toes
- Repeated trauma to the feet from normal activities associated
with work, sports, and other leisure-time and fitness pursuits,
such as aerobics
Fungal And Other Infections
Toenails are hiding places for dirt, and can serve as breeding
ground for infection-causing bacterial and fungal organisms.
Fungal infections are among the most troublesome of nail
conditions to treat. They are often characterized by thickening,
discoloration, and separation of the front of the nail from the nail
bed. In some cases, the nail crumbles.
If treatment with medication is unsuccessful, the nail may have to
be removed. However, removal does not necessarily prevent the nail
from growing back, or fungal infection from recurring. In older
persons with impaired circulation, such as diabetics, medical
treatment is generally preferable to surgery.
Some other infections cause inflammation of the matrix (onychia)
and inflammation of the tissue adjacent to the nail (paronychia),
which often lead to serious complications, including more widespread
infection extending up the leg. When ignored or treated without
medical attention, infections of these types may result in loss of
toes, a foot, or even a leg.
Podiatric Medical Care
If you suspect an infected toenail, you can immerse the foot in a
warm salt water soak, or a basin of soapy water, then apply an
antiseptic and bandage the area. These are only temporary measures,
for relief of discomfort before you consult a podiatrist. Other
“do-it-yourself” treatment — including any attempt to remove any
part of an infected nail — and use of over-the-counter medications
should be avoided.
Sudden changes in color or shape, or any drainage from infection,
should be discussed with a doctor of podiatric medicine. The
podiatrist can diagnose the ailment, and then prescribe medication
and/or another appropriate treatment.
An injury can cause bleeding under the nail plate, for example,
and the podiatrist might need to create a hole or holes in the nail
to remove the blood.
For nail injuries or conditions that cannot be permanently cured
by medication or removal of part of the nail, as in the case of
ingrown nails, the podiatrist may have to surgically remove the nail
plate and/or its matrix. As part of the surgery, the nail bed can be
treated in a variety of ways, including electric cauterization,
application of chemicals, or use of a laser.
To Avoid The Woes Of Toes
- Trim toenails straight across, slightly longer than the end of
the toes. Do not round off corners; this can be the cause of
- Clip nails with toenail clippers.
- After clipping, smooth nails with a file or emery board.
- Wear only properly fitted shoes, not short or narrow ones.
- Wash feet regularly, especially between toes, and dry
- Wear hosiery that is not constrictive.
(c) Copyright 1996 1997 David C. Stege, DPM –
All rights reserved.
Toenails Growing the Wrong Way?
Toenails are supposed to protect your toes, not put them in harm’s way! Sometimes, though, your nails don’t grow as they should, and the surrounding skin gets punctured from the corners of your nails digging into the flesh – ouch! Not only can this be painful, but it can lead to infection. So why do toenails that serve as protective barriers suddenly turn against you (and into your skin)?
There are several reasons why ingrown toenails can occur:
- Too crowded. Toes that are squished together inside shoes that are too tight are at an increased risk of developing ingrown toenails, as the small space forces them to grow abnormally.
- Improper trimming. Cutting toenails too short or curving the corners can invite the nail to grow into the skin.
- Trauma to the toe. Dropping something on your toe or sustaining some other type of trauma can cause the nail to grow incorrectly and become ingrown.
- A fungus has found you. Fungal toenail infections can cause toenails to become misshapen and distorted, growing into the skin instead of over it.
- Thanks to Mom and Dad. Yes, unfortunately, you could have inherited unusually curved toenails that make you prone to the problem!
You can help curtail overly curving nails by trimming them straight across and never rounding off the corners. Keep nails even with the tips of your toes, too. Stick with shoes that give your toes plenty of wiggle room and make sure they’re steel-toed if your job entails heavy-lifting.
If you do have a toenail that becomes ingrown and is irritated, red, swollen, tender, and painful, not to worry — we can help you go from “Ouch!” to “Ahhhhh.” Depending on the severity of the condition, we can lift the nail, partially remove just the problem area, or remove the nail completely if it is a repeating offender. Find out more or call to make an appointment at our Cedar Park or Round Rock, TX office by dialing (512) 593-2949.
What Toenails Can Tell You About Your Health
In my younger days, I suffered a toenail injury to the same toe 3 times. I know, how do you stub the same toe 3 times in a row? As a result, my toenail grows sideways and I now call this toe, “my crazy toe”. This is my attempt to make light of my little disfigured toenail which actually embarrassed me for the better part of my twenties. I bring this up because I didn’t actually notice the toenail was growing crooked for a long time.
When I finally realized, I had to think back to piece together why my nail was rebelling and growing in a direction all its own. Had I noticed this sooner could I have intervened and got the nail to grow straight? Is there something that can be done today? If I have the toenail removed, will a new nail grow back in straight?
In my case, it’s a toenail disorder consisting of mild disfigurement; however, medical conditions like poor blood flow or autoimmune diseases can cause toenail fungus, ingrown toenails, and other nail disorders. The condition of toenails can reveal a great deal about a person’s overall health and with simple observation of the nail, health professionals can pinpoint and address other health issues of the body.
Toenail fungus is a slow-growing infection of the nail and skin beneath it. A nail infected with fungus is thick, yellowish, or white in color, and more brittle than normal. According to Mayo Clinic, toenail fungus is one of the most common toenail problems seen and treated by foot specialists and effects more than 3 million Americans a year. Common places you may come into contact with fungus are warm, damp areas such as community showers, locker rooms, and swimming pool areas.
Untreated toenail infections, poor diet or illness, too much or too little moisture, or foot trauma such as running in ill fitted shoes can cause cracked toe nails (also known as Onychoschizia). Other causes are rheumatoid arthritis, fungal infections, psoriasis, poor circulation, medication side effects and thyroid issues. And for some simple genetics can cause cracking in the toenail.
Ingrown toenails (also known as Onychocryptosis), another very common disorder of the toenail, usually effects the big toe. Ingrown toenails occur when the nail grows into the skin causing pain, redness, and swelling of the toe. Lifting or removing the toenail can help alleviate these symptoms as well as antibiotics.
Yellow nail syndrome is a disorder in which the nail lacks a cuticle, grows slowly, and becomes loose or detached. Yellow nail syndrome is commonly associated with lymphedema of limbs and/or chronic respiratory disorders.
Onycholysis is the painless separation of the nail from the nail bed and is a sign of skin disease, infection (most likely fungal), or injury to the toenail. The separated portion of the nail may turn yellow, white, or green. Once the nail separates from the nailbed it will not reattach. It takes on average 18 month for a toenail to grow back. The normal average growth rate of toenails is 1 mm per month. Aging slows nail growth rate by .5% each year after age 25.
Spoon nails usually develop on fingernails, but they can also occur in your toenails. The most common cause of spoon nails is iron deficiency, or anemia.
Blue/purple nails = Cyanosis of the toenail. It is common for a nail to turn black after an injury. The black or purple-black color is caused by blood under the nail and will go away as the injury heals. Black, brown, or purple discoloration under a nail that has not been injured may be caused by melanoma.
Needless to say, there are many toenail disorders that could occur and having a general understanding of the different types could help prevent or treat the area before permanent damage occurs, i.e. loss of the nail completely.
To maintain optimal toe nail health, it is best to change your socks regularly. The goal is to keep feet dry and clean. Keep your toenails trimmed using sanitized nail clippers. Wear proper fitting shoes no matter what. For example, if you have wide feet, invest in wide shoes. Especially, if you have a toenail growing sideways like me! Your toes need room to rest comfortably in your shoe. When your feet are subject to high impact moments, opt for breathable footwear to help with sweaty feet.
And finally, if you really want to pamper your feet, administer a spa treatment at home. First, bathe your feet in an Epsom salt bath, then once dried, mix a small amount of tea tree oil, peppermint essential oil, and lavender oil onto the skin of the foot. This blend of oils contains anti-fungal and increased circulation benefits making them perfect for maintaining optimal foot health.
**It is advisable to consult a health-care professional such as a doctor or podiatrist before taking action based on any information found on our website. Our goal is to provide information and educate others on a number of issues relating to foot health, not give medical instruction.
90,000 how to fix concave nails in a child and an adult?
Curvature of the nail plates on the feet can occur in both adults and children. Such nails not only look unattractive, but can also indicate serious diseases that require timely treatment.To know how to eliminate this problem or prevent the appearance of curved or concave nails, first of all, it is worth understanding the causes of their deformation.
Why do nails bend and grow unevenly?
The nail is designed to protect the end of the finger, so it is quite hard and consists of horny plates. Its growth is provided by a special area hidden under the skin and called the root of the nail.As the plates grow back, the body of the nail and its free edge are formed, which must be cut off in time.
If the nail is healthy, it will be pink in color, with a smooth shiny and necessarily even surface. Under the influence of any internal or external factors, the plate may bend.
Growing upward, wavy nails are quite common. In this case, sometimes the entire plate is bent, and in some cases only its outer corners are twisted.In addition, curvatures can occur on only one finger (most often on the thumb) or be present on all nails.
The deformation can be caused by a number of reasons, which will be discussed below.
Damage to the growth zone
Because of this, the nail begins to grow unevenly.This happens when a finger is injured, affecting the base of the nails, as well as when the pedicure is performed incorrectly, when the cuticle leaves the matrix unprotected.
Deficiency of vitamins and other nutrients (proteins, calcium)
Such a shortage can be provoked not only by a poorly balanced diet, but also by various diseases in which digestion and absorption of vitamins deteriorate, for example, anemia or gastroenteritis.
The plate can become thinner and distorted when using cheap varnishes and products containing acetone. Incorrect cutting can also lead to problems with nails, if not sharp enough scissors are used, and the nail itself is not cut in a straight line, but with a rounding (it is categorically not recommended to do this on the feet).
If it is of poor quality, made of artificial materials or too tight, then this adversely affects the condition of the nails and can provoke bending.It is unacceptable to wear tight and tight shoes, because they will injure the nails and cause them to deform.
Poor hygiene or excessive sweating contributes to its appearance, as a result of which the feet become wet, and fungi develop more actively.The defeat of toenails by a fungus is manifested not only by deformation, but also by discoloration, the appearance of spots and stripes, thickening and other signs. A dermatologist should confirm the presence of a fungus-provoked infection by examining a part of the nail.
Diseases of internal organs
For example, thyroid or heart.With such pathologies, nail changes are only one of the symptoms, therefore, for a correct diagnosis, you should contact a pediatrician or a therapist, and then a narrow specialist who will treat the underlying disease.
Eczema or psoriasis can cause waviness of the nails. In this case, the problem is treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. Another cause of curvature is antibiotic or chemotherapy, as well as poisoning. If you suspect exposure to toxic substances or side effects of drugs, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Although very rare, deformity of the nails is caused by congenital pathology. This is usually detected at an early age.
How to fix the situation?
Uneven nails not only spoil the appearance, but can also cause discomfort or pain, for example, if they cling to shoes.In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor. If a child’s or an adult’s toenails grow upward, then it is necessary to influence the cause of this phenomenon.
If a lack of vitamins in food has been found, the diet should be balanced or, as recommended by a doctor, vitamin supplements should be included. They must contain vitamins A, H, E and B1.
In case of diseases of the digestive system, the patient should be referred to a gastroenterologist , who will prescribe the necessary treatment, after which the condition of the nails will return to normal.
If the curvature in adults is caused by improper care, you need to take a break from the pedicure, strengthen the nail plates with special varnishes, make baths with salts or oils.
Fungal infection requires treatment directed at pathogens. It can be both local (ointments, creams) and general (tablets or even injections), but a specialist should prescribe antifungal drugs.
If the cause is heredity, then no treatment is prescribed, but it is recommended to take vitamins, do warm baths and cut nails to a safe length.
In case of injury, the damaged plate must be observed until it is renewed naturally.
In some cases, surgical intervention is necessary, in which the entire nail or part of it is removed.
If the nails are just beginning to deform and bend upward, the situation should not be allowed to worsen.This should be done with careful maintenance and regular hydration. Such measures are also needed after treatment, when the cause of the growing up nails is found and eliminated. The following actions help prevent nail diseases:
- timely shearing, in which the plates are not cut very shortly;
- Use of comfortable shoes made of high-quality material – it must fit in size;
- Regular pedicure at home or with a trusted master using a disinfected and sharpened instrument;
- Performing foot massage for better blood circulation;
- Daily hygiene and regular change of socks, which will not allow favorable conditions for the growth of fungi;
- Use of rubber individual shoes when visiting the pool, sauna or bath;
- Use of high-quality varnishes and means for their removal;
- prevention of toe injuries;
- a balanced diet with sufficient amounts of protein, calcium and iron;
- Sufficient physical activity – frequent walks in the fresh air and a good night’s sleep, because these factors are important for the health of the body as a whole.
Adults can also use the recommendations of cosmetologists and various folk remedies to strengthen nails. For example, they include rubbing in healthy oils – almond, jojoba, olive and others – twice a week, you can also use periodic treatment of the plates with iodine. A good effect is given by lotions with herbal infusions (for example, based on chamomile, elecampane, string, calamus or celandine).
The video describes the nuances of aligning nails growing upwards.
90,000 Why does a nail grow in and how to effectively treat an ingrown toenail?
Ingrown toenail: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Onychocryptosis is the ingrowth of a part of the nail plate into the tissue of the nail fold (more precisely, the lateral edge).Most often, an ingrown toenail is found on the big toe.
Inflammation, edema, redness and painful sensations appear. Often, only pain makes you see a doctor when it is already impossible to endure and suppuration occurs. Because of this, the problem becomes chronic. According to statistics, half of the patients acquire chronic onychocryptosis.
Why can a nail grow in
The reasons are different and are conventionally divided into external factors and diseases.
- Ignorance and non-observance of the rules for conducting a pedicure.
The main reason for the development of onychocryptosis is precisely the inability to handle nail scissors and inaccuracy when cutting nails. You can accidentally cut off a corner, leave a burr or a sharp edge, rub the skin around with the edge of the scissors, trim the nail too short. All this is dangerous and in most cases provokes ingrowth.
- Too much load on the legs.
- Uncomfortable (not your size) and tight shoes (including a narrow nose).
- Valgus feet and flat feet. The foot is deformed, and due to the pressure of the second toe, the big one is bent.
- Pregnancy and the puerperium. An ingrown nail in women is capable of both late pregnancy and lactation, or one and a half to two months after childbirth.
- Diseases associated with improper nutrition of the nail plate.Among them are diabetes mellitus, vascular and heart diseases, all kinds of endocrine pathologies and obesity.
- Conducting radiation or chemical therapy in oncology.
- Fungus. Because of it, the nail thickens, loses its previous shape and grows into the periungual roller.
- Excess soft tissue in the subungual cushion. Usually congenital pathology.
- Frostbite or mechanical damage to fingers.
- Diseases of the skin that provoke deformation of the nails – warts or psoriasis, lichen, etc.
What are the symptoms of onychocryptosis
There are five main signs, some directly speak of a certain stage of the disease:
- Constant pain in the nail, which becomes especially severe if you do not wear slippers and walk.
- Redness, swelling, painful throbbing and purulent discharge. This is evidence that an infection has been brought in.
- Sores. They occur, as a rule, with injuries.
- Excessive growth of tissue around the nail that looks like raw meat.
- Deformation, decrease in length and increase in density of the plate, pus appears, soft tissues become coarse. All this is characteristic of an already protracted illness.
As soon as you suspect an ingrown toenail, be sure to contact a specialist in foot diseases or a surgeon.
Doctors will be asked to go through a few simple laboratory tests to make the diagnosis as accurate as possible. These are blood tests:
- General. Helps to understand at what stage the inflammation is.
- For glucose. To exclude the presence of diabetes mellitus.
If you have a fungus, see a dermatologist and follow the comprehensive treatment regimen. One method is clearly not enough. Are there complications? Then you cannot do without additional diagnostics.
The surgeon will certainly tell you to take an X-ray of the foot, with its help, suppuration is found on the bone and a bony outgrowth (osteophyte) can be seen on the finger.
If onychocryptosis in a child
You don’t need to try the home remedies described below, because everything is more serious for children, it is difficult for them to endure the pain, it is more difficult to understand what exactly is bothering them. Immediately take a ticket to the surgeon or make an appointment with the specialists of private clinics.
Treatment at home is possible only at the initial stages of onychocryptosis or for the purpose of prophylaxis, and requires compliance with certain conditions:
- Only loose shoes should be worn;
- observe hygiene rules;
- to cut nails correctly;
- change socks twice a day.
There are six home remedies for getting rid of an ingrown toenail. We will briefly describe them below.
Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Indicated for severe pain. You need to follow the instructions and, in general, do not abuse the pills. You can use Nimesulide, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen and other drugs from the group.
For a good effect, do it twice or four times a day, regularly.Dissolve in water either baking soda, or a solution of potassium permanganate, or sea salt. The trays soften the fabric and help gently remove the nail. If you can do this, do not forget to wipe the treated areas with iodine later.
Compress of medicines
Designed to relieve inflammation. Prepared from 10 milliliters of Dimexide, 20 – water, 1 milliliter of dexamethasone and 1 ampoule of analgin. A gauze swab is moistened in the solution, applied to the finger, covered with cellophane, bandaged and put on over the sock.They keep it overnight, do the procedure for three to four days. If it does not pass within the specified time, urgently see a doctor.
It is used exclusively at the onset of the disease, not with an abscess. A swollen, inflamed finger is placed in very hot water for a couple of seconds and taken out back. Repeat for 10-20 minutes. It should turn out about 20-30 times.
Moisten a sterile bandage with it and apply it in the area between the skin roll and the nail.Once dry, again “flavored” with an antiseptic. Slide the bandage forward daily to loosen the nail.
It is made on the stratum corneum of the ingrown nail with a nail file. Allows, when tightening, to raise the edge of the problem area.
Special medications, such as solutions and ointments, have also proven themselves well in conservative treatment.
The main active ingredient is carbamide (urea), which softens the nail and fabrics and makes it easier to trim.You need to apply on a dry finger, filling the ointment with a spatula between the nail edge and the periungual roller. After the procedure, wear socks. Duration – 3-4 days, then they try to cut the nail.
Indicated for infections. Consists of birch tar, castor oil, xeroform. Apply under a bandage at night, remove in the morning. You can cut off the nail if it comes out from under the roller.
Softens, relieves inflammatory and pain symptoms.It contains extracts of maclea and licorice, palm oil, plus St. John’s wort, petroleum jelly. First, the legs are steamed, and then a balm is applied to the roller and the entire plate. Enough one or two times a day.
Helps to cope with inflammation, soreness, bacteria and irritation. Contains ichtammol and petroleum jelly. A “night” bandage is made with the ointment so that the nail can be cut off in the morning.
- Laser moxibustion
This procedure is usually used if the nail is ingrown at the cuticle level.Refers to high-tech and allows you to achieve a stable remission. With the help of a laser beam, part of the problem nail and growth cells are burned out, granulation and inflamed tissue are removed.
- Resection of the nail plate or ingrown edge
Surgical intervention performed under local anesthesia. With suppuration, in most cases, you have to remove the entire nail plate, a new one appears after about ninety days. The technique does not give a long-term result, often after four months people may again face signs of onychocryptosis.To avoid the risk of the disease, preventive measures are given: so that the nail roller does not come into contact with the plate, part of the skin is removed along the lateral surface of the finger, in addition, granulation is removed.
- Radio wave removal
This technique is considered sparing. The operation in very rare cases provokes complications and any relapses. A positive feature is the absence of traces of interference (scars, stitches). The procedure consists of the elimination of the ingrown part and treatment of the sprout, matrix zones.
How to behave after surgery
Resection is a rather serious operation that requires a long recovery. The treated area will hurt at first. Complete healing occurs within a month, and control is required all the time: to protect the nail bed as much as possible from infection. They also resort to such measures:
- For three to five days, the operated site is treated with antiseptic agents, for example, hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine, antibacterial ointments (Gentaxan, Levomekol, etc.) are used.), a finger is bandaged with sterile materials. Further dressing every other day.
- In the early days, it is advisable not to step on your foot at all, and then adhere to a sparing regimen and avoid stress.
- Pain relievers can be taken if discomfort is severe.
- Only wide shoes are allowed so that the materials do not come into contact with the sore toe.
State-of-the-art non-surgical and safe methods
This is the optimal solution, as it is carried out under the supervision of specialists using the latest equipment.Fast and secure.
Podofix – This is a non-surgical treatment for ingrown nails developed by German specialists. For correction, small staples-plates are used on the nail, which can be varnished. They are practically invisible, do not cause discomfort, do not require giving up an active lifestyle. This staple on an adhesive base is also indicated for core calluses, hypergranulation, curl of nails, for cosmetic purposes.
Learn more and price
Combined technique, design combines Podofix plates and ZTO brackets (metal bracket and adhesive plastic pad). Easy to install, straightens the nail, relieves pain.
Full method description and price
Possible negative consequences if timely treatment is not started
- Finger abscess
Purulent process with redness and swelling.
- Gangrene of the finger
Blackening and death of tissues. The process is irreversible.
- Lymphadenitis / lymphangitis
Infection travels through the lymphatic vessels to neighboring lymph nodes.
Neglected abscess. The inflammation is already spreading to the bone.
How to prevent nail ingrowth
First of all, master the basics of a pedicure. There are not many rules, here are the main ones:
- Use a warm foot bath to soften your nails.
- Cut straight, no rounding.
- Use a soft file to clean the tips and edges of the nails, take your time, do everything carefully and calmly.
- Do not try to trim more than required; the free edge should be two to three millimeters long.
- Dirt and excess skin are removed with cotton wool / bandage / gauze, but not with scissors.
- You can also buy special fluids that soften the skin, reduce the hardening process and reduce the risk of ingrowth.
- It is advisable to wear shoes that fit and avoid high heels (maximum 4 centimeters). In case of pathologies, the use of orthopedic products is mandatory. Change your socks and wash your feet regularly, treat the fungus on time and properly.
- And also lose weight so that excess weight does not give a load.
Photos of an ingrown nail before / after, symptoms, consequences, treatment
Medical pedicure services in the Iris salon
Combiped: treatment of an ingrown toenail without surgery
90,000 Treatment and removal of ingrown toenails
One of the most painful human conditions is the presence of an ingrown toenail.An ingrown toenail causes great discomfort when walking, and it also becomes inflamed from time to time, which makes life much more difficult. There are many reasons for the appearance of an ingrown toenail, as well as methods for its removal. Modern clinical methods can quickly correct the situation, however, there are several different methods of treatment. Ingrown toenail treatment in Naberezhnye Chelny is carried out in the specialized medical center “Alfa Clinic”, which offers a modern and effective solution.
The problems of an ingrown toenail appear in many people, therefore it is necessary to take into account also the characteristics of the body. If the case is started, then only the operation helps, if you turn to the specialists on time, you can avoid numerous problems associated with the complete ingrowth of the nail and suppuration. The list of reasons why an ingrown nail appears is quite large:
- Physical injury to the nail – improper cutting of the nail or cuticle, burrs, or attempting to clear dirt under the nails with a hard object.Attempting to remove dirt with scissors is likely to lead to this problem.
- The problem may be related to shoes – wearing too tight shoes leads to the appearance of an ingrown toenail in a person of any gender and age. It is not uncommon for an ingrown toenail to appear in girls who wear high heels.
- Accidental injury, finger bumps, nail damage – unpredictable nail behavior can lead to ingrowth.
- Increased load on the legs due to the profession or excessively intense physical exercise, as a result of which the load on the legs becomes greater.This also includes excess weight.
- Congenital predisposition – a special location of the nail plate that grows too wide or is directed downward, which leads to accelerated ingrowth of the nail.
The symptoms of the disease are quite simple and even a person without special education can understand for himself that he has an ingrown toenail. Symptoms may include the following:
- Pain in the finger for no apparent reason.The pain is worse when walking, squeezing a toe, or wearing shoes that are squeezing the leg.
- Externally, the finger looks reddened, and swelling is also possible.
- In more complex cases, bleeding from the finger is observed.
- If an infection gets into the wound (which often happens), swelling and purulent inflammation are noticeable.
Treatment of ingrown toenail
The best treatment for an ingrown toenail is prevention. It will not help to get rid of an already ingrown toenail, but in the future you will be able to cope with the problem if:
- You will take care of your nails yourself, trim them correctly, including cutting the cuticle.Toenails should not be clipped in a round shape – only square. This is the natural shape of the toenail.
- If you need to reduce the nail a little, then you should not cut it – for this you should use a special file. For the safety of their own health, this should not be neglected by men either.
- In case your nail is hard, you should use any nail softener. There are chemical compounds or you can use warm water.
- Only use alcohol or other cleansers to clean your finger from dirt – no physical tools that can damage the nail.
- Avoid trimming the nail close to the skin as this can cause infection and inflammation.
- Gentle cuticle removal is also considered a worthy prevention of ingrown toenails.
- Get rid of tight shoes.
Such prevention will at least postpone the day of ingrown nail, but ideally can completely save you from this problem.If the nail has already grown, it is necessary to contact the surgery of a specialized clinic. Treatment of an ingrown toenail in Naberezhnye Chelny is carried out using various methods, which depend on the degree of nail damage. The more severe the injury, the more difficult the treatment is, and often the treatment is done with surgery that can shorten your finger. All remedies work, but some are more prone to complications.
- Treatment of an ingrown toenail by pulling it off.Using local anesthesia, the nail is completely detached, after which a healthier nail grows less likely to grow. The procedure is effective, but there will be too many complications, especially since there is a chance of getting an infection.
- Cutting a wedge – Resection of the nail from the ingrowth to the finger retains its basic shape, while completely removing the ingrown part of it. This method is similar to the previous one, but has a lower chance of bacteria getting into the cutout.
- Excision of the lateral fold of the nails allows minimizing the shape of the nail by reducing its width.This method is practically used much more often than other surgical interventions.
- A radical solution – the removal of the nail and the nail bed leads to the complete elimination of the ingrown nail problem, but this method is almost never used due to cosmetic destructiveness.
- Removal of a part of the nail along with a part of the finger – this operation is carried out in several stages and includes the addition of the cut off element and its masking by means of a skin flap.
- Excision of the segmental matrix destroys those parts of the nail that are potentially prone to ingrowth.This method least of all changes the shape of the nail, and therefore the treatment of an ingrown toenail allows you to preserve the beauty of the feet.
- Laser nail removal with an accurate calculation allows you to remove only excess parts, preserving not only the bed, but also the skin, which remains protected. This method has a number of advantages, and therefore is used very often. When using a laser, pain syndromes are minimal, bleeding time and surgery in general are reduced. The percentage of further complications is minimal.
Ingrown toenail home treatment
In addition to medical treatment of an ingrown toenail, there are also several homemade recipes. They have a very specific effectiveness and often lead to complications due to little experience with them. Doctors and cosmetologists do not recommend treating an ingrown nail on their own. There is a great chance to bring an infection, and if the situation with an ingrown nail is not neglected (this often happens, since with difficult situations they usually immediately go to the clinic), this can lead to problematic complications.Therefore, it is important to turn to professionals in a reliable and proven clinic. Home treatment for an ingrown toenail includes dozens of recipes for softening the nail from various mineral salts and natural products, but it does not provide maximum disinfection, therefore, many problems arise when the nail is excised on its own.
Only an experienced doctor can help you get rid of an ingrown toenail. Inspection of damage and study of the history of observations allows you to choose the best solution. Turning to professionals, you will save yourself from numerous painful sensations.However, an ointment for treating an ingrown toenail will be advised to you at any stage of the disease.
Ingrown nail ointment
Modern pharmacology offers a large number of different ointments that are used to reduce puffiness, extract purulent formations, soften the nail, accelerate its growth, and more. Therefore, although the ointments are sold over the counter, you should at least consult with your doctor to select the right ointment and use them in the correct sequence.Today, an ointment for treating an ingrown toenail will allow you to get rid of discomfort when walking, quickly remove swelling, swelling and other problems. A specialist consultation will help you make the right choice!
Torn off nail | Nail file
A torn toenail is a painful experience that can make the simplest of tasks painful and difficult. In today’s article, I will tell you how to alleviate this condition, and whether an injured nail can be healed.
A torn nail is most often not a life-threatening condition. However, it is quite painful and aesthetically unpleasant, so it is not surprising why many people are interested in ways to repair a damaged nail.
Causes of a torn nail
Since our fingernails and toenails often come into contact with otherworldly objects, they are prone to damage. Anyone who works with their hands, plays, runs or walks is at risk of nail damage.That is, in general, everything! 🙂 Long fingernails only increase your chance of injury, as they are easiest to pull away from the nail bed. And in the case of toenails, it is easy to rip off the nail by hooking the toe of sports shoes with it. Nails may also be more prone to this type of injury if you have psoriasis, or if you use strong chemicals to remove nail polish, or if you take certain medications while undergoing chemotherapy.
Signs of a torn nail
Symptoms that you have torn off or slightly torn a nail are very obvious on a simple examination.After a traumatic event, part of the nail, or even the entire nail, is no longer attached to the nail bed. Most often this is accompanied by slight bleeding and moderate pain (although whoever I am trying to fool, the pain is not at all moderate, because for any girl losing a nail is akin to a disaster) 🙂
How to handle a torn nail
As I mentioned above, most often a torn nail causes a little bleeding, and thus can cause panic in our girls.🙂 Therefore, first you need to calm down and focus on the correct treatment of the nail, especially if it is only partially torn.
So, what can you do in this case:
- Trim or file off all sharp edges of the torn nail (if partially torn off). This should be done in order to prevent the ripped nail from interacting with your clothes, for example, because this can lead to the worst tear.
- If injury to your nail causes damage to your nail bed, you may want to cover the injured nail with sterile breathable adhesive tape.This will protect the damaged nail bed from dirt and bacteria.
- If the area around the nail is also damaged due to the breakdown, it is recommended to apply an antibiotic ointment to minimize the possibility of infection. Rinse the wound and apply a thin layer of ointment, then cover with adhesive tape.
- If a torn nail is bleeding, soak your finger in cold water to stop the bleeding.
- If you have injured your nail bed, make sure you use clean manicure tools on the injured area.This way you reduce the risk of wound infection. Also, replace the band-aid regularly, especially if it comes in contact with water, as it is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria.
If you completely ripped off a nail , then all efforts should be directed to caring for the damaged nail bed in order to prevent infection and ensure healthy growth of the new nail.
Torn off nail will NOT grow back . If, as a result of the injury, the nail has already come off the nail bed, then by no means can you make it grow back.Moreover, you should not try to glue it, even for aesthetic purposes, because this can negatively affect further recovery, as well as cause an allergic reaction.
A torn nail that has not completely separated from the nail bed will also not return to its original state in the injured area. Your new nail will always grow back from the cuticle, but it is very important to take care of the damaged area under the nail, as the nail bed is especially vulnerable there.
How long does it take for the nail to grow
Fingernails grow at a rate of about 4 mm per month.Toenails grow more slowly, by about half. It turns out that the nails can fully recover within three to six months. BUT! If the nail plate or matrix has been damaged, such nails grow more slowly in comparison with healthy ones, and it will take another three months for the nail to grow back completely.
Complications with a torn nail
If the nail matrix is damaged, the growing nail plate will contain a defect. Minor damage will result in minor defects.And more significant defects can lead to permanent deformation of the nail. Damage and scarring of the nail bed can cause white spots to appear on the growing nail.
When to seek help from a doctor
If there are any signs of infection, swelling, pus, or worsening of pain that you notice a few days after the injury, a visit to your doctor is mandatory.
Take care of yourself and your nails, and let the problem of a torn nail pass you by! 🙂
90,000 Ingrown nail – causes, diagnosis and treatment, prognosis
Ingrown toenail is a combined pathology of the nail plate and periungual fold that affects the big toe and requires surgical correction.The nail plate is gradually pressed into the soft tissues, as a result of which the nail bed is narrowed from the sides. The periungual roller becomes inflamed, ulcerated, covered with granulations. There is significant swelling and soreness of the first toe. The diagnosis is made on the basis of data from a general examination, X-ray examination. Conservative treatment is aimed at reducing the severity of inflammation, orthopedic and surgical – to create conditions for the proper growth of the nail plate.
In the medical literature, an ingrown toenail is synonymous with onychocryptosis.The incidence of pathology in the population is 1.8%. An ingrown nail on the big toe, according to various sources, accounts for 3 to 10% of all reasons for seeking medical help in the surgical departments of polyclinics. Onychocryptosis is diagnosed in patients of all ages, including children, but most of the cases occur in people of working age. In women, an ingrown toenail is more common than in men.
An ingrown nail on the thumb is a polyetiological disease.Its development is conditioned by a combination of internal and external factors. It is impossible to achieve recovery without their identification and elimination. The most significant factors include:
- Anatomical features. The development of pathology is facilitated by the U-shaped shape of the nail plate on the thumb, the C-shaped shape with beveled edges, deviation of the periungual ridges above the plane of the plate. In these cases, the direction of growth of the lateral edge of the nail coincides with the direction of displacement of the soft tissues of the phalanx during movement.
- Anomalies in the structure of the feet. Flat feet, uneven development of the muscles of the foot lead to a change in the configuration of the joints of the fingers of the lower extremities. The hallux valgus is of the greatest importance. Inadequate redistribution of the load disrupts the growth of the nail.
- Non-professional pedicure. The development and recurrence of pathology is provoked by improper processing of the free edge of the nail on the thumb, excessively low cutting, rounding of free corners.When performing a pedicure, it is advisable to leave at least 1 mm of the regrown free edge, and make the cut line rather straight than rounded.
- Damage to the nail matrix. This may be due to inaccurate treatment of the cuticle during pedicure, removal of the toenail with subungual felon, and other diseases. The result of damage is a change in the direction and nature of the growth of the plate, which leads to its ingrowth into the tissue.
- Increase the load on the feet. An ingrown toenail develops when wearing high-heeled shoes, a sharp increase in body weight, a change in lifestyle or profession, when a person spends a lot of time standing, walks or runs a lot, receives other loads.
- Wrong choice of shoes. Tight shoes, inappropriate in size, dress shoes with pointed toes press on the nail phalanx of the big toe. In this case, the direction of growth of the plate changes as a result of damage to the matrix and physical impact on the free edge.
Genetic predisposition is significant in the development of pathology, which is manifested by excessive development of the fat pad and periungual ridges of the distal phalanx of the 1st toe, metabolic disorders, and some endocrine and somatic diseases. With onychomycosis, the plate on the leg acquires increased softness and elasticity, which contributes to its curvature. Hyperhidrosis of the feet leads to a softening of the tissues of the periungual ridge, a decrease in their natural bacterial resistance.Local hypothermia disrupts metabolic processes, slows down regeneration.
Under the influence of provoking factors, pathological changes occur in the growth zone. The plate begins to grow in the lateral direction, deforms. Damage to the skin and subcutaneous tissue is accompanied by the development of an acute and then chronic inflammatory process. During the period of increasing symptoms, the formation of a felon or phlegmon is possible. The proliferation of connective tissue with the long-term existence of pathology leads to the formation of hyperplastic scars, foci of keratosis, keratomas.
The pathological process on the thumb can be unilateral and bilateral. In their work, specialists use the classification of onychocryptosis, which takes into account the peculiarities of the clinical picture of the disease. According to this classification, an ingrown toenail goes through three stages of development:
- Mild. Changes in the plate during the inspection are not detected. There is moderate swelling and inflammatory infiltration of the periungual ridges on the thumb.No suppuration.
- Moderate. The tissues of the terminal phalanx are hyperemic, edematous, infiltrated. The nail is covered with creeping granulations, its plate is compacted and dull.
- Heavy. Thinned and brittle plate. The periungual ridges are edematous, covered with hypergranulations. With the defeat of both nail ridges, the volume of the phalanx on the leg increases by 1.5 times.
Symptoms of an ingrown nail
The disease has a number of characteristic external manifestations: it is a deformation of the nail plate due to the influx of soft tissues on it from the side of the periungual roller and the manifestation of a purulent-inflammatory process of varying severity.Externally, the affected phalanx on the leg looks as if the nail is immersed in tissue. The roller on one or both sides begins to grow from the periphery to the center, becomes inflamed, injured, ulcerated and covered with granulations. The granulation tissue forms growths that further narrow the bed.
With inflammation, the cushion and surrounding tissues swell, become red and hot to the touch, and pains join. It is difficult for a person to put on shoes, walk, since any pressure increases pain.Purulent fusion of tissues leads to the appearance of panaritium. In most cases, pus breaks out on its own, but surgical opening of the focus may also be required. With a severe form of an ingrown nail, suppuration may be constant or intermittent.
People with anatomical prerequisites for ingrown nails periodically report transient symptoms of the disease. On the thumb appear foci of hyperemia, edema, slight soreness. The onset of symptoms is often preceded by intense physical activity on the lower extremities, wearing tight shoes.
Patients with ingrown toenails have an increased risk of developing osteomyelitis of the bones on the legs. The likelihood of the spread of pyogenic microorganisms in the tissues increases the presence of diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency, and severe concomitant pathology in a patient. A decrease in local defense reactions leads to a more frequent detection of mycoses and warts in persons with onychocryptosis. It is reported that a long-term ingrown toenail can cause the formation of hemangiomas with recurrent bleeding, fibroids, and malignant neoplasms.
It is not difficult to identify an ingrown toenail. A complex of clinical trials is assigned to a patient in order to exclude complications of the underlying disease. If surgical treatment is planned, then the test results allow to establish possible contraindications. In order to diagnose an ingrown toenail, the surgeon must perform:
- Visual examination. The characteristic appearance of the thumb, the presence of predisposing anatomical features, signs of inflammation, bleeding or pus discharge allows one to make a diagnosis and determine the severity of the process.Complex treatment is selected taking into account the width of the bed and other external signs.
- X-ray examination. An X-ray of the thumb is performed in two projections to identify signs of the spread of purulent inflammation, the transition of the pathological process to deep-lying structures: phalange bones, joints. Radiography is indicated only in severe cases, therefore it is prescribed to a small number of patients.
Treatment of an ingrown nail
The main cause of recurrence of onychocryptosis is a long-standing purulent-inflammatory process in the surrounding tissues.If the inflammation is not stopped at the preparatory stage, no surgical technique can guarantee the patient a satisfactory result. In this regard, an ingrown toenail requires an integrated approach to treatment.
The goals of conservative therapy are to eliminate symptoms in case of mild severity of the disease, to prepare for orthopedic and surgical treatment in case of moderate and severe. The patient can carry out most of the manipulations and procedures independently at home, thereby controlling the course of the disease.Disease therapy includes:
- Local anti-inflammatory treatment. Foot baths with potassium permanganate, sea salt, lotions with rivanol and furacilin, compresses with ethyl alcohol give a good therapeutic effect in case of a pronounced purulent-inflammatory process. With mycoses, antifungal drugs and keratolytics are prescribed.
- Ensuring free nail growth. The overhanging roller is pushed back with gauze strips soaked in wound healing ointments.To do this, gauze or bandage is introduced under the ingrown edge of the plate, fixed on the phalanx of the finger. Instead of fabric, special plywood or plastic tires can be used.
Is more preferable than surgical treatment in patients with an uncomplicated course of the disease without pronounced purulent-inflammatory processes in the tissues. It is possible to achieve recovery and prevent the development of relapses without surgery, incisions and scars. Of the orthopedic structures in outpatient practice, the following are more commonly used:
- B / S plates. Made of durable plastic, fixed with glue. They have a central part and lateral arches, which abut the lateral surfaces of the periungual ridges. The design, subject to long-term wearing and timely replacement, allows you to remove the corners of the nail from the tissues.
- Fraser and ZTO staples. The first has the form of a wire structure with hooks at the ends. Hooks raise the edge and prevent ingrowth. When there is no technical possibility to install the Fraser bracket, the ZTO bracket is used – a bracket made of medical steel, which brings the edges of the nail outward, contributing to the alignment of the nail plate.
- Goldstadt half-brace. Manufactured individually according to the impression from the patient’s phalanx. They consist of a hook and a staple, which is fixed on the surface of the nail plate. They are used mainly for the correction of one-sided deformities, provide alignment of the free nail edge.
An additional effect can be obtained by sawing the nail plate. At the same time, the growing nail begins to unfold gradually and free itself from the soft tissues covering it.To correct the existing deformities of the feet, orthoses, which are made individually by the podiatrist, allow.
A patient is referred for an operation to remove an ingrown nail in cases where conservative treatment and orthopedic techniques do not give a result or the achieved result is unstable. Surgical treatment is indicated for patients with the transition of purulent inflammation to the phalanx bones, soft tissues of the foot. An ingrown toenail can be operated on in several ways:
- Resection of the nail plate. During the operation, a part of the nail plate is removed, which is gradually immersed under the periungual roller. If the nail is resected without a fragment of the growth zone, then a relapse will develop after a short time. Simultaneously with the marginal zone, the matrix is resected.
- Removing the nail plate. Traumatic surgery with a long recovery period. The excision of the plate is carried out in such a way as not to touch the tissues along the periphery of the subungual bed, in particular, the growth zone.After surgery, the thumbnail will gradually grow back, which can cause a recurrence of ingrowth.
- Plastic surgery of the subungual bed. After excision of the plate, the subungual bed is processed. The edge fragments of the growth zone are destroyed mechanically, with a laser, or with aggressive chemical solutions. In the postoperative period, the nail is significantly narrowed, which prevents it from growing into the ridges on the sides.
- Radio wave, laser removal of an ingrown nail. Methods of physical influence are actively used in modern surgery. They allow you to remove the affected tissue, relieve inflammation, and reduce the intensity of pain. Coagulation of blood in the vessels when tissues are heated by radio waves and a laser makes the operation almost bloodless.
Forecast and prevention
An ingrown nail is not a life-threatening condition, but it can significantly limit a person’s daily activity, leading to temporary disability for up to 3 weeks.Surgical and orthopedic treatment is effective in 30-80% of cases. The result of surgical intervention is often disfigurement of the area of the nail bed on the thumb, which is due to the development of scars at the site of surgical incisions.
It is possible to reduce the likelihood of ingrowth even if there is an anatomical predisposition. To do this, it is necessary from childhood to monitor the correct development of the feet, select comfortable shoes that are suitable in size, season, and the nature of physical activity.It is necessary to cut off the free edge of the nail at the same level as the soft tissues of the apex of the nail phalanx. The corners are allowed to be slightly rounded.
90,000 Toenail shape: the professional look
In order to maintain the health of toenails, it is necessary to know how to properly care for and trim them so that they do not cause discomfort during growth, do not grow into the toe and generally acquire the correct shape.
But why is this question so important? Can’t you just cut it down the way the fashion or momentary desire requires.The fact is that the nail plates on the feet require more attention than those on the hands. Our legs are most often closed, which can cause nails to cut into shoes or toes and cause painful sensations. Therefore, it is very important to prevent any problems.
Nowadays the “rounded square” shape is fashionable in pedicure, but for many clients, no matter how much they want it, this shape of toenails does not suit for physiological reasons. In such cases, craftsmen can use the extension technique to achieve the desired result.However, it is important to remember that the nail beds on the feet are shorter than those on the hands. This suggests that it is less durable, so some forms predispose nails to breakage and even peeling off . In addition, some people have slightly larger lateral ridges, which is why there is a risk that the nail will grow into the toe. It can be very painful, and it looks extremely unattractive. And which shape should you choose?
Since childhood, we have heard how important it is to cut our toenails correctly.According to popular belief, they must be cut “in a straight line”. Is this so and is this form suitable for everyone?
Olga Mezhenskaya-Tumanova, author of intellectual manicure and pedicure techniques, author and head of the Epoch of Beauty International Research Project, judge and pedicure coach, tells about how to choose the right shape of toenails and what pedicure masters need to know international category.
Indeed, the shape of the toenails is of great importance.If it is chosen correctly, the nails will not cause painful sensations, and the foot will look harmonious. What forms of toenails can a nail service specialist recommend?
The classic square shape does not negate the slightly rounded (blunt) corners of the nails. Otherwise, the sharp corners of the nails cut into the skin of the adjacent fingers and injure it.
This nail shape is more rounded, but at the same time it is safe for the prevention of nail ingrowth.The free edge of the nail plate is visually divided into five parts. At a distance of 1/5 from the edge of the nail, a smooth rounding is made on both sides. The shape of a square and a soft square can be made at any length, even on very short nails.
This shape is rounded. In this case, the free edge of the nail plate is divided into 6 parts. And it is rounded by 1/3 (that is, 2 parts) on each side. The central part of the nail must be straight.If the nail is visually divided in half vertically, then the straight segment on both sides of the center of the nail should be the same.
With this shape, there is a danger of ingrowth of the corners of the nail, since the lateral sides of the nail have a rather sharp angle. Therefore, this form can be recommended only on elongated nails (the lateral sides of the nail completely occupy the lateral sinuses. The arc starts from the edge of the lateral sinuses). Also, this form can be recommended for people whose lateral ridges and lateral sinuses are absolutely flat, and there is no possibility for ingrown nails.
The “rocker” shape is more suitable for people with round distal phalanges and enlarged finger joints. But at the same time, do not forget that either it is an elongated shape, or the lateral sinuses and rollers should be flat. Otherwise, this form can provoke ingrowth and pain.
This form of nails is more common in nature in men. You shouldn’t fix it and turn it into a square. The figure shows what happens if the corners of the nail are filed or cut in a straight line.Please note that, like the “rocker”, the round shape of the nails is recommended only for flat rollers and sinuses.
This is a special natural form of nails. Not very common. Part of the nail at the cuticle is much narrower than at the free edge. Such nails are more shown just a rounded shape, a smooth arc. If you cut them straight, then sharp edges can severely injure the skin in the lateral sinuses.
Do not forget about the length of the nails.Too long nails create a leverage effect. It can feel squeezing and painful when wearing shoes. You can feel a similar sensation if you press firmly on the center of the free edge of your finger. There were times when the master simply removed the length of the free edge. At the same time, the client got rid of painful sensations, and the master turned into a magician in his eyes.
Very short nails are also not good! Let me explain with a simple example. Feel the sides of your fingernails. At first you will feel expansion, somewhere up to the level of the lunula edge.This is a natural extension of the nail. It is for this reason that manipulations of sawing or cutting off ingrown nails in this area are strongly discouraged. Further, the lateral sides of the nail go straight, but towards the end of the sinuses, they begin to rise up. With sufficient length, the lateral sides of the nails themselves outgrow the dangerous ingrowth zone, and in some cases the nails absolutely stop hurting.
So the golden mean is good for the length of toenails. Not too long, but not too short either!
Recommendations for pedicure masters
In order to shape the nails, you can use nippers and grinding tools (cutters and nail files).
For thickened nails, pliers with concave wide blades are more suitable. For thin nails and side corners, choose nippers with flat, elongated blades. There is one more professional form of nippers – “sailboats”. They work by holding them vertically in a fist. But these clippers are not suitable for cutting very dry nails and the “high arch” shape, as they cut the free edge in one motion. At the same time, dry nails can easily crack from the edges, and nails in the form of an arch from stress crack from the corners.For the same reason, you cannot trim your toenails with a clipper. If you use these tools, use them step by step and do not cut dry or arch nails.
Most often, diamond or corundum cutters in the form of a cylinder (drum) or a truncated cone are used to cut the free edge of toenails. These cutters have a flat end and can be used to cut straight lines of the free edge. The important thing is how you hold the cutter. In order not to injure the skin under the nail, take a cutter in a fist.In this position, it will be directed diagonally upward, and you will not touch the area of hyponychia. Different position: cutter in hand like a writing pen. Sit on the side of the client and lift the cutter diagonally upwards. This way you can see that you are working safely. And remember the rule: the shorter the nail, the smaller the diameter of the cutter.
Round nail shapes can be cut out using rounded cutters, for example in the shape of a roller. Place the cutter horizontally against the free edge and round off the nail.Rotate the bit and do the same on the other side of the nail. For rounding the corners of the nail, diamond microbeads are suitable.
Choose a soft abrasive cutter with a red or blue / red stripe for filing. Stiffer cutters injure and split the free edge of the nail.
A small professional tip: so that the edge of the nail is always smooth and does not tear clothes, go over it at the end of the procedure with a silicone carbide cutter (rubber cutter with shiny splashes).And one more thing: when you work with the form, ask the client to put his foot on the sole. In this position, you can see the shape of the nails as the client sees it.
Rounded nail shapes can be cut with round cutters. Take a bead-shaped diamond cutter. With a diagonal motion, create a smooth arc as shown.
Roller-shaped cutters are also convenient for removing the length of thickened nails. Flip the bit perpendicular to your nail. On a reverse stroke, make a stretching motion along the free edge of the nail plate.At the same time, the shape of the nail will turn out to be very even.
Toenail shape is an important part of both professional and home pedicure. Let your clients read this article if they disagree with you in choosing the shape of the nails.
Health to you and your clients!
90,000 causes, symptoms, diagnosis, clinical and surgical treatment, prevention
When toenails grow into your toes, life becomes unbearable.When walking, a sharp pain pierces the foot, you have to carefully calculate each step. In this case, it becomes so difficult to maintain hygiene that an infection almost always joins, due to which an abscess forms on the nail roller. In the future, the night sleep disappears due to unbearable pain. If you miss the moment of going to the doctor, a complication appears in the form of a felon. And this is so dangerous that you can lose your finger.
The problem starts small. A normal, healthy nail has a natural lateral curve.Suddenly, it begins to bend too much on one side and grows deep into the side ridge. If you do not take action, the direction of growth of the nail plate changes and the situation is aggravated. Why is this happening?
Symptoms of ingrown nail
It is possible to independently determine whether a large nail is growing in or not, only when the process has gone far. The pain does not appear immediately. At first, there is a feeling of bursting in the side roller, then when putting on shoes it may seem that it has become tight.Later, when walking, there is a sensation of a foreign body under the nail. This means that the toenail has begun to grow in.
When ingrowing, swelling of the lateral ridge always appears, it is hyperemic, painful. Pain often appears under the healthy edge of the nail from the butt end (from the ingrowth side). The skin on the roller becomes thinner and shines. The swelling can be quite large, so closed shoes cannot be worn.
When ingrowing, the nail changes its transverse bend, this is clearly visible from the end.Its edge can be bent under the nail plate, thereby clamping soft tissues. The transverse bend can, on the contrary, decrease and become almost flat in cross section, trapezoidal. It injures the lateral roller, increasing the width of the nail bed.
The disease begins with the formation of a sore in this place. It gets wet, the body tries to heal the wound, but excessive growth of soft tissue begins. The people call this granulation “wild meat”. The condition becomes chronic.
Diagnosis of onychocryptosis (the so-called ingrowth of the nail) is possible only when viewed from the side of the end. You cannot do this on your own, but you can visit the pedicure office. The specialist will determine the cause of the discomfort and differentiate the ingrown nail from calluses, warts, an improperly cut free edge or injury. Often a foreign body is found in the sinus of the lateral ridge, which irritates the delicate skin. It can be a splinter, a hair, a grain of sand, or a part of your own nail that was not removed earlier when cutting the length.Such shavings first fall on the roller, and then can be rubbed deeply when wearing tight shoes.
If diagnostics determine that the problem is not ingrowth, it will be resolved immediately. It will be more difficult in the case when the plate has already begun to bend, the roller is hyperemic and enlarged due to edema. To determine if there is tissue inflammation, you can tap on the nail. In response, the person will indicate the point at which the pain is felt.
When an infection has joined and an abscess appears, this means that tissue melting has begun.In this case, it is better to consult a podiatrist. If he decides that conservative treatment can be dispensed with, ointments will be prescribed. Otherwise, you will have to fix the nail with a staple. The surgeon usually simply removes part of the nail along with the root. But after such a radical treatment, the width of the nail plate decreases, and the cause of ingrowth is not always eliminated.
The tests that will need to be taken include a blood glucose test to exclude diabetes mellitus and a general analysis to confirm the inflammatory process.
Situations in which a nail grows in
There are several conditions under which toenails grow into toes. These are the following situations:
- Incorrect cutting of nails. It is well known that a straight cut is made on the legs. But it is also important to cut the regrown length in time so as not to spoil the natural transverse bend of the nail plate. When this is rarely done, the nails begin to grow trapezoidal. Their corners break off during regrowth. Therefore, a person begins to cut them, forming not a straight, but a semicircular cut.With the next correction of the length, you can easily injure the delicate skin of the roller with the sharp ends of the scissors. Or, conversely, insufficient penetration of the scissors causes an incision in the nail. It is cut off, but a burr remains. As the length grows, this sharp piece moves forward and grows into the roller. The bending of the side part of the plate changes, and the situation is fixed.
- Tight shoes.
- Excess weight and, as a result, a large load on the foot.
- Flat feet and valgus.
- Small vessel sclerosis causes tissue malnutrition. Metabolic disorders, diabetes, fungal diseases and many other diseases can cause a similar problem.
It is sometimes difficult to determine why a toenail is growing. There may be several reasons for this.
Untreated granulation leads to tissue compaction and changes in the structure of the nail plate. Its shape changes.Pluses an ingrown toenail, toe swells severely. Chronic inflammation spreads to the surrounding tissue and affects the bone. At a certain point, the nail is rejected, and the process goes on to the entire foot. This is fraught with gangrene, especially for diabetics. For these people, even the slightest violation of the skin is very dangerous, especially such a closed process as onychocryptosis. No less serious danger is this condition for patients with atherosclerosis. In this case, the trophism of the limbs is disturbed, the immunity and the regenerative capacity of the body fall.
There are several consequences of this situation when toenails grow into the toes:
- Fungal lesions of the wound surface and their progression.
- Lymphadenitis – pain and inflammation of blood vessels and lymph nodes.
- Periostitis, otherwise inflammation of the periosteum.
- Osteomyelitis, in which a purulent process spreads to the bone.
If the nail is ingrown, the toe festers and hurts, you should immediately consult a doctor and get tested.X-rays may need to be taken to rule out inflammation of the periosteum. For all its simplicity, onychocryptosis is a very dangerous disease.
Solution to problem
The specialist will decide how to remove the ingrown toenail. It is best to contact a podiatrist who deals with the foot and all its diseases. Specialists in this direction have a lot of ways to treat onychocryptosis, and nail removal is an extreme measure.
Often you just need to make an oblique cut from the ingrowth side, prescribe bactericidal baths and a medicinal ointment for wound healing.A napkin is placed under the cut to prevent further trauma to the side roller.
If the doctor finds granulation, you will have to take tests. After receiving the results, it will become clear at what stage the disease is. Is it possible to do with cutting the ingrown part of the nail plate and prescribing medications, or will it be necessary to resort to excision of the surrounding tissues. Often, an incision is made through the entire nail plate, cutting out a segment and then combining the two parts of the nail.
When an ingrown toenail hurts, pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications are prescribed.After surgery, antihistamines are added.
With timely treatment, the doctor often puts a brace on an incorrectly growing nail, which does not allow it to bend, after two months it is simply removed. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe laser treatment.
Prevention of pathology
After treatment, it is necessary to undergo a rehabilitation course and learn how to avoid problems again. This includes fitting shoes by size, correcting lateral flat feet with special liners or insoles, avoiding high heels, and controlling weight.In many ways, non-compliance with these preventive measures is the reason why toenails grow in. Unfortunately, relapses are very common after the first episode of onychocryptosis.
Another important prevention factor is the correct reduction in the length of the nails. It is necessary to perform a straight cut on all fingers, notice and remove overdried areas of hyperkeratosis in time, treat calluses and prevent the appearance of a fungal infection.
With age, a whole bunch of disorders in the body’s activity appear.Correction of major diseases with medicines will not only improve the quality of life, but also protect against vascular disorders, due to which onychocryptosis can develop.
Often the reason why a toenail grows in is the hallux valgus. This is the so-called bone. The problem is successfully solved by the surgeon, and after a while the patient can even wear model shoes. Gout is also one of the reasons for changing the position of the big toe. The accumulation of deposits in the joint occurs due to a violation of the general metabolism.Surgery and a lifelong diet will help get rid of the problem.
How will a pedicure master help
When an ingrown toenail hurts, do not try to solve the problem on your own. It is better to consult a podiatrist. If this is difficult, then go to the pedicure master. By virtue of their profession, these specialists have rich experience and extensive practice. They may well cure uncomplicated pathological conditions of the foot both operatively and with the help of medicinal creams and baths.In the arsenal of the master there are special sterile instruments for removing ingrown nails, sterile napkins for placing under the corrected plate and curettes for installing the correcting brace.
The modern pedicure master is an educated specialist who combines foot care with nail decoration. The pedicure braces applied in the salon come in a variety of colors, resembling gold, copper or chrome rings, creating a beautiful design in their own right. In addition, the master may decide to use modeling materials to restore part of the nail plate, mask a crack in the nail, and advise special creams and ointments for each specific case.
Dangers of self-pedicure
Although pedicure tools can be purchased at any professional store, cutting an ingrown toenail by yourself is very dangerous. Each master in practice has had more than one case of such attempts on the part of his clients, after which a person turns to the nearest pedicure office for help. Indeed, there is a lot of information on the Internet on how to remove an ingrown toenail. But optimists do not take into account the knowledge that a specialist possesses.A simple change in skin color can tell him a lot. In addition, it is worth noting the lack of lighting at home pedicure, a different angle of vision and instrument holding.
There are situations in which the use of certain techniques is unacceptable. This applies primarily to patients with diabetes. Such clients receive only unedged pedicure in order to avoid gangrenous complications. It is clear that the master will also remove the ingrown nail using a hardware method. So self-intervention can be very dangerous.
Another complication in the removal of an ingrown part of the nail can be the addition of a fungal infection. Therefore, the specialist immediately applies an antifungal agent for prophylaxis. It is dripped onto the roller at the cut site, repeating this operation throughout the healing period. If this is not done, then it may be possible to correct the nail, but the sore formed due to trauma to the roller can be delayed with the spores of the fungus. And then he will begin to grab the bed of the nail, get close to the matrix and spread imperceptibly until the nail suddenly falls off.
If you contact a specialist on time, he may confine himself to the appointment of conservative treatment. It includes baths, lotions, ointments and dressings. If the abscess has not formed, disinfectant baths are prescribed three times a day for a quarter of an hour. The ingrown corner is cut off, and the baths continue to be made until it is completely cured.
In case of the development of an abscess, which provoked an ingrown nail on the big toe, Vishnevsky’s ointment will perfectly draw out the pus and healing will go quickly.The infection will not spread. A warming compress is used to apply the product. A layer of ointment is applied to the bandage folded several times and fixed on the finger. From above, the bandage is insulated with plastic wrap.
Traditional methods of treatment
Alternative medicine has medicines for all occasions. But they should be used with extreme caution. Usually chamomile collection is used, which is brewed for taking baths. It is used before “wild meat” has appeared.
- Boiling water – 2 liters.
- Chamomile flowers – 6 tablespoons.
Prepare the infusion by keeping the grass flooded with water for an hour, filter it and, if necessary, heat it up. Take half an hour with full immersion of the foot. After that, the length of the nail is cut off and the finger is bandaged.
A warming bandage with aloe leaf is used to draw out the pus. A general strengthening berry collection works well, increasing immunity. Medical dressings with burdock leaf relieve swelling, and a warming alcohol compress – inflammation.
Unfortunately, many people believe in conspiracies, prayers and other miracles. Confident that they know how to remove an ingrown toenail, people are wasting time as the disease progresses. Such folk methods are not suitable.
Toe surgery: ingrown toenail and its correction
When neither conservative methods of treatment, nor traditional medicine help, they turn to surgical treatment. But now there are so many methods for correcting onychocryptosis that correcting it surgically has many opponents.Among the arguments put forward are large blood loss, long healing time and severe pain in the postoperative period. The entire period of regrowth of a new nail is at least four months, or even six months, a person cannot wear closed shoes due to discomfort. But most importantly, nail removal does not solve the underlying problem, and correction of the growth of the nail plate is necessary to prevent relapse.
This is solved by using a carbon dioxide laser. It has a targeted effect on granulation, removes pathological tissue under the influence of high temperatures and does not touch healthy tissue at all.
This common problem, when toenails grow into the fingers, should be dealt with by specialists. Only in this case can we say with confidence that it will be resolved as quickly as possible and in the least traumatic way.