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Meningitis Symptoms – Signs of Meningitis

Meningitis and septicaemia* can happen together. Be aware of all the signs and symptoms. If anybody you know has any of them get urgent medical help. Someone with meningitis or septicaemia can get worse very quickly; keep checking them

Early signs and symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia

Meningitis symptoms can appear in any order. Some may not appear at all. Early symptoms of meningitis can include:

  • Fever
  • Headache 
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Muscle pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • Fever with cold hands and feet

This is a list of the early symptoms of meningitis, for more age specific symptoms please see our pages for babies and toddlers, children and adults. 

*Many medical experts now use the term sepsis instead of septicaemia.

Common signs and symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia

  • Fever with cold hands and feet
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsy or difficult to wake
  • Confusion and irritability
  • Severe muscle pain
  • Pale blotchy skin, spots or rash (See Glass Test (link))
  • Severe headache
  • Stiff neck
  • Dislike bright lights
  • Convulsions or seizures

Someone with meningitis or septicaemia can get a lot worse very quickly. Keep checking them. 

DO NOT wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, trust your instincts – Get medical help immediately

Find out more about meningitis, as well as the symptoms in this short video:

  • Meningitis symptoms in adults

    A visual list of meningitis symptoms in adults

  • Meningitis symptoms in children

    A visual guide to meningitis symptoms in children

  • Meningitis signs and symptoms in babies and toddlers

    See our quick visual reference of signs and symptoms

  • Glass test

    A rash that does not fade under pressure is a sign of meningococcal septicaemia, do the glass test

  • Mobile optimised downloads

    Download signs and symptoms images and videos to your phone

  • Emergency information

    If you’re worried about meningitis, don’t waste time. Trust your instincts and get medical help immediately

  • Signs and symptoms videos

    What is meningitis? What are the main signs and symptoms? Find out in these short videos

  • Hajj and Umrah pilgrims

    There are increased risks of meningitis to pilgrims

Symptoms of Meningitis | Meningitis Research Foundation

What is meningitis?

Meningitis is inflammation of the lining around the brain and spinal cord – the meninges.

What is septicaemia?

Septicaemia is blood poisoning caused by the same germs as meningitis and is life-threatening. It can occur with or without meningitis and is sometimes referred to as sepsis. Medically, septicaemia is when bacteria enters the bloodstream, causing blood poisoning which triggers sepsis. Sepsis is an overwhelming and life-threatening response to infection that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death.

Both meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours, so it is critical to know the symptoms so you can act fast.

Fever and / or vomiting



Severe headache



Limb / joint / muscle pain (sometimes with stomach pain/diarrhoea)



Cold hands and feet / shivering



Pale or mottled skin



Breathing fast / breathless



Rash (anywhere on the body)



Stiff neck (less common in young children)



Dislike of bright lights (less common in young children)



Very sleepy / vacant / difficult to wake



Confused / delirious



Seizures (fits)



If I think someone has meningitis symptoms, when do I go to hospital?

Someone who has meningitis or septicaemia can become seriously ill very quickly, so always trust your instincts and get medical help fast by speaking to a health professional.

The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion.

It is important to understand that not everyone gets all the meningitis and septicaemia symptoms: they can appear in any order.

What to do if you think your baby or child is unwell with meningitis or septicaemia

Parents or carers are often unsure when to call for medical help when they suspect meningitis or septicaemia (the blood poisoning form of meningitis, often called sepsis).

That is why we have worked with health professionals to create this red and amber symptoms checker, to tell you what actions to take. Often called our safety-netting resources, these will guide you on what are high or medium risk symptoms, and what to do.


Red symptoms: high risk | take immediate action

If your child is unwell with any of these symptoms, go to a hospital or call for an ambulance immediately.


  • Over 38°C in babies under three months
  • Has a temperature and feels abnormally cold to touch / very cold hands and feet


  • Very fast breathing, finding it much harder to breathe than normal, or noticeable pauses in breathing
  • Grunting and / or noises with every breath

Body and activity

  • Very lethargic / difficult to wake / not responding
  • Fitting / convulsion / seizures
  • Weak, high pitched or continuous crying in a younger child
  • Confusion or unusually irritable
  • Soft spot on a baby’s head is bulging
  • Stiff neck, especially when trying to look up and down
  • Unusually sleepy, stiff or floppy baby

Skin, lips and tongue

  • Blue skin, lips or tongue
  • Very pale or mottled skin
  • A rash that does not fade when pressed with a glass

Eating, drinking, and toilet habits

  • Not had a wee or wet nappy for 12 hours or more
  • Very thirsty and not able to keep fluids down
  • Bloody or black ‘coffee ground’ sick

And if your baby is under eight weeks old:

Young infants are particularly vulnerable to serious infection. Seek urgent medical help if your baby has a combination of any of the following symptoms, with or without a fever:

  • Persistent refusal to feed
  • Lethargic / excessively sleepy
  • Irritable
  • Stiff or floppy body
  • Weak / high pitched or continuous cry
  • Grunting
  • Soft spot on the baby’s head is bulging

Some of these red, high-risk symptoms are not typical signs of meningitis or septicaemia (sepsis) but are still signs of severe illness, so, if your child is unwell and has any of the red symptoms, get urgent medical help.

Remember, always trust your instincts: parents, guardians or carers often know when their child is seriously ill. If your child is ill and getting worse, don’t be afraid to seek medical help immediately, even if you have already seen a doctor.


Amber symptoms: medium risk | get professional medical advice

If you are worried about a child who has any of these amber symptoms call your local medical professional support (in the UK, NHS 111 or your doctor) without delay.


  • Over 39°C in babies aged three to six months
  • High temperature in a child who shows no interest in anything, or high temperature for more than five days
  • Low temperature (below 36°C, checking three times in a ten minute period)


  • Fast breathing
  • Cough that sounds like a seal barking
  • Noisy or crackly breathing
  • Nostrils are flaring
  • In an older child, they can’t say more than a few words

Body and activity

  • Unusually sleepy
  • Child can’t be encouraged to show interest in anything / not wanting to do very much
  • Not responding normally to family or carers
  • Child under five not smiling
  • Shivering or shaking
  • Severe headache
  • Dislike of bright lights
  • Limb / joint / muscle pain
  • Not using / putting weight on an arm, leg, hand or foot
  • Swelling of a limb or joint

Skin, lips and tongue

  • Pale skin, lips or tongue in a child under five
  • Sunken eyes
  • Rash that does fade when pressed with a clear glass

Eating, drinking and toilet habits

  • Not feeding or eating much
  • Not drinking for more than eight hours (when awake)
  • Dry mouth
  • Under one year old with vomiting and / or diarrhoea
  • Vomiting more than twice in the last 24 hours or has bile-stained vomit
  • More than five watery poos in a 24 hour period
  • Only one wet nappy or wee in the last 12 hours

You may have already seen a health professional about your child, but it is important to get more medical advice if:

  • You feel that your child is worse than when you previously spoke to a health professional.

  • You are more worried about your child than when you previously spoke to a health professional.

  • You are concerned that you are unable to look after your child.

What is the meningitis rash?

If you are seriously worried about someone who is ill, don’t wait for a rash to appear – get medical help. But if they are already ill and have a rash, or one appears, use the tumbler test.

The tumbler test

Press a clear glass tumbler firmly against the rash. If you can see the marks clearly through the glass get urgent medical help immediately.

Check the entire body. Look out for tiny red or brown pin-prick marks which can change into larger red or purple blotches and blood blisters.

The darker the skin the harder it is to see a septicaemic rash, so check lighter areas like the palms of hands and soles of feet or look inside the eyelids and the roof of the mouth.

Remember, a very ill person needs medical help even if there are only a few spots, a rash or no rash at all. More on what is the meningitis rash.

Other symptoms

When deciding whether a child is well enough to go home or needs to be in hospital, a health professional needs to take measurements such as heart rate, breathing rate, oxygen level and alertness.

National UK guidelines outline what doctors should measure in children with fever or suspected infection and when they should refer children to hospital. You can read these guidelines here:

  • Fever in under fives: assessment and initial management
  • Meningitis (bacterial) and meningococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management
  • Sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management
More support

If you have questions or concerns about meningitis or septicaemia you can ring our Support Services on 080 8800 3344 in the UK or 1800 41 33 44 in the Republic of Ireland. But don’t wait to speak to us if you think you or someone you care about is seriously ill – always get professional medical support.

Further resources

Download our meningitis and septicaemia symptoms infographic: A4 version | A5 version

Read what vaccines are available to prevent meningitis

Our safety netting campaign and report (2018)

Meningitis symptoms in babies

Meningitis symptoms in toddlers

Meningitis symptoms in teenagers and young adults

Intestinal infections. – Ulyanovsk Regional Center for Occupational Pathology. Maksimchuk V.M.

Intestinal infections are acute infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) with manifestations of general intoxication and the enteral mechanism of infection (through the entry of the infectious agent into the GIT).

The disease is extremely common in both adults and children. Intestinal infections pose a significant threat to the health of children, especially young children. Features of their physiology, biochemical reactions, immaturity of the immune system cause a rapid and sometimes lightning-fast course of the disease, leading to significant complications and consequences. There is no seasonality in intestinal infections. They are observed throughout the year, with a predominance of bacterial pathogens in the spring-summer period, and viral etiology – in the autumn-winter period.

Infections that affect the intestinal tract can originate from people, animals or contaminated food. And not only patients with obvious manifestations of the disease, but also latent carriers of pathogenic microorganisms, including bacteria. The causative agents of infections can be both bacterial pathogens and conditionally pathogenic flora, viruses, protozoa, helminths, fungi. A combination of several pathogens leading to diarrhea is possible.

Why is an intestinal infection dangerous?

Intestinal infection is characterized by two main manifestations: intoxication (poisoning) and damage to the gastrointestinal tract. Both of these conditions are especially dangerous for babies due to the rapid development of life-threatening conditions – dehydration and toxicosis.

Dehydration (dehydration) is the rapid loss of body fluids due to vomiting and/or diarrhea when these losses are not adequately replenished. Dry lips and mucous membranes, thirst or abrupt refusal to drink, weakness, decreased urination in older children, and dry diapers in infants should be alarming symptoms for parents.

Intoxication, being a characteristic symptom of many infections and other diseases associated with the presence of bacteria and toxins in the body, is characterized by universal manifestations – weakness, fever, loss of appetite, headache, heart palpitations.

Symptoms of an intestinal infection

The main intestinal manifestations that you should pay attention to are dyspepsia (nausea, discomfort, heaviness in the stomach), vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea / diarrhea. The severity of the course of the disease, the likelihood and severity of complications, and the features of the treatment of the infectious process will depend on the severity of these manifestations. An increase in body temperature is a frequent, but by no means obligatory manifestation of intestinal infections. Some dangerous infections can occur without fever.

Treatment of intestinal infection

Compliance with the correct drinking regimen and compliance with the rules of feeding will ensure a reduction in the duration of the disease and in most cases will allow treatment at home, comfortable and familiar conditions. Drug therapy is prescribed only after a doctor’s examination, taking into account the existing additional symptoms and their severity. Adsorbents and membrane protectors, antiemetics, probiotics or prebiotics, antibacterial or intestinal antiseptics may be added to the treatment.

When should I see a doctor?

The following are symptoms that should prompt medical attention:

  • blood in stool;
  • refusal to drink for several hours or uncontrollable vomiting;
  • decreased number of urination, dry diapers for children;
  • frequent multiple copious stools;
  • abdominal pain;
  • behavioral changes, including marked drowsiness, slower reactions to external stimuli, fever that is not well reduced after taking antipyretic drugs.

Prevention of intestinal infections in adults and children

The first and basic rule for the prevention of intestinal infections is personal hygiene. It is necessary to control the quality of the products used for cooking, thoroughly washing vegetables / fruits, eggs. Do not eat products from dubious markets and “home” production. It is necessary to control the communication of the child with pets. Timely vaccination plays a significant role in the prevention of intestinal infections. Thus, the rotavirus vaccine is becoming routine in preventing the disease. There are also vaccines that are used according to vital and epidemiological indications for the most dangerous infections in the intestines: dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera.

Headache and vomiting: causes and treatment

Headache and vomiting are symptoms that can occur with various diseases. Find out what causes these symptoms and how to manage them properly. Read our article and learn more about headaches and vomiting.

Headache and vomiting are fairly common symptoms that can indicate the presence of various diseases. For example, a headache can occur both from tension and from a migraine or cluster headache, and vomiting can be the result of many factors, ranging from intoxication to stress.

If headache and vomiting occur at the same time, then this may indicate certain disorders in the body. In this case, a mandatory consultation with a specialist is necessary to determine the possible causes and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

In this article, we will tell you about the most common causes of headaches and vomiting, and how you can alleviate these symptoms and improve your well-being.

Symptoms of headache and vomiting

Headache itself is a symptom of many diseases. It can occur in different areas of the head and have a different character. Some people feel a dull or springy pain, while others feel it is sharp and breaking. Headache may be accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, irritability, drowsiness, loss of appetite and others.

Vomiting is a reflex process in which the contents of the stomach are ejected through the mouth. It may be accompanied by nausea, dizziness, and abdominal discomfort. Vomiting can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, poisoning, alcohol intoxication, migraines, severe pain, and many other causes.

Headache and vomiting may be related and may have different causes. In some cases, they may be caused by stress, depression, or other psychological factors. In other cases, they may be associated with diseases of the nervous system, infectious diseases, trauma, and other causes.

If you experience symptoms of headache and vomiting, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause and start treatment. Self-medication in this case can lead to poor health.

Related videos:

What can cause headaches and vomiting?

Headache and vomiting can be caused by various causes, and most often have their own characteristics. The same symptoms can occur with different diseases, so you need to see a doctor to correctly diagnose the cause.

One common cause may be physical or emotional stress. Experiencing strong emotions or prolonged tension in the muscles of the head can lead to headaches and nausea. More serious causes include head injuries associated with accidents or sports injuries.

Dizziness is also possible, which is one of the causes of headache and vomiting. Dizziness can occur with changes in blood pressure, problems with the vestibular apparatus, poisoning, and other causes.

Acute stroke, migraine, infection and other illnesses can also cause headache and vomiting. Lack of sleep, alcohol, and certain medications may also be the cause.

Some symptoms that appear with headache and vomiting, such as fainting, convulsions, difficulty breathing or difficulty speaking, may indicate a more serious problem, so seek medical attention in such cases.

Once a month or more


Every six months


Once a year


Migraine is the most common cause

9000 2 Migraine is one of the most common diseases that can cause headaches and vomiting. Indicators indicate that about 12% of the population suffers from migraines.

Migraine symptoms may include a headache that may be throbbing or burning. In addition, migraine may be accompanied by a feeling of nausea and vomiting, photophobia and sound phobia.

Migraine can be triggered by various factors such as stress, changes in daily routine, hot or cold weather, strong smell, physical and psychological stress, certain foods.

  • Many people benefit from special medications that reduce the risk of migraines. Consultation with a neurologist can help in solving the problem.
  • Some people want to avoid factors that can cause migraines. Most patients can recommend certain diets, daily routines, adding relaxation to daily life, etc.
  • Antidepressants and other special medications may be effective in controlling migraines. However, their use must be prescribed by a physician.

Migraine can be a lot of anxiety and discomfort, but with the right data it can be easily managed.

Cluster headache and its symptoms

Cluster headache is a rare type of headache that is characterized by acute attacks of pain, usually concentrated on one side of the head. The frequency of seizures can vary from one per day to several per hour, and they may continue at regular intervals, such as at the same time of day every day for several weeks or months.

Symptoms of cluster headache may include:

  1. Intense pain, usually on one side of the head, often blocking the face, eyes, and nose.
  2. Redness or watering of the eye on the pain side.
  3. Congested nasal fluid or irritation of the nose on the pain side.

One of the most characteristic features of cluster headache is its cyclicity, that is, attacks may appear for several weeks or months, and then disappear for an extended period of time (some patients may remain pain-free for several years).

Treatment for cluster headache may include special medications, lifestyle changes such as stress reduction, quitting smoking and drinking, and special treatments such as oxygen therapy.

Sinusitis as a cause of headache and vomiting

Sinusitis is a disease in which inflammation occurs in the paranasal sinuses, that is, the sinuses that are located near the nose and eyes. With sinusitis, a person may experience a headache that can be severe and worse when the head is tilted or turned to the side. Sinusitis can also cause a feeling of pressure in the nose and cheeks, nasal congestion, feeling tired and weak.

Some of the most common causes of sinusitis are:

  • upper respiratory infections such as colds or flu;
  • allergies;
  • bad habits such as smoking;
  • damage to the nose or head.

In addition, sinusitis can cause vomiting. This is because in inflammation, the mucus and other secretions that accumulate in the sinuses begin to run down the back of the throat, irritating it. This can cause nausea and vomiting. In addition, the high fever that often accompanies sinusitis can also cause vomiting.

Treatment of sinusitis may include anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, antibiotics, nasal irrigation with special solutions, and in some cases even surgery. Anti-nausea medications can also help with vomiting, and drinking plenty of fluids helps reduce the concentration of mucus in the sinuses.

Brain injury and its consequences

Brain injury (THM) is one of the most common causes of headache and vomiting. Injury can occur as a result of a blow to the head, a fall, a car accident, or other external impact.

It is very common for THM to cause symptoms, including headache, nausea, and vomiting. In addition, other symptoms are possible, such as difficulty concentrating, memory impairment, constant fatigue, mood changes and drowsiness. In the case of severe THM, fainting, convulsions, or loss of consciousness may occur.

Treatment for THM depends on the severity of the injury and the body’s ability to heal itself. Most often, painkillers are used for treatment, as well as rest and restriction of physical activity. In some cases, rehabilitation treatment and physical therapy may be required to restore normal brain activity.

It is important to remember that THM can lead to long-term or even permanent effects such as memory impairment, mental retardation, problems with vision and hearing, and an increased risk of developing diseases of the nervous system. Therefore, it is important to follow all the recommendations of the attending physician and seek medical help in time in case of symptoms of TGM.

  • Advice for THM:
  • Rest and limit physical activity for several days
  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Take prescribed medications
  • Seek medical attention if your condition worsens or new symptoms develop.

Headache and vomiting in infectious diseases

Headache and vomiting can be symptoms of many infectious diseases. Some of them can be serious and require medical attention, while others can be treated at home.

Influenza is one of the most common diseases accompanied by headache and vomiting. This disease is caused by a virus that is transmitted through airborne droplets and enters the body through the nose, mouth, or eyes. The flu can cause headache, vomiting, weakness, fever, and other symptoms.

Another infectious disease that can cause headaches and vomiting is meningitis. This is an inflammatory disease of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, which is caused by bacteria or viruses. Symptoms of meningitis include headache, vomiting, fever, and feeling tired. This is a serious illness that requires immediate hospital treatment.

Some other infectious diseases that can cause headache and vomiting include intestinal infections, pneumonia, sepsis, and others. In some cases, these conditions can be treated with antibiotics or other medications, while in other cases, hospitalization may be required.

It is important not to ignore the symptoms of headache and vomiting, especially if they persist or worsen. If you have these symptoms, see your doctor to determine the cause and get treatment.

Operations and headache with vomiting

Operations are very stressful for the body and headache with vomiting may occur after them. This may be due to the anesthesia used during the operation.

Many patients complain of headache after surgery. This may be due to a change in pressure in the head, a violation of blood flow, or an effect on nerve endings. If the headache is accompanied by vomiting, then this may be due to stomach problems or severe pain.

To improve the condition after the operation, it is necessary to follow the daily routine, eat right and take the recommended medicines. If the headache and vomiting continue for more than 24 hours, you should consult a doctor.

  • Analgesics can be taken to reduce headaches or cold can be applied to the surgical site.
  • To avoid vomiting, watch your diet and avoid foods that can irritate your stomach.
  • It is important to control your blood pressure and take the recommended medications.

After the operation, it is necessary to limit physical activity, rest and monitor your health. If headache and vomiting persist or worsen, specialist advice is needed.

Problem Solution

Headache Analgesics, cold application
Vomiting Monitor diet, avoid irritating foods 9024 6
Deterioration Seek medical attention

How to diagnose headache and vomiting?

Headache and vomiting can be symptoms of various diseases and conditions of the body, so the diagnosis should begin with a visit to a doctor.

The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe additional methods of research, for example:

  • Blood and urine tests to determine the presence of infections or inflammatory processes.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG), which allows you to identify possible disorders in the brain.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) to rule out the presence of a tumor or other damage to the brain.
  • Ultrasound of the stomach, esophagus and intestines, if there is a suspicion of gastrointestinal dysfunction.

It is important to see a doctor if:

  • headache is accompanied by vomiting for more than 2-3 days;
  • other symptoms appear, such as fever, visual or hearing impairment, incoordination;
  • headache and vomiting following a head injury;
  • headache and vomiting occur after starting new drugs;
  • headache occurs in children or adolescents.

Diagnosis and timely treatment will help to avoid complications and improve the quality of life.

Treatment of headache and vomiting

Headache and vomiting should be treated immediately by a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the cause of the painful symptoms, appropriate medications are prescribed.

Migraine headaches are treated with drugs that reduce vascular tone and relieve pain. Analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and special drugs designed to prevent migraine may also be prescribed.

For vomiting caused by infectious diseases or food toxins, antiemetics are given first. If you need to quickly restore the water balance, the introduction of solutions for intravenous infusion is indicated. Also, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or drugs that improve the functioning of the digestive tract.

If headache and vomiting are caused by stress and psychological factors, sedatives and antidepressants are prescribed. In addition, physiotherapy, head and neck massage, acupuncture, and other alternative medicine methods may be prescribed to improve well-being.

  • It is important to understand that self-medication can only exacerbate the problem, so it is better not to self-medicate and not take medication without a doctor’s prescription.
  • If the symptoms of headache and vomiting do not disappear for a long period of time, you should consult a doctor for advice and a deeper diagnosis.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs used to treat pain, inflammation and fever. They are the most common remedies in the treatment of headaches and vomiting. One of the main advantages of NSAIDs is their availability – they are sold without a prescription.

The action of NSAIDs is aimed at reducing the level of prostaglandins – substances responsible for the occurrence of pain, inflammation and fever. Among NSAIDs, the most effective for headache and vomiting are diclofenac, ibuprofen, nimesulide, ketarolac. However, the use of NSAIDs should be agreed with the doctor and strictly follow the recommendations for dosage and duration of treatment.

There is a large selection of NSAIDs – tablets, capsules, syrups, gels, ointments. To eliminate headaches and vomiting, the most effective pills are those that relieve symptoms quickly and reliably. The most common trade names for NSAIDs are Nurofen, Ketorol, Nimesil, Diclofenac.

NSAIDs can cause side effects, especially in people with gastrointestinal problems. The disadvantage of NSAIDs is their short duration of action and the lack of a direct effect on the cause of the disease.

Thus, NSAIDs are an effective and affordable treatment for headaches and vomiting. However, before using them, you should consult your doctor and follow the recommendations for dosage and duration of treatment.

Antidepressants and their role in treatment

Headache and vomiting may be symptoms of psychological problems. In this case, antidepressants can come to the rescue, which can improve mood and reduce anxiety.

Antidepressants may be useful in the treatment of headaches associated with depression. They can also help reduce the intensity of migraine pain. In addition, the risk of subsequent migraine attacks may be reduced.

The choice of a specific antidepressant for the treatment of headache depends on the characteristics of the individual case. Some antidepressants may be effective in treating migraines, while others may be effective in treating chronic headaches. It is important to remember that antidepressants should only be taken under medical supervision.

  • Antidepressants usually don’t work right away and it can take several weeks before they start to work.
  • Dosage should be taken regularly: skipping a dose may reduce the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Do not take antidepressants in combination with other medicines without your doctor’s advice.

Antidepressants may be useful in the treatment of headaches associated with psychological problems. However, they are not a universal remedy, and their use should be approached with caution and only under the supervision of a physician.

Analgesics and their efficacy in headache and vomiting

Analgesics are a group of medicines used to reduce or eliminate pain. They can also help manage other symptoms such as headaches and vomiting.

Aspirin and ibuprofen are the two most commonly used forms of analgesics. They are often used to treat headaches and other types of pain. They can also help manage associated symptoms such as vomiting.

However, not all analgesics are equally effective for every person. Some people may experience side effects such as nausea and vomiting when taking analgesics. Therefore, it is important to check the compatibility of analgesics with the individual sensitivity of the body.

Before taking any analgesic, you should consult your doctor, especially if you have other medical conditions. Your doctor may recommend alternative treatments that may be safer and more effective for you.

So, analgesics can be a good solution for headaches and vomiting, but they are not a universal remedy and may cause unwanted effects. Therefore, if you experience discomfort, we recommend that you contact a specialist for qualified assistance.

Botulinum toxin in the treatment of migraine

Migraine is a severe neurological disorder characterized by intense headache often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Doctors have long been looking for ways to combat this disease, and one of the effective treatments for migraine is the use of botulinum toxin.

Botulinum toxin is a product derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the nerve endings, which leads to a decrease in muscle activity. This drug has long been used in cosmetics to smooth wrinkles and in ophthalmology to treat strabismus, but has recently been found to be useful in the treatment of migraine.

Studies have shown that injecting botulinum toxin into the muscles of the head and neck can reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines in patients. This treatment may be especially effective for those who have frequent migraine headaches and do not respond to traditional migraine medications.

However, although botulinum toxin is considered to be relatively safe and effective, one should consult with a neurologist and evaluate all possible risks and benefits before deciding to use it in the treatment of migraine.

Headache and Vomiting Prevention

A healthy lifestyle is essential to avoid headaches and vomiting. Regular exercise, proper nutrition, adequate rest and avoidance of stress will help promote health and reduce the risk of disease.

If you have frequent headaches and vomiting, then you need to pay attention to your lifestyle and try to change your habits. It is best to keep a food diary and notice what may be causing the painful symptoms.

Drinking plenty of fluids is recommended to prevent headaches and vomiting, especially in hot weather. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, which can cause headaches and nausea. Use caffeine in moderation, as too much caffeine can trigger migraines and other types of headaches.

  • Practice regular exercise, relaxation exercises and meditation;
  • Avoid foods that cause pain symptoms;
  • Purposefully study the methods of stress management;
  • Try to get at least 7-8 hours of sleep a day;
  • See your doctor regularly if you experience symptoms of headache and vomiting.

What to doWhat not to do

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Pay attention to these recommendations in your life. They not only minimize the risk of pain symptoms, but also help you stay healthy, improve mood and efficiency in work and life.

Nutrition and headache with vomiting

Proper nutrition plays an important role in health. Certain foods can cause headaches with vomiting. For example, spices and spicy foods can cause headaches and vomiting in people prone to these reactions.

Often symptoms are associated with the use of products containing a tyramine compound. This amino acid component is present in foods such as cheeses, red wine, chocolate, and smoked meats. Eating these foods can cause migraines and vomiting in some people.

It is equally important to drink enough water. Water deficiency in the body can lead to headaches, gastrointestinal disorganization, and other health problems.

It is important to note that each person is unique and reactions to certain foods may be individual. If you experience headaches and vomiting, you need to pay attention to your diet and avoid foods that can cause such symptoms. You should also consult a doctor to diagnose and determine the cause of health problems.

  • Try to avoid spices and spicy foods that can cause a reaction.
  • Limit your intake of foods containing tyramine.
  • Remember to drink enough water.
  • Seek medical attention if symptoms recur and are accompanied by other discomfort.

How can I avoid headaches and vomiting in the future?

Follow the daily routine. Regular sleep, proper nutrition and exercise will help maintain health and avoid unpleasant symptoms. It is especially important not to overeat or skip meals, as this can cause imbalance in the body and headache.

Avoid stress and nervous tension. Nervousness and anxiety can cause headache and vomiting. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of your psychological stability, and, if possible, resolve the cause of stress.

Do not abuse alcohol and nicotine. Nicotine constricts blood vessels, which can cause headaches. And alcohol irritates the stomach and can cause vomiting shortly after drinking. Therefore, it is better to abandon them or use them in moderation.

Drink more water and juices Drink alcohol
Avoid foods that cause stomach pain Smoke
Exercise regularly and take breaks from work Overeat and eat too often