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Nail Problems and Injuries | Frankel Cardiovascular Center

Topic Overview

Minor fingernail and toenail problems are common. At one time or another, almost everyone has caught a nail on something, causing it to rip, or has smashed a finger in a door, leaving blood under the nail. These kinds of injuries can be quite painful but are usually not serious. You can often relieve pain and prevent infection of minor nail problems at home.

Normally, fingernails grow about one-tenth of a millimeter each day. Toenails grow at about one-half or one-third the rate of the fingernails. Aging and diseases that decrease blood flow to the hands and feet may slow nail growth.

Common nail changes include:

  • Splitting, peeling, or brittle nails. These are common problems that develop when your hands are frequently exposed to water, strong soaps, and other chemicals. You may be able to prevent some of these problems if you use lotion and avoid repeatedly putting your hands in water.
  • Color changes.

    • Little white marks (leukonychia) often appear after minor injuries. They may last for weeks or months and usually go away on their own.
    • It is common for a nail to turn black after an injury. The black or purple-black color is caused by blood under the nail and will go away as the injury heals.
    • Black, brown, or purple discoloration under a nail that has not been injured may be caused by melanoma.
  • Changes in the shape or texture of nails, which may occur for a variety of reasons. Some nail changes, such as the formation of ridges, are normal with aging. Thick, brittle, or dark nails are more common in older adults who have poor circulation.
  • Ingrown nails, which are often caused by improper trimming, tight shoes, or heredity. Your nails may grow into the surrounding skin, causing pain, swelling, and infection. In rare cases, an abscess may develop under a nail (subungual abscess).
  • Separation from the nail bed. Once your nail separates from its nail bed, for whatever reason, it will not reattach. Nails grow back slowly. It takes about 6 months for fingernails and up to 18 months for toenails to grow back attached to the nail bed.
  • Infection and allergic reactions. These are common problems caused by artificial nails.
  • Fungal nail infections, which can vary in appearance depending on the type of fungus infecting the nail or the location of the infection. It is not unusual for fungal nail infections to follow athlete’s foot infections. For more information, see the topic Fungal Nail Infections.

Nail problems can also be caused by:

  • An injury to a nail.
  • Hangnails, which may lead to a minor infection next to your nails (paronychia), causing the skin around the nails to become swollen and tender.
  • Nail-biting, which can lead to fingertips that are red and sore and cuticles that bleed. Nail-biting also increases the chance of bacterial infections around your nail beds and in your mouth.
  • Side effects of medicines, such as chemotherapy and antimalarial medicines.
  • Diseases of the skin, such as psoriasis and eczema.
  • Skin growths, such as warts, cysts, and moles.
  • Other diseases such as Addison’s disease, peripheral arterial disease, and HIV infection.

Check Your Symptoms

Do you have a problem with your nails?

This means a problem that affects the nails only and not any other part of the limb (no other parts of the finger or hand or of the toe or foot).

How old are you?

Less than 12 years

Less than 12 years

12 years or older

12 years or older

Are you male or female?

Why do we ask this question?

  • If you are transgender or nonbinary, choose the sex that matches the body parts (such as ovaries, testes, prostate, breasts, penis, or vagina) you now have in the area where you are having symptoms.
  • If your symptoms aren’t related to those organs, you can choose the gender you identify with.
  • If you have some organs of both sexes, you may need to go through this triage tool twice (once as “male” and once as “female”). This will make sure that the tool asks the right questions for you.

Did you injure a nail?

This could include tearing a nail, separating a nail from the nail bed, or hitting the nail hard enough that blood collects under it.

Do you have pain under or around the nail?

How bad is the pain

on a scale of 0 to 10, if 0 is no pain and 10 is the worst pain you can imagine?

8 to 10: Severe pain

Severe pain

5 to 7: Moderate pain

Moderate pain

1 to 4: Mild pain

Mild pain

Do you have diabetes, a

weakened immune system

, or peripheral arterial disease?


Diabetes, immune problems, or peripheral arterial disease


Diabetes, immune problems, or peripheral arterial disease

Is there an object under the nail that you cannot remove?

Do you think you may have a fever?

Are there red streaks leading away from the area or pus draining from it?

Do you have an ingrown nail?

Ingrown means that the nail has grown into the skin instead of over it.

Have you had nail problems for more than 2 weeks?


Nail problems for more than 2 weeks


Nail problems for more than 2 weeks

Many things can affect how your body responds to a symptom and what kind of care you may need. These include:

  • Your age. Babies and older adults tend to get sicker quicker.
  • Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner.
  • Medicines you take. Certain medicines, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants), medicines that suppress the immune system like steroids or chemotherapy, herbal remedies, or supplements can cause symptoms or make them worse.
  • Recent health events, such as surgery or injury. These kinds of events can cause symptoms afterwards or make them more serious.
  • Your health habits and lifestyle, such as eating and exercise habits, smoking, alcohol or drug use, sexual history, and travel.

Try Home Treatment

You have answered all the questions. Based on your answers, you may be able to take care of this problem at home.

  • Try home treatment to relieve the symptoms.
  • Call your doctor if symptoms get worse or you have any concerns (for example, if symptoms are not getting better as you would expect). You may need care sooner.

Pain in adults and older children

  • Severe pain (8 to 10): The pain is so bad that you can’t stand it for more than a few hours, can’t sleep, and can’t do anything else except focus on the pain.
  • Moderate pain (5 to 7): The pain is bad enough to disrupt your normal activities and your sleep, but you can tolerate it for hours or days. Moderate can also mean pain that comes and goes even if it’s severe when it’s there.
  • Mild pain (1 to 4): You notice the pain, but it is not bad enough to disrupt your sleep or activities.

Symptoms of infection may include:

  • Increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness in or around the area.
  • Red streaks leading from the area.
  • Pus draining from the area.
  • A fever.

Certain health conditions and medicines weaken the immune system’s ability to fight off infection and illness. Some examples in adults are:

  • Diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and HIV/AIDS.
  • Long-term alcohol and drug problems.
  • Steroid medicines, which may be used to treat a variety of conditions.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer.
  • Other medicines used to treat autoimmune disease.
  • Medicines taken after organ transplant.
  • Not having a spleen.

Seek Care Today

Based on your answers, you may need care soon. The problem probably will not get better without medical care.

  • Call your doctor today to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care today.
  • If it is evening, watch the symptoms and seek care in the morning.
  • If the symptoms get worse, seek care sooner.

Seek Care Now

Based on your answers, you may need care right away. The problem is likely to get worse without medical care.

  • Call your doctor now to discuss the symptoms and arrange for care.
  • If you cannot reach your doctor or you don’t have one, seek care in the next hour.
  • You do not need to call an ambulance unless:
    • You cannot travel safely either by driving yourself or by having someone else drive you.
    • You are in an area where heavy traffic or other problems may slow you down.

Make an Appointment

Based on your answers, the problem may not improve without medical care.

  • Make an appointment to see your doctor in the next 1 to 2 weeks.
  • If appropriate, try home treatment while you are waiting for the appointment.
  • If symptoms get worse or you have any concerns, call your doctor. You may need care sooner.

Home Treatment

Home treatment can help relieve pain, prevent infection, and promote healing. To relieve pain from an injury to the nail, try the following:

Medicine you can buy without a prescription

Try a nonprescription medicine to help treat your fever pain:

Talk to your child’s doctor before switching back and forth between doses of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. When you switch between two medicines, there is a chance your child will get too much medicine.

Safety tips

Be sure to follow these safety tips when you use a nonprescription medicine:

  • Carefully read and follow all directions on the medicine bottle and box.
  • Do not take more than the recommended dose.
  • Do not take a medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to it in the past.
  • If you have been told to avoid a medicine, call your doctor before you take it.
  • If you are or could be pregnant, do not take any medicine other than acetaminophen unless your doctor has told you to.
  • Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than age 20 unless your doctor tells you to.

Symptoms to watch for during home treatment

Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home treatment:

  • Signs of infection develop.
  • Symptoms become more severe or frequent despite home treatment.


To prevent common nail problems:

  • Apply hand cream frequently throughout the day. Be sure to massage the cream into the nail and cuticle.
  • Wear gloves when you are working in your garden or when the weather turns cold.
  • Wear cotton-lined rubber gloves or disposable plastic gloves to protect your hands from overexposure to water, detergents, and other chemicals.
  • Trim your fingernails weekly, after bathing, when they are softer.
    • Do not trim nails too short.
    • Use an emery board and sharp manicure scissors or clippers to trim your fingernails. Nails that are smooth and well-cared for are less likely to become damaged.
  • Trim toenails monthly, after bathing.
    • Cut them straight across and leave the nails a little longer at the corners so that the sharp ends don’t cut into your skin.
    • If you have a chronic disease, such as diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, or a disease that causes problems with your immune system, discuss with your doctor the best way to trim your toenails before trimming them yourself.
  • Be especially careful when trimming your baby’s nails.
  • Avoid trimming your cuticles. Even a minor cut alongside your nail can cause infection.
  • Do not bite or pick at your nails.

To prevent a fungal nail infection:

  • Keep your feet clean and dry. Dry feet are less likely to become infected. Apply powder to your feet when needed.
  • Wear clean, dry socks. Change your socks once a day or more frequently if they become wet.
  • Wear roomy shoes that allow air to circulate around your feet.
  • Wear shower sandals or shower shoes when you use public pools, spas, and showers.

To prevent problems with artificial nails:

  • Test for a reaction to the artificial nail by having just one nail applied. Wait several days to see whether redness, itching, pain, or rash around or under the nail or separation of the nail from the nail bed develops.
  • Do not apply an artificial nail if the nail or the skin around the nail looks irritated or infected.
  • If an artificial nail does separate from the nail bed, dip your fingertip into rubbing alcohol for 15 seconds before reattaching the artificial nail. This will clean the space between the nails.
  • Do not wear artificial nails for longer than 3 months at a time. Give your natural nails a month to rest before reapplying artificial nails.

Preparing For Your Appointment

To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.

You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being prepared to answer the following questions:

  • When did your nail problem begin?
  • Was there an injury?
  • Have you had a nail problem like this in the past? If so, how was it treated?
  • Did you try any home treatment? If so, what? Did it help?
  • Has anything improved your nail problem or made it worse?
  • Are you taking any medicines?
  • Do you have any health risks?


Current as of:
February 26, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine
Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine

Current as of: February 26, 2020

Healthwise Staff

Medical Review:William H. Blahd Jr. MD, FACEP – Emergency Medicine & Adam Husney MD – Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD – Family Medicine

4 Health Secrets That Could Be Hiding in Your Nails

  • Your fingernails can tell you a lot about your health.
  • Unusual colors or textures could signal low oxygen levels, poor nutrition, or even arsenic poisoning.
  • Deep ridges or white spots on your nails are completely harmless and normal.  

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For some people, painted nails are a form of creative self-expression. But that nail polish may be hiding important information about an individual’s health.

Nail have the primary purpose of protecting a person’s fingers and toes. The white tips of your nails are dead, which is why you’re able to trim the ends of your nails without pain. But the rest of the structure is still alive, so a cut to the cuticle can sting quite a bit.

Your nails are made of a plate-like structure of specialized cells that grows out of a deep groove in the skin’s dermis. The top of the nail is known as the nail plate, and the skin underneath is called the nail bed.

Sometimes, an abnormal appearance or growth of the nail can signify underlying health conditions. Here are a few warning signs to look out for next time your nails are bare.

Discoloration could indicate an infection or fungus

Yellow spots and thick nails may be proof of fungus.

Jan-Schneckenhaus/Getty Images

A mostly white appearance with darker rims — known as Terry’s nails — can be a sign of liver disease, kidney failure, or heart conditions, according to the Mayo Clinic. However, a few white spots should not raise concern. Sometimes an injury to the nail bed results in this common condition, which is also known as leukonychia.

Yellow nails most commonly occur due to fungal infection, but they may signal thyroid disease or psoriasis in rare cases. Of course, nails can also yellow from nail polish stains, so it could be a simple manicure issue. Retracted nail beds and thick, crumbly nail growth are more signs of a fungus. 

You fingernails might turn blue in reaction to cold temperatures, or it could be the result of cyanosis, a condition in which red blood cells lack oxygen.  If your blue nails are accompanied by dizziness or shortness of breath, a trip to the doctor to measure your blood oxygen levels may be in order.

Lastly, a greenish hue could indicate something known as green nail syndrome. People who have a loose nail bed and those who work in damp environments are particularly susceptible to under-nail growth of a bacteria called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fortunately, the telltale color makes this infection easy to diagnose, and it typically responds well to treatment with



Unusual textures and shapes may be a side effect of nutritional deficiency

Vertical nail ridges are fairly common.

whitemay/Getty Images

Nails can take on some pretty gnarly shapes — just look up some images of ram’s horn nails for proof.

This condition, also known as onychogryphosis, is marked by a thick, curling overgrowth of the nail that resembles a ram’s horn. The condition may result as a side effect of diseases such as psoriasis or hystrix, or it can develop over time in individuals who are unable to care for their nails. Typically, a podiatrist will use a laser to cut off the growth or remove the nail entirely.

More subtle textural changes could also indicate a problem. Although vertical nail ridges are a normal part of nail growth, horizontal ridges may be a cause for concern. These deep grooves, also known as Beau’s lines, can occur as a side effect of chemotherapy, or they may signal unmet nutritional needs or infection in the nail plate. You can consult a clinician or dermatologist to learn more about the underlying cause of these lines.

An abnormally round, bulbous nail shape can also signal health issues such as lung cancer, intestinal disorders, or endocrine disease, according to the medical journal Lung India. People who experience “digital clubbing” may want to see a physician to check for the presence of an underlying condition.

White or dark lines may be harmless — or a sign of poisoning

Little white spots, known as leukonychia, are probably benign.

Nadya So/Getty Images

Short white lines are likely harmless leukonychia spots, but longer or growing lines could indicate a problem.

Muehrcke’s lines, white lines that traverse the entire width of the nail bed, are associated with conditions such as kidney failure, sickle cell anemia, and a vitamin deficiency called pellagra.

A white line that grows out with the nail — known as Mees’ line — is most commonly associated with arsenic or thallium poisoning. They can also appear in patients who recently had chemotherapy or kidney failure.

Dark stripes, known as linear melanonychia, may also run down the nail lengthwise. These are normal for many people, especially people of color, but irregular pigmentation could also be a sign of infection or skin cancer.

Chronic split nails are more than just an annoyance

There’s a reason your nails keep cracking.

clavivs/Getty Images

The condition onycholysis, which Mayo Clinic describes as fingernails separating from the nail bed, can lead to potential injury, infection, or even drug reactions.

Similarly, brittle nails that tend to split are a potential area of worry. An iron deficiency may be causing the brittleness, or it’s also possible that you’re simply wetting and drying your nails too often. In this case, taking the time to care for your nails and wearing gloves while working in damp conditions can help protect them.

Hardin MD : Nail Problems : Picture Gallery

Hardin MD : Nail Problems : Picture Gallery


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The Wayback Machine – https://web.archive.org/web/20170207054132/http://hardinmd.lib.uiowa.edu:80/nailspictures2.html

Nail Problems : Picture Gallery

Sources of Pictures :
DermNet |
Univ Iowa
Other Non-Academic [More on Sources]
These pictures are hosted on Hardin MD (Links to pictures on other sites)

Nail Problems Pictures hosted by Hardin MD : Sources

  • CDC : US Centers for Disease Control / Public Health Image Library
  • University of Iowa Dept of Dermatology : Pictures & text
    from Tom Ray, a physician in the University of Iowa Department of Dermatology
  • DermNet.com (Dartmouth) : Sample pictures
    used by permission from the large dermatology site by Alan N. Binnick & Thomas
    P. Habif, Dartmouth Medical School, New Hampshire
  • Google Books : Psoriasis

Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa

Please send comments to [email protected]

The URL for this page is http://hardinmd.lib.uiowa.edu/nailspictures2.html

Last updated Thursday, Dec 02, 2010
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Psoriatic Arthritis Nail Changes: Symptoms and Treatments

If you have psoriatic arthritis (PsA), chances are good that it’s affected your nails. Not only is nail psoriasis an early sign of PsA, it’s the most common symptom of the disease. Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that occurs in some people with psoriasis, a condition that causes the overproduction of skin cells, which often results in dry red patches with thick silvery scales.

Up to nearly 90 percent of people with PsA have nail involvement. “Both fingernails and toenails can be affected, and it can affect one nail or all 20 nails,” says Mona Gohara, MD, associate clinical professor of dermatology at Yale School of Medicine. But considering how distorted nails can become when you have psoriatic arthritis, even one affected nail can be one too many.

Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis on Your Nails

1. Pitting of the nail

These depressions on the nail are the most common symptom of PsA, occurring in more than two-thirds of people with the disease, according to the Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance. They can be small and shallow or big and deep.

2. Onycholysis

This is the gradual (and, thankfully, painless) separation of a nail from the underlying nail bed. The pocket created can form a pathway for bacteria or fungi to infect the nail bed. About one-third of people with nail psoriasis develop a fungal infection.

3. Subungual (meaning underneath a finger or toenail) hyperkeratosis

The buildup of skin cells creates a flaky or chalky substance (doctors often refer to it as debris) that accumulates under the nail. It’s more of an issue in toenails because the constant pressure from wearing shoes can become uncomfortable.

4. Ridging

Inflammation of the matrix, the area at the base of the nail where the cells that produce new nail growth are produced, can cause these grooves and ridges that run lengthwise and are known as Beau’s lines. They usually occur on every fingernail or toenail.

5. Thickening

Skin and nails are made of the same protein, so the rapid, excess growth of skin cells can also cause nails to grow too quickly and/or too thickly.

6. Crumbling

Long-term inflammation of the nail matrix can lead to a crumbly appearance.

7. Color changes

White, yellow, or brown discoloration and/or reddish marks (aka splinter hemorrhages, which are caused by tiny burst blood vessels under the nails) are common among people with psoriatic arthritis.

The good news is that there are many treatments for nail psoriasis: The two mainstays are topical steroids and the vitamin D-based treatment calcipotriene. Treatments like biologics and retinoids — which work throughout the body — can also treat both your skin and nails.

The bad news is that treating nail psoriasis can be tough as, well, nails. The condition can be stubborn, so you may need to use more than one treatment. Nails also grow slowly, so even if a treatment works, it can take a while — up to a full year for fingernails, and two years for toenails, to grow out — before you’ll see the full benefit. That can be a long time to wait when your nails look distorted.

But besides being patient, there’s a lot you can do to help protect nails from damage and improve their appearance.

How to Care for Your Nails with Psoriatic Arthritis

1. Keep nails short

Damage or injury to the nails can cause or worsen nail psoriasis. Any sort of physical trauma can lead to what’s called the Koebner phenomenon. This is when you get a flare where the skin or nail has been injured. Keeping nails short can minimize trauma from everyday tasks. It can also help prevent nails from lifting off of fingers and toes and discourage buildup under the nails.

2. Wear gloves when working with your hands

This includes housework, yard work, and home repairs. Any time you irritate your skin or nails, psoriasis can flare. When doing wet work like washing dishes, it’s best to wear a cotton glove and then place a vinyl or nitrile (synthetic rubber) glove over it. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, latex gloves don’t give your nails enough protection.​ Keeping nails dry can also make infections less likely.

3. Go au naturel

“‘Fancy nails’ like acrylic, gel, or artificial nails, are traumatic for nails,” says Dr. Gohara. “They grind down your nails to apply them and use harsh chemicals to remove them, both of which can damage your nail.” Don’t create more damage than you need to.

4. Disguise nail damage safely

Nail polish and/or a nail hardener can be used to conceal pitting and other signs of psoriasis and help to protect nails, just check with your doctor first to be sure they’re appropriate for your nails.

5. Leave cuticles alone

Cutting or pushing back cuticles can injure your skin or lead to an infection. Ditto biting or picking at your nails.

6. Resist cleaning under nails

Removing the buildup can loosen nails and increase your risk of getting an infection. With treatment, the buildup should gradually clear. In the meantime, soaking the affected nails in soapy warm water may be sufficient to remove the debris.

Onychomycosis (Nail Infection) « Conditions « Ada

What is onychomycosis (fungal nail infection)?

Onychomycosis (also known as tinea unguium) is a fungal nail infection which can affect the toenails and/or fingernails and which occurs in about 10 percent of adults in the United States.Onychomycosis more commonly affects toenails rather than fingernails.

There are several different types of fungal nail infection, depending on the kind of fungus causing the infection. Onychomycosis or infected nails are most often caused by a type of parasitic fungi called dermatophyte fungi.

Most types of onychomycosis have the same signs of infection: the infected nail usually becomes thick and discoloured. This process generally starts at the tip of the nail and progresses downwards towards the root.

As the infection progresses, the affected nail can become itchy and/or slightly painful. Infected nails may become crumbly, and it is not uncommon for part or all of the infected nail to break off. Treatment usually involves keeping the nail clean and taking a course of topical antifungal (antimycotic) medication.

Symptoms of fungal nail infection

The first signs of a fungal nail infection are usually perceptible changes to the appearance of the infected nail(s). It is uncommon for an infected nail to cause severe pain or permanent disfigurement, but this does occur in some cases. If left untreated, fungal nail infections can cause difficulties with walking, exercising or manual tasks such as typing. The main symptoms of onychomycosis include the nail becoming:

  • Brittle
  • Broken
  • Discolored
  • Thickened
  • Flaky
  • Lifted away from the nail bed
  • Mildly painful
  • Separated from the nail bed

These symptoms could also indicate that an individual is suffering from nail psoriasis, a chronic autoimmune skin disease which can affect the skin under the nail. Nail psoriasis is more common in the fingernails than the toenails and can co-occur with fungal infections of the nail. If you think you may be experiencing the first signs of nail psoriasis or a fungal nail infection, get a free symptom assessment by downloading the Ada app.

Good to know: In people with diabetes, fungal toenail infections can increase the likelihood of developing ulceration and other complications, so medical attention should always be sought if a fungal nail infection is suspected.

Types of onychomycosis

Onychomycosis or tinea unguium is usually caused by a buildup of dermatophyte fungi. These are parasitic fungi infecting the skin and nails, which need to reside in human or animal bodies in order to survive. Fungal infections of the nail are caused when dermatophytes burrow under the nails to breed.

Specific types of dermatophytes which commonly cause fungal nail infections include the trichophyton rubrum, the most common type of fungus to infect the nails, and trichophyton interdigitale fungi. Other fungi which can cause fungal nail infections include yeasts, such as the candida albicans and molds, such as scopulariopsis brevicaulis.

What is proximal subungual onychomycosis?

Proximal subungual onychomycosis is the rarest form of fungal nail infection.

Infection usually involves the trichophyton rubrum fungus. Unlike in other kinds of fungal nail infection, infection occurs, initially, at the proximal nail fold (the base of the nail), spreading up the newly developed nail plate.

The proximal subungual form of fungal nail infection usually occurs in people whose immune system is compromised. Proximal subungual onychomycosis is a clinical marker for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).


Wearing tight-fitting socks and shoes, which cause repetitive trauma to the toenails, is a primary cause of fungal nail infections. Onychomycosis is therefore common in people who play a lot of sport, as well as the elderly and anyone with a compromised immune system.

Moist, damp environments serve as breeding grounds for dermatophytes. Healthy people typically catch nail infections from visiting places such as:

  • Communal showers
  • Nail salons and/or foot spas with poorly-cleaned instruments
  • Public swimming pools, jacuzzis and saunas


If somebody is suffering from a suspected fungal nail infection, it is advisable to visit the doctor so that they can advise on a treatment plan for the infected nail(s). Fungal nail infections are diagnosed based on the visible symptoms.

Samples of nail clippings are usually sent away for a histopathology examination, the analysis of diseased tissue, in order to identify the presence of dermatophytes and decide on appropriate medication. There is a 30 percent possibility of false negatives when testing for dermatophyte cultures, so it is possible that the test may need to be repeated.


Fungal nail infections do not go away on their own, so a course of treatment is always required. This usually involves a combined approach of keeping the affected nails clean to reduce irritation and inflammation, at the same time as following a course of antifungal medication. Onychomycosis is highly infectious, so it is important to begin treatment as soon as possible to minimise the risk of passing the infection to others.

Prevention and management

There are various precautions that one can take in order to reduce the risk of spreading fungal nail infections to others and to increase the chances of a quick recovery. To look after one’s nails and prevent the spread of infection, it is recommended that one:

  • Change one’s socks and shoes regularly
  • Dries one’s hands and feet as soon as possible after exposure to water
  • Files one’s nails to keep the edges smooth
  • Moisturise one’s hands, nails and cuticles daily and after contact with liquids
  • Select shoes and socks made of natural materials, such as cotton
  • Treat skin infections like athlete’s foot promptly to avoid the infection reaching the nails
  • Trim one’s nails regularly
  • Use separate scissors or clippers to tend to infected nails
  • Wear clean, comfortable shoes
  • Wear gloves for housework and other manual tasks


In addition to keeping the site of the infection clean, someone affected by a fungal nail infection may be prescribed topical antimycotics, i.e.antifungal products to apply to the affected area. Topical medications are currently the first-line treatment for fungal nail infections.

Topical medications used to treat fungal nail infections

These include:

  • Amorolfine nail lacquer
  • Tioconazole nail solution
  • Ciclopirox

Always use topical antifungal products according to a doctor’s advice and/or follow the guidelines on the packet.

In some cases, all or part of the infected nail may be removed, in order to give the topical medications the best chance to work. This treatment is usually recommended for severe or persistent nail infections. It can be carried out during a regular appointment at the doctor’s office. If the nail is removed surgically, a local anaesthetic will be applied to the affected area before the infected part of the nail is removed.

An advantage of surgical removal is that it can be carried out in one appointment, and the course of topical antimycotic medication can then be started. Alternatively, a dressing containing urea can be applied to the affected nail. This must be kept dry for 10 days, during which time the urea will soften the nail, so that it can be removed painlessly by the doctor during a follow-up appointment.

After the nail is removed, topical medications can then be applied. The infection is considered to have cleared up when the new, healthy nail starts to show visible regrowth in the nail bed.

Onychomycosis FAQs

Q: Are there oral medications for fungal nail infections?
A: Oral medications will only be prescribed to treat onychomycosis in cases where topical treatments and self-care alone have been prescribed and have not proven effective in curing the infection. Oral medications for fungal nail infections can cause side effects, which include itching, headaches, diarrhea and a decreased sense of taste.

The most common oral antimycotics for onychomycosis are itraconazole and terbinafine, which work by gradually killing the fungi that caused the infection. The doctor will assess a person’s medical history before prescribing these medications, as they may not be suitable for everyone. People who have had liver problems should avoid terbinafine. Itraconazole has been linked to compromised heart function and may react with other medications, including pimozide, quinidine, dofetilide and levacetylmethadol (levomethadyl).

Q: Is it always possible to cure onychomycosis?
A: Onychomycosis can take a long time to treat, and some fungal nail infections can be resistant to antifungal medications. Treating a fungal nail infection can depend on identifying the appropriate medication that is effective against a particular subtype of infection.

Q: Can nail polish cause onychomycosis?
A: Nail polish is a sealant, so it can cause a buildup of moisture behind the nail, potentially creating an environment in which dermatophytes and other microorganisms can thrive. Avoiding nail polish is recommended while undergoing treatment for onychomycosis, as it could reduce the effectiveness of the antifungal medication. Furthermore, the applicator brush could be a vehicle for spreading infectious microorganisms.

Q: What are the main methods for removing a fungal nail?
A: Fungal nails can be removed surgically, using a tool to loosen the skin around the nail and remove the nail after a local anaesthetic is applied to the affected area to prevent pain. If the whole nail is removed, this is called avulsion. If part of the nail is removed, this is called debridement.

Alternatively, the nail can be removed chemically (non-surgically) by placing a dressing containing urea on the nail. This must be kept dry for 10 days after which the nail is softened to the point where it can be removed painlessly by the doctor.

Good to know: It is also possible to treat a fungal nail infection by removing the infected nail using a laser. However, laser treatment for onychomycosis is not usually considered, other than in cases where antifungal medication has been ineffective.

Q: Are fungal nail infections contagious?
A: Fungal nail infections can be passed from one infected nail to another due to direct or indirect contact. For example, toes which are next to one another on the foot may rub together, causing the fungi to spread to skin and infect other nearby nails. A person may also spread their fungal nail infection from one infected nail to other nails by touching it with their hands before touching other areas of the feet or hands and/or through the use of implements which touch multiple fingers or toes, such as nail files or nail polish brushes. People risk catching tinea unguium from one another when they share implements such as these, use public foot-baths or foot-spas, or share shoes or socks.

Q: What are the best home remedies to treat a fungal nail infection?
A: No home remedies for fungal nail infections are currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, many people report success in reducing the severity of their fungal infection, or curing it altogether by using herbal remedies with antifungal properties, including:

Applying products containing tea tree oil to the affected nail plate(s) and surrounding skin
Taking herbal supplements and vitamins, as vitamin deficiencies, in particular being deficient in the B vitamin biotin, can lead to fungal nail infections. If you think you may be affected by a vitamin deficiency, assess your symptoms for free by downloading the Ada app
Topical creams and rubs containing ingredients such as menthol, eucalyptus oil, camphor and thymol have been found to treat or cure onychomycosis, in particular, ointments which are traditionally used for decongestion. However, their use in the treatment of fungal nail infections is a recent trend and is not universally medically accepted or FDA-approved.

Q: What is the difference between onychomycosis and onycholysis?
A: Although onychomycosis and onycholysis sound similar and are both conditions that affect the nails, these two terms have slightly different meanings:

The definition of onycholysis is the separation of the nail from the skin, which can happen due to a variety of causes, including a single injury or a repetitive trauma, allergic reactions to chemicals such as household cleaning products or nail polish, or as a result of having a fungal nail infection.The definition of onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection. This may or may not eventually result in onycholysis if the infected nail becomes sufficiently damaged that it crumbles and breaks away from the skin.

Q: Do fungal nail infections cause pus?
A: The appearance of pus near the nails is more commonly associated with bacterial infections rather than fungal ones. Pus around the nails may indicate that a person is affected by a condition called paronychia, an infection of the skin beside the nail, most often developing in the nail fold. A bacterium called Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause.

What do healthy nails look like?

Medical reviewer:Healthily’s medical team

Last reviewed: 03/03/2020

Medically reviewed

All of Healthily’s articles undergo medical safety checks to verify that the information is medically safe. View more details in our safety page, or read our editorial policy.

Your nails say a lot about your general health, and even small changes in their appearance can reveal more than you think.

Most nail changes aren’t caused by anything serious, but some can suggest that you have low levels of certain vitamins or minerals, or an underlying condition that needs medical attention.

Heart, lung and thyroid disease are just some of the more serious conditions your nails can provide clues about.

But to spot these clues, you’ll need to know what healthy nails look like and the changes that suggest that something may be wrong.

Signs you have healthy nails

Healthy nails are even in colour, free of any pits or grooves, and feel smooth to the touch.

But if they become dry, brittle or change colour, something may be wrong with your nails or your overall health.

When nail changes are nothing to worry about

Some nail changes can be harmless. For example, there’s usually no need to worry about:

  • white spots or streaks – these can often be caused by injury
  • darker lines running down the nail
  • brittle nails – this can be due to ageing or long-term exposure to water, nail polish or chemical cleaning products

Nails can look and feel different depending on the time of year (they may be more dry during the colder months) and how old you are. But if you notice a sudden change in a nail or the skin around your nail becomes red or swollen, get it checked by a doctor.

It’s also normal for your nails to change during the course of your life. For example, nails may:

  • become softer, harder or more brittle during pregnancy
  • break more easily as you get older
  • change colour or even fall off after injury (such as catching your nail in a door)

If you do lose a nail after an injury, it can take up to 6 months for a fingernail to grow back and 18 months for a toenail to do the same. If an injured nail hasn’t grown back after this time, see a doctor.

When to see a doctor about your nails

Nail health is linked to how well your body is functioning and changes in your body can sometimes be seen in them.

So, what type of changes should you look out for?

Keep an eye out for any of the following:

  • white or spoon-shaped nails – this can be a sign of iron-deficiency anaemia. Check to see if the inside of your lower eyelids are also pale as this may mean that your body is making fewer red blood cells because your iron levels are low
  • thickened or discoloured (white, black, yellow or green) nails – this may be caused by a fungal nail infection
  • pitting – small dents on the surface of the nails can indicate:
    • psoriasis (a skin condition that causes red, crusty areas to form on the skin)
    • a type of eczema called pompholyx (a condition that causes small blisters on the skin)

See a doctor if you notice a change in the texture, colour, thickness or shape of any of your nails and you’re not sure why.

Also see a doctor if any of your nails fall off unexpectedly. It’s natural for a toenail to change colour and drop off if you’ve injured it, but a healthy nail shouldn’t fall off for no reason. If it does, this may be a sign of a health condition.

Find out more about why nails fall off.

Keeping your nails healthy

Following a basic nail care routine should help to prevent nail damage and other problems. If you need more guidance on what could be wrong with your nails, take a look at this article on nail abnormalities.

Nail Disease – Mohave DermatologyMohave Dermatology

Nail diseases are typically categorized as fungal infections. In scientific terms, they are referred to as tinea unguium or onychomycosis. Both fingernails and toenails can become affected by nail conditions. In the United States, about one in 10 people are affected by some nail disease. Older individuals are at higher risk of developing these problems.

At Mohave Dermatology, we offer top-notch nail disease treatments. Our expert team is here to help you understand what causes these infections, what your treatment options are, and how best you can manage them.

What is Nail Disease?

Your nails protect the tissues of your fingers & toes. They’re made up of layers of keratin, (hardened protein) that is also present in our skin and hair. The overall health of your nails can also be an indication of your physical health. Healthy nails are generally consistent in color and have smooth surfaces. Nail diseases can alter the condition and appearance of your nails.

Nail diseases are deformities of the fingernails and toenails. In most cases, these are fungal infections, and the symptoms can vary significantly. However, the common symptoms of nail disease include:

  • Nail soreness or pain
  • A distorted appearance
  • Yellowish streaks
  • Bleeding around nails
  • Thickened nails
  • Pitted nails
  • Nail darkening
  • Brittleness
  • Foul smelling nails
  • Separation of nails from the nail bed

The Causes of Nail Infections

Nail disorders are caused by several different fungi, as the pathogens infiltrate the skin through minute openings between the nail bed and the nail itself. If the surrounding spots are unventilated, moist and warm, it doesn’t take long for the fungi to propagate. Some of the other factors that can give rise to nail infections include:

  • Profuse sweating
  • Walking barefoot in outdoor/public areas
  • Family history
  • Poor health
  • Poor circulation
  • Conditions like diabetes

Nail Disease Treatment at Mohave Dermatology

If you suspect that you have some form of nail infection, call us and schedule an appointment without delay. Our professional dermatologists have treated thousands of patients with nail disease and can offer sound advice and the best treatments. We will perform a nail scrape and test it to determine what the cause of the infection is. Based on the results and our diagnosis, we will provide suitable treatment.

Our dermatologists are highly skilled and experienced and can easily differentiate between various nail disorders and conditions that show similar symptoms (such as yellow nail syndrome). There are numerous treatment options for nail disorders, such as:

  • Over-the-counter medications
  • Oral anti-fungal medications
  • Topical over-the-counter anti-fungal medications

At our office, we offer specialized laser nail treatment as well. This treats the disorder or infection wholly and almost painlessly. If the infection is severe, complete removal of the affected nail may be necessary. We understand that nail disease can cause pain and unpleasant symptoms, which is why our team is here to address all your concerns and offer the best treatment options.

Since every person’s body reacts to infections differently, we adopt a tailored approach and make sure that you have a say in the treatment you receive.  We use our in-depth knowledge, training, experience, and the latest technology in the diagnosis. This means you are always assured of the most accurate assessment and the best-suited treatment for your condition.

Contact the Best Dermatologists

What makes us different is that we offer personalized attention to each patient and every member of our staff is friendly, professional, and supportive, and you get the most efficient services at all times. Healthy skin is something we are passionate about. If you notice any symptoms of nail infection that you believe requires attention, we are here to help you manage it in a way that works best for you.

Our team of experts is here to provide all the information you need about our services. You can also schedule an appointment with us, via this online form.

90,000 cuticle, tip, nail plate and well.

Nails are a part of our body that protects the delicate tips of our fingers and is an important part of the appearance of any person. Let’s consider in more detail the structure of the nail, its constituent parts.

Interesting Facts:

1) Faster nail growth:

  1. girls than boys
  2. in summer than in autumn, spring or winter
  3. if you are right-handed, then on the right hand, otherwise vice versa

2) The nail plate is completely renewed in 5 months.

3) The thickness of the nail in a normal healthy state is 0.3 mm.

What is a nail matrix and substrate?

The structure of the nail is a seal of keratin horny tissue, sufficiently flexible and durable. Epidermal cells are formed at the root together with various mineral salts – sulfur, selenium, calcium and potassium – to form a healthy new nail.

The matrix of the nail – the part that is responsible for the production of new tissues of the nail plate is located at its base.It is from the matrix that growth begins. The following process takes place: new cells of the nail develop, which, with their pressure, push forward the old ones, which forms the nail plate. It is on these new cells that the future state of the new nail depends. The matrix is ​​nourished by many blood vessels, which with blood flow enrich it with all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the health of the nail. The matrix itself is very sensitive, therefore, as a result of any mechanical damage to it, normal growth may be disrupted.

Nail substrate is an extension of the matrix that supports the plate and largely determines the color and overall health of the nail. This plate is connected to the substrate by small connecting cells. At the tip of the nail, the plate is, as it were, detached from the substrate, which makes it possible to form a free edge of various lengths.

Nail hole and plate!

Nail lune – a part that looks like a crescent moon and differs slightly in color from the nail plate itself in its pallor.The lune is especially well expressed on the base of the thumb, and on the little finger, on the contrary, it is almost invisible.

The nail plate is the visible part that is located between the well and the free edge of the nail and is a dead keratin layer. It consists of compressed cells that were previously produced in the nail matrix and is not sensitive to external stimuli, since it does not contain blood vessels or even nerve endings. It is usually pale in color, but can vary from white to bluish depending on the ambient temperature and other external factors.The plate consists of three layers, separated by a small amount of fat and water:

  1. outer, hardest;
  2. inner, which is supported by the backing, is the softest;
  3. and medium.

Free edge and cuticle of the nail.

The tip or free edge of the nail is the part of the nail plate that protrudes above the base of the finger. But how far and in what form is a matter of taste. This is the most vulnerable part of the nail and breaks easily.

The cuticle is the rim of the skin that surrounds the nail plate, which serves as a protective function for the hardened part. The cuticle is constantly renewed and requires maintenance. It hermetically seals the nail liner and matrix from air and water. The new cuticle is quite soft and can grow into the nail plate, which can easily lead to the fact that it becomes ugly, but most importantly, it can cause cuticle breaks and form barbs and even interfere with normal nail growth.

Nail health is largely determined by proper nutrition and good care. With a vegetative diet, the nails may weaken due to a lack of animal fats and proteins. Not in the best way affects the health of nails and unbalanced diets aimed at losing weight. The recovery period after this can be quite long. Therefore, only timely intervention at the first signs of a change in the condition of the nails will help keep them healthy and beautiful.

Well, have you figured it out? Now you can relax and read thematic laughing :

False nails are not visible on someone else’s hands.

Gorgeous nails design photo: Page not found

The most beautiful manicure 2020 – 2021, 150 trendy photos of new products

Gorgeous manicure photo the most gorgeous

The word “manicure” comes from the Latin phrase “taking care of hands”. The most luxurious manicure is emphasized not only by the beautiful decor on the nails, but also by the well-groomed hands! So we present to your attention a fresh design of nails photo novelties beautiful, delicate and delightful!

Beautiful Nail Design: Hand Care

Applying hand cream is best done as a daily habit.The best time to use it is in the evening, before bedtime. However, in very frosty or, conversely, hot weather, it is recommended to additionally use it during the day, but only after being outdoors!

Find the cream that’s right for you. Best of all is the one that nourishes and moisturizes. They differ in the degree of impact. If there are no pronounced problems on the skin, then not a greasy one in consistency is suitable, but an ordinary caregiver with an average number of active ingredients.

With age, anti-aging and lifting creams are usually used. They give the skin of the hands elasticity and smooth out fine wrinkles. Products for lightening age spots are also useful.

How to take care of your hands, restore nails, simple ways and means from what is always at hand!

At least once a week, it is useful to carry out more intensive procedures. Scrub. An excellent skin cleanser. It will remove the upper keratinized cells, renew the skin, and improve blood circulation.Your hands will look healthy and beautiful.

How to take care of your nails at home

Nourishing masks. The active ingredients penetrate into the deep layers of the skin, fill it with useful substances. For the better, not only the appearance will change, but also the condition of the hands.

Restoration of nails after extension!

Correcting the shape of the nails and trimming the cuticle is also sufficient once a week. Even if you are used to visiting the manicure room regularly, you will still have to follow the cuticles yourself to maintain a beautiful manicure.It is quite enough to gently lift and push it back.

Cutting the cuticle with tweezers or scissors has long been contested by experts because of its unhygienic nature. This method is almost a thing of the past.

Unedged manicure at home.

Filing nails is almost the key to healthy manicure. This must be done correctly – with a movement from the sides to the middle. It is undesirable to make back and forth movements.

It is important to choose the right file.It should be soft. Paper or glass with fine dusting is perfect. Metal nail files act aggressively on the nail plate, can cause delamination and even burrs along the edges of the finger.

How to file nails correctly

External beauty reflects a good internal state. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition have a beneficial effect, including on the condition of the hands and nails. Give up bad habits, diversify the diet with cereals, foods rich in omega 3, calcium and zinc.Walks in the fresh air are also useful.

Following these simple tips, keeping your hands well-groomed is easy. Then they will always look beautiful, as if you just left the master.

How to choose the shape of the nails of a beautiful manicure

The most beautiful nail design photos new items 2019-2020 dictate the shape! This year, the almond shape and soft square remain fashionable. However, it is worth focusing not only on stylish trends, but also on the structure of the hand. For example, square nails look perfect on thin and long fingers, oval nails on short and full ones.

Color for a beautiful design of manicure

When the hands look well-groomed and neat, the manicure is done and the shape of the nails is chosen, it’s time to decide on the color.

Masters distinguish a number of so-called “duty” colors. They suit absolutely everyone, look stylish and effective on nails of any shape and length. So if there is no time or desire to spend a long time choosing a beautiful nail design, then you should take this basic list into service:

  • Light pink, almost transparent
  • Natural beige
  • Powdery
  • Burgundy
  • Dark blue
  • Red

These shades suit everyone, look great on nails of any shape and length, and are appropriate both on holidays and on weekdays.Against their background, the skin of the hands looks lighter, more graceful and noble.

At most of the latest fashion shows, a beautiful 2019-2020 manicure is represented precisely by a monochromatic coating of bed colors or richly bright, but not flashy and not pretentious.

Beautiful manicure photo 2020

Beautiful French manicure

French manicure is considered a classic of the genre. He is neat, handsome and truly considered the epitome of femininity. It is easiest to create beautiful 2020 nail designs with it.The traditional combination of white and transparent base color adds lightness and charm to the image. Such a manicure is suitable for young flirtatious women of fashion and respectable older ladies.

We propose to analyze an important question: how to choose the main (base) color of varnish for French manicure. Stylists offer the following solution scheme:

The combination of French manicure with additional decor and mixing techniques is still relevant. To create a delicate and light image, choose a small and neat piece of jewelry.For example, a pair of rhinestones or beads, a small drawing, an unobtrusive pattern, spraying with sequins, colored sand or powder.

It is worth noting that a jacket makes any nails visually longer. Therefore, the opinion that it should be done exclusively for a great length is erroneous. Do you want to look irresistible, stylish and attractive? Opt for a feminine French manicure.

What to draw on your nails?

If a monochromatic coating is boring and you want to create a truly beautiful manicure with an unusual decoration, then the drawing will have to be in place.The most popular solution is to apply the image to one or two nails. Then the manicure turns out to be beautiful and neat. We have prepared a list of manicure drawings for you. Check it out if the right idea never comes up.

  • Geometric patterns, straight and broken lines, ovals, triangles, rhombuses.
  • Flowers, plants, leaves, twigs.
  • Abstraction, rock paintings.
  • Eyes, eyelashes, lips, kiss mark.
  • Patterns, lace.
  • Butterflies, birds.
  • Animal paw prints.
  • Characters of cartoons and fairy tales, anime.
  • Clouds, raindrops.
Life Hacks:
  • Attach the polish on the tip. This simple life hack is great for keeping your nails going for a long time! When applying a coating to your nails, stretch it not only to the very edge, but also, as it were, tuck under it.

  • Use cuticle oil. It perfectly cares, nourishes and moisturizes. Thanks to its regular action, the condition of the fingers will noticeably improve, the growth of the cuticle will slow down.

  • Use basecoat. Its application will promote better adhesion of the coating to the nail. Thanks to this, the manicure will look beautiful longer than usual!

  • Form matters. To increase the longevity of your manicure, choose an oval nail shape. It is natural and the most durable. The oval is less prone to chips and bends. Nails of this particular shape remain in good condition longer than others.

See the most fashionable and beautiful design for the whole year HERE !!!

2021 77 photos beautiful nail designs

A general thematic photo selection of nail designs created at the beginning of summer.The most popular are marine or fruit-themed manicurists.

Marble nails with perfect highlights on a black and white finish.

Today we are rooting for ours. Manicure for a cheerleader in the colors of the Russian tricolor on short nails.

An interesting idea for a manicure matt black combined with an unusual gloss.

Marine design of nails, jacket in a vest.

Football manicure, do not forget that the World Cup is taking place now, ole-ole-ole

A beautiful 3D manicure of a marine theme for those who are not yet ready for vacation.

Watercolor art painting. Drawings of raspberries and watermelons on red and white nails. Great summer theme.

The Abyss ibd Just Gel Polish dark blue shimmery handsome, in two layers, very obedient, does not flow anywhere, does not run away from the ends.

Beautiful marine manicure. Inlaid with rhinestones.

Feminine and stylish. Golden ribbons accentuate the gracefulness of pink pastels.

Delicious red and white manicure strawberry in milk.

Lunar oblique manicure with rhinestones.

Nice manicure with a picture of a hippo flying on a valentine balloon.

Unusual manicure with a picture of Ilyich’s light bulb.

Nail design with an unusual convex-triangular texture. Plus a cat’s eye on the neighboring fingers.

Trendy malachite turquoise marbled manicure on long almond-shaped nails.

And let the summer be juicy. Design with raspberry and pomegranate pattern on nails.

I don’t know of course how glamorous it is, but there’s an unusual design with a fly on short pink nails.

Summer fruit mix. Watermelon, lemon, strawberry …

100 BEST ideas and trends in the photo

The world of nail art does not stand still and every year new trends appear that find a response in the hearts of real women of fashion. Of course, not every one of the options presented can be called really beautiful. Some of them look quite extravagant and are suitable exclusively for events or shows. But nevertheless, in 2018, no one forbids experimenting, leaving your comfort zone and trying something new for yourself.And about what design options are considered the most beautiful, we suggest talking right now.

Nail design: trends and fashion news 2018

First of all, we note that in 2018, marigolds of a natural, natural shape with a light coating are still relevant. But this does not mean at all that extravagant or rather bold decisions will be banned. The main thing is to study all the new items and trends so that the design is fashionable in a particular season.

Monochrome coating

Of course, many might say that this solution is too simple and boring.It’s hard to argue with this, but nevertheless, this is the option that girls most often choose. The fact is that it is simple, concise, discreet and ideal for working in an office with a not too strict dress code. Moreover, it is not at all necessary to choose a beige tone, because there are many very different shades. In 2018, we recommend taking a closer look at pastel colors and contrasting colors.

If you wish, you can use additional decor in the form of rhinestones, sparkles, sequins or kamifubuki.They all look interesting in their own way.

“Broken glass”

Every fashionista knows about the existence of a decor called “broken glass”. This is not surprising, because it can be used to transform even a simple one-color coating. Moreover, you can use it at home. The main thing is to practice a little and then everything will definitely work out.

Most often, “broken glass” is used to cover one or two marigolds. Due to this, it has a mirror-like appearance. The decor in the form of particles of this foil of various sizes and shapes looks no less attractive.Thus, the marigold will flicker as soon as the sun’s rays fall on it.

Geometric Design

It’s hard to argue with the claim that geometric design is considered the biggest hit of 2018. This is true, because it is these drawings that are as versatile as possible and suitable for any occasion and season. It is chosen as a complement to light pastel finishes, as well as an accent for festive, intense designs. In addition, the geometry looks great on both short and long nails.

For those who have been choosing such a pattern for a long time, we recommend paying attention to the design called “negative space”. It looks very unusual, but at the same time attractive. This option will definitely appeal to fashionistas and those who follow trends in the world of manicure.

“Cat’s eye”

The design called “cat’s eye” is familiar to every fashionista. The thing is that it has not been relevant for the first year and still retains a leading position. Most often it is chosen for the autumn-winter season, since most of the varnishes presented have dark, rich, deep tones.Therefore, it is ideal for an evening out or celebration.

Choosing a gel polish, you will get a long-lasting manicure for several weeks. But if desired, it can be realized even at home using a special varnish with metal particles. To do this, you just need to apply it and bring the magnet very close. In just a few seconds, the drawing on the nails will appear.

French and moon manicure

Among the most beautiful nail designs, it is simply impossible not to mention the classic jacket and moon manicure.This is the most universal option for absolutely every girl, because there are a huge number of its types. For example, light, laconic designs are most often chosen as a wedding manicure. That is, it can be an emphasis on one or more marigolds.

As for manicure for office work, only the classics without decor and various patterns will be acceptable. If there are no strict rules, then you can add an accent in the form of a drawing or additional decor. This solution looks feminine and gentle.

For lovers of unusual combinations, we suggest making a bright, colorful performance of a classic design. In the spring-summer season, saturated tones of red, yellow, blue, purple and others will look great. In the fall-winter season, it is better to take a closer look at deep colors. For example, wine, dark blue, green. Such tones look luxurious even as basic ones for creating a jacket or moon manicure.

Gradient manicure

Manicure with an ombre effect also remains relevant.With its help, you can achieve a completely different visual effect on your nails. It all depends on the chosen shades and their quantity. Most often, craftsmen use two or three colors. However, it is not at all necessary to adhere to this rule.

According to experts in the nail industry, different tones of the same color or a combination of different shades look best. And it doesn’t matter at all whether the gradient is horizontal or vertical. Each option is interesting and attractive in its own way.In addition, they are perfect for those who want to visually lengthen the nail plate.

As for the decor, the ombre-effect manicure is rarely decorated, since it is quite active in itself. But nevertheless, if necessary, you can add something interesting. For example, a small amount of rhinestones, sequins or sequins.

The most beautiful nail designs in the photo

Today there are many stylish, original design options. It is simply impossible to single out the most beautiful of them.Therefore, we suggest looking at a selection of excellent manicure options.

The concept of the beautiful is very subjective. After all, it will be different for every girl. We can say for sure that in 2018 any experiments and even the most daring decisions are permissible. Therefore, choose interesting designs and do what you want.

The most beautiful nail design in 2020

The concept of the most beautiful manicure changes every year. For some girls, this is a restrained classic in the form of a French manicure.Others call a bright, catchy manicure with a decor in the form of rhinestones beautiful. In turn, for the third, a sophisticated minimalistic design will be more attractive. In 2020, all the facets of beauty are pretty blurry. Therefore, we have prepared fresh, stylish ideas, among which every girl can find something suitable.

The most beautiful nail design 2020

As mentioned above, the concept of the most beautiful design is rather vague and it will be different for each girl. That is why we propose to consider the most popular and at the same time attractive manicure options that remain relevant in 2020.

Marble manicure

Marble manicure has gained particular popularity this season. He is to the liking not only of those who like to experiment, but also of real shy women. The fact is that most often such a design is restrained, laconic and therefore perfect for both everyday life and work. By adding colored accents, you get a completely different, unusual pattern. In addition, due to the variety of application techniques, it can be done even at home.

Geometric manicure

For several years in a row, geometric manicure has remained a hit and the main trend of the year.This is not surprising, because it allows you to create not only stylish, minimalistic drawings, but also fairly voluminous images. In addition, there is a huge variety of options for combining lines and shapes, which allows for unique designs.

As for additional decor, it is rarely used. The fact is that geometric designs are often done in a minimalist style that does not imply decor. But still, it is worth considering each drawing separately.It is quite possible that in some cases it will be appropriate.

French and moon manicure

Some girls believe that the time of French and moon design is long gone and in general it looks trite. This is partly true, but in this case, what kind of pattern variation should be chosen plays an important role. After all, there are many fresh, original ideas that allow presenting a familiar solution as something new and rather unusual. For example, the combination of the two looks a little more interesting.

For those who want to achieve a fundamentally different vision of the jacket, we recommend changing it slightly. For example, shift the smile line or make it in a different color scheme. Also, if you wish, you can make a familiar design in a minimalist or geometric style. Agree, it looks really modern.

Ombre effect

An amazing combination of shades in one design always attracts attention. Most often, to create a gradient manicure, two or three colors are used in the same color scheme or contrasting ones.But there are other options with a much larger number of shades. Each of the options looks interesting in its own way.

If you wish, you can implement a more unusual idea. For example, make a gradient strip in the center of the marigold or a diagonal line. In fact, there are a lot of variations for creating a stylish design. The main thing is to start experimenting and trying something new.

Floral design

Floral designs are certainly among the most popular and attractive nail designs.It remains relevant regardless of the season, as it can be realized in any color scheme, as well as in any style. That is why brides often choose floral patterns for themselves.

But if desired, the floral pattern can be made a little more daring, bold, complementing with various rhinestones. The main thing is to choose the right color scheme so that everything goes well with each other.

“Broken glass”

The design with the effect of broken glass has remained relevant for many years.It is often chosen for festive occasions, as small pieces of foil create a rather strong sheen. It is also often combined with geometric patterns and a cat-eye finish. Each of the options is attractive in its own way and you should only choose based on your own desires.

“Cat’s Eye”

Unlike the previous versions, this design is most often chosen in the autumn-winter season. This is because the darker shades are much deeper, so the effect becomes more visible.By adding just a few rhinestones or sparkles, you can transform your manicure and make it a little more festive. Nevertheless, even a simple, monochromatic coating is a great option for everyday life.

The most beautiful design of short nails

If earlier it was believed that a beautiful design can only be done on long nails, now everything is a little different. Nail masters note that length is not at all important, the main thing is to choose the right shade and pattern. Then the nails will look really attractive and stylish.As for the additional decor, you can safely use it. But we are talking about a small amount. Otherwise, it may look ridiculous.

Stylish nail design ideas 2020

Fashion trends are constantly changing in the modern world. This applies not only to clothing, but also to the design of marigolds. Therefore, we have made a whole collection of original ideas. This will help you find the right solution and just be inspired if you prefer to do your manicure at home.

Among the variety of design options, it is difficult to choose the most beautiful one. Moreover, every girl puts her understanding of beauty into this. You should not chase all fashion trends, just follow your desires and choose the perfect design for yourself. Only in this case, the manicure will be a stylish addition to your look.

What are you guided by when choosing a pattern for nails?

beautiful nail designs, 154 new manicure photos

The 2021-2022 nail season demonstrates a unique combination of circumstances and trends, when the fashion dictate is not strong enough to rigidly define fashion trends, and nail design gains more creative freedom.Freed from a fairly rigid framework in the definitions of what is fashionable and what is not, the ideas of manicure 2021-2022 allowed creating impressive images. Photos – the novelties of the new season provide you with the opportunity to make a forecast: how expressive and promising the presented innovations of nail art are.

Manicure 2021-2022: fashion trends, main trends, photo ideas

Modern ideas that form fashion designer collections 2021-2022, proceed from the fact that nail design should ideally meet the following parameters: beauty and aesthetics , thoughtfulness and discreet serenity of charm.The tandem of practicality and feminine romance is becoming especially relevant. Taking into account these characteristic features that determine the fashionable manicure, new photos have been made, placed in this section:

• Attention to the aesthetics of women’s hands, in addition to the already mandatory thorough processing of the nail plate, is concentrated on the artistic design of the manicure. The manner of work of nail artists and their techniques for achieving the perfect manicure use the widest range of techniques, from monochrome to complex, pictorial images.

• New items that claim to be successful are made taking into account the principles of color. Photos of innovations in nail service are distinguished by calm, expressive colors, a combination of colors selected for the image. Deep blue, wine shades, muted pink-pearl combinations, classics of red, black, white and silver are at the peak of their popularity.

• Femininity and tenderness dominate in the stylist of nail images, which are embodied, among other things, with the help of jewelry that imitate jewelry lovely to a woman’s appearance, fascinate with shimmering sparkles and stunning beauty of iridescent colors.

• The nail design reinforced the fashion trend to decorate no more than one or two nails. Not only the nails of the ring finger can be accentuated. Increasingly, they decorate the nail plate of the thumb, little finger.

• The fashionable format is based on the natural shape and reasonable, no-frills and shocking length of the manicure. The current nail design prefers an oval, almond-shaped shape, is loyal to a square nail plate with smoothed corners, and accepts sharp extended nails, but provided that such a decision is justified and balanced.

Design of nails with a pattern: fashionable photo novelties 2021-2022

No matter how fashion trends change in the history of nail art, accompanied by revolutionary and violent changes, nail design with a pattern has always remained the embodiment of versatility and an unshakable platform for the nail aesthetics filled with femininity and captivating romance. Photos – new items, which have become illustrations for the section, represent the main directions, lines and attributes that distinguish the design of nails 2021-2022:

• New items 2021-2022 do not even try to change the leader of nail design, on the contrary, I focus on the topic that is maximum associated with women.Fashionable manicure is decorated with floral images (flowers, leaves, blades of grass), the finest lace, patterns, intricate monograms.

• The use of negative space for drawing a picture has become a nail trick. As an example, the section contains a photo of a blue manicure with a black and blue decor. On two nails, the transparent base of negative space is decorated with a thin pattern with black gel polish; the idea is successfully complemented by the elements inherent in the moon manicure and service jacket.

As an option, it is proposed to apply an abstract image of a bud and leaves on one nail with a base made using the negative space technique.The created effect of a gentle manicure is emphasized by the color of a dusty rose chosen for the look and decor with small rhinestones along the edge of the nail plate.

• Transparent drops on the surface of the manicure, which imitate dew, raindrops and splashes of water, have become an absolute nail trend. The idea has been successfully used in seasonal themes. Spring-summer looks with drops of dew, juice on fruit manicure or rainy scenes of autumn are in trend.

• Fashionistas who prefer extended nails and an original style, new items 2021-2022 offer to make a drawing with a glass on a black matte surface, to create a unique image of lines and geometric shapes.The style of geometry is perfectly combined with a black and white matte jacket, nude-silver moon manicure and floral theme.

Nail design with rhinestones, sparkles, stones: photo ideas 2021-2022

The rhinestones, sparkles, stones that have become classics of nail decor will help to make the nail design more expressive, refined or luxurious, to place accents and emphasize the nuances of the image. Fashionable manicure 2021-2022 also could not do without their mysterious brilliance, hypnotic attractiveness and enchantingness.The offered photos give an idea of ​​the novelties, which are based on the organic interweaving of shiny materials into trendy types of manicure:

• A black jacket with a nude base adorns two nails completely covered with sparkles.

Black rhinestones laid out around the pearl look organically on a black-and-white jacket.

Red jacket, designed in the form of a frame of the nail plate, has an original accent on the marigold of the ring finger in the form of a thread of rhinestones, which decrease in size as it approaches the outer edge.

• The history of the duet of sparkling decor elements and moon manicure is long-standing, but every new year pleases with novelty. Interesting and spectacular photos – new items with variations in the placement of glittering and shining decor means in the holes.

• The design of nails is relevant, in which rhinestones, sparkles, stones act as an element of the image, drawing. Butterfly wings, located on the nails, fascinate and attract attention. The variety of their colors is perfectly emphasized by the placers of multi-colored rhinestones.Rhinestones and sequins on flowers, branches, in abstract patterns allow you to create an endless variety of original and unique patterns.

• Rhinestones and stones are amazingly combined with ombre and gradient techniques, repeating the shades that are used in color transitions.

• A perfectly natural and harmonious combination of marble manicure and stones. Born by nature and combined into a single design solution, they look luxurious.

• The art of laying rhinestones on the surface of the nail gives fashionistas a nail design dominated by ideas that imitate jewelry: pieces of hot pink foil framed around the edges with rhinestones are very similar to a sparkling brooch; stones, rhinestones and pearls can convey the luxury of a precious necklace or pendant, a ring.

Beautiful manicure 2021-2022: the most chic design, photo

The section contains photos – new creative works of nail artists who have achieved a rare and surprisingly beautiful combination of luxury and elegance not lost in brilliance. Creative concepts made it possible to enrich the nail design 2021-2022 with diversified options that will decorate the female image at celebrations and holidays, create an atmosphere of grace, elegance and splendor.
In the nature of color solutions, methods of combining textures of gel varnishes and shellacs, fashion trends can be traced, orienting nail design to create the most luxurious models:

• Deep purple matte texture is harmonious and magnificent with a glossy decor of a marigold with abstract iridescence of purple shades.

• Fashionable chic nail design is performed with golden ribbons and glitter, yucca of unusually spectacular colors, powder, granulated sugar, transparent drops, kamifubuki.

• The highlight of the season is a fashionable manicure with interpretations of chameleon varnishes and the effect of glow and flickering of the decor.

• The highlight of the new photo collection is a bright red French manicure using a black and red ombre adjoining the smile line.

• The extended nails among the novelties of 2021-2022 allow you to reveal the versatility of the ideas of nail masters in images that can be safely attributed to artwork.The picturesque picture is achieved by the most accurate rendering of the image. No less relevant is the design of nails with a schematic manner of execution of drawings.

Ideas for nail design 2021-2022: the best photo novelties of manicure

The best ideas for nail design 2021-2022 selected for display in this section are rather experimental and innovative. Without disregarding fashion trends, the creators of these models have moved away from the traditional combinations and combinations of manicure types and techniques of its execution.The photos reflect the interest of the masters not only in working on extended nails, where the area for creativity is almost limitless, but also in images for short nails.

Unusual nail design with a non-trivial approach to design solutions made fashionable manicure even more impressive and attracting the attention of fashionistas and nail service specialists. Photos – new items show what colors the masters decided to combine in one image, with the help of what techniques the new items acquired a unique charm.

Beautiful manicure 2021 beautiful nails, design of the most beautiful nails with photos, fashionable novelties gel polish

Beautiful nail manicure 2021, fashion design, beautiful new items, best ideas

Beautiful manicure design, the most beautiful nails in 2021, fashion beautiful nails, new items for short and long spring-summer and autumn-winter gel polish, photos with beautiful shapes and the best samples, this is what this page is about, on which women of fashion can learn a lot of interesting things for themselves, and how to look.

Beauty is beauty for that, so that you can not only talk about it and enjoy it, but also follow beauty, obey it and adhere to it. We love everything beautiful and do everything to look beautiful, and we must have beautiful clothes with beautiful shoes, the same haircut and of course the most beautiful nails, the most manicure of nails.

The most beautiful nails, beauty manicure, 9000 9000 beautiful design +200 ideas for a beautiful manicure of nails

For those of fashionistas who love to dress beautifully and strive to look stylish, doing everything in order to be beautiful, attractive, sophisticated, feminine and elegant, we have prepared this page where they are will be able to learn about the beautiful designs of nails for the new season, look at them personally, evaluate and take note of those that they like the most in order to use these samples in practice in the future.

New items of beautiful nail manicure, new beauty 2021

We will learn about beautiful nails, what beautiful nails will be in fashion in 2021, what beautiful manicure will be the most fashionable, with a beautiful design of nails with gel and varnish, and we will also see photos with beautiful nails, as they say, the most, the most.

As we know and this is well known and is confirmed by numerous examples, the new is often in life practice something from the old or recent past, successfully updated or improved.So in the case of a beautiful design of nail manicure, about the same thing happens that we can see in the numerous photos and offered by us here.

We do not need to prove to ourselves once again what beauty is and what beautiful nails they are, but just take and see a photo of a beautiful nail design in 2021, those beautiful new items, like updated new ones that we have selected and offer to all fashionistas, from the most young girls, up to ladies of a more mature age, who also follow any beauty and follow it.

The most beautiful nails of hand manicure, designs of the most beautiful nails, new items with beautiful nails of 2021, new nails with beautiful designs of gel and varnish, as well as forms, this is what women of fashion have learned and will learn more about, get acquainted with those best samples that we managed to collect for them.

Design of beautiful nails 2021, fashionable manicure

Fashionable nail design, and if it is adopted by fashionistas, has become popular with them, no matter what shape, color or decor it is, it can be safely included among the most beautiful and take on board all the other ladies.

Beautiful ideas of manicure, with fashionable ideas of nails in 2021

As for the design of a beautiful manicure of nails, in our case there should be no problems with this issue, not only are there proposals from fashionable stylists, designers and art decorators. enough, so many women of fashion also upload their best practices, the best examples and beautiful samples to the World Wide Web.

New beautiful nails 2021, new samples of forms

For any new manicure nails and those that are destined to be in an honorable fashion trend, we of course treat with respect and due respect.It is only important for the developers of new designs that these new designs take root among fashionistas and be approved by those who wear them on their hands or feet. http://worldluxrealty.com

Fashionable nail color 2021, colored manicure, with flowers, floral

Those few new items that we have already seen are not only interesting for their performance, but also promise to please the ladies, of which we are sure experts in this matter, and how everything will turn out in practice, we will find out at the beginning of the new year, after the start of the next fashion season.

Nail art of nail manicure, beautiful nail-design

broths, pebbles and peas, various glitters can be rubbed into it, and so on.

French manicure of nails 2021, beautiful design with drawings, color

Even beginners can create a beautiful nail art design in its luxurious performance and with due level of responsibility, and all thanks to stamping and slider design techniques.The main thing in this matter for any woman of fashion is to show her diligence and perseverance, and also a certain amount of imagination, her invention. http://worldluxrealty.com

Beautiful nail design with foil, foil with decor

Beautiful nail manicure is universal and if executed skillfully, it can be worn even everyday, it will not attract too much attention, but where it is necessary, it will easily help to decorate the individual image of any age of the lady.

About fashion trends in nail manicure in 2021, find out here something nails.http://worldluxrealty.com

Decorative foil used in nail manicure can be either straight and smooth, or compressed and shiny, and this of course expands the possibilities of its application and design variations in the design of the lady’s marigolds.

Beautiful ombre-manicure for nails, ombre-manicure

Bold solutions in a beautiful ombre design using multifaceted and linear patterns will help create that interesting composition, thanks to which a fashionista will be able to stand out favorably against the background of her competitors and opponents.

Short manicure 2021, fashionable short nails, design

The use of the ombre technique in nail design and with a skillful approach, carefully selected components of this color ensemble, you can create such an interesting background that they will adorn any ladies age generation.

Beautiful design of nails with rhinestones, fashionable rhinestones

In creating a beautiful design of nails, many women of fashion resort to using a variety of rhinestones, ordinary and standard, or decorative, thanks to which they can solve the most complex problems in the design of their nails.

Long manicure 2021, fashionable long nails, design

A beautiful manicure with rhinestones is always in fashion, and it is usually created for festive and weekend occasions. of them in its design, does not dispense with a minimum set of decorative rhinestones.

Beautiful floral manicure, colored nails with flowers

It is difficult to imagine more beautiful floral nail art design of nail manicure, and the possible set of very different colors is so wide and varied that there should be no problems with the selection of a unique floral ensemble.

Nail shape 2021, fashionable design – almond, oval, square. ..

A little of your imagination, skillfully selected colors, paints and you have a beautiful floral design, stylish and, most importantly, individual nails. Gorgeous flower paintings using nail art, slider and stamping will help the beauty to create a unique design with beautiful flowers.

The most beautiful manicure 2021, which is the best

The most, the most beautiful, he is that manicure and its design, which you treat as the most beautiful, and as you know, there are no allies and comrades in color and taste.Therefore, in choosing a nail design for yourself, you need to build on your own preferences and how much you like it, pleases with its performance.

Nail design 2021, new items with fashionable manicure designs

We offered the most beautiful nails, with the most beautiful design of 2021, both in forms, as well as in flowers and decor, rhinestones and other decorations and we will further suggest to look at the best examples of their best.

Fashionable beautiful nail manicure 2021, the beauty of fashionable

Fashion trends in nail manicure design tell us that the fashion of the nearest will be light colors and shades, but how exactly to arrange them is everyone’s business. the individuality of a woman, her preferences and her style.

Hair cutting on favorable days 2021, lunar calendar

The beauty of nail manicure should be treated carefully and taking into account your own interests, preferences in design, size and shape of nails, their performance when creating a design.

The most beautiful forms of nail manicure in 2021

The form of nail manicure is so varied, and depends primarily not on some standards, but on the shape of the palm of their carrier, the volume and length of her fingers and some her other features, especially the face.

Hair dyeing on favorable days 2021, lunar calendar

The most beautiful forms of manicure can and should be considered those that best suit a lady, but choosing something from the standard sets of forms is not entirely correct It’s best to experiment and find your own style and stick to it.

Beautiful short nails, short manicure designs

Now is not the time to worry about the limited possibilities of creating beautiful designs on short nails. It is easy and simple to solve any problem related to the design, decoration and decoration of short nails with modern technological capabilities, if there is a desire.

Perming hair on favorable days 2021, lunar calendar

For a short manicure, there is today such a wide selection with beautiful ideas that it is an occasion for those carriers of short nails who give this size is not worth preference.

Beautiful long nails, design of a long manicure

The long size of nails is an undoubted advantage, and for any beauty and at any age, thanks to which she can solve her most important tasks, create an amazingly beautiful design of a long manicure, which without any doubt will decorate her, give it special charm, extraordinary charm to her style. http://worldluxrealty.com

Bright manicure 2021, fashionable design of bright nails, bright new items

Long nails open up the widest opportunities for a lady and it is a sin or not to take advantage of it.There are more than enough options for a beautiful design on long nails, and many of the examples can be seen in the prepared photos.

Photo of nail manicure, the most beautiful hand nails

Those numerous photos with a beautiful nail manicure that we have provided you and will offer you further will surely help you decide on the most beautiful nails and choose for yourself suitable options.

Before continuing to view beautiful photos of nails, we suggest (in the link below), familiarize yourself with the lunar calendar of favorable days for creating a beautiful manicure, it will help to avoid unnecessary problems and vice versa, use this creative process to your advantage, put his knowledge and useful advice at your service with practical advice, important nails and warnings for you.

Creating a beautiful nail manicure 2021, on auspicious days

With beautiful nails, it’s not that it’s not a shame to go out to people, a beautiful manicure raises the mood of their owner, gives her confidence in herself and her opportunities, increases her social status, the poet always keep an eye on your nails, cut your nails in a timely manner and engage in all those creative activities that will allow you to feel at your best – beautiful nails, the most beautiful manicure for all fashionistas in 2021!

The most beautiful nails and the most beautiful nail manicure designs in 2021

Nail design 2021-2022: photo gallery of the best manicure ideas

Well-groomed beautiful nails are one of the main attributes of a beautiful woman.However, we should not limit ourselves to a single-color coating, because the modern beauty industry has prepared interesting novelties for us. For example, the fashionable nail design in the photo of 2021-2022 pleases with a riot of colors and an abundance of textures. In addition, the novelties of manicure 2021-2022 involve the use of decorative elements. Our photo gallery of nail art includes different techniques and styles.

If at one time you were interested in the fashionable nail design of the last season, modern manicure novelties will not surprise you too much.The general trend towards the constant use of new techniques has persisted for several years. Nevertheless, thanks to an experimental approach, a beautiful manicure of 2021-2022 is becoming more and more original. Therefore, choosing one or another nail design, you can be sure that it will emphasize your individuality and help you not to get lost among the abundance of similar subjects.

Nail design 2021-2022: photo gallery of the best manicure ideas

Would you like to give your manicure a new life and decorate your nails in an unusual way? Then our photo gallery of the best nail design ideas 2021-2022 will definitely please you.In it we have collected photos of the most beautiful and fashionable designs, among which any of us will find an option to our liking!

1. Nail Design 2021-2022 – Sweet Bloom

If you want a truly modern beautiful manicure 2021-2022, pay attention to the Sweet Bloom technique. This nail design has smoothly migrated from the past years. Therefore, today you can see more and more girls with beautiful volumetric drawings. The main feature of the novelty “Sweet bloom” is the creation of a 3D effect.In this case, drawings on the nails are usually performed using gel polish. In addition, this gives the manicure not only additional expressiveness, but also ensures maximum durability.

This is interesting

2. Nail design 2021-2022: line and point photos

Do you prefer minimalism? Then the manicure 2021-2022 depicting points and lines is just for you. Such a pattern on the nails is not overloaded with details, but at the same time it looks quite fresh and original. The main thing is to choose an interesting plot and a harmonious background.Thanks to the combination of these two factors, a stylish and beautiful nail design 2021-2022 is provided for you. A photo gallery with ideas will help you find your option.

This is interesting

3. Manicure 2021-2022: photo gallery with examples of rubbing

Rubbing is a popular nail design, which has not lost its relevance today. Such a manicure involves the use of a special pigmented powder. It is applied directly to the nails, covered with one or more layers of varnish. Our Rub in Nail Design Photo Gallery showcases shiny solid finishes, mirror manicures and more.Such nail art looks simple and elegant at the same time. Therefore, such a nail design 2021-2022 is chosen by women who want to look perfect at any moment in their lives.

This is interesting

4. Nail design 2021-2022: photo gallery of ombre manicure

Lovers of a gradient this year should not deny themselves the pleasure of making a beautiful ombre manicure. After all, this particular nail design 2021-2022 is very popular. Ombre with contrasting shades will be especially relevant: green with black, fuchsia with blue and others.However, for those who prefer pastel colors, experts recommend combining them with drawings on the nails.

This is interesting

5. Manicure 2021-2022: Photo gallery “Negative space”

Leaving free areas when painting with varnish is the main trend of recent years, including the fashionable manicure of 2021-2022. This design looks stylish and modern. In addition, using negative space in nail art is another great opportunity to draw new ideas for the supporters of minimalism.

This is interesting

6. Manicure 2021-2022: photo gallery of options with rhinestones and sparkles

Do you like to attract attention and stand out against the gray mass? In this case, a beautiful manicure with sparkles and rhinestones is created just for you. Moreover, this is not only one of the main trends of this year, but also a real must-have for special events. It can be like a delicate wedding manicure or a prom manicure.

This is interesting

7. Nail design 2021-2022: French manicure photo gallery

Manicure 2021-2022 is very diverse.It includes the latest trends as well as stable classics such as French manicure. As a rule, the design of the french nails ideally “sits” on any nails. It can be both bright and calm, and made with gel polish will also differ in durability. That is why photos of French style nail designs are in no hurry to leave the pages of fashion publications.

This is interesting

As you can see, the 2021-2022 nail design will not let you get bored even on the gloomiest days. Due to the variety of options, it will suit both creative lovers and those who prefer the classics.We offer you to choose any photo of nail design from our photo gallery and please yourself with a new manicure. We are sure that this will definitely improve your mood and make you feel beautiful and desirable.

Choose only the best manicure for your pens!

22+ Nail Art Design Gallery Hot

Nail Design Gallery Photos and 22 reviews in pictures:

1. Application “Hot Nail Design” for Android.
2. Nail design ideas Nail design Nail design Easy nail design ideas.
3. Sexy nail designs are jealous of spa nail designs.
4. Nail art: what to do with nail design?
5.Categories of nails tags submitted ideas manicure nail design ideas nails.
6. Nail art ideas for short nails.
7. Hot nails and dragonflies.
8. Creative nail design: nail design for the new year.
9. Cute and easy nail art designs for beginners.
10. Stylish ideas for pink nail art.
11. The best nail designs and nail designs – very beautiful designs.
12. Luminous + nails + and + beauty, + gold + coast + queensland.
13. Sexy nail art designs and designs in version
14. On Valentine’s Day, manicure creates super hot ideas, tips and tricks.
15. Beautiful and charming nail art.
16. Sexy Nails Design Sexy Bow Nails Design.
17. Comment on stunning nail designs for inspiration.
18. Hot nail art pens create car designs.
19. Nail art next Halloween nail design also short acrylic nails.
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21. Stunning nail design with a hot pink tint.
22. Pink and purple zebra-like nail art? Nails? Painting.
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photo gallery of nail designs

BAFTA Awards 2021 fashion hits and misses | Gallery

Megan Ridlinger
April 13, 2021, 5:31 am Moscow time

This year’s EE British Academy Film Awards took place over two days – April 10 and 11 – and brought together a host of film and television stars in different cities. It’s time for Wonderwall.com to take a closer look at fashion – the good, the bad, and the quirky. The first star in the last camp? Priyanka Chopra Jonas arriving in this mysterious outfit from Pertegaz. From the casually tailored long-sleeved blouse with prints to the high-waisted white trousers that looked like a skirt to the knee, there wasn’t much to love about this ensemble.Let’s take a closer look at her strategically placed jewelry and look at the rest of the night’s best and worst fashion …

RELATED: 2021 BAFTA Awards red carpet

Is this a necklace? Part of the blouse? While it was confusing, it was a unique way for Priyanka Chopra Jonas to wear this multicolored Bulgari necklace. She also added some pretty wrap rings, as well as a hair style and unique black tip manicure.

RELATED: Royals at BAFTAs for


Phoebe Dinevore admired this elegant black Louis Vuitton look.The one-shoulder dress of the Bridgerton star, with long sleeves and a floor-length skirt, created a gorgeous and glamorous look. Now let’s take a better look at her jewelry …

RELATED: The most memorable looks from past BAFTAs

Although Phoebe Daynevor looked like a black Louis Vuitton dress, she added a tiny flamboyant accent with beautiful emerald diamond earrings. simple makeup and added loose curls to complete her beautiful BAFTA look.Then take a look at her stunning ring …

RELATED: Fashion Flashback at the 2011 BAFTA

Check out this gorgeous ring! Phoebe Dinevor added a gorgeous sparkler to the mix by wiggling it on the middle finger of her right hand.

One of the best looks of the night? Stylish Rose Byrne Pant Suit from Miu Miu The star rocked incredibly cool coordinates that included a cropped tuxedo and high-waisted pants, completing her killer BAFTA ensemble with feminine sandals, red lip and sleek ponytail.

It was a very metallic Zuhair Murad moment for Anna Kendrick. The star’s glittery bronze embellishment included chunky straps, a plunging neckline, a fitted waist, and a full-length pleated skirt with a thigh-high slit. While we liked the cut, we weren’t overjoyed with the shimmery shade. Next, let’s take a look at her jewelry …

Anna Kendrick added Messika jewelry, including rings and pendant earrings, to spice up her metallic Zuhair Murad dress.

Pedro Pascal risked fashion on BAFTA and it paid off! The actor wore a Prada ensemble that included a long coat with a dress shirt with a collar underneath – no tie – and completed his outfit with black pants and dress shoes.

This silhouette! Renee Zellweger wore a stunning Armani gown with a structured neckline and perfect fit, culminating in a mid-length hem. She added neutral pointy pumps to complete the look.

Singer Celeste arrived in this strange design from Dilara Findikoglu. The dress started with a unique square neckline but lost us to a stylish pleated, semi-sheer skirt with dramatic black embellishments.

Tom Hiddleston chose an old classic tuxedo and bow tie for this year’s BAFTA. The actor wore a white dress shirt and pocket square with his all-black Ralph Lauren ensemble.

A shiny Louis Vuitton mini dress for Cynthia Erivo, who took to the red carpet in this high neck couture design.The long-sleeved dress included an intricately embellished silver, black, pale pink and gold top and a textured gold skirt for a cool metallic combination, which she finished off with strappy sandals. We’ll need to get a better look at the details of this …

Look at the stunning grace of Cynthia Erivo’s Louis Vuitton dress. She added even more sparkle with gorgeous diamond hoops and lots of stud earrings.

The Corinne Bailey Rae dress featured double straps and a shiny purple floral print all over.While we were no longer in awe of the mid-length cut and ruffled hem, these funky boots cemented the look as an unfortunate one.

Great! Another star that amazed Louis Vuitton? Gugu Mbata-Row, who wore a shimmery dress that gave the illusion of strapless but actually had a sheer sleeveless silhouette. The mid-length design was the perfect fit to showcase her matching strappy sandals and she wisely added a berry lip to complete your glamorous ensemble.Next? Better look at her earrings …

When it was time for Gugu Mbatha-Raw to add accessories, the star fell on Messika jewelry! We loved the combination of studs and earbuds that she rocked to add sparkle to her look.

We weren’t big fans of Sophie Cookson’s feminine gown by Giorgio Armani. The long-sleeved velvet floor-length gown was embellished with shoulders, including a strange blue beaded fringe.

Great in green! Andhra Day showed off this vibrant green Elie Saab dress with a neckline with a gold chain flanked by a bodice that matched perfectly with her large gold hoops.Let’s take a closer look at these details …

Up close you can see Andra Day’s intricate gold chain designed by Eli Saab, as well as how she added gold with her hoop earrings and bracelets. The star also introduced another bright butt with cute pink nails. …

David Oyelowo wore a navy suit for the BAFTA Awards, opting for a tuxedo with black lapels complemented by a slim tie and dress shoes for a sleek overall look.

James McAvoy took the risk and kept it simple by pairing a suit and tie in classic black and adding sparkly dress shoes to the mix.

Landscape images

Mongolian children dressed in school uniforms play chess in this image from our photo archive. Place your photos in your landscaping box. By now, you should have a pretty good idea of ​​your preferences. The next step is to see how it fits into different design styles.If you decide to contact your landscape design service for help, it will depend on the type of project and its size.

Our Art Gallery is the best place to buy art on the Internet. Oil paintings of abstract art, fantasy, landscape, fine nude, contemporary art

Mongolian children dressed in school uniforms play chess in this image from our photo archive.

The term “Landscape” refers to a type of image, geographic features are categorized as Categories: Regions.For landscape as a topic, see Category: Landscape (environment). Especially buildings, mountains and … Mongolian children dressed in school uniforms play chess in this photo from our photo archive.

The old adage, “pictures are worth 1000 words” definitely applies when you are looking for new and popular sources of landscape design inspiration, because one simple photograph can inspire many ideas and soar over your project. Some of the best backyard photos are those that show different layouts, styles, and accessories for both large and small backyards.

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01 May 2018 or exploring a whole new location, your approach to the scene is key to successful shots.Three photographers offer their perspectives on familiar rather than new for better landscape shots. Provides easy access to the most requested information about Florida plants, gardens and landscapes.

powder, acrygel and other replacements for gel polish

Now in every salon you can make a gel polish manicure.

What other options are there? Sorted out with Ksenia Nikolaeva, the master of manicure at the Minority Opinion salon.

Ksenia Nikolaeva

What coatings for nails are, except for gel polish?

Photo: @nikki_makeup

There was a time when a manicure meant one thing: a simple varnish set with a shiny top coat. Today, manicurists are surprised when a client asks for just an uncoated manicure.

Long gone are the days of a simple manicure, which of course is still possible, but now you can also try powder, acrylic, gel and many other coatings for your nails.

Vinylux Coating

This is a varnish created by CND (Creative Nail Design varnish brand) that has a self-adhesive color coat for long-term wear, can be removed with nail polish remover and lasts up to a week without chipping. This is a hypoallergenic varnish, which is ideal for those who do not like long-lasting coatings like gel, worries about the condition of their nails and wants to change the color of their manicure more often.

Photo: @feduasalons

Soft and hard nail gels

The main difference between the two products has to do with how they are removed.Soft gel nails are known as “absorbent gels” because nail polish can be removed with acetone. Hard gel is used to lengthen nails as opposed to soft gel, which is only used as a nail polish. Gel nails are also best for nail art.

Photo: Instagram / @ ma.and.mi

Gel Powder

Gel Powder is a material that has been made to strengthen and build nails, and is also used as an alternative to gel polish.

A manicure with this coating is done as follows:

  1. A dense gel glue is applied to the nails.
  2. Then you dip your fingers into a very fine gel powder.
  3. After this coating is done 2-3 times.
  4. Then several layers of gel-powder are applied, which harden and dry thanks to the liquid activator.

Gel-powder is very easy to apply at home and does not require any special skills. Thanks to the non-porous material, the nails are less sensitive to external influences.Powder gel is removed with nail polish remover, lasts up to two weeks, does not fade or turn yellow during this time.

Photo: @moskvichkabbb


Combined system of gel and acrylic with the best properties of these components. Very high viscosity, non-sagging and easy handling. It can be cut well, it is more stable than gels and more plastic than acrylic. Shrinks and is suitable for any length and shape of the nail plate, is stable in storage, does not change its properties during long-term storage up to 50 degrees.

Akrigel does not have a strong chemical odor, therefore it is harmless for allergy sufferers and asthmatics, as well as for pregnant and lactating women.

In addition, acrygel, unlike conventional gel, protects the nail and strengthens it, preventing breakage and exfoliation.

Eco-varnishes Fedua

Fedua varnishes do not use harmful substances (toluene, formaldehyde, camphor, formaldehyde resins and dibutyl phthalates), and, in fact, are herbal products that are absolutely safe for your nails.

Photo: Instagram / @feduarussia Photo: Instagram / @feduarussia

The varnishes have an ideal semi-gel consistency, thanks to which they lay flat, even if applied in one layer, and the coating is durable and shiny – so forget about cracks and chips.Your manicure will be in perfect condition for up to four weeks. At Fedua, you can also find a nourishing base with algae extracts and minerals that masks minor irregularities and is ideal for protecting the nail plate.

What are the safe nail coatings?

Photo: @ ma.and.mi

Traditional nail polish has gained a bad reputation largely due to its chemical ingredients and pungent odor. In addition to irritating your senses with a pungent odor, nail polishes contain solvents and certain ingredients that can potentially cause health problems and irritation if inhaled in large quantities.Manufacturers are now doing their best to use safe materials for production.

What new types of varnishes are used for manicure now? How to replace the gel if the nail plate is too thin?

Photo: @hungvanngo

One way to strengthen the nail plate is to use acrylic powder. It saves brittle and overly soft nails. Porous in structure, it will protect thin nails from mechanical damage, frost, ultraviolet radiation and aggressive household chemicals.To strengthen the nail plate, transparent or nude acrylic powder is most often used.

90,000 causes and treatment – how to strengthen nails

Why nails become brittle

This condition refers to the so-called onychodystrophies – diseases in which the nutrition of the nail and its constituent components is disturbed.The reasons for brittle nails are extremely varied. These can be both external and internal factors that affect the entire body as a whole.

Thin brittle nails are a common problem of the fairer sex 1 . Young women often use nail polish, regularly do manicure and other cosmetic procedures on their hands, and in the postmenopausal period, disturbances in calcium-phosphorus metabolism come to the fore.

In addition, nails in women also break during breastfeeding, since important minerals (including calcium) are washed out of the mother’s body along with milk.

Among other external factors that adversely affect the condition of the nails, the following can be distinguished:

  • Frequent exposure of the hands to hot water.
  • Influence of household chemicals.
  • Chemicals used in industry.
  • Physical factors such as chronic hypothermia and frequent desiccation.
  • Mechanical impact in the form of frequent trauma (for example, among musicians playing stringed instruments) 1 .

Onychochisis (splitting of the nail plate), often combined with fragility, can occur in somatic or infectious diseases. So, in men, increased brittleness of nails develops with fungal diseases that affect the fingers3. This condition can also occur with a lack of calcium in food or due to a violation of its absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, with iron deficiency anemia, with a lack of vitamin A and C. Nails, especially on the toes, can exfoliate in diabetes mellitus due to the development of ” diabetic foot “, increased fragility of the walls of the capillaries of the nail bed and under the condition of prolonged compression of the toes with shoes.

Characteristics of the state and diagnostics

It is quite easy to determine the fragility of nails. Patients often complain of the plate breaking off at the free edge with a defect in all layers (sometimes only the upper one). With onychoshisis, the nail grows incorrectly – it grows normally to the free edge, and then divides into several thin plates lying on top of each other, eventually breaking off 1 .
Diagnosis and treatment of brittle nails in most cases is carried out by a dermatologist.It is not superfluous to consult a mycologist, therapist, hematologist or endocrinologist. Laboratory tests for onychodystrophies (in this case, brittle nails) most often include:

Why do we bite our nails? – BBC News Russian Service

  • Tom Stafford
  • BBC Future

Photo author, Thinkstock

Nail biting is ugly, unhygienic, and if you overdo it, it hurts. So why do people do this? Problem for

BBC Future is investigated by psychologist Tom Stafford, who admits that he himself is subject to this unpleasant habit.

What do former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, singer Britney Spears and former US First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy have in common? All of them selflessly bite or bite their nails.

I personally am not proud of this habit. It is unpleasant for people to watch someone bite their nails. It is unhygienic and sometimes even painful if you get carried away and bite off too much. I tried to quit this business many times, but I never succeeded.

Recently I wondered what turns people into such disgusting rodents of their own nails, like me? Are we lacking willpower? Maybe we’re just more nervous? Or hungry? What if somewhere in the annals of psychological research lies the answer to my question? Maybe there are even hints of how I can get rid of this disgusting habit?

My very first attempt to dig into the scientific literature led me to the medical term for the habit of biting nails – onychophagia.

Psychiatrists classify this habit as impulse control disorder. This mental disorder is similar to the so-called obsessive-compulsive disorder. But this applies only to severe cases when the help of a psychiatrist is needed. This category also includes cases of trichotillomania – compulsive pinching of the skin or pulling out one’s own hair.

I have not reached such a difficult stage and I belong to the majority of ordinary nail bites, in whom this habit does not lead to serious consequences.

Up to 45% of teenagers bite their nails. And many of them have no sugar in their character. But you will not declare that almost half of people at this age urgently need medical help!

I want to understand the side of the phenomenon that is not related to mental disorders. Understand the reasons for those cases when a bad habit does not become painful, but unpleasant, and therefore you want to get rid of it.

Mom is to blame

Psychotherapists, of course, have their own theories about the causes of nail biting.Sigmund Freud attributed this habit to dissatisfaction with the so-called oral stage – the period of development of a child from birth to about 18 months of age.

Photo author, Thinkstock


If you listen to Freud’s followers, all our habits stem from childhood dissatisfaction

This is typical of Freud’s theories: oral fixation is associated with many reasons, such as insufficient feeding, breastfeeding for too long or a problematic relationship with the mother.According to Freud, these problems are expressed by a whole range of symptoms – not only nail biting, but also sarcastic character, smoking, alcoholism and cravings for oral sex.

Other psychotherapists suggest that nail biting is a consequence of nervous tension or even an expression of aggression directed inward. According to their theory, this is a mild form of self-harm.

Like most psychodynamic theories in psychiatry, these explanations may be correct, but there is no absolute proof of their correctness.Even more important to me, all of these theories offer no way to break the habit.

It’s a little late for me to make adjustments to my breastfeeding, I bite my nails even when I’m completely relaxed, I find it difficult to apply any of these theories to myself, and therefore I do not see an easy solution to this problem. Not to mention that there are no examples of successful treatment based on any of these theories.

I am ready to continue my investigation, but, unfortunately, after the first encouraging finds, the trail ends.Searches in scientific libraries lead to only a few works devoted to the treatment of the habit of biting nails.

One of the works reported on the benefits of a course of treatment aimed at awareness of this bad habit. But apart from this, there is almost nothing. Some of the articles on this topic even begin with an admission: there is surprisingly little scientific literature in this area.

Emerging Habit

Given the lack of scientific research, I decided to put forward my own hypothesis of why people bite their nails and how to wean them from it.There she is. Let’s call my approach “anti-theory”.

Photo author, AP

Photo caption,

Britney Spears, like many, loves to bite her nails

Photo author, AP

Photo caption,

A lot of cartoons have been drawn on Gordon Brown, but he did not hesitate to bite his nails

Author photo, Getty

Caption to photo,

Jacqueline Kennedy (second marriage Onassis) was considered the trendsetter of her time. That didn’t stop her from biting her nails.

My guess is that there is no reason per se to biting your nails.This is not a problem with breastfeeding in infancy, it is not chronic anxiety, or a lack of maternal love.

The advantage of my approach is that there is no need to look for similarities with me, Prime Minister Brown, the former wife of the President of the United States and performer of the song “Hit Me Baby One More Time”. Instead, I think it is more productive to assume that nail biting is simply the result of a random combination of factors causing a person to have this bad habit.

First of all, it is very easy to bring your finger to your mouth. This is one of the most frequently repetitive movements while eating or taking care of yourself. Therefore, this movement is controlled by basic, basic connections in the brain. This means that such movement can easily turn into an automatic reaction.

In addition, there is an element of “self-care” in nail biting. This way we keep the nails short. It may even seem pleasant at first, although it can ruin your nails thoroughly as a result.

This element of “reward”, combined with the ease of movement itself, means that the habit is very easy to develop. Apart from touching your genitals, it is difficult to imagine an easier opportunity to give yourself a fleeting pleasure. In addition, at school, no one pays attention to biting nails – gnaw as much as you want.

Once this habit occurs, it quickly becomes routine. And life, as you know, is full of situations when your mouth and both hands are absolutely free and there is nothing to occupy them with.

Photo author, Thinkstock


Life is full of situations when your mouth and both hands are absolutely free and there is nothing to keep them busy.

With such an explanation of the nature of this habit, there is no hope for any treatment. Most people trying to fight it lose concentration at least once a day and start biting their nails again.

In my opinion, nail biting is not a consequence of a character trait or a rudiment of any evolutionary beneficial behavior.

Nail biting is a consequence of the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of our body, how natural it is to move the hand to the mouth – both in terms of impulses in our brain and in terms of the psychology of habit.

I confess I chewed my nails when I wrote this article. As you can see, sometimes even a good theory doesn’t help.

About the author. Tom Stafford lectures at the Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield (England). He is the co-author of the bestselling book MindHacks and has a blog of the same name.

Diseases of nails on hands and feet: photo and description

Diseases of nails on hands and feet are common. Their list is huge: fungus, psoriasis, allergies, mechanical damage, exfoliation, crumbling, etc. Let’s figure out how to treat diseases of the nail plate, depending on the causes of the lesion. See diseases of nails on hands and feet with photos and descriptions.

Women have always cared about the beauty of their pens. Therefore, any changes in the structure of the skin or nails cause anxiety and a desire to take urgent measures.The appearance of white spots of various shapes on the nail plate scares everyone who faces such a problem. However, everything is not as scary as it might seem at first glance. Having learned the reasons that led to such formations, you can permanently eliminate the unwanted consequences.

Gel nail polish has a number of advantages over traditional varnish. However, the occurrence of allergic reactions in the form of a rash and itching after gel polish is not uncommon. You will learn about the main reasons for such a reaction of the body and methods of treatment in this article.

Gel manicure has many advantages over other decorative nail coatings. However, it is not uncommon for girls to be allergic to gel polish. There can be a lot of reasons that lead to this state.

A bright glossy finish on nails that lasts for 3-4 weeks is not every girl’s dream? Today, with the help of gel polish, you can achieve not only long-lasting manicure, but also make even the most daring design decisions a reality.But there is another side of the coin, which manufacturers of gel polishes are often silent about.

Very often, after removing the gel polish, the condition of the nails deteriorates markedly. You will learn about the reasons for this condition of the nails and how to restore them in this article.

Thin and delicate skin is affected by mechanical damage during trim manicure and with the frequent use of aggressive chemicals. In this article, you will learn how to treat and prevent cuticle inflammation.

The problem of an ingrown toenail is familiar to many. In most cases, you can cope with this trouble at home, maintaining the correct shape of the nail plate in the future. However, it happens that the advanced stage of the disease forces one to resort to surgery to remove an ingrown toenail.

The development of this process is accompanied by inflammation, swelling, redness and, as a result, severe pain. If the victim starts treatment, the disease becomes chronic.

Every fifth inhabitant of our planet faces such a delicate and difficult problem as an ingrown toenail. In this case, a person experiences not only physical discomfort, but also a feeling of embarrassment on the appearance of his pedicure.

To begin with, let’s define this ailment: it is a non-infectious disease (more precisely, dermatosis), in which the nail plates change their color and structure, normal cell pressure is disturbed, and vertical cell layering occurs.

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90,000 Does a person need nails? (11 photos)

The world around us is still fraught with many mysteries. Moreover, you can find an interesting object for study without even leaving your home, but simply by looking at yourself. For example, nails – why do people need them?

They have several functions: protection of delicate fingertips, tactile, and also diseases can be determined by nails.

Human hands are very actively involved in his daily activities, therefore they are often endangered and need special protection.The nail plates give our fingers a stiffness, they are needed to protect the delicate skin of the fingertips, perform delicate mechanical manipulations, and even for such mundane things as scratching the crown or nose. They can pick up and hold objects, physically feel objects.

In addition, nails reflect the state of our body. For example, excessive bulging of the nail plate and a light halo at the base may be a sign of tuberculosis, white spots may indicate a violation of carbohydrate metabolism or diabetes, and blueness of the nails may indicate problems with blood vessels.

Without nails, our life would be completely different, therefore attention to them and care for their condition have existed since ancient times and are filled with a special meaning!

Oddly enough, but the function of the nail is to protect the terminal phalanges of the fingers, so as not to damage the soft tissues in which the nerve endings are located. Nails are a hard cover to protect the delicate fingertips, with which we grip various objects and physically sense the bodies around us. Nails allow us to pick up something, if the object is small, then without such solid formations it is generally difficult to grasp it.

In Central Asia and Persia, it was believed that the soul is in the nails. Therefore, the clipped nails were buried in the ground, burned, so that they would not fall into the hands of witches, would not be used for conspiracies and witchcraft. There was a number of customs when it was generally forbidden to cut nails at a certain time of the year, month, week. For example, the ancient Slavs imposed restrictions on shepherds – not to cut their hair and nails, not even to make love while grazing, observing chastity.

It is known that the total length of nails trimmed over a lifetime in men reaches 3.9 m, and in women – 4.3 m.
Nails do indeed have a protective function from a physiological point of view. And about beliefs: the ancient Scandinavians still believed that from the nails of the dead who fell in Helheim, Hel during Ragnarok would build a huge ship on which he would sail to fight with the light gods of the aces. Therefore, it was customary for the dead to cut their nails so that Hel would get less.

In the Ancient East, it was believed that each nail is associated with some organ. In particular, the thumb was associated with the brain, and the index finger could tell about the lungs and the respiratory system, the middle finger was a marker of the state of the intestine, the ring finger indicated the health of the kidneys, and the little finger – about malfunctions in the cardiovascular system and heart.

Animals, unlike humans, boast amazingly functional devices: keen eyes, fangs, claws, prehensile tails – all this provides animals with excellent survival even in the most severe conditions. A person is deprived of these adaptations, perhaps only nails remind him of his relationship with other representatives of the fauna.

It should be noted that a person is not a unique owner of nails. All primates have this organ. The fact is that primates, to which we also belong – people, most actively use limbs in their activities, and first of all hands.Obviously, on this basis, the hands of the primate are the most vulnerable and vital organ, in need of additional protection. Nail rollers prevent pathogenic bacteria from entering the growth sector of the nail and protect it from foreign bodies.

In our time, nails, to some extent having lost their original purpose, have acquired a number of new properties. For example, manicure and pedicure can be applied to them, according to their condition, a conclusion can be drawn about human health.Some owners of nails prefer to gnaw them, trying to attract fresh thoughts to their heads, or, conversely, to distract themselves from any thoughts.

A number of scientists consider nails to be an atavism, and on the feet they also consider fingers to be an atavistic remnant.

Atavisms are signs that arise in a person that were characteristic of his distant ancestors, the appearance of them in our time is explained by the fact that genes responsible for this trait are embedded in any human DNA, but they are suppressed by others and do not function.A genetic failure at one of the levels of development contributes to the manifestation of these genes, which translates into some kind of unusual property for a modern person.
At the same time, the nails perfectly protect the nerve endings located on the fingertips.

The nail, or the stratum corneum, is related in origin to the hair or outer layer of human skin, claws and hooves of animals.
The color of the nails can also tell about the state of health. A healthy person should have shiny, pink, smooth nails that match the shape of the finger.With heart disease, the nails become unnaturally pale or bluish. A pale nail hole is evidence of anemia. Opal nails (also yellow) are a symptom of serious liver problems.

Nails react to various drugs. Long-term antibiotic treatment produces yellow-brown stains on the nails, X-rays make the nails dark brown, the same result is observed in Addison’s disease. In the case of diabetic thrombosis of the arteries of the upper extremities, the nails acquire a mourning shade.

The shape of the nail plate is used to judge the character of a person. Fortune telling by nails is called onychomancy. Long nails are for those who are slow, thoughtful, distrustful, and short nails are for logical ones, prone to criticism and control. The shortest nails have irreconcilable and quick-tempered ones. The owners of short nails are characterized by rapid career growth, they are prone to leadership.