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How to practice good hygiene: Department of Health | 7 Personal hygiene

Department of Health | 7 Personal hygiene

The human body can provide places for disease-causing germs and parasites to grow and multiply. These places include the skin and in and around the openings to the body. It is less likely that germs and parasites will get inside the body if people have good personal hygiene habits.

7.1 Good personal hygiene

Good personal hygiene habits include:

  • washing the body often. If possible, everybody should have a shower or a bath every day. However, there may be times when this is not possible, for example, when people are out camping or there is a shortage of water
  • If this happens, a swim or a wash all over the body with a wet sponge or cloth will do
  • cleaning the teeth at least once a day. Brushing the teeth after each meal is the best way of making sure that gum disease and tooth decay are avoided. It is very important to clean teeth after breakfast and immediately before going to bed
  • washing the hair with soap or shampoo at least once a week
  • washing hands with soap after going to the toilet
  • washing hands with soap before preparing and/or eating food. During normal daily activities, such as working and playing, disease causing germs may get onto the hands and under the nails. If the germs are not washed off before preparing food or eating, they may get onto the food
  • changing into clean clothes. Dirty clothes should be washed with laundry soap before wearing them again
  • hanging clothes in the sun to dry. The sun’s rays will kill some disease-causing germs and parasites
  • turning away from other people and covering the nose and mouth with a tissue or the hand when coughing or sneezing. If this is not done, droplets of liquid containing germs from the nose and mouth will be spread in the air and other people can breathe them in, or the droplets can get onto food

Fig. 3.17: Washing the body helps keep it free of disease-causing germs

Fig. 3.18: Cleaning teeth helps keep gums and teeth healthy.

Fig. 3.19: Washing hands after going to the toilet helps stop the spread of germs.

Fig. 3.20: Washing hands before preparing food helps keep germs out of our bodies.

Fig. 3.21: Washing hands before eating food helps stop germs getting into our bodies

Fig. 3.22: Washing clothes helps keep them free of disease-causing germs.

Fig. 3.23: Hanging clothes in the sun helps to kill some disease-causing germs and parasites.

Fig. 3.24: Covering the nose and mouth when sneezing helps stop the spread of germs.

7.2 Overcrowding

When there are too many people in any house, the likelihood of them getting disease is greater than if the house is not overcrowded. This is because people in an overcrowded house will be much closer to each other and it is therefore easier for any germs to spread from one to another. For example:

  • sneezing and coughing in crowded rooms makes it easier to spread cold and flu germs
  • sharing towels can spread trachoma germs and other germs which cause eye infections (runny or sore eyes)
  • several children sleeping in the same bed makes it easier to spread a scabies infection

Fig. 3.25: Overcrowding helps spread germs and parasites such as scabies.

Each house is designed to allow a particular number of people to live there comfortably. This number will depend upon the number and size of the rooms, especially bedrooms, and the size of other facilities such as the sewage system and washing and cooking areas.

If the number of people living in the house is greater than the number it was designed for, these facilities will not be able to cope properly. For example, large numbers of people using the toilet may mean that the septic tank will not be big enough to take and treat the additional load of sewage.

For good health and comfort, the number of people who should live in a house depends upon the factors outlined below.

The number and size of bedrooms

While most people who live permanently in a house will have a bedroom to themselves or share one with one or two other people, other rooms are often used as bedrooms. The number of people who should sleep in a room will depend upon the amount of air which is available to each person. The law requires that each adult person has at least 13 cubic metres of air and each child has at least 10 cubic metres of air in a sleeping area.

The type and size of the sewage system

Usually, a household septic tank system with 2 round tanks caters for a maximum of ten people.

The size and availability of other facilities

The facilities within the house may not be able to handle all of the demands placed on them by the occupants. For example, the hot water system may not be able to produce enough hot water, or the amount of food to be chilled is too great for the refrigerator to hold.

In Indigenous communities, overcrowding in houses occurs for a number of reasons, such as:

  • there not being enough houses for the number of people who live in the community
  • families not being able to afford to pay rent on a house of their own and needing to live with relatives to share the cost
  • people visiting relatives and staying for a long time
  • visitors coming to stay so that they can attend special events such as funerals

It is important that EHPs remember that overcrowding is a significant environmental health problem in many communities.

10 Personal Hygiene Practices | The Moorings at Lewes

Healthy Aging | 04/10/20

One of the best ways to maintain good overall health and wellness is to maintain proper personal hygiene. Personal hygiene helps you to stay clean, giving you a boost in confidence and positively impacting personal relationships, as well as reduce the risk for disease and negative medical conditions that stem from bad hygiene. Keep reading for ten ways you’re able to practice proper personal hygiene.

10 Personal Hygiene Practices

1. Wash Your Hands Frequently: Washing your hands is one of the most effective ways to reduce the spread of disease. You should especially wash your hands before and after you eat, after going to the bathroom and when you come into contact with someone who is sick. In order to achieve effective results, make sure you wash your hands properly.

    • Wet your hands with clean water and apply soap.
    • Lather your hands by rubbing them thoroughly with soap.
    • Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds.
    • Rinse your hands well.
    • Dry your hands with a towel or air dry.

2. Bathe: Cleaning your body washes away dead skin cells and dirt and helps fight the spread of disease. For older adults, it’s recommended to shower or take a bath at least twice a week to achieve the positive effects.

3. Brush Your Teeth Twice a Day: Make sure you are brushing your teeth twice a day, once in the morning and once at night, to maintain good oral hygiene along with regular dental checkups.

4. Floss Your Teeth Daily: In addition to brushing your teeth, floss your teeth once a day for optimal oral hygiene.

5. Take Care of Your Nails: Cleaning and trimming your nails reduces your risk of hangnails and infected nail beds.

6. Wear Clean Clothes: After you wear clothes, wash them with a detergent and dry them immediately upon rinsing. Dirty clothes can harbor bacteria that could lead to body odor or even skin irritations.

7. Cover Your Mouth When Your Cough or Sneeze: This is extremely important to avoid spreading germs to people around you.

8. Get Restful Sleep: Restful sleep is essential to wellbeing, no matter your age. It is recommended for all adults to sleep between seven to nine hours a night.

9. Create a Routine: Whatever your process may be to maintain good personal hygiene, make either a mental checklist or write it down. This way, you’ll remember and keep up with the steps you need to take to stay clean and healthy.

10. Visit the Doctor: Maintaining regular healthcare appointments can help you catch infections and illnesses early, making it easier to treat them. Visit your healthcare provider when you have a concern and schedule routine check-ups.

Learn More About Wellness at The Moorings at Lewes

The Moorings at Lewes offers a continuum of care that covers all aspects of wellbeing. LivWell is our holistic wellness program touching on all seven dimensions of wellness. Through community activities and amenities, you’re able to learn healthy lifestyle tips and ways to improve your wellness that helps you to achieve your own personal goals.

Learn more about how we offer healthy lifestyle opportunities within our community by contacting our team today. We’re happy to answer any questions you have!

Personal hygiene: Benefits, types, and routine

Practicing good personal hygiene is important for helping keep the body healthy and clean.

In this article, we outline the importance of personal hygiene. We also discuss different types of hygiene, self-care routines, and what may happen if hygiene practices lapse.

Good personal hygiene involves keeping all parts of the external body clean and healthy. It is important for maintaining both physical and mental health.

In people with poor personal hygiene, the body provides an ideal environment for germs to grow, leaving it vulnerable to infection.

On a social level, people may avoid a person with poor personal hygiene, which may result in isolation and loneliness.

There are many types of personal hygiene.

The following list is a good starting point for someone looking to build a personal hygiene routine:


Dental hygiene involves more than just having white teeth. A good dental hygiene routine can help prevent issues such as gum disease and cavities. It can also prevent bad breath.


Several million sweat glands cover the human body. When bacteria break down sweat, the process creates a smell or body odor.

Washing the body will help prevent skin irritation, as well as removing the bacteria that cause body odor. Washing the hair removes oil and keeps a person looking clean and fresh.

Hand washing

Regular hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid spreading communicable diseases.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend washing the hands at certain times:

  • before, during, and after preparing food
  • before eating food
  • before and after looking after anyone who is vomiting or has diarrhea
  • before and after treating a cut or wound
  • after going to the bathroom
  • after changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
  • after blowing the nose, coughing, or sneezing
  • after touching garbage or dirty surfaces or objects
  • after handling pets or pet-related items, such as food


Fingernails may harbor dirt and germs, contributing to the spread of bacteria. It is easier for dirt and germs to collect under longer nails, so keeping them short can help reduce the risk of spreading infections.

Knowing how to maintain good personal hygiene can make it easier to build a routine. A person should have some basic knowledge of the following types of hygiene:

Dental hygiene

For a healthy mouth and smile, the American Dental Association (ADA) recommend brushing the teeth for 2 minutes at least twice a day — once before breakfast and once before bed.

People should use an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste and replace the toothbrush every 3–4 months. The ADA also advise people to floss daily.

Learn more about good dental hygiene here.

Hand washing

The CDC outline five simple steps for effective hand washing:

  1. Wet the hands with clean, running water, then turn off the tap and apply soap.
  2. Lather the hands by rubbing them together with the soap, remembering to reach the backs of the hands, between the fingers, and under the nails.
  3. Scrub the hands for at least 20 seconds, which a person can time by humming the “Happy Birthday” song twice.
  4. Rinse the hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry the hands using a clean towel or air dry them.

Learn more about proper hand washing here.


It is advisable to shower or bathe daily, using soap and water to rinse away dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria. People can pay special attention to areas that accumulate more sweat, such as the armpits, in between the toes, and the groin area.

They should also wash their hair with shampoo at least once a week, or more if necessary. Applying deodorant when fully dry can help prevent body odors.

Learn more about how often to shower here.


Using sanitized tools to trim the nails and keep them short is one of the best ways to ensure that no dirt can collect underneath them.

Scrubbing the underside of the nails with a nail brush can form part of a person’s hand washing routine.

Menstrual and genital hygiene

It is important to change sanitary products regularly and to wash the hands before and after changing tampons, pads, or any other sanitary products.

As vaginas are self-cleaning, using soap to clean the vagina can cause an imbalance of its natural bacteria and lead to infections. The vulva (the external part of the vagina) should only need cleaning once a day using a mild soap and water.

People with an uncircumcised penis can clean it by gently pulling back the foreskin and washing underneath it with warm water or soap.

Learn more about vaginal hygiene here.

Learn more about identifying and removing smegma here.

Parents and caregivers should teach children how to keep themselves clean from a young age.

For example, they can start using toothpaste to brush a child’s teeth when they reach the age of 12 months. When the gaps between a child’s teeth close, it is important to start flossing.

Encouraging children to help clean themselves as soon as they are old enough is a good way to instigate a proper personal hygiene routine.

Poverty and lack of access to clean water can both have a detrimental effect on a person’s personal hygiene.

A person’s mental health can also affect how they take care of themselves. People who are living with certain conditions, such as a psychotic disorder, severe depression, or drug or alcohol use disorder, may find it very difficult to keep up a personal hygiene routine.

Conditions that poor personal hygiene can signal

While personal hygiene can cause certain health issues, it can also be a side effect of some of them.

People living with Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia often have poor oral hygiene.

In some cases, the inability to maintain a hygiene routine could result from depression. Depressive symptoms, such as reduced energy levels and impaired cognitive function, can make a self-care regimen more difficult to keep up.

Poor hygiene is a sensitive topic, and talking to a person about it can be difficult. As a result, a person with poor personal hygiene could become isolated from other people.

Poor personal hygiene may also have an effect on the workplace. Companies may be more likely to offer jobs and promotions to individuals who appear to take care of their health and presentation. Poor personal hygiene can be particularly problematic in the food industry.

There are also many health implications of having poor personal hygiene, with the CDC listing the following as hygiene-related diseases:

Helpful tips for creating a hygiene routine include the following:

  • Make it a habit: With daily practice, a new habit can become a regular part of life. Choose one area to focus on and practice until it becomes second nature.
  • Set reminders: Using the notes app on a cell phone can be a great way to avoid forgetting any tasks.
  • Use rewards: A sticker chart can be a brilliant incentive for children to maintain their personal hygiene.
  • Invest in nice toiletries: Using products that smell good may encourage some people to stick to their personal hygiene routine.

Keeping the body clean has positive effects on a person’s social life and their physical and mental health.

Personal hygiene is simply looking after the body and keeping it clean and healthy.

Developing and maintaining a personal hygiene routine is key to having a healthy body and mind.

How to Have Good Hygiene

Healthy Aging | 04/10/20

Proper personal hygiene is crucial to a person’s good overall health and wellness. Not only does maintaining hygiene practices reduce the spread of illness and risk of medical conditions caused by not taking care of yourself, but it also increases self-confidence and positively impacts personal relationships. Keep reading to learn a few tips on how to have good hygiene.

Personal Hygiene Tips

Wash Your Hands Frequently: Hand washing is one of the most effective ways to stop the spread of disease. You should be washing your hands frequently throughout the day and especially after tasks such as taking out the garbage, using the restroom, blowing your nose, coughing and coming into contact with someone who may be sick. In order to achieve effective results, make sure you wash your hands properly.

  1. Wet your hands with clean water and apply soap.
  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them thoroughly with soap.
  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds.
  4. Rinse your hands well.
  5. Dry your hands with a towel or air dry.

Bathe: Similar to washing your hands, washing your body removes dead skin cells and dirt and is a preventative measure to reduce the risk and spread of disease. Older adults don’t necessarily need to bathe daily to discover the positive effects but showering or taking a bath at least twice a week is recommended.

Brush and Floss Your Teeth Daily: Oral hygiene is crucial to keep in mind when considering personal hygiene practices. Brush your teeth twice a day, and floss once a day. Also be sure to maintain regular dental checkups.

Wear Clean Clothes: Dirty clothes can harbor bacteria that can lead to body odor or even skin irritations. In order to clean clothing completely, wash with a detergent and dry them immediately upon rinsing.

Get Restful Sleep: Restful sleep is essential to wellbeing, no matter your age. It is recommended for all adults to sleep between seven to nine hours a night.

Create a Routine: It’s best to create a routine when it comes to personal hygiene. This way, you’ll make a daily list of things you need to do to stay clean and healthy and make sure you continue to practice proper personal hygiene.

Visit the Doctor: Maintaining regular healthcare appointments can help you catch infections and illnesses early, making it easier to treat them. Visit your healthcare provider when you have a concern and schedule routine check-ups.

Learn More About Wellness at Stonebridge at Montgomery

Stonebridge at Montgomery offers a continuum of care that addresses all aspects of wellbeing. With daily activities and onsite amenities through LivWell, you can learn healthy lifestyle tips. This award-winning holistic wellness program allows you to engage in activities and programs of your choice to achieve your own personal goals.

Learn more about our vibrant senior living community by contacting our team today.

Personal Hygiene: 20 Tips for Better Personal Care | Personal Hygiene Habits

Good personal hygiene is the first step to good health. It not only protects you from poor health, but also shields those around you from suffering illnesses that arise from poor personal habits.
Habits such as washing your hands, bathing, brushing, flossing, may all look monotonous and boring, but they all come under important personal hygiene. They make you feel good about yourself and keep you free of bacteria, viruses, and illnesses. In this post we give you 20 tips for personal hygiene that you must follow routinely.

Personal Hygiene Habit # 1

Vaginal itch is curable and does not need intensive treatment. The doctor will prescribe antibiotics and antifungal creams that will take care of the skin problem.How do you prevent vaginal itch?

Stay dry and clean

Shower daily

Rinse out all the soap

Make sure your intimates are not tight; cotton is a preferred material

It is recommended that after motions, you must wash up or wipe from front to back. This will help avoid germs entering the vagina.

Grandma’s tip: Back in the day, women were suggested to sleep without their underwear, so that the vagina area remains dry.

Personal Hygiene Habit # 2

For Food storage

Store and prepare raw meat, poultry, and seafood away from other foods

Store food in the fridge at 5°C/41°F, do not overfill and allow cold air to circulate

Prevent raw food juices from dripping onto other foods.

Personal Hygiene Habit # 3

While preparing your food

Cut meat and vegetables with separate knives and chopping/cutting boards

Soak, scrape, brush, scald, peel or wash all fruit, salad and vegetables

Do not wash raw meat in the sink prior to cooking as this spreads germs around the sink area. This is also not necessary as proper cooking of the meat will destroy any harmful bacteria

Personal Hygiene Habit # 4

Peeing etiquettes

Don’t hold it in

Stay hydrated

Relax when you pee

Wipe from front to back

Personal Hygiene Habit # 5

Fighting bad breath

Drink plenty of water.

Brush and floss regularly.

Treat any existing oral diseases.

Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables.

Cut out coffee.

Chew sugarless gum.

Eat yogurt

Get your vitamins. a, but can also help prevent two other causes of bad breath—gum disease and gingivitis.

Avoid tobacco products.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 6

Cleaning and disinfection of office work spaces.

Viruses are breeding round the clock, especially when it comes to hard surfaces, like office desks, office floors and so on.

Make sure your office administration staff routinely cleans door handles, countertops, keyboards and doorknobs with anti-bacterial solution to remove the germs.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 7

Go for an alcohol-based sanitizer.

Clean your hands every now and then by using hand sanitizers. This is because alcohol is a drying agent and kills all the viruses and bacterias immediately.

However, please note alcohol is liable to make your skin dry, thus always go for a branded alcohol-based fragrance-free hand sanitizer, which has a good amount of moisturizer in it.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 8

Office pantry etiquette.

The office pantry is a very tricky place – you can’t avoid it, but nor can you be friends with it. The best practice is to carry your own coffee and tea mugs and wash them at least twice a day. If you are not so sure about your office hygiene, get your own tissue roll from home and store your office snacks in a clean and safe drawer.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 9

Makeup hygiene

Eyebrow pencil hygiene is a must. Always ensure that you clean your eyebrow pencil with a wet tissue before usage in order to get rid of bacterial residue.

Wash your makeup brush and powder puffs on a weekly basis with a mild baby shampoo for best and safe usage. Dry the washed makeup product by using a clean towel.

Never use your fingers to apply makeup, unless and until a profesional artist does that for you. But, if you must use your fingers, then make sure they’re clean and that you use just the ring finger as it has the lightest stroke.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 10

Brushing hygiene

Brush your teeth twice a day for at least 3-5 minutes. Make sure you do not put too much pressure as this can hurt your gums.

Place the bristles along the gum line at a 45-degree angle. Gently brush the outer tooth surfaces of 2-3 teeth using a vibrating back and forth motion. Clean outer, inner and biting surfaces of teeth with scrubbing motion.

Studies show an essential oil based mouthwash reduces plaque by 70% and gum problems by 36% over brushing alone. Use an anti-microbial mouthwash to get complete protection from germs.

Floss your teeth. Ease the floss gently between your teeth, pull the floss smoothly back and front. Additionally, using a dental floss will help remove food debris that’s stuck in your teeth.

Clean and brush the surface of your tongue daily because there is bacteria present particularly on the rougher top surface of the tongue. These can contribute to bad breath (halitosis) and negatively affect your dental health.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 11

Bathe daily

A daily shower is a must whether you feel grungy or not. A regular bath (every morning and after all athletic activities) helps in keeping you clean, fresh and odor free.

Cleaning your body is also important to ensure your skin rejuvenates itself, as the scrubbing of your arms, legs, and torso will slough off dead, dry skin and help your skin stay healthy and refreshed, and will prevent acne, blemishes and other skin eruptions.

Also, do not share your towel and wash them on a regular basis.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 12

Trim your nails

Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hang nails (when a loose strip of dead skin hangs from the edge of a fingernail) and infected nail beds.

If possible, trim them weekly and brush them daily with soap so that no dirt or residue remains beneath the nail.

Fingernails should be trimmed straight across and slightly rounded at the top whereas toenails should be trimmed straight across.

The best time to cut your nails is after bathing when they are soft and easy to trim.

It’s also a good idea to moisturize nails and cuticles regularly.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 13

Take care of your hair

Washing your hair at least every other day is important to keeping your hair and scalp healthy and in good shape.

If you suffer from lice or dandruff, then take necessary action at the earliest. Also, it is critical that you get a hair cut frequently for healthy hair.

The longer you wait to get your hair cut, the more frail and brittle your hair can become, especially if it is longer

Personal Hygiene Habit# 14

Wear Clean Clothes

Wear a fresh set of clothes as often as possible.

Dirty clothes are a source of contamination and can cause very serious skin disorders if worn over and over without washing them.

Also, try wearing a clean pair of socks every day (especially after athletic activities) as this keep your feet dry and not smelly.

Wash clothing and linens on a regular basis as the longer it takes you to clean them the smellier they become.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 15

Hair Removal

Shave your underarms and legs if you desire, but do so with care. Use a new blade if you are going to shave with a manual razor to lessen your risk of cutting yourself. Also use shaving cream, or a shaving gel.

Take your time when shaving to avoid nicks and cuts.

Pubic hair does not have to be shaved.

If it is shaved, it may grow inward, and the skin in this area of the body may be sensitive after shaving.

Try using a moisturizer that contains no oil if you want to make facial hair less noticeable, or use a bleaching product.

Talk to your parents about removing facial hair permanently, if you are thinking about it.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 16

Body Odor

Keep your underarms and groin area clean and dry to discourage bacteria.

Change out of sweaty clothes as soon as possible after exercising or perspiring.

Trim or shave your underarm and pubic hair so there is less surface area allowing for the accumulation of sweat and bacteria.

Cut back on alcohol and foods that may contribute to body odor, including curry, spicy food, onion, and garlic.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 17

Sleeping hygiene

For sound sleep, maintain a stable sleep schedule and follow a relaxing pre-bed routine.

Create a pleasant bedroom environment that can help you relax and doze off.

Wear comfortable and breathable clothes while sleeping at night.

Get plenty of rest — 8 to 10 hours a night — so that you are refreshed and are ready to take on the day every morning.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 18

Clean your ears

clean your ears with your fingers while having a bath

The daily cleaning of all hearing devices is essential to remove germs that can be introduced into the ear

Earrings should be kept clean, and should be removed daily so the piercing can be attended to.

The use of hair products can build-up on the ear and should be washed off when possible to avoid irritation to the skin of the ear.

Personal Hygiene Habit# 19

Foot Care

Wash your feet properly while having a bath, specially between the fingers

Wear the right socks

Make sure your shoes aren’t too tight.

Switch shoes

Wash shoes or insoles of your shoes

Stay in bare feet at home

Personal Hygiene Habit# 20

Genital care for men

Wash your genitals with a finger.

Shower on the outside normally.

If you can retract foreskin just rinse in water and wipe with clean finger.

If you can’t pull it back yet then it is clean under there and no maintenace is required.

For women

Clean your vaginal area twice a day

Use a panty liner

Personal Hygiene Habit #21

Sickness hygiene

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue every time you cough or sneeze.

If tissue is not available, then cough or sneeze into your elbow.

Turn your face away from other people around you while coughing or sneezing.

Wash your hands properly with soap and water before touching your face or any surfaces.

Avoid shaking hands, kissing or hugging if you’re under the weather.

If you are sick, then stay home and take rest.

Personal Hygiene Habit #22

After workout

After your workout, wash your hands properly before touching your hands, mouth, eyes or any other things.

Do not forget to clean your yoga mat properly after exercising.

Sweating during the workout is normal. So, it is important to take a bath after exercising.

Wash your workout clothes every day. Do not wear the same sweaty clothing again.

Personal Hygiene Habit #23

Menstrual hygiene

Change your pad after every four hours.

Clean your reusable pads properly and dry them in the Sun.

Keep your vaginal area clean and dry all the time.

Never use two pads simultaneously.

Wash your hands properly with soap and water after changing the pad.

Personal Hygiene Habit #24

Cleaning your ears and nose

Never poke your nose or ears in a public place.

Try to clean them properly while taking a bath.

Use a soft damp washcloth or cotton to clean them.

Personal Hygiene Habit #25

Coming home from work

Clean your hands, feet and face properly with soap and water.

Remove your sweaty clothes and wear clean clothes.

Apply a good moisturiser on your feet, hands and face.

Try to keep this area shaved

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Personal hygiene | healthdirect

Good personal hygiene is one of the best ways to protect yourself from getting illnesses such as gastroenteritis and the common cold. Washing your hands with soap removes germs that can make you ill. Maintaining good personal hygiene will also help prevent you from spreading diseases to other people.

What is personal hygiene?

Personal hygiene includes:

  • cleaning your body every day
  • washing your hands with soap after going to the toilet
  • brushing your teeth twice a day
  • covering your mouth and nose with a tissue (or your sleeve) when sneezing or coughing
  • washing your hands after handling pets and other animals

Why is personal hygiene important?

Good hygiene is vital because it helps prevent you and your children from getting or spreading germs and infectious diseases. The germs that cause many diseases can be passed on through touching other people, getting faeces (poo) on your hands, handling contaminated food and coming into contact with dirty surfaces or objects.

Conditions that you can develop if you have poor personal hygiene include:

Washing your body

Try to bath or shower each day. Wash well, especially under your armpits and around your genitals and anus. Keeping clean will prevent skin irritations and remove bacteria that cause body odour.

Wash yourself with soap, shower gel or a hypoallergenic body wash. Soap removes more germs, but you may need to wash sensitive body parts with plain water or salt water.

If there is no tap water or it is scarce, clean yourself with a clean wet cloth or sponge.

Washing your hands

To avoid getting sick, wash your hands properly.

  • Wet your hands, then wash with soap or with an alcohol-based hand sanitiser for at least 20 seconds. Lather between the fingers and the back of your hands.
  • Clean grubby nails with a scrubbing brush, if one is available.
  • Rinse both sides of your hands, preferably under clean running water.
  • Dry off your hands with a clean towel or let them dry in the air.

When to wash your hands

It is especially important to wash your hands after going to the toilet because faeces, which you might come into contact with, contains billions of germs. Also, wash your hands:

  • before and after eating or preparing food
  • after changing babies’ nappies
  • before and after touching a sick person or cleaning up vomit or body fluids
  • after blowing your nose
  • before and after treating cuts or wounds
  • after touching rubbish, dirty surfaces or objects
  • after handling pets or farm animals

Find out more here about hand washing.

Washing your genitals

Men who are uncircumcised can clean their penis by gently pulling back the foreskin and washing underneath it with warm water or soap. See more here about penis care.

Women can gently wash the delicate skin around the vulva with a soap-free wash, salt water or plain water. Avoid perfumed soap and bath products since these may irritate the sensitive skin of the vulva. Do not douche, because it upsets the healthy good bacteria in your vagina.

During menstruation (your periods), wash your vulva as usual. Tampons can be changed every 3 to 4 hours. To avoid toxic shock syndrome, do not leave a tampon in for more than 8 hours. Change sanitary pads several times a day. Wash your hands before and after changing tampons or pads.

Preventing body odour

After washing, apply deodorant to your armpits. Put on clean, dry clothing. Wash sweaty or dirty garments well and, if possible, hang them outdoors to dry. If you have a problem with excessive sweating, make an appointment to see your doctor.

Handling food safely

Wash your hands before and after preparing food. This will stop you contaminating food and will also protect you from getting ill or passing on bacteria from foodstuffs, such as raw meat. Find out more here about food safety.

Preventing bad breath

Bad breath can be caused by poor oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth twice a day since this reduces gum disease and the chances of future tooth decay. Use these dental care tips and make an appointment with a dentist for a check-up if you have further symptoms.

Personal hygiene – Better Health Channel

One of the most effective ways we have to protect ourselves and others from illness is good personal hygiene. This means washing your hands, especially, but also your body. It means being careful not to cough or sneeze on others, cleaning things that you touch if you are unwell, putting items such as tissues (that may have germs) into a bin, and using protection (like gloves or condoms) when you might be at risk of catching an infection.

Personal hygiene, such as bathing, is very much dependent on the culture in which you live. In some cultures, it is expected that you will wash your body at least every day and use deodorants to stop body smells. Other cultures have different expectations.

Body odour

Body smells are caused by a number of factors working in combination, including:

  • Chemicals in sweat, including pheromones, which are made by the body and sexually attract (or repel) other people.
  • Wastes excreted through the skin, such as metabolised alcohol.
  • The actions of bacteria that live on the skin and feed on dead skin cells and sweat.
  • Unwashed clothes, such as underwear and socks.

Hand washing

Most infections, especially colds and gastroenteritis, are caught when we put our unwashed hands, which have germs on them, to our mouth. Some infections are caught when other people’s dirty hands touch the food we eat. Hands and wrists should be washed with clean soap and water, using a brush if your fingernails are dirty. Dry your hands with something clean, such as paper towels or hot air dryers. You should always wash your hands:

  • After using the toilet
  • Before making or eating food
  • After handling dogs or other animals
  • If you have been around someone who is coughing or has a cold.

Personal hygiene for women

The vagina is able to clean itselfno special care is needed, other than washing the external genitals. Do not put anything like douches into the vagina, as the delicate skin can be damaged. Here are some personal hygiene suggestions for women:

  • Menstruation – wash your body, including your genital area, in the same way as you always do. Change tampons and sanitary napkins regularly, at least four to five times a day. Always wash your hands before and after handling a tampon or pad.
  • Cystitis – is an infection of the bladder. This is a common condition for sexually active young women. Urinating after sexual intercourse can help to flush out any bacteria that may be in the urethra and bladder.
  • Thrush – some soaps and detergents can irritate the skin of the vagina, and make thrush infections more likely. Some people find that they often get thrush when they use antibiotics. Use mild soap and unperfumed toilet paper. Avoid tight, synthetic underwear. Try cotton underwear, and change regularly. There is medical treatment for thrush, so talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Personal hygiene for men

A build-up of secretions called smegma can form under the foreskin of uncircumcised men. If you are uncircumcised, gently pull back the foreskin when you have a shower and clean with water. You can use soap if you like, but make sure you rinse it off well.

Bad breath

Good dental hygiene includes regular brushing and flossing. Bad breath can be caused by diseases of the teeth, gums and mouth, such as infections. Most people have bad breath first thing in the morning because saliva is not made while you’re asleep. Some foods that can cause bad breath include garlic and onion. Mouth washes, mouth sprays and flavoured chewing gum can make your breath smell better for a while, but if you have a health problem in your mouth, you need to see your dentist.

Travelling hygiene

When travelling overseas, take special care if you’re not sure whether the water is safe. Suggestions include:

  • Drink only bottled water.
  • Don’t use tap water to clean your teeth.
  • When you wash your hands, make sure they are totally dry before you touch any food.
  • Don’t wash fruit or vegetables in unsafe water.
  • If you have no other water source, make sure the water is boiled before you drink it by holding it at a rolling boil for one minute.
  • Make sure any dishes, cups or other utensils are totally dry after they are washed.

Where to get help

Things to remember

  • Good personal hygiene is one of the most effective ways to protect ourselves and others from many illnesses, such as gastroenteritis.
  • Wash your hands regularly, especially before preparing or eating food and after going to the toilet.

90,000 Be careful and practice good personal hygiene

The Russian Ministry of Health continues to publish a series of blitz interviews with leading healthcare experts over a long weekend.

The long-awaited time has come for lifting the restrictions. However, the risks still remain and therefore it is important to properly protect yourself during this period. The main specialist in clinical microbiology and antimicrobial resistance of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Professor Roman Kozlov, answers questions about the correct behavior during the period of lifting restrictions.

1. Roman Sergeevich, they often joke that the pandemic taught us how to properly, and most importantly, constantly, wash our hands. However, the coronavirus is not the only micro-life that lives on our hands and facial skin. What other infection can end up on our hands and why is it necessary to get rid of it?

– A large number of various microorganisms can be transmitted through dirty hands that cause diseases in humans, including pathogens of various acute respiratory viral infections (including influenza), bacterial (salmonellosis, dysentery), viral (rotaviruses) and protozoal (various helminths) diseases Gastrointestinal tract, hepatitis A virus, etc.

That is why hand hygiene (washing) is the most important means of preventing many diseases. Hand washing is mandatory before eating, after walking down the street, shopping, traveling in transport, going to the toilet, contact with a sick person and animal. Do not forget to wash your hands thoroughly with soap, not forgetting about the space under the nails.

2. Summer and warm weather have come. Everyone will go for a walk outside, go to the country house, to nature. What risks can be and how to prevent them?

– Considering being in a period of self-isolation, the most important thing after it ends is to observe social distancing.And you need to remember the most important rule – if you feel the first signs of infection (fever, etc.), take care of those around you, if possible, stay at home. Well, if this is absolutely impossible, when visiting public places, wear a mask and follow the rules of personal hygiene. Compliance with the mask regime is very important for everyone.

3. How to protect yourself from dangerous microorganisms?

– First of all, this is vaccination. Highly effective and safe vaccines are available in the Russian Federation to protect against many infections (hepatitis A and B, pneumococcal and hemophilic infections, poliomyelitis and many other diseases). Observe the rules of personal hygiene, be attentive and careful when visiting shops and natural objects (the time of tick activity is coming!), Swim in permitted places, etc.

90,000 Hygiene for influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections

Hygiene for influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections
What should be done during the period of active circulation of pathogens of influenza, coronavirus infection and other pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) in order to prevent your own infection and protect those around you if you get sick?
The causative agents of all these diseases are highly contagious and are transmitted mainly by airborne droplets.
When sneezing and coughing in the air around a sick person, microdroplets of his saliva, sputum and respiratory secretions, which contain viruses, are spread. Larger droplets settle on surrounding objects and surfaces, small ones stay in the air for a long time and are transported to distances of up to several hundred meters, while viruses retain the ability to infect from several hours to several days. The main measures of hygienic prevention are aimed at preventing healthy people from coming into contact with particles of a sick person’s secretions containing viruses.
Compliance with the following hygiene rules will significantly reduce the risk of infection or further spread of influenza, coronavirus infection and other ARVI.

How not to get infected
· Wash hands after visiting any public places, transport, touching doorknobs, money, public office equipment in the workplace, before eating and preparing food. Pay special attention to thoroughly soaping (at least 20 seconds), and then completely drying your hands.
· After returning home from the street – wash your hands and face with soap, rinse your nose with isotonic salt solution.
· Touch the face and eyes with just recently washed hands. If water and soap are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers to clean your hands. Or use a disposable napkin, if necessary, touching the eyes or nose
· Wear a disposable medical mask in crowded places and transport. It is necessary to change the mask to a new one every 2-3 hours; the mask cannot be reused.
· Give preference to sleek hairstyles when you are in crowded places, loose hair, often in contact with your face, increases the risk of infection.
· Avoid close contact and stay in the same room with people with visible signs of SARS (coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge).
· Do not touch door handles, handrails, other objects and surfaces in public spaces with your bare hands.
· Limit welcome handshakes, kisses, and hugs.
· Ventilate the premises more often.
· Do not use shared towels.
How not to infect others
· Minimize contact with healthy people (welcome handshakes, kisses).
· If you feel unwell, but have to communicate with other people or use public transport – use a disposable mask, be sure to change it to a new one every hour.
· When coughing or sneezing, be sure to cover your mouth, if possible, with a disposable handkerchief, if not, with your palms or elbows.
· Use only personal or disposable tableware.
· Isolate your personal hygiene items from household members: toothbrush, washcloth, towels.
· Carry out wet cleaning of the house every day, including the treatment of door handles, switches, office equipment control panels.

Influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI)
Influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) are in first place in terms of the number of sick people annually
Despite constant efforts to combat the causative agents of influenza, coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections, they still have not been defeated.
Thousands of people die from complications of influenza every year.
This is due to the fact that viruses, primarily influenza viruses and coronaviruses, have the ability to change their structure and a mutated virus is capable of infecting a person again. So, a person who has had the flu has a good immune barrier, but nevertheless a new modified virus is able to easily penetrate through it, since the body has not yet developed immunity against this type of virus.
For whom is the most dangerous encounter with the virus?
Children and the elderly are especially hard to tolerate the infection; complications that can develop during the illness are very dangerous for these age groups.Children get sick more seriously due to the fact that their immune system has not yet met this virus, and for the elderly, as well as for people with chronic diseases, the virus is dangerous due to a weakened immune system.
Risk groups
• Children
• People over 60 years old
• People with chronic lung diseases (bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
• People with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system (congenital heart defects, coronary heart disease, heart failure)
• Pregnant women
• Medical workers
• Workers of public transport, catering establishments
How does the infection occur?
The infection is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the smallest droplets of saliva or mucus that are released during sneezing, coughing, talking.Contact transmission is also possible.
Depending on the specific type of pathogen, symptoms can vary significantly, both in severity and in combination.
• Temperature rise
• Chills, general malaise, weakness, headache, muscle pain
• Decreased appetite, possible nausea and vomiting
• Conjunctivitis (possibly)
• Diarrhea (possibly)
On average, the illness lasts about 5 days. If the temperature lasts longer, complications may have arisen.
• Pneumonia
• Encephalitis, meningitis
• Complications of pregnancy, development of fetal pathology
• Exacerbation of chronic diseases
Treatment of the disease is carried out under the supervision of a physician who, only after examining the patient, prescribes a treatment regimen and gives other recommendations. The sick person must comply with bed rest, eat well and drink more fluids.
Taking antibiotics in the early days of the disease is a big mistake.Antibiotics are not able to cope with the virus, in addition, they adversely affect the normal microflora. Antibiotics are prescribed only by a doctor, only in case of complications caused by the addition of a bacterial infection. Taking antibacterial drugs as a preventive measure for the development of complications is dangerous and useless.
A sick person should stay at home and not pose a threat of infection to others.
The most effective way to prevent influenza is to get vaccinated annually.The composition of the influenza vaccine changes annually. First of all, it is recommended to get vaccinated for those who are at risk. The optimal time for vaccination is October-November. Influenza vaccination is possible from 6 months of age onwards.
Vaccines against most pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections have not been developed.
Universal prevention measures
• Wash your hands often and thoroughly
• Avoid contact with people coughing
• Follow a healthy lifestyle (sleep, healthy food, physical activity)
• Drink plenty of fluids
• Regularly ventilate and humidify the air in the room where you are
• Be in public places less often
• Use a mask when you are in transport or in public places
• Avoid hugging, kissing and shaking hands when meeting
• Do not touch your face, eyes, nose with unwashed hands
At the first sign of a viral infection – consult a doctor!

Influenza, coronavirus, other acute respiratory viral infections – the mask will help!
During the period of active circulation of pathogens of influenza, coronavirus infection, and other pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections, we recall the advisability of using a disposable medical mask as an effective measure to prevent infection and limit the spread of infection.
These viruses are transmitted from person to person mainly by airborne droplets, through microdroplets of respiratory secretions that form when infected people speak, sneeze or cough.
With air, these droplets can get onto the surface of the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract of healthy people who are next to an infected person.
Infection can also occur as a result of direct or indirect contact of a healthy person with the respiratory secretions of an infected person.
The use of a disposable medical mask prevents droplets of respiratory secretions, which may contain viruses, from entering the body of a healthy person through the nose and mouth.
• Wear a mask when caring for a family member with symptoms of a viral respiratory illness.
• If you are sick or have symptoms of a viral respiratory illness, wear a mask before approaching other people.
• If you have symptoms of a viral respiratory illness and need to see a doctor, wear a mask well in advance to protect those around you in the waiting area.
• Wear a mask when in crowded places.
• Use the mask once; reuse of the mask is not allowed.
• Change the mask every 2-3 hours or more often.
• If the mask is wet, it should be replaced with a new one.
• After using the mask, discard it and wash your hands.
Disposable medical mask, if used correctly, is a reliable and effective method of reducing the risk of infection and preventing the spread of influenza, coronavirus and other ARVI pathogens

Memo: Prevention of influenza and coronavirus infection
Influenza and coronavirus viruses cause respiratory diseases of varying severity in humans.Symptoms are similar to those of regular (seasonal) flu. The severity of the disease depends on a number of factors, including the general condition of the body and age.
Predisposed to the disease: the elderly, small children, pregnant women and people suffering from chronic diseases (asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases), and with weakened immunity.

Clean and disinfect surfaces using household detergents.
Hand hygiene is an important measure to prevent the spread of influenza and coronavirus infection. Washing with soap removes viruses. If you cannot wash your hands with soap and water, use alcohol-based or disinfectant wipes.
Cleaning and regular disinfection of surfaces (tables, doorknobs, chairs, gadgets, etc.) removes viruses.

Viruses are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy airborne droplet (when sneezing, coughing), so you must maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from patients.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. The flu virus and coronavirus are spread by these routes.
Wear a mask or other available protective equipment to reduce the risk of illness.
When coughing, sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with disposable napkins, which should be thrown away after use.
Avoiding unnecessary travel and visits to crowded places can reduce the risk of illness.

A healthy lifestyle increases the body’s resistance to infection.Maintain a healthy schedule, including adequate sleep, eating foods rich in protein, vitamins and minerals, and being physically active.

Among other means of prevention, wearing masks occupies a special place, thanks to which the spread of the virus is limited.
Medical masks for respiratory protection are used:
– when visiting crowded places, traveling by public transport during a period of increasing incidence of acute respiratory viral infections;
– when caring for patients with acute respiratory viral infections;
– when communicating with persons with signs of an acute respiratory viral infection;
– with the risk of infection with other infections transmitted by airborne droplets.

Masks can be of different designs. They can be one-time use or can be reused. There are masks that last 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks is different due to the different impregnation. But you can’t wear the same mask all the time, so you can infect yourself twice. Which side to wear a medical mask inside is not important.
To protect yourself from infection, it is extremely important to wear it correctly:
– the mask must be carefully fixed, tightly covering the mouth and nose, leaving no gaps;
– try not to touch the surfaces of the mask when removing it, if you touched it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or alcohol;
– a wet or damp mask should be changed to a new, dry one;
– do not reuse a disposable mask;
– A used disposable mask should be discarded immediately.
When caring for a patient, after the end of contact with a sick person, the mask should be removed immediately. After removing the mask, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.
The mask is appropriate if you are in a crowded place, on public transport, as well as when caring for the sick, but it is not advisable in the open air.
It is useful to breathe fresh air while you are outdoors and you should not wear a mask.
At the same time, doctors remind that this single measure does not provide complete protection against the disease.In addition to wearing a mask, other preventive measures must be followed.

Stay home and see a doctor urgently.
Follow your doctor’s instructions, stay in bed and drink as much fluids as possible.

High body temperature, chills, headache, weakness, nasal congestion, cough, shortness of breath, muscle pain, conjunctivitis.
In some cases, there may be symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

Viral pneumonia is the leading complication. Deterioration in viral pneumonia is rapid, and many patients develop respiratory failure within 24 hours, requiring immediate respiratory support with mechanical ventilation.
Promptly started treatment helps to alleviate the severity of the disease.

– Call a doctor.
– Give the patient a separate room in the house. If this is not possible, maintain a distance of at least 1 meter from the patient.
– Minimize contact between sick and loved ones, especially children, the elderly and people with chronic diseases.
– Ventilate the area frequently.
– Keep clean, wash and disinfect surfaces with household detergents as often as possible.
– Wash your hands often with soap and water.
– When caring for a sick person, cover your mouth and nose with a mask or other protective equipment (handkerchief, scarf, etc.).
– Only one family member should take care of the sick person.

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Basic rules of personal hygiene and human health

Personal hygiene rules is a set of hygienic rules for human behavior, which are created to maintain cleanliness of the body and the whole body.

Did you imagine that in just 1 week about 200-300 g of fat and from 3 to 7 liters of sweat are secreted through the human skin !!! As you understand, sweat and fat must be constantly washed off from yourself. If this is not done, then the protective properties of the skin can be destroyed, as a result of which, it will turn into a breeding ground for microbes.

Compliance with the simplest rules of personal hygiene is a necessity that creates protection for the body against various ailments.

In addition to keeping the body clean, an active lifestyle and fresh air are an integral part of personal hygiene.

If we proceed from the scientific definition, then personal hygiene is included in the section of medicine, within which methods of healing are developed, through the fulfillment by a person of the requirements and rules for keeping both his body and his everyday environment in the form of clothing and housing clean. A society is unlikely to be generally healthy if most of its members do not practice good personal hygiene.

And these rules are generally simple, but some of them need to be paid attention to daily, and some periodically, but regularly.This, it seems to me, may be one of the difficulties of their implementation. First of all, it is necessary to monitor our body, maintain its external cleanliness and strengthen it through physical education, healthy food, alternation of work and rest.

Pay sufficient attention to the cleanliness of our clothing. Undoubtedly, our housing also needs this. It should not be running, it requires periodic cleaning, washing of bedding.

And also, which is no less important in the modern world, is the observance of the appropriate hygiene of our consciousness.Learn to follow thoughts, your speech. I think that many already understand that our thoughts and words not only affect our environment and what happens to us in life, but also directly on ourselves.

Personal hygiene rules

Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene includes: hygiene of the skin, mouth, hair, nails, feet, personal care items. Let’s consider everything in more detail.

Hygiene items

Each person should have personal essential hygiene items that can only be shared with their halves.

Soap. Towel. Toothbrush. Washcloth. Tweezers. Razor. Manicure tools. Hairbrush. Creams and scrubs in jars (taken with your fingers). Hair clipper. Deodorants and antiperspirants. Lip balm, gloss and lipstick.

Skin hygiene

  • Taking a shower, washing your face thoroughly, washing your groin and underarms every day.
  • Wash your hands after traveling, before eating, after using the toilet, after contact with animals, money, gadgets (smartphones, tablets, keyboards, mice, etc.)), as well as in the presence of dirt on them.
  • Try to take a bath at least once a week.
  • When taking water procedures (shower, bath, sauna), be sure to use a washcloth.

Hair hygiene

  • Wash your hair as it gets dirty (for someone it is every day, for someone once a week).
  • Dry your hair with a warm towel and avoid blow drying.
  • Comb 2 times a day.

Oral hygiene

Oral hygiene contributes to the health of not only teeth, but also internal organs, since a large number of pathogens are collected in the oral cavity, and if they are not removed in time, they enter the body.

Oral hygiene includes:

  • Brush your teeth 2 times a day – morning and evening.
  • The toothbrush should be replaced once every 3 months, or earlier if the bristles on it are worn out.
  • Use dental floss.
  • Rinse your mouth after eating.
  • Visit your dentist for dental problems.

Nail hygiene

  • Keep your nails and under your nails clean.
  • Trim nails as they grow.

Foot hygiene

  • Regularly clean your heels and feet with a pumice stone or special file to remove dead skin cells.
  • Watch that there are no blisters, if they appear – treat.

Clothes, footwear and bed linen

  • Change the towel twice a week.
  • Change bed linen once a week.
  • Underwear, socks, knee-highs, tights, change daily.
  • Wear clean clothing after showering or bathing.
  • Wash your shoes not only outside, but also inside.
  • In closed shoes, wash, dry and replace the insoles.
  • Avoid pets on your bedding.
  • Wearing someone else’s shoes and clothes is unacceptable!

2.3 It is worth periodically massaging the gums. At home, you can do this procedure either with a special soft brush or with a finger, well-washed hands. The gums are stroked, rubbed and gently pressed at different points. This simple procedure helps to improve blood circulation in the gums and nutrition of the roots of the teeth, relieves swelling.

3.1 You can often see how the ears are cleaned with special cotton swabs when the ear canal is clogged with sulfur. But, according to doctors, this should be done in very rare cases and very carefully, when a sulfuric plug has formed there, which does not come out for a long time. The ears are self-cleaning from wax, and therefore it is enough just to wash the external auricles with soapy water a couple of times a week. Trying to remove all the wax from your ears is not worth it. It is a protective lubricant and the ears are vulnerable without it.But when, we often remove wax from the ears, it is produced in even greater quantities. Therefore, it is best to inject a few drops of a specially formulated ear cleaner available from a pharmacy.

3.2 As for the eyes , , for the prevention of their diseases and deterioration of vision, the following procedures should be carried out daily:

  • massage and blinking. The massage helps to improve the blood supply to the eyes, relieve them from fatigue and strengthen the nerve endings.

Usually it includes an alternation of rotation, stroking and pressing. Better to spend a couple of minutes, with the help of your palms, and then sit without opening your eyes. The same can be done at work, with eye fatigue from constant stress, when, for example, you sit at the computer for a long time.

It is also very useful to relax your eyes by blinking and rotating them in different directions. This contributes to a more even distribution of the tear fluid over the surface of the eyeball, which, in addition to moisturizing the cornea, disinfects the eyes, protecting them from microbes, and promotes relaxation.Therefore, it is better to blink more often than rub them with your hands;

  • rinsing with water. Water has a beneficial effect on the eyes. Therefore, it is very useful to rinse them with cold water for preventive purposes. You need to immerse your face in cold water (for example, pouring it into a cup) for 4-5 seconds, without closing your eyes, and blink them a little. Or, if it is not possible to draw water into the dishes (for example, at work), you can simply moisten or splash into open eyes several times.

3.3 The sinuses should normally be clean and should be cleaned only in case of illness, when they become clogged. This should be done with special solutions, preferably after receiving and consulting a therapist.

4. Now we will consider a few simple tips and rules from specialists in the hygiene of the genital organs, since non-observance of these can lead to various diseases. Then you will have to make significant efforts, money and time to bring them back to normal.

First of all – regular washing, especially after going to the toilet.It is clear that personal hygiene products (towel, washcloth, razor …) must be individualized.

Pay special attention to the use of contraceptives during sexual intercourse, especially if you are not aware of the possible problems of your partner in the sexual sphere. Now, on relationships in the intimate sphere, there is enough useful practical information to protect your body.

5. To the above hygiene recommendations and advice, you should add a few more important points that will significantly help to improve our health.

5.1 To raise our tone and strengthen immunity, water hardening procedures should be carried out periodically. There are several types of them, for example – dousing with cold water, winter swimming, bath or sauna, contrast shower.

5.2 Physical activity. This is understandable and does not need any special comments. This includes fitness, hiking, running, Nordic walking, cycling, swimming and much more you can think of to keep fit and improve your health.

5.3 Healthy diet, adherence to the correct work and rest regime, rejection of bad habits. Now enough has been written about this and it has become increasingly used in everyday life. Free energy is needed for the realization of our plans and a fulfilling life. It is produced by the body both from healthy food (link to the article about food for every day), which we should consume to a greater extent, and accumulates during sleep and good rest.

As for bad habits, I think it is worth looking at the medical site for the state of the internal organs of people who have abused smoking, alcohol, or, for example, dabbled in soft drugs in order to sober up and think about it.Therefore, it is important to include this in our life in order to be in good shape, get sick less and live a full life.

Keeping clothes and home clean

6.1 What we wear plays an important role in our well-being and tone. After all, clothing, in addition to information and aesthetic functions, is designed to protect us from the vagaries of the weather, and also protects the skin of our body from all kinds of harmful effects for it. Therefore, when we are dressed out of season (of course, if we have not yet reached the level of walking in winter in a T-shirt and shorts, which we observed several times in the city), then such a situation can really lead to undesirable consequences such as overheating or hypothermia, or even more sad – a burn or frostbite.And of course, clothes should not constrain us in any movement and freely adhere to the body.

6.2 Which fabrics would be the best choice for clothing? Natural fibers seem to be the better option. Such fabrics are permeable to air and absorb the sweat of our body better. But clothes made from these fabrics are difficult to pick up now, and they have their drawbacks, so fabrics with, say, 80% cotton and 20% polyester are quite suitable.

This combination surpasses only one natural fabric in its characteristics.The appearance of what you are wearing improves, the wearing period is significantly increased, the clothes become elastic and durable. Therefore, here it is worth choosing various combinations of such fabrics for yourself.

And of course, do not forget to wash and periodically change what we wear every day. And what cannot be cleaned at home must be taken to dry cleaning. Especially jackets, blazers, etc.

6.3 A little about shoes. It should be selected both in season and in size. Improperly fitted footwear often contributes to severe abrasions on the leg when the size is large, or increases the possibility of frostbite and deformity of the feet when it is small.

6.4 Our home, among others, also carries protective functions. It shelters us from bad weather, the necessary comfortable living conditions are maintained inside. We breathe the air of the room in which we live. We collect dust and dirt that may be present in the room. Therefore, the rules for maintaining cleanliness have long been established.

6.5 An apartment or other living quarters where we stay for a long time must be ventilated at least once a day in cold weather, and in warm weather, it is generally desirable to have a window or window open constantly, for better ventilation of the apartment (if there is no air conditioner).Cleaning, including wet cleaning, is best done once a week. Then the content of dust and dirt in the apartment can be minimized without much effort. In the period from 3 to 6 months, it is worthwhile to carry out a more in-depth cleaning (general), where you need to wipe the dust in those places where you usually cannot get with weekly cleaning.

6.6 Get rid of unnecessary things and clothes that are not used for one to two years. Even if it seems that we will someday wear them. Based on experience, these things remain unclaimed.

Somewhere in the same time frame, make minor, necessary repairs in the apartment. Something to plaster, touch up. The apartment loves to be taken care of. As a builder who was doing repairs in my new apartment told me, “If a repaired apartment is not occupied for a long time, it begins to deteriorate, although there seems to be no apparent reason for this.” Therefore, it is necessary to take care of our housing, and above all, to keep it clean, which also affects the strengthening of our health.

Hygiene of our consciousness

As I said in the first chapter, our thoughts and words, repeated for some time and fixed at the level of habit (a habit can be developed in a couple of months), can and most often affect our health.First of all, thoughts and words affect, first of all, our biofield, introducing distortions there, in the event that the meaning and content of these messages carries negative information (i.e. low-frequency).

In the course of a short time, persistent distortions of our aura lead to malfunctions or malfunctioning of the organs of the body, which may well lead to lingering illnesses, if the situation is not corrected in time.

Well, and, accordingly, vice versa. Positive information helps to maintain and strengthen our body and health.Therefore, if we draw analogies with viruses and microbes, then we can talk about the hygiene of our consciousness. That is, we must learn to keep our thoughts and words pure. Monitor how we react to life circumstances, which we broadcast to the world. Because, it directly affects ourselves and our health.

If you regularly follow the considered rules and recommendations, then this will directly affect the improvement of our condition, since personal hygiene is an integral part of a healthy lifestyle.

It seems that there are too many rules and tips, but if they become a habit, they will become a natural part of our life. And it’s worth it. After all, health is the most valuable thing that we have, since its preservation and strengthening allows us not only to realize our life plans, but also to live a full life and make it happy.

Personal hand hygiene rules

Hand washing is a procedure, the task of which is to clean our hands from excess microorganisms.It must be done before eating (and always before preparing food), after contact with animals, after using the toilet, as well as after visiting public places (if you touch anything with your hands).

Washes hands with liquid soap

The essence of this procedure is to prevent the spread of microorganisms in your home, as they can be pathogenic. And if you don’t wash your hands after using the toilet, traveling by public transport or going to the store, then it is extremely difficult to do this.As a result, microorganisms will accumulate on doorknobs, switches, objects, and clothing. And an increase in their number will lead to the appearance of various diseases (mainly of the skin, intestines and stomach).

But, in addition to the fact that it is necessary to remember the usefulness of observing hand hygiene, you also need to know how to properly perform this procedure. And this question is very relevant, since many people are very dismissive of hand washing. And in vain.

Hand hygiene compliance

  • After wetting your hands (preferably with warm water), thoroughly lather and rub (at least 15 seconds).At the same time, attention should be paid to all areas of the hands (the back and inner sides of the palms, between the fingers, the fingers themselves, and even the nails).
  • The more foam you create during washing, the better. It is not enough to just sweep the bar of soap over the skin and then rinse it off.
  • It is best to remove jewelry before washing hands, as microorganisms can accumulate underneath.
  • Problem points after hand washing are turning off the tap and wiping your hands off. Since a large number of bacteria accumulate on the tap, it is better to use a napkin to turn it off in public places, but at home it is enough to keep the tap clean.Well, for wiping, you need to use a dry and clean towel (pants are not suitable for this purpose, for sure).
  • Antibacterial soap (it is written on the package) is practically no different from the usual one, but at the same time it can harm the skin (it dries up and becomes covered with microcracks). Therefore, it is better to use regular soap – it does an excellent job of its functions.
  • Choose the hygiene products that work best for your skin. In this case, you can not only avoid many health problems, but also maintain (or even improve) the condition of the skin of your hands.
  • Prevention of many diseases arising from the ingress of pathogens into the body. This happens when eating food with unwashed hands (even if they are “kind of” clean, and even if you do not touch the food with your hands).
  • A significant decrease in the likelihood of contracting an infectious disease after visiting public places. Infections can be transmitted through handrails in vehicles, door handles, money, etc.
  • Pleasant smell of hands, pleasant appearance, moral satisfaction from the feeling of cleanliness and peace of mind for your health.


Hand hygiene is not just a recommendation to be neglected. This is a necessity. But, unfortunately, many people do not understand this. And this is one of the reasons why such people are faced with various diseases (most often infectious). And, worst of all, they cannot grasp the connection between lack of proper hand hygiene and the appearance of spots, sores, or abdominal pain on the skin. Because of this, again and again they are faced with problems that are quite easy to avoid.

Hygiene is essential for the health of the body.

Hygiene is an important component of adolescent health

After each meal, rinse your mouth. You need to brush your teeth with powder or paste once a day and preferably at night, since the food particles remaining between the teeth are removed and this eliminates the conditions for the multiplication of microbes. In the morning, rinse your mouth thoroughly, and when plaque appears, clean it with a brush, but without powder and paste.The toothbrush should not be very hard, and the bristle tufts should be very thick; then the bristles will better penetrate the interdental spaces. Observations of doctors have shown that with regular brushing, teeth are not only well cleaned, but also acidic substances released by microbes and harmful to enamel are neutralized. You need to clean not only the outer, but also the inner surface of the teeth. To remove food debris, teeth should be brushed not only horizontally (along the dentition), but also from top to bottom and from bottom to top with closed jaws.The toothbrush must be kept clean, otherwise it can cause oral infection. To keep your teeth healthy, you need to see a doctor at the first sign of the disease. In recent years, doctors have been conducting preventive dental examinations in schools. You shouldn’t avoid them.

Dirty hands are not only unpleasant, but can also cause serious illness. There are even diseases of “dirty hands” – dysentery, typhoid fever and, of course, various helminthic diseases. Therefore, your hands should always be clean.To keep the skin of your hands smooth and soft, wipe your hands thoroughly after washing. If this is not done, the water remaining on the hands will evaporate and dry the skin, while it becomes dry, rough, reddens and painful cracks can form on it.

The legs do a lot of work during the day. But many people think very little about foot care. But the legs require no less care. Feet should be washed daily. This is very helpful, as washing your feet with cool water is a good hardening procedure.Toenails should be trimmed neatly. Airing your shoes daily can halve the intensity of foot sweat odor. To reduce sweating, you can resort to the old tried and tested method: every night, take a 10-minute foot bath in warm salted water. Shoes must always be worn on the leg. With tight shoes, abrasions, calluses and even curvature of the toes can form.

Adolescent hygiene is the key to the normal development and functioning of the adolescent’s body in the future. Insufficient adherence to the rules of personal hygiene by a teenager contributes to the appearance of various inflammatory processes in the body, which can lead to serious health problems.

90,000 Tourists in Turkey urged to observe hygiene rules

The department recalled that the source of infection is a person – a sick or healthy carrier. “The virus infects young children very effectively when a small dose is ingested with water, food. The main routes of transmission of enterovirus infection are: water, food, contact-household, airborne.The factors of transmission of infection include water, vegetables, dirty hands, toys, environmental objects, “the Federal Tourism Agency says.

The disease caused by enterovirus, which is now widespread in Turkey, is manifested by a rash on the hands and high fever.

For the prevention of enterovirus infection, it is recommended to follow the rules of personal hygiene, wash your hands thoroughly with soap before eating, after using the toilet, after returning from the street, use only bottled or boiled water for drinking.

Tourists are also advised to observe the temperature storage conditions for food, eat foods with known shelf life, thoroughly wash fruits, berries, vegetables. Before the epidemiological situation stabilizes, the department advised to limit the admission of children to the swimming pools.

On Friday, Rospotrebnadzor recognized the conditions in the Turkish Gulf of Antalya as unsafe for the health of tourists due to the outbreak of the Coxsackie virus and agreed on its position with the Russian Foreign Ministry. At the same time, the situation was recognized as not requiring urgent evacuation of citizens.The Rosturizm said that tourists have the right to refuse already paid tours to Turkey without fines. The agency recommended that Russians take into account the threat to health safety when deciding on a trip to Turkey and called on tour operators and travel agents to inform clients about the difficult epidemiological situation in this country.

Some media reported that Russians infected with the Coxsackie virus are leaving Turkey en masse. However, tour operators and insurers denied this information, saying that cases of Coxsackie’s disease are rare, and none of the tourists interrupted their vacation due to the virus.At the same time, tourists planning trips to Turkey actively contacted tour operators with questions about security in the country.

Coxsackie is an enterovirus transmitted by water, household contact and airborne droplets. When the first symptoms of the disease appear, you should seek medical help.

90,000 Checklist: 4 hygiene rules during quarantine (and not only)

Compliance with the rules of hygiene is a simple matter that can protect you from illness and make a great contribution to maintaining your overall health.It is hygiene that is an important part of a healthy lifestyle, along with a regular balanced diet, healthy sleep and sufficient physical activity.

Mi have collected 4 rules that must be carefully observed during quarantine and make them your daily routine for life 🙂

Pay attention to personal hygiene
Hands are our primary contact with the outside world. Consider that everything that you “learned” is collected on them during the period from one hand washing to another. Therefore, you need to wash them regularly – at least 5 times a day, and give one such procedure for about a minute.

Be sure to wash your hands before every meal, before and after using the toilet, before contact with your face and immediately after returning home. If you can’t wash your hands, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, but when you have a choice, use water and Antibacterial Soap . Wet wipes will not help much in this situation. In most cases, they are designed to remove visible dirt and not germs.

Also, do not forget about general body hygiene: take a shower regularly, brush your teeth and take care of the cleanliness of your face. Everything is the same as always.

Disinfect the phone
Yes, we are talking about an object that proudly collects all germs and viruses on itself and which also needs to be constantly disinfected. Here alcohol-based antiseptic will come to your aid. It is enough to distribute it on a paper napkin and wipe the phone.

Do not forget about your computer, headphones and all the devices you use often – they also need to be disinfected regularly. After all, what’s the point of keeping your hands clean so tightly if in a second they touch your smartphone or computer again, which were last cleaned six months ago?

Change your bedding
Dirty bedding is an ideal environment for microscopic life and germs to spread, so change it as often as possible.The best option would be once a week, but if you feel what you need more often, do it without a doubt.
The fact is that in addition to our own “micro-life”, alien microbes from the hair of pets, dust, pollen of plants and many other things also settle on the bed. Agree, given the time we spend in bed – such neighbors are not very desirable.

Do wet cleaning
Everything is simple here: the cleaner the house, the safer it is, and wet cleaning is the ideal way to get rid of dust, dirt, pathogenic bacteria and fungi.