Is papaya a laxative: Natural Laxatives: 10 Fruits That Fight Constipation
Natural Laxatives: 10 Fruits That Fight Constipation
Fruits, such as papaya, orange and plum are great natural laxatives for getting rid of constipation, even in people with a long history of this condition. These fruits contain large amounts of fiber and water, which speed up intestinal transit and make the formation of stools easier.
These fruits can be consumed daily, both fresh and in natural juices or fruit salads, and can also be given to babies and children, but in smaller quantities so as not to cause diarrhea.
Papaya is very rich in water and fiber, and is well known for its power in helping with digestion. The “formosa” papaya variety is even more laxative than the common papaya, as it has almost twice as many fibers.
While 100 g of the Formosa papaya has 1.8 g of fiber, the common papaya has 1 g, which it’s still a good amount. The two varieties of fruit have about 11 g of carbohydrates and 40 kcal for every 100 g, in addition to nutrients such as magnesium, potassium, and vitamin C.
Oranges are rich in water, which helps hydrating the intestines and stools, but they also provide a lot of bagasse (pulp, rind, and seeds), that is composed of fibers for a better digestion. One orange has about 2.2 g of fiber, which is a greater amount of fiber that the one found in 1 slice of brown bread, for example.
However, it’s important to remember that orange juice has virtually no fiber, because when the fruit is squeezed just for the juice, the bagasse ends up being wasted, along with the peel. Therefore in the form of juice, orange is not a good natural laxative.
The plum, both fresh and dried (prunes), is rich in fiber and is a great food for the intestine. Each black plum has about 1.2 g of fiber, in addition to providing phosphorus, potassium, and B vitamins to the body.
An important tip is to look at the product label when eating prunes to check if there is sugar added to the product, which greatly increases the calories of the plum and hampers weight loss. So, prunes without added sugar are the best.
4. Acerola cherries
Acerola cherries have about 1.5 g of fiber for every 100 g of fresh fruit, and only 33 kcal, which makes this fruit a great ally for the overall diet and the intestine. In addition, this same amount of acerola has 12 times the daily recommended amount of vitamin C for an adult, so it’s richer in this vitamin than orange and lemon, for example.
Avocado is a champion in fiber content: 100 g of this fruit brings about 6 g of fiber. It’s also rich in fats that are good for the body and that help with the passage of stools through the intestine, in addition to promoting cardiovascular health and improving levels of good cholesterol.
Although being known as a fruit that hampers digestion, each banana has at least 1 g of fiber. The secret is to eat this fruit when it’s very ripe, so that its fibers will be ready to help in intestinal transit. On the other hand, those who need to control diarrhea should eat the banana when it’s still half green, because, that way, its fibers will help to hamper digestion.
Even better than this fruit in its fresh state is the green banana biomass, as it has a high-fiber content and is a naturally prebiotic food, which helps the health of the intestinal flora.
Two fresh figs have about 1.8 g of fiber and only 45 kcal, which reduces the feeling of hunger for longer. As in the case of plums, when buying dried figs go for those with no added sugar and check the list of ingredients on the product label.
Each kiwi has about 2 g of fiber and only 40 kcal, making this fruit a great ally for the intestine and weight-loss diets. In addition, 2 kiwis provide an adult’s daily vitamin C requirement and have a high antioxidant power, helping to prevent diseases and improve the health of the skin.
9. Rose apple
Although not very common, the rose apple is one of the richest fruits when it comes to fiber: 1 rose apple provides about 2.5 g of fiber, an amount that is often found in 2 slices of whole grain bread. In addition, it has only 15 kcal per fruit, much less than most fruits, which is great for weight loss and reducing the feeling of hunger.
Each pear, when eaten with its peel, has about 3 g of fiber and only 55 kcal, which makes this fruit one of the most important to help the intestine. A good tip for weight loss is to eat a pear about 20 minutes before a meal, as this way its fibers will act in the intestine and generate a feeling of satiety, which reduces the feeling of hunger at the time of the meal.
Why you must start your day with papaya on an empty stomach
Summer is right here, so what better time than now to enjoy some summer fruits. While the list of summer fruits is long, one fruit that you must include in your diet, and consume it on an empty stomach, is papaya. Wonder why? Read on to know more.
The yellowish-orange coloured fruit is considered to be an excellent source of fibre besides being low in calories. This helps one reduce weight and even keep cholesterol in check.
Besides that, a cup of papaya when had on an empty stomach is known to clear the digestive tract of toxins and smoothen the bowel movement due to the presence of digestive enzymes. It is also known to keep away digestive disorders like bloating, upset stomach and constipation.
How does papaya help?
As a rich source of vitamin A and C, papaya helps boost the immune system by removing toxins from the body. This helps keep illnesses and infections away.
To aid you in your weight loss plan, include a cup of papaya in your morning routine. The low calorie content combined with fibre helps keep one fuller for longer by keeping unnecessary hunger pangs away.
The presence of vitamin C, potassium, antioxidants, and fibre in papaya helps keep the arteries healthy which promotes blood flow. This increased circulation is known to reduce the cholesterol levels in the body that helps reduce the risk of heart diseases and stroke.
The presence of enzyme papain is said to act as a natural painkiller that helps reduce inflammation in the body. How does it happen? Papain is said to increase the body’s production of cytokines, a group of proteins, that help regulate inflammation.
ALSO READ | Why you must start your day with a teaspoon of ghee on an empty stomach
The nutrients in papaya including lutein, zeaxanthin, and vitamin E are believed to be good for the eyes and for the prevention of age-related macular degeneration.
While we are only talking about the consumption of papaya and how it helps one’s health, the fruit also has various benefits for one’s skin. Being one of the primary sources of vitamin C, it contains carotenoids like beta-carotene and lycopene which when added together, do wonders for the skin. They help protect the skin against free-radical damage, which results in wrinkles and other signs of ageing.
How should you have papaya?
The best way to enjoy the fruit is raw when it is ripe. Nevertheless, it can also be added to desserts, salads and smoothies to make for a filling treat.
Who shouldn’t have?
Due to the presence of latex in papaya which may cause early labour and uterine contractions, pregnant women are advised to avoid the fruit
6 Side Effects Of Papayas You Should Know
Add it to your salads or blend it into a glassful of juice or smoothie, papaya (or papita), makes for an excellent summer delight. This low-calorie fruit has many health benefits to offer. According to the book Healing Foods by DK Publishing, it is known to have antibacterial properties and promotes good digestion, and almost every part of the plant can be consumed. It is a good source of antioxidant carotenoids such as beta-carotene that helps protect eyesight. Moreover, papaya leaves have even been found effective against dengue fever. Papaya has long been used as a meat tenderiser too. High in fibre content, it is said to manage conditions like constipation. While the sweet orange delight is celebrated for its many benefits, it has certain side effects, too, if consumed in excess.
This all-rounder has some significant side-effects that you’ll need to watch out for. We list out some common side effects that may convince you to reduce the quantity of consuming papayas. Please note that the side effects may vary from person to person.
Side Effects of Papaya
1. May be Harmful for pregnant women
Most health experts advise pregnant women to avoid eating papaya as the papaya seeds, roots and infusion of the leaves can harm the foetus. An unripe papaya fruit has high concentration of latex that can cause uterine contractions. The papain component present in the papaya may damage certain membranes in the body that essential for foetal development.
(Also Read: 10 Foods You Should Avoid During Pregnancy)
Most health experts advise pregnant women to avoid eating papaya
2. Could lead to digestive issues
Papaya has high amounts of fibre content; while it may be great for people with constipation, excessive consumption of it could lead to an upset stomach. Moreover, the skin of the fruit contains latex that can irritate the stomach and cause pain and discomfort. The fibre in the fruit can also bind with the stools and cause diarrhoea, leaving you dehydrated. (Read: Fruits that help better digestion)
3. May not go well with medications
According to the US National Library of Medicine, papaya may interact with blood thinning medications, which can lead to easy bleeding and bruising.
papaya may interact with blood thinning medications
4. Known to lower blood sugar significantly
Fermented papaya could lower blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous for diabetics. It is always best to consult a doctor, especially if you are a diabetic who is on medications.
5. Can cause other allergies
The papain in the fruit or pollen from the flowers can lead to certain allergies. Some of the reactions may include swelling, dizziness, headache, rashes and itching.
(Also Read: Identifying Food Allergy: Know The Triggers And How To Prevent A Reaction)
The papain in the fruit or pollen from the flowers can lead to certain allergies
6. Could cause respiratory disorders
The enzyme papain present in papaya is said to be a potential allergen. Excessive consumption could cause different respiratory disorders like asthma, congestion and wheezing.
It is best to avoid eating papayas in large quantities in order to prevent health issues. In case you have any disease, consult a doctor who will be able to guide you better as to how much amount of the fruit is safe for you.
Is Papaya a Natural Laxative?
Is Papaya a Natural Laxative?
You may suffer from constipation now and then even if you are following a healthy lifestyle and taking a healthy diet. You might then look for the OTC laxative for curing constipation. However, it is good to look for a natural laxative which are completely natural, easy and simple to use and also absolutely safe. So why not try papaya fruit which is a natural laxative known to be excellent for your digestive tract and aids in relieving constipation.
Is Papaya a Natural Laxative?
Yes, Papaya is a natural laxative. Papaya, especially the green papaya is wonderful in straightening out the digestive tract and providing you relief from constipation. Now, what actually makes papaya such a great natural laxative? This fruit contain a large amount of fiber and is stuffed with a digestive enzyme known as Papain. The combined benefits of huge amount of fiber and the digestive enzyme Papain make papaya a great natural laxative for relieving constipation.
If you are taking papaya as it is, you need to try partially unripe papaya which contains the most papain and is beneficial in preventing from constipation as it safeguards the partially digested proteins in your large intestine. The rich amount of insoluble fiber present in papaya aids to bulk-up the faeces in your colon, and thus allowing it to move easier.
How Much Papaya Should You Eat for Constipation?
You can eat 2-3 cups or half of a large papaya fruit, if you have not passed a stool for one day. You can also drink papaya juice instead for relief from constipation. The juice as contain more water content is more an effective natural laxative. However it contains less fiber content which may not be good for relieving constipation. But again, if you simply blend the fruit then you can find the best benefit from the papaya juice. However, if you use a juice extractor then you will lose a lot of fiber.
It is thus known that papaya act as a natural laxative and can provide you relief from constipation and piles etc. however, it is essential for you to add dried or fresh figs for improving the laxative properties of papaya. However be very careful if you are pregnant as consuming unripe papaya can induce labor.
|Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc.
This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On: November 21, 2019
Previous articleWhat are the Benefits of Passion Fruit and How to Eat it?Next articleVegetarian Foods to Improve Hemoglobin
This article on Epainassist.com has been reviewed by a medical professional, as well as checked for facts, to assure the readers the best possible accuracy.
We follow a strict editorial policy and we have a zero-tolerance policy regarding any level of plagiarism. Our articles are resourced from reputable online pages. This article may contains scientific references. The numbers in the parentheses (1, 2, 3) are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers.
The feedback link “Was this Article Helpful” on this page can be used to report content that is not accurate, up-to-date or questionable in any manner.
This article does not provide medical advice.
Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dose & Precautions
Ahmad, K. Regression in keloid scar by intralesional injection of papaya milk. Br.J.Plast.Surg. 1998;51(3):261. View abstract.
Alam, M. G., Snow, E. T., and Tanaka, A. Arsenic and heavy metal contamination of vegetables grown in Samta village, Bangladesh. Sci Total Environ 6-1-2003;308(1-3):83-96. View abstract.
Alvarenga, C. D., Silva, M. A., Lopes, G. N., Lopes, E. N., Brito, E. S., Querino, R. B., and Matrangolo, C. A. [Occurrence of Ceratitis capitata Wied. (Diptera: Tephritidae) on papaya fruits in Minas Gerais State, Brazil]. Neotrop.Entomol. 2007;36(5):807-808. View abstract.
Aruoma, O. I., Colognato, R., Fontana, I., Gartlon, J., Migliore, L., Koike, K., Coecke, S., Lamy, E., Mersch-Sundermann, V., Laurenza, I., Benzi, L., Yoshino, F., Kobayashi, K., and Lee, M. C. Molecular effects of fermented papaya preparation on oxidative damage, MAP Kinase activation and modulation of the benzo[a]pyrene mediated genotoxicity. Biofactors 2006;26(2):147-159. View abstract.
Ballot, D., Baynes, R. D., Bothwell, T. H., Gillooly, M., MacFarlane, B. J., MacPhail, A. P., Lyons, G., Derman, D. P., Bezwoda, W. R., Torrance, J. D., and . The effects of fruit juices and fruits on the absorption of iron from a rice meal. Br J Nutr 1987;57(3):331-343. View abstract.
Barua, A. B. and Olson, J. A. Reversed-phase gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure for simultaneous analysis of very polar to nonpolar retinoids, carotenoids and tocopherols in animal and plant samples. J Chromatogr.B Biomed.Sci Appl 4-10-1998;707(1-2):69-79. View abstract.
Bhat, G. P. and Surolia, N. In vitro antimalarial activity of extracts of three plants used in the traditional medicine of India. Am.J.Trop.Med.Hyg. 2001;65(4):304-308. View abstract.
Bourdy, G. and Walter, A. Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu. I. The cycle of reproduction. J.Ethnopharmacol. 1992;37(3):179-196. View abstract.
Breithaupt, D. E., Bamedi, A., and Wirt, U. Carotenol fatty acid esters: easy substrates for digestive enzymes? Comp Biochem.Physiol B Biochem.Mol.Biol 2002;132(4):721-728. View abstract.
Breithaupt, D. E., Weller, P., Wolters, M., and Hahn, A. Plasma response to a single dose of dietary beta-cryptoxanthin esters from papaya (Carica papaya L.) or non-esterified beta-cryptoxanthin in adult human subjects: a comparative study. Br.J Nutr 2003;90(4):795-801. View abstract.
Castillo, R., Delgado, J., Quiralte, J., Blanco, C., and Carrillo, T. Food hypersensitivity among adult patients: epidemiological and clinical aspects. Allergol.Immunopathol.(Madr.) 1996;24(3):93-97. View abstract.
Chaudhuri, R. N., Ghosh, B. N., and Chatterjee, B. N. Diet intake patterns of non-Bengali Muslim mothers during pregnancy and lactation. Indian J Public Health 1989;33(2):82-83. View abstract.
Chota, A., Sikasunge, C. S., Phiri, A. M., Musukwa, M. N., Haazele, F., and Phiri, I. K. A comparative study of the efficacy of piperazine and Carica papaya for the control of helminth parasites in village chickens in Zambia. Trop.Anim Health Prod. 2010;42(3):315-318. View abstract.
Colombetti, G. [On local treatment of tropical phagedenic ulcer with papaya pulp]. Minerva Med 12-1-1965;56(96):4200-4201. View abstract.
Costanza, D. J. Carotenemia associated with papaya ingestion. Calif.Med 1968;109(4):319-320. View abstract.
Danese, C., Esposito, D., D’Alfonso, V., Cirene, M., Ambrosino, M., and Colotto, M. Plasma glucose level decreases as collateral effect of fermented papaya preparation use. Clin Ter. 2006;157(3):195-198. View abstract.
Datla, K. P., Bennett, R. D., Zbarsky, V., Ke, B., Liang, Y. F., Higa, T., Bahorun, T., Aruoma, O. I., and Dexter, D. T. The antioxidant drink effective microorganism-X (EM-X) pre-treatment attenuates the loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesion rat model of Parkinson’s disease. J Pharm Pharmacol 2004;56(5):649-654. View abstract.
Dawkins, G., Hewitt, H., Wint, Y., Obiefuna, P. C., and Wint, B. Antibacterial effects of Carica papaya fruit on common wound organisms. West Indian Med J 2003;52(4):290-292. View abstract.
Deiana, M., Dessi, M. A., Ke, B., Liang, Y. F., Higa, T., Gilmour, P. S., Jen, L. S., Rahman, I., and Aruoma, O. I. The antioxidant cocktail effective microorganism X (EM-X) inhibits oxidant-induced interleukin-8 release and the peroxidation of phospholipids in vitro. Biochem.Biophys.Res Commun. 9-6-2002;296(5):1148-1151. View abstract.
Edwards-Jones, V. and Greenwood, J. E. What’s new in burn microbiology? James Laing Memorial Prize Essay 2000. Burns 2003;29(1):15-24. View abstract.
Freye, H. B. Papain anaphylaxis: a case report. Allergy Proc 1988;9(5):571-574. View abstract.
Fruitful meeting between the Pope and Montagnier. Nature 9-12-2002;419(6903):104. View abstract.
Gibbs, R., Pingault, N., Mazzucchelli, T., O’Reilly, L., MacKenzie, B., Green, J., Mogyorosy, R., Stafford, R., Bell, R., Hiley, L., Fullerton, K., and Van, Buynder P. An outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Litchfield infection in Australia linked to consumption of contaminated papaya. J Food Prot. 2009;72(5):1094-1098. View abstract.
Giordani, R., Cardenas, M. L., Moulin-Traffort, J., and Regli, P. Fungicidal activity of latex sap from Carica papaya and antifungal effect of D(+)-glucosamine on Candida albicans growth. Mycoses 1996;39(3-4):103-110. View abstract.
Giuliano, A. R., Siegel, E. M., Roe, D. J., Ferreira, S., Baggio, M. L., Galan, L., Duarte-Franco, E., Villa, L. L., Rohan, T. E., Marshall, J. R., and Franco, E. L. Dietary intake and risk of persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: the Ludwig-McGill HPV Natural History Study. J Infect.Dis. 11-15-2003;188(10):1508-1516. View abstract.
Gololobov, M. Y., Wang, W., and Bateman, R. C., Jr. Substrate and inhibitor specificity of glutamine cyclotransferase (QC). Biol Chem.Hoppe Seyler 1996;377(6):395-398. View abstract.
Gross, K. C. and Acosta, P. B. Fruits and vegetables are a source of galactose: implications in planning the diets of patients with galactosaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis. 1991;14(2):253-258. View abstract.
Guerin, B., Leynadier, F., Baligadoo, S., and Dry, J. [Relation of papaya ingestion and the presence of chymopapain-specific immunoglobulins E]. Presse Med 3-10-1990;19(9):429. View abstract.
Hemmer, W., Focke, M., Gotz, M., and Jarisch, R. Sensitization to Ficus benjamina: relationship to natural rubber latex allergy and identification of foods implicated in the Ficus-fruit syndrome. Clin.Exp.Allergy 2004;34(8):1251-1258. View abstract.
Hernandez, M., Cabrera-Ponce, J. L., Fragoso, G., Lopez-Casillas, F., Guevara-Garcia, A., Rosas, G., Leon-Ramirez, C., Juarez, P., Sanchez-Garcia, G., Cervantes, J., Acero, G., Toledo, A., Cruz, C., Bojalil, R., Herrera-Estrella, L., and Sciutto, E. A new highly effective anticysticercosis vaccine expressed in transgenic papaya. Vaccine 5-22-2007;25(21):4252-4260. View abstract.
Hewitt, H., Whittle, S., Lopez, S., Bailey, E., and Weaver, S. Topical use of papaya in chronic skin ulcer therapy in Jamaica. West Indian Med.J. 2000;49(1):32-33. View abstract.
Holt, H. T. Carica papaya as ancillary therapy for athletic injuries. Curr.Ther.Res.Clin.Exp. 1969;11(10):621-624. View abstract.
Hsu, S. Green tea and the skin. J Am Acad.Dermatol 2005;52(6):1049-1059. View abstract.
Iliev, D. and Elsner, P. Generalized drug reaction due to papaya juice in throat lozenges. Dermatology 1997;194(4):364-366. View abstract.
Imao, K., Wang, H., Komatsu, M., and Hiramatsu, M. Free radical scavenging activity of fermented papaya preparation and its effect on lipid peroxide level and superoxide dismutase activity in iron-induced epileptic foci of rats. Biochem.Mol.Biol Int 1998;45(1):11-23. View abstract.
Irwig, M. S., El-Sohemy, A., Baylin, A., Rifai, N., and Campos, H. Frequent intake of tropical fruits that are rich in beta-cryptoxanthin is associated with higher plasma beta-cryptoxanthin concentrations in Costa Rican adolescents. J Nutr 2002;132(10):3161-3167. View abstract.
Izzo, A. A., Di Carlo, G., Borrelli, F., and Ernst, E. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy and herbal medicines: the risk of drug interaction. Int J Cardiol. 2005;98(1):1-14. View abstract.
Jayarajan, P., Reddy, V., and Mohanram, M. Effect of dietary fat on absorption of beta carotene from green leafy vegetables in children. Indian J Med Res 1980;71:53-56. View abstract.
Kato, S., Bowman, E. D., Harrington, A. M., Blomeke, B., and Shields, P. G. Human lung carcinogen-DNA adduct levels mediated by genetic polymorphisms in vivo. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 6-21-1995;87(12):902-907. View abstract.
Kinlay, J. R., O’Connell, D. L., and Kinlay, S. Risk factors for mastitis in breastfeeding women: results of a prospective cohort study. Aust.N.Z.J Public Health 2001;25(2):115-120. View abstract.
Krasniuk, E. P. [Efficiency of papaya sublimate as a means for detoxication in chronic lead poisoning]. Med Tr.Prom Ekol. 1999;(4):43-46. View abstract.
Le Marchand, L., Hankin, J. H., Kolonel, L. N., and Wilkens, L. R. Vegetable and fruit consumption in relation to prostate cancer risk in Hawaii: a reevaluation of the effect of dietary beta-carotene. Am J Epidemiol. 2-1-1991;133(3):215-219. View abstract.
Le, Grand A. [Anti-infective phytotherapies of the tree-savannah, Senegal (occidental Africa). III: A review of phytochemical substances and the antimicrobial activity of 43 species]. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989;25(3):315-338. View abstract.
Lee, A. S. and Yap, K. L. Recovery of poliovirus from cut surface of stored fresh papaya fruit. Southeast Asian J Trop.Med Public Health 1999;30(2):280-283. View abstract.
Lohiya, N. K., Kothari, L. K., Manivannan, B., Mishra, P. K., and Pathak, N. Human sperm immobilization effect of Carica papaya seed extracts: an in vitro study. Asian J Androl 2000;2(2):103-109. View abstract.
Lohiya, N. K., Manivannan, B., Bhande, S. S., Panneerdoss, S., and Garg, S. Perspectives of contraceptive choices for men. Indian J Exp.Biol 2005;43(11):1042-1047. View abstract.
Lohsoonthorn, P. and Danvivat, D. Colorectal cancer risk factors: a case-control study in Bangkok. Asia Pac.J Public Health 1995;8(2):118-122. View abstract.
Lourencao, A. L., Fancelli, M., Costa, V. A., and Ribeiro, N. C. [Parasitism in Trialeurodes variabilis (Quaintance) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) by Encarsia hispida De Santis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), in papaya, in Brazil]. Neotrop.Entomol. 2007;36(1):147-149. View abstract.
Lu, Y. W., Shen, W. T., Tang, Q. J., Niu, Y. M., and Zhou, P. [Sequence analysis of the complete genome of papaya ringspot virus hainan isolate]. Bing.Du Xue.Bao. 2008;24(2):152-154. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Barreto, R., Tajiri, H., Bertuccelli, J., Safran, P., Yoshida, C., and Fesce, E. The aging/precancerous gastric mucosa: a pilot nutraceutical trial. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci 2004;1019:195-199. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Pavasuthipaisit, K., Yoshida, C., Albergati, F., and Marandola, P. Relationship between aging and susceptibility of erythrocytes to oxidative damage: in view of nutraceutical interventions. Rejuvenation.Res 2006;9(2):227-230. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Safran, P., Tajiri, H., Princess, G., Anzulovic, H., Ideo, G. M., Rouge, A., Seal, M. G., and Ideo, G. Improvement of hemorheological abnormalities in alcoholics by an oral antioxidant. Hepatogastroenterology 2001;48(38):511-517. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Tajiri, H., Barreto, R., Brasca, P., Ideo, G. M., Mondazzi, L., Safran, P., Bobadilla, J., and Ideo, G. Cyanocobalamin absorption abnormality in alcoholics is improved by oral supplementation with a fermented papaya-derived antioxidant. Hepatogastroenterology 2000;47(34):1189-1194. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Weksler, M., Naito, Y., Yoshida, C., Yoshioka, M., and Marandola, P. Nutraceutical supplementation: effect of a fermented papaya preparation on redox status and DNA damage in healthy elderly individuals and relationship with GSTM1 genotype: a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci 2006;1067:400-407. View abstract.
Marotta, F., Yoshida, C., Barreto, R., Naito, Y., and Packer, L. Oxidative-inflammatory damage in cirrhosis: effect of vitamin E and a fermented papaya preparation. J Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2007;22(5):697-703. View abstract.
Matinian, L. A., Nagapetian, KhO, Amirian, S. S., Mkrtchian, S. R., Mirzoian, V. S., and Voskanian, R. M. [Papain phonophoresis in the treatment of suppurative wounds and inflammatory processes]. Khirurgiia (Mosk) 1990;(9):74-76. View abstract.
Menon, V., Ram, M., Dorn, J., Armstrong, D., Muti, P., Freudenheim, J. L., Browne, R., Schunemann, H., and Trevisan, M. Oxidative stress and glucose levels in a population-based sample. Diabet.Med 2004;21(12):1346-1352. View abstract.
Mikhal’chik, E. V., Ivanova, A. V., Anurov, M. V., Titkova, S. M., Pen’kov, L. Y., Kharaeva, Z. F., and Korkina, L. G. Wound-healing effect of papaya-based preparation in experimental thermal trauma. Bull Exp.Biol Med 2004;137(6):560-562. View abstract.
Misra, V. C. and Randhawa, H. S. Occurrence and significance of Cryptococcus neoformans in vegetables and fruits. Indian J Chest Dis.Allied Sci 2000;42(4):317-321. View abstract.
Miyoshi, N., Uchida, K., Osawa, T., and Nakamura, Y. Selective cytotoxicity of benzyl isothiocyanate in the proliferating fibroblastoid cells. Int J Cancer 2-1-2007;120(3):484-492. View abstract.
Mojica-Henshaw, M. P., Francisco, A. D., De, Guzman F., and Tigno, X. T. Possible immunomodulatory actions of Carica papaya seed extract. Clin Hemorheol.Microcirc. 2003;29(3-4):219-229. View abstract.
Mourvaki, E., Gizzi, S., Rossi, R., and Rufini, S. Passionflower fruit-a “new” source of lycopene? J Med Food 2005;8(1):104-106. View abstract.
Nakamura, Y. and Miyoshi, N. Cell death induction by isothiocyanates and their underlying molecular mechanisms. Biofactors 2006;26(2):123-134. View abstract.
Nana, C. P., Brouwer, I. D., Zagre, N. M., Kok, F. J., and Traore, A. S. Community assessment of availability, consumption, and cultural acceptability of food sources of (pro)vitamin A: toward the development of a dietary intervention among preschool children in rural Burkina Faso. Food Nutr Bull 2005;26(4):356-365. View abstract.
Nkuo-Akenji, T., Ndip, R., McThomas, A., and Fru, E. C. Anti-Salmonella activity of medicinal plants from Cameroon. Cent.Afr.J Med 2001;47(6):155-158. View abstract.
Odani, S., Yokokawa, Y., Takeda, H., Abe, S., and Odani, S. The primary structure and characterization of carbohydrate chains of the extracellular glycoprotein proteinase inhibitor from latex of Carica papaya. Eur.J Biochem. 10-1-1996;241(1):77-82. View abstract.
Oderinde, O., Noronha, C., Oremosu, A., Kusemiju, T., and Okanlawon, O. A. Abortifacient properties of aqueous extract of Carica papaya (Linn) seeds on female Sprague-Dawley rats. Niger.Postgrad.Med J 2002;9(2):95-98. View abstract.
Ooi, P. L., Goh, K. T., Neo, K. S., and Ngan, C. C. A shipyard outbreak of salmonellosis traced to contaminated fruits and vegetables. Ann.Acad.Med Singapore 1997;26(5):539-543. View abstract.
Osato, J. A., Korkina, L. G., Santiago, L. A., and Afanas’ev, I. B. Effects of bio-normalizer (a food supplementation) on free radical production by human blood neutrophils, erythrocytes, and rat peritoneal macrophages. Nutrition 1995;11(5 Suppl):568-572. View abstract.
Otsuki, N., Dang, N. H., Kumagai, E., Kondo, A., Iwata, S., and Morimoto, C. Aqueous extract of Carica papaya leaves exhibits anti-tumor activity and immunomodulatory effects. J Ethnopharmacol. 2-17-2010;127(3):760-767. View abstract.
Owoyele, B. V., Adebukola, O. M., Funmilayo, A. A., and Soladoye, A. O. Anti-inflammatory activities of ethanolic extract of Carica papaya leaves. Inflammopharmacology. 2008;16(4):168-173. View abstract.
Pandey, M. and Shukla, V. K. Diet and gallbladder cancer: a case-control study. Eur.J Cancer Prev 2002;11(4):365-368. View abstract.
Pieper, B. and Caliri, M. H. Nontraditional wound care: A review of the evidence for the use of sugar, papaya/papain, and fatty acids. J.Wound.Ostomy.Continence.Nurs. 2003;30(4):175-183. View abstract.
Potischman, N. and Brinton, L. A. Nutrition and cervical neoplasia. Cancer Causes Control 1996;7(1):113-126. View abstract.
Pousset, J. L. [Antihemolytic action of an extract of Carica papaya bark. Possibilities of use in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiencies]. Dakar Med. 1979;24(3):255-262. View abstract.
Rakhimov, M. R. [Pharmacological study of papain from the papaya plant cultivated in Uzbekistan]. Eksp.Klin.Farmakol. 2000;63(3):55-57. View abstract.
Ratcliffe, J. M., Schrader, S. M., Steenland, K., Clapp, D. E., Turner, T., and Hornung, R. W. Semen quality in papaya workers with long term exposure to ethylene dibromide. Br.J Ind.Med 1987;44(5):317-326. View abstract.
Rimbach, G., Guo, Q., Akiyama, T., Matsugo, S., Moini, H., Virgili, F., and Packer, L. Ferric nitrilotriacetate induced DNA and protein damage: inhibitory effect of a fermented papaya preparation. Anticancer Res 2000;20(5A):2907-2914. View abstract.
Rimbach, G., Park, Y. C., Guo, Q., Moini, H., Qureshi, N., Saliou, C., Takayama, K., Virgili, F., and Packer, L. Nitric oxide synthesis and TNF-alpha secretion in RAW 264.7 macrophages: mode of action of a fermented papaya preparation. Life Sci 6-30-2000;67(6):679-694. View abstract.
Roychowdhury, T., Uchino, T., Tokunaga, H., and Ando, M. Survey of arsenic in food composites from an arsenic-affected area of West Bengal, India. Food Chem Toxicol 2002;40(11):1611-1621. View abstract.
Sachs, M., von Eichel, J., and Asskali, F. [Wound management with coconut oil in Indonesian folk medicine]. Chirurg 2002;73(4):387-392. View abstract.
Sakuanrungsirikul, S., Sarindu, N., Prasartsee, V., Chaikiatiyos, S., Siriyan, R., Sriwatanakul, M., Lekananon, P., Kitprasert, C., Boonsong, P., Kosiyachinda, P., Fermin, G., and Gonsalves, D. Update on the development of virus-resistant papaya: virus-resistant transgenic papaya for people in rural communities of Thailand. Food Nutr Bull 2005;26(4):422-426. View abstract.
Salleh, M. N., Runnie, I., Roach, P. D., Mohamed, S., and Abeywardena, M. Y. Inhibition of low-density lipoprotein oxidation and up-regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor in HepG2 cells by tropical plant extracts. J Agric.Food Chem. 6-19-2002;50(13):3693-3697. View abstract.
Sanghvi, P. K. Epidemiological studies on guinea-worm in some newly discovered villages of Jhabua District (M.P.) and test of carica papaya leaves of guinea worm infection. Indian J Med Sci 1989;43(5):123-124. View abstract.
Schilling, S., Manhart, S., Hoffmann, T., Ludwig, H. H., Wasternack, C., and Demuth, H. U. Substrate specificity of glutaminyl cyclases from plants and animals. Biol Chem. 2003;384(12):1583-1592. View abstract.
Schrader, S. M., Ratcliffe, J. M., Turner, T. W., and Hornung, R. W. The use of new field methods of semen analysis in the study of occupational hazards to reproduction: the example of ethylene dibromide. J Occup.Med 1987;29(12):963-966. View abstract.
Schrader, S. M., Turner, T. W., and Ratcliffe, J. M. The effects of ethylene dibromide on semen quality: a comparison of short-term and chronic exposure. Reprod.Toxicol. 1988;2(3-4):191-198. View abstract.
Sciutto, E., Fragoso, G., Manoutcharian, K., Gevorkian, G., Rosas-Salgado, G., Hernandez-Gonzalez, M., Herrera-Estrella, L., Cabrera-Ponce, J., Lopez-Casillas, F., Gonzalez-Bonilla, C., Santiago-Machuca, A., Ruiz-Perez, F., Sanchez, J., Goldbaum, F., Aluja, A., and Larralde, C. New approaches to improve a peptide vaccine against porcine Taenia solium cysticercosis. Arch Med Res 2002;33(4):371-378. View abstract.
Silverstone, S. E. and Nelson, M. Food production and nutrition in Biosphere 2: results from the first mission September 1991 to September 1993. Adv.Space Res 1996;18(4-5):49-61. View abstract.
Silverstone, S. E. Food production and nutrition for the crew during the first 2-year closure of Biosphere 2. Life Support.Biosph.Sci 1997;4(3-4):167-178. View abstract.
Sriboonlue, P., Prasongwatana, V., Suwantrai, S., Bovornpadungkitti, S., Tungsanga, K., and Tosukhowong, P. Potassium contents of northeastern Thai foods. J Med Assoc.Thai. 1998;81(8):616-626. View abstract.
Starley, I. F., Mohammed, P., Schneider, G., and Bickler, S. W. The treatment of paediatric burns using topical papaya. Burns 1999;25(7):636-639. View abstract.
Steenland, K., Carrano, A., Ratcliffe, J., Clapp, D., Ashworth, L., and Meinhardt, T. A cytogenetic study of papaya workers exposed to ethylene dibromide. Mutat.Res 1986;170(3):151-160. View abstract.
Thomas, K. D. and Ajani, B. Antisickling agent in an extract of unripe pawpaw fruit (Carica papaya). Trans.R.Soc Trop.Med Hyg. 1987;81(3):510-511. View abstract.
Vallis, C. P. and Lund, M. H. Effect of treatment with Carica papaya on resolution of edema and ecchymosis following rhinoplasty. Curr.Ther.Res.Clin.Exp. 1969;11(6):356-359. View abstract.
Wilson, R. K., Kwan, T. K., Kwan, C. Y., and Sorger, G. J. Effects of papaya seed extract and benzyl isothiocyanate on vascular contraction. Life Sci 6-21-2002;71(5):497-507. View abstract.
Wimalawansa, S. J. Papaya in the treatment of chronic infected ulcers. Ceylon Med J 1981;26(3):129-132. View abstract.
Yamamoto, T., Ohno-Shosaku, T., Furukawa-Uenoyama, E., Nagata, K., and Okada, Y. Electrostatic cell-to-cell adhesion by a non-proteolytic component in a protease preparation. Cell Struct.Funct. 1994;19(3):165-172. View abstract.
Zhang, J., Mori, A., Chen, Q., and Zhao, B. Fermented papaya preparation attenuates beta-amyloid precursor protein: beta-amyloid-mediated copper neurotoxicity in beta-amyloid precursor protein and beta-amyloid precursor protein Swedish mutation overexpressing SH-SY5Y cells. Neuroscience 11-17-2006;143(1):63-72. View abstract.
Blanco C, Diaz-Perales A, Collada C, et al. Class I chitinases as potential panallergens involved in the latex-fruit syndrome. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;103(3 Pt 1):507-13.
Brehler, R., Theissen, U., Mohr, C., and Luger, T. “Latex-fruit syndrome”: frequency of cross-reacting IgE antibodies. Allergy 1997;52(4):404-410. View abstract.
Diaz-Perales A, Collada C, Blanco C, et al. Cross-reactions in the latex-fruit syndrome: A relevant role of chitinases but not of complex asparagine-linked glycans. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104:681-7. View abstract.
Dukes JA. CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. first ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., 1985.
Ebo, D. G., Bridts, C. H., Hagendorens, M. M., De Clerck, L. S., and Stevens, W. J. The prevalence and diagnostic value of specific IgE antibodies to inhalant, animal and plant food, and ficus allergens in patients with natural rubber latex allergy. Acta Clin Belg. 2003;58(3):183-189. View abstract.
Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 — Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
Foster S, Tyler VE. Tyler’s Honest Herbal, 4th ed., Binghamton, NY: Haworth Herbal Press, 1999.
Heck AM, DeWitt BA, Lukes AL. Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2000;57:1221-7. View abstract.
Manufacturer: Walgreens. Deerfield, IL.
Ncube, T. N., Greiner, T., Malaba, L. C., and Gebre-Medhin, M. Supplementing lactating women with puréed papaya and grated carrots improved vitamin A status in a placebo-controlled trial. J Nutr 2001;131(5):1497-1502. View abstract.
Shaw D, Leon C, Kolev S, Murray V. Traditional remedies and food supplements: a 5-year toxicological study (1991-1995). Drug Saf 1997;17:342-56. View abstract.
Papaya: Nutrition, Benefits, Side Effects, & Uses
Papaya is among the most popular fruits, known for its luscious, juicy taste. It is grown all over the world and is especially popular in tropical and subtropical areas. Although it is more commonly associated with Asian food, papaya is actually native to the Americas. Also known as pawpaw or papaw, the scientific name of papaya is Carica papaya.
Why You Should Eat Papaya?
Papaya fruit is packed with nutrients that aid in healthy digestion, boosted immunity, and heart health. Papaya in its raw form contains enzymes, which are used in the preparation of dietary supplements and chewing gums. Latex, derived from the raw papaya fruit, is used as a meat tenderizer. Papaya is also used in several cosmetic, skin, and beauty products like papaya soaps, as well as certain chewing gums.
Papaya Nutrition Facts
According to the USDA National Nutrient Database, papaya is possibly rich in antioxidant nutrients such as carotenes, flavonoids, and vitamin C, as well as some B vitamins (folate and pantothenic acid). It is also a good source of fiber and minerals such as magnesium. 
A 100 g serving of raw papaya contains only 43 calories and 10.82 g of carbohydrates. You can easily add it to your smoothies and salads without worrying about your weight.
Watch Video: 4 Surprising Benefits Of Papaya
4 Surprising Benefits Of Papaya And How To Eat It | Organic Facts
Watch this video on YouTube 
Health Benefits of Papaya
Let us look into the amazing benefits of papaya below.
|Serving Size : 100 g1 cup 1″ pieces (145 g)1 cup, mashed (230 g)1 fruit, small (157 g)1 fruit, large (781 g)|
|Total lipid (fat) [g]||0.26|
|Carbohydrate, by difference [g]||10.82|
|Fiber, total dietary [g]||1.7|
|Sugars, total including NLEA [g]||7.82|
|Glucose (dextrose) [g]||4.09|
|Calcium, Ca [mg]||20|
|Iron, Fe [mg]||0.25|
|Magnesium, Mg [mg]||21|
|Phosphorus, P [mg]||10|
|Potassium, K [mg]||182|
|Sodium, Na [mg]||8|
|Zinc, Zn [mg]||0.08|
|Copper, Cu [mg]||0.05|
|Manganese, Mn [mg]||0.04|
|Selenium, Se [µg]||0.6|
|Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg]||60.9|
|Pantothenic acid [mg]||0.19|
|Vitamin B-6 [mg]||0.04|
|Folate, total [µg]||37|
|Folate, food [µg]||37|
|Folate, DFE [µg]||37|
|Choline, total [mg]||6.1|
|Vitamin A, RAE [µg]||47|
|Carotene, beta [µg]||274|
|Carotene, alpha [µg]||2|
|Cryptoxanthin, beta [µg]||589|
|Vitamin A, IU [IU]||950|
|Lutein + zeaxanthin [µg]||89|
|Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg]||0.3|
|Tocopherol, beta [mg]||0.02|
|Tocopherol, gamma [mg]||0.09|
|Tocopherol, delta [mg]||0.01|
|Tocotrienol, beta [mg]||0.07|
|Tocotrienol, gamma [mg]||0.01|
|Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg]||2.6|
|Fatty acids, total saturated [g]||0.08|
|Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g]||0.07|
|Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g]||0.06|
|Aspartic acid [g]||0.05|
|Glutamic acid [g]||0.03|
|Sources include : USDA |
May Have Antioxidant Potential
Papaya fruit is a rich source of antioxidants. 
Multiple studies show that fermented papaya may help in reducing oxidative stress. This, in turn, helps in delaying aging, managing type 2 diabetes, and alleviating hypothyroidism. It has also been shown to help in fighting liver disease.    
In vivo research also shows that using unripe papaya in a regular diet may help in lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases. 
A 2012 animal study shows that papaya fruit extracts may help in boosting the immune system. 
For more information on papaya leaf, its benefits and uses, click here.
May Aid in Digestion
Papaya is a popular natural remedy for stomach disorders, such as indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), constipation, ulcers, and acidity.
A study published in Neuro Endocrinology Letters found that papaya helped in maintaining a healthy digestive tract and relieving digestive problems. 
Papaya juice and the ripened form of papaya also aid in digestion. The fiber obtained from the fruit helps to increase bowel movements, says a study by a group of researchers from Austria. Improved bowel movements help ease the passage of stool, thereby reducing the effects of constipation. 
You can know more about the Benefits and the Recipe for Papaya Juice here.
Papayas are an excellent source of vitamin C. Photo Credit: Shutterstock
May Improve Heart Health
Include papayas in your daily diet as a snack to keep your heart healthy and young.
The seeds of papayas are good for keeping your heart healthy. Papayas may contain three powerful antioxidants- namely vitamins A, C, and E. This means that they may help prevent atherosclerosis and other heart diseases.  
Studies show that papayas may also help in lowering the LDL or bad cholesterol levels in the body. 
Here is a detailed article on the Nutrition Facts, Benefits, & Side Effects of Papaya Seeds.
May Have Anti-inflammatory Effects
Papayas help in reducing inflammation in your body. 
These fruits contain enzymes like papain and chymopapain, which help lower the inflammation in different parts of the body, according to research published in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. 
Research shows that papaya leaves showed an anti-inflammatory effect on many allergic conditions and they may also help relieve asthma. 
Papaya contains papain, an anti-inflammatory agent that has the potential to relieve joint pain. Because of this compound, a 2020 pilot study has included papaya in an anti-inflammatory diet (ITIS diet) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. However, more studies are yet to be conducted on this. 
May Help Prevent Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is an age-related eye disorder in which the ocular cells degenerate, resulting in blurred vision and sometimes blindness. 
According to a study published in the Archives of Ophthalmology, consuming fruits that are rich in carotenoids daily may lower the risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). 
An antioxidant named beta-carotene gives papaya its orange color. Just as carrots help improve the eyesight due to the presence of beta-carotene, papayas are also known to be effective in reducing the effect of macular degeneration. 
Papayas are also a rich source of vitamin A, which helps in keeping your vision healthy. 
Might Relieve Toothache
Different parts of the papaya tree and fruit have been used for dental problems.
Research shows that a solution made from the papaya leaf latex helps in relieving toothache, mouth sores, sore throat, and thrush. 
May Aid in Skin Care
Papayas can be great revitalizing agents, which is why they are used in many cosmetics and are even used in homemade face masks by many people. The papain kills cells and purifies the skin. 
Lycopene, present in papayas, may reduce wrinkle formation in postmenopausal women. A good facial massage using papaya is a fabulous remedy to remove dead cells. If you are a person who spends most of the time outdoors, then papayas can be a great help as they fight free radicals that age your skin. 
The beneficial properties and the healing enzymes present in papaya help treat sunburn and irritated skin. The peels of papayas are also used to rub on the face and hands for healthy skin. Papayas are also used to treat skin disorders like eczema, skin infections, psoriasis, and others. 
The latex obtained from papayas is used to treat the areas on the skin affected by acne. The fleshy side of the papaya skin can be used as a mask to treat acne. 
Know how papaya seeds benefit your health here.
May Regulate Menstruation
Papaya juice can be of great help for women with irregular menses. Moreover, papaya has been treated as traditionally been used as a natural contraceptive in the Indian subcontinent. 
Consumption of green, unripe papayas can normalize the irregularity in one’s periodic cycle. Papayas are considered a “hot food”, meaning that they may produce heat in the body. This excessive production of heat in the body is thought to stimulate the estrogen hormone, inducing periods in females. 
Know more about the Nutrition & Benefits Of Green Papaya (Unripe Papaya) here.
Add fresh papaya or dried papaya slices to your salads for a sweet treat.
Tips to Eat Papayas
These sweet fruits with musky undertones are a treat for every person. They can be added to salads, juices, smoothies, and sauces.
If you are wondering what papaya tastes like, it has a mild to extremely sweet taste. It has the flavors of cantaloupe melon and mango. Ripe papaya has a butter-like texture and it melts when you put a cube in your mouth.
Here are a few recipes you can make with papaya.
If you want to know how to choose, store, ripen, and cut papaya, follow this guide.
Side Effects of Papaya
Consumption of papaya in normal amounts is recognized as safe by the FDA. However, there are certain side effects of consuming papaya.
Pregnant Women: Papaya is classified as being harmful during pregnancy. Latex, present in high concentrations in raw and semi-ripe papayas, may cause uterine contractions leading to miscarriage. So, it’s best if you avoid eating papaya if you are pregnant. 
Gastrointestinal Irritation: Consuming too many papayas can cause a powerful laxative effect in the intestines. Avoid eating large quantities of papaya, especially if it is in its raw form. Unripe or raw papaya can cause pain in the intestines or stomach and can sometimes cause esophageal perforations.
Seeds: The black seeds of the papaya contain traces of an enzyme called carpine, which is a potentially toxic substance. According to the International BioPark Foundation’s information about medicinal plants of the Peruvian Amazon, this enzyme can make the nerve centers numb, which could lead to paralysis or cardiac depression. In some cases, the narrowing of blood vessels is also seen, which is caused due to carpine. 
Allergies: If you are allergic to papain, avoid having papaya, or confirm with your doctor before you consider it as a regular food in your diet.
Interaction with medicines: Papaya may interfere with blood-sugar-lowering medications. So, it’s best to talk to a medical expert about dietary additions if you are on medication.
Papaya Uses, Benefits & Side Effects
What is Papaya?
Papaya is a small, bushy tree with a hollow trunk, large palmate leaves, and oblong smooth-skinned fruits (melons). The melons are usually picked in a green state and allowed to ripen. When ripe, the flesh is sweet and juicy and similar in taste to other melons.
Papaya is also known as pawpaw and melon tree.
What is it used for?
Papaya, a tropical plant believed to have originated in southern Mexico and Central America, is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. C. papaya is cultivated for its edible ripe fruit; its juice is a popular beverage, and its young leaves, shoots, and fruits are cooked as a vegetable. The fruits are a source of flavoring used in candies, jellies, preserves, and ice cream. Shallow cuts on the surface of fully grown but unripe fruits cause a milky sap or latex to ooze that is collected, dried, and termed “crude papain.” Papain has many industrial uses, as well as milk-clotting (rennet) and protein-digesting properties. Nearly 80% of American beer is treated with papain, which allows the beer to remain clear upon cooling. Papain is most commonly used commercially in meat tenderizers and chewing gums. Cosmetically, papain is used in some toothpastes, shampoos, and facial creams.
Papaya has been used widely in folk medicine for many ailments: the juice for warts, corns, cancers, tumors, and thickened skin; the roots or their extracts for cancers of the uterus, syphilis, the tropical infection, hemorrhoids, and to remove mineral concretions in the urine; the unripe fruit as a mild laxative or diuretic, and to stimulate lactation, labor, or abortion; the ripe fruit for rheumatism and alkalinizing the urine; the seeds for intestinal worms or to stimulate menstruation or abortion; the leaves as a poultice for nervous pains and elephantoid growths, or smoked for asthma relief; and the latex for psoriasis, ringworm, indigestion, or applied externally as an antiseptic or to heal burns or scalds, or applied to the cervix to contract the uterus.
In some developing countries, the traditional use of papaya is being investigated as an alternative to standard treatments for a range of ailments. C. papaya has a wide range of purported medicinal properties for treatment of diabetes, as birth control, as an antiseptic, antimicrobial, or diuretic, to control parasites, reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure, and lower cholesterol. While there are only limited data to support most of these uses, there is some evidence for healing bed sores and other wounds and in treating intestinal worms in humans.
What is the recommended dosage?
A commercially produced ointment to debride wounds is available by prescription in the United States. Each 1 g contains 8.3 × 105 USP units papain and 100 mg of urea. There is very little data available to make specific recommendations regarding systemic doses of papaya. One study used a 4 g dose of air-dried papaya seeds in 20 mL of honey to treat helminthiasis. In the United States, the fruit is generally recognized as safe (GRAS status) when used as a food.
Papaya may cause severe allergic reactions and is therefore contraindicated in sensitive people.
Possibly unsafe depending on the part of the plant being used and dose administered. Avoid use.
None well documented.
Papaya may cause severe allergic reactions in sensitive people. Papaya latex can be a severe irritant and vesicant on skin. Papaya juice and papaya seeds are unlikely to cause adverse effects when taken orally; however, papaya leaves at high doses may cause stomach irritation.
There are parts of the plant (eg, seeds) that contain benzyl isothiocyanate, which may cause poisoning at high doses.
1. Papaya. Review of Natural Products. Facts & Comparisons [database online]. St. Louis, MO: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc; December 2010.
More about papaya
Related treatment guides
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Papaya – “Deli”
Bananas, oranges, tangerines have long been known and are not new to our table. But there are also more exotic fruits. They beckon with an unusual shape and unfamiliar taste. What are these overseas guests really like?
The melon tree, or papaya, is a fruit tree that is grown in the tropics in the open field. The papaya fruit is similar in shape and weight to a melon – it weighs up to 5 kilograms, has the shape of an elongated oval. Among these fruits, there are also round ones that have the shape of a ball.They are green, yellow and pale red in color, but most often they are rich amber. The fruit has a bright orange flesh.
Some papayas taste like melon, others like pumpkin. Some, having tasted papaya, compare its taste to that of apricot, carrot or peach.
The birthplace of the melon tree is Central America, whose population has long been using fleshy juicy fruits for food.
Nowadays, the melon tree grows all over the tropics. The main supplier of papaya to the world market is India.
The main advantages of papaya
– The fruit contains a large amount of fiber – it is useful for enhancing the activity of the digestive system.
– Papaya has a positive effect on the work of the cardiovascular system, helps in the prevention of the appearance of cancerous tumors, an excellent remedy for the prevention of diabetes and weight loss.
– The enzyme papain, which is very abundant in papaya, helps the breakdown of protein and is useful for those who have difficulty digesting protein foods.
– The papaya pulp is juicy, rich in potassium and magnesium, as well as other useful microelements and vitamins.
– A small amount of calories (only 48 kcal per 100 grams of product) and an exquisite taste allow the fruit to be used in dietary nutrition – with a low calorie content after eating it, the feeling of satiety is felt for a long time.
– The papaya contains a meat tenderizer. For effective weight loss, fashion models eat papaya with pineapple, and tea made from papaya leaves is used to treat cellulite.
– Fruit pulp and papaya juice are effective against internal and external burns and inflammation.
– Papaya is used in the pharmaceutical industry: its juice is included in medicines for the treatment of intervertebral hernia and joints. Strong ropes and ropes are made from the bark and stems of the plant.
The main cons of papaya
– Excessive consumption of fruit is fraught with manifestations of allergies. Particular care must be taken when using unripe fruits.The fact is that they contain the poisonous enzyme carpaine – an alkaloid, which in large doses can cause poisoning and allergies, as well as disorders of the digestive system and cutting pain in the abdomen. The enzyme is also dangerous in that it has the properties of inhibiting the processes of conducting impulses in the central nervous system. This is dangerous and can lead to depression of the heart and even to paralysis.
– Another unpleasant effect of carpain is the ability to cause vasoconstriction.I note that such consequences are possible only with the use of unripe papaya fruits in large quantities. Considering that in our latitudes papaya is an exotic and not at all a cheap delicacy, it is almost impossible to eat such a large amount of its fruits that it can lead to the above symptoms. But you still need to know about this effect of the fetus.
– Individual intolerance to papaya is extremely rare and is most often caused by the body’s reaction to unusual food.
– Doctors do not recommend eating raw papaya for pregnant women. And here is the reason. The enzyme latex, which is abundant in papaya, mainly in unripe fruits, causes involuntary contractions of the uterus. In addition, large amounts of latex can have a laxative effect and cause diarrhea.
How to use papaya?
For residents of northern latitudes, papaya is an unusual fruit, so it should be eaten carefully and not overly carried away.
Papaya is most often eaten raw, peeled and seed removed. This applies to ripe fruits, which can be a good ingredient in desserts and fruit salads. In vegetable salads, the fruit goes well with Parmesan cheese, and it is perfectly “reconciled” with all types of hard cheeses. A large amount of pectin allows you to prepare delicious jellies from papaya.
Unripe fruits should be cooked – stewed, used in curry sauce and salads.
If you choose a side dish for fatty meat, opt for a vegetable stew with zucchini, pumpkin and papaya.The meat can be soaked in the juice of this fruit – the marinade will turn out to be excellent, and the meat will be soft and delicious in taste.
Papaya is dried in an oven preheated to 60 ° C for an hour and a half. Before that, the fruits must be peeled, the seeds removed, and the pulp cut into thin slices.
How to choose a papaya?
When you are going to buy a papaya, first of all carefully examine the fruit. Do not take papaya if you find mold, dents, rot, or impact marks on the sides. Do not buy absolutely green and hard fruit – it is immature and will not ripen over time.Ripe papaya, although hard, should have yellow, amber or pale red color, or at least spots of such colors.
Whole fruit can be stored at room temperature for several days, and cut – only in the refrigerator, in a tightly closed container.
90,000 The 7 Best Fruits Against Aging
Papaya . Papaya contains papain, an enzyme that accelerates protein hydrolysis, thereby preventing heartburn, improving digestion and improving overall health. Papaya rejuvenates and helps the body absorb the maximum amount of nutrients.
Passion fruit . The so-called passion fruit (literally: in English, this fruit is most often called passion fruit) is rich in vitamin C, an antioxidant that helps to maintain the elasticity and softness of the skin. By the way, you can also find vitamin A in passion fruit, which also actively fights aging.
Peaches . Peaches contain magnesium and phosphorus, which are essential for optimal brain function and good muscle function. They are also rich in vitamin C.In addition, peaches can have a slight laxative effect – and this may not be very pleasant, but it is good for the body, because in this way the intestines are cleansed and toxins are removed.
Avocado . Avocado pulp is rich in nutrients that help keep skin young and heart healthy. The pigment lutein contained in avocados (which belongs to the group of oxygen-containing carotenoids) prolongs the youth of the organs of vision, and also fights wrinkles and pigmentation caused by the sun’s rays.
Kiwi . Kiwis contain more vitamin C than oranges and are an excellent source of vitamin E and unsaturated fatty acids, which are essential for beautiful skin. They help produce collagen, which is responsible for the firmness and elasticity of body tissues.
Bananas . These fruits contain all the same useful vitamin C, as well as potassium – an indispensable substance for youth and beauty of the skin. In addition, bananas help to improve the condition of the kidneys, preventing them from accumulating fluids.Ripe bananas are rich in fiber.
Watermelons . Watermelons help regulate the balance of fluids in the body, prevent them from accumulating, and also rejuvenate the skin. And, of course, this is another excellent source of vitamin C.
90,000 as is and how useful
Healthy Papaya (Malakaw, มะละกอ)
Ingredients / Fruit
Papaya sprinkled with lime juice is my regular Thai breakfast, without which I suffer a lot in Moscow.Papaya in Thailand is the most common and cheapest fruit that is eaten raw, made of various necks, and the divine Som Tam is planted from unripe fruits.
Papaya grow on a long annual herbaceous “palm” with an umbrella of finger-like leaves at the top. The fruits hang under these leaves in a heavy and tasty bunch.
Papaya has been cultivated in South America since time immemorial, and from there it spread throughout the entire tropical belt of the planet.Since then, a great variety of varieties of this beautiful fruit have been formed, but in Thai markets, two types of papaya are mainly sold. The first has long, dark green fruits and firm reddish flesh, and the second has rounder fruits, thin yellow skin and soft orange flesh.
Inside the papaya contains many round black seeds covered with a soft shell. They are not consumed directly as food, but they are used as a medicine for traditional medicine – for worms, for dysentery and other intestinal troubles.Dried seeds are also often used in place of black pepper.
Papaya pulp is not only tasty, but also incredibly healthy. It contains a whole bunch of different rare vitamins, minerals and acids. In addition, papaya contains the magic enzyme papain, which accelerates the breakdown of proteins, fats and starches. Therefore, papaya is often used to marinate tough meat. Because of the same papain, papaya has some laxative effect.
Many farangs do not particularly like papaya because of its specific sour smell and taste that some fruits possess.This aroma is emitted by the whitish inner skin of the fruit, which holds the seeds. If you scrape it off with a spoon, the papaya will stop smelling. Well, to consolidate the result, it is good to pour the papaya with lime juice – they combine just perfect!
Papaya | Thailand.FalkTime
(English Papaya, Lat.Carica papaya)
Papaya is consumed in different stages of ripeness – unripe is used in salads as a vegetable, and sweet ripe papaya is eaten as a fruit.Botanically, papaya fruits, like watermelon, are considered berries.
Ripe papaya has a rich sweet taste, without sourness. In the aroma of papaya, notes of pumpkin are clearly traced. The consistency of the pulp is very soft, reminiscent of boiled carrots, only very juicy.
Unripe papaya crunches like fresh carrots and has a neutral taste with a slight sourness.
Papaya comes in different varieties – the peel of ripe fruit is greenish to yellow-orange and orange, and the flesh is yellow, orange and red.The varieties almost do not differ in taste – the same sweetness, the same pumpkin aroma. In Thailand, you will often find ripe papaya with rich orange flesh.
Papaya looks decorative and unusual, so it can be found in any cities in Thailand
How to choose, transport and store
The fruit of the papaya is quite large and often weighs from 1 to 2 kg. Therefore, if you have not tried papaya, it is better to buy it in portions.
When choosing a whole ripe fruit, pay attention to the condition of the peel – there should be no dents (usually rotting areas).If you have already bought a papaya with such defects, you can cut them out: such a fruit is often just overripe and will be very sweet. But it will not lie at all, even in the refrigerator – eat it right away. But if the dents are covered with mold, then it is better not to buy such a papaya.
No matter how huge the dark green fruits are, they are unripe and can only be eaten as a vegetable.
Ripe papaya does not store well, so even if it has no defects, you should not store it in the refrigerator for more than a week.
Ripe papaya is quite soft and its delicate rind does not save you from anything. In Thai stores, you can often find fruits wrapped in a soft mesh made of foamed polyethylene, I recommend getting such nets and taking ripe papaya exclusively in hand luggage.
Sliced in Big C – papaya and watermelon
How to eat papaya
Ripe papaya (fruit)
Papaya can be compared to a melon: the peel and seeds inside are inedible. The difference is that the skin of the papaya is soft.Therefore, there can be many options here, as with melon, for example:
- Cut the papaya in half, lengthwise, scrape out the seeds, cut into scrapers and eat before reaching the rind,
- First, remove the peel from the papaya (the same way as it is removed from potatoes), cut lengthwise and remove the seeds.
You should be careful with papaya and do not eat it in large quantities the first time: papaya is very useful for digestion, but has a slight laxative effect (like a plum).Therefore, before buying, think about your plans for tomorrow – if you are about to travel by intercity bus.
Large fruits emerge from such small and inconspicuous flowers
Unripe papaya (vegetable)
Unripe papaya is the main ingredient in the traditional Thai Som Tam salad. It is peeled and rubbed on a grater, before reaching the seeds. Unripe papaya is also cooked – for example, it is one of the ingredients of Keng Som (sour curry with fish).
Papaya contains papain, which is used in cooking to soften meat.
Papaya grows fast: fruiting begins in just 3 years
Season and where to look
Papaya (both ripe and for salad) can be found in Thailand all year round, and this does not affect its price. It is sold everywhere. You can often find papaya already peeled and cut into slices. Price from 20 bp for 1 kg.
The last time I was in Thailand, I bought a slightly overripe papaya weighing ~ 1-1.5 kg. for only 10 b. from local residents. They sold fruits from their garden, as we sell apples or potatoes – papaya, a price tag, a gate and not a soul around.Therefore, pay attention to the tables near the gates – sometimes it is an opportunity to buy ripe fruit for next to nothing. Papaya, by the way, turned out to be with a pleasant surprise – instead of hundreds of seeds, there was only one:
Young papaya trees, Silver Lake Vineyards in Pattaya
A perennial evergreen herbaceous succulent plant with a short stem and a rosette of succulent hard leaves.The leaves are arranged almost vertically and reach up to 60 cm in length. Leaves are xiphoid, glaucous, with sharp teeth along the edge. The flowers are collected in a raceme inflorescence on an erect peduncle (up to 90 cm tall), usually yellow, sometimes red. The fruit is a capsule.
Aloe vera leaves and juice contain anthraglycosides (aloin is a component of aloe-emodin, nataloil, rababer-beron, homonathaloin), irritating the mucous membrane and enhancing intestinal motility; derivatives of resinous substances, essential oils, enzymes, nonessential and essential amino acids, vitamins (group B, choline, folic acid, beta-carotene, vitamins A, C, E), minerals – calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, copper, chromium, phosphorus, salicylic acid, polysaccharides, phytoncides.
Preparations of aloe and sabur (condensed aloe juice) have a laxative effect. When administered orally, anthraglycosides are split in an alkaline medium and in the presence of bile into arabinose and aloe-emodin, which after 8-10 hours cause abundant soft stools, selectively affecting the large intestine. Galenic preparations of aloe and sabur increase the secretion of the digestive glands, have a choleretic effect, improve appetite and digestion, have pronounced anti-inflammatory and anti-burn properties.Aloe juice has a bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect against many groups of microbes: staphylococci, streptococci, diphtheria, typhoid and dysentery bacilli.
Aloe is often called a “vehicle” for its ability to penetrate deeply into various tissues of the body. Penetrating deep into the cells 3-4 times faster than water, aloe vera removes toxins and toxins, cleanses the blood and lymph. The cleansing properties of aloe vera would not be so high without its bactericidal, antiviral, antifungal properties.
Aloe juice is rich in vitamins and minerals in an easily digestible form. In addition, it contains enzymes that help improve metabolism, fiber that cleanses the intestines, which explains its beneficial properties. The active substances of sabur cause an increase in the motility of the small intestine, therefore aloe vera has long been used as a laxative.
Aloe is prescribed for atonic and chronic constipation.In small doses, it improves digestion and bile secretion.
Also, aloe vera has a good anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect, removes radiation products. Aloe vera juice increases the resistance of the mucous membranes to the action of damaging agents and accelerates the regeneration processes.
Aloe vera helps to increase the protective properties of the body in the fight against infections, is an excellent biostimulant that contributes to the overall health of the body.
Part of the following preparations:
Papaya Kautabletten 100 pcs
Dietary supplements are not a substitute for a balanced and varied diet and a healthy lifestyle.
Papaya, melon-like berry fruits of the melon tree (Carica papaya). Native to tropical Central and South America about 500 – 1000 grams of heavy fruit has thin skin and light yellow to orange-red, sousse-tasting raspberry pulp.
The first Spaniards who reached America, found before bewasserte fields with papaya crops already in the Inca empire. In our markets there Papaya Fruit, meanwhile, can be bought all year round. It can be obtained in the form of fruits or vegetables.
Papaya is rich in various enzymes (papain), amino acids (histidine), carotenoids (cc-carotene) and vitamins. As nahrstoffreich papaya, it is clear if we compare the content of vitamin A and C. Papaya contains exactly more vitamin A than carrots and more vitamin C than oranges.
Papain is similar in its action to the human digestive enzymes pepsin and trypsin, which some natural Volker use to get slightly soft with papaya flesh juice. Papain breaks down meat naturally and therefore helps in the disposal of food.
The extracts contained in the papaya supplement in chewable tablets are in demand due to its richness in papainahnlichen enzymes: pineapple (bromelain), kiwi (actinidin), mango (Mangain).
Vitamin C, vitamin E and biotin cut off the work of enzymes.
Papaya fruit powder, full cloth: sorbitol, dextrose; DL-alpha-tocopherol acetate, L-ascorbic acid, Sauerungsmittel malic acid, release agent: magnesium stearate (Veg.), Flavors, thickener: xanthan, D-biotin – May be a laxative when consumed by ubermassigem. Lactose and yeast free.
|composition||for 4 tablets||RDA *|
|Papayafruckt extract||800 mg||–|
|Vitamin C 901 150150|
|Vitamin E 90 140||24 mg 90 140||200% 90 140 90 141|
|Vitamin H 90 140||120 μg 90 140|| 240% 90 140 90 141 90 389 90 142 * RDA = GE Recommended Daily Allowance.EU directive