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Fluticasone Nasal Spray: MedlinePlus Drug Information

Fluticasone comes as a (prescription and nonprescription) liquid to spray in the nose. When fluticasone nasal spray is used to relieve hay fever, and other allergy symptoms, or nonallergic rhinitis, it is usually sprayed in each nostril once daily. Alternatively, fluticasone nasal spray is sometimes sprayed in each nostril twice daily (in the morning and evening) at a lower dose as recommended by your doctor. When fluticasone nasal spray is used to treat nasal polyps, it is usually sprayed once or twice in each nostril twice daily. If you are an adult, you will begin your treatment with a higher dose of fluticasone nasal spray and then decrease your dose when your symptoms improve. If you are giving fluticasone nasal spray to a child, you will begin treatment with a lower dose of the medication and increase the dose if the child’s symptoms do not improve. Decrease the dose when the child’s symptoms improve. Follow the directions on your prescription or product label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use fluticasone exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than directed on the package label or prescribed by your doctor.

Fluticasone nasal spray is only for use in the nose. Do not swallow the nasal spray and be careful not to spray it into your eyes or mouth.

Each bottle of fluticasone nasal spray should only be used by one person. Do not share fluticasone nasal spray because this may spread germs.

Fluticasone nasal spray controls the symptoms of hay fever, allergies, nonallergic rhinitis, or nasal polyps, but does not cure these conditions. Fluticasone works best when used regularly. Use fluticasone on a regular schedule unless your doctor has told you to use it as needed. Call your doctor if your symptoms get worse or do not improve after you use nonprescription fluticasone nasal spray daily for 1 week.

Fluticasone nasal spray is designed to provide a certain number of sprays. After the marked number of sprays has been used, the remaining sprays in the bottle might not contain the correct amount of medication. You should keep track of the number of sprays you have used and dispose of the bottle after you have used the marked number of sprays even if it still contains some liquid.

Before you use fluticasone nasal spray for the first time, read the written directions that come with it. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about how to use the nasal spray.

Fluticasone nasal spray and drops – Medicine

How to use the spray

Fluticasone nasal spray needs to be used regularly for it to work.

You’ll generally use the spray once or twice a day (once in the morning and once at night). The usual dose is 1 or 2 sprays into each nostril.

Follow the instructions that come with your nasal spray. Do not use more than the maximum number of sprays in 24 hours.

If you’re using a new bottle, it may not work the first time. Pump the spray a few times until a fine mist comes out. You’ll also need to do this if you have not used the bottle for a few days.

Remove the cap and gently shake the bottle.

  1. Blow your nose gently, then close 1 nostril with your finger.
  2. Bend your head forward slightly and carefully put the nozzle into your other nostril.
  3. Slowly breathe in through your nose and with your fingers press down on the widest part of the nozzle to squirt the spray once into your nostril.
  4. Breathe out through your mouth.
  5. Follow steps 3 and 4 again to squirt a second spray (if you need it) into the same nostril.

Repeat the process with the other nostril if you need it.

After using the spray, wipe the nozzle with a clean tissue and replace the cap.

How to use the drops

Fluticasone drops come in small plastic containers called “nasules”. Divide the drops equally between each nostril. The usual dose is 6 drops into each nostril. You’ll generally use the drops once or twice a day (once in the morning and once at night).

Follow the instructions that come with your nasal drops.

Pull off 1 plastic container from the strip of nasules. Flick the container with your finger and then shake it several times to mix the medicine well.

Hold the bottom of the container firmly. Twist and remove the top to open it. Do not open the container until you are ready to use it.

  1. Blow your nose gently.
  2. Follow the pictures in the manufacturer’s leaflet to get your head into the right position.
  3. Carefully put the container into 1 nostril and gently squeeze.
  4. Keep squeezing until the sides of the container touch each other, then release. This will mean that you’ve had about half of the dose (about 6 drops).
  5. Follow steps 3 and 4 again to use the rest of the drops in your other nostril.

Do not keep the container. Only use it once.

It may take a few weeks for the medicine to work. Keep using it even though you may not feel better immediately.

Will my dose go up or down?

Once your symptoms are under control, you’ll be able to use your nasal spray less often. For example, you might go from using 2 sprays twice a day, to 1 spray once a day.

If you bought a fluticasone nasal spray from a pharmacy, stop using it when you think you no longer need it. Ask a pharmacist for advice if you’re not sure when to stop. Do not use it continuously for more than 1 month without speaking to a doctor.

If your symptoms get worse after reducing your dose, you may want to increase it again.

If you have fluticasone nasal spray or nasal drops on prescription, your doctor will tell you how often to use it and when to change your dose.

What if I forget to use it?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Unless it’s almost time for your next dose, in which case skip the missed dose and take your next one as usual.

Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten one.

If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask a pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.

What if I take too much?

Using too much fluticasone nasal spray or drops by accident is unlikely to harm you.

Beclometasone nasal spray: steroid used to treat cold-like symptoms caused by allergic rhinitis

Beclometasone nasal spray needs to be used regularly for it to work.

You’ll generally use the spray twice a day, once in the morning and once at night. The usual dose is 1 or 2 sprays into each nostril.

Follow the instructions that come with your medicine. Do not use more than 4 sprays per nostril in 24 hours.

If you’re using a new bottle, it may not work first time. Pump the spray a few times until a fine mist comes out. You’ll also need to do this if you have not used the bottle for a few days.

Remove the cap and gently shake the bottle.

  1. Blow your nose gently.
  2. Close 1 nostril by pressing your finger against the side of your nose.
  3. Bend your head forward slightly and carefully put the nozzle into your other nostril.
  4. Slowly breathe in through your nose and with your fingers press down on the widest part of the nozzle to squirt the spray once into your nostril.
  5. Breathe out through your mouth.
  6. Follow steps 3 and 4 again to squirt a second spray into the same nostril if you need it.

Repeat the process with the other nostril, if you need it.

After using your spray, wipe the nozzle with a clean tissue and replace the cap.

Will my dose go up or down?

Once your symptoms are under control, you can use your nasal spray less often. For example, you might go from using 2 sprays twice a day, to 1 spray twice a day.

If you bought a beclometasone nasal spray from a pharmacy, stop using it when you think you no longer need it. Ask your pharmacist for advice if you’re not sure when to stop. Do not use it continuously for more than 1 month without speaking to your doctor.

If your symptoms get worse after reducing your dose, you may want to increase it again.

If you have beclometasone nasal spray on prescription, your doctor will tell you how often to use the nasal spray and when to change your dose.

What if I forget to use it?

If you forget to use your spray, use it as soon as you remember. Unless it’s almost time for your next dose, in which case skip the missed dose and take your next one as usual.

Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten one.

If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.

What if I use too much?

Using too much beclometasone nasal spray by accident is unlikely to harm you.

Nasal Sprays: How to Use Them Correctly

Nasal sprays are liquid medicines you spray into your nose. They are used to help relieve congestion (stuffiness) in your nose. Congestion is often a symptom of a cold or allergies.

Path to improved health

Nasal sprays are available as either over the counter or as prescriptions. Also, they come in two types of containers: pressurized canisters and pump bottles.

Steps for using a pressurized canister

  1. Gently blow your nose to clear it of mucus before using the medicine.
  2. Make sure the canister fits snugly in its holder. Shake the canister several times just before using it.
  3. Keep your head upright. Breathe out slowly.
  4. Hold your nasal spray canister in one hand. Insert the canister tip into your nose, aiming the tip toward the back of your head. Use a finger to close the nostril on the side not receiving the medicine.
  5. Press down on the canister as you begin to breathe in slowly through your nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril. If you’re using more than one spray in each nostril, follow all these steps again.
  6. Try not to sneeze or blow your nose just after using the spray.

Steps for using a pump bottle

  1. Gently blow your nose to clear it of mucus before using the medicine.
  2. Remove the cap. Shake the bottle. The first time you use the pump spray each day, you may have to “prime” it. Do this by squirting it a few times into the air until a fine mist comes out.
  3. Tilt your head forward slightly. Breathe out slowly.
  4. Hold the pump bottle with your thumb at the bottom and your index and middle fingers on top. Insert the canister tip in your nose, aiming the tip toward the back of your head. Use a finger on your other hand to close your nostril on the side not receiving the medicine.
  5. Squeeze the pump as you begin to breathe in slowly through your nose. Repeat these steps for the other nostril. If you’re using more than one spray in each nostril, follow all these steps again.
  6. Try not to sneeze or blow your nose just after using the spray.

Helpful hints

  • Talk with your doctor about how long it may be before your see improvement to your congestion. Some sprays take up to 2 weeks to work.
  • Wash the canister device at least once a week.
  • Be sure you can sniff air through each nostril before spraying. Otherwise the medicine will be wasted because it will not go deep into your nose.
  • Aim straight. Point the nozzle of the nasal spray container toward the back of your head. If you don’t spray straight, you will waste the medicine and may cause more irritation in your nose.
  • If the pump spray is used correctly, the spray should not drip from your nose or down the back of your throat.
  • If your nose hurts, if you begin to have nosebleeds, or if the inside of your nose stings, stop using the spray for 1 to 2 days. Sometimes it helps to use a saline nose spray (some brands: SalineX, Ocean Nasal Mist, or NaSal) just before you use your medicine nasal spray.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions on how to use the medicine. Most nasal sprays work best when used regularly and consistently.
  • Keep your medicine away from sunlight.

Things to consider

Nasal sprays come with different kinds of medicines. Some of these medicines can damage the inside of your nose if used for a long time. Also, long-term use may make your nose stop responding to the spray. This may cause you to use more of the spray to get the results you had before. If this happens, talk with your doctor. He or she may be able to suggest something that will work better for you.

Some nasal sprays have a limit on how long they can be used. Your doctor can tell you how long you can use your spray.

Questions for your doctor

  • Why should I use nasal spray instead of pills or liquid decongestants?
  • Are there any side effects for nasal sprays?
  • How old should you be before using nasal sprays?
  • Are nasal sprays addictive?

Copyright © American Academy of Family Physicians

This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.

Over-the-Counter Allergy Nasal Spray Triamcinolone

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nasal triamcinolone (Nasacort AQ), budesonide (Rhinocort AQUA) and fluticasone (Flonase) for over-the-counter use. This means that consumers are consumers will soon be able to go to their local drugstore and purchase a nasal steroid spray. Other brands will still be available by prescription. Previously, all nasal steroids were available only with a prescription so they required occasional monitoring by a medical provider.

There are benefits and risks that come along with the decision to allow access to over-the-counter corticosteroids. To help you make an informed decision, this article will describe the pros and cons. It will also explain the importance of working with your doctor even if the medicines may be obtained without a prescription.

What Are Nasal Steroids?

Nasal steroids are important medicines to help treat allergic rhinitis (hay fever). They are helpful in reducing nasal inflammation, nasal congestion, runny nose and sneezing.

Other medicines that are available to treat allergic rhinitis include oral antihistamines, nasal antihistamines, anti-leukotriene modifiers and nasal saline. Allergy immunotherapy (allergy shots) can also be given to improve the immune system to not react or be desensitize to the allergens.

If you’re wondering which medicines and treatment strategies will work for you, your doctor will help you navigate the many options and will work with you to decide the best treatment plan.

What Are the Concerns with Using Nasal Steroids?

Although these medicines are safe under a medical provider’s care, they do have some potential risks and concerns:

1. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can be similar to other ailments like sinus infections, viral colds, chronic sinus inflammation, sinus polyps, and in rare cases certain cancers and other serious problems. It is possible that consumers may treat the wrong condition and a more serious problem could go unnoticed.

2. Nasal steroids can lead to nose bleeds that can be very concerning to patients, which is why proper usage and technique are important. Your doctor can examine the nasal tissues to make sure no damage is occurring. A rare complication that can occur is a hole, or perforation, in the nasal septum (bone separating each nostril). To make sure this does not happen, individuals should be monitored and receive nasal exams.

3. Growth restriction is a well-known risk of using steroids, although topical steroids like nose sprays are less much risky than oral corticosteroids. Even so, every person is different and some are more sensitive than others. For that reason, height and weight should always be monitored.

4. Side effects involving the eyes, which include glaucoma and cataracts, are potential yet uncommon risk factors of topical steroids. Those at risk for these conditions should talk with their physician.

5. Since the medicine will be over-the-counter, you will likely have to purchase it “out of pocket,” which is the case with many antihistamines and heartburn medications. This could increase the amount of money you pay each year for health costs.

Unlike taking a pill, the way you use the nasal spray is important. As mentioned above, it is important to avoid spraying the medicine into the middle of the nose, the septum bone that separates the nostrils. Sometimes it helps to use a mirror, or have another person or doctor make sure this is being done correctly. If you do not use the medicine correctly, it may not work, or worse, could cause serious side effects.

As with all medications, the benefits and risks should be weighed before deciding on a treatment plan. When used properly, nasal steroid sprays can be very effective at treating allergies. It is just important to recognize that steroid nose sprays can create risks if not monitored or used correctly.

Your allergist is trained to help you navigate the best treatment course and monitor your health. He or she can explain the benefits and risks of these treatments and answer any concerns you may have. Together, you and your allergist can decide the best treatment plan.

Find out more about hay fever.

This article has been reviewed by Andrew Moore, MD, FAAAAI

Reviewed: 9/28/20

Types of Nasal Sprays Explained

There are many different products and solutions on the market when it comes to treating allergies and sinus infections. At Detroit Sinus Center, we recommend scheduling an appointment with Dr. Lascelles Pinnock to discuss your sinus condition before getting too carried away with different products. That being said, there are a variety of different nasal rinses and sprays that can be used to treat less severe conditions and provide short-term relief. Here is an overview of the different options available as both prescription and over-the-counter solutions to treating common congestion and more severe sinus infections. 

Types of Nasal Sprays

Nasal steroids are available as prescription and over-the-counter products, and are designed to alleviate symptoms of a variety of conditions, ranging from the common cold to a more serious sinus infection. They are also often recommended to treat more long-term conditions, such as chronic sinusitis. It should be noted that it is not ever safe to share nasal sprays between different people. Here is a brief overview of the different applications of different types of nasal sprays. 

Decongestant Sprays

Nasal decongestants can come in the form of inhalers, drops, or sprays. Decongestant sprays are over-the-counter products that work by shrinking blood vessels to allow for better breathing by opening up the airways and decreasing mucus production. These types of sprays are typically designed for short-term use, and the positive effects will often disappear after just several hours. In fact, the swelling may even become stronger if the decongestant nasal spray is continually used for more than a few days. 

Nasal Steroid Sprays

You will often see steroid nasal sprays referred to as corticosteroid sprays. Corticosteroids are used in different applications to reduce inflammation that is the result of an immune system response. It takes a few more days for the effects of steroid sprays to kick in. However, they are typically used every day until the desired results begin to manifest. Long-term use of corticosteroid sprays can have negative side effects, such as nose bleeds and harmful eye conditions.

Saline Sprays

Saline sprays are one of the more basic products designed to loosen up any mucus in your nose or sinuses. Saline sprays do not include any form of corticosteroid or medication and therefore have no side effects. They are simply composed of salt and sterilized water. If you are looking for a drug-free nasal rinse, you can always double-check the bottle to make sure that salt is the primary ingredient and there are no active ingredients. 

Can Nasal Sprays Be Addictive?

If a nasal spray is producing the desired results, it is typical for users to want to continue to use it, which isn’t necessarily a problem. Addiction occurs when someone becomes enslaved to the point that it becomes a psychological habit that can cause trauma. Over-the-counter nasal sprays are not addictive but can be difficult to stop using if someone builds up a tolerance to them. 

When To See a Sinus Doctor

Consulting with a medical professional is always a good first step in treating allergies or a sinus infection. You may be able to easily differentiate your allergies from a more serious sinus infection if you are experiencing pain in your cheeks and around your eyes, as well as dark, thick mucus. If this is the case, we recommend contacting a sinus doctor!

The team here at Detroit Sinus Center would be happy to see you in our office to diagnose your condition, and either recommend a nasal spray, prescribe a drug, perform a balloon sinus dilation, or sinus surgery in serious cases. We strive to help our patients find long-term relief for their sinus conditions. Give us a call today!

Sinusitis Medications

The primary goal when treating sinusitis is to decrease the inflammation in the nose and sinus openings to improve sinus drainage. This may include a combination of medical treatments. Your healthcare provider will treat an infection, if present, and try to reduce the symptoms of a runny or congested nose. The management of acute sinusitis is different than the management of chronic sinusitis, but may utilize many similar medications. Here a few recommended treatments: 


Nasal Wash

A saltwater, or saline, nasal wash helps remove mucus and bacterial from the nose and sinuses. This can temporarily reduce symptoms of nasal congestion and postnasal drip. It also helps to clear out environmental triggers from the nasal lining. We often recommend doing a nasal wash before using medicated nasal sprays. After doing a nasal wash, wait until the draining stops; then use your nasal spray as prescribed by your health care provider. Learn more.


Steroid Nasal Spray

A prescription steroid nasal spray can decrease nasal inflammation and mucus production. This will decrease symptoms of nasal congestion and improve sinus drainage. A steroid nasal spray does not provide immediate relief of symptoms and may require several weeks of routine use to be effective. If you have chronic sinusitis, you may benefit from continued daily use of this medication. If you have occasional sinusitis episodes, you may only require periodic use.The combination of nasal wash and nasal steroid sprays can be highly effective for many patients with nasal and sinus problems. Several steroid nasal sprays are available and include:

  • Flonase®, Veramyst® (fluticasone)

  • Nasacort AQ®, Nasacort® (triamcinolone)

  • Nasarel® (flunisolide)

  • Nasonex® (mometasone)

  • Rhinocort® (budesonide)

  • Zetonna® (ciclesonide)

  • Qnasl® (beclomethasone)

When used properly, steroid nasal sprays are safe and effective, however, nasal dryness and bleeding are possible side effects when using these medications. We recommend trying to spray the medication towards the sidewalls of the nose (laterally), rather than along the nasal septum in the center.



Antibiotics are medicines designed to treat bacterial infections. In some cases of sinusitis, but certainly not all, the underlying cause will be a bacterial infection. Such an infection can be difficult to treat because the bacteria thrive in the warm, moist and dark areas of the sinus cavities. These infections usually respond to antibiotic treatment, however, you may need to continue treatment for one to three weeks or longer. The choice of antibiotic depends on several factors such as: drug allergies, past use of antibiotics and your symptoms. In some cases, your healthcare provider can collect mucus from your nose and send it to the laboratory for culture to confirm the presence of bacteria. This test can also help in the selection of the proper antibiotic to fight the infection.

The majority of episodes of sinusitis (upper airway infection) are successfully treated without the use of antibiotics by treatments directed at the nasal inflammation and specific symptoms. Inappropriate use of antibiotics can lead to bacterial resistance and side effects, thus these medications must be used carefully and thoughtfully.



These medicines, available as tablet, syrup or nasal spray, may help unblock the openings of the sinuses and temporarily reduce symptoms of nasal congestion. Common over the counter decongestants include Sudafed® and Dimetapp® (pseudoephedrine). Combination decongestant/antihistamine medicines are available over the counter. Read the label to see what is in the over the counter medicine you are buying and discuss the medicine with your healthcare provider. Topical nasal decongestants (sprays) can be highly effective in the immediate shrinking of swollen nasal tissue. However these sprays should be used only for 2 to 3 consecutive days because more prolonged use can cause rebound nasal congestion with increased symptoms. Systemic decongestants have the same effect of decreasing the swelling of the lining of the nose and promoting drainage of the sinuses. However, since higher concentrations are present in the bloodstream, systemic decongestants are more likely to cause side-effects. These may include high blood pressure, anxiety, sleeplessness, prostate problems in men, and the “jitters”. You should always discuss the use of these medications with your physician.



Antihistamines are medicines designed to counter the actions of histamine, the main chemical produced in the body in allergic reactions. Antihistamines in spray, tablet or syrup form may help reduce the allergic symptoms of sneezing, itchy eyes and nose, and may reduce nasal stuffiness and mucus production. Your healthcare provider may elect to add this type of medicine to your treatment, particularly if allergies are present. Common over-the-counter antihistamines include:

Newer classes of prescription antihistamines do not cause drowsiness. They include:

  • Clarinex® (desloratadine)

  • Allergra® (fexofenadine)

  • Zyrtec® (cetirizine) ​

Topical nasal spray antihistamines include:

  • Astepro® (azelastine)

  • Patanase® (olopatadine)


Leukotriene Modifiers

Leukotrienes cause inflammation in the nose, sinuses, lungs, eyes and skin. Leukotriene modifiers are medicines that can help reduce nasal and sinus inflammation. They may be used if you have nasal polyps and aspirin sensitivity. These may be used in addition to nasal sprays and antihistamines. Examples of leukotriene modifiers are:

Liver enzymes may become elevated with the use of Zyflo CR and Zyflo. Your health care provider will have to monitor your liver with regular bloodwork.


Pain Relievers

A medication to relieve pain and lessen fever may help in sinusitis, especially for acute episodes. Your healthcare provider may recommend a medication such as Tylenol® (acetaminophen), aspirin or ibuprofen, or prescribe a stronger medicine. Because some people with asthma are sensitive to aspirin or ibuprofen, check with your clinician before taking this medicine.


Systemic Steroids

Systemic steroids are sometimes required to treat severe nasal and sinus inflammation, such as nasal polyps. These medicines can be in pill or syrup form, as well as injected in a muscle or into a vein. Systemic steroids are very powerful medicines that can help nasal and sinus conditions. However, many potential side effects are possible, and include: cataract formation, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, mood changes, stomach irritation, bone loss (osteoporosis), vision change, and menstrual irregularities. These side-effects are always possible when using systemic steroids but become more of concern with long-term use. Most commonly systemic steroids will prescribed as a pill in a “tapering” fashion. This means that your dose of steroid will be slowly decreased before completely stopping the medication. This approach also helps avoid some related complications.


90,000 Drops from the common cold: when and which ones to choose

Anyone who has experienced nasal congestion or a runny nose notes a state of increased discomfort. When it is difficult not only to breathe, but also the familiar world becomes literally a stranger: it is impossible to distinguish between smells and tastes. Headache, inflammation of the mucous membranes and frequent sneezing – these are the companions of problems with the nose. But how to choose the right one from the whole variety of saving means? When and what drops should be used, we will understand this article.

Nose functions

The nose is one of the most important sense organs. Deep in the nasal cavity is the olfactory region of the mucous membrane. It is she who is dotted with a huge number of receptors that are responsible for the perception of odors. That is why any disturbances and destructive processes on the nasal mucosa first of all deprive us of the ability to smell.

Man has the ability to differentiate 4-10 thousand odors.However, individual differences in the ability to perceive odors are very large. People with an astonishingly delicate sense of smell are highly regarded as tasters and perfumers.

But speaking of the functions of the nose, we are not only talking about the sense of smell. The most important functions of the nose: Thermoregulation. Cold air, getting into the nasal passages, comes into contact with the nasal mucosa, as a result of which it heats up. Cooling of the nasal mucosa itself almost never occurs due to its rich blood supply.

  • Humidification. Passing through the nasal cavity, dry air streams are moistened due to the transformation (conversion) of a part of the nasal secretion fluid into water vapor.
  • Cleansing. The air of the external environment contains a large number of various foreign particles (dust, chemicals, etc.). Having penetrated into the nasal cavity, air masses are cleared of them by the usual binding (gluing) of foreign substances with nasal mucous secretions.This secret normally moves from the internal nasal openings (choanas) of the nose to the external (nostrils), due to the presence of ciliated and microvillous cells on the surface of the mucous membrane.
  • Perception of smells. In the area of ​​the upper and middle nasal passages in the thickness of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity, there are receptor neurosensory (olfactory) cells, which are the initial part of the olfactory analyzers of the brain (parahippocampal gyrus, anterior perforated substance, hippocampal cortex).
  • Antibacterial protection. The nasal secretion contains a large amount of bactericidal substances (mucin, lysozyme, etc.), which actively destroy new microorganisms that enter the nasal cavity with external air during breathing. So any malfunction with this organ can deprive us of a lot.

Dry and stuffy nose without runny nose

Conditionally, the causes of dry congestion can be divided into 2 types:

  • Physiological – adaptation to climate or season, bad habits, structural features, consequences of injuries, diet.

In this case, a sensitive reaction of the nasal mucosa to external stimuli occurs. Even the diet of can affect nasal congestion. So, those who lean on carbohydrate and fatty foods may have increased blood glucose levels. Nasal congestion can be non-intrusive and non-traumatic. But for those who have been diagnosed with diabetes or the stage of the threshold for diabetes, dry mucous membranes, including in the mouth, can be a constant companion.

Seasonality and acclimatization. Can also cause swelling of the nasal mucosa, which inevitably leads to a feeling of congestion. A negative factor in this case is insufficient air humidity.

Smoking and drinking alcohol. Due to poisonous resins, alcohols, and chemical compounds, the cells of the mucous membrane are destroyed. These bad habits negatively affect blood vessels and capillaries, which can also cause nasal congestion and swelling of the mucous membranes.For example, these symptoms can lead to snoring and sleep apnea.

Injuries and anatomical structure of the nasal septum. Interfere with proper breathing.

  • Pathological causes of congestion – an inflammatory or infectious process in the body, taking medications, diseases of the nasopharynx or respiratory tract, chronic pathologies of the nasal mucosa.

Infectious, inflammatory diseases may not be accompanied by the outflow of mucus from the nose.Congestion can be a symptom of ARVI, FLU, sinusitis, sinusitis and many other diseases of the nasopharynx and respiratory tract.

Allergic reaction is also not necessarily accompanied by a nasal flow. Most often, dry nasal congestion is manifested by hay fever – a seasonal exacerbation in persons sensitive to the flowering of plants and trees. But, it is worth noting that when an allergic reaction occurs, antihistamines should be taken orally.And also you need to take courses of enterosorbents to accelerate the elimination of allergens and possibly drugs to restore and maintain the intestinal microflora in normal conditions. Since the intensity of the manifestation of allergic reactions is directly related to the state of the intestines.

A side effect in the form of nasal congestion and swelling of the mucous membranes can be taking certain medications .

Pathologies of the nasal mucosa in which dryness is observed can represent an extensive list.
Even osteochondrosis and disturbances of blood flow in the vessels of the brain can have an unpleasant consequence in the form of dry nasal congestion.

How to treat dry nasal congestion

If the swelling of the nasal mucosa is caused by ARVI, colds or flu, it is important to eliminate it as a symptom. For these purposes, drops with a vasoconstrictor effect are suitable. Also sprays and solutions based on sea salt: Aqua Maris, Marimer, Aqualor.

  1. The use of saline solutions and drops at this stage is needed to relieve the symptoms of colds and FLU, to facilitate the passage of mucus if it nevertheless accumulates in the nose.
  2. Also, you can carry out cold inhalation using a nebulizer and a special nosepiece. For inhalation, saline or saline solution with the addition of interferon is suitable.
  3. If the edema of the mucous membrane is caused by structural features or a consequence of trauma, then vasoconstrictor drops and sprays will only have a temporary effect, or even be useless at all, because the cause of poor nasal patency – curvature or fusion of cartilage – is a physical deformation.In this case, surgery, restoration or reconstruction of the cartilage and bone tissues of the nose is indicated.
  4. Allergic edema. Most often eliminated by eliminating the allergen that provoked it. But, if we are talking about seasonal “non-acceptance” of flowering and pollen, it will be difficult to do this. In this case, in addition to vasoconstrictor agents, it is necessary to connect special drops:
    Antihistamine sprays: allergodil, tizine-allergies. Vibrocil is a combined preparation that contains both an antihistamine component and a vasoconstrictor.Nazaval – protects against the development of allergies by preventing contact of the nasal mucosa with allergens such as dust and pollen, contains cellulose of plant origin. There are also hormonal sprays, the course of which is at least 1 month. These include Avamis, Tafen nasal, Nasobek spray.
  5. Vasomotor rhinitis is a violation of blood circulation in the nasal mucosa. It can be caused by hormonal disorders and hormonal changes in the body. Often seen in pregnant women and women before menopause.It can also be caused by dependence on vasoconstrictor drops, which are used much more than the prescribed period for instructions and indications.

stuffy nose with runny nose

Runny nose and nasal currents can be of various origins. The color and consistency of the discharge may be different.

Clear nasal discharge “like water”

Stream snot – may be the first symptoms of a cold. In this case, vasoconstrictor drops and sprays will help stop the flow from the nose.The purpose of saline solutions for watery discharge is to disinfect the mucous membrane and moisturize.

Liquid discharge of an allergic nature can be eliminated with vasoconstrictor drops, in addition, with antihistamines.

Purulent and thick nasal discharge

May be the final stage of ARVI. Which is characterized by the appearance of green or yellow discharge from the nose, accompanied by a general improvement in well-being. We can say that this is a healing process.But if such snot appeared on the 5-7th day of treatment and do not bring relief, then these are bacterial complications that can manifest themselves as sinusitis, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis. In complex therapy, antihistamines are used to enhance the decongestant effect. In acute forms of nasopharyngitis, sinusitis, rhinitis, Sialor drops (Protargol) are also used. They contain silver proteinate and have a pronounced astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. And also a good means of prevention and treatment is Derinat, an immunomodulator that affects cellular and humoral immunity.Derinat stimulates reparative processes, has an anti-inflammatory effect, normalizes the state of tissues in case of degenerative changes that occur during acute and chronic periods of diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

  1. Sinusitis and sinusitis. They are accompanied by a headache, a feeling of constant fatigue and weakness, and general poor health. In some cases, the body temperature rises. In this case, complex treatment will be required. Antibiotics, nasal drops with an antibiotic are connected: Isofra, Polydexa, vasoconstrictors, saline solutions for the speedy release of the nose from mucus and bacteria.In the acute stage, treatment with electromagnetic radiation and heating is not recommended.
  2. Rhinopharyngitis. Transparent thick mucus or yellow snot can be the result of hypothermia, eating too cold food. First of all, rhinopharyngitis is manifested by redness and sore throat, sore throat, itching in the nasopharynx and coughing. A runny nose quickly joins these symptoms. The snot is thick, it is badly blown out, it sits in the depths of the nose, in advanced cases it turns green.
  3. In this case, in addition to vasoconstrictor drops, antihistamines and saline rinses, antibacterial drugs for the throat can and should be connected to the treatment in order to relieve inflammation and irritation: Septolete, Grammidin, Strepsils. Symptomatic throat treatment is necessary in order to prevent the spread of the disease to the bronchi and lungs.
  4. Green snot can be a constant phenomenon in people with diseases of the lungs and bronchi, in chronic, often exacerbated tonsillitis and pharyngitis, in smokers.It is worth identifying the root cause and treating it exactly. As a preventive measure, try to live a healthy lifestyle and take care of your health and immunity.

Be healthy! 90,000 Wipe your nose: a unique drug for the treatment of rhinitis has been created | Articles

Russian doctors have created the world’s first genetically engineered drug for allergic rhinitis. The medicine in the form of an ordinary nasal spray relieves not only unpleasant symptoms – a runny nose and sneezing, but also the inflammation of the nasal mucosa itself.Scientists who patented the substance have proven its effectiveness and safety in animals. The new drug is currently undergoing clinical trials. If they are successful, the medicine will become a salvation for allergy sufferers, whose number is still growing – it is expected that by 2050 there will be about 4 billion nasal mucosa, characterized by a persistent runny nose, sneezing and headache.The disease occurs at any age as a result of an overreaction of the mucous membrane when inhaled pollen or other allergens.

In terms of pathogenesis and mechanism of development, the disease is similar to bronchial asthma – a serious disease of the respiratory system. Allergic rhinitis often accompanies asthma or is its harbinger, director of the institute, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Musa Khaitov told Izvestia.

“When an allergic person breathes in air that contains pollen, mites, mold or any other airborne allergen, the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx becomes inflamed,” he said.- This is due to the release of inflammatory mediators, which are activated to fight the aggressor allergen. An active production of substances begins, which play a key role in the development of allergic diseases. In particular, these are functionally similar interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-13 (IL-13).

Scientists of the Institute of Immunology have created a molecule of an active substance that has no analogues in the world, which works at the gene level, suppressing the synthesis of inflammatory proteins IL-4 and IL-13 up to a complete blockade of their production.As a result of interaction with the drug, the enzyme systems of the body “cut” the messenger RNA of IL-4 and IL-13, which contains information about the primary structure of the protein. As a result, the “culprits” of inflammation are not produced, and the inflammation itself is significantly weakened.

According to the developers, the new drug will include two components: siRNA molecules (small interfering RNAs) that stop the production of IL-4 and IL-13 and a cationic peptide for their targeted delivery. The interaction of small interfering RNAs with messenger RNA of the target gene leads to degradation of the latter.Targeted transportation will allow the active substance to penetrate into those parts of the cell where its properties will be realized as efficiently as possible.

In the past 60 years, humanity has been experiencing a real epidemic of allergy, said Professor Chezmi Akdis, director of the Swiss Institute for Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF) and editor-in-chief of Allergy magazine.

– It is expected that by 2050 the number of patients with allergies will increase to 4 billion.Currently, 300 million people (4.2% of the world’s population) suffer from bronchial asthma in the world, 500 million (6.5%) suffer from atopic dermatitis, With allergic rhinitis, 900 million (12%) and 700 million people have food allergies, he said.- The so-called second type of immune response is responsible for the development of allergic reactions. IL-4 and IL-13 are its key factors. Thus, blocking these interleukins using miRNA molecules is an extremely promising approach to the creation of new drugs for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases.

A genetically engineered drug has great prospects, agrees Maxim Abakumov, head of the Biomedical Nanomaterials Laboratory at NUST MISIS.

– I would like to note that the drug is not just a new molecule, but miRNA, which eliminates the very cause of the disease, the expert specified. – Although, of course, the launch of a drug on the market may be complicated due to the novelty of the drug itself, but I think that colleagues will certainly overcome all obstacles and soon we will see it on the shelves of pharmacies.

The medicine for allergic rhinitis has already been shown to be effective in preclinical studies. Scientists suggest that the drug, released in the form of a nasal spray, will not only relieve nasal congestion, runny nose and watery eyes, but also affect the mechanism of rhinitis.And also suitable for the treatment of other allergic diseases.



medical device

The medicine Verbasson Qatar is an isotonic saline solution with the addition of hyaluronic acid, D-panthenol and essential oils, intended for

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medical device

The medicine Verbasson Qatar is an isotonic saline solution with the addition of hyaluronic acid, D-panthenol and essential oils, intended for the treatment of dry nasal mucosa and rhinitis.The drug moisturizes and cleanses the nasal mucosa, soothes irritations resulting from inflammation and swelling in the nose.

Isotonic saline solution – cleanses and nourishes the nasal mucosa, provides the necessary hydration.
D-Panthenol – nourishes the skin, relieves irritation caused by inflammation and swelling in the nasal passages, restores the mucous membrane and maintains its normal physiological state.
Eucalyptus oils and mint have a soothing effect.In addition, eucalyptus oil has a bactericidal effect.

Prenalen Qatar is designed specifically for pregnant women and nursing mothers. It can be used for children from 3 years old.

Ingredients: isotonic saline carnallite solution (equivalent to 0.9% NaCl), glycerin, propylene glycol, D-panthenol, sodium hyaluronate, benzalkonium chloride, disodium edetate, eucalyptus oil, peppermint oil.

Adults: one to three doses, up to 5 times a day if necessary.
Children from 3 years old: one dose three times a day.

Read the instructions for use before using the drug.
Do not use in case of hypersensitivity to any component of the preparation.
Do not use concomitantly with other intranasal drugs.
After surgical interventions in the nasal area, use the drug after consulting a doctor.
Do not use after the expiration date.

90,000 Poisoning with nasal drops (naphthyzine poisoning)

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How often do we resort to self-medication without hesitation, especially if we have to treat a banal rhinitis. What would seem simpler: in any pharmacy there is a wide variety of vasoconstrictor drops , which, after being instilled into the nose, cause vasoconstriction and, as a result, relieve edema and reduce mucus formation. And here it is, the longed-for freedom of nasal breathing for several hours.

Few people think at the same time that vasoconstrictor drops do not have a therapeutic effect, but only remove the symptoms for a short time.After the end of the action of the drug, the edema reappears, therefore, it makes no sense to treat a runny nose of any origin only with vasoconstrictor drops. This is only an adjunctive therapy that helps to relieve nasal breathing during the treatment period.

What is naphthyzine and how is it dangerous?

Naphthyzin is a short-acting vasoconstrictor drops that easily penetrate both the vessel wall of the nasal cavity and the general bloodstream, exerting a vasoconstrictor effect on all vessels in general, and therefore is contraindicated in severe hypertension.

Now on the pharmaceutical market there are many vasoconstrictor drops that differ in composition: there are both short and long-acting drugs, but unfortunately all of them can cause symptoms of naphthyzine poisoning in case of an overdose .

Even less we think about the fact that drops can be life-threatening, especially when used in children. Overdose of drops, exceeding the dose of the drug by 3-4 times can cause such a serious complication as naphthyzine poisoning.As a rule, this occurs when the age concentration of the solution is not observed, or when the visual amount of drops that have entered the nose is difficult, as well as simply when they are used uncontrollably, when the child does it himself or the drops are within his reach.

Signs of a mild or initial stage of naphthyzine poisoning:

  • increased agitation
  • heart palpitations
  • dizziness
  • abdominal pain

If the drug continues to accumulate in the body or the overdose was more significant, the symptoms worsen: the heart rate slows down significantly, blood pressure drops, severe lethargy, weakness appears , drowsiness.At the same time, the child sleeps, but this sleep is unnaturally deep, the tone in the arms and legs falls (if they are raised, they fall like “whips”) confusion, a decrease in body temperature, the skin becomes pale, cold and moist, breathing is shallow.

What to do if these symptoms appear on the background of the use of vasoconstrictor drops?

Call an ambulance first. Before the arrival of the doctor: stop taking the drug, cover the patient with a blanket, give him a warm drink, measure the temperature, blood pressure and try to keep consciousness, not let him fall asleep.Given the severity of the consequences, do not use vasoconstrictor drops, especially if the child is sick, be sure to consult an otorhinolaryngologist for the appointment of treatment and monitoring over time. Remember that most vasoconstrictor drops can be dripped from 2-3 to 5-7 days, this is a short period that must be used to treat the inflammation process.

In the ENT clinic number 1, in order to minimize the number of prescriptions of drug therapy, you will be helped to relieve swelling and inflammation by unique highly effective physiotherapeutic techniques, such as: USOL – nasopharyngeal therapy, photochromotherapy of the nose, laser therapy of the nose, which will allow you to not only relieve swelling in the shortest possible time but also the cause of the inflammation.

Cameton aerosol for inhalation

Composition :

active ingredients: chlorobutanol hemihydrate; racemic camphor; menthol.
1 cylinder contains chlorobutanol hemihydrate (in terms of 100% anhydrous substance) – 0.1 g; racemic camphor – 0.1 g; menthol – 0.1 g;
excipients : eucalyptus oil, isopropyl myristate, tetrafluoroethane.

Dosage form .Spray can.

Basic physical and chemical properties: is a transparent colorless liquid, which is under pressure in a cylinder with a metering valve and upon leaving the cylinder forms a dispersed stream with a characteristic aromatic odor.

Pharmacological group. Drugs acting on the respiratory system. Throat medications. Antiseptics. Various.

ATX code R02A A20.

Pharmacological properties.


Cameton exhibits antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and insignificant local anesthetic effect, contributes to the normalization of breathing in patients. The drug narrows blood vessels, and also reduces blood circulation and swelling of the affected area. The combination of these pharmacological properties provides a comprehensive pathogenetic therapy for inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Cameton does not exhibit ulcerogenic and general toxic effects on the body.


Cameton is intended for topical use and creates a therapeutic concentration, mainly in the inflammation focus. Only chlorobutanol hydrate and camphor are absorbed slowly and in small amounts into the systemic circulation, which reversibly bind to blood proteins. During biotransformation, glucuronides are formed, in the form of which they are excreted by the kidneys.

Clinical characteristics .

Indications. Local treatment of acute and chronic (mainly in the acute stage) infectious and inflammatory diseases of the throat and nose: tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, rhinitis.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity to drug components. Children under 5 years of age.

Interaction with other medicinal products and other types of interactions. Not described. If necessary, the simultaneous use of any drugs should consult a doctor.

Application features.

• Before using Cameton, rinse the mouth with warm boiled water, the drug should be used after meals. In case of burns, remove necrotic plaque from the affected areas with a sterile swab.
• Do not disassemble the container with the drug and do not give it to children, protect it from shocks, do not spray near fire. After using the drug, put a protective cap on the nebulizer to prevent contamination.
• When injecting into the nose, do not throw your head over or overturn the can.It is not recommended to use the same balloon for several persons, in order to avoid the spread of infection. When spraying the drug, avoid contact with the eyes.
• Before using the drug, persons prone to allergies should always consult a doctor.
• The drug should be used with caution in children, as bronchospasm may develop. Children should be treated under medical supervision.
• Before injecting the drug into the nasal cavity, clear the nose of mucus.When processing the mucous membranes of the throat, the drug should be used after meals.

Application during pregnancy or lactation. No contraindications to the use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation have been identified, but the drug should be used during this period as directed by a doctor.

The ability to influence the reaction rate when driving vehicles or other mechanisms. No data available.

Method of administration and dosage.

For use in adults and children over 5 years old. The drug is applied topically to the mucous membranes and affected areas of the throat and nasal cavities. The dose of the drug for adults and children over 15 years old is 2-3 injections into the throat cavity and 1-2 injections into each nostril, for children aged 5 to 12 years – 1-2 injections into the throat cavity and 1 injection into each nostril, children aged 12 to 15 years – 2 injections into the throat cavity and 1 injection into each nostril. The drug should be used 3-4 times a day.The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor individually and depends on the intensity of therapy (usually 3-10 days). The drug should not be used for more than 2 weeks.

Rules for using the cylinder:

1. Slide the spray gun onto the valve stem.
2. Remove the protective cap from the sprayer.
3. Insert the free end of the spray into the nasal cavity to a depth of 0.5 cm or direct it to the affected area of ​​the throat and press the spray.When injecting into the nose, do not overturn the can.
4. At the end of sprinkling, close the spray nozzle with a protective cap to prevent contamination.

Children. Use in children over 5 years of age under medical supervision.

Overdose. An overdose of the drug may cause allergic reactions. Overdose of the drug can cause increased side effects. Features of the application.
Treatment: discontinuation of the drug, symptomatic therapy.

Adverse reactions. The drug is usually well tolerated, but sometimes reactions may occur due to increased individual sensitivity to the components of the drug, including burning / sore throat, edema at the site of contact, dry nasal mucosa / throat, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, tongue, skin rashes, urticaria , itching. If any undesirable reactions occur, you should stop using the drug and be sure to consult a doctor.

Expiry date. 2 years. Do not use the drug after the expiration date indicated on the package.

Storage conditions. Store at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C.

Packing. 30 g each in an aluminum can.

Vacation category. Without a prescription.

Manufacturer. Microfarm LLC.

The location of the manufacturer and his address of the place of business.

Ukraine, 61013, g.Kharkiv, st. Shevchenko, 20.

90,000 Spray or drops? Choosing a cure for the common cold | Healthy life | Health

Our expert – Assistant of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology of the Voronezh State Medical Academy named after N.N. Burdenko, Candidate of Medical Sciences Olga Mubarakshina.

Shall we pair our legs?

A runny nose (doctors say rhinitis) is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Most often, it is caused by an infection, viral or bacterial.The main symptoms of a common cold are nasal congestion and discharge from it. In principle, it is possible to cope with this without medication. For example, to make breathing easier, you can use a hot foot bath or put mustard plasters on the back of your shins. Blood will flow to the legs, flowing away from the head, and the congestion in the nose will decrease.

However, all these procedures cannot be done if your temperature is above 38 ° C. In addition, it is easier to use pharmacy products. And although most drugs for the common cold do not eliminate the cause of the disease, they make it easier to feel and prevent the development of complications, such as sinusitis.

Spray or drops?

For a medicine to give the best effect, it must be used correctly. Blow your nose before dripping drops into your nose. Then lie on your back, tilt your head back slightly and turn. This will allow the drops to penetrate better into the openings of the sinuses. With proper instillation, there is no ache in the forehead area, you do not feel the taste of drops in your mouth.

Nasal sprays are much more convenient than drops – it is not necessary to lie down, you just need to inject the spray into the nose by pressing the dispenser.In addition, sprays are difficult to overdose, which means there is less risk of side effects.

Vasoconstrictor drugs

This is the most popular type of medicine. They act on special adrenaline receptors on the nasal mucosa. As a result, the vessels narrow, the swelling of the mucous membrane and nasal congestion decrease.

The disadvantage of these drugs is their quick addiction. The vessels begin to depend on the medicine: there is a “dose” – they narrow, no – they relax, and edema reappears.Therefore, the duration of the use of such drops and sprays should not be more than 7-10 days. The optimal treatment period is 3-5 days.

It is necessary to strictly follow the instructions, do not exceed the dosage and the recommended frequency of administration. Even short-acting drugs cannot be used more than four times a day. If the dosage is not observed, a paradoxical effect is possible: the edema after using the drugs becomes more pronounced.

When used, side effects may occur: burning and tingling sensation in the nose, dryness of the nasal mucosa, palpitations, heart rhythm disturbances, increased blood pressure, headache.

For pregnant and lactating women, vasoconstrictors can only be used in consultation with a doctor. Many of the drugs in this group are contraindicated for them.

There are special forms of vasoconstrictor drugs for children. Their active ingredient is often phenylephrine, which is considered the safest for babies. Products intended for adults should not be used by children. But for adults, “children’s” – you can. Sometimes they help no worse, and cause less discomfort and side effects.If the standard pediatric dose does not help you, you can double it, but no more.

Different vasoconstrictor drugs have different duration of action.

Preparations Duration
Naftizin, Sanorin, Nazol Baby, Nazol Kids 4-6 hours
Xylometazoline, Galazolin, Xymelin, Tizin Xylo 6-8 hours
Lazolvan Rino, Nazivin, Nazol More than 8 hours

Combinations are available.For example, in the Snoop spray, the vasoconstrictor is combined with sea water. This allows you to eliminate nasal congestion without irritating the mucous membrane. Another example is Xymelin Extra, which, due to its two-component composition, not only eliminates nasal congestion, but also significantly reduces the amount of liquid discharge.

Products based on sea water

Sea water is an effective remedy for the prevention and treatment of rhinitis. Preparations based on it are often recommended for use in cases where vasoconstrictor drugs are contraindicated.In terms of strength and speed of action, sea water is inferior to them, but it is completely safe. The most popular drugs in this group are Physiomer, Quicks, Aqua Maris, and the Aqualor line of drugs.

Seawater solutions are isotonic and hypertonic. In isotonic, the salt content ranges from 0.9%, in hypertensive it is higher. For prevention, it is better to use isotonic solutions, for treatment – hypertonic. The latter “pull” on themselves excess moisture from the cells of the inflamed mucous membrane.Due to this, the edema becomes less pronounced, and nasal breathing is restored. Information on the concentration of salts in a particular product can be obtained from the instructions or from a pharmacy employee.

There are many uses for seawater, from regular irrigation to thorough rinsing of the nose. Each method has its own nuances, indications and contraindications. Therefore, it is necessary to use sea water solutions according to the instructions.

And pay attention to the packaging – the preparations differ in the force of the jet and the technique of use.

Herbal components can be added to products based on sea water. For example, Aqualor extra forte additionally contains extracts of aloe vera and Roman chamomile, while Dolphin contains extracts of rosehip and licorice. This can enhance the healing effect, however, if you are prone to allergies, it is better to use products without additives.

Preparations with essential oils

The most famous products in this group are Pinosol and Eucasept. Essential oils have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, slightly facilitate nasal breathing.

These funds help well in cases where the runny nose is delayed, “crusts” form in the nose, and dryness of the mucous membranes worries.

Medicines can be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding, but they are contraindicated for children under 2 years of age.

Unlike drugs of other groups, these drugs cannot be used for allergic rhinitis. If you have a cold, but you have a tendency to allergies, products based on essential oils should be used with caution.

Sometimes essential oils are added to vasoconstrictors to enhance the effect. Herbal components of mint and eucalyptus are, for example, in the spray “Otrivin Menthol”, “Nazol Advance”.

What else is there in the pharmacy

There are medicines for the common cold, which are difficult to attribute to any one group. They are good at helping too!

Specimen Features
“Vibrocil” A drug with a vasoconstrictor and antiallergic effect for adults and children.Available as drops, spray and gel. Well suited for those who have an allergic rhinitis combined with a cold.
“Rinofluimucil” Contains two active substances: one of them has a vasoconstrictor, anti-edema and anti-inflammatory effect, and the other thins secretions. Gives a good effect if the mucus in the nose has already become thick.
Sinupret Preparation in the form of pills and drops for oral administration (not in the nose!).Contains bioactive substances obtained from medicinal plants that facilitate nasal breathing. Promotes the outflow of contents from the paranasal sinuses. It has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antiviral activity.

When to see a doctor?

In most cases, you can cope with a cold on your own. However, you need to consult a doctor if:

  • nasal congestion and discharge from it persist for more than a week, and even earlier, if greenish purulent discharge appears;
  • against the background of a runny nose, an ear ache and / or hearing loss;
  • there were headaches and a feeling of heaviness in the area of ​​the nasal sinuses;
  • runny nose accompanied by a temperature above 38 ° C;
  • there were impaired coordination, dizziness;
  • The disturbance in the perception of odors persists for more than 2 days.


Acute rhinitis

Acute rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal strip mucous membrane caused by various reasons.
The most common form is infectious rhinitis. The most common name among patients is runny nose.

Potential risks to patients

Acute rhinitis may carry risks for the patient:
  • With an unfavorable course, it can turn into a chronic one, which is characterized by a longer and more severe course.
  • With prolonged colds, there is a violation of the natural self-cleaning of the sinuses.
  • The outflow of mucus stops, mucus begins to accumulate in the sinuses and, when an infection joins, it becomes purulent.
  • If the inflammatory process from the nasal cavity moves to the sinuses, the mucous membrane swells and the openings connecting the sinuses to the nasal cavity are closed, which aggravates the condition.

Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of one or more paranasal sinuses.It can occur as a complication in acute rhinitis, acute respiratory viral infections, other infectious diseases, as well as after injuries to the facial area.

Both viruses and bacteria can cause sinusitis.

The main symptoms are heaviness in the paranasal or frontal region, pain with sudden head movements, thick nasal discharge, fever.

Treatment of sinusitis includes sinus drainage and antimicrobial therapy, viral sinusitis does not require antibiotics.

Potential risks to patients

As a rule, complications of sinusitis have greater health and life risks than the disease itself.

Infectious complications of sinusitis can manifest in the soft tissues of the orbit, which ultimately leads to the formation of phlegmon or abscess.

Pathogenic microorganisms with the blood flow, as well as through the fiber, move to the cranium, where a purulent focus is formed.

Clinically, it manifests itself in the form of various brain abscesses, purulent inflammatory diseases of the meninges.

How to avoid complications?

First of all, it is necessary to treat acute conditions in a timely and comprehensive manner.

It is important to ensure the prevention of stagnation of mucus in the nasal passages and sinuses, to avoid the addition of infection.