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Insect bites identifying: Identify Insects and Bug Bites

Bug Bite Pictures – Insect Bites You Should Show Your Doctor

Bug bites are an unfortunate little annoyance in life, and the odds are prettttttyyyy high that you’ve been bitten by some creepy-crawly (er, or a variety of creepy-crawlies) in your lifetime. And while you probably just want to scratch the darn spot and move on, it’s wise to try and figure out what actually bit you.

Why? Some bug bites are relatively harmless, but others have the potential to bring on more serious health issues if you don’t treat them appropriately, and fast. Here are several fairly common insect bites you may experience, and how to know whether or not a bite warrants a trip to your doctor’s office.

Bed bug bites

While the thought of bed bug bites may skeeve you out, they’re more annoying to deal with than an actual threat to your health, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Bed bug bites are primarily just super itchy and can keep you up at night. The bigger issue with these pesky bugs is that they can spread really fast and lead to an infestation, and it can be an inconvenient and expensive process to get rid of one. (Also, the idea of little bugs feeding on your blood while you sleep isn’t exactly a comforting thought.)

People can have a range of reactions to bed bug bites, says Nancy Troyano, PhD, a board-certified entomologist with Ehrlich Pest Control. Some people have no reaction at all when bitten, but most people will notice an itchy, red, welt-like mark that looks similar to a mosquito bite, Troyano says. “Bites may appear in a linear fashion if there are multiple bugs feeding, and bites can occur anywhere, but they are often found in areas where skin is readily exposed,” she notes.

Bed bug bites on woman’s back.

Joel CarilletGetty Images

Contrary to popular belief, attracting bed bugs has nothing to do with bad hygiene or a dirty apartment. Bed bugs get around by hitchhiking onto your things, so prevention can be tough, says Angela Tucker, PhD, manager of technical services for Terminix. “Knowing this, the best prevention for bed bugs is being watchful during your travels and regular home cleaning,” she says.

You can also keep an eye out for the critters, which are about the size, shape, and color of an apple seed when fully grown. Another sign that bed bugs may be around your space is their byproduct, meaning you might see reddish-brown blood spots on sheets or mattresses, Tucker says.

If you do happen to get bed bug bites, spot-treat them with hydrocortisone cream to try to soothe itch, says David Cutler, MD, a family medicine physician at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California. Then, get rid of the infestation—with the help of a professional. “It’s important to see where the bed bugs came from,” Dr. Cutler says. “Then, call in a professional exterminator so you don’t get any more bed bug bites.

Bee and wasp stings

You’ll usually know it when you get stung by a bee or wasp, because it hurts like hell. “At first, you may not even see anything on the skin,” Troyano says. “However, within a few minutes of being stung, there may be localized swelling and redness around the sting site.” The area might also feel warm, and you might see a small white mark near the center of the swelling (that’s where the stinger went into your skin), she describes.

A wasp or hornet sting causing swelling on a woman’s arm.

Penpak NgamsathainGetty Images

If you know you have an allergy to bee or wasp stings, follow instructions from your doctor and seek medical care immediately. But if you’re not allergic, you’ll still want to take action. Bees lose their stinger after stinging, Troyano says, and you should try to remove it if it’s still stuck in you. Then, apply ice to reduce swelling, says David Gatz, MD, an emergency medicine physician at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. You also may want to take an antihistamine like Benadryl, he says.

The only real way to totally avoid getting stung is to not interact with bees and wasps…obviously. (But that’s not a feasible lifestyle if you ever want to enjoy the outdoors!) So when you’re outside, don’t swat at bees and wasps—just let them be. “In general, if you leave bees and wasps alone, they will leave you alone,” says Tucker.

If you want to be especially cautious, she also recommends skipping flowery perfumes or fragrances and covering any food and drink around you.


Scabies is a parasite infestation caused by microscopic mites, according to the CDC. When you have scabies, the female burrows into your epidermis to lay her eggs.

Scabies usually shows up as a rash with small, raised pustules or blisters, and is “intensely itchy,” Troyano says. If you’ve never had scabies before, you might not see the rash for several weeks after you’ve been exposed. But, if you’ve had scabies before, you might see a rash within one to four days of being exposed, she says.

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Scabies is transmitted through “prolonged direct skin contact” and is “highly contagious,” Tucker says. You need to see a doctor to get properly diagnosed and treated, but it’s generally treated with permethrin anti-parasitic cream, Dr. Gatz says.

Mosquito bites

Okay, yes, mosquito bites are usually NBD. They’re itchy and annoying, but nothing major to worry about. You probably already know what a mosquito bite looks like, but (just in case), they’re usually red, create a bump on your skin, and can itch, per Troyano. For some people, a bug bite may appear filled with fluid, with a small water blister in the center.

ChrisAtGetty Images

Mosquitos can carry diseases like Zika virus and West Nile virus, which can cause fever-like symptoms, rash, joint pain, and red eyes, the CDC says. So if you’ve been bitten by a mosquito and start to feel off afterward and have symptoms like these, call your doctor ASAP.

In order to let mosquito bites heal, do your best not to scratch; that raises the risk that the bite will get infected, Dr. Cutler says. Hydrocortisone cream should help alleviate some of the itch, he says.

While you can only do so much to prevent mosquito bites, Tucker recommends removing standing water around your home or yard (mosquitoes can lay their eggs in these areas). And, if you’re planning to spend a lot of time outside, using a good mosquito repellent is key, she says.

Spider bites

Spider bites are actually pretty rare, Troyano says, but they happen. They can look like typical bug bites, so it can be hard to tell right away if you were bitten by a spider unless you see it scuttling away.

If you do notice a bite and spot the little guy, Dr. Cutler recommends washing the area with soap and water and leaving it alone. “Toxins from [certain spiders] can destroy the skin,” he says—so it never hurts to wash the spot with soap and water to cleanse the skin (even if you’re not 100 percent sure it’s a spider bite).

But if the wound area seems to be growing, is unusually red, is hot to the touch, is ulcerated, or you have a fever and/or joint pain, call your doctor ASAP, Troyano says.

A spider bite on a woman’s leg.

BSIPGetty Images

Cleaning out cobwebs inside and outside of your house can lessen your chances of spider run-ins. Also, wear long sleeves, pants, gloves, and a hat to protect your skin when you’re working outside or in areas where things are stored and not used often, and try to keep your grass and bushes maintained, Tucker says.

Tick bites

It’s not always obvious when a tick bites you, because it won’t *always* leave a mark (more on that in a minute). But sometimes the tick will still be attached when you discover a bite, so the first thing you’ll want to do is remove it. Troyano recommends taking the following steps to do this:

  • Use tweezers and grab the tick close to the skin.
  • Steadily pull upward, but avoid twisting the insect.
  • Don’t crush the tick once removed.
  • Submerge the tick in rubbing alcohol and save it. Put it in a clear, sealable plastic bag in case you need to see a doctor or veterinarian. Or, take a clear photo, then flush it.

    Once the tick is removed, wash the area with soap and water, Dr. Gatz says.

    If you notice a bullseye-shaped rash appear on your body, a pink rash on your wrists, arms, and ankles, or an ulcerated area around a bite, call your doctor, Troyano says. These symptoms may be signs that a tick did bite you, and you’ve been infected with a tick-borne illness like Lyme disease. If you experience a fever, chills, aches, and muscle fatigue, those are also cues you need to make a visit to your doctor.

    But remember, not every tick carries a tick-borne illness, so even if one bit you at some point, that doesn’t guarantee you contracted something more serious.

    A tick bite with a distinctive bulls-eye shaped rash on a man’s arm.

    WillowpixGetty Images

    How can you protect yourself from tick bites? Tucker recommends showering quickly when you come in from being outside (you might be able to wash off ticks before they have a chance to bite you). It’s also a smart idea to wear long pants and sleeves when you go into tick-infested areas, like the woods, and to wear bug repellent that contains DEET. Also ask a family member or friend to help you do a body scan for ticks after being out in the woods.

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    Bug Bite Identification Photo Gallery – May Exterminating

    Identifying Bug Bites can be a challenge because of how similar they can feel and appear.  Everyone has a different immune reaction to being bitten or stung, so the amount of inflammation and level of severity will vary.  

    Most bites from common insects will heal quickly and easily, while others may be more painful or require medical care.  

    These photos and their descriptions can help you identify insect bites/stings. 


    Bed Bugs 


    by Hermann Luyken is marked with CC0 1.0

    Appearance –several red welts in linear groupings, can be flat or inflamed 

    Reaction – burning, itchy, sometimes swollen 

    Location – neck, arms, or torso 




    Appearance – pinprick-like red bump or swelling 

    Reaction – initial sharp pain, stinging, swelling, can trigger a severe allergic reaction in some people 

    Location – anywhere, especially exposed skin 




    Appearance – similar to bed bugs, small, red bumps in linear clusters  

    Reaction – very itchy, can become sore or develop a rash 

    Location – likely on legs or ankles 



    These common bites are annoying but typically heal quickly. They do have the potential to expose you to mosquito-borne disease, so be sure to use bug spray outdoors.  

    Appearance – puffy, pink, round bump, may have a raised dot in the center 

    Reaction – very itchy and can sting 

    Location – anywhere, especially exposed skin 



    “Spider Bites” by chantellervheerden is marked with CC PDM 1.0 

    Most spiders are nonvenomous, but there are several poisonous varieties to watch for. We’ve included information about bites from the Black Widow (left) and Brown Recluse (right).  

    Appearance (nonvenomous) – small red marks or welts  

    Black Widow – one to two bite marks 

    Brown Recluse – blister, surrounded by a bruised or red area, then fills with blood and ruptures/scars 

    Reaction (nonvenomous) – pain around the bite, redness, swelling 

    Black Widow – sharp pain, redness, swelling, cramping in the torso, nausea, sweating, anxiety, or muscle weakness 

    Brown Recluse – little to no immediate discomfort, but pain about an hour later, itchiness, nausea, fatigue, chills 

    Location – anywhere, especially exposed skin 

    Here is a resource for more information about dangerous spider bites.  



    Tick bites have the potential to transmit Lyme disease as well as other pathogens through their bites. Use bug spray to prevent these bites, especially if hiking.  

    Appearance – slight swelling or rash 

    Reaction – minimal reaction, it can be challenging to know if you’ve been bitten unless you catch the tick on you, see that it has dropped off, or discover a bull’s eye-shaped lesion (above) which is a hallmark symptom of Lyme disease 

    Location – they seek out warm areas on the body, so they frequently bite in the armpits, behind the knees, or on the head/neck 

    Fire Ants 


    “Fire Ant bite” by euthman is licensed under CC BY 2.0 

    Some ants can bite, some can sting, fire ants do both.  

    Appearance – red spot that turns into a very itchy white bump 

    Reaction – immediate pain, redness, swelling, itchiness 

    Location – likely on legs or ankles 

    If you’re noticing frequent insect bites while you’re indoors, let us know, and we can help you determine if you’re experiencing an infestation.    

    Identifying Bug Bites – Pest Control in NY, NJ, PA, CT


    Swelling and redness.

    Though moderate pain is usually the case here, people with reactions from allergies can experience face swelling or itching, chest tightness, breathing difficulty, dizziness, anxiety, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, hives, wheezing, or sneezing.

    Allergic reactions can occur in people who have known allergies to ant bites and bee or wasp stings.

    Bed Bugs

    Little red marks can appear in groups or appear as a red rash; swelling; raised, flat, or small red welts.

    Bite may go completely undetected because some people do not have reactions; however, itching and a burning sense can initially be present.

    Multiple bites can be received from one bug and the individual may not notice for days.


    Initially, sharp pain; sting site will exhibit a red welt and swelling in the general area, both of which will eventually subside.

    If no allergic reaction is present, temporary pain and swelling is common; symptoms of a severe reaction can include fainting or dizziness; diarrhea, vomiting or nausea; rapid, weak pulse; swelling of tongue and throat; difficulty breathing; pale flushed skin; itchiness and hives; possible loss of consciousness.

    In individuals with allergies to bee, wasp, or hornet stings, anaphylactic shock may result which needs treatment with an Epi-Pen or immediate emergency medical attention.

    Blister Beetles

    A chemical called cantharidin causes welts or blisters.

    Though blisters appear within several hours after contact, there is no lasting damage to the skin.

    Gently remove the insects rather than crushing it on the skin’s surface.

    Brown Recluse Spiders

    Swelling and reddening; the bite site may develop into a blister.

    Muscle pain, nausea, convulsions, fever, skin lesions, itching or mild skin irritation.

    If left untreated, deep scarring can result but fatalities have not been reported.

    Fire Ants

    For multiple stings, notice a semicircular pattern; normal appearance consists of lumps and red welts which can become blisters.

    Stinging and burning sensation.

    Multiple stings can be received from just one ant.


    Frequently located on feet and legs; red halos with center red spots.

    Extreme itchiness.

    If the wound site begins to excrete puss, call a doctor right away.


    Reddish bumps, and bleeding.

    Itching, soreness, pain at the bite site.

    Medications such as antibacterials should be applied to the bite site to reduce the possibility of infection–these insects are very aggressive biters.


    Small red bumps, bluish gray skin sores, bites in eyebrows, armpits, or in pubic hair.

    Nits, or tiny white eggs, may be found in the individual’s hair accompanied by itching and intensifies in the evening.

    Though itching may begin after up to four weeks of contacts, it can start after two weeks or even shortly after being bitten.


    Blistering bumps, hives or rash, slight to serious itching.

    Crusty spots can develope on skin, sores or a rash may also develop.

    Generally, might bite scan be similar to bedbug bites but there are many different kinds of mites.


    Bumps or blisters at sting point, puffy bump with a center red dot, or hard bumps.


    Also accompanying stings, at least in children, may be a low-grade fever or excessive swelling.


    The skin surface shows little, raised lines; also rashes which look like pimples may show up between fingers, on the buttocks, at the beltline, waste, nipple, armpits, elbow, or wrist.

    Swelling and tingling at the site of the bite, numbness, bad itching that gets more intense at night.

    No sting or bite is actually present here but an itch mite has burrowed under the skin and is feasting on it.


    The area of the sting site can exhibit warmth, redness, and pain.

    The sting site may exhibit swelling, tingling, numbness, and mild pain; possible severe symptoms may include excitability, restlessness, fast heartbeat, hypotension or low blood pressure, hypertension or high blood pressure, vomiting, sweating, drooling; unusual eye, neck, or head movements; and muscle twitching.

    Particularly in children, or those with high sensitivity to insect bites and stings, the Bark Scorpions venom can be exceedingly toxic and possibly deadly Frequently, the only way someone knows if they’ve actually been stung by a scorpion is if they see the scorpion sting them or see it running away after being stung.


    If a tick has Lyme disease, one sign of this bite can be a bull’s-eye rash.

    Burning sensation, itchiness, bite area exhibits redness at first sign.

    Other symptoms of Lyme disease can be fatigue, headache, and fever.

    Violin Spiders

    Two puncture marks which are closely spaced together.

    Vomiting, nausea, rash, fever, bloody urine, anemia, and coma (rare).

    There are many spider bites so symptoms and appearance may vary.

    Widow Spiders

    Like violin spiders, two puncture marks which are closely spaced together.

    Skin rash, sweating, high blood pressure, pain and muscle cramps.

    Other spider bites can include yellow sac, wolf, tarantula, hobo, and brown recluse.

    What Bit Me? Your Quick Guide to Identifying Bug Bites

    By admin | Blog | June 19th 2020

    Whether you’re enjoying a day at the beach, camping with your family, or spending time at home in your backyard, dealing with bug bites is inevitable during the summer on Long Island. Annoying as bites and stings may be, most of the time they just cause a bit of temporary discomfort. Some reactions can actually be more severe, depending on the insect and your body’s reaction to it. If you’re dealing with an insect bite right now and wondering what bit you, keep reading to learn some easy ways for identifying bug bites, how to treat bug bites, and how to help prevent future unwanted insect encounters.

    Ant Bites 

    Fire Ant Bite, USDA APHIS PPQ

    When it comes to ant bites, reactions are usually caused by an ant’s initial sting and the injection of its venom into your skin. Common black ant bites that you get from the odorous house ants that pop up in your kitchen from time to time are fairly mild, with some redness, swelling, and moderate pain. Reaction to an ant bite varies from person to person, depending on the age of the person stung, the quantity of stings, and any underlying allergies. In the most serious cases, anaphylaxis, which is life threatening, can occur.

    Fire ant bites, compared to odorous house ant bites, are more severe. Fire ant stings cause red welts or lumps in semi-circular patterns which later become blisters. Fire ant stings burn, itch, and may last up to a week. Severe allergic reactions can occur, including swelling and breathing difficulties.

    Bed Bug Bites

    Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University

    Bed bugs are sneaky nighttime biters, and their bites often go unnoticed. Bed bug bites appear as small, flat welts, often with swelling, and can appear in straight lines or clusters.

    Bed bug bites can occur anywhere on your body, but most often will show up on uncovered areas like your neck, face, arms, and hands. The bites are generally mild, and easily confused with mosquito and flea bites. Bed bug bites have an initial burning sensation, followed by itching, and can result in mild or severe allergic reactions. 

    Bee Stings

    Bee Sting, A. Burns Weathersby

    Bee stings result in a sharp initial pain, followed by a more dull, aching feeling that remains sore for several days.

    A red bump with white around it may pop up around the site of the sting, and the area may feel warm and itchy. For some people, bee stings result in more mild symptoms, but it’s not uncommon for much more severe reactions to occur, including anaphylaxis (which is life threatening), hives, swelling, difficulty breathing, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, and even cardiac arrest.

    Flea Bites

    Flea Bite, Dr. P. Marazzi

    Flea bite symptoms usually show up within a few hours, in the form of small, red bumps which may appear in groups of three or four. Flea bites usually will show up on your arms and legs, but other areas like your waist, knees, elbows, and armpits are also fair game for these pests. Flea bites result in itching, hives, and swelling, with reactions that are rarely severe.

    Mite Bites

    Mite Bite, Healthline.com

    Mite bites, like bed bug bites, often go unnoticed at first. They irritate the skin and cause intense itching, causing red marks to develop that look similar to a skin rash. Chiggers are a specific type of mite which causes the skin around their bites to harden, becoming irritated and inflamed. In more serious cases, mites can cause scabies, which is a contagious condition resulting in a skin rash that looks like acne, and intense itching that gets worse at night.

    Mosquito Bites

    Mosquito Bite

    Mosquito bites can be found anywhere on the body, most often on exposed skin. They can appear within minutes as any of the following: puffy, white or red bumps; hard, reddish-brown bumps that itch; or as small blisters or dark spots that look bruised. Mosquito bites result in mild to moderate itching, swelling, and sometimes a low-grade fever. In severe cases, mosquitoes will transmit deadly diseases such as Zika, West Nile Virus, dengue fever, malaria, and other illnesses.

    Spider Bites

    Spider Bite

    The appearance and severity of spider bites depends largely on the type of spider. Common house spider bites appear as two puncture marks close together, and can be found anywhere on the body. For many types, a red, swollen area will appear hours to days after a bite. Spider bite symptoms are typically mild, with redness, swelling, and manageable pain. 

    Certain spider bites are emergencies. For instance, the brown recluse spider bite, which typically feels about like a bee sting, but can develop into severe pain at the site of the bite about four hours. Brown recluse spiders are poisonous and cause serious reactions, including itching, nausea, fever, and muscle pain. Medical assistance should be sought immediately if you think you’ve been bitten by a brown recluse spider.

    Scorpion Stings

    Scorpion Sting, Howtogetridof.net

    Most scorpion stings aren’t of great concern, but some can be lethal. Typical symptoms include pain, swelling, and itching at the site of the sting, and swelling and/or redness may not even be visible. In more severe cases, scorpion stings can result in numbness, difficulty swallowing, blurred vision, seizures, and difficulty breathing.

    Tick Bites

    Tick Bite

    What does a tick bite look like? Well, the most obvious sign of a tick bite is a tick which is latched on or burrowed beneath the skin. Initial symptoms appear as redness around the bite area, itchiness, and/or a burning sensation. In serious cases, an expanding “bullseye” rash indicates Lyme Disease, which ticks are known to transmit, in addition to Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Babesiosis, and Tularemia, and several others. 

    How to Treat Bug Bites

    Most insect bites and stings can be treated at home, especially if your reaction is mild. Remove any stingers in your skin, if applicable, wash the affected area, and apply an ice pack to reduce any pain or swelling. Topical anti-itch creams, antihistamines, and oral pain relievers may help alleviate uncomfortable symptoms.

    Seek medical attention immediately if you’re experiencing a severe reaction including any of the following: fever, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, muscle spasms, a rapid heartbeat, swelling of your lips and/or throat, confusion, or loss of consciousness.

    How to Prevent Bug Bites

    There are several precautions you can take to reduce your chances of getting bitten by insects:

    • When you’re outside, avoid hives, nests, and aggressive insects as much as possible.
    • Wear clothing that provides full coverage of your skin.
    • Avoid perfumes and scented lotions.
    • Keep your food and drinks covered.
    • Avoid bright colors and/or floral patterns.
    • The CDC recommends staying current on your tetanus booster shots and getting one every 10 years.
    • Use insect repellents and/or citronella candles when you’re in the yard.
    • Implement a regular pest control service. 

    Suburban Exterminating’s Complete Plan offers year-round pest protection to Long Island homeowners, offering complete peace of mind from 29 general pests. We start by eliminating your existing pests, and create a barrier around your house to keep future pests away. Take advantage of our pest-free guarantee and eliminate insect bite concerns around your home. Call (631) 864-6900 to schedule a free pest control estimate!

    Insect Bite Identification Guide – Flick Pest Control Solutions

    It’s hard to distinct insect bites and stings without the proper resources. Read ahead to find out how to tell the difference between bug bites.

    Bed bug bites

    Bed bugs are small, apple seed looking bugs that feed on human blood. Their bites are small, slightly swollen red dots that can turn into blisters from excessive scratching. They generally appear on the body in concentrated clusters or in a line around the joints (i.e. elbows, knees and armpits) or the waist. In rare cases, bed bug bites can cause an allergic reaction. Symptoms include asthma, anaphylaxis, and hives.

    First aid for bed bug bites:

    • Clean the bite site with soap and water
    • Apply a topical cream from the pharmacy

    Flea bites

    Fleas are small bugs that are often associated with pets. They are red or brown in appearance and are only 1-3mm in length. They can cause several health problems for your pets (i.e. tick paralysis, tapeworm etc.). Like bed bug bites, their bites appear as small red dots. However, flea bites have a more distinct bite site with a red halo. You will most likely find them around the lower leg area.

    First aid for flea bites:

    • Wash the bite site with soap and water
    • Apply an ice pack to bite site to reduce swelling
    • Apply a topical cream from the pharmacy/chemist

    Mosquito stings

    Mosquitoes cause extremely itchy and puffy red bumps on the skin. Where ever there is exposed skin, mosquitoes will find a place to sting. Their stings can cause hives, swellings, allergic reactions and even carry harmful diseases. Did you know, mosquitoes are the world’s deadliest animal causing more than 1 million deaths across the world per year?

    First aid for mosquito stings:

    • Clean the sting site with soap and water
    • Apply an ice pack to the sting site/s
    • Apply a topical cream from the pharmacy/chemist

    Bees & wasp stings

    Honeybees, bumble bees and solitary bees can deliver painful stings with their stingers. However, they only sting when feeling provoked. On the other hand, wasps are more aggressive and can sting repeatedly (bees can only sting once). Bee and wasp stings look like swollen red marks which can last up to a week. You will know once a bee or wasp has bitten you as there will be an instant sharp pain at the sting site. This is due to the toxic venom that is administered in the sting. If allergic, you could suffer from difficulty breathing or unconsciousness.

    First aid for mild bee/wasp stings:

    • Remove the stinger immediately (can be done with a credit card)
    • Clean the sting site with soap and water to remove the venom
    • Apply an ice pack to the sting site
    • Antihistamine tablets, Topical creams/lotions are available at your local chemist
    • If you have known allergies to bees/wasps, seek medical attention immediately.

    Spider bites

    Spider bite severity varies depending on which species has bitten you. The most common spider bites come from funnel-web, redback and mouse spiders (which are all classified as dangerous/deadly). Their bites generally produce itchy red welts where bitten. Symptoms include pain at the bite site, fever, chills, sweating, breathing difficulties, headaches, muscular pains, cramping, nausea/vomiting, and others.

    First aid for spider bite:

    If you have been bitten by a deadly/dangerous spider, please seek medical attention immediately by calling 000. To find out which Australian spiders are classified as deadly/dangerous, click here!

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    What Bit Me? Here Are The Most Common Bug Bites in America

    Bug bites happen. And usually by the time you start itching, the bug that got you is long gone. Being able to properly identify a bug bite can not only help you more efficiently treat it, but can be critical in the event your bite becomes a serious medical concern, like in the case of venomous spiders and occasionally ticks and mosquitoes. Below you’ll find some of the most common biting bugs in America, along with info to help identify their bites, and what a typical reaction to that bite might look like.



    Ants are one of the most common biting and stinging insects found in the U.S. While rarely a serious medical concern, their bites and stings can be quite unpleasant, especially if you live in the south where so called “fire ants” are commonplace.

    Ant bites usually look like small red bumps surrounded by red skin, with a white pus-filled head in the middle. 


    Unlike ants—which typically bite out of fear or aggression—fleas bite because they’re hungry. These little vampires live off mammal and bird blood and unfortunately we humans are no exception. 

    Flea bites look not dissimilar to ant bites—essentially, they’re just little red bumps. They usually occur in a cluster of three of four bites and are typically found on the ankles, feet, and lower leg. 


    When ticks bite, they can hang onto their victims for up to 10 days, which usually makes identifying a tick bite quite easy. Preferring warm, moist locations, tick bites are normally found in hidden areas like the armpit, groin, or on your scalp.

    If the tick is no longer attached, identification can be difficult, as tick bites look similar to many other bites: red, irritated skin with mild swelling. There are a couple of main differences though, tick bites, unlike ant and other common insect bites and stings, are not typically filled with pus or any other fluid and rarely if ever cause pain or discomfort.

    Because of the potentially serious consequences of a tick bite, contact a physician if you experience any of the following: 

    • Unusual rashes at or near the bite site. 
    • Intense pain or irritation
    • Fever
    • Extreme Lethargy
    • Body aches
    • Flu-like symptoms. 
    • Any other signs or symptoms of infection
    • Dizziness or nausea 


    Few things can ruin outside time like a cloud of bloodthirsty mosquitoes. While intensely itchy in the moment, mosquito bites usually subside quickly, leaving little to no trace in just a few days. Rarely, however, a mosquito bite can cause more serious reactions, like swelling, soreness, blisters, localized pain, hives, even fever.

    Mosquito bites tend to produce a puffy, pink bump about the size of a dime initially that hardens and becomes larger over time. Frequent scratching can lead to more severe reactions and in extreme cases infection 

    Because of the potentially serious nature of mosquito bites, contact a physician if you experience any of the following: 

    • Large or otherwise unusual swelling and redness
    • Hives
    • Headache
    • Body aches 
    • Flu-like symptoms. 
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Any other signs or symptoms of infection
    • Dizziness or nausea 


    The bites of horseflies, deer flies, sand flies, and even some house flies can pack a surprisingly painful punch.

    Like most of the bites on this list, fly bites generally cause swelling, skin irritation, and redness at the bite site. Bumps, blisters, rashes, and welts are also common. Fly bites usually occur on the feet, ankles, lower leg, and on the neck and face area. 

    Because of the potentially serious nature of some fly bites, contact a physician if you experience any of the following: 

    • Large or otherwise unusual swelling and redness
    • Hives
    • Headache
    • Body aches 
    • Flu-like symptoms. 
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Any other signs or symptoms of infection
    • Dizziness or nausea 


    Unlike ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes, thankfully spiders do not transmit disease. In fact, they often make meals out of the biting and stinging insects outlined above, for the most part leaving humans alone unless they feel threatened. 

    Often about as painful as a bee sting, spider bites tend to cause red, irritated skin with swelling, occasionally accompanied by a rash at the bite site. In some cases, you may even be able to pinpoint two small puncture wounds where the spider’s fangs pierced the skin (don’t worry, it sounds worse than it really is). In rare cases, nausea and dizziness may also occur.

    If you experience severe or otherwise unexpected symptoms after a spider bite, or suspect the individual might be venomous like a black widow or brown recluse, contact a physician immediately.


    Mite bites are among the hardest bites to identify. Firstly, nearly all mites are microscopic or near microscopic, making a proper diagnosis often impossible. And secondly, reactions to mite bites vary greatly, and are often confused with other causes of dermatitis. 

    Chiggers are arguably the easiest mite bite to identify. Also known as harvest mites and berry bugs, chiggers live in grassy areas during the spring and summer months, waiting for unsuspecting victims to walk by so they can feed. They latch on, feed on your skin cells for several hours, and then fall off to complete their life cycle. Only a few minutes in chigger-infested areas can leave you with dozens of blisters, rashes, and hives that can itch and hurt for literally months, which can be a real downer during beach season, believe us.

    Reddish welts that cause extreme skin irritation once the chigger drops off, these bites almost always occur on areas of the body where skin and clothing are in tight proximity, such as near your socks, waistband, armpits, groin, legs, and back. If you experienced bites that sound like this shortly after exploring the outdoors or sitting in grass, chances are they’re chigger bites. 

    The bites of other mites, like bird mites and rodent mites, however, aren’t so easy to pinpoint. Reactions can vary from extreme pain and hives to subtler symptoms like mild irritation or a feeling that something’s crawling on your skin. While these types of mites typically prefer non-human hosts, it’s not extremely uncommon for these mites to affect entire households, and sometimes even their pets. 

    Bites from bird and rodent mites tend to share one common characteristic: skin irritation. Sometimes it’s mild, sometimes it’s severe. If you’re experiencing unknown bug bites with no obvious source, it could have mites. 

    Sadly for some individuals, mites can be a debilitating, long term problem that can be difficult to get under control. If you’re struggling with mites, we can help. Call us at 800-842-1464 and find relief starting today. 



    Identify bug bites, treat itchy bug bites and more

    Spending time outdoors is one of the best ways to enjoy summer during the COVID-19 pandemic, but there’s a downside: bugs and more specifically bug bites.

    Some bugs, like mosquitos, bite to feed. Other insects, like spiders, bite to defend themselves. Whatever the motives behind them may be, bug bites are no fun. They tend to puff up like pimples and itch like crazy (thanks to our immune system’s powerful histamine release upon detecting an insect’s foreign saliva). What’s worse, we often don’t even realize we’ve been bitten until well after the winged attacker is gone. How can you tell what bit you? How can you treat it and soothe that burning itch?


    Identifying the bug based on the bite

    Nancy Troyano, Ph.D., an entomologist and director of operations education and training for Rentokil North America, says that while a range of reactions to bug bites can occur, here’s generally what you can expect:

    • Mosquitoes: “Mosquito bites are usually red and itchy. For some people, a mosquito bite may appear to fill with fluid and create a small white blister.”
    • Flea: “Flea bites are often seen as tiny dark spots, surrounded by a reddened area on the skin. There is usually less swelling around these bites than other bug bites. A flea bite is felt immediately with the same flea often biting two or three times in the same area. The most common areas to see these bites are on the feet or lower legs.”
    • Bee or wasp: “You’ll usually know when you get stung by a bee or wasp because it hurts. Within a few minutes, there may be localized redness and stinging near the site. You may also see a small white mark near the center of the swelling where the stinger went into your skin.”
    • Ticks: “It is not always obvious when you have a tick bite because it doesn’t always leave a mark. Oftentimes, the tick is still attached to your skin when you discover it. You will need to remove the tick, so use tweezers and grab the tick as close to the skin as possible. Pull upward, and avoid twisting the tick. Once removed put the tick in rubbing alcohol and save it in a sealable container in case you need to see the doctor.”


    See a doctor if…

    Given the prevalence of tick-borne illnesses such as Lyme disease, it’s critical to closely monitor yourself if you suspect you’ve been bitten by a tick.

    “If you notice a rash the shape of a bullseye, or a pink rash on your wrist, ankles or arms, or an ulcer-like area around the bite, it’s time to call the doctor,” says Troyano. “If you experience a fever, aches, muscle fatigue, or chills, it could be the sign of a tick-borne illness.”

    Given the prevalence of tick-borne illnesses such as Lyme disease, it’s critical to closely monitor yourself if you suspect you’ve been bitten by a tick.Getty Images

    For other insect bites, Dr. Leann Poston, physician and medical content expert at Invigor Medical, recommends seeing a doctor if there is a red streak extending from the bite, swollen lymph nodes, a fever, pus or draining from the bite or an increase in pain after a day or so.”

    Poston emphasizes that an ER visit is in order “if you have signs of anaphylaxis or systemic allergic response. These symptoms include hives, wheezing, difficulty breathing or swelling in the mouth or airway.”


    How to treat the bite and stop the itch

    Once you rule out the need for medical attention, you can proceed to treat the bite — which is likely itching like crazy thanks to your body’s well-intentioned release of histamine.

    Dr. Poston recommends taking an antihistamine as soon as you notice the bite. If the itch has already set in, Dr. Sharleen St. Surin-Lord, medical director at Visage Dermatology and Aesthetics Center advises using applying anti-itch calamine lotion, Sarna lotion, Cortisone 10 cream, as well as to “cut [and file] your nails if you have to — long nails or short, sharp nails do more damage.”

    If you have already broken skin by scratching, “apply an anti-bacterial ointment such as Neosporin to prevent infection,” St. Surin-Lord says, adding that Mederma Gel Scar Treatment is an ideal over-the-counter approach to help prevent scars on an unbroken skin.

    Repel bugs with an EPA-approved bug spray

    The best way to treat a bug bite is to avoid getting one in the first place, of course. Preparation is key; if you’re going to be outdoors, use a DEET or picaridin-based bug spray to repel mosquitoes and other bloodthirsty bugs. You can also go the route of essential oils if you’re looking for natural insect repellents.

    “Oil of lemon eucalyptus is an active ingredient that is proven to work but must be applied much more frequently,” says Derek Gaughan, owner of Bug Lord. “Most products suggest they last six hours, however my experience shows closer to four hours. Picaridin on the other hand can last upwards of 12 hours before needing to reapply.”

    The Centers for Disease Control recommends to follow the label’s instructions and reapply as often as directed — and apply sunscreen before bug spray for the best protection.

    Allergology-Immunology – Health Harmony

    Allergology-Immunology – these are sections in a medical reference book that study various irritants and infections that adversely affect the human body.

    In our world, there are many different diseases that are associated with immune diseases of the body and human allergies. And because of this, the allergist-immunologist creates new methods and systems for treating the disease, which help to identify and prevent the disease.

    The main symptoms that an allergy can cause are:

    • itching;
    • skin redness;
    • rash;
    • edema.

    Symptoms of immune diseases:

    • fatigue and sleepiness;
    • increased body temperature;
    • breaking of muscles and joints;
    • manifestations of various blisters, acne or herpes on the skin.

    When the first signs are detected, you must immediately make an appointment with an allergist-immunologist.The culprits of the disease can be the following in case of allergies:

    • Flower pollen and plants such as ragweed, wormwood and others.
    • Medicines.
    • Dust.
    • Animal wool.
    • Food products.
    • Insect bites.

    Causes of immune diseases:

    • Weakening of the immune system due to pregnancy.
    • Oncology.
    • Viruses and bacteria.
    • Sequence of operations.

    The first thing a patient should do is make an appointment with an allergist-immunologist when symptoms of the disease appear. When detecting allergic reactions, a specialist will carry out diagnostics, which includes:

    • Patient interrogation. The doctor will try to identify foods or other factors that may have caused the illness.
    • Identification of the disease by means of a test on the skin.
    • Diagnosis of a disease when a patient eats or inhales pollen, which is suspected of causing an allergy in a person.
    • By elimination method. The simplest test – all products that did not cause disease are simply deleted gradually, as a result, only one remains, which adversely affected the human body.
    • The last and most common is laboratory, when blood is donated and various experiments are carried out to identify the disease. And only after that you can start treating allergies.

    Diagnosis of immune diseases consists of two stages:

    • As with allergies, the doctor conducts a survey, identifying the causes and listening to the patient’s complaints.
    • The specialist conducts an examination of the whole body: examination of the nasal cavity and mouth, delivery of urine and blood tests.

    Treatment of allergies and immune diseases

    After tests, diagnostics, identification of causes and symptoms, the doctor prescribes treatment, which will depend on the type of disease. Each patient is assigned one of the following treatments and is exclusively individualized:

    • drug treatment, which includes tablets, ointments and injections;
    • treatment takes place in a hospital, various methods and therapies are carried out to treat the disease, to normalize the immune system and cure allergies, which includes a diet free of allergens.

    We are always ready to help you!
    Make an appointment by phone: 8 (4722) 32-80-40
    The multidisciplinary clinic “Health Harmony” guarantees complete confidentiality of your appeal.

    90,000 first aid and precautions – “AllergoStop”

    First aid: how to get out a tick

    With a tick bite, you can use methods to remove the parasite from the body, such as:

    1. Independent use of special tweezers or clamp.With its help, you can grasp the insect between the head and abdomen, and remove it from the body. At home, a thread is often used, which is tied around the insect’s “neck” and slowly removed from the skin by twisting it counterclockwise.
    2. Seeking medical help. Removing the parasite is most effective and safest in a medical facility. The doctor competently and without prejudice to the patient’s health will remove the tick and treat it with a disinfectant.

    It is strictly forbidden to treat the insect and the bite itself with vinegar or oil.A tick from these funds will not die, but, sensing danger, it can inject dangerous liquid from its abdomen into the body.

    Do not pull out the insect with sudden movements, as this will leave the head in the human body. It is advisable to abandon independent actions aimed at extracting the insect, since part of it may remain in the body.


    After the insect has been successfully removed from the body, it is important to follow these steps:

    1. A soap solution, rubbing alcohol, iodine or other antiseptic should be used to treat the wound.
    2. Place the tick in a container, close the lid and send it to the laboratory for detection of infection.
    3. The injured person must pass a blood test to determine antibodies to those infections carried by this parasite. Blood should be donated no later than 10 days after the bite.
    4. Remember the date of the bite and observe possible symptoms for a month. If during this period there is itching, redness and an increase in body temperature, you should visit an infectious disease doctor.

    Signs of infection with dangerous infections

    Infectious disease

    Main characteristics

    Tick-borne encephalitis

    • high temperature
    • pain in the eyeballs
    • photophobia
    • muscle pain
    • pain in bones, joints
    • headache
    • vomiting
    • convulsions
    • drowsiness

    Tick-borne borreliosis

    • headache
    • weakness, lethargy
    • temperature rise, fever
    • pain and aches in muscles and joints
    • sore throat, cough

    Hemorrhagic fever

    • a sharp increase in body temperature;
    • headache;
    • weakness;
    • nausea, vomiting;
    • decreased appetite;
    • dizziness;
    • impaired consciousness.

    Precautions: How to avoid being bitten

    To protect yourself from tick bites, it is important to observe the following precautions:

    1. From early April to mid-September, it is advisable to limit your stay in the forest or wear closed clothing.
    2. Special protective equipment should be applied to exposed areas of the body.
    3. If there is an increased risk of insect infestation, check clothing and body every two hours, paying particular attention to problem areas.
    4. Seasonal encephalitis vaccination is also a reliable prevention. To protect the human body, a tick vaccination is introduced.

    By taking precautions, you can protect yourself from tick infestation and avoid unpleasant consequences. Anti-mite immunoglobulin is the most reliable protection against dangerous diseases carried by the insect. If you are faced with a problem of tick infestation, you can contact our clinic for help.

    90,000 Specialist: the first symptoms of borreliosis may appear several months after infection | Opinion

    “Unfortunately, there is no vaccine against borreliosis, and repellents that can be purchased at a pharmacy or supermarket last for several hours, so it is simply impossible to protect yourself 100% from a tick bite,” says Svetlana Zolotareva.

    “You can get a tick on your body while walking in the park, at the dacha. You don’t have to be in the forest in the literal sense of the word. Ticks do not live on the branches of tall trees, but on the blades of grass along the paths. That is, they come to us from below They cling to their legs with their paws and slowly crawl up. That is why mushroom pickers and berry pickers are advised to wear high rubber boots, “- explained the specialist, how ticks get on the human body.

    She added that you can get a tick bite right in a city apartment.The insect can be carried by pets. Also, a tick can get into the house along with flowers, while it can perfectly live in an apartment for quite a long time before it bites its “owner”.

    Zolotareva dispelled the myth that ticks are most active in May and June. In fact, ticks show their first activity as early as April. The second spike in tick activity occurs in July and August and continues until October, the pharmacist says.

    “After a tick bite, a red spot may appear, similar to that of any other insect bite.However, in the case of a borreliosis infection, this spot will begin to grow in size. However, not all. This symptom – a characteristic increasing red spot in size – occurs in only half of those infected. The other half may not have any symptoms at all. This is also due to the fact that when a tick bites, an anesthetic substance is introduced into the human body. Therefore, if the crawling of a tick on the body can still be felt, then the tick bite itself is not. And if, as they say, the tick managed to leave on time, and there was no redness, then very often a person thinks that everything is in order with him, but, in fact, this is only half true, so in the summer you need to examine yourself very carefully and at the slightest suspicion, try to determine the presence or absence of a tick-borne infection, “advised Zolotareva.

    Zolotareva reminded that if you find a tick bitten on your body, then you need to get it out in a circular motion, “unscrewing”, and not tearing out, so that its parts do not remain in the body. The most effective way to get rid of a tick at home is to burn it.

    “I would like to remind you of the first signs of borreliosis, which may not appear immediately – in someone in ten days, in someone in two weeks, and in someone in a month. something even similar to a flu-like condition, severe headache of a prolonged nature, muscle pain, aching joints, also very similar to a flu symptom.The most important danger of borreliosis is that if the infection is not detected in time, then it can turn into chronic conditions – arthritis, chronic headaches. If a person got an infection at the beginning of summer, but does not know about it, then by the end of summer, in the fall, or even closer to winter, severe complications may begin. The most typical of them are severe headaches, high fever, which can decrease when taking medication, and then rise again, aching joints, muscle pain and the most important danger of tick-borne infections – damage to the central nervous system, including loss or weakening of memory “, – warns Zolotareva.

    According to Zolotareva, there are two ways to detect borreliosis. Firstly, with your suspicions, you can contact your family doctor, who will prescribe the appropriate tests. Secondly, buy a special test at the pharmacy.

    “I would like to note that after a tick bite or after a tick was found on the body, at least ten days should pass, regardless of whether you go to the doctor or buy a home test. Only after ten days is borreliosis possible diagnose, because our body must produce the appropriate substances, which the tests and determine.In addition, I would like to note that this test is not able to detect encephalitis, “Zolotareva clarified.

    After diagnosing borreliosis, you should immediately consult a doctor who will prescribe an additional examination and prescribe a course of treatment. that after the cure of borreliosis, the body will develop immunity against this infection.Some people contract borreliosis every summer.

    Causes of itchy skin

    Common causes of itchy skin include: 1.2

    • Insect bites (mosquitoes, wasps, bees)
    • Allergic reactions to fabrics such as wool and other materials such as latex
    • Allergic skin reactions such as urticaria, seborrheic and atopic dermatitis in children and adults, eczema
    • Allergic reactions to food (for example, to citrus fruits, milk, eggs, peanuts or seafood): they are often the cause of the development of atopic dermatitis in children under four years old
    • Allergic reactions to fur or animal hair (for example, allergy to dogs or cats)
    • Pollutants (e.g. exhaust gases)
    • Natural allergens (e.g. pollen)
    • Chickenpox
    • Climatic conditions such as sunny, hot or cold weather as the cause of solar dermatitis, heat urticaria or cold allergies: all of these conditions are accompanied by itching of the skin.

    Is itchy skin harmless or dangerous?

    Itching can spread both to the whole body (itching everywhere), and only to certain parts of it (localized itching). It can be mildly annoying or so severe that it can interfere with normal performance and sleep. Itching caused by insect bites or animal dander usually resolves within hours or days, and symptoms can be relieved with antihistamines. 3 These drugs include Fenistil Gel, an antihistamine for the topical treatment of pruritus associated with urticaria, insect bites, eczema, and mild sun and household burns. Fenistil Gel begins to act from the first minutes after application, has a cooling effect, relieving itching and reducing irritation. 5 If itching continues to bother you, seek professional medical attention from a specialist.

    However, if the cause of your itchy skin is unknown, then consider starting a skin diary and identifying potential allergy factors.See a specialist for an allergen test.

    In some cases, itching can also be a symptom of other diseases. If you suspect this may be the case in your case, consult your doctor.

    Why do we scratch itchy skin?


    When your skin itches, your natural reaction is to scratch the area of ​​concern.This provides short-term relief and, even if the source of irritation is not eliminated, minor pain from scratching distracts attention from the itching. However, despite the short-term relief, it is not beneficial, so you should not give in to the urge.

    How to identify an allergy to insect bites

    How to identify an allergy to insect bites

    An allergy to insect bites is an immunopathological process caused by an increased susceptibility of the human body to the components of waste products of representatives of the arthropod family (saliva, poison, etc.).

    Diagnosis of allergy

    Diagnosis and clinical differentiation of allergic pathologies with toxic reactions, infectious, dermatological and somatic diseases is based on the final data of a thorough examination of the patient, including: allergic reactions.

  1. Physical examination – to identify clinical signs of damage to the skin and mucous membranes, disorders of the functioning of internal organs.
  2. Consultations of a dermatologist, immunologist, infectious disease specialist, nephrologist, gastroenterologist, cardiologist.
  3. Spirography – to assess the function of external respiration.
  4. Electrocardiography – to detect changes in the work of the heart.
  5. Ultrasonography of abdominal organs – for the diagnosis of organ and systemic disorders.
  6. Allergy tests.
  7. Hemogram – to assess the state of the hematopoietic system.
  8. Clinical analysis of urine – to assess the state of the urinary organs.
  9. Biochemical blood test – to measure the concentration of hepatic transaminases, glucose, urea, creatinine, serotonin.
  10. Immunological study – to determine the amount of specific immunoglobulins.
  11. Causes

    In most cases an allergic reaction develops with the bites of ants, wasps, bees, hornets and bumblebees – their venom contains high molecular weight proteolytic enzymes and biogenic amines that increase the permeability of the vascular walls and irritate pain receptors.

    Often, a pathological immune reaction occurs when various beetles, midges, mosquitoes, fleas, cockroaches, horseflies and bedbugs bite – biologically active components that have anti-coagulant and toxic effects enter the human body with their saliva.


    The immunopathological process is caused by the development of an allergic reaction of the reagin type , in which specific immunoglobulin E proteins enter the bloodstream and circulating immune complexes are formed.Clinical symptoms appear within a quarter of an hour after an insect bite.

    Symptoms of an allergy to insect bites

    An allergic reaction to an insect bite may have the following symptoms:

    1. Local – appear at the site of the bite:

    • local focus of hyperemia and swelling, accompanied by itching and burning;
    • papular eruptions;
    • blisters;
    • localized necrotic area.

    2. Organs – violation of the functional activity of target organs (heart, blood vessels, kidneys, joints, brain, nervous system).

    3. Generalized , which may be:

    • mild, characterized by restlessness and widespread itchy rash;
    • expressed – the patient has chest pains, dizziness, dyspepsia;
    • severe, manifested by impaired breathing and deep depression of consciousness.

    Treatment and prevention

    In case of allergic pathologies, therapeutic measures are aimed at eliminating foreign antigen and conducting symptomatic therapy, the patient is prescribed:

    • antihistamines;
    • glucocorticosteroids;
    • broncho-lytic agents;
    • pressor amines.

    To prevent the occurrence of a pathological immune reaction , it is necessary to timely identify allergens and carry out specific immunotherapy.


    Dirofilariasis is a natural focal parasitic disease of dogs, cats, wild animals of the Canidae and Felidae families, which can be transmitted to humans. It is believed that the disease is characteristic of areas with a humid and warm climate: these are the countries of Asia, Africa, southern Europe. In Italy, France, Greece, Sri Lanka, the incidence remains almost constant. And in Spain, Israel, Japan and Hungary, sporadic cases are reported annually.But in recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of dirofilariasis in countries for which this disease is not entirely typical. So, on the territory of post-Soviet countries, more and more new cases of the disease are registered every year.


    Dirofilariasis from Latin is translated as “evil thread”, this analogy is caused by the appearance of the parasite. Dirofilaria are white filamentous helminths belonging to the class of nematodes.There are about twenty species of dirofilariae, but Dirofilaria repens and Dirofilaria immitis are dangerous to humans. A sexually mature female Dirofilaria repens can reach a length of 13-15 cm, and Dirofilaria immitis 25-30 cm. The width of the helminth varies between 0.03-1.2 mm.

    A person becomes infected with dirofilariasis when bitten by an infected mosquito of the genus Culex, Aedes, Anopheles. The ultimate hosts of dirofilariae are canids, felines, and also viverrids. An infected animal has microfilariae in the blood that are not infectious to humans or other animals.When a sick animal is bitten by a mosquito, the insect becomes infected. And already in the body of a mosquito, microfilariae turn into an invasive larva. Then the infected insect bites the person and thereby infects him with dirofilariae. The larva grows in the tissues of the human body, but does not turn into a sexually mature individual. Therefore, it remains unable to reproduce in the human body.

    Often, during infection, one larva enters the human body, less often two, even less often two or four.


    Dirofilaria repens and Dirofilaria immitis cause different forms of the disease. The first is the cause of subcutaneous dirofilariasis, the second is visceral. It is subcutaneous dirofilariasis that occurs on the territory of the post-Soviet countries. And the visceral form is typical for countries such as Japan, USA, Canada, Australia, Southern Europe.


    The incubation period lasts from one month to one year.The first symptom of the disease can be considered the appearance of a tumor-like formation under the skin or mucous membrane, which is accompanied by redness, itching in this part of the body. The education itself may be painful or not unpleasant. A characteristic sign of the disease is the migration of the helminth, which is noted externally as the movement of the formation along the body. In two days, the larva is able to cover a distance of thirty centimeters.

    Often, having found a tumor-like formation on the body, people are sent to a surgeon, who suggests a diagnosis of lipoma, fibroma, atheroma, etc.But during the operation, the doctor discovers an unexpected find in the form of a helminth.

    Dirofilaria have their “favorite” places in the human body. These are the following parts of the body (in descending order of frequency of damage):

    90,000 what is it connected with and how to help? : Main, News, Checked: IVBG.ru

    Some insect bites on children’s skin cause not only discomfort for a long time, but can also lead to life-threatening consequences. If, a couple of days after the bite, the site of the lesion does not become smaller and itching starts when water gets in or when it comes into contact with clothes, then you should contact a pediatrician and dermatologist.In this case, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the child.

    Factors influencing the reaction

    “The bite of an ordinary mosquito can cause various edemas in a child,” noted Larisa Rozanova.

    The type of insects biting the child affects the reaction of the child’s body.

    If it is blood-sucking, then the bites of mosquitoes, midges and ticks often cause allergies in children. Their venom is aimed at reducing blood clotting. An increased amount of poison in the body in children prone to such allergies can be extremely dangerous.

    Membranous insects, which include bees, wasps and hornets, contain histamine in their venom, which can act on blood vessels, and melitin, which reduces blood clotting and causes an acute inflammatory reaction. The second also has allergenic proteins that cause even more histamine release at the site of damaged tissue. The body, fighting the effects of the bite, begins to produce antibodies, which leads to an allergic reaction.

    “Wasp and bee stings can cause anaphylactic shock.Here, as they say, the earlier you called an ambulance, the better, ”the medical worker explains.

    The danger is not caused by the bite itself, but by the sting that remains under the skin. When removing it yourself, it must be remembered that the sting is taken from the side with a sharp and dense object. A bank card is suitable for these purposes. In no case should you remove the pointed poisonous organ of an insect like a splinter using tweezers. This will damage the capsule, causing toxins and poison to enter the bloodstream.

    Photo: www.stockvault.net

    Also important in the reaction to insect bites are factors that influence the level of sensitivity, such as heredity, environmental conditions that are not suitable for a child, a weak immune system and various diseases.

    What to do if there is a non-standard reaction to insect bites?

    • It is necessary to treat the bite site with a disinfectant – alcohol, vodka, peroxide or chlorhexidine;
    • it is imperative to apply cold lotions to the bite site to stop “burning”;
    • lubricate the bite site with an anti-allergic agent, for example, “Fenistil”, and also give the medicine inside;
    • monitor the child’s condition.If there is swelling at the site of the bite and breathing problems, then an ambulance should be called immediately.

    Advice for parents of children with severe reactions after being bitten

    In the summer, it is worth dressing the child in such a way as to minimize the likelihood of bites – to close the accessible areas of the skin. You should also avoid evening walks when insects are most active.

    If insects have flown into the room where the child is, it is better to get rid of them immediately.

    “If you get a mosquito, it’s better to catch it,” says a medical specialist.

    Photo: www.stockvault.net

    As a preventive measure against any type of allergy, a child from an early age should be given viburnum, which is not only an anti-allergenic agent, but also anti-inflammatory and disinfectant.

    Do special insect bites help?

    “It doesn’t cost anything to apply to allergy-prone children’s skin. Any pshikalka is still a poisonous substance.Clothes, yes, you can splash, but follow the instructions, that is, observe the distance from the sprayer to the clothes. Do not apply it to the skin. It is better to wear light long-sleeved blouses, thin ones, for example, chintz trousers, wide trousers. Anything so that insects do not bite “- added Larisa Rozanova.


    If bulky blisters appear at the site of the bite, then, most likely, the child has developed papular urticaria or kulicidosis. The bumps stay on the skin from two to three weeks to several months, which causes discomfort in the child.The diagnosis should be made by a doctor and a combination therapy should be prescribed.

    According to a specialist, allergic reactions most often disappear with age.