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Pencil thin stool hemorrhoids: “Low caliber stool” and “pencil thin stool” are not signs of colo-rectal cancer


Stringy Poop 101 – What It Means When You Have Pencil-Thin Stool

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Be real for a sec: You probably inspect your poop so often you could do a PowerPoint presentation on your daily BMs. (No shame, really! Examine that poo all you want.)

Most of the time, whatever’s in the toilet looks pretty standard: brown and log-like, TBH. So when something’s very clearly off—like if your poop is pencil-thin and kinda stringy-looking—it’s alarming AF.

First: Take a deep breath—stringy poop is likely not as bad as you think. Yes, even if your poop looks like you ran it through a Play-Doh pasta maker.

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Okay, why does my poop look stringy?

Let’s get something out of the way first: You’ve probably heard that stringy poop can be a sign of colorectal cancer and, yes, that’s true, says Kyle Staller, M. D., a gastroenterologist at Massachusetts General Hospital. But it’s way more common that stringy poop is caused by something much more innocent, he says.

Namely, it could be that your poop is just moving through your colon really fast and creating a thin, stringy appearance in the process. That could be due to something as simple as a change in your diet, says Benjamin Lebwohl, M.D., a gastroenterologist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center.

“Aside from diet, other factors that can affect the frequency of bowel movements include a change in physical activity, fluid intake, travel, stress, or other disruptions to one’s routine,” he says. “Typically, moving around less, sitting for prolonged periods, and being relatively dehydrated can slow the bowels down, and this can result in a change in shape.”

Should I be worried about my stringy poop?

Not really, says Anton Bilchik, M.D., Ph.D., professor of surgery and chief of gastrointestinal research at John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, Calif. “This can be a normal type of stool,” he says. “Some people have thin and stringy stools; some people have larger bowel movements.”

That said, you should be a little concerned if you’ve been having big, bulky poop and then suddenly you’re having thin, stringy poop that won’t quit, says Ashkan Farhadi, M.D., a gastroenterologist at MemorialCare Orange Coast Medical Center and director of MemorialCare Medical Group’s Digestive Disease Project in Fountain Valley, Calif. That’s especially true if it also comes along with bloody poop and abdominal pain, Staller says, who recommends seeing your doctor ASAP, if that’s the case.

How can I take care of my stringy poop situation?

If you’re just having stringy poop and you have no other symptoms, it’s a good idea to try to bulk up the fiber in your diet and see where that gets you, Staller says. That could mean eating more high-fiber foods (like whole grains and beans) or taking a supplement like Metamucil.

But if you’re having other symptoms along with your stringy poop, or it came out of nowhere and won’t stop, it’s a good idea to check in with a doctor, just in case. Your doctor will typically examine you and, if they think it’s necessary, may order a colonoscopy, Lebwohl says.

One thing to keep in mind (and put you at ease): “When we do a colonoscopy to evaluate long stringy bowel movements, the great majority of the time we find no structural abnormality and no cancer,” he says.

Again, if you’re just having stringy poop here and there, don’t panic. You probably ate something funky or you’ve changed up how much you’re drinking—and it’s totally normal.

Korin Miller
Korin Miller is a freelance writer specializing in general wellness, sexual health and relationships, and lifestyle trends, with work appearing in Men’s Health, Women’s Health, Self, Glamour, and more.

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What’s the Scoop on Your Poop?

Yes, it may sound strange, but your poop is an excellent indicator of your physical health. Signs of diseases or stress often first show up in the toilet. Of course, the key to monitoring your health is knowing what to look for and what the signs mean. So, yeah, it’s a good idea to pay attention to your poop, even if this seems a bit gross. Monitoring your stool for changes can help you spot potential problems before they become significant issues.

There is No Such Thing as Normal When It Comes to Poop

Everyone is unique, and your bowel movements are just as unique as you are. Size, shape, and consistency can change from person to person. Instead of wondering if what ends up in the toilet bowel is normal, look for changes. For instance, if you’re a very regular person, you might be on the lookout for any trouble with regularity. You might also want to take note if you usually pass solid stools but suddenly experience runny stools for an extended period. You’re looking for big changes that don’t go away.

Blood in Your Stool Can Be a Warning Sign

If you notice blood in your stool on a regular basis, you might need to see your doctor. Blood can be a warning sign of colorectal cancer or polyps. Of course, blood in the stool can also be caused by anal fissures or hemorrhoids. Either way, it’s still worth getting checked out. However, if you notice blood in your poop and you’re experiencing fever, chills, or weight loss, this can be troubling. When these symptoms are paired together, it’s considered a “high alert” signs for a bowel disorder.

Sometimes Size Does Matter with Your Stool

If you’ve had a history of having sizeable stools and suddenly your stools are hard to pass and pencil thin, this should be extremely concerning. At times, colon cancer causes the bowel to narrow, and as stool passes the blocked areas, it becomes smaller as well. Thin stools are not automatically indicative of disease, but if the stools stay slim in shape and you continue having problems going to the bathroom, you may need a colonoscopy to rule out cancer. Again, sustained changes in size are what you’re looking for. Don’t worry about a small change that happens over a few days.

Consistency is the Key to Healthy Bowel Movements

Everyone has a bout of diarrhea now and then. Loose, runny stools that last a few days can mean that you’re fighting off an infection or have a case of mild food poisoning. However, if you’ve always had solid bowel movements and now you’re having diarrhea three out of five days each week, this could be a sign of a food sensitivity or inflammatory bowel disease. If you notice runny stool coupled with other symptoms like abdominal pain, weight loss, and blood, it’s definitely time to see your physician.

Stress Can Cause Problems with Your Poop

Your body reacts to your environment. Stress and unresolved issues can lead to bathroom troubles. Your bowels may be trying to tell you something. If your bathroom habits haven’t been regular for some time and other medical issues are ruled out, your stress levels could be to blame. Pay attention to what your body is telling you. From medical conditions and stress, your bathroom habits can tip you off that you need to make changes to improve your health.

Well, that’s the scoop on your poop. If you have additional questions about what’s going on when it comes to your bowels, there’s no harm in consulting your family doctor. It’s always better to be safe, rather than sorry. Instead of worrying about what’s going on with your body if there’s a change in your bowel habits, take the time to find out what’s going on with your body.​

Watch Out for These Colorectal Cancer Symptoms

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also called colon cancer, occurs in the last two parts of the digestive tract: the large intestine, or colon, and rectum. Symptoms of colorectal cancer include persistent abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, and blood in the stool.

A lot of the time, colorectal cancer develops from small clusters of cells, called polyps. Polyps alone may not cause any symptoms, and are often benign, but could become dangerous if not caught and removed in a timely manner. That’s why the American Cancer Society recommends beginning regular screening now by age 45. Your doctor may suggest screening at a younger age, however, if you are at higher risk due to hereditary or lifestyle factors.

What Are the Symptoms of Stage One Colorectal Cancer?

As stated, polyps often present with no noticeable symptoms. The same goes for the early stages of colorectal cancer. In general, you may not experience any symptoms while the disease begins to spread. That’s why it’s imperative to be proactive, and get screened early.

Of course, several common symptoms can manifest at any stage, and other conditions may trigger the same symptoms—such as IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), hemorrhoids, or an infection—so be sure to get to a doctor if you are suffering from any of the following:

  • Persistent Abdominal Pain, Bloating or Cramps

The occasional stomach ache is normal, but you should see a doctor if pain of any kind persists for an extended period.

  • Change in Bowel Movements

Similar to the previous symptom, sporadic, abnormal bowel movements—namely, constipation or diarrhea—is normal and happens to most everybody. Bowel changes become worrisome if persisting for more than a few days, particularly if it occurs suddenly. If you are experiencing narrowed stools, or stool that is pencil-thin, it may also be a sign of colorectal cancer.

Rectal bleeding should always be followed by a doctor’s visit, as it may be indicative of several serious conditions, including colorectal cancer. To spot rectal bleeding, look for bright red blood on toilet paper, red or pink water in the toilet bowl after bowel movements, or darkened stool.

  • Tenesmus (Incomplete Defecation)

Tenesmus is the sensation of needing to defecate, but not feeling fully relieved after doing so.

This symptom typically does not present until more advanced stages of the disease. If you find yourself dropping weight without any dietary or exercise changes, see a doctor.  

Weakness or fatigue is one symptom of colorectal cancer and its treatment. 

What Causes or Heightens Your Risk of Colorectal Cancer?

In most cases of colorectal cancer, it’s impossible to point a finger at any one definitive cause. Normally, cells divide and replenish systemically, according to the plan detailed within their DNA. When a cell’s DNA is damaged, as in cancer, this plan changes.

That cell divides to produce more cells with faulty blueprints, at a quickened rate. The damaged cells gather together to form masses, which we call tumors. When these travel, leaving deposits in other parts of the body, it’s called metastasis.

Risk Factors

Certain hereditary red flags and other risk factors can serve as warnings to begin screening as soon as possible. These include:

You can develop colorectal cancer at any age, but most cases appear in those aged 50 and older.

  • African American Demographic

In the United States, 50 to 60 African Americans out of every 100,000 develop colorectal cancer at some point in their lives.

People who smoke or heavily consume alcohol are at greater risk of CRC (colorectal cancer).

Those insulin resistant or above a normal weight are at risk of developing colorectal cancer. Obesity also increases the chance of death from CRC.

Research suggests a correlation between lifestyles favoring a typical Western diet, which is high in fat and low in fiber, and the development of colorectal cancer.

Two hereditary syndromes linked to a higher risk of colorectal cancer are Lynch Syndrome (also called Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)) and Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Both are detectable by genetic testing.

  • Lack of Physical Activity

Incidence of colorectal cancer is higher in those whose lifestyles are generally sedentary. Consider devoting 30 minutes each day to exercise, to lower your risk.

  • Personal or Family History of CRC

If you have been previously diagnosed with CRC, you are at a higher risk of relapse than someone never diagnosed is of developing the disease for the first time. Likewise, if you have a family history of CRC, you may be at heightened risk.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, colorectal cancer most often develops from precancerous polyps. With proper screening, your doctor can detect polyps and remove them before they become cancerous.

Talk to a doctor to see if screening is right for you. Gastroenterology Associates specializes in helping restore you and your family to optimal digestive health. Schedule your consultation, today.

Embarrassing Bathroom Q & A

Everybody does it; so why aren’t we talking about it? Fortunately, no bowel blunder is too embarrassing for Dr. Melissa Lem! Herein, she fields your poop questions without getting flushed.

Q: I have diarrhea almost every day. My doctor says it’s irritable bowel syndrome. Should I be worried?

Lem: Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, affects roughly 10-20% of adults worldwide. Symptoms include recurrent diarrhea or constipation along with cramps, bloating and gas. Stress is closely linked with IBS, so a healthy lifestyle and stress-management are essential to managing it.

Q: Is it normal that sometimes my food isn’t entirely digested when it comes out the other end?

Lem: It can be completely normal to have undigested food in your stool. High-fibre foods, such as leafy greens, nuts, corn and beans, can be difficult to break down, so don’t worry if you see pieces of them in the toilet. However, if their appearance is associated with weight-loss, diarrhea or other changes, talk to your doctor.

Q: I poop every time I eat. Is there such a thing as being

too regular?

Lem: This is due to a healthy gastrocolic reflex, which increases the activity of your colon when your stomach stretches or when food enters your small intestine to move things down the line and make room. If there’s a persistent or bothersome change in your stool frequency and you haven’t changed your diet or lifestyle, seek medical advice. But if it’s not affecting your life and you’re otherwise healthy, don’t worry.

Q: I have to push so hard sometimes I’m afraid I’m going to hurt myself. How can I make it easier?

Lem: The usual constipation culprits include a low-fibre diet, low fluid intake, inactivity or repeatedly ignoring the urge to visit the bathroom. Constipation can lead to unpleasant conditions, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures and rectal prolapse. To optimize your regularity, increase your intake of fibre-rich foods (e.g. fruits, vegetables and whole grains), drink more water and stay active.

Q: My bowel movements come out pencil-thin. Is this cause for concern?

Lem: Pencil-thin stool can be normal, but if you notice that your stool is getting and staying skinnier, this could be an indication of something restricting its passage through your lower bowel, such as polyps, hemorrhoids or even colon cancer. If your stool stays pencil-thin for more than two weeks—especially if the change is associated with abdominal pain, fatigue or blood in the stool—see your doctor.

Q: What makes some bowel movements smell worse than others?

Lem: The most common cause of poop’s unpleasant odour is bacterial fermentation of food in your intestine, which releases compounds containing sulphur. That said, any condition that reduces digestion in your upper digestive tract (e.g. lactose intolerance, low stomach-acid production) gives bacteria in your lower gut more to feed on, which results in smellier waste.


Stool and bowel movement changes to watch for – Family & Child Health

A bowel movement is the end of the road, so to speak, for digestion. Stools – or feces – are the combination of whatever is left once your digestive system has finished absorbing nutrients and fluid from the foods and beverages you consume. While some people move their bowels daily, it is considered “regular” to do so anywhere between 3 times in one day to 3 times per week.

Changes to your stool or bowel movements may be harmless and temporary, requiring no intervention or medical attention. Here are a few changes you might notice:

Colour changes

The most common culprits of stool colour changes are foods and medications. Occasionally, a colour change is a signal of an underlying problem.

  • Black or tarry stool: If stool emerges dark or tarry, you may have an injury or disorder of your digestive tract. When stool is black, it is a sign that bleeding has occurred in the upper digestive tract. The digestive juices turn the blood the tarry colour. Bleeding could come from an ulcer or inflammation. Stool may also appear black if you have eaten black licorice or blueberries, consumed lead, or taken iron pills or medicines containing bismuth.
  • Red stool: Red stool could indicate blood from the lower gastrointestinal tract, like from the large bowel, or from the rectum or anus. Bleeding could be caused by hemorrhoids, by a pouch in the colon (diverticulosis), or more rarely by an intestinal tumour or abnormal blood vessels. A recent meal featuring beets, tomatoes, or red food colouring could also be to blame. Constipation can cause a bit of blood to appear in the stool. In children, a small amount of blood in the stool may be caused by a milk allergy. Report the symptom to your child’s doctor.
  • Pale white or clay-coloured stool: The colour of healthy brown stool comes from bile, which is released by the liver. So, sallow, colourless stool usually means that something is amiss in the liver, or perhaps the pancreas or gall bladder. This could mean infection, blockage, cysts, gallstones, or tumours. Medications, including bismuth and other anti-diarrheal drugs, may also sap stool of colour.
  • Green stool: In adults, green stool may be caused by diarrhea or by eating deeply green-coloured foods, like leafy vegetables or foods featuring green food colouring. Also iron supplements could give stool a green tint. Persistently green stool could be a sign of an intestinal infection or condition.
  • A note about the colour of baby stool: Green or yellowish stool is more common among infants than adults. The very youngest of newborns pass stool called meconium, which is thick, dark green and made of amniotic fluid, mucus, and bile, as well as fine hair and shed skin cells. After a few days, infant stool takes on a more mustardy-yellow tinge. After the meconium, breast-fed infants may pass loose stool that appears yellow-brown. Stool from a formula-fed infant may be darker, with a paste-like consistency. As baby grows and begins eating solids, the stool will take on a darker brown colour. Also, the colour of a baby’s stool will be affected by what he or she eats.

Composition changes

An occasional bout of diarrhea or constipation can cause the stool to become softer or harder. Other composition changes could point to infection or illness.

  • Narrow stool: Now and then, an individual stool may be narrow, which is usually not a problem. Thin stool could also be a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome. Pencil-thin stool may be due to an obstruction in the colon, possibly caused by colon cancer.
  • Dry, hard, or rough stool: Stool that takes a long time to transit the intestinal tract leads to constipation, characterized by hard stool. Dry, hard, or rough stool is a common symptom of constipation.
  • Watery stool: Stool passing too quickly through the large intestine may result in the loose, watery stool of diarrhea.
  • Floating stool: When stool is buoyant, excessive gas is often to blame. Track your symptoms and take note of what food may have caused the gas. Episodes of diarrhea or other gastrointestinal infections could increase the amount of gas produced by the bacteria in the intestines. Also, problems with food absorption prevent the body from properly digesting fat and nutrients, leading to “floaters.
  • Stool with mucus or pus: Small amounts of mucus are nothing to worry about. Infection, inflammation, or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract may cause larger amounts of mucus or pus in the stool. So might underlying digestive conditions, including Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and colon cancer.
  • Stool with undigested food: Most often, the undigested food matter is indigestible anyway, in the case of high-fibre vegetables.

Changes in odour

Due to the many bacteria in the intestinal tract, stools normally smell quite bad. You know your own odour, and if something smells amiss, you would notice it. Eating certain foods seems to lead to smellier bowel movements. An out-of-control odour could indicate an underlying condition, like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis.

Seek immediate medical attention if bowel changes are accompanied by rectal bleeding or severe abdominal pain. Otherwise, see a doctor…

  • if you notice blood or changes to the colour of your stool
  • if changes in shape and/or size of stool persists beyond 2 weeks
  • if floating stools persist for longer than a couple of weeks or if accompanied by blood in the stool, fever, or dizziness
  • if stools are foul-smelling, especially if accompanied by other symptoms – black, tarry colour; mucus in stool; chills, fever; cramping; abdominal pain; weight loss
  • if you notice undigested food in your stool accompanied by diarrhea or weight loss

Amy Toffelmire

Bowel cancer symptoms: Signs include thin poo – what a healthy stool looks like

Bowel cancer is one of the most common types of cancer to be diagnosed in the UK.

It’s a general term for any cancer that starts in the large bowel, and it may also be known as colon or rectal cancer.

Bowel cancer symptoms can be very subtle, and may not necessarily make patients feel unwell, said the NHS.

But, having unusually thin stools could be a warning sign of the deadly disease, it’s been revealed.

“Pencil thin” poo could indicate your risk of bowel cancer, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

It’s caused by a narrowing of the bowel, which subsequently squeezes the stool as it passes through.

While having thin stools doesn’t necessarily mean you have cancer, it’s best to get it checked by a doctor, it added.

“If you used to have sizeable stools but now they are always pencil thin and hard to pass, consult your doctor,” said the clinic.

“In certain types of colon cancer, the bowel gets narrow, and so do your bowel movements.

“Thin stools do not automatically mean cancer. But if they last a long time and if going to the bathroom is difficult for you, your doctor may order a colonoscopy to rule it out.”

There’s no such thing as a ‘normal’ bowel movement, but looking out for big changes in your toilet habits could help to reveal your bowel cancer risk, said the Cleveland Clinic.

“Did you use to move your bowels frequently but now have trouble doing so? Did they use to be solid but now are runny for a long period of time?

“When you experience a big, noticeable change that lasts, it’s time to see your doctor.”

Finding blood in your stools is one of the most common symptoms of bowel cancer.

Look out for blood that appears dark red or black, as this is usually the type of blood that comes from higher up in the bowel.

If there’s a bright red tinge to your stool, it could be caused by haemorrhoids.

Other bowel cancer symptoms include abdominal pain or unexplained weight loss.

The NHS offers two types of bowel cancer screening for adults in England.

A faecal occult blood test requires a home-stool testing kit, while a bowel scope screening involves using a thin instrument to look inside the bowel.

Speak to a GP if you’re worried about the symptoms of bowel cancer.

21 telltale signs and symptoms of cancer for early diagnosis

Most people have no signs or symptoms that point exclusively to the presence of cancer in their bodies. However, some cancers occur more frequently in certain age groups and gender. Many signs and symptoms of cancer can be innocuous and can be explained by a harmless health condition as well. But, if symptoms are persistent and do not resolve, it is important to see your doctor and get yourself evaluated. 

Some of the common symptoms that are experienced with cancer are:

  • A change in bowel movement

Most changes in bowel movement are related to changes in your diet or fluid intake. A stomach bug is also another common cause of change in bowel movement. However, these changes are limited to a few days and with appropriate treatment, bowel movement returns to normal.

Persistent constipation or even continuous diarrhea can point to the presence of a tumor in the colon. Persons with colon cancer may have a feeling of needing to go to the toilet even immediately after having a bowel movement. 

Pencil-thin stools are also a symptom of colon cancer.

  • Presence of blood in the stool

Blood in the stool should always be investigated by a doctor. Hemorrhoids are a common cause of rectal bleeding. Hemorrhoids can coexist with cancer. It is important to have a doctor examine your entire bowel to rule out cancer if you have blood in your stool.

A colonoscopy is recommended routinely once you are 50 years old. In some cases, an x-ray is sufficient to rule out cancer. 

A nagging cough or blood-tinged sputum

A nagging cough or blood-tinged sputum is usually due to bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infection, or lower respiratory tract infection. When these symptoms last for more than a month, it is important to get yourself evaluated by your physician to rule out lung cancer. 

The presence of blood in the saliva can be a sign of sinusitis or more commonly gingivitis or mouth ulcers. Head and neck cancers that can cause you to have blood in your saliva include oral cancer, throat cancer (tumors in the pharynx, larynx, or tonsils), and leukemia.

  • Hoarseness of voice and a sore throat

A change in the voice, mainly hoarseness with a sore throat and a cough that does not resolve with appropriate treatment may be due to cancer of the larynx (voice box). It may also be associated with ear pain. Drinking alcohol and using tobacco products are risk factors for laryngeal cancer. 

  • A lump in the breast or discharge from the nipple

Most breast lumps are benign tumors such as fibroadenomas or cysts. It is important to get all breast lumps evaluated thoroughly to rule out the possibility of breast cancer.

An MRI or ultrasound is usually required in addition to a mammogram to rule out breast cancer. A fine-needle aspiration cytology FNAC) or biopsy is usually performed for diagnosis.

Any discharge from the nipples which is abnormal (bloody) or one-sided should be evaluated to rule out breast cancer. 

Women should conduct self-examinations of their breasts for detecting any abnormality soon and bringing it to the notice of their healthcare provider.

  • Presence of blood in the urine

Blood in the urine can be due to kidney infections, kidney stones, bladder infection, or other causes. The blood may be visible to the naked eye or under the microscope. Any blood in the urine should be evaluated to rule out cancer of the genitourinary tract.

Anemia is a decrease in the red blood cell count. Any cause of anemia should be investigated and treated. There are many types of anemia with iron deficiency anemia being the most common. Iron deficiency anemia is caused either due to insufficient dietary intake of iron or due to blood loss. Iron deficiency anemia is common in bowel cancer due to the blood loss that occurs. Many other cancers also cause anemia.

Frequent urination, slow-flow of urine, difficulty in urination, or decreased urine amounts indicate a change in urination pattern. The most common cause in women is a urinary tract infection and in men, an enlarged prostate gland. Prostate enlargement usually occurs due to benign hypertrophy of the prostate gland with advancing age in men but may also be due to prostate cancer. A proper examination of the prostate gland along with measurement of the prostate-specific antigen levels should be done to rule out prostate cancer. Sometimes, a biopsy may be needed.

Tumors of the bladder can also cause an increased frequency of urination and bladder irritation.

  • Swollen lymph nodes or persistent lumps

Lymph nodes may swell and enlarge following infection but usually return to their normal size once the infection subsides. Any swelling or lump that does not subside after 3-4 weeks should be evaluated to rule out cancer. 

  • A sore that does not heal

Any sore that does not heal after 1-2 weeks should be evaluated by a physician to rule out cancer. Sores usually take longer to heal in diabetics with uncontrolled blood glucose levels. In such cases, they usually heal once the blood glucose is brought under control.

  • Any sudden change in the size or color of a wart or mole

A change in color or enlargement of a mole may be a sign of melanoma, a type of skin cancer. Bleeding from a wart or mole could be another sign of skin cancer. Any such change should be evaluated by a dermatologist who will excise the mole or wart and send it for histopathologic evaluation to rule out cancer.

Difficulty in swallowing can be a symptom of esophageal cancer or stomach cancer. Common causes that cause difficulty in swallowing include acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus). Less common causes include goiter, herpes esophagitis, and infectious mononucleosis. Barrett’s esophagus is a condition that is a precursor to developing esophageal cancer and occurs in long-standing acid reflux and GERD. Barrett’s esophagus can be treated and needs to be monitored. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is necessary to rule out Barrett’s esophagus.

  •  Indigestion or vomiting 

Indigestion along with nausea and vomiting can occur in stomach cancer, although these symptoms are more common with other benign gastrointestinal diseases like gastroenteritis or peptic ulcers. Vomiting of food shortly after eating or vomiting blood along with abdominal bloating after meals are more common with stomach cancer. These symptoms if persistent, should not be ignored and be evaluated by your doctor.

  • Pain or a hard lump in the limbs

Pain and swelling in the limbs that is often dull may be a symptom of bone cancer. The swelling is usually hard and may increase in size over a few months. There may be accompanying weight loss and fatigue. Fracture of a bone following minor trauma is a less common symptom.

  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina

Any abnormal bleeding from the vagina must be checked by a gynecologist to rule out cancer of the uterus. This includes bleeding in between menstrual periods, following intercourse, and postmenopausal bleeding. Benign growths like polyps can also cause vaginal bleeding.

An endometrial biopsy (tissue lining the inside of the uterus) is required to rule out uterine cancer. Routine Pap smears are essential for the early detection of cancer of the cervix.

  • Swelling or lump in the testicles

Testicular cancer usually presents as a painless swelling or lump in the testicles. Enlargement of the testicles can also occur following infections or swelling of veins. Any lump or swelling should be evaluated by a doctor to rule out cancer.

  • Persistent itching in the genital region

Continuous itching of the anal and genital skin can be a symptom of precancerous conditions like lichen sclerosis and may be associated with easy bruising and tearing of the skin. 

Some cancers can cause changes in skin color. 

Continuous itching may be due to infections and other skin conditions like psoriasis. Proper treatment will help to clear the infection and control the itching in psoriasis. Your doctor may take a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and rule out cancer.

  • Unexplained weight loss, fever, and night sweats

Many cancers can present with unexplained weight loss, fever, and night sweats. Leukemia and lymphoma usually present with these symptoms. 

Infections like tuberculosis may also present with similar symptoms. It is important not to ignore these symptoms if they continue beyond two weeks and seek medical advice.

  • Back pain and pelvic pain

Although back pain is a common symptom due to postural habits and muscular exertion, it can also be a symptom of some cancers.

Multiple myeloma usually presents with back pain when the vertebrae are involved.

Ovarian cancer can cause back pain, pelvic pain along with bloating and indigestion.

Headaches usually occur with stress or migraines and even in sinusitis. Headaches that are more severe in the morning or with activity may be due to a brain tumor. They may also be associated with nausea and vomiting, seizures, drowsiness, sleep problems, memory loss, and personality changes. 

If over-the-counter medications fail to resolve a headache, you should see your doctor.

Catching these signs and symptoms of cancer for early diagnosis can result in better survival.

90,000 Irritable Bowel Syndrome – EMC

This disease is widespread in all civilized countries and occurs in women 3 times more often than in men. Often the triggering factor in the development of irritable bowel syndrome is a traumatic situation.

Irritable bowel syndrome is a psychogenically caused functional disorder of the intestine, leading to a violation of its motor-evacuation function, accompanied by pain, flatulence, violations of the frequency and consistency of stools.In irritable bowel syndrome, first of all, there is a violation of the movement of intestinal contents from top to bottom. The food lump either moves faster than normal, making pendulum movements, or remains in any segment of the intestine, or even moves in the opposite direction.

The main difference between irritable bowel syndrome is the absence of the morphological basis of the disease, that is, with a thorough X-ray or endoscopic examination of the small and large intestines, it is not possible to detect ulcerative defects on the mucous membrane, or areas of inflammation in the thickness of the intestinal wall, or other signs of the disease.

Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome

Clinical symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome are formed as follows: under the influence of acute or chronic stress, excessive reflexive bowel reactivity develops. The intestinal wall reacts to the slightest stimulus with inadequate motor activity. Also, the pain perception threshold decreases, and the intensity of pain perception becomes inadequate to the stimulus that causes it. A vicious circle develops when an excessive nervous system response develops to an inadequate motor impulse.Intestinal peristalsis becomes not just excessive, but inadequate: areas of the intestine with a spasmodic wall are replaced by areas that are in a state of heightened activity. As a result, the person feels pain, bloating, rumbling in the stomach.

Main complaints of irritable bowel syndrome

The main complaints of patients with irritable bowel syndrome are abdominal pain or discomfort, bloating, which are relieved by bowel movement, changes in stool frequency and / or consistency. The pain that plagues patients with IBS can vary in intensity, from mild discomfort to colic that is difficult to tolerate. The localization of pain is difficult to clearly determine, most often they describe diffuse or migrating pain in different parts of the abdomen. The pain usually worsens after eating. A very important point is the absence of pain at night. Bloating usually increases during the day, peaking in the evening, and is markedly worse after eating.

Disorders of bowel movement are a constant sign of IBS.Diarrhea and constipation occur with equal frequency. Moreover, these two conditions can replace each other for no apparent reason over the course of days. Most often, stool is noted in the morning hours, after breakfast, its frequency ranges from 2 to 5, with short time intervals and small portions. Urgent urge to defecate may occur after every meal. It is also characteristic of the appearance of the urge to defecate in situations when it is not possible to perform it – a meeting, a trip on the subway, commuter trains, in stressful situations. However, diarrhea (diarrhea) never occurs at night. Quite often, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestines. Stool may contain mucus, undigested food pieces. Immediately before defecation, there is an increase in pain and a significant decrease in pain after it. A common complaint is “sheep’s stool”, that is, consisting of small dense fragments, “cork-like” – that is, the first portions of feces are denser than the subsequent ones, there may also be a chair in the form of a pencil – narrow long ribbons.In the stool there may be an admixture of mucus, less often (in the presence of hemorrhoids) – unchanged blood. The so-called constipation diarrhea may occur – loose stools after several days of its delay.

In addition to complaints related to the gastrointestinal tract, patients are often tormented by other problems: a lump in the throat when swallowing, pain in the epigastric region, a feeling of rapid satiety, nausea and pain in the right hypochondrium, muscles, joints, back, headaches , palpitations, a feeling of interruption in the work of the heart, inability to sleep on the left side, internal tremors, increased urination, weight loss, tinnitus, a feeling of weakness, a feeling of “hot flashes” and dry mouth.

Doctor’s assistance

Firstly, it is impossible to postpone the visit to the doctor, because under the guise of irritable bowel syndrome, another disease may be hiding. The doctor needs to conduct a clinical examination in order to exclude a serious pathology that needs urgent treatment.

Symptoms that call into question the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome: >

  • weight loss
  • onset of the disease in old age
  • persistence of symptoms at night (during sleep)
  • persistent intense abdominal pain as the only and leading symptom
  • fever
  • the presence of pathology of the abdominal organs
  • changes in laboratory parameters

Secondly, you need to find an individual treatment plan.There is no single drug that can calm a raging intestine, therefore, an individual therapy regimen is selected for each patient: for abdominal pain, drugs that weaken the motor activity of the intestine can be prescribed, for diarrhea ̶ fixing drugs, for constipation ̶ laxatives, for bloating ̶ medications, reducing gassing. Also, antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are often prescribed to normalize the reflex response of the nervous system.Patients are advised to avoid overwork, stressful situations, eating foods that lead to symptoms of the disease; and if you feel worse, or if new symptoms appear, visit your doctor.

Learn more about irritable bowel syndrome, by contacting the Yekaterinburg Medical Center.

Attention! This survey volume is minimal. An individual examination plan will be drawn up after consulting a specialist.

There are contraindications. Read the instructions or consult a specialist.

90,000 Signs and symptoms of rectal cancer

The ability to recognize the signs and symptoms of rectal cancer, a colorectal cancer found in the lower colon near the anus, is more important than ever since a 2017 study.

Researchers have found that colorectal cancer increases significantly in people under the age of 50.This growth has prompted the American College of Gastroenterology to propose in its 2021 guidelines that colorectal cancer screening begins at age 45 for people considered to be at moderate risk2.

Unfortunately, regardless of whether the disease occurs in young or old people, the delay in diagnosing the disease is a problem. This often results in these cancers being detected later in the disease, when the prognosis is not so good.

The signs and symptoms of rectal cancer are nonspecific, which means they can have a variety of causes, many of which, though not all, are less serious.While you are more likely to have rectal cancer if more than one of the following signs are present, having only one of these signs or symptoms is reason enough to see your doctor.

Bloody stool

Rectal bleeding (bright red or dark red) is a common symptom of rectal cancer. This bleeding can also be associated with passing mucus in the stool.

However, bleeding may not always be obvious, and sometimes it only occurs on a microscopic scale (that is, you cannot see it with the naked eye).A test called a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) detects blood in the stool that cannot be seen.

Although rectal bleeding is a symptom of rectal cancer, it is also associated with less serious health problems such as internal hemorrhoids and anal fissures. There are also certain foods, such as beets and red licorice, that can cause blood-like discoloration of stools.

Always inform your doctor about any suspected changes in stool color, just in case.

Although bleeding from rectal cancer usually causes bright red or dark red blood (hematochezia), do not give up darker stools. Bleeding higher in the colon and also in the stomach often looks black and tarry (melena) or resembles coffee grounds. This symptom can also be a warning of serious illness.

Changes in bowel habits

Another common symptom of rectal cancer is a change in bowel habits.This can be diarrhea, constipation, or an increased or decreased frequency of bowel movements. Diarrhea is quite common in rectal cancer.

An important point when working with the intestines is to be prepared for changes, which represent changes for you personally. Everyone has different bowel habits, and what is normal for one person may not be acceptable for another.

Of course, there are many reasons for this, and your symptoms could be caused by something as minor as your diet.However, if you notice any changes, it is best to consult your doctor.

Rectal pressure

Another common symptom of rectal cancer is rectal pressure or overflow, or the feeling that you need to have a bowel movement, even if you’ve just finished. A lesion in the rectum can cause a feeling of incomplete emptying (tenesmus) even when stool is no longer needed.

Slim chair

A change in bowel pattern to loose or ribbon-like bowel movements may indicate a problem.Growth in the colon or rectum that partially obstructs the intestines can change the size and shape of stool as it leaves the body. Other conditions can also cause loose stools, such as a large, benign polyp or hemorrhoids.

Although some sources describe thin as a “thin pencil,” there is really no universally accepted definition. If you notice that your stool is thinner than usual, see your doctor.

Spasms and constipation

When a tumor in the rectum is large, it may partially or completely obstruct the rectum.This can lead to severe constipation and progressive worsening of cramps.8 A small amount of loose stools may pass through the obstruction, but the constipation remains.

If you have loose stools and feel that you need to remove more waste but cannot, urgent medical attention is needed.

Symptoms of anemia

Microscopic bleeding from rectal cancer often causes anemia. Anemia, in turn, can cause fatigue (usually the first symptom people notice) or weakness; shortness of breath, often at first just with activity; dizziness; headache; and irregular heartbeat.

Most people feel tired at times, but fatigue that interferes with your normal activities can be a symptom of an underlying medical problem.

Unexplained weight loss

Many people welcome unexpected weight loss, but if you are losing weight and have not changed your diet or exercise, there is cause for concern.

Unintentional weight loss is defined as losing more than 5% of your weight in six to 12 months without trying.10 An example would be a 200 pound person losing 10 pounds over a six month period.

However, rectal cancer is only one possible cause of this symptom, so unexplained weight loss is always worth seeing a doctor.

Word from Verywell

Colorectal cancer is increasing in people under the age of 55, with a significant increase since 1995 among people aged 30 to 39 years, and since 2005 among people aged 40 to 54 years.Experts cannot determine the cause. 12 At the same time, the diagnosis of these cancers is often delayed. Consequently, tumors are often more extensive, making treatment more difficult.

Knowing the signs and symptoms of rectal cancer and seeking help if you notice any of them is important to identify and treat this cancer as early as possible.

90,000 What is colon cancer?

Colon carcinoma is a colorectal cancer.This type of malignancy usually arises from colon polyps. Although these growths are often benign, some can develop into colon cancer over time. If left untreated, colon cancer can metastasize to regional lymph nodes or distant sites. When detected early, colon cancer can be effectively treated, and sometimes even cured. Usually, signs and symptoms depend on the site of the lesion and the presence of metastasis or tumor spread.

As a rule, local symptoms of colon carcinoma appear more often if the lesion is located near the anus. Constipation or diarrhea may occur, as well as a feeling of incomplete stool evacuation and rectal pain. In addition, the pencil may have thin stools and cramps. Discharge of fresh blood or black, tarry stools may occasionally be present, but these symptoms can occur with other, less serious conditions, such as hemorrhoids.

Colon cancer can sometimes cause chronic occult or occult bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.In these cases, anemia may be present, which is manifested by fatigue, pallor and a rapid heartbeat. In many cases, colon cancer results in decreased appetite and weight loss. Typically, metastatic colon cancer, when present, tends to spread to the liver. This can lead to jaundice and abdominal pain. If cancer causes obstruction of the bile ducts, bile obstruction may occur and cause pale stools.

Typically, risk factors for colon cancer include the presence of colon polyps and the age and age of other cancers.In addition, family history, a diet rich in red meat, and inflammatory bowel disease have been implicated in the development of colon cancer. Heavy alcohol consumption can lead to an increased prevalence of colon adenocarcinoma, as can smoking. It appears that lifestyle choices have a large impact on the development of colon cancer, and therefore, using a healthy lifestyle can prevent colon cancer.

Certain chemical prophylaxis can prevent colon cancer.These include aspirin, calcium, and vitamin D. Although anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, its benefits may outweigh the risks due to potential gastrointestinal bleeding. While preventive measures can be effective in reducing risk, early detection is most important. A colonoscopy can detect and remove precancerous polyps before they become cancerous. Physicians should educate patients about the risk factors, prophylactic and diagnostic investigations associated with the incidence of colon cancer.


90,000 Ribbon feces: causes of thin feces in an adult

We all go to the toilet, and although this is not a topic for a dinner party, we should sometimes look at what we usually try to quickly flush down the toilet. And although we pay little attention to this detail of our physiology, most likely you know little or ask someone about your great need.

Experts emphasize that it is important to know information about bowel movements: what is strange, what is normal, healthy or not.Ultimately, it can help detect signs of infection, digestive problems, and even early signs of cancer.

1. What does the chair consist of?

Water makes up about 75 percent of our bowel movements. The rest is what often smells unpleasant for us, is a mixture of fiber, dead and living bacteria, other cells and mucus. Soluble fiber in foods such as beans and nuts breaks down during digestion and forms a gel-like substance that becomes part of our stools.

On the other hand, foods with insoluble fiber like corn, oat bran and carrots are harder to digest, which explains why they come out almost unchanged.

2. Color Matters

As you may have noticed, stool color can change depending on the food you consume and other factors. This can cause beets to turn red and green leafy vegetables to green. Also, some medicines can cause white or clay colored stools.Be careful if the stool turns black. While it can be harmless when taking iron supplements or activated charcoal, a dark color can also indicate upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

3. Shape also matters

The ideal chair comes out in the shape of a curved log, rather than falling apart. This shape, in contrast to the pebble-like shape, is the result of the consumption of fiber, which gives the stool volume and serves as a kind of gluing agent.

Thin stools can be a sign of bowel cancer, which narrows the opening through which stools pass.

4. The nose will tell you the problem

Stool does not smell good, but a particularly pungent stool odor is often a sign of infection. Bad-smelling stools are a side effect of digestive upset caused by giardia, which can often be caught while swimming in lakes. It can also be a sign of ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and celiac disease.

5.What is normal is relatively relative

Do you go to the bathroom at the same time every morning, or can you not go too far for several days? This is all normal. The main thing is how constant your regimen is. A significant decrease in the frequency of bowel movements can be caused by dietary changes, such as less fiber intake. Other factors that affect the incidence of stool include gastrointestinal upset, hyperthyroidism, and colon cancer.

Cultural differences also play a role.So, for example, people living in the countries of southern Asia are much more likely to go to the toilet due to great need than, for example, the British, due to differences in nutrition. On average, a person leaves about 150 grams of excrement per day, which is an average of 5 tons for a lifetime.

6. Diarrhea is speed stool

Digestion of food takes 24 to 72 hours. During this time, the food you have eaten passes through the esophagus into the stomach, then into the small intestine, colon, and out through the anus.

Diarrhea or diarrhea is the result of stool passing too quickly through the large intestine, where most of the water is absorbed. Loose stools can be caused by many factors, including stomach viruses and food poisoning. It can also result from food allergies and intolerances such as lactose intolerance.

7. The chair should sink

Listen for the sound that occurs when the chair falls into the water. Floating stools are often a sign of a high fat content, which can be a sign of malabsorption, in which not enough fat and other nutrients are absorbed from the food you eat.It is often associated with celiac disease and chronic pancreatitis.

8. Gas is normal

Flatulence is embarrassing, but it is the result of harmless bacteria breaking down food in the large intestine, which is a perfectly healthy process. Our intestines are filled with bacteria that release gas as a byproduct of digestion. Our body absorbs some of this, and releases the rest. It is considered normal to release gases 10 to 18 times a day.

9.Reading on the toilet is not a very healthy habit

Research has shown that the more time you spend on the toilet, especially reading, the more likely you are to develop hemorrhoids or dilated blood vessels around your anus. The longer you sit, the more pressure the anus will have. It can also restrict blood flow to the anal area, which makes hemorrhoids worse.

Most often, a diet poor in fiber leads to constipation and hemorrhoids.

10.Your phone may be covered in excrement

Wash your hands well after using the toilet or your chair will move onto other objects. In a recent study, researchers found that one in six phones is covered in fecal matter, which can spread E. coli.

Since we carry our mobile phones with us everywhere, especially where we eat, E. coli on your plate can play a role in the spread of infection.

Large and thick feces.What is the reason and what does it threaten?

Sometimes the turd can be so big that going to the toilet turns into hellish torment. Every millimeter of such poop carries with it severe pain that some people compare them to generic ones. In addition, too thick stool sometimes damages the anus and bleeding follows. Sometimes one bowel movement has to be divided into several stages, gradually defecating the next portion of feces with each visit to the toilet. In this article, we will analyze why the feces become so large and what measures should be taken to avoid the appearance of thick poop.

Why does large feces appear?

Large and thick poop that is difficult to move in the intestines is a clear sign of constipation.

In the Bristol scale of feces forms, 2 types of thick feces are distinguished:

  • Large and thick turd, sausage-shaped, has a lumpy structure. The diameter of such feces reaches 3-4 cm. Stool can cause severe pain due to the fact that the diameter of the anus is less than 5 cm and is strongly stretched during bowel movements.Such feces belong to the second type on the scale of feces forms and indicate rather rare feces.
  • The second type of large poop is similar to the previous one, but has a more modest diameter from 2 to 4 cm and has cracks on the surface. Defecation is also accompanied by painful sensations, the anus is strongly stretched until cracks appear. Based on the data of the scale, poop of these sizes is referred to the third type. Such feces indicate that feces occur more often than feces of the second type, but there are hidden constipations.

What is the threat of large feces?

In addition to painful sensations during bowel movements, large shit contributes to the development of various diseases. Due to constant pressure on the intestinal wall, a person can develop irritable bowel syndrome. Prolonged stagnation of feces in the intestines leads to intoxication of the body. A decay process takes place and harmful toxins enter the body. This leads to a deterioration in immunity, well-being, and also contributes to the development of infectious diseases.Due to stagnant feces, the load on the internal organs increases, in connection with this, hormonal imbalance, cardiovascular diseases appear and all the same infectious diseases develop.

Due to the difficulty in bowel movement, there is strong pressure on the anus, leading to inflammation of hemorrhoids, anal fissures and bleeding.

Reasons for the formation of thick poop

As mentioned above, large stool masses are all signs of constipation.There are many reasons for constipation and they are not always obvious.

The most common reasons for the formation of large poop:

  • Dysbacteriosis;
  • Improper nutrition and food intake in dry water;
  • Sedentary lifestyle;
  • Frequent stress;
  • Taking medications that cause constipation;
  • Violation of intestinal motility.

Please note that you do not need to self-medicate. Better see a doctor, there is nothing shameful about that.

Large poop in a child

In children, in most cases, everything is the same as in adults. But most often, children poop in large poop due to emotional stress. Children’s psyche is rather shaky and easily vulnerable. They worry about the slightest trifles, which they do not seem to be. An unfavorable family environment, problems at school, difficult contact with peers – all this can lead to constipation in the form of very large poop that causes pain. Again, improper diet and medication can easily disrupt the digestive processes of a child’s body.

Parents should take into account the fact that a child’s body suffers from ailments much more strongly than an adult, since it is not yet strong. Therefore, it is recommended to periodically monitor your child’s stool.

In fact, the problem of large feces formation is very actual and widespread. Many people suffer and experience wild pains every day when going to the toilet for the most part. At the same time, they are in no hurry to see a doctor, as a result of which this leads to the fact that, in addition to constipation, other serious diseases develop, which will have to be dealt with for a long time.Therefore, you should not self-medicate and wait until the “rooster bites”, go to the doctor, he will prescribe a comprehensive examination and establish the true cause. Based on this, treatment will already be prescribed.

Always with you a site about poop. Relief!

5 tips on how to make stool regular and live longer

Everyone has constipation at least once in their life, and from 30 to 50% of the population suffers from constant constipation. We will talk about the regularity of the stool, what is normal, how to improve the situation, who to contact and what examinations to undergo if the constipation persists.


How does it work and what kind of normal stool is it?

In short, in the large intestine, food residues are mixed, water is absorbed, fecal masses are formed and move to the “exit” – the rectum, where the wall is stretched, the urge to defecate appears and the feces are excreted.

Why know this? To distinguish norm from non-norm. Regular bowel movements are a sign of good digestion and promote health and longevity.

It takes a minimum of 20 hours and a maximum of 3 days for the feces to pass completely through the intestines.When the stool stays in the colon longer – it becomes hard, like “sheep”. Therefore, if you visit the toilet less than once every 3 days, and the feces are similar to the first 2 pictures, this is constipation. See which feces are considered normal (types 3 and 4):

If you want to go to the toilet at night, these are signs of illness. Because the contractions of the large intestine – peristalsis, appear in the morning, the intestines “rest” at night. See a doctor, do not treat yourself if during a bowel movement you have a feeling that:

  • you have “something else left” in your intestines, there is no feeling of relief
  • you need to push
  • you want but cannot go to the toilet
  • everything is “blocked” in the stomach
  • you are swollen
  • you need help to empty the intestines
  • this condition lasts more than six months and the situation is getting worse.

What is the danger of “regular” constipation?

Stool retention is not so harmless. Constipation is the cause of many health problems:

  1. Hemorrhoids worsen, anal fissures appear, the risk of rectal prolapse is increased – in 7 out of every 10 patients.
  2. A disorder of function appears – irritable bowel syndrome.
  3. There are predisposing factors for the development of colitis, allergies.
  4. The body does not receive the necessary vitamins and minerals.
  5. The patient becomes irritable and suffers from depression and neurosis.
  6. Chronic fatigue syndrome is a frequent concern.

Those who suffer from constipation have an increased risk of:

  • colon diverticulosis (bulging and thinning of the intestinal wall) and its complications, up to intestinal perforation and peritonitis – in every fifth
  • intestinal polyps are found in every tenth
  • 90,031 cancer of the colon and rectum – in every twentieth.

Don’t go to extremes – treat constipation on time.

5 tips from a gastroenterologist for those who want to get rid of constipation

Advice number 1 – change your lifestyle

If you want to get rid of constipation, you should not overeat, eat fast food and drink it with soda, sit for days in the office, be nervous and not sleep all night long.The intestines “love” the right food, regularity in its intake – 3-4 times a day, and a calm atmosphere, without extreme.

Advice number 2 – choose a diet

At the “exit” you get the consequences of what you received “at the entrance”. There are foods that make stools softer and make your bowels work harder. Include in the diet: vegetable oils, freshly squeezed vegetable juices, dairy products – fresh kefir, crumbly cereals with dried fruits, soups, fruits, raw and processed vegetables, healthy fiber.Fried foods, fatty foods, smoked meats, preservatives and other “chemicals” are prohibited.

Tip # 3 – Drink plenty of fluids

You’ve certainly heard that “you need to drink a lot.” But how much is enough? Scientists have established the norm – 30 ml per 1 kg of ideal body weight (you can find a body weight calculator on the network, and, substituting your data, calculate it). The liquid should be warm to quickly enter the intestines, and honey can be added to the water.

Advice number 4 – do not lie on the couch

If you spend your days in the office, and evenings – watching TV or “hanging out” on the Internet – the intestines may well arrange a “strike”.To keep the stool regular, physical activity for at least an hour 3 times a week is the best way out. Can’t devote so much time, there is no way to visit the gym? Walk, climb stairs, use every minute to keep fit.

Advice number 5 – do not treat yourself, see a doctor

When kefir, prunes on an empty stomach and warm water with honey do not help, but it’s time to see a doctor:

  • you noticed blood in the feces
  • the appearance of feces has changed – thin or like a tape
  • bowel malfunction appeared suddenly, especially after 50 years
  • you suffer from constipation, have lost a lot of weight, but the diet has remained the same
  • you have abdominal pain or discomfort before or after a bowel movement
  • constipation replaces diarrhea
  • there were pains in the rectum
  • appetite worsened, aversion to certain foods appeared
  • you began to get tired faster
  • you do not understand why the temperature rises
  • you suffer from constipation, and there were cases of colon and rectal cancer in the family, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease.

In conclusion – some interesting clinical cases from our practice:

Constipation and … thyroid gland: where is the connection?

A young girl, 23 years old, contacted us. It turned out that she was worried about constipation for 1.5 years! Our doctor carefully interviewed the patient and found out that during pregnancy, 3 years ago, she was diagnosed with a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, but nothing bothered and no treatment was carried out.

We examined her more thoroughly and found out that the cause of constipation was autoimmune thyroiditis – a common situation in women, when the body “attacks” its own thyroid gland, it gradually collapses and the level of hormones falls.One of the symptoms of autoimmune thyroiditis is constipation. Our endocrinologist prescribed treatment, the function of the thyroid gland returned to normal, and the joint work with the gastroenterologist gave the result – the constipation was gone.

Constipation and something else

A 67-year-old patient came to us with complaints of constipation. Laxatives didn’t help. The doctor examined him, but found no significant abnormalities. Nevertheless, the age and nature of the complaints were alarming, and the patient was sent for a detailed examination.

A blood test revealed a decrease in hemoglobin, an increase in ESR, occult blood in the feces using the Colon View ultrasensitive fecal occult blood test.We performed a colonoscopy – examining the intestines with a flexible endoscope and revealed a swelling in the intestines. Fortunately, we made it on time.

The patient was successfully operated on and is under the supervision of a gastroenterologist and oncologist.

How and how can we help you?

  1. Consult a competent specialist – our gastroenterologist will examine you in detail, if necessary, appoint additional consultations from related specialists and monitor the treatment process, from the first visit to the result.
  2. To identify the cause of constipation – we have all the necessary expert-class equipment and highly qualified diagnostic specialists to conduct a detailed examination – analyzes, ultrasound, endoscopic examinations.
  3. Save you time and money – to find out why your intestines refuse to work on a regular basis, we created a free consultation with a gastroenterologist to schedule an examination. If you are worried about the symptoms, but you do not know where to start, during the conversation you will be assigned the necessary range of tests.

Constipation is a cause and effect of many diseases. A competent doctor will help you to understand them. You should not prescribe laxatives to yourself, get carried away with enemas and “pull” a visit to the gastroenterologist. You can miss something important and waste valuable time. Don’t risk it – see a specialist.

What will your chair tell us about? Types of stool for bowel disease

The appearance of stool varies depending on many factors and quite often can signal serious health problems.Therefore, sometimes in the toilet it is worth stopping, bending over and looking down. Shape, consistency and color – can tell a lot.

Normal feces are considered to be brown, soft, 10-20 cm long. With such feces, the process of defecation occurs easily and naturally.

If there are minor deviations, you should not immediately worry, because feces can vary depending on our lifestyle and dietary habits.

For example, beets can easily give stool red, and protein foods can give it a pungent and too repulsive odor.

Pale, white or gray stools

Speaks of a violation of the transport of bile into the duodenum.

It can be associated with problems with the pancreas (pancreatitis), or with the liver (gallstone disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis).

Green stool

Have you eaten a lot of green vegetables? Or foods with food coloring? Do you take antibiotics for a long time? If not, then you have increased peristalsis.

This means that food passes quickly and unabsorbed bilirubin gives green color.In other words, bile is present in the stool.

Yellow stools

Most often, yellow stools are accompanied by an unpleasant odor. This phenomenon occurs when the bile ducts are blocked and, as a result, poor absorption of fats.

And for diseases of the pancreas, when it does not produce enzymes. It can also be a sign of infection and infection with Giardia.

Or maybe you just ate sooo fatty food? Pay attention to this after a hearty feast.

Black or dark red stools

Do you often take aspirin, ibuprofen? Iron supplements? But more often than not, it’s about nutrition – a lot of meat, beets, blueberries, licorice give this color.

If all this is swept aside, you need to examine the intestines (especially the upper section) for bleeding.

Blood in the stool

It can be anal fissure, hemorrhoids, ulcerative colitis or cancer! If you experience this symptom, see your doctor immediately.

Stool with mucus

Very small amounts are normal.But if there is too much of it, it can be a dangerous symptom.

This can manifest itself as some infections, as well as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC), colon cancer.

“Narrow” or thin feces

This form should alert you. This means that some kind of obstruction prevents the passage of feces through the colon, or there is some kind of pressure on it from the outside.

This is how intestinal obstruction, adhesive disease, and oncology can manifest.

Sheep feces

A small amount of hard feces in the form of balls indicates banal constipation.Chances are, your diet is low in fiber and fluid.

It is not worth starting this problem, since it is this kind of feces that leads not only to hemorrhoids and anal fissures, but can also cause colorectal cancer.

To facilitate understanding between doctor and patient (and to improve diagnosis), there is the Bristol Stool Shape Scale. On this scale, the patient can determine his type of feces and simply give his number.

Type 1

This chair definitely shouldn’t be.As I wrote above, it is called “sheep”. This is a very dense stool that, when passing through the rectum, causes severe pain, and can even cause rupture with cracks.

Usually occurs with prolonged constipation, when a food lump in the intestine for more than 3 days.

Type 2

Often appears against the background of a lack of water, insufficient production of mucus by the intestinal wall.

Occurs when a person regularly eats fast food, or eats irregularly and dry food.A lack of fiber is found in the diet.

Both of these options indicate constipation and require medical advice. But many people prefer to heal themselves, take laxatives, which I categorically do not recommend doing.

The intestine begins to be lazy, its motility is impaired and dependence on laxatives is formed.

Type 3 and 4

This is what is called the norm. This is how a good, healthy stool should look: shaped, soft, in other words, in the shape of a sausage.

Type 5

Individual soft balls with even edges. It occurs in the case of impaired intestinal motility, enzymatic insufficiency, gastrointestinal tumors.

Type 6

Gruel-like cal. Loose particles with jagged edges. It appears with dysbiosis, parasitic diseases and inflammation of various parts of the intestine.

Type 7

Watery with no solid particles. It occurs mainly against the background of intestinal infections and poisoning.

As a rule, with types 5,6,7, in addition to diarrhea, there are also symptoms: abdominal pain, flatulence.

Pay attention, if you have a sharp change in stool quality after 45-50 years and this is not due to inaccuracies in nutrition, you urgently need to go to an appointment with a proctologist or gastroenterologist.

Such changes can be symptoms of very serious diseases, up to bowel cancer.

If there is a suspicion that something is “wrong” – go to the doctor.

Do not hesitate and call everything by their proper names, this greatly facilitates the diagnosis.

As usual, I look forward to your questions.

Treatment of hemorrhoids – from the famous St. Petersburg proctologist Elena Smirnova
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Comments (28)

Thank you from the Guest

Guest, It would not hurt to add a photo or video.

Thank you. So I have cancer. As I suspected, however. I will still hold out for a couple of years to save up for the funeral. I will definitely not make it to 65.

Pensioner., Do not give up, go to the Svirsky monastery, about 250 km from St. Petersburg. I heard good reviews about him.May God help you too.

Pensioner., You will be tested first. and you don’t need to diagnose yourself and wind yourself up. With such a wrap you won’t live a month. I wish you good luck so that everything is fine.

Pensioner, do not doom yourself. Many retirees have such feces. Add more grapes -200.0 per day, apple, cabbage, be sure. Less meat, dough too. Not less than 500.0 fruits and vegetables per day. Try it first, and then laugh at yourself. It is always necessary to consult.And calmly take up the treatment.

Pensioner. And forget about the price of grapes. Rather than going to all sorts of surgeries, it is better to spend with pleasure and benefit on what is needed now for you. The experiment was carried out on my mother. She couldn’t do without an enema for ten years. And recently, the enema did not help, nor the laxatives. I cleaned her intestines and loaded them with the listed fruits, and for 2 months now she has been living without these terrible torments. Grapes became the first item of expenditure. Tangerines every day, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, cucumbers, apples, cereals in the morning, especially buckwheat, bran, black, gray bread.

Pensioner., Do not despair, go to a specialist if you notice any suspicious symptoms. The earlier cancer is detected, the easier it is to treat.

Pensioner., Do not “despair” !, quickly go to the bank and take out a bigger loan, with insurance! : -))) (I hope about “cancer” – a joke?)

Pensioner. Well, you give! To the doctor!

Pensioner.,. long composing ?. what fund do you work from? Something that has become very active lately. something is outlined by you.

Pensioner., well, you are so immediately cancer.
Intermittently, cancer is a viral disease, which means it can be treated.
If the blood is clearly visible in the feces, then you need to go to the doctor to see the proctologist and then send them to the surgeon for surgery under general anesthesia .. Perhaps it’s not cancer, but hemorrhoids, a crack in the intestine. Polypics will cut out ..
This operation is quite simple, the edges will be healed.
Tests must be taken, they will pick off part of the intestinal tissue for a sample. If you have liquid feces, then check yourself the analysis should be done for intolerance to bread products.It is important to follow a diet of 20 g per day, no more in all products, you must count and read the composition on the products. Celiac disease is written in blue and there is good satya.
If you have constipation, look at how much fiber you eat, how much water you drink and how you move.
You will not live to see cancer yet. but tell yourself you can get sick, break your sleep and that’s it. You can not smoke and consume alcohol and less sweets and kebabs. Yes, what to do is the food of the gods, but if there is mucus in the feces or what he writes from the picture, first of all, you need to throw it away.For boiled carrots, pumpkin, you will find porridge to make money .. But meat, here are our favorite dishes, you need to eat a little. Potatoes in a uniform with skin and so three potatoes. And meat should be eaten soft, better boiled or in the oven. Restore your intestinal flora, you need to be examined complete thyroid gland, check the liver, kidneys .. diabetes 2 and choose what disease to eat, you cannot study, write down in the table all the restrictions on the left of the disease according to the tables, products that you can buy and love and put crosses and see what you can eat take what you can in common …Then you will forget to think, just buy something that is not allowed, and everyone will run you will get younger. I think you are slagged and stress from problems. So write on a piece of paper the main problems and the average problems. Describe for yourself how you can solve them and set the deadlines and do not think about all the problems at once, otherwise you will bring yourself to a nervous breakdown. If you have drowsiness and weakness, apathy are signs of diabetes. Of age. They live with this for a long time. But sleep will be sweet on pension, like me . Again, restrictions on food. But you will spend more money on them.Such a life in stages. Everything will work out for you. Never do judgment on yourself, love yourself.

Feces come out in thin sausages and with difficulty. Symptoms and signs of colon cancer

Reasons why thin feces appear

Thin feces can form in a person in the following situations:

One of the causes of thin feces is hemorrhoids

  • Hemorrhoids.
  • The appearance of parasites in the body.
  • For spasm of the rectal sphincter.
  • Development of neoplasms.
  • Colitis.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Pregnancy. This is due to the fact that the uterus enlarges and presses on the rectum, the lumen decreases and therefore the feces come out in the form of a tape.
  • If a person drinks little liquid or abuses fast food.
  • Prostatitis – inflammation of the prostate gland in men causes a narrowing of the rectal lumen.

Ribbon stool as a symptom of hemorrhoids

The disease occurs as a result of inflammatory processes.This contributes to the appearance of blood clots in the veins of the colon. Due to thrombosis, nodes are formed that lead to a thinning of the stool passing through it.

The formation of a tapered feces is accompanied by the following points:

  • improper nutrition;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • pregnancy;
  • Frequent constipation and diarrhea;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • heredity.

Hemorrhoids, polyps, giardiasis in the initial stage are easily treatable, but if a person does not take any measures, this can lead to serious consequences.

If hemorrhoids are not treated, then paraproctitis occurs – a purulent inflammation of the rectum, which destroys the tissues of the organ. This leads to malignancy of the formed fistulas.

The symptoms of hemorrhoids are:

  • thin feces;
  • lump formation;
  • fecal retention;
  • Feces may contain impurities of blood, mucus.

The next stages in the development of hemorrhoids are accompanied by itching, pain, nodes fall out during bowel movements or during physical exertion.

Further, an inflammatory process of the nodes occurs, purulent fistulas are formed, the temperature of a person rises. If you do not start treatment, then this will lead to the death of a person due to blood poisoning.

Thin feces with IBS

If the functional activity of the lower gastrointestinal tract is disturbed, but the areas remain intact, then they talk about irritable bowel syndrome.

Symptoms accompanying diseases are divided into 3 groups:

  • intestinal;
  • Causes associated with other digestive organs;
  • Unrelated gastrointestinal symptoms.

The first group is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen on the left side. Feelings can be varied: aching, burning, constant, cutting, dagger. In this case, other symptoms occur: banded stool with mucus, diarrhea, constipation, bloating.

The second group includes a reaction from other organs of the gastrointestinal tract: vomiting, nausea, sour belching, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.

Third group: anxiety, anxiety, sleep disturbance, depression.

The main causes of IBS are:

Stress is the main cause of IBS

  • malnutrition;
  • heredity;
  • poisoning;
  • sedentary lifestyle; 90,032 90,031 stress;
  • infectious bowel diseases.

To start treatment, it is necessary to diagnose the disease in time. To confirm the diagnosis, you need:

  • to do general and biochemical blood tests;
  • to conduct colonoscopy and FGDS;
  • pass a general urine test;
  • make coprogram.

Treatment involves diet and medication that relieves symptoms. If TFR arose as a result of the stress suffered, then it is worth contacting a psychotherapist.

The most common causes of ribbon-like stool

Let us analyze in which diseases thin feces appear. It occurs with hemorrhoids, in the presence of parasites in the body, spasm of the rectal sphincter, the development of neoplasms, colitis, irritable bowel syndrome. When people consume little liquids, abuse fast food, too thin feces may also appear.
The appearance of a tapered stool is often observed in pregnant women. Why this happens can be explained very simply.Due to the fact that the fetus grows intensively during pregnancy, the uterus expands very much and presses on the rectum. Thus, it reduces its clearance. Therefore, the feces come out from the rectum in the form of a ribbon.

In men, sometimes stool looks like a pencil, with prostatitis. This is an inflammation of the prostate gland, which also results in a narrowing of the lumen of the small intestine.

Hemorrhoids are inflammation of the hemorrhoidal veins in the lower rectum. As a result of this inflammation, the blood flow in the veins is disrupted, they stretch and nodules form.Depending on their location, there are three forms of hemorrhoids: internal, external and combined.

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • Frequent constipation and diarrhea;
  • pregnancy;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • improper nutrition;
  • heredity.

In the early stages, hemorrhoids do not cause any sensations, but only with the development of the disease does the symptomatology increase.

Manifestations of hemorrhoids: very pronounced pain that occurs during the act of defecation, cutting and burning.Due to the formed nodules, which have narrowed the lumen of the small intestine, excrement cannot normally leave the body. They are compressed and with difficulty pass through the intestinal tract, therefore constipation and ribbon-like feces appear.

With constipation, the stool is often not soft, it can be either long, in the form of a sausage, or intermittent. The patient, after emptying the rectum, is very itchy in the anal area. Anal fissures can occur due to prolonged constipation. If the form of hemorrhoids is external, then bumps are visible within the anus.

A digital examination of the rectum by a proctologist and sigmoidoscopy will help to diagnose the disease. These methods make it possible to identify the presence of nodules and examine the intestinal mucosa.

Constipation, ribbon-like feces can also occur when polyps or other neoplasms grow on the intestinal mucosa. The most dangerous condition is the development of malignant processes.

In rectal cancer, ribbon-like feces are observed, the more the tumor grows, the thinner the feces become.Dark blood appears, which mixes with feces, prolonged constipation. The secretion of mucus occurs before the start of a bowel movement. You can also note the common symptoms that occur with any malignant formation – weight loss, fatigue, lethargy, anemia, decreased immunity.

Polyps are benign growths on the intestinal mucosa. They also serve as the cause of the appearance of ribbon-like feces, since, in the same way, they narrow the intestinal lumen. By themselves, polyps are not dangerous, but they can become malignant, which is worth fearing.This is the process of converting a benign formation into a malignant one.

If an adult suspects the development of an oncological process in the rectum, the following research methods are used:

  • digital examination;
  • anascopy – insertion of an anascope into the anus to study the surface of the anal canal;
  • sigmoidoscopy;
  • Ultrasound;
  • fecal occult blood test;
  • general blood test;
  • biochemical blood test.

Treatment consists of stopping tumor growth with radio and chemotherapy. Often, doctors resort to surgical intervention.

Thin feces in a child may be due to infection of the body with parasites. For example, with giardiasis, an inflammatory process of the intestine occurs, as a result of the presence of lamblia in it, because of this, the feces become ribbon-like. Inflammation of the rectal mucosa due to infectious processes can also occur in children.

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder in the functioning of the intestine in humans without violating its integrity.

Symptoms arising from IBS are divided into the following groups:

  • intestinal;
  • associated with other digestive organs;
  • unrelated to the digestive tract.

Intestinal – pain in the lower abdomen on the left side is characteristic. The nature of the pain is different: cutting, burning, dagger, constant, aching. There is bloating, diarrhea, constipation, ribbon-like or pea-like stools with mucus, without admixture of blood and pus.

Symptoms from other organs of the gastrointestinal tract – nausea, vomiting, sour belching, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth. Other complaints are sleep disturbances, anxiety, and pre-depression conditions.

The causes of irritable bowel syndrome are different. Among them are:

  • heredity;
  • postponed stressful situations;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • improper nutrition;
  • transferred infectious bowel diseases;
  • poisoning;
  • general blood test;
  • biochemical blood test;
  • general urinalysis;
  • coprogram;
  • Ultrasound of the abdominal organs;
  • colonoscopy;
  • FGDS.

In the treatment of the syndrome, the appointment of a diet, drugs, which are aimed at combating symptoms, is used. They resort to psychotherapy sessions when depression has become the cause of the development of IBS.

In order that you do not have thin feces, you must first of all monitor your diet. The diet should be balanced, liquid food should not be neglected. You need to eat often, in small portions. You should limit the use of harmful foods, do not eat dry food, drink enough liquid.

Avoiding stressful situations is also an important preventive measure. If possible, you need to be less nervous. Stress and anxiety are the causes of various pathological processes.

Should go in for sports, lead an active lifestyle. Quitting bad habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol will also lower your risk of illness.

Do not panic when a ribbon-like stool appears. After all, the reason for this may not necessarily be cancer or other dangerous diseases.Sometimes it’s just the result of poor diet or stress. But in order to protect yourself, when such changes appear in the stool, you still need to contact a specialist. If the cause of the change in the shape of feces was a disease, then the earlier it is diagnosed, the easier it will be to treat.

You already know from previous articles what normal stool should look like and what a change in its color means. Now I will tell you why it becomes thin, and how it can threaten.

If you notice that there have been changes, and the stool looks thin, listen to your condition and watch carefully for additional symptoms:

  • Streaks of scarlet blood,
  • Stool became more frequent.

The presence of such additional factors clearly indicates that it is time to see a doctor. These are symptoms of such diseases as:

Most often, these diseases do not manifest themselves for a long time, and do not bother a person in any way. An indicator of their occurrence is only a change in the shape of the stool (it becomes, for example, thin).

It may be objected to me that these diseases are not dangerous and can be easily treated. It is absolutely true to get rid of both polyps and hemorrhoids is not difficult if you do not start the process.

Both of these diseases are harbingers of rectal cancer, and this is already a very dangerous disease. Therefore, the sooner you notice that the feces are thin, pencil-shaped, and check with a gastroenterologist, thereby saving yourself from more serious troubles.

Ribbon feces

Very rarely, cancers grow on their own, most often they are preceded by harmless small growths – polyps. They do not harm, and do not bother a person, while developing, they do not develop into a malignant tumor.

Gradually, growing, the tumor blocks the lumen of the intestine, and a thin feces are obtained at the exit. Leaving this fact unattended, after a while you will feel:

  • Mild pain radiating to the sacrum,
  • Frequent urge to defecate,
  • Constipation.

Further development of cancerous formation will give a ribbon stool, intensification and spread of pain, as well as a feeling of a foreign body in the rectum.

Today’s medicine successfully treats rectal cancer, but why bring the situation to such a state?

I would like to dwell on one more point.Sometimes childhood illnesses are paving the way for the development of serious illnesses in adulthood. For example, lamblia.

They live and develop in the small intestine and bile ducts. Attaching to the intestinal walls, they irritate the thin mucous membrane and cause inflammation.

Constantly inflamed intestinal walls, is this not an excellent environment for the growth of polyps or malignant tumors?

It is almost impossible to determine the presence of lamblia without analysis, they do not manifest themselves.Parents should be alerted by the child’s poor weight gain, as well as frequent bouts of nausea for no particular reason.

Detaching themselves from their place, they are able to “travel” through the intestines in order to attach themselves to a new place, and become an adult lamblia. The presence of cysts or adult motile individuals in the stool is shown by the analysis of feces for Giardia.

For a more reliable result, you need fresh morning stools. It is collected in a special container with a preservative, received the day before in the clinic.In the laboratory, the presence of cysts is checked under a microscope. Their visual detection is an indisputable result.

I hope I was able to convince even the most fastidious people that it is necessary to monitor the condition of your chair. If you find you have thin feces, do not postpone your visit to the doctor, check your health.

Currently, modern medicine distinguishes several types of clinical syndromes, which have obvious and characteristic signs. One of the most common is the ribbon chair.This ailment manifests itself in the form of feces and its porous texture. In order to determine (diagnose) the presence of a given stool, it is not at all necessary to resort to the help of doctors, it is enough just to be convinced of the manifestation of some symptoms (they can appear both simultaneously and separately).

Also, a disorder of the body can show symptoms that are completely far from the classic ones. Indeed, it very often happens that a completely healthy person, in connection with any disturbing processes in the intestinal tract, becomes prone to the appearance of this disorder syndrome, but all analyzes and indicators refute this.

Changes in feces with neoplasms in the intestine

Changes in feces can be observed when neoplasms and polyps appear on the intestinal mucosa. Malignant tumors are the most dangerous.

Polyps can cause thin feces

Polyps that form on the intestinal mucosa are considered benign growths. They are the cause of a tape feces, since they reduce the lumen of the intestine.

Polyps are harmless to humans, but over time they can become malignant.This means that a benign tumor develops into a malignant tumor.

Pathological growths spread along the intestinal mucosa, which contributes to the narrowing of the passage for feces. This leads to constipation and thinning of the stool.

Cancer in the intestine is a dangerous disease. It is accompanied by false urge to emptying, pain in the anus and constipation. In bowel cancer, feces are excreted with blood, pus, or mucus. The disease may not make itself felt for a long time.Therefore, it can be difficult to diagnose oncology in the early stages. If cancer is found in the latter stages, then this leads to a decrease in the chances of recovery.

Macroscopic examination

Macroscopic examination includes an assessment of the amount of feces, its physical properties (consistency and shape, color, odor), as well as visible impurities.

There is no strictly defined amount of daily feces. For example, with the predominance of plant foods in the diet, its amount increases, and with the predominance of protein foods, it decreases.

When using the Schmidt diet, the amount of feces is normally 200-250 grams. In some diseases of the intestine, pancreas, accompanied by impaired absorption, there may be a significant increase in the daily amount of feces (polyfecal).

The consistency of the stool (shaped, mushy, watery) and its shape depend on the food consumed. This indicator is usually assessed according to the Bristol scale.

Stool color

Stool color is determined by the presence of pigment stercobilin, in healthy people it should be in the range from light to dark brown.However, the color can change significantly when taking certain types of food and a number of drugs (bismuth and carbolene, as well as blueberries cause black feces, iron – greenish-black, beets – red, etc.).

Discoloration of feces is a valuable diagnostic feature in many diseases.

When the flow of bile into the intestines ceases, feces become discolored, with bleeding from the upper digestive tract – black tarry feces – melena, with bleeding from the colon, feces can be mixed with unchanged blood and becomes red.

In some intestinal infections, the stool has pronounced characteristic features. For example, with cholera, the bowel movements resemble rice water, with typhoid fever, pea soup.

Stool odor

Stool smell is caused by organic compounds formed during the breakdown of food proteins. The main constituents are aromatic substances such as skatole, indole, phenol, hydrogen sulfide and methane.

A change in smell can be due to the following reasons:

  • fetid feces are observed during putrefactive processes in the intestine – dyspepsia, tumor decay, etc.,
  • sour with fermentative dyspepsia,
  • smell of rancid oil with accelerated evacuation from the large intestine.

From pathological impurities in the feces, you can find mucus, blood, pus, worms, etc.

Symptoms of bowel cancer

In rectal cancer, there is a thin feces. As the tumor grows in size, the feces become thinner.

Symptoms in bowel cancer:

A sharp weight loss is a sign of bowel cancer

  • Abdominal pain radiating to the sacrum and perineum.
  • Hardening of stool, prolonged constipation.
  • Feeling of incomplete emptying.
  • The shape of the chair resembles a thin pencil.
  • Dark blood excreted in the feces.
  • Decreased immunity.
  • Constant weakness.
  • Decreased and lack of appetite.
  • Dramatic weight loss.
  • Anemia.

When the first signs of a disease are found, you should contact a specialist. An experienced doctor can recognize the development of pathology and prescribe the necessary studies.

Methods for determining the oncological process in the rectum:

To detect pathology, ultrasound is used

  • Biochemical and general blood tests.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Sigmoidoscopy.
  • Fecal occult blood test.
  • Anoscopy – examination of the anal passage using an anoscope.

Treatment of rectal cancer consists in stopping the growth of the tumor. For this, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are used.Doctors also use surgery to combat this disease.

Treatment of a ribbon-like stool with the help of innovative pharmacological preparations

Despite the fact that the disease, as a rule, does not belong to the group of dangerous diseases (in practice, there are some complications), it must be prevented or cured in order to restore normal vital functions of the body. First of all, you need to adhere to a strict diet, which will be the first and decisive and effective step towards recovery, even if the causes of stool are somewhat different.

To improve the general condition in the daily diet should include foods with a considerable amount of fiber. Along with this, you must consume at least 2-2.5 liters of water (daily rate; urination should occur every 4-5 hours). As for drug treatment, in this case, drugs such as loperamide should be used.

In practice, drugs are also widely used that help to suppress and prevent the development of microorganisms that can cause this type of stool.No less important in treatment are the so-called prebiotics (beneficial bacteria that fight foreign bodies) and small doses of tricyclic antidepressants.

Colon cancer of right-sided localization is primarily characterized by pain syndrome without pronounced signs of impaired movement of the intestinal contents. The syndrome of intestinal discomfort occurs quite early. At first, this is a feeling of heaviness of distention and rumbling in the intestines, arising 3-5 hours after eating;

later flatulence, belching, nausea, and then severe pain in the right and in the middle of the abdomen join.Weakness grows relatively early, anemia develops without visible. intestinal blood loss. An increase in body temperature is often noted, sometimes even with periodic chills. For cecum cancer with a tendency to ulceration, signs of general intoxication are characteristic, due to the absorption of decay products.

In about a third of cases, it is possible to palpate the tumor “in the form of a lump of various sizes of dense consistency, usually not particularly sensitive, in its outline does not resemble a single organ” (V.P. Obraztsov). When localized in the right and left bends of the colon (as well as in the region of the ascending and descending colon), the tumor is usually difficult to palpate.

In the blood, there is usually a rather early decrease in erythrocytes and hemoglobin, and with the disintegration of the tumor – moderate leukocytosis and an increase in ESR.

Left-sided colon cancer is characterized by a relatively long asymptomatic or, more precisely, asymptomatic course and less frequency and degree of pain, although the latter in many cases can be intense.More often and sharply expressed violation of intestinal patency, up to the development of partial or complete obstruction, necessitating urgent surgical intervention. Constipation is noted in about half of the cases, but constipation and diarrhea often alternate.

More than a quarter of patients have blood in the feces (on the surface of feces). Often, in this case, in contrast to hemorrhoids, blood is released even before stool discharge, sometimes outside the act of defecation in the form of “spitting” of bloody mucus, which is especially often the case with rectosigmoidal localization of cancer.

When localized in the sigmoid colon, the tumor is palpated relatively often, in the descending – less often and in the left flexure of the colon – very rarely.

It should be remembered about the possibility of probing the tuberosity in the sigmoid colon in the presence of fecal stones in it, and therefore, in doubtful cases, palpation should be repeated after a cleansing enema.

In rectal cancer, a violation of the act of defecation is very characteristic: constipation, pain, false desires.The feces are often excreted in small “nuts” (“sheep feces”) and in the form of a thin ribbon (ribbon-like feces). On its surface, blood is usually visible, often mucus and pus. In some cases, there is an alternation of diarrhea and constipation, as well as “constipation diarrhea”.

In some cases, there is a release of blood and mucus when passing gases and outside the act of defecation, and sometimes “bloody mucous spitting”. Digital examination is of decisive importance in the diagnosis of rectal cancer.

Laboratory tests indicate increasing anemia, a constant increase in ESR, there is a positive reaction to the presence of occult blood in the feces.

All doctors have repeatedly stressed that any disease is much easier to prevent than to cure. Diseases that cause thin feces in humans are no exception.

First of all, it is necessary to reduce the load on the intestines, that is, to reduce to a minimum the amount of harmful products for it.

Doctors do not recommend eating fast food, eating dry food, chewing food in a hurry. It is advisable to drink as much liquid as possible, at least plain water.

A large amount of dry food leads to hardening of feces, which, in turn, can disrupt the intestinal wall and cause inflammation.

The nature of the food taken is of great importance – at least once a day it is advisable to eat the first course (soup, borscht, broth). The frequency of food intake is also considered important – it is not recommended to eat too often, and very rarely.

In addition, you need to take a variety of medications with caution – do not exceed the dosage, watch for side effects.

The way of life is also of great importance. It is recommended to go in for sports, take walks in the fresh air, sit less still.You should give up bad habits – smoking, drinking alcohol.

The appearance of thin feces due to infection with parasites

Thin feces can occur in a person if his body is infected with parasites. Giardia is considered one of the main ones. They live in the small intestine and bile ducts. They live and develop there.

Being on the intestinal walls, they cause irritation of the mucous membrane. The main symptoms of parasite infestation are:

  • nausea; 90,032 90,031 people gain weight poorly;
  • violation of intestinal microflora;
  • fine stool;
  • pain in the abdomen;
  • diarrhea or constipation.

To identify parasites it is necessary to make a stool coprogram. These are tests for the presence of clostridia, lamblia and iodophilic flora.

Coprogram helps to identify changes in the bowel, bladder, pancreas, stomach and liver. And also to detect the onset of inflammation or choose the right treatment option.

Prevention and treatment of thin feces

To prevent the appearance of thin feces, several recommendations should be followed.

Diet advice:

Eat a balanced diet to prevent thin feces

  • Eat a balanced diet;
  • Add liquid dishes to the diet: hot soups and broths;
  • Diversify the menu with fresh fruits and vegetables;
  • refuse to eat dry food, fast foods;
  • Limit the number of on-the-go snacks;
  • drink the recommended rate of clean water;
  • stop smoking and alcohol;
  • The optimal number of meals is 3-5 times.

A very important recommendation for preventing thin feces is playing sports.

  • Stressful situations should be avoided. You need to try to be less nervous and worried.
  • Sports recommended.
  • Monitor the quantity and quality of the drugs used. It is important to avoid drug overdose.
  • Take care of yourself, carry out personal hygiene.
  • Seek medical help in a timely manner in case of poisoning with mushrooms, medicines and other means.
  • Do not forget about the preventive examination at the clinic.

If, during the examination, the doctor noticed symptoms of the disease, then treatment should be started immediately.

At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the doctor prescribes ointments, creams or suppositories for hemorrhoids.

If polyps are found or the disease is running, then surgery may be required.

Thin stool is a symptom that should alert a person. If it appears, then you need to see a doctor in order to prevent the development of serious diseases.

Worms in a child

Children are most often infected with helminthiasis. Babies pull dirty hands and objects into their mouths, and this increases the risk of worm infestation. How to determine if a child is infected at home? One way is to examine your baby’s stool.

Some types of worms can be found in a child’s poop without special devices. Usually children have pinworms or roundworms. But other types of parasites are not excluded.

Worms in the feces of a child look as follows:

  • pinworms – thin white worms, 1 cm in size;
  • roundworms are also thin white worms, but they are much longer than pinworms, their sizes vary from 1 to 40 cm, live roundworms move in the feces;
  • whipworms come out in the form of a white worm, the length of which is 5 cm, pointed at one end;
  • toxocars – long worms, 18 cm in size;

The presence of black thin threads in the stool is mistaken by many parents for worms.In fact, this is what an overcooked banana looks like in feces. There is no cause for concern.

If, while examining the baby’s feces, parents found worms in it, it is necessary to contact a pediatrician, a parasitologist, if there is such a specialist in a children’s clinic, as well as to any other expert who deals with worms, it may be an infectious disease specialist. The doctor will conduct additional research and advise on what to do next. It is important for parents to understand that helminthiasis is a rather serious disease that can have serious consequences.

90,000 Can surgical mesh cause infections?

15 Related question

The left gastric artery supplies blood to the lower curvature of the stomach along with its counterpart, the right gastric artery. the artery runs along the lower part of the lower curvature of the stomach, while the right gastric artery runs along the upper part of the curvature.
Click to see full answer

Similarly, you might ask, what does the gastric artery vascularize? arterial vascularization of the fundus of the stomach of human fetuses.It was found that the source of the arterial blood supply to this area is two arteries: the left gastric artery and the splenic artery. artery with large branches: the posterior gastric artery, the superior polar artery, and short gastric arteries.
Likewise, what is the greater curvature of the stomach? curvatures of the stomach refer to larger and smaller curvatures. the greater curvature of the stomach is four or five times longer than the lesser curvature.
Likewise, which artery supplies oxygenated blood to the stomach?
celiac artery
What does the gastric artery supply?
The left gastric artery supplies blood to the lower curvature of the stomach along with its counterpart, the right gastric artery.The branches of the left stomach also supply blood to the lower esophagus.

The following supplements can help with digestion: A multivitamin daily containing antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, B vitamins, and trace minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc and selenium. Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil can help reduce inflammation.
Click to see full answer

People also ask how can I permanently cure gastritis? Home remedies
Anti-inflammatory diet.Gastritis is activated when your digestive system becomes overworked and the stomach lining becomes inflamed. Garlic extract. At least 50 percent of the world’s population has H. probiotics. Green tea with manuka honey. Essential oils. Small amount of food. Lifestyle changes. Also, can you take vitamin C if you have gastritis? Pylori infection underlies both gastritis and peptic ulcers associated with gastritis. As expected, based on previous work with gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, vitamin C levels have consistently been confirmed as low in patients with H.pylori. infections. pylori-positive subjects had a vitamin C level of 64.5% of H.
Can vitamins cause gastritis?
Vitamins and Nausea “Many people experience stomach pains, nausea and even diarrhea.” Vitamins and supplements can also worsen gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcers, gastritis, irritable bowel syndrome and other digestive disorders, says Dr. Lee. / span>
Is b12 good for gastritis?
If you are unsure, you can ask your doctor if you should have a blood test to check your vitamin B12 levels.You may also be more likely to develop a vitamin B12 deficiency if you have: atrophic gastritis, in which the lining of your stomach has thinned. Pernicious anemia, which makes it difficult for your body to absorb vitamin B12.

The following supplements can help with digestion: A daily multivitamin containing antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, B vitamins and trace minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc and selenium.Omega-3 fatty acids such as fish oil can help reduce inflammation.
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Therefore, how to get rid of gastritis quickly? Eight best home remedies for gastritis
Eat an anti-inflammatory diet. Take a garlic extract supplement. Try probiotics. Drink green tea with manuka honey. Use essential oils. Eat light meals. Avoid smoking and overuse of pain relievers. Reduce stress.You might also ask, is it okay to take vitamin C for gastritis? Pylori infection underlies both gastritis and peptic ulcers associated with gastritis. As expected, based on previous work with gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, vitamin C levels have consistently been confirmed as low in H. pylori patients. infections. pylori-positive subjects had a vitamin C level of 64.5% of H.
Also, what helps with gastritis?
Treatment for gastritis usually includes:
Taking antacids and other medications (such as proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers) to lower stomach acid levels.Avoiding hot and spicy foods. For gastritis caused by H. If gastritis is caused by pernicious anemia, vitamin B12 shots will be given. What can not be eaten with gastritis?
Foods to Avoid When Dieting for Gastritis
alcohol. coffee. acidic foods such as tomatoes and some fruits. fruit juices. fatty foods. fried foods. carbonated drinks. spicy food.

There are three main divisions of the celiac trunk: the left gastric artery, the common hepatic artery, and the splenic artery….
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Then at what level is the celiac trunk? the celiac trunk arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra.
Hence, the question arises, what is the celiac axis? The celiac artery, also known as the celiac axis or celiac trunk, is the main visceral artery in the abdominal cavity that supplies blood to the anterior intestine. It arises from the abdominal aorta and usually gives rise to three branches: the left gastric artery, the splenic artery, and the common hepatic artery.Also, what are the three unpaired branches of the abdominal aorta?
The three large unpaired branches of the aorta — the celiac trunk, the superior mesenteric artery, and the inferior mesenteric artery — extend from the anterior part of the abdominal aorta and supply blood. the gastrointestinal tract from the stomach to the upper part of the rectum.
Where is the celiac axis located?
celiac axis – the largest branch of the aorta at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra, rising at right angles to the anterior part of the abdominal aorta.

As adjectives, it is the difference between urinary incontinence and continent.is that urinary incontinence (often followed by) cannot contain or contain as long as the continent is self-limiting; controlled, restrained in relation to their bodily needs and passions.
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People also ask what does urinary incontinence and continent mean? When someone is a continent, he can independently manage his bladder and / or intestines. agreement. Incontinence means the opposite – the inability to contain the loss of urine or faeces.What are also the 4 types of urinary incontinence? There are four main types of urinary incontinence:
Urgent urinary incontinence due to an overactive bladder. Stress incontinence due to poor bladder closure. Overflow incontinence due to poor bladder contraction or a blocked bladder. urethra. Also know what is the continent of urine?
Continental urine diversion is an internal bag designed to hold your urine. Your surgeon makes a new hole, called a stoma, in your abdomen (abdomen) for urine to pass through.This way of collecting urine allows you to control (be continental) when urine comes out.
What does urinary incontinence mean?
Incontinence is a term that describes any accidental or involuntary loss of urine from the bladder (urinary incontinence) or bowel movement, feces, or wind. from the intestines (fecal urinary incontinence). Urinary incontinence can be treated and controlled.

The celiac artery, also known as the celiac axis or celiac trunk, is the main visceral artery in the abdominal cavity that supplies the anterior colon.It originates from the abdominal aorta and usually gives rise to three branches: the left gastric artery, the splenic artery, and the common hepatic artery.
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You also need to know where the celiac trunk is? Celiac trunk. The celiac trunk (or celiac trunk) is the main artery that supplies the anterior intestine of the gastrointestinal tract. It arises from the abdominal aorta at the level of the twelfth thoracic vertebra. Three main branches branch off from it: the left stomach, the common hepatic and splenic arteries.Next, the question arises, at what level is the celiac artery? the celiac trunk is the second branch of the abdominal aorta (the first branches are paired lower phrenic arteries). It arises in the anterior part of the aorta, on the aortic opening of the diaphragm (T12 level).
Just like that, but is there a celiac vein?
Drainage. The celiac artery is the only major artery that feeds the digestive organs of the abdominal cavity, which does not have a vein of the same name. …
What is gluten aneurysm?
Background.Celiac aneurysm is a rare vascular lesion. It is often found after a rupture, which is fatal in most cases. We present a case of an asymptomatic celiac artery aneurysm found in a 72-year-old woman during examination for fever and general fatigue.

Medication Information Sodium Alginate, Sodium Bicarbonate, Calcium Carbonate.This medication is used to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux such as acid regurgitation, heartburn, and indigestion due to reflux of stomach contents.

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Just like that, what is the Almax medicine used for? Uses. This medication is used to treat symptoms of high stomach acid, such as indigestion, heartburn, and acid upset stomach. It is also used to relieve gas symptoms such as belching, bloating, and stomach / intestinal pressure / discomfort.Also, can you drink water after taking a liquid antacid? Drink a full glass of water after taking regular or chewable tablets or capsules. Some liquid forms of calcium carbonate must be shaken well before use. Do not take Tooms as an antacid for more than two weeks without first talking to your doctor.
With that in mind, how long does it take for a liquid antacid to take effect?
Each treatment for heartburn works differently, but in general, antacids like Tums are instantaneous but quickly go away.It is best to take antacids 30-60 minutes before meals. Histamine blockers take about an hour to work, but they need to be taken twice daily to prevent heartburn.
Is the antacid taken before or after meals?
Take antacids about 1 hour after a meal or for heartburn. If you are taking them for symptoms at night, DO NOT take them with food. Antacids cannot treat more serious problems such as appendicitis, stomach ulcers, gallstones, or bowel problems.

the pancreas is a glandular organ. Enzymes or digestive juices are secreted by the pancreas into the small intestine. There he continues to break down food that has left the stomach. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin and releases it into the bloodstream, where it regulates the level of glucose or sugar in the body.
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They also ask if you can live without a pancreas? You can live without a pancreas.But when the entire pancreas is removed, people are left without cells that make insulin and other hormones that help maintain safe blood sugar levels. These people develop diabetes, which is difficult to manage as they are completely dependent on insulin injections.
You might also ask, what are the symptoms of a malfunctioning pancreas? Symptoms
Pain in the upper abdomen. Pain in the abdomen, radiating to the back. Pain in the abdomen, worse after eating. Fever.Rapid pulse. Nausea. Vomit. Tenderness when touching the abdomen. Similarly, one might ask, what are the first signs of pancreatic cancer?
Pancreatic cancer signs and symptoms
Jaundice and related symptoms. Jaundice is yellowing of the eyes and skin. Pain in the abdomen or back. Abdominal or back pain is common with pancreatic cancer. Weight loss and poor appetite. Nausea and vomiting. Enlargement of the gallbladder or liver. … Blood clots. Diabetes.What happens if the pancreas stops working?
When the body does not produce insulin, blood sugar (blood glucose) levels can become dangerously high. Without insulin, which helps the body absorb glucose in the blood, the body cannot use glucose from food. This can lead to malnutrition and other serious health problems.

The alkaline pH of pancreatic juice (pH 7.5–8.0) serves two important physiological purposes.First, it dissolves and activates the digestive enzymes of the pancreas secreted by acinar cells. Secondly, it neutralizes the HCl entering the duodenum by the stomach.
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So how is the pancreas regulated? The pancreas is an organ of the gland. Enzymes or digestive juices are secreted by the pancreas into the small intestine. There he continues to break down food that has left the stomach. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin and releases it into the bloodstream, where it regulates the level of glucose or sugar in the body.Also, is the pancreas acidic or alkaline? Pancreatic juice is alkaline due to the high concentration of bicarbonate ions. Bicarbonate is beneficial in neutralizing acidic gastric acid, providing effective enzymatic changes.
Also, how can I improve my pancreas function?
How to Naturally Maintain Pancreatic Health
Eat a balanced, low-fat diet with plenty of whole grains, fruits and vegetables.Maintain a healthy weight and exercise. Limit alcohol consumption, as alcohol is known to increase the risk of acute and chronic pancreatitis in addition to pancreatic cancer. Avoid smoking. Can you live without a pancreas?
You can live without a pancreas. But when the entire pancreas is removed, people are left without cells that make insulin and other hormones that help maintain safe blood sugar levels.These people develop diabetes, which is difficult to manage as they are totally dependent on insulin injections.

Bilirubin is a yellow-brown substance found in bile. It is a waste product from the breakdown of red blood cells. Bilirubin travels through the liver before being eliminated from the body. Unconjugated bilirubin is converted to bile and passed into the small intestine.Click to see full answer

What Happens When Unconjugated Bilirubin Levels Are High? Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia may result from increased production, impaired conjugation, or abnormal liver function uptake of bilirubin, a yellow pigment in bile that is formed from hemoglobin during the breakdown of red blood cells. It can also happen naturally in newborns.
Likewise, what is the difference between conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin? If the level of conjugated bilirubin in the blood rises, for example due to liver disease, excess conjugated bilirubin is excreted in the urine, which indicates a pathological process.Unconjugated bilirubin does not dissolve in water and therefore is not excreted in the urine.
Accordingly, what is meant by unconjugated bilirubin?
Bilirubin is a substance produced by your body when old red blood cells are broken down. This is a normal process. Bilirubin, which is bound to a specific protein (albumin) in the blood, is called unconjugated, or indirect, bilirubin. Conjugated or direct bilirubin travels from the liver to the small intestine.Is unconjugated bilirubin dangerous?
Once in the liver, bilirubin becomes “conjugated”. This means that it is water-soluble and can be eliminated from the body. Unconjugated bilirubin is toxic, and conjugated bilirubin is usually not, as it can be removed from the body if nothing prevents it from being removed.

The term “stomach flu” refers to a viral infection, although there may be other causes of the infection.But for others, especially infants and the elderly, fluid loss from gastroenteritis can cause dehydration, which can be life-threatening. unless processed and replaced by body fluids.
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Can gastroenteritis be fatal? Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection characterized by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes fever. But for infants, the elderly, and people with weakened immune systems, viral gastroenteritis can be fatal.What is the most common cause of gastroenteritis? Gastroenteritis can be caused by a variety of viruses. The main types are rotavirus and norovirus. Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Norovirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis and foodborne disease outbreaks in the United States
Just like that, is gastroenteritis a serious medical condition?
Gastroenteritis is a serious medical condition, however, for people who cannot drink enough fluids to replace what they lose due to vomiting or diarrhea.Babies, young children, and people who are unable to care for themselves, such as people with disabilities or the elderly, are at risk of dehydration due to fluid loss.
Why is gastroenteritis so painful?
Gastroenteritis usually causes diarrhea and / or vomiting, and can also cause abdominal pain. You can get gastroenteritis by eating or drinking food that contains bacteria, viruses, or parasites. You can also get gastroenteritis from another person or by touching objects and surfaces around them.

Vomiting from coffee grounds is vomit that looks like coffee grounds. This is due to the presence of clotted blood in the vomit. Vomiting of blood is also known as hematemesis or vomiting from coffee grounds. If you have delayed vomiting, the blood will be dark red, brown, or black.
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Accordingly, what causes vomiting from coffee grounds? Causes .For example, with esophagitis or gastritis, bleeding may occur with the formation of coffee – vomit. Other causes of inflammation may be associated with severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, Helicobacter pylori gastritis, portal hypertensive gastropathy, or malignant neoplasms. Vomiting of bright red blood is called hematemesis.
And what does vomiting black mean? Your vomit may appear black if the blood has been oxidized by acids in your stomach. Since the blood is no longer bright red, this means that the bleeding has either stopped or only occurs in small amounts.Black vomiting is caused by conditions that cause bloody vomiting (detailed in the previous section).
How to treat vomiting from coffee grounds?
If a person’s vomit from coffee grounds is caused by an ulcer or gastritis, a doctor may treat it as follows:
antibiotics to treat Helicobacter pylori infection that causes ulcers. acid-lowering drugs that reduce the acidity of the stomach and allow the stomach to heal.

Why does my dog’s vomit look like coffee grounds?
If it looks like coffee grounds, it’s usually a sign of a stomach ulcer or stomach bleeding.Stomach ulcers can be caused by medications such as pain relievers, aspirin, and / or steroids. Ulcers can lead to chronic inflammation and bleeding and therefore can cause bloody vomiting.

Many of the liver supplements on the market contain a combination of three herbal ingredients: milk thistle. artichoke leaf. dandelion root.Other ingredients
Mexican wild tam root. extract of yellow dock root. haw. chanca piedra.
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People also ask what vitamins are good for liver repair? Here are a few vitamins and minerals that are essential for liver health.
Vitamin A and Iron. Vitamin A and iron deficiencies are among the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide, according to research published in the 2000 issue of the Journal of Nutrition.Vitamin D. Vitamin E. Vitamin B12. You may also ask, what should I drink to flush my liver? Citrus fruits: Fruits such as grapefruit, oranges, limes and lemons increase the cleansing power of the liver. Even consumed in small amounts (we know some of them can be tart!), Citrus fruits help the liver produce detoxifying enzymes that flush out pollutants.
Also the question is how to cleanse the liver?
In most cases, liver detoxification involves one or more of the following:
taking supplements designed to remove toxins from the liver.following a liver-friendly diet. rejection of certain products. on juice fasting. cleansing the colon and intestines with enemas. Do liver supplements work?
A person with liver disease needs proper treatment and may require lifestyle or dietary changes. Some evidence suggests that supplements such as milk thistle can improve liver health. However, there is no evidence that these supplements detoxify the liver or that they can cure any liver disease….

Yes, goat milk contains lactose; about 10% less than cow’s milk. Lactose can be found in almost all milk produced by mammals; including breast milk. Lactose intolerance causes symptoms due to poor absorption of lactose.
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Also, why is there no lactose in goat milk? CMA is due to a protein allergen, and lactose intolerance is due to a sensitivity to carbohydrates.) Goat’s milk contains less lactose than cow’s milk and is therefore more easily absorbed by people with lactose intolerance.
Also, does goat cheese contain lactose? Goat’s milk does contain lactose, and it’s almost as much as cow’s milk. Cheeses made with both cow and goat milk will have a decrease in lactose due to fermentation. process. However, for some reason, some people tolerate goat cheese better than cow’s milk cheese.Also, can you drink goat’s milk if you are lactose intolerant?
Goat’s milk is a natural alternative to cow’s milk and can be comfortably consumed by many patients with cow’s milk allergies or hypersensitivity. Although goat’s milk, like cow’s milk and human milk, contains lactose, many people with lactose intolerance can drink goat’s milk.
Is there lactose in sheep milk?
LACTOSE: When yoghurt is made from sheep’s milk, lactose is converted to lactic acid, and during the production of hard cheeses, lactose is released in the whey.There is also evidence that lactose in sheep’s milk is more acceptable to humans than in other types of milk.

Lysozyme, also known as muramidase or N-acetylmuramide glycan hydrolase, is an antimicrobial enzyme produced by animals and is part of the innate immune system. … Lysozyme is rich in secretions including tears, saliva, breast milk, and mucus.Click to see full answer

Also, what are the four main digestive enzymes? Examples of digestive enzymes:
Amylase produced by the mouth. It helps break down large starch molecules into smaller sugar molecules. Pepsin produced in the stomach. Trypsin, produced by the pancreas. Pancreatic lipases are produced in the pancreas. Deoxyribonuclease and ribonuclease are produced in the pancreas. You might also ask where are the digestive enzymes produced? Digestive enzymes are mainly produced in the pancreas, stomach, and small intestine.But even your salivary glands produce digestive enzymes to start breaking down food molecules while you are still chewing.
What is lysozyme used for?
Lysozyme, one of the most potent natural antibacterial and antiviral compounds known to man, has been used in food and pharmaceuticals for over three decades. as it naturally inhibits the growth of many spoilage organisms, extends shelf life and ensures food safety.