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Curved Toenails: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

A curved toenail or a pincer nail is a condition where the sides of the toe nail curve inwards causing it to dig into the skin surrounding it. This results in what is known as an “ingrown toenail”; because it’s growth is directed towards the skin rather than outside in a straight line, effectively embedding itself inside it.

This brings with it a lot of pain, accompanied by swelling and redness. There is also a high possibility of infections, if it is left untreated. Individuals may notice that the skin becomes hard at first, followed by the formation of pus or fluid in the adjoining area.

The reasons for developing an curved toenails inward can be hereditary or acquired. Let us look in detail at some of the potential causes of this condition.

Curved Toenails – Causes


One of the most common reasons this happens is if the toe has suffered some kind of damage. For example, if it collided head on with a blunt object. This can effectively change the overall course of nail growth, causing it to grow in an unfavorable direction.

This is one of the reasons the big toe is the most likely candidate for inner growth, owing to the fact that it is the first one to make impact in such a situation and therefore absorbs nearly all of the shock.

it doesn’t necessarily have to be a one-time incident. People who engage in a lot of athletic activities that put a lot of pressure on the toe end of their feet may also experience this. For example, the repeated trauma from kicking a football or a ballet dancer balancing their entire body weight on their toes.

Tight shoes

When wearing shoes that are smaller than the appropriate size, your toes typically compensate for the lack of space by getting scrunched close together.

If you wear smaller shoes for a long enough time, you will notice your nails naturally start to curve inwards because of the constant pressure on them. This is most likely to happen with the big toe.

This is why we recommend buying properly sized shoes. You must be especially careful when it comes to buying shoes for your kids as it can be difficult to keep up with their growth spurts. Don’t rely on predetermined sizes or intuitive guesswork. Have them personally try out every new pair before you purchase it.

Don’t just focus on the length. Your toes may have plenty of room up-front, but shoes that are too narrow are equally likely to contribute to the development of downward curved toenails.

Small toes

In some cases, the size of the toe is not large enough to accommodate the size of the nail, causing the nail to curve uncharacteristically, which often leads to in-grown toenails.

Incorrect cutting

This is by far the most common reason for an ingrown toenail. Most people cut their nails by following the curve of the toe; which is okay, to an extent. However, this often encourages the edge of the nail to curve and dig into the skin.

It is advised that you cut in straight lines to avoid potential in-growth. Do not cut the nails too short either.

Poor hygiene

Sweaty feet that are not regularly cleaned and dried are more likely to develop this condition. It is advised you thoroughly wash your feet everyday and trim your nails every few weeks.

It will also prevent infections: The reason being that a moist environment like this stimulates bacterial growth. Do not share footgear and wear shoes at public places to avoid acquiring infections.


Some people are genetically predisposed to have nails that gravitate inwards. These people must be extra cautious with their care.

Individuals like this may experience ingrown nails on nearly all toes and may suffer from chronic pain due these issues. Frequent visits to the doctor often become a norm and surgeries are not uncommon.


Researches show that a diet deficient in iron and zinc tends to cause nails to curve upwards which makes them more prone to injury.

B12 deficiency is also thought to play a role in the curvature of toenails.

Curved Toenails – Symptoms

The very early signs you will notice are tenderness and swelling in the area. Applying pressure will most likely result in a sharp stab of pain.

If nothing is done about it, the condition will gradually worsen, starting with fluid build-up and an increase in the swelling.


The skin swelling up and becoming red is a sure sign of infection. There will be consistent pain even if no pressure is applied, especially when you’re standing up. You might notice pus oozing out of the area and constant bleeding. The infected area generally feels warmer than the rest.

The skin around an infected wound will become fairly thick, due to the formation of granulation tissue whose purpose is the healing of wounds. However, since the nail has pierced the skin and is lodged inside it like a knife, the healing process cannot happen.

If you notice these symptoms, refer to a doctor immediately. The kind of doctor that specializes in study of the foot, ankle and lower extremities is known as podiatrist.

The infection can lead to open sores and foot ulcers, if not handled right away. This can further complicate and delay your treatment. For people with diabetes, an ingrown toenail poses an even greater threat of infection.

The podiatrist will first perform a physical examination to determine the cause of the ingrown toenail; whether there is an underlying cause that might need to be treated first. If the extent of the in-growth is unknown, the podiatric physician might recommend an X-ray as well.

You must acquaint yourself with possible signs of infection in your feet such as discoloration, cracked nails and peeling skin between the toes as any one of these things could signal a potential fungal infection.

Curved Toenails – Treatment

Nail lifting

If you’re positive that your nail isn’t infected, then you are not obligated to go to a doctor, if you know how to fix curved toenails at home. But it is advised, all the same, to let a doctor handle it for optimum results.

This home treatment involves soaking your feet in warm water a couple of times a day, for up to half an hour each time.

Next you need to place a cotton ball or a dental floss under the ingrown edge by lifting it, in order to separate it from the skin, thereby allowing it to grow freely. The material needs to be replaced daily by first soaking the feet in warm water as previously mentioned.

Medication such as Tylenol or Advil can help in managing the pain, if there is any. It is readily available over-the-counter (does not require a prescription). In order to prevent infection in the affected area, apply a steroid cream or a topical antibiotic (cream or ointment).

If the home treatment fails to have a positive effect, see a doctor.

Partial nail removal

This involves cutting away the side edges of the nail and treating it with phenol to prevent the nail from growing back. Cotton is placed under the remaining part in order to prevent further inner growth.

Do not try this yourself. Only a qualified professional should undertake this task.


If thickening is the cause of your ingrown nail, rather than curvature, the doctor might remove your entire nail. This procedure is called Matrixectomy. The person is injected with a local anesthetic and then the nail is removed.

【solved】How to cut curved toenails

How do you fix a curved toenail?

What causes curved toenails?

Toenails may curl upward for a number of reasons: This could be your toenails‘ natural growth pattern. Your shoes could be pushing at the tips of your toenails. Your toenails could be affected by profuse foot sweat.

Can a curled toe nail be fixed?

Lastly, if you have severe, recurring pincer nails, your podiatrist may opt for a surgery to completely remove the nail matrix or root. During these surgeries, the podiatrist will use a local anesthetic to numb your foot. Then they may use a chemical or a laser to remove the toenail.

Why do my toenails curl inwards at sides?

Nails that curve far inward at the sides are called ingrown nails. This condition may affect the toenails and be due to wearing shoes that are too tight, particularly in the toe box. Ingrown nails may also result from cutting the nails improperly. In some cases, treatment may involve removing part or all of the nail.

What causes toenails to thicken and curl?

Toenails that have grown thicker over time likely indicate a fungal infection, also known as onychomycosis. Left untreated, thick toenails can become painful. Prompt treatment is key to curing the nail fungus. Fungal infections can be difficult to cure and may require months of treatment.

Why are my toenails so strong?

What causes toenails to thicken?

Although there are many potential causes of thick nails, in the toenails a fungal infection is the most common cause. Other diseases, such as psoriasis or diabetes, may also cause thick nails to develop. The exact cause of thick nails will help decide the treatment a person has to correct the condition.

What causes pincer nail?

Your toenails can thicken for many reasons. These include: A common skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin (psoriasis) Injury.

Will pincer nail grow out?

Pincer nails are nails that have become deformed with an increased, transverse over-curvature, with causes ranging from fungal disease or psoriasis, medications such as beta-blockers, or tumors or cysts. Most commonly, however, particularly in toenails, the causes are biomechanical or arthritic changes.

How do you treat pincer nails?

Although it is not uncommon for pincer nails to be a hereditary condition, it is more often caused by outside conditions. An avoidable cause of pincer nails is tight shoes. The nail will continue to grow, pushing the spur into the skin.

Are pincer nails painful?

The present case report showed for the first time that indeed, pincer nail can be treated by reducing the automatic curvature force, namely, by thinning the nails. This nonsurgical approach obviated the need for surgery.

What is another name for pincer nail?

Abstract. A pincer nail is a common nail deformity of toenails and is characterized by nail thickening and nail plate deformation. It often causes severe pain for patients.

Why do older people’s toenails curl?

Pincer nail
Other namesOmega nails, Trumpet nails

Does Vicks Vapor Rub soften toenails?

Unfortunately, thickening toenails are a by-product of aging, in most cases. As we age, our toenails – and fingernails – slow their growth rate, and the nails thicken because the nail cells, called onychocytes, sort of pile up.

What is the fastest home remedy for toenail fungus?

One common thing that comes up are products that contain menthol. So Vicks VapoRub is a common nail remedy for nail fungus. It probably won’t help. But it won’t hurt anything either.

Ingrown Toenail | CS Mott Children’s Hospital

Topic Overview

What is an ingrown toenail?

An ingrown toenail is a toenail that has grown into the skin instead of over it. This usually happens to the big toe, but it can also happen to other toes. An ingrown toenail can get infected. It may be painful, red, and swollen, and it may drain pus. See a picture of an ingrown toenail.

Anyone can get an ingrown toenail, but adults get them more than children do. People who have curved or thick nails are more likely to get an ingrown toenail. This is more common in older adults.

What causes an ingrown toenail?

An ingrown toenail can have a number of different causes. Cutting your toenail too short or rounding the edge of the nail can cause it to grow into the skin. Wearing shoes or socks that don’t fit well can also cause an ingrown toenail. If your shoes are too tight, they might press the nail into the toe and cause it to grow into the skin.

You can get an ingrown toenail if you hurt your toe, such as stubbing it. This can cause the nail to grow inward. Repeating an activity that injuries the nail, such as kicking a soccer ball, can also cause an ingrown nail.

What are the symptoms?

The main symptom of an ingrown toenail is the pain from the nail growing into the skin instead of over it. If the ingrown toenail gets infected, it might be swollen or red, and it might drain pus. The area around the ingrown toenail is often painful.

How is an ingrown toenail diagnosed?

Your doctor will do a physical exam to diagnose an ingrown toenail. He or she will look at your toe where the nail has grown into the skin.

How is it treated?

You can try the following steps at home to relieve the pain caused by your ingrown toenail and help the nail to grow out naturally:

  • Soak your sore toe in warm water for 15 minutes 2 to 3 times each day.
  • Wedge a small piece of wet cotton, such as part of a cotton ball, under the corner of your ingrown nail. This will help lift the nail off of the skin.
  • Soak your toe and change the piece of cotton each day until the nail grows out and can be trimmed.
  • Do not use a sharp object like manicure scissors to dig under your nail, because the toe might get infected.
  • Do not try to use a needle to drain the pus from your toe. This could make the infection worse.
  • While your ingrown toenail is healing, wear comfortable shoes or sandals that do not press on your toe.

Use these home treatment steps for 3 days. If they do not help, you might need to see your doctor. Be sure to see a doctor if your toe gets infected. Your toe might be infected if it hurts more than it did before you tried the home treatment. Call your doctor if your toe is red, warm, swollen, or drains pus, or if there are red streaks leading from your toe.

Your doctor might give you antibiotics. If your toenail is very ingrown, your doctor might suggest minor surgery to remove all or part of the ingrown nail. He or she may refer you to a podiatrist.

During this surgery, the doctor will numb your toe. Then he or she will cut the edge of the ingrown toenail and pull out the piece of nail. To prevent the nail from growing into the skin again, your doctor might destroy all or part of the nail root. This is called ablation. If your doctor removes all or part of your nail but does not destroy the root, it will begin to grow back within a few months.

After the surgery it is important to take care of your toe so that it can heal. Your doctor will give you specific instructions to follow. He or she may tell you to:

  • Soak your toe in warm water for 15 minutes 2 to 3 times each day.
  • Apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly, such as Vaseline, 2 times each day on the toe where the nail was removed.
  • Wear a bandage on your toe.
  • Wear loose-fitting shoes that don’t press on the toe where the nail was removed.
  • Take pain medicine if your toe hurts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin (such as Bayer), ibuprofen (such as Advil), or naproxen (such as Aleve), might help your toe feel better. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.

How can ingrown toenails be prevented?

You may be able to prevent ingrown toenails by wearing roomy and comfortable shoes and socks that do not press on your toes. If you work in a place where your toe might get hurt, wear sturdy shoes such as steel-toed boots to protect your toes.

Be sure to trim your toenails properly. You can do this by cutting your toenail straight across, not curved. Make sure you do not cut your toenail too short. You can also leave your toenail a little longer at the corners to help it grow over the skin.

If you have diabetes or peripheral arterial disease, talk with your doctor before you trim your own toenails. People with diabetes have a hard time feeling their toes and might cut themselves without realizing it. Peripheral arterial disease can cause toes to be very painful.

Many hospitals and health care centers have foot care clinics, where someone can help you trim your toenails. Ask your doctor to recommend a foot care clinic near your home.

Question: Why Do Townails Tent Up Instead Of Out

Why are my toenails tenting?

Usually there is no pain but if the nails get thickened enough they can lift up and rub against the shoes. They can also become somewhat tent-shaped (“pincer nail”), requiring that the nail be removed. Many patients seek treatment thinking they have an ingrown toenail when it is really a fungal infection.

How do I stop my toenails from curling inwards?

Toe braces are used for correcting toenail problems such as curved toenails or ingrown toenails. A toenail is expected to grow straight and outward but could end up growing inwards on many occasions.

Why do toenails curl as you age?

In elderly people, the growth rate of the nail slows down relative to the adhesion strength, creating a condition called pincer nail where the nail plate forms a tight curl.

Will Vicks Vapor Rub kill toenail fungus?

Vicks VapoRub Vicks VapoRub is a topical ointment. Although designed for cough suppression, its active ingredients (camphor and eucalyptus oil) may help treat toenail fungus. A 2011 study found that Vicks VapoRub had a “positive clinical effect” in the treatment of toenail fungus.

Are pincer nails painful?

Abstract. A pincer nail is a common nail deformity of toenails and is characterized by nail thickening and nail plate deformation. It often causes severe pain for patients.

What does it mean when toenails curl?

Toenails may curl upward for a number of reasons: This could be your toenails’ natural growth pattern. Your shoes could be pushing at the tips of your toenails. Your toenails could be affected by profuse foot sweat.

Can thick toenails be fixed?

Treatment. When thick toenails are not caused by an infection or existing condition, buffing the surface of the nail will be enough to treat it. Otherwise, treatment will be based on targeting the cause.

What do I do if my big toenail is loose?

Injury soaking it in cold water for 20 minutes. elevating it. clipping any sharp or jagged edges of the remaining nail. cleaning any exposed part of your nail bed and applying an antibiotic ointment. applying a fresh bandage daily for the next 7 to 10 days, or until the skin hardens.

Why is my big toenail lifting?

Nail lifting may also occur with underlying medical problems, including thyroid disease, pregnancy, some forms of infection, and rarely some forms of cancer. Other possible causes are injury to the nails, use of nail cosmetics, and aggressive manicures.

What causes toenails to thicken and curl?

Toenails that have grown thicker over time likely indicate a fungal infection, also known as onychomycosis. Left untreated, thick toenails can become painful. Prompt treatment is key to curing the nail fungus. Fungal infections can be difficult to cure and may require months of treatment.

Can a pincer nail be fixed?

There is no standard treatment for pincer nail. Several treatment methods, including conservative approaches and surgical methods, are used. Surgical therapy can produce a satisfactory result in cases with severe deformity; however, that invasive approach may cause severe discomfort.

Why do my toenails curl inwards at sides?

Nails that curve far inward at the sides are called ingrown nails. This condition may affect the toenails and be due to wearing shoes that are too tight, particularly in the toe box. Ingrown nails may also result from cutting the nails improperly. In some cases, treatment may involve removing part or all of the nail.

Why do older people’s toenails get thick?

The growth rate of nails decreases when people get older. This results in thickening because nail cells pile up. The process of nail cells piling up is referred to as onychocytes. Another reason why fingernails don’t thicken as much is their growth rate is smaller than the growth rate of toenails.

What does a pincer nail look like?

Trumpet nail deformity, the most common form of pincer nail, is characterized by the nail plate lateral borders rolling under itself, taking a cylinder or omega shape, the transverse diameter of the nail is decreased and the distal border is lifted up by the traction exerted on the distal dorsal tuft, as a result the Oct 29, 2015

How do you cut toenails straight or curved?

It’s important to make sure that you cut your toenails straight across, leaving them long enough so that the corners lie loosely against the skin at the sides. In other words, don’t trim your toenails too short, don’t round the edges, and also don’t try to cut the toenails into a pointy V-shape.

Should nails be cut straight or curved?

Fingernails should be given a curve, while toenails should be cut straight across, to prevent ingrowth. You can cut a little down the sides of your toenails, especially if you are prone to ingrowing toenails, to take them away from the skin.

Should you file thick toenails?

For nails that are still intact, it’s acceptable to gently file down the nail as long as you don’t file it too thin (this can increase the possibility of infection).

What is the white hard stuff under my toenails?

Keratin is a protein that promotes the development of the skin and nails. Nail psoriasis sometimes causes too much keratin to grow under the nail. This overgrowth is called subungual hyperkeratosis. People with hyperkeratosis may notice a white, chalky substance under the nail.

Why do you cut toenails straight across?

First, the most basic rule for toenail clipping is to cut them straight across. That’s because it’s the best way to ward off ingrown toenails, a painful condition where the side of your nail grows into your skin, causing redness, swelling, or even infection. It prevents nail irritation and inflammation, too.

How long is too long for toenails?

This is important, because cutting your toenails too short could heighten your risk for ingrown toenails. If you leave your toenails too long, they are more likely to get caught on something and tear. It’s recommended that you maintain your toenails at a length of about 1 to 2 millimeters (0.04 to 0.08 inches).

Is it better to cut or file toenails?

Always file any sharp corners or jagged edges to ensure the nail edge is smooth. Sharp corners can catch on socks or even poke the surrounding skin. This also ensures you do not leave a nail spike behind to grow into the skin and cause a very painful ingrown toenail.


Why Kids Get Ingrown Toenails (What to Do About Them)

No one likes to see a child in pain.

The good news is that most simple cuts, bumps, bruises, and other “boo-boos” can be capably handled at home by a parent, grandparent, or older sibling. However, every now and then your little one may have to deal with a problem you might not know how to deal with.

Today’s example? Ingrown toenails.

Although anyone can develop an ingrown toenail, children are especially likely to suffer.

If you’re not familiar, an ingrown toenail occurs when part of the nail border (on one or both sides) curves into the skin instead of staying above it. This can cause swelling, redness, and sometimes intense pain and tenderness for your child. Playing or even putting on shoes can become difficult.

Worse, you may not know the best way to help your child.

Fortunately, ingrown toenails can be easily fixed by a podiatrist—and often in a way that can permanently prevent them from returning.

But before we get into that, let’s take a look at the four biggest causes of ingrown toenails in children.

Poor Shoes

Stop us if you’ve heard this one: kids’ feet grow really fast.

That can make keeping them in good shoes that fit properly a nightmare. But it’s important that you try anyway, because the wrong size shoes can harm their developing feet in many different ways. That includes the formation of ingrown toenails.

If the shoes are too short or too tight in the toe box, it creates constant pressure that can press toenails inward.

But shoes that are too big are no better. They have a tendency to slide around on a child’s feet, which causes the toe (and toenails) to slam into the front of the shoe over and over again.

If you want to help your kids avoid ingrown toenails (among other foot problems), make sure you’re checking the fit of their shoes regularly and replacing them with a properly fitting new pair when the old ones get too small.

Poor Nail Trimming Habits

Like shoes, this is another “Goldilocks” scenario—you don’t want to cut your child’s nails too short or leave them too long.

Let’s start with length. In short, leave a little length on the end. While you definitely don’t want them peeking over the tip of the toe, there should be at least a couple millimeters of room—enough to slide your fingernail under the sides and ends.

Now, tools. Although kids’ nails generally aren’t as thick as adult nails, it’s still good practice to use a dedicated set of toenail clippers, rather than re-using the same set for the fingernails. Toenail clippers tend to have shallower curves, and they’re heavier, wider, and have more leverage to deal with the thicker nails. Plus, using different sets of tools minimizes the risk of bacteria or fungal transmission from one place to another.

Finally, the when. Trim your kids’ nails when they’re dry—not after a bath or shower. Wet nails are more likely to tear or bend, making a clean and safe cut more difficult.

If your child is old enough to manage nail clipping on his or her own, make sure you teach them these important habits so they don’t cause problems for themselves.

Accidental Injuries

Ingrown toenails may be preceded by both traumatic injuries as well as overuse injuries.

That means, obviously, if your little ones drop heavy books on their feet or stub their toes, ingrown nails may be the result. However, even the repetitive “trauma” of kicking a soccer ball all day or slamming into the front of a shoe that’s too loose can produce the same effect.

That’s not to say you should discourage your kids from active play, of course! Just something to keep in mind—and again, making sure they’re wearing appropriate and good-fitting shoes can make a big difference.

Structural Flaws with the Toenail Itself

Unfortunately, even if you and your child do everything “right,” it may still just come down to luck of the genetic lottery.

If your child simply has toenails that are little more curved from side to side than “normal” or optimal, ingrown toenails may form over and over again without any external force or pressure acting on them. Occasionally we see kids with ingrown toenails even before they begin walking or wearing shoes.

So What Do I Do If My Child Gets an Ingrown Toenail?

As we said near the beginning of this blog, ingrown toenails are easily fixed by a podiatrist. And that’s really the direction you should go. Although some home remedies might be successful, it isn’t worth the risk that your child will spend more time in pain—or even develop an infection.

The hardest part of the procedure for most kids is the shot of local anesthetic; while we understand that many kids do have a fear of needles, we do our best to provide a calm and safe environment for them.

The procedure we recommend includes removing a portion of the underlying nail matrix. What this means is that the edge of the nail border causing the ingrown toenail won’t grow back. The nail will be permanently a little narrower than before, yes, but should still look and feel pretty normal.

So don’t worry, and don’t let your child continue to suffer! Take your little one in to the Fixing Feet Institute right away for treatment. You can schedule an appointment with our office by filling out our online form, or by calling (623) 584-5556.

How to Prevent Baby Ingrown Toenails (5 Simple Steps)

Have you noticed that one of your baby’s toes appears a little bit red or swollen near the toenail? Is this a sign of infection, or something else?

What you’re seeing may be normal or it might be an ingrown toenail. This is a common occurrence for small babies. And, although it may sound or look painful, it’s usually nothing to worry about as long as you treat it right and watch out for signs of infection.

So for the sake of keeping all the little piggies happy and healthy, we’re here to talk about ingrown toenails in babies. Let’s dive in.

What Are Ingrown Toenails?

Almost everyone will experience an ingrown toenail at least once in their lives, and they’re also fairly common with babies. This occurs as the sides or corners of the nail grow or press into the soft surrounding skin (1).

It’s especially common to see this on the big toe, but any of the other piggies can also fall victim.

Does My Baby Have an Ingrown Toenail?

Babies have somewhat flat and triangular-shaped toenails at birth, some even have nails that curve downward. These things are kind of a setup for the skin around the nail to appear a little higher and fuller than what you would normally expect, making it look like it is swollen. This is sometimes called “pseudo-ingrown toenails of the newborn.” The way you will know that this is what’s going on is that there are no signs of infection, no pain, and baby feels fine!

Ingrown nails can become quite painful, so signs of discomfort may be your first clue. Otherwise, you can quickly spot it by inspecting the top of the nail. During the early stages, the area will likely look a little pink or swollen near the edge of the nail (2).

Some other signs to look out for include:

  • Tenderness: Take notice of your baby’s reaction when you gently touch the area. Do they appear to be slightly uncomfortable and pull away? Or do they scream when you touch near their toenail?
  • Pulling their toes: If your baby pulls on their toes, this could be another sign of pain and discomfort in the area, but that would probably only be if it were accompanied by crying. Babies pull on their toes for many reasons, sometimes just because they are close and can reach them easily.
  • Limp or grimace: Smaller babies might make a grimace whenever in pain. But if your little one is older, they may limp or frown while walking or crawling, if you are putting a sock or shoe on, or washing their baby toes in the bath.
  • Change in skin color: the area near the toenail may appear more pink or red than the surrounding skin. This is something that could worsen from day to day, or it might just stay the same.

Ingrown toenails can also become infected. In this case, you should look for signs such as:

  • Fluid-filled blisters: These are a telltale sign of an infected ingrown toenail. They’ll usually develop around the red areas where the skin meets the nail.
  • Discharge/Pus: A clear fluid can be seen sometimes early in an infection due to the blisters breaking. But pus can then develop from the body’s efforts to fight bacteria. Sometimes you will only see it if you gently press down on the surrounding area, but that will usually hurt if there is an infection there.
  • Redness and swelling: As the infection evolves and the swelling puts more pressure on the tissue, the redness and pain will get worse. This is a very important sign of infection when the redness increases from the inflammation, and you will be able to feel the skin getting warmer too.

What Causes Ingrown Nails?

Baby toenails grow unbelievably fast and this is one of the reasons ingrown toenails occur. The toenail basically grows out of proportion. So, if your little one is wearing tight socks or shoes, there’s only one way for the nail to grow — inward.

Some babies simply grow curved toenails due to genetics. These nails will naturally curve down at the tip and cause pressure or grow inward.

Another reason is improper nail cutting. As a mom whose little one has had several ingrown toenails, this was a bit of a shock. I always thought it was solely due to not cutting the nails, when, in fact, I was just doing it wrong.

It turns out that trimming the nails too short and cutting them too close to the skin can also contribute to ingrown toenails. The same goes for cutting them in a curved shape, as opposed to straight across (fingernails should be cut in a curved shape though).

Treatments for Ingrown Toenails

Unless you see signs of an infection, there’s no immediate need to rush to the pediatrician’s office. There are a few simple steps you can try at home first, to ease the uncomfortable symptoms your little one is experiencing.

Doctors recommend that you fill up a small tub with warm water. Add some mild soap and let your baby (or just their feet) soak for 10 minutes. The best reason for soaking with warm water is that it opens up the blood vessels that are kind of squished from the swelling, and allows the body’s natural killer cells to get in there and clean up the bacteria. It will also help to loosen the skin around the ingrown nail and minimize pain and tenderness. Don’t be concerned if it appears redder for a while after the warm soak, that is natural from the increased blood supply.

Next, get them out of the bath and, if it’s not too painful, massage the area gently, to encourage the toenail to pull away. Pat the area dry, before gently applying some over-the-counter antibiotic cream. It’s good to do this whole routine, especially the warm-water soaks, a couple of times a day until the area improves.

One thing you should never try is “bathroom surgery.” Trying to dig out or cut the toenail away can worsen the condition. It may even increase the chance of infection (3).

During this time, help the healing process by having your little one wear loose-fitting socks or shoes when outside. However, when you’re home, let them walk or crawl barefoot as much as possible if the temperature allows for it.

After a few days, you’ll likely see an improvement. However, if it doesn’t start getting better or seems to be getting worse, consult your pediatrician.

How to Prevent Ingrown Toenails

As easy as they are to treat, they’re even easier to prevent. Here are a few steps you can follow to avoid baby ingrown toenails:

  • Use a nail clipper: Ditch the scissors and opt for the clipper for the toes (but for fingernails they are fine). Scissors often cut nails in a curved or rounded shape, whereas clippers cut them straight across. The best time to do this is when your baby is sleeping.
  • Trim often: The longer the toenails, the higher the chance for an ingrown nail. So remember to trim them regularly: some may need trimming once a week or more.
  • Don’t cut too short: On the other hand, avoid cutting the toenails too close to the skin. If they’re still short from a previous trim, just leave them a few more days.
  • File the edges: Sharp edges may dig into the soft tissue of the toe. This is a good thing to do if baby is not sleeping and you see an area that needs taking care of right away. Unlike clipping or cutting, it is pretty easy to do while they’re awake.
  • Use loose-fitting shoes and socks: Where your little one can’t walk or crawl barefoot, or if the weather is too cold for it, opt for loose footwear. Tight socks and shoes can compress the toes, which could push the nails into the skin. While at home, it’s best to leave them natural and let those little toes breathe as much as possible.

When Should I Contact the Pediatrician?

You should always contact your pediatrician if the toenail doesn’t improve within a couple of days.

Another reason to take your baby to the doctor is if you see signs of infection. If you notice pain, redness increasing and even forming streaks on the toe, or blisters beginning to form, you know it’s time to see the expert.

Your baby’s pediatrician will begin by examining the area and may prescribe either oral or topical antibiotics if the area is actually infected.

In some cases, they may cut the nail away from the skin, or remove some of it. In more severe and recurring cases, they will likely refer your baby to a pediatric podiatrist.

Nailed It!

Discovering that your little one is bothered by an ingrown toenail is never on any mom’s wish list. Although it’s not as common for babies as it is for adults, a fair amount do experience them.

It generally occurs due to either improper nail trimming or tight socks and shoes. Sometimes, genetics can play a role by causing the toenails to grow in a curved shape.

Fortunately, this normally subsides without medical intervention, and unless you see signs of infection, you can easily treat it at home.

Nail Fungus & Ingrown Toenails: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Nail Fungus

Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a condition that occurs when a microscopic fungus enters either a fingernail or toenail. Fungal infections occur in toenails more often than in fingernails.

Anyone can get nail fungus, but infections are more common in people over age 60. For people who have diabetes or a weakened immune system, nail fungus can present serious risks.

What Causes Nail Fungus?

Usually, nail fungus occurs when fungus enters the nail through a small trauma (cut or break) in the nail. Nail fungus is not caused by poor hygiene. Nail fungus can be spread from person to person. It may be hard to determine exactly where or how a fungal infection is acquired. However, a warm, wet place (for example, a locker room) is a good place for a fungus to grow.

What Are the Symptoms of Nail Fungus?

A nail fungus infection can make nails thick and discolored. Uncommonly, you may feel pain in your toes or fingertips.

How Is Nail Fungus Diagnosed?

Your doctor may be able to tell if you have a nail fungus infection by looking carefully at your nails. They may scrape some debris from under a nail and look at it under a microscope or send it to a lab to determine what kind of infection you have.

How Is Nail Fungus Treated?

Treatment for a nail fungus may include topical creams, gels, nail lacquers, or oral medications (antifungal drugs). Rarely, surgery may be required. Although seldom done, removal of the infected nail can be performed to permit direct application of a topical antifungal. Oral drugs, such as terbinafine, can cure about one third of nail fungus infections.

Toenail infections are more difficult to treat than fingernail infections because the toenail grows more slowly. In addition, a damp, warm environment of a shoe or boot can encourage fungal growth.

How Can I Prevent Getting Nail Fungus?

To prevent getting a nail fungus infection:

  • Avoid walking barefoot in public areas, such as locker rooms.
  • Keep the inside of your shoes dry and change socks frequently (100% cotton socks are recommended).
  • Wear shoes that fit properly (shoes with a wide toe area and ones that don’t press your toes).
  • Use absorbent or antifungal powder.


Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails can occur when the corner or side of the nail grows into the flesh of the toe. In many cases, ingrown nails occur in the big toe. The end result of this common condition is pain, redness, and swelling. Infection can occur in some cases.

What Causes Ingrown Toenails?

Some common causes of ingrown toenail include cutting the nails too short or not straight across, injury to the toenail, and wearing shoes that crowd the toenails.

How Can Ingrown Toenails Be Treated?

In mild cases, ingrown toenails may be treated with a 15-20-minute soak in warm water. Dry cotton can be placed under the corner of the nail. Talk to your doctor if you are experiencing increasing pain, swelling, and drainage of the area. Minor surgery can be performed to remove the part of the nail that is poking into the skin.

How Can Ingrown Toenails Be Prevented?

You can prevent ingrown toenails by:

  • Wearing shoes that fit properly
  • Keeping toenails at a moderate length and trimming them straight across


90,000 how to fix concave nails in a child and an adult?

Nail care

Curvature of the nail plates on the feet can occur in both adults and children. Such nails not only look unattractive, but can also indicate serious diseases that require timely treatment.To know how to eliminate this problem or prevent the appearance of curved or concave nails, first of all, it is worth understanding the causes of their deformation.

Why do nails bend and grow unevenly?

The nail is designed to protect the end of the finger, so it is quite hard and consists of horny plates. Its growth is provided by a special area hidden under the skin and called the root of the nail.As the plates grow back, the body of the nail and its free edge are formed, which must be cut off in time.

If the nail is healthy, it will be pink in color, with a smooth, shiny and necessarily even surface. The plate may bend under the influence of any internal or external factors.

Growing upward, wavy nails are quite common. In this case, sometimes the entire plate is bent, and in some cases only its outer corners are twisted.In addition, curvatures can occur on only one finger (most often on the thumb) or be present on all nails.

The deformation can be caused by a number of reasons, which will be discussed below.

Damage to the growth zone

Because of this, the nail begins to grow unevenly.This happens when a finger is injured, affecting the base of the nails, as well as when the pedicure is performed incorrectly, when the cuticle leaves the matrix unprotected.

Deficiency of vitamins and other nutrients (proteins, calcium)

Such a shortage can be provoked not only by a poorly balanced diet, but also by various diseases in which digestion and absorption of vitamins deteriorate, for example, anemia or gastroenteritis.

Improper care

The plate can become thinner and distorted when using cheap varnishes and products containing acetone. Incorrect cutting can also lead to problems with nails if not sharp enough scissors are used, and the nail itself is not cut in a straight line, but with a rounding (it is strictly not recommended to do this on the legs).

Uncomfortable shoes

If it is of poor quality, made of artificial materials or too tight, then this adversely affects the condition of the nails and can provoke bending.It is unacceptable to wear tight and tight shoes, because they will injure the nails and cause them to deform.

Fungal infection

Poor hygiene or excessive sweating contributes to its appearance, as a result of which the feet become wet, and fungi develop more actively.The defeat of the toenails by the fungus is manifested not only by deformation, but also by discoloration, the appearance of spots and stripes, thickening and other signs. A dermatologist should confirm the presence of a fungus-provoked infection by examining a part of the nail.

Diseases of internal organs

For example, thyroid or heart.With such pathologies, nail changes are only one of the symptoms, therefore, for a correct diagnosis, you should contact a pediatrician or a therapist, and then a narrow specialist who will treat the underlying disease.

Eczema or psoriasis can cause waviness of the nails. In this case, the problem is treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. Another cause of curvature is antibiotic or chemotherapy, as well as poisoning. If you suspect exposure to toxic substances or side effects of drugs, you should immediately consult a doctor.


Although it is very rare, deformity of the nails is caused by congenital pathology. This is usually detected at an early age.

How to fix the situation?

Uneven nails not only spoil the appearance, but can also cause discomfort or pain, for example, if they cling to shoes.In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor. If a child or an adult has toenails growing upward, then it is necessary to influence the cause of this phenomenon.

If a lack of vitamins in food has been found, the diet should be balanced or, as recommended by a doctor, vitamin supplements should be included. They must contain vitamins A, H, E and B1.

In case of diseases of the digestive system, the patient should be referred to a gastroenterologist , who will prescribe the necessary treatment, after which the condition of the nails will return to normal.

If the curvature in adults is caused by improper care, you need to take a break from the pedicure, strengthen the nail plates with special varnishes, make baths with salts or oils.

Fungal infection requires treatment directed at pathogens. It can be both local (ointments, creams) and general (pills or even injections), but a specialist should prescribe antifungal drugs.

If the cause is heredity, then no treatment is prescribed, but it is recommended to take vitamins, do warm baths and cut nails to a safe length.

In case of injury, the damaged plate must be observed until it is renewed naturally.

In some cases, surgical intervention is necessary, in which the entire nail or part of it is removed.

Preventive measures

If the nails are just beginning to deform and bend upward, the situation should not be allowed to worsen.This should be done with careful maintenance and regular hydration. Such measures are also needed after treatment, when the cause of the growing up nails is found and eliminated. The following actions help prevent nail diseases:

  • timely shearing, in which the plates are not cut very shortly;
  • Use of comfortable shoes made of high-quality material – it must fit in size;
  • Regular pedicure at home or with a trusted master using a disinfected and sharpened instrument;
  • Performing foot massage for better blood circulation;
  • Daily hygiene and regular change of socks, which will not allow favorable conditions for the growth of fungi;
  • Use of rubber individual shoes when visiting the pool, sauna or bath;
  • The use of high-quality varnishes and means for their removal;
  • prevention of toe injuries;
  • a balanced diet with sufficient amounts of protein, calcium and iron;
  • Sufficient physical activity – frequent walks in the fresh air and a good night’s sleep, because these factors are important for the health of the body as a whole.

Adults can also use the recommendations of cosmetologists and various folk remedies to strengthen nails. For example, they include rubbing in healthy oils – almond, jojoba, olive and others – twice a week, you can also use periodic treatment of the plates with iodine. A good effect is given by lotions with herbal infusions (for example, based on chamomile, elecampane, string, calamus or celandine).

The video describes the nuances of aligning nails growing upwards.

Bird’s Claw (Onychogryphosis): Symptoms, Diagnosis, Symptoms | doc.ua

There are two main forms of the disease: early and late.The first is not characterized by pronounced symptoms, but is clearly accompanied by a hard nail plate with a thicker layer than usual. There are also visible signs of transverse curvature of the plate and a slight elevation above the bed of the nail itself. With this shape, the color of the nail turns yellow or gray. The second form differs in that the twisting of the nail plate is visible and the nail itself becomes convex and close to the bird’s claw. Longitudinal and transverse stripes are clearly drawn on the nail, and since the nail is deformed, it is very difficult to cut it, and it can grow 3-4 cm.This, in turn, causes significant discomfort when walking and wearing shoes


The causes of deformation of nails can be varied, but the main influencing factors are:

  • endocrine disorders;
  • injury to the nail plate;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • 90,077 psoriasis of the nail plates;

    90,077 frostbite;

  • fungal infections of the nail;
  • varicose veins in the legs;
  • diseases that cause disorders of keratinization of the skin;
  • inaccurate nail treatment;
  • tight shoes that squeeze toes.


Onychogryphosis of nails has one pronounced symptom – a change in the appearance of the nail and its thickness. That is, the nail plate itself becomes thicker, changes its natural color, as it acquires a yellow-brown and sometimes black tint. In addition, the nail rises above the surface and is characterized by a noticeable bend.


Deformation of the nail is diagnosed by external examination and during certain tests.When there is a suspicion of this disease, it is necessary to find out if there were injuries to the limbs or possibly other injuries that injure the nail plate. A number of tests that need to be passed:

  • blood for sugar, because diabetes mellitus may be accompanied by a change in the appearance of the nails;
  • 90,077 blood on RW in order to exclude syphilis;

  • analysis that determines the fungal infection of the nail – for this, an analysis of the scraping from the site of the diseased nail is carried out or a part of the nail plate is taken.The material taken is carefully examined under a microscope and the fungi that provoked this disease are found.


As with other diseases, onychogryphosis – treatment should be in the early stages, but this is not always possible, since not everyone notices small changes in the nail plate, which is due to the visit to a doctor in the later stages.

When a dermatologist makes a diagnosis, it is necessary to select an individual treatment regimen, depending on the neglect of the process and on the reasons that provoked the disease.And since the deformation of the toenails is often a sign of other internal diseases, it would be rational to undergo a comprehensive examination. And if other diseases are detected, they carry out full treatment with the necessary specialist.

Treatment of onychogryphosis should be aimed at reducing the thickness of the nail plate, as well as softening it. To this end, the nail plate is steamed in hot water, and then a keratolytic plaster is applied, and onycholysin is applied to the nail.In especially severe cases, surgical methods are used that are aimed at removing the entire nail along with its root part.

When onychogryphosis occurs on the hands, they try to avoid surgical intervention and prescribe onycholysin, which contains 15% barium sulphide and 85% talc – these substances maximally help soften the nail plate.

Onycholysin is a powdery substance, therefore it is diluted with water in order to obtain a slurry. The mixture prepared in this way is spread on the nail plate, left for about 40 minutes, but not allowed to dry completely.After the performed procedures, the mixture is washed off, and the part of the nail that has softened is scraped off. To completely remove the deformed nail, it is necessary to do about 3 procedures.

In addition to procedures with the use of onycholysin, additional oral administration of drugs may be prescribed. Typically, these can be vitamins, minerals, in particular, calcium, zinc, selenium, silicon, as well as tocopherol, retinol. Additionally, ointments containing gelatin, vitamin A, ichthyol, retinol are used.

All these drugs and not only can be found on our drug search site DOC.ua.


In case of an existing disease, it is necessary to wear exceptionally comfortable shoes so as not to injure the nail plate in the future. Of course, the development of a congenital form of the disease is possible, which cannot be prevented.

What do curved nails mean? Better to go to the doctor urgently

A 53-year-old British woman has a strangely growing nail on her index finger – curving downward.The woman thought for a long time that it would be ridiculous to go to a doctor about this, but when she did decide, the doctors diagnosed a terrible diagnosis.

A resident of Greater Manchester, Jean Taylor, noticed that the nail on her hand began to bend down, but did not consider this to be something terrible and did not go to the doctors for a long time, fearing to seem ridiculous. Jean used to work in a factory, so she always cut her nails short, and only after retiring she allowed herself a fashionable manicure, writes Mail Online.

Jean believed that curled nails are something hereditary, because her mother had the same. However, when the woman posted a photo of the nail on social networks, her daughter Stephanie persuaded her mother to see a doctor.

My daughter said, “God, how ugly they are.” I didn’t want to go to the doctor because of my nails, I just wanted my daughter to calm down. She is the queen of Google, and when you ask Google about bent nails, the first thing it comes up with is lung cancer symptoms.

Jean went to the specialists, and when they saw her nail, the doctors tensed. It turned out to be a really little-known symptom of lung cancer. The woman was examined and the diagnosis was confirmed.

After Jean found out that she had cancer, she decided to paint her nails, telling her daughter that they saved her life. The version with heredity also turned out to be correct – the pensioner’s mother also had cancer, and half of her lung had to be cut out.

Jin shared her story on Facebook.She says her goal now is to raise awareness that nail problems can be symptoms of cancer.

JeanJeannie Williams Taylor

Two weeks ago, I posted this photo on my wall, asking if anyone had seen such nails. People searched for the photo on Google and strongly recommended that I go to the doctor. I thought it was too much, but I was immediately sent for a blood test and had a chest x-ray.When I got the results, it turned out that I have cancer in both lungs !!! Bending of nails is indeed often associated with diseases of the lungs or heart. This symptom is called drumstick syndrome, but I had no idea about it. And you??? Hopefully this post will help someone else find early cancer in themselves.

Jin says that he is not going to give up manicure, but on the contrary, he will paint them in the most unusual colors to draw attention to the problem.The woman says that after her post on Facebook, other people started writing about their relatives who had the same nails, but they had no idea that they could die of cancer.

According to Jean, one of her main tasks is to inform beauty salons about the symptom so that the masters pay attention to the clients’ nails and can save their lives.

Miss Taylor herself was found in each lung with a tumor the size of a golf ball. However, doctors said they could still be removed and treated with radiation therapy.If cancer had not been found, she would have had about a year to live.

People often find out about their terrible diseases by accident. So, a California resident was rescued by a rock band guitarist who spat beer in her eye. Yes, such an accident can save lives.

Another girl, also from California, survived by having an accident. Such is the salutary paradox.

90,000 Problem nails in a child: why you shouldn’t panic


This is a dystrophic change in the nail plate, when the central part of the nail is concave inward, and its edges are slightly turned outward.Koilonychia can be hereditary, acquired, or idiopathic (occurs independently of other lesions).

Idiopathic koilonychia of the big toe in newborns is normal. It spontaneously regresses by the age of 9, when the nail plate thickens.

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Much less often it can be a consequence of other diseases such as psoriasis and lichen planus, or a symptom of iron deficiency, as well as the consequence of injury (due to tight shoes).


This is a well-known flaking nails – a condition that is often found in children. Most often on the thumbs and toes. Delamination of the free edge of the nail is observed in about 29% of newborns. This condition does not require treatment and monitoring: it goes away as the nail plate thickens.

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The appearance of peeling nails is typical for children under 16 years of age. One of the reasons may be loss of moisture or injury to the nail due to improper cutting of the free edge.Most often clears up spontaneously as you get older.


There are two forms of leukonychia: true and point. True leukonychia is associated with damage to the nail matrix (the site of formation of the nail plate).

In true leukonychia, parakeratotic cells (progenitor cells) remain in the nail, which reduce the transparency of the nail plate and reflect light, which makes the entire nail look white. This condition requires a visit to a dermatologist.

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With punctate leukonychia, white stripes or dots appear on the nail plate. They move to the free edge as the nail grows and may disappear before they get close to the edge. They pass on their own, no treatment is required.


This is a situation in which the nail peels off, starting from the free edge of the nail plate, and then disappears altogether. The reason lies in the dysfunction of the nail matrix.In most cases, this process is painless and reversible. It can develop quite quickly (within six months), but a new nail grows back in 6-12 months.

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The reasons may vary:

  • Thumb sucking.

About 30% of children suck their thumb over the age of one year. Prolonged exposure of the finger to saliva causes irritation, and contact dermatitis of the periungual tissue causes cuticle damage and paronychia.All this leads to dysfunction of the nail matrix and nail flaking.

  • Hand-foot-mouth disease.

This is one of the most common causes of nail flaking in children. Onychomadesis of some or all of the nails occurs one to two months after an acute infection. It is a common childhood viral infection with vesicular eruptions that affect the palms, soles and mouth. Loss of nails occurs without pain or inflammation. The nail plate is completely detached on some or all of the nails on both the hands and feet.

The exact mechanism by which the disease causes this matrix damage is unknown. No special treatment is required. The doctor’s only job is to reassure the family.

Acute paronychia

This is an acute inflammation of the periungual fold. The main pathogens: staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, herpes simplex virus, less often a fungal infection. The cause of infection is cuticle trauma: torn barbs, trauma during manicure.

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The infection is always accompanied by pain, local swelling and redness. Treatment is usually quite simple: soak in an antiseptic solution twice a day, if necessary, use an ointment with mupirocin or fusidic acid (consult your pediatrician!). However, more complex cases (for example, when a purulent focus or purulent discharge occurs) and paronychia in young children is a reason to consult a doctor.


This is a condition in which the nail plate grows into the lateral edge of the nail fold.This leads to a local inflammatory reaction to the foreign body and secondary bacterial infection. Most often occurs on the legs. The main reason is nail trauma. Usually it leads to improperly selected shoes, too short-cut nails, improper nail cutting, acute nail injury.

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If your child has an ingrown toenail, see a doctor. Unfortunately, in adults it is far from always possible to cope with this problem on their own, and in children, everything is complicated by the painfulness of any manipulations.

How to prevent ingrown toenails:

  • Choose shoes that are sized so that they do not press on and there is enough room to wear.
  • Trim the nail not too short or round the corners.

Thin and brittle nails

Often a reason to see a doctor. But for children under 9-10 years old, a thin nail plate is characteristic, which can easily exfoliate. After 9 years, the nail begins to thicken, and it becomes thicker and denser.

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There is a myth that thin nails are associated with calcium deficiency. This is not true. The most common reasons for this are heredity and age. Children only need additional calcium on a strict dairy-free diet, when the child does not receive any form of dairy products.

Read also:

Tangled hairstyle, split ends: what diseases will the child’s hair tell about

5 diseases from the sandbox

Salt caves and salt lamps: treatment or deception?

Ingrown nail

Ingrown toenails are the result of the corners or edges of toenails growing into the skin of the toe.Ingrown toenails are most common on the big toe. This problem can affect people of any age.

Reasons for the appearance of an ingrown toenail.

Your fingers don’t have enough room

The toes should have enough room in the shoe to lie flat and straight. When there is too little toe space in your shoes, the shoes are narrow and tight, and there is a lot of pressure on your toes, both from the shoes themselves and from the adjacent toes.This can cause the nails to curl inward.

Check how much room you have in your shoes. Not only should the shoe be wide enough, but there should also be space between your longest toe and the inside forefoot of the shoe. If your shoe is too loose, your feet can slip inside the shoe, often causing the front of your toes to collide with the inside forefoot of the shoe.

You are cutting your toenails wrong.

Trimming toenails is not such a difficult art, but not everyone knows how to do it right.Try to cut as evenly as possible around the edge, leaving some white. There is no need to cut too short; so you risk injuring your nails and yourself. People prone to ingrown toenails often cut their toenails shorter, which tends to exacerbate the problem. If you have sharp corners, feel free to file them slightly.

High heels

Not only do many high-heeled shoes have an excruciatingly pointed forefoot, but raising the heel puts pressure on the forefoot.The harder the pressure, the more likely it will negatively affect your toenails. It is recommended that if you wear heels, then no more than 5 cm high.

Who is most prone to nail ingrowth?

Teens are especially prone to ingrown nails, as their nails tend to be thin, brittle, and curl more. Teens also sweat more, and a soft, sweaty nail is more likely to break and crack into sharp pieces.

Keep your feet dry

Sweating is a common cause of ingrown toenails.Use athletic shoes for sports, workouts, etc. Try not to wear the same pair of shoes for two days in a row, you should have at least three pairs of shoes that you will change. Wear cotton or wool socks rather than nylon, and less often wear tights that keep sweat on your leg.

Teenagers may need to apply a good liquid
antiperspirant on the feet and changing socks more often. Wet skin is swollen and nails cracked.

Ingrown toenail treatment

The ingrown toenail gets longer and deeper and deeper into your toe every day if you don’t do anything.

People with diabetes or neuropathy are particularly at risk because they cannot always feel pain and their immune systems are not as good at fighting infection. In other words, they may not notice that something is wrong.

Most people choose to solve this kind of “minor” medical problem on their own, if at all possible. However, if you are thinking of a little “bathtub surgery” to get rid of an ingrown toenail that has already become painful, take our advice: you better not do it. You will probably only make the problem worse. Removing an ingrown toenail is a simple, straightforward and safe procedure … for a podiatrist specially trained to perform it.Many people try to pry off an ingrown toenail with a pair of nippers (or scissors) before seeking help from a specialist. This procedure can create a wide opening for bacteria to penetrate under the nail into the skin. And instead of removing an ingrown toenail from a safe doctor’s office, you will be doing it in an unsanitary room.

Ingrown toenails are quite painful, so it’s natural for many to think that removing them can be just as painful.Fortunately, this procedure is so common that the greatest discomfort patients experience is usually associated with the initial numbness of the toe. The procedure for removing an ingrown toenail is so minor that it takes less than a day for the patient to recover and start their daily activities. After numbing the finger, the doctor will do a partial nail lift, also known as creating a straight edge on the left and right sides of the nail. Once this is done on each side, the bed underneath the toenail is burned with phenol, a chemical that prevents the nail from growing back and regrowing.

90,000 Concave toenails in a child: causes and treatment

06 September 2018

Averyanova Sveta

Koilonychia in children under 10 is considered the norm. Parents of newborn babies, preschoolers should not worry too much about this, if the child’s concave nails have not changed color, have not begun to exfoliate or become stained. How to determine that you need to see a doctor and take up treatment, why concavity appears, we will tell in our article.

From this article you will learn

Features of the structure of nails

Babies are born with thin, transparent nail plates on the fingers. Sometimes they are so long that they have to be cut already in the hospital so that the baby does not injure himself. Keratin plates in newborns are not at all like the nails of adults. They will acquire a normal appearance after a while.

By the appearance of the baby’s nails, it is possible to determine the lack of vitamins, especially intrauterine development.Normally, infant fingernails and toenails have a pink tint, an even surface, and do not exfoliate.

The keratin plate changes gradually. Fully formed and coarse on the hands by the age of 4, on the feet – by 10. Such a runaway in the development of nails is explained by the weakness of the plates on the feet, frequent injuries, wearing shoes and the peculiarities of care.

Toenails up to 10 years old can be concave, convex and grow incorrectly – all these external defects in childhood are considered the norm.Most often, the little toe and thumb are affected, as the weakest elements of the foot. It is these fingers that need careful care and attention most of all.

It is not necessary to treat koilonychia in a child.

If the defect does not disappear in adolescence and adulthood, then we are talking about autoimmune pathologies leading to tissue damage and the development of inflammation. In this case, additional diagnostics need to be carried out, perceiving a curved nail as a sign and symptom of a more serious disease.

Main reasons

Nails on the feet bend due to the following internal malfunctions in the body and external factors:

  • Deficiency of calcium, iron, minerals and other vitamins.
  • Unbalanced diet. This factor is especially often manifested in diathetic and allergic babies. Parents have to exclude from the menu a lot of generally useful products, because of the negative reactions to them in a particular child.
  • Circulatory and metabolic disorders.The tissues are deficient in nutrients.
  • Incorrectly fitted, tight shoes. The toes are compressed, the feet are sweating, the tissues of the epidermis and the keratin plate are deformed.
  • Injury. Outdoor games, kicks on the ball bend the nail, provoke its weakening and stratification.
  • Incorrect manicure and pedicure. The baby needs special care. Mothers should learn the rules for cutting nails so as not to damage the plate, not to disrupt the direction of its growth, to avoid ingrown nails and arching.The nails on the legs are cut in a straight line, on the hands – in the form of a smile.
  • Fungus. You can get a fungal infection in the pool, when wearing someone else’s shoes or socks, through plants and soil. In children, the fungus causes sweating of the feet and poor hygiene.

    That is, mothers forget to wash their kids’ feet after a walk, before a night’s sleep, they are forced to wear warm slippers and boots in hot weather.

  • Anatomical feature. If the relatives of the child have the same problem without the presence of other diseases, when concavity becomes an alarming symptom, then we are talking about the inheritance of an unusual shape of the marigold.There is no need to treat and diagnose this factor.

Methods of treatment

A dermatologist and therapist are involved in the therapy and diagnosis of the causes of the concavity of children’s marigolds. It is necessary to seek medical help for such symptoms after the child reaches 10 years of age. If the nails are bent earlier, in a year or two, and the plate is covered with spots, the cuticle is inflamed, there is pus under the nail, then, of course, there is no need to wait for the baby to grow up. The cause of the defects lies in infection and other pathologies.

Treatment begins with an examination. The doctor is obliged to exclude the fungal nature of the plate defect, check for the presence of autoimmune abnormalities. After receiving the results of a blood test, scrapings, immunograms, appropriate drug treatment or supportive therapy is prescribed.

Treatment with drugs

It is prescribed only by a doctor, it is impossible to treat the fungus on its own, violations of protective functions and other pathologies.

  1. To saturate the body with microelements and minerals, it will be necessary to drink vitamin complexes sufficiently.The duration of treatment is at least a month.
  2. Antifungal medicines. Ointments, tablets, antibiotics in extreme cases.

    For babies from 2 years old, Exoderil (cream), Terbizil, Mycosan are allowed. Pharmacies sell special antifungal varnishes that can also be used from an early age.

Additional methods of treatment

To correct the current situation with nails, parents need to try to correct shortcomings in the care and life support of the baby.Analyze the possible causes of concave nails in a young child. If you find something similar to your case, take the following measures:

  • Buy shoes one size larger or free tailoring. Pay attention to the material for sandals, sneakers. For summer, buy shoes made from breathable fabric, with open toes and toes. Do not wear 3 pairs of socks under boots or felt boots. This constrains the movement of the foot, injures the nails and provokes sweating.
  • Correct the children’s menu.Add fruits to the diet (especially kiwi, apples, bananas, they are high in iron), dairy products. Prepare fish dishes 2-3 times a week, good meat daily.
  • Do not wash your child’s hands and feet often with soap, shower gels. Cosmetics dry the skin, nail plate. Use clean water or buy special baby bath products.
  • Lubricate nails with creams, oils. Buy liquid vitamin E, baby cream, apricot oil. Use any product several times a day to lubricate your fingers and toes.
  • Observe hygiene standards. Teach your baby to wash his feet after a walk, several times a day in hot weather, before bed. Avoid wearing warm woolen socks if your feet are sweating excessively.
  • Make herbal baths. Calendula, chamomile strengthen the nail bed, the keratin layer. Carry out the procedure 1-2 times a week, for 15-20 minutes.
  • Strengthen nails with salt. Sea salt should be added to the bathing water or to the foot bath container. For 10 liters of liquid – 3 tbsp.l sea or ordinary salt + 3 drops of iodine.
  • Get your pedicure on time. If the nails grow too long, then they have to twist, break when rubbing against shoes. Cut them off regularly if you notice that the plate has gone 2-3 mm beyond the cuticle edges.
  • Change pedicure tools. Buy special scissors and forceps, disinfect them before first use.
  • Remove ingrown toenail in a timely manner. In advanced cases, surgical assistance will be required.Subsequently, parents need to monitor the injured finger, learn how to properly do a pedicure so that the marigolds do not grow in.

Hair, nails, skin are the mirror of the body. According to their condition, a lot can be said about the health of an adult and a child. Pay attention to body prompts, don’t miss alarms. This will help to diagnose pathology in time, cure diseases. In this case, a false alarm will not be superfluous.

IMPORTANT ! * when copying the materials of the article, be sure to indicate the active link to the source: https: // razvitie-vospitanie.ru / zdorovie / vognutie_nogti_na_nogah.html

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How to restore nails after gel polish

You’ve probably heard that gel polish spoils nails and after prolonged wear of artificial coating, the nails need rest and recovery.

Is it really? If this is true, then how to restore the nail plate? And if it’s a myth, then why do some girls get thin and brittle nails after gel polish? Well, let’s figure it out.

Is gel nail polish harmful?

This is actually a myth! Gel polish does not spoil the nail plate in any way. Then why do girls complain that after artificial coating, the quality of nails becomes significantly worse? It’s all about a violation of the technique of manicure and removing gel polish, as well as long-term wear of the coating. Unfortunately, this can lead to such consequences as:

  • thinning of the nail plate;

  • lamination and fragility;

  • injury to the nail plate;

  • painful sensations when touching the nail plate;

  • onycholysis;

  • fungal diseases of the nails.

Who is to blame for this? Sometimes an unprofessional master, and sometimes the owners of a manicure themselves. But not material! So the assumption that gel polish spoils nails is a myth.

Why do all of the above problems arise and how to restore the nail plate after them? Let’s figure it out.

Why do nails thin and flake off after gel polish?

The first reason why all this can happen is that the work is done by an inexperienced master who does not know or does not follow the manicure technique.It can saw through the nails (for example, when processing the cuticle) or damage the nail root – the matrix, which in turn can lead to irreversible changes in the nail plate.

Also, one of the reasons for damage to the nail plate is improper removal of the artificial covering, so this procedure must be approached with special responsibility! When removing gel polish, you must remember a few rules.

Rule 1: In no case should you pick the gel polish or peel it off the surface of the nail plate, because this is fraught with serious injury! Inadvertently, together with the material, you can remove the top layer of the nail, and this can lead to its thinning and at least to the appearance of painful sensations in contact with water and various surfaces.

Rule 2: Do not file off partially peeled off gel polish with a file. In this case, you also run the risk of cutting off the top layer of the nail and ruining it.

What other problems can arise from improper removal?

  • There is a chance to tear off not only the gel polish from the nail, but also the nail plate from the nail bed.

  • You tear off the artificial covering, and the nail plate gets thinner and thinner each time.

  • Owners of thin nails can feel unbearable pain during coating – the base will burn strongly in the lamp. And they can also get a burn of the nail plate, which in turn can lead to onycholysis – detachment of the nail plate from the nail bed. It will take a long time to treat onycholysis.

  • You will have to strengthen the nail plate, and this will take additional time for the manicure procedure.

  • You will have to buy materials to strengthen the nail plate: acrylic powder, gel or polygel. And these are additional financial expenses.

  • Thin nails become mobile and weak, so the coating may wear less than usual. You will have to try very hard to avoid detachments and chips.

We hope these arguments are enough to convince you not to tear off the coating from the nail plate and to remove the gel polish according to the rules.

By the way, the process of ripping itself is quite painful, it is hardly worth it!

Pay attention! If there is no way to go to the master, then you can remove the gel polish yourself. How to do this, read the article “How to remove gel polish at home?”

Why does onycholysis and nail fungus occur after gel polish?

Onycholysis is a disease characterized by the detachment of the nail plate from the nail bed.May be infectious or non-infectious. The consistency and color of the nail plate does not change with non-infectious onycholysis. But with an infectious disease, it becomes cloudy, rough. In 60% of cases, onycholysis is a consequence of traumatic injury, in 30% – a consequence of mycosis (fungus). How is this related to manicure and what are the causes of onycholysis after gel polish?

  • If the manicure technique is violated, the master can injure the nail plate with tools, as well as provoke its burn;

  • When using a non-sterile instrument during operation, infection, fungi can join the nail;

  • Excessive squeezing can injure the nail.This problem is more common in pedicures when the technician uses a rigid rather than elastic base, or the client wears tight, crushing shoes.

You might think that the cause of onycholysis is solely manicure, but this is not the case. Onycholysis also appears in the background:

  • dermatological problems;

  • endocrine disorders;

  • pathologies of the digestive tract;

  • allergic reactions.

Fungal diseases manifest themselves not only with onycholysis. They can be accompanied by discoloration of the nail, such as greening. If we consider these diseases from the point of view of manicure and pedicure, then the main reason is the use of non-sterile instruments. So be serious about choosing a master or a beauty salon! But here, too, you need to understand that the fungus does not always appear due to the fault of the master. It can arise from contact with a sick person or with objects seeded with spores.

How long can you wear gel polish?

Technologists advise walking with the coating for no more than 2-3 weeks. But often girls wear gel polish for a month, or even longer. However, they do not understand that they can damage the nail plate. Long-term wear puts stress on the tip of the nail plate, its root suffers from the weight of the coating. And this can lead not only to breakage, but also to deformation of the nail plate.

How to restore nails after gel polish?

Let’s start with onycholysis and fungal diseases.

2 main rules:

  • do not let such cases go by themselves, it will not get better without treatment;

  • do not self-medicate, be sure to contact a specialist and take a nail scraping.

Some are ashamed of such problems, for years they have been trying to treat marigolds on their own and mask the changes in the nail with varnish. If we have a cold, then we go to the therapist.If the stomach hurts, then we go to the gastroenterologist. Mycoses, onycholysis – these are the same diseases, they need to be treated and seek help from dermatologists, podologists!

Well, what if you are faced with less serious problems, but one way or another your nails are thinned, exfoliate or have bumps from cuts?

Remove length

If you have damaged nails, it is best to trim them to length. The length of the free edge should be no more than 1 millimeter.This is necessary in order to exclude the appearance of cracks, chips and to speed up the process of restoration of marigolds.

Take care of the cuticles

Healthy nails depend on healthy cuticles! To keep it well-groomed and moisturized, you need to do baths and use cuticle oil daily.

Baths are necessary to soften the cuticle and prepare it for subsequent processing. Pour water at a comfortable temperature into a small container. You can add sea salt, a drop of essential oil, or herbal infusion to it.After taking a bath, it will not be superfluous to use a scrub to remove dead skin cells.

Then you need to use a metal pusher or orange stick to push back the cuticle. Do this with light movements, avoid strong pressure, otherwise you can accidentally injure the cuticle or nail plate. You need to move the cuticle back about once a week.

Important! Those who communicate with manicure tools on “you”, it is better to use an orange stick.In the absence of skills, a metal pusher can inadvertently injure the nail plate or cuticle. Do you want to master all the subtleties of manicure? Then sign up for courses at ParisNail.

And cuticle oil is a must have for every girl! It perfectly moisturizes the skin and saturates it with vitamins. Use it daily, such as before bed. Drop a drop of oil onto the cuticle of each marigold and rub well with massage movements.

Please note that there are mineral and natural oils.The mineral oil forms an invisible film on the cuticle surface. If you use this oil every day, you will get the opposite effect – the cuticle will begin to dry out. Such oil is more suitable for masters – a client comes for a manicure every 3-4 weeks, and mineral oil is ideal for a single use. At home, on a daily basis, it is better to use a natural oil such as Dadi Oil.

Olive, apricot or almond oils are also suitable for the care of the cuticle.You can even make a blend of oils and / or add a few drops of essential oils if you like.

Pay attention! Read more about caring for the cuticle in the article “How to take care of the cuticle at home.”

Do a hand massage

Hand massage:

  • improves blood circulation;

  • softens the skin, makes it firm and elastic;

  • has a beneficial effect on the condition of the cuticle;

  • slows down the growth of skin around the nail plate;

  • accelerates the growth of nails.

Hand massage is very simple. Every girl can handle this.

  • Apply a small amount of oil or cream to your hands;

  • Rub the product in a circular motion with light pressure until it is completely absorbed.

Use nail restoration products

The effect of conventional drugstore and store nail hardeners is very doubtful.Perhaps their main function is protective. A layer of such a product briefly protects the nail plate from environmental influences.

Better to use professional salon treatments like the IBX Nail Restoration System. The process of restoration of the nail plate takes place inside and extends to all 10 nails. The IBX System penetrates into the structure of the nail plate and becomes part of it. It grows back with the nail and cannot be removed with special fluids.Internal influence is the main feature of the IBX System, and this is what makes it different from other reinforcers.

The name of the system was formed from the first letters of three words: Iceberg – iceberg, Big – large, X – number ten. The decryption is quite simple: the system works like an iceberg, the main part of which is hidden from view.

Carry out paraffin therapy

Paraffin therapy has a beneficial effect not only on the condition of the skin, but also on the nails.Do you think that only a professional can handle this procedure? You are wrong! Indeed, on store shelves, paraffin cream is presented, which is simply ideal for use at home.

The technology for using such a cream is simple:

  1. scrub your hands thoroughly to remove dead skin cells;

  2. rub well a moisturizer or nourishing cream into the skin;

  3. apply a thick layer of paraffin cream;

  4. put on plastic gloves and do not take them off for 15-20 minutes;

  5. after the specified time, remove the gloves and wipe off the remaining paraffin cream with a paper towel.

After the procedure, it is advisable not to wet your hands for two hours.

Use gloves

To protect your skin from the aggressive effects of chemicals and water when cleaning the house, washing dishes, work, be sure to wear household gloves.

Lead a healthy lifestyle and eat right

The health and appearance of nails depends on nutrition and the condition of the body as a whole.Therefore, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle and include all the necessary micronutrients in the diet.