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What Is a Skin Lump? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Many skin lumps won’t go away on their own and require treatment. Often, however, the lump is not dangerous and it can be left alone if not bothersome. Here’s a look at the treatment for some of the more common causes of skin lumps:

Skin Tag Skin tags are benign, and they do not need to be removed. However, if a skin tag is removed, it may be taken off using one of three methods: snip excision, cautery, or cryosurgery. (3) (Cryosurgery is when your doctor will use a cold liquid, like liquid nitrogen, to freeze the skin tag, says the National Cancer Institute.) (11) It’s important to know that you should not try to remove a skin tag on your own, as they can bleed when taken off.

Cyst To get rid of a cyst, you will need it removed, says Hartman. But first: Do not take matters into your own hands. “I tell people not to pop them. Squeezing it may press out keratin, but that does not get rid of the problem, and may make it worse by causing more inflammation,” she says. The wall, or lining, of the cyst needs to come out, too, which your doctor can do by cutting out the cyst. They won’t do this until inflammation has subsided. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed to reduce inflammation. Cysts can also be drained as a temporary solution; doctors can also give a cyst a steroid injection to help calm it.

Wart It may take quite a while (potentially years), but your wart will eventually disappear without treatment. (4) At home, you can use an over-the-counter wart removal kit. At the doctor’s office, you may get a wart frozen off with liquid nitrogen.

Dermatofibroma These are benign, but surgical removal is an option, according to StatPearls. (12) There is a rare skin cancer called a dermatofibrosarcoma, which develops in connective tissue in the dermal layer of skin and grows slowly, according to the Mayo Clinic. (13) Treating this type of skin cancer requires surgery, though radiation or targeted therapy drugs may also be used.

Lipoma If a patient has a lot of lipomas, doctors usually recommend not removing them, says Hartman. However, if the lipoma is large, growing, or bothersome, a doctor will cut out the lipoma. The minor procedure requires an injection to numb the area, but takes just 30 minutes, she says.

Enlarged Lymph Node You don’t need to treat an enlarged lymph node itself, but you’d treat the underlying cause. If lymph nodes are enlarged because you are sick with a viral infection like a cold, they should go back to their normal size once you recover, says Hartman. That said, if you find an enlarged lymph node that’s 1 centimeter (cm) or less, it’s soft, and you can move it around, that’s less concerning. Doctors may take a wait-and-see approach, and follow up to make sure it’s gone down, says Seminario-Vidal.

If you are diagnosed with lymphoma, then you will be treated appropriately for cancer, which may include chemotherapy, radiation, targeted drugs, and bone marrow transplant. (1)

Integrative and Complementary Approaches 

For many lumps, there is not much you can do at home. However, using a warm compress on a cyst that is red and angry can lessen inflammation to ease soreness, says Hartman.

When it comes to warts, there have been many alternative treatments suggested, some mainstream (duct tape), while others are more radical (distance healers that channel energy into the wart). None of the homeopathic remedies have been proven effective, notes data from InformedHealth.org. (14)

13 Face Bumps You Get Under Your Skin and How to Get Rid of Them

When you check your makeup in the mirror, only to spot a giant you-have-no-idea-what bump staring back at you, it’s tempting to go IN on your face. But experts agree that when it comes to most face bumps and pimples under skin, a hands-off approach is most definitely best.

“Popping anything causes your skin to physically break apart, making it more susceptible to infection and an even bigger problem than what was originally there in the first place,” says Dendy Engelman, MD, board-certified dermatologist at Manhattan Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery in New York City. You’re also pretty-much guaranteeing scarring and a drawn-out healing process if you don’t resist the pop, says Noelani Gonzalez, MD, director of cosmetic dermatology at Mount Sinai West.

The best move is to stock up on derm-approved, over-the-counter skincare products—or let professionals handle it in their offices with skin-safe lasers and gadgets you don’t have access to at home. And the smartest treatment will depend on what exactly is causing your annoying skin issues—whether it’s a hard pimple underneath the skin or tiny white bumps on your face.

Here, all of the details you need on 12 common bumps—and a friendly reminder that you definitely should not be picking them:

1. Cystic Acne Pimples


Cystic pimples occur very deep under the skin’s surface, forming a red, tender nodule that’s not only painful but much harder to treat with OTC meds. “The inflammation that accompanies cystic acne can hinder the healing process and often lead to permanent scarring that’s impossible to eliminate,” says Dr. Engelman.

Picking at these bumps under the skin won’t help either. “The cysts occur so far beneath the skin that you won’t even come close to reaching the bump, and you’ll be left with a bloody spot,” says Joel Schlessinger, MD, a board-certified dermatologist.

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The cause: “Cystic acne is caused by hormonal fluctuations and acne bacteria,” says Dr. Schlessinger. “High hormone levels trigger an overproduction of oil, causing pores to swell. When this oil cannot reach the skin’s surface, it ruptures underneath and causes inflammation to spread to the surrounding tissue.” Other causes include bacteria in hair follicles and slowed cell turnover in acne patients that lead to keratin buildups in pores, says Dr. Gonzalez.

The treatment: Instead of going at it with your fingers, book an appointment with your dermatologist, who can properly treat the situation (usually in the form of a cortisone shot to instantly kill the swelling) and may even be able to save you from scarring altogether.

2. Milia


Ever notice how those tiny white bumps on your face (aka milia) refuse to pop no matter how hard you try? Well, rest assured. They are truly un-poppable—at least without a dermatologist or esthetician’s help.

The cause: Milia are not actually filled with dirt, oil, or grime. They are tiny, harmless cysts that occur when dead skin cells get trapped under your skin, says Dr. Schlessinger. “Picking at them often has little to no effect, and attempting to pop them will likely leave your skin red, irritated, and inflamed, with the milia still intact,” says Dr. Schlessinger. Ouch.

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The treatment: “If it’s bothering you, schedule an appointment with your dermatologist, who will likely extract with a heated, sterilized tool,” says Dr. Engelman. You can also use a retinoid cream to help smooth them out faster, although milia generally clear up on their own.

3. Ingrown Hairs

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Frustrating? Extremely. Worth picking—even if you just shaved your bikini line? Absolutely not.

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The cause: “Ingrown hairs occur when the hair shaft becomes trapped beneath the skin’s surface,” says Dr. Schlessinger. “The red bumps that follow are often itchy and inflamed, but it’s never a good idea to use tweezers or manual force to pluck them.” Squeezing them will only make the inflammation and irritation worse, he adds. (Hello, unsightly red marks that last for months.)

The treatment: Apply hydrocortisone, which reduces redness, itchiness, and irritation—and wash the affected area with an exfoliating cleanser to help the hair reach the skin’s surface. If the painful bumps persist, Dr. Gonzalez says you can go to a dermatologist who will nick the skin and remove the hair or inject it with steroids to reduce the inflammation. Pro tip so you don’t have to deal with them at all: Exfoliate before you shave, and shave in the direction your hair grows instead of against it.

4. Skin Tags


“Skin tags are extra growths of skin that typically occur on the neck and underarms,” says Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital. But there are a few reasons why you shouldn’t pick at the small bumps. Namely, skin tags are made from flesh, and attempting to remove them will cause pain and bleeding, says Dr. Zeichner. It could also increase your risk of infection.

The cause: “They often occur in areas of friction, like by the neck, underarms, and groin, and they are thought to be caused by skin rubbing on skin or on clothing,” says Bruce Katz, MD, a dermatologist in New York City. Dr. Gonzalez typically sees skin tags on her overweight patients or those who wear a lot of jewelry.

The treatment: This one’s definitely a job for pros. “A professional can remove skin tags by freezing them off (a technique using liquid nitrogen known as cryotherapy), lightly burning them off with cautery, or surgically removing them by snipping them off,” says Dr. Gonzalez. And if your skin tags are large enough to interfere with your daily life, your insurance company might even take the bill off your hands, says Dr. Zeichner.

5. Cold Sores


Unless you’re looking to inspire a whole army of these bad boys, don’t even think about touching them—no matter how much that cold sore looks like a pimple. “Picking at cold sores could very easily lead to the formation of another sore,” says Dr. Schlessinger. “Popping them releases a blister-like fluid that contains the same virus and can easily spread to other areas, including someone else’s face.

The cause: The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) are to blame for cold sores, and they’re crazy-common, says Dr. Gonzalez. Seriously—50 to 80 percent of U.S. adults have oral herpes.

The treatment: Small sores can heal on their own with the help of OTC treatments. But if you notice cold sores popping up more frequently (or spreading to larger areas), Dr. Gonzalez says you should see a doctor for professional help for more aggressive medication and, if you have sores more than six times per year, preventative medication.

6. Dermatosa Papulosa Nigra (DPN)

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These brown or black bumps look like moles and occur on the face and neck primarily happen in skin of color. Dermatologist Mona Gohara, MD, says, “There’s no concern except those bothered by them cosmetically.”

The cause: It’s genetic. “There is no known cause at this point, but we know it runs in families,” says Dr. Gohara.

The treatment: Again, there’s no harm in these marks, but if you don’t like the look of them, you can get in-office removal treatments. According to Skin of Color Society, that includes “scissor excision, shave excision, cryosurgery, electrodessication, curettage, dermabrasion, and laser removal.” Just know with deeper skin tones, there’s a risk of these procedures triggering skin coloration problems so be sure to create a post-care plan with your derm.

7. Keratosis Pilaris

American Academy of Dermatology

“Squeezing or picking at these lesions causes worsening effects like redness and the potential for scarring as well,” says Dr. Engelman.


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The cause: Often referred to as “chicken skin,” this genetic condition is caused by a buildup of keratin—the protein that protects skin, hair, and nails from infection and other harmful environmental toxins. “The buildup forms a plug that blocks the opening of a hair follicle,” Dr. Engelman adds.

The treatment: Instead of picking, use a chemical exfoliant that has salicylic acid and glycolic acid, or products such as AmLactin to calm the inflammation and gradually smooth out the bumps over time, Dr. Gonzalez says. “If that doesn’t work, see a dermatologist or an esthetician who can properly treat you,” recommends Dr. Engelman. Treatment options include the topical medication tretinoin (a.k.a. Retin-A) to exfoliate the area, pulsed dye laser to treat redness, and chemical peels, Dr. Gonzalez adds.

8. Blackheads And Whiteheads


These might be some of the most commonly popped bumps—but keeps your hands off if you can.

The cause: “Blackheads consist of the same thing as whiteheads—pores that become clogged with oil—except the oil has oxidized after being exposed to the air, giving it a black or brownish hue,” says Dr. Schlessinger. “Squeezing them can force the bacteria even deeper and causes trauma to the skin.”


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The treatment: The best ingredients for dealing with blackheads are salicylic acid and retinol. These exfoliants promote cell turnover, preventing dead skin cells from plugging up your pores.

To work the oil and dirt out without picking at your blackheads or applying pressure, use an over-the-counter exfoliant like Differin Gel. “It will work to bring the blackhead to the skin’s surface, leaving you with a fresh face in just days,” says Dr. Engelman.

And look for makeup and skincare products that are oil-free and non-comedogenic, to ensure that what you’re using on your face won’t contribute to any future bumps.


Seborrheic Keratoses

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Dr. Zeichner says seborrheic keratoses are rough brown bumps that typically occur on areas that get a lot of sun exposure, like the face, chest, and back. They’re totally benign, Dr. Gonzalez says

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, but they can get in the way since they can get caught in clothing and feel scaly.

The cause: “These are solid growths of extra skin that build up on the surface of your body,” says Dr. Zeichner. Sun exposure doesn’t help, but even if you lather up with sunscreen daily (which you should!), these bumps might still be in the cards for you since they’re genetic.

The treatment: Instead of trying to pop them, Dr. Zeichner recommends visiting your dermatologist if they become irritated or inflamed—your derm may even be able to get treatment covered through your insurance.

“If you are bothered by the appearance, speak to your dermatologist about a treatment called Eskata, which is the only FDA approved treatment for them,” advises Dr. Zeichner. The treatments cost about $375 per session and typically require two sessions to work; each session treats four to five spots. Otherwise, you can opt for cryotherapy to freeze them off or have them gently burned off, adds Dr. Gonzalez.

10. Lipomas

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A lipoma is a fatty deposit underneath the skin that might feel like a cystic pimple. They’re non-cancerous and generally harmless, although they can become painful if they grow too big.

The cause: Lipomas are often genetically linked, so you can thank your parents if you notice one start to pop up, says Dr. Gonzalez.

The treatment: Even though Dr. Pimple Popper “pops” lipomas for her clients on the reg, you should not give it a try at home. Breaking open your skin will make it red, angry, and potentially let bacteria into the area. Your best option is to have a dermatologist remove it by burning it off or taking a laser to it to reduce scarring.

11. Cherry Angiomas

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These bright red benign bumps are made up of tiny blood vessels. They tend to pop up on the face, chest, belly, and back.

The cause: Their cause is unknown, but there is a genetic component that might make you more prone to getting them.

The treatment: Considering these are filled with blood, popping them is definitely not the move. However, removal is pretty straight forward, Dr. Gonzalez promises. A trip to the dermatologists office for a laser or a cautery treatment will leave you bump and scar-free.

12. Sebaceous Cysts

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Another Dr. Pimple Popper fave, these skin-colored bumps are full of a yellow cheese-like material that Dr. Gonzalez says you probably won’t want to see or get a whiff of. And though they’re typically benign and asymptomatic, these can sometimes become painful if they’re inflamed, infected, or get ruptured, she adds.

The cause: These random build-ups of keratin, which looks like a pimple under the skin, pop up on areas of the body with a high volume of oil glands.

The treatment: “Treatment-wise, you have a few options,” Dr. Gonzalez says. You can have your derm inject them with steroids to help the inflammation go down and reduce the bump’s appearance, or your doctor can perform surgery to remove the keratin-filled capsule inside, which is a pretty good option since the cyst is likely to become inflamed again unless it’s totally removed.

13. Sebaceous Hyperplasia

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These small yellowish bumps that pepper the forehead or center of the face are super-common. They tend to appear with age and are often mistaken for pimples or skin diseases.

The cause: While totally harmless, the bumps are caused by an overgrowth of oil glands on the face. Unfortunately, there are no signs or symptoms to look out for, you’ll just see ’em when you see ’em (sorry!).

The treatment: If you’re bothered by their appearance and long for the days when your skin was smooth and clear, Dr. Gonzalez says dermatologists can lightly burn these doughnut-looking bumps off with electrocautery, laser them off, or freeze them off with cryotherapy.

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Cysts, Lumps and Bumps: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

There are a number of skin conditions that cause lumps and bumps to appear on the surface or just below the skin. This article covers some of the most common ones, and includes the following:

Skin Cysts

Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material.

Cysts are common on the skin and can appear anywhere. They feel like large peas under the surface of the skin. Cysts can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.

What Are the Symptoms of Skin Cysts?

Skin or epidermoid cysts usually are:

  • Slow-growing
  • Painless
  • Smooth to the touch when they are rolled under the skin

How Are Skin Cysts Treated?

Cysts usually do not cause pain unless they rupture or become infected or inflamed. Most cysts do not disappear on their own without treatment. Some cysts may need to be drained to relieve symptoms. That involves piercing the cyst with a scalpel and draining it. That doesn’t cure the cyst, however. Some inflamed cysts can be treated with an injection of cortisone medication to cause it to shrink. Cysts that do not respond to other treatments or reoccur can be removed surgically if they cause troublesome symptoms.

Cherry Angioma and Your Skin

A cherry angioma is a smooth, cherry-red bump on the skin. The size of the growths can vary from the size of a pinhead to about a quarter inch in diameter.

Although cherry angiomas usually appear on the trunk of the body, they can occur nearly anywhere.

The cause of cherry angiomas is not known.

The growths usually appear on people over age 40. In children, these lesions are called port-wine stains.

What Are the Symptoms of Cherry Angiomas?

Cherry angiomas have no symptoms.

How Is a Cherry Angioma Treated?

In most cases, cherry angiomas do not require treatment. If they are cosmetically unappealing or are subject to bleeding, angiomas may be removed by lasers, shave biopsy, or electrocautery — the process of burning or destroying tissue by use of a small probe with an electric current running through it. Removal may cause scarring. Learn more about red birthmarks and your skin.

Dermatofibromas and Your Skin

Dermatofibromas are harmless round, red-brownish skin growths that are most commonly found on the arms and legs of adults. Dermatofibromas contain scar tissue and feel like hard lumps in the skin.

Sometimes dermatofibromas appear after injury, like a bug bite or after bumping your arm or leg.

What Are the Symptoms of Dermatofibromas?

The symptoms of dermatofibromas include:

  • A red, brown, or purple growth that can change colors over time
  • A growth that is as small as a BB pellet
  • Tenderness, pain, and itching; however, growths are usually painless
  • A dimple that appears when the growth is pinched

How Are Dermatofibromas Treated?

In most cases, there is no need to treat dermatofibromas. However, the growths can be removed surgically or can be flattened by being frozen with liquid nitrogen. See a photo of what a dermatofibroma looks like.

Epidermoid Cysts and Your Skin

Epidermoid cysts, also called sebaceous cysts or skin cysts, are benign (non-cancerous) skin cysts formed by an outpouching from the hair follicle. Most commonly, epidermoid cysts are found on the genitals, chest, and back; but, they also can occur in other areas of the skin.

What Are the Symptoms of Epidermoid Cysts?

In general, epidermoid or skin cysts have a round appearance. A dark portion of the cyst is visible on the skin. If the cysts become infected, they will become red and tender. When the cysts are squeezed, they can produce a cheesy white discharge.

How Are Epidermoid Cysts Treated?

The effective treatment of epidermoid cysts requires that the sac of the cyst be completely removed. If the cyst is squeezed and the discharge is forced out without removing the sac, the cyst will return. Usually, a doctor will be able to remove the cyst by making only a small incision in the skin. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat infected cysts and intralesional steroid injections help with swelling and inflammation. Learn more about skin cysts.

Folliculitis and Your Skin

Folliculitis is an inflammation of the hair follicles. It can be caused by an infection in the hair follicles, by chemical irritation or by physical irritation (for example, shaving or friction from clothing). Typical body sites that are involved in folliculitis include the face, thighs, and scalp.

Folliculitis is more common in people who have diabetes. It also is more common in people who are obese or have compromised immune systems.

What Are the Symptoms of Folliculitis?

The main lesion in folliculitis is a papule or pustule with a central hair. The hair shaft in the middle of the lesion may not be seen.

Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Multiple red pimples and/or pustules on hair-bearing areas of the body
  • Itching skin

How Is Folliculitis Treated?

Topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, or antifungal drugs may be used to treat infections associated with folliculitis, depending on the underlying cause. Treatment also involves preventing further damage to the hair follicles. Steps that can help achieve this goal include:

  • Minimizing friction from clothing
  • Not shaving in the affected area, if possible. If shaving is necessary, use a clean new razor blade or an electric razor each time. Also moisturize the hair before shaving, and shave in the direction of the growth of the hair
  • Keeping the area clean

See a photo of what folliculitis looks like.

Keratoacanthoma and Your Skin

A keratoacanthoma occurs when cells in a hair follicle do not grow normally. The growth may be triggered by a minor skin injury in an area that previously had suffered sun damage. Ultraviolet radiation from sun exposure is the biggest risk factor in keratoacanthomas.

A keratoacanthoma usually will appear on sun-damaged skin as a thick growth that has a central crusted plug.

Keratoacanthomas appear most often in people who are over the age of 60 and they are considered a low-grade skin cancer.

What Are the Symptoms of a Keratoacanthoma?

Keratoacanthomas are rapidly growing, red, dome-shaped bumps with central craters. Some keratoacanthomas can grow to extremely large sizes, occasionally 1 to 3 inches in diameter.

How Are Keratoacanthomas Treated?

Keratoacanthomas can be removed by:

  • Cryotherapy (freezing the growth with liquid nitrogen)
  • Curettage (scraping and burning off the growth)
  • Surgical removal
  • Injection of a cancer drug directly into the lesion

Learn more about keratoacanthomas.

Keratosis Pilaris and Your Skin

Keratosis pilaris (commonly called KP) appears as “chicken skin bumps” on the skin. These bumps usually appear on the upper arms and thighs. They also can appear on the cheeks, back, and buttocks. Keratosis pilaris, while unattractive, is harmless.

What Are the Symptoms of Keratosis Pilaris?

This disorder appears as small, rough bumps. The bumps are usually white or red, but do not itch or hurt. Keratosis pilaris is usually worse during the winter months or other times of low humidity when skin becomes dry. It also may worsen during pregnancy or after childbirth.

How Is Keratosis Pilaris Treated?

Although the condition may remain for years, it gradually improves before age 30 in most cases. Treatment of keratosis pilaris is not medically necessary; but, individuals with this condition may want to seek treatment for cosmetic reasons.

The initial treatment of keratosis pilaris should be intensive moisturizing. A cream such as AmLactin or Lac-Hydrin can be applied after bathing, and then re-applied several times a day. Other treatments may include:

  • Medicated creams containing urea (Carmol-20) or alpha-hydroxy acids (Aqua Glycolic, Lacticare) applied twice daily
  • Efforts to unplug pores by taking long, hot soaking tub baths and then rubbing and exfoliating the areas with a coarse washcloth or stiff brush

Learn more about keratosis pilaris.

Lipomas and Your Skin

Lipomas are subcutaneous soft tissue tumors that usually are slow-growing and are harmless. They have a soft, rubbery consistency. Lipomas tend to form on the trunk, shoulders, neck, but can appear elsewhere on the body.

What Are the Symptoms of Lipomas?

Lipomas can appear as solitary nodules or in groups. Most lipomas are less than 5 cm in diameter and have no symptoms, but they can cause pain when they compress nerves.

How Are Lipomas Treated?

Lipomas are not removed unless there is a cosmetic concern, a compression of surrounding structures, or an uncertain diagnosis. Lipomas generally do not infiltrate into surrounding tissue so they can be removed easily by excision.

There are alternatives to standard excision. One is to manually squeeze the lipoma through a small incision. This technique is useful in areas with thin dermis, such as the face and extremities. Liposuction-assisted lipectomy also can be used to remove large lipomas with minimal scarring. Lipotherapy is another option. In this, a fat dissolving drug called deoxycholic acid (Kybella) is injected directly into the lipoma, leaving no scarring. Learn more about lipomas.

Neurofibromas and Your Skin

Neurofibromas are soft, fleshy growths that occur on or under the skin, sometimes even deep within the body. These are harmless tumors; however, they can turn malignant or cancerous in rare cases.

What Are the Symptoms of Neurofibromas?

The symptoms of neurofibromas may vary, depending on the locations and the sizes of the tumors. Symptoms can include:

  • A painless, slow-growing mass
  • Occasional pain
  • Electric-like “shock” when the affected area is touched
  • Neurological problems if the tumor involves a major motor or sensory nerve or a nerve that is compressed between the tumor and a hard structure

How Are Neurofibromas Treated?

If the tumor is not causing any symptoms, no treatment is necessary. However, doctors may choose to surgically remove the neurofibroma if it is affecting a major nerve. In most cases, neurofibromas are treated successfully and do not recur. See a photo of what neurofibromas looks like.

When Should I Worry About a Lump Under the Skin?

Finding a lump under your skin can be a worrying discovery — but lumps under the skin are more often relatively harmless than cancerous.

To help you better understand when to be concerned about a lump under the skin, we talked to Vinod Nambudiri, MD, of Dana-Farber’s Center for Cutaneous Oncology.

What are some of the most common causes of skin lumps?

Lumps under the skin can have many different causes resulting from a variety of different processes. The processes that can form lumps can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Benign lumps include:

  • Cysts, which can form when an oil-producing gland in the skin becomes clogged.
  • Lipomas, a collection of harmless fatty cells.
  • Swollen lymph nodes, which can accompany some types of infections.

While potentially uncomfortable, these types of lumps are harmless and are not cancerous.

More rarely, a lump under the skin can indicate cancer. Cancerous lumps under the skin can be harmful and should be attended to by a doctor.

If you are concerned about a lump under your skin, don’t hesitate to get it checked out — especially since cancer cannot be diagnosed without a doctor.

Is there a way to determine if a lump is just a cyst?

Some individuals are more susceptible to cysts than others. Cysts can form when normal cellular turnover in the skin is disrupted. There are other rarer causes that can be related to genetics and family history as well.

Cysts have certain characteristics that can distinguish it as a cyst. One in particular is a small opening, known as a pore or punctum, in the center of the lump. This pore can be potentially hard to find, however. Some cysts also have a certain way that they feel and move under the skin. For example, a cyst may have a smooth surface, or may roll under the surface of the skin when pressure is gently applied.

A self-exam at home may provide some insight into whether or not a lump is a cyst, but you will need the help of a doctor to get a definitive diagnosis.

When should I be worried about a lump under the skin?

If you are at all concerned about a lump under the skin, don’t be afraid to seek medical attention. Certain attributes can lend to a lump being more concerning than others.

A lump that grows and then goes away on its own can usually be attributed to an inflamed cyst, which is normally harmless. A “doughy” lump is usually associated with a benign lipoma. Likewise, lumps that are harmless can often be accompanied by tenderness, pain, or drainage.

Signs that suggest a lump might be concerning include:

  • if it suddenly becomes very hard or feels like a rock under the skin.
  • if the lump starts bleeding or becomes a wound.
  • if the lump begins growing rapidly.

If a lump is showing any of these symptoms, it should be looked at by a doctor. Likewise, any lumps that are new, growing, or symptomatic should be checked out by a physician.

Should I be concerned about a lump under the skin after the COVID-19 vaccine? 

Side effects of COVID-19 vaccines can include enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit or neck on the side where the person got vaccinated, which is very much a normal response to the vaccine and should go away within a week or two. If lump swelling persists beyond two weeks, talking to a medical professional is likely advised, says Harold Burstein, MD, PhD, a physician in the Breast Oncology program at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center.

The vaccine should not cause any swelling in the breast itself; if you notice changes in the breast, let your doctor know.

Burstein also notes that Dana-Farber is advising breast cancer patients to get vaccinated in the arm on the opposite side of the breast in which they developed cancer to reduce any chance of lymphedema in breast cancer survivors.

Remember: Dana-Farber recommends that both cancer survivors, and active patients on therapy, should receive the COVID-19 when it is made available to them.

How do you treat a lump?

If the lump is benign, it may not require any treatment at all. Your doctor may decide to simply monitor it overtime and keep track of any changes.

If the lump is a cyst and has become inflamed or infected, the doctor may drain it or preform a procedure called an intralesional injection. In the case of an intralesional injection, a doctor will inject medicine directly into the lump in order to treat it. A lump can also be removed from under the skin if necessary.

If a doctor is concerned about the lump, doctors may perform a biopsy to look more closely at the cells inside the lump. If the lump is cancer, doctors will devise an appropriate treatment plan. 

What are some signs of skin cancer?

The most common types of skin cancer are usually caused by exposure to ultraviolet light. Because of this, areas of the body that are often exposed to sunlight — like the face, ears, neck, scalp, and hands — can be at a higher risk of developing skin cancer. If skin lesions develop in those areas (or other areas of the skin) and have the following characteristics, they should be evaluated by a doctor:

  • Tender
  • Painful
  • Bleeding
  • Accompanied by new symptoms
  • Has changed in color
  • Large

What Is This White Bump on My Face?

You have a little white bump on your face. What is it? There are many reasons why people get white bumps on their skin. Most of them are simple, like a clogged pore. Others, like skin cancer, can be more complicated and concerning.

This article looks at common and not-so-common causes of white bumps on the face and other areas of skin, how you can identify them, and how to get rid of them.

Illustration by Emily Roberts, Verywell


Milia are white, raised, hard bumps that look like grains of sand trapped under the skin. While they are typically small (only about 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter), some can be larger.

Milia are most common around the eyes and on the cheeks, nose, and forehead, but they can appear anywhere on the face.

 DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

These bumps develop when a plug of oil and dead skin cells filled with keratin (the protein that makes up your skin, hair, and nails) becomes trapped just beneath the skin’s surface. The white bump you see is this plug showing through a thin layer of skin.

Milia are incredibly common. If you have a small white bump on the face, there’s a good chance it’s a milium (the singular term for milia).

Luckily, milia are completely harmless.

Treatment Options

There’s no medical reason to treat milia. In fact, most of them will go away on their own, however slowly. If you’d like to speed things along, there are many treatment options for milia.

Over-the-counter (OTC) exfoliating products and manual extractions are good first choices.

Topical retinoids are also commonly prescribed to treat these white bumps.

Clogged Pores

Clogged pores, also known as comedones, are another cause of bumps on the face.

They are small, usually white or skin-colored, and give the skin a rough and uneven appearance. The white color you see is a plug of oil trapped inside the pore.

 DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

Comedones are actually a type of non-inflamed acne blemish. Like milia, they are extremely common, especially in people with oily skin.

Comedones aren’t serious, but sometimes they can progress to larger, inflamed pimples. They can be annoying enough that you will probably want to treat them.

Treatment Options

Mild comedonal acne can be treated with OTC acne products containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.

If OTC products aren’t working well, pay a visit to a healthcare provider or dermatologist. They can help you devise a treatment plan for comedonal acne.

Sebaceous Hyperplasia

Sebaceous hyperplasia may look like acne, but it is actually overgrown sebaceous (oil) glands.

These glands are found in the deeper layers of the skin and are responsible for making the oil (technically called sebum) to keep your skin moist and lubricated.

DermNet NZ

When the sebaceous glands become enlarged, they push up toward the surface of the skin and create a white, yellowish, or skin-colored bump. The bumps can be either soft or hard.

Sebaceous hyperplasia is common over the age of 40. Though it can sometimes look like milia, you can easily tell the difference: Sebaceous hyperplasia bumps have a depressed area in the middle and milia do not.

However, this type of blemish can look very similar to basal cell skin cancer and it’s hard to differentiate between the two.

Have a healthcare provider take a look at your skin to make sure you get the right diagnosis.

Treatment Options

Because sebaceous hyperplasia is harmless, there’s no pressing reason to treat it.

But if the bumps bother you, they can be treated with prescription medications and/or in-office procedures like:

  • Laser treatment
  • Cryotherapy (cryosurgery), which involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze tissue so it can be removed

Your healthcare provider can recommend the best treatment for you.

Sebaceous Cysts

Sebaceous cysts are white, yellow, or flesh-colored soft bumps under the skin. They often appear on the face, neck, or scalp, but can also develop on the shoulders or back.

These cysts are like small sacks under the surface of the skin that are filled with keratin or oil. They form around a sebaceous gland when its opening becomes blocked.

Steven Fruitsmaak/Wikimedia Commons

Unlike sebaceous hyperplasia, where the bumps are firmly attached to the skin, sebaceous cysts move freely when you push on them—almost as if a little water balloon was underneath the surface of the skin.

Small sebaceous cysts typically don’t hurt, unless they become infected. Larger cysts can cause some pressure or pain.

Treatment Options

Sebaceous cysts often go away on their own, but they can also be treated by your healthcare provider for cosmetic reasons, or if they become infected or painful.

Treatment depends on the cyst. Some small cysts are treatable with steroid injections, while others may need to be drained or surgically removed.

Seborrheic Keratoses

Seborrheic keratoses are another common, and harmless, type of skin blemish. These growths start as a small bump but can grow to larger than an inch in diameter.

Seborrheic keratoses are most often brown in color, but they can sometimes be white or skin-colored, especially in their early stages. They can appear on the face and nearly anywhere else on the body.

 DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

The key identifying factor here is that seborrheic keratoses look like a drip of wax or blob of clay stuck to the skin. They also almost look as if they could be pulled off.

These benign skin growths are more common in people who are middle-aged or older. Younger people very rarely get seborrheic keratoses.

Treatment Options

Seborrheic keratoses are harmless, but can be removed by your healthcare provider if they bother you.

Common removal techniques include:

  • Cryotherapy
  • Electrosurgery and curettage, where the healthcare provider uses electric current to kill the growth before scraping it off the skin

Actinic Keratoses

Actinic keratoses develop because of damage caused by UV rays. As such, they’re mostly found in sun-exposed areas of the skin, including the face, ears, neck, shoulders, scalp, and the backs of the hands.

These types of growths are more common as you age.

DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

Actinic keratoses often start out as just a rough, scaly patch on the skin. As they progress, they turn into crusty, hard bumps on the skin. They can be white, red, brown, or skin-colored.

Actinic keratoses are considered pre-cancerous lesions because they can develop into skin cancer if left untreated. If your white bump is crusty or scaly looking, have it checked out by your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

Treatment Options

Actinic keratoses can be successfully treated or removed with either topical medications or in-office procedures.

A dermatologist may be needed to remove isolated lesions with treatments such as:

  • Chemical peels
  • Laser surgery
  • Cryosurgery

If you have multiple lesions or if they are widespread, they may prescribe medicated creams or gels.

Photodynamic therapy may be recommended if widespread lesions are on your face or scalp. This is the use of a light-sensitive drug and light exposure, usually from a laser, to destroy affected skin cells.

Skin Cancer

One of the more serious causes of white bumps on the skin is skin cancer. While not as common as the other causes, basal cell skin cancer can show up on the skin as a pearly white bump. The bumps may also be pink, red, brown, or skin-colored.

Basal cell skin cancer can also just look like a rough, scaly patch or a sore that doesn’t heal.

Nodular basal cell carcinoma.
 DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

Just like actinic keratoses, basal cell skin cancer is caused by excessive sun exposure. Wearing sunscreen every day cuts your risk of developing it.

Treatment Options

Basal cell skin cancer grows slowly and is very treatable, especially when it’s caught early. The most common treatment is surgical removal, but your healthcare provider could recommend radiation, cryotherapy, or even immunotherapy or chemotherapy.


Xanthelasma causes white-to-yellow, irregularly shaped bumps on the eyelids or around the eyes. Milia are also common around the eyes, but they are dome-shaped.

People with xanthelasma often have high blood cholesterol levels. The bumps are actually made up of cholesterol deposits under the skin and are sometimes referred to as cholesterol bumps because of this.

 DermNet / CC BY-NC-ND

Xanthelasma isn’t very common, but it won’t go away on its own.

Treatment Options

Xanthelasma isn’t harmful, but you may want to have it treated for cosmetic reasons.

These bumps can be removed with:

  • Surgery
  • Laser treatment
  • Cryotherapy

When to Call the Healthcare Provider

There are other reasons you may have white bumps on your skin. Although they aren’t as common as the aforementioned blemishes, they can be more serious.

See your regular healthcare provider and/or a dermatologist if the bump(s):

  • Appeared very quickly
  • Are covering a large area of your skin
  • Are spreading or getting larger
  • Itch, bleed, or cause pain
  • Have been there for a long time and are not getting any better

Also see your healthcare provider if:

  • You’re not certain what the bumps are
  • You know what the bumps are, but you just need help treating them

Once you know exactly what’s causing the white bumps on your skin, you can begin treating them appropriately.


White bumps on the skin can have many different causes. Most are likely just clogged pores or milia, and many don’t require any treatment. However, others may be a cause for concern.

Even though your bump(s) may perfectly fit one of the descriptions offered here, it’s best to see a healthcare provider to get a proper diagnosis if any of the points in the list above are true in your case.

They would rather see you for something that ends up being harmless than miss out on the chance to catch something that is problematic as early as possible.

If it does end up being skin cancer, detecting it early on means it will likely be easier to treat.

A Word From Verywell

Your skin changes with age, with sun exposure, and so on. While some changes are to be anticipated, any change to your body can be worrisome—and maybe even unwelcome.

Remember that, in most cases of white bumps, there is no reason to be alarmed. If your healthcare provider evaluates your skin and deems that treatment is medically unnecessary, great. But if white bumps are bothering you for cosmetic reasons, speak up and ask about your options.

Part of your overall wellness is feeling your best about yourself. There may be some treatments that can help address bumps that you’d rather not have.

When to Worry About a Lump Under Your Skin – Cleveland Clinic

Finding a new lump or bump on your body would give most of us pause. After all, a lump can, in rare cases, mean cancer. But not every bump or lump should cause concern or worry.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

To get a better understanding of when something new is worth talking to your doctor about, we spoke with orthopedic surgeon Nathan W. Mesko, MD.

Are All Lumps Cause for Concern?

The good news is that a majority of these lumps are harmless and not a cause for concern. A number of skin or medical conditions can cause lumps and bumps to appear on the surface or just below the skin.

When not to worry

Lumps that are not a cause for concern have some distinctive characteristics.

Not-so-serious lumps usually are:

  • Soft.
  • Mobile, meaning it moves and changes form when you touch it.
  • Located in the superficial or fat layer of skin.
  • Grow large and painful with activity, and diminish in size with rest.
Lumps connected to exercise

“One major marker is if you can connect the lump’s appearance to a specific trauma or activity,” says orthopedic surgeon Dr. Mesko. Athletes of all levels experience the occasional bump as a result of exercise, training, competition or other physical activity, he adds.

“In that case, we recommend you follow the basic RICE method: rest, ice, compression and elevation,” Dr. Mesko says. “If, over time, the lump or swelling improves, that’s a reassuring sign that it is harmless and nothing to worry about.”


One of the most common conditions that cause lumps, bumps or swelling are cysts. Some common cysts include Baker’s cysts, a fluid-filled bulge that forms behind the knee and ganglion cysts, rounded lumps filled with a jelly-like fluid that can develop on tendons and joints.

When to see a doctor

In rare cases, an unexplained lump, bump or swelling can be a sign of a more serious issue beneath the skin.

Bumps that are cancerous are typically large, hard, painless to the touch and appear spontaneously. The mass will grow in size steadily over the weeks and months. Cancerous lumps that can be felt from the outside of your body can appear in the breast, testicle, or neck, but also in the arms and legs.

Adult soft tissue sarcoma

One type of cancerous lump that can form almost anywhere in the body is called adult soft tissue sarcoma. The soft tissues of the body include the muscles, tendons (the bands of fiber that connect muscles to bones), fat, blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves and the tissues around joints.

Most frequently, though, adult soft tissue sarcoma develops in the legs, arms, chest or the area behind the abdomen called the retroperitoneum, says oncologist Dale Shepard, MD, PhD.

“Adult soft tissue sarcoma is a disease in which malignant cells form in the soft tissues of the body,” he says. “In the early stages, it rarely causes symptoms because the tumors often are located deep in the tissue.”

Soft tissue sarcomas can grow to be quite large before causing symptoms because they often are embedded deep in the body, Dr. Shepard says.

Most commonly, soft tissue sarcomas feel like masses or bumps, which may be painful. If the tumor is in the abdomen, it may produce nausea or a sensation of fullness as well as pain, he says.

Adult soft tissue sarcoma is rare. Among adults, they represent less than 1% of all cancers, Dr. Shepard says.

Other causes

Other conditions can cause swelling leading to new lumps, too. While these may not be associated with an emergency condition, they’re worth monitoring and discussing with your healthcare provider:  

It’s important to talk with your doctor about any lumps that are larger than two inches (about the size of a golf ball), grow larger, or are painful regardless of their location.

“Tell your doctor about new lumps or other symptoms that cannot be explained or that don’t go away in a few weeks,” Dr. Shepard says.

A List of Common Skin Bumps and Signs They Could Be Dangerous

  • Skin bumps can be harmless but in some cases they could signify a more serious health issue.
  • Some of the more common benign causes of skin bumps include folliculitis, acne, cysts, and keratosis pilaris. 
  • But some skin bumps can be cancerous. For example, melanoma skin cancer can oftentimes present as a dark-colored mole that can grow larger and/or darker over time. 
  • It’s always a good idea to make an appointment with your doctor if you are concerned about any skin bump. And it’s always wise to schedule regular check-ups so your healthcare provider can detect any changes or causes for concern related to your skin. 
  • Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more stories.

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Although your skin may be home to all kinds of bumps, bites, and scratches — many of which can be harmless — there are some worth keeping an eye on and even getting checked by a doctor.

Here are some common causes of skin bumps as well as signs your skin bump can be a sign of a more serious health condition.

It’s worth noting that this is just a general outline of symptoms and certain skin conditions —  you should always speak with your healthcare provider to receive a proper diagnosis. And whether you experience certain symptoms or not, it’s always a wise idea to have a regular skin check-up since a doctor can help you keep track of your skin’s health and possibly find bumps that you did not notice.

Some moles and cysts are just benign skin growths 

“The most common papules (bumps) we see are benign skin growths such as moles and cysts,” explained Dr. Donna Hart, board-certified dermatologist, at Westlake Dermatology.

Moles often appear as small, light-brown bumps and cysts are sac-like pockets of tissue that can contain things like fluid or air. Hart said that if your benign moles or cysts are bothersome to you, they can typically be removed.

Inflammatory conditions like acne and rosacea can cause treatable bumps

Acne can be treated.

kadirkaplan/ iStock

Hart said inflammatory conditions such as acne and rosacea (a skin condition that oftentimes causes redness and visible blood vessels) can create, papules, cysts, and pustules (tender red bumps that are oftentimes filled with pus).

These conditions can typically be treated with a variety of topical creams and sometimes oral medications. 

Read More: 5 acne spot treatments that actually work, according to experts

Keratosis pilaris is a harmless and fairly common condition 

A condition called keratosis pilaris (KP) is somewhat common in adults. Hart explained that KP causes rough, small bumps to appear on one’s skin, most often on the upper arms and sometimes on the face, thighs, or back. Per the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), these bumps are just “plugs of dead skin cells.” 

This condition is generally harmless but there are some topical treatments that can help smooth out the rough texture of the bumps and decrease skin redness.

Folliculitis can be irritating but it’ll oftentimes resolve itself

Folliculitis is an inflammation around a hair follicle that’s often partially due to an ingrown hair. This condition often appears as a small, red, inflamed bump that can resemble acne. Fortunately, most cases of folliculitis resolve themselves in time.

Dr. Susan Massick, a dermatologist with The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, told INSIDER that if you experience this bump, try to avoid irritating it further and make an effort to clean it with an anti-bacterial wash. 

Skin tags are typically benign and painless

Skin tags are fleshy growths of skin that are commonly seen on the neck, armpits, under breasts, and between thighs. They oftentimes appear as people get older.

Massick said skin tags are benign and painless so no treatment is needed for them. She also said that if you have a skin tag that is bothering you, it’s oftentimes possible to have it removed.

Epidermoid cysts are generally benign but they can be removed if they bother you

“Epidermoid cysts are movable bumps under the skin that are filled with keratin material,” said Massick. They are usually small, hard lumps.

Generally, they do not require treatment since they are benign, but Massick noted that they can be removed or excised (cut out) if they bother you.

A lipoma is a benign tumor of fat tissue 

A lipoma is a slow-growing benign tumor of fat tissue and, like cysts, Massick said they vary in size and are moveable bumps under the skin. A lipoma generally does not require treatment but if it bothers you, Massick said it can usually be excised depending on its size and location. 

Basal cell skin cancer may resemble a shiny bump or pink growth

Basal cell carcinomas often look like open sores, red patches, shiny pink or pearly white bumps, or scars. This type of cancer is often caused by repeated and unprotected exposure to UV rays.

Basal cell carcinoma is widely considered to be the most common form of skin cancer — it is also considered to be the most treatable. That said, you will need to see a healthcare provider for proper treatment, which can include things such as laser surgery or radiation. 

Squamous cell cancer has a changing appearance 

Like basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma also presents as a dome-shaped red, scaly patch of skin, but Massick said this type often evolves into a bump that can ulcerate in the center or bleed easily.

This is considered to be the second most common type of skin cancer and it is also known to be caused by exposure to UV rays. Massick pointed out that basal cell skin cancer is often found in areas of chronic sun exposure, such as the head, neck, arms, or hands. 

Treatment for squamous cell cancer can include things like excursion or radiation therapy.

Melanoma skin cancer can oftentimes present as a dark-colored mole

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer and it can sometimes be difficult to detect. Like most skin cancers, melanoma is also commonly caused by repeated, unprotected exposure to UV rays. 

“Melanoma can present as a mole that can be brown or black [and it] can grow larger and darker with time,” said Massick.

Treatment can include a variety of things, such as a small surgery to remove affected lymph nodes in your body or chemotherapy.

Whether your skin bump seems benign or not, there are many symptoms that may signify a more serious issue

A doctor can help you figure out if your skin bump is a cause for concern.


Though it’s always worth getting your skin checked out by a professional, there are some red flags that a skin bump is potentially a more immediate cause for concern. If you experience any of these, you may want to see a doctor.

Here are some of the most common warning signs that Massick said to be aware of:

  • You experience red or pink scaliness that is not related to dry skin
  • You have a mole that changes over time (gets larger/darker/painful)
  • Certain areas of your skin bleed readily and easily whenever you wash your face or body
  • You have a bump that is painful or very tender beyond what you might normally expect from a small abrasion or ingrown hair
  • You experience frequent itching in the same area 
  • An area of your skin just doesn’t seem to heal, for example — you have a sore that frequently scabs over and falls off only to scab over again
  • You have a bump on your skin that seems to keep getting bigger over time 

Bumps on the face after trauma – Medical Bulletin

Hematomas (bumps)

Hematomas (bumps) occur if, with a bruise, a rupture of blood vessels occurs, located either in the surface layer of the skin or in the subcutaneous tissue. As a result, some blood flows out, forming a swelling. If the bruise is in the face, the hematoma gives the person not only painful sensations, but also aesthetic discomfort. Agree, few people like to walk with a black eye or a swollen chin!

First of all, apply a cold object to the damaged area: a piece of ice, a plastic container with cold (preferably ice) water, a metal spoon, a knife blade, etc.n. This will speed up blood clotting.

If the lump continues to grow, lay the victim down, keeping him at rest. Apply a cold object to the bruised area, lightly pressing on the hematoma. The combination of cold and pressure should stop the bleeding. Remember that if a piece of ice is used as such an object, you cannot keep it for more than 10-15 minutes, as frostbite of the skin may occur. If you have gauze or a towel handy, roll up the ice cubes.

You can get rid of the lump with the help of folk methods.For this, 2 tbsp. mix blue clay with 1 tbsp. honey and raw egg. Mix everything thoroughly and apply the mixture to a cotton cloth, apply the material to the bruised area and fix with a bandage. Once the compress is warm, place it in the refrigerator and then reapply it to the bump.

The very next day the cone begins to decrease in size and brighten. The purple-black color gradually changes to brown-yellow, then it disappears, and the skin takes on its usual color.The bump should disappear after a few days. If it almost does not decrease, and at the same time it is soft, painful to the touch, this means that the leaked blood has stagnated under the skin. It must be removed, for this you need to contact a surgeon, the surgical department of Kiev can be found on the website http://hirurgia.net/. In some cases, one puncture (puncture) is sufficient. After the blood is sucked out with a syringe, the lump will disappear in a matter of days. You can speed up the healing process with the help of ointments, for example, “Traumeel” “Troxevasin”.

If the blood stagnant under the skin has thickened, become viscous, it is almost impossible to suck it off with a syringe. Then you have to resort to surgery: the surgeon will make a small incision with a sharp scalpel and release the blood. After that, all that remains is to wait until the damaged area takes on its natural appearance.

Lump on the face near the ear – Question to the oncologist

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The husband has a lump on his face near the ear – Question to the therapist

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Lumps under the skin of a dog: subcutaneous lump in a dog (on the withers, back, body, abdomen, neck), a hard ball: what to do, how to treat, diagnosis by a veterinarian

As a rule, a dog owner who finds a lump or swelling under his pet’s skin falls into a stupor. Meanwhile, there is nothing unusual and tragic in this. The main thing is to understand the causes and nature of the formations, most of which are easily treatable.

Causes of occurrence

Bumps under the skin of a dog can form for a variety of reasons. Most common:

  • Infiltration at the site of an insect bite (e.g. tick, horsefly or bee)
  • Abscess due to the ingress of bacteria at the site of skin damage
  • Viral infection
  • Injury
  • Blockage of the sebaceous glands leading to the formation of cysts
  • Cancer


Very often, subcutaneous bumps in dogs do not manifest themselves in any way, and the owners find them only through tactile contact.Or visually – if the seal is large enough and the dog is smooth-haired.

But it happens that the bump bothers the animal, and the dog experiences painful sensations when touched. Either the seal secretes pus, or new nodules and tumors appear on the body – in this case, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Indications for a visit to a specialist are also redness or swelling, as well as if the bumps are located in the area of ​​the mammary glands (where malignant neoplasms are most common) or on the face and paws, where surgical intervention is most difficult.

Types of subcutaneous cones

Most often occurs under the skin in dogs:

Lipoma (wen) is a benign connective tissue tumor that usually occurs in middle-aged and older dogs and is considered a natural part of aging. It can appear anywhere, but most often in the region of the ribs. Fats are found in all dogs, but representatives of large breeds and overweight animals are most susceptible to them.

A sebaceous cyst is a blocked sebaceous gland, similar to a pimple.When it bursts, a white, pasty substance comes out of it.

Warts are caused by a virus. They appear, as a rule, in the area of ​​the mouth. In young dogs, they disappear on their own, older animals may need surgery to remove them.

Abscess – an accumulation of pus under the skin caused by infection, bite or mechanical damage to the skin.

Mast cell tumor is the most common skin cancer in dogs. Most commonly found in Boxers, Boston Terriers, Labradors, Hounds, and Schnauzers.

Soft tissue sarcoma is a large group of tumors that arise in connective tissue and usually appear as a hard or semi-hard lump in the deep layer of the skin, under the skin or inside the muscles. The bumps are often painless, have normal skin over them, and usually develop on the legs, chest, or abdominal wall. Common among large breed dogs of middle and older age.

Squamous cell carcinoma is a locally invasive malignant tumor of the skin that develops from cells of the primary type found in the skin and mucous membranes.These tumors can be found in the mouth, skin, or nail beds of dogs. The most vulnerable areas are those with less pigment, hairless, or sparse hair. It is diagnosed, as a rule, in dogs between the ages of 8 and 10 years.

Benign formations

Cones and tumors of benign etiology do not grow and do not metastasize in other parts and organs. They are practically safe, but they can ruin the dog’s appearance, which is why many pet owners choose to remove them.

Another thing is that if the lump does not hurt, does not fester, does not turn red and does not grow, then it makes sense to wait at least a few days with a visit to the doctor, and even more so with the operation. Quite often, benign tumors go away on their own.

Malignant tumors

Such neoplasms metastasize and quickly spread throughout the body, affecting its organs and tissues. They can also cause bleeding due to dermis bursting.

Signs of cancer in dogs are almost the same as in humans.Festering or bleeding swellings that develop into intractable bleeding wounds, enlarged lymph nodes, lameness, lumps in the bones.

Other subcutaneous formations

Histiocytoma is a red, button-shaped bump that often occurs on the legs of dogs under 6 years of age. Histiocytomas are caused by the overgrowth of a certain type of cell that helps the immune system to protect the animal’s skin. If such a mass is found in a dog, it should be shown to a veterinarian, as histiocytomas can resemble some dangerous types of cancer.

Perianal adenoma is a common tumor associated with the sebaceous (oil) glands surrounding the anus. Most often occurs in intact (not sterilized) males, although it is also found in neutered bitches. Perianal adenoma is often slow growing and painless, but can become infected on the surface.

Skin tags – on the skin of older dogs, fibrous formations often appear, which are completely harmless. Tags can develop in dogs of any breed, but more often in large animals.

Urticaria is a type of dermatitis similar to that in humans. In dogs, it can appear as round red bumps or clusters of round or oval bumps on the skin that cause itching. The main reason is a reaction to an allergen, for example, a bee sting or contact with a plant. Mild hives often go away on their own, and sometimes your veterinarian may prescribe steroids or antihistamines to relieve the condition.

Diagnostics at the veterinarian

First of all, the specialist will ask the owner of the dog several obligatory questions:

  • Did the bump appear suddenly?
  • Has its shape, size or color changed since its inception?
  • Has the dog’s behavior changed, for example, has it become less energetic, has its appetite deteriorated?

The veterinarian takes a tissue sample from the lump with a fine needle to make a diagnosis.After examining it under a microscope, the doctor can judge the nature of the tumor. If there is no doubt that this is an ordinary wen, then the answer will be given immediately.

If in doubt, the veterinarian will send a tissue sample for a biopsy. In this case, the answer will come in a few days. In addition to biopsy, there are other modern diagnostic methods, for example, a biochemical blood test, ultrasound, radiography and computed tomography.


If the subcutaneous lump is benign and does not cause inconvenience to the animal, then it is often left alone.Some owners choose to remove the wen if it spoils the dog’s appearance. Abscesses are treated promptly: after opening, an ointment is injected through the drains.

In case of malignant tumors, surgical operations to remove them are indicated. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radiation and chemotherapy are used, or both, depending on the case.

Important! Most cancers in dogs are treatable. Cancer in the initial stage is curable in 90%, in III and IV degrees – in 50% of cases.

Instead of conclusion

In most cases, it is impossible to prevent the appearance of bumps. But in some ways it is still possible to protect the dog. For example, spaying a bitch before her first estrus almost completely eliminates the risk of developing breast tumors.

In addition, a healthy diet and an active lifestyle will help maintain the health of the animal for a long time. Plus a mandatory, at least once a year, preventive examination by a veterinarian.

dermatofibroma – SPB GBUZ “Dermatovenerologic dispensary No. 4”

Dermatofibroma refers to benign neoplasms of the skin.Its other name is histiocytoma (or sclerosing hemangioma). It is formed in

to the depth of the skin, and only a small part of it comes out. In most cases, dermatofibromas occur in women. Usually, only one formation appears, less often – many. The most common dermatofibroma is on the leg. However, it can appear on the upper limbs, shoulder, face, and other areas. In appearance, this formation resembles a mole or wart.It usually has a smooth surface. Such a benign formation consists of cells – fibroblasts and histiocytes. Dermatofibromas may vary in color. There are pink, brown, purple, black and gray shades of this formation. Its shape is most often rounded.

Causes of the appearance of dermatofibromas

It is assumed that the appearance of various rashes of non-infectious origin is associated with insect bites. At the moment, this theory is unfounded.Among the factors affecting the occurrence of dermatofibromas, there are: Hereditary predisposition. In most cases, people with benign neoplasms have evidence that the pathology was transmitted genetically from the mother or other close relatives. Age features. Most often, dermatofibromas occur in adulthood and old age. Female. Skin injuries. This refers to various types of damage (cuts, insect and animal bites). In addition to predisposing factors, there is evidence that dermatofibromas often develop against the background of other diseases.Among them: tuberculosis, acne (pustular lesions of the skin of the face), chickenpox.

Types of dermatofibromas

Depending on the type of formation and its consistency, as well as the reasons for the appearance, there are 3 forms of dermatofibromas. Regardless of the variety, they are all benign. The following forms are distinguished: Soft dermatofibroma. In most cases, it forms on the skin after injury. Its size may vary. On palpation of such a dermatofibroma, you can find that it has a flabby, soft consistency.The color of the formation is usually flesh-colored or yellowish-pink. The surface is smooth. Often such formations have a base – a thin stem. They are slowly increasing in size or have no tendency to grow. In most cases, they are located on the skin of the face and trunk. Solid dermatofibroma. Such a formation, when viewed, resembles an accumulation of several lobules or small spheres. It is well demarcated from the skin. Color – dark red or flesh. In size, solid dermatofibroma can vary from 0.5 to 2 cm in diameter.It is dense to the touch. It tends to disappear and reappear on its own. This education is never malignant. It can occur on any surface of the skin. Lenticular dermatofibroma. Represents one

or more dense nodules on the skin. It has a small size – up to 1 cm. The color of this formation varies from red to black.


The following symptoms, characteristic of dermatofibroma (histiocytoma), are distinguished: The formation is most often rounded.The surface is smooth, in rare cases warty. Tends to grow slowly. The color of dermatofibroma most often depends on the clinical form (from flesh to black). In most cases, it occurs in middle-aged women on the skin of the lower or upper extremities, face, trunk. When rubbing against clothes, it can be accompanied by discomfort, itching, redness. Damage to this neoplasm leads to bleeding.

Diagnostics of dermatofibromas

Despite the fact that dermatofibroma belongs to benign processes, when it appears, you should consult a doctor.After all, skin formations are very similar to each other, and it is difficult to distinguish them for those who have no experience in this matter. First of all, the dermatologist asks questions about how long ago this rash appeared, whether it has changed over time, whether the patient is worried or not. Then he palpates. Dermatofibroma can have a dense or soft texture and lobular structure. When pressed on the formation, it bends into the skin. Palpation of a dermatofibroma can cause pain. Pathological discharge should not be normal.It is possible to finally make sure that the diagnosis is correct only when taking a biopsy and conducting a histological and cytological examination.

What are dermatofibromas differentiated with

In order not to confuse dermatofibroma with other neoplasms, you should know what other changes on the skin may resemble it. Among them are benign tumors that tend to become malignant. An example is a pigmented nevus. In addition, this benign formation is confused with cancer.

This refers to malignant tumors such as melanoma and dermatofibrosarcoma.


The choice of treatment method depends on the size of the lesion and whether it is inconvenient for the patient. In some cases, it is recommended to simply observe the dermatofibroma. Surgical treatment is carried out with bleeding formation, large size or rapid growth. Laser vaporization. It is considered a painless and quick procedure. After the removal of the benign skin lesion, the patient can leave the clinic on the same day.The operation takes only a few minutes. The risk of complications with this intervention is minimal.

Danilov S.S.

You can get help information, as well as sign up for the procedure by phone: 956-70-86

90,000 A lump (lump) appeared on the forehead under the skin – causes, photos, treatment

A ball or lump under the skin on the forehead under the skin can mean anything. This includes a serious health condition such as cancer, bone growth (osteoma), or simply sinus infection (sinusitis).Various bumps can appear between or above the eyebrows.

Subcutaneous formation on the forehead usually does not cause any complications, and most of them go away without any medical assistance. A common cause of this problem is a sebaceous cyst. This is a swelling on the skin that occurs due to inflammation of the sebaceous glands. These bumps form when the pores become blocked and filled with sebum and other dead cells.

Treatment of lumps under the skin always depends on the cause.For mild cases, ointments can be used. In other cases, they will quickly go away on their own. It is necessary to see a doctor if itching is observed, the lump does not go away for a long time, or begins to spread to other parts of the body.


Atheroma (sebaceous cyst)

Cysts are “pouches” filled with liquid contents

This is the most common cause of balls or bumps on the forehead. Cysts form on the sebaceous glands after they become clogged with yellowish sebum.They can pass on their own without medical attention.

The cyst is not cancerous or contagious. Atheromas grow slowly and are not life threatening. They can become uncomfortable over time if not stopped. It is necessary to visit a doctor to make sure that the lump is not cancerous.

Treatment usually includes preventing serious symptoms and reducing the likelihood of recurrence in the future. The doctor may use a syringe to drain the atheroma or perform a surgical procedure.Use of topical and steroid medications is possible.


Osteoma is a hard bone growth

Osteomas develop from bone tissue. They can occur at birth or develop over time.

The cause is unknown, but it is believed to be a hereditary condition.

Osteoma is not a health problem, and a lump can go away on its own in less than a year. Thus, the treatment is only carried out for those who have cosmetic problems.A surgical procedure may be recommended to remove the tumor.

Osteoma treatment

Osteoma forms when new bone tissue grows on top of existing bone. The condition is common in children and young adults, but is rare in the elderly. Osteoma is a benign tumor that is not cancerous, does not spread to other parts of the body, and can heal on its own. Therefore, treatment does not involve removing the tumor, but relieving pain, which is its most common symptom.

The following treatments can be performed:

  • Treat pain and let the tumor go away on its own
  • Perform a surgical operation to remove it
  • Use radiofrequency ablation (RFA).


Lipoma is a soft, mobile formation of adipose tissue

Lipoma (wen) is a harmless fatty deposit under the skin. They are soft and most of them are painless. They are also easily diagnosed compared to other skin conditions.Lipomas are not harmful, but a dermatologist can remove them if necessary.

People of all ages are prone to this problem. It is classified as a benign tumor and is not contagious. The following are the salient features of a lipoma:

  • It is soft and flexible when touched
  • Grows slowly and does not spread to other parts
  • Manifests itself as bumps on the forehead (although it can generally form on any part of the body)
  • Under the skin
  • They appear pale in comparison to the surrounding skin.

A biopsy is performed to diagnose the condition. In mild cases, such an education does not pose any health risk or complications, therefore, does not require treatment. However, if symptoms are bothersome, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following treatment options:

  • Surgical Procedure
  • Injection of steroids for inflammation, both in joints and soft tissues
  • Liposuction, in which a syringe is used to remove lipoma-forming fat by aspiration
  • Ointment for pain, itching and swelling


Basal cell carcinoma (a type of skin cancer) on the forehead

Cancer refers to the formation of malignant tissue that begins to attack and damage neighboring cells.A common symptom is a painless swelling on the face. Cancer is a chronic condition. If you notice any of the following symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention:

  • Painless lump on the forehead
  • A bump-like birthmark called melanoma
  • Dry red cone
  • Red, thickened spot that may bleed frequently
  • Spots increase in size
  • Uneven spot.

The earlier cancer is diagnosed, the better the chances of being cured.Depending on the type and severity, your doctor may prescribe chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery to remove the mass.


Large, inflamed blackheads may resemble bumps on the forehead.

Acne is small, painful red or pink bumps on the forehead. They can appear as single pimples or group together. Formed when skin pores become blocked and filled with dead cells and sebum. The resulting lumps can lead to acne or pimples.

The condition can be mild or severe.In the first case, a simple warm compress and aloe vera will help get rid of acne and reduce the annoying urge to scratch it. On the other hand, severe acne can be treated with acne medications and antibiotics to reduce the chance of infection.

Seek medical attention if symptoms persist or pain and itching become unbearable.


With angioedema, bumps (swelling) usually appear not only on the forehead. Swelling of the eyes, lips, tongue, entire face and even airways

Another possible cause of lumps on the forehead is angioedema, also known as Quincke’s edema, which involves swelling, itching, pain and burning.It can be caused by an allergic reaction to chemicals in food, insects, and medications that cause the body to release histamine.

Histamine in the body causes blood plasma to leak from the vessels into the skin, which causes hives or angioedema. It can also be caused by a genetic disorder that can be inherited from the parents.

Other reasons include;

  • Pregnancy
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Extreme hot or cold temperature.

Treatment of angioedema will depend on the type and cause. However, a common treatment option includes:

  • Avoid allergic initiating factors
  • Antihistamines and steroids
  • Automatic epinephrine injection for special allergies.

In case of a hereditary condition, drugs will be used for the prevention and treatment of edema.

Allergic reaction

Photo of the forehead of a woman who suffers from chronic urticaria.She placed it when the bumps were already smaller

Allergic reactions are a common cause of skin rashes and bumps. Lumps are usually accompanied by redness and swelling of the skin. An example of an allergic skin condition is allergic eczema.

Allergic eczema is a skin reaction accompanied by an itchy red skin rash. The rash may consist of raised red bumps that may ooze.

Avoiding the allergenic substance is fundamental to preventing a reaction.An example is maintaining a gluten-free diet for those who are allergic to gluten, contact with animal hair, and the like. Anti-itch and anti-edema creams can be used for mild cases of rashes.

Hard lump on the forehead

Hard lumps on the forehead that feel like bone are most indicative of osteoma. Osteoma, as indicated above, is a benign tumor that results from the growth of bone tissue.The tumor can be found in any bony part of the body, but is more common in the legs.

Osteoma is common in children and adults, but less common in people over 50.

In severe cases, when the pain becomes unbearable, the lump becomes large and does not go away after a month, you should immediately consult a doctor. Treatment options include a surgical procedure to remove such a bone tumor, or radiation therapy, where radioactive energy will be used to destroy excess tissue.

Cones that pass and reappear

Recurring subcutaneous growths should be a cause of concern. They indicate an infection that does not go away. A common cause of this problem on the face is a sebaceous cyst. These are purulent bumps formed on the sebaceous glands or pores of the skin.

They are not cancerous and are caused by an infection or blockage of the sebaceous glands. It is necessary to clean the area of ​​skin around the bump with antibacterial soap, apply a warm compress twice a day for 20 minutes for a week, and avoid scratching and squeezing, as this increases the likelihood of infection.

You should consult a doctor for additional diagnostics if the tumor does not go away after all these steps.

Bumps on the forehead

Bumps on the forehead are most likely caused by any of the following:

  • Acne, which is a red, inflamed pimple on the sebaceous gland caused by an infection. They can pass on their own without medical attention.
  • A cyst is a bump formed when the sebaceous glands are blocked by dead tissue, cells and sebum
  • Pustule is a form of acne.They have no visible pores, are closed, red in color and surrounded by inflamed skin
  • Furuncles on the forehead, most of which are caused by bacteria and may appear on the thighs, armpits and buttocks
  • Stress and hormone imbalances
  • Miliaria and sunburn, common in hot areas, occur when the pores of the skin become blocked, making it difficult for sweat to escape from the body.


Treatment usually depends on the underlying cause. Most of the causes of lumps, such as prickly heat, do not require treatment, they go away on their own.Depending on what is causing them or how severe the symptoms are, treatment will include the following:

  • Suitable ointments, including anti-itching, anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Corticosteroid injection if allergy is the cause
  • Antifungal creams
  • Antibiotics for bacterial infection
  • Moisturizers for the skin to prevent excessive sebum production or dryness, which is a formative cause of sebaceous cysts
  • Vitamin supplements to strengthen the immune system, which is the body’s defense against infection and disease.

Most of the above products can be purchased without a prescription. But it is IMPORTANT that they are prescribed by a doctor after the cause of the bulges has been diagnosed. This will prevent the bumps from recurring and also prevent the risk of drug reactions, which can be very harmful to your health.

Small itchy bumps

Small itchy balls are very common. They can be very painful and cause a lot of discomfort.Most of them do not require immediate medical attention, given the fact that they do not pose a threat to health. But, of course, they affect the appearance and general self-esteem of a person.

Small itchy bumps can be highly contagious, such as chickenpox or shingles viruses. Sometimes they can be triggered by prickly heat or prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. Such rashes are not harmful and can be treated with ointments and anti-itch creams.

A balanced diet with plenty of fruits and liquids can also help maintain proper body function, strengthen the immune system, and keep pores open. You should see your doctor if the rash persists for more than a week, this is a sign of a medical complication.

Home remedies

Mild symptoms of the problem can always be treated at home using simple and natural home remedies available. Treatment using these methods is about the visible symptoms, not the underlying cause.


Tomato mask is a good remedy for acne on the face. Tomato contains antioxidants that protect the skin from free radicals that cause acne. It also helps to balance the PH level of the skin, finally, the tomato closes the pores, preventing bacterial contamination, sebum clogging and dead skin cells.

Apply a fresh tomato mask to your face and let it dry for 20 minutes before rinsing it off. Repeat this process twice a day for a week for optimal results.

Mustard powder

Mustard powder is an effective home remedy. It contains salicylic acid, which is effective for treating acne, and omega-3s, vitamin C, fatty acids, and zinc, which are good for the skin.

A mixture of mustard oil and honey can be even more effective. You should apply such a paste to the affected area, leave it for 20 minutes, then rinse. Repeat the procedure twice a day for a week to obtain the desired result.

Lemon juice

Fresh lemon juice can work wonders for acne on your face. It can also be helpful in treating recurring bumps and small itchy lumps. Lemon contains citric acid and is rich in vitamin C, which is beneficial for all skin types.

Citric acid helps exfoliate the skin, which is an important part of treating the problem. It is also an astringent that helps in drying out the skin.

Cut a fresh lemon in half and rub it over your face.Carry out the manipulation two or three times a day for a week.

Apple cider vinegar

This is one of the best treatment options for sebaceous cysts. It contains acetic acid, which helps kill bacteria that cause infection.

Soak a face towel in apple cider vinegar and place it on the affected area. You can secure it with a bandage and leave it overnight. Repeat daily for a week. You can also use a mixture of honey and vinegar for quicker results.


Applying clay to your face helps in removing impurities that include dead cells and tissue, sebum and bacteria that cause infection. This mask is also good for reducing inflammation and swelling.

You can make it even more effective by adding zinc oxide or sulfur.

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Lipoma, hygroma, atheroma, skin fibroma, diagnostics and treatment in Yekaterinburg


Skin lipoma is a benign skin tumor that can occur in any area with fatty layer.Lipoma is also called “wen”.

Lipoma can form on the surface of the skin, and maybe a little deeper. Most often it is a small, painless, movable, rounded tumor. The lipoma grows rather slowly, but when it is large it can sag, then it is called “leg lipoma.” This neoplasm can be multiple.

Lipoma does not respond to conservative treatment, and especially folk remedies. The only way to get rid of the neoplasm is operative.


Skin hygroma is a benign neoplasm of the skin of the capsule structure, tightly connected to the tendon. The content of the hygroma is a jelly-like serous liquid. Most often it forms in the wrist area, on the hands. Accordingly, the patient is concerned, first of all, with a cosmetic defect in this disease. Hygroma, as a rule, does not give painful sensations.

With a small size, the neoplasm is amenable to conservative treatment, but relapses often occur.With complications, suppuration is possible.


Atheroma of the skin is a benign neoplasm originating from a sebaceous gland (usually on the scalp). Most often it occurs due to blockage of the sebaceous gland, resulting in the formation of a “pouch” filled with sebum. The cause of atheroma is a violation of metabolic processes in the body, as well as injury.

The shape of the neoplasm is rounded, the consistency is soft, when the atheroma is touched, it is painless. The tumor often suppurates, ruptures of atheroma also occur, which can lead to infection.In this case, the intervention of the surgeon is necessary and immediately.


Skin fibroma is a benign neoplasm consisting of mature epithelial cells. Most often it looks like a colorless convex mole, growing slowly. Usually it gives only cosmetic discomfort, often has a “leg”. In case of pain, rapid growth, you should immediately contact a surgeon.

Diagnostics and treatment

To diagnose skin neoplasms, a surgeon’s examination is required, sometimes an ultrasound scan is required.The only way to get rid of the defect quickly and without consequences is to remove it. In MC “OLMED” diagnostics and treatment of lipomas, hygroma, fibroids and atheroma is carried out very quickly, efficiently and without queues. On the same or the next day, the patient can return to his normal life.

In the “OLMED” MC, lipomas and other neoplasms on the skin are removed in a hospital for one day. With a small size and no complications, the patient can go home immediately after the operation.

Surgical intervention in the MC “OLMED” is carried out, as a rule, under local anesthesia.General anesthesia is used in the case of a large tumor or in the case of a deep tumor.

After the operation at the “OLMED” MC, the contents of the neoplasm must be sent for histological examination. This is the examination of a tissue sample for the presence of malignant cells.

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