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Paleo foods to avoid: The Complete Paleo Diet Food List: What to Eat and What to Avoid


What You Can’t Eat on the Paleo Diet

Knowing what not to eat on Paleo is sometimes easier than trying to determine what’s OK. It can sometimes be hard to put yourself in the shoes of people that lived tens of thousands of years ago, when the world was a very different place. There are some key things that jump out at you right away as being definite no-gos. Others are more subtle and are the subject of some debate in the Paleo community.

Taking It All The Way: Anything Involving Agriculture and Cultivation
The true theory behind the Paleo diet is that the Neolithic era is when we really started mucking things up as far as nutrition goes. Paleo purists would reject anything that hints at being an invention of the Neolithic era, that time that spelled the end of the Paleolithic era and ended a mere 4,000 years ago. That’s a bit too extreme for most to follow, and the vast majority of those that eat Paleo-inspired diets are not getting caught up to that degree, as there wouldn’t be much to choose from for anyone living in or near a major metropolis.

The moniker of Paleolithic Diet leads to a lot of ambiguity of what you can and can’t have, and causes debate within Paleo circles. On some foods you’re going to have to make up your own mind how often you have them and in what amounts. The Paleo Era lasted for so long and includes so many changes, many of which we have no way of knowing about or accounting for, so it’s all left to the individual and what feels right for them.

The Easy Stuff
These foods will stand out like a sore thumb when you’re following a Paleo lifestyle, and are easy to spot and say no to. It’s still good to have a strong why behind not eating it, so we’ll lay it out for you..

Artificial Ingredients
Suffice it to say that if it wasn’t around 200 years ago, it wasn’t around 10,000 years ago. Many of the artificial ingredients commonly found in foods eaten daily by the majority of Americans were created in the last 100 years, some even more recently. Once you go down the rabbit hole on artificial ingredients you’ll be blown away by just how much stuff is consumed that doesn’t contain natural ingredients.

Common additives that are avoided on Paleo, and should be avoided in general for a healthier life: aspartame, calcium sorbate, monosodium glutamate (MSG), nitrates, potassium bromate, saccharin, sorbic acid, artificial colors, artificial sweeteners and GMOs.

It’s easy to understand the beverage of choice for early man: pure water. Today’s sodas are rife with High Fructose Corn Syrup and other artificial ingredients, and have no nutritional value whatsoever. Often written off as empty carbs, they often contain caffeine which is not a natural substance for humans, and not a chemical that is consumed while following a Paleo way of life. Sodas are often linked to conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, and even cancer. If sodas are a part of your daily life you’ll likely notice weight loss and feeling of well-being once you get past the headaches of caffeine withdrawal.

Partially Hydrogenated Oils
Early man just didn’t have the capacity or the resources to try and figure out how to make oil sit on the shelf for months without spoiling. But today’s major food corporations needed a way to do just that, and invented partially hydrogenated oils to extend the shelf life of foods. This has lead to many commonly available foods having trans fat in them. In response to public outcry on how unhealthy trans fats are, these companies have been forced to come up with new ways to either hide the trans fat from the Nutritional Information, or newly created oils that don’t have trans fat, but are likely just as bad for the body and soul.

Junk Food
Paleolithic man was bent on survival, which didn’t leave much time for food that leaves you feeling fat and gross. Junk food represents a quick snack designed to tantalize your taste buds with chemicals created in laboratories for that very purpose. These snacks are typically devoid of any nutrition, contain mostly fried corn or potatoes in one form or another, are heavily salted with industrial grade salt or are sweetened with ultra-sweet sweeteners like High Fructose Corn Syrup.

Fast Food
There definitely wasn’t a Burger King competing next to every McDonald’s in the time of Stone Age man, no matter what The Flintstone’s would have you believe. Nothing that comes out of a fast food restaurant would be considered Paleo, and would actually be considered the opposite of Paleo for how much engineering goes into every morsel they create. There has been plenty of media attention as to just how bad fast food is for the body, including the documentary Super Size Me and the book Fast Food Nation. For Paleo followers these slingers of burgers and fries are to be avoided entirely.

Paleo diets cut out the grains, which is why they’re often confused as being grain-free diets or gluten-free diets. By avoiding wheat you’re cutting out breads, bagels, and plenty of other foods that are encouraged by the official Food Guide Pyramid endorsed by none other than the US Department of Agriculture. Grains represent one of the biggest tiers of that pyramid, with meats forming the tiniest sliver, which means the Paleo diet is going against much of what your brain has been pummeled with since you were a kid. Many have found that by just cutting out the wheat they feel better, have more energy, lose weight, and have better digestion.

The Tricky Stuff
You might have to do a double take on some of these, and they’re the harder ones to remember, and the ones most likely to trip you up because they find their way into the Standard American Diet all the time.

Because it comes from animals, dairy seems like it would be on the approved list, but it isn’t, at least if you want to be strictly Paleo. This is one item that causes some disagreement, but there’s simply no way that early man was in the habit of drinking milk, or in a position to make dairy products like cheese and yogurt. By the very definition of the diet you would renounce these things as mistakes made by Neolithic man and strengthened by modern man.

It doesn’t take much to see that many adult humans are lactose intolerant to some degree, and that humans are the only species bent on drinking another speices milk. We’re also the only species that drinks any sort of milk after infancy. Human milk as a baby is clearly the natural way to go in regards to milk consumption, and the Paleo diet is all about getting back to the most natural time of our existence.

Processed Foods
How much a food has been processed is sometimes a blurry line. If you’re buying it in a box, or if it won’t spoil, it’s probably been processed. The exception to this is canned food, which technically wouldn’t be Paleo because they didn’t can their food back then. This is one of the hardest aspects of the Paleo Diet to keep in mind because processed foods account for a large majority of the food you find in the supermarket or grocery store. Ideally you’d want to avoid the big food stores like this and buy your meats from a butcher, and your fruits and vegetables from a farmer’s market. The butcher is as close as you can come to going out and killing the animals yourself, and a farmer’s market is as close as you can come to growing your own food with few pesticides and herbicides, at least for city-dwellers.

This one is tough because legumes come from the earth so you’d think it’d be OK and get the green light. This rule puts the kibosh on such ubiquitous foods as beans and peanuts, and on foods often considered healthy like peas and lentils. It’s the phytic acid that’s being nixed here, and is the same reason why you’re not going to be eating grains when eating Paleo.

This is one thing that is sometimes hard to come to terms with when eating according to the Paleo guidelines. Foods that are generally thought of as healthy and promoted in several other diet plans, like peanut butter in The Abs Diet or lentils in The Slow Carb Diet, are a no-go on Paleo. You have to be very sure to understand why these foods aren’t recommended for you, so that you don’t cave in and eat them, causing you to feel bad about yourself or to give up entirely.

Phytic acid is referred to as an antinutrient, which means it’s going to cause some of the nutrients you do take in to be improperly absorbed by the body, thus negating their intake in the first place. The problem with many of the most popular foods eaten in our society is that they nullify the good things that are eaten and don’t provide much nutrition themselves, making them doubly bad.

Potatoes are such a staple food in America that this one might be hard to avoid. It’s also hard to wrap your head around why you can’t have it. Since it’s grown in the ground it would only seem natural that early man would have stumbled upon some wild-growing potatoes. But as it turns out it takes a good deal of cultivating to grow potatoes, so their popularity would have increased only in the Neolithic era, when man stopped hunting and gathering and started staying in one place longer, growing food around him and raising livestock.

There are food items like Quinoa that aren’t quite a grain, but function much like a grain and cause a lot of confusion as to whether or not you can have them. The official answer is no, but many Paleo followers will allow themselves to have some on occasion since it falls into a gray area of sorts. It’s definitely a category of food you’ll have to make your own mind up on, with buckwheat and amaranth being two others to keep your eye on.

This is by no means an exhaustive list of foods you can’t eat on the Paleo Diet, but it will help you avoid some of the worst offenders. It’s a two step process when following Paleo, side step the foods you aren’t supposed to have while keeping yourself well nourished and feeling good with the foods that you are allowed and encouraged to eat. It can be tough going against modern society and turning back the clock, but it’s not impossible when you have your facts straight.

Be sure to see our list of Paleo-approved foods to know what you can have.

What is the Paleo diet? Foods to eat and avoid, rules to follow

The quest for health and weight loss has led many people to a diet that some believe our ancestors followed, but not everyone is a fan.

What is the Paleo diet?

It’s been sometimes called the “caveman” diet because it’s supposed to mimic the eating style of humans who lived in the Paleolithic era — hunter-gatherers who likely ate lots of protein because of their high consumption of meat and other animal products, and plenty of fiber from non-starchy vegetables and lower-carb fruits. The diet also emphasizes a lower carbohydrate and salt intake.

What can you eat on the Paleo diet?

The eating plan is big on lean, grass-fed meats, wild fish, vegetables, nuts, seeds, eggs and certain fruits. It also encourages monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats such as avocado and olive oil.

What can you not eat on the Paleo diet?

Cereal grains (including wheat, rye, oats and rice), dairy, potatoes, legumes (including beans and peanuts), refined sugar, processed foods and refined vegetable oils.

This eating plan cuts out whole grains, though there’s some evidence the real “paleo diet” of humans who lived thousands of years ago might have included bread.

Why is Paleo bad for you?

Some experts believe a strict Paleo diet lacks nutritional balance, falling short in essential nutrients like calcium and vitamin D. Critics say eliminating entire food groups like grains and dairy is problematic.

“My biggest issue is [that it] excludes things like beans that have well-established health benefits like fiber,” Marisa Moore, a registered dietitian and nutritionist, told NBC News.

Many people also find it too restrictive, which can make it hard to stick with long term.

There’s no scientific evidence that the Paleo diet helps prevent disease.

Does the Paleo diet work?

The Paleo diet ranked “poorly” in U.S. News & World Report 2019 Best Diets, coming in at No. 33 out of 41 eating plans. It was considered “extremely difficult” to follow, “minimally effective” when it came to heart health and lacked any good research to show that it could lead to sustainable, long-term weight loss, the magazine’s experts said.

What is the paleo diet? Here’s everything you need to know

At first glance, the paleo diet may sound ideal for meat lovers.

Versions of the diet are called the caveman diet or the paleolithic diet because you’re supposed to be eating foods that were available to our prehistoric ancestors. Think things that can be hunted and gathered like meat, produce and nuts. You’ll avoid foods like dairy and grains that humans started eating after agriculture and manufacturing came to be.

But carnivores beware. Dietitians say just because steak and eggs are allowed, doesn’t mean you should be loading up on meat all day long at every meal. Here is what you need to know:

What is the paleo diet?

The term paleo diet was coined by Loren Cordain in his 2002 diet book, “The Paleo Diet” (a revised edition of the book was published in 2010). It is based on paleolithic nutrition theory, which posits a lot of chronic disease (like cancer and heart problems) became more common after the advent of agriculture and the industrial revolution, according to anthropologic evidence.

What does the research say about the paleo diet?

The science on the topic is murky at best.

While some studies do show people can reap some health benefits by switching to a paleo-style diet, researchers say the jury is still out on whether those benefits are any better than switching to other healthy diets that have been more thoroughly researched.

For example, a 2015 review published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition showed that studies that compared paleo eating with diets with dairy, legumes and grains, revealed that people eating paleo were better able to lose weight, improve glucose tolerance, lower triglycerides and control blood pressure and appetite.

But the story gets more complicated when you look at the trials more closely, explained Deirdre K. Tobias, ScD, associate epidemiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and assistant professor at Harvard Medical School and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The diets with legumes and grains (the “control” groups) were somewhat high in processed foods. And everyone in those trials had risk factors for metabolic problems to begin with. So it’s tough to say with certainty that the benefits they saw could really be attributed to paleo eating. “Was it instead that those benefits came from cutting out processed foods and ramping up fruits and vegetables?” Tobias asked. “Because there are so many aspects of the diets being altered, it is virtually impossible to attribute any one component of the patterns to its success.”

Also, a lot of other components of our lifestyles have changed since the caveman era. So linking the advent of chronic disease to specific foods is still fairly theoretical.


What will I eat on a Paleo diet?

Any paleo-style diet includes:

  • meat
  • eggs
  • fruits
  • vegetables
  • nuts and seeds

Some versions allow for limited quantities of non-paleo foods like grains, dairy, legumes and other processed foods. Cordain’s original paleo diet recommends following the 85-15 rule, meaning that 85 percent of the food you eat should be paleo and 15 percent can be non-paleo. Choosing a modified version of the diet can make it much easier to stick with long-term, said said Amy Shapiro, RD, CDN, founder and director of Real Nutrition in New York City.

You’ll avoid foods that humans started eating after agriculture and manufacturing came to be, including:

  • dairy
  • legumes
  • grains
  • processed sugars
  • many foods that come in packages

Samantha Okazaki / TODAY

What a day on the paleo diet might look like:

Here’s a sample meal plan from Shapiro that suggests what a day on paleo could look like:

  • Breakfast: Frittata made with whole eggs, mushrooms, asparagus and dill
  • Lunch: Salad with grilled chicken, avocado, roasted squash and spinach
  • Snack: Apple slices (or celery) with nut butter and cinnamon
  • Dinner: Roasted salmon with Brussels sprouts, baked sweet potato and olive oil
  • Dessert: Avocado chocolate pudding


Are grains and beans are really that bad for me?

Organizations like the World Health Organization and U. S. Department of Health and Human Services regularly review nutrition evidence to come up with healthy eating guidelines. Both groups consistently report that whole grains and legumes are generally associated with lower risks of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer.

If you’re improving the quality of your diet (meaning you’re eating more whole, nutrient-dense foods and minimizing processed foods) by switching to a paleo diet, you’ll likely see benefits. But there’s not evidence to show that over the long-term you’ll see more benefits than if you had switched to another healthy diet that includes grains and legumes (like the Mediterranean diet or plant-based eating), Tobias said.

What about all that red meat?

It’s important to consider that there’s a pretty substantial collection of nutrition research that suggests eating a lot of red meat, particularly processed red meats (like sausage, ground beef and bacon), is linked to worse health outcomes when it comes to things like heart health and cancer. If switching to a paleo-style diet would mean substantially increasing the amount of red meat in your diet, Tobias said, “it could actually put you at a higher risk for those health problems.”

The paleo diet is similar to:

  • Whole 30, which also excludes grains, legumes, dairy and sugar.
  • Keto diet, which also excludes whole grains and legumes. The diet allows dairy, but not fruit or starchy vegetables.
  • Pegan diet, which combines the principles of the paleo diet and the vegan diet.
  • Atkins diet, which limits but doesn’t eliminate grains, legumes and sugar.


Is the paleo diet effective long term?

If you focus on whole foods that are nutrient-dense, the paleo diet can be a healthy one, Shapiro said. But a lot of people end up leaning a little too heavily on animal proteins when following a paleo-style diet because they feel like they won’t be full from the other foods (like fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds) the diet allows, she explained. “Then we run the risk of consuming too much saturated fat.” If adopting the diet means upping your red meat consumption, it’s likely not a good move for your long-term health.

You’ll also be cutting out whole grains and legumes, both sources of fiber. Vegetables and fruits also contain fiber, but most people will find they’ll need to make a pretty concerted effort to get to the recommended intake of fiber in a day (for adults, approximately 25 grams for women and 38 for men).

Before making the switch to paleo, be sure to talk to your doctor who can recommend the best diet for you based on your specific health needs.

Sarah DiGiulio is a New York City-based writer and editor who covers psychology, mental health, fitness and sleep, among other health and wellness topics. She’s written for Prevention, Good Housekeeping, HuffPost, Real Simple, Health Magazine and more.

What Is The Paleo Diet? – Forbes Health

The paleo diet can be tailored to individual food requirements. “I often help people customize it, especially athletes and active people that need more carbohydrates for fuel,” says Pittsburgh-based Heather Mangieri, a registered dietitian, certified specialist in sports dietetics and author of Fueling Young Athletes. “Incorporating a few more complex carbohydrates—like oatmeal, potatoes and other whole grains helps to supply the extra fuel needed for activity, while still following a healthy eating plan and reaching personal goals. The key is eating what you need, and not overdoing it.”

“From my experience, most people who claim to be following the paleo diet are actually following a modified form of it,” she adds. “That’s okay, though, because following a strict paleo diet is not necessary to lose weight.”

The Autoimmune Paleo Diet

Variations of the paleo diet have emerged over the years. One adaptation is the autoimmune paleo diet. This is an elimination diet, which requires a person to remove foods from their diet one at a time to determine which foods specifically cause symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases. Here, eliminated foods are those which paleo diet proponents say are common offenders, such as grains and processed foods.

While research evaluating how the paleo diet impacts autoimmune disease is limited, there’s been anecdotal evidence of its benefits. Such was the case for Sarah Ballantyne, who has a doctorate in medical biophysics and is the author of The Paleo Approach: Reverse Autoimmune Disease and Heal Your Body. She found that following the paleo diet significantly eliminated symptoms she experienced for years, such as irritable bowel syndrome, asthma, anxiety, migraines and eczema. After switching to the paleo way of eating, she also lost weight and slept better, she says.

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Is the paleo diet safe for your health?

| Posted
June 10, 2015

UC Davis Health dietitian weighs in on latest food fad

Alex Nella selects redbor kale, Swiss chard and curly green kale — some of his favorite “super foods” — from UC Davis Health’s weekly farmers market. Nella counsels children and their families on healthy eating as the lead dietitian in pediatric specialty clinics. He also offers food-choice tips to faculty, staff and students in the UC Living Fit Forever wellness program.

The popular Paleolithic diet (also known as the paleo, caveman, Stone Age or steak and bacon diet) centers on the idea that eating like our original ancestors is aligned with our genetics and therefore optimal for good health. A paleo dieter’s food choices are limited to what in prehistoric times could be hunted, fished or gathered such as meats, fish and vegetables. The underlying theory is that the rise in chronic diseases in modern society stems from the agricultural revolution, which added grains, legumes and dairy to meals, leading to a host of chronic diseases and conditions — from obesity to allergies.

But is the paleo diet safe? UC Davis Health dietitian Alex Nella discusses the pros and the cons of the food fad.

Can we assume that cave people ate mostly meat?

Not really. People living in the Paleolithic period, or “cave people,” ate whatever their surroundings afforded them. When surrounded by fish or marine animals, that’s what they ate. In tropical habitats, they ate a variety of plant and animal foods. In certain environments, the majority of calories may have come from protein, but the bulk of the diet was still plants. So calling a diet that consists mostly of protein the “paleo diet” isn’t accurate.

Is the paleo diet healthy?

It has the potential to be healthy. The typical paleo diet, however, puts most at risk for deficiencies in calcium and vitamin D, which are critical to bone health. At the same time, saturated fat and protein can be consumed far above recommended levels, increasing the risk of kidney and heart disease and certain cancers.

But shouldn’t we reduce carbohydrates and dairy in our diets?

Not true for complex carbohydrates. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables are important fuels for brain and muscle activity. But most of us can and should eat fewer refined carbohydrates, which add unnecessary ingredients and calories but little fiber and protein and few vitamins and minerals to our diets. They also are often fortified just to appear healthy on nutrition labels.

Dairy is an individual choice. But if it’s significantly limited and not replaced with alternative food sources of calcium, supplements of calcium and vitamin D may be necessary. Paleo advocates often say dairy promotes inflammation, but some research shows the opposite: low-fat dairy intake actually decreases inflammatory markers in the blood.

What do you like about the paleo diet?

It is high in fiber, potassium and antioxidants while being low in simple carbohydrates, sodium and sugar. It emphasizes local, sustainable, organic and non-GMO foods and grass-fed meat options. It discourages foods that are processed or have artificial ingredients and colorings. It encourages foods that make the body work hard to obtain calories while providing nutrients that optimize efficient use of those calories. It may kick-start weight loss and, at least in the short-term, improve blood sugar and lipid profiles.

A good resource for achieving dietary balance is ChooseMyPlate.gov from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

What are the major downsides of the paleo diet?

The paleo isn’t effective for sustained weight loss, as it is very difficult to stay committed to any diet that is too restrictive of one or more food categories. In terms of overall health, it could over time increase lipids like total and LDL (low-density lipoprotein, or “bad”) cholesterol that raise the risk of heart disease. Not getting enough calcium increases the risk of osteoporosis, rickets and bone fractures. Chronically low carbohydrate intake may lead to an overuse of fat for energy, or ketosis. Medical supervision is recommended for those on the paleo diet, especially for anyone with heart, kidney, liver or pancreatic disease or who is interested in maintaining the very low-carbohydrate version of the diet.

What do you tell people who ask about the paleo diet?

I encourage them to use the paleo as the starting point of a healthy diet but to add beans, lentils, nuts, whole grains, and low-fat or nonfat dairy or other calcium sources such as dark leafy greens, tofu, and soy or almond milk. I also recommend that they carefully choose protein sources, emphasizing quality over quantity. Plate balance is the key. Good resources for achieving that balance are the ChooseMyPlate.gov recommendations from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) eating plan from the National Institutes of Health, or guidance from a dietitian.

Learn more at UC Davis Health’s Good Food Is Good Medicine blog

What is it, foods to eat and avoid and everything you should know

Losing weight is surely a task, but in recent times, several diets and meal plans have been introduced to people looking to shed some kilos. As tedious and exhaustive as it may seem, many believe these diet plans are helpful and efficient. Of these restrictive diets, paleo diet is a high-protein, high-fiber eating plan that promises effective weight loss.

What is a paleo diet?

The Paleo diet is inspired from what was eaten by people during the paleolithic period. Humans followed no fixed diet and ate everything they could find or was available to them. Some indulged in low carb protein-rich foods, while others had plant-based high carb diets.

That said, paleolithic diet, or caveman diet eliminates high-fat and processed foods that have little to no nutritional value. These foods are high in calories, which leads to weight gain. Paleo diet emphasizes on eating fruits and vegetables that are rich in healthy vitamins, minerals, and fiber, that help your cravings to die down and keeps you satiated for a longer period of time. This in turn, keeps extra calories at bay and avoids the possibility of gaining unnecessary weight.

Foods to eat
As mentioned above, paleo diet restricts processed and fat-ridden foods. Therefore, here are some key foods to eat in a paleo diet.

– Lean meat such as beef, chicken, lamb, turkey, pork and others.

– Seafoods like salmon, shrimp, trout, etc.

– Eggs

– Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, kale, spinach, etc.

– Fruits like apples, strawberries, avocados, oranges, pears and more.

– Nuts and seeds.

– Extra virgin olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil and others.

Remember to go organic.

Foods to avoid

On the contrary, these foods should be avoided if you want to follow a paleo diet.

– Sugary foods and drinks

– All dairy products, including milk, cheese, yogurt, and butter

– Legumes, like beans, peanuts, and peas

– Grains such as wheat, rye, rice, and barley

– Artificial sweeteners

– Processed foods

Benefits of a paleo diet

Given that a paleo diet consists of fruits and vegetables, one can reap many nutritional benefits from such diet. Additionally, while there is no set diet cycle to follow, you can eat the foods that are allowed and avoid those that are not.

Paleo diet focuses on cutting off the processed and sugary foods, which helps you regulate your calories and keeps your weight in check. There are anti-inflammatory benefits from the plant nutrients in fruits, vegetables, oils, nuts, and seeds.

Apart from that, it eliminates the risk of developing chronic illnesses such as type 2 diabetes and blood pressure. While there is no specific data to confirm the claims but given that a paleo diet consists of whole and unprocessed foods, studies suggest that it is a healthy diet.

Limitations of a paleo diet

Whether or not a paleo diet is good for your health is yet to be seen. It all comes down to your eating approach. While there is a set of foods to eat and to avoid, depending on your intake, it may prove advantageous or disadvantageous to your body.

A Paleo diet can also cost you a lot. It emphasizes on foods that are organic and good quality meat, which can be very expensive. Besides that, it can be a difficult alternative for vegans and vegetarians, especially since it excludes beans.

Additionally, the effectiveness of paleo diets can only be assumed as the scientific evidence is limited.

Sample meal plan for a paleo diet

If you’re looking to switch to a paleo diet, you can follow these sample plans and alter it according to your liking.

For breakfast, you can have eggs and vegetables fried in coconut oil and a piece of fruit. Or you can add some bacon with eggs with some fruits.

For lunch, switch to a chicken salad with olive oil with some handful of nuts. You can also have a sandwich in a lettuce leaf, with meat and fresh vegetables.

Finally, for dinner, you can have a salmon fried in butter, with vegetables. Or Fried pork with vegetables.

Tips to follow paleo diet efficiently

– Paleo diet comes with no restrictions on the portion. Therefore, it is important to keep a check on your food intake. Do not overeat one food over the other, as it may have some negative impact on your body.

– Try to regulate your protein intake, as it may mean too little carbohydrate, which is the energy source for your physical activities.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article should not be considered as a substitute for physician’s advice. Please consult your treating physician for more details.

What is the Paleo Diet?

The Paleo diet is a nutrient-dense whole foods diet based on eating a variety of quality meat, seafood, eggs, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds.  It improves health by providing balanced and complete nutrition while avoiding most processed and refined foods and empty calories.

Whether you’re looking to lose weight, manage diabetes, reduce risks of cancer and heart disease, mitigate autoimmune disease, improve performance or simply want to experience the best health possible, a diet that is abundant in all the micronutrients that our bodies need and that simultaneously omits foods known to be problematic for health is your best bet. What does this diet look like? Its foundation is the most nutrient-dense foods available to us, including organ meat, seafood, and both huge variety and copious quantities of vegetables, with other quality meats, fruit, eggs, nuts, seeds, healthy fats, probiotic and fermented foods, herbs and spices to round it out. At the same time, it omits foods known to be inflammatory, disrupt hormones, or negatively impact the health of the gut, including all grains, most legumes, conventional dairy products, and all processed and refined foods. Yes, this is the Paleo template.

Over the past decade, Paleo has grown from a relatively underground movement to a diet that dominates news headlines, bestselling books, and even products in the grocery store. But despite its popularity, the scientific rationale for Paleo remains wildly misunderstood and misrepresented. For example, we might know that grains are a no-go, that vegetables are fantastic, and that dietary fat is nothing to be afraid of (despite years of the low-fat push from various health authorities), but why are these guidelines in place? Here’s a hint: the answer has little to do with reenacting what our early ancestors ate, and everything to do with what modern science says is best for our bodies!

In short, Paleo is a nutrient-focused whole-foods diet, with the goal to maximize foods that heal and minimize foods that harm. It improves health by providing balanced and complete nutrition while avoiding most processed and refined foods and empty calories. It’s not a way to simply lose pounds quickly (even though, for many people, it has that effect!), and it’s not a fad that dissolves under scientific scrutiny; rather, every Paleo principle is rooted solidly in the latest research and data.

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What do you eat on the Paleo Diet?

Following a Paleo diet is actually pretty simple.  There’s a huge variety of health-promoting foods to choose from, including

  • quality meats (grass-fed, pasture-raised, wild as much as possible)
  • organ meat, offal and bone broth (aim for 5 times per week, the more the better)
  • fish and shellfish (wild is best, but farmed is fine) (aim for at least 3 times per week, the more the better)
  • eggs
  • vegetables of all kinds, as much variety as possible and the whole rainbow, aim for 8-14 cups per day
    • Green vegetables
    • Colorful vegetables and fruit (red, purple, blue, yellow, orange, white)
    • Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cabbage, kale, turnips, arugula, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, watercress, mustard greens, etc.)
    • Sea vegetables (excluding algae like chlorella and spirulina which are immune stimulators)
    • Edible Fungi, like mushrooms
  • fruit of all kinds
  • herbs and spices
  • healthy fats (pasture-raised/grass-fed animal fats [rendered or as part of your meat], fatty fish, olive oil, avocado oil, coconut oil, palm [not palm kernel] oil, with a focus on balancing omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid intake)
  • probiotic/fermented foods (fermented vegetables or fruit, kombucha, water kefir, coconut milk kefir, coconut milk yogurt, supplements)

At it’s core, the Paleo diet is a plant-based diet, with two thirds or more of every Paleo meal consisting of plant foods and only one third of every plate taken up by animal foods.  Of course, meat consumption is enthusiastically endorsed as well because it provides vital nutrients not obtainable from plant sources.  Sourcing the highest quality food you can is encouraged, meaning choosing grass-fed or pasture-raised meat, wild-caught seafood, and local organic fruits and vegetables whenever possible. See The Diet We’re Meant to Eat, Part 3: How Much Meat versus Veggies? and The Importance of Vegetables.

Variety is very important because a variety of different foods supplies a variety of different nutrients.  By focusing on as many different whole foods as possible, it’s easier to achieve sufficient and synergistic quantities of all the nutrients, including potentially some that haven’t been discovered yet.  Easy strategies to increase variety include “eating the rainbow”, meaning that you choose fruits and vegetables of different colors, and “eating snout-to-tail”, meaning you eat every part of the animal, including offal.

For a complete list of Paleo foods, click here.

How can the Paleo diet improve health?

Clinical trials demonstrate that a Paleo diet provides diverse health benefits, including:

Long-term studies show that the Paleo diet improves all-cause mortality, a marker of overall health and longevity. One large study showed that following a Paleo diet reduced all-cause mortality by 23 percent, comparable to the Mediterranean diet. Every single study of the Paleo diet has shown benefits to health markers. And, studies of the Paleo diet have now followed participants for as long as two years with zero adverse events reported. Two years is considered ample time for any potential down-sides to Paleo to turn up. At this point, there are none!  For details, see Paleo Diet Clinical Trials and Studies.

By focusing on the most nutrient-dense foods available and by eliminating foods that can contribute to hormone dysregulation, inflammation, and gut dysbiosis (where the bacteria in your gut are the wrong kinds, wrong diversity, wrong numbers, and/or in the wrong part of the gastrointestinal tract), a Paleo diet can improve a vast array of health conditions. It’s also great for weight normalization, meaning that overweight and obese people tend to lose weight but underweight people tend to gain weight.

The Paleo diet provides the foundation for a healthy digestive system.  It supports healthy growth of a diversity of probiotic bacteria in the gut through its focus on prebiotic and probiotic foods and through its avoidance of foods that contribute to gut dysbiosis (where the bacteria in your gut are the wrong kinds, wrong diversity, wrong numbers, and/or in the wrong part of the gastrointestinal tract).  It supports the health of the tissues that form the gut barrier by supplying essential nutrients required for gut barrier integrity and by avoiding foods that are inherently difficult to digest, are known to irritate or damage the tissues that form the gut barrier, or that are known to stimulate the immune system.

The Paleo diet reduces inflammation and supports normal functioning of the immune system.  Foods that are inherently inflammatory are avoided, removing this unnecessary stimulus for increased inflammation. By providing the essential nutrients that the immune system requires to regulate itself, an overactive immune system can be modulated.  By providing the essential nutrients that the immune system needs to function optimally, a suppressed immune system can recover.

The Paleo diet supports liver detoxification systems by supporting gut health and by providing the essential nutrients that the liver needs to performs its functions.  The Paleo diet supports hormone regulation by focusing on foods that contain the nutrients required for hormone balance and avoiding foods known to stimulate or suppress vital hormone systems.  Because providing the body with the essential nutrients that it needs to be healthy forms the basis of the Paleo diet, every system in the human body is positively affected by this approach to food.

NEW! Therapeutic Paleo Approach Online Course!

  • Learn the latest science-grounded information on therapeutic diet and lifestyle!
  • 5 hours of video lecture + downloadable slide PDFs
  • A modern scientific approach to the Paleo template
  • Optimize diet and lifestyle to treat chronic illness
  • An introduction to the Autoimmune Protocol

Learn More or Get Instant Access

A diet that’s not a Diet

The Paleo diet is also the first time a set of diet principles has been compiled using modern scientific health and nutrition research.  While the initial insight leading to the Paleo diet was gleaned from studies of Paleolithic man and both modern and historically-studied hunter-gatherers, the core support for this way of eating comes from contemporary biology, physiology, and biochemistry. There are thousands of scientific studies that each evaluate how components in foods interact with the human body to promote or undermine health.  These are the studies used to form the basic tenets of the Paleo diet, which you can read about in detail in Paleo Principles, the most comprehensive Paleo guidebook every created.

There are no hard and fast rules about when to eat, how much protein versus fat versus carbohydrates to eat (Paleo is not a low-carb diet, see Carbs Vs. Protein Vs. Fat: Insight from Hunter-Gatherers), and there’s even some foods (like high quality dairy, white rice and potatoes) which some people choose to include in their diets whereas others do not. This means that’s there’s room to experiment so you can figure out not just what makes you healthiest but also what makes you happiest and fits into your schedule and budget.

Best of all, the Paleo diet is not a diet in the sense of some hard thing that you do that requires a great deal of willpower and self-deprivation until you reach some goal. It’s a way of life.  Because the focus is long-term good health, the Paleo diet allows for imperfection but educates you so that you can make the best choices possible.

Sustainability is an important tenet of the Paleo diet, meaning that this is a way of eating and living that you can commit to and maintain for your entire life.  This means that you have the flexibility to experiment with your own body to discover what is optimal versus what is tolerable, to find what works best for you and fits into your life for the long term. For some people, flexibility is achieved by following an 80/20 rule (or a 90/10) rule, which means that 80% (or 90%) of your diet are healthy Paleo foods and the other 20% (or 10%) are not.  Many people find that they are healthiest when their 20% (or 10%) continues to avoid the most inflammatory foods such as wheat, soy, peanuts, pasteurized industrially-produced dairy, and processed food chemicals.


What don’t you eat on the Paleo diet?

The foods that are eliminated in a Paleo diet are the ones that provide our bodies with very little nutrition (especially for the amount of energy they contain), and that are difficult to digest (which can cause gut health problems and contribute to gut dysbiosis), and have the ability to stimulate inflammation or mess around with important hormones.

Generally, a Paleo diet excludes:

  • grains and pseudograins (cereal grains include wheat, barley, rye, and corn; pseudograins include quinoa, and buckwheat)
  • legumes (legumes with edible pods like green beans are fine)
  • dairy (especially pasteurized industrially-produced)
  • refined and processed foods (including refined seed oils, aka vegetable oils, like canola oil and safflower oil; refined sugars; artificial sweeteners; and chemical additives, emulsifiers and preservatives)
  • junk food and fast food

There are many foods that can be additionally problematic, especially for those with chronic health conditions, typically referred to as “gray-area” foods (see the Autoimmune Protocol).

There are also many foods that might be tolerated and reintroduced to your diet after an elimination phase.  This is generally referred to as the “shades of Paleo”.  Some people enjoy white rice in their diets.  Others include good quality (i.e., grass-fed) dairy products, which is generally considered fine with the caveat that a large percentage of people are sensitive or intolerant (and might not know it).  The best way to know whether or not these foods work for you is to cut them out completely for a few weeks and then reintroduce one at a time and see how you feel.


What a Paleo diet is NOT:

The Paleo diet, while sometimes referred to as “the caveman diet“, is not a historical reenactment of our paleolithic ancestors from the Stone Age.  It’s not an all-meat or meat-heavy diet as it is sometimes portrayed, and in fact, the Paleo diet puts great emphasis on eating tons of veggies (8+ servings per day, see The Importance of Vegetables and The Link Between Meat and Cancer?).  The Paleo diet is not zero-carb, low-carb or ketogenic diet (see How Many Carbs Should You Eat? and Adverse Reactions to Ketogenic Diets).  Healthy sources of Paleo carbohydrates include fruit (apples, bananas, melons, berries, citrus, plantains… see Why Fruit is a Good Source of Carbohydrates) and root vegetables (sweet potatoes, squash, parsnips, yucca…).

The Paleo diet is not a dogmatic approach to eating with no flexibility, room to cheat, or ability to self-experiment. In fact, a key tenet of the Paleo diet is recognizing bioindividuality and providing the broad education to help everyone understand the best choices but also figure out what works (and doesn’t work) for them as an individual.  Another key tenet is individual sustainability, meaning that you make the best choices as often as possible, but you don’t need to be perfect. Ideally, you’ll learn what your body needs to thrive and what it tolerates and then live somewhere in between (and if that means the occasional slice of birthday cake or ice cream, that’s okay! see Making Healthy Choices: What’s Your Currency?).

The Paleo diet is also not just a diet.  Most people refer to it as the Paleo lifestyle or Paleo template to emphasize that this is a way of living, not a diet that you go on for a few months to lose some weight for a wedding, and that it incorporates equal focus on lifestyle factors (like sleep, stress management, activity and community; read more here), sustainability, regenerative farming practices, and environmental protection.


Where can I get more information?

This website is full of articles, easily accessed through the menus or the search function, that address most aspects of the Paleo diet and lifestyle. If you enjoy the science, you’ll love my newest book, Paleo Principles which includes 200+ recipes, and twenty meal plans with shopping lists!  Also, learn more about the Paleo Lifestyle here and about the Autoimmune Protocol here. And, get complete Paleo diet food lists here.

NEW! Therapeutic Paleo Approach Online Course!

  • Learn the latest science-grounded information on therapeutic diet and lifestyle!
  • 5 hours of video lecture + downloadable slide PDFs
  • A modern scientific approach to the Paleo template
  • Optimize diet and lifestyle to treat chronic illness
  • An introduction to the Autoimmune Protocol

Learn More or Get Instant Access


90,000 Paleo Diet: Weight Loss and What Paleo Foods Can I Eat?

The Paleo Diet like the Cave Diet only allows food that the “caveman” can forage. So – are you ready to get the whole Neanderthal in the kitchen?

What is this?


Paleo diet includes no sugar, processed foods, dairy products, grains and legumes, and focuses on meats, fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and roots (oh and meat by-products that may not be as popular).Called the primordial or cave diet, it is based on the theory that if our ancestors could feed, you could eat it and that if they couldn’t, our bodies probably won’t be able to process it properly. Unlike many diets, this does not require cutting out fat, so meals are generally satisfying and do not cause followers to experience blood sugar crashes between meals.

Health benefits after?

Just like weight loss, Paleo devotees say it also has a positive effect on the skin – leaving it clear, mood and overall health, and leaving them with more energy and a leaner physique.A three-week trial of the paleo diet plan of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, 14 participants showed an average weight loss of 2.3kg and a drop in blood pressure among the participants.

Side effects:

Diet skeptics suggest that it is dangerous to exclude food groups, especially dairy, and argue that this can lead to vitamin and calcium deficiencies. He also suggested that paleo can cause constipation due to a lack of dietary fiber.

Recommended timing:

You can see the results of weight loss in just a week.Paleo is becoming a lifestyle choice for most dieters, albeit with the occasional food wraps for mending grains like bowls of porridge.

10 foods to avoid:

Avoid foods high in sodium and unnaturally salty in the first place. Legumes and grains are usually diet-friendly, but not on that. Also on the list are refined sugars, fruit juices, sodas, foods, including processed meats, butter, cheese and other dairy derivatives.

Celebrity followers:

Jessica Biel and Miley Cyrus.

Who to follow:

A little helping hand:

Needless to say, such a great commitment to a new lifestyle may require some support. GLAMOR Digital Chief Strategy Officer Natasha McNamara tried Pure Package Delivery services for a week and it really was a huge help:

“I have tried delivery diets before and honestly -…. I felt hungry. This was not the case. I gave the command to my dietary specifications (of which there were many) and decided that the paleo program was the most suitable. Every morning mine. A box of delights awaits me on the doorstep – the joy was more than three times a day – along with breakfast, lunch and dinner there were snacks to keep me going throughout the day all healthy, fresh, delicious and most importantly -. Fillings. A life saver for a girl who wants to make positive food choices (without actually having to make any choices). “

Inspirational Reading:

2001 Lauren Cordain’s book The Paleo Diet has plunged mania in the United States. Practical Paleo Diana Sanfilippo has great recipe ideas.

Sara Fragoso Ordinary Paleo, Diana Sanfilippo Balanced Bites, Amy Desmore from Paleo Thumba.

Other diets explained

What is the Paleo Diet?

What is low carb?

What is the Mediterranean Diet?

What is 16: Diet 8?

What is a gluten-free diet?

What is the FODMAP diet?

What is the SIRT diet?

What is the Health Gut Diet?

What is the Flexitarian Diet?

What is the DASH diet?

What is a Vegetarian Diet?

90,000 Difference Between Paleo and Mediterranean Diet

Key difference: Paleo and Mediterranean diets are two different types of diets that have become very popular these days.The Paleo Diet stands for Paleolithic Diet. This advertises the benefits of the diet that prehistoric man followed. The Mediterranean diet follows the combination of diets in areas around the Mediterranean, especially Greece, southern Italy and Spain.

Following the industrial revolution, there has been a slow but steady rise in sedentary lifestyles. In the past, people were more likely to work in the fields or go to the market for hours. Now, due to technical advantages, no one has to do anything like this, instead we make our living sitting all day in a chair in front of the screen.While the Industrial Age and the Technological Age have brought about many improvements, this has had a negative impact on our physical fitness.

Lack of fitness activity has led to an increase in obesity. In fact, more than half of the population in some developed counties is overweight. As people became more aware of their health and weight, they began to resort to dieting to maintain their weight.

The Paleo Diet and the Mediterranean Diet are two different types of diets that have become very popular these days.Many people criticize these diets as fads, which means that they limit their intake of certain types of food, which leads to unbalanced food intake. Fad diets usually result in short-term weight loss and do not care about long-term weight maintenance. Fad diets usually become very popular for a short period of time and then decline in popularity.

Paleo Diet stands for Paleolithic Diet. This advertises the benefits of the diet that prehistoric man followed.He asks his supporters to follow the diet of people in the Paleolithic era. The diet claims that the person developed nutritional needs that were characteristic of the foods that were available at the time.

The Paleolithic era was a period of about 2.5 million years, which ended about 10,000 years ago. There was no agriculture or animal domestication during the era; hence, the diet states that people should avoid grains, legumes, and diaries.

According to the diet, the human metabolism could not adapt quickly enough to cope with the many foods that have become available since the beginning of agriculture.Consequently, the human diet remains the most adapted to the diet of their Paleolithic ancestors. These new products have led to modern problems such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes. Diet proponents argue that the Paleolithic diet can lead to longer, healthier, and more active lives. The Paleo Diet is also known as the Caveman Diet, Stone Age Diet, and Hunter-Gatherer Diet.

The Mediterranean diet is another diet that has become popular in recent years.This follows a combination of diets from areas around the Mediterranean, especially Greece, southern Italy and Spain. The reason for this diet is that people in the Mediterranean have been found to have much lower rates of cardiovascular disease than in Western countries. This is despite the fact that they have the same fat intake. One of the main explanations for this is believed to be the health effects of olive oil, which is heavily consumed in the Mediterranean region.

The diet states that a person should primarily consume olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits and vegetables. They should also consume moderate to large amounts of fish, dairy products, especially cheese and yogurt, and red wine.

Comparison Between Paleo and Mediterranean Diet:

Paleo Diet

Mediterranean Diet

First Conquered

1970 1970

Focuses on

The diet that prehistoric man followed in the Paleolithic era before the advent of agriculture and animal domestication.

Dietetic models of Greece, Southern Italy and Spain.

Allowed food

Meat, poultry, seafood, vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, etc. Anything a hunter-gatherer will meet.

High intake of olive oil, legumes, unrefined grains, fruits and vegetables, moderate to high intake of fish, moderate intake of dairy products (mainly cheese and yogurt), moderate intake of wine, and low intake of meat and meat products.

Foods to avoid

Grains, legumes, dairy products, high-calorie foods, processed oils, refined sugar, salt, alcohol, coffee, etc.

Red meat, salt, animal fat such as butter or lard, highly processed “fast foods” and “ready meals,”

Claimed benefits

Longer, healthier, and more active lives.Improving blood lipids, losing weight and reducing pain

Reduce your risk of premature death and increase your chances of a healthy retirement free of long-term drugs. May reduce the likelihood of developing diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and even Alzheimer’s.

“predatory” diet for beautiful skin

Meet Irena Macri, healthy lifestyle blogger, paleo diet specialist, author of the book “Eat, Drink, Paleo”.In her blog, Irena explains how the diet of our distant ancestors makes the skin glow from the inside out.

What is the Paleo Diet?
Paleo is not a diet in its usual sense, but a diet similar to that preferred by our hunter-gatherer ancestors. It was in the conditions of the paleo diet that the human body was formed for hundreds of thousands of years. Simply put, it is simple, healthy and fresh food, without processed or refined foods.It contains a lot of animal protein (mainly fish and game), fresh vegetables, herbs, nuts, seeds, berries. Paleo excludes foods made from grains and grain flours, cereals, milk and dairy products, starchy vegetables, legumes, sugar, and alcohol. “This is not a Paleolithic revival,” says Irena Macri. affect our body as a whole.Everyone who begins to practice the paleo diet reports positive results and changes related to health and well-being. Perhaps the most well-known of the benefits of the Paleo diet are: faster metabolism, excellent digestion, increased energy levels, and sustained weight loss. But there are also additional bonuses – clean, healthy skin. ”

How does paleo affect the skin?
Interesting but true: one of the first things you notice when meeting people who have embarked on the path of the paleo diet is their skin, says Irena Macri.- It is clean, smooth and elastic. The skin is not only the largest organ of our body, but also a kind of instrument through which the body tells us whether it is happy or not. ” Constant rashes, redness, dryness, flaking and itching are a signal that there is a problem inside. This can be an allergic or inflammatory reaction, intoxication, and so on. By avoiding foods that can trigger these reactions, such as sugar, milk and carbohydrates and alcohol, you can get healthy skin.

“Paleo focuses on nutritious foods rich in antioxidants, amino acids and healthy fats. For example, omega-3 fatty acids found in red fish, minerals from seafood, protein and vitamins from meat and eggs, healthy fats from avocados, coconuts and almonds. All of these good quality products help maintain healthy skin, hair and nails, as well as slow down aging, ”explains Irena.

What are the main benefits of paleo for the skin?
The Paleo diet excludes the use of grains, gluten-containing foods, milk and sugar.It’s a life without bread, rolls, muffins, cakes, cookies, croissants, cakes, spaghetti and pizza. “Personally, I see that after giving up wheat, gluten and sugar, my skin has changed a lot,” continues Irena. – The puffiness characteristic of those who abuse gluten has disappeared, I have forgotten what rashes are. My skin is clean and smooth. Another feature of the Paleo diet is that it improves sleep, and good sleep is known to be radiant and fresh in the morning. I know quite a few success stories from people who have suffered from skin conditions like eczema or rosacea and have been able to cope with them with the paleo diet.Scientifically Proven Fact: There is a link between gut health and skin inflammation. I think paleo is very useful in this regard, since it normalizes metabolism and improves digestion. Larger studies are beginning to be conducted on the health effects of this diet, but the number of individual success stories speaks in its favor. ”

90,000 Paleo or Ancient Man’s Diet !!! What is it? An effective method of losing weight or another “hype” nonsense? | # Motivator

Paleo is short for Paleolithic and is a diet based on the theory of human evolution.

There are many variations on Paleo: the Caveman Diet, the Stone Age Diet, and the Primitive Diet. All of them adhere to certain principles, which are that you should only eat those foods that you can collect or that you need to hunt in nature. Animals eaten as meat should be fed naturally, and the foods you eat should be raw.

Since the Paleo diet eliminates sugars and grains from its diet means it contains fewer carbohydrates, which many proponents of the Paleo claim leads to effective weight loss without any changes in your exercise regimen, and also improves levels blood sugar, blood lipids, and lower blood pressure, which can lead to the need for fewer, if not elimination, drugs for these problems.It may even be possible to reverse type II diabetes with this diet.


The history of Paleo is very long, it goes back about 40,000 years. No human can actually pretend to eat everything he or she can find in the wild, but in modern times, Dr. Lauren Cordain is exactly the person who did popularize this theory. Intrigued by the scientific article he read about what people ate during the Paleolithic era, Dr. Cordain focused his research on the human diet in history, which eventually resulted in a book called The Paleo Diet, which was published in 2002.

Lauren Cordain

Lauren Cordain


Paleo rules are not strict, but you should get about 20-40% of your calories from carbohydrates, 20-35% from protein and 30-50% from fat.

You do not need to count calories on this diet. You just eat a balanced meal, preferably one that includes protein with every meal. You can eat whenever you want.

This diet is based on fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds and meats grown in organic conditions on the grass or caught in the wild.Sugar, grains, dairy products, legumes, and all processed foods and artificial additives should be avoided. Dr. Cordain believes it is especially important to eat unsaturated fats and get plenty of omega-3s.

Since there are many different types of Paleo, some rules will be different, but the most important thing to remember is that all the food you eat must be found in nature.


Do you think it is realistic to follow such a diet in our industrial society?

Paleo autoimmune protocol.- Irina Zayats – LiveJournal


In a nutshell: a year ago I wrote that I was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. This is an autoimmune disease, the participation of the immune system in the start of the disease is beyond doubt, but the reasons why this happens are currently unknown to science. After spending a month in 2 hospitals, I went out and for a little more than 6 months was treated with glucocorticosteroids (first prednisolone, then metipred). A month after the complete cancellation of hormones, remission ended and my exacerbation began again.It was at the end of January. My revised diagnosis began to sound like this: “Nonspecific ulcerative colitis, first identified, total lesion of the large intestine, severe course, hormone-dependent form.” I was offered to register a disability group, get a quota and start treatment with Remicade, which, to be honest, for the time being, for me personally, looks more like “serving science” rather than treatment. There are many questions to this medicine, it forever excludes the possibility of a lot of things from life, and most importantly – to have more children, does not help everyone and has a long list of fatal side effects.And it’s just very scary.
I was in the most severe depression for about 2 months, during which I was still going to go for examination, I told my gastroenterologist that I would rather be on hormones all my life than to be treated with remicade, I was tormented by doubts and cried around the clock. And then at the same time in several places I found information about the paleo diet and its narrower branch – the paleo autoimmune protoctol (AIP). I would like to write more about this in more detail, after all, in just two words. But now, after 3 months on it, I can vouch: the diet works very well.I never drank more hormones and am going into remission. I didn’t want to write before I went through the examinations and received official confirmation from my doctor about going into stable remission, but there was a request from several close people, so I’m posting the text right now.

The text with the basic principles of the paleo-autoimmune protocol is detailed and easy to understand. I apologize for the style, I am not a master of literary translation, I tried to translate everything as accurately as possible. If someone has additions – welcome in the comments, I will be glad.The author of the text is American woman and scientist Sarah Ballantyne, she published The Paleo Approach, she has a very informative website The Paleo Mom, and she herself was cured with this diet from severe psoriasis. Rob Wolfe described the same diet in his books.

And the last thing: this diet cures not only ulcerative colitis, it works for any autoimmune diseases, I found on social networks, blogs, and a lot of evidence of this. The list of autoimmune diseases is very, very extensive, here are the most common:
– Systemic lupus erythematosus
– Severe myasthenia gravis
– Psoriasis
– Rheumatoid arthritis
– Scleroderma
– Sjogren’s syndrome (dry syndrome)
– Mixed diseases of the connective tissue
-Crohn’s disease (regional enteritis)
-Nonspecific ulcerative colitis
-Goodpasture’s syndrome
-Diabetes mellitus insulin-dependent type 1
-Pernicious anemia
-Nodular polyarteriopathic syndrome
Autoimmune enteropathy
– Celiac disease (gluten-sensitive enteropathy)
– Chronic active hepatitis
– Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
– Primary biliary cirrhosis
– Multiple sclerosis diffuse
– Disease of Graves’ disease with post-thyrothyroidism2 Guillain-Barré rum)
-Mixed connective tissue diseases
-Bechterew’s disease
-Immune infertility
-Addison’s disease

I would be glad to answer questions if someone has them.

Autoimmune Approach.

Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system loses its ability to distinguish between proteins belonging to its own body and proteins belonging to a “foreign invader” (eg bacteria, viruses, or parasites). This causes damage to cells, tissues and / or organs in the body – damage caused by your own immune system attacking those cells. Depending on which proteins / cells are attacked, certain diseases occur.In autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto’s thyroiditis), the thyroid gland is attacked. In rheumatoid arthritis, the tissues of the joints are attacked. In psoriasis, proteins in the cell layers that make up the skin are attacked. However, the underlying cause for all autoimmune diseases is the same.

Genetic susceptibility to autoimmune reactions is approximately one third of your risk of developing autoimmune diseases. The other two-thirds of your risk are environmental factors, which include diet, lifestyle, infections (both prior and chronic inflammation), exposure to toxins, hormones, weight, etc.You cannot control your genetics, but you can completely control your diet and in many ways your lifestyle. By eliminating from your diet foods that increase intestinal permeability, eliminating dysbiosis, hormonal imbalances that stimulate the malfunctioning of the immune system, you create an opportunity for your body to heal. To help your body heal and reduce inflammation, you must pay attention to important lifestyle factors and change the way you eat and eat foods that support gut health (and are optimal for gut flora), restore optimal levels of important nutrients, and provide the “building blocks” your body needs to heal and properly regulate the immune system.

This is not a cure (once your immune system has learned to attack its own body, it cannot “forget” it), but you can go into sustained remission, and often forever. Depending on what kind of disease you have and how aggressive it is on your body, you may need medication that you cannot do without (such as thyroid hormones in the case of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis), but you can stop your attacks. immune system to the body and significantly improve health.

This diet is suitable for anyone diagnosed with or suspected of having an autoimmune disorder. It is very simple, extremely nutritious and devoid of foods that irritate the intestines, cause dysbiosis and activate the immune system. You will not be lacking in any nutrients and you will be able to follow this diet throughout your life. If your autoimmune disease is accompanied by a sensitivity to certain foods, this should also be considered when choosing your food.And the answer to the question that I get asked more often than anyone else is yes, this diet will help you. (!!!)

One of the most damaging factors in the development of autoimmune diseases is nutritional deficiencies and is poor in actual nutrition). One of the most important contributors to the development of autoimmune disease is nutritional deficiency.Even if you’ve followed the Paleo, Warrior, GAPS, SCD, or WAPF diets for a while, chances are you haven’t been able to make up for your nutrient deficiencies (otherwise you might not have read this page).

It is believed that dysbiosis and leaky gut syndrome (increased intestinal permeability) are involved in triggering the mechanism of all autoimmune diseases. And dysbiosis and increased intestinal permeability are directly related to diet and lifestyle (what you eat, what you don’t eat, how much you sleep and how you react to stress).The Paleo Approach dietary guidelines are specifically designed to heal the gut, restore normal microflora, reduce inflammation and regulate the immune system, and, through gut healing, eliminate hormonal imbalances and micronutrient deficiencies.

My understanding of autoimmune diseases goes beyond diet. The paleo approach also addresses issues such as the critical importance of sleep and rest, stress management, and the inclusion of physical activity in the daily routine.In fact, if you ignore these factors, you can completely undermine the gains you have made by following the diet.

The first dietary recommendation for those with an autoimmune disease is to stick to a strict paleo diet without cheating.
This means to exclude:
Dairy products
Refined sugar
Modern vegetable oils
Chemical-processed foods.
While other people may occasionally have a bowl of rice, or corn chips, or even ice cream, if you suffer from an autoimmune disease, you are not one of these people.Gluten should be banned for life. Cereals and pulses should never be consumed. Dairy products of any kind (even ghee, which may still contain lactose and milk proteins) should be avoided. This may be the case for the rest of your life, but some people can return some of the food if their disease has entered a phase of sustained remission.

In addition, if you have an autoimmune disease, you should completely avoid the following foods:
• Eggs (especially whites)
• Nuts
• Seeds (including cocoa, coffee and seed-based spices)
• Solanaceae (potatoes, tomatoes , eggplant, sweet, bell and hot peppers, cayenne, red peppers, tomatoes, goji berries, etc.and spices derived from peppers, including paprika)
• Foods potentially containing gluten (eg starch – approx. per.)
• Fructose (more than 20 g per day) and another good table here.
• Alcohol
• NSAIDs (like aspirin or ibuprofen)
• low calorie sweeteners (yes, all of them, even stevia)
• emulsifiers, thickeners and other food additives

There are many reasons for excluding these foods, including these cause intestinal irritation, dysbiosis, act as carrier molecules through the intestinal barrier, act as auxiliary substances that stimulate the immune system, increase intestinal permeability, resulting in inflammation.In addition, you should make sure that you have low blood sugar (this should happen naturally, but for diabetics who are obese and / or metabolic syndrome, a glucometer may be helpful). This does not mean a low-carb diet, it means a LOW-carb meal.

There is also some evidence that hormonal contraception can increase hunger and disrupt the regulation of digestive hormones, leading to inflammation and a revitalized immune system.

Your second task is to saturate your diet with nutrients. This may be even more important than just eliminating foods that can negatively impact gut health or stimulate the immune system. The lack of micronutrients in the diet is the strongest factor contributing to an increased risk of developing autoimmune diseases. If you have an autoimmune disease, it is very likely that you are not getting enough of one or more vitamins and minerals: fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K), several minerals (zinc, iron, copper, magnesium, selenium, iodine, etc.) …B vitamins, vitamin C, antioxidants and other nutrients (such as coenzyme Q10), omega-3 fatty acids (relative to omega-6), some amino acids (such as glycine), and fiber.

So it is important not only to eliminate some foods from the diet, but also to add the following to it:

• organic meat, offal (at least 5 times a week, the more the better).

• fish and shellfish (aim at least 3 times a week, the more the better).

• vegetables of all kinds, as much variety as possible, vegetables of all colors of the rainbow, 8-14 cups a day.

• green vegetables.

• cruciferous (broccoli, white cabbage, turnip, arugula, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, watercress, mustard, etc.)

• sea vegetables – algae (except for chlorella and spirulina, which are immune stimulants).

• quality meat (natural grazing, game as much as possible, poultry in moderation due to its high omega-6 content, unless you eat a ton of fish to maintain the right balance of omega-3 and omega-6) …

• high-quality fats (fat of pasture-fed animals can be found in the meat you eat, oily fish, olive oil, avocado oil, coconut oil.

• fruits (but the consumption of fructose should vary between 10-20 g per day)

• probiotic products (fermented vegetables or fruits, kombucha, water kefir, coconut milk kefir, coconut milk yogurt, supplements)

• glycine, glycine-rich foods (anything containing connective tissue, joints or skin , bone broth).

You can also increase your intake of important minerals by switching to Himalayan pink or muddy sea salt. It is also very beneficial to drink plenty of water between meals and it is important to make sure that you are consuming enough food. The body isn’t very effective at healing itself if you’re in a calorie deficit (you don’t have to gain weight at all to heal, but weight loss may be a competing goal at the moment).

Fruits and vegetables can be eaten raw or cooked.I recommend eating vegetables of all colors of the rainbow (including something green) with every meal, and always have the greatest variety possible on your plate. The only fruits or vegetables that are limited in the Paleo Approach are nightshades and legumes. Dried fruits are high in sugar and should be eaten very rarely (for occasional treats) due to their potential impact on blood sugar levels. For all other fruits and vegetables (low to moderate glycemic index), the vast majority of people do not have to limit or count the amount of fruits and vegetables they eat, or worry about their effect on blood sugar.It is actually very important to eat a lot of vegetables, and I believe there are many fears that many people do not eat enough vegetables and fruits, which negatively affects their health. If you do not experience significant improvement within 3-4 months, then of course, you should pay attention to this problem (exclude impaired absorption of fructose or sensitivity to histamine or salicylate).
Don’t like vegetables? I do not care. Eat them. And also liver, fish and oysters.

Let’s take a quick look at common myths and frequently asked questions:
• Starchy vegetables: Some people exclude them from their diet due to the belief that they are bad for healthy gut microflora (which has not been confirmed in the scientific literature). However, a low carb diet low in carbohydrates and fiber can cause thyroid malfunction and dysregulation of cortisol (which is really bad for human health). There are two main dietary factors that have a positive effect on the intestinal microflora (and described in the scientific literature): a high intake of omega-3 fatty acids (lots of fish) and a high intake of soluble and insoluble fiber (from vegetables and fruits).If you have a confirmed diagnosis of SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth – something like an insufficiency of the intestinal microflora (here I am sorry, I find it difficult to translate) you can combine an autoimmune protocol and a low consumption of starchy vegetables. it will only take a month or two
• Insoluble fiber: Insoluble fiber has a poor reputation for being an irritant, but recent research does show that increased intake of insoluble fiber accelerates wound healing in colitis and diverticulitis.In addition, the higher the dose of insoluble fiber, the lower the level of C-reactive protein (which means that it reduces or prevents inflammation). Soluble fiber also reduces the likelihood of high C-reactive protein, but not as much as insoluble fiber. Insoluble fiber also reduces the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease. I cannot find a single scientific article that actually shows that insoluble fiber irritates the intestines, and I have a feeling that this is a myth.Instead, I can find evidence that insoluble fiber binds bile acids involved in the production of endogenous cholesterol in the liver (which ultimately improves digestion), is an important signal for lowering post-meal ghrelin levels (the hormone ghrelin is a hunger / appetite hormone / digestion) – which has many different important effects in the body, that they increase insulin sensitivity, and help remove toxins from the body. I cannot find any reason to limit the amount of insoluble fiber.If you have large pieces of undigested vegetables in your stool, it is worth supporting digestion with enzymes and trying limit yourself to boiled vegetables until digestion improves.
• Goitrogenic vegetables for thyroid disease: Again, there is no scientific evidence to rule them out, even for people with thyroid disease. (Approx. Trans. I have never heard of this and I do not know how to translate goitrogenic into Russian / English Wikipedia says that these are vegetables that stimulate the onset of hyperthyroidism, you can read in English here)
• Fruits: many people avoid them because of the high sugar content.If you have FODMAP intolerance (FODMAP is an English acronym for short-chain carbohydrates (oligosaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides and sugar alcohols similar in structure – polyols), which are poorly and incompletely absorbed in the human small intestine and lead to increased gas production. with a list of such products here, and for more information, you can refer to the source of the picture), you can limit the consumption of fructose to 20 grams per day, but still it is worth remembering that fruits should not be excluded altogether, they are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants.Depending on which fruit you choose, you can eat 2 to 5 servings a day and stay within the safe amount of fructose (20 grams).
• Omega-3 intake is VERY important: aim for a ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids between 1:01 and 1:03. If you eat grass-fed meat, not too much poultry and a lot of fish, it will be easy. If you eat more meat or poultry quite often, then you need to increase your intake of fatty cold water fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines, herring, anchovies, trout, fresh tuna, and carp).The animal fats you use for cooking should always come from grazing animals (that is, those who ate grass and walked in the fields). The intake of omega-3 fatty acids is one of the most important factors for the correction of intestinal dysbiosis. And it’s best to get your omega-3s from fish rather than fish oil. The omega-3s found in plants are predominantly ALA – alpha linolenic acid, which is less suitable for absorption by the human body than the long chain DHA – Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and EPA – Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) in fish and pasture meat.An increase in the amount of omega-3 fatty acid in the diet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis dramatically reduces their need for NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
• Protein is important: you can heal your body by limiting yourself to fish and shellfish (from animal proteins), but you cannot do without it altogether. Protein from fish and shellfish is better absorbed than protein from meat, and meat is better absorbed than any vegetable protein source.
• Vegetables are important: don’t skimp on them. If you have too little time to eat large portions of vegetables, you can replace some of them with smoothies or vegetable juices.But in this case, they should be part of your meal (and not a meal replacement, since chewing movements are an important signal for digestion). If you have trouble digesting large amounts of vegetables, try taking food supplements (enzymes) and limiting cooked vegetables in favor of raw vegetables.
• Gray areas: Egg yolk, legumes with edible pods (such as green beans or sugar peas), walnut oil, macadamia nut oil, ghee, and gluten-free alcohol.I suggest omitting them at the very beginning, although, as a rule, you can then reintroduce them into the diet, and much earlier than many other foods. Coconut products (coconut oil, milk, cream, flakes, fresh coconut) should be consumed in moderation (due to their very high inulin levels and relatively high phytic acid levels). Coconut milk and coconut cream should be without guar gum (Guar gum, guar gum, guara, (E412) [1] – food additive, belongs to the group of stabilizers, thickeners, emulsifiers (E400-E499), used in the food industry as a thickener ).Coconut oil is a great product if you tolerate it well.

Frequently asked questions about specific products.
• Carob, rooibos tea, black and green tea in moderation, apple, balsamic, coconut and wine vinegar, coconut water in moderation, vanilla extract, maple syrup and honey very rare, dried fruits very rare, molasses very rare, cane Muscovado sugar is very rare, as well as coconut amino acids are all OK.
• algae (chlorella, spirulina), wheatgrass, barley, brown rice protein, pea protein, hemp protein, licorice root (except DGL), aloe, slippery elm, chia, flax, lemon balm (tea is probably good but should be avoided in seasoning form, for example), egg substitutes, decaffeinated coffee, herbal teas containing oat seeds – NOT OK.

Frequently asked questions about nutrition.

  • It is better to eat a lot and rarely than little and often (only if you have a not very damaged intestine, which is not able to digest a large amount of food at a time). (I highlight this point with all available means of excretion, because the benefits of fractional nutrition are one of the most common and dangerous misconceptions of our time. “Often and a little” is a direct path to diabetes mellitus, weight gain and a very large number of other problems.Except in the last few years, a hundred people have always eaten rarely. We are not physiologically intended for endless grub, talk about “accelerating” metabolism is complete nonsense and nonsense. – approx. per.).
  • It is best not to drink too much liquid while eating, chew food carefully and slowly.

  • Do not eat 3 hours before bedtime.
  • Every meal should include animal and plant foods and sources of healthy fats.

Helpful Supplements:
• Supplements to support digestion (enzymes).
• L-glutamine, helps to restore intestinal barrier function.
• Fish oil (while still eating organic meat and fish) is an excellent source of fat-soluble vitamins.
• magnesium (especially if there is a lot of stress in your life).
• vitamin C (especially if there is a lot of stress in your life).
• Probiotic Supplements (even if you eat fermented foods)
• Collagen may be beneficial for people with conditions affecting the skin or connective tissue.

Quality issues.
• The better your food, the better. But even if organic grass-fed meat or fish isn’t available to you, just look for the best quality possible. Vegetables and fruits are best bought seasonal.

Your body knows best.
• If you know for sure that some foods not recommended by the Autoimmune Protocol are suitable for you, you can eat them. And vice versa. If a product that is hotly recommended in this approach is categorically unsuitable for you and negatively affects your well-being, do not eat it.

Reintroduction (return to conventional products).
In this case, we are talking about trying to reintroduce some foods that are not recommended by the autoimmune protocol into the diet. For example, most people with autoimmune diseases successfully return eggs, seeds, nuts, nightshades (except potatoes) to their diet. In order to start reintroducing, it is worth making sure that your disease has entered the stage of sustained remission. Unless you are feeling too deprived, there is no good reason to rush to bring any products back into your life.

Also, do not forget about some factors that are decisive:
Healthy sleep (at least 8-10 hours a day).
Stress management (good to master meditation).
Compliance with natural natural rhythms (sleep at night when it is dark, stay awake during the day when it is light).
Strengthening social ties.
Hobbies, recreation, pleasant activities of moderate intensity (intense / strenuous activities should be avoided).

I know from experience that all of the above is a very difficult task.I also know from experience that, in many cases, 90% is not good enough (and the more serious your condition, the more important it is to follow of all recommendations). I know from experience that food costs increase significantly. I try to focus on those delicious products that are available to me (and there are a lot of them!). I try to focus on the fact that I have a strategy to improve my health, which is very powerful support. Note that in many cases, you must still take your usual medications, although over time you may be able to reduce your dose.Please do this with your doctor!
And – compliance with all the recommendations becomes much easier and more pleasant when you start to see improvement (for each of its own terms, as a rule, this will take from several days to several months).

Is the Paleo Diet a real hit?

The Paleolithic diet quickly finds new followers. In 2014, it was one of the most popular systems used in the nutrition world. Is the ancestral diet really that good for us, and is it worth using in life?

This nutritional system is based on the legitimate belief that certain physiological conditions for the digestion, absorption and metabolism of food have changed very little over thousands of years and are stored in our genes.The menus of our ancestors were free from highly processed foods, refined sugar, hardened fats, dairy products, cereals and legumes, replete with meat, fish, tubers, fruits, nuts and eggs.
This allowed our hunting ancestors to avoid many of the typical diseases of modern civilization. And why be surprised? in their diet there was no unhealthy food, so characteristic of our time. However, the level of activity was much higher … Is the paleo diet the only effective way to maintain good health?
There are currently only five valid scientific studies (plus a few failed ones) to evaluate the effects of this diet on humans.The diet itself is quite short – from 9 days to 12 weeks. And the study groups are not high and, most importantly, only two studies of control groups of different diets were comparable. The researchers compared the brilliant Paleolithic diet and the Mediterranean diet, in groups of 29 people with heart disease. After 12 weeks, they found that the patients in the paleo group became more glucose tolerant and had a lower waist than the Mediterranean diet group. But the weight loss in both groups was the same.
In the second study People in the Paleo diet group had various types of diabetes mellitus. After three months, they had the best results. The benefits of the cave diet were obvious. The Paleo diet completely rejects highly processed foods and uses a food production method similar to that of the Paleozoic era. This makes the diet very simple in itself.

What is the prehistoric diet today?

It is allowed to use such products as: rice, sweet potatoes, olive oil, which was not in the diet of the ancestors, but it is worth noting that, in principle, there is not a single template in it.Moreover, our ancestors may have had a much more varied menu than we do today, but generally speaking, the main standards of the modern paleo diet are unprocessed foods: proteins in the form of poultry, beef, fish, seafood, eggs or meat by-products such as heart and the liver.
Another component is fats, the sources of which should be mainly fish, nuts, almonds, and sometimes olive oil or lard in small quantities. First of all, the corresponding proportions of omega 3 omega 6 and the total calorific value of the macrocomponent, which should grow into a level of about 30-50% of the total demand.
At the end of the list are carbohydrates. In a typical diet, they are the main source of energy in the diet, and not prehistoric. It’s just that their share is much smaller, starch and grain products are completely excluded, and the base is fruits and vegetables and some varieties of yams and rice.
A diet without blemish?
The paleo diet appears to be ideal. Unfortunately, this is not so. First of all, it is a very strictly non-systemic diet that excludes most of the foods available today.Second, it is usually characterized by a relatively low proportion of carbohydrates, simply resembling a simple type of low carbohydrate diet. In practice, this can mean (especially at the beginning of a meal), lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, or drowsiness. Generally, things return to normal after a few weeks as the body adapts to using fat as its main source of energy. Third, you should keep in mind that Paleo also requires a custom layout and not as a template.Everything should be very individual. Personalization is the foundation of any diet.

Should you use the Paleo diet or not?

Everyone should answer this question independently. The introduction of a food system as in the Paleolithic period is associated with a high restriction on food consumed today and this must certainly be taken into account. Menu planning is not as easy as it sounds. But if we know that we want to try to use the Paleo diet, fortunately there are not many contraindications for using it.

It should be remembered that this is not only the path to good health and a good physique. Similar results, with much lower risks and costs, can be achieved with simple, healthy and nutritious menus, and such a middle ground is likely to be a much better option for most people. Not because they are more effective and understandable, but because it is not as burdensome as paleo, especially if we are not thinking about long-term changes in our habits.
The choice is yours!

90,000 Multiple Sclerosis Diet Advice

Multiple sclerosis develops when the immune system mistakenly attacks its own central nervous system. There is no highly effective treatment, but there are various approaches, including dietary ones, that may be beneficial for people with multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis

When a person develops multiple sclerosis, the myelin that covers the nerve fibers is damaged.As a result, the nerves begin to lose their ability to transmit electrical signals. This means the brain becomes less able to tell the muscles what to do, which often leads to symptoms such as pain, weakness, and tingling. The person may also notice mood changes, fatigue, tremors, and other complications. Multiple sclerosis is often diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40, but the disease can develop at any time.

Dietary factors can have a definite effect on the well-being of such patients.Understanding the role of diet in multiple sclerosis and making specific changes can lead to fewer relapses, a lower risk of health complications, and an improved quality of life.

Diet and the relationship between diet and multiple sclerosis may include:

  • effect of intestinal bacteria in immune disorders
  • vitamin deficiency
  • some nutrients can support and protect the nervous system
  • Benefits of a healthy diet for general well-being

Food to Eat

Certain foods may benefit people with multiple sclerosis by affecting the immune system, nerves, and other parts of the body.

Research shows that gut health can actually play a role in many types of disease. The gut microbiota is a highly complex system of microorganisms that live in the gut. In humans, these microorganisms are mainly bacteria.

Bacteria are responsible for breaking down food and nutrients, and they play a key role in digestion and maintaining a healthy immune system. Adequate fiber contributes to maintaining the stability of the microbiota.Anyone with multiple sclerosis should eat a diet that supports a healthy immune system, in particular by affecting the microbial composition of the gut.

Nature Communications study suggests that adjusting gut flora, for example through the use of probiotics, may be beneficial for people with multiple sclerosis.

Below are the products containing the required amount of lactobacilli :

  • yoghurt
  • kefir
  • kimchi
  • sauerkraut
  • kombucha or fermented tea

Food that feeds probiotic bacteria is called prebiotics, fiber is the simplest example of a prebiotic.

Foods containing a balanced composition of prebiotic fiber:

  • artichokes
  • garlic
  • leek
  • asparagus
  • onions
  • chicory

Fiber is found in plant foods such as:

  • fruit
  • vegetables
  • nuts and seeds
  • legumes, such as lentils
  • whole grains
  • brown rice

Their consumption contributes to health promotion in the following ways:

  • intestinal bacteria nutrition
  • stimulation of regular bowel movements
  • Maintain normal blood pressure and heart health, improve cholesterol metabolism
  • Reducing the risk of weight gain

People with multiple sclerosis may be at greater risk for certain types of heart disease.While dietary measures may not reduce these risks, eating a healthy diet will be beneficial for overall heart health.

Fatty sea fish is a dietary source of vitamin D. Vitamin D is important for everyone, but it can be especially beneficial for people with multiple sclerosis. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, people who are high in vitamin D have a lower chance of developing multiple sclerosis.

Vitamin D is also important for bone health.People with multiple sclerosis may be more likely to have low bone density and osteoporosis, especially if they are unable to move on their own. Adequate intake of vitamin D can help prevent this.

Most of the vitamin D enters the body through sunlight, but humans also get it by consuming fatty fish, vitamin D-fortified dairy products, some fortified cereals, beef liver, and egg yolks.

A 2017 review notes that the evidence for a link between low vitamin D levels and multiple sclerosis continues to accumulate, so more research is needed.

Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin, some people call it vitamin H. It is found in many foods, but its best sources are: eggs, yeast, beef liver, sunflower seeds, almonds, spinach, broccoli, whole grain bread.

Small studies show that a high dose of biotin – 100 to 600 mg per day – can help people with advanced multiple sclerosis, in which symptoms gradually get worse.

Confirming and clarifying the benefits of biotin supplementation requires more research, but following a healthy diet can ensure that a person is consuming enough of this vitamin.

Many plant-based foods contain substances called polyphenols , which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on the cells of the body. These effects can help prevent cell damage, making polyphenols potentially beneficial for people with multiple sclerosis.

Sources of polyphenols:
• fruits
• vegetables
• spices
• cereals
• legumes
• herbs
• tea

Antioxidants may also help prevent oxidative stress, which researchers have linked to a wide range of health problems. Certain antioxidants – notably resveratrol, which is found in grapes – help protect the nervous system.

Weight and multiple sclerosis

A review published in 2016 concluded that obesity in childhood and adolescence may increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis.The researchers also noted that obesity can influence the progression of the disease.

In addition, a person with multiple sclerosis who loses mobility or for whom any movement becomes more difficult to perform may be at greater risk of gaining excess weight.

Dietary interventions to prevent weight gain can help prevent worsening of symptoms. These types of dietary changes can improve a person’s well-being and reduce the risk of additional health problems, in particular cardiovascular disease.

Food to avoid

Certain foods can be harmful to people with multiple sclerosis.

Processed foods can adversely affect human health, especially if they contain high levels of:
• saturated fat, hydrogenated oil
• added sodium or salt
• added sugar

To compensate for the taste, it is recommended to add black pepper instead of salt. A 2015 article in ASN Neuro noted that people with multiple sclerosis who have moderate to high sodium intake are more likely to get a relapse or develop a new lesion.

Authors also suggested avoiding:
• sweetened drinks
• excessive amounts of red meat
• fried foods
• low fiber foods

Such food provokes inflammation in the body. A healthy diet that includes fresh fruits and vegetables can reduce inflammation due to its antioxidant effects.

Special diets. Can They Help With Multiple Sclerosis?

When using any restriction-based diet, make sure you are consuming all the nutrients you need.A person who excludes a particular food or food group must provide additional intake of deficient nutrients.

Gluten-free diet

Research has not confirmed a link between gluten consumption and multiple sclerosis, but people with multiple sclerosis appear to be more likely to develop celiac disease. Both diseases are the result of problems with the immune system.

Foods containing gluten include:
• wheat products such as bread, baked goods, large quantities of pre-cooked soups and salad dressings
• barley products such as malt, soups, beer and brewer’s yeast
• rye, often present in bread, rye beer

People who follow a gluten-free diet may be deficient in nutrients, including the fiber found in whole grains.They should increase their fiber intake by eating plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and legumes.

Anyone considering a gluten-free diet should first talk to their doctor.

Paleo Diet
Many people on the Paleolithic diet believe that the human body has never been able to adapt to the highly processed foods we currently eat.

The diet involves switching to foods likely to be eaten by hunter-gatherers.The first step is to choose natural foods, with an emphasis on meat and plant-based foods, but not grains.

In a 2019 review, researchers including proponents of the Paleo diet compared a modified version of this program to another diet – the Swank diet – to see if there was any link to multiple sclerosis. There has been some evidence that these diets can reduce the wasting associated with multiple sclerosis, but more research is needed to confirm this.

Swank Diet
In the 1950s, doctors developed the Swank Diet to treat multiple sclerosis.

It consists in reducing the intake of saturated fat – no more than 15 grams per day and recommends limiting the intake of unsaturated fat to 20 and no more than 50 grams of all fat per day.

On the Swank diet, a person can consume vegetable oils such as olive, canola, soybean, peanut and flaxseed oils as they contain mostly unsaturated fats.

Oils to avoid include:

• coconut and palm oils because they are high in saturated fat
• butter, lard, margarine, shortening and hydrogenated oils because they are highly saturated or trans fat

A person can eat nuts, nut butters and seeds as snacks, but they must count them as part of their daily total fat.

People on this diet:
• no processed foods or dairy fats
• no red meat during the first year of the diet
• no restrictions allowed to eat white fish and shellfish
• it is recommended to consume at least 2 glasses of fruits and vegetables daily
• whole grain pasta recommended
• cod liver oil and multivitamins should be used daily

When using this diet, you should consider the possible risks of deficiency of folic acid and vitamins A, C and E.

Comparison of different diets

In 2015, the National Multiple Sclerosis Association revised a number of diets and their impact on disease. The authors conclude that there is still not enough evidence to recommend one that has significant advantages over the others. They recognize that most diets limit or eliminate the same foods.

A person should avoid foods that:
• contain processed ingredients
• contain a lot of saturated fat
• have a high glycemic index

In general, diets tend to include:
• less fatty red meat
• more fruits and vegetables

Additional changes that may help include:
• Increasing exposure to sunlight to increase vitamin D intake
• Exercise to maintain strength and flexibility
• Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke

Anyone considering making significant changes to their diet or lifestyle should first talk to a doctor.


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