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Sebaceous cyst: Removal, infections, and treatment

Skin cysts, also known as sebaceous cysts, are slightly hardened, fluid-filled bumps within the skin. They can occur anywhere on the skin and often affect the face, neck, and torso.

The term “sebaceous cyst” is no longer common. Instead, healthcare professionals call them epidermal cysts, keratin cysts, or epithelial cysts, according to American Family Physician.

Skin cysts are benign, or noncancerous, and they usually do not cause problems. They are common, affecting at least 20% of adults, and they can range in size from a few millimeters to 5 centimeters across.

They do not tend to be painful or tender unless they become inflamed, damaged, or infected. Infections can occur if the cyst bursts.

This article looks at how to remove and treat skin cysts, as well as their causes and potential complications. The article also provides some pictures to help identify them.

Most skin cysts do not need treatment, and the best course of action is usually to keep them clean and not interfere with them. That said, a doctor may suggest removal if a cyst is causing discomfort.

This might be because of infection, because the cyst gets in the way of everyday activities, or because it is in a prominent location. Removing a cyst can leave a small scar.

When removing a cyst, the doctor will aim to remove it completely, as the cyst might form again if part of the sac wall remains on the skin.

Infected cysts may require further treatment. It is best to avoid removing a cyst when it is actively inflamed.

Cyst removal at a doctor’s office involves:

  • a local anesthetic, to numb the area
  • antiseptic swabs, to prevent the area from becoming infected and to stop infections spreading
  • using a blade and other instruments to remove the cyst

If a cyst has burst or there is an infection under the skin, the doctor may need to lance and drain it. They may also prescribe a course of antibiotics.

If a cyst has become infected, it may look red due to inflammation. Infected cysts can also have a whitish appearance due to the presence of pus. The pus may smell unpleasant.

A person should see a doctor if they suspect any infections. They can prescribe antibiotic medication.

In the meantime, to manage an infected cyst, a person can try:

  • applying a warm compress
  • keeping it clean by washing it regularly with a mild antimicrobial soap
  • avoiding covering it with cosmetic products

Some people try home remedies — such as tea tree oil, apple cider vinegar, and aloe vera — but there is no research to confirm their effectiveness for this purpose.

Although skin cysts can be uncomfortable and irritating, trying to remove or treat them can make them worse.

Picking, rubbing, or squeezing a cyst is likely to cause damage, make any infections worse, and cause pain and tenderness. It may also make the cyst appear red or inflamed.

Dealing with skin cysts that are causing concern or producing symptoms means getting them seen by a doctor.

Doctors can accurately diagnose the issue and deal with any other concerns. They can also treat a troublesome cyst without making it worse.

The only appropriate home remedy is to keep any infected cysts clean. People should also practice good hygiene with a recently removed cyst to avoid infection and prevent the cyst from returning.

People can keep a cyst and the area around it clean at home by washing it with a clean cloth, cotton wool, or medical dressing material. Bathe the cyst gently with clean, warm water, and then dab it dry.

If a cyst is not causing any trouble, there is no reason to seek medical treatment.

Skin cysts develop when cells multiply and move inward, rather than moving out to the surface of the skin and shedding away as skin cells normally do. Skin cysts can sometimes form because of damage that causes top-layer cells to be “implanted” in the lower layer.

The epidermis is the top layer of the skin, and the outermost layer of the epidermis is where skin cells eventually shed away. Underneath the epidermis is the dermis layer.

The cause of a cyst is not always obvious. In some cases, there is a genetic reason for it. Gardner’s syndrome, for example, is a genetic condition that is linked with skin cysts and other types of growths. Pilar cysts, which develop around hair follicles, might also have a genetic basis.

Most cysts do not develop complications. The most likely complication is a skin infection, which can occur if bacteria enter the cyst.

Cysts are not fixed to anything deeper or below the skin, and the cyst and the area of skin around it is moveable.

Very rarely, however, a cyst can extend deeper into the body and connect to underlying tissue. A person should see a doctor if they have a fixed lump that does not move.

Skin cysts, or sebaceous cysts, are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the skin. They are usually harmless, but a doctor may recommend draining or removing a cyst if it becomes uncomfortable.

People should see their doctor if they notice any new lump on the skin or are concerned about an existing lump.

Cysts: Causes, types, and treatments

Cysts are common and can occur anywhere on the body. They are often a result of infection, clogged sebaceous glands, or piercings.

Some other common causes of cysts include:

  • tumors
  • genetic conditions
  • a fault in an organ of a developing embryo
  • a defect in the cells
  • chronic inflammatory conditions
  • blockages of ducts in the body that cause fluids to build up
  • a parasite
  • an injury that breaks a vessel

In most cases, it is unusual for cysts to cause pain unless they rupture, become infected, or are inflamed.

Most cysts are benign and develop due to blockages in the body’s natural drainage systems.

However, some cysts may be tumors that form inside tumors. These can be malignant, or cancerous.

Cysts are not the same as tumors. Learn about tumors vs. cysts here.

The signs and symptoms will vary widely depending on what type of cyst it is. In many cases, a person first becomes aware of an abnormal lump, particularly when the cyst is just beneath the skin.

Many internal cysts, such as those that occur in the kidneys or the liver, may not cause any symptoms at all. They may go unnoticed until an imaging scan — such as an MRI, CT, or ultrasound scan — detects them.

If a cyst develops on the brain, it can cause headaches and other symptoms. Breast cysts can also cause pain.

Some of the most common types of cyst include:

Acne cysts

Cystic acne, or nodulocystic acne, is a severe type of acne in which the skin’s pores become blocked, leading to infection and inflammation.

Arachnoid cysts

Arachnoid cysts may affect newborn babies.

The arachnoid membrane covers the brain. During fetal development, it doubles up or splits to form an abnormal pocket of cerebrospinal fluid. In some cases, a doctor may need to drain the cyst.

Baker’s cysts

Baker’s cysts are also called popliteal cysts. A person with a Baker’s cyst often experiences a bulge and a feeling of tightness behind the knee. The pain may worsen when extending the knee or during physical activity.

Baker’s cysts usually develop due to a problem with the knee joint, such as arthritis or a cartilage tear.

Bartholin’s cysts

Bartholin’s cysts can occur if the ducts of the Bartholin gland, which are situated inside the vagina, become blocked.

A doctor may recommend surgery or prescription antibiotics as treatment.

Breast cysts

Breast cysts are common and may be painful, but they do not usually require any treatment.

In females, these cysts can develop or change in size throughout the menstrual cycle, and they often disappear on their own. However, a doctor can drain the fluid if they are causing discomfort.

According to the American Cancer Society, simple cysts do not increase the risk of breast cancer. That said, there is a small chance that complex cysts might contain cancer or increase a person’s risk of cancer later on, depending on the results of a biopsy.

Read more about breast lumps here.

Chalazion cysts

Very small eyelid glands, called meibomian glands, make a lubricant that comes out of tiny openings in the edges of the eyelids. Cysts can form here if the ducts are blocked. These are known as chalazion cysts.

Colloid cysts

Colloid cysts develop in the brain and contain gelatinous material. Doctors often recommend surgical removal as treatment.

Dentigerous cysts

Dentigerous cysts surround the crown of an unerupted tooth.

Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts comprise mature skin, hair follicles, sweat glands, and clumps of long hair, as well as fat, bone, cartilage, and thyroid tissue.

Epididymal cysts

Epididymal cysts, or spermatoceles, form in the vessels attached to the testes. This type of cyst is common and does not typically impair fertility or require treatment. If it causes discomfort, however, a doctor may suggest surgery.

Read more about testicle lumps here.

Ganglion cysts

Ganglion cysts are small, harmless cysts that form on or near a joint or covering of a tendon. They usually develop on the wrist but can also appear on the hand, foot, ankle, or knee.

Hydatid cysts

Hydatid cysts develop due to a relatively small tapeworm. These cysts form in the lungs or liver. Treatment options include surgery and medication.

Kidney cysts

There are several types of kidney cyst, or renal cyst. Solitary cysts contain fluids, sometimes including blood. Some are present at birth, while tubular blockages cause others.

People with renal vascular diseases may have cysts that formed due to the dilatation of the blood vessels.

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are common in females who have regular periods. They form during ovulation.

The majority of ovarian cysts are benign and cause no symptoms. However, some can become so large that the abdomen protrudes.

Polycystic ovary syndrome refers to when the ovaries develop many small cysts.

Pancreatic cysts

Most health professionals do not consider pancreatic cysts as true cysts. Instead, they refer to them as “pseudocysts,” as they do not contain the types of cell present in true cysts.

They can include cells normally present in other organs, such as the stomach or intestines.

Periapical cysts

Periapical cysts, also known as radicular cysts, are the most common type of odontogenic cyst, which are those related to the formation and development of teeth. These cysts usually develop due to inflammation of the pulp, pulp death, or tooth decay.

Pilar cysts

Pilar cysts are also known as trichilemmal cysts. They are fluid-filled cysts that form from a hair follicle, and they usually develop in the scalp.

Pilonidal cysts

Pilonidal cysts form in the skin near the tailbone or lower back, and they sometimes contain ingrown hair.

These cysts can grow in clusters, which sometimes creates a hole or cavity in the skin.

Pineal gland cysts

These are benign cysts that form in the pineal gland in the brain. According to a study from 2007, pineal gland cysts are fairly common.

Sebaceous cysts

People use the term “sebaceous cyst” to describe a type of cyst that occurs on the skin of the face, back, scalp, or scrotum.

Cysts that occur in these locations may be epidermoid or pilar cysts, though health professionals can only tell the difference after removing and analyzing the cyst.

Tarlov cysts

Tarlov cysts — also known as perineural, perineurial, or sacral nerve root cysts — are located at the base of the spine and are filled with cerebrospinal fluid.

Vocal fold cysts

There are two types of vocal fold cyst: mucus retention cysts and epidermoid cysts.

Vocal fold cysts can interfere with the quality of a person’s speech, sometimes causing their vocal cords to produce:

  • multiple tones simultaneously, called diplophonia
  • breathy speech, or dysphonia
  • hoarseness

The treatment options for a cyst will depend on a range of factors, including the type of cyst, where it is, its size, and the degree of discomfort it is causing.

For very large cysts that are causing symptoms, a doctor may recommend surgical removal.

Sometimes, they might drain or aspirate the cyst by inserting a needle or catheter into the cavity. If the cyst is not easily accessible, they may use radiologic imaging to accurately guide the needle or catheter.

Sometimes, a health professional may examine the removed liquid under a microscope to determine whether or not any cancerous cells are present. If they suspect that the cyst is cancerous, they may suggest surgical removal, order a biopsy of the cyst wall, or both.

Many cysts develop as a result of a chronic or underlying medical condition, as may be the case with fibrocystic breast disease or polycystic ovary syndrome. In such cases, the focus of the treatment will be on the medical condition itself, not the cyst.

Cyst & Abscess Removal | Physicians Immediate Care

Cysts and abscesses are fluid-filled lumps that can form anywhere on the body. To the untrained eye, they can be hard to tell apart. Both cysts and abscesses can be uncomfortable, and may require medical treatment.

What is a cyst?

Cysts are sacs or cavities filled with fluid or pus. They can appear on your skin or anywhere inside your body. Some common types are the baker’s cyst (behind the knee), sebaceous cyst (under the skin), and ganglion cyst (along the tendons or joints of your wrists, hands, or feet).

The cells that make up a cyst’s sac are different from those around them, but they usually aren’t cancerous. Cysts grow slowly, and are not typically painful. A cyst is not considered a medical problem unless it bothers you or becomes sore or infected.

What is an abscess?

An abscess is a tender, infected area filled with pus. Abscesses form when your immune system is fighting an infection in one of your bodily tissues.

Like cysts, abscesses can occur on your skin or inside your body. However, because abscesses involve infection, they are warm, painful, irritated, and often red and swollen. The surrounding area is usually colored from pink to deep red, and the infection can also cause symptoms in other parts of the body. An abscess can form on its own or can occur when a cyst becomes infected.

How to treat a cyst or abscess at home

One of the best things you can do to treat a cyst or abscess at home is to hold a warm, moist cloth on the area for 20 minutes at a time, a few times daily. This may soothe the area, stimulate infection-fighting antibodies and white blood cells, and help the area heal.

It’s not advisable to try draining a cyst or abscess yourself. Cyst popping at home can cause infection. Instead, keep the area clean, and make an appointment with a doctor if the area is painful or starts to drain.

How can a physician treat my cyst or abscess?

If you have a cyst or abscess that is bothering you, visit a medical provider to have it examined. At Physicians Immediate Care, most cysts and abscesses are drained and removed using one of the following two procedures:

Fine needle aspiration

In a fine needle aspiration procedure, a thin needle is inserted into the cyst, after the area has been numbed. Your medical provider will drain the cyst’s fluids through the needle. Patients typically experience no discomfort to minimal discomfort during the procedure.

Incision and drainage

With an incision and drainage procedure, your medical provider will start by numbing the area with a local anesthetic. He or she will make a small incision into the abscess using a scalpel or needle. The pus will then be drained from the abscess, and some of the discharge may be collected for testing. Once the abscess has been drained, the medical provider will clean the wound and rinse it with a saline solution.

After an aspiration or incision and drainage procedure, a few additional steps are taken. First, depending on the size and depth of the cyst or abscess, the physician will bandage the wound with sterile gauze, or will insert a drain to allow the abscess to continue draining as it heals. Antibiotics will be given to help prevent or fight infection. The discharge collected may be tested for bacterial cultures or malignant cancers.

You may be asked to return to the clinic one or more times for additional treatments to complete the abscess or cyst removal process, especially if the area is large.

Where can I get a cyst or abscess removed?

Your general practitioner or dermatologist can diagnose and treat your cyst or abscess. Although both needle aspiration and incision and drainage are generally quick procedures, you may experience a significant wait time if your health professional is booked in advance. If you wish to see a medical provider right away, you can walk in or reserve a time at a Physicians Immediate Care clinic.

With more than 40 clinics open extended hours, 7 days a week across Indiana and Illinois, you can have your health concerns taken care of right away. Our dedicated physicians and health care practitioners can drain and remove your cyst or abscess before your symptoms get any worse. Visit us to get fast, quality care for all your health needs today.

Surgery for Ovarian Cysts | Michigan Medicine

Surgery Overview

When an ovarian growth or cyst needs to be closely looked at, a surgeon can do so through a small incision using laparoscopy or through a larger abdominal incision (laparotomy). Either type of surgery can be used to diagnose problems such as ovarian cysts, adhesions, fibroids, and pelvic infection. But if there is any concern about cancer, you may have a laparotomy. It gives the best view of the abdominal organs and the female pelvic organs. Then, if the doctor finds ovarian cancer, he or she can safely remove it.

During surgery, a noncancerous cyst that is causing symptoms can be removed (cystectomy), leaving the ovary intact. In some cases, the entire ovary or both ovaries are removed, particularly when cancer is found.

What To Expect After Surgery

General anesthesia
usually is used during surgery.

After a laparoscopy, you can resume normal activities within a day. But you should avoid strenuous activity or exercise for about a week.

After a laparotomy, you may stay in the hospital from 2 to 4 days and return to your usual activities in 4 to 6 weeks.

Why It Is Done

Surgery is used to confirm the diagnosis of an ovarian cyst, remove a cyst that is causing symptoms, and rule out ovarian cancer.

Surgery for an ovarian cyst or growth may be advised in the following situations:

  • Ovarian growths (masses) are present in both ovaries.
  • An ovarian cyst that is being watched does not get smaller or go away in 2 to 3 months.
  • An ultrasound exam suggests that a cyst is not a simple functional cyst.
  • You have an ovarian growth and you:
    • Have never had a menstrual period (for example, a young girl).
    • Have been through menopause (postmenopausal woman).
    • Use birth control pills (unless you are using low-dose progestin-only pills or have missed a pill, which would make an ovulation-related functional cyst more likely).
  • Your doctor is concerned that ovarian cancer may be present. In this case, it is also advised that you see a gynecologic oncologist.

How Well It Works

An ovarian cyst can be removed from an ovary (cystectomy), preserving the ovary and your fertility. But it is possible for a new cyst to form on the same or opposite ovary after a cystectomy. New cysts can only be completely prevented by removing the ovaries (oophorectomy).


Risks of ovarian surgery include the following:

  • Ovarian cysts may come back after a cystectomy.
  • Pain may not be controlled.
  • Scar tissue (adhesions) may form at the surgical site, on the ovaries or fallopian tubes, or in the pelvis.
  • Infection may develop.
  • The bowel or bladder may be damaged during surgery.

What To Think About

Surgery may be recommended if you have a large cyst, cysts in both ovaries, or other characteristics that may suggest ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer can occur in women of all ages, but the incidence increases after menopause.


Current as of:
July 17, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Sarah Marshall MD – Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine
Kirtly Jones MD – Obstetrics and Gynecology

Current as of: July 17, 2020

Healthwise Staff

Medical Review:Sarah Marshall MD – Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD – Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones MD – Obstetrics and Gynecology

Epidermoid cysts – Diagnosis and treatment


Doctors can usually make a diagnosis by looking at the cyst. Your doctor may also scrape off skin cells and examine them under a microscope or take a skin sample (biopsy) for detailed analysis in the laboratory.

Epidermoid cysts look like sebaceous cysts, but they’re different. True epidermoid cysts result from damage to hair follicles or the outer layer of skin (epidermis).


You can usually leave a cyst alone if it doesn’t cause discomfort or cosmetic problems. If you seek treatment, talk with your doctor about these options:

  • Injection. This treatment involves injecting the cyst with a medicine that reduces swelling and inflammation.
  • Incision and drainage. With this method, your doctor makes a small cut in the cyst and gently squeezes out the contents. This is a fairly quick and easy method, but cysts often recur after this treatment.
  • Minor surgery. Your doctor can remove the entire cyst. You may need to return to the doctor’s office to have stitches removed. Minor surgery is safe and effective and usually prevents cysts from recurring. If your cyst is inflamed, your doctor may delay the surgery.

Lifestyle and home remedies

You can’t stop epidermoid cysts from forming. But you can help prevent scarring and infection by:

  • Not squeezing a cyst yourself
  • Placing a warm, moist cloth over the area to help the cyst drain and heal

Preparing for your appointment

You’ll probably first visit your primary care doctor. He or she will diagnose your condition and outline treatment for your cyst. Options may include observation, incision and drainage if it is inflamed or infected, and removal. Occasionally, you may be referred to a doctor who specializes in skin disorders (dermatologist).

Here’s some information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

  • List your key medical information, such as conditions you’ve been treated for and medications, vitamins and supplements you take.
  • Note any recent injuries to your skin, including surgical incisions and accidental wounds.
  • List questions you have about your condition. Having a list of questions can help you make the most of your time with your doctor.

Below are some basic questions to ask your doctor about epidermoid cysts. If any additional questions occur to you during your visit, don’t hesitate to ask.

  • Do I have an epidermoid cyst?
  • What causes this type of cyst?
  • Is the cyst infected?
  • What treatment do you recommend, if any?
  • Will I have a scar after treatment?
  • Am I at risk of this condition recurring?
  • Can I do anything to help prevent a recurrence?
  • Do epidermoid cysts increase my risk of other health problems?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:

  • When did you notice this skin growth?
  • Have you noticed any other skin growths?
  • Have you had similar growths in the past? If so, on what parts of your body?
  • Have you had severe acne?
  • Is the growth causing any discomfort?
  • Are you embarrassed by the growth?
  • Have you had any recent skin injuries, including minor scrapes?
  • Have you recently had a surgical procedure in the affected area?
  • Does anyone in your family have a history of acne or multiple cysts?

What you can do in the meantime

Resist the urge to try to squeeze or “pop” your cyst. Your doctor will be able to take care of the cyst with the least risk of scarring and infection.

April 07, 2020

Show references

  1. Goldstein BG, et al. Overview of benign lesions of the skin. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  2. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Benign epithelial tumors, hamartomas and hyperplasias. In: Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  3. Bolognia JL, et al., eds. Cysts. In: Dermatology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 3, 2017.
  4. Higgins JC, et al. Diagnosing common benign skin tumors. American Family Physician. 2015;92:601.
  5. Gibson LE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 7, 2017.


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Ovarian Cyst Removal – Open Surgery

by Siegal B


Ovarian cyst removal
is surgery to remove a
or cysts from one or both of your ovaries.
An open surgery requires an abdominal incision large enough that the doctor can see the cyst and surrounding tissue. It may be done instead of a
laparoscopic surgery
if the cyst is large, there are many cysts, or complications develop during a laparoscopic surgery.

Ovarian Cyst
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Reasons for Procedure

An ovarian cyst may need to be removed if it is:

  • Suspected of being
    (the chances are lower if you are young)
  • Large—more than 2.5 inches (6.35 centimeters) in diameter
  • Solid (rather than containing just fluid)
  • Causing pain

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an ovarian cyst removed, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Cyst returns after it is removed
  • Need for removal of 1 or both ovaries
  • Infertility
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to other organs

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Your doctor may do the following:

  • Physical exam
  • Review of medications
  • Blood tests
  • Urine test
  • CT scan
    —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of organs
  • Ultrasound
    —a test that uses sound waves to examine the abdomen

Talk to your doctor about what action should be taken if cancer is found during surgery. One option is to remove the ovary.

Leading up to the surgery:

  • Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.
  • Arrange for a ride to and from the hospital. Also, arrange for someone to help you at home.
  • Do not eat or drink for at least 8 hours before the surgery.


General anesthesia
will be used. It will block pain and keep you asleep through the surgery. It will be given through an IV in your hand or arm.

Description of the Procedure

An incision will be made in the abdomen. The abdominal muscles will be separated and the abdomen will be opened.

Next, the cyst will be removed. In some cases, a sample of tissue will be removed for testing. If cancer is found, 1 or both ovaries (if cysts are on both ovaries) may be
. Lastly, stitches will be used to sew the abdominal muscles. The incision will be closed with stitches or staples.

Immediately After Procedure

After the procedure, you will be given IV fluids and medications while recovering.

How Long Will It Take?

1-2 hours

Will It Hurt?

You will have abdominal pain and discomfort for 7-10 days. You will be given pain medication.

Average Hospital Stay

2-3 days

Post-procedure Care

Recovery may take 4-6 weeks. When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • Avoid strenuous exercise until your doctor says it is okay.
  • Do not resume sexual activity until your doctor says it is okay. You may need to wait 2 weeks.
  • Follow your doctor’s guidelines for ultrasound tests. These may need to be done if it is likely that the cysts will return.

Call Your Doctor

After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occur:

  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
  • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
  • Unexpected amount of vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Cough
    , shortness of breath, or chest pain
  • Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medications you were given after surgery, or which last for more than 2 days after discharge from the hospital
  • Headaches, muscle aches, lightheadedness, or general ill feeling
  • Constipation
    or abdominal swelling
  • Urinary difficulties
  • Onset of pain or swelling in 1 or both legs
  • New, unexplained symptoms

If you think you are having an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.

Dermoid Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Dermoid Cyst Overview

A dermoid cyst is a saclike growth that is present at birth. It contains structures such as hair, fluid, teeth, or skin glands that can be found on or in the skin.

Dermoid cysts grow slowly and are not tender unless ruptured. They usually occur on the face, inside the skull, on the lower back, and in the ovaries. Superficial dermoid cysts on the face usually can be removed without complications. Removal of other, more rare dermoid cysts requires special techniques and training. These rarer dermoid cysts occur in four major areas:

  • Dermoid cysts in the brain: Dermoid cysts occur very rarely here. A neurosurgeon may need to remove them if they cause problems.
  • Dermoid cysts in the nasal sinuses: These are also very rare. Only a handful of cases involving dermoid cysts located here are reported each year. Removal of these cysts is extremely complicated.
  • Ovarian dermoid cysts: These growths can develop in a woman during their reproductive years. They can cause torsion, infection, rupture, and cancer. These dermoid cysts can be removed with either conventional surgery or laparoscopy (surgery that uses small incisions and specially designed instruments to enter the abdomen or pelvis).
  • Dermoid cysts of the spinal cord: A sinus tract, which is a narrow connection from a deep pit in the skin, usually connects these very rare cysts to the skin surface. This type of dermoid cyst can become infected. Removal is often incomplete, but the outcome is usually excellent.

Dermoid Cyst Causes

Dermoid cysts are caused when skin and skin structures become trapped during fetal development. Their cell walls are nearly identical to those of the outer skin and may contain multiple skin structures such as hair follicles, sweat glands, and sometimes hair, teeth, or nerves.

When to Seek Medical Care

A doctor should be contacted in the following situations:

  • A cyst becomes painful or inflamed.
  • A cyst grows or changes color.
  • Removal is desired for cosmetic reasons.

Typically, removing a dermoid cyst is not an emergency procedure. If a dermoid cyst ruptures, becomes inflamed, or causes pain or fever, a person should seek immediate medical advice. Depending on the severity of pain or discomfort, a person might also consider visiting a hospital’s emergency department.

Exams and Tests for Dermoid Cysts

Prior to removal of superficial dermoid cysts on the face, a person should know the difference between cysts and other facial growths.

  • Because dermoid cysts stem from birth and grow slowly, a person usually notices them during childhood or early adulthood.
  • Dermoid cysts are firm and painless unless ruptured.
  • Dermoid cysts are not attached to the overlying skin.

In rare cases, a dermoid cyst extends into a structure deeper than skin, such as a facial cavity or an orbit. Some doctors recommend a CT scan or other imaging studies for these cases. This decision depends on the doctor’s suspicion of a deep-level cyst and after a determination of risk versus benefit.

Dermoid Cyst Home Remedies

Self-removal of facial cysts at home is not recommended, because the cyst will grow back if not completely removed. Chances of infection, bleeding, and other complications increase for people who remove dermoid cysts themselves, especially because the person may not be able to differentiate between a harmless growth and other, more serious skin growths.

Medical Treatment for Dermoid Cysts

To remove a dermoid cyst, the doctor will clean the area over which the cyst is located, inject a local anesthetic, and make an incision directly over the cyst and attempt remove it completely.

Outlook for Dermoid Cysts

Barring the possible complications associated with any surgery, removal of a dermoid cyst usually results in complete recovery.

Removal of cysts without tooth extraction

What is a tooth cyst?

The cyst of a tooth is a rounded cavity located near the root of the tooth in the jawbone, lined with a fibrous membrane and filled with pus or serous fluid.

Why is a tooth cyst formed?

The cause of the formation of a cyst is an infection of the root canal that has not been cured in a timely manner.

The reasons for the introduction of infection into the root of the tooth can be different:

  1. As a complication of not well-treated or completely neglected
  • caries / pulpitis,
  • periodontitis,
  • periodontal diseases,
  • inflammation under the dental crown,
  • Error and infection during endodontic treatment (root canal treatment).
  • Tooth injury.
  • Immune disorders in the body.
  • Chronic diseases of the ENT organs: runny nose, sinusitis, tonsillitis.
  • A cyst of a tooth can also be affected by children with a milk and mixed bite. Even in newborns, teething with a purulent cyst is possible – the so-called. Bon knots.

    What are dental cysts

    • Dental cysts of various localization, but most of them are located near the apex of the tooth root.
    • Cysts that form at the site of already extracted teeth, if an infection was introduced into the wound during the extraction of the tooth.
    • Granulomas – pre-cystic state, the initial stage of cyst formation. Unlike an ordinary cyst, a granuloma does not have a formed cavity; it is a node or a fibrous sac with purulent contents, which, most often, is localized at the apex of the tooth root. The causes and symptoms of granulomas are similar to those of a cyst. Treatment is carried out either therapeutic or by root apex resection.

    Why remove the cyst?

    If a tooth cyst is not removed in time, even with an asymptomatic course of the disease, the consequences can be very serious – this is a real “time bomb”.

    • The main danger of a cyst is that sooner or later it will destroy the affected tooth, and then “get” to the teeth of its neighbors.
    • Cysts are reborn. Slowly but surely, so in 15-20 years it may already be a malignant formation.
    • In the cavity of the cyst, an infection rages, so that with a general illness, hypothermia, a drop in immunity as a result of banal stress, acute purulent inflammation is possible – flux, abscess, phlegmon.
    • The infection can spread to adjacent lymph nodes and cause inflammation – lymphadenitis.
    • Gradual thinning of the jaw bone in the affected area, due to purulent fusion, turns into osteomyelitis. Even a spontaneous fracture of the jaw is possible.
    • The cyst is enlarged and may grow into the nasal cavity or maxillary sinus.
    • An infection in a cyst can cause sepsis – blood poisoning.

    If you do not start treatment on time, you will have to remove the tooth. And this is the minimum “evil”.

    What are the symptoms of a tooth cyst?

    For a long time, a cyst may not manifest itself in any way until it becomes large enough in size, therefore, a cyst is very rarely diagnosed at an early stage of the disease.This mostly happens by chance when the patient is being x-rayed for another reason.

    At a later stage, the patient begins to be disturbed:

    • Aching pain that gets worse with time. This pain is difficult to relieve with a regular pain reliever.
    • Pain when biting.
    • Swelling of the gums and / or cheeks.
    • An abscess, flux, fistula may form on the gum.
    • General malaise, fever.

    How is a tooth cyst treated?

    The first thing to say is that a tooth cyst is successfully treated today with a high percentage of the affected tooth being preserved, although in the past the diagnosis of a cyst meant 100% removal.

    There are 2 main approaches to treatment:

    1. Therapeutic. Therapeutic treatment of a tooth cyst is used when
    • Access to the dental canal through the dental crown
    • The channels are not sealed or can be opened
    • This method of treatment is very similar to the treatment of periodontitis, with the only difference that the doctor additionally removes pus from the cyst cavity and injects special medicinal preparations into the root canal.

      Such treatment takes at least 1-2 visits, is carried out under sterile conditions, using a rubber dam and a dental microscope, i.e.to. Requires special care from the doctor to prevent relapse.

      Laser treatment of cysts with access through the coronal part of the tooth, another type of therapeutic treatment. Its main difference is that the laser immediately completely disinfects the area of ​​the removed cyst, the treatment is quick and bloodless, and one of the shortcomings is the risk of getting a burn.

  • Surgical.
  • There are several methods of surgical removal of cysts, but cystectomy – complete removal of a cyst with all its contents, is the most modern and most effective of them.

    Cystectomy is indicated for:

    • Sealed root canal that is difficult to open.
    • The affected tooth was prosthetic with a crown
    • Pain syndrome, swelling of the cheek / gums.

    How is the operation to remove the cyst (cystectomy)

    Removal of a cyst is performed by a dentist-surgeon in a surgical room, on an outpatient basis, the duration of the operation is usually about half an hour, an hour after the manipulation, the patient can go home.The improvement of the patient’s condition should occur 6-8 hours after the operation. Sick leave is issued for the recovery period – until the sutures are removed.

    To relieve all painful sensations, the patient is given local conduction or infiltration anesthesia; we also anesthetize the injection site with an application gel. After the operation, for the first time, pain relievers are prescribed in tablets.

    I Preparatory stage

    1. The patient is being diagnosed by a surgeon, a consultation with the attending dentist-therapist is obligatory.
    2. It is advisable, if the operation is not urgent, to provide the patient with professional hygiene and sanitation of the oral cavity before the surgery – this will reduce the presence of infection in the oral cavity and heal faster.

    II Carrying out operation

    1. Anesthesia is administered to the patient.
    2. The operating field is treated with an antiseptic.
    3. Dentist-surgeon separates the mucoperiosteal flap from the bone.
    4. Access to the affected area is provided, the cyst, together with the affected part of the tooth apex, is removed.
    5. The cavity is thoroughly cleaned and rinsed with an antiseptic.
    6. An antiseptic is injected into the cavity and the wound is sutured.
    7. In the process of restoration, the cavity is overgrown on its own, bone tissue is restored.

    III Postoperative period

    1. After the operation, you should not eat for 4 hours, then the food should be not hot, liquid and gentle.
    2. The patient is prescribed antibiotics to fight infection and pain relievers.
    3. Hygiene can be performed according to the standard regimen one day after surgery, according to the recommendations of your doctor.
    4. Antiseptic rinses and healing gels are prescribed.
    5. Possible swelling of the gums and face for several days.
    • Warm up the operation site, because re-development of the infection is possible.
    • Take medications without a doctor’s prescription.

    Prevention of tooth cyst

    Routine dental and general health care will help prevent cyst development.

    In order for a dental cyst not to bother you, you must:

    • Undergo regular preventive examinations at your dentist every 6 months and a professional hygiene procedure. Do not refuse if the doctor asks you to do an X-ray examination – he has a reason for this.
    • Timely treat caries and pulpitis.
    • To detect hidden caries at an early stage of the disease, for this in our clinic we use digital (not X-ray) diagnostics using the “Diagnokam” apparatus.We recommend that you undergo such diagnostics at least once every six months.
    • Qualitatively brush your teeth on your own using dental floss, irrigator, rinse aid. Pay attention to cleaning the tongue.
    • Strengthen the immune system.
    • 90 025 90 000 Safe tooth cyst removal – price per operation in Moscow

      What is a Tooth Cyst?

      A tooth cyst is a dense neoplasm, which is a capsule filled with pus.In simple terms, this is a “bag” on the root of the tooth, in which, due to inflammation, the process of bacteria multiplication and the decay of dead cells takes place. The body, trying to isolate the danger, takes it under protection, that is, imprisons it in a kind of capsule. Initially, the cyst is dormant and not disturbing. At the same time, the patient’s condition does not change in any way, such a symptom as pain at the initial stage is absent.

      However, the slightest weakening of the immune system can lead to the rapid development of infection and lead to tooth loss.It’s like a time bomb!

      Why can a cyst appear? The reasons

      • Poor endodontic treatment, resulting in infection in the root canals of the tooth
      • Complication of “advanced” caries
      • Tooth injury

      How can the diagnosis of Cyst be confirmed?

      you must come for a face-to-face consultation. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination, prescribe an X-ray examination.For an accurate diagnosis, you need to have an idea of ​​the three-dimensional size of the inflammatory focus, and for this you need to do CBCT. Our clinic has a high-quality computed tomograph. Moreover, we use the artificial intelligence Diagnocat for the analysis of CBCT! The program for 3D images determines the condition of the teeth, helps the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis and plan treatment.

      Is it possible to remove a tooth cyst without removing a tooth?

      A cyst on a tooth. Treatment or removal? Can a tooth be saved? Not so long ago, when such a diagnosis was made, there was no alternative to tooth extraction. Today, modern dentistry uses new therapeutic methods of treatment and tooth-preserving operations, which allow not to remove a tooth with a cyst. This is precisely the priority task of our clinic Belgravia Dental Studio. Our dental surgeons have vast experience in performing such operations. The discussion of the treatment plan and the choice of the method itself takes place with the participation of two doctors – a surgeon and an endodontist.

      Depending on the location of the cyst, the degree of development of the inflammatory process, doctors choose a method of treatment.

      The statistics of our specialists’ work shows that the tooth can be preserved in more than half of the cases. This is a very indicative result of the clinic’s work, which gives hope for the successful preservation of your tooth. Positive feedback from our patients confirms this.

      What are the treatments for cysts?

      If your dentist has diagnosed you with a cyst, it will take a lot of professionalism to save the tooth. Just 10 years ago, this would have meant a tooth loss.But now dentistry has gone far ahead, and we resort to removal only in the most extreme cases! It is possible to treat a cyst with a therapeutic (you need a dentist-therapist) or surgically (you need a dental surgeon).

      A therapeutic method for treating cysts. How does this happen?

      The therapeutic method for treating cysts can be used only in the case of small cysts (no more than 8 mm).

      To get rid of the cyst, it is enough to perform high-quality retreatment of the tooth canals.

      The affected tooth is drilled and the root canal (or canals) is cleaned – very carefully. Then the root canal is disinfected and antimicrobial drugs are injected into the cavity. At the end of the procedure, the tooth is filled. After that, a control X-ray examination is carried out. And then the patient remains under observation. This method of treatment has an efficiency of about 70%.

      Tooth-preserving operations. What are they? How are they going?

      Such an operation allows you to remove the cyst and at the same time preserve the patient’s tooth.What can be more important for the dentists of Belgravia Dental Studio?

      There are three surgical methods for treating a tooth cyst:

      • Cystectomy is a method that allows you to permanently remove a neoplasm without affecting healthy tooth tissue. This is one of the modern methods of treatment. The operation is performed by a doctor under local anesthesia using a microscope. The doctor determines where the cyst of the tooth is; assesses its condition, opens it with special tools, cleans out the contents, leaving an antiseptic inside, and sews it up.Some time after the operation, the cavity grows spontaneously.
      • Cystotomy is a method that is used for a large tooth cyst. With this method, only parts of the neoplasm are removed. After a while, the operated part of the cyst changes its structure, connects with the healthy epithelium of the oral cavity, forming a tight contact, and is no longer dangerous. Recovery after this method of treatment will take longer.
      • Hemisection is another type of tooth-preserving surgery.This is a procedure for removing the root of a tooth together with the adjacent coronal part. It is performed on multi-rooted teeth if the infection is localized in one of the roots. Further, the surgeon removes the focus of inflammation and infection along with the upper part of the tooth root. In this case, the functions of the tooth are preserved. The cavity is filled with a special biocompatible material that regenerates tissue. After such an operation, the tooth can be used as a support for the crown. The procedure can take up to 40 minutes, it all depends on the structure of the bone tissue and the size of the cyst itself.Full recovery after surgery occurs within 7 to 10 days.

      What anesthesia can be used during the procedure?

      Removal of a tooth cyst is performed under local anesthesia. If there is anxiety, you can add light sedation, nitrous oxide. In certain cases (large complex treatment, very strong fear), we offer our patients treatment under anesthesia (in a dream). This requires additional tests and consultation with our anesthesiologist.

      Is a tooth cyst laser removed in our clinic?

      No, the operation is performed using the finest surgical instruments. Necessarily under the control of the increase. All this guarantees the most effective treatment with a good long-term prognosis.

      You have a cyst removed. What do you need to know?

      During the duration of the anesthesia (about two hours), we recommend refraining from food in order to avoid injury to the soft tissues of the oral cavity.

      You will be given an ice pack to apply to the area where the procedure was performed to prevent swelling and relieve discomfort.

      What condition is acceptable and considered normal?

      • Edema may develop. The maximum increase on the second day. Then it will begin to subside.
      • Temperature rise up to 38C can be observed.
      • Opening the mouth can also be difficult and painful.
      • Such manifestations are permissible.
      • During the week, we recommend that our patients adhere to a sparing diet: do not eat hard, hot, spicy foods.
      • Our doctor may also prescribe antibiotics and recommend exercise restriction.
      • If stitches need to be removed, they will be repeated after 7-10 days.


      Many dental clinics in St.Moscow offers a cyst removal service. What you need to pay attention to when choosing:

      • Carrying out a tooth-preserving operation requires a highly qualified doctor. Therefore, education and work experience are important here. At Belgravia Dental Studio, the procedure is performed by surgeons with many years of experience – specialists who work according to this protocol.
      • Is the clinic equipped with CT scanners? This is necessary for the diagnosis of a cyst.
      • Is it possible to carry out the operation using a microscope.
      • Belgravia Dental Studio specialists use magnification for various manipulations, including when performing an operation to remove a tooth cyst. With its help, only damaged tooth tissues can be removed without affecting healthy ones. This gives a much faster healing of the surgical site.
      • All manipulations are performed with mandatory local anesthesia.
      • Also in our clinic it is possible to carry out anti-stress treatment in sedation and under general anesthesia (when you are sleeping).
      • All medical documentation is carefully kept, the patient has a medical record filled out in accordance with all the rules.
      • When choosing a clinic, it is very important to read the reviews about dental surgeons. On the website of the Belgravia Dental Studio Clinic – all reviews from real patients.

      How to prevent the appearance of a cyst?

      We advise you to undergo treatment in one proven place. We remind you that a cyst can appear after a poor-quality treatment.

      We also recommend that our patients undergo regular preventive examinations at the dentist. This will help to identify the cyst in the early stages and prevent complications – for example, the development of a cyst in the maxillary sinus. This can happen if a cyst located at the root of the upper tooth, due to its size, grows into the maxillary sinus.

      How much does tooth cyst removal cost?

      The price of the procedure for removing a tooth cyst depends on many factors: the location of the cyst, its size, how serious the inflammation is.All of this, of course, affects the price. Each case is unique. Therefore, the final cost can be determined only at an individual consultation with a doctor.

      Clinic Belgravia Dental Studio – premium dentistry. The price for the treatment of a cyst corresponds to the guarantees that we give, the qualifications of our specialists, the technological level of the clinic and the techniques that we use in the process of surgical interventions.

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      90,000 Removal of ovarian cysts by laparoscopic method in Moscow


      Petrova Evgeniya Yurievna

      Leading physician


      Ovarian cyst is a thin-walled cavity filled with fluid.The cyst looks like a rounded bulge on the surface of the ovary. The sizes of cysts can vary from 3 to 20 and even 30 cm in diameter.

      The cyst is usually asymptomatic and is often discovered accidentally during an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, performed routinely or for other reasons. Most cysts result from normal ovarian function. These cysts are called functional or follicular. They are benign growths without a tendency to aggressive growth and usually go away on their own within a few months, gradually decreasing in size.

      The revealed functional cyst is taken under dynamic observation and treated conservatively. If, within 3-4 months, conservative treatment does not give an effect (the cyst does not decrease), the issue of planned surgical treatment is resolved.

      Learn more about ovarian cyst >>>

      Indications for removal of the ovarian cyst

      Urgent removal of the ovarian cyst is carried out with the development of complications:

      • ruptured cysts;
      • torsion of the cyst pedicle;
      • the formation of an inflammatory tumor as a result of suppuration of the cyst.

      Such conditions are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, which can radiate to the legs or anus, weakness, dizziness, sometimes – fainting or fainting conditions, nausea and even vomiting, an increase in body temperature above 38 ° C, profuse bleeding from the genital tract. For such symptoms, an ambulance should be called.

      The cyst is removed in routine :

      • if the size of the cyst exceeds 10 cm.;
      • in case of suspicion of the possibility of malignant transformation. The assessment is given by the doctor on the basis of ultrasound data, depending on the age of the patient and the type of cyst. In postmenopausal women, the formation of a pathological cyst is more likely than a functional cyst. Therefore, in the postmenopausal period, the treatment of cysts is approached more radically.

      Preparation for planned removal of ovarian cysts

      In preparation for the planned removal of the cyst, the following tests are required:

      It is also necessary to undergo an ECG, pelvic ultrasound and consultation with an anesthesiologist.

      Operation to remove the ovarian cyst

      You can remove an ovarian cyst in Moscow in surgical hospitals of JSC “Family Doctor”.

      Removal of an uncomplicated cyst is carried out, as a rule, by the laparoscopic method, through small incisions in the anterior abdominal wall. Three such incisions are made. Through one, an optical system is introduced, allowing the doctor to see what is happening in the operation area. The necessary surgical instruments are introduced through the other two.

      Depending on the situation, the operation may consist of:

      • in removing only the cyst itself, followed by coagulation of the wound surface of the ovary;
      • in resection (removal of part) of the ovary;
      • in the removal of the entire ovary.

      The doctor’s efforts are always aimed at preserving the ovary as much as possible.

      The operation is performed under full anesthesia. The planned operation time (taking into account anesthesia) is 3 hours.The duration of the operation itself, depending on the complexity of the case, is from 30 minutes to 1.5 hours. After the operation, the patient is admitted to a hospital. Typically, the hospital stay is 1–2 days. The stitches are usually removed on the 7th day. The recovery period and the period of disability during laparoscopic operations is minimal.

      Do not self-medicate. Contact our specialists who will correctly diagnose and prescribe treatment.

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      Ovarian cyst (cystadenoma) – Medical Center

      Ovarian cyst (cystadenoma) – symptoms, treatment

      Cyst is a benign formation located on the ovaries.As a result of hormonal disruption, a bubble filled with liquid forms.

      Cysts are benign, malignant (cancer), or initially benign cysts with subsequent malignancy (the longer the duration of a simple cyst, the greater the risk of degeneration into cancer.

      Causes of ovarian cysts.

      • Inflammatory processes
      • Modern style of clothing in our harsh winter conditions (short skirts, jeans with a low waist, light clothes)
      • Violation of the harmonious background
      • Endometriosis

      Symptoms, Complaints

      • Pain in the lower abdomen on the left or right
      • Menstrual irregularities
      • Soreness during intercourse.
      • Temperature rise.
      • Insomnia.
      • Taking hormonal drugs that affect the appearance of cysts.
      • Infertility.
      • Obesity.

      To make a diagnosis, you first need to visit a gynecologist. It is necessary to be tested for hormones to find out the cause of the cyst formation. To make an examination for the CA-125 tumor marker – this indicator will reveal whether there is a cancerous tumor instead of an ordinary cyst.

      The very fact of detecting the hand is simple, it is necessary to perform an ultrasound scan, especially an ultrasound scan with a transvaginal probe.Our center has a latest generation ultrasound machine with various sensors and transvaginal as well. This is not the main thing, the main thing is to distinguish a benign cyst from a malignant one. Either the patient needs to be urgently referred to an oncology dispensary, or to observe, to prescribe conservative treatment, or to operate. The treatment of a woman will be further considered by a gynecologist.

      Cysts are of different types. And the sizes are different from a few millimeters to gigantic, occupying the entire small pelvis (containing several liters of fluid).

      Follicular cysts are hormonal cysts.

      Subject to the supervision of a gynecologist and conservative treatment. They can pass on their own.

      Dermoid cyst – not self-limiting, usually requires surgery

      The smaller this formation, the easier it is to remove it. Well diagnosed by ultrasound and often benign. It can grow to gigantic proportions with compression of the rectum, bladder and vessels of the lower extremities.Often, with large sizes, this is accompanied by swelling of the left or right leg, convulsions, and sometimes the appearance of varicose veins.

      Endometriotic cyst – when women are diagnosed with endometriosis. It is accompanied by inflammation of the uterine lining. Against the background of the disease, such a complication may develop as – Endometrioid cyst, leading to infertility

      Paraovarian cyst – a cyst formed with endocrine disorders, delayed puberty and frequent abortions.

      Mucinous cyst – These cysts reach large sizes and can degenerate into cancer.

      Complications of appendage cysts

      • Torsion of the cyst. During the twisting of the cyst with the appendage, the blood supply to the ovary is disturbed, an urgent removal of the cyst is required, and often, when a lot of time has passed since the torsion, the ovary dies and the removal of the ovary itself.
      • Inflammation. Cysts may suppurate with the formation of abscesses in the small pelvis.Often, urgent operations are required to remove the cyst and, unfortunately, the entire ovary with a tube.
      • Ovarian rupture. This is primarily acute pain in the midst of complete health and emergency surgery.

      Emergency operation in case of complications. Abdominal surgery consists in cutting the abdomen, removing the cyst. The hospital is about 10 days and a month of disability. Laparoscopic removal of such cysts reduces the rehabilitation period by three times.

      If the cyst is removed, the reproductive function is not in danger.After recovery, a woman can become a mother.

      The most important thing is not to lead to complications, you may find yourself in different life situations and high-quality medical care may not be available. Planned operations usually proceed safely, and there is no need to be afraid of these operations. It is better to do this as planned laparoscopically and in a few hours be at home with the family.

      Treatment of ovarian cyst

      If the ovarian cyst does not disappear and does not change in size within 2 months or, on the contrary, increases in size, then there is only one way of treatment – this is the removal of the ovarian cyst.

      The safest operation of all is performed in our clinic – laparoscopy of the ovarian cyst.

      With just a few centimeter holes in the abdomen, doctors remove the tumor. After such a procedure, women recover much faster than after abdominal surgery. In our clinic, this kind of intervention has been performed for 40 years by Yuri Innokentyevich Malygin, a gynecologist of the highest category. Yuri Innokentyevich is the founder of laparoscopy in gynecology in the Irkutsk region, he was the first to perform laparoscopic surgery for ovarian cysts in the Irkutsk region.

      A few days after laparoscopy, the ovary is restored, takes on a normal shape and begins to function.

      The main task of a gynecologist is to prevent a situation when a woman needs to be sent to a gynecological oncologist. That is why Nowadays, when there is a good ultrasound scan and a low-traumatic laparoscopic approach, this can be avoided. The main thing is to contact a competent gynecologist in time.

      The ovarian cyst must be removed, as it can degenerate into cancer, reach large sizes and squeeze adjacent organs, suppurate, lead to infertility.


      Conditions, availability and timing of medical care

      2. Within the framework of the Territorial Program, free of charge are provided:

      2.1.1. Primary health care, including primary pre-medical, primary medical and primary specialized.

      2.1.2. Specialized, including high-tech, medical care.

      2.1.3. Ambulance, including specialized ambulance, medical care.

      2.1.4. Palliative care provided by medical organizations.

      2.1.5. Medical rehabilitation.

      2.2. Primary health care is the basis of the medical care system and includes measures for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment of diseases and conditions, medical rehabilitation, monitoring the course of pregnancy, the formation of a healthy lifestyle and health education of the population.Primary health care is provided free of charge on an outpatient basis and in a day hospital in planned and emergency forms.

      Primary pre-medical health care is provided by feldshers, obstetricians and other medical workers with secondary medical education.

      Primary medical health care is provided by general practitioners, district therapists, pediatricians, district pediatricians and general practitioners (family doctors).

      Primary specialized health care is provided by specialist doctors, including specialist doctors of medical organizations that provide specialized, including high-tech, medical care.

      2.3. Specialized medical care is provided free of charge in inpatient conditions and in a day hospital by specialist doctors and includes the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions (including during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period) that require the use of special methods and complex medical technology, and also includes medical rehabilitation.

      High-tech medical care is part of specialized medical care and includes the use of new complex and / or unique therapies, as well as resource-intensive therapies with scientifically proven efficacy, including cellular technologies, robotic technology, information technology and genetic engineering methods developed by based on the achievements of medical science and related branches of science and technology. High-tech medical care is provided by medical organizations in accordance with the list of types of high-tech medical care, including the methods of treatment and sources of financial support for high-tech medical care, provided for in Appendix 12 to the Territorial Program.

      2.4. An ambulance, including a specialized ambulance, medical care is provided to citizens in an emergency or urgent form for diseases, accidents, injuries, poisoning and other conditions requiring urgent medical intervention outside the medical organization (at the place where the ambulance team is called, including a specialized ambulance, medical assistance, as well as in a vehicle with the use of medical equipment – during medical evacuation). Ambulance, including specialized ambulance, medical care is also provided on an outpatient and inpatient basis by mobile emergency advisory teams, ambulance, including specialized ambulance, medical care in case it is impossible to provide this type of medical care in the relevant medical organization.

      When providing ambulance, including specialized ambulance, medical assistance, if necessary, medical evacuation is carried out, which is the transportation of citizens in order to save lives and preserve health (including persons undergoing treatment in medical organizations in which there is no possibility of providing the necessary medical care for life-threatening conditions, women during pregnancy, childbirth, the postpartum period and newborns, persons affected by road accidents, emergencies and natural disasters).Ambulance, including specialized ambulance, medical care is provided free of charge by medical organizations of the state healthcare system of the city of Moscow, as well as other medical organizations participating in the implementation of the Territorial Program in terms of providing this type of medical care. Medical evacuation is carried out by mobile ambulance teams, including specialized ambulance, medical assistance with medical assistance during transportation, including with the use of medical equipment.

      2.5. Palliative care in outpatient and inpatient conditions is provided by health workers trained to provide such care, and is a complex of medical interventions aimed at relieving pain and alleviating other severe manifestations of the disease in order to improve the quality of life of terminally ill citizens. Palliative medical care for residents of the city of Moscow is provided free of charge by medical organizations of the state health system of the city of Moscow – the Center for Palliative Medicine, hospices and departments (offices) of palliative treatment of medical organizations, including in nursing beds, as well as field visiting services.

      2.6. Medical rehabilitation as a necessary stage of treatment is provided free of charge on an outpatient basis, day hospital and inpatient conditions and includes the complex use of natural therapeutic factors, drug, non-drug therapy and other methods aimed at full or partial restoration of impaired and (or) compensation for lost functions. the affected organ or system of the body, maintaining the functions of the body in the process of completing an acutely developed pathological process in the body, as well as preventing, early diagnosis and correction of possible dysfunctions of damaged organs or body systems, preventing and reducing the degree of possible disability, improving the quality of life, maintaining working capacity the patient and his social integration into society.

      2.7. Within the framework of the Territorial Program, medical assistance is provided in the following forms:

      2.7.1. Emergency – medical care provided in case of sudden acute diseases, exacerbation of chronic diseases, conditions that pose a threat to the patient’s life.

      2.7.2. Emergency – medical care provided in case of sudden acute diseases, exacerbation of chronic diseases, conditions, without obvious signs of a threat to the patient’s life.

      2.7.3. Planned – medical care provided in the course of preventive measures, for diseases and conditions that are not accompanied by a threat to the patient’s life, that do not require emergency and urgent forms of medical care, the delay in the provision of which for a certain time will not entail a deterioration of the patient’s condition, a threat to his life and health.

      2.8. Within the framework of the Territorial Program, the provision of medical care is provided in the following conditions:

      2.8.1. Outside a medical organization (at the place where the ambulance team is called, including specialized ambulance, medical care, as well as in a vehicle during medical evacuation).

      2.8.2. On an outpatient basis, including at home when a medical worker is called (round-the-clock medical supervision and treatment are not provided).

      2.8.3. In a day hospital (provides for medical supervision and treatment in the daytime, but does not require round-the-clock medical supervision and treatment).

      2.8. 4. In stationary conditions (round-the-clock medical supervision and treatment are provided).

      2.9. Inpatient medical care in an emergency form is provided without delay. Inpatient medical care in a planned form (planned hospitalization) is provided no later than 20 calendar days from the date the attending physician issued a referral for hospitalization of the patient. Routine hospitalization is provided if there is a specified referral.

      2.10. Emergency medical care on an outpatient basis is provided by district general practitioners, general practitioners (family doctors), district pediatricians, obstetricians-gynecologists and is carried out on the day of the patient’s visit.

      The waiting period for primary health care in an emergency form is no more than two hours from the moment of the patient’s request.

      The provision of primary health care in a planned form is carried out by prior registration of patients, including in electronic form.

      The waiting period for an appointment by district general practitioners, general practitioners (family doctors), and district pediatricians should not exceed 24 hours from the moment of the patient’s request.

      The waiting period for receiving medical specialists in the provision of primary specialized medical and sanitary care in a planned form is no more than 10 calendar days from the date of the patient’s request.

      The waiting period for diagnostic instrumental examinations (X-ray examinations, including mammography, functional diagnostics, ultrasound examinations) and laboratory examinations in the provision of primary health care in a planned form is no more than 10 calendar days from the date of appointment.

      The waiting period for computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography in the provision of primary health care in a planned form is no more than 26 calendar days from the date of appointment.

      The time for the arrival of the ambulance teams to the patient in the provision of emergency medical care in an emergency form should not exceed 20 minutes from the moment the ambulance team is called to provide such medical care.

      2.11. The waiting periods for the provision of high-tech medical care in stationary conditions in a planned form are established by the federal executive body responsible for the development and implementation of state policy and legal regulation in the field of healthcare. In medical organizations that provide specialized, including high-tech, medical care in inpatient conditions, a “waiting list” for the provision of specialized medical care in a planned form is maintained and citizens are informed in an accessible form, including using the information and telecommunications network Internet, about waiting times for the provision of specialized, including high-tech, medical care, taking into account the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation on personal data.

      2.12. In order to provide medical care to a patient who is undergoing treatment in an inpatient setting, if it is necessary to conduct diagnostic tests for him in the absence of the possibility of conducting them by a medical organization providing medical care, free transport services are provided.

      2.13. One of the parents, another family member or other legal representative is given the right to a free joint stay with a child in a medical organization when providing him with medical care in a hospital during the entire period of treatment, regardless of the age of 8 of the child.If you are together in a medical organization of the state health system of the city of Moscow or a medical organization participating in the implementation of the Territorial CHI program, in stationary conditions with a child up to the age of four years, and with a child older than this age – if there are medical indications, a fee for creating conditions of stay in stationary conditions, including for the provision of a bed and food, from these persons is not charged.

      2.14. When providing medical care in inpatient conditions for medical and (or) epidemiological indications, patients are accommodated in small wards (boxes) free of charge.

      2.15. When providing medical care to citizens eligible for state social assistance, the organization of drug provision is provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, and to certain categories of citizens who have the right to receive social support measures in accordance with the legal acts of the city of Moscow, drugs and medical devices are provided , as well as specialized medical food products for disabled children in the manner prescribed by Appendix 3 to the Territorial Program.

      2.16. When providing, within the framework of the Territorial program, primary health care in a day hospital and in an emergency, specialized, including high-tech, medical care, ambulance, including specialized emergency, medical care, palliative medical care in inpatient conditions is provided free of charge. citizens with medicinal products for medical use included in the list of vital and essential medicinal products in accordance with the Federal Law of April 12, 2010 No.No. 61-FZ “On the Circulation of Medicines”, and medical devices included in the list of medical devices approved by the Government of the Russian Federation that are implanted into the human body during the provision of medical care under the program of state guarantees of free provision of medical care to citizens, in accordance with the standards of medical care in the manner prescribed by Appendix 3 to the Territorial Program.

      2.17. For certain categories of citizens, emergency medical care in medical organizations of the state health care system of the city of Moscow is carried out in the manner prescribed by Appendix 8 to the Territorial Program.

      2.18. The provision of donor blood and (or) its components within the framework of the Territorial Program is carried out with the provision of specialized, including high-tech, medical care, in the manner prescribed by Appendix 3 to the Territorial Program.

      2.19. As part of the Territorial Program, dispensary observation is carried out, which is a necessary examination of persons suffering from chronic diseases, functional disorders, other conditions, carried out at a certain frequency, in order to timely identify, prevent complications, exacerbate diseases, other conditions, prevent them and implement medical rehabilitation specified persons. The procedure for conducting dispensary observation and the list of studies included in it are approved by the Moscow Department of Health in accordance with the procedure and list approved by the federal executive body responsible for the development and implementation of state policy and legal regulation in the field of health care.

      2.20. Within the framework of the Territorial program for the provision of primary specialized health care, routing of patients who applied to medical organizations (structural units) participating in the implementation of the Territorial program and not providing relevant medical services is carried out by referral to other medical organizations (structural units) participating in implementation of the Territorial Program to receive such medical services.To receive medical care, citizens have the right to choose a doctor, including a general practitioner (family doctor) and an attending physician (subject to the doctor’s consent), as well as to choose a medical organization in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

      2.21. The Territorial Program provides:

      2.21.1. Provision of medical assistance during official physical culture, sports and mass sports and entertainment events held on the basis of legal acts of the city of Moscow, during official public events held in accordance with the Federal Law of June 19, 2004 No.No. 54-FZ “On meetings, rallies, demonstrations, processions and picketing”, as well as in the framework of ensuring the safety of life of the city of Moscow at the request of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation for the city of Moscow, the Main Directorate of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, emergency situations and elimination of the consequences of natural disasters in the city of Moscow, the Office of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation in Moscow and the Moscow Region, the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.

      2.21.2. Preventive medical examinations (examinations) of minors in order to obtain permission for physical education and sports.

      2.21.3. Medical examination of athletes – members of the sports teams of the city of Moscow.

      2.22. Within the framework of the Territorial Program, orphans and children left without parental care are provided with medical assistance of all types, including specialized, including high-tech, medical assistance, as well as medical rehabilitation, in 10 cases of detection of diseases in them.At the same time, hospitalization of orphans and children left without parental care under the age of 15 years (in the presence of medical indications until they reach age 18), to provide them with medical care in stationary conditions is carried out with the accompaniment of their employees of these organizations.

      Medical services provided under the territorial compulsory medical insurance program




      Primary dentist appointment


      Reappointment of the dentist-therapist


      Physiotherapist appointment primary


      Reception of the physiotherapist


      Primary dental surgeon appointment


      Reappointment of the dentist-surgeon


      Preventive dentist appointment


      Dentist appointment at home


      Consultation with a specialist without a degree


      Formation of one carious cavity


      Applying a medical bandage for deep caries, biol. method


      Opening the tooth cavity with medication


      Pulp amputation


      Extension, removal of decay from 1 channel


      Impregnation or drug treatment of 1 channel


      Filling one canal with paste


      Filling one canal with cement


      Arsenous paste overlay


      Applying a temporary filling


      Unfilling 1 root (Zn-O osn.)


      Unfilling of 1 root (rez.form)


      Unfilling 1 root (cement)


      Mechanical and chemical expansion of obliterated canals


      Removing a temporary filling


      Removal of the filling, treponation of the crown


      Determination of the hygiene index


      Removal of dental plaque in the area of ​​1 tooth


      Medical treatment of pathological gingival pockets


      Curettage in the area of ​​1 pathological pocket


      Lancing of a periodontal abscess


      Removal of parodantal cysts in the area of ​​1-2 teeth


      Removal of parodantal cysts in the area of ​​3-4 teeth


      Open curettage in the area of ​​2 teeth


      Flap surgery in the area of ​​6 teeth


      Excision of the gingival papillae


      Applying a fix / medical bandage on ½ of the jaw


      Application of medicines in the area of ​​2-4 teeth


      Treatment of stomatitis for adults, primary visit


      Vincent’s gingiva stomatitis treatment


      Removing a permanent tooth is easy


      Extraction of a permanent tooth is difficult


      Extraction of a tooth with exfoliation of a muco-periosteal flap


      Bandaging after complex surgery


      Dressing after tooth extraction (honey. hole treatment)


      Opening of the soft tissue abcess to the floor.


      Opening of the subperiosteal abscess (flushing drain.)


      Alveolitis treatment with hole curettage


      Cystectomy, root apex resection surgery


      Cystomy (with root apex resection)


      Excision of a benign neoplasm of m / tissues of the oral cavity


      Removal of epulis with germ zone


      Hulling a cyst


      Excision of the hood


      Osteotomy for adults


      Removing tires


      Tongue frenum plasty (dissection)


      Imposition of 1 suture, removal


      Removal of salivary gland cysts (retention cyst)


      Opening of hematomas of soft tissues of the oral cavity


      Laxative cut


      Local fluorization in adults


      Fissure coverage of 1 tooth with sealant


      Remineralizing therapy (1 session)


      Mechanical and drug control of bleeding


      Seal polishing


      Selective grinding of 2-4 teeth


      Application anesthesia


      Anesthesia of the jaw-face.infiltration area


      Injections of medicinal substances




      Guiding anesthesia


      Reading radiographs


      Cement filling (fatherland.)


      Composite filling (patriotic)


      Composite filling (imported)


      Cement filling (import.)


      Reduction of dislocation of the temporomandibular jaw.joint


      Splinting of 2-4 teeth with fast plastic.


      Rg-graphy of teeth


      Galvanization in dentistry


      Lek.electrophoresis of root canals in the stomat.


      Medicines. electrophoresis of the oral cavity in the stoma.


      Fluctophoresis (AFR) in dentistry


      Darsonvalization in dentistry


      Diadynamic therapy in dentistry


      Ultrasound therapy in dentistry


      Phonophoresis in dentistry


      Diathermocoagulation in dentistry


      UHF ter., microwaves. therapy inductothermy


      Laser-magnetolaser. (1 field) in dentistry


      Laser-magnetolaser. (2 fields) in dentistry


      Laser-magnetolaser. (3 fields) in dentistry


      Laser-magnetolaser.(4 fields) in dentistry


      UFO therapy (1 field) in dentistry


      UFO therapy (2 fields) in dentistry


      UFO therapy (3 fields) in dentistry


      UFO-therapy (4 fields) in dentistry


      UFO therapy (5 fields) in dentistry


      OKUF-therapy (1 field) in dentistry


      OKUF-therapy (2 fields) in dentistry


      Vacuum therapy in dentistry


      Hydromassage of gums in dentistry


      Oral irrigation in dentistry

      When providing primary health care within the framework of the Territorial program of state guarantees for the provision of free medical care to citizens of the Russian Federation in the city of Moscow, dental prosthetics are not provided.

      Medical services provided under the territorial CHI program (electronic document image)


      90,000 Removal of a tooth cyst with a laser, prices for an operation to remove a tooth cyst in Moscow

      The cyst of a tooth is a small spherical cavity located at the apex of the root.Inside the cyst is filled with fluid, and its walls are lined with fibrous tissue. As a rule, this disease appears when there is an infection in the root canals of the tooth.

      The central clinic of the Bibirevo district carries out high-quality removal of a tooth cyst with a laser and using surgical techniques

      Symptoms of a tooth cyst

      In most cases, a tooth cyst develops asymptomatically. Rare exceptions may include minor headaches, discomfort when biting on a tooth, or when pressing on the gum.In later stages, when serious surgery is required, the patient may report:

      • appearance of gum edema;

      • severe aching pain that does not go away even after taking analgesic drugs;

      • suppuration;

      • high temperature. Fever appears due to an infection that develops inside the cyst cavity;

      • headache if a cyst develops in the maxillary sinus.

      Reception is

      If you are worried about one or more symptoms, do not hesitate to visit a doctor,
      since an untimely appeal to a specialist can lead to irreversible processes.

      7 (499) 110-53-52

      Methods for removing a tooth cyst

      Dentists use the following techniques to remove cysts.

      • Cystectomy. This operation to remove a cyst of a tooth is the most difficult, but at the same time the most effective. During its implementation, the doctor completely removes the entire cyst along with the membrane and part of the root that has been damaged.After treatment with an antiseptic solution, sutures are applied to the wound. Cystectomy of a tooth cyst is performed if the formation is in the upper jaw and is large.
      • Cystotomy. When using this technique, the doctor removes the anterior wall of the formation. In this case, the cyst will be open and the healing process will take several days. Cystotomy is performed if the cyst is small and localized on the lower jaw, while the base of the latter is noticeably thinned, and also if the cyst is located on the upper jaw, and the palatine plate or the bony floor of the nasal cavity is destroyed.The price for removing a tooth cyst in Moscow with this method depends on the degree of complexity of the manipulation.
      • Hemisection. This operation is much simpler than those described above: the doctor removes the cyst along with the affected tooth, its root and part of the crown that is prone to decay. The cost of removing a tooth cyst in this case will be minimal.

      90,000 Ovarian cysts – prices for removal, treatment, diagnosis of ovarian cysts in “SM-Clinic”

      In the meantime, there is no need to know about it. ”

      The gynecologist is engaged in the treatment of this disease.

      Free surgeon consultation

      Take advantage of this unique opportunity and get answers to all your questions for free.More about the action

      Thank you for your application.
      Our operator will contact you from 8:00 to 22:00
      Applications received after 22:00 will be processed the next day.

      Ovarian cyst is a cavity formation with contents inside. It appears due to a violation of the outflow of secretion and its subsequent accumulation. Cysts with a diameter of up to 2 cm are often formed. Some types of formations are amenable to conservative treatment. For large sizes and torsion of the cyst legs, surgical removal is performed.Lack of therapy provokes the development of complications – rupture of a cyst, internal bleeding, etc. Malignancy of the pathological process is not excluded, but, fortunately, among women of fertile age, this is a rare occurrence.

      The medical center “CM-Clinic” in Moscow employs gynecologists of the highest qualification category. Our specialists have extensive experience in the successful treatment of ovarian cysts. In difficult cases, surgical specialists are involved in the provision of medical care.Minimally invasive surgeries are preferred to remove ovarian cysts at SM-Clinic. Laparoscopy is performed as the most effective and safest method of radical treatment.

      If you experience these symptoms, we advise you to make an appointment with your doctor. Timely consultation will prevent negative consequences for your health. Phone for appointment +7 (495) 292-39-72

      Diagnostics of the ovarian cyst

      Cystic formations on the ovaries are a serious problem in modern gynecology.Cysts develop asymptomatically, in some cases they are a sign of functional disorders in the work of the reproductive organs, and often disappear on their own. A specialist can suspect the presence of a cyst if, outside of menstruation, the patient has aching pains in the lower abdomen. However, not all women with similar complaints rush to see a gynecologist. Acute pain accompanies cyst twisting or rupture. In such situations, conservative treatment is already contraindicated, and doctors can only eliminate the consequences of the pathological condition surgically.

      In the diagnosis of ovarian cysts, a key role belongs to regular preventive examinations by a gynecologist. If a woman seeks a doctor every six months, this significantly reduces the risk of cyst rupture, allows one to identify the formation at the first stages of its formation and begin treatment in a timely manner (before complications develop).

      It is worth visiting a gynecologist unscheduled for any discomfort in the lower abdomen. The doctor will conduct an examination, prescribe a laboratory and ultrasound examination.On the basis of ultrasound, the final diagnosis will be established, the size of the cyst and its localization will be determined.

      Treatment or removal of an ovarian cyst?

      Based on the diagnostic data, the doctor selects the best therapy option. This can be conservative treatment with hormonal, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs. If the formation is too large, there is a threat of rupture, or within 3-6 months of drug treatment it was not possible to achieve the desired result, the ovarian cyst is removed.

      Gynecologists “CM-Clinic” apply an individual approach to each clinical situation. If the risk of complications is high, the patient will be immediately offered to remove the cyst so as not to put her health at risk. With functional cysts, conservative therapy most often gives positive results. In some cases, removal of a cyst is necessary to accurately determine the reasons for its appearance and, therefore, select an effective anti-relapse therapy.

      The role of laparoscopy and laser in ovarian surgery

      Preparation for the removal procedure implies an additional examination of the patient in order to identify contraindications for the intervention – acute diseases of an infectious and inflammatory nature, blood clotting disorders, severe anemia, etc.After receiving the results of additional studies, the doctor will appoint a date for the operation.

      “SM-Clinic” has high-tech equipment for minimally invasive methods of surgery – laparoscopy. Such interventions make it possible to fully carry out any surgical manipulations with minimal trauma for the patient and a shortened rehabilitation period. All micro-incisions are made using a laser. The innovative device provides minimal trauma to healthy ovarian tissues, prevents the development of bleeding during surgery, and provides a complete excision of pathological tissue.

      Results of radical therapy

      With laparoscopy, the cyst is removed completely. This reduces the risk of re-forming in the same place. Ultra-precise laser excision allows you to preserve the anatomical structure of the organ and the reproductive function of the patient.