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Is it normal to have cramping during ovulation: The request could not be satisfied


5 Reasons You Have Pain During Ovulation

When a woman releases her egg from one of her ovaries, the egg travels down the fallopian tube where it may be fertilized by a sperm cell. Although ovulation only lasts for one day, many women feel some pain or discomfort around this time during their cycle. Though a sudden twinge as the egg bursts out of the ovary is normal, persistent pain could be a sign of something more serious. Here are five reasons you may have pain during ovulation.



Though the exact cause of ovulation pain is unknown. Mild discomfort may be caused by an emerging or ruptured follicle as the egg bursts forth. If ovulation pain is a minor irritation and quickly passes, this is quite normal. In such a circumstance, taking an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs), relaxing in a hot bath, or a pelvic massage can help ease the discomfort.



Women who experience mild but persistent pain may be suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The doctor will test for this by performing a pelvic exam and ordering blood tests and ultrasound. Treatment may include medication such as birth control, to help regulate menstruation.



If the pain is very severe and prolonged, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be responsible. This condition sometimes occurs in women who have recently dealt with a sexually transmitted infection. Pain arises when bacteria travel to the cervix or vagina and is diagnosed with a pelvic exam and a blood test. The doctor will treat this condition with a course of antibiotics.



Women experiencing severe pain during ovulation should always seek medical advice. In some cases, pain may be due to endometriosis. In this disorder, the uterus lining grows outside of the uterus. The doctor will perform a pelvic exam and an ultrasound to diagnose this condition. Typically is treated with NSAIDs which ease the pain and reduce endometrial growth.



There is no sense in trying to deal with acute pain during ovulation that is caused by salpingitis. This is a condition which causes inflammation of the fallopian tubes. The doctor will perform a pelvic examination and a blood test. Typical treatment is a course of antibiotics.

Ovulation doesn’t have to be a pain in the neck, or anywhere else. Women who are experiencing prolonged or severe pain during ovulation should talk to an OB/GYN.

5 Most Common Ovulation Pains — Symptoms of Ovulation


You’re probably well-acquainted with the concept of PMS and all of the fun symptoms that come along with it. But you’re probably less familiar with mittelschmerz, a German word for “middle pain,” that refers to common ovulation pains that occur in the lower abdomen. Though it can be pretty intense for some, ovulation pain is totally normal. About one in five women report this mid-cycle pain, according to Dr. Jimmy Belotte, OB-GYN with Montefiore Health System and associate professor for the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in Bronx, New York. So even if you’re unaware of the term, you may have experienced the aches.

“If you’re mid-cycle and ovulating, chances are there is a large ovarian cyst waiting to burst and release the egg. The cystic fluid and blood is generally the cause of the pain which irritates the abdominal cavity,” Dr. Sherry A. Ross, a women’s health expert in Santa Monica, California and the author of She-ology: The Definitive Guide to Women’s Intimate Health. Period, tells Woman’s Day. Ross adds that “it may take hours or days for the fluid to be absorbed,” but typically the sharp pain on one side of the lower abdomen lasts around 24 hours.

For some, ovulation pains like cramps may be “a unilateral twinge,” while for others, they can be more severe. “Knowing your cycle well is very helpful — particularly as to medicating against these symptoms.,” Dr. Kecia Gaither, double board-certified OB-GYN and director of perinatal services at NYC Health + Hospitals/Lincoln, tells Woman’s Day.

Mittelschmerz sets off a series of symptoms that can all be traced back to the egg release. Here are five of the most common ovulation pain issues, and how to mitigate the misery.

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Lower Back Pain

“Pain related to ovulation varies woman to woman and cycle to cycle,” Ross says. “There are many women who don’t experience any pain with ovulation, while others are bedridden from the pain.”

Since the ovaries are centrally located in the pelvis, it’s understandable that this process might lead to lower back pain. This can be sudden and targeted, or it might feel like a dull ache.

“Women with a uterus that tilts backward, retroverted, tend to have worse back pain with their menstrual cycles,” Dr. Renee Wellenstein, double-board certified OB-GYN and functional medicine doctor, tells Woman’s Day. “Retroversion of the uterus is common, with about one in five women having the condition.”

How to ease the ovulation pain: Try stretches that target the lower back, reevaluate your posture, and make sure you’re getting plenty of rest (in a comfy bed). Still sore? Pop an anti inflammatory like ibuprofen or naproxen. Wellenstein also suggests using warm compresses or natural remedies like magnesium, a natural muscle relaxant, or boswellia, a natural anti-inflammatory.



Are you experiencing cramps about 14 days from your period? Ovulation is likely the cause.

“Cramping/back pain occurs as the uterus begins its shedding of the lining,” Gaither says. Products known as prostaglandins are released and can cause cramps as well as back pain.

For some, the pain can be really severe. “Ovulation pain occasionally shows up in the Emergency Department because acute sudden pain can be very uncomfortable and mimic serious illness such as appendicitis,” Dr. Lisa Lewis, a pediatrician in Fort Worth, Texas says.

How to ease the ovulation pain: If symptoms are extremely sharp for 12 hours or more, it’s worth visiting your doctor. Otherwise, our experts suggest that you get moving. Not only will it get your blood pumping and boost oxygen circulation from head to toe, but it can also help “build stronger pelvic muscles that might help combat ovulation pain,” Lewis says.

Anti-inflammatories can also help, as can the natural remedies magnesium and boswellia, Wellenstein says.


Light Spotting

It’s not just an issue during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause. Spotting can also signal that you ovulating.

Ovarian follicles, the small fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries, release hormones and grow bigger during the menstrual cycle until they eventually rupture and release an egg. Usually, when women experience pain during ovulation, it’s because the blood and fluid that surround the egg inside the follicle also get released in the abdomen when the egg is released, Wellenstein says.

“Blood and the surrounding fluid can be very irritating to the inside of the abdomen which, in turn, can cause pain,” she says. Some people might experience more pain depending on the size of the developing follicles and the differing amounts of fluid/blood inside each.

How to ease the ovulation pain: If spotting lasts more than 24 hours or gets more severe month to month, see your doctor. And if this is a common problem, talk to your OB-GYN about your contraceptive routine.

“If you experience disruptive pain associated with ovulation or nausea, vomiting, fever, chills or pain with urination, it’s best to contact your healthcare provider and talk about your symptoms and your contraceptive. The birth control pill can be helpful in preventing ovulation, thus preventing pain associated with this mid-cycle phenomenon,” Ross says.



Too much salt or fiber isn’t always the cause of a bloating. The fluid and blood that may accompany the release of the egg and irritate your stomach lining can also lead to a distended feeling.

Additionally, estrogen peaks at ovulation, which causes water retention that can also contribute to bloating, Wellenstein says.

How to ease the ovulation pain: Warm things up. “One of the best ways to help ovulation pain is to relax the muscles of the pelvis. This means laying down with a heating pad, or taking a warm bath,” Lewis says.

For extra relief, nosh on one of the foods proven to help combat bloat, and limit packaged and processed foods that have more sodium, Wellenstein suggests. “Movement and exercise can also help this discomfort,” she says. “Bloating may worsen over the course of the luteal phase (after ovulation) as a function of rising progesterone. Progesterone impacts the motility of the intestinal tract, leading to constipation and bloating. Studies have shown that staying well hydrated and consuming ginger, peppermint, or dandelion tea, as well as pineapple may help.”


Breast Tenderness

“Breast tenderness is hormonal and the result of rising progesterone levels,” Wellenstein says. “This generally develops more during the luteal phase, the second half of the cycle after ovulation.”

How to ease the ovulation pain: Vitamin E and vitamin B6 have been shown to reduce breast tenderness. Limiting caffeine and fat intake may help, too, Johns Hopkins researchers add.

Wellenstein also suggests vitex, also known as chasteberry, a dried fruit that’s native to the Mediterranean regions. Studies have shown that it can be effective in easing breast pain. She also suggests warm or cold compresses and a well-fitted, supportive bra. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen can also help.

Whatever the ovulation pain, if you’re frustrated or feeling less than 100 percent longer than you prefer, don’t be afraid to ask for help, Ross says. “If you are confused and not sure why you’re in pain, either physically or emotionally, during any part of your menstrual cycle, contact your healthcare provider.”

Karla Walsh
Karla Walsh is a Des Moines, Iowa-based freelance writer and level one sommelier who balances her love of food and drink with her passion for fitness.

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

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What Can You Do About Ovulation Cramps? I Peanut

Wondering if you’re experiencing ovulation cramps? We’ve got you. We’ve done some digging and figured out when ovulation cramps happen, what they feel like, and what you can do to relieve the pain.

When do ovulation cramps occur?

The first thing to know about ovulation cramps is… they occur during ovulation! This means they happen right before, during, or after the release of an egg from your ovaries. Generally, this occurs around the middle of your cycle, but it can vary from woman to woman and from month to month.

You can track your menstrual cycle for two to three months to assess whether the pain you’re feeling is linked to ovulation. If your pain occurs around day 14 of your cycle, then it’s probably ovulation. Some other ovulation signs to look for include: increased cervical mucus, breast tenderness, increased libido, spotting or light bleeding, and increased basal body temperature.

If your pain occurs closer to day 28, and your period usually comes soon after the cramping starts, then it’s probably menstrual cramps.

Ovulation cramps vs implantation cramps

We mentioned ovulation cramps and menstrual cramps, but one more type of cramping is implantation cramps. (Makes you wonder, is there any time women don’t get cramps?!)

Implantation is when a fertilized egg attaches to your uterine lining. This can occur in 3-14 days after fertilization and can cause cramping and minimal bleeding or spotting. Again, this might be a case where you want to track your cycles to see what’s really causing your pain.

What do ovulation cramps feel like?

Ovulation cramping might feel like a dull crampy ache or sharp sudden pain on one side of your lower abdomen. The severity of pain can range from a mild twinge to severe discomfort and can even be accompanied by slight bleeding.

For women who experience ovulation cramping, it may last between a few minutes to a few hours but usually doesn’t exceed a day or two. If your pain lasts longer than that, or you have nausea or a fever, definitely call your doctor.

Where do you feel ovulation pain?

Ovulation cramps are generally felt on one side of the abdomen or pelvis and may vary each month, depending on which ovary is releasing the egg during that cycle. Approximately half the women who experience it report an alternation during cycles, with pain being experienced on the left side during one cycle and the right side during another. Other women experience different patterns. The pain can also vary in intensity from month to month. And some months you might feel nothing. Weird, huh!

Is ovulation pain a good sign of fertility?

If you’re trying to get pregnant, ovulation cramping can be a helpful sign. It lets you know that you’re in the fertile time of the month! If it’s close to the middle of your cycle and you are experiencing cramping plus the other signs of ovulation, then by all means, get started on making that baby.

But don’t worry if you’re not experiencing ovulation pain. Some estimates say only 1 in 5 women may experience ovulation cramping. Some women begin to feel ovulation cramps during their first cycle, but it’s also possible to develop them later. Some women never feel them. It doesn’t mean anything about your ability to get pregnant.

What causes pain during ovulation?

Quick science lesson: During ovulation, an egg is released from a follicle that grew in one of your ovaries over the course of the month. Generally a few follicles start maturing at the beginning of your cycle, but by the end, there is one “dominant” follicle that is allowed to reach its maximum size. Once the follicle is fully developed and the appropriate hormones have been produced, the follicle releases the egg — pop!

With that in mind, there are two possible causes for ovulation pain:

  • The growth and stretching of the follicle itself, or;
  • Irritation of the abdominal lining and pelvis from the blood / fluid released from the follicle after it releases the egg.

➡️ Learn more: Ovulation Pain: Everything You Need to Know

What can you do about ovulation cramps?

Ovulation cramping can be unpleasant. It tends to go away on its own, but if it’s really bothersome, you can use over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen, a warm compress, or a bath.

Is it something else?

It’s normal to experience pain during ovulation, but severe or persistent abdominal pain could indicate another underlying condition like appendicitis, ovarian cysts complications, and endometriosis. Symptoms for these are similar to ovulation pain, but are generally more severe and sudden.

So, if your ovulation pain persists beyond 24 hours or if you just don’t feel right, give your healthcare provider a call!

➡️ Learn more:
7 Possible Ovulation Symptoms
Bloating During Ovulation: What it is and how to help
Worry About Cramps After Sex While Pregnant?
What to Know About Late Ovulation

Ovulation Pain – 5 Causes Of Pain During Ovulation

Ovulation pain

During ovulation, when an egg is released from an ovary follicle, some women experience a sensation commonly referred to as ovulation pain. Ovulation pain is also known as mittelschmerz, which is German for mid pain.

Here’s a summary of what you really need to know about pain during ovulation:

Ovulation pain symptoms

So, what does ovulation pain feel like? Women usually describe ovulation pain as a sudden twang, pop, twinge or feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen.

This coincides with the ovulatory stage of the menstrual cycle and usually occurs on one side – the side where ovulation is occurring. However the pain may switch sides month to month.

While ovulation pain is considered by many to be common, it might come as a shock to hear that pain during ovulation is actually not normal.

Yes, many women will feel it when they ovulate, and for them, it isn’t a big deal. But some women would describe ovulation as being painful, and in some cases, it can be severe or debilitating.

Severe ovulation pain

Acute, severe, stabbing or debilitating pain during ovulation is not normal.

If the level of pain you experience requires pain killers, or if the pain stops you from getting on with your day, then you need to see your healthcare professional as soon as possible.

You should ask for a referral to see a reproductive specialist who can get to the bottom of the issue for you, rather than just offer you some stronger pain killers, or a hormonal contraceptive to stop you from ovulating. Doing so just masks the underlying problem, and risks further damage or deterioration to your mental and physical health, and possibly your fertility.

How long does ovulation pain last?

For most women, ovulation pain may last for around 6-12 hours. Other women might experience this in minutes, and others around a day or two at most.

If you experience ovulation pain for three days or longer, see your healthcare professional as soon as possible, especially if the pain is accompanied with other unexpected symptoms. Request a referral to a reproductive specialist and ask them to look at for the underlying cause of the pain.

Pain during ovulation – 5 most common causes

Painful ovulation is a warning that you have an underlying health issue that should be addressed.

In fact, some of the underlying causes of ovulation pain can result in fertility problems, which might prevent you from getting pregnant.

Doctor Andrew Orr is a specialist in reproductive medicine and women’s health, with Masters degrees in both fields. He strongly advises women with ovulation pain to be investigated by a professional reproductive specialist.

According to Doctor Orr, the most common causes of ovulation pain are:

#1: Cysts on the ovaries

Ovulation pain is often the sign of cysts on the ovaries. Cysts can form, or can burst, during the ovulation period.

Women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) often experience ovulation pain due to multiple ovarian cysts.

Cystic ovaries are the result of a hormonal imbalance, usually related to insulin resistance.

Sugar and grains in the diet cause spikes in blood sugar levels, and also cause inflammation in the body.

Significantly reducing or eliminating sugars and grains can be highly beneficial.

Doctor Orr recommends following a diet containing low GI foods, or a paleo or low carb style of eating.

Find out more information on how to possibly reverse polycystic ovaries with low carb at the Diet Doctor website.

#2: Endometriosis

Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease which affects the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

It can also cause pain during the ovulatory period.

Other symptoms of endometriosis include: pain during intercourse, migraines, constipation, headaches, and dizziness.

Some women with endometriosis can be asymptomatic.

This is why it’s important to see a specialist if you’re experiencing any fertility issues.

If you suspect you may have endometriosis, or your doctor has mentioned this to you, please see our article about endometriosis treatments.

#3: Adhesions from prior surgery

Perhaps you’ve had a c-section, your appendix out, or other abdominal surgery.

Adhesions are hard to avoid after having surgery, and are quite common. Unfortunately, it can result in ovulation pain.

How? Sometimes, an ovary can adhere to the bowel or other internal parts, which can cause pain during ovulation.

I’ve personally experienced this. As a teen, I had my appendix out, followed by a subsequent abdominal surgery a few years later.

In my 30s, I began to experience ovulation pain, which was strong enough to need pain medication.

After speaking with Doctor Orr, I asked a gynaecologist to perform a laparoscopy. During the procedure, he helped to mobilise my ovary, which was stuck due to adhesions.

Unfortunately, I had to insist before my laparoscopy was booked. At first, the gynaecologist strongly suggested that I should go on the pill. He wanted to prevent ovulation from occurring, so I wouldn’t experience ovulation pain.

This bandaid solution would certainly not have fixed the adhesions and freed my ovary.

#4: Bacteria from medical procedures

Bacteria can be introduced into the pelvic cavity through catheters, during surgery, and even in childbirth.

The bacteria can cause inflammation and infection, resulting in ovulation pain.

#5: Sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also possible causes of ovulation pain.

One example of an STI is chlamydia.

It can cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes, scarring, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Chlamydia can also cause another condition, which results in the fallopian tubes being blocked with pus, causing inflammation and pain.

“But I’ve had children, so it shouldn’t be a problem…”

Even if you’ve had children, there are still some potential problems you might not be fully aware of.

You might have heard of secondary infertility.

In these cases, a couple might just have been lucky to get pregnant previously. Or perhaps the  condition had developed after the first pregnancy, or an existing condition had worsened.

Any surgery you have had while giving birth, or after giving birth, can create an opportunity for fertility complications later.

Ultimately, if there’s a risk of a condition that might eventually lead to infertility, and it causes you pain, are you comfortable about gambling with that?

“But my doctor/friend/other said ovulation pain is normal…”

Doctor Orr says that you should never let anyone tell you that pain during ovulation is normal.

“Many general practitioners don’t know that much about gynaecology. Remember, it’s not their field of expertise; they are general practitioners. Always get a referral to see a specialist”, he insists.

“But I had a scan and it came up fine!”

Unfortunately scans don’t pick up everything – especially scar tissue, adhesions, and endometriosis. It can take a highly trained eye to pick up certain gynaecological issues, so if you need to have an ultrasound, it should at the very least be at a women’s gynaecological specialist ultrasound clinic.

Doctor Orr says, “I need to point out that scans do not always pick up pelvic pathology. They will not pick up endometriosis, so if you’ve had a scan and think that you’ve been checked for endometriosis – you haven’t.”

He continues, “The only way to assess the pelvic cavity properly is through laparoscopy. It’s the gold standard of investigations for gynaecological conditions. I always get so worried when I see comments where women have pain and think they’re okay because they’ve had a scan.”

Misdiagnosed by five doctors

This is what was missed by five doctors – four specialists and a general practitioner (GP).

A woman went to her GP for a second opinion.

She told him she was having rib and abdominal pain, as well as experiencing shortness of breath.

The GP began the process of diagnostic tests and referrals.

He sent her for a scan of her gallbladder; it found nothing.

A week later, the woman’s pain and shortness of breath were worse, and her stomach had started getting bigger.

She went back to her GP, who then sent her to a gastrologist.

The gastrologist performed an endoscopy, and told her she had reflux. He said this was causing her asthma, and she should lose weight.

So that was the gastrologist’s definitive diagnosis, and the woman was sent away.

Two weeks later the poor woman was in excruciating pain and went back to the GP. He said he couldn’t help her, because she needed to lose weight (as the specialist had said).

He suggested she try a complementary medicine practitioner.

It was at this point the woman called Doctor Orr’s clinic and explained her symptoms.

Doctor Orr immediately arranged for the woman to see his surgeon.

They both decided that she needed to be investigated.

The mass you can see in the image is what was removed from the woman’s body.

We need to listen to women more often and take their pain seriously

“Three primary care physicians missed a 5kg mass, and this woman was written off as a whinger. This is why you should never, ever, assume pain is there for no reason. Always get a second opinion when it comes to painful ovulation or any other medical matter…. Get a third, fourth or fifth opinion if that’s what it takes for someone to listen,” says Dr Orr.

The reason Doctor Orr shared this story is not to berate doctors. He shared it because he sees things like this far too often.

It’s easy to feel undermined by doctors, and to take their decisions as the final answer. But if you are in pain, keep seeking help until you find someone who will listen to you, and investigate thoroughly, to get to the root cause of the pain.

If you think this is a load of rubbish…

Unfortunately, we tend to become complacent about things that are common.

If you think ovulation pain is normal, Dr. Orr says, “As a specialist in the field of reproductive medicine and women’s health, I can tell you, you aren’t meant to experience painful ovulation. Sure, some slight bloating and a bit of pressure… but not pain. Many women are also conditioned to believe the urban myth that period pain is normal, when it isn’t. I see hundreds of women every year, and have helped over 10,500 couples have babies. All of the women had period pain and other issues causing infertility – and this is what can happen.”

He continues, “I would much rather see women right away, for ovulation pain or period pain, than see them when they are trying to conceive, and some of the bad pathology has actually left permanent damage. This is by no means meant to cause panic or sensationalism. This is a very serious issue I see every day in my practice. I just want to help women relieve this unnecessary pain – and stop believing painful ovulation or painful periods is normal for them.”

Do you get ovulation pain?

If so, it’s worth getting checked out by a switched on healthcare professional.

The pain you’re experiencing might be normal, but then again it might not be. It’s always best just to get it checked, for your peace of mind. It could save you in the long run.

Do You Get PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome) Too? Read our article on PMS here.

+ Popular Questions Our Readers Ask

Q: What is the meaning of a faint line on a pregnancy test?

A: The meaning of a faint line on a pregnancy test is that a low level of hCG (the pregnancy hormone) has been detected. Therefore, you are very likely pregnant. In a healthy pregnancy, hCG levels will rapidly increase in the first half of the first trimester.

Q: What sex positions help to get pregnant with a boy?

A: The sex positions you can choose from to get pregnant with a boy are straddling, doggy style, and standing up. Dr. Shettles says these positions allow for deep penetration, and help the male sperm to get to the egg before the female sperm.

Q: When are babies supposed to talk?

A: Babies are supposed to talk for the first time between the ages of 11 and 14 months. They usually say ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ when they first start talking.

Q: What is the tea to avoid when pregnant?

A: When pregnant, it’s recommended to avoid tea which contains caffeine. Popular examples of these teas include black tea, matcha tea, and green tea.

It could save your life

Ovarian cancer is called “the silent killer” because it doesn’t show many—or sometimes any—symptoms until it’s progressed to a later stage. In fact, only 19 percent of cases are spotted in the early stages.

“Typically, ovarian cancer is discovered in its later stages after the symptoms become more pronounced,” explained Geisinger hematologist-oncologist Namita Sharma, MD. “The cancer affects other parts of the body like the bladder or rectum by placing pressure on them, and that’s often when a woman will visit her doctor.”

But there are some subtle signs that could emerge indicating something is wrong. These changes in your body may seem minor, and could even be mistaken for another less serious health issue. But if they last longer, they shouldn’t be ignored.

Here are four signs you shouldn’t ignore:


Bloating happens. Sometimes it’s a big meal; other times it’s due to typical hormonal fluctuations during your menstrual cycle. But bloating everyday isn’t normal. If you notice that your jeans fit tighter and you feel bloat several days a week for more than two or three weeks, it may be cause for concern.

“Bloating could be due to an issue with your diet, but if you make some changes and the bloating persists, visit your doctor for an exam,” said Dr. Sharma.

Increased need to urinate

Most people probably don’t count the number of trips they take to the bathroom each day. But urinating more frequently or feeling a sudden and desperate need to go could indicate that a tumor is pushing on your bladder.

Reduced appetite/indigestion

For some people, tummy troubles are common. Some women experience indigestion during their menstrual cycle. It’s also common to feel stomach pains if you’re stressed out or excited. But if you keep getting indigestion or nausea, or if you start feeling full faster, it could be a sign of ovarian cancer.

Lower abdominal/pelvic pain

Abdominal and pelvic pain can be common symptoms of menstruation or ovulation. Pain during ovulation is called “mittelschmerz” or literally, “middle pain” because it’s in the middle of the menstrual cycles. But if you notice consistent lower abdominal and pelvic pain outside the time when you would normally ovulate, it may be a sign of ovarian cancer.

In addition, some people may notice fatigue, back pain or pain while having sex.

“What’s common among all of these symptoms is their duration,” said Dr. Sharma. “If you notice that any of these symptoms last longer than a few weeks, you should see your doctor. Likewise, you should schedule a doctor’s appointment if you notice other changes in your body that persist for more than a few days.”

Hematologist-oncologist Namita Sharma, MD, sees patients at Geisinger Community Medical Center’s Cancer Center in Scranton. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Sharma or another Geisinger hematologist-oncologist, please call 800-275-6401 or visit Geisinger.org.

Endometriosis | Cedars-Sinai

Not what you’re looking for?

What is endometriosis?

The tissue that lines the uterus is
called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is
each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like
endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus. Each month, this misplaced tissue
responds to the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle. It builds up, breaks down,
bleeds. But, the blood has nowhere to go. This causes surrounding tissue to become
inflamed or swollen. It can also cause scar tissue, chronic pain, and heavy periods.

Endometriosis is a main cause of
infertility in women. This can happen if the tissue implants in the ovaries or fallopian
tubes. Tissue can also implant on other organs in the pelvis and in some cases, outside
the pelvis.

What causes endometriosis?

The cause of endometriosis is not clear. It may be that during a
woman’s period, some of the tissue backs up through the fallopian tubes into the belly.
These cells can implant in the pelvis or be transported through the bloodstream or
lymphatics to other parts of the body. Another theory suggests genes are to blame
resulting in cells transforming into endometrial tissue. Current research is also
looking at the role of the immune system.

Who is at risk for endometriosis?

Any woman may develop endometriosis, but the following women seem to be at an increased risk for the disease:

  • Women who have a mother, sister, or daughter with the disease
  • Women who gave birth for the first time after age 30
  • Women with an abnormal uterus

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

Each woman may experience symptoms
differently, but these are the most common symptoms:

  • Pain and cramps that may be felt in the belly or lower back during your period
  • Pain during sex
  • Abnormal or heavy menstrual flow
  • Infertility
  • Fatigue
  • Painful urination during your periods
  • Painful bowel movements during your periods
  • Other digestive problems, such as
    diarrhea, constipation, or nausea

The amount of pain a woman has isn’t always related to the severity of the disease.
Some women with severe disease may have no pain. Other women with a milder form of
the disease may have severe pain or other symptoms.

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

First, your healthcare provider
will review your health history. You will also have a physical exam and a pelvic

A laparoscopy is done to diagnose endometriosis. This uses a thin tube with a lens
and a light at the end. It’s inserted into an incision in the abdominal wall to see
into the pelvic area. The healthcare provider can often find the locations, extent,
and size of the misplaced tissue.

Other tests may include:

  • Biopsy. For this test, a small tissue
    sample is removed from the body and looked at.
  • Ultrasound. This imaging test uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the organs.
  • CT scan. This is an imaging test that
    uses X-rays and a computer to make detailed images of the body. A CT scan shows
    details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. It can find problems that may not
    show up on an ordinary X-ray.
  • MRI. This imaging test uses a large
    magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make detailed images of organs or

How is endometriosis treated?

Your healthcare provider will consider your age, overall health, symptoms and other
factors when advising what treatment is best for you. Whether you hope to become pregnant
will also play a role in your choices.

Treatment choices include medicine, surgery, or both. If symptoms are mild, you may
only need pain medicine. In other cases, hormone-based medicine, such as birth control
pills, will stop ovulation and slow endometriosis.

Several choices can be used to
remove the implants. Healthcare providers may be able to remove abnormal tissue growths
using a laparoscope. In other cases, open surgery is needed. Surgery to remove the
uterus (hysterectomy) is also a choice.

What are possible complications of endometriosis?

Endometriosis can make it very hard or impossible for a woman to get pregnant. Sometimes
surgery can help. But, in a few cases, women may remain infertile.

Living with endometriosis

Simple steps that can help ease the pain of endometriosis include:

  • Rest, relaxation, and meditation
  • Warm baths
  • Prevent constipation
  • Regular exercise
  • Use of hot water bottle or heating pad on your belly

Key points about endometriosis

  • Endometriosis is common in women during the years they can have children.
  • It causes tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue to implant outside the
  • Treatment may include medicine, surgery, or both. 
  • It can make it very hard or impossible for a woman to get pregnant.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:

  • Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments,
    or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also
    know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.

© 2000-2021 The StayWell Company, LLC. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional’s instructions.

Not what you’re looking for?

Why It Happens and Common Symptoms

  • Ovulation pain symptoms include cramping on one side, light bleeding, sore breasts, and high libido.
  • Ovulation pain is common, affecting about 20% of menstruating people.
  • While uncomfortable, ovulation pain can be one way to track when you are ovulating. 
  • Visit Insider’s Health Reference library for more advice.

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Ovulation pain, which affects 20% of menstruating people, occurs when the ovary begins to accommodate for the soon-to-be-released egg. This process can cause discomfort and pain, says Cassie Roeca, MD, an OB-GYN at the University of Colorado Advanced Reproductive Medicine. 

Because you are most fertile when ovulating, ovulation pain is one marker you can track if trying to conceive, or not.

Here’s what you need to know about typical and abnormal ovulation pain, what to expect while ovulating, and the link between ovulation and fertility. 

Ovulation pain symptoms

Pain during ovulation can be dull or sharp and typically occurs on one side of the lower abdomen, depending on which ovary releases an egg.

  • Cervical mucus increasing in quantity, wetness, clarity, and stretchiness
  • Breast tenderness
  • Increased libido
  • Light bleeding

A large 2014 study of partnered and single heterosexual women looked at changes in sexual activity during ovulation. Across almost eight years, women in both groups were more likely to have sex during ovulation due to increased libido.

However, some people might find sex more painful during ovulation, though it’s not common. 

“There are multiple reasons why people might experience painful intercourse during ovulation, including from inflammation, or another underlying condition such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, or an enlarged ovarian cyst,” says Roeca. 

Overall, ovulation pain won’t last more than a few hours, says Felice Gersh, MD, an OB-GYN at the Integrative Medical Group of Irvine. In comparison, period pain can last for a few days. 

Important: If your pain during ovulation is sudden and severe, lasts for more than a few hours, or is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, painful sex, and lightheadedness you should see a  doctor, says Roeca. Pain to this degree may be a sign of conditions such as endometriosis or an ovarian cyst.

Ovulation pain and fertility 

Ovulation pain can help someone determine when they are ovulating — which are the five most fertile days in a person’s menstrual cycle. However, having pain isn’t a guarantee you are ovulating and it may occur after the egg is released. Therefore, it’s best to use an ovulation calculator in addition to tracking your own symptoms, such as body temperature and discharge. 

Tangentially, ovulation pain may boost your fertility if you decide to take aspirin to relieve symptoms. A 2020 study found that taking aspirin during the implantation window led to an increased chance of pregnancy after only one cycle. In comparison, taking nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or acetaminophen instead did not have the same effect.

Insider’s takeaway 

It is common to experience a few hours of mild pain during ovulation. However, pain lasting for multiple days or becoming severe should be discussed with a doctor. This discomfort can be a sign of something more serious, such as an ovarian cyst or endometriosis. 

90,000 Why does the stomach hurt during ovulation?

Some women have stomach pain during ovulation. This phenomenon is not very common. Usually, this phenomenon occurs in one in five women. Why does the stomach hurt during ovulation, and are there any reasons for concern, we will tell about this in article

Pain during ovulation – causes

During ovulation, an egg is released from the follicle that bursts. This causes a slight discharge of blood.Blood irritates receptors in the peritoneum, and pain may develop. It also appears when there are adhesions in the pelvic organs, or if a woman has a high pain threshold.

Pain during ovulation can be caused by the leakage of follicular fluid, which causes the uterus and fallopian tubes to contract, resulting in pain. Some gynecologists believe that the reason that the stomach hurts during ovulation is that the walls of the ovary are stretched by the graaf bubble.

Pain during ovulation: symptoms

Often women have lower abdominal pain in the middle of the menstrual cycle.It is at this time that ovulation occurs. If during ovulation the stomach hurts slightly, then this is considered normal. Pains are of a different nature: cramping, cutting or stabbing. Such pain indicates that the ovaries are functioning normally. Attacks usually last from an hour to two days.

Pain during ovulation is felt from one side – to the right or to the left. This is due to the fact that the eggs ripen alternately in one or the other ovary. Therefore, in one month a woman will feel pain on the left, in another – on the right in the lower abdomen.

Read also: How to use the ovulation test

How to relieve pain during ovulation

If you have a stomach ache during ovulation, you can take an anesthetic pill. Drinking plenty of water and rest also helps with these pains.

If you experience pain during ovulation, you need to listen to your body. If the pain is very severe, lasts more than twelve hours, and if it is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, then you need to see a doctor.After all, lower abdominal pain may not necessarily be caused by ovulation. It may indicate that an inflammatory process is taking place in your body.

See also: How to get pregnant if there is no ovulation (VIDEO)

90,000 Why does stomach ache after sex and what to do about it

You can listen to this article. Play a podcast if that’s more comfortable for you.

Stomach pain during or after sex is called dyspareunia.This is a common occurrence. In the United States, 90,047 10 to 20% of women complain of regular dyspareunia. But men also face a similar problem. So, one study found that aching cramps in the lower abdomen after intercourse are felt by up to 5% of lovers.

In most cases, the causes of dyspareunia in women and men are the same . However, there are also purely sexual factors.

Why stomach hurts after sex: common causes

1.Uncomfortable sex position and overstrain

Muscle tension in the pelvic region makes itself felt with aching pain. It usually goes away in a few minutes.

2. Powerful orgasm

During orgasm, the muscles of the pelvis and pelvic floor contract involuntarily and very actively. The sharper the experienced sensations, the larger and more energetic these contractions. In general, the muscles are overstrained – read the first paragraph.

3. Fear of sex

Emotional trauma associated with sexual activity can manifest as physical discomfort.A person is afraid of failure, pain, ridicule, and this provokes a spasm. Sometimes, muscle strain in the pelvic and pelvic floor area can even be caused by everyday stress and anxiety.

4. Problems with the digestive system

Constipation and flatulence (excess gas in the intestines) are two common causes of abdominal pain after sex. During intercourse, due to muscle tension in the lower abdomen, air in the intestines can be redistributed. Somewhere it becomes too much, and it makes itself felt with bursting pain.

Other problems with the digestive system, such as irritable bowel syndrome, also lead to unpleasant but, fortunately, temporary cramps after sex.

5. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

UTIs usually affect the lower part of the urinary system – the bladder and urethra (urethra). Both organs are stressed during intercourse. For example, the bladder is located next to the uterus and responds to its contractions during orgasm. And through the urethra, sperm is thrown out during ejaculation in men.All this increases irritation and can lead to painful sensations both during and after sex.

If dyspareunia is indeed caused by a urinary tract infection, you will have other symptoms:

6. Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)

Some STIs, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, can cause pulling pain in the lower abdomen. Including after intercourse. By the way, there may be no other signs: many STIs are asymptomatic. So, at first glance, the regularly occurring unreasonable pain should alert.

Why does the stomach ache after sex in women

1. Penetration too deep

If the penis rests against the cervix and even penetrates into it, this is always discomfort. In some women, it is so strong that the painful spasm continues even after intercourse is completed. With an injury or infection of the cervix, the discomfort increases.

2. Ovarian cysts

The ovaries are paired glands located on either side of the uterus. Eggs mature and store in them.Some eggs are not released during ovulation, as expected, but remain inside the ovary, turning into a rather large sac on the gland – the so-called cyst. While cysts are most often harmless, they can present with pain or discomfort following intimacy.

3. Sex during ovulation

If a woman’s reproductive system is working normally, then every month a mature egg is released from the ovary and travels through the fallopian tube to possibly meet the sperm.This process is called ovulation. It usually occurs in the middle of the monthly cycle – about the 14th day from the first day of the last menstruation. For some women, having sex during this period can cause painful cramps in the lower abdomen.

4. Uterine fibroids

A fibroid is a neoplasm in the wall of the uterus. It is usually benign and does not lead to serious illnesses such as cancer. However, fibroids can cause symptoms such as painful periods with profuse discharge and dyspareunia.

5. Endometriosis

This is the name of a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus begins to grow where it should not be. For example, in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. This can cause severe cramping in the lower abdomen both during and after sex.

6. Non-standard location (bend) of the uterus

Normally, the body and cervix form an obtuse angle: the uterus is slightly pushed forward relative to the cervix. But when bent, it deviates back.In this case, during sex, the penis can press on the uterus, which causes dyspareunia.

7. Inflammation of the pelvic organs

The causes of inflammation can be many – from infections and injuries to the installation of an inappropriate intrauterine device. During intercourse, the inflamed organ experiences stress and makes itself felt with dyspareunia.

Why does the stomach ache after sex in men

The main purely male cause of dyspareunia is prostatitis, that is, inflammation of the prostate gland, which produces sperm.The disease is manifested by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, which intensify during or immediately after ejaculation.

What to do if stomach hurts after sex

In most cases, the discomfort that arose after intercourse disappears after a few minutes . So if dyspareunia does not occur often, goes away quickly and is not accompanied by other symptoms, then you will not need medical attention.

But be sure to contact your gynecologist or urologist as soon as possible if:

  • abdominal pain after sex occurs regularly;
  • the discomfort lasts a long time and is so severe that it interferes with your daily life;
  • along with soreness, you notice an increase in temperature – 38 ° C and above;
  • bleeding has occurred after sex;
  • In addition to pain, you notice abnormal vaginal or penile discharge.

The doctor will conduct an examination, evaluate the symptoms and, possibly, send you for additional tests: blood, urine, ultrasound of the pelvic organs. This is necessary to determine the cause of the pain. Depending on it, the physician will prescribe treatment or give recommendations that will help reduce discomfort.

Read also 😓👩‍⚕️🙂

Pulsation in the abdomen – causes of occurrence, under what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and treatment methods


The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication.In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, only the attending physician should prescribe diagnostic tests. For a diagnosis and correct treatment, you should contact your doctor.

Pulsation in the abdomen: causes of occurrence, under what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and methods of treatment.


Normally, the pulsation in the abdomen can be felt after a long stay in an uncomfortable position, playing sports, or when exposed to factors that irritate the nervous system.There is no cause for concern if the pulsation goes away on its own after a short rest on the back.

However, the feeling of a pulse in the abdomen can be a symptom of various diseases of organs and systems of the abdominal cavity. The abdominal cavity is the seat of many organs, such as the stomach, liver, gallbladder, intestines; here are located important blood (abdominal aorta) and lymphatic vessels, nerve bundles.

Failure in the work of at least one of the organs that make up the abdominal cavity leads to functional disorders of varying severity.Most often, it is impossible to independently identify the cause of the pulsation in the abdomen, for this it is necessary to consult a doctor, since in addition to a “harmless” indigestion, more serious life-threatening conditions can also be the cause.

Varieties of pulsation in the abdomen

Pulsation in the abdomen may vary in localization: above the navel, in the solar plexus region, to the right or left of the center of the abdomen.

Possible causes of pulsation in the abdomen

  1. Digestive disorders.
  2. Pregnancy.
  3. Features of the menstrual cycle.
  4. Pathology of the abdominal aorta.
  5. Tumors of the abdominal organs.

indigestion means pathologies of the stomach, intestines, pancreas of various nature and diseases of the biliary tract. Most often, gallbladder diseases are not manifested by pulsation in the abdomen; the symptoms of these conditions are characterized by aching pains in the right hypochondrium, which in some cases become acute and unbearable (for example, with biliary colic), yellowing of the sclera and skin, etc.

The clinical picture gastritis fits heaviness in the abdomen, pulsation in the epigastric region (the space located directly under the xiphoid process and which is the projection of the stomach onto the anterior abdominal wall), heartburn, nausea, in some cases vomiting, loss of appetite.

When overeating due to hyperextension of the walls of the stomach, pulsating sensations in the abdomen may also appear.

Colitis is manifested by inflammation, constipation, diarrhea (or their alternation), the appearance of blood or mucus in the stool, discomfort and discomfort in the abdomen, weakness, lack of appetite.The provoking factors of colitis can be poor-quality food and water, as well as wearing tight, uncomfortable clothing that puts pressure on the intestines. Pulsation in the abdomen can occur in diseases such as Crohn’s disease (chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by damage to the epithelium of the intestinal tube and impaired digestion and absorption of nutrients) and intestinal tumors . With intestinal tumors, the following nonspecific symptoms are possible: upset stools, weight loss, decreased appetite up to the aversion to food, a significant increase in the volume of the abdomen.

The clinical picture of intestinal obstruction is as follows: a violation of the discharge of feces and gases, pain and pulsation in the abdomen, in some cases there is a feeling of increased peristalsis, nausea, vomiting. The appearance of these symptoms in combination or separately requires immediate medical attention. Lack of proper treatment in the development of intestinal obstruction can cause severe complications and even death.

During pregnancy as the baby develops and grows, the uterus enlarges.This process is accompanied by pressure on the surrounding organs – the intestines, the bladder, which is manifested by frequent urination, pulsation in the abdomen, heartburn (in late pregnancy, which is associated with increasing intra-abdominal pressure).

Sometimes a woman mistakenly takes the fetal movement for a pulsation in the abdomen. In the prenatal period, at a later date, pulsating sensations in the abdomen may appear due to fetal hiccups. This condition is not pathological unless it is permanent.

During menstruation , the endometrium is renewed – the cells lining the uterine cavity from the inside. During this period, the uterus contracts in waves, which in some women is accompanied by pain, and in some – a feeling of pulsation in the abdomen. This condition is physiological and does not require specific treatment. In cases when, on the days of menstruation, a woman is acutely experiencing the above symptoms, which disrupts the usual rhythm of her life, it is advisable to consult a doctor to select the optimal therapy.

Aorta is the largest unpaired vessel in the human body. It is part of the systemic circulation, the main function of which is to provide all organs and tissues with oxygen-rich blood. The aorta is usually divided into three sections: the ascending aorta, the aortic arch and the descending aorta (divided into thoracic and abdominal).

The abdominal aorta supplies the stomach, intestines, kidneys, spleen, and also the testes in men and the ovaries in women.

An aneurysm is a pathology of the vessel wall, in which a kind of protrusion, similar to a bag, forms on it. The presence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm may present with a throbbing sensation in the abdomen. Abdominal pain is often absent or tolerable, but attacks similar to sciatica or exacerbation of inflammation of the pancreas are also possible. More often men are sick after 60 years, and most of them are smokers with long experience. With late diagnosis, the aortic wall becomes thinner, which can lead to rupture of the aneurysm with physical exertion or even at rest.

For the reasons for the development of aortic aneurysms, doctors attribute congenital abnormalities of the connective tissue, diseases of an inflammatory nature (for example, aortitis), non-infectious (specific) inflammation (for example, Takayasu’s disease), a penetrating wound or blunt trauma of the abdomen, hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis (characterized by the deposition of cholesterol plaques in , which makes their walls less resistant to the effects of blood pressure).

Which doctors should I contact if there is a pulsation in the abdomen

therapist or
gastroenterologist.In cases where the disorder is of an infectious nature, an infectious disease specialist will help.

With digestive disorders, accompanied by profuse vomiting, repeated loose stools, severe dehydration develops – this condition may require hospitalization.

As a rule, a surgeon deals with the treatment of an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta.

During pregnancy, women are observed in

Diagnostics and examinations for pulsation in the abdomen

To diagnose gastritis or colitis, gastro or colonoscopy is widely used (in some cases, studies are carried out with sedation) and ultrasound of the abdominal organs to detect tumors in the abdomen.When carrying out endoscopic examinations, it is possible to take material to determine the cellular characteristics of the formation, which determines the tactics of further treatment.

TOP-8 prejudices and myths about menstruation

Every healthy woman has a period for most of her life. However, it is difficult to remember any other biological process in the body that would be so surrounded by myths and prejudices. And it’s definitely worth knowing about them. Then it will be possible to preserve n not only health, but also nerve cells!

Myth 1.It is impossible to get pregnant during your period

Reality: there are no safe days. Point. As popular as this myth is, it doesn’t make it true.

The average length of a menstrual cycle is 28 days, but can range from 21 to 35 days. The day when ovulation occurs – the release of an egg cell – may also change. During this time, the chances of getting pregnant are highest. In women with a long cycle, ovulation occurs around day 21.If the cycle is shorter, then even on the 7th. Regardless of the length of the cycle, it must be remembered that sperm retain their activity inside the female body for up to three days.

It turns out that the closer the end of menstruation is, the higher the chances of getting pregnant. Especially with a short menstrual cycle.

If a woman is having her period, then she is currently not ovulating. Everyone has heard of such a rule. In fact, this is not always the case. In some cases, the menstrual cycle can be unpredictable when ovulation occurs before, during, or after the bleeding phase.Especially with an irregular cycle. In addition, women may have spotting bleeding, which can be easily confused with menstrual bleeding.

Important! During menstruation, follow the same safe sex practices as on all other days. And although the chances of getting pregnant with menstruation are low, this does not mean that they are not.

If you are not planning a pregnancy or taking oral contraceptives, make sure your partner is using a condom.

Myth 2. If your period did not come on time, then you are pregnant

Reality: Pregnancy is the most common reason for missing your period, but it can be caused by other factors as well.

Weight change, inadequate nutrition, illness and stress can all cause menstrual disruptions. This happens especially often during the year after the first menstruation. Establishing a regular cycle can take anywhere from six months to a year from the time of menarche.A third of women have one or two cycles per year that go astray. However, if you are sexually active and your period did not come on time, then you need to go to the doctor and take a pregnancy test.

Myth 3. You can’t do sports during your period

Reality: during menstruation, if it is not too painful, it is even beneficial to do sports.

You may not want to do heavy exercises like lifting weights or doing CrossFit, but light exercise – walking, swimming, Pilates, or yoga – can lift your spirits.After all, endorphins are produced in the process. They help relieve uterine cramps that cause abdominal pain.

Use a fresh tampon or pad after swimming. If you have already used it during classes, then change it. This will avoid infections caused by bacteria in the water.

If you are not feeling tired or your pain is not too much, then there is no reason to change your training schedule. But if the weakness after menstruation continues for several days, then it is worth consulting your doctor.This could be a sign of anemia.

Myth 4. You can’t take a bath during your period

Reality: Taking a bath during your period is more beneficial.

This myth originated when water treatments were taken together. For example, in the lakes. Or, as in Russia, in a bathhouse, which almost never went alone. This is rare these days, so there is no reason to follow such prejudices.

Moreover, taking water treatments during menstruation is beneficial as part of hygiene.Although the blood that comes out during menstruation is sterile, bacteria grow on the pad, tampon, and hair over time. So it’s important to wash regularly. If you are worried about blood leaking into the water, you can use a swab while you take a bath.

Some women are afraid that during menstruation, water may get inside and infect them with something. This is also a myth. Even though there is blood flowing, there is no wound inside. Therefore, it is impossible to get infected. Water enters only at the very beginning of the vaginal canal, but does not pass further than the cervix, in which at this time the mucous membrane is only separated.

Of course, you shouldn’t take a bath if you are not sure that it is clean. Or the fact that it was not used by someone before you. But remember that the chance of getting an infection due to water entering the vaginal canal is as low as on other days of the cycle, provided basic hygiene is observed.

Myth 5. You can’t have sex and masturbate during your period

Reality: It is safe to have protected sex during menstruation, the main danger is only bedding, which is easy to get dirty.

Whether to have sex during menstruation is a personal decision for each couple. In any case, you need to discuss this issue with your partner.

As for masturbation, there is no harm here if you follow the rules of hygiene: your hands must be clean! But this rule must be observed whenever the hands touch the mucous membrane, including the vagina.

Myth 6. During menstruation, you cannot get a tattoo and botox

Reality: During your period you can get tattoos, botox, massage and whatever, but the pain can be stronger than on other days of the cycle.

Tattooing and botox will not affect your period. And vice versa. But still it is worth remembering two nuances:

  • Medicines and herbs you take to relieve pain and thin your blood (such as aspirin or ibuprofen) may affect your tattoo.
  • During menstruation, the level of pain tolerance may change, in other words, the procedure or healing may be more painful than under other circumstances.

Myth 7.Everybody has pain during menstruation, and you just need to endure it

Reality: Many women experience very severe menstrual cramps that can interfere with their normal life, and this pain is absolutely real

This is not just about discomfort or discomfort, but about those cases when women are forced to take a day off at work and curl up in bed pain.

This condition has a medical name: dysmenorrhea.It is observed in 20% of women.

Important! This should never be tolerated. We must go to the gynecologist to relieve the pain!

Myth 8. Women’s behavior is determined by hormonal surges that depend on the phase of the menstrual cycle

Reality: everyone has hormones, and their level can change

Unfortunately, many still accuse women of inadequacy, because during the menstrual cycle, the level of hormones changes.

But science in this matter is unambiguous: everyone has hormones, and they do not determine either a person as a person or his behavior.

Kotex pads and tampons will help you feel more comfortable and confident during your period. Choose the one that suits you.

Kotex Active – new ultra-thin pads designed specifically for active girls. Thanks to FlexFit technology, they follow body movements, while the breathable surface provides comfort and confidence on the move.

Kotex Ultra Soft – new liners with incredibly soft as cotton ** surface and Fast Absorb center. They give 100 * confidence.

Kotex Ultrasorb – tampons with a silky finish and a blue line for extra protection against leaks. They provide reliable protection.

Kotex with applicator – a new level of comfort. The comfortable applicator with an ultra-smooth tip and a non-slip base ensures easy and hygienic insertion of the tampon and correct placement within the body.

Kotex panty liners provide comfort and hygiene every day: they protect the linen and help to keep the feeling of cleanliness and freshness.

#MOVE FORWARD with Kotex taking care of your period.

* According to 75% of 135 surveyed Kotex users (survey of Ipsos Comcon LLC, Russia, 2016)

** Does not contain cotton

10 facts about endometriosis

15% of women suffer from endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when the cells of the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) go beyond the uterine cavity, become fixed and begin to grow in other organs.They go through the same monthly cycle as normal endometrial cells, but cannot leave the body as they do during menstruation. This causes inflammation and further scar tissue formation in the affected areas. And where there is inflammation, there is pain! And, unfortunately, not only pain …

Fact number 1

Endometriosis cannot be cured

It sounds harsh, I don’t want to believe it, but today it is. However, there is good news: the disease can be “curbed”, as a result, you can have a good quality of life and avoid infertility, premature menopause, etc.d.

That is why endometriosis requires long-term treatment, up to menopause. Even if the disease is incurable, this does not mean that from now on it rules your life. Only a gynecologist can choose the right treatment, develop tactics for managing your condition with endometriosis.

Fact number 2

Endometriosis is not easy suffering during menstruation

Endometriosis can significantly affect the ability to work and the quality of life in general, creating problems during the childbearing period, one of which is infertility (more than half of women suffer from this), and sometimes it can continue even after menopause.

Fact number 3

Pain can occur at any time, not only during menstruation

Pain can occur during urination, defecation, sexual intercourse (depending on the localization of the lesions), and sometimes for no apparent reason at all. Sometimes you can predict when your pain will be worse, but endometriosis is usually unpredictable.

Fact number 4

It is not easy to diagnose endometriosis

The time from symptom onset to diagnosis can take up to 8 years or more.Women turn to different specialists who make different diagnoses. And often, to relieve pain during menstruation, without a thorough interview and examination of the patient, pain relievers are prescribed, which can mask symptoms for many years, while the disease progresses.

Fact No. 5

Endometriosis affects both the physical and mental state of a woman

Pain in itself can be the reason for missing work or school, your refusal to social activity, avoidance of sexual contact.Irritability, anxiety, depression up to depression are quite common phenomena in patients with endometriosis.

Fact number 6

Endometriosis can affect every woman differently

Even if you find two women with lesions of endometriosis in the same area, the likelihood that they will experience the same symptoms is relatively low. Almost all women will have pain, but its nature, localization may differ significantly.Stage I endometriosis (mild) can cause more pain than stage I-V endometriosis (common).

Fact number 7

There is no one-size-fits-all or even combination of treatments that works for all patients

Treatment is always tailored individually. For treatment, surgical intervention is used, as well as drug treatment – hormonal drugs and drugs that affect the production of hormones (agonists of gonadotropin-releasing hormones)

Fact number 8

In endometriosis, the main hormones of femininity – estrogens, work against us

Estrogens normally promote the growth of the endometrium at the beginning of each menstrual cycle.However, in endometriosis, estrogens cause the progression of the disease, because regardless of which organ the cells of the inner lining of the uterus have taken root in, they also respond to estrogens, like normal tissue. Therefore, hormonal drugs for the treatment of endometriosis should not contain estrogen.

Fact number 9

Endometriosis is not cured after childbirth and may even progress

There is a misconception that pregnancy and childbirth can, if not cure, then at least cause regression of the disease.Alas, this is not the case. Endometriosis can progress after childbirth. However, childbirth saves from another – it is a powerful prevention of ovarian cancer, the risk of which increases with endometriosis.

Fact No. 10

Pain cannot be tolerated

Patience and perseverance are irrelevant here. If pain is not stopped in time, it can become chronic: in this case, nerve cells are damaged and perceive pain more acutely. That is, pain sensitivity in general increases: you will feel any pain, even toothache and headache, more acutely than women who do not suffer from endometriosis.

Tips for a situation where you have been diagnosed with endometriosis

1) Don’t panic!

Endometriosis can and should be managed. People who take responsibility for their health live fulfilling lives.

2) Accept that endometriosis cannot be completely cured and one treatment does not work for everyone

Do not ignore this, who is forewarned is armed! Entrust your health to a qualified obstetrician-gynecologist, follow his recommendations and tune in to long-term therapy of the disease with a break in case of pregnancy and childbirth.

3) Become an advocate for your body, control your well-being

Only you really know what’s going on with your body. Watch yourself and listen to your body. Tell your doctor about changes, for example, in the nature or place of pain, so that he can help you in time to prevent an exacerbation of the disease.

You can make an appointment with a doctor by phone in Yekaterinburg: 8-800-511-26-86, +7 (343) 224-20-56, +7 (343) 286-20-56 or on the online appointment page

90,000 In the middle of the cycle, smearing brown discharge appeared

Causes of brown discharge in the middle of the cycle

Gynecologists identified six main reasons for the appearance of spotting in the middle of the cycle:

  1. The most common cause of brown secretions is ovulation .When an egg matures in a woman’s body, the hormonal background changes and minor bleeding may occur. In this case, the discharge is a signal that the woman’s body is ready to conceive a child, therefore, with their help, you can plan or avoid pregnancy. If this condition lasts a short time and does not cause severe pain, then this is a normal phenomenon that should not frighten or bother a woman. The girl is lying in bed.
  2. Early pregnancy .When a fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall, the structure of the endometrium changes inside, it becomes more sensitive and receptive. During this period, minor bleeding may occur in the form of a small patch of reddish or brown tint. In a month, when the woman already understands and realizes her new position, everything should be in order. During the normal course of pregnancy, there should be no dark vaginal discharge.
  3. Possible formations in the uterus .With age, the risk of malignant and benign tumors in women increases. Most often, they can occur in women with irregular sex life. It is in this regard that dark discharge may appear in the middle of the cycle. To confirm the assumption of the presence of fibroids, its size, position and possible threat, you need to undergo an ultrasound examination. If you still have education, a competent specialist will observe its development, growth and dynamics. After all, if the fibroid is small, benign and slow-growing, no measures should be taken in relation to it.A brownish or red discharge will occasionally appear.
  4. Endometriosis is a disease in which the tissues of the uterus can grow beyond its borders, for example, into the cervix or vagina. Then brown discharge may be one of the symptoms of this phenomenon. In addition, there may be pain in the lower abdomen, which has the character of pulling discomfort, and pain in the lower back. To confirm the assumption of the presence of this disease, you need to be examined by a gynecologist and do a colposcopy.Only after a detailed video examination can the doctor draw conclusions and prescribe further treatment.
  5. Periodic bleeding, including in the middle of the cycle, may be a symptom of cervical erosion . However, it is during this period of the menstrual cycle that they can increase, which is associated with a change in hormonal levels. You can clarify this issue in consultation with a gynecologist, who will explain the reasons and tell you about the condition of the cervix.
  6. Protection with oral or vaginal contraceptives .Discharge may appear if a woman takes birth control pills or uses a vaginal ring. Their occurrence usually means that this method of protection is not suitable for a woman due to the insufficient content of the necessary hormones in it. In this case, it is better to change the method of protection after consulting a doctor.

In addition to the above reasons, brownish discharge may be the result of the formation of the menstrual cycle, the onset of menopause, or accompany the woman’s lactation period.The lower abdomen pulls in young girls who are just beginning their first menstruation, and in elderly women, whose menstrual cycle changes or disappears altogether, irregular dark discharge is caused by changes in the uterus. This usually lasts from several months to six months, until the female body gets used to other functioning. Another reason may be the installed intrauterine device. In this case, there is no reason for the woman’s concern either.

Gynecologists say that small dark discharge in the middle of the cycle is a sign of a woman’s ability to fertilize and conceive, so their appearance is absolutely normal.

Normal smear does not show STI pathogens.

Beige highlights – causes of appearance, characteristic

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Date of last update: 08/25/2021

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Characteristics of beige secretions
When beige discharge may appear
Why beige discharge appears

Every day a woman’s vagina produces mucus that moisturizes the walls, promotes gentle cleansing and maintenance of local microflora.Vaginal secretions contain substances that prevent the multiplication of infectious pathogens. The nature and volume of discharge varies depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. In most cases, moderate vaginal discharge is a variant of the norm, but only if the woman does not have additional signs: unpleasant odor, itching and burning, pain in the lower abdomen, urinary disorders, discomfort during intimate contacts, etc.

Characteristics of beige discharge

Vaginal discharge can be beige, light beige, milky yellow, and cream.They also differ in consistency, smell and quantity. Initially, the mucus is almost white, but it is when it dries on linen that it can change its color to beige. This is considered normal. In a healthy woman, beige vaginal discharge does not have an unpleasant odor and is not too abundant. At the same time, there are no abdominal pains and other pathological manifestations. Beige and gray vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor may indicate the development of urogenital infections.

When beige discharge may appear

A beige discharge in a woman can normally appear a few days before and after menstruation, as well as in the middle of the cycle during ovulation, when the follicle ruptures and the egg leaves the ovary.In all other cases, it is recommended to consult a specialist. Even if the beige vaginal discharge is not accompanied by abdominal pain and other complaints, a consultation with a gynecologist will confirm the absence of diseases or reveal hidden disorders.

Why beige discharge appears

Gynecological diseases . Women’s diseases, which may be accompanied by infectious and inflammatory processes in the pelvic area, often provoke a change in the color and volume of vaginal discharge.The mucus may turn yellow-green, causing pelvic pain and other common symptoms.

Intimate contacts . After proximity, the seminal fluid, mixing with natural vaginal secretions, acquires a slightly beige tint. Sometimes, as a result of tissue damage during active sexual intercourse, an ichor appears, which also affects the color of the mucus.

Use of hormonal preparations . This can change the hue of vaginal discharge, make it more profuse, and even cause intermenstrual bleeding.These changes often appear during the period of adaptation to hormonal contraceptives.

Pregnancy . After conception, hormonal changes in the body occur, the amount of progesterone increases, which enhances the production of mucus from the vagina. If a woman does not have signs of an exacerbation of the inflammatory process and bleeding, there is no need to worry about beige discharge. But consultation with a gynecologist is still necessary.

Regardless of the light-colored vaginal discharge, it is recommended to use panty liners such as Carefree®, which have a delicate top layer with excellent absorbency.Pads keep you clean and comfortable, and help prevent stains on your underwear and clothing.