Pain in chest due to smoking: 9 Symptoms Never to Ignore If You Smoke
Smoking and Respiratory Diseases | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Facts about smoking and respiratory diseases
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the U.S. each year. In fact, smoking is directly responsible for almost 90% of lung cancer and COPD deaths. Even with antismoking campaigns and health warnings, many people continue to smoke or start to smoke every year. About 8% of kids under age 18 are current tobacco users.
What are the risks linked to smoking?
Smokers increase their risk of lung disease, including lung cancer. But they also increase their risk of other illnesses such as heart disease, stroke, and mouth (oral) cancer. Risks from smoking, as they relate to lung disease, include the following:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This includes:
Chronic bronchitis. This is a long-term (chronic) inflammation of the large airways (bronchi). Symptoms include coughing mucus over a long period.
Emphysema. This chronic lung condition affects the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, fatigue, sleep and heart problems, weight loss, and depression.
Lung cancer. This is an abnormal growth of cells that can result in lumps, masses, or tumors. It may start in the lining of the bronchi, or other areas of the respiratory system. Smoking, including secondhand smoke, is the leading cause of lung cancer. Symptoms of lung cancer include:
Shortness of breath
Recurring lung infections
Bloody or rust-colored sputum
Swelling of the neck and face
Pain and weakness in the shoulders, arms, or hands
Other cancers. Smoking increases the risk of lung and oral cancer. But it also increases the risk of other respiratory system cancers. These include cancer of the nose, sinuses, voice box, and throat. Smoking also increases the risk of many other cancers of GI (gastrointestinal), urinary, and female reproductive systems.
The symptoms of smoking-related lung diseases may look like other lung conditions or health problems. If you have any symptoms of lung disease, see your healthcare provider as soon as possible.
How dangerous is secondhand smoke?
Secondhand smoke is smoke that is exhaled by smokers and smoke emitted from the burning end of a lit cigarette, cigar, or pipe. It causes more than 7,000 lung cancer deaths each year in people who don’t smoke. It can also lead to lung conditions and heart disease. Symptoms linked to secondhand smoke exposure may include:
Eye, nose, and throat irritation
Too much mucus in the airways
Chest discomfort or pain
Children and infants exposed to tobacco smoke are more likely to experience ear infections, and asthma. They are also at a higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) than children and infants not exposed to secondhand smoke.
What are the benefits of quitting smoking?
People who quit smoking can actually reverse some of the lung damage. Other benefits of quitting smoking may include the following:
Decreased risk for lung disease
Decreased risk for heart disease
Decreased risk for cancer
Reduced cigarette stains on fingers and teeth
Reduced occurrence of cough
Elimination of stale cigarettes smell on clothing and hair
Improved smell and taste
Saving money by not buying cigarettes
How does cigar smoking affect a person’s risk of lung cancer and other types of cancer?
Cigars actually pose the same, if not greater, risk as cigarettes for oral cancer. Although many cigar smokers do not inhale, their risk for oral, throat, and esophageal cancers is the same as for cigarette smokers. Consider these facts from the CDC:
Compared with nonsmokers, cigar smokers who inhale are more likely to develop oral cancer, esophageal cancer, and laryngeal cancer.
Cigar smokers who inhale and smoke 5cigars a day may have a lung cancer risk similar to one-pack-a-day cigarette smokers.
Secondhand smoke from cigars contains toxins and cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) similar to secondhand cigarette smoke, but in higher concentrations.
How do people stop smoking?
Quitting smoking is very difficult. The following tips can help you quit using tobacco products:
Think about why you want to quit. Make a list of the reasons.
Set a quit date.
Try to pick a time when you have as little stress as possible.
Ask for support and encouragement from family, friends, and coworkers.
If you don’t already exercise, start to increase your physical activity to improve your health.
Try to get enough sleep each night and eat healthy. Along with exercise, healthy sleeping and eating habits will help you cope with quitting.
Join a smoking cessation program or support group. These programs are available in most communities. There are also programs available by phone and online:
Try the Smokefree.gov website.
Try your state’s quitline. Call 800-QUIT-NOW (800-784-8669).
Medicines to help you stop smoking
There are both prescription and over-the-counter medicines that can help you stop smoking. Talk with your healthcare provider about these medicines and whether or not any of them are right for you.
Nicotine patch. Nicotine is delivered through the skin.
Nicotine gum. Gum delivers nicotine quickly.
Nicotine lozenge. Lozenges are like hard candy.
Nicotine nasal spray. Nicotine is also delivered quickly.
Nicotine inhaler. Using an inhaler is like smoking cigarettes.
Antidepressant medicine (bupropion). It helps to lessen cravings for nicotine.
Varenicline tartrate. It helps to lessen the discomfort of quitting. It also lessens the pleasure you get from smoking.
How Smoking Affects Heart Health
Does Smoking Contribute to Heart Disease?
Yes, smoking cigarettes can harm nearly any part of your body, including your heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular system).
When breathed in, the toxic mix of more than 7,000 chemicals1 in cigarette smoke can interfere with important processes in your body that keep it functioning normally. One of these processes is the delivery of oxygen-rich blood to your heart and the rest of your body.
When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen and deliver it to your heart, which pumps this oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body through the blood vessels.
But when you breathe in cigarette smoke, the blood that is distributed to the rest of the body becomes contaminated with the smoke’s chemicals. These chemicals can damage your heart and blood vessels,1 which can lead to cardiovascular disease (CVD)—the leading cause of all deaths in the United States.2
What Cardiovascular Conditions Can Result from Smoking?
Smoking cigarettes can permanently damage your heart and blood vessels. This can lead to cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular disease refers to multiple conditions affecting the heart and/or blood vessels.3 Some of these conditions include:
- Coronary heart disease, or the narrowing of blood vessels carrying blood to the heart.
- Hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Heart attack.
- Aneurysms (a bulge or weakness in an artery).
- Peripheral artery disease.1,2
Smoking cigarettes can also cause CVD by changing your blood chemistry.1,2
Center for Tobacco Products
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These changes in blood chemistry can cause plaque—a waxy substance comprised of cholesterol, scar tissue, calcium, fat, and other material3—to build up in your arteries, the major blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to your body. This plaque buildup can lead to a disease called atherosclerosis.
When the chemicals in cigarette smoke cause atherosclerosis and thickened blood in the arteries, it becomes more difficult for blood cells to move through arteries and other blood vessels to get to vital organs like the heart and brain. 4 This can create blood clots and ultimately lead to a heart attack or stroke, even death.1,2
Other rare but serious cardiovascular conditions that can be caused by smoking include:
- Peripheral artery disease (and peripheral vascular disease): A condition in which the narrowing of blood vessels results in insufficient blood flow to arms, legs, hands, and feet. Smoking is the leading preventable cause of this condition, which can result in amputation.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A bulge that is formed in an area of the aorta—the main artery that distributes blood through the body—that sits in the abdomen. When an abdominal aortic aneurysm bursts, it can result in sudden death. More women than men die from aortic aneurysms, and nearly all deaths from this condition are caused by smoking.4
How Many People Die Each Year from Cardiovascular Disease Caused by Smoking?
According to the American Heart Association, cardiovascular disease accounts for about 800,000 U. S. deaths every year,5 making it the leading cause of all deaths in the United States. Of those, nearly 20 percent are due to cigarette smoking.2
Can Secondhand Smoke Increase My Risk for Coronary Heart Disease?
While smoking is a direct cause of cardiovascular disease and death, you could be at risk even if you don’t smoke cigarettes.
People who don’t smoke cigarettes but who are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke have a 25 to 30 percent increased risk of coronary heart disease than those not exposed.6
In fact, 30,000 U.S. coronary heart disease deaths per year are caused by secondhand smoke.7 Secondhand smoke exposure also increases your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.6,7
Can Quitting Smoking Improve My Heart Health?
The best way to safeguard your heart from smoking-related disease and death is to never start using cigarettes. But if you do smoke cigarettes, the earlier you can quit, the better.
Quitting smoking benefits your heart and cardiovascular system now and in the future:
- Twenty minutes after you quit smoking, your heart rate drops.8
- Just 12 hours after quitting smoking, the carbon monoxide level in your blood drops to normal, allowing more oxygen to vital organs like your heart.8
- Within four years of quitting, your risk of stroke drops to that of lifetime nonsmokers.9
How Can I Quit Smoking to Protect My Heart?
Although quitting smoking is difficult, it is achievable.
FDA-approved nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) may be able to help you on your quit journey. NRTs are proven safe and effective to help you quit smoking by delivering measured amounts of nicotine without the toxic chemicals found in cigarette smoke.
Many people who smoke find that FDA-approved NRTs helps them get through the first steps of quitting by reducing cravings and symptoms of withdrawal.
If you smoke cigarettes and are concerned about your heart and cardiovascular health, consult with your health care provider about NRTs or other ways to quit to help protect your heart.
When will I feel better after quitting smoking?
Your health will improve in just a few hours:
After 20 minutes
Your pulse returns to normal
After 8 hours
Nicotine and carbon monoxide levels in your blood fall by half. Your oxygen levels begin to return to normal.
After 24 hours
Carbon monoxide is eliminated from your body. Your lungs start to clear out debris.
After 48 hours
There is no nicotine in your body. Your sense of smell and taste improve.
After 72 hours
Breathing becomes easier. Your energy levels rise.
between 2 and 12 weeks
Your blood circulation around your body improves.
from 3 to 9 months
Your lung function increases by up to 10% making breathing easier.
After 1 year
Your risk of having a heart attack is half of someone who still smokes.
After 10 years
Your risk of lung cancer falls to half of that of a smoker.
After 15 years
Your risk of a heart attack is the same as someone who’s never smoked.
Information from smokefree.nhs.uk
“When you smoke, and you’ve been diagnosed with a lung condition, it scares you – so you smoke more. That’s your crutch. But you owe it to yourself to stop.”
Jane began smoking when she was 12. She finally beat her addiction to nicotine 16 years ago.
I sang in folk clubs and bands with my friends. I noticed smoking was affecting my singing. I tried to stop so many times, but every time I gave in.
Then I went into hospital with pneumonia. My chest X-ray showed I had emphysema and COPD. I smoked my last cigarette that day.
Quitting was so hard, but I overcame my cravings using nicotine gum. After I quit, I felt better and better! And my singing got better too – a whole upper octave that I couldn’t reach before.
Then I came down with bad flu and a cough that wouldn’t clear – I found out I had lung cancer.
Words can’t express the terrible devastation I felt. They removed my entire lung. At first, I was too weak to eat let alone chew gum – so I was weaned off the gum. I became a 100% non-nicotine addict for the first time since I was 12.
I’m still singing! I just feel so lucky. When you smoke, and you’ve been diagnosed with a lung condition, it scares you – so you smoke more. That’s your crutch. But you owe it to yourself to stop. Life is so valuable.
Next: What about the withdrawal symptoms? >
Download our stop smoking information (230KB, PDF)
Smoking and Physical Activity
How does smoking affect physical activity?
Smoking causes both immediate and long-standing effects on exercise and physical activity. Smokers’ increased risks for cancer, heart and respiratory diseases are well known. Yet, in terms of exercise and physical activity, smokers also have:
- Less endurance.
- Poorer physical performance.
- Increased rates of injury and complications.
Why are smokers less fit than nonsmokers?
To achieve peak performance, your heart, lungs and muscles need oxygen-rich blood. When you inhale tobacco smoke, carbon monoxide (just one of the 4,000-plus chemicals found in tobacco — more than 50 of which are known to cause cancer) binds to red blood cells. As a result, oxygen is displaced, preventing delivery to the muscles and other body tissues. This causes an increase in lactic acid (the substance that causes muscles to feel as if they’re burning, fatigue, heavier breathing and increased soreness after exercise).
This decrease in oxygen reduces your physical endurance, making it more difficult to do well in sports. It makes it harder to do everyday things, too, like walking up stairs. In addition, if you smoke, your resting heart rate is higher than a nonsmoker’s due to decreases in oxygenation. This means your heart must work harder to deliver enough oxygen to your body.
What are some other effects of smoking on physical fitness?
Studies show that smokers reach exhaustion before nonsmokers. They also can’t run as far or as fast as nonsmokers. Further research finds that smokers:
- Obtained less benefit from physical training.
- Had less muscular strength and flexibility.
- Experienced disturbed sleep patterns.
- Suffered from shortness of breath almost three times as often as nonsmokers.
- Are nearly twice as likely to suffer an injury compared with nonsmokers.
- Require more time to heal after an injury or risk not healing at all.
Many think that smoking causes inflammation only in the lungs. However, smoking also affects your bones and joints, putting you at increased risk for developing the following conditions:
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Low back pain.
- Exercise-related injuries, like bursitis, tendonitis, sprains and fractures.
- Higher risk for complications during surgery, if needed.
- Slower recovery from injuries.
Does smoking help me keep excess weight off?
Some people begin — or refuse to stop — smoking as a weight control measure. But smoking interferes negatively with metabolism. Additionally, smokers are less likely to be physically active. Men who smoke actually consume 350 to 575 more calories per day than nonsmokers. And studies show that the body fat of smokers tends to be distributed in a pattern (mainly abdominal or central, apple-shaped distribution) that has negative effects on health. A good diet and exercise routine is the best way to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Does smoking affect the physical performance of teens and preteens?
Teen and preteen smokers experience the same negative effects of tobacco as adult smokers, such as:
- Lower physical endurance and performance compared to nonsmoking peers.
- Shortness of breath.
- Increased sports-related injuries.
- Poorer overall health.
Smoking among teens and preteens can also slow down their lung growth, impair lung function, and cause their hearts to beat faster than nonsmokers.
Young people who are heavy smokers also experience coughing, more frequent and severe respiratory illnesses, more frequent injuries and a delayed return to sports after injuries.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Smoking affects your heart, lung and muscles. It can decrease your endurance. You may get more injuries and take longer to recover from them. Fortunately for both adult and young smokers, many of the effects of smoking can be reversed when you quit smoking. Deciding to quit smoking is the first step toward living a healthy, active life. And you don’t have to do it alone. Reach out to your healthcare provider if you’d like their help as you quit smoking.
Ask an Expert: Concerns of a first-time smoker
Q: “I’m 17, and I’ve smoked twice in my life, both times last month. Now I’m coughing and my chest has a raw feeling to it. I’m not coughing up blood and I don’t have shortness of breath, but I did hold the smoke in my mouth, and I breathed a little second-hand smoke, too. Could I have lung cancer?”
Answer from John R. Handy, Jr., M.D., co-director of Providence Thoracic Oncology Program and director of Providence Thoracic Surgery Program:
You are right to be worried about the consequences of your smoking, because they can be very serious.
Each time you smoked, you exposed your body to cancer-causing chemicals. Although the exposure probably was not enough to give you lung cancer, your smoking very well may have contributed to your cough and that raw feeling in your chest.
An even more dangerous consequence, however, is that it put you at much higher risk of developing a lifelong addiction to tobacco, which could set you up for a lifetime of health problems. New studies are revealing that the first few cigarettes an adolescent ever smokes have a huge impact on whether or not he or she will become addicted. This is a health threat that you and your friends should take very seriously.
Since you have already experimented with smoking, it’s important for you to understand all of the possible consequences of your actions. Following is some more information about how smoking just two times may affect these three areas of your life:
- Your risk of lung cancer
- Your risk of other health problems
- Your risk of addiction
Your risk of lung cancer
Just to set the record straight: when you smoke, it’s not only lung cancer you have to worry about. Smoking also causes cancers of the mouth, throat, voice box, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder, stomach, cervix and blood (leukemia). The risk of getting lung cancer – the deadliest type of cancer – is 20 times higher in smokers than in non-smokers.
Your risk of getting these cancers increases with each additional cigarette and each additional day that you smoke. It’s all related to the amount of cancer-causing chemicals that you inhale into your body over time.
The amount of these chemicals that you exposed yourself to was comparatively small, so the chances that you got lung cancer from those two experiences are very small. (Even if you had developed lung cancer, you wouldn’t notice symptoms this soon. That’s another terrible thing about lung cancer – the symptoms, such as coughing up blood, don’t show up until the cancer is very advanced, and by then, it’s usually too late for a cure.)
However, that doesn’t mean those two smokes had no effect on you. By inhaling addictive chemicals, you put yourself at risk of tobacco dependency and all of the short-term and long-term health problems that can come along with it – including lung cancer.
Your risk of other health problems
Smoking just one or two times can cause immediate symptoms, such as the coughing and raw throat that you experienced, as well as nausea, lightheadedness, dizziness and other unpleasant feelings. That’s the instant effect of all those toxic chemicals coming out of a cigarette or cigar, which your body isn’t used to.
Other problems you could experience after just a couple of smokes include:
- Wheezing, due to constricted airways
- Increased phlegm production
- Persistent coughing
- Impaired physical performance
- Constriction of blood vessels
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure
- Increased risk of blood clots
- Elevated risk of stroke and heart attack
- Heartburn Bad breath
- Weakened immune system
- Increased risk of colds, bronchitis and pneumonia (and slower recovery)
Read more about the immediate effects of smoking.
Your risk of addiction
Just about every person who is hooked on smoking today started out like you, with just a couple of smokes as a teen or preteen. Several studies have shown that the first cigarette smoked during adolescence has a serious impact on the risk of addiction. A 2000 study showed that “symptoms of dependence develop soon after the first cigarette.” Those findings have been confirmed by two more recent studies.
It’s an addiction that rivals heroin in terms of how hard it is to resist the cravings. That’s no exaggeration – that’s for real. The results of the latest study on tobacco addiction in youth (The Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 Study, or DANDY-2, published in July 2007 in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine) are so convincing that the study’s chief investigator concluded, “Prudence dictates that youth must be warned that it may take only one cigarette to initiate a lifelong dependence on tobacco.”
Don’t take another chance.
You’re at the right age to be asking these questions. If you can stave off the peer pressure to smoke in late adolescence, then you are unlikely to become a smoker.
Here are a few more motivating statistics:
- Half of all smokers die from a disease related directly to cigarette smoking.
- If you look at the top five reasons why people die in America, four of them are related directly to cigarette smoking.
- People who smoke in the house or car with friends and family members subject their loved ones to increased risks of cancer, chronic respiratory infection, sudden infant death syndrome and all the other illnesses and risks faced by smokers.
- There are no medicines you can take and very few things you can do that have a more positive effect on your overall health than not smoking cigarettes.
Don’t risk a lifetime of addiction and health problems. Take it from a doctor who spends every day with people who have lung cancer: Don’t smoke again.
I hope you will take this information to heart and share it with your friends. I’m glad you asked this question, and I wish you a long, healthy, smoke-free life.
Ask an Expert is a public education forum only.
Ask an Expert does not respond directly to your questions or provide personal medical advice, diagnoses, treatment recommendations or second opinions through our Web site or by e-mail. Please talk with your health care provider about any questions specific to your medical care.
Chest infection | NHS inform
Chest infections are common, especially after a cold or flu during autumn and winter.
Although most are mild and get better on their own, some can be serious or even life-threatening.
This page covers:
Signs and symptoms of a chest infection
What causes chest infections?
Caring for your symptoms at home
When to see a doctor
Preventing chest infections
Signs and symptoms of a chest infection
The main symptoms of a chest infection can include:
- a persistent cough
- coughing up yellow or green phlegm (thick mucus), or coughing up blood
- breathlessness or rapid and shallow breathing
- a high temperature (fever)
- a rapid heartbeat
- chest pain or tightness
- feeling confused and disorientated
You may also experience more general symptoms of an infection, such as a headache, fatigue, sweating, loss of appetite, or joint and muscle pain.
What causes chest infections?
A chest infection is an infection of the lungs or airways. The main types of chest infection are bronchitis and pneumonia.
Most bronchitis cases are caused by viruses, whereas most pneumonia cases are due to bacteria.
These infections are usually spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. This launches tiny droplets of fluid containing the virus or bacteria into the air, where they can be breathed in by others.
The infections can also be spread to others if you cough or sneeze onto your hand, an object or a surface, and someone else shakes your hand or touches those surfaces before touching their mouth or nose.
Certain groups of people have a higher risk of developing serious chest infections, such as:
Read more about the causes of bronchitis and the causes of pneumonia
Caring for your symptoms at home
Many chest infections aren’t serious and get better within a few days or weeks. You won’t usually need to see your GP, unless your symptoms suggest you have a more serious infection (see below).
While you recover at home, you can improve your symptoms by:
- getting plenty of rest
- drinking lots of fluid to prevent dehydration and to loosen the mucus in your lungs, making it easier to cough up
- treating headaches, fever and aches and pains with painkillers – such as paracetamol or ibuprofen
- drinking a warm drink of honey and lemon – to relieve a sore throat caused by persistent coughing
- raising your head up with extra pillows while you’re sleeping – to make breathing easier
- using an air humidifier or inhaling steam from a bowl of hot water – to ease your cough (hot water shouldn’t be used to treat young children with a cough, due to the risk of scalds)
- stopping smoking
Avoid cough medicines, as there’s little evidence they work, and coughing actually helps you clear the infection more quickly by getting rid of the phlegm from your lungs.
Antibiotics aren’t recommended for many chest infections, because they only work if the infection is caused by bacteria, rather than a virus.
Your GP will usually only prescribe antibiotics if they think you have pneumonia, or you’re at risk of complications such as fluid building up around the lungs (pleurisy).
If there’s a flu outbreak in your local area and you’re at risk of serious infection, your GP may also prescribe antiviral medication.
Read more about treating bronchitis and treating pneumonia
When to see a doctor
You should see your GP if:
- you feel very unwell or your symptoms are severe
- your symptoms are not improving
- you feel confused, disorientated or drowsy
- you have chest pain or difficulty breathing
- you cough up blood or blood-stained phlegm
- your skin or lips develop a blue tinge (cyanosis)
- you’re pregnant
- you’re 65 or over
- you’re very overweight and have difficulty breathing
- you think a child under five has a chest infection
- you have a weakened immune system
- you have a long-term health condition
- you have a cough that has lasted more than 3 weeks
Your GP should be able to diagnose you based on your symptoms and by listening to your chest using a stethoscope (a medical instrument used to listen to the heart and lungs).
In some cases, further tests – such as a chest X-ray, breathing tests and testing phlegm or blood samples – may be necessary.
Preventing chest infections
There are measures you can take to help reduce your risk of developing chest infections and stop them spreading to others.
If you smoke, one of the best things you can do to prevent a chest infection is to stop. Smoking damages your lungs and weakens your defences against infection.
Read more information and advice about stopping smoking
Although chest infections generally aren’t as contagious as other common infections, like flu, you can pass them on to others through coughing and sneezing.
Therefore, it’s important to cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and to wash your hands regularly. Put tissues in the bin immediately.
Alcohol and diet
Excessive and prolonged alcohol misuse can weaken your lungs’ natural defences against infections and make you more vulnerable to chest infections.
To keep your risk of alcohol-related harm low, the NHS recommends:
- not regularly drinking more than 14 units of alcohol a week
- if you drink as much as 14 units a week, it’s best to spread this evenly over three or more days
- if you’re trying to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink, it’s a good idea to have several alcohol-free days each week
Regular or frequent drinking means drinking alcohol most weeks. The risk to your health is increased by drinking any amount of alcohol on a regular basis.
Eating a healthy, balanced diet can help strengthen the immune system, making you less vulnerable to developing chest infections.
Read more about healthy eating and tips on cutting down on alcohol
If you’re at an increased risk of chest infections, your GP may recommend being vaccinated against flu and pneumococcal infections (a bacterium that can cause pneumonia).
These vaccinations should help to reduce your chances of getting chest infections in the future.
Flu and pneumococcal vaccinations are usually recommended for:
- babies and young children
- pregnant women (flu jab only)
- people aged 65 and over
- people with long-term health conditions or weakened immune systems
Learn How to Clean Lungs After Quitting Smoking
How Long Does It Take Lungs to Heal After Quitting Smoking?
Time is the biggest factor when it comes to lung repair after quitting smoking.
Just 12 hours after your last cigarette the carbon monoxide levels in your blood return to normal. This helps your body get the oxygen it needs for all cellular function.
A critical aspect of lung health is healthy cilia. Cilia are tiny hairlike organelles that are found all throughout your body. Cilia in the lungs sweep out debris, mucus, and other pollutants.
Lung improvement begins after 2 weeks to 3 months. The cilia in your lungs take 1 to 9 months to repair.
Healing your lungs after quitting smoking is going to take time. There is no magic pill to make chest discomfort after quitting smoking disappear, but there are some tips and tricks on how to clean your lungs after smoking to give them the best chance at a speedy recovery.
Are There Natural Ways to Clean Your Lungs?
There are several natural ways to clean your lungs after quitting smoking, including:
- Consuming detoxifying, anti-inflammatory foods
- Avoiding pollutants
- Practicing deep breathing exercises
- Exercising regularly
Clean Lungs After Quitting Smoking:
Foods to Avoid:
The foods below are mucus producing and can increase the mucus in the lungs making it harder to clean them after quitting smoking.
Dairy products This includes cheese, butter, cream, yogurt, kefir, and milk (all milk including skim, 1%, 2%, whole, and raw organic).
Processed foods. Avoid any meats that have been modified to extend shelf life or augment taste such as jerky, bacon, ham, salami, sausage, hot dogs, canned meat and others.
Fast food meals are highly processed and should be avoided. Processed vegan/vegetarian foods and food substitutes (mock-meats and cheese substitutes) are also heavy mucus producers.
Packaged convenience foods, including frozen convenience foods can be left on the shelf.
Candies and sweets. Avoid candy bars, pies, cakes, pastries, taffy, gelatin, and other sugary confectionery. Such sweets can be comfort foods for some people, but if your lungs hurt after quitting smoking these types of foods aren’t going to help you feel better.
Caffeine. Avoid coffee and highly caffeinated teas or sodas. Drink lots of water instead. Green tea is caffeinated, but also is very antioxidant rich, and thus might be beneficial for lung pain after quitting smoking. Antioxidants can help clear toxins from throughout the body including the lungs.
Mild mucus producers include some surprises such as corn and soy products, fatty oils, nuts, seeds, beans, grains (e.g. breads, barley, oats, quinoa, splet, and rice), plus starchy and fatty vegetables (e.g. avocado, mushrooms, green peas, olives, plantains, potatoes, and squashes).
Many of the foods in this category are healthy and have other nutritious attributes. Avoiding all mild mucus producers isn’t likely to be a game changer for lung pain after quitting smoking.
Foods to Consume
Pineapple. contains a compound called bromelain, which helps reduce inflammation. Bromelain also helps you increase lung elasticity so that you can take in more oxygen with deeper breaths.
Honey. Some anecdotal evidence suggests a teaspoon of honey taken daily can provide many health benefits including removing pollutants from the lungs. Even if it isn’t as effective as some people claim, a spoonful of delicious honey isn’t a bad way to start your day!
Citrus fruits and berries (lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits, kumquats, blueberries, blackberries, etc.).
Leafy greens and herbs (brussel sprouts, celery, asparagus, bamboo shoots, cauliflower, broccoli, thyme, rosemary, oregano, etc.).
Radishes (including red, daikon, horseradish, and others) have many health benefits and they are particularly good for mitigating lung discomfort after quitting smoking. They eliminate excess mucus, soothe sore throats, clear sinuses, and decrease congestion in the respiratory system.
Spicy roots including garlic, onions, ginger, and turmeric are excellent for the lungs.
Foods with high chlorophyll (including juiced wheatgrass, spirulina, and sprouted seeds) help oxygenate the body.
What Can I Drink to Cleanse My Lungs?
Detoxifying drinks that can help with your lung cleanse include
- Honey and hot water
- Green tea
- Lemon water
- Carrot juice
- Tumeric and ginger
- Potassium-rich drinks, including smoothies with oranges, banana, spinach, and berries
How to Clean Your Lungs After Smoking: Avoid Pollutants
Cleaning your lungs after quitting smoking will go easier if other pollutants aren’t getting into your respiratory system.
Avoid other smokers.
Not only will second-hand smoke irritate your lungs, other smokers are likely to induce cravings and possibly cause you to relapse. Smoke from other sources, such as fires or wood burning stoves, should be avoided as well.
Keep your living spaces ventilated and clean.
An in home air purifier can remove allergens and particulate matter helping your lungs to access clean air.
Certain plants help accomplish this goal. Consider purchasing a house plant such as a spider plant, rubber tree, or a peace lily.
Try sleeping with windows open to let in some outside air. Keeping up with dusting and vacuuming also helps maintain clear air in the household.
Although a clean house helps the lungs get clean air, many household cleaning products contain harmful chemicals and should be used with caution. Ammonia in particular is highly irritable to the respiratory system.
How to Clean Your Lungs After Smoking: Breathing Exercises
Diaphragmatic breathing exercises are recommended by pulmonary rehabilitation specialists to help lungs function properly.
If you don’t have a chronic lung disease, but your lungs hurt after quitting smoking, these exercises will help cleanse your lungs and get them back to full health.
Pursed lip breathing is done by slowly inhaling through the nose for approximately 2 seconds, exhaling through the mouth for approximately 4 seconds, and pursing your lips to constrict airflow.
Breathe out steadily and slowly. The extra time spent on the exhale compared to the inhale is important.
Be sure to relax your head, neck and shoulders throughout the exercise. The benefits of pursed lip breathing exercises include:
- Opening air passages for easier breathing.
- Moving old and stale air out of the lungs.
- Promoting relaxation.
- Relieving shortness of breath.
Diaphragmatic breathing (also called belly breathing) is another breathing exercise that helps increase pulmonary function.
Doing this exercise can help clean your lungs after quitting smoking. Diaphragmatic breathing is similar to pursed lip breathing, but it adds an element of diaphragm exercise.
To practice diaphragmatic breathing place one hand on your belly and the other on your chest. As you inhale allow the hand on your belly to rise up while the hand on your chest remains in place.
During the exhale, breathe out slowly through pursed lips. Use the hand that is on your belly to help push air out. Repeat the exercise 3 to 10 times.
Benefits of diaphragmatic breathing include:
- Strengthening and lengthening of respiratory muscles.
- Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness.
How to Clean Your Lungs After Smoking: Physical Exercise
Physical fitness is a critical aspect of a healthy body, including healthy lungs.
The benefits of physical exercise are numerous and range from weight control, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, improving mental health and mood to reducing the risk of some cancers.
Furthermore, exercising releases endorphins and dopamine, which helps with nicotine withdrawal.
Yoga includes a large component of breath exercises and whole body exercises. Both are good for healthy lung function and improving your lungs after quitting smoking. Consider adding a yoga routine to your day.
If you aren’t accustomed to physical exercise, then slowly add it to your routine.
Gradually ramp up your physical activity as the weeks turn into months. As you exercise, you may notice that coughing will occur as a response.
By exercising, the phlegm and mucus in your respiratory system becomes dislodged and you cough to expel it from your system.
The coughing may be uncomfortable, but getting rid of all the gunk will help heal your lungs after quitting smoking. Hit two birds with one stone and get outside to exercise in some fresh outdoor air.
Do Your Lungs Get Better After Quitting Smoking?
While diet, breathing exercises and physical exercise can all help repair lung damage and promote lung health, the bottom line is that smoking (especially long-term) causes severe damage to the lungs, that may be irreversible.
That said, continuing to smoke will only make this damage worse and lead to an increased likelihood of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer.
The sooner you quit smoking, the better your chances of lung repair are.
There are a lot of products out there claiming to clean lungs after quitting smoking but there is no scientific evidence that any of these products work.
According to Dr Joshua Englert “There are countless products for sale on the internet that claim to remove toxins from the lungs, but there is no scientific research to support the use of any of them.”
While there typically isn’t any harm in trying these methods it’s important to realize there are no quick fixes to smoke induced lung damage.
The lungs are good at cleaning themselves. Over time, as you refrain from smoking, secondhand smoke, and any other lung pollutants such as vaping or poor air quality, your lungs will begin to heal themselves.
Can Lungs Cleanse After 40 Years of Smoking?
If you have been smoking for decades it will take your lungs decades to repair themselves, and they will likely never return to normal. That said, stopping smoking after 40 years is better than continuing to smoke for 45 or 50 years.
It’s never too late to quit and while your lungs may never heal completely, they will begin to get better once you stop smoking, even if you’ve been smoking your whole life.
One large study found that after 20 years of quitting smoking, the risk for COPD drops to the same level as if you had never smoked. After 30 years, the risk of lung cancer also drops to nonsmoking levels.
As you can see, it takes decades for the lungs to heal and this process gets longer the more you smoke.
Can You Get Tar Removed From Your Lungs?
Yes, it is possible to remove tar from your lungs using natural remedies to help your lungs heal after smoking. Your cilia will gradually heal after you quit, which will help remove tar from your lungs.
If you’ve been smoking for a long time, you have tar in your lungs. Tar refers to the toxic particles left behind in the lungs. Tar lines the lungs and colors them black. It damages the cilia in the lungs and airway that are responsible for cleaning the lungs.
Tar also contains toxins such as carbon monoxide, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide.
How Long Does It Take for Tar to Leave Your Lungs?
Research shows that for every 6 years you smoked, it takes 1 year to remove that amount of tar from your lungs.
There is no procedure or medication that instantly removes tar from your lungs. This process takes time. After quitting smoking, the cilia will begin to repair themselves, and slowly but surely get to work removing the tar from your lungs.
Cilia can take anywhere from 1 to 9 months to heal after you quit smoking.
Protect Your Lungs
If you’ve quit smoking and are working on healing your lungs, be patient with the process, avoid pollutants, avoid situations that may trigger cravings and generally maintain a healthy lifestyle.
You should not inhale anything other than pure clean air, and work to keep yourself healthy. Illnesses such as bronchitis and even head colds can result in increased mucus production which will be harder on your lungs.
By staying healthy you give your body the best chance at recovery.
Contact a doctor right away if you are having chest pain after quitting smoking that radiates into the left arm, neck and jaw; tightness, squeezing, or heaviness in the chest; shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea.
Lung Cleaning Treatment for Smokers
If you are struggling to quit smoking, a doctor can help.
Studies show talking with a doctor about quitting improves your chance of success by more than double.
A doctor can help construct a quit-plan that is right for you including recommendations for over-the-counter or smoking cessation medications such as Chantix.
If you are ready to quit, call or book online with PlushCare to set up a video appointment with a top U.S. doctor today. Our doctors have helped countless patients quit smoking by providing supportive, realistic treatment plans, including necessary prescriptions.
Read More About How To Clean Lungs After Quitting Smoking
90,000 Vapes and ICOS: a dangerous trend?
Thanks to the efforts of the tobacco companies, e-cigarettes are believed to be harmless fashion entertainment. It got to the point that some, if I may say so, doctors even “prescribe” vapes to those who want to quit smoking, as a light and harmless alternative to tobacco. But tobacco steaming and heating systems (such as juul or icos) are far from safe: they can lead to even more serious health complications than smoking regular cigarettes. And the point here is not so much in the proven dangers of tobacco, but in the design of the electronic devices themselves, as well as the substances that make up the mixture for vapes.
Vapes and aikos are smoking devices preferred mainly by young people. Even among schoolchildren, it is becoming fashionable to smoke electronic cigarettes. Such popularity is due to a certain “entourage”: puffs of fragrant smoke when vaping vapes, special devices that are perceived as a stylish and unique accessory, the ability to smoke almost anywhere due to the lack of legal regulation and, of course, aggressive advertising and promotion of these products.All this makes vapes and aikos attractive to young people. However, behind a beautiful picture, as often happens, there is not a very attractive essence.
Nicotine, metals, salts, flavors – what do vapers inhale?
95% of vape mixes contain nicotine. Its content is by no means less, and sometimes even more, than in a cigarette. Synthetic nicotine, in aikos it is often added to tobacco, and inhalation of such nicotine with the help of electronic devices leads to even more severe negative consequences than with ordinary tobacco smoking: first of all, to quick addiction, as well as to cardiovascular diseases, strokes, infertility , cognitive disorders in children, malignant neoplasms, etc.Thus, the risk of developing these diseases remains high for both regular cigarette smokers and fans of vaping.
Hazardous metals in the heating element. Some of these metals accumulate in the body, provoking a number of severe conditions and diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
Electronic cigarettes differ in the way they produce and deliver smoke. So, when using vapes, a special mixture is heated, and in aikos, tobacco is heated (however, at an element heating temperature of 350 °, this is the same combustion), which is why aerosols for inhalation are formed.And here lies the second dangerous moment – particles of harmful metals, which make up the heating element, enter the human body. As noted in the research of scientists from Ohio State University, the decay products of vapes and electronic cigarettes are ultrafine (approximately 2.5 microns) particles that easily penetrate into the composition of aerosols into lung tissue, the circulatory system and heart tissue. Some of these metals accumulate in the body, provoking a number of severe conditions and diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
Salts of various metals and aromatic substances, which are contained in each smoking mixture, lead to inflammatory processes in the walls of blood vessels, atherosclerosis, as well as damage to lung tissue.
The composition of the mixture for electronic gadgets is another topic for deep research, which is already being actively carried out in scientific institutes in the USA, Europe, and Australia. At the moment, scientists have not come to a consensus about the effect of substances that make up the mixture for smoking.This is due to the fact that many manufacturers do not write the exact composition of the mixtures, which complicates research. However, almost the entire scientific community agrees with the fact that some of the substances from these mixtures have an extremely negative effect. So, the staff of the University of Tasmania managed to prove that salts of various metals and aromatic substances that are contained in each smoking mixture lead to inflammatory processes in the walls of blood vessels, atherosclerosis, as well as damage to lung tissue.
Salts of various metals and aromatic substances, which are contained in every smoking mixture, lead to inflammatory processes in the walls of blood vessels, atherosclerosis, as well as damage to lung tissue.
Not only nicotine is the most dangerous substance in electronic cigarettes
An example of the negative impact of electronic cigarettes on health can be the epidemic of fatal pneumonia, which was recorded in the United States and Great Britain.About 40 people have died and more than 2,000 people are now being treated for the so-called “vaping disease”, or EVALI (e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury – lung disease associated with smoking electronic cigarettes or vapes).
Specialists at the Center for Disease Prevention and Control of the United States, trying to determine the cause of this disease, studied fluid samples from the lungs of deceased patients. It turned out that in all cases, the development of a fatal state of the lungs could be provoked by a synthetic form of vitamin E – vitamin E acetate, which is a part of smoking mixtures.
Vitamin E acetate is most often found in mixtures to which marijuana extracts (tetrahydrocannabinol) are also added. According to preliminary data, it is this combination that provokes a number of complications characteristic of the “vaping disease” – in 82% of cases of EVALI symptoms, it was found that patients had smoked such mixtures shortly before.
However, it is also impossible to exclude the content of vitamin E acetate in vaping liquids that do not indicate the composition. Moreover, it was found that the EVALI symptomatology in 62% of cases is characteristic of patients who smoked widespread and legal mixtures with nicotine.
Scientists do not exclude that other combinations of substances included in smoking mixtures may be the cause of the “vaping disease”. Therefore, the message of the European Respiratory Society regarding any consumption of these products is categorical and simple: “No!”
“Vaping disease” as natural consequences of smoking
EVALI cases in Russia have not yet been recorded, however, doctors suggest that it is only a matter of time. Therefore, it is important to think about your health right now, and if you still cannot stop smoking electronic cigarettes completely, it is important to know the symptoms of the “vaping disease” so as not to delay the visit to the doctor.
Thus, the first signs of lung damage from e-cigarette smoking – shortness of breath, chest pain, severe cough, respiratory failure – were reported in 95% of EVALI cases in the United States. In about 70% of cases, the disease manifested itself as indigestion – nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea were present. In 85% of cases, there was an increase in temperature, chills, weight loss. This symptomatology is also characteristic of pneumonia, therefore, in any case, do not postpone a visit to the doctor.
The problem is also that pneumonia is an “understandable” disease in terms of treatment.But with the “vaping disease” it is more difficult: doctors have to select an individual therapy in each specific case, which is associated with certain risks for the patient.
Thus, even if the vape mix does not contain nicotine, smoking e-cigarettes can pose as much a threat to the body as smoking.
It turns out that electronic devices are not at all a harmless alternative to tobacco. But so far in our country there is no legislative regulation of electronic cigarettes, in contrast to the regulation of tobacco products.Therefore, “to soar with impunity or not” is still on the conscience of a person and depends on how much he knows about the dangers of these products. Therefore, any effort that helps make the choice in favor of “clean” breathing is important. For example, Apple has removed from the App Store all applications that were intended to make vaping an easier and more convenient process. These measures were taken in the aftermath of deaths from vaping as an attempt to help users, especially young people, stay healthy.
Smoking and coronavirus (COVID-19)
Earlier data on the relationship between smoking and COVID-19 were conflicting. Some of them showed that smokers are more likely to die from the disease. However, it was also believed that they were less likely to get infected – for example, in Italy there were five times fewer patients with COVID-19 among smokers.
But a lot rested on the methods of data collection – it was problematic to find out whether he smoked in a seriously ill patient in intensive care.Nevertheless, the hypothesis of the “protective” properties of smoking so interested some scientists that they even admitted the use of nicotine patches as a preventive measure.
Further observations of British, Italian, Chinese doctors showed that smokers seem to be less likely to end up in hospitals. But again questions arose about collecting data – doctors did not have enough time and opportunities to find out from each patient whether he smoked, and some were unable to speak.
In addition, older people are more often admitted to hospitals, and among them the prevalence of smoking is lower than among middle-aged people.
It is well known that smokers are more likely to suffer from viral diseases – they touch their mouths more often, and their lungs are damaged and weakened due to bad habit. Therefore, the authors of the work doubted that there might be any benefit from smoking with COVID-19, and decided to take a different approach.
Using a special application, the researchers collected data for a month on the onset of symptoms of COVID-19, hospital visits, bad habits, height, weight and the main risk factors for the development of the disease.The primary task was to gather more information on the spread of the disease and outbreaks of infection. A total of 2.4 million people answered the questions. 35% of them experienced some kind of symptoms of the disease. 11% smoked.
As it turned out, smokers were 14% more likely to report the appearance of the main symptoms of COVID-19 – fever, cough and breathing problems. In addition, they developed other symptoms one and a half times more often – diarrhea, loss of appetite, delirium, sore throat, chest and muscles, loss of smell.
Those smokers who tested positive for COVID-19 were hospitalized twice as often as nonsmokers.
The researchers note that among those who passed the COVID-19 test, there were 2% fewer smokers than among those who did not. They attribute this to the fact that health workers are more likely to pass the test – and they smoke less.
At the time of the study, testing for COVID-19 in the UK was limited to only healthcare workers and hospitalized patients.
Among those who tested positive, there were 7.4% smokers, among those who tested negative – 9.3%.
At the same time, smokers were 42% more likely to develop more than ten symptoms of the disease compared to nonsmokers, which negates the theoretical “protective” effect of smoking.
In addition, smokers were more than twice as likely to require hospitalization. This contradicts earlier evidence that smokers are less likely to end up in hospitals.
“Our results provide compelling evidence for a link between smoking and individual risk associated with COVID-19, including symptomatic stress and risk of hospitalization,” the scientists conclude.
90,000 Reasons for smoking teenagers – Regional Children’s Hospital
What are the reasons for smoking in adolescents?
There are many reasons for smoking teenagers, here are some of them:
- Imitation of other schoolchildren, students;
- Feeling of novelty, interest;
- Desire to appear adult, independent;
- In girls, smoking is often associated with coquetry, a desire for originality, and a desire to please young men.
However, through short-term and irregular at first smoking, a very real habit of tobacco and nicotine emerges imperceptibly.
Nicotine, which is a neurotropic poison, becomes habitual and due to established reflexes it becomes difficult to manage without it. Many painful changes do not appear immediately, but with a certain “experience” of smoking (cancer of the lungs and other organs, myocardial infarction, gangrene of the legs, etc.)
Due to the fact that they care little about their health, schoolchildren cannot, due to immaturity, assess the severity of the consequences of smoking.For a schoolchild, a period of 10 – 15 years (when symptoms of diseases appear) seems to be something very distant, and he lives in the present day, being sure that he will quit smoking at any moment. However, quitting smoking is not easy, you can ask any smoker about it.
A survey of adolescent girls who smoke. When asked why do you smoke? The responses were distributed as follows:
- 60% of female smokers answered that it is fashionable and beautiful.
- 20% of female smokers answered that they want boys to like it this way
- 15% of female smokers answered that this way they want to attract attention
- 5% of female smokers said they look better this way.
Harm of smoking for teenagers
When smoking, a teenager’s memory is greatly affected. Experiments have shown that smoking reduces the speed of learning and memory, slows down the reaction in movement, decreases muscle strength, and under the influence of nicotine, visual acuity worsens.
It was found that the mortality rate of people who started smoking in adolescence (up to 20 years) is significantly higher than among those who first smoked after 25 years.
Frequent and systematic smoking in adolescents depletes nerve cells, causing premature fatigue and a decrease in the activating ability of the brain when solving problems of the logical-informational type.When smoking in a teenager, a pathology of the visual cortex occurs. In a smoking teenager, paints may fade, fade due to a change in visual perception of color, and the diversity of perception may decrease in general. Reading fatigue is initially observed. Then flickering and double vision begins, and, finally, a decrease in visual acuity, since tearing, redness and swelling of the eyelids resulting from tobacco smoke lead to chronic inflammation of the optic nerve. Nicotine causes changes in the retina of the eye, resulting in a decrease in sensitivity to light.Just like in children born to mothers who smoke, in young adolescents who smoke, sensitivity first to green, then to red, and finally to blue disappears.
Recently, oculists have a new name for blindness – tobacco amblyopathy, which occurs as a manifestation of subacute intoxication with smoking abuse. The mucous membranes of the eyes in children and adolescents are especially sensitive to contamination with tobacco smoke.
Nicotine increases intraocular pressure.Smoking cessation in adolescence is one of the factors in preventing such a formidable disease as glaucoma.
The state of the cells of the auditory cortex after smoking in adolescence clearly and indisputably testifies to the powerful suppression and inhibition of their functions. This is reflected in the auditory perception and the reconstruction of the auditory image in response to sound stimulation of the external environment.
Smoking in adolescents activates the activity of the thyroid gland in many, as a result of which the pulse of smoking adolescents increases, the temperature rises, there is a thirst, irritability, sleep is disturbed.Due to early exposure to smoking, skin lesions occur – acne, seborrhea, which is explained by disturbances in the activity of not only the thyroid, but also other glands of the endocrine system.
Everyone knows that smoking leads to premature wear of the heart muscle. Exciting the vasomotor center and affecting the peripheral vasomotor apparatus, nicotine increases the tone and causes vasospasm. This increases the stress on the heart, since it is much more difficult to push blood through the narrowed vessels.Adapting to the increased load, the heart grows due to the increase in the volume of muscle fibers. In the future, the activity of the heart is also burdened by the fact that the vessels of smoking adolescents lose elasticity much more intensively than those of nonsmokers.
It is known that with the increase in the number of adolescents who smoke, lung cancer has also become younger. One of the early signs of this disease is a dry cough. The disease can manifest itself with minor pain in the lungs, while the main symptoms are fatigue, increasing weakness, and decreased performance.Smoking disrupts normal work and rest, especially among smoking adolescents, not only because of the effect of nicotine on the central nervous system, but also because of the desire to smoke, which appears during classes. In this case, the student’s attention is completely switched to the thought of tobacco. Smoking reduces the efficiency of perception and memorization of educational material, reduces the accuracy of computational operations, and reduces the amount of memory. Smoking adolescents do not rest during recess, like everyone else, because immediately after the lesson they rush to the toilet and, in clouds of tobacco smoke and all sorts of harmful fumes, satisfy their need for nicotine.The combined effect of the toxic components of the absorbed tobacco smoke causes headaches, irritability, and decreased performance. As a result, the student comes to the next lesson in a non-working state.
Smoking too early has been found to retard growth. When checked, it turned out that not only growth, but also breast volume in smoking adolescents is much less than in non-smoking peers. Nicotine reduces physical strength, endurance, and impairs coordination and speed of movement. Therefore, sports and smoking are incompatible.This is the price of smoking for young people. Unfortunately, due to age characteristics, adolescents do not fully realize the degree of harmful effects of tobacco smoking.
Prevention of smoking in adolescents
Prevention of smoking in adolescents is a fairly relevant topic, not only in schools among adolescents, but throughout the world. The foundations of promoting a healthy lifestyle should be laid from adolescence, namely within the walls of the school.
Nicotine in the form of cigarettes is the most widespread (along with alcohol) psychoactive substance.Over the past two decades, adult smoking has declined significantly in developed countries and has increased in developing countries. The situation in our country is unfavorable, the same as in developing countries, the number of smokers is not only growing, but actively and getting younger. In Europe and the United States, smoking prevention is being actively pursued: anti-smoking advertising is being carried out, advertising of a healthy lifestyle is doing everything to improve the health of the nation. And tobacco companies are forced to look for a sales market! Russia is just that country where smoking prevention is not only forgotten, but on the contrary there are active advertising campaigns for smoking.The worst thing is that even young girls are actively involved in such advertising for smoking. What is the prevention of smoking? When all over the country crowds of people are more and more busy not with the prevention of smoking, but on the contrary with the imposition of smoking! That is why the number of smokers among young people is steadily growing.
According to a survey among schoolchildren, smoking is a serious problem of adolescents: the overwhelming majority of schoolchildren smoked at least once in their life, 50-70% of boys and 30-40% of girls smoke by the senior grades.
All this determines certain requirements for the prevention of smoking. Today, school teachers notice such a tendency, if they used to give lectures on how not to start smoking, today there is a need to give lectures to schoolchildren on how easy it is to quit smoking !!!
Russian vapers can breathe out – Science – Kommersant
As of October 8, 2019, there were 1,299 cases of pulmonary disease associated with the use of electronic cigarettes and vapes in the United States, 26 victims died.What happened? Who is guilty? What should Russians do who use alternative nicotine delivery systems (ASDN), modern substitutes for traditional cigarettes? The observer of Kommersant-Science, ALEXEY ALEXEEV, studied the reports of the American competent authorities, press reports and ascertained the opinion of experts in order to find answers to these questions.
Purely American Murder
The first case of a new disease was recorded in April. Since July, the number of cases has begun to grow rapidly.In all cases, patients complained to doctors of severe cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, vomiting, and diarrhea. The first death was recorded in August. Currently, cases of the disease have been recorded in all 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia and the overseas territory of the United States – the Virgin Islands. 70% of cases are men, 80% of cases are not older than 35 years. All victims used electronic cigarettes and vapes.
But why only in the USA? This question is one of the first that comes to mind.Electronic cigarettes, vapes, electronic tobacco heating systems are used by millions of people all over the world. In total, there are about 44 million vapers in the world.
The body of an American is no different from that of a British or Russian. The same popular vaping devices are sold in different countries. But there is currently only one case of lung disease reported in the UK, possibly related to vaping. And then this is only a suspicion, the connection has not yet been proven.In Russia – not a single case. And in general, nothing of the kind has been recorded in any other country.
So how does the United States differ from other countries?
A possible answer to this question can be read in a column in The Wall Street Journal by Scott Gottlieb, who until March 2019 headed the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The answer is already in the title of the article – “Legalization of weed made vaping deadly.”33 states in the United States now legalize medical marijuana use, and 11 of them also allow recreational marijuana use.
The article provides the following data. According to medical institutions in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois, about 87% of those affected by the “vaping epidemic” used tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main active ingredient in marijuana. In doing so, they used vape cartridges purchased “unofficially”, that is, on the black market. The victims consumed this mixture of unknown origin for at least three months before they developed symptoms of lung disease.Most used black market cartridges on a daily basis.
On the FDA website you can read the agency’s official warning: “Stop using THC-containing vaping products and any vaping products purchased from unofficial sellers.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a federal agency of the US Department of Health, came to the same conclusion: of 573 vapers surveyed who were victims of a pulmonary disease, 76% used THC or a mixture of THC with nicotine.
The FDA and CDC have not yet been able to identify a substance that would be present in all cases of pulmonary disease in vapers. The CDC gave the name to the new disease – EVALI (e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury, which translates as “lung injury associated with the use of electronic cigarettes or vaping”).
In early October, the director of the Department of Public Health and Communications of the Ministry of Health, Alexei Kiselev-Romanov, said in an interview with Interfax that vaping could be banned in Russia if it was confirmed that their use could lead to death.According to Kiselev-Romanov, the ban may be adopted in the next two or three years, first “it is necessary to accumulate an evidence base.”
The idea of a total ban looks illogical.
In vapes, replaceable cartridges are used, already filled by the manufacturer, or liquids in vials, with which the consumer refills his vape himself. In any case, the consumer does not know what they contain.
Alternative means of delivery of nicotine, types and differences
The NBC News Service conducted an experiment commissioning laboratory testing of vape cartridges.No potentially life-threatening substances were found in legal cartridges. A completely different result was obtained by checking the THC cartridges purchased on the black market. When ten samples were tested for pesticides, they were found in all samples. Also found in black market cartridges was the fungicide miclobutanyl, which, when heated, releases hydrogen cyanide (hydrocyanic acid). Fans of Agatha Christie detectives are familiar with the name of this poison.
Let us recall a tragic incident from Russian history.In December 2016, a mass poisoning with the Hawthorn bath concentrate occurred in Irkutsk. 123 people were injured, 78 of them died. Low-income people drank Hawthorn because of the ethyl alcohol it contained. But the batch that caused the mass poisoning was made from life-threatening methyl alcohol.
After these events, the authorities of the Russian Federation, of course, did not prohibit all legally produced spirits.The ban in the Russian Federation of all legally sold alternative means of delivery of nicotine would look just as ridiculous – just because in the United States, black market drug dealers manufacture deadly products for vaping.
The culprit has not yet been found
Consumers who use products from the black market, and not legal, do so for the simplest reason: goods from the black market are cheaper, or legal products do not exist at all.
But not all sick American vapers bought their cartridges on the black market.Also, not all of them were using THC.
The culprit of disease and death has not yet been found. The suspects included glycerin, propylene glycol, aromatic additives, and an oil solution of THC.
Back in 2017, the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology published the results of a three-month study conducted at the research laboratories of Philip Morris International in Singapore. The aim of the study was to find out the toxicity of the main components of electronic cigarettes – glycerin, propylene glycol and nicotine.Laboratory mice were exposed to aerosols, both nicotine and non-nicotine. As can be seen from the section of the study devoted to the effect on the respiratory system, there were no pronounced effects of the effects of propylene glycol in a mixture with glycerin (without nicotine) on the respiratory system. Consequently, these two components are hardly the culprit for the disease of American vapers.
Vitamin E acetate (alpha-tocopherol acetate) has long been the prime suspect.It is harmless when swallowed, but the fumes generated when it is heated can be toxic. The New York State Department of Health reported in early September that the substance was found in high concentrations in all e-cigarette cartridges seized from patients. A number of American pulmonologists have suggested the theory that inhalation of vitamin E acetate vapor causes lipoid pneumonia, a rare lung disease, the symptoms of which are similar to those observed in sick vapers.
But in early October, the New England Journal of Medicine published a letter from doctors from the Mayo Clinic, analyzing the results of lung biopsies in sick vapers. There were no signs of lipoid pneumonia. The authors of the letter suggest that the cause of the disease is poisoning with one or more toxins, but which ones exactly remains unknown.
Russian bathers can exhale
There is still no answer to the question who is to blame. Let’s try to deal with the second main question: what to do?
Let’s listen to the advice of the FDA.Some of them, however, are irrelevant for Russia, where the use of THC is prohibited by law. The rest of the recommendations are as follows: adolescents and pregnant women should not use any vaping products; non-smoking adults should not start using such products; vapers who quit smoking cigarettes should not switch back to cigarettes.
Pay attention to the last tip. Experts from many countries claim that vapes are less hazardous to health compared to ordinary cigarettes.In the UK, the Health Department’s executive agency, Public Health England, says vaping is 95% safer than regular smoking. The position of the New Zealand Ministry of Health is that vaping is not completely safe, but it is less dangerous than smoking cigarettes.
And in Russia, the All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Makhorka and Tobacco Products (VNIITTI) in 2018, commissioned by the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC), carried out research work on the topic “Conducting market research for new types of nicotine-containing products, international practice of legal regulation of circulation such products and the development of proposals for the establishment within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union of mandatory requirements for new types of nicotine-containing products and recommendations on the mechanisms for their implementation. “
Researchers performed laboratory testing of various types of nicotine-containing products (both vapes and tobacco heating systems) on a smoking machine and collected the resulting aerosol. Then, quantitative determination of aerosol components was carried out on highly sensitive analytical equipment using high-performance liquid and gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. They compared the nicotine content with nine substances in tobacco smoke that the World Health Organization considers the most dangerous to health, in regular cigarettes, tobacco heating systems and vapes.Most of the new products were 80–95% less toxic than regular cigarettes. The exception was open-type vapes – some devices overheated during operation so that the liquid began to “burn”, releasing carbon monoxide (carbon monoxide) and formaldehyde in quantities comparable to ordinary cigarettes.
As the experience of America has shown, vapes of open systems are also dangerous because they can use liquids of unknown origin and composition, bought on the black market.
At the same time, in the United States, numerous checks of legal products have never shown the presence of potentially hazardous components in it, which were present in products from the black market.
“We are absolutely convinced that our products cannot cause such a disease,” says Dmitry Ulupov, Head of Research Relations at Philip Morris International (PMI) Eastern Europe. “IQOS is a tobacco heating system, not vape. Neither vitamin E acetate, nor even more THC is included in its composition.Over 10 years, our scientists have conducted 18 preclinical and 10 clinical studies, and all the results unambiguously indicate that a complete transition to IQOS is less harmful than continuing to smoke cigarettes. The FDA, after reviewing the results of our research, in May of this year officially approved the sale of our tobacco heating system in the United States. In addition, in 51 countries where IQOS is already sold, our hotline accepts consumer health complaints, which are then registered by an independent company in Switzerland.Pharmaceutical companies have the same practice. We now have more than 12 million adult consumers worldwide, and we have not recorded any systematic complaints about the symptoms of pulmonary diseases observed in some vapers in the United States. ”
A similar opinion about the IQOS system was expressed by former FDA chief Scott Gottlieb in a recent interview with CNBC: “In it, tobacco heats up, but does not ignite, and numerous studies have proven that it is not as harmful as when tobacco is burned.Again, it is unsafe, but it can be a less harmful alternative for adult smokers. I think the key is that Philip Morris went through the regulatory approval process, spending years and millions of dollars in demonstrating that new tobacco products can be approved, and this is necessary to protect public health. ”
GOST for vape?
One of the main problems in the market for new nicotine delivery vehicles is that there is no technical regulation of such products, similar to the regulation of tobacco and alcohol markets.There is no regulatory system in either the United States or Russia.
Here is the opinion of Evgeniya Gnuchikh, Deputy Director of VNIITTI for Research and Innovation: “To protect consumers, it is necessary to develop and implement a full-fledged system of state technical regulation of nicotine-containing products.
In this regard, taking into account the international experience in regulating nicotine-containing products, VNIITTI proposes to develop and establish, within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union, legislative technical regulation of nicotine-containing products as a separate category of products that may carry a potential risk to the health of consumers, but at the same time fundamentally differ from the traditional tobacco products.
In 2017–2018, the Institute developed national standards GOST R 57458–2017 “Heated tobacco. General specifications ”and GOST R 58109–2018“ Liquids for electronic nicotine delivery systems. General technical conditions ”, which contain requirements for products. The standards contain requirements for raw materials, products, packaging, labeling and are voluntary for use, since there are no mandatory requirements for these products yet. It is necessary to further develop methods for the determination of various substances present in the aerosol of nicotine-containing products.Such work is carried out at the international level and by our institute as well ”.
90,000 Harm of smoking on the human body
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May 31 International No Smoking Day
And once again the smoker took a cigarette in his hand, snapped the lighter with relish and, drawing on what it seemed to him, fragrant smoke, began to dreamily look at the blue rings of smoke that were slowly spreading in the air of the room.But did he think for at least one second what processes are taking place in his body and what harm does smoking have on him? Probably not. And it should be! The smoke of 20 cigarettes (and this is the usual “norm of an inveterate smoker”) contains 130 mg of nicotine, 45 g of ammonia, 0.7-1.1 mg of hydrocyanic acid, 0.6 liters of carbon monoxide and many other poisonous substances. When these substances enter the human body, they cause irreparable harm. Doctors have proven that the average life expectancy of a smoker is 9 years less than that of a non-smoker.
Danger of smoking on the respiratory organs
Respiratory organs – take the very first blow from tobacco poisons. Both dense particles of soot and the “bouquet” that is part of tobacco smoke products irritate the mucous membrane of the larynx, trachea, bronchi, the smallest bronchioles and pulmonary vesicles – alveoli. As a result of that exposure to tobacco poisons, chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract develops. Smokers often suffer from bronchitis, they are constantly tormented by a cough, especially worse in the morning.The cough is accompanied by copious expectoration of dirty gray phlegm. Constant irritation of the vocal cords, which is often found in smokers, makes his voice rough, hoarse, unpleasant. Two young people made a bet, which of them would smoke more cigarettes without a break, and after 12 smoked cigarettes one of them felt bad. His consciousness collapsed and he died of sudden cardiac arrest. The health risks of smoking are manifold. It is impossible to name an organ that would not suffer from the chemicals found in tobacco
Harm of smoking on the nervous system, on the sensory organs
From all systems of our body, from smoking, the nervous system first of all suffers.The nervous system controls all processes in our body. She is responsible for the connection of the body with the external and internal environment. And first of all, it is the nervous system that suffers from poisoning with tobacco poisons. One of the first signs of tobacco poisoning of the nervous system is dizziness. Dizziness is usually accompanied by seizures, and sometimes a series of seizures of great intensity. It seems that all objects are moving, and if a person closes his eyes, there is a feeling of his own body spinning.Smokers with experience develop symptoms characteristic of a neurotic state: fatigue, irritability, memory loss, nervousness, headaches Harm of smoking on the sensory organs also suffer from toxic substances released during smoking, since nicotine kills the endings of the gustatory nerves and cavities mouth and thus taste perceptions disappear. Hard smokers often have vision problems, sometimes color perception is lost, a person cannot distinguish colors.This is due to the effect of tobacco poisons on the optic nerve. Smoking also has a negative effect on hearing function. Smokers have ears pricked up
Prepared by a psychiatrist OGBUZ
“Grayvoronskaya Central District Hospital” N.Ye. Gorbachev
90,000 About the dangers of smoking for schoolchildren and adolescents!
The particular harm of smoking for children and adolescents is due to the physiology of an immature organism.A person grows and develops for a long time, sometimes up to 23 years.
For the body to form normally, all these years, the required amount of oxygen and nutrients must be supplied to its cells, but by no means toxins – including from tobacco smoke.
“And not because some evil uncles and aunts want to ruin a teenager’s happy life and deprive him of the attribute of growing up by prohibiting smoking,” commented Galina Sakharova, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Deputy Director of the Research Institute of Pulmonology of the FMBA of Russia.“The adolescents themselves must understand their responsibility to themselves and let their own body grow.”
For example, the formation of the lungs in a child is anatomically completed only by the age of 12. And physiologically, even later – by 18, and some up to 21 years. And all other organs begin to work in the “adult” mode only after a person reaches the age of majority.
When smoking, a large amount of carbon monoxide enters the child’s bloodstream, which comes into contact with hemoglobin.The main task of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen to tissue cells. Carbon monoxide is easier to attach to hemoglobin, replacing oxygen. With sufficient concentration, it can lead to death due to oxygen starvation of the body. Because of what all organs and tissues suffer from “suffocation” – a lack of oxygen. At the stage of growth of the organism, this becomes a great danger.
Smoking is very hard on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems of a teenager. If a child smokes in the elementary grades of school, then by the age of 12-13 he may have shortness of breath and heart rhythm disturbances.Even with a smoking experience of one and a half years, according to the observations of scientists, the mechanisms of respiration regulation are disrupted in adolescents.
It is among young smokers that doctors note a constant deterioration in health: cough, shortness of breath, weakness. Frequent colds and acute respiratory infections, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are not uncommon among such children. Among smokers, adolescents with periodically exacerbated chronic bronchitis are often found.
Nicotine and other toxic substances of tobacco smoke affect the child’s brain just as strongly.The younger adolescents who smoke, the more under the influence of nicotine the blood supply to the brain and, as a result, its functions are disrupted.
Experts have found that smoking schoolchildren deteriorate attention, short-term memory, ability to logic and coordination of movements. Teenagers who smoke are more likely to be overworked, they are less able to tolerate the usual loads at school. By the way, scientists found the greatest number of poor students among young smokers.
Early tobacco addiction can make it very difficult for a person to give up their bad habit as an adult.”Nicotine addiction” in a child develops very quickly. After all, the nervous system at this age is still very immature, – recalls Sakharova, – and the effect on it of any psychoactive substance, which includes tobacco, will cause a stronger effect than in an adult organism. ”
Thinking about the future?
Under the influence of tobacco combustion products, the adolescent’s hormonal status is not yet fully formed. Nicotine affects almost all endocrine glands, including the sex glands in boys and girls.And this threatens the underdevelopment of the whole organism, the appearance of excess weight and a violation of the reproductive capacity of a person in the future.
For example, among schoolgirls who smoke, the likelihood of painful periods increases by about one and a half times compared to girls who have not touched tobacco.
If the first puff is made in childhood, by the age of thirty a person can become practically disabled: with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart disease and overweight.The dangers of smoking for schoolchildren and adolescents is also evidenced by the fact that his state of health in this case will be much worse than at the age of 50 for someone who smoked much later than the age of majority.
HOW TO HELP YOUR TEEN TO QUIT SMOKING
So, what you feared so much happened. Your child has confessed to smoking. And this is not the only cigarette around the corner of school, but an already formed habit. How can I help my teenager to quit smoking?
Peace of mind only
Shouting, swearing or punishment will not help the cause.The psyche of a teenager is very vulnerable, and you can lose trust in a relationship with a child. Or even force him to act contrary to your requirements. Gather all the information you need to know about the dangers of smoking and have a quiet conversation with your teenager. Find out why he started smoking, what he likes and dislikes his new habit.
Be honest about what the future holds for him if he continues to smoke. And indicate your attitude to the situation: you do not like that the teenager smokes, but he himself, apart from his habit, is still your beloved child, whom you will always help.
True, in this situation there is one “but”: if you smoke yourself, this conversation will not bring any benefit. According to Yulia Morgunova, an employee of the psychotherapeutic group of the Clinic of the Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, children and adolescents judge their parents not by their words, but by their deeds. Your child has watched you all his life, and now for him a cigarette in his hands is an absolute norm.
The position “let him smoke, but he does not drink and does not inject” is fundamentally wrong. After all, addiction to one drug can lead to a passion for others.And the consequences of the harm that nicotine does to the developing body will not have to be cleared up by you, but by your child a few years later – and, possibly, all his life.
A teenager develops addiction to tobacco quickly, but passes hard. Therefore, you should be patient: nothing will work in five minutes.
Decide with your child why he wants to quit smoking. The opportunity to save money or become like your favorite movie hero who quit smoking will be a good incentive.Explain to your daughter that women who smoke tend to age and age quickly. And to his son – that because of tobacco he will soon not be able to ride his favorite bike in the same way as his non-smoking friends.
For the company
Find out if your son or daughter has friends who have already quit smoking or are about to do so. Much is much easier for the company.
A small digression for parents who smoke: your “toddler” who smokes can be a great excuse to quit for you too.Moreover, teenagers are greedy for all kinds of competitions. The incentive to “stop smoking longer than daddy” is also fine. The main thing is that your desire to part with the habit becomes sincere: honestly admit to the teenager that it is also not easy for you to part with the habit, and do not smoke secretly – the child will quickly see through you and understand that you can smoke secretly.
No smoking day
If the decision is made, then you need to quit smoking immediately – in one day. Galina Sakharova, Deputy Director of the Research Institute of Pulmonology of the FMBA of Russia, advises to determine a solemn date that will divide life into two parts – a short experience of a smoker and many years of a healthy and happy life.
Think of a ritual for the last cigarette. It is better if the day off smoking cessation is a day off. You will be able to quit all business and take a family outing into nature: new impressions and the company of parents will help a teenager to endure the “withdrawal” of the first day much easier.
Throw away all ashtrays and cigarette stashes. Wash your child’s clothes so that the smell of smoke from them does not remind you of a bad habit. And, if you have relatives or friends who have successfully quit smoking, invite them over and ask them to subtly tell your child about the process of parting with a cigarette.
Prepare carrot sticks, plates with fruits and dried fruits for the child – he will definitely want to “seize” the desire to smoke. Explain that sweets and chips are unsuitable and harmful to your figure for this procedure.
Build the teenager’s daily routine in such a way that he does not have time for idleness: give him additional assignments, offer to take on some of the “adult” responsibilities in the family. This will allow the child to feel their significance even without the external attribute – cigarettes.
It is advisable that he went to bed on time and spent more time outdoors during the day – this will help the body to quickly adapt to the lack of the usual nicotine supplementation.
It’s a good idea to start playing sports instead of smoking. Active movement allows the body to produce the same pleasure hormones as tobacco. Support your teenager in his endeavor and even keep him company. After all, the additional movement will not hurt you either. Especially if you also quit tobacco.
TELEPHONE CONSULTATION CENTER
It takes a young body 3-4 months to completely get rid of the tobacco habit. Get ready for the fact that the teenager will have bouts of irritability, tearfulness, grades at school will drop – it’s worth it. Teach him how to deal with stress and have fun in harmless ways. Constantly emphasize that you are very proud that your son or daughter had the willpower to quit smoking.
A smoker can call 8-800-200-0-200 (the call is free for residents of Russia), say that he needs help in quitting smoking, and he will be switched to the specialists of the Counseling Call Center for Help in Quitting Tobacco Consumption (KTC). If all CTC specialists are busy at this moment, his phone number will be sent to CTC by e-mail, and he will be called back within 1-3 days.
Psychologists and doctors provide consultations to those who apply to KTC.Psychologists help to prepare for the day of quitting smoking, help to find a replacement for smoking rituals, together with the applicant, determine the optimal ways to overcome addiction, support in difficult moments of fighting nicotine addiction. Doctors will advise on the most effective treatment options for smoking cessation, advise patients with various medical conditions on how to better prepare for quitting smoking, taking into account existing health problems.
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Diseases caused by smoking.
More than 60% of men and every 10th woman smoke in Russia.
Many people who smoke do not even think that most of the diseases they develop due to smoking.
How often you hear the following at a doctor’s appointment:
– shortness of breath tortured …
– weakness in the legs, chilly …
– pain, burning in the chest …
– the wound on the leg does not heal in any way …
Etc., etc. And what is the bewilderment of the patient (especially men) that health problems are provoked and aggravated by smoking.
A smoker can read about many diseases on cigarette packs, but as a rule they are not considered or read.
Poisons in tobacco smoke
In the lungs of a smoker who smokes 1 pack of cigarettes a day, approximately ¼ of the tar contained in tobacco smoke is deposited. More than 300 poisons have been found in these resins.
A person who smokes 2 packs a day shortens his life by about 8 years. Even those who smoke only 2 to 9 cigarettes a day shorten their lives by about 4 years.
Substances in tobacco smoke are listed below: arsenic, barium, benzoic acid, carbon, cesium, chromium, copper, ethanol, ethylene acetate, formaldehyde, formic acid, glycerides, hydroxypyruvic acid, isovaleric acid, lactic acid, lithium, methanol, nickel , phenol, benzopyrene, xanthines, silicone.
So, what diseases are caused by smoking?
Cigarette smoking is known to cause chronic bronchitis.The reason for this is the deposition of tobacco tar on the bronchial mucosa of the smoker, which irritates the respiratory tract and leads to an inflammatory process.
The body removes the resulting mucus by coughing. Persistent cough (smoker’s cough) and difficulty in breathing are in direct proportion to the number of cigarettes smoked.
Emphysema of lungs
One of the last stages of chronic bronchitis is emphysema.
The irritation caused by cigarette smoke can be so severe that the walls of the microscopic air-filled vesicles (alveoli) of the lung lose elasticity and rupture, creating large air pockets in the lungs.At the same time, the efficiency of the respiratory process is sharply reduced. A person suffering from emphysema dies a slow death due to a lack of oxygen in the body.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for pulmonary emphysema. A smoker must stop smoking before this disease develops.
Today, this disease is the leading cause of death among cancer patients. Lung cancer rarely gives early symptoms, having time to spread throughout the body (most often to the liver and brain) before it is detected on an X-ray.It has been proven that the main cause of lung cancer is tobacco tar.
Heart attacks (infarction)
Tobacco smoke absorbed by the body reduces the ability of the blood to bind oxygen and increases blood clotting. These changes, combined with the hardening of the artery walls, also caused by smoking, can lead to an attack of angina pectoris. These seizures are one of the most common causes of death. At the age of 50, among smokers, heart attacks are observed 3 times more often than among nonsmokers.
Phlebitis is an inflammation of the wall of a venous vessel with the formation of blood clots inside it. This disease manifests itself as swelling, induration, pain and redness at the site of inflammation. The veins of the lower extremities are most often affected, but the process can develop in the veins of the arms and abdominal cavity. Smoking increases blood clotting and increases the risk of phlebitis, which can later lead to heart attacks or strokes.
The cause of a stroke is a narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels in the brain.A stroke can lead to paralysis with impaired speech and consciousness.
Smoking contributes to the hardening and narrowing of the walls of the arteries, disruption of the supply of blood to the brain. Smokers are 2 times more likely to experience the tragedy of disability.
Diseases of the teeth
Dental caries is observed in smokers about 2 times more often than in nonsmokers. Under the influence of tobacco tar, dental plaque (calculus) forms on the smoker’s teeth, which is a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria, which contribute to the destruction of enamel and the formation of cavities in the teeth.Moreover, smokers are twice as likely to lose their teeth due to frequent inflammatory diseases of the gums.
Peptic ulcer resulting from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer is an open defect in the mucous membrane of these organs and is accompanied by abdominal pain, heartburn, nausea, vomiting and, often, weight loss. Special studies have shown that gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer occurs in smokers 2-3 times more often than in non-smokers, and develops mainly in people who abuse tobacco for a long time.
This is due to the fact that under the influence of nicotine and other harmful substances contained in tobacco smoke and swallowed with saliva during smoking, the secretion of gastric acid hydrochloric acid in the stomach is stimulated (or suppressed).
In addition, smoking leads to narrowing of blood vessels, disrupts the blood supply to the stomach and duodenum, thereby creating favorable conditions for ulceration of the mucous membrane. This disease can be fatal due to bleeding caused by ulcer perforation or intestinal obstruction.
Pathologies observed in newborns
Poisonous substances contained in tobacco smoke, entering the mother’s body, enter the developing child’s body with the blood stream. Studies show that the weight of children born to mothers who smoke is on average 200 g less than the norm (this is due to the low content of oxygen and nutrients in the mother’s blood caused by the toxic effects of tobacco smoke). Pregnant women are strongly advised to avoid alcohol and cigarette consumption, as the developing fetus is very sensitive to any toxic effects.A mother who smokes has a 10 times higher risk of spontaneous abortion than a non-smoker. Newborns whose mothers smoke have a 50% higher risk of developing sudden death syndrome than those born of non-smoking mothers. One of the consequences of the mother’s smoking can be a developmental delay in the child.
Oral cavity cancer
Toxic substances of tobacco smoke have a direct effect on the oral mucosa. When examining a smoker’s mouth, you can see dense, whitish patches of skin located on the inner surface of the cheeks, on the tongue and under it.
Such changes are called “leukoplakia”. This is a precancerous condition, quite often it leads to the development of cancer itself.
Cancer of the lip and tongue is being caused with increasing frequency in people who use chewing tobacco or snuff.
The larynx is located in the anterior region of the neck and connects the nasopharynx and trachea. The larynx is formed from cartilage connected by ligaments and is lined with mucous membranes inside.
Persistent hoarseness, not accompanied by pain, at the age of 40 is a warning about possible cancer of the larynx.This disease occurs in men mainly after 40 years.
The most common cause of laryngeal cancer is smoking. Alcoholism also contributes to the onset of this disease.
The leading symptoms of bladder cancer are pain when urinating, blood in the urine and frequent infections of the urinary system.