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How early to babies start teething: Baby teething symptoms – NHS


Baby teething symptoms – NHS

When it comes to teething, all babies are different. But your baby will probably get their first tooth some time during their first year.

Find out how to spot when your baby is teething and what order your baby’s teeth are likely to appear in.

When do babies start teething?

Some babies are born with their first teeth. Others start teething before they are 4 months old, and some after 12 months. But most babies start teething at around 6 months.

Teething symptoms

Baby teeth sometimes emerge with no pain or discomfort at all. At other times, you may notice:

  • your baby’s gum is sore and red where the tooth is coming through
  • one cheek is flushed
  • they are rubbing their ear
  • your baby is dribbling more than usual
  • they are gnawing and chewing on things a lot
  • they are more fretful than usual

Read tips on how to help your teething baby.

Some people think that teething causes other symptoms, such as diarrhoea and fever, but there’s no evidence to support this.

You know your baby best. Get medical advice if they have any symptoms that are causing you concern. You can call NHS 111 or contact your GP.

Read more about spotting the signs of serious illness.

What order do baby teeth appear in?

Here’s a rough guide to how babies’ teeth usually emerge:

  • bottom incisors (bottom front teeth) – these are usually the first to come through, usually at around 5 to 7 months
  • top incisors (top front teeth) – these tend to come through at about 6 to 8 months
  • top lateral incisors (either side of the top front teeth) – these come through at around 9 to 11 months
  • bottom lateral incisors (either side of the bottom front teeth) – these come through at around 10 to 12 months
  • first molars (back teeth) – these come through at around 12 to 16 months
  • canines (towards the back of the mouth) – these come through at around 16 to 20 months
  • second molars – these come through at around 20 to 30 months

Most children will have all of their milk teeth by the time they are 2 1/2 years old.

Community content from HealthUnlocked

Page last reviewed: 1 February 2019

Next review due: 1 February 2022

When Do Babies Start Teething? Baby Teething Signs, Symptoms, Remedies

Maybe your baby’s drooling a little (or a lot), or maybe he’s a bit more irritable than usual. While your little one likely doesn’t understand why he has an itchy chin or an achy mouth, you may be able to assume that baby teeth are on their way. 

It’s hard to predict when exactly your baby’s first tooth will show up. And there may (or may not) be a number of teething signs that clue you in. In other words, you might be taken by surprise (“Ouch! Was that just a bite?”), or you might finally know for sure what those strange symptoms were about. 

Read on to learn more about teething symptoms, when your baby’s first teeth will appear and how to safely soothe your teething baby. 

When do babies start teething?

There’s a wide range of normal in terms of when teething in babies starts. That’s because the moment those first tiny pearly whites make their appearance can vary quite a bit from baby to baby.

Most babies get their first tooth around 6 months old, with teething symptoms preceding its appearance by as much as two or three months.

However, some infants’ first teeth erupt as early as 3 or 4 months old, while others don’t get their first tooth until around or after their first birthday. 

What are common teething signs and symptoms?

Every baby experiences teething differently. Some have virtually no symptoms, while others suffer through months of teething pain and fussiness.

Knowing what teething symptoms to look out for can help get you and baby through this milestone. Here are some of the first signs of teething:



It’s hard to believe so much fluid can come from such a tiny mouth, but teething can stimulate a lot of drooling. The waterworks start for most babies between about 10 weeks and 4 months of age, and drooling may continue for as long as your baby’s teeth continue to come in.

If you find that your baby’s shirts are constantly soggy, fasten on a bib to keep him more comfortable and clean. To stave off chapping, gently wipe his chin throughout the day.

2. Teething rash

If your teething baby is drooling, the constant drip may cause chafing, chapping, redness and rashes around his mouth, chin and even his neck and chest. Patting it away will help prevent irritation. 

You can also create a moisture barrier to the area with Vaseline or Aquaphor and moisturize with a gentle, unscented skin cream as needed. Nursing cream (like Lansinoh) is great for protecting tender baby skin too.

3. Coughing and/or gag reflex

A constant mouthful of spit can make babies gag and cough. It’s not cause for concern, as long as your baby has no other signs of a cold, flu or allergies.

4. Biting

Pressure from teeth poking through under the gums causes babies a lot of discomfort, which can be relieved by counter-pressure (aka chewing and biting).

Teething babies will gum whatever’s in gnawing distance, including rattles, their hands, your nipples if you’re breastfeeding (though if that happens you should take him off the breast and offer a cold washcloth or other form of comfort), your fingers, crib gates and stroller guards.

5. Crying or whining

Some babies breeze through teething without complaint. Others suffer from a good deal of pain due to the inflammation of tender gum tissue — which they feel compelled to share with you in the form of whining or crying. 

First teeth usually hurt the most (as do molars, because they’re bigger). Fortunately, most babies eventually get used to what teething feels like and aren’t quite so bothered later on. 

6. Irritability

Your baby’s mouth will ache as that little tooth presses on the gums and pokes up to the surface. Not surprisingly, it’ll probably make him feel out of sorts.

Some babies may be irritable for just a few hours, but others can stay fussy for days or weeks.

7. Refusing to eat

Cranky babies yearn to be soothed by putting something in their mouths, whether it’s a bottle or the breast. But the suction of nursing may make a teething infant’s sore gums feel worse. 

That’s why teething babies can be fussy about feedings, and get more frustrated when neither their discomfort nor their tummies find relief. Those eating solid foods may also refuse to eat while they’re teething. 

8. Night waking

As your baby’s little chompers start to emerge, his discomfort may disrupt his nighttime rest, even if he previously slept through the night. 

9. Ear pulling and cheek rubbing

Babies whose teeth are coming in may tug furiously at their ears or rub their cheeks or chins. An ache in the gums (especially from erupting molars) can be felt elsewhere, since gums, ears and cheeks share nerve pathways.

Keep in mind that ear pulling is also a sign baby’s tired and a symptom of an ear infection, so try to determine what’s behind it.

10. Gum hematoma

Notice a bluish lump under your baby’s gums? It may be a gum hematoma, or blood that’s trapped under the gums due to a tooth’s eruption, and it’s no cause for concern.

A cold compress or washcloth on the gums can relieve the pain and may help the hematoma heal faster. If the hematoma keeps growing, see your pediatric dentist.

Signs of teething can vary widely from baby to baby, although you can probably expect to see at least some (and maybe many) symptoms. Hang in there!

What order do baby teeth come in?

While it’s hard to know exactly when they’ll arrive, the order baby teeth come in is more predictable. Most commonly, baby teeth arrive in the center first and move outward in the following pattern:

  • Central incisors (two in the center of the mouth; usually the bottom pair first followed by the top pair)
  • Lateral incisors (the next spot over from the middle) 
  • First molars (those closest to the opening of your baby’s mouth)
  • Canines (on either side of the lateral incisors) 
  • Second molars (in the very back)

How do you soothe a teething baby?

You can help alleviate your baby’s teething discomfort with these parent-tested teething remedies:

1. Teething toys 

Teething babies love to chew, and for good reason: The gumming action provides counter-pressure, which relieves the aching as teeth push up and into the mouth. 

Teething relief products, including bumpy rubber teething toys, your clean finger, or a soft, wet toothbrush (without toothpaste) rubbed firmly on baby’s gums can provide soothing counter-pressure.

Your baby may balk at first because it hurts initially, but it’s often the best natural remedy for teething pain and soon brings relief.

2. Cold temperatures

Applying cold to your baby’s inflamed and sore gums can help relieve the pain of teething. Try: 

  • Refrigerated toys. Chewing is even more effective when the object is cold and numbs the gums. Keep a supply of teething toys or wet washcloths in the fridge. Do not keep teething rings and cloths for baby to chew on in the freezer. 
  • Cold drinks. A bottle of cold water can provide chilly relief to achy gums for babies over 6 months old, when water can be introduced. If your baby doesn’t accept the bottle, you can try offering him chilled, ice-free water in a cup.
  • Cold food. Refrigerated treats such as yogurt, blended peaches and applesauce (once these foods are introduced) can be more appetizing than room-temperature snacks. Or give pureed frozen fruits like raspberries and plums in a baby feeder mesh bag, so large chunks of food can’t pose a choking risk, but only under adult supervision and with your baby seated upright. Avoid having the child suck on cold food throughout the day for relief, however, because it can weaken the enamel on the erupting teeth, which can lead to cavities later.

3. Pain relievers 

If chewing, rubbing and sucking chilled foods aren’t doing the trick, and especially if teething is keeping your baby up at night, talk to your pediatrician. You’ll likely get the okay to break out the baby acetaminophen (if baby is over 2 months) or ibuprofen (for babies over 6 months). Be sure to follow the dosing instructions exactly.

Keep in mind that comfort in the form of extra snuggles, kisses and lots of patience are what a teething baby craves.

What teething remedies should you avoid?

While you may be ready to accept any relief for your baby’s teething pain, there are a few teething remedies that simply aren’t safe and you should avoid:

  • Numbing agents. Never use rubbing alcohol, benzocaine or lidocaine on your baby’s gums. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns against using topical numbing agents, which can put children under age 2 at risk for reduced oxygen levels in the blood. 
  • Over-the-counter teething gels. The FDA says parents should avoid any OTC teething remedies, including herbal or homeopathic teething gels, since they haven’t been proven to work. Some may contain an ingredient called belladonna that can cause difficulty breathing and seizures.
  • Amber teething necklaces. There’s no medical evidence to suggest that amber teething necklaces work. Most pediatricians advise against them, in large part because they can pose a choking or strangulation hazard.

How do you soothe a teething baby at night?

Teething is a common cause of sleep regression in babies. If your formerly perfect sleeper seems to be waking during the night due to teething pain, give him a few minutes before offering comfort to see if he can settle himself back to sleep.

If he’s still restless, soothe him with a few gentle pats and an “it’s okay” before quietly making your exit. If that doesn’t work, try one of the teething remedies listed above. 

Since babies are often quick to start or restart a night-waking habit, a few nights of waking due to teething pain can encourage them to continue waking even after the discomfort ends.

To break that cycle before it starts, try to make comfort brief and not too habit-forming. That means avoiding a return to overnight feedings (which will come back to haunt you when this phase has passed).

If the pain seems to really bother your little one, talk to your child’s pediatrician about offering a dose of baby acetaminophen or ibuprofen before he goes to bed. Also check to see if there are any other signs of illness (ear infections, for example, tend to get worse at night).

When to call the doctor about teething

Doctors are usually hesitant to link fever and diarrhea in babies to teething. But many parents swear their little ones’ loose stools and low-grade fevers (under 101 degrees Fahrenheit) are triggered by an arriving tooth. 

In theory, it might be possible. The excess saliva your baby swallows may irritate the stomach, causing loose stools. And inflammation anywhere in the body can slightly raise body temperature.

But these symptoms are more likely to be caused by a virus or an infection, since teeth tend to arrive around the time a baby’s acquired immunity from Mom begins to wane.  

It’s time to let your doctor know about your baby’s fever if your baby has a low-grade temperature for more than three days or if the fever is higher or accompanied by other troublesome symptoms.

Also report any liquidy, runny stool if it lasts for more than two bowel movements, or if your baby refuses to feed for more than a few days.

Keep in mind that like teething babies, babies with ear infections will yank on their ears. Check with your pediatrician if you suspect your little one may be bothered by more than just teething, and if he has a fever, seems especially irritated when he’s lying down or chewing, or has pus or crustiness around his ears. 

What milestones will the baby hit next?

Teething usually begins close to the start of some other pretty big baby milestones. Around the time your child’s first tooth erupts, you’ll likely be ready to start him on solids.

In a few months, your baby’s fine motor skills will develop, which means he’ll soon be able to pick up and chew finger foods all on his own!

Amber Teething Necklaces – Baby Teething Necklace Safety

If your baby is struggling with teething, you — like many parents — are probably looking for something (anything!) to help him feel better fast. But unfortunately, amber teething necklaces not only do not work, they’re also not safe. Here’s why — plus, the safe alternatives you can use soothe baby’s pain.

What are amber teething necklaces?

They are teething necklaces made of Baltic amber, or fossilized tree resin. In theory when baby wears one, his body heat triggers the release of a minute amount of oil that contains succinic acid, which is absorbed into the bloodstream. When the oil is absorbed, advocates say, it has an analgesic effect on swollen, sore gums.

Myths of using amber teething necklaces

You may have heard that the succinic acid from the amber beads works as a natural painkiller. Advocates also claim that it can help control drooling and improve the immune system’s ability to reduce inflammation in the ears, throat, stomach and respiratory system. However while the necklaces are indeed drug-free and made with natural ingredients, there’s no medical evidence to suggest that the oil actually relieves pain.

Risks of using amber teething necklaces

Regardless of whether or not you believe they work, amber beads pose safety risks to babies and toddlers. Most pediatricians — if not all — don’t recommend using them for the following reasons:

  • Even though the necklaces aren’t for chewing, the chances of your baby gnawing off a bead and choking on it are too high, even if you watch him.
  • Wearing a necklace poses a strangulation risk. It’s never a good idea to put anything around your little one’s neck.

And note that any type of teething necklace, whether it’s amber, wood, rubber or another material, will also pose the same risks. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) doesn’t recommend that infants wear any jewelry at all, and in December 2018 the Food and Drug Adminstration (FDA) warned parents to avoid giving any teething necklaces or bracelets to babies to chew on because they’re a strangulation and choking hazard.

Alternatives to amber teething necklaces

How to Soothe Teething Pain

There are lots of other tried-and-true teething pain relievers that can soothe your sweetie’s sore gums safely (and cheaply). Here are a few worth trying:

  • Chewable toys. Wood, plastic, rubber … any of these materials soothe aching gums thanks to the counter pressure of gumming. Textured surfaces tend to offer more relief, but any baby toys your little one likes are fine. For safety’s sake, choose teethers — and all toys, for that matter — on the larger side, without small parts that could break off and pose a choking hazard. Not sure it’s safe? Toys that can fit inside a paper-towel tube or toilet-paper roll are too small for your baby.
  • Cold stuff. Chilling your baby’s gums provides some serious numbing action, which helps ease the ache and inflammation. Frozen wet washcloths (tie one end in a knot for better gnawing) work great; soak them in chamomile tea for extra soothing action. So do chilled spoons and pacifiers (just make sure they’re not so hard that they could bruise tender gums). Also effective: ice water in a sippy cup or bottle, or frozen breast milk in bags. You can also try frozen bananas, applesauce or peaches inside a mesh teether. To avoid potential tooth decay, just be sure to wipe gums and any teeth down after and don’t let your baby suck them constantly.
  • Massage. A mini rubdown might give a lot of relief, at least temporarily. Thoroughly wash your hands, then massage the sore spots in your baby’s mouth with your finger or knuckle — just be prepared for the occasional nibble!
  • Medicine. When your little one is having a really tough time and nothing else seems to be working, ask your doctor about giving him a baby-appropriate pain reliever like acetaminophen, or infant Tylenol. Numbing gels and creams are not recommended for infants. 

Here’s hoping those pearly whites pop up sooner rather than later…

Symptoms, Causes, Tips and Remedies for Baby Cold Relief

There’s a reason colds are called “common”: Many healthy children have eight to 10 colds and other viral infections in the first two years of life (or six to eight colds in the first year), according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

That’s because their developing immune systems aren’t good at staving off infections yet — not because you didn’t dress her warmly enough or left the window open a crack overnight. And sometimes those colds will overlap as your baby catches one just as another is ending.

If you’re a new parent, the constant flow of symptoms (literally!) can be distressing and exhausting, so check in with your pediatrician if you’re worried about your little one, especially if she is under 3 months old.

Here’s what you need to know about the common cold in babies, from causes to symptoms, duration and treatments.

Baby cold symptoms

Fortunately, most cold symptoms in babies are mild and include:

  • Runny nose (watery at first, then opaque to sometimes yellow or green-tinted)
  • Nasal congestion or stuffiness
  • Sneezing
  • Mild fever (sometimes)
  • Dry cough (which may get worse at night and toward the end of a cold)
  • Sore or scratchy throat (not so easy to spot in a baby)
  • Fatigue or crankiness
  • Appetite loss

Cold symptoms can be similar to those of COVID-19 in babies and young children, so check in with your pediatrician to see if your child should get tested for COVID.

What causes colds in babies?

Colds, otherwise known as upper-respiratory infections, are caused by viruses. These viruses are spread through skin-to-skin contact, droplet transmission from coughs or sneezes, and contact with an object that’s been contaminated.

That means touching, kissing, picking up toys, cuddling — all the delightful things that go on when an adorable baby is around — can spread the cold virus. And there are more than 200 viruses known to cause colds, which explains why they’re so common.

Babies and small children have more than their share of run-ins with runny noses because they haven’t yet had the chance to build up immunities against the many different cold viruses in circulation.

But here’s reason to take comfort. Though these frequent colds are rough on your baby’s nose, they won’t do any harm — in fact, they can actually do your baby some good. Frequent bouts with bugs can boost your little one’s immune system, making her less susceptible to infection later in life.

How long does a cold last in babies?

The common cold usually lasts seven to 10 days (day three is often the worst), though a residual cough may linger for longer.

The incubation period for a cold is between one and four days. It’s typically most contagious a day or two before symptoms appear but can be passed along when the cold is already under way. Once the really runny nose dries up, it’s less contagious.

Tips for treating baby’s cold

Check with your pediatrician before giving your sniffling baby any medication, as babies should never be given adult cold medicine and most other cough and cold medications for children aren’t safe or effective either. To help relieve baby’s cold symptoms, especially during the germ-packed winter months, try these tips:

  • Monitor mucus. A stuffed-up nose can be uncomfortable for your baby, making it difficult for her to breathe and for both of you to sleep. Use a suction bulb to gently extract the excess mucus. Over-the-counter saline nose drops can soften mucus before suctioning.
  • Heighten humidity. Use a cool-mist humidifier in your baby’s room. Moist air can reduce congestion and make breathing easier.
  • Apply moisturizing ointment. A light dab of petroleum jelly under your baby’s nose can help prevent red skin, chapping, and soreness.
  • Fight back with fluids. Increase your baby’s fluid intake to replace those lost through fever or runny nose — especially warm ones (chicken broth, once the ingredients have been introduced, is particularly effective; it can be served strained and slightly warmed in a sippy cup). Feed your baby plenty of nutritious foods, too, including those rich in vitamin C. If your baby isn’t eating solids yet, keep up breastfeeding or bottles.
  • Know which medications are safe to give and when. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is safe for babies ages 2 months and older, while ibuprofen is safe for babies 6 months and up. Always check with your doctor first before giving your child medications.

How to prevent baby’s colds

Unfortunately there’s no way to entirely protect your little one from cold viruses. The number one way to prevent a cold is to wash your baby’s (and everyone else’s) hands regularly, especially after diaper changes.

Can’t get to a sink? Hand-sanitizing gels or wipes will do in a pinch, though they’re not as effective as soap and water in washing away germs.

Other helpful strategies: Try to keep your baby away from anyone with a cold when possible. Use a disinfectant solution to clean surfaces that may be contaminated with cold germs. While breastfeeding can reduce susceptibility to colds, it’s not foolproof.

When to call the doctor for baby cold symptoms

For most common colds, there’s no need to visit the pediatrician unless you’re concerned it might be something more serious like the flu or COVID-19. But if your baby is under 3 months old or if it’s your baby’s first cold, it’s a good idea to get in touch with your practitioner, if only to put your mind at ease.

Otherwise, watch for any of these signs that your little one’s illness is getting worse and be sure to call the doctor if your baby:

  • Is experiencing her very first cold
  • Seems to be especially out of sorts (very restless during the night, or has pain that causes night waking, which can be hard to detect in very small babies)
  • Is lethargic
  • Refuses to eat or drink
  • Develops a fever of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher on a rectal thermometer and is under 3 months old
  • Has a fever of over 100.4 F and is 3 months or older (the normal threshold is between 101.5 and 102 degrees F for babies this age, but a temp higher than 100.4 degrees F may require her to be tested for COVID-19).
  • Has a cough that’s getting worse or continues during the day after other symptoms are gone
  • Breathes significantly more rapidly than usual
  • Has greenish-yellow, foul-smelling nasal discharge from the nose or from coughing
  • Has swollen glands in the neck
  • Pulls on her ear
  • Has symptoms lasting longer than 10 days

If your baby seems to have a continuous cold, a chronically runny nose or very long-lasting or frequent colds (especially if accompanied by under-eye circles), talk to the doctor about whether allergies might be responsible (though they’re rare in babies).

Baby summer colds

Contrary to popular belief, colds aren’t actually caused by being cold, going bare-headed in the winter, getting wet feet or being exposed to drafts (though being chilled can lower a baby’s immunity).

In the winter, colds are caused by rhinoviruses, the most common viral infection in humans, which tends to survive better in cold weather (September to May) — hence the reason you’re more likely to get sick in the winter.

That said, summer colds are still possible. Summer colds are caused by a different set of viruses: non-polio enteroviruses, which can infect the tissues throughout the body, most commonly those in your eyes, nose and digestive system. Enteroviruses make 10 to 15 million people sick every year, usually between June and October.

While most run their course like the common cold, check in with your pediatrician right away if your baby’s symptoms last longer than seven to 10 days, are accompanied by a fever, or if your baby vomits, develops a rash or is having trouble breathing.

The most common symptoms of enteroviruses include:

  • Fever of 101 to 104 degrees F
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Symptoms usually clear up within a few days to a week. Prevent and treat summer colds in babies the same way you would with a winter cold — making sure to wash your baby’s hands frequently and check in with the doctor if you see any of the above-mentioned warning signs.

Baby’s First Tooth: 7 Facts Parents Should Know

​​​​​By: Dina DiMaggio, MD, FAAP & Julie Cernigliaro, DMD

1.  Most babies will develop teeth between 6 and 12 months.

There is a wide range of variability of when a first tooth may appear—some babies may not have any teeth by their first birthday! Around 3 months of age, babies will begin exploring the world with their mouth and have increased saliva and start to put their hands in their mouth. Many parents question whether or not this means that their baby is teething, but a first tooth usually appears around 6 months old. Typically, the first teeth to come in are almost always the lower front teeth (the lower central incisors), and most children will usually have all of their baby teeth by age 3.

2.  Fluoride should be added to your child’s diet at 6 months of age.

Fluoride is a mineral that helps prevent tooth decay by hardening the enamel of teeth. The good news is that fluoride is often added to tap water. Give your baby a few ounces of water in a sippy or straw cup when you begin him or her on solid foods (about 6 months of age). Speak with your pediatrician to see if your tap water contains fluoride or whether your child needs fluoride supplements. Fluoride is not typically found in most bottled water. See FAQ: Fluoride and Children for more information.

3.  Massaging sore gums, offering something cold, or acetaminophen, on an occasional rough night, can help soothe your baby’s teething pain.

Usually teething doesn’t cause children too much discomfort, however, many parents can tell when their baby is teething. Babies may show signs of discomfort in the area where the tooth is coming in, the gums around the tooth may be swollen and tender, and the baby may drool a lot more than usual.

Parents can help ease teething pain by massaging their baby’s gums with clean fingers, offering solid, not liquid-filled, teething rings, or a clean frozen or wet washcloth. If you offer a teething biscuit, make sure to watch your baby while he or she is eating it. Chunks can break off easily and can lead to choking. Also, these biscuits are not very nutritious and most contain sugar and salt.

A baby’s body temperature may slightly rise when teething; however, according to a 2016 study in Pediatrics, a true fever (temperature over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius) is not associated with teething and is actually a sign of an illness or infection that may require treatment. If your baby is clearly uncomfortable, talk with your pediatrician about giving a weight-appropriate dose of acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) or if over 6 months, ibuprofen (e.g., Advil, Motrin). Make sure to ask your pediatrician for the right dose in milliliters (mL) based on your child’s age and weight.

Many children, however, will have no problems at all when their teeth come in!

4.  Do not use teething tablets, gels with benzocaine, homeopathic teething gels or tablets, or amber teething necklaces.

Stay away from teething tablets that contain the plant poison belladonna and gels with benzocaine. Belladonna and benzocaine are marketed to numb your child’s pain, but the FDA has issued warnings against both due to potential side effects.

In addition, amber teething necklaces are not recommended. Necklaces placed around an infant’s neck can pose a strangulation risk or be a potential choking hazard. There is also no research to support the necklace’s effectiveness. See Teething Necklaces and Beads: A Caution for Parents for more information.

5.  You should brush your child’s teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.

Once your child has a tooth, you should be brushing them twice a day with a smear of fluoride toothpaste the size of a grain of rice, especially after the last drink or food of the day. Remember not to put your baby to bed with a bottle—it can lead to tooth decay.

Once your child turns 3, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Dental Association (ADA), and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD)recommend that a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste be used when brushing. When your child is able, teach him or her to spit out the excess toothpaste. It is best if you put the toothpaste on the toothbrush until your child is about age 6. Parents should monitor and assist their child while brushing until he or she is around 7 or 8 years old. When your child can write his or her name well, he or she also has the ability to brush well.

6.  Ask your pediatrician about your baby’s teeth and fluoride varnish.

During regular well-child visits, your pediatrician will check your baby’s teeth and gums to ensure they are healthy and talk to you about how to keep them that way.  The AAP and the United States Preventive Services Task Force also recommend that children receive fluoride varnish once they have teeth. If your child does not yet have a dentist, ask your pediatrician if he or she can apply fluoride varnish to your baby’s teeth. Once your child has a dentist, the varnish can be applied in the dental office. The earlier your child receives fluoride varnish the better to help prevent tooth decay.

7.  Make your first dental appointment when the first tooth appears.

Try to make your baby’s first dental appointment after the eruption of the first tooth and by his or her first birthday.

Both the AAP and the AAPD recommend that all children see a pediatric dentist and establish a “dental home” by age one. A pediatric dentist will make sure all teeth are developing normally and that there are no dental problems. He or she will also give you further advice on proper hygiene. If you don’t have a pediatric dentist in your community, find a general dentist who is comfortable seeing young children.


Additional Information:


About Dr. DiMaggio: 

Dina DiMaggio, MD, FAAP, is a board certified pediatrician at Pediatric Associates of NYC and at NYU Langone Medical Center. She is the co-author of The Pediatrician’s Guide to Feeding Babies and Toddlers, a comprehensive manual written by a team of medical, nutrition, and culinary experts. Follow her on Instagram @Pediatriciansguide.

About Dr. Cernigliaro:

Julie Cernigliaro, DMD, is a board certified pediatric dentist and the Associate Director of the Pediatric Dental Residency Program at Lutheran Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY. She holds a faculty position at NYU College of Dentistry and currently works in private practice at Happy Smile Pediatric Dentistry, PC in NYC.

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Teething Necklaces and Beads: A Caution for Parents

​​​​​When parents see their baby suffering, they just want a solution. Teething necklaces and beads have become an increasing popular alternative treatment to ease
teething pain.
But, are they effective and safe? The answer is no.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released an

official warning in December 2018 after recieving reports of children choking on beads that break off and an 18-month-old being strangled to death by an amber necklace during a nap.

​Teething Necklaces: Watch Out For Faulty Claims

Teething necklaces and bracelets are made of amber, wood, marble or silicone. They are marketed to relieve teething pain and sometimes are used to provide sensory stimulation to people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

According to Dr. Andrew Weil, a world-renowned leader and pioneer in the field of integrative medicine,
the use of these necklaces is not supported by modern science. Retailers claim that when warmed by the baby’s body temperature, the amber releases a pain-relieving substance that is then absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream. Additionally, promoters claim that they stimulate the thyroid gland (to control drooling) and improve the ability of the immune system to reduce inflammation in the ears, throat, stomach and respiratory system. However, there is currently no scientific research or evidence to back up these claims. 

Why These Teething Necklaces and Beads are Choking and Strangulation Hazards:

“The risk is two-fold — strangulation and
choking,” said pediatrician Natasha Burgert, MD, FAAP. It occurs when the necklaces are worn around a child’s neck, especially when unsupervised (such as while sleeping) or if the child were to break the necklace and swallow the beads. However, those risks are not only for these teething necklaces.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) does not recommend that infants wear any jewelry. Suffocation is the leading cause of death for children under a year old and among the top five causes of death for children between the ages of 1 and 4.

Parents who choose to use these necklaces are advised to:

  • Always supervise your child when he or she is wearing the necklace or bracelet.

  • Have your child wear the necklace on a wrist or ankle and not around his or her neck.

  • Remember to remove the necklace or bracelet when your child is unattended, even if it is only for a short period of time!

  • Remove the necklace or bracelet while your child is sleeping (day or night).

  • Consider using alternate forms of teething pain relief (see suggestions below).

  • Talk to your child’s pediatrician if you have concerns or questions about your child’s health.

Safer Ways to Soothe a Teething Baby:

There are many teething-pain relievers that can soothe your baby’s sore gums safely. Here are a few worth trying:

  • Chew toys. Plastic and rubber toys are great for soothing aching gums.

  • Cold things. For help numbing and easing the ache and inflammation, try using damp washcloths that have been twisted and frozen (tie one end in a knot for better gnawing). Avoid teething rings that are frozen solid; they are too hard for children’s mouths.

  • Massage. A light, gentle rub or massage might give your little one a lot of relief. Remember to wash your hands, then massage the sore areas in your baby’s mouth with your finger or knuckle.

  • Medicine. When your baby is having a really tough time, ask your pediatrician about giving a dose of acetaminophen (Tylenol).
    Note: Numbing gels or creams that contain benzocaine are not recommended for infants.

Additional Information:


The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Fluoride for Children: FAQs – HealthyChildren.org

​Fluoride from drinking
water and other sources like toothpaste and mouth rinse can help prevent
tooth decay (dental caries for cavities) and make your child’s teeth stronger.

Here are some common questions parents ask about how fluoride helps protect children’s oral health.

Q: Why do children need fluoride?​

A: Fluoride is a natural mineral that can slow or stop cavities from forming. Bacteria in the mouth combine with sugars and make acid that can harm the outer layer of the tooth (enamel). Fluoride protects teeth from damage and helps rebuild the enamel. Many communities have added fluoride to the tap water to help fight cavities. Children should drink plenty of water and brush with toothpaste that has fluoride in it.

Q: Is fluoridated water safe for my children?

A: Yes. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Dental Association, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention agree that
water fluoridation is safe and works to
prevent tooth decay. Community water fluoridation has been shown to reduce tooth decay by 25%.

Q: When should my child start using fluoride toothpaste?

A: The AAP recommends using a “smear” of fluoride toothpaste twice a day when the first tooth appears and until age 3. Once your child has turned 3, a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste can be used.

Q: What if we live in a community where the water is not fluoridated? What can we do?

A: Check with your local water utility agency to
find out if your water has fluoride in it. If it doesn’t or you have well water, ask your pediatrician or dentist if your child is at high risk for cavities. The doctor may recommend you buy fluoridated water or give you a prescription for fluoride drops or tablets for your child.

Q: Should my child get fluoride varnish?

A: Yes.
Fluoride varnish is used to help prevent or slow down tooth decay. Your pediatrician will apply the varnish starting when your baby is 6 months old at
well-child visits. It is painted on the top and sides of each tooth and hardens quickly. Then, it is brushed off after 4 to 12 hours. It is recommended that children have varnish applied 2 to 4 times per year until they are 5 years old.

Q: What should I know about fluoride if I am breastfeeding or using infant formula?

A: When they are younger than 6 months old,
breastfed babies and babies fed infant formula do not need fluoride supplements or formula mixed with water than is fluoridated. It is safe to use fluoridated water to
mix the formula if your baby is younger than 6 months old, but there is a small risk of “fluorosis. ” (See more details, below.) Ask your pediatrician or
dentist if you need more advice.

If you prefer not to use fluoridated water with formula before your baby’s first tooth emerges, you can:

Q: What is dental fluorosis, and will fluoridated water mixed with infant formula increase the risk?

A: Fluorosis usually appears as very faint white streaks on the teeth. Often it is only noticeable by a dental expert during an exam. Mild fluorosis is not painful and does not affect the function or health of the teeth.

Although using fluoridated water to prepare infant formula might increase the risk of dental fluorosis, most cases are mild.

Once your child’s adult teeth come in (usually around age 8), the risk of developing fluorosis is over.

More Information

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

90,000 First teeth – articles from the specialists of the clinic “Mother and Child”

When to wait

The baby’s milk teeth are laid at the 7-8th week of intrauterine development, and the permanent ones – at the end of the 4th month of pregnancy. In total, the baby’s milk teeth are laid 20, while the permanent ones are 32. To provide the baby with a Hollywood smile, the expectant mother needs to eat right throughout the nine months of pregnancy. There are no calcium preparations that are 100% assimilated, so it is very important to draw “natural” calcium from food, especially cottage cheese.And, of course, the most pregnant woman needs to have all her teeth cured – now there are very gentle technologies for this.

The eruption of the first milk teeth in most cases begins at the 3rd to 8th month of a baby’s life and ends closer to three years of age. But it also happens that children are born with one or two teeth, or the teeth can erupt in the first weeks of life. Often the timing of teething depends on genetic characteristics, but much more on other factors. Influence on teeth and diseases of crumbs (for example, with rickets, frequent acute respiratory viral infections and dyspepsia, teeth erupt later).It is worth paying attention to the nature of the diet, the quality of drinking water, even the climate! In northern residents, teeth erupt on average a little later than in southerners. Sometimes teething is delayed, and the first tooth appears closer to the year. Usually there is nothing wrong with that. It is believed that not so much the timing as the order of teething speaks about the health of the child. If it is violated, pay attention to this fact and show the baby to the pediatric dentist.

Process started

The fact that the eruption process has begun is indicated by profuse salivation.In addition, the baby begins to pull into his mouth everything that only he can find under his arm. This means that the gums itch, causing discomfort. Trying to relieve the itching, the baby instinctively acts correctly – micromassage of the gums improves microcirculation in them, teeth erupt easier and faster. During this period, provide the baby with teethers: hypoallergenic silicone toys filled with water. Do not refrigerate the teether in the freezer – only in the refrigerator: otherwise, the crumb will get hurt on a hard surface.If the gums are very swollen, and the baby is crying in pain, use special dental gels that have a mild local anesthetic effect.

For most children, the teething process is quite calm. Short periods of anxiety, disturbances in the daily routine and eating habits are possible. Sometimes even eruption is accompanied by diarrhea, runny nose, cough and fever. And even during the period of the appearance of teeth, the baby is vulnerable to all kinds of infections. The crumbs’ immunity decreases these days, and it “picks up” the virus more easily, so you shouldn’t blame the deterioration of the condition only on the teeth.If the child’s temperature rises when a tooth is cut, it is necessary to look for another inflammatory focus in the body.

At 6 months crumbs usually boast central lower incisors. This is an excuse to start brushing your teeth. Why so early? Milk teeth are small and sharp, have an uneven wavy edge, stand close to each other and, as a rule, have a yellowish tint. These teeth have a low degree of mineralization. Their enamel and dentin are very thin. All this contributes to the rapid onset and spread of caries.In order to prevent it, you need to regularly brush your teeth: for this, you can use various massage brushes, which not only teach the child to hygiene, but also facilitate the teething process itself. Teeth immediately learn to clean correctly – from the gums to the edge, slightly “sweeping”, semicircular movements, and in no case horizontal. If possible, brush your teeth after each meal (and at least twice a day). There is no such possibility? Give the baby a drink – the water will wash away the food debris.

At 8 months , the upper central incisors usually erupt.At 9 months , the upper lateral incisors appear. At 11 months n the lower lateral incisors in many children are already in place! By , the baby has eight normal teeth. But there may be none – delayed teething occurs in 25% of cases with normal psychomotor development of the child. In extremely rare cases, the absence of teeth is associated with edentulousness – the absence of their primordia. You can check this with a pediatric dentist using the radiovisiography method. By 13–15 months , the upper first molars appear first, and then the lower ones.

From a year old, a baby can brush his teeth with a baby toothpaste and a special baby brush. The service life of the brush is no more than 2 months, even if it looks like new. Many toddlers swallow delicious pasta. You should not be afraid of this if it is a child’s and its quantity is not more than a pea. Of course, until 2–2.5 years of age, brushing your teeth should take place with the help, and then under the watchful supervision of your mother.

At 18 months canine teeth erupt. Usually these teeth cause more problems than others, their eruption is more painful, and this process is often accompanied by malaise. At 20 months , second molars erupt. And sometimes, already at this age, the mother can notice the first problems. Doctors reassure: carious milk teeth are not a reason to worry that permanent ones will also be bad. As practice shows, there is no pattern here. Of course, if parents do not neglect disease prevention and dental hygiene. At 2.5 years old, the baby normally has a full set of milk teeth. There are 20 of them – 10 on each jaw .

Milk teeth do not live long – soon they will begin to fall out and permanent teeth will appear in their place.Usually, the change of teeth begins at about 5-6 years old and lasts until 20, when the wisdom teeth erupt.

Starting from 6 months, twice a year, it is imperative to come for a routine examination. When this becomes a habit, the baby will not be afraid of doctors, and by the age of 7-8 (when a visit to the clinic can no longer be avoided) he will be completely calm in the dental chair

In order for the baby’s teeth to grow strong and healthy, you need to start taking care of them almost before conception.And it’s better to get acquainted with the dentist early

Terms of teething and loss of milk teeth

Upper teeth

Tooth name

Teething time

Teething order

Duration of loss

Central incisor

8 months – 1 year


6-7 years

Lateral cutter

9 months – 1 year 2 months


7-8 years


1 year 3 months – 1 year 10 months


10-12 years

First molar

1 year – 1 year 6 months


9-11 years

Second molar

2 years – 2 years 8 months


10-12 years

Lower teeth

Central incisor

6 months -10 months


6-7 years

Lateral cutter

10 months -1 year 4 months


7-8 years


1 year 4 months – 2 years


9-12 years

First molar

1 year 2 months – 1 year 7 months


9-11 years

Second molar

1 year 10 months – 2 years 8 months


10-12 years

The order of teething in children, the timing of the eruption of milk teeth

The first year of a child’s life is filled with so many important and exciting events that when he has his first tooth, you may only be able to quietly rejoice that it happened. There is no need to worry if your baby’s first tooth erupts later than those of his peers. The teething process can take many months. It is helpful for parents to know the order in which milk teeth usually appear, what problems this causes, and what solutions the dentist has to offer.

Terms of teething of milk teeth

Most young parents are aware that four front teeth appear earlier than others on the lower and upper jaw. They also usually know that baby teeth erupt in about three years.All other aspects of this process raise many questions and become a cause for concern.

As the dentists explain, the eruption of deciduous teeth begins with the central incisors of the lower jaw. With the exception of the first molars, which may appear even before the frontal teeth, the rest of the teeth erupt in an order that can be described as “front to back.” Typically, teething occurs in the following sequence:

  • 6-10 months. Two anterior teeth (central incisors) of the lower jaw
  • 8-12 months. Two anterior teeth (central incisors) of the upper jaw
  • 9-13 months. Lateral maxillary incisors, i.e. teeth adjacent to the central incisors
  • 10-16 months. Lateral incisors of the lower jaw
  • 13-19 months. The first molars of the upper jaw (the place for the canines is still empty)
  • 14-18 months. First molars of the lower jaw
  • 16-22 months. Canines of the upper jaw, located immediately behind the lateral incisors
  • 17-23 months. Canines of the lower jaw
  • 23-31 months. Second molars of the lower jaw, located immediately behind the first molars
  • 25-33 months. Second molars of the upper jaw

The order of eruption of milk teeth

Milk teeth appear in pairs, almost simultaneously on the upper and lower jaws of a child, although some teeth may erupt a little earlier than others. The teething schedule for deciduous teeth is quite flexible, so, for example, your baby’s first molars and canines may appear at the same time. It is perfectly normal for teething to begin before the baby is six months old. You will definitely notice changes in the baby’s behavior: he will begin to chew toys to scratch his gums, he will salivate more abundantly. These signs can appear as early as four months of age, experts say at the dental portal Stoma.Guru. You also do not need to worry if the first tooth appears closer to the time when the baby is 10 months old.

The timing of teething is largely due to heredity, but in girls this process can occur a little faster than in boys. In addition, milk teeth can be erupted straight or at an angle to straighten later.

Causes for Concern

However, in some cases, a violation of the order of teething requires medical attention.Firstly, babies have so-called natal and neonatal teeth: if your baby was born with teeth or they erupt in the first month of life, you should immediately consult a dentist. As experts explain, these teeth can be additional, or supernumerary, or complete, but erupted very early. They are very mobile. If the dentist determines that the teeth are supernumerary, they may recommend removing them.

Also, a visit to the dentist may be necessary in case of congenital absence of teeth, or hypodontia.According to researchers from the Kazan State Medical Academy, the absence of incisors or first molars of the upper jaw is extremely rare; an essential role in the development of this deviation is played by heredity.

As soon as your baby has its first teeth, start using a special baby toothbrush with a small head and very soft bristles, designed to gently but effectively clean baby teeth. Teach your child to take proper oral care from a very young age, and remember to schedule a dentist appointment between your first tooth and your baby’s first birthday.

90,000 How do babies’ teeth grow?

A charming baby’s first smile, then the eruption of the first tooth, the replacement of milk ones with permanent ones – all these are integral stages of growing up, so exciting and memorable for parents. For some children, such processes are painless, without causing any complications. However, in most cases, the appearance of the first incisors, canines and molars becomes the cause of poor health in babies.All moms and dads want to know as much as possible about this important stage in a child’s development. As the saying goes, “forewarned is forearmed.”

1.The first tooth.

At about six months of age, infants can notice the eruption of the lower incisor. Sometimes there is an early appearance – about three months, or, conversely, the baby is in no hurry to become a “nibbler”. The eruption can take up to 16 months. This should not scare the parents. You should not torment yourself with the question of why the child’s teeth are not growing.Their eruption later than the average standard specified in the books on pediatrics is not at all a deviation. Timing may vary. Here genetics, the general condition of the body and many different factors play a role.

Teething scheme

Equally important questions that often bother young mothers are how babies’ teeth grow and how long does it take before the tooth completely appears above the gum surface?

Here, too, it is impossible to answer unequivocally.Sometimes it takes one or two weeks, and sometimes this process takes a whole month. The main signs, in order not to miss this important moment, you need to know well how milk teeth grow in children.

The main signs of a penetrating incisor are increased salivation, swelling of the gums. At the same time, the child becomes whiny, capricious, does not sleep well, and loses his appetite. As a rule, pediatricians, when asked “what time the teeth begin to grow in children”, call the approximate age – about 6 months.However, the first tooth in many babies can appear at four months, and after six months. After the lower ones, the upper incisors appear. Nevertheless, eruption is almost always, no matter how old the child is, accompanied by painful sensations. Discomfort and itching in the gums will not annoy your child much if you find all kinds of cooling gels, rubber teether toys at home. This often significantly reduces all unpleasant symptoms. Many parents often ask how a child’s teeth should grow, what manifestations are within the normal range.In this case, it is important not to miss alarms and, if necessary, consult a doctor. During eruption, immunity decreases. Children during this period often get sick with ARVI. The temperature may rise. A more attentive attitude towards the child is required from the parents. It is important to notice the symptoms of a maturing ailment in time and go to the pediatrician

Every woman who is expecting a baby needs to carefully prepare for this important event. It is important for newly minted parents to study and learn a lot, including what time babies’ teeth grow, how this process proceeds, what needs to be done in such situations.

Even during the development of the fetus in the mother’s womb, the rudiments of teeth are formed in the tiny man. They are laid in the eighth – twelfth week. Later, these formations are filled with the necessary minerals. Therefore, a pregnant woman needs to monitor her diet. It is necessary to make sure that a lot of fluoride, phosphorus and calcium enter her body. Dried fruits, dairy products, fish, baked potatoes are rich in these useful elements.

You can additionally take special vitamins for expectant mothers.In this case, the baby’s milk teeth will be healthy and strong. In the process of eruption of milk teeth, the laying of permanent ones also takes place. Therefore, even after the birth of a baby, it is worth paying a lot of attention to the quality of nutrition of the mother and child. This applies to all infants. Breastfeeding gives the baby good immunity. Human milk gives the baby all the substances necessary for its growth and development, of course, provided that the young mother eats properly. For babies who are bottle-fed, it is equally important that their diet is rich in vitamins and various minerals.

How teeth grow in children, a diagram that clearly shows the sequence of the appearance of incisors, canines and molars.

However, do not forget that this process may take place differently for each child. Usually, the central incisors in the bottom row appear first. This can happen at four months of age or even when the baby is already one year old. It is not always possible to accurately answer the question at what age children grow teeth.The upper incisors break through at eight or nine months, but sometimes they can be seen even at a seven-month-old toddler. The timing of the appearance of the upper lateral incisors is between eight and fourteen months of age. In the bottom row, these teeth, as a rule, erupt later – at nine months or even after a year. The first molars and canines appear in children from 13 to 19 months and from 16 to 23, respectively. Sometimes eruption begins in the upper jaw. In some cases, parents observe how the child’s upper and lower incisors erupt simultaneously.All of these options are considered valid. The sequence of the eruption of milk teeth does not affect their condition and health in the future. Difficulties and ways to solve them Often, the eruption of canines or molars in babies is a rather painful process. At the same time, the gums swell, itch and hurt. In most cases, the baby refuses to eat, often cries, is capricious, and does not sleep well. During teething, the baby shows anxiety.Therefore, every mother should be prepared in advance for such difficulties, find out how to help, while the children’s teeth grow.

Some parents give their baby warm milk at night. This will allow the baby to sleep peacefully. During the day, you can distract the child with a game, use special teether toys for the gums. When the first teeth appear, babies usually want to pull everything into their mouths. Care must be taken to ensure that objects that fall into small handles are safe. The child wants to “taste everything”.

Usually, a one-year-old toddler already boasts eight teeth.These are the upper and lower anterior incisors. For some children, this moment occurs only at 14-16 months. Many parents are interested in how old the teeth grow in children. As a rule, by the age of two, 16 teeth erupt (all except the posterior molars). A three-year-old toddler usually already has twenty teeth. At the age of six, they begin to fall out and are replaced by permanent ones. The beginning of the change of teeth in a 6-year-old child.

This period is marked by the active growth of facial bones. The jaw expands.At the same time, gaps are noticeable between the milk teeth. The child’s body gradually prepares itself for the growth of larger permanent teeth. This process begins mainly after four years. During this period it is important not to miss a visit to the pediatric dentist. The doctor will check if the size of the jawbone is formed correctly and, if necessary, will refer the little patient to the orthodontist. Sometimes it is necessary to pick up special plates for the baby in time.

How old are children’s teeth growing?

At the age of 5-7, milk teeth usually begin to fall out.In this case, the sequence of their replacement is identical to the order of eruption of the first dairy. First, the child loses the lower incisors, then the upper ones. After that, the molars loosen and fall out, then the canines. The socket of a lost milk tooth in a seven-year-old child The rudiments of permanent teeth, which are formed in infancy, eventually displace the roots of the milk ones, loosen them and lead to the loss of the latter. In most cases, this does not cause any discomfort to the child. Nevertheless, sometimes a milk tooth can firmly “sit” in the gum tissue, while a permanent one is already erupting under it.In such a situation, you can consult a surgeon. He will neatly remove the annoying “hindrance”. From the permanent teeth, the lower central incisors erupt at six to eight years, followed by the upper ones. Then comes the turn of the lateral incisors. As a rule, at the age of nine, molars have already erupted, and canines begin to appear in the lower row. The average period of their appearance is 9–11 years. The first and second premolars in the lower and upper row break through at the age of 10–12. At the age of 11, the child develops upper canines.In general, we can say that by the age of 13, all the baby’s teeth have already been replaced by permanent ones. However, much depends on the genetic predisposition, the general condition of the organism. Therefore, all the timing of the appearance of teeth in a child is relative.

In some cases, the last permanent teeth are finally formed only by the age of 14–15. If the change of teeth is delayed, the reasons may be different. Sometimes illnesses, transferred earlier, chronic ailments can affect this process.In such a situation, it is important not to postpone the visit to the dentist. The doctor will accurately determine the cause of the pathology, tell you how to solve such a problem. In most cases, a detailed examination and X-ray will help to find out why the child’s teeth are in no hurry to appear. The picture shows the presence or absence of permanent tooth buds. Only after such a thorough diagnosis will the doctor be able to effectively help the patient.

90,000 First Teething in Children

Signs of Teething in Children

An important role is played by the nutrition of the baby, as well as the factor of heredity.That is why the age of the baby during the appearance of the first teeth can vary greatly. By the way, many beliefs related to teeth were widespread among our ancestors. The first tooth in a child – signs : if a baby’s teeth are teething very early, within a year he will have a brother or sister. And also, it was believed that children with early teeth are very smart. This is true, such children develop faster than others in everything. They also have early replacement of milk teeth with permanent ones.Parents should be responsible for their health, because the early appearance of milk teeth and their early replacement cause an increased risk of hypoplasia and caries, and children are more likely to be prone to anemia and hypovitaminosis.

Parents are worried about the question: Are children born with teeth? Yes, there are such cases, although they are quite rare. Once upon a time, this fact frightened people very much, a child born with teeth was considered the embodiment of dark forces, and it was very difficult for him in life.

Today we declare with responsibility – these are all prejudices and nonsense. It’s just that during the formation of the body, such a failure happened. Unfortunately, sometimes there is an abnormal development of certain organs, their absence or a pair number is observed. So it is with the teeth. It happens that a child’s teeth grow out of order, crooked or erupts the second row of teeth . This is often a hereditary trait – many members of the same family may have similar problems. This, of course, is unpleasant, but not fatal.

Modern dentistry treats various anomalies of the dentition without consequences for the general development of a person. Do not be afraid, fill your head with various bad thoughts and experiences. And if the child was born with teeth , then the only trouble is that at first the mother may be hurt when the baby sucks the breast until she gets used to it. Don’t even tell anyone about it. Your children are wonderful, full-fledged people, they will grow up big and healthy. And our experts will help you quickly and efficiently get rid of all problems.In the next article we will tell you what are signs of the appearance of teeth in children, how to help your baby easily survive the difficult period of teething of milk teeth, and how to keep them healthy and beautiful.

Advice for parents – pain reliever for teething in a child

How to know if your baby is teething

Before you see your child’s first tooth, you may notice warning symptoms:

  • Flushed cheeks
  • Increased sensitivity of the gums
  • Profuse salivation
  • Desire to chew everything around
  • Crying
  • Refusal to eat
  • Interrupted sleep and moody behavior at night

Sometimes you can clearly see that the tooth is cutting through the gum, or you can feel the tubercle.If you think your child is not feeling well, see a doctor.

Simple Tips for Calming Your Baby When Teething is Teething

Hug your child more often – caressing will help calm the child who is teething. Children often like to chew on anything during this period, so give him something firm but safe, such as a baby teething ring. It’s even better if you can sterilize the ring and refrigerate it.

Another useful technique is to lightly massage your baby’s gums with your finger.You can also use a colorless sugar-free soothing gel or a baby pain reliever such as Nurofen for children.

Three tips for keeping your baby in a good mood when teething

  • Share childcare responsibilities during this period with your partner
  • If you are having trouble getting a good night’s sleep, arrange for a quiet hour during the day for each family member
  • Take your baby teething ring with you wherever you go with your baby

It’s never too early to start caring for your teeth

As soon as your child has teeth, plaque can form on them. That is why it is important to properly care for your teeth from the first days – this will help keep them strong and healthy. Start brushing your child’s teeth as soon as they erupt. Also, try not to give your baby sugary drinks or milk after brushing your teeth – this will help protect them from tooth decay.

90,000 help for the baby during this period

Teething is a very hectic period, it begins at the age of 4 months and later. Almost all children during this period become disobedient and restless.Some children, due to teething, have a cough, runny nose, fever, diarrhea.

When and in what order are the first teeth cut?

The first rudiments of teeth appear in the fetus while still in the womb. There cannot be a certain order and exact timing of teething in children, each child is individual. The timing of the appearance of teeth can vary greatly for different children and depend on the body of the child and his parents.

There are cases when a newborn child was born with one tooth and when children under one and a half years of age had no teeth.In most babies, the first teeth appear between 4 and 7 months. Some experts believe that if the mother’s teeth appeared late, then the children will have them too late. However, this should not be taken as a rule.

Teeth usually appear in the following order:

first incisors,

second cutters,

first molars,


second molars.

By the age of 3, the child has 20 teeth, they will serve the child until the age of 6, after which they will begin to fall out and permanent teeth will be cut in their place.

First signs of teething

If a child has a lot of salivation, the gums become painful and swollen, then it is time for teething. The first symptoms can be noticed a month before the moment when the tooth itself appears. The child becomes moody, sleeps poorly, refuses to eat. At this time, he has a desire to gnaw on various objects. Over time, a whitish line or bulge appears on the gum.

Runny nose, cough, fever: teeth or a cold?

Teething may be accompanied by a slight cough, fever, but since there is a risk of various infections in the first two years of life, such symptoms should not be immediately attributed to teething.

The child’s temperature rises due to the large amount of biologically active substances secreted in the area of ​​tooth growth. Usually the temperature lasts 1-2 days and does not exceed 38-39 ° C. If the temperature exceeds 39 ° C or persists for more than two days, you should call a doctor.

Diarrhea appears in a child during this period due to strong salivation and accelerated intestinal motility. The stool in babies becomes watery and manifests itself up to 2-3 times a day. If there is watery diarrhea or diarrhea with blood more than three times a day, the child should be shown to a doctor, it may be an intestinal infection.

A runny nose during this period is due to the fact that a large amount of mucus is secreted by the glands of the nasal cavity. The discharge is transparent, lasts no more than three days, there is no need to treat such a runny nose. The main thing is to cleanse the child’s nose from phlegm during the time. If the discharge from the nose becomes greenish, the nose is stuffy, the runny nose lasts more than three days, a pediatrician consultation is necessary.

A wet cough is due to the fact that saliva accumulates in the child’s neck, which is secreted in large quantities during this period.The child rarely coughs, usually only when lying down. The cough usually goes away in two to three days. He does not require treatment. If the child coughs often, the cough is accompanied by wheezing in the bronchi, sputum and shortness of breath, you should call a doctor. At the slightest doubt whether the symptoms that appear relate to teething or are they signs of some kind of disease, it is better to show the child to a specialist.

Helping a baby during teething

Parents should support the baby during this period.You need to take him in your arms more often, distract him from the pain with interesting activities. Being breastfed, the baby can easily calm down at the mother’s breast. You should not adhere to the schedule during this period, much less try to wean the baby. Let him apply to the breast more often than usual for several hectic days for the baby.

Since during this period children have a desire to gnaw or chew something, offer the child a special rubber ring or a special toy – a teether.It can be any other object that the child himself has chosen, the main thing is to make sure that there are no sharp corners, small parts on it.

Play is sometimes the best way for a child to forget about pain. Play with your baby, take a walk with him. Children tend to change their mood quickly. And during the game, he will laugh happily, although a few minutes ago he was crying and being capricious.

If the child’s gums hurt very badly, he cries a lot, refuses to eat, you can use special gels to facilitate teething and eliminate pain (Kalgel, Kamistad).The gel is applied with a finger to the child’s gums several times a day.

Terms of teething

The birth of a baby is happiness for any family. The first smile, the first step, always brings happiness to the parents. The moment the first teeth erupt in a child may not be the most pleasant for the baby. The child is naughty, the temperature may rise, the child becomes restless, often cries and does not sleep well. To exclude diseases that are much more difficult to diagnose in babies than in adult children, you should consult a doctor.Very often, such conditions occur at the time of the eruption of the first teeth.

At what age does a child’s teeth cut?

Due to the fact that many parents do not know at what age children are teething, panic begins and children are even given, in fact, unnecessary medicines for various diseases. According to statistics, this time falls on the 6th month of the baby’s life. The order of teething is the same for everyone, but the timing is approximate. It happens that these boundaries expand, both in one direction and in the other direction.Sometimes a baby can be born with teeth, and sometimes they begin to erupt after a year. It all depends on the genetic characteristics and the absence or presence of various diseases associated with bone tissue.

Which teeth are cut first? Usually, the incisors appear first – sharp front teeth from below, then, after about a month, the upper incisors appear. Followed by the lower lateral incisors, then the upper. After all the incisors, canines and chewing teeth appear. This period lasts from one to two years.It is difficult to say the timing of the eruption of milk teeth – it is very individual. By the age of three, the baby should have all milk teeth.

Teething timing – what mothers need to know

Basically, teething timing is the same for all babies. The first front teeth appear at 6-8 months of the baby’s life. How to understand that a child’s teeth are teething, and the temperature has not risen from a cold? Look at your mouth. The gums turn red, and at the eruption sites it becomes white. Drooling profusely, the child pulls toys and hands into his mouth, because the gum itches.These are the main symptoms that will tell every mother about her first teeth.

Upset stomach can be another symptom. When the gums are swollen, it can be difficult for your baby to suckle on the breast or bottle. He may throw food, not gorge, or pass. As a result, bloating and other problems are possible, which go away as soon as the teeth erupt.

What to do when teeth are teething – advice for young mothers

First of all, if the child has a fever, the baby is naughty, and the parents cannot determine the cause, you should consult a doctor.If everything shows that these are teeth, do not panic.

Children’s doctors advise you to choose a chewable toy for your child’s gums. They are sold in children’s stores and pharmacies. Most often, they are made of transparent material. When shopping for a chew toy, be sure to ask for a quality certificate and don’t buy in spontaneous markets or kiosks. It is best to purchase it at a pharmacy, where the quality of the material will be guaranteed.

However, you shouldn’t get carried away with this toy.Milk teeth have a very short root, and pressing hard can damage them. When carried away by the teether, an irregular bite may form, which, in turn, will interfere with the correct development of speech and chewing.

Creams and gels for gums

To relieve pain and discomfort, the baby can be anointed with a special paste recommended by the dentist. Such gels have a general analgesic effect, relieve inflammation and soothe the baby. It is worth using gels only after consulting a doctor, after weighing all the pros and cons of the drug.Using a cool compress on the gum can calm your baby a little if the gums are severely swollen.

Sleep may, but not necessarily, be disturbed. The baby often wakes up and cries. Some mothers start to feed the baby right away, which is not the right choice. If your baby is not hungry, he will still suckle on the breast or on the nipple from the milk bottle to soothe the gum. When teeth are teething and you know for sure that the baby is not hungry, use other methods to calm the gums.

Bibs and skin creams

At the time of teething, the child may have a cough. This happens because the baby constantly accumulates saliva, which he does not have time to swallow. To exclude another inflammatory process, it is worth showing the child to the doctor.

Another point that should be taken into account by young mothers, due to profuse salivation, redness and diaper rash may appear around the mouth and on the chin. The baby’s bib should be soft so that the saliva gets wet, and not rubbing or causing further irritation.