How to reduce acne scar: How to get rid of acne scars: Treatments and home remedies
How to get rid of acne scars: Treatments and home remedies
Acne breakouts can be frustrating, and they can also leave scars on the face and other areas of the body. Some people find that acne scars are an unwanted reminder of a painful and bothersome condition. However, acne scars do not have to be permanent, as some home remedies and medical treatments can help get rid of them.
In this article, learn about a variety of ways to help reduce the appearance of acne scars and promote healthy skin.
Various remedies are available over the counter, many of which can help people manage their acne and reduce the appearance of scars.
Share on PinterestAcne is a common skin complaint, with many people experiencing acne scarring.
Salicylic acid is a naturally occurring compound that is often an ingredient in acne skin care products. Salicylic acid helps clear dirt, skin cells, and other debris that leads to acne from the pores of the skin.
It also helps reduce swelling and redness in the area, which may minimize the appearance of scarring.
Salicylic acid is beneficial for all scar types. It makes a good addition to a daily skin care routine for most people who live with acne.
People with sensitive skin may need to test a product containing this acid on a small area of skin before using it on their entire face, as it may cause dryness or irritation.
Some topical retinoids may help get rid of acne scars. As the authors of a review in the journal Dermatology and Therapy note, topical retinoids block inflammation, reduce acne lesions, and speed up cell regeneration.
The authors also state that retinoids could help lighten hyperpigmented acne scars, including those in people with darker skin tones.
It is important to note that retinoids can make the skin sensitive to the sun. Anyone using retinoids for acne or scar treatment should wear sunscreen when going outdoors.
Alpha hydroxy acids
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) can help get rid of dead skin cells and prevent clogged pores. Doctors may recommend AHAs for treating acne and reducing the appearance of acne scars.
AHAs are a mild form of acid that scrapes away the outer layer of skin to reveal fresh, new skin underneath. This process may help with discoloration due to scarring.
Lactic acid can act as a gentle peel to pull away dead skin cells. It may help reduce the appearance of scars and smooth the overall texture of the skin.
Lactic acid may also help lighten dark scar tissue, although it sometimes causes hyperpigmentation. Due to this possible adverse effect, it is best to test products that contain lactic acid on a small patch of skin before using them to treat acne scarring.
Many products for acne contain lactic acid. It is also present in diluted apple cider vinegar, which makes for a more natural, cost-effective treatment.
Many people use natural remedies to help clear up acne scars, but the science behind them is unclear. Some may cause further irritation or other problems so people should use them with caution.
Home remedies that people have traditionally used to treat acne scars include:
Several medical treatments are available to help reduce acne scars. A dermatologist may recommend different procedures depending on a person’s skin type and the extent of the scarring.
Medical treatments for acne scars include:
A dermatologist can recommend a type of peel that is suitable for a person’s skin type, acne severity, and scarring.
The authors of a 2017 review on treatments for acne scarring note a study that found that six of 10 participants using a specific type of chemical peel called trichloroacetic acid (TCA) had at least a 70-percent improvement in their acne scarring.
Other chemical peels may be less effective. For instance, 25 percent of those who used glycolic acid did not see any reduction in the appearance of scars.
A person may need to try different types of peel to determine which one works for them.
Injections of corticosteroids may help with the treatment of raised acne scar tissue if a person has either hypertrophic or keloid scars.
The treatment typically consists of a series of injections. A dermatologist can do these injections in their office once every few weeks, monitoring the results.
In some cases, dermatologists may recommend using soft tissue fillers to reduce the appearance of scars.
Dermatologists may choose a filler that consists of a collagen-based product, which may require allergy testing. Alternatively, removing fat from another part of the body to use may be an option. They can also use other commercial fillers, such as polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), hyaluronic acid (HA), and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA).
Dermal fillers work best for atrophic scars, but many are temporary. Treatment typically lasts between 6 and 18 months.
There are some permanent options, however, that a person can discuss with their dermatologist.
Microneedling is the process of inserting tiny needles into the skin surrounding the scar to stimulate the body to make more collagen. This collagen may reduce the appearance of acne scars by smoothing out the skin.
In a 2017 review, microneedling provided an improvement of 31 to 62 percent in the appearance of acne scars.
However, microneedling can cause side effects. Many people experience redness, pain, and inflammation after the treatment, but these effects subside over time.
Laser treatment resurfaces the skin without the use of chemicals or scrubs. It removes the uppermost layer of skin to reveal the younger skin cells underneath, which can help reduce the appearance of scarring.
Laser treatment is not suitable for everyone, however, as its success is mostly dependent on the acne scarring that a person has and their skin type. The treatment may also cause a reaction in some people, especially those with sensitive skin.
Suitable treatment options may vary slightly depending on the type of scarring that acne has caused. There are three types of acne scars:
- Atrophic scars: These scars appear as small indentations in the skin. They occur when the skin does not make enough fibroblasts in the healing process. Fibroblasts are cells that play a crucial role in wound healing and the synthesis of collagen.
- Hypertrophic scars: These occur when the skin makes too many fibroblasts as the acne spot heals, causing a raised scar.
- Keloid scars: These are similar to hypertrophic scars but are typically much thicker than the original acne spot. They are usually darker than the surrounding skin and can be red or brown. Keloid scars may also cause symptoms, such as itchiness or pain.
Acne scars can be an unwanted reminder of acne and may reduce self-esteem in some people, but they do not have to be permanent.
Many people have success using one or more home remedies. In cases of stubborn scarring, receiving medical treatments in the dermatologist’s office can also help get rid of acne scars.
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How to Get Rid of Acne Scars
At the risk of upsetting dermatologists everywhere, any time a pimple appears on my face, I pop it. Does it feel good? Absolutely. Is it good for me? No, and I know this because picking at those pesky little breakouts usually leads to acne scars that take forever to disappear. Why?
“As acne lesions clear, they often leave behind dark spots as a result of inflammation, which promotes increased pigment production, explains Dr. Joshua Zeichner, Director of Cosmetic & Clinical Research in Dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital. “These dark spots can last for several months and are often more bothersome than the acne itself.”
Hope is not lost, especially when there’s a barrage of dermatologist-endorsed cleansers, serums, and treatments that reduce the appearance of scars and brighten your complexion over time. But the best way to get rid of acne scars? Eliminating acne, full stop. “The number one way to prevent acne scars is to prevent acne from forming in the first place,” Dr. Dennis Gross, M.D. and creator of Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare explains. “The acne you are seeing today actually began two weeks ago below the skin’s surface.”
Ahead, ELLE.com polled a few skincare experts to figure out what products help to treat and prevent acne scars. And remember, just say no to picking and popping.
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Skincare Alpha Beta Peel Extra Strength Formula
DR. DENNIS GROSS
“Incorporating a gentle, daily chemical exfoliant helps improve overall texture and treat acne scars, but this two-step peel takes it a step further,” Dr. Gross explains. “The alpha and beta hydroxy acids in step one loosen the glue that binds dead skin cells to the new, radiant ones underneath and also prevent dead skin cells from clogging pores. The second step is a neutralizer that is jam packed with amazing active ingredients like retinol, which helps smooth fine lines and wrinkles, and green tea extract.”
The Best Treatments for Brightening
SpectraLite FaceWare Pro
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare
“This medical grade LED device is the perfect addition to your skincare routine to treat and prevent acne scars,” says Dr. Gross. “It has 162 red and blue LED lights–red lights stimulate your skin’s own production of collagen, treating acne scars while the blue lights kill acne-causing bacteria, preventing future flare ups. You use this device once per day for three minutes on clean, dry skin. The device will never over-dry skin and is completely safe to use.”
Clinical Grade IPL Dark Spot Correcting Serum
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare
“Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation is one of the main causes of acne scars,” Dr. Gross explains. :This product targets PIH in three ways: it removes dead pigmented cells from skin’s surface, inhibits melanin transfer in the middle skin layers and prevents melanin production at the source – deep within skin. It is formulated with 10% l-ascorbic acid which is a form of vitamin C and stimulates your own production of collagen along with brightening the overall complexion.”
DRx Blemish Solutions Acne Eliminating Gel
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare
“This product uses a comprehensive approach to tackle acne, working in four ways: it decongests the pores, controls oil, kills acne-causing bacteria and reduces inflammation,” Dr. Gross says. “Because it targets acne on multiple levels, it is great for all types of acne. It is also the first-ever skincare product to use monk pepper to treat acne. Monk pepper is a revolutionary ingredient because it prevents hormones from triggering our hormonal glands to make a thicker oil which gets more easily clogged in pores. Essentially, it works beauty monk pepper stimulates the pre-cursor to testosterone–a lookalike compound with a weaker biological effect on sebum. It also blocks testosterone from binding with the androgen receptor in the first place to prevent sebum production.”
The Best Cleansers For Stubborn Marks
Aveeno Clear Complexion Foaming Cleanser
Stubborn marks call for a powerful cleanser. “If you have acne, consider using a cleanser that contains salicylic acid,” says Dr. Zeichner. “Aveeno’s Clear Complexion Foaming Cleanser delivers salicylic acid the skin without causing excessive dryness and helps remove excess oil and exfoliate dead cells from the surface of the skin to keep the pores clear.”
The Best Cleansers For Stubborn Marks
Purifying Cleanser with Glycolic Acid
Dr. Y. Claire Chang, a board-certified cosmetic dermatologist at NYC’s Union Square Laser Dermatology, recommends SkinCeuticals’ Purifying Cleanser, which “encourages cell turnover without drying out the skin.” Plus, it’s formulated with glycolic acid “to wash away dead skin cells on the top layer of the skin, leaving a very clean feel and improving acne blemishing.”
The Best Treatments for Stubborn Marks
Peter Thomas Roth Max Complexion Correction Pads
Peter Thomas Roth
Salicylic acid and glycolic acid are the essential ingredients in these exfoliating pads. ” Salicylic acid works to treat current pimples and existing scars, by increasing skin-cell turnover and declogging pores,” says Dr. Change. ” Glycolic acid chemically exfoliates the skin to even skin tone and decrease blemishes.”
The Best Treatments for Stubborn Marks
AGE Bright Spot Fader
Dermalogica’s Age Bright Spot Fader is a multi-purpose treatment for acne. “Ideal for adults that are concerned about post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from breakouts, this two-in-one brightening spot treatment reduces the appearance of active breakouts and post-breakout marks,” explains Heather Hickman, the Senior Director of Education at Dermalogica.
The Best Treatments for Stubborn Dark Spots
Dermalogica Daily Microfoliant
Dermalogica’s Microfoliant is a best-seller for a reason. Hickman explains that it’s cult status is due to its “unique rice-based powder with papain and salicylic acid that exfoliates dull skin, and a botanical brightening complex with licorice and grapefruit that instantly leaves skin noticeably smoother and brighter.”
The Best Treatments for Stubborn Marks
Don’t let the word “intense” listed on the front scare you away. While Chantecaille’s serum is formulated with a good amount of retinol, it also comes packed with vitamin C and green decaffeinated coffee to tackle hyperpigmentation head-on.
The Best Serums for Stubborn Dark Spots
Rapid Age Spot and Pigment Lightening Serum
“Topical treatments that contain retinoids, hydroquinone, and azelaic acid have all been proven to dramatically lighten dark marks,” says Dr. Chang. “The Murad Rapid Age Spot and Pigment Lightening Serum pairs hydroquinone with vitamin C and glycolic acid, two dark mark-fighting ingredients. Glycolic acid helps improve existing brown spots by increasing skin-cell turnover and chemically exfoliating the skin; vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can brighten the skin.”
The Best Serums for Stubborn Dark Spots
Vitamin C Serum
To help fade dark spots faster, Dr. Z suggests reaching for Ghost Democracy’s Lightbulb Vitamin C serum that provides a strong dose of vitamin C to bring you one step closer to clear skin.
The Best Spot Corrector for Stubborn Marks
Rapid Tone Repair Dark Spot Corrector
Packed with a high concentration of vitamin C and retinol, this dark spot corrector aims to instantly penetrate into the skin to brighten and fade dark marks.
The Best Sunscreens for Prevention
La Roche Posay Anthelios 60 Ultra Light Sunscreen Fluid
La Roche Posay
“Wearing SPF every day will not only help prevent new discoloration, but keep your current scars from worsening over time,” says Dr. Anne Chapas.
The Best Sunscreens for Prevention
CeraVe Sun Protection, SPF 30 Sunscreen Face Lotion
Too much sun exposure can darken the spots even more, so sunscreen will be your best friend. “Scarring and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation can darken with sun exposure and linger on the skin longer than needed,” Dr. Idriss adds. “Therefore, a broad spectrum sunscreen, most preferably a physical blocker, is strongly advised.”
The Best Sunscreens for Prevention
Neutrogena Sensitive Skin Sunscreen Lotion with SPF 60
What’s not to love about this Neutrogena classic? It has SPF 60 (more protection for your skin), leaves no residue, works wonders for sensitive skin, and costs as much as a fresh-pressed green juice.
The Best Sunscreens for Prevention
SkinCeuticals Protect Ultra Facial Defense SPF 50 Plus
Stop premature aging right in its tracks with the proper sun protection. SkinCeuticals Protect Ultra Facial Defense sunscreen is a lightweight, moisturizing cream perfect for the sweltering summer heat and brisk winter air.
The Best Moisturizer for Prevention
Pond’s Clarant B3 Even Skin Tone Daily Facial Moisturizer with SPF 30 Sunscreen 1.7oz
This daily moisturizer delivers soft, supple skin for a more vibrant glow. It’s also packed with SPF 30 to prevent further discoloration from occurring.
The Best Mask for Prevention
Neutrogena Rapid Clear Leave-on Mask (2-Pack)
Spot-treating is a great preventative method for acne but Dr. Zeichner suggests treating the entire face to avoid any future breakouts with Neutrogena’s Rapid Benzoyl Peroxide Leave-On Mask.
The Best Serums for Brightening
When scouring the aisles for acne treatments, Dr. Idriss suggests looking for “brightening agents such as kojic acid, niacin, vitamin C, licorice root extract that help reduce the effects of pigmentation.”
The Best Serums for Brightening
Rapid D Tone Correcting Serum
Perfect for those melasma, Nia 24’s serum helps to diminish the appearance of brown marks and stimulates collagen production.
The Best Serums for Brightening
Post-Acne Spot Lightening Gel
Murad’s Post-Acne treatment is powered with hydoquinone, “a powerful skin-lightening ingredient used to reduce post-acne discoloration and dark spots,” explains Dr. Sperling . The gel also mixes in tea tree oil, which is known for treating everything from cuts and bites to soothing irritated skin.
The Best Serums for Brightening
C E Ferulic
“While a bit on the pricier side, SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic is a combination of vitamin C, vitamin E, and ferulic acid,” Dr. Sperling explains. “This powerful blend of antioxidants is great for brightening the skin’s complexion and for treating dark spots and scarring.”
The Best Treatments for Brightening
The Complete GLO, GloPRO® + Pack N’ Glo Microneedling Regeneration Set
This at-home microneedling treatment comes with a range of attachment heads that treat your face, lips, under eyes and body. Wrinkle, who?
The Best Treatments for Brightening
Espada Blue Light Acne Treatment
Turn your bathroom into your own personal spa with Foreo’s Blue Light acne treatment. The blue light zap acne directly at the root and gets deep beneath the skin’s surface to prevent future breakouts.
Microneedling is another in-office service that helps to break up scarring and fade dark marks over time. Here is a comprehensive guide.
Chemical peels are known for balancing out your complexion and improving the skin’s texture. Dr. Idriss advises booking a chemical peel, in addition to your at-home treatments (though you should always consult with your derm first) because “exfoliating with chemical peels can help the aforementioned products penetrate better and work more effectively.”
Nerisha is the assistant editor at ELLE.com, covering all things beauty and fashion.
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Top 3 Ways to Get Rid of Acne Scars – Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic
Acne is every teen’s nightmare, and sometimes it can extend into adulthood, too. Have you suffered through a severe case of acne that left behind unsightly scars? Long after pimples clear up and the redness and irritation are gone, some of us carry such unwanted reminders.
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Whether scars are raised or sunken, there are several good ways to mask or minimize them, says dermatologist Amy Kassouf, MD.
“I’m always amazed at how much healing the skin can do once you get the inflammation under control,” says Dr. Kassouf. “My patients may be discouraged, but I’m not.”
How to get rid of your acne scars
Acne is a common skin condition affecting about 80% of those between the ages of 11 and 30 at some point. It can be on your face, chest, back and shoulders. It may seem like the irritation will never go away, but it does. When it goes away, then you can deal with any remaining scars.
Your first line of defense is to consult a dermatologist. They will first focus on getting your acne under control. The fewer breakouts you have, the fewer scars you’ll get. The good news is that not all acne scars are permanent.
When your doctor turns attention to the scars your acne has left behind, they will typically explore three main treatment options:
1. Laser treatments
Vascular-specific lasers target blood vessels and can help lighten flat or raised scars that are pink or purple and help flatten raised scars. Doctors often use fractional or carbon dioxide ablative lasers to treat acne scars.
“Afterward, the skin is swollen and red, and may bleed, for up to five days,” says Dr. Kassouf. “Also, you may need between three and five treatment sessions.”
Laser treatments aren’t just for acne. Doctors use lasers to treat other types of scarring as well — including those from burns, skin cancer and tattoo removal.
2. Chemical peels
Your dermatologist may apply a chemical solution to the skin. This causes it to blister and eventually peel off, creating new, regenerated skin that’s usually smoother than the old skin.
Peeling usually causes redness, and sometimes swelling and cold sores, for up to seven days. This treatment also is less expensive because you typically will need only one treatment session.
“Lasers are more precise, so if a chemical peel doesn’t work, people often try laser,” she says.
Also known as collagen induction therapy, microneedling uses either a fine-needle roller or pen device to create tiny holes in the top layer of the skin. The procedure stimulates collagen production, which helps improve fine lines and skin texture.
Redness occurs afterward and typically lasts a couple of days. Most people will need four to six microneedling treatments for best results.
Your doctor may use more than one type of treatment, depending on your needs. For instance, they may treat some scars with a laser and others with microneedling.
“When you have damaged skin, no treatment will make it look perfect again,” says Dr. Kassouf. “But, depending on its severity, an acne scar can diminish by as much as two-thirds after treatment.”
It’s never too late to treat those scars
Although it’s not possible to get rid of your acne scars quickly, it’s never too late to treat them. Teenage patients may have to wait until their early 20s before undergoing treatment to make sure there’s little risk of future acne flare-ups.
While there’s no real way to get rid of acne scars naturally and at home, there are a few things you can do to reduce your risk of getting acne scars:
- Quit smoking or don’t start smoking.
- Keep your hands off of your face. Resist the urge to pick or squeeze your pimples.
- Treat your acne as soon as possible to reduce the chance of scars.
Scarring can happen at any age, no matter if you’re a teenager and your hormones are changing or you’re an adult. Sometimes when adults lose weight or lose elasticity in their skin as they age, scarring from years past becomes more evident.
“Occasionally, we will actually remove a pitted scar that we know won’t heal well with standard treatment using a technique called punch excision,” she says. “This is where the whole scar and hair follicle are removed prior to resurfacing.”
Another treatment that may be helpful before any of the lasers or peels is called subcision, a procedure that involves releasing a scar that’s bound to the muscle or deeper tissues so that it can move freely again. Both of these techniques are used with deeper scars to bring them to the surface to enhance their response to the laser, chemical peel or microneedling.
“For other adults, they just find that the time is finally right to take care of themselves,” she says. “I had a 60-year-old who said she has dealt with this scar all her life and wanted to do something about it. I’ve seen beautiful results with adults.”
How to Prevent Acne Scars
Acne is usually a temporary problem, but acne scars can be permanent. However unwelcome they may be, scars are part of the skin’s normal healing process after it has been damaged by a wound or injury.
Most superficial wounds heal without scarring. It’s when the dermis is damaged that scars form on the skin. Learn what causes acne scars and how you can prevent them.
Peopleimages / Getty Images
Acne scars are most often the product of an inflamed lesion, such as a papule, pustule, or cyst. Inflamed blemishes occur when the follicle, or pore, becomes engorged with excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The pore swells, causing a break in the follicle wall.
If the rupture occurs near the skin’s surface, the lesion is usually minor and heals quickly. More serious lesions arise when there is a deep break in the follicle wall. The infected material spills out into the dermis and destroys healthy skin tissue.
To repair the damage done to the dermis, the skin forms new collagen fibers. Collagen is the fibrous protein that gives the skin its strength and flexibility. Unfortunately, the finished “repair job” never looks as smooth and flawless as before the injury.
Inflammation is the single greatest gauge of scar development.
The greater the inflammation on the skin, the more likely scarring is to occur. Deep breakouts that take a long time to heal also increase the chance of scarring.
Types of Acne Scars
As the wound heals, the body sometimes produces too much collagen, which creates a mass of raised tissue on the skin’s surface. This type of scarring is called hypertrophic, or keloid, scarring.
More commonly, acne causes atrophic or depressed scars. Atrophic scars develop when there is a loss of tissue. Ice pick scars and boxcar scars are two examples of atrophic scars.
Often, what is taken to be an acne scar is not a true scar at all, but rather post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). This temporary discoloration of the skin will eventually fade on its own. Certain treatment medications, such as Retin-A (tretinoin), may speed the fading time.
Prevention of Acne Scars
You can’t completely prevent scarring, but these steps can minimize your chance of developing acne scars.
Treat Acne as Soon as It Develops
The best thing you can do is get acne under control as soon as possible. Begin treating it right away, and see your doctor immediately if your acne isn’t getting any better with over-the-counter acne treatments.
Quick treatment helps to keep breakouts to a minimum and prevents acne from developing into a more severe form. Prevent pimples and you’ll prevent scarring.
Large, inflamed acne blemishes are much more likely to leave scars behind than non-inflamed breakouts and blackheads. Your goal should always be to calm inflammation and avoid doing anything that will further irritate your skin. Aggressive scrubbing and harsh skincare products should be avoided.
Don’t Squeeze, Pop, or Pick at Pimples
Pass up the temptation to pick or squeeze a pimple. Doing so can force debris deeper into the dermis, spreading an infection to other tissue and worsening inflammation. This is especially true for deep, serious blemishes like nodules and cysts.
Remind yourself that popping pimples can extend the healing time and ups the chance of it leaving a permanent scar. Allow the blemish to heal on its own. If you’ve already picked at a blemish, take steps to help heal it and minimize skin damage.
Don’t Pick at Scabs
Picking at scabs should also be avoided. A scab is the skin’s natural “bandage” which protects the wound as it heals. Picking a scab off a wound before it is ready prolongs the healing process and increases the chances of scarring.
Know If You Are Prone to Scarring
The reality is some people are more prone to scarring while others come through a case of severe acne without a scar in sight. If you are highly prone to scarring, see a dermatologist right away to discuss acne treatment options.
See Your Doctor for Deep Breakouts or Cysts
While smaller blemishes can still scar the skin, it’s the big guys that usually do the damage. Because they extend deeper into the skin, deep nodular breakouts or cystic breakouts are more likely to destroy skin tissue and leave scars.
Over-the-counter acne products just won’t help these types of breakouts. Get an appointment with a dermatologist. Quick, effective treatment can help lessen the chance of developing deep scars.
A Word From Verywell
You may still develop some scarring even after your best efforts. Luckily, there are scar treatments to help minimize the appearance of scarring. Don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor. He or she can explain the treatment options available to you.
3 Tips To Prevent And Reduce Acne Scars: Northstar Dermatology: Dermatology
Acne Scars Are Preventable
Read Time: 3 minutes
Acne is an adolescent rite of passage that can leave behind a memorable mark well after the pimples go away. Instead of accepting a fate full of acne scars, individuals can take proactive steps to not only prevent acne scars but also reduce the appearance and size of the marks.
1. Treat acne right away
Acne can worsen without the right medical treatment. Patients should manage the inflammatory and painful symptoms associated with an acne problem right away. Patients can schedule an appointment with a doctor if over-the-counter medications don’t work. Immediate topical treatment prevents acne from becoming larger and developing a permanent scar.
2. Reduce inflammation
Deep acne scars are usually caused by blemishes that are very inflamed and large. The inflammation can cause discoloration and scarring. To reduce the appearance of acne scars, patients can reduce the swelling by avoiding irritating the skin during showers or when applying skincare products. Patients can also use topical spot treatments specifically designed to reduce acne inflammation.
3. Don’t pick at acne
Patients with acne should avoid picking or popping acne, especially with dirty hands. Squeezing pimples can introduce bacteria deep into the dermis and worsen the swelling. When the blemish has popped and developed a scab, patients should also avoid picking the scab to let the wound heal properly.
Don’t forget the sunscreen
Discoloration in acne scars is typically caused by excess melanocytes that can darken the skin. Patients should remember to use a safe and effective sunscreen solution every day to prevent the cells in acne from developing more melanocytes.
When to seek professional help
A simple visit to the dermatologist can help prevent and reduce acne scars. Some types of acne can benefit from a cortisone shot to reduce the pimple and minimize the risk of acne scarring. When scars do appear, doctors can use laser technology to remove the scars. Lasers aim to rebuild new, normal-looking collagen by damaging the scarred spot.
Acne scar reduction is the answer
Unfortunately, most acne scars will be permanent, but a variety of medical procedures can reduce the visibility of the scar color and size. Acne scar prevention is crucial, but not always attainable despite a patient’s best effort. Dermatologists can offer safe and effective treatment when acne scars appear.
Everything You Need to Know About Treating and Preventing Acne Scars
Despite being incredibly common—”acne is the most common skin condition in the United States, affecting up to 50 million Americans annually”—developing acne scars can feel like a big setback. The good news is that there are acne treatments that can help reduce the appearance of scarring and prevent pimples from popping back up.
To determine what those are, we chatted with a few of the industry’s leading dermatologists and estheticians for the 411 on all things acne scars. By the end of this article you’ll be able to identify which type of acne scar you have, how to prevent them from appearing in the first place, and how to diminish them if they do pop into view.
Meet the Expert
- Dr. Michele Green is a board-certified dermatologist specializing in cosmetic dermatology, as well as the founder of MG Skin Labs in NYC.
- Dr. Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin is a board-certified dermatologist and founder of Entière Dermatology in NYC.
- Joanna Vargas is a celebrity esthetician and the founder of Joanna Vargas Skincare. She has offices in NYC and LA.
Types of Acne Scarring
Mosterpiece / Getty Images
Since permanent scarring is never a desired outcome, it helps to know which type of scar your face or body is forming so that you can get ahead of caring for it. In general, there are four main types of acne scarring: ice pick, rolling, boxcar, and hypertrophic.
- Ice Pick Scars: “Just as the name suggests, ice pick scars are deep and look like sharp indents,” Vargas says. “The scar is created by a deep cyst that rose to the surface, creating a loss of skin tissue.” According to Green, ice pick scars are the hardest acne scars to treat due to their depth.
- Rolling Scars: “Rolling scars typically appear in patients that have suffered from inflammatory acne for a long time,” Green explains, noting that these scars are thin with a wavelike pattern and smooth edges. Vargas tacks on to this, noting that rolling scars make the skin look textured. “They are caused by fibrous bands of tissue that develop between the skin and the subcutaneous tissue below the skin,” she says. “They literally pull on the skin from below creating the uneven appearance.” According to Green, rolling scars are often barely visible, however, they become more pronounced as the skin loses its elasticity.
- Boxcar Scars: Green says that boxcar scars are very similar to chickenpox scars. “Boxcar scars are shallow, indented scars with sharp edges,” she explains. Vargas adds that boxcar scars are bigger (albeit shallower) than icepick scars and look (as the name suggests) more boxy, thanks to the inflammation under the skin that forms as a result of the breakout and loss of collagen.
- Hypertrophic Scars: “These scars are a result of an overgrowth of fibrous tissue which results in an elevated lesion,” Green explains. Vargas expands, noting that these scars feel thick and raised, and often occur from any trauma—like picking—that the skin suffers. “The most common type of hypertrophic scar is keloids,” she explains. “You see it more on the body than the face, but you can get them anywhere.”
What Is a Keloid?
Keloids are raised, shiny scars that can occur as a result of cuts, burns, piercings, tattoos, and acne. According to the AAD, they appear as though “a liquid spilled on the skin and then hardened.
Causes of Acne Scars
There isn’t one clear-cut source of acne-scarring—there are several.
- Ruptured breakouts: According to Green, acne scars occur as the result of ruptured pimples, pustules, whiteheads, and cysts, which cause the skin to break when the infected pore ruptures. “When infected acne ruptures the skin, it can often cause a bacterial infection which also destroys healthy skin cells,” she explains. “As the skin repairs itself from an acne breakout, the wounds that are formed as a result of broken skin starts to heal. As the skin heals, our body produces collagen which is the fibrous tissue that repairs the skin. In some instances, our bodies produce too little or too much fibrous tissue resulting in uneven texture in the skin, also referred to as a scar.” The loss of collagen will lead to those concave or “pitted” acne scars, not unlike a pock mark.
- Skin-picking: Scarring may also form as a result of picking at a pimple—just another reason to be sure to take a hands-off stance when it comes to treating your breakouts.
- Diminished pigment: Celebrity esthetician Joanna Vargas points out that some scars are simply due to a loss of pigment as a result of the pimple existing in the first place.
- Cystic acne: At the end of the day, whether you’ve picked at your face or simply are witnessing a new breakout, scars are a possibility. That said, Dr. Levin says that the risk of acne scars increase when the acne is inflammatory—think: swollen, red, or painful—as this type of acne penetrates deeper into the skin. Due to its deep-reaching nature, inflammatory acne (like cysts) require more pressure to pop (which you definitely shouldn’t) and more time for treatments to effectively sink in (which requires patience), both of which make for longer breakouts and a stronger likelihood for scarring. “In general, if the acne breakouts penetrate the skin from inflammation or trauma from self-imposed trauma, scar tissue forms… as part of the healing process,” Levin explains.
How to Prevent Acne Scarring
The number one thing you can do to prevent acne scarring from ever happening in the first place is keeping your hands off your breakouts. Let’s be clear: No matter how tempting it may be, you should never, ever pick at or pop your pimples. “It is most important that you do not attempt to pop your pimples or pick at any scabs, as this can result in permanent acne scarring,” Green emphasizes.
If you have incessant whiteheads or severe cystic acne, this can be especially tricky, as the breakouts seem visually persistent. Fortunately, there are OTC products to help make dealing with these breakouts less of a trigger.
Anti Bump Solution
For cystic breakouts, Vargas touts Renee Rouleau’s Anti-Bump serum as a means for reducing inflammation.
When it comes to pus-tipped pimples, try Starface’s Hydro-Stars, which employ a 100-percent hydrocolloid dressing meant to effectively suck all the gunk out of your zits so you don’t have to pick and prod to do so yourself.
Finally, a derm-loved favorite for acne, retinoids, are a great way to heal existing breakouts and prevent incoming acne lesions as retinol helps to exfoliate dead skin cells out of pores; “They also work to normalize skin cell turnover and act as an anti-inflammatory, says Levin. “Furthermore, [they] have been proven to improve skin discoloration and texture and, therefore, restore the skin from prior outbreaks.” Retinoids also boost collagen production which is great for plumping the pitting caused by scars.
Treating acne scars can be as simple as addressing the root cause of your breakout and proceeding accordingly; however, many of the most effective methods are costly in-office treatments, which is why prevention of acne is key (more on that later). “In addition to prescribed topical and oral antibiotics to treat acne, patients can also do chemical peels, Fraxel laser treatments, microneedling with PRP (platelet-rich plasma), Ematrix laser, and subcision surgery,” Green says.
For icepick scars, try dermal fillers or subcision surgery.
When you’re working with ultra-deep acne scars, Green and Vargas agree that fillers are the best choice for diminishing their appearance and creating an even complexion.
“Juvederm is a hyaluronic acid-based dermal filler which can be used to treat depressed acne scars such as icepick scars and boxcar scars,” Green says, noting that since hyaluronic acid is a substance that is naturally found in the body, there is no downtime and patients see an immediate improvement thanks to the way the formula promotes collagen regrowth.
If, however, fillers don’t effectively diminish the appearance of your icepick scars, Green says to turn your attention towards subcision surgery. “The procedure is performed by inserting an 18-gauge needle at an acute angle adjacent to the scar with the bevel upwards and parallel to the surface of the skin,” she explains. “Using a fanning motion horizontally, the fibrous bands are severed. As this occurs, blood containing collagen and elastin fibers rushes into the depressed scar replacing some of the lost collagen.” For best results, she says that you should repeat the subcision process monthly in conjunction with lasers until the scarring fully disappears.
For rolling scars, try Fraxel and Ematrix Lasers.
Since rolling scars create a wavy, textured complexion, using lasers to help resurface the skin is an effective treatment.
“The Fraxel laser—also coined the ‘Magic Eraser’— uses fractional laser technology that utilizes a scanning device to apply highly-concentrated tiny laser pulses to your skin and create thousands of microscopic wounds,” Green explains. “As the skin heals and repairs itself, it creates new collagen repairing the skin from the inside out.”
Then there’s Ematrix, which is a sublative laser resurfacing treatment that’s equally as effective for rolling scars: “Ematrix works by stimulating collagen formation and healthy skin cells,” Green says. “Ematrix releases heat energy in the dermis of the skin to stimulate collagen production. It’s ideal for all skin types, including Asian, Latino, and African American skin.”
For boxcar scars, try subcision surgery, Fraxel laser, microneedling, and chemical peels.
Despite being shallower than icepick scars, Green says that boxcar scars can greatly benefit from subcision surgery. However, before booking the minimal procedure, Levin says you should consider laser skin resurfacing, chemical peels, microneedling, radiofrequency with microneedling, or even dermal fillers. “Fillers can be used to effectively even out the texture of depressed acne scars by filling acne scars with hyaluronic acid or more permanent fillers,” she explains.
For hypertrophic scars, try steroid injections.
“Steroid injections are the best treatment for hypertrophic scars,” Green says point blank. “The injections break up the fibrous tissue beneath the skin, reducing the size of the scar.” In addition to steroid injections, Green says that VBeam pulsed-dye lasers can also be used to treat hypertrophic scars in addition to any residual redness from the scar.
Visit a dermatologist.
“First and foremost, seeing a board-certified dermatologist is crucial if you are concerned about whether you are developing acne scars,” Levin says. “Your dermatologist will create a treatment plan in order to treat the acne first in order to prevent outbreaks in the first place.”
Try LED light therapy.
“LED Light grows collagen in quantifiable percentages,” Vargas explains. “In my salon, we do several different treatments that involve LED light, but by far the most popular is my patented RevitaLight Bed which gives a client a full body treatment of healing LED…It’s sort of like having a magic wand.”
Book microdermabrasion with a professional.
“In the salon, acne scars and hyperpigmentation benefit from microdermabrasion,” Vargas explains. “I use a diamond peel—there are diamonds in the tip of the wand that I use. It’s adjustable for your skin type, even if you have super sensitive skin. Regular exfoliation is key to getting more even skin tone and even surface. We do something called a Power Peel which is a fruit acid peel/LED light combo that really helps with scars over time.”
It’s no secret that SPF is a daily must to protect the skin and prevent premature aging. However, according to Levin, slathering up also helps prevent acne scarring from worsening as the sun can lead to damaging hyperpigmentation and general skin degradation. Be sure to layer on a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 before exposing yourself to any direct sunlight.
Create an all-encompassing anti-scarring approach.
“Depending on the type of scars, there are different treatments available,” Levin reminds us. From topical treatments like retinoids and antioxidants (meant to diminish dark scars and resurface texture) and oral medications to control further breakouts (like Spironolactone, Isotretinoin, oral antibiotics, and birth control pills) to in-office treatments including lasers, microneedling, chemical peels, and injectable fillers, there’s an option out there that could totally change the the fate of your skin post-breakout. If you’re unsure which is the right option, Levin says to consult a dermatologist.
How to Get Rid of Acne Scars – 21 Acne Scar Treatments 2021 | The Strategist
Photo: ullstein bild Dtl./Getty Images
Even if battling zits is a distant memory filed away with high-school gym class and algebra tests, acne marks and scars can annoyingly linger long after the pimples are gone. “If someone gets a very large pimple or cyst, the natural healing process of the skin will create a scar,” says dermatologist David Avram of Heights Dermatology and Laser. “The more intense the inflammation, the more likely it will leave a scar.”
True acne scars — as in indentations in the skin like ice-pick scars — can be erased only by professional procedures like microneedling or lasers. Fortunately, what most of us refer to as “scars,” according to Julia Tzu, founder and medical director of Wall Street Dermatology, are actually marks caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (brown spots) or post-inflammatory erythema (red spots) that will fade over several months or years. Also fortunately, there are products that can speed up the process.
We spoke with Tzu, Avram, and seven more dermatologists to get their recommendations for treating, preventing, and camouflaging acne marks.
Since UV rays and visible light from the sun can further darken acne marks, all the dermatologists agree that it’s essential to wear sunscreen daily. “Sun protection can make a big difference in whether or not these marks remain permanent,” says Arielle Nagler, a dermatologist at NYU Langone Medical Center. She’ll often recommend that patients wait and see what their scars look like after a year of careful sun protection before opting for an expensive or invasive procedure.
A top pick among dermatologists for facial sunscreens, this EltaMD sun blocker is also recommended for fading acne marks. Dermatologist Natalie Moulton-Levy likes that it “contains lactic acid, an ingredient which causes a reduction in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation,” while Debra Jaliman, an assistant professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine, says it’s rich in niacinamide, another ingredient that works to fade dark spots. Dr. Dendy Engelman of the Shafer Clinic, is a fan of this product because, along with lactic acid, “it has zinc oxide to protect from [UVA/UVB] rays and antioxidants to repair damage.”
Another derm-approved sunscreen is this mineral option from La Roche-Posay, recommended by Dr. Michele Farber of Schweiger Dermatology. “It’s one of my favorites because it goes on smoothly and has broad coverage as well as antioxidants as an extra layer of UV protection,” she says.
Founder of Skin Wellness Dermatology, Dr. Corey L. Hartman, recommends this sunscreen from ISDIN, a lightweight mineral option that doesn’t leave a white cast on dark skin tones.
According to several of the derms we spoke with, skin-lightening agent hydroquinone is one of the most effective ingredients for fading acne scars. Naissan Wesley, a dermatologist at Skin Care and Laser Physicians of Beverly Hills, explains that hydroquinone “can help acne marks fade faster by inhibiting the melanocytes [pigment-producing cells in the skin] from making more pigment.”
Ambi Fade Cream includes 2 percent hydroquinone, the highest concentration allowed without a prescription. “It also contains soy, which is well known for treating pigmentation issues, and vitamin E, which helps with scarring,” says Tzu. While the FDA considers hydroquinone safe, it is banned in Europe and can potentially cause irritation or further discoloration, so remember to patch test and ask a dermatologist whether it’s right for you.
Although it’s a lot more expensive than the Ambi cream, this serum, recommended by dermatologist Y. Claire Chang of Union Square Laser Dermatology, pairs hydroquinone with vitamin C and glycolic acid, two more proven mark-fighting ingredients. “Glycolic acid helps improve existing brown spots by increasing skin-cell turnover and chemically exfoliating the skin,” she says. “[And] vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can brighten the skin.” Writer Or Gotham is also a fan of the Murad serum and told us he saw “a visible reduction in dark spots” after only three days of using it.
If you’d rather not use hydroquinone, there are other options for treating acne scars. One of these is azelaic acid, which Farber says works by inhibiting the formation of an enzyme called tyrosinase, which in turn stops the mechanism that produces skin-darkening melanin. Moulton-Levy recommends this affordable and effective azelaic acid treatment from the Ordinary.
Like the Murad serum, this treatment combines vitamin C with glycolic acid (and lactic acid, another exfoliant) to fade marks but without the hydroquinone. Nagler recommends vitamin C because it’s “an adjunct in preventing free-radical damage, which helps with pigmentation,” and he says the most effective formulas — like this one — are often more expensive because vitamin C is a difficult ingredient to stabilize.
Farber also likes vitamin C, which she says prevents free radical damage while also helping to reduce pigment changes. She, like the Cut’s beauty director Kathleen Hou and styling and grooming editor Barret Wertz (and every other beauty editor we know), is a fan of C E Ferulic, which offers a high, stable concentration of a notoriously unstable ingredient (hence, the price). It also has other ingredients that make it great, like vitamin E and ferulic acid, which increases its potency.
Chang also recommends this serum from Murad that is formulated with vitamin C, centella asiatica (good for inflammation), and salicylic acid, which works to diminish the look of scars.
Aesthetician Candace Marino likes this serum from iS Clinical that uses a blend of natural ingredients like vitamin C, copper-tripeptide growth factor, centella asiatica, and zinc sulfate to help protect skin from UV damage. It also helps to heal skin, with Marino adding that it’s incredibly effective at healing stretch marks.
On the cheaper end, Moulton-Levy says this strong glycolic-acid toner is another nice option for fading acne marks.
In addition to sun protection and targeted treatments, the right cleanser can help minimize acne marks. A favorite of both Moulton-Levy and Chang, this cleanser encourages cell turnover without drying out the skin. Chang says it “contains glycolic acid to wash away dead skin cells on the top layer of the skin, leaving a very clean feel and improving acne blemishing.”
Although this AHA/BHA cleanser helps to brighten and even skin tone generally, Tsu says this formula can help with acne scarring, too. The alpha and beta hydroxy acids chemically exfoliate the skin, which helps to remove dead skin cells, while the licorice helps to reduce the hyperpigmentation caused by acne scars.
Tsu also likes this cleanser from Glytone, which she says helps to brighten and even out skin discoloration. The superstar ingredient in this formula is glycolic acid, which helps to speed up cell turnover and resurface the skin (thus, helping fade dark marks faster). It’s also oil-free, ideal for anyone with oily, combination, or even normal skin.
When it comes to acne scars — the especially difficult-to-treat indented or raised ones — the best offense is a good defense. If you’re still struggling with active acne and want to avoid future scarring, Avram likes this drugstore staple Neutrogena cleanser because it contains salicylic acid, which “exfoliates the skin, softens the appearance of the acne itself, and has some antibacterial properties.” Chang agrees that the cleanser “can help unclog pores, treat comedones [whiteheads] and blackheads, and prevent active acne.”
Hartman likes this cleanser from SkinCeuticals that deeply cleans the pores using capryloyl salicylic acid, a lipohydroxy acid that exfoliates the skin and decongests skin. It also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects, which help to prevent new acne from cropping up. “It helps to even the skin tone while cleansing the skin without overdrying,” he says.
If you’re looking to treat both your current pimples and existing scars, these exfoliating pads, recommended by Chang, contain ingredients that help with both. “Salicylic acid increases skin-cell turnover and de-clogs pores to reduce blackheads,” she says. “Glycolic acid chemically exfoliates the skin to even skin tone and decrease blemishing.” Often seen in acne treatments, salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid that prevents and treats acne, which ultimately means fewer marks and scars.
A prescription-strength retinoid that became available over the counter a few years back, Differin affects cell turnover faster than OTC retinol to prevent the formation of new acne but is still, according to Engelman, “gentler compared to other retinoids.” Avram recommends it for those dealing with a lot of small pimples and only the occasional monster cyst. Because Nagler says retinoids “encourage collagen remodeling,” a well-tolerated formula like Differin can reduce the appearance of deeper scars. Moulton-Levy likes it as well for lightening existing marks. Chang is also a fan: “This is an amazing multifunctional product for acne and acne blemishing,” she says.
Hartman likes this adapalene gel from La Roche-Posay that works similarly to Differin and, in addition to helping with scarring, also helps to prevent new acne from forming.
For a good over-the-counter retinol, Farber recommends SkinBetter AlphaRet, which she says is “wonderful,” because it tends to be well-tolerated by more sensitive skin types. She also likes that it contains AHAs, another pigment-reducing ingredient, for extra exfoliation.
Marino likes this retinol option because it helps with texture and scarring simultaneously. It’s also formulated in a peptide base, which Marino says helps to strengthen the skin while also aiding collagen production.
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How to get rid of post-acne – Lifehacker
What are post-acne
It only seems that acne leaves the same marks on the face. There are actually three types of acne .
1. Atrophic (depressed) scars
This is the most common type. It can be recognized by a key factor: such scars always seem to be depressed. Hence the second name – depressed.
Acne, breaking through, seriously injures the skin of the face. Because of this, collagen production often begins to fail (atrophy) at the site of the wound.The skin lacks strength and building materials to recover, and unaesthetic “craters” appear at the place of disappeared acne.
Atrophic post-acne are subdivided into three types.
These elongated scars can be narrow or wide. According to their outlines, experts compare them with “freight wagons”, most often following each other. The less deep the “wagons” are, the easier they are amenable to correction.
These are narrow, V-shaped, irregular scars, as if a tiny climber was diligently chipping away at the surface of the skin with a small ice pick. In part, chipped scars look like chickenpox marks. Most often, they form on the cheeks and leave them with difficulty: after all, a seemingly small round hole can actually go deep under the skin.
In general, similar to chipped, but not sharply expressed, but rounded edges. They are both superficial and deep.In the first case, they are easier to treat – they can be dealt with even with home remedies (more on that below).
It is important to get rid of post acne in youth.
Over the years, the skin loses collagen, and therefore scars become more visible.
2. Hypertrophic (convex) scars
If, in the case of atrophic scars, the skin at the site of acne suffered from a lack of collagen, then in this case, on the contrary, from its excess. Protecting itself from traumatic influences, the epidermis begins to produce a lot of building substances.As a result, protruding keloid scars appear on the surface of the skin.
These tubercles are small in diameter but often red or purple in color. And they often itch and itch.
These are red, brown and sometimes purple spots that remain on the skin after acne. The reasons for the appearance of pigmentation are simple: injured skin activates all defense mechanisms, including increased production of melanin, a pigment that protects cells from damage by UV rays.
Most often, post-acne hyperpigmentation disappears on its own after a few months. But in some cases, cosmetic manipulations may also be required.
How to get rid of post-acne
Before starting to eradicate scars, it is important to finally defeat acne. Otherwise, acne will break out again, and new acne will form in their place. And the fight will turn into a race in a circle.
A detailed guide on how to get rid of acne →
See a dermatologist.The specialist will help you to accurately identify the type of your acne. And he will prescribe the treatment that will be most effective in a particular case.
If for some reason a dermatologist is not at hand, and your scars are shallow, you can try to smooth the skin yourself.
We hope that the text above helped and you have more or less decided on the look of your scars. If so, we proceed to treatment. Here are some well-proven beauty products. Choose those of them (or their combination) that seem to you the most comfortable and effective.
Whichever way you choose to get rid of post acne, during treatment you should use a sunscreen with a factor of at least SPF50. Otherwise, you run the risk of developing hyperpigmentation.
14 best sunscreens for face and body →
1. Creams and serums with AHA (alpha hydroxy acids)
Suitable for: for the treatment of all types of scars.
These products contain an acid that exfoliates the top layer of the skin.This way you can lighten age spots and even out the surface a little.
It is advisable to use such products every day.
Where to get it:
2. Peels with lactic acid for home use
Suitable for: for the treatment of all types of post-acne.
These tools work in much the same way as the AHAs. A small study by showed that peels improve the texture and appearance of the skin, as well as brighten pigmentation.It is enough to use them in a course – once every two weeks for three months.
A simpler and more budgetary option: every evening, wipe your face with apple cider vinegar diluted with water (1: 1). It contains natural lactic acid, which can also smooth the skin.
Where to get it:
3. Creams and serums with retinoids
Suitable for: for the treatment of atrophic scars.
Retinoids (adapalene, tretinoin) are active substances that accelerate skin regeneration.The young epidermis receives new portions of collagen, the protective properties increase, and, as a result, scars and pigmentation are smoothed out.
Where to get it:
4. Means with salicylic acid
Suitable for: for the treatment of all types of scars.
If you’ve struggled with acne in the past, salicylic acid lotions are familiar to you. The acid cleanses pores, reduces swelling and redness, and exfoliates the skin. It is considered one of the best treatments for acne scars.
Where to get it:
What to do if home remedies for acne don’t work
If acne scars are deep, topical treatments may not work. In this case, there are no options. You need to contact a dermatologist or cosmetologist. Depending on the condition of your skin, he will select more concentrated peels or hardware procedures.
1. Chemical peelings
Suitable for: for the treatment of all types of post-acne, including deep ones.
These are chemical products with a high concentration of acids. They dissolve the top layer of the skin. And dead cells either peel off, or come off the face with films – it all depends on the concentration.
The procedure requires a certain skin care and recovery period. Therefore, it can only be carried out by a qualified specialist.
Suitable for: for smoothing superficial scars. Deeper scars can also get smaller.
Dermabrasion is a mechanical resurfacing of the face with a special device with a rotating circular nozzle. The procedure is quite traumatic, and the skin from which the top layer is removed will require rehabilitation.
3. Laser resurfacing
Suitable for: for the correction of all types of post-acne. Note that laser resurfacing works best on light skin. On the dark side, the effect may not be as pronounced.
Laser resurfacing is one of the types of dermabrasion, only the top layer of the skin is removed not with a rotating attachment, but with laser flashes.This procedure is performed under local anesthesia, but the skin heals faster.
Suitable for: for rectangular or rounded atrophic scars.
A special composition based on collagen, hyaluronic acid, fat or other preparations selected specifically for the needs of your face is injected under the skin. Fillers fill the scars and reduce pigmentation.
Unfortunately, most fillers dissolve in 6-18 months.So the procedure will have to be repeated.
Suitable for: for the treatment of atrophic scars.
Microneedling is a controlled damage to the skin. The goal is to make the epidermis renew and defend itself more actively.
As a rule, the procedure is carried out with a special device – a mesoscooter (this is a roller covered with the finest needles). According to some data, such an effect can reduce the depth of scars. True, this will take a considerable period of time – up to nine months of regular, once every few days, the use of a mesoscooter.
Suitable for: for the treatment of hypertrophic scars.
A drug with a resorbing effect is injected into the scar. The most commonly used drugs are corticosteroids, chemotherapy drugs fluorouracil (5-FU), and interferons.
Injections are carried out in courses, per session every few weeks. The duration of the course and the interval between sessions are determined by the cosmetologist.
7. Minor surgery
Suitable for: for the treatment of deep atrophic and hypertrophic scars.
This is an extreme method. It is used if the scars are so large that none of the above methods have overcome them. In this case, the plastic surgeon can remove the large scar, leaving a small one instead.
Pay attention! All prices are valid at the time of publication of the collection. Stores can update the cost of goods throughout the day.
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recommendations for removing scars after a rash, effective folk and medical remedies
A person’s face is what is first of all paid attention to when meeting, meeting and just in the process of conversation.That is why the quality of the leather and its purity are a very important component of the appearance.
Having any defects in the skin, a person, especially a woman, cannot feel at ease and confident in any environment. This greatly reduces the quality of life and negatively affects self-esteem.
That is why, when treating acne, it is very important to get rid of not only them, but also to eliminate the traces of their stay on the face. In this regard, the question – how to remove acne scars on the face – is always relevant.
Reasons for formation
There is nothing unnatural in the fact that ugly scars remain at the site of acne. Everything is explained very simply: if the deeper layers of the skin were affected and inflammation was noted, then a scar will definitely remain in this place.
Reasons that cause acne scars include:
- squeezing pimples. During this process, the structure of the pimple is damaged and it is very likely that part of it will remain under the skin.In this case, an inflammatory process always begins, the result of which will be an unaesthetic scar or scar;
- Wrong acne treatment or no therapy. Rashes such as acne should not be left untreated. The longer you delay with treatment, the more likely it is that scars will certainly remain;
- fungal skin lesions. The difficulty is that the fungal nature of the rash cannot be determined immediately, because of this, the appointment of an adequate treatment is significantly delayed;
- acne tanning. With any inflammation of the skin, the level of melanin (the pigment that determines the color of hair, skin and eyes) is greatly increased. Exposure to ultraviolet light on pimples will leave dark spots and scars in their place.
Choice of treatment
There are a lot of methods of treatment and elimination of the consequences of acne. However, this will be influenced by the age of the scars and their location.
Scars are formed from young connective tissue, which tends to appear during the healing of various defects.Then, at this place, structures of elastic connective tissue appear, changing the relief of the skin.
The final stage in scar formation is the transformation of these elastic fibers into tight collagenous joints. In places where such processes occur, the number of lymphatic and blood vessels, as well as fat and sweat glands, is significantly reduced. Outwardly, it looks like a kind of bumpiness of the skin, called acne scars.
Immediately after formation, the scars have a pinkish tint with some cyanosis. Over time, they become white, devoid of any pigment, or, conversely, dark (pigmented).
Normotrophic and atrophic scars are considered the mildest forms. The more severe are hypertrophic and keloid scars.
- It should be added that it is impossible to completely get rid of such a manifestation (especially in the last stages of scarring) – with the help of the latest techniques and preparations, you can only achieve a significant improvement in the condition of the skin.
- Treatment of acne scars on the face is carried out using medical, cosmetic and surgical methods.
This therapy involves the use of external dosage forms. Namely, pharmaceutical products, which include ointments, creams, lotions and sprays containing various elements, vitamins, hormones and vegetable oils and other components.
All these preparations soften the skin of scars, improve blood circulation in them, exfoliate the stratum corneum of the epithelial tissue and promote healing.
The indisputable advantage of such products is that they can be used at home.
- Contractubex, hydrogel. The preparation contains allantoin (a by-product of uric acid) and auxiliary components. This drug is good because its substances are absorbed into the connective tissue of the skin and, softening it, as if smoothing the scars. To ensure even more intensive penetration of the components of the product into the skin, it is advisable to steam it before the procedure.The cream can be used in conjunction with physiotherapy treatments. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight, massage treatments and cold.
- Dermatiks is a silicone-based silicone gel. The drug has no contraindications. Its use makes acne scars less visible, relieves redness and itching of the skin, eliminates age spots. To get a good result, you will need long-term use of this gel (2-4 months). The advantage is that this product can be used with decorative cosmetics.
- Kelofibraza cream. Contains such basic components as urea and heparin. Recommended for the treatment of all types of scars, except for keloids. The cream can significantly improve the condition of problem areas of the skin. Usually, the use of the cream is prescribed twice a day, but for more severe, old scars, the procedure can be increased up to four times a day. It is possible to use the cream in the form of compresses, especially at night.
- Zeraderm Ultra, cream gel. The active ingredient is polysiloxane. In addition to other useful properties, the drug softens and dissolves the affected tissue, evens the skin surface. Especially effective for not too deep skin lesions. However, when treating old scars, this remedy is used in addition to laser and ultrasound treatments.
How to remove acne scars on the face
These treatments are highly effective in removing acne scars. However, not all of them are painless and affect the skin with different aggressiveness.Sometimes, after such procedures, long-term rehabilitation is required.
How to remove inflamed acne on the face? The answer is here.
Physiotherapy and injection techniques
Mesotherapy procedures with aloe, amino acids, biological products, vitamins show high efficiency in the treatment of acne scars.
With keloid scars, glucocorticosteroids are included in this cocktail. The same drugs are used for exposure to ultrasound, iontophoresis and ultraphoresis.All these manipulations are able to sufficiently smooth the relief of scars and scars.
Cryomassage is very effective for sufficiently young scars.
Sandblasting or diamond dermabrasion in just 2-3 sessions can significantly improve the condition of the skin and smooth out not old scars.
In the most extreme, advanced stages of scarring, deep dermabrasion is considered the most suitable.Sometimes this procedure is carried out with the transplantation of several layers of the main cells of the epidermis of the skin (keratinocytes).
This is a rather painful procedure, after which a thorough rehabilitation is required. Side effects of this technique can be skin pigmentation and keloid scars.
Microdermabrasion is considered the most gentle procedure of the above. In this case, the skin is resurfed with fine crystals of aluminum dioxide. The patient tolerates it much easier and the recovery period after it is not so long.
This method is most often used to smooth atrophic scarring. Peeling cosmetics with highly concentrated acids are used here.
The disadvantages of the method are insufficiently deep impact and allergic reactions (sometimes quite severe). After such a procedure, the skin can become significantly more sensitive to environmental irritants.
Laser therapy is the best treatment for hypertrophic scars. Resurfacing with carbon dioxide laser is good for improving the condition of skin with atrophic scars.
After the first session, the quality of the skin improves by 50-80%. The use of such methods minimizes the manifestation of side effects. The rehabilitation period is practically not required.
Traditional medicine offers many ways to improve the skin with acne and acne scars. It is important to remember that they will not be able to completely eliminate the problem, but they will significantly improve the quality of the skin.
The most common recipes are:
- A mask of beeswax and vegetable oil (1: 4) is prepared by heating the components in a water bath and stirring. The finished mask should be applied to the affected skin for 20 minutes every day.
- Baking soda and water (1: 1) are mixed until a smooth slurry is obtained.It is used for massage, which is carried out very carefully, rubbing gently into acne scars. The procedure takes about a minute, then the rest of the mass is washed off with water.
- Sour cream, honey and water (1: 1: 1) are mixed and applied as a mask on the face.
- Masks made of cosmetic clay. Green clay is considered more useful in such cases, but white and blue have proven themselves well. Different components can be added to each clay separately to increase efficiency.For example, 3-5 drops of rosemary can be added to green clay and then applied to scars for 20 minutes twice a week. The best addition to white clay is lemon juice. For 1 tbsp. clay goes 2 tsp. lemon juice. The mask should remain on the face for 20 minutes, but if it stings the skin strongly, then it should be washed off earlier. After that, be sure to apply a nourishing cream. Blue clay is mixed with gas-free mineral water and apple cider vinegar. This mask can be applied both on the whole face and as a point on acne for 10-15 minutes.
- Washing with apple cider vinegar diluted with water (1: 3) is very beneficial for scars. Good results are obtained by washing with a decoction of parsley.
How to remove acne scars on the face: 10 ways
Acne scars spoil the aesthetic appearance of the face, experts call this phenomenon the post-acne syndrome. Depending on the original skin tone, spots and scars can be red, purple, pale pink, or blue.
If the scars have already formed, they will become burgundy. In cases where the pimple was removed incorrectly, black or dark blue scars form on the surface of the epidermis. In any of the listed cases, one cannot do without the intervention of effective means.
For this reason, it is recommended to consider them in more detail.
Causes of acne scars
- When a pimple is squeezed out on its own, most often people neglect the basic rules of hygiene.From here, purulent inflammation appears, which affects the lower layers of the epidermis. If you do not use antiseptic, bactericidal and regenerating drugs, the scar remains deep enough.
- Another common cause is considered to be acne disease, which lasts for 20 days or more without outside control. This form of rash refers to severe cases, as a result of which all layers of the skin (upper and lower) are damaged.
- When purulent pimples are squeezed out by dirty nails or fingers, most often the root remains inside.In combination with an introduced infection, the development of bacteria begins that affects the skin. It is important to understand that such neoplasms must be removed only with a special spatula, previously sterilized.
- If acne treatment is done in the salon, the inexperienced master may miss important points. The violation of technology includes neglect of the use of antiseptic agents, incorrectly selected methodology for the procedure, etc.
Regenerating preparations for acne scars
In the pharmacy you can find a special ointment, the main function of which is cell regeneration.In addition, the drug has a moisturizing, regenerating and healing effect. It shrinks scars by acting from the inside.
The pricing policy of regenerating agents is quite different, it all depends on the specific manufacturer and volume. Let’s highlight the most effective drugs.
From relatively cheap analogs, you can choose “Panthenol” (pure form), “De-Panthenol”, “Panthenol” (spray), “Bepanten”, “Levomekol”, “Fastin-1”, “Pantoderm” and, of course, ” Rescuer “, Vishnevsky’s ointment, ichthyol ointment.
Expensive drugs include Boro + (Boro Plus), Kontraktubeks, Elidel, LaCri, Malavit, Solcoseryl, Miramistin, Actovegin, Pantoderm.
In fact, these are not all regenerating creams and ointments, the list is endless. In cases where you do not know what to buy, consult your pharmacist at the pharmacy.
The use of the drug does not present any particular difficulties: cover the acne scars with the chosen agent, wait a certain period of time (indicated in the instructions for use), remove the remnants with a cotton pad.
Before covering the affected areas, steam the skin with a herbal bath. Such a course will help the drug penetrate into the lower layers of the epidermis. As a rule, regenerating ointments should be used 4-5 times a day.
how to get rid of facial scars after acne
“Chlorhexidine” (concentration 6%)
Chlorhexidine solution can be purchased at the pharmacy. The main thing is to pay attention to the fact that the concentration of the drug is not higher than 6%.To use the product correctly, soak a cosmetic swab in it, then treat the damaged skin.
Do not stay on one scar for more than 10 seconds, treat the scars in turn. The tool is convenient to use with a wide-tipped cotton swab. Wipe the skin every 6 hours. Apply a regenerating ointment if possible after the procedure.
“Chlorhexidine” perfectly tightens scars, disinfects wound cavities, eliminates the likelihood of inflammation.This drug is analogous to hydrogen peroxide, but it is more gentle.
Zinc ointment is considered to be an effective composition in the fight against scars. It dries and tightens wounds, makes scars less visible. This is especially true for scars that have appeared relatively recently.
Before using the drug, read the manufacturer’s recommendations. It is important to apply the product strictly according to the instructions, without violating the duration of exposure and the amount of the applied product.Otherwise, there is a risk of burns, which will greatly complicate the removal of scars.
After application, the zinc ointment must be washed off with a cotton pad soaked in filtered water. As a rule, the product is kept on the skin for no longer than 20 minutes. Re-therapy is carried out every 4 hours.
how to remove capillaries on the face at home
Paraffin wax is available from your specialist natural cosmetics store or pharmacy.Cut a small cube 1.5 * 1.5 cm in size, place it on a dish, melt in a steam bath or in the microwave. Dip a cotton swab into the composition, scoop up a large amount of the product and cover the scars with it.
Leave to dry completely (about 35-45 minutes), then remove excess with a cotton swab dipped in vegetable oil. Paraffin treatment is carried out every 5 hours. After the procedure, it is necessary to lubricate the skin with a regenerating ointment.
Do not use potassium permanganate on areas of the skin that do not contain scars.Take a few crystals, dilute them with drinking water until you get a raspberry solution. Soak a cotton swab in the product, dot the scars and leave for 5 minutes. After this period, soak a cotton sponge in clean water, wipe the treated areas.
In no case should you visit a solarium or sunbathe in the sun within 12 hours after using the drug. You can get rid of scars quickly enough if you cover them with potassium permanganate every 6 hours.
Kalanchoe and vodka
Squeeze out the juice from the stems of the Kalanchoe so that you get 30 ml.Add 40 g to the liquid. vodka, mix, pour into a bottle. Close the lid, send it to a dark cabinet for 3 days, shake the mixture every 5 hours.
After the solution is infused, strain it through 5 layers of bandage. Soak a cotton swab in the tincture, treat the scars, fix with adhesive plaster. After half an hour, wash with lukewarm water.
Cosmetic clay is considered to be an effective way to remove acne scars. The product is sold in supermarkets and pharmacies.To remove acne scars, white, pink, black and green clay is suitable. Take a choice of two formulations of 30 grams each. each, dilute with cold milk until a paste is obtained.
Cover the entire face with a thin layer, wait 15 minutes until completely dry. Then apply the composition with a second layer only on the scars, wait another 20 minutes.
Rinse off the excess with warm water, wipe the skin with a moisturizing toner, apply a repairing ointment to the scars. To achieve maximum effect, perform the procedure daily, choosing different types of clay one by one.
Beeswax can help reduce acne scars. The product can be purchased at a specialized honey store. The technology of use is similar to the treatment of the skin with paraffin.
Take a small amount of the composition, melt it in a convenient way (microwave, water or steam bath). After that, cool the mixture so that it does not burn the epidermis. Dip a cotton swab into the melted wax, blacken the composition with it.
Cover scarred areas with small pieces of gauze.The dwell time of the wax varies within 40-60 minutes. After that, carefully remove the gauze patches. If the product cannot be removed, pour vegetable oil under the wax, wait 10 seconds, remove.
Propolis tincture is sold at the pharmacy, you need to take 45 gr. funds and add 35 ml to it. brandy or vodka. After preparing a homogeneous composition, pour it into a dark jar, cork and put in a cabinet for a week.
To use the composition as a means of removing scars, soak a cotton swab in the solution, treat the skin locally (only damaged areas).
Never touch healthy tissue, otherwise burns will not be avoided. Optionally, you can replace propolis with tincture of calendula or yarrow, which are also sold at the pharmacy.
You can tighten scars with the pulp of citrus fruits, the most effective are lemon and grapefruit. Cut the fruit in half so that the flesh protrudes outside the rind. Wipe the scarred skin with it, wait until it dries completely. After that, wash yourself with lukewarm water, apply a regenerating ointment.
Fresh citrus juice can be used if desired. To do this, it is enough to squeeze out the liquid from half of the fruit, then lower a cotton pad into it and treat the skin.
The most effective means of eliminating acne scars are pharmacy regenerating ointments. Buy Boro Plus, Solcoseryl, Panthenol, Levomekol or another available drug. Consider folk recipes based on cosmetic clay, wax, paraffin, potassium permanganate, vodka, propolis, Kalanchoe.Use chlorhexidine solution or citrus juice.
How to remove acne marks on the face – red spots, scars
How to remove acne marks on the face ? This question is relevant when annoying acne under the persistent onslaught of all kinds of masks, scrubs and lotions disappeared, but dimples, depressions, scarring, holes remained.
This problem requires even more strength from yourself.But this does not mean that it cannot be solved. You can remove the marks after acne.
However, you need to act immediately, since getting rid of old pits, scars, scars after acne will be much more difficult.
So how to get rid of acne scars, blemishes and scars? Read more: Tincture of calendula for acne – reviews of a dermatologist.
Get rid of stains
It is quite difficult to remove acne spots on the face, but if you put a lot of effort, then the goal can be achieved.
Sometimes, in order to restore the skin, it will be necessary to use not only cosmetics, masks, but also medicines, cosmetic procedures, diet, etc.
Reasons for the appearance of stains
Before you understand the question of how to get rid of spots after acne, you should find out the cause of their occurrence.
The main source of post-acne is an excessive concentration of melanin in certain areas of the skin.This pigment is responsible for hair and skin color.
It should be noted that in those places where the inflammatory process develops, its concentration increases. That is why some areas become darkened.
There are several types of acne and acne marks. It is from their varieties that what remedy for acne spots will be used for treatment will depend.
- Bluish-claret tracks. They are the result of severe inflammation.The process of getting rid of them is quite complicated.
- Red spots from acne. They are easy to treat. With the right therapy, they pass in a few days. Sometimes they are eliminated on their own.
- Acne scars and scars. They are a consequence of the fact that the treatment was wrong, or the disease was generally ignored for a long time. In addition, such defects remain, as a rule, after squeezing out the pus. In this case, healthy tissues are infected.
Consider the most effective ways to quickly eliminate acne marks.
When asked how to remove acne marks on the face, the answer is: using pharmacy products. Just do not forget that there are some rules for the use of whitening drugs:
- Before using a gel, ointment or cream for acne blemishes, cleanse the skin with a scrub to remove dead skin.
- Never apply the product to adjacent healthy areas of the skin.
- When the cream is applied, try not to go outside for a while, especially in sunny weather.If you need it badly, use a product that protects against ultraviolet radiation.
So, here are the most effective and proven by many means that will quickly remove spots on the face:
- Gel Skinoren. How to get rid of acne marks on your face with this ointment? The zest of the product lies in the content of azelaic acid, which activates metabolic processes in skin cells. After application, the main component immediately begins to work, removing excess melanin from the skin.It is much easier to remove acne marks with this tool. Apply Skinoren to the spots in the morning and before bed. If, after application, you find that the skin is irritated, limit the application to 1 time per day, or use an analogue of Skinoren – Aziks-Derm.
- VICHY serum, idealia PRO series. How to remove acne spots with this tool? The serum contains the following beneficial elements: B (LHA), or beta-lipohydroxy acid, Diacalit, eperulin, vitamin Cg and procysteine (DRM-Bright complex). All these substances not only quickly get rid of all types of stains, but have anti-inflammatory, disinfecting, soothing and protective effects.Apply makeup only to darkened areas in the morning and evening. Many people get rid of stains as early as the eighth week of use. Please note that the product is allowed to be applied even to sensitive skin.
- Melanativ. How to get rid of blemishes on the face with such a remedy? The cream contains alpha-arbutin, glycolic and kojic acid dipalmitate. Apply the product once a day before going to bed and after cleansing the skin. Do not be alarmed if the cream changes color after opening.This is normal, because its composition is exclusively natural. And further. If you feel unpleasant sensations in the form of tingling, burning, this is not a reason to refuse the drug. An exception is severe itching and tightness of the skin.
- Cream Stieva-A. Contains tretinoin-redinoid, which exfoliates and brightens darkened areas of the skin. The advantage of the product is that it can be used for severe acne. Apply the cream before going to bed on a clean and moisturized face. At first, the skin may turn red.This drawback will be eliminated by itself in a few days from the start of application. The course of treatment is 1-2 months.
How to get rid of acne spots using inexpensive products. Dermatologists advise cleansing the face with ointments containing glycolic and salicylic acids.
These include zinc, synthomycin, ichthyol and salicylic ointments.
These products act aggressively on the skin, so apply them only to spots, rinse thoroughly with water, then apply lotion or toner.
We remove traces of acne and acne with masks
Mask for spots after acne – the most effective remedy that quickly removes marks. So, here are the most effective recipes, proven by generations:
- Quickly remove stains with a rosemary and clay mask. With this tool, the face is quickly leveled, and the restoration of the skin epidermis is faster. It is possible to treat with a clay mask and rosemary ether not only traces and rashes, but also acne holes.Purchase blue clay and rosemary oil from the pharmacy. For one treatment procedure, you will need 1 tbsp. l. clay and 5 drops of ether. Stir until the lumps disappear. Get rid of stains in this way. First, the mask is applied (until completely dry), then washed off, and cucumber lotion is applied to the dry face. Within a month, the question of how to get rid of acne marks will disappear by itself.
- Egg-lemon remedy. An egg white and lemon mask for acne marks removes not only marks, but also post-acne scars.To prepare it, separate the yolk from the protein. You will need two of them in total. Add 5-7 drops of lemon juice to them and stir. Apply to skin and wash off after 15 minutes. Acne spots on the face will lighten in a few weeks. The mask is applied 3 times a week.
- Parsley to help. If you are worried about how to remove spots after red acne, try using this recipe. Buy homemade dill on the market and pour 200 ml of boiling water over it. Place on the stove and simmer over low heat for 8-10 minutes.How to treat acne blemishes with a parsley mask? Apply the acne remedy 3-4 times a day. The spots are whitened, the skin regenerates very quickly and is saturated with all the necessary vitamins.
- Cucumber mask. How to remove acne blemishes with fresh cucumber? Chop a few cucumbers and add the juice squeezed from half a lemon to the gruel. Apply to skin and hold for 3-4 minutes. Rinse off, treat with a moisturizing cream. How to get rid of acne blemishes quickly? Use the method 2 times a day.After a week, you can see the result.
Important! If you decide to use anti-blemish masks, remember that they are not suitable for daily use.
And more. Be sure to use natural tonics – apple cider vinegar and lemon juice if you have marks on your face.
These products are diluted with water in a 1: 3 ratio and applied to the face with a cotton pad. Only use vinegar and lemon juice for oily skin.
If you are worried about how to remove spots after acne on the face with dry skin, then try using natural kefir
Get rid of scars and scars
How to get rid of acne scars? To do this, try using folk peels and masks.
Treatment of scars with masks consists in saturating the skin with the necessary vitamins and components that accelerate the healing process of tissues and help restore water balance in the skin epidermis.
Removal of scars with peels is based on the elimination of keratinized tissue. As a result, the upper layer of the epidermis is smoothed out faster, the skin becomes smoother.
Learn how to remove acne scars on your face?
If you are concerned about how to get rid of acne scars, use a sandalwood bark mask.It has a strong regenerating effect.
To remove scars on the face, you need to purchase sandalwood powder from the online store, add chamomile broth and mix.
A remedy for acne scars should be similar in consistency to sour cream. Apply the mask to problem areas and keep for the maximum amount of time. Then rinse and apply aloe juice.
How to remove pits on the face after acne? Take a fresh millennial leaf and punch holes in it.Place it on cheesecloth and attach to the problem area. Facial skin alignment takes place already in the third week.
If the face becomes bumpy after acne, then a bodyworm will come to the rescue. They buy it at the pharmacy. For scars on the face after acne, you should use this recipe. Purchase a freshwater sponge, blue clay (10g) and bodyagu (5g).
Mix all products and dilute in water until sour cream. Apply the gruel to your face and hold for half an hour. How to get rid of acne scars this way? Apply the product 2 times a week for 4 weeks.
How to restore skin and remove pits using peels and scrubs? The most effective way is to use:
- lemon juice;
- salt and sugar scrub;
- coffee scrub;
- salicylic acid (wipe your face every morning).
For a coffee scrub, grind 10 beans and mix with rose or lemon ether (2-3 drops). Rub the gruel into your face, preheating it in a water bath.
Leave it on for 5 minutes and rinse. How to remove acne scars on your face? Apply the mask 2-3 times a week for 1 month and you will see the result.
Important! If using salt or sugar for the scrub, add a little honey and lemon ether to it.
How to remove acne scars on the face using creams and ointments? We recommend using the following:
- Salicylic ointment.
- Dermatix ultragel.
- Zeraderm ultra.
Use these funds with caution and only after consulting a doctor. Be sure to study the annotation to the medicine before use, where possible adverse reactions and contraindications are indicated.
How to remove acne pits on the face? Contacting a specialist is the most correct decision.
It is better to resort to the help of cosmetologists when there are a lot of defects on the face, which, moreover, are neglected.So how to get rid of acne marks with salon treatments:
- Microcurrent . A weak current is applied to the problem areas of the face. Ask, what are the benefits of the procedure? Substantial. Several therapeutic measures will allow not only to speed up metabolic processes, but also to restore damaged tissues. In addition, microcurrent therapy helps the skin to form collagen and elastin faster.
- Chemical peeling . This procedure has several varieties: deep, medium and superficial.So, in case of old defects, it is better to use the first service. In the process of manipulation, fruit, glycolic, trichloroacetic acids are involved.
- Dembrasion . The procedure consists in using a special apparatus for grinding – “combing” – unhealthy tissue.
- Filling the dimples with hyaluronic acid . How to remove scars in this way? The hole is filled with hyaluronic acid. Thus, the skin is quickly smoothed, scars become less visible.
- Cryodestruction . How to smooth the skin in this way and remove facial scars? The specialist freezes the problem area with nitrogen. As a result, the unhealthy tissue dies off.
- Ozone therapy . Ozone is injected into the skin to oxygenate the cells and smooth the skin.
The most effective way to get rid of old scars and scars is laser face resurfacing. An erbium fractional laser is used for treatment.Read more: Gel Isotrexin – price, reviews of dermatologists, instructions for use.
Almost 70% of the moisture evaporates during the grinding procedure. As a result, the scar becomes much smaller.
How to quickly remove defects from the face using this method? Finally, the skin will get rid of defects after 6-8 procedures.
After getting rid of scars and scars, do not stop treatment. Continue to use masks and lotions.These simple procedures counteract the appearance of breakouts, scars, blemishes and scars.
How to get rid of scars, dimples and acne marks?
What could be worse than acne that covers our skin? Of course, these are scars, blemishes and scars that may remain after them. Does acne always leave such an unpleasant mark after itself? What determines the formation of certain scars? We read our article.
How and why do scars form on our skin?
Unfortunately, many are faced with such a nuisance as scars after pimples. How are they formed? When the dermis is damaged, biologically active substances are released. Inflammatory processes occur.
During normal functioning of cells, special collagen is produced, which must “fill” the damaged area.
So, if the produced collagen is not enough, a “pit” is formed, but if we get it in excess, a scar.
Types of scars
Let’s go a little deeper into the theory. Most often, scars are a consequence of a severe skin disease. Therefore, the more severe the inflammatory disease on the skin, the higher the likelihood that a scar will remain.
Based on the above description of the occurrence of scars, we list their types:
- Atrophic – these are dense formations of connective tissue that are not capable of disappearing on their own.Typically, such scars are depressions in the skin, i.e. are located below the level of the dermis. They are soft to the touch, mostly flesh-colored, but they can also be slightly pigmented. They are more common than other types of scars.
- Keloid – located above the skin. They have a reddish and dark red tint. During the period of their existence, they increase and grow. Itching is possible. On the face are formed quite rarely.
- Hypertrophic – also located above the dermis. They are pinkish in color.Unlike keloid scars, these types of scars are of a constant size. In addition, after a while, their color becomes paler.
How to get rid of acne scars using alternative methods?
It is possible to get rid of ugly scars after disappeared acne, but, as elsewhere, where the issue concerns health, consistency and patience are required.
It is also necessary to remember that an old or deep scar cannot be removed as quickly as a superficial or very recent scar.The speed of disposal will depend on the age of the person, the condition of the skin as a whole, etc. There are many factors. Therefore, some means are suitable for someone, others – for others.
Sometimes, having successfully got rid of one scar, this method no longer helps in the fight against other scars. It is not for nothing that many patients give up after several unsuccessful attempts to defeat this nuisance.
Do not forget that acne scars is a well-studied ailment by dermatologists. Feel free to go to the doctor.After all, only he will tell you what means to use specifically in your situation.
Well, while we are sitting at home and do not dare to make an appointment, we read what can help remove scars today and now.
Getting rid of scars with products that may be at hand
So, let’s go through all the rooms, look into all the corners of our housing and try to help ourselves in this difficult situation with the help of the found products and not only:
- Lemon (or lime) juice is a natural antioxidant.Freshly squeezed juice can be used to wipe the skin daily. In addition to cleansing, saturating with vitamin C, enhancing skin regeneration, it is able to remove scars after pimples. You can also use the following method: Blot a cotton pad with juice and place on the scar. For sensitive skin, we recommend reducing the concentration by diluting the juice with water 1: 1. Don’t forget the fact that lemon juice brightens the skin a lot.
- Aloe is also a natural antioxidant that enhances the regeneration process, moisturizes and rejuvenates the skin.I think everyone has heard about the miraculous properties of this plant. The cut off aloe leaf must be kept in the refrigerator for several days, then the pulp is turned into a gruel and this mixture is applied to the damaged areas for 30 minutes.
- Freshly squeezed tomato juice – famous for its properties of rejuvenation, enhances the regeneration process, improves blood circulation in the skin. Tomato juice can be applied to the skin 2 times a day daily for 20 minutes.
- Fresh cucumber, turned into gruel, removes unpleasant spots after pimples, tones, improves regeneration and reduces scars.The mask is applied in a thick layer for 15 minutes.
- Sandalwood powder (sold in Indian stores) – famous for its beneficial properties for the skin, including promoting skin regeneration, improves blood circulation. The powder must be mixed with water (you can use pharmacy rose water) to a thick slurry, leave overnight. Apply in a thick layer. Washed off after 30 minutes.
- Olive oil contains a huge amount of vitamin E, which is considered a “beauty vitamin”.The oil is rubbed into the skin with massage movements 2 times a day, daily.
- Tar soap, famous for its wide range of medicinal properties: improvement of regeneration, normalization of blood supply to the skin, drying of inflammation and, of course, elimination of scars and spots after acne. Apply lather to the skin for 10 minutes. (no more!). Rinse off first with warm, then cold water. Attention! Tar soap should not be used for dry skin!
- The next way to use tar soap for scars and acne is to scrape off a small amount of the soap with your fingernail, soften with your fingers and apply directly to the affected area.Wash off after 2 hours, first with warm, then cold water.
- Parsley, chopped finely, poured with boiling water and infused for 30 minutes. Pour into molds and send to the freezer until completely frozen. It is recommended to wipe the damaged skin with the obtained pieces of ice 2 times a day.
As it turned out, without leaving your own home, you can find a huge number of helpers to deal with scars! One has only to know the beneficial properties of a particular product.
Multi-component masks for scars and scars
Now let’s list some masks, which include several components:
- Clay mask (any)
- Rosemary (or lavender) essential oil – 2-3 drops.
Essential oils not only impart a delicate and pleasant aroma to the mask, but also help in the fight against acne and post-acne. Therefore, add a couple of drops to the clay mask and apply as usual according to the instructions.
- Blue clay – 1 tspl.
- Gray clay – 1 tsp
- Green clay – 1 tsp
- Honey – 1 tbsp
All ingredients are mixed. You should get a homogeneous mass of medium viscosity (like sour cream). Apply the mask to the scars for no more than 15 minutes. Wash off with water. This mask is considered one of the most effective and powerful. Can be used daily.
These clay masks are not recommended to be used more than 2 times a week!
- Aloe leaf – 1 pc.
- Tea tree oil – 5 drops
Pre-place the aloe leaf in the refrigerator for 1 week. Then remove the skin, separate the pulp. Add oil to the pulp and mix well. Apply the resulting gruel to the skin. Wash off with water after 20 minutes. Natural yogurt – 1 tablespoon
- Oat flakes – 1 tbsp.
- Low fat sour cream – 1 tbsp
- Lemon juice – 1 tsp
Grind the flakes into flour. Mix with the rest of the ingredients.The mask is applied 3 times a day for 15 minutes. It is worth noting that all dairy products are perfect for solving skin problems: pores are reduced, tone is increased, protective functions are restored, etc.
- Egg yolk – 1 pc.
- Flour – 1 tsp
- Lemon juice – 1 tsp
Beat the yolk, add flour and juice. Mix everything well. The mask is applied once a day for 20 minutes. Washed off with water. If you do this mask in the morning, then in the evening you can advise the following:
- Egg yolk – 1 pc.
- Flour – 1 tsp
- Honey – 1 tsp
Beat the yolk, add flour and honey. Mix everything well. Apply for 20 minutes. Wash off with water.
In addition to the above masks, you can make the following lotion for daily use:
- Apple cider vinegar – 1 tsp
- Water – 2 tablespoons
Connect the components. With this lotion, you can wipe the face completely (2 times a day), and apply in the form of compresses to the affected skin for 20-30 minutes.Remember that this lotion will last no more than 3-4 days in the refrigerator.
Getting rid of scars by pharmaceutical preparations
Pharmacy gels and creams for scars and scars prevent and eliminate defects that occur after acne: they destroy bacteria, dissolve scars, and improve the regeneration process.
And before buying any medical products (and they are mostly expensive), we strongly recommend that you consult a dermatologist.
Remember that some medicines have very unpleasant side effects.
We list the most selected pharmaceutical preparations in the fight against scars and scars after acne:
- Kontraktubex gel – dissolves scars, improves skin regeneration;
- Dermatix gel – softens and dissolves scars, maintains skin hydration, removes pigmentation.
- Kelofibraza cream – dissolves scars, kills germs.
All of the above medicinal products must be applied 2-3 times a day according to the instructions.Daily use is a must. The course of treatment, depending on the drug, lasts 2-4 months. With old scars, the course can last up to 6 months.
It is also possible to note the already traditional inexpensive ointment, which eliminates many problems on the skin:
Heparin ointment – sodium heparin, which is part of the composition, kills harmful microbes, disinfects wounds, relieves pain. It is recommended to apply only to damaged areas 3 times a day for 10 consecutive days. Before applying the ointment, the skin must be cleaned with an alcohol-based lotion.It should be noted that this drug is effective for scars formed no more than a year ago.
Masks and tonics based on badyagi
For the preparation of the following masks and tonics, it is necessary to purchase a badyagu in the form of a powder at the pharmacy. Immediately, we draw your attention to the fact that if you have sensitive skin, then these recipes are not for you!
Take the components in a 1: 1 ratio. Mix. Blot with a cotton pad and rub in a circular motion to apply to the skin. Wash off after 10 minutes.
- Baby powder
- Infusion of calendula – 1 tsp
- Face Lotion – 1 tsp
- Hydrogen peroxide
Badiaga and baby powder in a 1: 1 ratio. Mix all components. Apply to skin for 10 minutes, then rinse. There may be slight redness after the procedure. Do not apply to the area around the eyes, do not allow contact with mucous membranes.
Take badyagu and clay in equal proportions. Mix with water until gruel.Apply to skin for 10 minutes. for 10 consecutive days. After the procedure, peeling and redness are possible, which should go away after a while. Otherwise, it is better not to use this mask.
Cosmetology against scars and scars after acne
When choosing between a dermatologist and a cosmetologist, many choose the latter. It must be remembered that the work of a dermatologist is evaluated by experience and great practice, while cosmetology has entered our life relatively recently.
This does not mean that cosmetology is absolutely powerless in relation to our problem. Not at all! The question, first of all, is the price. Almost every procedure in cosmetology can cost a lot of money, but a visit is unlikely to be the only one! The choice is up to everyone.
So, what can be suggested by a cosmetologist:
- Chemical peeling is the removal of the upper layers of the skin and its subsequent renewal using special chemicals.
- Ultrasonic peeling is the most popular skin cleansing procedure. As a result, the skin is cleansed of external impurities, metabolic processes are accelerated, and blood circulation is improved.
- Laser resurfacing is the latest procedure in aesthetic cosmetology. Effectively fights both light skin imperfections and complex scars. As a result, we get a thickening of the scar structure. It is used in the presence of shallow scars.
As a result, answering the main question “Is it possible to get rid of acne scars?” we answer: “It is impossible only in one case – if you do nothing for this.”
90,000 What Can Be Done With Scars And Acne Blemishes – Wonderzine
Stagnant blood spots will sooner or later go away on their own, but the longer and more intense the inflammatory process, the longer it will take. According to Maria Koldashova, a trace disappears from a small pimple on average in ten days, from an injured one – up to two months. “Sometimes girls try to press on the pimple so that it goes away faster, but most of the time they fail.This leads to an increase in the rehabilitation time, and, as a result, the stain after the injured element will be noticeably much longer, says the dermatologist. – At the reception, I see patients who press the same elements for months, bringing them to scars. It seems to them that hyperemia (overflow of blood vessels) at the stage of healing is inflammation that starts again. ”
Psychologist GMS Clinic Inna Pasechnik is sure that the reason for this behavior lies in psychological discomfort. Often times, such “picking sores” is a way to cope with feelings of anxiety, an opportunity to give vent to excitement, fear or anger.In such a case, the compulsive peeling off of the sores brings a sense of calmness. The same happens in situations where a person experiences a sense of loss of himself, and then picking the skin helps to feel better through contact with the body. “In order to get rid of this habit, you first need to notice it: to understand what exactly you are doing and at what moments, to track an almost reflexive impulse to touch your face,” explains the psychologist. – It should be noted what kind of feeling arises – anxiety, anger, confusion – and try to find another way to cope with emotions or return to feeling your own body.You can walk, stretch your muscles, draw or write something on a piece of paper. The main task is to learn to live your feelings in a different way. ”
Cosmetologist Maria Merekina says that post-inflammatory age spots can go away on their own, since the pigment is excreted along with the skin cells during its renewal. The speed of this process directly depends on the amount of pigment and the depth of its occurrence; it can take from several months to a year or more. “Of course, in order to prevent the appearance of new spots and with a tendency to pigmentation in general, you need to protect yourself from factors that additionally provoke hyperpigmentation, in particular to avoid UV damage to the skin,” adds Maria.”Use a high SPF sunscreen every day and try to spend as little time in the sun as possible.” But even if you diligently protect your skin from UV rays, the spots themselves can only go away if they don’t come with scars.
90,000 Acne pits: how to remove acne scars
24 June 2020
24 June 2020
How to remove acne pits? There is no one answer.First, determine the type of acne marks, and we will help you figure out the procedures that will get rid of them.
There are only three types of acne scars: atrophic, hypertrophic, and hyperpigmentation.
Small red, brown, often purple spots after acne.
The cause is trauma to the skin. If it’s simpler – squeezing out pimples. As a protection, the skin intensively produces melanin, a pigment that protects skin cells from damage by the sun’s rays.
Often, hyperpigmentation disappears on its own after 25-28 days (on average, this is the period of cell renewal). If dark spots remain after acne, you can fight them with brightening serums, masks, peels, acids and even homemade masks.
But with atrophic and hypertrophic scars, no serum will help.
Here only salon procedures will solve the problem.
Hypertrophic scars after acne
Convex acne scars, small bumps, often red or purple in color.Often itchy.
Hypertrophic scars are formed at the site of acne with an excess of collagen. They are often the result of popping acne. The skin, protecting itself from traumatic actions, begins to produce a lot of building proteins. As a result, bumps form on the surface. They are also called keloid scars.
How to get rid of them? Most often, cortisol injections directly into the affected area help. Acne peels, mesotherapy, and laser acne treatments can also help.
Acne pits, depressed scars that are rectangular, chipped and rounded.
This is the most common type of acne scar. They occur after acne due to a lack of collagen. The skin does not have enough building material for recovery, so small crater formations appear in the place of disappeared eels.
If you have acne pits, it is important to get rid of them when you are young, as your skin continues to lose collagen over time.Therefore, atrophic scars become even more noticeable than in youth.
How to remove acne pits
There are four types of treatments to help remove acne pits:
- laser procedures;
- chemical peels;
- Laser removal of acne scars is used for severe forms of atrophic scars.
Depending on the degree of skin lesion, a dermatologist can prescribe one of two types of procedures: neodymium and erbium laser peeling.
The neodymium laser acts with a point at a given depth exclusively on scar tissue. Thanks to the influence of the beam and heat, collagenesis, the process of producing collagen and elastane, is activated. After several procedures, the skin surface is leveled, and scars and irregularities gradually disappear.Bonus – the effect of skin rejuvenation.
Suitable in cases where the pits appear pointwise.
During the procedure, a beam of light is directed to a thin layer of the epidermis. In place of the scarred surface, new cells are formed. After several procedures, the skin microrelief is leveled, the pits after acne disappear. The procedure helps to activate cell regeneration, form new skin tissue, and enhance lymphatic drainage.Bonus – the laser eliminates shallow age wrinkles, makes the skin more elastic and taut.
Suitable for large areas of skin with pits after acne.
- The procedure helps to get rid of all types of post-acne, including deep pits.
It will take longer than laser treatment. In addition, the procedure is not suitable for everyone – in each case it is important to consult a dermatologist.
The beautician uses chemical peels with a high concentration of acids. They dissolve the top layer of the skin. Unlike the previous case, there is a long recovery period. The procedure also requires certain skin care before and after the peel. You will need strong sunscreens.
After peeling, dead skin cells exfoliate or peel off the face with films – it all depends on the type of peeling chosen and the concentration of acids.
- It helps with shallow pits after acne, but with extensive skin lesions, it will not work.
It is a less traumatic acne treatment. During the procedure, the cosmetologist peels the skin with acidic agents, then a preparation based on hyaluronic acid, peptides, vitamins A or C is injected under the skin.As a rule, to achieve the desired effect – in this case, getting rid of acne pits and smoothing the skin relief – may be required 4 to 10 procedures.
Mesotherapy is carried out no more than 1 time per week, has no recovery period, there are practically no side effects.Immediately after the procedure, slight swelling and small hematomas at the injection sites are possible.
- Helps with atrophic scars of varying severity.
During the procedure, skin resurfacing takes place. This is a mechanical treatment of the face with a special device with a rotating circular nozzle. In the case of dermabrasion, the upper stratum corneum is removed using a beam of light. Thanks to the procedure, the synthesis of cells is accelerated, the production of its own collagen is activated, due to which the microrelief of the skin is leveled.After a recovery period (it may take more than a week), the skin becomes firmer, smoother, small pits after acne disappear after the first procedure, deeper ones become less noticeable. Bonus – smoothing out fine wrinkles.
The procedure is painful, so the beautician treats the skin with an anesthetic cream or ointment. Pain medications may also be needed during the recovery period. In addition, due to the traumatic nature of the procedure, the skin from which the upper stratum corneum was removed needs rehabilitation.A dermatologist can prescribe special care.
90,000 How to get rid of any type of scars
Scars are not just tissue created by injury or illness. This is the memory of the event, imprinted on the skin. A reminder of the experience. They keep stories: about the pain our bodies endured, about mistakes, victories and defeats in battles.It is impossible to completely get rid of scars – neither with traditional medicine, nor with alternative medicine. Moreover, some procedures (such as, for example, laser removal) can even harm if done too early. But you can always make the scar less pronounced without invasive intervention.
What is a scar
A scar is a scar with connective tissue that forms at the site of a serious skin injury. The skin on scars is not only visually different from healthy, but also has other properties, which means that it needs to be looked after differently.
There are different types of scars, from tiny, neat and subtle, to large and rough (usually caused by serious injury). “Over time, any scars become flat and white,” says Dr. Ruth-Anne Funston, treatment specialist and physiotherapist at the London Scar Clinic. – Healing usually takes about two years. How a scar looks on the first day and how it becomes over time are often fundamentally different things. ”
Atrophic scars are flesh or white in color and are often slightly deepened in the skin.This category includes acne scars . “Atrophic scars are usually not too prominent and are red or brown in color. They are quite easy to fix with special tools, ”says dermatologist Debbie Thomas.
Physiological scars in the early stages turn slightly red, but over time they become almost invisible. They are formed as a result of first and second degree burns, scratches, abrasions and at the site of surgical incisions.
Keloid scars resemble a tumor: bulky, reddish and bumpy.They often cause pain, burning, and can extend beyond the damage area. The problem is that keloids “sometimes form spontaneously – even from things as small as an ear puncture,” says Dr. Funston.
Hypertrophic scars also prominently appear on the skin. These scars usually occur after major surgery or as a result of local damage, such as severe burns or severe inflammation.
Do not ignore the trauma
Wounds heal over time, but the stories associated with them are rarely forgotten.Psychodermatologist Dr.Aliyah Ahmed, a spokeswoman for the British Skin Foundation, believes that too little attention is paid to the psychological problems associated with unwanted changes in the appearance of the skin. They can lead to anxiety, depression, and even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
“Many find it difficult to come to terms with the fact that you do not look like everyone else,” says Ahmed and advises to deal with problems in a comprehensive manner. “There is scientific evidence that cognitive behavioral therapy works well: mindfulness practices, acceptance and responsibility therapy.”
First aid for the skin
Treatment depends on the type of scar, but hydration is a versatile helper in the fight against redness, swelling and enlargement. “First of all, a fresh scar needs to be well moisturized – do this at least four times a day. Another tip: use special silicone gel or wipes – for example, Dermatix or MepiDex, ”says Dr. Fanston. The silicone composition not only maintains the moisture balance of damaged skin, but also protects it from any harmful environmental influences, and you can also apply cosmetics over it.There are other healing agents: for example, it is easy to buy Kontraktubeks in Russian pharmacies.
It is of course also important to avoid direct sunlight. “In no case do not let the sun hit the scar, otherwise there will be more pigment on the affected area than on the surrounding skin. Use sunscreen SPF 50, ”advises Dr. Funston.
Things to do at home
A great way to help your scar heal properly is Massage .“By massaging the scar, you provide blood flow to the affected area. It helps break down unwanted tissue, increase skin elasticity, and relieve pain, itching and hypersensitivity, ”says Dr. Ahmed.
But remember: you cannot massage fresh scars (those that are less than six months old) . “If you rub your scars early, they will produce too much collagen,” says Dr. Funston. When the scar is already “grown-up”, gentle massage is the right measure: “With gentle, pressing movements of your fingers, go over the entire area of the scar.Continue in a circular motion. Do not stretch the scar or create tension on the skin. ”
Which Tools Work Best? There is no magic potion that completely removes scars. The recipe, according to Dr. Funston, is: “The simpler, the better. It is not necessary that those compositions that are more expensive will work. The most important thing is that the product moisturizes well, does not cause irritation, does not contain fragrances and harmful chemical additives. ”
Below is a selection of Vogue tested products:
What you need to know about removing scars and stretch marks
Causes of scars and stretch marks
Stretch marks, or striae, are strip-like changes in the skin of various colors (from bluish to almost white). In fact, these are atrophic scars that form as a result of prolonged stretching of the skin. “Stretch marks on the abdomen, thighs, chest, back or even calves can appear not only after pregnancy, but also much earlier – in adolescence.At their core, stretch marks are scars depressed into the skin made of abnormal connective tissue. Their surface can be smooth or rough, and the degree of expression varies from narrow, barely distinguishable lines to wide. It is believed that the main reason for the appearance of stretch marks in all cases is hormonal imbalance. However, the overstretching of the skin is of no less importance, as a result of which the vessels, collagen and elastic fibers are torn, and a ” Provo ” appears in the skin, ”explains Anastasia Popova, cosmetologist, laser expert at the Delete clinic.
Scars and scars most often appear after acne and are white depressions in the skin, swollen light pink or bright red lesions, bluish-looking spots, or purple-bloody nodules. “Often scars and scars on the skin after chickenpox, acne and acne appear if the disease is severe. But in some cases, the most common pimple leaves a mark after itself. After such diseases, accompanied by a rash on the skin, scars can form mainly in those places where the skin has been most severely damaged.With such injuries, the process of normal restoration of the skin is disrupted, which leads to the appearance of a connective scar at the site of the pimple, ”says Natalya Kon Fan San, dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist of the Central Institute of Dermatocosmetology clinic network.
“Which scar will form during wound healing depends on several factors: genetic characteristics (the ability of the skin to regenerate), its own skin diseases, the level of immunity, the depth of the wound and its origin.For example, acne scars are usually normotrophic or atrophic and only in severe cases, with advanced acne, can they be hypertrophic. Scars after abdominal surgery, cesarean section, piercing are often hypertrophic. Scars left after the healing of severe burns or long chronic inflammatory processes are often keloid, ”says Lydia Galichenko, a dermatologist of the highest category at the Institute of Plastic Surgery and Cosmetology.
The program for the treatment of acne scars is developed and selected for each specific case individually, taking into account the duration and form of acne, the type of scar tissue, the severity, features and type of skin, as well as its ability to regenerate.It is almost impossible to eliminate acne scars on your own; you can make them a little less noticeable from the use of whitening masks. Chemical peels are most effective. “The acids burn the epidermis and activate the skin’s own collagen production. For chemical peels, alpha hydroxy acids, trichloroacetic and phenolic acids are used. Phenolic acids have the most active and effective action, but their use can entail the risk of serious adverse reactions, says Natalia Kon Fan San.- Due to the extreme painfulness of the procedure, phenol peeling is carried out under anesthesia and has contraindications due to the high toxicity of the active substance (for example, diseases of the heart and blood vessels). The action of trichloroacetic and alpha hydroxy acids is less profound and milder, but it also requires taking all precautions. The achievement of a positive result is greatly influenced by adequate pre-peeling skin therapy and the professionalism of the specialist performing the procedure. Chemical peeling is a medical procedure and requires appropriate qualifications and practical experience. “
Phototherapy and lasers for scars and stretch marks
If the color of the scar is red, pink or purple, laser treatment is required, after which the scar becomes uniform and practically does not differ from the color of healthy skin. “The essence of the method is to gently remove the upper stratum corneum. The laser activates all biochemical processes, including collagen production. It is he who provides the necessary elasticity of the skin. The number of sessions depends on the condition of the skin and the presence of spots.As a rule, it takes from four to eight manipulations with an interval of four to six weeks, ”says Natalya Kon Fan San.
“With the help of laser fractional exposure (simplified -“ resurfacing ”,“ fraxel ”), you can completely restart the synthesis of collagen and elastin fibers, eliminate damaged fibers, pigmentation, tighten the skin and improve its tone,” says Anastasia Popova.
Injections for scars and stretch marks
Injections of Botox, hyaluronic acid and collagen stimulants work well for stretch marks and scars.“In hypertrophic scars, hormonal preparations and preparations with enzymatic activity are used for thickening, in atrophic and normotrophic scars – volumetric correction preparations (based on hyaluronic acid), as well as preparations – collagen stimulants, mesotherapy. Most often, this is a course of administration of drugs intrafocal or periofocally. The use of these products gives a pronounced effect and long-term cosmetic correction. But the most optimal is an integrated approach: a combination of injection and laser techniques, ”says Lia Rakhmangulova, dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist of the Central Institute of Dermatocosmetology network of clinics.
Sometimes scars limit movement and cause physical discomfort. In such cases, the help of a plastic surgeon becomes necessary. “Hypertrophied postoperative scars are usually excised and then a cosmetic suture is applied. Depending on the degree of its severity, laser resurfacing is recommended – it should be started one to two months after the operation, followed by care with gels based on liquid silicone or silicone patches.In the presence of a keloid scar, it is necessary first to stop its growth by injecting glucocorticoids (hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs) and enzymes, then to cause its degeneration and perform surgical correction, “explains Dmitry Skvortsov, plastic surgeon at the Correct clinic, author of the cheek correction method” French cheeks “, founder of the project for body correction after childbirth” Idealmom “.
“The final appearance of the scar after the operation is 60% dependent on the surgeon – on how delicately he handled the skin during the intervention, and on the suture technique.In 30% of cases, this is correct care and only 10% is hereditary gross scarring, ”says Mikhail Ovchinnikov, plastic surgeon at the Correct clinic, full member of the Russian-American Medical Academy, the German Medical Association, the Association of Physicians of Saxony and the Russian Society of Clinical oncology.
“Excision of scar tissue can be performed both under local and general anesthesia, depending on the volume of the intervention. The altered scar tissue within the healthy tissue is excised and cosmetic sutures are applied.This is followed by a period of rehabilitation. It is important to understand that it is impossible to completely remove scar tissue and achieve perfectly smooth skin; it is possible to reduce the severity of scars, smooth them out with the surrounding tissue and achieve a pronounced cosmetically acceptable effect, ”says Liya Rakhmangulova.
Ways to prevent stretch marks
“During pregnancy, it is recommended to wear special underwear to provide support and massage the chest, buttocks and thighs.The massage accelerates the blood, preventing it from stagnating, helps to maintain the elasticity and firmness of the skin. The key to success in combating the appearance of stretch marks is also a proper, healthy diet, which allows you to avoid rapid weight gain or weight loss, both during pregnancy or during puberty, and during hormonal therapy, ”advises Natalia Kon Fan San.
Much also depends on how long ago you have had stretch marks or scars. The earlier treatment is started, the more chances of successful getting rid of them.In the case of stretch marks, the process can be completely reversible only in the early stages of their development.
How to get rid of a scar, remove a scar
Skin is an amazing organ and protector of the human body. When trauma occurs, cells try to patch the damaged area, forming a dense formation of connective tissue from it. It seems to be good for the body – there is no threat of infections and other complications. However, this tissue is the scar that causes psychological and sometimes physical discomfort.
What do stretch marks, acne and scars have in common?
Stretch marks, scars, post-acne – cicatricial changes that are caused by trauma to the middle layer of the skin – the dermis. Therefore, with superficial damage, the scar does not appear.
Post-acne – cicatricial changes in the skin that appear after the healing of acne elements.
Stretch marks – scars caused by internal microtraumas of the skin and subcutaneous tissue during weight fluctuations and pregnancy.
Post-traumatic scars – the formation of connective tissue in the place of healthy skin after operations, mechanical, thermal and chemical influences.They are divided into two groups: normal (normatrophic and atrophic) and pathological (hypertrophic and keloid).
The first group of scars is the result of normal physiological reactions of the body in response to damage to the skin, while pathological scars are formed due to inadequate responses to damage. Hypertrophic scars and keloids rise above the surface of the skin, differ from it in color and cause psychological discomfort.
What are the measures for the prevention of cicatricial changes in the skin?
- Preventing the development of post-acne helps a timely visit to a dermatologist, a competent selection of post-acne care and medicines for problem skin.
- Hypertrophic and keloid scars occur as a result of trauma and surgery, more often due to a genetic predisposition. To prevent the formation and reduce their severity after closing the wound or removing the sutures, external cosmetic products based on silicone are used.
How to remove cicatricial skin changes?
External remedies help to eliminate scars, stretch marks and post-acne, which restore collagen synthesis in the skin.In accordance with Russian and international clinical guidelines for the treatment of scars, only silicone-based products are recommended as the first line of therapy for all types of cicatricial changes in the skin.
How does Revergen work?
Gel for scars and scars “Revergen” – a remedy for stretch marks, post-acne and scars of various localization and severity. Recommended for use in cosmetology and dermatological practice for patients with new and old scars – a year or more after the closure of the wound.
Thus, with regular use, Revergen Silicone Scar Gel evens out the color and reduces the appearance of cicatricial changes in the skin.
How to use Revergen gel?
- Apply to any part of the body
- Apply to closed scars
- Apply skincare and decorative cosmetics over the gel
- Use twice a day: morning and evening.
When will the result be?
The effectiveness of Revergen gel has been proven in clinical trials in patients with post-acne and post-traumatic scars.Patients applied the agent 2 times a day for 2 months.
The study showed that Revergen gel increases skin elasticity in the area of cicatricial changes in post-acne by 80%, in post-traumatic scars – by 104% ¹.
After 2 months of using the product, patients of both groups noticed the first visible results: visual smoothing of scar defects and evening of skin color.
For post-traumatic scars limiting motor function, for example, in the area of the joints, correction with Revergen gel is recommended for 4 months.
¹Evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of the gel for smoothing cicatricial changes in the skin “Revergen” t. LIBREDERM®. An open clinical randomized trial based on the Center for Theoretical Problems of Physicochemical Pharmacology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.