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Pain in digestive tract: Abdominal pain Information | Mount Sinai


10 causes and when to see a doctor

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Several conditions can cause upper stomach or upper abdominal pain. including indigestion, gas, and gastritis.

Stomachaches are a common complaint in children and adults. The upper stomach houses several vital structures, including the upper intestines, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas. While many issues responsible for upper stomach pain, such as gas or a stomach virus, are not cause for concern, others may require medical treatment.

In this article, learn about ten possible causes of upper stomach pain, as well as treatment options and when to see a doctor.

Causes of upper stomach pain can include:

Gas occurs naturally in the intestines and digestive tract. When this gas accumulates, it can cause feelings of pressure, bloating, or fullness.

An infection, virus, diarrhea, or constipation can cause gas pain to become very intense.

Gas may be the culprit if:

  • The pain comes in waves.
  • The pain causes the stomach to swell.
  • It feels like something is moving in the stomach.
  • There is burping or passing of gas.
  • A person has diarrhea or constipation.

Gas pain is not usually serious, and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines can help. A person can also try eating more slowly to avoid swallowing air and prevent the gas from getting worse. Some people notice that certain foods, such as broccoli, are more likely to cause gas pain.

Gas usually goes away, without treatment, within a few hours. If it occurs with a fever, uncontrolled vomiting, or intense pain, it is best to see a doctor.

Indigestion is a burning feeling in the upper stomach, and sometimes in the mouth or throat. The pain may also feel like it stems from the chest.

The medical term for indigestion is dyspepsia. It usually appears when there is too much acid in the stomach, which can happen after eating highly acidic foods.

Less commonly, indigestion can result from a stomach ulcer, acid reflux, or even stomach cancer. Frequent indigestion that is very painful or occurs with unexplained weight loss could be a sign of a more serious concern.

OTC medicines are highly effective at managing temporary indigestion. Identifying the triggers, such as certain foods, can help a person make healthful lifestyle changes.

People with frequent or severe indigestion may wish to speak to a doctor about managing their symptoms or diagnosing an underlying cause.

Indigestion medication is available for purchase online.

Gastritis causes the stomach lining to become swollen and painful.

Acute gastritis occurs in the short term and comes on quickly, usually because of a bacterial infection, such as with Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

Some conditions irritate the stomach lining, causing chronic gastritis.

Causes of chronic gastritis include:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • autoimmune diseases
  • sarcoidosis
  • allergies
  • viruses in people with weakened immune systems

Antibiotics can usually treat bacterial infections. When gastritis is chronic, diagnosing and treating the underlying cause can help.

For many people, reducing stomach acid by eating a less acidic diet or taking medications can also help. Pain relievers can help with symptoms, while medicines that protect the stomach lining can prevent the symptoms from getting worse.

Stomach viruses can cause vomiting and nausea.

Gastroenteritis is a stomach virus that can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, in addition to upper stomach pain. People with a stomach virus may also have headaches, muscle aches, and low energy.

Some people call gastroenteritis the stomach flu, but it is not actually a type of flu.

For most people, symptoms go away on their own within a few days. Avoiding heavy meals and drinking only clear liquids can help a person stop vomiting.

It is vital to avoid dehydration, so consider drinking something that restores electrolytes, such as a sports drink, until the symptoms pass.

Some people may need medical treatment to avoid dehydration, including those with weakened immune systems, babies and very young children, and people with serious health conditions, such as cancer.

There is a selection of electrolyte products available for purchase online.

Many muscles extend to the upper stomach. Pain from a mild muscle injury or spasms can cause temporary pain in the upper abdomen.

The pain often gets better with gentle massage and rest. Some people also find relief by using cold and hot packs.

If muscle pain is intense or does not get better after a few days, see a doctor for an evaluation.

Hot and cold packs are available for purchase online.

Appendicitis is an infection of the appendix. Without treatment, it can cause the appendix to rupture, and the condition can become life-threatening.

In the early stages of appendicitis, a person may notice a dull ache around their belly button, but this pain can radiate to the upper stomach. As the infection gets worse, the pain moves to the lower-right side.

In most cases, a doctor treats appendicitis by removing the appendix.

Gallstones are hard formations of cholesterol or bilirubin that can develop in the gallbladder. They do not always cause problems, but sometimes they block a biliary duct.

A blockage from a gallstone can cause intense pain in the upper-right stomach, as well as vomiting, fatigue, and exhaustion.

Untreated gallstones can affect the functioning of the liver and pancreas. When this happens, a person may experience jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin and eyes, or they may develop a serious infection of the pancreas.

In most cases, a doctor treats gallstones by removing the gallbladder, and a person can live a regular life without this organ. Or, a doctor may prescribe medication to dissolve the stones.

If gallstones pass on their own, a doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, such as more exercise or a lower-fat diet, to reduce the risk of the stones reoccurring.

The liver, pancreas, and gallbladder work together to support digestion. All three organs are in the upper-right side of the stomach.

Sometimes, untreated gallstones block biliary ducts, causing pain in the liver or pancreas.

Liver diseases, such as hepatitis, can cause liver pain. Pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas, may also cause pain. Some other causes, such as liver or pancreatic cancer, are less likely.

Additional symptoms of liver or pancreas problems include:

  • yellow eyes or skin
  • dark urine
  • very pale or white bowel movements
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • pain that gets progressively worse

The right treatment depends on the underlying cause. People with pancreatitis may need to stay in the hospital for fluids and observation. Liver diseases require medication, and a liver transplant can treat advanced liver disease.

Cancers of the liver and pancreas can require chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery. Regardless of the cause of pain in the liver or pancreas, a prompt diagnosis can be life-saving.

A bowel obstruction blocks the intestines, making it difficult or impossible for anything to pass through. This can cause intense pain, constipation, and difficulty digesting and absorbing food.

In addition to stomach pain, symptoms of a bowel obstruction include:

  • vomiting bile, a greenish-yellow substance
  • a swollen stomach
  • an inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement
  • intense cramping

A bowel obstruction is a medical emergency, as the bowel can tear or become seriously infected. Medications, fluid, and pain relievers often help. In some cases, a surgeon may need to remove the blockage.

Small pouches called diverticula can appear in the intestines, especially in the colon. When these pouches become inflamed or infected, a person can develop intense abdominal pain.

The location of the pain depends on where the diverticula are. While diverticula are more common in the lower intestines, they can also appear in the upper intestines, causing pain in the upper stomach.

Diverticulitis may also affect bowel function, causing symptoms such as constipation and diarrhea.

Probiotics and a high-fiber diet often help treat diverticulitis. If the infection gets worse or does not go away, a doctor may perform a surgery to remove the diverticula or a part of the intestines.

Share on PinterestA person should see a doctor within 24 hours if they have a fever and abdominal pain.

In most cases, it is safe to wait and see if upper stomach pain goes away without treatment. If the pain persists or gets worse, it is best to see a doctor.

See a doctor within 24 hours if:

  • Vomiting lasts longer than 12 hours.
  • There is a fever along with abdominal pain.
  • Abdominal pain occurs following an injury, such as a blow to the stomach.
  • A person develops abdominal pain after taking a new medication.
  • Stomach pain occurs in someone with a weakened immune system due to HIV, chemotherapy, or immunosuppressants.

Go to the emergency room or seek urgent care if:

  • There is severe pain in the upper-right abdomen.
  • The stomach pain is unbearable.
  • There is stomach pain and white or pale stool.
  • A pregnant woman develops severe abdominal pain.
  • A person develops signs of severe dehydration, such as not urinating, chapped lips, very dry skin, confusion, dizziness, or sunken eyes.
  • A newborn has persistent vomiting or a high fever.

Abdominal pain can be a minor inconvenience or so intense that it makes functioning difficult. It is important to pay attention to other symptoms before deciding whether medical attention is necessary.

In many cases, especially those due to minor infections or gas, upper stomach pain will go away in a few hours or days.

Most Common Causes of Stomach Pain

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July 1, 2022

The causes of stomach Aches & Pain

Most people will experience stomach or abdominal pain sometime in their lives. It is one of the most common reasons why people go to the emergency room, accounting for about 5% of emergency visits

Many things can cause stomach pain, including digestion issues, injuries, infections, or disease. But it’s important to understand that the discomfort you feel is not necessarily an indication of how serious the cause. Some temporary conditions can be intense, and some life-threatening ones may feel mild.

1.   The most common causes of stomach pain

Most stomach or abdominal pain is the result of a temporary condition and is not serious. This kind of pain stems from a digestion issue, menstruation, or a passing virus. For example:

  • Digestion issues, including indigestion, gas, constipation, diarrhea, food allergies, and food poisoning, are all extremely common causes of stomach pain. In most cases, the discomfort will go away within a few hours or a few days
  • Inflammation caused by an irritation or infection. Common causes of inflammation include stomach flu, peptic ulcers, or a urinary tract infection
  • Menstruation sometimes causes stomach pain if the woman experiences menstrual cramps or ovulation-related pain


2. Common diseases can cause chronic stomach pain

Digestive system diseases can cause chronic stomach discomfort. The most common digestive conditions are:

  • Chronic acid reflux, also called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This occurs when stomach acid or bile flows into and irritates the food pipe. If you experience acid reflux and heartburn more than twice a week, you should discuss it with your doctor.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is also known as a spastic colon. This disorder causes abdominal pain, cramping, gas, diarrhea, and constipation.
  • Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract. It can cause stomach pain, diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, and fatigue.
  • Lactose intolerance caused by the deficiency of an enzyme called lactase. It may produce abdominal cramps, bloating, and diarrhea.


3. More serious conditions may cause acute pain

If your pain is severe and sudden, it may be a more serious condition, like a ruptured appendix, gallstones, kidney stones, or a kidney infection.


4. What should I do if I have stomach pain?

Mild abdominal pain often goes away without treatment. But some pain should be treated by a doctor.

Call 911 if your pain is severe and the result of an accident or injury, or if you feel pressure or pain in your chest. You should also seek immediate care if the pain is so intense that you can’t sit still, have bloody stool, have a fever of more than 101 degrees, are vomiting a lot, your skin or eyes are turning yellow, or you find that it’s difficult to breathe.

You should visit a doctor if your stomach pain lasts longer than 24 hours, you have been constipated for several days, it burns when you urinate, you’ve lost your appetite, you’re experiencing unexplained weight loss, or you have stomach pain if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.


Get the care you need


There are many causes of stomach pain. If your pain is persistent, discuss the problem with your doctor. If you don’t have a doctor, Grady can help. If you need a primary care physician, call us at (404) 616-1000. We’ll arrange an appointment at a Primary Care Center near you. Doctors there can treat most conditions and provide access to Grady’s unparalleled medical specialty expertise.

Related articles

Abdominal pain: causes and treatment


  • 1 Causes of abdominal pain: how to understand and what to do?
    • 1.1 What is abdominal pain?
    • 1.2 Main causes of abdominal pain
      • 1.2.1 1. Digestive disorders
      • 1.2.2 2. Various infections
      • 1.2.3 3. Various tumors
      • 1.2.4 4. Chronic diseases 9 0008
      • 1.2.5 5 Diseases of the urinary tract
    • 1. 3 How to determine the cause of abdominal pain?
      • 1.3.1 Symptoms
      • 1.3.2 Localization
      • 1.3.3 Additional investigations
    • 1.4 How to deal with abdominal pain?
      • 1.4.1 Keep a diet
      • 1.4.2 Drinks to relieve stomach pain
      • 1.4.3 Set a body routine
      • 1.4.4 See a doctor
    • 1.5 When to See a Doctor for Stomach Pain ?
    • 1.6 How to prepare for a visit to the doctor for abdominal pain?
      • 1.6.1 1. Determine the nature of the pain
      • 1.6.2 2. Remember what you ate and drank
      • 1.6.3 3. Provide medical documents
      • 1.6.4 4. Describe the symptoms
      • 1.6.5 5. Be ready for additional research
    • 1.7 What diagnostic methods help to identify the causes of stomach diseases?
      • 1.7.1 Gastroscopy
      • 1.7.2 Ultrasound
      • 1.7.3 Blood and urine tests
    • 1.8 Medicines to help with stomach pain
      • 1. 8.1 1. Antispasmodics
      • 1.8.2 2. Anti-inflammatory drugs
      • 1.8.3 3. Antibiotics
      • 1.8.4 4. Antiseptics
      • 1.8.5 5. Probiotic and
    • 1.9 Proper nutrition for pain in the stomach
      • 1.9.1 Avoid fatty and spicy foods
      • 1.9.2 Eat easily digestible foods
      • 1.9.3 Eat small meals
      • 1.9.4 Drink plenty of water

      90 008

    • 1.10 Factors that worsen the situation with abdominal pain
      • 1.10.1 Using antibiotics without a doctor’s prescription
      • 1.10.2 Going to public places
      • 1.10.3 Crazy diets and poor nutrition
    • 1.11 Exercises for stomach pain
    • 9 0005 1.12 Q&A:

        • 1.12 .0.1 What can cause abdominal pain?
        • How to distinguish between normal and abnormal abdominal pain?
        • Which foods can cause stomach pain?
        • What to do if you experience abdominal pain?
        • What tests and investigations should be done for abdominal pain?
        • 1. 12.0.6 How can I prevent stomach pain?

Learn about the causes of abdominal pain, their symptoms and how to manage them. Advice from doctors and useful information for maintaining gastrointestinal health.

Abdominal pain is a common problem in many people and can have a variety of causes, from minor to serious. It can occur for various reasons such as eating unsuitable food, infections and other diseases such as gastritis, stomach ulcers, gallstones, appendicitis, etc.

Abdominal pain symptoms can range from mild discomfort to intense and severe pain that requires medical attention. Often, digestive disorders such as heartburn, constipation, and diarrhea can be accompanied by abdominal pain, which can be similar to other diseases.

Regardless of whether you have the strength to endure the pain, you should not postpone a visit to the doctor in order to avoid serious consequences of the disease and receive the necessary treatment on time. This is especially important if abdominal pain is accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, fever, and bleeding.

To prevent stomach pain, it is important to watch your diet, avoid large and fatty foods, snack between meals and consume more water and fruits. You should also go to regular medical check-ups and avoid stressful situations that can cause abdominal pain.

What is abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain is a feeling of discomfort or pain in the abdomen that can vary in intensity and duration.

Some people may experience only mild discomfort, while others may experience intense pain.

Abdominal pain can often be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, constipation, etc. If these symptoms worsen or continue for several days, you should consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

    • Important to know:
      1. Do not ignore abdominal pain or discomfort, especially if accompanied by other symptoms.
      2. See a doctor if the pain does not go away within a few days or gets worse. 1. Digestive disorders cystitis, pancreatitis, colitis and others. These diseases can cause pain in the right or left side of the abdomen, below or above the navel, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.

        2. Miscellaneous infections

        Infections caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi can also cause abdominal pain. Acute inflammation of the appendix, diverticulitis, enteritis, hepatitis, cholera and other diseases may be accompanied by acute or dull pain in the abdomen, fever and other symptoms.

        3. Various tumors

        Tumors, both malignant and benign, can cause abdominal pain. For example, a tumor in the stomach can lead to pain in the upper abdomen, and a tumor in the intestines can cause pain in the lower abdomen or around it. In addition, tumors can cause nausea, vomiting, bowel problems, and other symptoms.


        Chronic diseases

        Chronic diseases such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis), diabetes, and others can cause abdominal pain. In this case, the pains may not be obvious, but they will be constantly present and may intensify after eating or in stressful situations.

        5. Diseases of the urinary tract

        Diseases of the urinary tract, such as stones, infections, renal colic, and others, can also lead to abdominal pain. Usually the pain is observed in the lateral parts of the abdomen, but can spread throughout the abdomen. Urological problems can also cause nausea, vomiting, fever, and bowel problems.

        How to determine the cause of abdominal pain?

        Abdominal pain can be a sign of a wide range of diseases and can sometimes be difficult to diagnose. However, there are several ways that can help determine the true cause of discomfort.


        First of all, you should pay attention to what symptoms accompany the pain. The cause may be digestive disorders, intestinal infections, inflammation of the pancreas, hernia and other diseases.


        It is also important to determine the exact location of the pain in the abdomen – upper, lower, right or left side. This will help the doctor determine which organs are affected. So, pain in the right hypochondrium may indicate problems with the gallbladder or liver, and pain in the left hypochondrium may indicate problems with the spleen.

        Additional tests

        Additional tests may be required for a more accurate diagnosis. This may be a complete blood count, fecal occult blood test, ultrasound and other methods. You should not postpone a visit to the doctor if there are severe abdominal pains that do not go away within a day.

        How to deal with stomach pain?

        Eat healthy

        Eating regularly is one way to prevent stomach pain. Try to increase the number of meals to 5-6 times a day, but reduce the portions. It is also important to monitor the composition of food: avoid fatty, spicy, salty foods and alcoholic beverages.

        Drinks to relieve stomach pain

        Some drinks can help relieve stomach pain, such as rice infusion: pour a glass of rice with plenty of water and leave overnight. In the morning, filter the infusion and drink. You can also replace water with jelly made from berries and fruits, which contain mild acids that are good for digestion.

        Set a body routine

        Since stomach pain is often stress related, try setting your body routine. For example, do not forget about yoga, meditation or regular physical activity. You can also use a heating pad on your stomach to relax your body and reduce pain.

        Seek medical attention

        If abdominal pain is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever or diarrhea, do not self-medicate. It is important to consult a doctor and prescribe a comprehensive treatment based on the causes of the disease. Pain medications can be used to temporarily relieve pain, but only if prescribed by a doctor.

        When should I see a doctor about abdominal pain?

        Abdominal pain is a symptom that may indicate various diseases. Some are harmless and go away on their own, but some can be serious and require medical attention. When should you see a doctor so as not to miss a serious illness?

            • If your stomach pain is accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, or other symptoms, you may have a gastrointestinal infection. Call your doctor if these symptoms do not go away in more than a day.
            • If abdominal pain occurs after eating, we may be witnessing a peptic ulcer of the stomach or duodenum. Left untreated, ulcers or bleeding can develop. You should consult a doctor if the pain does not improve after using pain medication.
            • If the pain is sharp and severe, it may indicate problems with the gallbladder, pancreas or heart. This requires an early consultation with a doctor or going to an ambulance.
            • If women experience pain due to menstruation or urination, they may have reproductive problems. Certain diseases can cause pain in the abdomen, which may also require medical attention.

        Don’t ignore stomach pain and hope it goes away on its own. If you are experiencing pain that is causing concern, it is best to see a doctor to find out what the cause may be and get the necessary treatment.

        How to prepare for a visit to the doctor for abdominal pain?

        1. Determine the nature of the pain

        Before visiting a doctor, it is necessary to determine where and how much pain occurs in the abdomen. This will help the doctor diagnose the problem faster and determine timely treatment.

        2. Remember what you ate and drank

        Before going to the doctor, you need to remember what you ate and drank recently. This will help the doctor understand what can lead to abdominal pain and how serious it is.

        3. Bring your medical records

        Be sure to bring your medical records and test results with you. This will help the doctor quickly diagnose and start treatment.

        4. Describe your symptoms

        Feel free to describe all your symptoms to your doctor, even if they don’t seem serious to you. Their presence can help the doctor diagnose the problem faster and more accurately.

        5. Be prepared for additional tests

        Your doctor may order additional tests, such as blood and urine tests, abdominal ultrasound, and others. Do not be afraid, such studies will help the doctor to establish a diagnosis and establish treatment.

        What diagnostic methods help to identify the causes of stomach diseases?

        Abdominal pain is a symptom that may indicate problems with the stomach or other organs in the abdomen. A number of diagnostic methods are used to identify the causes of gastric diseases.


        Gastroscopy is a procedure in which a doctor uses a flexible tube with a camera on the end to examine the stomach. This allows you to see the condition of the gastric mucosa and detect the presence of an ulcer, inflammation or other changes inside the stomach.


        Ultrasound of the stomach is a safe diagnostic method that uses some types of high frequency waves to create an image of the internal organs. Ultrasound allows you to assess the condition of the walls of the stomach, to determine the presence of tumors or other changes that can lead to abdominal pain.

        Blood and urine tests

        Blood and urine tests can also help identify causes of stomach problems. The values ​​of certain indicators may indicate the presence of infection, anemia, impaired renal function, and the presence of a tumor.

        The combination of these methods can help to accurately identify the causes of stomach diseases and start timely treatment. Therefore, if you experience abdominal pain, be sure to visit a doctor and go through all the necessary studies.

        Medicines to help with stomach pain

        1. Antispasmodics

        Antispasmodics are medicines that relieve spasms in the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. They can help with colic, severe cramps, and abdominal pain. Among them are “No-shpu”, “Duphalac”, “Riorgan”, “Buscopan”.

        2. Anti-inflammatory drugs

        Anti-inflammatory drugs can help with abdominal pain caused by inflammation in the organs. But do not abuse these drugs, because they can harm the liver and kidneys. Among them are Nimesil, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen.

        3. Antibiotics

        Antibiotics are prescribed if abdominal pain is caused by an infection. They kill bacteria and stop viruses from multiplying. However, do not self-medicate with antibiotics, as this can harm the body and cause allergic reactions. Antibiotics should only be taken as directed by a doctor.

        4. Antiseptics

        Antiseptics can help with abdominal pain caused by infectious diseases. These medicines destroy bacteria and viruses in the gastrointestinal tract. Among them are “Furazolidone”, “Furadonin”, “Rivanol”.



        Probiotics are medicines that contain live bacteria that are beneficial to the body. They can help with abdominal pain caused by dysbacteriosis. Probiotics restore the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract, improve digestion and strengthen the immune system. Among them are Bifidumbacterin, Lactobacterin, Bifilakt.

        Proper nutrition for stomach pain

        Avoid fatty and spicy foods

        If you are experiencing stomach pain, fatty and spicy foods can make your condition even more unpleasant. These foods can irritate the stomach wall and cause pain.

            • Avoid fried foods
            • Limit high-fat meats and dairy products
            • Avoid hot spices and sauces

        Eat easily digestible foods

        When you experience stomach pain, your stomach may have trouble digesting certain foods. To avoid making your condition worse, avoid hard-to-digest foods and eat foods that are easy to digest, such as:

            • Vegetables and fruits
            • Chicken and fish
            • Low-fat hard cheese
            • 900 21

          Eat small meals

          When you experience stomach pain, avoid overeating and eat small meals. In this way, you will help the stomach digest food better and avoid unwanted pain. In addition, by reducing food portions, you will reduce the load on the stomach and will be able to feel relief faster.

          Drink plenty of water

          A well hydrated stomach can help relieve stomach pain. Drink more water to soften the stomach wall and improve digestion. In addition, water helps clear toxins from the body that can cause pain and discomfort.

          Factors that worsen the situation with abdominal pain

          Abdominal pain can be caused by many causes, such as infections, poisoning, stress, and others. However, some factors can worsen the situation and lead to more serious consequences.

          Using antibiotics without a doctor’s prescription

          Many people start taking antibiotics even if they don’t know the exact cause of their stomach pain. This behavior can increase the severity of the infection and make it worse.

          Visiting public places

          Visiting public places, such as a swimming pool or gym, increases the risk of contracting infectious diseases. This can cause additional stress on the body and worsen the patient’s condition.

          Cruel diets and malnutrition

          Refusal of food or malnutrition can cause problems with the stomach and intestines. This can lead to additional stress on the body and worsen its condition. 9

        • Going public

          Actions that worsen conditions in abdominal pain Conditions that may worsen abdominal pain

          Non-prescribed use of antibiotics Infectious diseases
          Visiting public places Infection with infectious diseases
          Cruel diets and poor nutrition Disorders of the stomach and intestines

          Exercise for abdominal pain

          the stomach can appear for various reasons, but often it occurs due to improper nutrition, stress or sedentary lifestyle. Some exercises can help manage pain:

              • Yoga is a set of exercises aimed at improving health and strengthening the body. Many asanas (postures) can relieve tension in the deep abdominal muscles and improve intestinal motility.
              • Squat is an excellent exercise for fine work of the abdominal muscles. Their implementation helps to improve blood circulation in this area, which helps to reduce pain.
              • Stretching – stretching the muscles of the abdomen, back and sides, helps to improve the flexibility of the body and reduce tension in all areas, which helps to reduce pain.

          You should also remember about the regularity of training: it is better to do 10-15 minutes every day than 2 hours once a month. Good mood and abdominal health will ensure proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.


          What can cause abdominal pain?

          There can be many reasons: from ordinary undigested food to serious diseases such as appendicitis, stomach ulcers, gastritis, cholecystitis, etc.

          How to distinguish between normal and pathological abdominal pain?

          Normal abdominal pain is usually caused by overeating, stress, exercise and usually goes away on its own or after taking mild painkillers. If the pain does not go away for a long time, is accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, fever, etc., you should seek medical help.

          What foods can cause stomach pain?

          Foods that can cause stomach pain include spicy, fatty, sour, sugary, carbonated drinks, alcohol, dairy products, and foods that are too hot or too cold.

          What should I do if I have abdominal pain?

          If you experience abdominal pain, you must take a horizontal position and do not overload yourself physically. Try taking light painkillers, after which be sure to visit a doctor if the pain does not go away.

          What tests and investigations should be done for abdominal pain?

          In case of abdominal pain, it is necessary to take a blood test, urine and feces for helminths, undergo a gastroenterological examination, gastroscopy, ultrasound or CT of the abdominal cavity, and other studies prescribed by the doctor.

          How can I prevent stomach pain?

          To prevent the occurrence of abdominal pain, it is recommended to monitor nutrition, exclude foods that cause pain from the diet, exercise and exercise moderately, do not burden yourself with stress, and regularly undergo preventive examinations with a doctor.

          Pain in the intestines – symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment


          • Pain in the intestines: causes
          • How to treat intestinal pain?
          • Medicine for pain in the intestines

          Pain is a signal that the body sends to us in order to indicate violations of its work. The organs of the upper gastrointestinal tract are characterized by pain accompanied by heartburn, belching, nausea, chest pain. Pain in the intestines may be accompanied by stool disorders, as well as bloating. It can be clearly localized or, on the contrary, “spread” over the entire lower abdomen 3.8 .

          Pain in the intestines: causes

          Pain in the intestines can be caused by many reasons. The most common of these are overeating, poisoning, periodic female pain, intolerance to certain substances (for example, lactose and gluten intolerance are common), and various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract can cause pain 8 . If it is not possible to associate pain with a specific event, for example, with the use of stale foods, then you should think about functional disorders of the intestine. The meaning of such violations follows from the name itself – “functional”, i.e. when there is no structural damage to the organ, its function is performed incompletely and with violations 3 .

          One of the common functional bowel diseases is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 9 . In IBS, the motor, or motor, function of the intestines is impaired 9 . How this happens and manifests itself, we will tell further.

          For us, food is like fuel for a car. For us to be healthy, food must be varied, balanced, and well digested and assimilated, saturating the body with useful substances. The gut plays a key role in this process.

          Interesting fact: the intestines are always “moving”, even when we sleep! This is due to the work of smooth muscle cells (SMC), which form the longitudinal and transverse muscle layers. Well-coordinated work of these layers ensures the promotion of intestinal contents through the digestive tract 10 .

          In a healthy gut, these two layers work together in a harmonious rhythm. Like any muscle, they alternately contract and relax, which ensures the timely movement of food and full participation in the process of digestion 10 . Under the influence of external factors, the rhythm of the intestines can be disturbed: the muscles contract, but subsequent relaxation does not occur. This condition is called spasm. Spasm is manifested not only by abdominal pain, but also by stool disorders: diarrhea, constipation, and bloating 3 .

          How is spasm related to stool disorders and bloating? Intestinal spasm changes, distorts the speed of food advancement. With spasm of the longitudinal layer of the intestine, diarrhea occurs, and with spasm of the transverse – constipation. With constipation, the contents of the intestinal contents “stagnate”. As a result, unpleasant fermentation processes occur, and gas is released. “Irritable” bowel manifests itself as a complex of symptoms: abdominal pain in combination with stool disorders or bloating 3 .

          Pain, like other symptoms of IBS, appears periodically, often after eating, and subsides after visiting the toilet. The nature of the pain is often misleading with its varied manifestations. The abdomen can then burst (which is typical with increased gas formation), then compress. Sensations are aching, burning, sometimes there are pains and tingling. With IBS, pain bothers for a long time, from 3 months, and manifests itself mainly in the daytime 9 .

          Antispasmodics can help relieve pain 9 , however, as long as the motor skills and functions of the organ are not restored, it will be difficult to achieve significant improvements 3 .

          How to treat intestinal pain?

          Treatment of pain in the intestines directly depends on the cause that led to pain 8 .

          If the pain that appears can be associated with the use of certain foods or fatty foods, then it is worth reviewing the diet. Therefore, a special diet is often prescribed. Even if you follow the rules of nutrition, you can achieve improvement: avoiding heavy and “junk” foods, as well as foods with low nutritional value 9 .

          Constant stress and overexertion play a significant role in the disruption of digestive functions, so the emotional state should be corrected 7 . To do this, you can consider any of the ways to manage the emotional state, yoga, breathing exercises, psychotherapy can be useful 9 .

          Painkillers or antispasmodics are often used to quickly relieve pain 7 , but not all drugs in this group work in the same way 3.11 .

          The first difference in is the site of action of the drug. Most antispasmodics have a general antispasmodic effect on many body systems 11 . It sounds, at first glance, not bad, but think about it, do you want to get an additional effect of the drug where it is not required? For acupressure, there are selective antispasmodics that act in the intestines, that is, where they are needed. Such drugs do not disrupt the functioning of other organs, do not cause systemic side effects, such as lowering blood pressure or, conversely, tachycardia, urinary retention, etc. 11 .

          The second difference in is the point of application of the drug or the method of action. Since a spasm is a prolonged contraction of a smooth muscle cell, to relieve pain it is necessary to relieve the spasm and relax the intestinal cells. Some drugs act directly on the smooth muscles of the intestine. Other drugs take a longer route through opioid receptors (nerve endings) that are located throughout the gastrointestinal tract, and as a result, unwanted effects such as constipation, diarrhea, and others can occur when taking such drugs. 0496 11 .

          Many antispasmodics relax smooth muscle cells – this leads to the elimination of spasm and pain 11 , BUT: can a completely relaxed cell do its job? In order for the intestines to work as intended by nature, the cell must be relaxed “reasonably” – to its normal state. Such an effect is exerted by preparations with a certain mechanism of action, which makes it possible to obtain the effect of restoring the work of the intestines 4 .

          Treatment of pain in the intestines and other symptoms of IBS does not mean getting rid of each of them separately, but the impact on the key link – impaired bowel function, its motor activity. The return of the intestine to the correct physiological work takes time, but it allows you to eliminate unpleasant symptoms for a long time 9 .

          Medicine for intestinal pain

          We have already found out that recurring pain in the intestines can be a manifestation of the Irritable Bowel Syndrome, a functional disease in which there is no so-called organic (structural) damage to the organ. For the treatment of irritable bowel, an approach aimed at restoring the motor or motor function of the intestine is needed.

          In addition to adjusting the diet and stabilizing the emotional state, Duspatalin® 135 mg in the form of tablets can come to the rescue.

          Duspatalin® 135 mg already after 15 minutes 2 begins to work, relieving pain and cramps in the abdomen. It has an analgesic effect comparable to that of local anesthetics (lidocaine) 6 .

          Duspatalin® 135 mg acts only in the intestines, directly on the MMC. In addition, the drug “reasonably” approaches the control of the motor activity of the muscular walls of the intestine due to the fact that it not only relaxes the spasmodic cell, but regulates its activity 1 .

          Duspatalin® 135 mg coordinates the motor activity of both transverse and longitudinal smooth muscle layers, ensuring a harmonious rhythm of the intestines. Tablets can help not only relieve spasm and pain, but with a 28-day course, they help to restore the work of the “irritated” intestines 1.