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Medicine health: Health Information from the National Library of Medicine


Medications Information – Index of drug monographs produced by pharmacists and medical doctors

ACE (angiotensin
converting enzyme) inhibitors-Angiotensin
converting enzyme inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure. They
cause the blood vessels to relax and become larger and, as a result, blood
pressure is lowered. When blood pressure is reduced, the heart has an easier
time pumping blood. This is especially beneficial when the heart is
failing. ACE inhibitors also cause the process of hypertensive- and
diabetes-related kidney diseases to slow down and prevent early deaths
associated with high blood pressure. ACE inhibitors cannot be taken during
pregnancy since they may cause birth defects. Generic ACE inhibitors are

acetaminophen (brand name:
Tylenol)-A pain reliever and
fever reducer. The exact mechanism of action of acetaminophen is not
known. Acetaminophen relieves pain by elevating the pain threshold (that
is, by requiring a greater amount of pain to develop before it is felt by
a person). Acetaminophen reduces fever through its action on the
heat-regulating center of the brain. Generic is available.

alprazolam (brand name:
Xanax)- A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central nervous system. Alprazolam is useful in treating anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, and muscle spasms. Generic is available.

amoxicillin (brand names: Amoxil, Polymox,
Trimox)-An antibiotic of the
penicillin type that is effective against different bacteria such as
Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Escherichia coli,
Pneumococci, Streptococci, and certain strains of Staphylococci,
particularly infections of the middle ear, tonsillitis, throat infections,
laryngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Amoxicillin is also used in
treating urinary tract infections, skin infections, and gonorrhea. Generic
is available.

atenolol (brand name:
Tenormin)-A medication that blocks the action of
a portion of the involuntary nervous system that stimulates the pace of
the heartbeat. By blocking the action of these nerves, atenolol reduces
the heart rate and is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms.
Atenolol also reduces the force of heart muscle contraction, lowers blood
pressure, and is helpful in treating angina. It is also used for the
prevention of migraine headaches and the treatment of certain types of
tremors. Generic is available.

bupropion (brand names: Wellbutrin, Zyban, Wellbutrin
antidepressant medication that affects chemicals within the brain that
nerves use to send messages to each other. These chemical messengers are
called neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitters that are released by
nerves are taken up again by the nerves that release them for reuse
(referred to as reuptake). Many experts believe that depression is caused
by an imbalance among the amounts of neurotransmitters that are released.
Bupropion is unrelated to other antidepressants. It works by inhibiting
the reuptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and
norepinephrine, resulting in more of these chemicals being available to
transmit messages to other nerves. Bupropion is unique in that its major
effect is on dopamine. Wellbutrin and Wellbutrin SR are used for the
management of depression. Zyban has been approved as an aid to patients
who want to quit smoking. Generic is not available.

cephalexin (brand names: Keflex,
Keftabs)-A semisynthetic cephalosporin
antibiotic that is chemically similar to penicillin. Cephalexin is
effective against a wide variety of bacterial organisms, such as
Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae,
and Escherichia coli, particular involving infections of the middle ear,
tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
Cephalexin is also used in treating urinary tract infections and skin and
bone infections. Generic is available.

ciprofloxacin (brand name:
Cipro)-An antibiotic that stops
multiplication of bacteria by inhibiting the reproduction and repair of
their genetic material (DNA). Ciprofloxacin is used to treat infections of
the skin, lungs, airways, bones, and joints that are caused by susceptible
bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also frequently used to treat urinary
infections caused by bacteria such as Escherichia coli. Ciprofloxacin is
effective in treating infectious diarrheas caused by E. coli,
Campylobacter jejuni, and shigella bacteria. Generic is not available.

citalopram (brand name:
Celexa)-An antidepressant medication that
affects neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers within the brain.
Neurotransmitters manufactured and released by nerves attach to adjacent
nerves and alter their activities. Thus, neurotransmitters can be thought
of as the communication system of the brain. Many experts believe that an
imbalance among neurotransmitters is the cause of depression. Citalopram
works by preventing the uptake of one neurotransmitter, serotonin, by
nerve cells after it has been released. The reduced uptake caused by
citalopram results in more free serotonin being available in the brain to
stimulate nerve cells. Citalopram is in the class of drugs called
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Generic is not available.

clonazepam (Klonopin)-Used to treat anxiety, clonazepam works
by enhancing the response to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, a
neurotransmitter that inhibits the activity of many parts of the brain. It
is believed that too much activity can lead to anxiety. By enhancing the
response to GABA, clonazepam inhibits activity in the brain and relieves the
short-term symptoms of anxiety. Clonazepam should not be taken during
pregnancy, as the effects are known to cause damage to the fetus. More than
half of those who take clonazepam experience the side effect of sedation.
Generic clonazepam is available.

codeine (brand name:
Empirin 2, 3, 4, Tylenol 2, 3, 4, Tylenol with Codeine Elixir)-Codeine
is a pain reliever used to temporarily relieve mild to severe pain. Codeine
has the ability to impair thinking and physical ability necessary for
driving, and, when combined with alcohol, the impairment can be worsened.
Those taking codeine have the ability to become dependent on the drug
mentally and physically. Those patients allergic to aspirin and pregnant
mothers should not take codeine. Codeine often is combined with
acetaminophen (Tylenol) or aspirin to add to its effectiveness. Side effects
of codeine include light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness
of breath, and sedation. Generic codeine is available.

doxycycline (brand name:
Vibramycin)-A synthetic broad-spectrum
antibiotic that is derived from tetracycline and is effective against a
wide variety of bacteria, such as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus
pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia
trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoea. Doxycycline is particularly helpful
for treating respiratory tract infections and for treating nongonococcal
urethritis (due to ureaplasma), Rocky mountain spotted fever, typhus,
chancroid, cholera, brucellosis, anthrax, syphilis, and acne. Generic is

fluoxetine (brand name:
Prozac)-A class of antidepressant medications
that affects chemical messengers within the brain. These chemical
messengers are called neurotransmitters. Many experts believe that an
imbalance in these neurotransmitters is the cause of depression.
Fluoxetine is used in the treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive
disorders. Fluoxetine is believed to work by inhibiting the release of or
affecting the action of serotonin. Generic is available.

hydrocodone/acetaminophen (brand names: Vicodin, Vicodin ES, Anexsia,
Lorcet, Lorcet Plus, Norco)-A narcotic pain reliever and a cough
suppressant that is similar to codeine and is used for the relief of
moderate to moderately severe pain. The precise mechanism of pain relief
by hydrocodone and other narcotics is not known. Acetaminophen is a
nonnarcotic pain reliever and fever reducer. It relieves pain by elevating
the pain threshold and reduces fever through its action on the
heat-regulating center of the brain. Generic is available.

(brand names: Vistaril, Atarax)-An antihistamine with anticholinergic
(drying) and sedative properties that is used to treat allergic
reactions and to relieve nasal and nonnasal symptoms such as those from
seasonal allergic rhinitis. Histamine is released by the body during
several types of allergic reactions and to a lesser extent during some
viral infections, such as the common cold. When histamine binds to its
receptors on cells, it causes changes within the cells that lead to
sneezing, itching, and increased mucus production. Antihistamines
compete with histamine for cell receptors; however, when they bind to
the receptors, antihistamines do not stimulate the cells. In addition,
antihistamines prevent histamine from binding and stimulating the cells.
Generic is available.

ibuprofen (brand names: Advil, Motrin, Medipren,
traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is
effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. As a
group, NSAIDs are nonnarcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many
causes, including injury, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other
musculoskeletal conditions. Generic is available.

levothyroxine sodium (brand names: Synthroid, Levoxyl, Levothroid,
Unithroid)-A synthetic version of the principal thyroid hormone
thyroxine (T4), which is made and released by the thyroid gland.
Levothyroxine sodium is used to treat hypothyroidism and to suppress
thyroid hormone release in the management of cancerous thyroid nodules
and growth of goiters. Thyroid hormone increases the metabolic rate of
cells of all tissues in the body. Thyroid hormone helps to maintain
brain function, food metabolism, and body temperature, among other
effects. Generic is available.

lisinopril (brand name: Zestril, Prinivil)-Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor that works to lower blood pressure by relaxing and
enlarging blood vessels. It also is used to treat heart failure.
Lisinopril should be taken at the same time each day in order to ensure
consistent blood levels. Pregnant mothers should avoid lisinopril, and
it is important to avoid taking lisinopril within two hours of an
antacid since antacid binds the lisinopril and prevents it from being
absorbed into the body. Side effects of lisinopril include dizziness
that is felt when the blood pressure begins to drop, and kidney damage
as well. Those taking potassium supplements or diuretics that cause
potassium to be retained by the body should not take lisinopril because
blood potassium levels may rise to dangerously high levels. Generic
lisinopril is available.

lithium (brand name:
the 1950s, lithium has been used in the treatment of bipolar disorder as
well as depression. Lithium is a mineral that has a positive charge, similar
to sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. It works by interfering inside
cells with other minerals with positive charges such as potassium, calcium
and magnesium. Lithium impacts the brain by affecting both the
concentrations of tryptophan and serotonin within the brain’s cells, and
neurotransmitters, chemical messengers that nerves use to communicate with
each other. It is recommended that lithium be taken together with food. The
full clinical effects of lithium are seen about 2-3 weeks after beginning
treatment. Goiters of the thyroid gland develop in one out of every 25
persons taking lithium. Generic lithium is available.

lorazepam (brand names:
Ativan)-An antianxiety medication in the
benzodiazepine family. Lorazepam and other benzodiazepines act by
enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain.
GABA is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves in the brain use to
send messages to one another. GABA inhibits activity in many of the
nerves of the brain, and it is thought that this excessive activity is
what causes anxiety and other psychological disorders. Lorazepam has
fewer interactions with other medications and is felt to be potentially
less toxic than most of the other benzodiazepines. Lorazepam is also
used to treat insomnia and panic attacks. Generic is available.

meloxicam (brand name:
Mobic)-Meloxicam is a
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used in the treatment of
inflammation due to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Meloxicam, like
other NSAIDs, reduces the pain, tenderness and swelling caused by
inflammation by preventing the formation of chemicals that contribute to
inflammation. Individuals who are prone to asthma attacks, hives or have an
allergy to aspirin and other NSAIDs should not take meloxicam. Aspirin
should not be taken with meloxicam as such a combination raises the risk for
developing ulcers of the stomach or small intestine. Generic meloxicam is

metformin (brand name:
Glucophage)-Approved by the FDA in 1994,
metformin is used to lower blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes in adults
and children. Metformin also reduces complications of diabetes including
heart disease, blindness and kidney disease. When used alone, metformin does
not increase insulin levels in the blood and, therefore, does not result in
extremely low blood glucose levels. Metformin increases the effects that
insulin has on the liver, muscle, fat, and other tissues. As a result, the
reduced levels of insulin have more of an effect than they otherwise would.
Metformin also has been used to prevent diabetes from worsening and also has
been used to treat polycystic ovaries. Side effects of metformin include
nausea, vomiting, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Generic
metformin is available.

methotrexate (brand names: Rheumatrex,
Trexall)-A drug that is
capable of blocking the metabolism of cells (an antimetabolite). As a
result of this effect, methotrexate has been found to be helpful in
treating certain diseases associated with abnormally rapid cell growth,
such as cancer of the breast and psoriasis. Recently, methotrexate has
been shown to be effective in inducing miscarriage (for example, in
patients with ectopic pregnancy). This effect of methotrexate is
attributed to its action of killing the rapidly growing cells of the
placenta. Methotrexate has also been found to be very helpful in
treating rheumatoid arthritis, although its mechanism of action in this
illness is not known. Methotrexate seems to work, in part, by altering
aspects of immune function that may play a role in causing rheumatoid
arthritis. Generic is available.

methylprednisolone (brand name:
Medrol, Depo-Medrol)-Methylprednisolone is
a synthetic corticosteroid that is used to reduce inflammation in
inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, and
ulcerative colitis. The body produces corticosteroids naturally in the
adrenal glands. Methylprednisolone may be used during pregnancy as it does
not cause abnormalities in the fetus. However, using methylprednisolone for
long periods of time can cause the body to stop producing its own
corticosteroids. This can lead to a serious problem, i.e., inadequate
amounts of corticosteroids, if the methylprednisolone is stopped for any
reason. Generic methylprednisolone is available.

metoprolol (brand names: Lopressor, Toprol
XL)-A medication that
blocks the action of a portion of the involuntary nervous system. The
sympathetic nervous system stimulates the pace of the heart beat. By
blocking the action of these nerves, metoprolol reduces the heart rate
and is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms. Metoprolol
also reduces the force of heart muscle contraction, lowers blood
pressure, and is helpful in treating angina. Generic is available.

metronidazole (brand name: Flagyl)-Metronidazole is an antibiotic used to fight infections caused by a class of bacteria
called anaerobic bacteria as well as some parasites. Metronidazole is used
for infections of the small intestine, amebic liver abscesses, dysentery and
trichomonas vaginal infections. It also is used to treat infections of the
colon caused by the bacterium, Clostridium difficile. Taking metronidazole
with alcohol is dangerous as it can cause nausea, vomiting, cramps, flushing
and headache. Pregnant mothers and nursing mothers should not use
metronidazole. Side effects of metronidazole, although they are few, include
seizures and nerve damage that can lead to numbness and tingling of the
hands and feet. Generic metronidazole is available.

naproxen (brand names: Naprosyn, Naprelan, Anaprox,
traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is
effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. As a
group, NSAIDs are nonnarcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many
causes, including injury, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other
musculoskeletal conditions. Generic is available.

phentermine (brand names: Adipex-P, Fastin, Obenix,
appetite suppressor that decreases appetite by possibly changing brain
levels of serotonin. Phentermine is a nervous system stimulator like the
amphetamines, causing stimulation, elevation of blood pressure, and
increased heart rates. Phentermine is used for short periods, along with
diet and behavior modification, to treat obesity. Generic is available.

prednisone (brand names: Deltasone, Liquid
Pred, Prednisolone,
Pediapred Oral Liquid, Medrol)-An oral, synthetic corticosteroid that is
used for suppressing the immune system and inflammation. Synthetic
corticosteroids mimic the action of cortisol (hydrocortisone), the
naturally occurring corticosteroid that is produced in the body by the
adrenal glands. Corticosteroids have many effects on the body, but they
most often are used for their potent anti-inflammatory effects,
particularly in conditions in which the immune system plays an important
role. Such conditions include arthritis, colitis, asthma, bronchitis,
certain skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose
and eyes. Generic is available.

tramadol (brand name:
Ultram)-A pain reliever (analgesic) that is
used in the management of moderate to moderately severe pain. Its mode
of action resembles that of narcotics, but tramadol has significantly
less potential for abuse and addiction than narcotics. Tramadol is as
effective as narcotics in relieving pain, but it does not depress
respiration, which is a side effect of most narcotics. Generic is not

Is your patient experience on the rocks? These practices might be to blame.

Like the clinical experience, it takes just one problem or inconvenience to affect the patient financial experience. Frustrated patients often feel that any issue is their providers’ fault — even if it’s not. From a patient’s perspective, every part of the healthcare experience, from payments to scheduling to billing, is run by the provider. The behind-the-scenes reality of external partners and third-party technology stays behind the scenes, and patients base their experience on what they can see.

Further complicating things is the fact that outdated routines and procedures can hinder efforts to streamline the patient experience, resulting in more frustrations, lower quality of care, and potentially a loss of patient loyalty. Because of this, cultivating the patient experience is a commitment. Healthcare providers have to ensure the process is as seamless, accurate, and pleasant as possible — as consistently as possible.

Cultivation is key to improving healthcare

While negative experiences can drive patients away, positive experiences can engage lifelong patients who refer their friends, family members, and neighbors. For healthcare providers, that means communicating with patients even when they’re not in the office for an issue or checkup.

According to SDL, it takes up to two years to build customer loyalty — that’s two years of positive, strong experiences. To keep yourself ahead of this curve, you have to find ways to proactively provide best-in-class experiences that keep patients coming back.

The easiest way to start? Identify outdated routines and procedures that could be detracting from the patient experience. Below are four common problems that can be proactively addressed:

Problem No. 1: Sending cookie-cutter communications

Nothing is more personal than health, so it’s important to provide patients with personalized information that addresses their unique needs. Generalized, templated mail or email statements don’t suffice. Patients will lose, delete, or ignore these blanket communications.

Instead, providers should identify specific segments of their patient base and develop communications for each. A good omnichannel approach provides an integrated customer experience through various channels, including text and chat. This approach to improving healthcare empowers customers to choose how they interact with the people in charge of their patient bill care.

Problem No. 2: Using convoluted pricing

As healthcare bills become increasingly difficult to understand, patients progressively demand price transparency. More patients are using high-deductible health plans, which means they’re the payers rather than their insurance companies. With the rise of unemployment, this percentage will only increase.

Because they are now responsible for payment, patients need to know before their appointments how much services will cost. This enables them to be better informed when making important decisions. Price transparency creates trust, and we all know trust creates a great experience and increased patient loyalty in healthcare.

Problem No. 3: Replacing human interaction with technology

In general, the impact of technology in healthcare has been positive. With automation, machine learning, and cutting-edge technologies, many providers have made tremendous advancements in the level of service they’re able to provide patients. But that dependence on technology can also cause providers to rely too heavily on machines at the expense of human connection.

A successful patient interaction must have a healthy balance of both. Take advantage of automation, but make sure patients can also communicate with a member of their patient bill care team when they need help. That way, technology becomes an asset to augment the patient experience — not a distraction from it.

Problem No. 4: Relying on separate back-office systems

Many healthcare providers still use separate systems for most components of the patient experience. Unfortunately, those technology systems don’t always “talk” to each other. If there’s a glitch in one, it can cause undetected problems throughout the operation. Patients tend to see all of these separate components as one overall experience, so using a single integrated system will help create a seamless solution for both patients and providers.

Providers that prefer not to completely centralize their systems should take the time to research systems and providers that sync up well with native integrations and built-in data-transferring capabilities. This can help them mitigate the risk of technological mix-ups that could detract from the patient experience.

It takes a long time to garner customer loyalty, and it can all vanish based on just one bad patient experience. Conversely, an excellent experience can reengage patients and increase their overall satisfaction levels. For this reason, it’s vital to carefully vet any third-party platforms you might use. The entire care continuum must be flawless to ensure patients always feel cared for, heard, and secure.

T. Scott Law Sr., CPA, is the founder and CEO of Zotec Partners. His mission is to partner with healthcare providers and their patients across the country to simplify the business of healthcare and continually innovate the patient financial experience. Scott is a member of the Radiology Business Management Association, the Medical Group Management Association, and the American College of Radiology’s Radiology Leadership Institute.

Temple Health experts: What is celiac disease, how it impacts a sufferer – Moves in Medicine

PHILADELPHIA (WPVI) — In this week’s Moves in Medicine, we take a closer look at celiac disease. Many people don’t know they have it, but experts at Temple Health say it still impacts their lives.

“I actually have celiac. So it’s, it’s I’ve had to live through this,” said Veronica Bersani.

Bersani, a clinical nutritionist at Temple Health, knows first-hand how celiac patients struggle. First, getting diagnosed can take years. Sometimes the symptoms are gastrointestinal.

“You may have reflux, belly pain, nausea, diarrhea, constipation,” she said.

But they can also mimic other ailments.

“You could have headaches, even migraines. You could have fatigue, joint pain, even ADHD symptoms,” she said.

Whatever the symptoms, celiac is a serious autoimmune disease.

“Your body’s immune system is actually attacking its own healthy cells by mistake,” said Dr. Neena Mohan, a gastroeneterologist.

Dr. Mohan says inflammation in the small intestine cuts the absorption of important food nutrients. She uses antibody blood tests, then an endoscopy to diagnose it.

“We take biopsies to confirm the diagnosis,” she said.

Meanwhile, Bersani has patients keep a food diary, and a feelings diary.

“That way I can say, OK, when you ate this, did you notice something right away,” she said.

The treatment is a strict gluten-free diet. So, no wheat, barley, or rye or the many foods with traces of those.

“It can be very overwhelming,” she said.

“But it’s really important to stick to that diet,” said Dr. Mohan.

And patients must also avoid things which contact gluten.

“Remember, the gluten protein is invisible. So if you touch bread and then touch my plate, I can get sick, potentially,” said Bersani.

An early diagnosis can head off more than digestive problems. Celiac patients have a greater risk of heart disease, bowel cancers, and in women, possibly infertility.

Copyright © 2021 WPVI-TV. All Rights Reserved.

Questions still surround cannabis use and public health

Public attitudes about legalizing the use of cannabis have changed dramatically over the last 30 years. Recent national polling suggests that roughly two-thirds of Americans favor legalizing cannabis for adult use, while even more support legalizing it for medical use. Adult use of cannabis is now legal in 16 states, and the tax revenue generated by its sale is calculated in the billions of dollars.

But even so, significant public health and safety questions remain. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine maintains that the medicinal benefits of cannabis are largely unknown, and that its use is associated with lower birth weight, an increased number of car accidents and other risks. The U.S. Surgeon General has also issued warnings about health risks tied to cannabis use.

The science about the benefits of cannabis is limited, while the available evidence demonstrates that legalizing the adult use of cannabis poses a threat to public health. Our AMA does not support legalization of cannabis for adult use until additional scientific research has been completed to fully document the public health, medical and economic consequences of its use.

We remain particularly concerned about cannabis use by young people as well as by pregnant or breastfeeding women, and continue to call for robust public health messaging on the deleterious health effects of cannabis.

Related Coverage

Marijuana policy should be guided by evidence, not the ballot

In states that have already legalized cannabis, the AMA believes jurisdictions should take steps to regulate the product effectively to protect public health and safety. This includes regulating retail sales, limiting the potency of cannabis extracts and concentrates, and requiring that the packaging for edible products is child-resistant to protect children from unintentional ingestion.

We also encourage jurisdictions to allocate a substantial portion of their cannabis tax revenue for public health purposes, including:

  • Substance-use disorder prevention and treatment programs
  • Cannabis-related educational campaigns
  • Scientifically rigorous research on the health effects of cannabis
  • Public health surveillance efforts

Additionally, it is important to ensure that data is available on:

  • The short- and long-term health effects of cannabis, especially emergency department visits and hospitalizations
  • Impaired driving
  • Workplace impairment and worker-related injury and safety
  • Prevalence of psychiatric and addictive disorders, including cannabis-use disorder

This data is necessary to fully evaluate the current regulatory framework, and to inform and protect public health.

Even still, it is clear that cannabis prohibition and enforcement policies have disproportionately and adversely impacted marginalized and minoritized communities. Our AMA supports public health-based strategies, rather than incarceration, in the handling of individuals possessing cannabis for personal use.

We also support social equity programs to address the impact of cannabis prohibition and enforcement policies, and provide an opportunity to those negatively impacted by previous policies to meaningfully participate in the legal cannabis industry.

Cannabis for medical use

We cannot ignore the fact that more than 35 states permit patients to use cannabis for a wide variety of what legislatures have determined to be “qualifying medical conditions.” It is the AMA’s position that scientifically valid and well-controlled clinical trials, conducted under federal investigational new drug applications, are necessary to assess the safety and effectiveness of all new drugs. The same goes for potential cannabis products. As physicians, we rely on clinical experience, combined with evidence from clinical trials and biomedical research, to guide us during the diagnostic and treatment process—and cannabis should be no different.

Related Coverage

How AMA follows science to be powerful voice on today’s top issues

The AMA has long advocated for comprehensive, well-controlled cannabis studies to determine its role in the treatment of disease. To advance this policy, our AMA supports removing federal cannabis research roadblocks, since we cannot generate sufficient scientific evidence without sufficient research. To that end, we support the Cannabidiol and Marihuana Research Expansion Act now pending in Congress.

This measure was first introduced in 2016 and has drawn strong bipartisan backing. Its passage will allow legitimate and comprehensive clinical research to evaluate the potential medical benefits, risks and harms posed by cannabis and cannabis derivatives.

The proposed law would also require the Department of Health and Human Services to detail the effects of cannabis and its derivatives have on the brain and other organs. It would also streamline the development of Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs which contain cannabis and cannabis-derived products.

Approval and use of any drug must be based on sound, evidence-based scientific research. Our AMA believes that in the case of cannabis, that burden has not yet been met.

Because cannabis is not a benign substance, we must take steps in our practices, and as patient advocates and researchers, to promote and protect our patients’ health.  

Health & Medicine News — ScienceDaily

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Medicine, Health, and Society | Fact Sheet | Find Your Major | Undergraduate Admissions | Vanderbilt University

Home > Find Your Major > Medicine, Health, and Society

The major in Medicine, Health, and Society (MHS), offered by Vanderbilt’s Department of Medicine, Health, and Society, investigates the cultural, economic, demographic, and biological factors that impact health. Drawing on courses in the medical sciences, humanities, and social sciences, this innovative interdisciplinary field of study transcends the traditional biomedical approach to understanding health and illness. 

Through work in and out of the classroom, MHS students learn to think critically about complex social issues that impact health and to develop effective strategies for targeting health care crises. The curriculum is designed to train students to meet emerging challenges in our health care system as well as changes in medical education. The department is dedicated to training the next generation of national and international health leaders—from doctors and nurses to economists and policy makers.  

MHS majors craft a plan of study that includes core MHS classes, electives that meet their particular interests, and an area of concentration. Concentration areas include:

  • Global health: emphasizes social and political determinants of global health disparities, history of global public health concepts and practices, relationship between culture and health, and various health systems.
  • Health economies and policies: emphasizes the economic, legal, and political dimensions of health. 
  • Health behaviors and health sciences: emphasizes social foundations of health. 
  • Inequality, intersectionality, and health justice: emphasizes how diverse structures of inequality intersect and shape health disparities, and considers the role of social justice movements in reducing inequities.
  • Medicine, humanities, and the arts: emphasizes critical inquiry of our most basic ideas about health and medicine. 
  • Critical health studies: entails a student-designed, faculty-guided course of study.

Recently Offered Courses

MHS majors choose from courses in MHS and other departments, including Neuroscience, Biological Sciences, Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, History, Philosophy, and Economics.  

Recently offered courses include: Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities; Global Public Health; Global Health and Social Justice; U.S. Health Policy; Men’s Health Policy and Research; Community Health Research; Mental Illness Narratives; Medicine and Literature; War and the Body; Narrative Medicine; Death and Dying in America; Masculinity and Men’s Health; Perspectives on Trauma; American Medicine and the World; Chinese Society and Medicine; HIV/AIDS in the Global Community; Politics of Health; Theories of the Body; COVID and Society; Policing the Pandemic; and Healthcare Policy Under the Trump Administration.

Special Opportunities

MHS students are active members of Vanderbilt’s numerous health-related service organizations and pre-health professional societies. Students in MHS may earn academic credit for internships and service-learning projects, which combine practical training with academic research. Under faculty supervision, students gain experience in a broad range of public and private health-related agencies. MHS works closely with students to secure internship and service-learning placements. We collaborate with Vanderbilt’s Office of Active Citizenship and Service (OACS) to develop local, national, and international service opportunities for students. 

MHS study abroad programs are available in Copenhagen, Denmark and Cape Town, South Africa. Through these programs, students get more hands-on exposure to clinical medicine than they ordinarily would as undergraduates in the U.S. Denmark’s International Study (DIS) program has a Medical Practice and Policy track, which is an ideal fit for MHS. Students attending the University of Cape Town participate in community-based research. The flexibility of the MHS curriculum allows most interested students to meet graduation requirements, complete prerequisites for application to professional school, and still have time to spend a semester abroad. 

The Honors program in Medicine, Health, and Society offers qualified majors the opportunity to conduct individual research projects in collaboration with faculty members. This research culminates in the writing and presentation of a senior thesis. The program should substantially aid those intending to attend graduate or professional school. Honors theses from the 2017-2018 cohort include:

  • Brandon Ansbro, “The Intersection of Race and Mental Health in Clinical and Police Encounters”
  • Lauren Beal, “Undergraduate Student Interaction with On- and Off-Campus Mental Health and Wellbeing Resources: Resource Perception, Socioeconomic Status, and Experience with Mental Illness”
  • Naeha Haridasa, “Racialization of Sickle Cell Disease: Implications on Sickle Cell Disease Treatment in Nashville”
  • Ali Makhdoom, “Neurogenesis and Its Social Implications”
  • Araminta Ray, “Exploring the Psychological and Social Underpinnings of Opioid Use Disorder and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome”
  • Denise Wanyana, “Implementation of First Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry in Rwanda”
  • Chantay Young, “Eastern vs. Western Medicine: How Care Theory Offers a New Perspective Through Obstetric Observations”

Medicine, Health, and Society also offers students the opportunity to earn a master’s degree in the social foundations of health. Through Vanderbilt’s 4+1 BA/MA program, students can earn a bachelor’s and master’s degree in just five years of study. The M.A. degree emphasizes health disparities, interdisciplinary faculty/student collaboration, critical thinking, research skills, and social contexts of health through a topically and methodologically broad curriculum. The program is aimed at students who want to gain research experience, enhance their interdisciplinary training, and generally strengthen their applications before entering medical or professional school. Students begin graduate-level courses in the second semester of their senior year. The program is open to undergraduates majoring in MHS or related majors, and to recent MHS graduates. Students should apply in their senior year. Interested students should contact the department’s Director of Undergraduate Studies early in their Vanderbilt career to ensure they meet eligibility requirements. 

After Vanderbilt

“I feel light years ahead of medical students who did not come from a similar program like Medicine, Health, and Society, because to be a good doctor, it takes more than just understanding science. Vanderbilt is at the forefront of this type of patient-centered care—of not just treating the disease but treating the patient, too.” 
—David Amsalem, BA’10, MD’15

“Studying MHS has been the perfect complement to my pre-med classes; I now not only understand the science behind medicine but also the social and societal aspects, as well. My MHS major has equipped me to provide better care to my future patients because it has taught me how to understand the greater context and needs of the people I am serving.”
—Kristi Troutman, BA’17, MA’18 

The Medicine, Health, and Society major prepares students for professional training in medicine, nursing, law, public health, management, and other areas, and for graduate study in a variety of disciplines. According to a survey of our graduating seniors, approximately one-third go to medical school, and another third attend public health, nursing, or other graduate schools. Other students accept jobs in the health care industry, government, or nonprofit sector. In recent years, MHS graduates have found positions with a variety of organizations, including, but not limited to: the American Heart Association, Black Rock, Boston Children’s Hospital, Chandler Chicco Companies, Compass Professional Services, Deloitte Consulting, Epic Systems Corporation, Health Talents International, Hospital Corporation of America (HCA), Huron Consulting Group, National Institutes of Health, Parallon Business Solutions, Teach for America, and Vanderbilt University Medical Center.


As an interdisciplinary major, Medicine, Health, and Society draws on MHS faculty as well as affiliated faculty in departments and programs in the College of Arts and Science, Peabody College, the School of Medicine, the School of Nursing, the Law School, the Institute for Global Health, the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, and elsewhere. Faculty from the professional schools guest-lecture in MHS courses and are available to serve as advisers for internships and service-learning programs. 


Department of Medicine, Health, and Society
300 Calhoun Hall
Phone: (615) 343-0916
Email: [email protected]

Medicine, Health, and Society Website

Mount Sinai Health System – New York City | Mount Sinai

Select SpecialtyAddiction MedicineAddiction PsychiatryAdolescent MedicineAdvanced Heart Failure and TransplantAllergy and ImmunologyAlzheimer’s DiseaseAnatomic Pathology & Clinical PathologyAnesthesiologyBariatric SurgeryBlood Banking / Transfusion MedicineBody ImagingBreast Cancer – SurgeryBreast ImagingCancer (Oncology)CardiologyCardiovascular Computed TomographyCardiovascular DiseaseCardiovascular SurgeryCerebrovascular Diseases / StrokeChild NeurologyChild and Adolescent PsychiatryColon and Rectal Surgery / ProctologyCornea, External Disease & Refractive SurgeryCritical Care MedicineCritical Care Medicine – AnesthesiologyDental OncologyDentistryDermatologyDermatopathology – DermatologyEar, Nose, Throat / OtolaryngologyEchocardiographyElectrodiagnostic MedicineEmergency MedicineEndocrine, Diabetes and Bone DiseasesFacial Plastic SurgeryFamily MedicineFemale Pelvic MedicineGastroenterologyGenetics and GenomicsGeriatric MedicineGeriatric PsychiatryGeriatrics, Palliative CareGlaucomaGynecologic OncologyHand SurgeryHead & Neck SurgeryHeadache MedicineHematology-OncologyHospital MedicineInfectious DiseaseInternal MedicineInterventional CardiologyInterventional NeuroradiologyInterventional RadiologyIntestinal TransplantationKidney / Pancreas TransplantationLiver MedicineLiver SurgeryLiver TransplantationMaternal and Fetal MedicineMetabolism/DiabetesNephrologyNeuro-OphthalmologyNeurocritical CareNeurologyNeuropsychologyNeuroradiologyNeurosurgeryNewborn MedicineNuclear CardiologyNuclear MedicineObesity MedicineObstetrics and GynecologyOccupational MedicineOcular OncologyOphthalmic PathologyOphthalmic Plastic SurgeryOphthalmologyOptometryOral/Maxillofacial SurgeryOrthopedics & Orthopedic SurgeryPain ManagementPediatric & Adolescent GynecologyPediatric Allergy and ImmunologyPediatric AnesthesiaPediatric CardiologyPediatric Cardiovascular SurgeryPediatric Critical Care MedicinePediatric Ear, Nose, Throat / OtolaryngologyPediatric Emergency MedicinePediatric EndocrinologyPediatric GastroenterologyPediatric Hematology-OncologyPediatric HepatologyPediatric Infectious DiseasesPediatric Nephrology and HypertensionPediatric NeurologyPediatric NeurosurgeryPediatric OphthalmologyPediatric PulmonologyPediatric RadiologyPediatric RheumatologyPediatric Sports MedicinePediatric SurgeryPediatric UrologyPediatricsPlastic and Reconstructive SurgeryPodiatryPrimary CarePsychiatryPsychologyPublic Health and General Preventive MedicinePulmonary MedicineRadiation OncologyRadiologyRehabilitation and Physical MedicineReproductive EndocrinologyRetina – Medical & SurgicalRheumatologyShoulder & Elbow SurgerySleep MedicineSpinal Cord Injury MedicineSpine SurgerySports Medicine (Rehabilitation)StrabismusSurgerySurgical Critical CareSurgical OncologyThoracic SurgeryTransplantationUrogynecologyUrologyUveitisVascular Surgery

Medicine and health – Information letter

27th international specialized exhibition “MEDICINE AND HEALTH-2021”,

International specialized exhibition


05 – 07.10.2021

SC “Chizhovka Arena” (Minsk, Tashkentskaya str., 19, entrance No. 50)

Themes of the exhibition “ MEDICINE AND HEALTH

Medical technology, equipment and diagnostics:

  • functional diagnostics, radiology
  • ultrasound equipment, ultrasound
  • laser technology and devices
  • endoscopic equipment and accessories
  • mechanical devices and devices for therapy
  • hearing aids

Laboratory Medicine

  • test systems
  • laboratory equipment
  • laboratory diagnostics
  • laboratory furniture
  • Consumables, sutures, care and hygiene products.


  • Rehabilitation, balneology, physiotherapy, kinesitherapy
  • Postoperative recovery, neurorehabilitation
  • Traumatology. Orthopedics
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Nursing equipment, rehabilitation equipment
  • Goods and services for people with disabilities
  • Medical devices for home use
  • Devices and devices for rehabilitation
  • Orthopedic products and devices
  • Compression therapy
  • Trauma equipment
  • Physiotherapy equipment

Sports medicine.

Insurance medicine, organization of individual medical assistance programs.

Salon “Disaster Medicine”:

  • systems of warning and medical assistance in emergency situations
  • medical support for rescue operations
  • medical aid: first, emergency, emergency, specialized. Sanitary assistance
  • mobile stations, hospitals
  • equipment, tools, devices, apparatus for the provision of medical care.Medical kits
  • teaching methods, means, equipment, mannequins
  • funds for primary resuscitation
  • Emergency medicine, transportation and mobility aids
  • blood service (transfusion medicine and therapeutic use of blood components), donation
  • special transport

Design, complex equipment of hospitals, doctors’ offices, medical institutions, sanatoriums

Equipment for cleaning, disinfection, sterilization and storage of sterile products.

Modern information technologies in medicine

Medical furniture

Medical clothing.

Medical, research and educational institutions.

Specialized literature. Electronic versions of medical publications

Pharmaceutical products:

  • manufacture of pharmaceuticals and equipment for the pharmaceutical industry
  • equipment for filling and packaging, containers and packaging
  • medicines, homeopathic pharmacy
  • new technologies in the pharmaceutical industry

Alternative Medicine:

  • Homeopathy
  • Acupuncture
  • Phyto and Aromatherapy

Preventive medicine, life expectancy extension

  • Methods and methods for enhancing immunity / enhancing the protective functions of the body
  • Vaccine prophylaxis
  • Hardening
  • Psychological health care

Technologies and healthy food products

  • Diet foods
  • Organic, natural food
  • Vitamin-mineral complexes, antioxidants
  • Mineral waters

Promotion of a healthy lifestyle

  • Means and methods of combating drug addiction, alcoholism and tobacco smoking
  • Social assistance projects

Medical devices for home use

  • Blood pressure measuring devices (tonometers)
  • Devices for measuring glucose level (glucometers)
  • Thermometers
  • Nebulizers (inhalers)
  • Disposable medical devices
  • Expresstests

Pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements

  • Medicines
  • Biologically active food additives
  • Traditional medicine

Medical tourism, balneology

  • Sanatoriums, health resorts
  • Medical centers and clinics
  • Aesthetic Medicine Centers
  • Medical Tourism Agency

Green Planet Salon:

  • organic and natural cosmetics
  • environmentally friendly household chemicals
  • home care cosmetics
  • food additives
  • nutraceuticals


  • services of beauty salons, centers and clinics of aesthetic medicine, spa salons and beauty salons
  • Equipment, consumables and accessories for beauty salons, centers, aesthetic medicine clinics, spa salons, beauty parlors, tanning salons, plastic surgery, cosmetology and physiotherapy
  • apparatus and means for body shaping
  • professional, decorative and medical cosmetics, natural cosmetic preparations and techniques
  • medical laser systems
  • infrared cabins, solariums
  • hydromassage, steam and steam shower cabins
  • Decorative and medicinal cosmetics, natural cosmetic preparations and techniques:
  • massage equipment and technologies
  • phyto- and aromatherapy
  • health-improving cosmetics
  • preparations for mesotherapy, contour plastics and peels
  • Cosmetics for the correction of involutional skin changes
  • saunas, steam baths and medicinal baths
  • cosmetics SPA
  • rejuvenation programs

Project manager:

t./ f. + 375-17 26 98 87, +375 17 395 66 79

f. + 375-17 226-91-92
E-mail: [email protected]



News and events of medicine in Volgograd and the Volgograd region at

During the day after treatment for coronavirus, Volgograd doctors discharged 237 former patients.

HEALTH: Medicine

“AiF” -NP “tells how to keep the spine flexible and mobile for many years.HEALTH: Medicine

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“AiF” -NP “tells about the signs of diabetes in humans, how to deal with this disease and why they get sick with it.

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“AiF” -NP “tells how the hospital was built, what equipment it has, who will be treated in it and whether it is already ready to receive patients.

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“AiF” -NP “tells how to eat and how to take care of yourself in order to save your heart.HEALTH: Medicine

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HEALTH: Medicine

“AiF” -NP “tells how to recognize unprofessionalism in the work of a dentist.

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“AiF” -NP “learned how successfully doctors and authorities cope with a difficult test.HEALTH: Medicine

“AiF” -NP “tells how many healthy lifestyle clubs are in the region and how they attract visitors.

HEALTH: Medicine

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The most interesting in the regions

90,000 Human lifestyle and health

Lifestyle and human health

Health is assessed in various contexts – complete physical health of the body, social well-being, and the presence of forms of full-fledged manifestation of life.Along with this, health is assessed not only in terms of the absence of illness or physical defect, but also in terms of the presence of complete physical, moral and social well-being.

Various indicators affect the state of human health. To maintain good physical shape and remain psycho-emotionally stable, you need to pay attention to the quality of your life in a multifactorial natural and social environment. Various factors can influence and influence human health: genetics; medicine; ecology: climate, flora, landscape; Lifestyle; physical; biological; chemical.These factors are classified into the following types: social and economic; ecological; hereditary – the presence of diseases, anomalies in the structure of the human body, inherited; medical – providing assistance to the population, frequency and quality of examinations, disease prevention. They directly affect a person’s well-being. It is necessary to take into account the indicators of age, climatic conditions of the area of ​​residence, individual indicators. World Health Organization data indicate that: at least 50% of human health depends on lifestyle; 20% is due to heredity; 20% – on the influence of the external environment; 10% for health-related factors.The indicator of the influence of lifestyle on human health is of leading importance and is half – 50%. The other half in the aggregate are factors of heredity, the influence of the external environment, and health care.

It is necessary to form a culture of health, to widely introduce informative methods of self-assessment and effective methods of recovery. The formation of new views of the individual and society as a whole that life without smoking, alcohol, with sufficient physical activity, physiological needs, a full-fledged balanced diet is not a subjective desire of one person.The creation of a coherent system of value orientations of the individual and society is the main task today. A healthy lifestyle is the implementation of a set of actions in all basic forms of human life: work, social, family and household, leisure. With an abundance and variety of information about the need and indisputable benefits of the status of a healthy lifestyle, not all of our contemporaries are inclined to live by its principles. … Why deprive yourself of such pleasant moments: eat fatter and heavier, especially at night; sleep longer, lead a sofa lifestyle in front of a TV or gadget turned on around the clock; do not bother walking – transferring from a car seat to an office chair is much more pleasant and comfortable; relaxing with a bottle alcohol and a cigarette, use every opportunity to “comfort” the nervous system with strong coffee, cream cake or chocolate.Many consider this to be simple everyday pleasures, which it makes no sense to give up – after all, we live once. Let them run in the morning, do not drink or smoke others.

The impact of lifestyle on human health is colossal! A person leading a healthy lifestyle feels full of energy, visits doctors less often and has clearly more advantages than those who do not monitor their health and have bad habits.

Usually, adherents of a healthy lifestyle, children from an early age are brought up on the same principles.Quite often, these are whole dynasties, many generations – from grandparents to kids. These people are the real devotees of health, longevity, success and prosperity. But even among adherents of a healthy lifestyle, it is difficult to find those who can fully comply with all the basic principles and rules on a daily basis. It is not always possible to follow the concept exactly. The list of situations depending on a number of objective and subjective reasons:

– the tense rhythm of modern life,

– the use of various technological inventions and techniques that significantly increase the comfort of life and life in general,

– the need to comply with certain requirements at the workplace.This is work on an assembly line, in an office, in a hazardous production environment. Activities that are associated with frequent and long business trips, which have a significant negative impact on the mode of life, nutrition,

– negative factors of a subjective nature are the desire to be in time everywhere and everywhere, to load yourself as much as possible with a variety of, sometimes completely unnecessary things. Rapid rhythm of work, study, attending various courses and trainings, eating canned food and “fast” meals, treatment with drugs of an instant spectrum of action.

A healthy lifestyle is also a psychological balance. Today, many people simply do not have time to stop, to pay attention to their health.

Everyone can prolong a happy, fulfilling life full of positive emotions and inner balance. The principles of a healthy lifestyle are especially relevant today, each of us can follow them. Recommendations for a healthy lifestyle are simple and easy to use, do not require experience and skills:

1.Development of a menu for a correct balanced diet: the use of only healthy products that provide the body with substances that help all systems and organs to function successfully. A comprehensive diet provides a variety of food, an accurate daily calorie intake, five meals a day, without expecting a strong feeling of hunger.

You should eat slowly, chewing food thoroughly – from 20 to 40 times, getting pleasure from taste and satiety. A healthy diet involves consuming the first liquid meals, which helps the digestive system to be efficient.It is important to include vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins and microelements, drink about 1.5 liters of pure water per day, and consume fermented milk products with low fat content, rich in protein. Eating fresh dishes is best – it is both tasty and healthy.

2. Sports activities and normalized physical activity, the body should be in order, and the muscles in good shape. To do this, today there are many options: visiting the pool, gyms, group classes in various sports, dancing.Even a 15-minute morning exercise will give you vigor for the whole day. In addition, it is an excellent disease prevention.

3. The principle of healthy sleep and personal hygiene. Sleep on demand, on average about 8 hours a day, which fills the body with energy and provides fullness of internal forces . Hygiene is a guarantee to avoid contact with bacteria and parasites, further development of inflammatory and infectious diseases.

4. An obligatory factor is hardening, which increases the protective functions of the body.Air and sun bathing, walking barefoot are considered available procedures. Popular water treatments, acceptable for children and adults – rubdowns, dousing with cool water, use of a contrast shower. The cardinal method is winter swimming, but only under the supervision of a doctor and after passing an appropriate examination.

5. Today, no one will dispute or question the harm from smoking, alcoholic beverages, drugs. Those who seek to preserve their health have either not become addicted or have abandoned their addiction to bad habits.

Each person is given the opportunity to strengthen or maintain health, maintain ability to work, physical activity, vigor of body and spirit until old age. It is important to use this wisely, it all depends solely on the lifestyle!

General hygiene doctor SGL

TsGSEN FKUZ “Medical unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

Russia in the Saratov region “V.I. Fomin

Health, medicine and beauty

The health and beauty industry is extremely challenging to run a business.This statement is true for all developed and emerging markets.

Digital transformation cannot bypass the medical and cosmetology industries. We highlight the following key trends and challenges for these industries.

Transformation of business models of market participants

Issues of state regulation, compulsory certification of drugs and medical institutions, directive prices for certain items of drugs (VED), changes in legislation, the entry into force of the law on the circulation of labeled drugs, the availability of new trading methods and digital transformation in general are forcing market players to increasingly revise their business -strategy.Doing this is necessary not only to increase income, but to survive. Over the past few years alone, a number of major players in the pharmacy chain market have launched, stopped and re-launched regional expansion.

Health care as an ecosystem

States consider the health issue of their clients’ citizens as a resource that ensures the functioning and preservation of their own stability. This is especially true against the backdrop of pandemics and the spread of viruses that disrupt international trade and the economies of entire states.Companies view the health of their customers as a resource they can charge for. The health care ecosystem is becoming a new stage in the development of state policy and all “social security”.

From a practical point of view, for market participants this will be the task of creating a patient-centered ecosystem that can spend years with a medical company and generate income calculated on the horizon for decades. Already today, work in this direction is the point of application of the efforts of pharmaceutical giants.R&D in this area has moved away from only medical research worth billions of dollars in the plane of using the most advanced analytics systems and big data, a real boom in distance medicine services.

Patient Path = Client Path

Patient Journey Map – A patient journey describing all of his points of contact with the clinic / doctor / drug is a special case of the Customer Journey Map. From a marketing point of view, detailed mapping of the patient’s journey with the help of professional consultants will be beneficial to both the healthcare provider and the patient.

Managing a patient all the way, taking into account all bottlenecks, creating common interfaces for interaction through digital channels create loyalty and increase LTV for a medical company.

Who we work with:

  • Diversified Healthcare Networks
  • Pharmaceutical companies launching new drugs and directions
  • Manufacturers of cosmetics
  • Beauty salon chains looking to scale

Medical Center in Tyumen “Main Health”

Julia, Gregul

Today I will tell you about a miracle.Complete and final (I hope) recovery. For many years, the most terrible month for me was May. Allergy to flowering trees is an unpleasant thing, on some days I had to not leave the house at all. Every day, pills, nasal spray – antiallergic and vasoconstrictor, constant washing of mucous membranes, daily wet cleaning, closed windows even in the heat, and this only muted the symptoms, without removing them at all. Uncomfortable, but familiar, from year to year. In winter, I underwent 2 courses of treatment at the Main Health Medical Center, but since nothing blooms in February, I did not feel the result.In May, I habitually noted in all the posts of familiar allergy sufferers – yes, guys, we have a difficult period, but we, as usual, will survive it, and began to wait. But nothing happened. At first I chalked it up to cold weather, then to rain, then I decided to wait – maybe this year the flowering season has shifted, then I forgot, and only now I realized that everything had already faded, and I had NOTHING. Haven’t even sneezed in a month. I never even combed anything. The allergy was so common that I still can’t believe it.But this is true – not a single symptom for the entire month. No pills, no other traditional intervention. And you know, this treatment looks a little strange – they put some kind of electrodes on your head, arms, legs, you sit for an hour with these wires, and nothing happens. At least some tingling sensation, like during electrophoresis, or something else familiar, so that there is a feeling that something is happening to you – nothing. If only they gave a bitter pill, or shocked it harder, so that there was an understanding that I was being treated – no, everything was absolutely not the way I was used to, and what I had pinned my hopes on.But it turned out that exactly what I did not lay on, but went – well, since there is time to try, it will not be worse – it worked. Although no, not like that: WORKED !!! And this is such happiness, as it turned out, to live without eternal fatigue, sneezing, scratching, tickling, runny nose. And you quickly get used to it. Now it seems that all this was long ago and not true. But it was. Now, no. In general, I am now a devoted fan of the Medical Center “Main Health”.

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Evgeniya Albert

“I made a test to improve my health, normalize nutrition, eliminate some of the body’s dependence on harmful products.It was a shock for me to find out the intolerance of buckwheat, but once a week you could have fried potatoes. And I was convinced in practice that it entered my body without harm and easily and did not give extra grams in the morning. By the way, I checked all the test data on the scales, it was interesting. A food test is a good helper on the path to healthy nutrition, but it is very difficult at times to cope with habits that have developed over the years. It’s a long process. ”

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Philosophy of Healthy Living: Preventive Medicine in Switzerland :: Health :: RBC Style

It is difficult to see this systemic relationship on your own, and this is where preventive medicine comes to the rescue.

Back in 1903, inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Edison predicted: “The doctor of the future will not prescribe drugs. Instead, he will awaken the patient’s interest in his body, as well as in the cause and possibility of preventing the disease. ” This principle has become the main one in Swiss preventive medicine, which is very different from the format of routine medical examination and a one-time visit to the doctor during an exacerbation of the disease, which is usual for Russia.

Clinics, hospitals, diagnostic centers and private doctors in Switzerland are focused on preventing the development of diseases as much as possible.Helping clients optimize their lifestyles, maintain health and physical fitness, and ensure a high quality of life – all this is considered by most doctors among the main tasks. And this is no less important than the treatment itself. A therapist in Switzerland is not just a doctor who sends a patient to another narrow specialist to solve a specific problem, it is, first of all, “Dr. House”.

Swiss therapists are primarily responsible for assessing health status through family history analysis and personalized diagnostic methods, finding sources of problems and developing individual recommendations.

Swiss clinics are distinguished by a balanced approach aimed at maximum efficiency. It brings together teams of the best doctors from various fields of medicine, from therapists to surgeons, who provide a high level of patient care and help them improve their quality of life.

The development of preventive medicine, as well as advances in genetics and telemedicine, have a positive effect on the cost of programs. In particular, studies that were previously extremely rare and expensive are now recognized as the standard of modern medicine.

Philosophy of a healthy life

Preventive medicine is not just an important part of Switzerland’s healthcare system, the best in Europe according to the Euro Health Consumer Index. This is the way of life of the Swiss, part of their traditions and mentality. And it’s not only and not so much about the high quality of food and the purest nature, although this is also very important. Life is in motion, and this is absolutely natural for any age.Swiss adults spend a lot of time outdoors: 85% of them prefer to relax in nature rather than at home. The number of physically active people in the country is constantly growing, in recent years it has increased from 62 to 76%. Downhill and cross-country skiing, hiking in the mountains, ski touring – in winter, bicycles, hiking, water sports – in the warm season: the Swiss cannot imagine their life without active recreation and sports. This attitude has been brought up since childhood: families walk a lot in the mountains and around the lakes, ride bicycles and rollerblades together.Children try various sports, and physical education classes in schools are certainly held on the street, and often in the mountains.

A calm and balanced attitude to life among the Swiss applies to everything related to nutrition. Snacks are not accepted in Switzerland, in some cities for a long time there was not even a fast food popular in other countries. Less is more – this is the approach that is common in Switzerland when it comes to nutrition. This is largely why Switzerland, according to the EU statistical office, has the highest life expectancy in Europe: 81.5 years for men and 85.3 years for women.Together with Japan, the country leads among the countries with the slowest aging inhabitants. Unsurprisingly, Switzerland is the third happiest country in the world. This suggests that the country has a low level of depression and stress.

Being a little Swiss and adopting the best from the local way of life is not so difficult – it is enough to come to Switzerland, if possible for a week or two. Time in this country flows differently, without fuss and rush. The difference is felt literally from the first moments: clean air, delicious water directly from the tap, stunning landscapes and complete tranquility.In Switzerland, the right to privacy is respected, and everything that affects security and confidentiality is very sensitive. And, of course, this applies to the maximum extent to everything related to health care, even if it is not about treatment.

The differences are palpable everywhere: even the most common products for breakfast and dinner are natural and of very high quality. Switzerland has been an agricultural country for many centuries, and many products (such as the famous Swiss cheeses) are still made by hand, just as they were hundreds of years ago.The Swiss themselves prefer to buy food in small markets, farmers and private shops, although in all supermarkets the usual products are of very high quality.

Understand yourself

Regular examinations, or check-ups, are a check on the condition of the body, taking into account age, gender, heredity and possible health problems. In Switzerland, it is very convenient to go through a check-up, first of all, it can be done as efficiently as possible: in a short time, without queues, hassle and negative emotions.Doctors recommend starting regular medical examinations after 30 years, when the first age-related changes occur in the body. After 40 years, according to statistics, the risk of developing a number of diseases increases sharply, including serious ones: cancer, diabetes, heart attack and stroke, osteoporosis and others. Changing your lifestyle, correcting nutrition and physical activity help to solve a number of problems, and the advice of a competent doctor will help you stay healthy for as long as possible. After 60 years, you need to be especially careful in identifying and treating diseases at an early stage.During this period, it is very important to strictly follow the recommendations of specialists; in case of serious illnesses, it makes sense to find out a “second opinion”. At an older age, the preservation of the quality of life and active longevity come to the fore.

Swiss clinics offer diagnostic programs of varying duration. The basic option can usually be completed in one day, while the advanced programs take up to three days. A standard checkup usually includes general blood and urine tests, a biochemical blood test, an electrocardiogram, and an ultrasound examination.If there are certain complaints or the closest relatives have had cases of serious illnesses, you can undergo a specialized examination: cardiological, gastroenterological, neurological, orthopedic, complex vision diagnostics, ENT examination or memory tests (this type of screening plays an important role in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease). Additionally, an analysis of epigenetic biomarkers can be carried out: it helps to determine the biological age of the client in order to offer him individual anti-aging treatments and a health support plan.Older clients are advised to undergo a procedure for measuring body composition and bone density: this allows you to assess the likelihood of fractures and prescribe preventive drug treatment.

Despite the coronavirus, Russian guests are allowed to enter Switzerland for medical treatment. Before arriving, the client will be sure to find out the anamnesis, ask about the symptoms and reasons for the treatment, after which the clinic forms an individual examination and consultation plan. After receiving the results, the therapist talks about the main health problems and gives recommendations on lifestyle, diet, physical activity and (if necessary) the course of treatment.Doctors accompany their clients after the completion of examinations and interpretation of analyzes, tracking changes in health indicators and adjusting recommendations. Of course, in the modern world there are various means of communication, and frequent personal visits to the therapist are not at all necessary. Telemedicine, a variety of applications and programs make it easy to collect, store and transmit information about various health indicators to a doctor. Many Swiss clinics have their own digital platforms for online consultation, which is very convenient.A checkup in Switzerland is not just a necessary investment in your health, it is confidence in the quality of services and, ultimately, confidence in your abilities. And this is very important in our difficult times.

Pleasant with useful

Depending on the purpose of your trip to Switzerland, you can choose a convenient format and duration of the survey. If you need to focus on your health, you should go directly to a specialized treatment center focused on early diagnosis and therapy.Specialized clinics are located not only in large cities such as Zurich, Basel or Geneva, but also in the Alps and by picturesque lakes. If the survey only complements the rest, you should pay attention to hotels that cooperate with leading clinics. When choosing this option, you can successfully combine the required examination with an active vacation, wellness or business trip.

In Switzerland, hotels and resorts undergo serious government certification, and if the resort is marked as a wellness destination, then these are not just words for advertising.There are eleven such resorts in Switzerland: St. Moritz, Leukerbad, Gstaad, Scuol, Charmey, Baden, Bad Zurzach, Bad Ragaz, Ascona and Locarno, Interlaken and Rheinfelden. Each of them offers a wide range of wellness services, as well as professional prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation programs. In addition, a check-up or serious treatment can and should be combined with a visit to thermal centers. The healing properties of thermal water in Switzerland have been known since the days of the Roman Empire, just in those days it was not yet called wellness.But even today, mineral-rich hot water from the springs literally works wonders. That is why thousands of guests regularly come to Bad Ragaz, Leukerbad, Bad Zurzach, Scuol and other resorts – water really helps with a whole bunch of diseases. And one more big plus: after physical exertion, outdoor activities in the mountains, in thermal springs or just in the pool at the hotel, excellent sleep is guaranteed. And this is the key to a good mood, excellent health and performance.

Expert Advice

Coronavirus infection has turned the world upside down.A pandemic, an overworked healthcare system, remote working hours, constant stress – all these are not conducive to good health and mood.

The Swiss Tourism Office has initiated and is supporting the Clean & Safe marketing campaign. A special distinctive sign indicates that a resort, hotel, transport or restaurant has a customer safety plan in place to minimize the spread of the coronavirus. This is not only about regular cleaning and disinfection, but also about an extensive list of other measures.The associations GastroSuisse and HotellerieSuisse have proposed safety standards for hotels offering wellness and spa treatments so that guests can enjoy their pools, baths, saunas and baths in peace. In Switzerland, even before the pandemic, everything related to hygiene and safety was taken very seriously, so the new requirements related to the coronavirus were received with understanding and respect.

Swiss doctors have developed a number of recommendations both for those who have already encountered COVID-19 and for everyone else.Unfortunately, the pandemic has led to an overall deterioration in the health of populations around the world. Among the main recommendations of doctors is to try to comply with the daily routine, despite the remote work schedule, limit working hours and allocate enough time for communication with family, movement, walks and good sleep. Among the main problems are physical inactivity and excessive nutrition, which ultimately leads to an increase in diseases of the cardiovascular system and other pathologies. Doctors advise to definitely find time for active recreation and sports, walks in the fresh air, for everything that brings pleasure.To cheer up, sometimes it is enough just to switch to your favorite activity, hobby for a while, to devote time to yourself, to take care of beauty, health and inner harmony. Experts also insist that at the first signs of depression, anxiety disorders and depression, it is worth contacting a professional psychotherapist or psychologist, at least remotely. By the way, Switzerland has a very strong psychotherapy school, and everything that relates to this area is taken very seriously there.So, as soon as the opportunity arises, you should definitely get out to Switzerland for at least a few days: there it is much easier and faster to find a good mood and inner peace. In the meantime, we adopt the experience of the Swiss and take care of ourselves.

Read more in the project at swiss.rbc.ru and on the partner’s website.

Medicine and health

Questions and answers

  • The safest medical disinfectants are preparations with a minimum content of active substances in working solutions.It should be remembered that most modern disinfectants for medicine are concentrates, so it is important to pay attention to the total amount of active substances in the working solutions, and not in the concentrate. Then you should pay attention to the active substances themselves – the most dangerous for human health are chlorine and aldehydes. The safest active substances for human health are oxygen, guanidines, HOURS. If you do not inhale alcohol, then this active substance is also considered relatively safe for human health.

  • Medicine has now reached a very high level and in most cases can only have a beneficial effect on human health with regular examination and strict implementation of the recommendations of doctors. However, the opposite situation also happens when, when contacting a medical institution, a patient is given an incorrect diagnosis and treatment is prescribed that does not correspond to the real disease. And the real illness begins to progress and precious time is spent, which can lead to irreversible consequences.Therefore, when contacting a medical organization, a person must also understand a little about medicine in order to understand in time that the doctor is not very competent and one must not waste time and at the same time turn to another specialist, sometimes not just one, in order to dispel doubts about the diagnosis.

  • In medicine, antiseptics are used for treating the skin of surgeons’ hands, antiseptics for injections, antiseptics for the skin of the operating field – these are skin antiseptics painted in a certain color are used by surgeons during surgery.Also in medicine, antiseptics are used for hygienic treatment of the hands of personnel and disinfectants, skin antiseptics in the form of liquid soap. Modern disinfectants, skin antiseptics used in medicine, have a wide spectrum of action and can often be used for disinfecting surfaces and air. But the most important thing is that all disinfectants, skin antiseptics used in medicine must have a certificate of state registration, a declaration of conformity and an approved instruction for use.

  • Disinfection can have both positive and negative effects on human health. With the right choice of a disinfectant and using it strictly according to the instructions, disinfection will only have a positive effect on health. But in case of violations of sanitary norms and rules and non-observance of instructions for use, such as: temporary mode, airing, disinfection in the absence of a person, and so on; disinfection can be very detrimental to human health.We must not forget that all disinfectants are primarily substances that destroy microorganisms, a kind of “poisons” that can accumulate in the human body and with excessive use of one type of disinfection for a long time, microorganisms can adapt and become immune to this active substance.

  • Disinfection plays the most important role in medicine. Without the regular destruction of pathogenic microorganisms in hospitals, outbreaks of various diseases occur and weakened patients are very at risk of being infected with these diseases.Therefore, special sanitary standards have been developed for medical organizations in which it is detailed how, what, when and how often to disinfect.

    The health of people in general depends on the quality of disinfection in medicine. With the low quality of disinfection in medical institutions, all the work of doctors in these institutions will be at risk. Because dangerous microorganisms can enter the human body in a medical facility, for example, during surgery or injections with an uninfected instrument.

  • The section of our website medicine and health includes products used for medical purposes, of our own production. This section contains all types of disinfectants that are used by medical institutions of any profile.

    In the line of disinfectants produced by the Continent group of companies, all possible combinations of active ingredients are used, from the simplest one-component preparations – Like, Grand, Conti-chlorine, Conti-chlorine OOI, Aqualight; two, three-component drugs of average complexity – Barrier, Novis, Barrier +, Paradox; ultramodern, over-economical multicomponent preparations – Contact, Meridian, Slight, Ecostyle, Conti-tabs; to skin antiseptics and ready-made solutions for disinfection Contisept, Oxylosept, Contisept forte, Milis liquid soap, Milis forte disinfecting liquid soap and Contisept forte wipes.