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Prenatal vitamins that help you get pregnant: Fertility Vitamins to Take When Trying to Conceive


Fertility Vitamins to Take When Trying to Conceive

Some of the micronutrients that you get through diet or supplements may support fertility and overall reproductive health.

As anyone who has struggled to conceive knows, infertility can be a hard journey with various — and sometimes overwhelming — treatment possibilities.

But one factor that may boost your baby-making chances can be relatively simple and noninvasive: your diet.

In fact, many micronutrients you get through food or supplements have been shown to play a key role in fertility.

This article will take a look at the relationship between nutrition and fertility, along with 11 supplements that may be beneficial.

  • Best overall fertility supplement for women: EU Natural CONCEPTION Female Fertility Prenatal
  • Best overall fertility supplement for men: FullWell Vitality + Virility
  • Best vegan fertility supplement: Natalist Prenatal Daily Packs
  • Best CoQ10 supplement for fertility: Garden of Life Raw CoQ10
  • Best fertility supplement subscription: Ritual Prenatal
  • Best easy-to-swallow fertility supplement for men: Nature’s Craft Fertility Booster
  • Best fertility supplement for sensitive stomachs: Premama Prenatal Vitamin
  • Best budget-friendly fertility supplement: Nature Made Prenatal Multi + DHA
  • Best gummy fertility supplement: Smarty Pants Prenatal Formula
  • Best vitamin D supplement for fertility: Needed Prenatal Vitamin D
  • Best omega-3 supplement for fertility: Nordic Naturals Prenatal DHA

Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article uses the terms “men” and “women” to refer to a person’s sex assigned at birth.

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You might assume that experts have the role of vitamins in fertility all figured out by now. However, that’s not quite the case.

Because fertility is a complex equation and each person’s body is different, the science around micronutrients and conception is still in its infancy.

That said, some promising studies have begun to shed light on the role of vitamins in getting and staying pregnant.

Vitamins play important roles in women’s reproductive health. They’re essential for many functions, including (1, 2, 3, 4):

  • menstruation and ovulation
  • thyroid function
  • energy production
  • immune function
  • egg quality and maturation

For this reason, adequate vitamin and mineral intake is critical when trying to create the right environment for a healthy pregnancy.

Additionally, some nutrients may even reduce symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common underlying cause of infertility (5).

In men, studies have shown that certain supplements may increase sperm count and motility, helping the little swimmers reach their target (6).

However, keep in mind that more research is needed and these supplements should be paired with a nutritious, well-rounded diet and a healthy lifestyle for best results.

The products included in this article were selected based on the following criteria:

  • Ingredients. We looked for supplements that contain high quality ingredients and are free of unnecessary additives, fillers, and dyes.
  • Effectiveness. All supplements include ingredients or nutrients that have been shown to support fertility or reproductive health.
  • Third-party testing. All the products included in this article have been tested by an independent lab to ensure safety and quality.

Additionally, every brand and product on our list has been vetted to ensure that it aligns with Healthline’s brand integrity standards and approach to well-being. Each product in this article:

  • adheres to allowable health claims and labeling requirements, per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations
  • is manufactured in facilities that adhere to current good manufacturing practices established by the FDA
  • is produced by a medically credible company that follows ethical, legal, and industry best standards
  • is made by a company that provides objective measures of trust, such as having its supplements validated by third-party labs

A note on price

General price ranges are indicated below with dollar signs ($–$$$$). One dollar sign means the product is rather affordable, whereas four dollar signs indicate a higher cost.

Generally, prices range from $0.28–$1.96 per serving, though this may vary depending on where you shop.

Pricing guide

  • $ = under $0.50 per serving
  • $$ = $0.50–$1.00 per serving
  • $$$ = $1. 01–$1.50 per serving
  • $$$$ = over $1.50 per serving

Note that serving sizes range from 1 capsule or gummy to 8 capsules per day.

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Best overall fertility supplement for women

EU Natural CONCEPTION Female Fertility Prenatal

  • Price: $$
  • Dosage: 1 capsule twice per day
  • Active ingredients: thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, iron, iodine, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, myo-inositol, chaste tree berry extract, ashwagandha extract, shatavari root extract, stinging needle root extract, para-aminobenzoic acid, choline, BioPerine, and vitamins D, B6, and B12

This supplement features a blend of plant-based ingredients and is specifically formulated to balance hormone levels and support a healthy pregnancy.

In addition to key nutrients like vitamin D, iron, and vitamin B12, this product contains ingredients such as myo-inositol, which may be beneficial for improving fertility (7).

What’s more, CONCEPTION from EU Natural is vegetarian, gluten-free, easy to swallow, and free of fillers and artificial ingredients.

It has been tested by an independent lab and is produced in a facility that is third-party certified.

Additionally, EU Natural offers a fertility supplement for men to improve sperm quality and motility, which can be purchased separately online.

While the brand states that this supplement can be used as a prenatal, we recommend switching to a more comprehensive prenatal supplement once you become pregnant.


  • third-party tested
  • vegetarian-friendly and gluten-free
  • free of fillers and artificial ingredients
  • affordable


  • some reports of unpleasant taste and smell
  • amounts of each ingredient in the proprietary blend not disclosed

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Best overall fertility supplement for men

FullWell Vitality + Virility

  • Price: $$$$
  • Dosage: 4 capsules twice per day
  • Active ingredients: niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, choline, iodine, magnesium, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, grape seed extract, organic turmeric powder, quercetin, lycopene, and vitamins A, C, D, E, K, B6, and B12

Made with a blend of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to support sperm quality and reproductive health, this supplement is a great option for men who are trying to conceive.

In fact, it contains several ingredients that may be particularly beneficial for male fertility, including grape seed extract, which has been shown to protect sperm cells from DNA damage in some animal studies (8).

All supplements from FullWell are third-party tested for heavy metals and harmful contaminants. Upon request, the company will provide a certificate of analysis (COA), which is a document that includes detailed testing results for each supplement.

FullWell also offers a prenatal multivitamin on its website to support fertility for women.


  • third-party tested
  • COA available upon request
  • free of unnecessary additives and fillers


  • expensive
  • requires four capsules per serving

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Best vegan fertility supplement

Natalist Prenatal Daily Packs

  • Price: $$$$
  • Dosage: 1 packet (5 capsules) per day
  • Active ingredients: thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, biotin, choline, calcium, iron, iodine, magnesium, zinc, selenium, menaquinone, DHA omega-3, and vitamins A, C, D, E, B6, and B12

With its daily packs of prenatal vitamins, Natalist makes it easier than ever to get the nutrients you need to support a healthy pregnancy.

Each pack contains five capsules, which provide a blend of nutrients such as B vitamins, zinc, selenium, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a type of omega-3 fatty acid.

It also provides 27% of the recommended amount of choline, a nutrient that plays a key role in fetal development and reproductive health (9).

All Natalist supplements are vegan-friendly, gluten-free, and third-party tested.

According to its website, Natalist is the first and only company that has a net-zero plastic footprint, meaning it offsets all plastic in its products by removing plastic pollution from the environment.

In addition to prenatal supplements specifically for women, the company offers convenient prenatal vitamin packs for men.


  • convenient daily vitamin packs
  • vegan-friendly and gluten-free
  • third-party tested
  • net-zero plastic footprint
  • contains DHA omega-3


  • more expensive than similar supplements
  • requires five capsules per serving
  • doesn’t include certain nutrients that may be helpful for fertility, such as coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)

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Best CoQ10 supplement for fertility

Garden of Life Raw CoQ10

  • Price: $$
  • Dosage: 1 capsule per day
  • Active ingredients: raw CoQ10 and cold-pressed chia seed oil

Although your body produces CoQ10 naturally, some people choose to supplement with this antioxidant when trying to conceive, as it has been shown to improve ovarian response and embryo quality in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) (10).

It may also help enhance sperm quality in men (11, 12).

This supplement from Garden of Life is a great CoQ10 option. It contains 200 mg of CoQ10 per serving, along with a blend of omega fatty acids sourced from cold-pressed chia seed oil to increase absorption (13).

Plus, it’s free of fillers and binders and is non-GMO, kosher, gluten-free, and certified vegan.

According to the company’s website, Garden of Life products are third-party tested, though the company does not disclose the name of the testing organization.


  • certified vegan
  • certified non-GMO
  • gluten-free
  • formulated to increase absorption
  • made without fillers or binders
  • third-party tested


  • may not be ideal for those who prefer supplements with a blend of nutrients

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Best fertility supplement subscription

Ritual Prenatal Multivitamin

  • Price: $$$
  • Dosage: 2 capsules per day
  • Active ingredients: folate, biotin, choline, iron, iodine, magnesium, boron, DHA omega-3, vitamin K2, and vitamins D, E, and B12

Ritual is a subscription-based service that offers a range of supplements, including prenatal multivitamins for women.

The company’s Prenatal Multivitamin contains 12 essential nutrients for before and during pregnancy, including DHA, vitamin B12, folate, and choline.

It also includes a citrus tab to improve the flavor and features a delayed-release capsule design, which dissolves in the small intestine to optimize absorption (14).

Additionally, Ritual provides detailed information on the sourcing of each ingredient in its supplements and tests all products at an independent lab.


  • third-party tested
  • includes citrus tab to improve flavor
  • features delayed-release capsule design to boost absorption
  • provides detailed information on sourcing of ingredients


  • lacks certain nutrients found in other prenatal supplements, such as zinc and vitamin B6

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Best easy-to-swallow fertility supplement for men

Nature’s Craft Fertility Booster

  • Price: $$
  • Dosage: 3 capsules per day
  • Active ingredients: niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, iodine, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, d-aspartic acid, l-arginine, maca root, CoQ10, longjack root, panax ginseng root, and vitamins C, D, E, B6, and B12

According to reviewers, Nature’s Craft Fertility Booster capsules are easy to swallow and don’t have an unpleasant aftertaste.

This budget-friendly supplement contains an array of essential nutrients to support men’s fertility, including vitamin D, zinc, and folate.

Each serving also provides 250 mg of maca root, an herb that has been shown to improve several measures of semen quality (15).

Nature’s Craft says its products are thoroughly tested for pesticides and heavy metals by a third-party lab to verify safety.

The company also offers a supplement designed to improve fertility for women, which can be purchased separately or as a bundle.


  • relatively affordable
  • third-party tested
  • easy to swallow


  • not suitable for vegetarians, as it contains gelatin

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Best fertility supplement for sensitive stomachs

Premama Prenatal Vitamin

  • Price: $$$
  • Dosage: 1 capsule per day
  • Active ingredients: iron, folate, riboflavin, biotin, iodine, choline, omega-3 blend, and vitamins B12 and B6

This once-daily prenatal vitamin from Premama is a great option for those with a sensitive stomach, as it contains a peppermint flavor to neutralize nausea and features delayed-release capsules to prevent digestive issues.

It also provides a range of important nutrients to support a healthy pregnancy in a single capsule, including DHA, iron, vitamin B12, and folate.

Premama supplements are third-party tested and tested in-house multiple times throughout the manufacturing process, though the brand doesn’t disclose the name of the testing organization on its website.

This product is free of additives and is vegan-friendly, gluten-free, and non-GMO.


  • vegan-friendly, gluten-free, and non-GMO
  • features delayed-release capsules and peppermint flavor to ease digestive issues
  • requires only one capsule per day
  • third-party tested


  • some reviewer reports of fishy burps
  • doesn’t contain zinc

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Best budget-friendly fertility supplement

Nature Made Prenatal Multi + DHA

  • Price: $
  • Dosage: 1 softgel per day
  • Active ingredients: thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, biotin, pantothenic acid, calcium, iron, iodine, magnesium, zinc, EPA omega-3, DHA omega-3, and vitamins A, C, D, E, K, B6, and B12

Nature Made is a reputable company known for producing high quality, cost-effective supplements, including this prenatal supplement.

Each softgel contains a variety of nutrients needed to support fetal development and maternal health, including folic acid, iron, zinc, DHA, and vitamin D.

This product is certified by United States Pharmacopeia (USP), a third-party organization that tests supplements for purity and strength.

Additionally, it’s gluten-free and is made without any artificial flavors or dyes.


  • certified by USP
  • budget-friendly
  • requires only one softgel per day


  • not suitable for vegetarians, as it’s made with gelatin
  • doesn’t contain certain nutrients found in other prenatals, such as choline

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Best gummy fertility supplement

SmartyPants Prenatal Formula

  • Price: $$
  • Dosage: 4 gummies per day
  • Active ingredients: thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, biotin, choline, iodine, zinc, selenium, fish oil, inositol, and vitamins A, C, D, E, K1, K2, B6, and B12

If you have a hard time taking pills or swallowing softgels, these prenatal gummies from SmartyPants may be a good option.

They contain 16 essential nutrients needed for fertility and pregnancy, including omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, and vitamin D.

These gummies are third-party tested and free of synthetic flavors, dyes, and preservatives.

Plus, they’re free of major allergens, including gluten, milk, eggs, fish, peanuts, and tree nuts.


  • convenient gummy form
  • free of major allergens
  • third-party tested
  • free of synthetic flavors, dyes, and preservatives


  • not suitable for vegetarians, as it contains gelatin
  • 6 grams of added sugar per four-gummy serving

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Best vitamin D supplement for fertility

Needed Prenatal Vitamin D

  • Price: $
  • Dosage: 1 capsule up to 5 times per day
  • Active ingredients: vitamin D and vitamin K2

This vitamin D supplement from Needed is specifically designed for people who are trying to conceive, are pregnant, or are nursing.

It also contains vitamin K2, a form of vitamin K that works with vitamin D to support bone and heart health (16).

Vitamin D is a nutrient that is essential for fertility, with some studies showing that low levels could be linked to a higher risk of infertility in both men and women (17, 18).

Needed Prenatal Vitamin D is third-party tested, vegetarian-friendly, and free of major allergens.

It’s also non-GMO and free of artificial fillers, dyes, flavors, and preservatives.


  • third-party tested
  • vegetarian-friendly
  • free of major allergens
  • doesn’t contain artificial fillers, dyes, or preservatives
  • affordable


  • may not be suitable for those who prefer a supplement with a blend of nutrients

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Best omega-3 supplement for fertility

Nordic Naturals Prenatal DHA

  • Price: $$
  • Dosage: 2 softgels per day
  • Active ingredients: vitamin D and omega-3s

Some research suggests that getting enough omega-3 fatty acids in your diet through foods or supplements could improve female fertility and enhance sperm quality (19, 20, 21).

This supplement from Nordic Naturals makes it easy to meet your needs, with 830 mg of omega-3 fatty acids in each serving, along with a good amount of vitamin D.

These softgels are also third-party tested, non-GMO, and certified sustainable.

They are available in both unflavored and strawberry-flavored varieties.


  • third-party tested
  • certified sustainable
  • available in strawberry flavor or unflavored


  • not suitable for vegetarians
  • shouldn’t be used as a replacement for a prenatal supplement
  • some reported side effects, such as fishy burps and nausea

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It’s important to consider several factors when deciding which fertility supplement is right for you, such as the types of nutrients included, the supplement form, any special dietary needs, the price, and quality testing.

Nutrients to look for

There are several nutrients you should look for when shopping for fertility supplements.

In fact, many nutrients have been shown to support certain aspects of fertility and reproductive health, including:

  • L-carnitine. This amino acid has been shown to slow age-related changes in the female reproductive system and may help improve symptoms of endometriosis and PCOS. It may also help boost sperm motility in men (22, 23).
  • Vitamin B12. One 2015 study found that having higher blood levels of vitamin B12 could enhance fertility in women undergoing infertility treatment. Additionally, some research indicates that vitamin B12 can improve sperm quality (24, 25).
  • Folic acid. Folic acid supplementation is often recommended for women before getting pregnant. In addition to promoting fertility, supplementing with folic acid may help protect against neural tube irregularities in a developing fetus (1).
  • Vitamin C. According to one research review, taking vitamin C with vitamin E may help improve sperm quality and motility (26).
  • Vitamin D. Some research has found that vitamin D deficiency could be associated with infertility in both men and women. Therefore, if you have low levels of vitamin D, taking a supplement may be beneficial (17, 18).
  • CoQ10. Although your body produces this antioxidant, one study found that taking CoQ10 supplements could improve ovarian response in women undergoing IVF. Plus, it may improve sperm concentration and motility in men (10, 11, 12).
  • Iron. One older study found that increased iron intake was associated with a lower risk of ovulatory infertility. However, while supplementation may be beneficial if you are deficient in iron, it isn’t typically necessary if you get enough iron in your diet (27).
  • Zinc. A 2019 review found that lower blood levels of zinc were linked to a longer time trying to conceive in women. Zinc is also necessary for the formation of sperm, though studies have turned up mixed results on its effects on male fertility (28, 29, 30).
  • Selenium. Research suggests a selenium deficiency may be a factor in miscarriage and semen quality. Selenium may also support the health of follicular fluid around women’s eggs and may improve semen quality when taken with vitamin E (28, 31, 32).
  • Vitamin E. This nutrient has antioxidant properties that may promote sperm function in men and support general reproductive health in women, but more research is needed to determine its effectiveness (33, 34).
  • Omega-3 fatty acids. Studies show that this heart-healthy fat could improve semen quality and sperm motility in men. One study also found that women taking omega-3 supplements were more likely to conceive (19, 20, 21).

Keep in mind that you can also get many of these nutrients from food and that supplementation may not be necessary if you follow a balanced and nutritious diet.

Additional considerations

In addition to checking for certain nutrients in your supplement, there are a few other factors to consider, including:

  • Type. Consider whether you’re OK swallowing pills or would prefer a gummy supplement. Certain products are designed to be easier to swallow or gentler on the stomach.
  • Dietary needs. If you have any specific allergies or dietary restrictions, be sure to check the ingredient label carefully or look for supplements that are certified vegan, hypoallergenic, or gluten-free, depending on your needs.
  • Price. You can compare prices and look for a product that fits your budget. Some companies may offer subscriptions or bundles at a discounted rate, which can help reduce the total cost.
  • Testing. When possible, look for supplements that have undergone third-party testing, as this can ensure supplement safety, strength, and purity.

If you’re under 35 and have been trying to conceive for 1 year or more without success, talking with a fertility specialist may be beneficial (35).

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, evaluation and treatment from a fertility specialist may also be recommended after 6 months of trying to conceive for women over 35 and even sooner for women over 40 (35).

You may also want to consider consulting a fertility specialist if you or your partner (36, 37):

  • has had three or more miscarriages
  • has difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection
  • has irregular periods, a heavy period, or no periods
  • has a history of sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia or gonorrhea

For more information on when to see a fertility specialist and what to expect during your visit, check out this article.

How can I boost my fertility?

Many factors can affect fertility, several of which may be out of your control, such as your age, genetics, and medical history.

However, doing your best to get all the nutrients necessary to support reproductive health — from either food sources or supplements — is a great way to improve your chances of getting pregnant.

What is the best vitamin for female fertility?

Many of the supplements listed above can help support female fertility, including EU Natural CONCEPTION, which provides a blend of vitamins, minerals, and herbal ingredients to balance hormone levels and support a healthy pregnancy.

Can prenatal vitamins help you get pregnant?

Prenatal vitamins are formulated with many of the nutrients you need to support a healthy pregnancy, and they could potentially help promote fertility.

However, keep in mind that prenatal vitamins are just one of many factors that may affect your fertility and chances of conception.

What vitamins help you get pregnant?

Many vitamins can positively affect reproductive health and fertility, including vitamin B12 and folate (1).

You can obtain these nutrients by following a healthy, balanced diet or by taking some of the supplements listed above to fill in the gaps.

When you’re dealing with infertility, there are so many factors you can’t control — your genetics, your age, and an unpredictable cycle, just to name a few.

However, providing your body with the best possible nutrition — including vitamins and minerals — is one area where you can take the reins.

You can work with a healthcare professional to choose the right balance of vitamins to boost your chances of a healthy pregnancy.

The Best Vitamins and Supplements to Boost Your Fertility

When trying to conceive, doctors may suggest a variety of things to help optimize one’s health and taking vitamins and supplements is typically on the list. The importance of good nutrition is well established during pregnancy, influencing embryonic and fetal development, and thus, pregnancy outcomes. There is growing evidence that certain supplements and micronutrients may help in many ways for those trying to conceive, including boosting the overall quality of a woman’s eggs and a male’s sperm, as well as the overall health of a woman’s pregnancy. 

Below, is a list of a few important vitamins and supplements to consider taking when you’re trying to conceive. It’s important to note that you should be receiving many of your daily vitamins and minerals from food sources. But if you have trouble getting all of the recommended daily amounts through food, supplements are a great addition to your diet.   

Also, women should start taking multivitamins or prenatal vitamins before getting pregnant. In a large scale randomized controlled study, women taking prenatal vitamins at least 1 month before conception were noted to have higher number of confirmed pregnancies and shorter time to conception compared to women only taking trace elements like vitamin C and Zinc.  In a large population based observational study, women taking multivitamins or prenatal vitamins had lower incidence of ovulatory infertility.  The effect was most prominent with folic acid above 400 ucg at least 3 times a week. 

If your prenatal vitamin doesn’t include some of these standalone vitamins and supplements, you might want to consider adding a few to your daily intake after consulting a primary care doctor or your fertility doctor to see if these vitamins and supplements are right for you. 

  1. Folic acid (B9): Most people associate folic acid as a prenatal vitamin, but it can also be a really great supplement for those who are trying to conceive. Folic acid is associated with greater chances of getting pregnant naturally and improves success for those undergoing fertility treatments. Medical professionals also recommend that men take folic acid when trying to conceive, as it can improve the quality of their sperm. 
    Suggested amount: 400-1,000 micrograms for women, 400 micrograms for men. Best form of folic acid is thought to be the methylated folate (quatrefolic).
  1. Vitamin B6 and B12: Both are essential nutrients needed for our cells to grow, develop and survive and are important in both men and women. B6 supplementation has been associated with improvement in hormonal balance in women leading to improved PMS symptoms and better ovulatory cycles, which in turn, improved the odds of becoming pregnant. A study in the medical journal Reproductive Toxicology found that those who took supplemental folate and vitamins B6 and B12 lowered their homocysteine levels, which improved the odds of successful conception in women with recurrent pregnancy loss.  A separate study conducted in 2017 called “Vitamin B12 and Semen Quality” also found that increased B12 intake in men resulted in improved semen quality. 
    Suggested amount: For B12, 1,000 micrograms once per week for men and women. For B6, 1.4 milligrams for men and 1.2 milligrams for women daily. 
  1. Myoinositol (B8) and D-chiro-inositol: This is naturally occurring in almost every tissue that is involved in insulin and gonadotropin signaling, affecting follicle maturation. In women with PCOS, myoinositol is associated with improvement in insulin resistance and ovulation. During pregnancy, it may also help prevent gestational diabetes. 
    Suggested amount: 2000 mg two times a day of combination of myoinositol and D-chiroinositol.
  1. Vitamin C: Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and can promote healthy reproductive systems in both men and women.  For women, vitamin C can reduce the negative impact of free radicals, in turn reducing cellular damage, which may then counter aspects of ovarian aging. Research shows vitamin C supplementation is associated with shorter time to pregnancy. As for vitamin C’s impact on male fertility, The Nutrition and Food Security Research Center found that taking vitamin C with vitamin E improved the number, motility, and sometimes DNA quality of sperm. 
    Suggested amount: 90 milligrams minimum daily for men and 75 milligrams minimum daily for women.  Liposomal form at 500 mg to 1000 mg or higher doses up to 2000 mg a day is thought to be safe for most adults. 
  1. Vitamin D: Vitamin D is important for the development of healthy hormones and is thought to play an important role in many chronic diseases from diabetes, autoimmunity, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Those trying to get pregnant can test for vitamin D level to see if they are deficient and start taking supplemental vitamin D if necessary. Sufficient vitamin D level has been associated with improved pregnancy rates. Additionally, this vitamin is thought to improve semen quality in men.
    Suggested amount: 2,000 to 4,000 international units (IU) daily for men and women. 
  1. Vitamin E: Most people will recognize vitamin E from their skincare – tons of products include this one to help “reduce wrinkles,” because vitamin E works to prevent cell membrane damage. That’s also exactly what makes it a great vitamin to boost fertility. A study named “Vitamin E as an Antioxidant in Female Reproductive Health” suggests that vitamin E improves women’s overall reproductive health and improves egg quality. For men, it helps to boost sperm quality, and when taken with vitamin C has been shown to reduce DNA fragmentation. It’s especially important for older (35+ years old) patients trying to get pregnant to take vitamin E.
    Suggested amount: Mixed tocopherol form is ideal and 200-400 IU daily for men and women. 
  1. Coenzyme Q10: Coenzyme Q10 (also called Coq10) is another natural antioxidant that counters oxidative stress that increases with age. There is evidence that Co q10 supplementation improved chances of pregnancy – especially in women with diminished ovarian reserve or in women over 40. Similarly, in men, several studies reported improvement in both sperm concentration and motility with Co Q10 supplementation.
    Suggested amount: Suggested amount will vary depending on your specific needs but typically between 100-600 milligrams per day is often recommended for men and women. 
  1. Omega-3s: Omega-3s can be helpful for men and women, by countering inflammation throughout the body thereby promoting overall health as well as boosting men’s sperm motility and helping achieve pregnancy in women over the age of 35. Omega-3s may help the overall egg quality in women trying to conceive. You can find Omega-3s in seafoods, or you can try fish oil pills. If you are getting your Omega-3s via a supplement, you will want to look for DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), as that is the most bioavailable (easier for your body to absorb and use).  
    Suggested amount: 500-1,000 milligrams daily for men and women.
  1. Iron: Taking an iron supplement may help women prevent iron deficiency anemia. Ovulatory infertility can be associated with an iron deficiency, and a long-term study by the Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology of more than 18,000 women showed that supplementing with iron appeared to decrease the risk of ovulatory infertility. Whether you may benefit from supplementation may also be guided by measuring ferritin levels to determine the degree of iron deficiency. 
    Suggested amount: 27 milligrams daily for men and women.
  1. Selenium: Selenium is a trace element essential to generate glutathione that protects cellular membranes. Many view selenium as a “super” vitamin for fertility, because of its antioxidant powers. It’s recommended that pregnant women take about 60 mcg daily when trying to conceive as lower levels in the early stage of pregnancy may lead to complications such as miscarriages and smaller birth weight of the baby. It’s also a great one for men as well. Selenium and its associated proteins together ensure viability of sperm and abnormal levels may affect motility and quality. 
    Suggested amount: 55 micrograms daily for men and women. 
  1. Zinc: Zinc is another essential mineral that appears to play an important role in both sperm quality and egg development. Studies have suggested that a zinc deficiency could lead to low sperm production and quality reversed by supplementation. As for zinc and female fertility, a 2019 study from Robinson Research Institute, Adelaide Medical School, Waite Research Institute, and School of Medical Science found that lower levels of zinc in the blood were associated with longer time trying to conceive, so zinc may help a women’s fertilization and egg development but there is less research on benefits of zinc supplementation in women.
    Suggested amount: 30 milligrams daily for men and women. 
  1. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC): This is an amino acid with anti-oxidant effect by stimulating glutathione production.    Research shows that NAC reduces oxidative stress, possibly reducing chromosomal damage leading to improved egg and embryo quality. NAC may also reduce insulin resistance, which has been shown to improve ovulation rates in women with PCOS. In men, NAC supplementation is associated with improvement in sperm count and quality.
    Suggested amount: In women, pre-conception 900 mg two times a day and after conception 600 mg a day thru first trimester. In men, 600 mg a day 
  1. L-arginine: L-arginine is an amino acid that is involved in promotion of blood flow by helping the body produce Nitric Oxide, leading to vasodilation. L-arginine supplementation in men may help with erectile dysfunction and increase sperm production and motility. In women, for those with issues with thin uterine lining, the increase in blood flow may help thicken the endometrial lining. Some studies also reported improved outcomes in those who previously had failed IVF cycles.  
    Suggested amount: 1000mg two times a day for men and women. 
    Contraindications: history of oral or genital herpes as it may trigger an outbreak. 
  1. Acetyl L-carnitine: Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) is a form of an amino acid that is involved in mitochondrial oxidation of long chain fatty acids. It has been primarily shown to improve sperm motility. Limited study suggests improvement in symptoms associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome, which in turn may improve fertility. 
    Suggested amount: 500-2500 milligrams daily for both men and women. Best taken first thing in the morning.
    Contraindication: hypothyroidism and history of seizures.

Taking these vitamins and supplements can be beneficial for your overall health as well as before conception. It’s important to talk to your doctor about what supplements might be right for you, and how they can increase the chance of conception and a successful pregnancy. Not all supplements should be continued once pregnant, and you should consult your physician. Maintaining a healthy balance of these vitamins can be beneficial in your fertility journey, but in your overall health as well.

Article reviewed by: Dr. Salli Tazuke

Dr. Salli Tazuke is the Co-founder and Co-Medical Director of CCRM San Francisco and is a board certified in both Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility.  

After receiving her medical degree from University of California San Diego, she completed her residency at Yale University School of Medicine and her fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at Stanford University School of Medicine. During her fellowship, she received the notable recognition of Outstanding Laparoendoscopic Resident Surgeon by the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 

She has been a reviewer for Fertility and Sterility and American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Tazuke has also been named a Castle Connolly Top Doctor since 2018. Dr. Tazuke speaks multiple languages, including Spanish, Mandarin and Japanese. 

Best Supplements for those trying to get pregnant| iHerb Blog

The information in this blog has not been verified by your country’s public health authority and is not intended as a diagnosis, treatment, or medical advice.
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If you’ve decided it’s time to try pregnancy, you’re probably already wondering which supplements are important to boost your fertility and the health of your unborn baby. These questions are quite reasonably asked by many women trying to get pregnant! Even women who already have children and want to get pregnant again ask me questions about this when they come to see me with a child. In this article, I will cover the top nutrients and supplements that are very important to take when you are planning to get pregnant!

Fertility and Nutritional Adjustment

Nutrition is certainly important for conception, and certain foods or food groups contain many of the key nutrients for health and wellness. A recently completed Harvard Medical School study showed that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables reduced the incidence of ovulatory disorders compared to women consuming significant amounts of carbohydrates and animal proteins. Nutritionists recommend eating raw fruits and vegetables, as they contain a lot of glutathione, which affects the quality of eggs.

As it turns out, healthy vegetable fats, when eaten in moderation, also increase overall fertility and even the chances of IVF success. These fats include, for example, nuts, avocados and olive oil. It is useful to flavor the usual dishes with these products. Trans fats, on the other hand, can be harmful and should be avoided.

Perhaps you also want to know what to do with carbohydrates? Dieters often don’t like carbohydrates too much, but it would be a mistake to think that they should be completely eliminated from the diet. In fact, complex or “slow” carbs are actually beneficial and are involved in regulating your body’s metabolism. Certain levels of hormones have been proven to inhibit ovulation, and you can reduce these hormone surges by eating foods high in fiber and complex carbohydrates, such as legumes and whole grains.

Fertility & Healthy Pregnancy Supplements

Folic Acid

Prenatal vitamins are essential during pregnancy and contain plenty of folic acid and iron needed during this period. Before and during pregnancy, take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily to help prevent birth defects in your baby’s brain and spine, sometimes called neural tube defects. Pregnant women are advised to get 600 micrograms of folic acid daily from all sources, including supplements.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 Fatty Acids are a type of fat naturally found in many types of fish that may be essential for your child’s healthy brain development. However, certain types of fish are high in mercury, which has also been linked to birth defects. To ensure you are getting enough omega-3 fatty acids while avoiding dangerous levels of mercury, consider taking an omega-3 supplement. Some prenatal vitamins contain DHA and EPA, two essential omega-3 fatty acids, but if your vitamin complex does not have these acids, you can choose a separate supplement. There are also non-animal sources of omega-3s.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient as it, together with calcium, contributes to the formation of the bones and teeth of the fetus. Many prenatal vitamins contain approximately 400 international units of vitamin D, while the recommended daily allowance for adults is at least 600 international units. For women trying to conceive, higher blood levels of vitamin D are associated with an increased chance of pregnancy, some studies show. Do you want to know the maximum allowable dosage of vitamin D? Up to 4000 international units. This is the safe upper level of daily vitamin D intake.


Probiotics are not yet well understood, however, some studies show that women who take probiotic supplements during the first trimester of pregnancy are less likely to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Probiotics are a great way to normalize bowel function and improve digestion without causing any harm to the developing fetus. If you are already taking a probiotic, it is safe to continue using it when trying to conceive. Probiotics are rated by the National Institutes of Health as posing no risk to pregnant or breastfeeding mothers.

Should my partner take supplements?

Men’s health is also a key factor for conception. To increase the chance of pregnancy, it is recommended to take a quality multivitamin. Increasing the amount of antioxidants in the diet improves sperm quality and, as a result, increases the likelihood of a successful pregnancy. Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, but men should also consider taking a daily supplement to make sure they get all the nutrients they need.

If you have been diagnosed with a medical condition or have a child with a birth defect, some supplements may be especially important. When planning to conceive, be sure to visit your doctor and discuss your diet and supplementation so that you are fully equipped and have all the information you need for a successful pregnancy.


  1. https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Nutrition-During-Pregnancy
  2. https://www.naturalmedicinejournal.com/journal/2010-04/probiotics-and- pregnant women
  3. https://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/probiotics-during-pregnancy/
  4. https://americanpregnancy.org/getting-pregnant/mens-preconception-health/

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Best vitamins for pregnancy planning, list and reviews

Publication date: 05/14/2021

THERE ARE CONTRAINDICATIONS SPECIALIST CONSULTATION IS REQUIREDVitamin B vitaminsFor pregnant and lactating womenIronMedicines for hypovitaminosisZinc

Article author

Svetlana Bukharova,

Dietitian, fitness instructor
Work experience 12 years. Diploma of Medical Education: DVS 1724848

All authors

Contents of the article

  • When to start preparing for procreation
  • Pregnancy planning vitamins for women
  • Combined preparations for women
  • Pregnancy planning vitamins for men , combined preparations
  • Ask an expert on the topic of the article

The couple decided to have a child, but replenishment of the family is a very responsible step and it is necessary to prepare for conception in advance. This will not only preserve the health of the expectant mother, but also help to endure and give birth to full-fledged offspring. For a normal pregnancy, a woman needs a supply of vitamins and minerals. Their deficiency can cause complications: the risk of perinatal pathology, congenital malformations and abnormalities in the physical and mental development of children increases.

Preparing for conception is important not only for women, but also for men. Reproductive function also depends on the lifestyle of future parents. It takes several months to cleanse the body, normalize metabolism and create a balance of vitamins and minerals.

What vitamins are needed for couples planning to continue the family, we will tell in this article.

When to start preparing for procreation

Doctors recommend planning a conception several months in advance. The composition of the male seed is updated every three months, in women, the egg maturation cycle takes place monthly. For a full-fledged conception, a man will need three or more months to put his reproductive health in order. Women need two or more months.

Review your gastronomic preferences. The diet should include fresh vegetables and fruits, fish and meat, nuts, dairy. It is also necessary to avoid stress and forget about smoking and alcohol. And, of course, you need to feed the body with vitamins.

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All products Complivit Calcium D3

16 reviews

All products Folic acid

18 reviews

All products Vitamin E

40 reviews

Pregnancy planning vitamins for women

According to statistics, about 70% of pregnant women are deficient in vitamins and microelements. They need to be stocked up during pregnancy. The female body needs:

  • Folic acid will help to avoid anemia.
  • Vitamin B9 plays an important role in the laying of the neural tube of the fetus. B9 deficiency can result in the development of malformations in the baby’s brain and spinal cord, a violation of the central nervous system.
  • Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in the child and muscle weakness in the mother. Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium.
  • Calcium is important for fetal bone growth and development.
  • Magnesium stimulates intrauterine growth of the baby and prevents early miscarriage.
  • Vitamin E strengthens cell walls and influences cellular processes after fertilization.
  • Vitamin K is involved in the synthesis of proteins important for hemostasis.
  • Retinol improves egg quality. But you need to use vitamin A carefully. Its excess provokes malformations of the fetus. Strictly adhere to the dosage prescribed by your doctor!
  • Vitamin C strengthens cell membranes.
  • B vitamins, especially B 6 and B 12 are essential for reproductive health and female fertility.
  • Zinc is an essential mineral that contributes to the normal development and formation of the fetus. Zinc deficiency in a future mother causes fetal malformations: curvature of the spine, hydrocephalus, “hare lip”, etc. In addition, zinc is involved in proper cell division and insulin production. Important! Zinc accumulates in the female body, it must be taken in advance.
  • Iron deficiency reduces the chance of pregnancy by 60%, in addition, the quality of eggs suffers. Studies have shown that women who do not get enough iron experience anovulation (lack of ovulation). And if conception occurs, anemia will prevent the cells of the fetus from dividing and growing properly, which can trigger a miscarriage.
  • Lack of iodine causes menstrual irregularities, provokes mastopathy and infertility. According to studies, iodine deficiency is observed in eight out of ten women. An imbalance of thyroid hormones at the beginning of pregnancy adversely affects the introduction of the fetal egg into the uterine wall, which leads to intrauterine death and miscarriage.

It is inconvenient to take all the described drugs separately, therefore, many complexes have been developed that contain the substances necessary to prepare for a healthy conception. Let’s talk about the most effective.

All products Retinol acetate

5 reviews

All products Retinol palmitate

14 reviews

All products Iodine

20 reviews

Combined preparations for women

  • Pregnoton (Russia). Available as a powder, soluble in water. It contains folic acid, zinc, selenium, magnesium and other elements. Pregnoton is used for hormonal failures, because they often become the reason for not getting pregnant.
  • Vitrum Prenatal Forte (India). Contains vitamins, minerals and iodine. Favorably affects the production of female sex hormones. It is also indicated during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Femibion-1 (Germany). Saturates the body with essential vitamins. The course of admission allows you to strengthen hair and nails, improve facial skin and overall well-being. The drug does not cause allergic reactions, strengthens the body, normalizes the nervous system. Has a prolonged action. Minus the drug in the absence of trace elements.
  • Elevit Pronatal (Germany). A multivitamin preparation is used in preparation for conception, during pregnancy and after the birth of a child. Contains the optimal dosage of vitamins and minerals. But at the same time, the complex does not contain iodine.
  • Complivit Trimestrum (Russia). The composition is ideal at the stage of pregnancy planning and in its first months. Balanced composition containing B9 and iodine.
  • Mom’s health alphabet (Russia). The components meet the needs of the female body when planning and during pregnancy. Reception of dietary supplements causes an energy surge.

All products Femibion ​​

27 reviews

All products Elevit Pronatal

20 reviews

All products Complivit Trimestrum

20 reviews

All products Vitrum Prenatal

20 reviews

Vitamins for pregnancy planning for men, combined preparations

  • Alphabet for men ( Russia). In addition to the main vitamins and minerals, the complex contains Siberian ginseng extract, which improves men’s health.
  • Viardo Forte (Russia). Dietary supplement, it is recommended to take along with vitamins. Affects the quality of seminal fluid.
  • Complivit (Russia). Multivitamin universal preparation. Contains zinc and selenium. Provides the male body with essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Spermaktiv (Russia). A dietary supplement that increases libido and improves the quality of germ cells. Most effective for men over 36 years of age.
  • Selzinc plus (Russia). Included in the group of antioxidants. The basis of the drug is zinc and selenium. Also contains vitamins E and C.

All goods Ascorbic acid

10 reviews

All products Complivit

4 reviews

All products Selenium

21 reviews

Important! Don’t take vitamins on an empty stomach. If side effects occur (itching, rash, eating disorders), stop taking the complex and consult a doctor.

In order not to make a mistake with the choice of vitamins for conception, start planning your pregnancy with a visit to the doctor. A woman needs to go to a gynecologist, a man – to a urologist. Specialists will determine the state of your reproductive health, give individual recommendations and select the necessary vitamins. Remember that the balance of vitamins and minerals is a delicate matter, and an overabundance of vitamins is no less dangerous than their lack. Never purchase complexes for conception based on reviews on the Internet or relying on other people’s advice.


  • Elibrary.ru Berezovskaya K.E., Fedorova K.Yu., Temirova M.A., Burlachenko Ya.O. A modern view on the need to prepare for pregnancy: a step-by-step instruction for future parents. Rostov State Medical University.
  • Mediasphera.ru Chibichyan E. Kh. Peculiarities of periodontal status and changes in osteotropic mediators in oral fluid in pregnant women with vitamin D deficiency. Russian Dentistry. 2018
  • Cyberleninka.ru O.V. Vavina, T.K. Puchko, M.A. Umralieva Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and its correction. Federal State Budgetary Institution National Medical Research Center for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology. ak. V.I. Kulakov of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
  • Cyberleninka.ru V.M. Kodentsova, M.V. Gmoshinskaya O.A. Vrzhesinskaya Vitamin-mineral complexes for pregnant and lactating women: justification of the composition and doses. FGBNU Research Institute of Nutrition Moscow
  • Link.springer.com Miranda, V. I. A., da Silva Dal Pizzol, T., Silveira, M. P. T. et al. Use of folic acid, iron salts and other vitamins by pregnant women in the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort: Are there socioeconomic disparities?
  • Mediasphera.ru Bakhareva IV Prevention and treatment of anemia in pregnant women: the results of the use of vitamin-mineral complexes (according to the data of the Russian multicenter non-interventional program “PROGNOSTIK”). Russian Bulletin of an obstetrician-gynecologist
  • Cyberleninka.ru V.V. Borisov. Trace elements selenium and zinc in the body of women and men: problems and solutions.