Painful gallbladder polyps: Gallbladder Polyps | Endocrinology | Mercy Health
Gallbladder Polyps | Endocrinology | Mercy Health
What are gallbladder polyps?
Your gallbladder is a small organ. It’s responsible for storing bile after your liver releases it. It also moves the bile from your liver to your small intestine. Gallbladder polyps are small growths that can form on the outside of the organ. The growths are usually not cancerous. The possibility for these growths to be cancerous is small. About 5% of gallbladder polyps are. They can be the first way a doctor can tell someone has gallbladder cancer before serious symptoms start happening.
Causes of gallbladder polyps
Unlike gallstones, there isn’t a lot of research and understanding about what causes gallbladder polyps. Doctors think there’s a connection to the way your body processes fat. Bile helps your body break down and digest the fat you eat. If your gallbladder doesn’t help break down the fat well, you might be more likely to get polyps.
Risk factors for gallbladder polyps
There’s some evidence that family history plays a role in whether you’re at risk of getting gallbladder polyps. If someone else in your family has had gallbladder polyps, you may be more likely to get them. This condition isn’t more common in certain genders, ages, obesity rates or medical conditions like diabetes.
Symptoms of gallbladder polyps
If you have gallbladder polyps, you might not have any symptoms. However, some people do experience some symptoms. Scientists have found there’s no difference between the symptoms of people with cancerous polyps compared to those whose polyps were noncancerous, or benign.
Symptoms of gallbladder polyps include:
- Occasional pain in the upper right part of your abdomen
Diagnosis of gallbladder polyps
Without clear symptoms, it can be difficult for doctors to diagnose gallbladder polyps. Often, doctors discover this condition when they’re checking another condition. If your doctor finds something that looks like polyps, they may remind you that the chance of gallbladder cancer is very rare. The next step in the diagnosis is a process called an ultrasound. This test shows your doctor the inside of your body so they can look at your gallbladder. They can usually tell by looking at your gallbladder if the growths are polyps. Gallbladder polyps that are larger than a half-inch around are more likely to turn into cancer over time. Most polyps are made of cholesterol.
Treatments for gallbladder polyps
If your gallbladder polyp is smaller than a half-inch wide, your doctor may just want to wait and see if it changes. They might schedule regular ultrasounds to see if the polyps grow. This is a common situation if you don’t have any symptoms.
Other treatments for gallbladder polyps include having surgery to remove your gallbladder. This is also a potential if your gallbladder polyp is larger than a half-inch wide. Regardless of whether you have surgery or not, it helps to improve your diet. This can help you avoid fatty or high-cholesterol foods. You can also start eating more fruits and vegetables.
Recovery from gallbladder polyps
Gallbladder polyps are fairly common. They’re rarely cancerous and often cause no symptoms. Unless there’s a very high chance of cancer or you have gallstones, which are painful, your doctor might not recommend you do anything.
You should continue to have regular visits with your doctor. That way, they can monitor any changes — and your overall health. Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly and having good sleep patterns are part of the process for staying healthy.
If you have any symptoms related to gallbladder polyps, it’s important that you contact your doctor right away. When your doctor finds one polyp, there’s a higher chance they might discover more they’ll want to monitor.
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Gallbladder polyps: Symptoms, causes, and treatments
Polyps in the gallbladder may not cause any symptoms. Depending on the type of polyps, they can be benign, be a sign of inflammation, or potentially lead to cancer.
Polyps are abnormal tissue growths.
Most people with gallbladder polyps do not experience symptoms. Doctors usually discover the polyps incidentally on ultrasound or CT scans.
Although some gallbladder polyps can develop into cancer, the vast majority of polyps are noncancerous. As long as the polyps are smaller than 1 centimeter (cm) in diameter and cause no symptoms, treatment is unnecessary.
This article discusses the symptoms and potential complications of gallbladder polyps. It also explains the association between gallbladder polyps and cancer and looks at the treatment options.
A polyp is an abnormal growth of tissue. Some polyps are small, flat bumps, while others hang from tiny stalks.
Polyps can form in various parts of the body, including the gallbladder. Researchers estimate that gallbladder polyps affect 0.3–9.5% of the population.
There are three main types of gallbladder polyps: pseudopolyps, inflammatory polyps, and true gallbladder polyps.
Pseudopolyps, also known as cholesterol polyps, are the most common type, accounting for 60–90% of all gallbladder polyps. Pseudopolyps are noncancerous, cholesterol-filled growths.
Their presence sometimes indicates an underlying gallbladder issue, such as chronic cholecystitis. This is the term for gallbladder inflammation, which occurs when the gallbladder does not empty sufficiently.
Inflammatory polyps account for 5–10% of all gallbladder polyps. They indicate inflammation in the wall of the gallbladder.
Doctors usually find inflammatory polyps in people who have experienced cholecystitis more than once and those who have acute biliary colic. Biliary colic can occur when a gallstone blocks the duct of the gallbladder, and it typically results in pain after eating.
Inflammatory polyps are not associated with gallbladder cancer.
True gallbladder polyps
True gallbladder polyps are rare and have the potential to become cancerous.
These polyps typically measure 5–20 millimeters (mm) in diameter. Any that are larger than 1 cm are more likely to become cancerous.
When a person has larger polyps, the doctor may recommend removing the gallbladder.
Share on PinterestAn ultrasound view of the gallbladder showing a polyp inside it.
James Heilman, MD, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Gallbladder polyps do not always cause symptoms. In many cases, doctors find them unexpectedly on ultrasound or CT scans.
However, gallbladder polyps can sometimes cause the following symptoms:
- discomfort in the upper right side of the abdomen
- food intolerances
People with high levels of cholesterol or salts in their bile have an increased risk of developing gallbladder polyps. The liver produces bile and stores it in the gallbladder. The gallbladder’s main function is to help the body digest fat.
Gallbladder polyps are also associated with the formation of gallstones. Many people have both gallbladder polyps and gallstones.
The following health issues may increase a person’s risk of developing true gallbladder polyps:
- familial polyposis, an inherited condition
- Gardner syndrome, a type of familial polyposis
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, a genetic condition
- hepatitis B, a viral infection that can be acute or chronic
The majority of gallbladder polyps are pseudopolyps or inflammatory polyps. These do not cause complications and are not associated with cancer.
However, doctors regularly monitor all gallbladder polyps, regardless of their type. Removal of the gallbladder is only necessary if people experience symptoms or a polyp grows larger than 1 cm. The most significant complication of true gallbladder polyps is gallbladder cancer.
The biopsy procedure that doctors sometimes use to confirm the diagnosis can also potentially cause complications. These include bleeding, infection, and the leaking of bile.
Only true gallbladder polyps are associated with cancer. The stages of gallbladder cancer range from 0 to 5, with stage 5 being the most advanced.
The 5-year survival rate for stage 1 gallbladder cancer is less than 50%.
Doctors detect fewer than 10% of gallbladder cancer cases when they are at stage 0 or 1. They diagnose the majority of cancerous gallbladder polyps at a more advanced stage.
Factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing gallbladder cancer include:
- being over 50 years of age
- being of Indian ethnicity
- having a history of primary sclerosing cholangitis
- having a flat, or sessile, polyp, along with thickening of the gallbladder wall
Meanwhile, research indicates that people with pseudopolyps or inflammatory gallbladder polyps have almost no risk of developing gallbladder cancer.
Nonetheless, doctors monitor all gallbladder polyps closely. Those that grow larger than 1 cm have a higher likelihood of becoming cancerous. When a person has a polyp of this size, the doctor will advise removing the gallbladder.
Pseudopolyps and inflammatory polyps that are smaller than 1 cm and do not cause symptoms do not require treatment.
However, doctors routinely monitor all gallbladder polyps using ultrasound scans. The first scan usually takes place 6 months after the initial discovery of the polyp. Subsequent scans tend to occur at yearly intervals.
If a polyp has grown by 2 mm or more since the last checkup, the doctor will recommend the surgical removal of the gallbladder, which is called a cholecystectomy. There are two types: open cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
An open cholecystectomy involves the surgeon removing the gallbladder via a large incision under the right side of the rib cage. During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, they will instead remove the gallbladder via small incisions in the abdomen.
Although gallbladder surgery typically has good outcomes, some possible complications include:
- bile duct injuries
- internal or external bleeding
- abscesses under the liver
Currently, the only treatment option for gallbladder polyps is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. However, as people with high cholesterol have an increased risk of developing cholesterol polyps, lowering cholesterol levels in the blood may help prevent cholesterol polyps from forming in the first place.
The American College of Cardiology and similar institutions recommend dietary changes for people with high cholesterol.
A low cholesterol diet includes plenty of the following foods:
- whole grains
- low fat dairy
- low fat poultry
- nontropical vegetable oils
People with high cholesterol should also limit their intake of:
- sugar-sweetened beverages
- red meats
Another way to lower cholesterol is through exercise. People should aim to exercise for a minimum of 40 minutes at least three times a week. The exercise should be aerobic and moderate to vigorous in intensity.
Some people may also need to take medication that lowers their cholesterol.
People with gallbladder polyps may not experience symptoms. Most gallbladder polyps are noncancerous, but they still require regular monitoring.
Surgery is necessary if polyps cause symptoms or are larger than 1 cm. Doctors also recommend surgery when a polyp has grown by 2 mm or more since the person’s last checkup.
True gallbladder polyps are rare, but they can cause gallbladder cancer. The standard treatment is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. Survival rates for people with this type of cancer are higher when doctors detect the cancer at an early stage.
Polyps in the gallbladder – what to do, how to treat, symptoms
What are polyps in the gallbladder
The gallbladder is a small, hollow organ located between the liver and stomach. Its purpose is to receive from the liver, concentrate (remove excess fluid) and store a supply of bile sufficient to dissolve a fatty meal. As soon as a person eats, for example, a cheburek, an eclair or a portion of grilled trout, the bladder releases the prepared bile into the small intestine. This allows you to effectively digest what you eat and avoid unpleasant sensations such as heaviness in the stomach.
The gallbladder is located between the liver and stomach
If the work of the gallbladder is disturbed for some reason, for example, due to cholelithiasis, inflammation or poor nutrition, polyps form. These are small benign neoplasms, which, as a rule, do not manifest themselves in any way: often the patient learns about them only during an examination for another disease.
According to the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10, a gallbladder polyp is assigned to code K82 (“Other diseases of the gallbladder”). In ICD-11, the pathology has the code DC10. 3 (“Polyp of the gallbladder”).
Why polyps occur in the gallbladder
There are several factors that most likely lead to the formation of a polyp in the gallbladder – these are long-term inflammatory processes, impaired bile outflow, changes in its composition and anatomical features of the structure of the organ, which are often hereditary.
Causes of polyps in the gallbladder:
- chronic inflammation: cholecystitis – inflammation of the gallbladder, cholangitis – inflammation of the gallbladder ducts;
- pathologies that violate the movement of bile: cholelithiasis, inflection of the gallbladder;
- high cholesterol in the body – hypercholesterolemia.
Polyps can form both in people with a hereditary predisposition to pathology, and in those who lead an unhealthy lifestyle.
Risk factors for the development of polyps in the gallbladder:
- heredity: if one of the parents is diagnosed with pathologies of the gallbladder that can lead to the development of polyps, their risk increases for the child;
- age: the risk of developing gallbladder polyps is higher in people over 50;
- weight: overweight people are more susceptible to pathology;
- smoking and alcohol abuse: irritates the mucous membrane of the gallbladder and increases the risk of polyps;
- low-quality products (containing nitrates and harmful food additives): negatively affect the condition of the mucous membrane of the digestive organs;
- poor nutrition (long breaks between meals, overeating, passion for fast food): leads to malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract, impaired fat metabolism, changes in the properties of bile.
Overeating contributes to the appearance of polyps in the gallbladder
How common are polyps in the gallbladder
Typically, polyps are found in people with pathologies or structural features of the gallbladder – its inflection, gallstone disease, chronic inflammation.
Gallbladder polyps develop in about 7% of the population and are most common in people over 50 years of age.
Symptoms of polyps in the gallbladder
How polyps in the gallbladder manifest themselves depends on their number, size and location. In most cases – when polyps are small and located in a wide part of the organ – they do not cause any symptoms.
Small polyp located in the widest part of the gallbladder, usually not a problem
If a large polyp blocks the outflow of bile through the duct, symptoms similar to gallstone disease may occur. In this case, a person may feel heaviness in the abdomen, pain in the right hypochondrium. Stagnation of bile can cause nausea or vomiting, fever, and yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes. Such a course is extremely rare.
What are polyps in the gallbladder
True polyps of the gallbladder are quite rare: up to 90% of all neoplasms in it are pseudopolyps – cholesterol deposits on the walls of the organ.
Pseudopolyps , or cholesterol polyps, are formed in violation of fat metabolism. Bile changes its characteristics: it becomes viscous, the concentration of cholesterol rises. Excess cholesterol is deposited on the walls of the gallbladder, forming outgrowths that look like polyps.
Such neoplasms do not degenerate into cancer.
True polyps are of several types. They have a different origin, composition and risk of transformation into a malignant tumor.
Types of true polyps of the gallbladder:
- infectious polyps are growths of the mucous membrane of the gallbladder that occur at the site of inflammation. The risk of developing cancer from such neoplasms is practically absent;
- hyperplastic polyps – growths of the mucous membrane of the gallbladder that occur with anomalies in the structure of the organ or against the background of non-infectious pathologies. The risk of malignancy is practically absent;
- adenomas (adenomyomatosis). These are benign tissue growths that have a low risk of malignancy. If the adenoma is not removed, it can transform into adenocarcinoma – a malignant formation that grows into the walls of the organ and destroys them.
Regardless of type, gallbladder polyps are classified according to a number of features: prevalence, size, structure.
Types of polyps by prevalence:
- multiple – several neoplasms are formed at once, this is considered the most favorable option;
- single – such polyps are usually larger and have a greater risk of malignancy.
Types of polyps by size:
- small – up to 1 cm;
- large – more than 1 cm. Such polyps have a high risk of malignancy and must be removed.
Types of polyps by structure:
- with thin stem,
- with thick base (sitting).
How a polyp develops in the gallbladder
Infectious and hyperplastic polyps are formed with prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane and walls of the gallbladder (for example, in chronic or recurrent cholecystitis). The tissues in the affected area thicken, grow. A formation protruding above the surface of the mucous membrane is formed.
Neoplasms with a low risk of cancer usually do not grow more than 1 cm in diameter and often form in clusters.
Education mechanism adenomyoma has not been fully studied. It is assumed that they occur outside the inflammatory process, do not manifest themselves in any way and are detected by chance – during an examination for other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
Stages of development of polyps in the gallbladder
If growth of a neoplasm is detected during diagnostic observation, it is highly likely that it is an adenomatous polyp. It has a risk of transformation into a malignant tumor, therefore it must be removed.
Stages of development of adenomatous polyps:
- epithelial overgrowth – a small accumulation of cells;
- small adenomatous polyp;
- large adenomatous polyp;
- precancerous adenomatous polyp – malignant cells accumulate inside the polyp, but they do not interact with the walls of the gallbladder;
- adenocarcinoma is a malignant formation that originates from the cells of the mucous membrane that have undergone malignant degeneration, and, growing, gradually destroys the walls of the organ.
Diagnosis of polyps in the gallbladder
Examination of the gallbladder is indicated if there are characteristic symptoms (pain in the right hypochondrium, nausea, episodes of vomiting) or organ pathologies are diagnosed in close relatives.
An ultrasound is performed to determine the condition of the gallbladder. If a polyp-like tissue growth is detected during the study, further examination may be required, which includes computed or magnetic resonance imaging (CT, MRI).
During the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe tests to assess the condition of the gallbladder and nearby organs: the liver and pancreas.
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Treatment of polyps in the gallbladder
Treatment is prescribed according to the results of the diagnosis: the method of therapy depends on the type of neoplasm, its size and whether it causes discomfort.
Indications for surgical treatment:
- polyp increases in size;
- polyp larger than 1 cm in diameter;
- polyp causes pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, nausea and other characteristic symptoms.
Large polyps (over 1 cm) are removed regardless of symptoms: there is a risk that such neoplasms transform into a malignant tumor. The operation is not recommended to be postponed: in the early stages, the volume of operated tissues is much smaller, and the prognosis is more optimistic.
Separately, polyps are not cut out: a complete cholecystectomy is performed, that is, removal of the gallbladder. Depending on the indications, abdominal or laparoscopic surgery is prescribed. During abdominal surgery, all manipulations are carried out through an open incision, and during laparoscopy, through several small punctures under the control of video endoscopy (a camera is inserted into one of the punctures and what is happening inside is broadcast on a monitor).
During surgical treatment, polyps are removed along with the gallbladder
With late diagnosis – if the neoplasm has become malignant – an abdominal operation is performed with the removal of the gallbladder and nearby lymph nodes.
Treatment of pseudopolyps
Pseudopolyps (cholesterol deposits on the mucous membrane of the gallbladder) do not lead to cancer, so their removal is not necessary. The doctor may prescribe drugs that improve the composition of bile and help reduce cholesterol plaque on the walls of the gallbladder. Patients with pseudopolyps are shown to visit a gastroenterologist annually and have an ultrasound scan of the gastrointestinal tract.
If the polyp grows or begins to cause discomfort or pain over time, surgical treatment is indicated.
Cholesterol polyps may detach from the gallbladder wall and obstruct the ducts – removal is also indicated in this case.
Prevention of polyps in the gallbladder
To avoid the formation of polyps, it is important to treat inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract in a timely manner, adhere to the principles of a healthy diet, and if symptoms occur (pain in the upper right part of the abdomen, nausea), consult a doctor.
Regular examinations are indicated if there are cases of gallbladder disease in the family: a predisposition to gallstone disease and polyps can be inherited.
In the prevention of diseases of the gallbladder, regular examination is of great importance. If a polyp or inflammation is detected in the early stages, treatment will be easier and more successful.
Which doctor to contact
Gallbladder polyps are treated by a gastroenterologist – a doctor who is responsible for the health of the digestive system. In the process of diagnosis, he will also check the functioning of the stomach, intestines, pancreas, liver, and if pathology is suspected, he will prescribe further examination and select therapy.
Complications of polyps in the gallbladder
If polyps form near the bile ducts, they can obstruct the flow of bile and cause inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), ducts (cholangitis), or pancreas (pancreatitis). The same consequences are possible if the polyp came off, got into the bile duct and blocked it.
In rare cases, polyps can become malignant, leading to gallbladder cancer.
Prognosis for gallbladder polyps
Adenomyomatosis has a risk of malignancy, which means that over time such neoplasms can transform into a cancerous tumor.
It is believed that single neoplasms larger than 1 cm in diameter have the greatest precancerous potential.
danger and methods of struggle, the opinion of a hepatologist
- 1 Gallbladder polyp: danger and treatment. Hepatologist’s opinion
- 1.1 Gallbladder polyp: methods of control and hepatologist’s opinion
- 1.1.1 Surgical treatment of gallbladder polyp
- 1.1.2 Prevention of gallbladder polyps
- gallbladder lip: what is it?
- 1.3 Gallbladder polyps: types, symptoms, diagnostic methods
- 1.3.1 What types of polyps exist?
- 1.4 Why gallbladder polyps are a serious danger
- 1.5 Symptoms of gallbladder polyps
- 1. 6 Diagnosing gallbladder polyps: methods and symptoms
- 1.7 Treatment methods for gallbladder polyps
- 1.8 Surgical removal of gallbladder polyps: methods and efficacy
- 1.9 Minimally invasive methods for treating gallbladder polyps 90 022
- 1.10 Drug therapy for gallbladder polyps
- 1.11 How to prevent gallbladder polyps
- 1.12 Gallbladder polyps: dangers and methods of control
- 1.12.1 Hepatologist’s opinion
- 1.13 Q&A:
- 188.8.131.52 What is a gallbladder polyp?
- 184.108.40.206 What is the danger of having a gallbladder polyp?
- 220.127.116.11 What are the methods of dealing with a gallbladder polyp?
- 18.104.22.168 Which tests and examinations can help in the detection of a gallbladder polyp?
- 22.214.171.124 What symptoms can be associated with a gallbladder polyp?
- 126.96.36.199 How can gallbladder polyps be prevented?
- 1.14 Related videos:
Find out what a gallbladder polyp is, what complications and symptoms can be, and how to properly treat it according to a leading hepatologist. Do not ignore the problem, as polyps can cause gallbladder cancer.
Gallbladder and biliary tract disorders are a common problem that can have a serious impact on a person’s health. One of the most dangerous processes that can occur in the gallbladder is polyps. They can lead to Goldton’s appendicitis or even cancer.
Gallbladder polyps are tumors that form on the lining of the gallbladder and usually cause no symptoms and do not require treatment. However, if the polyp begins to grow or if pain, discomfort, or other symptoms occur, treatment may be needed.
Many people are not aware of the existence of polyps in the gallbladder, even if they have an increased risk of having them. Therefore, it is important to know about the symptoms and methods of dealing with polyps.
In this article, we will discuss what a gallbladder polyp is, what methods of control exist and when it is necessary to contact a hepatologist. Our experts will talk about practical experience and give advice to help maintain a healthy gallbladder.
Gallbladder polyp: methods of struggle and hepatologist’s opinion
Surgical treatment of gallbladder polyp
One of the main methods of dealing with gallbladder polyp is surgical treatment. It is carried out with polyps exceeding 10 mm in size or if there is more than one polyp in the organ. The operation is to remove the gallbladder, to which the polyps are attached.
Recovery after surgery requires some rehabilitation. However, thanks to modern methods, most patients quickly return to normal life.
Prevention of gallbladder polyps
One of the methods to prevent gallbladder polyps is a healthy lifestyle. Regular monitoring by a hepatologist, proper nutrition, avoiding bad habits and physical activity can help to avoid this disease.
Hepatologist’s opinion on gallbladder surgery
Hepatologists believe that gallbladder surgery, despite certain risks, is a safe and effective treatment for gallbladder polyps.
However, the decision to perform surgery is made individually for each patient. It is important to consider age, health status, size and number of polyps, as well as the presence of complications.
Gallbladder polyp: what is it?
Gallbladder polyp is a small growth that forms on the lining of the gallbladder. This is not a malignant tumor, however, when it reaches a large size, it can be a health hazard.
Polyps come in various sizes, from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. Their shape can also vary – from round to irregular, with protrusions or flat.
Gallbladder polyps usually do not show symptoms, but when they get large they can lead to right hypochondrium pain, nausea, vomiting, jaundice and other digestive problems.
Ultrasonography of the gallbladder is necessary to detect polyps and, if necessary, additional examinations. Treatment of polyps may include removing them by laparoscopy or open surgery, as well as monitoring their growth and the effectiveness of treatment with regular examinations and monitoring by a hepatologist.
Gallbladder polyps: types, symptoms, diagnostic methods
What types of polyps exist?
Gallbladder polyps, like any tumor, can be malignant or benign. Benign polyps can be divided into several types.
- Cholesterol polyps that form from cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder
- Adenomatous polyps that appear on the mucous membrane of the gallbladder
- Hyperplastic polyps that form from hyperplastic cells
Each of these types is different and can cause different symptoms. For example, cholesterol polyps usually cause no symptoms, and adenomatous polyps can be symptoms of gallbladder cancer.
Diagnosis is necessary to determine the type of polyp. Ultrasound, MRI, or CT scans are usually used to see the polyps on pictures. In some cases, it may be necessary to take a biopsy to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Why polyps in the gallbladder are a serious danger
Polyps in the gallbladder are a serious threat to human health. These formations, which look like small tumors, can lead to the development of dangerous diseases such as gallbladder cancer. Polyps can occur due to various reasons: genetic factors, digestive disorders, unhealthy lifestyle, long-term medication, as well as certain diseases, such as cirrhosis of the liver.
If you do not pay attention to the presence of polyps in the gallbladder, they can begin to grow and develop, and eventually become a dangerous cancer. Therefore, it is important to regularly conduct examinations with a hepatologist and monitor the condition of your gallbladder.
If polyps are found in the gallbladder, the hepatologist may prescribe treatment, which may include both medications and surgery to remove the polyps. However, the best way to deal with polyps is to prevent their occurrence. You need to monitor your health, eat right, avoid bad habits and, if necessary, take medicines only as prescribed by a doctor.
- It is important to understand that polyps in the gallbladder are not common and can lead to serious health consequences.
- It is important to consult a hepatologist if there is a suspicion of polyps in the gallbladder and to conduct regular examinations.
- It is important to take care of your health, eat right, avoid bad habits and take medicines only as directed by your doctor to prevent gallbladder polyps.
Symptoms of gallbladder polyps
Gallbladder polyps are growths that can be malignant and cause various problems when they grow. Some symptoms associated with gallbladder polyps may include:
- pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen;
- nausea and vomiting;
- increased body temperature and fever;
- changes in bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhoea;
- loss of appetite and weight loss.
Many patients with gallbladder polyps may not experience any symptoms, so regular medical examinations and examinations are recommended to detect and treat gallbladder polyps in a timely manner.
Diagnosis of gallbladder polyps: methods and symptoms
Gallbladder polyps cause most cases of gallstone disease and can be hazardous to health. Diagnosis of gallbladder polyps begins with an assessment of symptoms such as right upper quadrant pain, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice.
However, these symptoms may be associated with other diseases, so it is important to conduct additional studies to establish an accurate diagnosis. These studies include:
- Ultrasound of the gallbladder which can detect polyps larger than 4 mm and determine their number and location.
- CT is used in cases where ultrasound cannot accurately determine the size, number and location of polyps.
- MRCP is a method that provides a clearer picture of the bile ducts and allows the doctor to get more information about polyps.
If polyps are found, the doctor may recommend removal to prevent their growth and complications. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention promptly if you experience any of the symptoms described above.
Treatment options for gallbladder polyps
Surgery is the main treatment for gallbladder polyps. This method is used in cases where the polyps have reached a large size and pose a threat to the patient’s life. The operation can be performed both by open method and by laparoscopy.
Follow-up is a treatment for gallbladder polyps used in cases of small polyps no larger than 1 cm in diameter. In this case, the patient should undergo regular examination and follow-up ultrasound to monitor changes in the size of the polyps.
Cholecystectomy is a surgical removal of the gallbladder, most commonly used when gallbladder polyps are found. Cholecystectomy can be an open method or a laparoscopy method. This method of treatment guarantees the complete removal of polyps and the prevention of their reappearance.
- It is important to understand that the choice of treatment for gallbladder polyps depends on the size and number of polyps found, as well as the presence of comorbidities in the patient. The final decision on treatment should be made by the hepatologist, based on all available data and examination results.
Surgical removal of gallbladder polyps: methods and effectiveness
Gallbladder polyps can vary in size and shape, but over time they can cause stones and cholecystitis. Therefore, surgical removal of polyps may be necessary to prevent possible complications and save the patient’s life.
Although there are different methods for removing polyps, the most effective is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is performed using miniature instruments through several small incisions in the abdominal wall. This method allows to reduce the rehabilitation time and minimize the risks of complications.
After removal of polyps, the gallbladder no longer performs its function, and the patient may need additional support for normal digestion. As a rule, drugs are prescribed that speed up the process of digestion of food, and a diet with a restriction of fatty and fried foods.
It is important to remember that the removal of polyps is not a guarantee of complete elimination of the risks of biliary tract diseases. To prevent the recurrence of polyps and stones, it is necessary to follow a healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition, as well as regularly visit a doctor for preventive measures.
- Advantages: minimally invasive approach, high efficiency, reduced downtime.
- Disadvantages: high cost of the procedure, the possibility of complications, the need for additional measures after surgery.
Minimally invasive treatments for gallbladder polyps
One of the most effective treatments for gallbladder polyps is minimally invasive surgery. This method avoids traditional open surgery, which is accompanied by a number of complications and pain.
The main method of minimally invasive surgery is laparoscopy. This method allows surgical interventions to be performed through small incisions in the patient’s body, which minimizes injuries and the risk of complications.
- Laparoscopy allows the removal of gallbladder polyps without the need for open surgery.
- The procedure is carried out with a special instrument that is inserted into the body through small incisions.
- The patient requires a short recovery period after surgery, and the risk of complications is minimal.
In addition to laparoscopy, there are other minimally invasive surgery methods such as endoscopic surgery or radiofrequency ablation techniques. However, according to hepatologists, laparoscopy is the safest and most effective treatment for a gallbladder polyp.
Despite the relative safety and high efficiency, the laparoscopic method requires certain skills and experience from the surgeon. When choosing a treatment method for a gallbladder polyp, it is necessary to discuss all possible options with a hepatologist and choose the most optimal one for each individual case.
Drug therapy for gallbladder polyps
Non-surgical treatment of gallbladder polyps is a lengthy but possible process. It is suitable in cases where the size and number of polyps is less than a centimeter. In this case, the hepatologist may offer the patient special medications that can reduce the size of the gallbladder polyps or stop the growth. For example, ursodeoxycholic acid is a drug that can slow the formation and growth of polyps.
The polyp itself is not dangerous, but if it grows, increases and reaches a large size, then the likelihood of its malignant transformation increases significantly. Thus, studies are carried out, and if they show that the polyp has begun to turn into cancer, the patient is advised to remove the gallbladder polyp.
Medications are also prescribed to prevent possible complications such as liver failure, biliary tract infections and gallstones. It is important to pay attention to the correct dosage of medications, as well as to monitor your health in general and follow the doctor’s recommendations.
- Drug therapy can give a good result if gallbladder polyps are detected at an early stage of their development, when they are still small and do not pose a big threat to the patient’s health;
- For large polyps and if there are prerequisites for malignant transformation, surgery is the best choice.
How to prevent gallbladder polyps
Gallbladder polyps can be dangerous and therefore it is best to prevent them.
The main reason for their appearance is an unhealthy lifestyle, including improper nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle. However, there are several ways to help you prevent gallbladder polyps.
- Eat healthy fiber-rich foods such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, and leafy greens.
- Avoid fatty foods and high cholesterol foods such as fried foods and cheese.
- Drink enough water and exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight and reduce stress.
- In addition, there are some supplements and foods that can help keep your gallbladder healthy, such as turmeric and lemon juice.
It is important to understand that preventing gallbladder polyps requires constant care and attention to health. Maintain a healthy lifestyle and see your doctor at the first sign of gallbladder problems.
Gallbladder polyp: danger and methods of control
Opinion of a hepatologist
A gallbladder polyp can pose a serious threat to the patient’s health, so it is important to consult a doctor in a timely manner and undergo regular examinations.
The size of the polyp plays an important role in determining the treatment technique. In cases where the polyp is smaller than 1 cm, waiting and watching may be sufficient, but if the polyp is larger than 1 cm, removal of the polyp by laparoscopy or laparotomy is usually recommended.
Some patients may require reoperation due to polyp neoplasms. Therefore, along with polyp removal, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition and regular exercise, to reduce the chance of new polyps and reoperation.
In addition, there are risk factors that can make you more likely to develop polyps, such as obesity, diabetes, and heavy drinking. Patients are advised to monitor their health and eliminate risk factors to prevent the development of gallbladder polyps and other diseases.
Benefits of laparoscopy: Benefits of laparotomy:
- less risk of complications
- less recovery time
- less scarring after surgery
- easier access to the gallbladder for removal of the polyp, especially if the polyp is large
- more reliable removal of the polyp
What is a bile polyp bubble?
A gallbladder polyp is a growth on the inside of the gallbladder that can be either malignant or benign. It may be a separate formation or present in large numbers.
What is the danger of having a gallbladder polyp?
The danger lies in the possibility of developing gallbladder cancer. If a polyp remains for a long time without attention or observation by a doctor, then the likelihood of its malignant transformation increases.
What methods of dealing with a gallbladder polyp are there?
The first method is the dynamic observation of the polyp, in which it is regularly monitored by a physician. If the size and number of polyps remain unchanged, no treatment is required. If changes are detected, methods of surgical or medical intervention can be applied.
What tests and examinations can help in the detection of a gallbladder polyp?
For the diagnosis of gallbladder polyps, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and a number of other studies can be prescribed that allow you to get an accurate picture of the internal state of the gallbladder.
What symptoms can be associated with a gallbladder polyp?
Most often, the presence of a gallbladder polyp does not cause any symptoms. However, some patients may experience pain in the right upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, or itchy skin.
- 1.1 Gallbladder polyp: methods of control and hepatologist’s opinion